Title 23 Programs
Declares that the authorizations of appropriations and apportionments for construction of the Dwight D. Eisenhower National System of Interstate and Defense Highways (Interstate System - IS) made by this Act are the final authorizations of appropriations and apportionments for completion of construction of the IS. Directs the Secretary of Transportation (Secretary) to apportion for all States (other than Massachusetts) for FY 1993 specified sums authorized for such year by the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956 for expenditure on the IS, based on the apportionment factors contained in Committee Print 102-24 of the House Committee on Public Works and Transportation. Extends specified apportionments for the IS through FY 1996. Authorizes appropriations. Sets forth provisions with respect to: (1) obligation ceilings for Federal-aid highways and highway safety construction programs for FY 1992 through 1997, with exceptions; and (2) the distribution of, limitation on, and redistribution of obligation authority. Authorizes appropriations from the Highway Trust Fund (HTF) for: (1) the interstate maintenance program; (2) the National Highway System (NHS); (3) the surface transportation program (STP); (4) the congestion mitigation and air quality improvement program; (5) the bridge program; (6) the Federal lands highway program, including Indian reservation roads, public lands highways, and parkways and park highways; (7) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) safety programs; and (8) FHWA highway safety research and development (R&D) programs. Requires: (1) that not less than ten percent of the amounts authorized to be appropriated under titles I (other than part B), III, V, and VI of this Act be expended with small business concerns owned and controlled by socially and economically disadvantaged individuals, with exceptions; (2) each State to annually survey such concerns and compile a list of disadvantaged business enterprises (DBEs) and the location of such concerns in the State and to notify the Secretary, in writing, of the percentage of such concerns which are controlled by women, by socially and economically disadvantaged individuals other than women, and by women who are otherwise socially and economically disadvantaged; and (3) the Secretary to establish minimum uniform criteria for State governments to use in certifying whether a concern qualifies as a DBE. Directs the Comptroller General to: (1) conduct a study of the FHWA's DBE program; and (2) report on the results to specified committees. Makes reductions in specified authorizations. Sets forth provisions with respect to budget compliance. Restructures the Federal-aid highway program by reorganizing it into two Federal-aid systems: (1) the IS; and (2) the NHS. Requires: (1) each State to functionally reclassify the roads and streets in such State; and (2) the Secretary to approve and report to the Congress concerning such reclassification and to study and report on route redesignations of the NHS. Directs the Secretary to establish a flexible program under which a State may expend funds apportioned to it for carrying out any project or activity for which Federal funds may be obligated under Federal highway provisions. Includes among eligible NHS projects: (1) construction, resurfacing, and rehabilitation of segments of such system; (2) highway safety and operational improvements for segments of such system; (3) construction of a transit project eligible for assistance under the Federal Transit Act (FTA) (currently known as the Urban Mass Transportation Act of 1964; see title III of this Act), subject to specified conditions; (4) highway-related technology transfer activities; (5) fringe and corridor parking facilities; (6) carpool and vanpool projects; (7) bicycle transportation and pedestrian walkways; (8) development and establishment of management systems; and (9) participation in wetland mitigation efforts related to projects funded under this title. Sets forth provisions with respect to: (1) NHS apportionments to the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands; (2) transferability of NHS apportionments; and (3) reconstruction projects and funding with respect to national defense highways located outside the United States. Establishes the STP to fund projects such as: (1) construction, reconstruction, rehabilitation, resurfacing, restoration, and operational improvements for highways and bridges; (2) capital costs for transit projects eligible for assistance under the FTA and publicly owned intracity or intercity bus terminals and facilities; (3) carpool projects, fringe and corridor parking facilities and programs, and bicycle transportation and pedestrian walkways; (4) highway and transit safety improvements and programs; (5) highway and transit R&D and technology transfer programs; (6) transportation enhancement activities; (7) development and establishment of management systems; and (8) participation in wetlands mitigation efforts related to projects funded under this title. Sets forth provisions with respect to: (1) project location; (2) allocations of apportioned funds; (3) administration; and (4) allocation of obligation authority. Specifies that STP funds shall be apportioned in a manner so that a State's current percentage share of apportionments is equal to the State's 1987-91 percentage share of apportionments. Sets forth additional rules with respect to the calculation of a State's percentage share. Directs the Secretary to establish: (1) a congestion mitigation and air quality improvement program; and (2) an interstate maintenance program. Directs the Secretary to set aside: (1) $300,000 for each of specified fiscal years for Operation Lifesaver (a public information and education program to prevent and reduce motor vehicle accidents, injuries, and fatalities and to improve driver performance at railway-highway crossings); and (2) $5,000,000 for railway-highway crossing hazard elimination in high speed rail corridors. Authorizes appropriations under the interstate substitute program for highway and transit projects. Makes funds authorized to be appropriated for substitute transit projects for FY 1993 and 1995 available until expended. (Under current law, such funds are available for the fiscal year for which apportioned or allocated and for the succeeding fiscal year.) Directs the Secretary to permit Federal participation in the initial construction (current law authorizes such participation in construction) and 4R projects (resurfacing, restoring, rehabilitating, and reconstructing) with respect to toll highways, bridges, or tunnels, conversion of toll-free bridges or tunnels to toll facilities, and preliminary