Library of Congress Summary
The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress.
10/21/2009--Public Law. (This measure has not been amended since the Conference Report was filed in the House on October 7, 2009. The summary of that version is repeated here.) Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2010 -
Appropriates FY2010 funds for the following Department of Agriculture (Department) programs and services: (1) Office of the Secretary of Agriculture (Secretary); (2) Office of Tribal Relations; (3) Office of the Chief Economist; (4) National Appeals Division; (5) Office of Budget and Program Analysis; (6) Office of Homeland Security; (7) Office of Advocacy and Outreach; (8) Office of the Chief Information Officer; (9) Office of the Chief Financial Officer; (10) Office of the Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights; (11) Office of Civil Rights; (12) Office of the Assistant Secretary for Administration; (13) agriculture buildings and facilities and rental payments; (14) hazardous materials management; (15) departmental administration; (16) Office of the Assistant Secretary for Congressional Relations; (17) Office of Communications; (18) Office of the Inspector General; (19) Office of the General Counsel; (20) Office of the Under Secretary for Research, Education, and Economics; (21) Economic Research Service; (22) National Agricultural Statistics Service; (23) Agricultural Research Service; (24) National Institute of Food and Agriculture; (25) Native American Institutions Endowment Fund; (26) extension and integrated activities; (27) Office of the Under Secretary for Marketing and Regulatory Programs; (28) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service; (29) Agricultural Marketing Service; (30) Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration; (31) Office of the Under Secretary for Food Safety; (32) Food Safety and Inspection Service; (33) Office of the Under Secretary for Farm and Foreign Agricultural Services; (34) Farm Service Agency; (35) state mediation grants; (36) grassroots water protection; (37) dairy indemnity program; (38) Agricultural Credit Insurance Fund Program Account; (39) Risk Management Agency; (40) Federal Crop Insurance Corporation Fund; and (41) Commodity Credit Corporation Fund.
Appropriates funds for the following: (1) Office of the Under Secretary for Natural Resources and Environment; and (2) Natural Resources Conservation Service.
Rural Development Programs
Appropriates funds for the following: (1) Office of the Under Secretary for Rural Development; (2) rural development salaries and expenses; (3) Rural Housing Service; (4) Rural Community Facilities Program Account (5) Rural Business-Cooperative Service; (6) rural development loans; (7) rural cooperative grants; (8) rural microenterprise; (9) Rural Energy for America Program; (10) Rural Utilities Service; (11) rural electrification and telecommunications loans; and (12) distance learning, telemedicine, and broadband.
Domestic Food Programs
Appropriates funds for the following: (1) Office of the Under Secretary for Food, Nutrition and Consumer Services; and (2) Food and Nutrition Service.
Foreign Assistance and Related Programs
Appropriates funds for the following: (1) Foreign Agricultural Service; (2) Public Law 480 (P.L. 480) program title I and title II grants; (3) Commodity Credit Corporation export loans program account; and (4) McGovern-Dole international food for education and child nutrition program grants.
Related Agencies and Food and Drug Administration
Appropriates funds for the following: (1) Food and Drug Administration (FDA); (2) Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC); and (3) Farm Credit Administration.
Specifies certain uses and limits on or prohibitions against the use of funds appropriated by this Act.
Authorizes the Secretary to transfer unobligated balances to the Working Capital Fund for plant and capital equipment acquisition.
Prohibits appropriations under this Act from remaining available for obligation beyond the current fiscal year unless expressly provided for.
Limits negotiated indirect costs on cooperative agreements between the Department and nonprofit organizations to 10%.
Prohibits the use of funds under this Act for the Safe Meat and Poultry Inspection Panel.
Requires that Department agencies reimburse each other for employees detailed for longer than 30 days.
Prohibits, without congressional notification, funds available under this Act or under previous appropriations Acts from being used through a reprogramming of funds to: (1) eliminate or create a new program; (2) relocate or reorganize an office or employees; (3) privatize federal employee functions; or (4) increase funds or personnel for a project for which funds have been denied or restricted. Prohibits, without congressional notification, funds available under this Act or under previous appropriations Acts from being used through a reprogramming of funds in excess of $500,000 or 10%, whichever is less: (1) to augment an existing program; (2) to reduce by 10% funding or personnel for any existing program; or (3) that results from a reduction in personnel which would result in a change in existing programs.
Prohibits the use of funds for user fee proposals that fail to provide certain budget impact information.
