United States Population Assistance
Sets forth congressional findings with respect to population assistance.
Declares that it shall be a principal objective of U.S. foreign policy to achieve universal availability of high quality fertility control services.
Requires all family planning activities receiving support under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to provide a broad range of fertility control methods permitted by individual country policy.
Prohibits funds from being used to coerce any person to undergo sterilization or involuntary abortion or to accept any method of fertility control.
Requires the U.S. Government to support the expansion of reproductive rights in countries receiving foreign assistance.
Prohibits subjecting nongovernmental and multilateral organizations to requirements which are more restrictive than requirements applicable to foreign governments for such assistance.
Requires population assistance to provide increased support for special programs to reach young adults before they begin childbearing.
Provides that funds shall be allocated to countries meeting at least one of the following criteria:
(1) countries accounting for a substantial proportion of the world's annual population increment;
(2) countries having significant unmet needs for fertility control and that require foreign assistance to implement, expand, or sustain family planning services; and
(3) countries which demonstrate a strong policy commitment to population stabilization through the expansion of reproductive choice.
Makes funds available for:
(1) the United Nations Population Fund; and
(2) the Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction. Prohibits assistance for the United Nations Population Fund from being obligated if China is denied most-favored-nation trading status.
Prohibits U.S. population assistance for programs in China. Applies prohibitions on funding for abortions or involuntary sterilization to assistance to assistance for the Fund. Requires the Fund to maintain such assistance in a separate account, without commingling with other funds.
Requires agreements between the United States and the Fund to obligate such assistance to provide for a full refund to the United States if the Fund provides more than a specified amount for family planning programs in China. Prohibits the use of such funds to carry out any program that is disapproved by the U.S. representative to the United Nations. Requires the Administrator of the Agency for International Development (AID) to establish simplified procedures for the development and approval of programs to be carried out by nongovernmental organizations that have demonstrated a capacity to undertake effective population and family planning activities and a commitment to quality reproductive health care for women.
Makes 50 percent of all U.S. population assistance available for nongovernmental organizations.
Requires AID to encourage greater involvement in the delivery of family planning services by private health practitioners, employer-based health services, unions, and cooperative health organizations.
Sets forth targets for global expenditures in developing countries for core population programs and for U.S. population assistance.
Authorizes appropriations for U.S. population assistance.
Prohibits individuals in programs assisted by the United States from being denied family planning services because of an inability to pay the cost of such services.
Lists research programs to be supported by U.S. assistance.
Requires the U.S. Government to support communications strategies to create public awareness about reproductive health needs and the problems associated with world population growth.
Directs the AID Administrator to report annually to the Congress on world progress toward population stabilization and universal reproductive choice.