HR 6315 IH
H. R. 6315
To establish a commission to conduct a comprehensive review of Federal agencies and programs and to recommend the elimination or realignment of duplicative, wasteful, or outdated functions, and for other purposes.
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
August 2, 2012
August 2, 2012
Mr. FLEMING introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, and in addition to the Committees on Rules and Appropriations, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned
To establish a commission to conduct a comprehensive review of Federal agencies and programs and to recommend the elimination or realignment of duplicative, wasteful, or outdated functions, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.
(a) Short Title- This Act may be cited as the ‘Realign and Eliminate Duplicative Unnecessary Costly Excess in Government Act of 2012’ or the ‘REDUCE Government Act’.
(b) Table of Contents- The table of contents for this Act is as follows:
Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
Sec. 2. Definitions.
Sec. 3. Establishment of Commission.
Sec. 4. Duties of the Commission.
Sec. 5. Powers of the Commission.
Sec. 6. Commission personnel matters.
Sec. 7. Termination of the Commission.
Sec. 8. Closure and realignment of agencies and programs.
Sec. 9. Congressional consideration of commission recommendations.
Sec. 10. Offsetting rescissions.
SEC. 2. DEFINITIONS.
In this Act:
(1) AGENCY- The term ‘agency’ has the meaning given the term ‘Executive agency’ under section 105 of title 5, United States Code.
(2) CALENDAR DAY- The term ‘calendar day’ means a calendar day other than one on which either House is not in session because of an adjournment of more than three days to a date certain.
SEC. 3. ESTABLISHMENT OF COMMISSION.
(a) Establishment- There is established the Federal Realignment and Closure Commission (hereafter in this Act referred to as the ‘Commission’).
(1) NUMBER AND APPOINTMENT-
(A) IN GENERAL- The Commission shall be composed of 6 members appointed by the President as follows:
(i) One in consultation with the Speaker of the House of Representatives.
(ii) One in consultation with the minority leader of the House of Representatives.
(iii) One in consultation with the majority leader of the Senate.
(iv) One in consultation with the minority leader of the Senate.
(v) Two other members, who may not be of the same political party.
(B) EX OFFICIO MEMBERS- The President may appoint up to 4 Members of Congress (up to 2 from each House) as nonvoting ex officio members of the Commission.
(C) CHAIRMAN AND VICE CHAIRMAN- At the time the President appoints individuals to the Commission under this paragraph, the President shall designate 1 such individual who shall serve as chairman and 1 such individual who shall serve as vice chairman. The chairman and vice chairman may not be of the same political party.
(c) Period of Appointment; Vacancies- Members shall be appointed for the life of the Commission. Any vacancy in the Commission shall not affect its powers, but shall be filled in the same manner as the original appointment.
(d) Initial Meeting- Not later than 30 days after the date on which all members of the Commission have been appointed, the Commission shall hold its first meeting.
(e) Meetings- The Commission shall meet at the call of the chairman.
(f) Quorum- A majority of the members of the Commission shall constitute a quorum, but a lesser number of members may hold hearings.
SEC. 4. DUTIES OF THE COMMISSION.
(a) Systematic Assessment of Programs by the Commission-
(1) IN GENERAL- Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Commission shall establish a systematic method for assessing the effectiveness and accountability of agency programs in accordance with paragraph (2) and divide the programs into three approximately equal budgetary groupings based on the size of the budget and number of personnel of the agency program.
(2) METHOD OBJECTIVES- The method established under paragraph (1) shall--
(A) recognize different types of Federal programs;
(B) assess programs based on the achievement of performance goals (as defined under section 1115(g)(4) of title 31, United States Code);
(C) assess programs based in part on the adequacy of the program’s performance measures, financial management, and other factors;
(D) assess programs based in part on whether the program has fulfilled the legislative intent surrounding the creation of the program, taking into account any change in legislative intent during the program’s existence; and
(E) assess programs based in part on collaborative analysis, with the program or agency, of program policy and goals which may not fit into easily measurable performance goals.
(3) COMPTROLLER GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS- The Comptroller General of the United States shall--
(A) assist the Commission, to the extent requested, in the Commission’s evaluation of agencies and programs under subsection (b)(1); and
(B) by no later than March 30 of each year in which an evaluation is carried out under subsection (b)(1), submit to the Commission a report containing the Comptroller General’s recommendations for the agencies and programs that should be realigned or eliminated within the grouping evaluated that year.
(b) Evaluation, Plan, and Recommendations-
(1) EVALUATION- Subject to subsection (e), during each of 2013, 2014, and 2015, the Commission shall evaluate all agencies, and programs within those agencies, in a grouping identified in the assessment under subsection (a), with one grouping evaluated each year over those three years, using the criteria under paragraph (3). In carrying out the evaluation, the Commission shall consider the report of the Comptroller General submitted under subsection (a)(3).