Prohibits the use of funds to close or relocate a Rural Development office unless the Secretary determines the cost effectiveness and/or enhancement of program delivery.
Prohibits funds made available by this Act from being used to close or relocate the FDA Division of Pharmaceutical Analysis in St. Louis, Missouri, outside the city or county limits.
Appropriates funds for Rural Development program purposes in communities suffering from extreme outmigration that are in Empowerment Zone-designated areas.
Limits funds made available in FY2010 or preceding fiscal years under P.L. 480 to reimburse the Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) for the release of certain commodities under the Bill Emerson Humanitarian Trust Act.
Appropriates funds for a grant to the National Center for Natural Products Research for construction or renovation to carry out the research objectives of the natural products research grant issued by the FDA.
Makes funds available in the current fiscal year for agricultural management assistance under the Federal Crop Insurance Act and for specified conservation programs under the Food Security Act of 1985 until expended for obligations made in the current fiscal year.
Prohibits fund use under this Act by any executive branch entity to produce a prepackaged news story for U.S. broadcast or distribution unless it contains audio or text notice that it was produced or funded by such executive entity.
Limits funds to carry out the environmental quality incentives program under the Food Security Act of 1985. Prohibits the use of CCC funds for dam rehabilitation under the Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Act. Reduces the maximum amount of FY2010 funds available for domestic food assistance programs under the Act of August 24, 1935, before amounts in excess of such maximum must be transferred to carry out the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act. Limits funds to carry out the fresh fruit and vegetable program until October 1, 2010. Rescinds specified unobligated amounts for domestic food assistance programs under the Act of August 24, 1935.
Makes eligible for economic development and job creation assistance under the Rural Electrification Act in the same manner as a borrower under such Act any former Rural Utilities Service borrower that has repaid or prepaid an insured, direct or guaranteed loan under such Act, or any not-for-profit utility that is eligible to receive an insured or direct loan under such Act.
Appropriates funds for an agricultural pest facility in Hawaii.
Appropriates funds to develop and test new food products to improve the nutritional delivery of humanitarian food assistance under the McGovern-Dole and the P.L. 480 (title II) programs.
Prohibits the Department from using funds under this Act to implement the risk-based inspection program in any location until the Office of Inspector General of the Department has reported to the Food Safety and Inspection Service and appropriate congressional committees regarding the data used in the program's development.
Directs the Secretary, until receipt of the 2010 decennial Census, to consider: (1) the unincorporated area of Los Osos, California, Imperial, California, and the Harrisville Fire District, Rhode Island, eligible for rural water and waste disposal loans and grants; (2) the unincorporated community of Thermalito in Butte County, California, and Nogales, Arizona, eligible for rural housing loans and grants; and (3) Lumberton, North Carolina, and Sanford, North Carolina eligible for rural community facilities loans and grants. Authorizes the Secretary, until receipt of the 2010 decennial Census, to fund certain rural community facility projects for communities and municipal districts and areas in Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island that applied for funding-eligible projects with the appropriate Rural Development field offices prior to August 1, 2009.
Appropriates funds for the Bill Emerson National Hunger Fellowship Program and the Mickey Leland International Hunger Fellowship Program.
Appropriates funds for: (1) the Wisconsin Department of Agriculture, Trade, and Consumer Protection; (2) the Vermont Agency of Agriculture, Foods, and Markets; (3) development of a national carbon inventory and accounting system prototype for forestry and agriculture; (4) the International Food Protection Training Institute; and (5) the Center for Foodborne Illness Research and Prevention.
Directs the Natural Resources Conservation Service to provide financial and technical assistance through the Watershed and Flood Prevention Operations program to carry out: (1) the Alameda Creek Watershed Project in Alameda County, California; (2) the Hurricane Katrina-Related Watershed Restoration project in Jackson County, Mississippi; (3) the Pidcock-Mill Creeks Watershed project in Bucks County, Pennsylvania; (4) the Farmington River Restoration project in Litchfield County, Connecticut; (5) the Lake Oscawana Management and Restoration project in Putnam County, New York; (6) the Richland Creek Reservoir in Paulding County, Georgia; (7) the Pocasset River Floodplain Management Project in Rhode Island; (8) the East Locust Creek Watershed Plan Revision in Missouri; (9) the Little Otter Creek Watershed project in Missouri; (10) the DuPage County Watershed project in Illinois; (11) the Dunloup Creek Watershed Project in Fayette and Raleigh Counties, West Virginia; (12) the Dry Creek Watershed project in California; and (13) the Upper Clark Fork Watershed project in Montana.