studies to determine the feasibility of a toll facility for which Federal participation is authorized on the same basis as Federal participation is permitted in the construction of free highways. Sets forth provisions with respect to ownership of such facilities, limitations on the use of revenues and on the Federal share, modification of agreements to allow Federal participation, and loans by a State of all or part of the Federal share of a toll project to a public or private agency constructing a toll facility. Directs the Secretary to solicit the participation of State and local governments and public authorities for one or more congestion pricing pilot projects. Authorizes the Secretary to enter into cooperative agreements with as many as five such State or local governments or public authorities to establish, maintain, and monitor such projects. Sets the Federal share payable for such programs at 80 percent. Sets forth: (1) additional funding provisions; and (2) reporting requirements. Eliminates the public operation requirement for toll ferries. Continues existing toll road, bridge, tunnel, and ferry agreements, with specified exceptions. Directs the Secretary, subject to specified circumstances, to void certain agreements with respect to the I-78 Delaware River Bridge. Specifies that the new agreement shall: (1) permit the continuation of tolls without repayment of Federal funds; (2) provide that all toll revenues be used first for repayment of the non-Federal cost of construction of the bridge and second for operation and maintenance costs of the bridge; and (3) permit excess revenues to be used for any other bridge under the jurisdiction of the Delaware River Joint Toll Bridge Commission. Directs the Secretary to allocate among the States amounts sufficient to ensure that a State's percentage of the total apportionments in FY 1992 and each fiscal year thereafter and allocations for the prior fiscal year for interstate construction, maintenance, highway substitute, NHS, STP, bridge program, scenic byways, and grants for safety belts and motorcycle helmets shall not be less than 90 percent of the percentage of estimated tax payments attributable to highway users in the State paid into the HTF, other than the Mass Transit Account (MTA), in the latest year for which data is available. Authorizes appropriations out of the HTF (other than the MTA) for the payment of specified donor State bonus amounts for FY 1992 through 1997. Provides that: (1) the bonus apportionments which are provided for a fiscal year (under this title) shall be apportioned in such a way as to bring each successive State or States with the lowest dollar return on dollar projected to be contributed into the HTF for such fiscal year up to the highest common return on contributed dollar that can be funded with the annual authorizations provided under this title; and (2) funds so apportioned shall be available for obligation in the same manner and for the same purposes as if such funds were apportioned for the STP, with exceptions. Provides for reimbursement for segments of the IS constructed without Federal assistance. Authorizes appropriations. Sets forth provisions with respect to: (1) projects in Kansas; and (2) apportionment adjustments. Authorizes appropriations (with respect to the latter). Requires State highway departments to establish the occupancy requirements of vehicles operating in high occupancy vehicle (HOV) lanes, subject to specified limitations. Provides for cost reimbursement for preliminary engineering of specified highway projects. Authorizes State highway departments to approve, on a project by project basis, plans, specifications, and estimates for projects to resurface, restore, and rehabilitate highways on the NHS if the State certifies that all work will meet or exceed standards approved by the Secretary. Specifies that: (1) any State may request that the Secretary no longer review and approve plans, specifications, and estimates for any project (including any highway project on the NHS with an estimated construction cost of less than $1,000,000 but excluding any other NHS project); (2) after receiving any such notification, the Secretary shall undertake project review only as requested by the State; and (3) safety considerations for such projects may be met by phase construction consistent with an operative safety management system. Requires that: (1) design and construction standards adopted for new construction, reconstruction, and resurfacing, restoring, and rehabilitating multi-lane limited access highways on the NHS be those approved by the Secretary in cooperation with the State highway department, and that all eligible work for such projects meet or exceed such standards (current law states that projects on the Federal-aid secondary system in which Federal funds participate shall be constructed according to specifications that will provide all-weather service and permit maintenance at a reasonable cost); and (2) non-NHS projects be designed, constructed, operated, and maintained in accordance with State laws and standards. Sets forth provisions with respect to standards for projects involving a historic facility or located in an area of historic or scenic value. Increases from ten to 20 years after Federal funds have been advanced to a State for acquisition of a right-of-way on any Federal-aid highway system the period within which highway construction must be commenced. Provides that, subject to specified terms and conditions, funds apportioned to a State under Federal highway provisions may be used to participate in the payment of costs incurred by the State for acquisition of: (1) rights-of-way, acquired in advance of any Federal approval or authorization, if the rights-of-way are subsequently incorporated into a project eligible for STP funds; and (2) land necessary to preserve environmental and scenic values. Directs the Secretary to report to the Congress with a national list of rights-of-way identified in transportation planning by designated metropolitan planning organizations (MPOs) and the States, including the total mileage involved, an estimate of the total costs, and a strategy for preventing further loss of rights-of-way, including the desirability of creating a transportation right-of-way land bank to preserve vital corridors. Sets forth provisions with respect to preconstruction activities. Specifies that convict-produced materials may only be used in highway construction located on a Federal-aid system if such materials are produced by convicts meeting specified requirements (as under current law) after July 1, 1991. Sets forth provisions with respect to: (1) periods of availability of funds; and (2) set asides for discretionary and 