Department of National Homeland Security
Establishes the Department of National Homeland Security as an executive department to be headed by the Secretary of National Homeland Security who shall be appointed by the President with the consent of the Senate. Makes the Secretary a member of the National Security Council.
Directs the Secretary to:
(1) develop policies and plans for homeland security;
(2) develop a comprehensive terrorism strategy and processes to integrate its elements and goals into Federal, State, and local plans and policies;
(3) evaluate Federal programs relating to homeland security that involve State and local government activities as part of the strategy;
(4) advise the Director on the development of an annual budget for programs and activities under the strategy and to be responsible for budget recommendations relating to border security, critical infrastructure protection, emergency preparation and response, and State and local activities;
(5) plan, coordinate, and integrate Government activities relating to border security, critical infrastructure protection, and emergency preparedness and to act as the focal point regarding crises and emergency planning and response;
(6) work with State and local governments and executive agencies in providing homeland security and to communicate with and support State and local officials through regional offices;
(7) provide overall operational planning guidance to executive agencies regarding homeland security;
(8) conduct exercise and training programs for employees of the Department and other involved agencies and establish command and control procedures for potential contingencies, including those that require military support;
(9) annually develop a Federal response plan for homeland security and emergency preparedness;
(10) promote technological innovation that will enhance homeland security; and
(11) implement a coordinating center with homeland security representatives from other Federal agencies and State and local authorities.
Creates Department positions of: (1) Deputy Secretary of National Homeland Security; (2) Inspector General; and (3) Director of the Coordinating Center. Makes such Director responsible for ensuring compatibility of law enforcement, immigration, and intelligence databases information systems containing information relevant to homeland security and compliance with Federal privacy and intelligence information laws.
Transfers to the Department:
(1) the Federal Emergency Management Agency;
(2) the Customs Service;
(3) law enforcement components of the Immigration and Naturalization Service relating to Border Patrol, Inspections, Investigations (interior enforcement), Intelligence, Detention and Removal, and International Affairs;
(4) the Coast Guard;
(5) the Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office of the Department of Commerce;
(6) the National Infrastructure Protection Center and the National Domestic Preparedness Office of the Federal Bureau of Investigation; and
(7) the portion of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service of the Department of Agriculture that administers laws relating to agricultural quarantine inspections at points of entry.
Establishes within the Department: (1) Directorates of Border and Transportation Protection, Critical Infrastructure Protection, and Emergency Preparedness and Response (which shall create a National Crisis Action Center), and (2) an Office of Science and Technology (OST) to advise the Secretary regarding research and development efforts and priorities for the Directorates.
Establishes: (1) an Acceleration Fund for Research and Development of Homeland Security Technologies to accelerate research of critical homeland security technologies and to support homeland security research; and (2) in OST, a Homeland Security Science and Technology Senior Steering Group and a Homeland Security Science and Technology Coordination Committee.
Provides for the Director of OST:
(1) to assist the Secretary, the Directorates, and cooperating agencies in assessing and testing homeland security vulnerabilities and possible threats, maintaining talent resources in key technology and skill areas, developing a system for sharing key homeland security research and technology developments and opportunities with Federal, State, local, and private sector entities, and proposing risk management strategies based on technology developments;
(2) to assist the Directorate of Critical Infrastructure Protection;
(3) with respect to expenditures from the Fund, to exercise acquisition authority consistent with the authority for the Secretary of Defense and the Secretaries of the military departments to enter into cooperative agreements and other transactions in carrying out research projects;
(4) in hiring personnel to assist in the administration of OST, to have the authority to exercise the personnel hiring and management authorities under the Experimental Program for Scientific and Technical Personnel; and
(5) to develop and oversee the implementation of periodic homeland security technology demonstrations for the purpose of improving contact between technology developers, vendors, and acquisition personnel associated with related industries.
Directs the Secretary to submit to Congress:
(1) biennial reports assessing executive agency resources and requirements relating to border security and emergency preparedness issues and certifying preparedness to prevent, protect against, and respond to natural disasters, cyber attacks, and incidents involving weapons of mass destruction;
(2) within one year a report assessing the Department's progress in implementing this title and ensuring maintenance and strengthening of the core functions transferred, recommending other governmental functions or elements that need to be incorporated into the Department for it to function effectively, giving consideration to border security, border management, and transportation security, and recommending necessary conforming changes of law; and
(3) within one year a report outlining proposed steps to consolidate management authority for Federal operations at key points of entry into the United States.
Directs the Secretary to establish procedures to ensure that: (1) the planning, programming, budgeting, and financial activities of the Department comport with sound financial and fiscal management principles; and (2) the Department complies with all applicable environmental, safety, and health statutes and substantive requirements and to develop procedures for meeting such requirements.