Amends the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act regarding the program for at-risk school children to: (1) make Connecticut, Nevada, Wisconsin, and the District of Columbia program participants; and (2) increase the total number of program states from 10 to 13.
Prohibits, regarding the specialty crop research initiative, funds from being used to prohibit the provision of certain in-kind support from nonfederal sources.
Makes unobligated balances for salaries and expenses for the Farm Service Agency and the Rural Development mission area under this Act available for information technology expenses through September 30, 2011.
Authorizes the Secretary to permit a state agency to use funds provided in this Act to exceed a specified maximum amount of liquid concentrate infant formula when issuing liquid infant formula to participants.
Amends the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act to exclude combat pay from household income in calculating a child's eligibility for free or reduced price meals under the school lunch program. Amends the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 to require states to exclude combat pay from family income in making eligibility determinations under the special supplemental nutrition program for women, infants, and children (WIC).
Appropriates funds to obtain and add to an anhydrous ammonia fertilizer nurse tank a substance to reduce the amount of methamphetamine produced from anhydrous ammonia removed from the nurse tank.
Prohibits funds under this Act from being used for first-class travel by employees of agencies funded under this Act in contravention of the Federal Travel Regulation System.
Requires certain agencies providing international food assistance to provide the appropriate congressional committees with specified cost-savings alternatives.
Appropriates funds to the Kansas Farm Bureau Foundation for workforce development initiatives to address rural out-migration.
Appropriates funds to the Farm Service Agency for a pilot program to demonstrate the use of new technologies that increase the growth rate of reforested hardwood trees on private non-industrial forests lands, enrolling lands on the coast of the Gulf of Mexico that were damaged by Hurricane Katrina in 2005.
Directs the FDA Commissioner (Commissioner) to establish review groups to recommend solutions for the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of: (1) rare diseases; and (2) neglected diseases of the developing world. Directs the Commissioner to report to Congress regarding such groups' recommendations.
Appropriates funds for: (1) direct reimbursement payments for geographically disadvantaged farmers or ranchers; and (2) compensation to durum wheat producers for fungicide costs to control Fusarium head blight (wheat scab).
Rescinds unobligated amounts for training and education programs under the supplemental nutrition assistance program (formerly known as the food stamp program).
Prohibits funds under this Act from being used to establish or implement a rule allowing U.S. importation of processed poultry or processed poultry products from the People's Republic of China (PRC) unless the Secretary notifies Congress that the Department will: (1) not provide preferential consideration to PRC applications to export poultry or poultry products to the United States; (2) conduct audits of inspection systems and on-site reviews of slaughter and processing facilities, laboratories and other control operations before any Chinese facilities are certified as eligible to ship poultry or poultry products to the United States; (3) implement an increased level of port of entry re-inspection; (4) establish and conduct an information sharing program with other countries importing processed poultry or processed poultry products from the PRC; (5) make lists of certified export facilities in the PRC and sanitary on-site inspection information publicly available; and (6) report to the appropriate congressional committees. Prohibits funds under this Act from being used to promulgate any proposed or final rule allowing U.S. importation of poultry slaughtered or poultry products produced from poultry slaughtered in the PRC unless such rule is promulgated in accordance with Executive Order 12866.
Prohibits funds under this Act from being used to inspect horses for slaughter purposes.
Amends the Federal Crop Insurance Act and the Trade Act of 1974 to include multiyear assistance/multiyear production loss coverage under the supplemental agricultural disaster assistance programs.
Provides that if a school is closed for at least five consecutive days during a pandemic influenza emergency in FY2010 each household containing at least one member who is an eligible child attending such school shall be eligible to receive specified assistance pursuant to a state-approved plan.
Requires that certain projects intended for nonprofit entities be awarded under an open competition.
Appropriates funds for purchases of cheese and other dairy products to assist dairy producers who have suffered economic losses.