4R projects. Revises highway provisions with respect to the Federal share payable for highway projects. Provides that, subject to specified limitations, the Federal share payable for any IS project shall be 90 percent of the cost, and for any other project carried out under Federal highway provisions, 80 percent of the cost. Increases the Federal share to 100 percent for specified safety projects or for a project on a federally owned bridge. Extends from 90 to 180 days after a natural disaster or catastrophic failure has occurred the period within which emergency repairs must be accomplished in order to receive 100 percent Federal funding. Increases the annual limitation imposed on the territories for emergency relief funds. Provides that a long combination vehicle (LCV) may continue to operate only if the LCV configuration type was authorized by State officials pursuant to a State statute or regulation conforming to this title and in actual lawful operation on a regular or periodic basis on or before June 1, 1991, or pursuant to provisions of the Department of Transportation and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1991. Specifies that all such operations shall continue to be subject to, at a minimum, all State statutes, regulations, limitations, and conditions, including but not limited to routing- and configuration-specific designations and all other restrictions in force on that date, but permits the State to make minor adjustments of a temporary and emergency nature for specific safety purposes and road construction under specified circumstances. Sets forth special rules with respect to Wyoming, Ohio, and Alaska. Makes additional exceptions with respect to the operation of certain specialized hauling vehicles on Interstate Route 68 in Garrett and Allegany Counties, Maryland. Permits any State to further restrict LCV operation, consistent with requirements of the Surface Transportation Assistance Act of 1982 (STAA), but requires such a State to advise the Secretary of such action and the Secretary to publish a notice of such action in the Federal Register. Requires each State, within 60 days, to submit to the Secretary: (1) for publication in the Federal Register a complete list of all operations of LCVs being conducted as of June 1, 1991, and all statutes, regulations, limitations, and conditions governing their operation; and (2) copies of any such statutes, regulations, limitations, and conditions. Provides for an interim and a final list. Sets forth review and correction procedures. Requires each State to certify that it is enforcing and complying with such provisions and with provisions of the STAA. Exempts firefighting vehicles from axle weight limitations and the bridge formula for vehicles using the IS for two years, subject to renewal for an additional year, with respect to: (1) any existing vehicle used to protect persons and property from fires and other disaster that threatens public safety that is in actual operation before the enactment date; and (2) any new vehicle to be used for such purpose while such vehicle is being delivered to a firefighting agency. Directs the Secretary to conduct a study of State laws regulating the use on the IS of such vehicles and the issuance of permits by States exempting such vehicles from such requirements to determine whether such State laws and Federal highway provisions need to be modified, whether a permanent exemption should be made for such vehicles, or whether the bridge formula should be modified as it applies to such vehicles. Sets forth reporting requirements. Bars the Secretary from withholding funds from the State of Montana on the basis of actions taken by such State pursuant to a draft memorandum of understanding with the Province of Alberta, Canada, regarding truck transportation between Canada and Shelby, Montana, except that such actions do not include actions not permitted by Montana on or before June 1, 1991. Directs the Secretary to conduct a study of State and Federal regulations pertaining to transporters of water well drilling rigs on public highways for the purpose of identifying requirements which place a burden on such transporters without enhancing safety or preservation of public highways. Sets forth reporting requirements. Requires MPOs, in cooperation with the State, to develop transportation plans and programs for urbanized areas of the State which provide for the development of transportation facilities (including pedestrian walkways and bicycle transportation facilities) which will function as an IT system for the State, the metropolitan areas, and the nation. Sets forth provisions with respect to the designation (and redesignation) of MPOs, metropolitan area boundaries, coordination in multistate areas, coordination of MPOs, factors to be considered in developing transportation plans and programs, and development of a long range plan. Directs each MPO, in cooperation with the State and affected transit operators, to develop a transportation improvement program (TIP) for the area for which such organization is designated, providing interested parties with an opportunity to comment on the proposed program. Requires the program to be updated at least every two years and approved by the MPO and the Governor. Sets forth provisions with respect to the priority and selection of projects, and major capital investments. Requires the Secretary to designate as transportation management areas: (1) all urbanized areas over 200,000 population; and (2) any additional areas upon the request of the Governor and the MPO designated for such area or the affected local officials. Specifies that, within a transportation management area, transportation plans and programs shall be based on a continuing and comprehensive transportation planning process carried out by the MPO, and that such process shall include a congestion management system that provides for effective management of new and existing transportation facilities eligible for funding under this title and the FTA through the use of travel demand reduction and operational management strategies. Directs the Secretary to establish an appropriate phase-in schedule for compliance with such requirements. Sets forth provisions with respect to project selection, certification, abbreviated plans and programs for certain areas, and transfer of funds. Specifies that for transportation management areas classified as nonattainment areas for ozone or carbon monoxide pursuant to the Clean Air Act (CAA), Federal funds may not be programmed in such areas for any highway project that will result in a significant increase in carrying capacity for single occupant vehicles unless the project is part of an approved congestion management