Bail Reform Act of 1984 - Repeals the Bail Reform Act of 1966 and sets forth new bail procedures.
Retains execution of a money bond as a condition for pretrial release.
Authorizes a judicial officer to consider the safety of any person or the community when making a pretrial release determination.
Establishes as a mandatory release condition that the person not commit a Federal, State, or local crime during release.
Expands the discretionary release conditions to include that the defendant:
(1) maintain employment or an educational program;
(2) avoid contact with an alleged victim or potential witness;
(3) report to a law enforcement or pretrial service agency;
(4) comply with a curfew;
(5) refrain from possessing a firearm or using alcohol or narcotic drugs;
(6) undergo medical treatment;
(7) agree to forfeit designated property, including money, upon failure to appear; and
(8) return to custody at specified hours.
Prohibits a judicial officer from imposing financial conditions that result in the pretrial detention of a person.
Authorizes a judicial officer to order detention for up to ten days:
(1) if a person who is presently on pretrial release for a felony under Federal, State, or local law or on probation or parole or release pending sentencing or appeal for any offense, upon a determination that such person may flee or pose a danger to any person or the community; or
(2) if such person is not a U.S. citizen.
Requires that a detention hearing be held in any case involving:
(1) a crime of violence;
(2) any offense punishable by life imprisonment or death;
(3) a narcotics offense punishable by at least ten years' imprisonment;
(4) a serious risk of flight or obstruction of justice; or
(5) any felony committed after the person has been convicted of two or more offenses for which a hearing is mandated.
Authorizes a judicial officer after such a hearing to order the pretrial detention of a person upon finding that no condition will reasonably assure such person's appearance and the safety of any other person and the community.
Enumerates additional factors to be considered by the judicial officer in making a release determination, including the defendant's past conduct, history of drug or alcohol abuse, criminal history, and the nature and seriousness of the danger to the community or any person.
Requires the detention of a person who has appealed his conviction unless the judicial officer finds by clear and convincing evidence that:
(1) such person is not likely to flee or pose a danger to another person or property; and
(2) the appeal raises a substantial question of law or fact.
Requires the detention of a person awaiting sentencing unless the officer finds by clear and convincing evidence that the person is not likely to flee or pose a danger to any other person or the community.
Authorizes a U.S. attorney to appeal a release order.
Allows a defendant to file a motion for amendment of a condition of release.
Makes a person guilty of an offense for failing to appear after having been released.
Provides increased penalties for persons charged with more serious offenses.
Makes it an affirmative defense to such crime that uncontrollable circumstances prevented the person from appearing.
Establishes mandatory additional penalties for commission of an offense while on pretrial release.
Subjects a person who has been conditionally released and violates a condition of release to revocation of release and prosecution for contempt of court.
Authorizes a surety to arrest a person charged with an offense who is released upon execution of an appearance bond with such surety.
Requires such person to be delivered promptly to a judicial officer for a revocation determination.
Grants new authority to law enforcement officers to arrest a person who violates pretrial release conditions.