(2) PLAN AND RECOMMENDATIONS- Not later than June 30 of a year in which an evaluation is carried out under paragraph (1), the Commission shall, with respect to the evaluation carried out during that year, submit to the President and Congress a plan with recommendations of the agencies and programs that should be realigned or eliminated within the grouping evaluated that year.
(A) DUPLICATIVE- If 2 or more agencies or programs are performing the same essential function and the function can be consolidated or streamlined into a single agency or program, the Commission shall recommend that the agencies or programs be realigned.
(B) WASTEFUL OR INEFFICIENT- The Commission may recommend the realignment or elimination of any agency or program that has wasted Federal funds by--
(i) egregious spending;
(ii) mismanagement of resources and personnel; or
(iii) use of such funds for personal benefit or the benefit of a special interest group.
(C) OUTDATED, IRRELEVANT, OR FAILED- The Commission shall recommend the elimination of any agency or program that--
(i) has completed its intended purpose;
(ii) has become irrelevant; or
(iii) has failed to meet its objectives.
(4) RELOCATION OF FEDERAL EMPLOYEES- The plan under paragraph (2) shall provide that if the position of an employee of an agency is eliminated as a result of the implementation of the plan, the affected agency shall make reasonable efforts to relocate such employee to another position within the agency or within another Federal agency.
(5) USE OF SAVINGS- The plan under paragraph (2) shall provide that all funds saved by the implementation of the plan shall be used for deficit reduction.
(6) INFORMATION TO MEMBERS OF CONGRESS- After June 30 of each year in which the Commission submits a plan and recommendations to the President and Congress under this subsection, the Commission shall promptly provide, upon request, to any Member of Congress information used by the Commission in making its recommendations.
(c) Consideration of Suggestions From Public Through Website- In carrying out its duties under this Act, the Commission shall--
(1) establish a website for the purpose of allowing any member of the public to submit suggestions to the Commission for its consideration; and
(2) consider each such suggestion submitted through the website.
(d) Review by the President-
(1) The President shall, by no later than August 15 of a year in which the Commission carries out an evaluation under subsection (b)(1), transmit to the Commission and to Congress a report containing the President’s approval or disapproval of the Commission’s plan and recommendations.
(2) If the President approves all the plan and recommendations of the Commission, the President shall transmit a copy of such plan and recommendations to Congress, together with a certification of such approval.
(3) If the President disapproves the plan and recommendations of the Commission, in whole or in part, the President shall transmit to the Commission and Congress the reasons for that disapproval. The Commission shall then transmit to the President, by no later than September 15 of the year in which the evaluation was carried out, a revised list of recommendations for the closure or realignment of agencies and programs.
(4) If the President approves all of the revised plan and recommendations of the Commission transmitted to the President under paragraph (3), the President shall transmit a copy of such revised plan and recommendations to Congress, together with a certification of such approval.
(5) If the President does not transmit to Congress an approval and certification described in paragraph (2) or (4) by October 15 of any year in which the Commission has transmitted its plan and recommendations to the President under this section, the process by which agencies and programs may be selected for realignment or elimination under this Act with respect to that year shall be terminated.
(e) Carryforward of Grouping and Evaluation- If the process by which agencies and programs may be selected for realignment or elimination under this Act with respect to a year is terminated under subsection (d)(5)--
(1) if the termination occurs in 2013 or 2014, the grouping of agencies and programs evaluated that year shall be included in the grouping evaluated under subsection (b)(1) in the following year; and
(2) if the termination occurs in 2015, the grouping of agencies and programs evaluated that year shall be subject again during the next year to the process by which agencies and programs may be selected for realignment or elimination under this Act as provided in this section.
SEC. 5. POWERS OF THE COMMISSION.
(1) IN GENERAL- The Commission or, at its direction, any subcommittee or member of the Commission, may, for the purpose of carrying out this Act--
(A) hold such hearings, sit and act at such times and places, take such testimony, receive such evidence, and administer such oaths as any member of the Commission considers advisable;
(B) require, by subpoena or otherwise, the attendance and testimony of such witnesses as any member of the Commission considers advisable; and
(C) require, by subpoena or otherwise, the production of such books, records, correspondence, memoranda, papers, documents, tapes, and other evidentiary materials relating to any matter under investigation by the Commission.
(2) MEMBERS OF CONGRESS- Any member of Congress may testify before the Commission or attend any proceedings or deliberations of the Commission.
(3) TESTIMONY UNDER OATH- All testimony before the Commission shall be under oath.
(b) Issuance and Enforcement of Subpoenas-
(1) ISSUANCE- Subpoenas issued under subsection (a) shall bear the signature of the chairman of the Commission and shall be served by any person or class of persons designated by the chairman for that purpose.
