GovTrack’s Bill Summary
We don’t have a summary available yet.
The bill’s title was written by the bill’s sponsor. H.R. stands for House of Representatives bill.
We don’t have a summary available yet.
The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress.
The summary below was written by the House Republican Conference, which is the caucus of Republicans in the House of Representatives.
This summary can be found at http://www.gop.gov/bill/111/1/hr81.
Under the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act, NOAA works to rebuild overfished shark stocks. To this end, the U.S. recently enacted a ban on shark finning that prohibits any person under U.S. jurisdiction from engaging in shark finning and possessing shark fins harvested on board a U.S. fishing vessel without the corresponding carcasses. According to NOAA, the U.S. has participated in shark management meetings with Japan, Spain, Taiwan, the European Union, Canada, China, and Mexico. While shark conservation efforts have been conducted in the past, NOAA contends that some vessels have engaged in the process of removing shark fins at sea and releasing the shark's carcass, thus avoiding restrictions on shark harvesting while still retrieving the valuable fin. H.R. 81 would tighten laws regarding shark conservation by requiring NOAA to publicly identify any nation whose fishing vessels are actively engaged in fishing activities that target sharks and prohibiting the removal of shark fins at sea.
The House considered identical legislation (H.R. 5741) in the 110th Congress. The bill passed the House by unanimous consent on July 30, 2007. According to a CBO score for H.R. 5741, the bill would impose a private sector mandate by requiring shark fins on fishing vessels to be naturally attached to shark carcasses. CBO estimated that the mandate would fall below the $139 million threshold established by the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA) for private sector mandates. In addition, CBO estimated that H.R. 5741 would cost $1 million annually for NOAA to expand their existing fishing reports.
H.R. 81 would require the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) to identify nations whose fishing vessels have engaged in activities that directly target or accidentally catch sharks. NOAA would be required to maintain a public list of each nation that had targeted sharks during fishing activities. The list would also be required to include information regarding any regulatory measures being taken by each nation to conserve sharks.
In addition, the bill would prohibit fisherman from removing any shark fins at sea, having a fin aboard a fishing vessel that is not attached to the carcass, or transferring a fin from one vessel to another unless it is naturally attached to a shark.
A CBO score for H.R. 81 was not available at press time. However, a CBO score for H.R. 5741 (an identical bill considered in the 110th Congress) estimated that H.R. 5741 would cost $1 million annually for NOAA to expand their existing fishing reports
The House Democratic Caucus does not provide summaries of bills.
So, yes, we display the House Republican Conference’s summaries when available even if we do not have a Democratic summary available. That’s because we feel it is better to give you as much information as possible, even if we cannot provide every viewpoint.
We’ll be looking for a source of summaries from the other side in the meanwhile.
The bill contains the following citations to other parts of U.S. law:
Slip laws refer to enacted bills and joint resolutions in their original form as enacted by Congress, that is, before other laws amend them. Slip laws are cited as “Public Law XXX-YYY”, where XXX is the number of the Congress in which the bill or resolution was introduced.
The United States Code is the compilation of permanent laws enacted by Congress. Temporary and other non-permanent laws do not appear in the United States Code. (About half of the United States Code is the law itself, called positive law. The other half is merely a compilation of the laws but has no legal significance.)
The United States Statutes at Large is the compilation of all laws enacted by Congress.