GovTrack’s Bill Summary
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Library of Congress Summary
The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress.
Expresses the sense of Congress that:
(1) the Attorney General should implement changes to the National Crime Information Center (NCIC) database to ensure that a child entered into the database will be automatically designated as an endangered juvenile if the child has been reported missing not less than three times in a one-year period, that the NCIC database is programmed to cross-reference newly entered reports with historical records, and that such database is programmed to include a visual cue on the record of a child designated as an endangered juvenile;
(2) funds awarded under the Edward Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grant Program should be used to provide education, training, deterrence, and prevention programs relating to sex trafficking of minors;
(3) states should treat minor victims of sex trafficking as crime victims rather than as criminal defendants or juvenile delinquents, adopt and amend laws that protect minors who are victims of sex trafficking, and make such minors eligible for compensation; and
(4) demand for commercial sex with sex trafficking victims must be deterred through consistent law enforcement.
Amends the Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2005 to revise the grant program to combat trafficking in persons to authorize the Assistant Attorney General for the Office of Justice Programs to award block grants to up to six state or local governments in different regions of the United States to combat sex trafficking.
(1) at least one of such block grants to be awarded to an entity with a state population of less than 5 million; and
(2) grant recipients to certify that grant funds will be used to combat only interstate sex trafficking.
Specifies authorized uses of grant funds, including providing shelter to minor victims of trafficking, case management services, mental health counseling, legal services, and outreach and education programs to provide information about deterrence and prevention of sex trafficking of minors.
Prohibits such grants from being used for medical care, except for mental health counseling.
Requires the Inspector General of the Department of Justice (DOJ) to conduct an audit in FY2012 and FY2013 of all six grantees awarded block grants.
Authorizes appropriations for FY2012-FY2014. Terminates the amendments made by this section three years after enactment.
Requires the Comptroller General to study and report to Congress on the impact of this Act in aiding minor victims of sex trafficking in the United States and increasing the ability of law enforcement agencies to prosecute sex trafficking offenders.
Amends title IV of the Social Security Act (Grants to States for Needy Families with Children and for Child-Welfare Services) to require states to adopt procedures for reporting information on missing or abducted children for entry into the NCIC database Amends the Crime Control Act of 1990 to require:
(1) the Attorney General's annual statistical summary under such Act to include the total number of missing child reports received and the total number of entries made to the NCIC database; and
(2) state law enforcement agencies to update the record of a missing child with a photograph taken within the previous 180 days and to notify the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children of each report of a child missing from a foster care family home or childcare institution.
Amends the Trafficking Victims Reauthorization Act of 2008 to require the inclusion of safe harbor provisions for children exploited through prostitution in model state antitrafficking statutes.
Amends the federal criminal code to: (1) expand protection of minor victims and witnesses from harassment or intimidation; and (2) impose a fine and/or prison term of up to 20 years for the possession of pornographic images of a child under the age of 12.
Directs the United States Sentencing Commission to review and amend federal sentencing guidelines and policy statements to ensure that such guidelines provide an additional penalty for sex trafficking of children and other child abuse crimes.
Requires the Director of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), within 180 days after the enactment of this Act, to coordinate with the heads of federal departments and independent agencies to devise a strategy and establish guidelines to reduce overall government printing costs beginning with FY2012.
Provides for compliance of the budgetary effects of this Act with the Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010.
House Republican Conference Summary
The summary below was written by the House Republican Conference, which is the caucus of Republicans in the House of Representatives.
This summary can be found at http://www.gop.gov/bill/111/2/s2925.
S. 2925 would amend the Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2005 to authorize the Assistant Attorney General for the Office of Justice Programs to award block grants to up to six state or local governments to combat sex trafficking. One of the grants would be required to be awarded to an entity with a state population fewer than 5 million. Funds authorized by the grant would be used to provide shelter to minor victims of trafficking, case management services, mental health counseling, legal services, and outreach and education programs. The Comptroller General of the Department of Justice would be required to conduct an audit of all six grantees awarded block grants.
S. 2925 would amend the Crime Control Act of 1990 to require the Attorney General’s annual statistical summary under such Act to include the total number of missing child reports and entries made to the NCIC database. Furthermore, it would require state law enforcement agencies to update the records of missing children with photographs taken within the previous 180 days and to notify the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children of missing children from foster homes or childcare institutions.
The bill would amend the Trafficking Victims Reauthorization Act of 2008 to require the inclusion of safe harbor provisions for children exploited through prostitution in model state antitrafficking statutes.
The bill would direct the United States Sentencing Commission to amend federal sentencing guidelines and policy statements to ensure that such guidelines provide an additional penalty for sex trafficking of children and other child abuse crimes.
The bill would amend the federal criminal code to expand protection of minor victims and witnesses from harassment or intimidation, impose a minimum one-year prison term for possession of certain child pornography, and allow the issuance of an administrative subpoena for the investigation of unregistered sex offenders by the U.S. Marshals Service.
"The bill would authorize to be appropriated to the Attorney General $15 million for each of the Fiscal Years 2012 through 2014."
CBO estimates that the net budget impact would not be significant in any year.
House Democratic Caucus Summary
The House Democratic Caucus does not provide summaries of bills.
So, yes, we display the House Republican Conference’s summaries when available even if we do not have a Democratic summary available. That’s because we feel it is better to give you as much information as possible, even if we cannot provide every viewpoint.
We’ll be looking for a source of summaries from the other side in the meanwhile.