Amends the Toxic Substances Control Act to include within the meaning of the term "asbestos" asbestiform varieties of:
(1) any material formerly classified as tremolite, including winchite asbestos and richterite asbestos; and
(2) any asbestiform amphibole mineral.
Requires the Director of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health to conduct a study that:
(1) describes the science concerning the disease mechanisms and health effects of exposure to non-asbestiform minerals and elongated mineral particles and methods for measuring and analyzing such minerals; and
(2) recommends future research relating to diseases caused by exposure to such minerals, exposure assessment practice needs, new classification of naturally occurring elongated mineral particles, and definitions and dimensions to be used for the quantification and risk assessment of such minerals.
Requires the Director to conduct and submit to the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and specified congressional committees a study to:
(1) evaluate the mode of action and health effects of such minerals; and
(2) recommend means by which to identify, distinguish, and measure any such minerals that may or may not cause any disease or health effect.
Requires the Director to report to specified congressional committees on:
(1) the manner by which such minerals remain biopersistent in the human body, exhibit resistance to dissolution and leaching, and induce other physical, chemical, and biological processes as a result of contact with cells and fluids in the body connected to a disease;
(2) a description of the means by which to identify, distinguish, and measure such minerals that may or may not cause any disease or health effect; and
(3) recommendations for controls to protect human health.
Requires the Director to initiate a study to:
(1) develop improved sampling and analytical methods for non-asbestiform minerals and elongated mineral particles; and
(2) clarify the mechanism of action.
Requires the Administrator to establish a plan to:
(1) increase awareness of the dangers posed by products having asbestos-containing materials in homes and workplaces and by asbestos-related diseases;
(2) provide information to, and encourage participation in research and treatment endeavors by, asbestos-related disease patients and their families and front-line health care providers; and
(3) encourage health care providers and researchers to provide to patients and their families information relating to research, diagnostic, and clinical treatments relating to asbestos.
Requires the Administrator to give priority to products that have asbestos-containing materials, that are used by consumers and workers, and that pose the greatest risk of injury to human health.
Requires the Administrator to promulgate regulations that prohibit importing, manufacturing, processing, or distributing asbestos-containing materials, subject to:
(1) a limited exemption, upon petition, as long as the exemption would not result in an unreasonable risk of injury to health or the environment and the person has made good faith efforts to develop or identify a substitute substance or mineral that does not present such a risk;
(2) specified exemptions sought by the Department of Defense (DOD) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) for the use of an asbestos containing material that is necessary to critical functions when no reasonable alternatives exist and when its use will not result in an unreasonable risk to health or the environment; and
(3) an exemption for any diaphragm electrolysis installation in existence as of the date of this Act's enactment.
Requires the Administrator to:
(1) review the diaphragm electrolysis installation exemption every three years;
(2) examine the risk of injury to an individual relating to operation of such installation; and
(3) provide for public notice and comment.
Authorizes the Administrator to terminate such exemption if the installation poses an unreasonable risk of injury.
Requires each person to dispose of asbestos-containing material that is subject to the prohibition by a means that complies with federal, state, and local requirements not later than two years after this Act's enactment. Exempts asbestos-containing material that: (1) is no longer in the stream of commerce; or (2) is in the possession of an end user. Specifies that the prohibition does not require that the material be removed or replaced.
Requires the Administrator, annually, to carry out and report on compliance tests.