system. Sets forth provisions with respect to statewide transportation planning. Requires each State to undertake a continuous planning process which considers factors such as the overall social, economic, energy, and environmental effects of transportation decisions, methods to enhance the efficient movement of commercial motor vehicles, and the use of life-cycle costs in the design and engineering of bridges, tunnels, or pavement. Directs each State, in carrying out such planning, to consider: (1) the coordination of transportation plans and programs developed for metropolitan areas of the State with the State plans and programs and the reconciliation of such plans and programs as necessary to ensure connectivity within transportation systems; (2) investment strategies to improve adjoining State and local roads that support rural economic growth and tourism development, Federal agency renewable resources management, and multipurpose land management practices, including recreation development; and (3) the concerns of Indian tribal governments having jurisdiction over lands within the boundaries of the State. Sets forth provisions with respect to: (1) the development by the State of a long range plan and a TIP, including provisions regarding project selection for areas of less than 50,000 population, in cooperation with the affected local officials, and biennial review and approval; (2) funding; (3) the treatment of certain State laws as congestion management systems; and (4) nondiscrimination and Indian employment preferences (on projects carried out under this title near Indian reservations). Authorizes: (1) funding to carry out capital transit projects eligible for assistance under the FTA, capital improvements to provide access and coordination between intercity and rural bus service, and construction of facilities to provide connections between highway transportation and other modes of transportation; and (2) the Secretary to approve as a project on a Federal-aid system modifications to existing highway facilities necessary to accommodate other modes of transportation if such modifications will not adversely affect automotive safety. Makes public mass transportation projects in urbanized areas subject to metropolitan planning requirements under this Act. Specifies that in any case where sufficient land or air space exists within the publicly acquired rights-of-way of any highway constructed with Federal-aid highway funds to accommodate needed passenger, commuter, or high speed rail, magnetic levitation systems, and highway and non-highway public mass transit facilities, the Secretary shall authorize a State to make such lands, air space, and rights-of-way available with or without charge to a publicly or privately owned authority or company or any other person for such purposes if such accommodation will not adversely affect automotive safety. Directs the Secretary to: (1) inventory all highway bridges on Indian reservation roads and park bridges; (2) classify them according to serviceability, safety, and essentiality for public use; (3) assign each a priority for replacement or rehabilitation; and (4) determine the cost of replacing each such bridge with a comparable facility or of rehabilitating each such bridge. Authorizes the Secretary to approve Federal participation in the painting of, or application of calcium magnesium acetate to, the structure of highway bridges upon application by a State for assistance. Provides for the apportionment of discretionary bridge program funds. Authorizes the expenditure of certain funds to rehabilitate, paint, or apply calcium magnesium acetate to highway bridges located on public roads other than those on the Federal-aid system. Requires that projects not on a Federal-aid system be designed, constructed, operated, and maintained in accordance with State laws, regulations, directives, and safety, design, and construction standards. Requires a set-aside for such activities with respect to Indian reservation bridges. Directs the Secretary, upon determining a State bridge apportionment and before transferring funds to the State, to transfer the Indian reservation bridge allocation to the Secretary of the Interior for expenditure pursuant to this Act. Sets forth provisions with respect to the transferability of bridge apportionments. Makes permanent the extension of the 65 miles per hour speed limit demonstration program. Requires the Secretary to: (1) collect data on citations, travel speeds, the posted speed limit, and the design characteristics of roads from which such travel speed data are gathered; and (2) issue regulations which ensure that the monitoring programs conducted by the States to collect such data are uniform, that devices and equipment under such programs are placed at locations on maximum speed limit highways on a scientifically random basis, and that the data submitted will be in such form as the Secretary determines is necessary. Directs the Secretary to publish in the Federal Register, within a year, a proposed rule to establish speed limit enforcement requirements which, at a minimum: (1) provide for the transfer of apportionments if a State fails to enforce speed limits in accordance with this title and such rule; and (2) include a formula for determining compliance which assigns a greater weight for violation of such speed limits in proportion to the amount by which the speed of the motor vehicle exceeds the speed limit and differentiates between the type of road on which the violations occur. Sets forth provisions with respect to: (1) factors to consider in developing the compliance formula; (2) publication of a final rule; (3) administration of speed limit-related provisions by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and the FHWA; (4) reporting requirements; (5) an enforcement moratorium (with respect to FY 1990 and 1991); and (6) the repeal of obsolete enforcement provisions. Specifies that: (1) up to 15 percent of funds apportioned for Indian reservation roads from the HTF may be used for road sealing projects; and (2) the Bureau of Indian Affairs shall continue to retain responsibility for road maintenance programs on Indian reservations. Authorizes the Secretary to make grants to States which have in effect specified State motorcycle helmet and safety belt laws to: (1) educate the public about motorcycle and passenger vehicle safety, and motorcycle helmet, safety belt, and child restraint system use and to involve public health education and other related agencies in such efforts; and (2) train law enforcement officers in the enforcement of, monitor the rate or compliance with, and enforce, such laws. Sets forth provisions with respect to: (1) the maintenance of State