GovTrack’s Bill Summary
We don’t have a summary available yet.
The bill’s title was written by the bill’s sponsor. H.R. stands for House of Representatives bill.
We don’t have a summary available yet.
The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress.
The summary below was written by the House Republican Conference, which is the caucus of Republicans in the House of Representatives.
This summary can be found at http://www.gop.gov/bill/112/2/hr1171.
According the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure, the Marine Debris Research, Prevention, and Reduction Act, was signed into law on December 22, 2006, and authorized $10 million annually through fiscal year 2010 for NOAA to implement a program to map, identify, and conduct impact assessments of marine debris. The bill also authorized NOAA to undertake activities to remove and prevent marine debris, conduct public outreach activities to increase awareness of problems associated with marine debris. The bill also authorized $2 million annually through fiscal year 2010 for the Coast Guard to carry out enforcement of prohibitions against at-sea discharge of plastic and trash from vessels. Finally, the Act authorized the Coast Guard to take action to improve international coordination and set up a voluntary program to report locations of marine debris and the hazards it may present to navigation.
Marine Debris is currently defined for the purpose of the Marine Debris Research, Prevention, and Reduction Act as “any persistent solid material that is manufactured or processed and directly or indirectly, intentionally or unintentionally, disposed of or abandoned into the marine environment or the Great Lakes.” These items can entangle boat propellers and clog water intakes on vessels and at industrial facilities. Larger pieces of marine debris, including abandoned vessels, derelict fishing gear, and lost cargo containers and their contents, can crush coral and other wildlife and pose a threat to safe navigation.
According to the Committee, Marine debris impacts the economy as well. The maritime sector suffers lost productivity when marine debris threatens safe navigation or causes damage to vessels. The Committee also states that “Commercial fishermen lose millions annually due to derelict fishing gear. Marine debris that washes up on our nation’s shorelines can cause beach closures, which cost local tourist-based economies billions annually.”
H.R. 1171 would reauthorize and amend the Marine Debris Research, Prevention, and Reduction Act. The bill would provide $4.9 million annually for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) to carry out activities to reduce marine debris through FY 2015. In total, the bill would authorize $15 million over the FY 2013 through FY 2017 period, according to CBO. The program was previously authorized at an annual level of $10 million from FY 2006 through FY 2010.
In addition to reauthorize marine debris reduction programs carried out by NOAA, the bill would change the name of the “Marine Debris Research, Prevention, and Reduction Act” to the “Marine Debris Act.” The bill would clarify the purposes of the program to identify, determine sources of, assess, prevent, reduce, and remove marine debris, with a focus on marine debris posing a threat to living marine resources and navigation safety. The purposes would also authorize NOAA to provide national and regional coordination to assist states, Indian tribes, and regional organizations in identification, determination of sources, assessment, prevention, reduction, and removal of marine debris. NOAA would also be authorized to participate in the development of effective nonregulatory measures and incentives to cooperatively reduce the volume of lost and discarded fishing gear and to aid in its recover. Finally, the bill would authorize NOAA to undertake outreach and education of the public on sources of marine debris, threats associated with marine debris, and approaches to identify, reduce, and remove marine debris.
According to CBO, “H.R. 1171 would authorize the appropriation of $4.9 million a year through 2015 for NOAA to carry out the Marine Debris Program. In 2011, NOAA spent about $4 million to carry out activities related to the program. Assuming appropriation of the authorized amounts, CBO estimates that implementing the legislation would cost about $15 million over the 2013-2017 period.”
The House Democratic Caucus does not provide summaries of bills.
So, yes, we display the House Republican Conference’s summaries when available even if we do not have a Democratic summary available. That’s because we feel it is better to give you as much information as possible, even if we cannot provide every viewpoint.
We’ll be looking for a source of summaries from the other side in the meanwhile.
The bill contains the following citations to other parts of U.S. law:
The United States Code is the compilation of permanent laws enacted by Congress. Temporary and other non-permanent laws do not appear in the United States Code. (About half of the United States Code is the law itself, called positive law. The other half is merely a compilation of the laws but has no legal significance.)