(2) ENFORCEMENT- In the case of contumacy or failure to obey a subpoena issued under subsection (a), the United States district court for the judicial district in which the subpoenaed person resides, is served, or may be found, may issue an order requiring such person to appear at any designated place to testify or to produce documentary or other evidence. Any failure to obey the order of the court may be punished by the court as a contempt of that court.
(c) Information From Federal Agencies- The Commission may secure directly from any Federal department or agency such information as the Commission considers necessary to carry out this Act. Upon request of the chairman of the Commission, the head of such department or agency shall furnish such information to the Commission.
(d) Postal Services- The Commission may use the United States mails in the same manner and under the same conditions as other departments and agencies of the Federal Government.
SEC. 6. COMMISSION PERSONNEL MATTERS.
(a) Compensation of Members-
(1) NON-FEDERAL MEMBERS- Except as provided under subsection (b), each member of the Commission who is not an officer or employee of the Federal Government shall not be compensated.
(2) FEDERAL OFFICERS OR EMPLOYEES- All members of the Commission who are officers or employees of the United States shall serve without compensation in addition to that received for their services as officers or employees of the United States.
(b) Travel Expenses- The members of the Commission shall be allowed travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence, at rates authorized for employees of agencies under subchapter I of chapter 57 of title 5, United States Code, while away from their homes or regular places of business in the performance of services for the Commission.
(1) IN GENERAL- The chairman of the Commission may, without regard to the civil service laws and regulations, appoint and terminate an executive director and such other additional personnel as may be necessary to enable the Commission to perform its duties. The employment of an executive director shall be subject to confirmation by the Commission.
(2) COMPENSATION- Upon the approval of the chairman, the executive director may fix the compensation of the executive director and other personnel without regard to chapter 51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of title 5, United States Code, relating to classification of positions and General Schedule pay rates, except that the rate of pay for the executive director and other personnel may not exceed the maximum rate payable for a position at GS-15 of the General Schedule under section 5332 of such title.
(3) PERSONNEL AS FEDERAL EMPLOYEES-
(A) IN GENERAL- The executive director and any personnel of the Commission who are employees shall be employees under section 2105 of title 5, United States Code, for purposes of chapters 63, 81, 83, 84, 85, 87, 89, and 90 of that title.
(B) MEMBERS OF COMMISSION- Subparagraph (A) shall not be construed to apply to members of the Commission.
(d) Detail of Government Employees- Any Federal Government employee may be detailed to the Commission without reimbursement, and such detail shall be without interruption or loss of civil service status or privilege.
(e) Security Clearance- As a condition of appointment to or employment with the Commission, the members and staff of the Commission shall hold appropriate security clearances for access to any classified briefing, records, and materials that may be reviewed by the Commission or its staff and shall follow the guidance and practices on security under applicable Executive orders and agency directives.
(f) Library of Congress- Upon the request of the Commission, the Librarian of Congress shall provide to the Commission, on a reimbursable basis, administrative support services, research services, and research staff necessary for the Commission to carry out its responsibilities under this Act.
(g) Procurement of Temporary and Intermittent Services- The chairman of the Commission may procure temporary and intermittent services under section 3109(b) of title 5, United States Code, at rates for individuals which do not exceed the daily equivalent of the annual rate of basic pay prescribed for level V of the Executive Schedule under section 5316 of such title.
SEC. 7. TERMINATION OF THE COMMISSION.
The Commission shall terminate 120 days after the date on which the Commission submits the final plan and recommendations under section 3(b).
SEC. 8. CLOSURE AND REALIGNMENT OF AGENCIES AND PROGRAMS.
(a) In General- Subject to subsection (b), the President shall--
(1) eliminate all agencies and programs recommended for elimination by the Commission in each report submitted to Congress by the President under section 3(d);
(2) realign all agencies and programs recommended for realignment by such Commission in each such report;
(3) initiate all such eliminations and realignments no later than 2 years after the date on which the President submits a report to Congress under section 3(d) containing the recommendations for such eliminations or realignments; and
(4) complete all such eliminations and realignments no later than the end of the 6-year period beginning on the date on which the President submits the report under section 3(d) containing the recommendations for such closures or realignments.
(b) Congressional Disapproval-
(1) The President may not carry out any elimination or realignment recommended in a report submitted by the President pursuant to section 3(d) if a joint resolution is enacted, in accordance with the provisions of section 9, disapproving such recommendations before the earlier of--
(A) the end of the 45-day period beginning on the date on which the President submits such report; or
(B) the adjournment of Congress sine die for the session during which such report is submitted.
(2) For purposes of paragraph (1) of this subsection and subsections (a) and (c) of section 9, the days on which either House of Congress is not in session because of adjournment of more than 3 days to a day certain shall be excluded in the computation of a period.
SEC. 9. CONGRESSIONAL CONSIDERATION OF COMMISSION RECOMMENDATIONS.