expenditures for traffic safety programs; (2) the Federal share of the cost; (3) eligibility requirements; (4) measuring rates of compliance; and (5) penalties for failing to have in effect such laws. Authorizes appropriations. Directs the Secretary to conduct a study or studies to determine the benefits of safety belt and motorcycle helmet use for individuals involved in motor vehicle and motorcycle crashes, collecting and analyzing data from regional trauma systems. Sets forth reporting and funding requirements. Revises the Federal lands highway program to require that the Secretary allocate: (1) 34 percent of sums authorized for public lands highways (currently, 100 percent) based on need, with preference to those projects which are significantly impacted by Federal land and resource management activities (as under current law) which are proposed by a State that contains at least three percent of the total public lands of the nation; and (2) 66 percent of such sums as provided under the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1987, giving equal consideration to projects that provide access to and within the National Forest System, as identified by the Secretary of Agriculture through renewable resources and land use planning and the impact of such planning on existing transportation facilities. Directs the Secretary to develop appropriate transportation planning procedures and safety, bridge, and pavement management systems for roads funded under the Federal lands highway program. Specifies that: (1) no public lands highway project may be undertaken in any State under such provisions unless the State concurs in the selection and planning of the project; and (2) funds available for each class of Federal lands highways shall be available for any kind of transportation project eligible for assistance under this title that is within, is adjacent to, or provides access to the areas served by the particular class of Federal lands highways. Sets forth provisions with respect to eligible projects, transfers of sums to the Secretary of the Interior, construction contracts involving forest development roads and trails, and reporting requirements. Requires that: (1) up to two percent of funds made available for Indian reservation roads for each fiscal year be allocated to those Indian tribal governments applying for transportation planning; and (2) the Indian tribal government develop a TIP that includes all Indian reservation road projects proposed for funding. Specifies that funds allocated for Indian reservation roads may be used for the purpose of funding road projects on roads of tribally controlled postsecondary vocational institutions. Authorizes a State, subject to approval by the Secretary, to obligate: (1) STP and congestion mitigation program funds for the construction of pedestrian walkways and bicycle transportation facilities and for carrying out non-construction projects related to safe bicycle use; and (2) NHS funds for such construction adjacent to any highway on the NHS (other than the IS). Authorizes the use of Federal lands highway funds, at the discretion of the department charged with the administration of such funds, for the construction of such walkways and facilities in conjunction with trails, roads, highways, and parkways on Federal lands. Requires each State receiving an apportionment under this title to fund, in the State transportation department, a position of bicycle and pedestrian coordinator. Authorizes highway bridge deck replacement or rehabilitation so as to provide for the safe accommodation of bicycles, subject to certain conditions. Sets the Federal share of pedestrian walkway and bicycle transportation facility construction at 80 percent. Requires such walkways and facilities to be located and designed pursuant to an overall plan to be developed by each MPO and State and incorporated into their comprehensive annual long-range plans which shall provide due consideration for safety and contiguous routes. Limits the use of motorized vehicles on pedestrian walkways and trails under this title. Requires the Secretary, within one year, to issue regulations for State development, establishment, and implementation of a system (which may include a compliance schedule and minimum standards and which, in metropolitan areas, shall be developed and implemented in cooperation with MPOs) for managing: (1) highway pavement of the Federal-aid system; (2) bridges on and off such system; (3) highway and transportation safety; (4) traffic congestion; (5) public transportation facilities and equipment; and (6) IT facilities and systems. Directs the Secretary to issue guidelines and requirements for the State development, establishment, and implementation of a traffic monitoring system for highways and public transportation facilities and equipment. Sets forth additional provisions with respect to State requirements, intermodal requirements, reporting requirements, funding, and congressional review of regulations. Prohibits the discovery (current law only bars the admission as evidence) of certain reports and surveys compiled to develop a highway safety construction improvement project to enhance the safety of potential accident sites or hazardous conditions. Declares that it is U.S. policy to: (1) promote the construction and commercialization of high-speed ground transportation systems; and (2) establish in the shortest time practicable a U.S. designed and constructed magnetic levitation (maglev) transportation technology capable of operating along Federal-aid highway rights-of-way, as part of a U.S. national transportation system. Establishes a national magnetic levitation prototype development program. Directs the Secretary and Assistant Secretary of the Army for Civil Works to establish a national maglev joint project office and to enter into such arrangements as necessary to allow such office to carry out its functions. Sets forth provisions with respect to: (1) timetables for the solicitation and award of contracts; (2) factors and conditions to be considered; (3) design selection; (4) licensing considerations; and (5) reporting requirements. Directs the Secretary to lead and coordinate Federal efforts in the R&D of high-speed ground transportation technologies in order to foster the implementation of maglev and high-speed steel wheel on rail transportation systems as alternatives to existing transportation systems. Authorizes the Secretary to award contracts and grants for demonstrations to determine the contributions that high-speed ground transportation could make to more efficient, safe, and economical intercity transportation systems. Direct the Secretary to provide for financial participation by private industry to the