< Back to H.J.Res. 402 (100th Congress, 1987–1988)

Text of A joint resolution to designate the week of February 7-13, 1988, as “ National Child Passenger Safety Awareness Week”.

...Awareness Week”.

This resolution was enacted after being signed by the President on February 10, 1988. The text of the bill below is as of Feb 10, 1988 (Passed Congress/Enrolled Bill).

102 STAT. 6                      PUBLIC LAW 100-245—FEB. 10, 1988
                  Public Law 100-245
                  100th Congress
                                              Joint Resolution
 Feb. 10, 1988    To designate the week of February 7-13, 1988, as "National Child Passenger Safety
[H.J. Res. 402]                                  Awareness Week".

                  Whereas motor vehicle crashes are the number one cause of death of
                   children over the age of 6 months in the United States;
                  Whereas motor vehicle crashes are the number one cause of the
                   crippling of children in the United States;
                  Whereas more children under the age of 5 years are killed or
                   crippled as passengers involved in motor vehicle crashes than the
                   total number of children killed or crippled by the 7 most common
                   childhood diseases; pertussis (whooping cough), tetanus, diphthe-
                   ria, measles, mumps, rubella (German measles), and polio;
                  Whereas motor vehicle crashes are the leading trauma related cause
                   of spinal cord injuries, epilepsy, and mental retardation in the
                   United States;
                  Whereas, during the years 1978 through 1986, nearly 9,300 children
                   under the age of 5 years were killed in traffic crashes and more
                   than 450,000 children were injured in the United States;
                  Whereas an unrestrained child is less protected by padding and
                   energy-absorbing materials than an adult in a motor vehicle crash
                   as a result of protective devices being placed in areas more likely
                   to benefit adults;
                  Whereas unrestrained children are subject to a significantly higher
                   risk of serious head, spine, chest, and abdominal injury in motor
                   vehicle crashes than adult passengers because the bodies of chil-
                   dren are less developed and provide less protection;
                  Whereas an unrestrained child in a motor vehicle crash faces an
                   increased danger of fatal or serious injury from ejection as well as
                   injuries resulting from contact with the vehicle interior;
                  Whereas an unrestrained child in a motor vehicle not involved in a
                   collision may be killed or injured as a result of sudden stops,
                   turns, swerves, or falling from a moving vehicle;
                  Whereas all 50 States and the District of Columbia have enacted
                   laws mandating the use of child passenger protection systems;
                  Whereas the latest national surveys show that 72 percent of
                   children under the age of 5 are placed in child safety seats in the
                   United States and that one-third of such seats are used
                   incorrectly;
                  Whereas current nationwide studies estimate that only 48 percent of
                   children under the age of 5 are fully protected in cars in the
                   United States through the correct usage of child safety seats;
                  Whereas numerous government and private sector organizations
                   have agreed to work in concert to achieve a minimum 70 percent
                   correct usage of child passenger protection devices and adult
                   safety belts by the year 1990;
                  Whereas research shows that the correct use of child passenger
                   protection devices is 90 percent effective in preventing death and
                   67 percent effective in preventing injury; and

PUBLIC LAW 100-245—FEB. 10,1988 102 STAT. 7 Whereas death and injuries may be reduced significantly through greater public awareness, information, education, and enforce- ment: Now, therefore, be it Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the week of February 7-13, 1988, is designated as "National Child Passenger Safety Awareness Week", and the President is authorized and requested to issue a proclamation calling upon the people of the United States to observe such week with appropriate programs, ceremonies, and activities to maximize correct usage of child safety seats. Approved February 10, 1988. LEGISLATIVE HISTORY—H.J. Res. 402 (S.J. Res. 214): CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, Vol. 134 (1988): Feb. 3, considered and passed House. Feb. 4, considered and passed Senate.