Authorizes specified funds under titles III, IV, and VIII of this Act to be made available for assistance to Afghanistan. Prohibits economic support and narcotics control and law enforcement funds under this Act from being obligated for Afghanistan until the Secretary certifies to Congress that Afghanistan is taking steps to:
(1) reduce corruption and improve governance;
(2) protect the human rights of women;
(3) facilitate public participation in governance; and
(4) support national, provincial, or local government programs.
Authorizes assistance under this Act for Afghanistan to be made as a U.S. contribution to the Afghanistan Reconstruction Trust Fund (ARTF) unless the Secretary reports to Congress that the World Bank Monitoring Agent of the ARTF is unable to conduct its financial and audit responsibilities.
States that economic support and narcotics control and law enforcement funds under this Act for Afghanistan:
(1) be made available in a manner that emphasizes the equitable participation of Afghan women, responds to gender-based violence, and protects the rights of Afghan women, girls, and boys; and
(2) may be made available for a U.S. contribution to an internationally managed fund to support the disarmament and reintegration into Afghan society of former combatants.
Provides that funds for Afghanistan in FY2013 may be used to conduct procurements and to award assistance in which:
(1) competition is limited to products, services, or sources from Afghanistan;
(2) noncompetitive contract or assistance procedures are used; or
(3) preference is provided for products, services, or sources from Afghanistan. Obligates funds for rule of law programs.
Conditions the availability of funds for certain water, energy, transportation, or other infrastructure projects in Afghanistan. Makes foreign military financing funds under this Act for Nepal available only if the Secretary certifies to Congress that the Nepal army is:
(1) cooperating with investigations and prosecutions of violations of human rights by civilian judicial authorities, and
(2) working to implement certain reforms.
Exempts from such restriction assistance for humanitarian relief and reconstruction activities in Nepal. Withholds specified assistance for Pakistan until the Secretary certifies to Congress that Pakistan is:
(1) cooperating with the United States in counterterrorism efforts,
(2) not supporting terrorist activities against the United States or coalition forces in Afghanistan,
(3) preventing the proliferation of nuclear-related material and expertise,
(4) implementing policies to protect judicial independence and due process of law,
(5) issuing visas in a timely manner for U.S. visitors engaged in counterterrorism and assistance efforts, and
(6) providing humanitarian organizations access to detainees and internally displaced persons.
Authorizes specified assistance to Pakistan to be made available:
(1) only for counterterrorism, counterpiracy, and counterinsurgency capabilities in Pakistan; and
(2) for the Chief of Mission Fund. Urges that specified economic assistance for Pakistan should be made available to:
(1) interdict precursor materials from Pakistan to Afghanistan that are used to manufacture improvised explosive devices (IEDs), and
(2) encourage alternative fertilizer use among Pakistani farmers.
Withholds specified foreign military financing funds from Pakistan until the Secretary reports to Congress that Dr. Shakil Afridi has been released from prison and cleared of all charges relating to the assistance provided to the United States in locating Osama bin Laden. Prohibits specified funds from being made available to Sri Lanka, defense export license from being issued, and military equipment or technology from being sold or transferred unless the Secretary certifies to Congress that Sri Lanka is meeting specified conditions.
States that if the Secretary makes such certification foreign military financing funds should be used to support the recruitment and training of Tamils into the Sri Lankan military, Tamil language training for Sinhalese military personnel, and human rights training for all military personnel.
Directs the Secretary of the Treasury to instruct U.S. executive directors at international financial institutions to vote against any loan, agreement, or other financial support for Sri Lanka, except to meet basic human needs, unless the Secretary makes specified certifications.
Makes specified economic support funds available for cross border stabilization and development programs between Afghanistan and Pakistan or between either country and the Central Asian republics.