Amends the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act to: (1) extend the waiver of the use of weighted averages for nutrient analysis of menu items and foods under the school lunch or school breakfast programs through September 30, 2010; (2) extend state food safety inspection audit and reporting requirements, and the requirement that the Secretary audit such reports, through 2010; (3) extend funding for the summer food service program and other year-round feeding programs for children in California through FY2010; (4) extend funding for administrative training for, and related state supervision of, school meal programs through October 1, 2009; and (5) extend funding for the clearinghouse that provides information to nongovernmental groups that assist low-income individuals or communities regarding food assistance and self-help activities through FY2010. Directs the Secretary to: (1) carry out demonstration projects to develop methods of providing access to food for children in urban and rural areas during the summer months; (2) provide for an independent evaluation of such projects; and (3) report annually to the appropriate congressional committees regarding such projects. Provides project funding as of October 1, 2009. Directs the Secretary to provide grants to state agencies administering the national school lunch program with the lowest rates of children certified for free: (1) to improve such rates; and (2) for related administrative assistance. Provides funding as of October 1, 2009. Directs the Secretary, in carrying out the WIC program, to provide performance bonus payments to state agencies that demonstrate: (1) the highest proportion of breastfed infants; or (2) the greatest improvement in proportion of breastfed infants. Provides funding as of October 1, 2009. Directs the Secretary to make payments to state educational agencies for grants to eligible school food authorities for equipment purchases. Provides funding as of October 1, 2009. Provides grants to state agencies administering the child and adult care food program to improve the health and nutrition of children in child care settings. Provides funding as of October 1, 2009.
House Republican Conference Summary
The summary below was written by the House Republican Conference, which is the caucus of Republicans in the House of Representatives.
This summary can be found at http://www.gop.gov/bill/111/1/hr2997.
Agriculture and FDA Discretionary Funding in Millions
FY 2009 (scored)
FY 2009 vs. H.R. 2997
H.R. 2997 vs. Request
H.R. 2997 contains a total of $22.9 billion in discretionary spending, which is an increase of $2.436 billion or 11.9 percent above the discretionary spending level for FY 2009. Agencies funded through the bill also received $6.1 billion in discretionary supplemental appropriations from the "stimulus" bill. In total, the bill received $27.6 billion in discretionary funding in FY 2009.
Spending increases in H.R. 2997 would contribute to an overall total discretionary spending level of $1.09 trillion or 7.6 percent over FY 2009. From FY 2007 to FY 2009 non-defense spending has increased 85 percent. During Committee consideration, Republicans offered an alternative that would have increased spending under the bill by only 2 percent, but that amendment was defeated on a party-line vote.
H.R. 2997 would provide funding for a number of agencies, including the Department of Agriculture (USDA), the Food and Drug Administration, the Farm Services Agency, the Commodity Assistance Program, WIC, and the Rural Rental Assistance Program. The following is a summary of the spending highlights and other provisions in the bill.
TITLE I-Agricultural Programs
Farm Services Agency: Provides $1.254 billion for the Farm Services Agency, which administers the USDA's farm commodity, credit, conservation, disaster and loan programs. The appropriation is an increase of $83 million or 7 percent over FY 2009.
Agricultural Research Service: Provides a total of $1.19 billion for the Agricultural Research Service, which administers programs that facilitate the efficient, fair marketing of U.S. agricultural products, including food, fiber, and specialty crops. The appropriation is an increase of $15 million or 1 percent above FY 2009. The bill provides $35 million for buildings and facilities for the Agricultural Research Service that was not requested by the Administration.
National Institute of Food and Agriculture: Provides $1.25 billion for the National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA), an increase of $32 million or 2.5 percent above FY 2009. NIFA was established by the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 to "be an independent, scientific, policy-setting agency for the food and agricultural sciences, which will reinvigorate our nation's investment in agricultural research, extension, and education." Funding in the bill provides for education, extension, and integrated NIFA activities.
TITLE II-Conservation Programs
Conservation Operations: Provides $869 million for the USDA's conservation operations, an increase of $16 million or two percent above FY 2009. The bill does not provide for a $10 million reduction in funding for the Grazing Lands Conservation Initiative that was included in the President's request.
Watershed Rehabilitation Program: Provides $90 million for the Watershed Rehabilitation Program, including $50.7 million for Resource Conservation and Development which was not requested in the President's budget.
TITLE III-Rural Development programs
Rental Assistance: Provides $980 million for the USDA's Rural Rental Assistance Program, an increase of $77 million or 8.5 percent above FY 2009. The program provides an additional source of support for households with incomes too low to pay the Housing and Community Facilities Programs subsidized rent.
Rural Cooperative Assistance Grants: Provides $30 million for Rural Cooperative Assistance Grants, which is an increase of $18 million or 150 percent above FY 2009. According to the USDA, the program is responsible for "establishing and operating centers for cooperative development to improve the economic condition of rural areas by developing new cooperatives and improving operations of existing cooperatives." According to USDA's most recent statistics, the program provided about $6.3 million in grant to 21 applicants in FY 2003.