(a) Terms of the Resolution- For purposes of section 8(b), the term ‘joint resolution’ means only a joint resolution which is introduced within the 10-day period beginning on the date on which the President submits the report to Congress under section 3(d), and--
(1) which does not have a preamble;
(2) the matter after the resolving clause of which is as follows: ‘That Congress disapproves the recommendations of the Federal Realignment and Closure Commission as submitted by the President on’, the blank space being filled in with the appropriate date; and
(3) the title of which is as follows: ‘Joint resolution disapproving the recommendations of the Federal Realignment and Closure Commission.’.
(b) Referral- A resolution described in subsection (a) that is introduced in the House of Representatives shall be referred to the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of the House of Representatives. A resolution described in subsection (a) introduced in the Senate shall be referred to the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate.
(c) Discharge- If the committee to which a resolution described in subsection (a) is referred has not reported such a resolution (or an identical resolution) by the end of the 20-day period beginning on the date on which the President submits the report to Congress under section 3(d), such committee shall be, at the end of such period, discharged from further consideration of such resolution, and such resolution shall be placed on the appropriate calendar of the House involved.
(1) On or after the third day after the date on which the committee to which such a resolution is referred has reported, or has been discharged (under subsection (c)) from further consideration of, such a resolution, it is in order (even though a previous motion to the same effect has been disagreed to) for any Member of the respective House to move to proceed to the consideration of the resolution. A member may make the motion only on the day after the calendar day on which the Member announces to the House concerned the Member’s intention to make the motion, except that, in the case of the House of Representatives, the motion may be made without such prior announcement if the motion is made by direction of the committee to which the resolution was referred. The motion is highly privileged in the House of Representatives and is privileged in the Senate and is not debatable. The motion is not subject to amendment, or to a motion to postpone, or to a motion to proceed to the consideration of other business. A motion to reconsider the vote by which the motion is agreed to or disagreed to shall not be in order. If a motion to proceed to the consideration of the resolution is agreed to, the respective House shall immediately proceed to consideration of the joint resolution without intervening motion, order, or other business, and the resolution shall remain the unfinished business of the respective House until disposed of.
(2) Debate on the resolution, and on all debatable motions and appeals in connection therewith, shall be limited to not more than 2 hours, which shall be divided equally between those favoring and those opposing the resolution. An amendment to the resolution is not in order. A motion further to limit debate is in order and not debatable. A motion to postpone, or a motion to proceed to the consideration of other business, or a motion to recommit the resolution is not in order. A motion to reconsider the vote by which the resolution is agreed to or disagreed to is not in order.
(3) Immediately following the conclusion of the debate on a resolution described in subsection (a) and a single quorum call at the conclusion of the debate if requested in accordance with the rules of the appropriate House, the vote on final passage of the resolution shall occur.
(4) Appeals from the decisions of the Chair relating to the application of the rules of the Senate or the House of Representatives, as the case may be, to the procedure relating to a resolution described in subsection (a) shall be decided without debate.
(e) Consideration by Other House-
(1) If, before the passage by one House of a resolution of that House described in subsection (a), that House receives from the other House a resolution described in subsection (a), then the following procedures shall apply--
(A) the resolution of the other House shall not be referred to a committee and may not be considered in the House receiving it except in the case of final passage as provided in subparagraph (B)(ii); and
(B) with respect to a resolution described in subsection (a) of the House receiving the resolution (i) the procedure in that House shall be the same as if no resolution had been received from the other House; but (ii) the vote on final passage shall be on the resolution of the other House.
(2) Upon disposition of the resolution received from the other House, it shall no longer be in order to consider the resolution that originated in the receiving House.
(f) Rules of the Senate and House- This section is enacted by Congress--
(1) as an exercise of the rulemaking power of the Senate and House of Representatives, respectively, and as such it is deemed a part of the rules of each House, respectively, but applicable only with respect to the procedure to be followed in that House in the case of a resolution described in subsection (a), and it supersedes other rules only to the extent that it is inconsistent with such rules; and
(2) with full recognition of the constitutional right of either House to change the rules (so far as relating to the procedure of that House) at any time, in the same manner, and to the same extent as in the case of any other rule of that House.
SEC. 10. OFFSETTING RESCISSIONS.
Of the unobligated balance of funds available for each of the following accounts, $3,000,000 is rescinded from each such account:
(1) ‘Department of Health and Human Services--Office of the Secretary--General Departmental Management’.
(2) ‘Agricultural Programs--Departmental Administration’.
(3) ‘Department of Education--Departmental Management--Program Administration’.
(4) ‘Department of Housing and Urban Development--Management and Administration--Administration, Operations, and Management’.
(5) ‘Department of the Interior--Departmental Offices--Office of the Secretary--Departmental Operations’.