Amends the HSA to require DHS's Office of Intelligence and Analysis to:
(1) conduct intelligence and information sharing activities consistent with the National Intelligence Strategy for Countering the Threat from Weapons of Mass Destruction under the WMD Prevention and Preparedness Act of 2012 and the National Intelligence Strategy for Countering Biological Threats;
(2) support homeland security-focused intelligence analysis of terrorist actors, their claims, and their plans to conduct attacks against the nation involving chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear materials;
(3) support homeland security-focused intelligence analysis of global infectious disease, public health, food, agricultural, and veterinary issues;
(4) support homeland security-focused risk analysis and risk assessments of such hazards by providing relevant quantitative and non-quantitative threat information;
(5) leverage existing and emerging homeland security capabilities and structures, including fusion centers, to enhance prevention, protection, response, and recovery efforts with respect to a terrorist attack;
(6) share information and provide tailored analytical support on such threats to state, local, and tribal authorities, as well as other national biosecurity and biodefense stakeholders; and
(7) coordinate with other relevant DHS components, others in the Intelligence Community, and federal, state, local, and tribal authorities on optimal information sharing mechanisms.
Directs the Secretary to report to specified congressional committees on:
(1) the intelligence and information sharing activities described above and of all relevant entities within DHS to counter the threat from WMD, and
(2) DHS's activities in accordance with relevant intelligence strategies.
Directs the Secretary, acting through the Under Secretary for Science and Technology, in coordination with relevant DHS components and other appropriate federal agencies, to produce and periodically update:
(1) a terrorism risk assessment of chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear threats; and
(2) an integrated terrorism risk assessment that assesses all of those threats and compares their relative risks.
Directs the Secretary to:
(1) convene an interagency task force of relevant subject matter experts to assess and provide recommendations on the adequacy of proposed methodology to be used for such assessments;
(2) conduct sensitivity analysis on each assessment to identify and prioritize research activities to close knowledge gaps;
(3) consider the evolving threat from an intelligent adversary;
(4) share the risk assessments with federal, state, local, and tribal officials with appropriate security clearances and a need for the information in the classified version; and
(5) make available an unclassified version for federal, state, local, and tribal officials involved in prevention and preparedness for chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear events.
Requires the Export Enforcement Coordination Center to be maintained in DHS, with capability for coordinating the export enforcement activities among specified federal departments, the Intelligence Community, and appropriate agencies.
Directs the Center to:
(1) enhance federal coordination for law enforcement counter proliferation investigations;
(2) address licensing inquiries, reviews, requests, checks, and verifications; and
(3) conduct outreach and provide training to the export trade community.
Directs the Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) to:
(1) develop a communications plan designed to provide information to the public related to preventing, preparing for, responding to, and recovering from chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear attacks; and
(2) develop and disseminate, through an alerts and warnings system, pre-scripted messages and message templates for state, local, and tribal authorities to quickly disseminate critical information to the public in anticipation of, during, or in the immediate aftermath of such an attack, to be included in DHS's lessons learned information sharing system.
Directs the Secretary, in coordination with the Attorney General and heads of appropriate federal agencies, to:
(1) ensure that homeland security information concerning terrorist threats is provided to state, local, and tribal authorities and the public; and
(2) establish a process to optimize opportunities for qualified heads of state, local, and tribal government entities to obtain security clearances so that they may receive classified threat information.
Directs the Secretary, on a timely basis, to prepare unclassified threat bulletins that include guidance to the public for preventing and responding to acts of terrorism arising from chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear threats, which shall be made available on the Internet website of DHS and other publicly accessible Internet websites, communication systems, and information networks.
Directs the Secretary, using information provided by the terrorism risk assessments and material threat assessments and determinations under the Project BioShield Act of 2004, to:
(1) provide to state, local, and trial authorities written guidance on communicating terrorism-related threats and risks to the public; and
(2) articulate the governmental rationale for identifying particular communities as being at heightened risk of exploitation.
Directs the Secretary, acting through the FEMA Administrator, to assist state, local, and tribal authorities in improving and promoting individual and community preparedness and collective response to terrorist attacks by:
(1) developing and disseminating guidance and checklists of recommended actions for individual and community prevention and preparedness efforts,
(2) providing information and training materials in support of individual and community preparedness efforts, and
(3) conducting individual and community preparedness outreach efforts.