maximum extent practicable. Establishes a national high-speed ground transportation technology demonstration program, separate from the national maglev prototype development program, to be managed by the Secretary. Sets forth provisions with respect to: (1) application requirements and award criteria; (2) the use of cooperative R&D or funding agreements; (3) the Federal share of the cost; (4) licensing, royalty, and ownership rights; (5) reporting requirements; (6) economic and financial analyses; and (7) technical assessments. Requires the Secretary to establish a national high-speed ground transportation policy. Sets forth funding provisions. Directs the Comptroller General to: (1) periodically analyze the effectiveness of the application of provisions of the Railroad Revitalization and Regulatory Reform Act of 1976 to high-speed rail facilities and equipment; and (2) report the results to specified congressional committees. Extends through 1994 the railroad relocation demonstration program. Bars the Secretary, for five years, from disapproving a highway project solely on the ground that it includes the use of asphalt containing recycled rubber. Specifies that a patented application process for recycled rubber shall be eligible for approval under the same conditions as an unpatented process. Requires the Secretary and the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), in cooperation with the States, to: (1) coordinate and conduct a study to determine the threat to human health and the environment associated with the production and use of asphalt pavement containing recycled rubber, the degree to which asphalt pavement containing recycled rubber can be recycled, and the performance of the asphalt pavement containing recycled rubber under various climate and use conditions; and (2) jointly conduct a study to determine the economic savings, technical performance qualities, threats to human health and the environment, and environmental benefits of using recycled materials in highway devices and appurtenances and highway projects. Sets forth reporting requirements. Directs the Secretary to: (1) gather and make available to States information and recommendations concerning the use of asphalt containing recycled rubber in highway projects from States that have extensively researched and experimented with such use; and (2) encourage the use of recycled materials determined to be appropriate by such studies in federally assisted highway projects. Specifies that procuring agencies shall comply with all applicable guidelines or regulations issued by the Administrator of the EPA. Requires each State, beginning on January 1, 1995, and annually thereafter, to certify to the Secretary that such State has satisfied the minimum utilization requirement (stated as a percentage of the total tons of asphalt laid in such State and financed in whole or part by any assistance pursuant to Federal highway provisions: five percent for 1994; ten percent for 1995; 15 percent for 1996; and 20 percent for each year thereafter) for asphalt pavement containing recycled rubber, subject to specified requirements, waivers, and penalties. Authorizes the Secretary to make grants under a highway bridge R&D program. Directs the Secretary to: (1) take such action as necessary to ensure that information and technology resulting from such research is made available to State and local transportation departments and other interested persons; and (2) make grants to States for construction of highway timber bridges on rural Federal-aid highways. Sets forth provisions with respect to applications, approval criteria, the Federal share, and funding for such grants. Directs the Secretary to carry out highway use tax evasion projects, subject to specified limitations. Authorizes the Secretary to allocate specified funds to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) and the States for such purpose. Bars the Secretary from: (1) imposing any condition on the use of funds so allocated to the IRS; and (2) making such grants unless the State certifies that aggregate expenditure of State funds, exclusive of Federal funds, for motor fuel tax enforcement activities will be maintained at a level which does not fall below the average level of such expenditure for its last two fiscal years. Sets forth reporting requirements. Directs the Secretary to conduct a study to determine the feasibility and desirability of using dye and markers to aid motor fuel tax enforcement activities and other purposes. Sets forth reporting requirements. Makes specified funds available from the HTF and the general fund. Amends specified Federal regulations to: (1) include the coating of steel in the "Buy America" program; and (2) give equal priority to fusees and flares with regard to their use as reflecting signs. Requires the Secretary to conduct a study on the funding needs for Indian reservation roads taking into account funding and other quality inequities between Indian reservation roads and other highway systems. Sets forth reporting requirements. Directs the Comptroller General to report to the Congress on improving the quality of highways constructed with Federal assistance, including addressing Federal design standards, engineering and design services, and construction of Federal-aid highway projects. Authorizes a State to use as a credit toward the non-Federal matching share requirement for all programs under this Act and under Federal highway provisions, toll revenues that are generated and used by public, quasi-public, and private agencies to build, improve, or maintain highways, bridges, or tunnels that serve the public purpose of interstate commerce, provided that such agencies built, improved, or maintained such facilities without Federal funds, subject to specified requirements. Authorizes the Secretary to approve substitute highway, bus transit, and light rail transit projects in lieu of construction of the I-94 East-West Transitway project in Milwaukee and Waukesha Counties, Wisconsin. Sets forth provisions with respect to the control of outdoor advertising. Requires the Secretary to: (1) establish within the Department of Transportation (DOT) an advisory committee to assist the Secretary with respect to the establishment of a national scenic byways program; and (2) provide technical assistance and make grants to the States for the planning, design, and development of State scenic byways programs. Sets forth provisions with respect to the membership, function, and reporting requirements of such committee, the Federal share (80 percent of the cost), and funding. Establishes an interim scenic byways program during FY 1992 through 1994. Authorizes appropriations. Sets the Federal share at 80 percent. Makes