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H.R. 286 (100th): Homeless Persons’ Survival Act of 1987

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The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress, and was published on Jan 6, 1987.

Homeless Persons' Survival Act of 1987 - Title I: Emergency Relief for the Homeless - Subtitle A: Emergency Shelter for the Homeless - Declares that every homeless individual is entitled to decent overnight shelter. Amends part A (Aid to Families with Dependent Children) of title IV of the Social security Act to make emergency assistance mandatory for needy families with children and for homeless persons. Subtitle B: Social Security Assistance to the Homeless - Amends part A of title XI (General Provisions and Professional Standards Review) of the Social Security Act to provide for an outreach program to homeless persons who may be eligible for Old Age, Survivors and Disability Insurance (OASDI) and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) benefits. Extends SSI eligibility to public shelter residents. Subtitle C: Health and Mental Health Care for the Homeless - Provides health and mental health care services to homeless persons. Includes within Medicaid coverage: (1) services provided outside a clinic by clinic personnel to eligible homeless persons; and (2) specified services to chronically mentally ill persons. Subtitle D: Emergency Food for the Homeless - Amends the Food Stamp Act of 1977 to provide for food stamp outreach to homeless persons. Increases and extends the shelter deduction cap. Provides that third party payments for temporary housing lacking cooking or refrigeration facilities shall not be considered household income for food stamp benefit purposes. Amends the Temporary Emergency Food Assistance Act of 1983 to authorize FY 1988 appropriations for food stamp storage and distribution costs. Subtitle E: Emergency Assistance to Homeless Families and Children - Amends the General Education Provisions Act to require a State or local educational agency to provide free public education to homeless children in order to receive Federal assistance. Amends the Runaway and Homeless Youth Act to make "transitional living youth projects" eligible for assistance under such Act. Authorizes grants for such purposes. Requires annual reports to the Congress. Authorizes FY 1988 through 1992 appropriations. Provides for grants to establish or expand shelters for homeless parents and infants. Authorizes FY 1987 appropriations. Title II: Prevention of Homelessness - Subtitle A: Prevention of Evictions - Sets forth conditions which must be met before evicting a tenant from any federally assisted rental housing project. Directs the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development to provide grants for emergency rent relief payments to landlords on behalf of tenants facing eviction. Authorizes FY 1988 appropriations. Establishes in the Treasury an Emergency Rent Relief Fund. Subtitle B: Preservation of Low Income Housing - Provides for the preservation of single room occupancy buildings under the following programs: (1) community development block grants; (2) urban development action grants; (3) the existing housing program; and (4) the moderate rehabilitation program. Authorizes FY 1988 appropriations for rural housing. Subtitle C: Prevention of Homelessness of Disabled and Institutionalized Persons - Provides for the eligibility of mentally ill persons for federally assisted housing. Amends the Social Security Act to provide for: (1) immediate SSI payments for chronically mentally ill persons; and (2) full SSI payments through the third month of institutionalization. Subtitle D: Prevention of Homelessness of Families and Children - Amends the Social Security Act to modify specified Aid for Dependent Children rules regarding dependent children in extended families. Title III: Increased Low Income Housing - Increases funding for existing housing and moderate rehabilitation programs. Authorizes FY 1988 appropriations. Provides for the increased availability of tax-foreclosed property to house the homeless. Obligates funds for FY 1988 under the community development block grants and housing for the elderly or handicapped programs for mentally ill homeless persons. Title IV: Effective Date - Makes the provisions of this Act effective on October 1, 1987.