Directs the Secretary to carry out a program to detect a biological attack or event that poses a high risk to homeland security, including by:
(1) deploying detection capabilities to high risk areas to indicate the presence of biological agents;
(2) considering multiple deployment strategies, including surge capability;
(3) providing information to participating laboratories and programs for use in monitoring public health, and biological material or other data from those detectors to participating laboratories and programs for testing and evaluation;
(4) regularly communicating with, and providing information about the presence of biological agents to, federal, state, and local agencies responsible for public health, law enforcement, and emergency services in a manner that ensures transparency;
(5) providing advanced planning tools, concepts of operations, standard operating procedures, and training exercises for collective response to and recovery from biological attacks; and
(6) providing technical assistance to jurisdictions hosting the program to improve their ability to respond to a detected pathogen.
Directs the Secretary:
(1) to require the Under Secretary for Science and Technology to assess whether the development of technological screening capabilities for biological agents, pandemic influenza, and other infectious diseases should be undertaken by the Directorate of Science and Technology to support entry and exit screening at ports of entry and for other homeland security purposes; and
(2) if the Under Secretary's determination is affirmative, to initiate development of safe and effective methods to rapidly screen incoming persons at ports of entry.
Authorizes the Secretary, in coordination with the Director of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), to carry out a program to:
(1) establish near-term minimum performance metrics to support public safety actionable activities to evaluate the effectiveness of detection technology for high-priority biological agents and toxins and high-priority chemical agents;
(2) establish a process for voluntary testing and evaluation of technology by an accredited laboratory to demonstrate conformance to consensus standards, or performance metrics if standards do not exist, for the effective detection of high-priority biological agents and toxins and high-priority chemical agents; and
(3) make available to federal agencies, state, territorial, local, and tribal entities, and the private sector, with permission from the detection technology manufacturer, the results of detection system testing and evaluation.
Requires the Director of the Domestic Nuclear Detection Office to:
(1) establish and maintain a multilayered system of detection technologies, programs, and guidelines designed to enhance the nation's ability to detect and prevent a radiological or nuclear attack in high-risk U.S. cities; and
(2) develop a surge capability for radiological and nuclear detection systems that can be deployed within the United States rapidly in response to actionable intelligence or warnings.
Requires such programs to be integrated into the Global Nuclear Detection Architecture and inform architecture studies, technology gaps, and research activities of the Office. Directs the Secretary:
(1) to develop for police, fire, emergency medical services, emergency management, and medical and public health personnel voluntary guidance for responding to a release of chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear material;
(2) to make such guidance available to state, local, and tribal authorities, including primary and secondary schools and other educational institutions, nongovernmental organizations, the private sector, and the public; and
(3) in developing the guidance, to review the experiences of other countries and the expertise of academic institutions and nongovernmental organizations and to consider the unique needs of children and other vulnerable populations.
Directs the Secretary to:
(1) acquire, use, and disseminate the best available integrated plume models (i.e., assessments of the location and prediction of the spread of agents following a chemical, biological, nuclear, or radiological attack or event that integrate protective action guidance) to enable rapid response activities following such an attack or event; and
(2) carry out a program for system assessment and validation of emergency response equipment at DHS, to be known as the SAVER Program. Authorizes the Secretary, Attorney General, and heads of other federal agencies, in carrying out functions to counter biological terrorism, to enter into contracts with laboratories that comprise the Laboratory Response Network for Biological Terrorism and other federally networked laboratories for the provision of laboratory testing services.
Authorizes in DHS a bioforensics analysis center to provide definitive bioforensics analysis in support of the executive agencies with primary responsibilities for preventing, deterring, responding to, attributing, and recovering from biological attacks.
Directs the Secretary to conduct a Metropolitan Medical Response System Program that shall assist state and local governments in preparing for and responding to public health and mass casualty incidents resulting from acts of terrorism, natural disasters, and other man-made disasters.
Allows a grant under such Program to be used to support the integration of emergency management, health, and medical systems into a coordinated response to mass casualty incidents caused by any hazard.
Directs the Secretary, acting through the Under Secretary for Science and Technology, in coordination with the Administrator, to conduct tailored risk assessments to inform prioritization of national recovery activities for chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear incidents, to be updated as necessary.
Directs the Secretary to develop and issue guidance for clean-up and restoration of indoor and outdoor areas, including subways and other mass transportation facilities, that have been exposed to chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear materials.
Directs the Secretary:
(1) in consultation with state, local, and tribal authorities and other appropriate federal agencies, to develop exercises to facilitate recovery from a chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear incident and to foster collective response to terrorism; and
(2) to provide lessons learned reports to designated representatives of state, local, and tribal jurisdictions and private sector entities that participate in National Level Exercises of DHS. Directs the FEMA Administrator, the DHS Chief Medical Officer, and the National Metropolitan Medical Response System Working Group to conduct a review of the Metropolitan Medical Response System Program and report the results of the review to specified congressional committees.