funds available for such years, subject to specified limitations. Specifies that, for purposes of the scenic byways programs, a scenic highway in the State of Oregon shall be treated as a scenic byway. Amends the STAA to prohibit the Secretary from using iron in highway or urban transit projects that has not been produced in the United States. Directs the Secretary to submit to the Congress a report on purchases from foreign entities granted waivers from "Buy America" provisions in FY 1992 and 1993, indicating the dollar value of items for which such waivers were granted. Makes ineligible to receive any contract or subcontract made with funds authorized under this Act any person determined by a court or Federal agency to have intentionally: (1) affixed a label bearing a "Made in America" inscription to any product used in projects under Federal highway provisions, sold in or shipped to the United States, that was not made in the United States; or (2) represented that any product used in such projects, sold in or shipped to the United States but not produced in the United States, but not produced in the United States. Specifies that such waiver shall not apply to products produced in a foreign country if the Secretary determines that such country: (1) is a party to an agreement with the United States pursuant to which the head of a U.S. agency has granted a waiver; and (2) has violated the terms of such agreement by discriminating against specified U.S.-produced products. Directs the Secretary to conduct a survey to identify current State standards relating to geometric design, traffic control devices, roadside safety, safety appurtenance design, uniform traffic control devices, and sign legibility and directional clarity for all Federal-aid highways, taking into consideration posted speed limits as they relate to highway design. Sets forth reporting requirements. Requires the Secretary to: (1) conduct and transmit to the Congress a study of alternative transportation modes for use in the National Park System (authorizes appropriations); and (2) develop and implement a work zone safety program to improve work zone safety at highway construction sites. Sets forth provisions with respect to the repayment of funds by New Hampshire to the United States. Repeals a provision regarding the expenditure of Federal funds for highway signs using the metric system. Sets forth provisions with respect to: (1) relocation assistance regulations relating to the Rural Electrification Administration; (2) a temporary matching fund waiver regarding qualifying State projects; (3) repayment of increases in the Federal share (on or before March 30, 1994); and (4) deductions from State apportionments. Amends the STAA to: (1) require notice in the Federal Register and an opportunity for public comment before the State may restrict the use of motorcycles in HOV lanes; and (2) bar the Secretary from recognizing any certification with respect to such use made prior to enactment of this Act until the Secretary publishes notice of such certification in the Federal Register and provides an opportunity for public comment. Directs the Secretary to develop erosion control guidelines for States to follow in carrying out construction projects funded in whole or in part under this title. Specifies that such guidelines: (1) shall not preempt any more stringent State requirements; and (2) shall be consistent with nonpoint source management programs under the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (FWPCA) and coastal nonpoint pollution control guidance under the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1990. Requires that: (1) not less than two-and-a-half percent of the mileage of roadside barriers installed along Federal-aid highways within the boundaries of a State in each calendar year be innovative safety barriers; and (2) each State annually certify to the Secretary compliance with such requirement. Directs the Secretary to: (1) encourage the States to provide for equitable participation in the use of tourist-oriented directional or logo signs along the IS and Federal-aid primary system; and (2) conduct a study, and report to the Congress, on participation in the use of such signs and State practices with respect to such use. Requires the Secretary to establish a private sector involvement program to encourage States to contract with private firms for engineering and design services in carrying out Federal-aid highway projects when it would be cost effective. Sets forth provisions with respect to: (1) grants to States; and (2) reporting requirements. Directs the Secretary to carry out a highway project in Arkansas to demonstrate: (1) the benefits of providing training to county and town traffic officials in the need for and application of uniform traffic control devices; and (2) safety benefits of providing for adequate and safe warning and regulatory signs. Authorizes appropriations. Sets forth reporting requirements. Directs the Secretary to: (1) carry out a project to make modifications to bridges necessary for the Secretary of the Army to carry out a project for flood control at Molly Ann's Brook, New Jersey; (2) approve the construction of a specified DOT project in Fulton County, Georgia, subject to specified limitations; and (3) carry out a program for construction of ferry boats and ferry terminal facilities. Exempts certain toll pilot projects in Orange County, California, from requirements applicable to public parks, recreation areas, and wildlife and waterfowl refuges. Directs the Secretary, by October 1, 1993, to prepare a proposed recodification of title 23 of the U.S. Code (Federal highway provisions) and related laws and submit the proposed recodification to the Congress for consideration. Makes unobligated balances of funds previously authorized under the Surface Transportation and Uniform Relocation Assistance Act of 1987 for demonstration projects available for projects located in Tampa, Florida; Santa Fe, New Mexico; and from Larkspur to Korbel, California. Specifies that a highway project authorized by such Act shall include specified improvements to Passaic and Bergen Counties, New Jersey. Directs the Governor of New Jersey to carry out the responsibilities of the Secretary with respect to such project and authorizes the Governor to waive certain Federal requirements to provide for expedited completion of the project. Directs the Administrator of the EPA: (1) to establish specified permit application deadlines for stormwater discharges associated with industrial activities from facilities that are owned or operated by a municipality; (2) not to require any municipality with a population of less than 100,000 to apply for or obtain a permit