Rural Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Grants: Eliminates funding for Rural Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Grants, which received $8 million in FY 2009.
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service: Provides $885 million for the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, which includes $4 million for buildings and facilities and represents an increase of $4.3 million above FY 2009. The bill does not include funding for the National Animal Identification System and includes $157 million for animal and plant pests and diseases eradication.
TITLE IV-DOMESTIC FOOD PROGRAMS
WIC: Provides $7.541 billion for the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC), an increase of $681 million or 9 percent over FY 2009. WIC already received $500 million in supplemental appropriations from the "stimulus" bill.
Commodity Assistance Program: Provides $255 million for the Commodity Assistance Program, an increase of $24 million or 9.4 percent over FY 2009, and an increase of $22 million or $8.6 million over the President's request.
TITLE V-Foreign Assistance and Related Programs
International Food and Child Nutrition Grants: Provides $199 million for the McGovern-Dole International Food for Education and Child Nutrition Program Grants, an increase of $99.5 million or 99 percent above FY 2009.
TITLE VI-FDA and Related Programs
FDA: Provides $2.337 billion for the salaries and expenses of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), an increase of $298 million or 13 percent above FY 2009. In addition, the appropriation provides an additional $12 million for FDA buildings and facilities. Funding for the FDA includes appropriations for the Center for the Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, the Office of Regulatory Affairs, the Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, the Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, the Center for Veterinary Medicine, and Center for Toxicological Research. The Committee Report also stipulates that the Committee intends to authorize the collection of tobacco fees in FY 2010 pursuant to H.R. 1256 the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act.
OTHER PROVISIONS OF NOTE
Competitive Bidding: The bill prohibits the USDA from using any funds to enter into a public/private contact under the OMB Circular A-76--which requires private contractors to compete for federal money to ensure that the U.S. receives maximum value for tax dollars--until a report on contracting is submitted.
Earmarks: The Committee Report accompanying H.R. 2997 contains more than 320 earmarks, totaling $225 million.
Climate Change: The Committee Report accompanying the bill includes global climate change as one of a handful of research priorities that the Agricultural Research Service receives an increase of $8.6 million to study.
Chinese Poultry: Prohibits funds in the bill from being used to establish or implement a rule allowing poultry products to be imported into the U.S. from China.
H.R. 2997 Spending in Thousands
FY 2009 vs. H.R. 2997
Office of the Secretary
Office of the Chief Information Officer
Office of the Chief Financial Officer
Asst. Sec. for Civil Rights
Office of Civil Rights
Asst. Secretary for Administration
Buildings, Facilities and Rental Payment
Hazardous Materials Management
Asst. Secretary for Congressional Relations
Office of Communications
Under Sec. for Research, Education, & Economics
Economic Research Service
National Agricultural Statistics Service
Agricultural Research Service
National Institute of Food and Agriculture
Under Sec. for Marketing and Regulatory Programs
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
Agricultural Marketing Service
Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Admin
Food Safety and Inspection Service
Farm Service Agency
Watershed and Flood Prevention Operations
Watershed Rehabilitation Program
Resource Conservation and Development
Rural Development Programs
Under Secretary for Rural Development
Salaries and Expenses
Rural Business Program Account
Multifamily Housing Revitalization Program Account
Rural Housing Assistance Grants
Farm Labor program account
Rural Community Facilities Program Account
Rural Cooperative Development Grants
Rural Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Grants
Rural Water and Waste Disposal Program
Distance Learning, Telemedicine, and Broadband
Domestic Food Programs
Office of the Under Secretary
Commodity Assistance Program
Nutrition Programs Administration
Foreign Assistance and Related Programs
Foreign Agricultural Service Salaries
International Food and Child Nutrition Grants
Commodity Credit Corporation Program Expenses
FDA and Related Agencies
FDA Salaries and Expenses
FDA Buildings and Expenses
Commodity Futures Trading Commission
According to the CBO, H.R. 2997 would appropriate $22.892 billion in discretionary funding for FY 2010.
House Democratic Caucus Summary
The House Democratic Caucus does not provide summaries of bills.
So, yes, we display the House Republican Conference’s summaries when available even if we do not have a Democratic summary available. That’s because we feel it is better to give you as much information as possible, even if we cannot provide every viewpoint.
We’ll be looking for a source of summaries from the other side in the meanwhile.