Amends the Public Health Service Act to establish the Office of the National Coordinator of Health Information Technology to coordinate with relevant federal agencies and private entities and oversee programs and activities to develop a nationwide interoperable health information technology infrastructure.
Requires the National Coordinator to:
(1) serve as the principal advisor to the Secretary of Health and Human Services (the Secretary) concerning the development, application, and use of health information technology and to coordinate and oversee the health information technology programs of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS);
(2) facilitate the adoption of a nationwide, interoperable system for the electronic exchange of health information;
(3) ensure the adoption and implementation of standards for such exchange;
(4) ensure that HHS health information technology policy and programs are coordinated with those of relevant executive branch agencies;
(5) coordinate outreach and consultation by the relevant executive branch agencies with public and private parties of interest; and
(6) advise the President regarding specific federal health information technology programs.
Requires the Secretary to establish the public-private American Health Information Collaborative to:
(1) advise the Secretary and recommend actions to achieve a nationwide interoperable health information technology infrastructure;
(2) serve as a forum for the participation of a broad range of stakeholders to provide input on achieving the interoperability of health information technology; and
(3) recommend standards for the electronic exchange of health information by the federal government and private entities.
Requires the Collaborative to recommend to the Secretary uniform national policies to support the widespread adoption of health information technology, including:
(1) protecting individually identifiable health information through privacy and security practices;
(2) preventing unauthorized access to health information;
(3) notifying patients if their individually identifiable health information is wrongfully disclosed;
(4) facilitating secure patient access to health information; and
(5) fostering the public understanding of health information technology.
Deems the standards adopted by the Consolidated Health Informatics Initiative as having been recommended by the Collaborative. Requires the Collaborative to annually review existing standards, identify deficiencies, omissions, duplication, and overlap, and recommend modifications and/or new standards.
Requires the Secretaries of HHS, Veteran Affairs, and Defense to jointly review the Collaborative's recommendations.
Requires the Secretary of HHS to provide for the adoption by the federal government of any recommended standards, if appropriate.
Prohibits any federal agency from expending federal funds to purchase any new health information technology that is inconsistent with adopted standards.
Requires all federal agencies collecting health data to comply with the adopted standards within three years.
Requires the Secretary to develop criteria to:
(1) ensure uniform and consistent implementation of any standards voluntarily adopted by private entities; and
(2) ensure and certify hardware, software, and support services compliance with applicable adopted standards.
Allows the Secretary to award grants to:
(1) facilitate the purchase and enhance the utilization of qualified health information technology systems;
(2) implement regional or local health information plans; and
(3) carry out demonstration projects to develop academic curricula integrating qualified health information technology systems in the clinical education of health professionals.
Requires the Secretary to develop measures of the quality of care patients receive and ensure that such measures:
(1) are evidence based, reliable, and valid;
(2) are consistent with the purposes of developing a nationwide interoperable health information technology infrastructure;
(3) include measures of clinical processes and outcomes, patient experience, efficiency, and equity; and
(4) include measures of overuse and underuse of health care items and services.
Requires the Secretary to:
(1) adopt and utilize such quality measures;
(2) implement procedures to accept the electronic submission of quality measurement data; and
(3) disseminate recommendations and best practices derived from the analysis of quality measures.