for any stormwater discharge associated with an industrial activity other than an airport, powerplant, or uncontrolled sanitary landfill owned or operated by such municipality before October 1, 1992, unless such permit is required by the FWPCA; and (3) to issue final regulations with respect to general permits for stormwater discharges associated with industrial activity on or before February 1, 1992. Authorizes appropriations for specified highway and highway-related projects throughout the United States. Makes modifications to the Niagara Falls Bridge Commission Charter. Requires the Administrator of General Services to lease truck inspection facilities for the Peace Bridge, New York subject to specified conditions. Directs the Secretary to: (1) coordinate the field testing of the vehicle proximity alert system and comparable systems to determine their feasibility for use by priority vehicles as an effective railroad-highway grade crossing safety device and provide for installation of such or comparable devices where appropriate; and (2) initiate and complete a rulemaking proceeding to revise the guidelines and establish standards for the installation of roadside barriers and other safety appurtenances, reflecting state-of-the-art designs, testing, and evaluation criteria, according to a specified timetable. Sets forth provisions with respect to: (1) specified hydroelectric projects; and (2) shoreline protection for New York City. Directs the Secretary to revise the Manual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices and such other regulations and agreements of the FHWA as necessary to authorize States and local governments to install stop or yield signs at any rail-highway grade crossing without automatic traffic control devices with two or more trains operating across such crossing per day. Declares a specified portion of the Hudson River, New York, to be nonnavigable waters of the United States. Deauthorizes: (1) a portion of the project for modification of Cleveland Harbor, Ohio, and for navigation of the Canaveral Harbor, Florida; and (2) the Academy Creek feature of the Brunswick Harbor, Georgia, project. Establishes the Commission to Promote Investment in America's Infrastructure. Sets forth reporting requirements. Designates the William H. Harsha Bridge, J. Clifford Haugle Bypass, Lindy Clairborn Boggs Lock and Dam, and Joseph Ralph Sasser Boat Ramp. Continues the authorization for the Rhode Island Navigation Project. Directs the Secretary to conduct a study of: (1) the feasibility of constructing a four-lane highway connecting Interstate Routes 65 and 10 in the vicinity of Pensacola, Florida; (2) the progress being made by the States in adopting and implementing a uniform system for handicapped parking; (3) the advisability and feasibility of establishing an international border highway infrastructure discretionary program; and (4) methods of enhancing traffic flow and minimizing traffic congestion during construction of Federal-aid highway projects and costs associated with implementing such methods. Sets forth reporting requirements. Amends the Appalachian Regional Development Act of 1965 to include Calhoun County, Mississippi, in Appalachia. Directs the Secretary to: (1) study the effectiveness and benefits of value engineering review programs applied to Federal-aid highway projects; (2) establish a pilot program for uniform audit procedures; and (3) conduct a study of State compliance with requirements for revocation and suspension of drivers' licenses. Directs the Comptroller General to complete a study on equipment rental rates for use in reimbursing contractors for extra work on Federal-aid projects. Authorizes the Administrator of the General Services Administration to: (1) enter into a lease with the U.S. Postal Service for space to house the Federal courts and related Federal agencies in Brooklyn, New York; and (2) provide for the construction of a border station at International Falls, Minnesota. Directs the General Accounting Office to conduct a study and recommend to the Congress a fair and equitable apportionment formula for the allocation of Federal-aid highway funds. Establishes an interstate study commission for the national capital region. Sets forth provisions with respect to effective dates, applicability, and the use and transferability of certain unobligated balances. Directs the Secretary to conduct a study of the effects of climatic conditions on the costs of highway construction and maintenance. Sets forth reporting requirements. Authorizes the Secretary to carry out specified: (1) high cost bridge projects; and (2) congestion relief projects. Authorizes appropriations. Sets forth provisions with respect to allocation percentages, the Federal share (80 percent), delegation of responsibility to the States, and advance construction. Identifies and authorizes appropriations for specified high priority corridors on the NHS. Sets forth provisions with respect to allocation percentages, the Federal share (80 percent), delegation to the States, and advance construction. Directs the Secretary to: (1) include all such corridors on the proposed NHS as submitted to the Congress; (2) prepare a long-range plan for the upgrading of each corridor to the appropriate standards for highways on the NHS, including separate plans for developing the corridor and financing the development; (3) prepare feasibility studies, as necessary, for those corridors for which such studies have not been prepared; and (4) use procedures for acceleration of projects in carrying out projects on high priority corridors. Requires each State in which a priority segment is located to prepare a detailed plan for completion of construction on such segment and for financing such construction. Authorizes appropriations. Sets forth criteria for States to use in selecting high priority segments of corridors of national significance. Authorizes appropriations out of the HTF for feasibility and design studies. Directs the Secretary to establish a Priority Corridor Revolving Loan Fund. Authorizes appropriations. Authorizes the Secretary to carry out specified rural access projects, under access and mobility projects, innovative projects, and priority intermodal projects throughout the United States. Sets forth provisions with respect to allocation percentages, the Federal share (80 percent), delegation to the States, and advance construction. Authorizes the Secretary to fund the production of a documentary in cooperation with a not-for-profit national public television station to create an awareness by the public and State and local governments of the state of the nation's infrastructure and to encourage and stimulate efforts to improve such infrastructure.