Application of Agreement to Sectors and Services
Authorizes the Secretary of Agriculture to recommend to the President the imposition of a temporary duty on Canadian fresh fruits or vegetables imported into the United States if he determines that specified conditions exist.
Requires the Secretary when determining whether to recommend the imposition of such duty to consider whether such conditions have led to a distortion in trade between the United States and Canada with respect to such fruits or vegetables and, if so, whether such imposition would correct the distortion.
Requires the President, not later than seven days after receipt of a recommendation, and after taking into account the national economic interests of the United States, to determine whether to impose such duty.
Amends the Meat Import Act of 1979 to exclude Canadian goat and sheep meat and beef and veal from the term "meat articles." Increases the number of meat articles that may be imported into the United States. Sets forth an annual limit on imported meat articles from Canada. Authorizes the President, if specified conditions exist, to limit the amount of Canadian meat articles imported into the United States. Amends the Agricultural Adjustment Act to authorize the President, pursuant to specified articles of the Agreement, to exempt Canadian agricultural products from any import restriction imposed under this Act. Amends the Virus-Serum-Toxin Act to prohibit the importation of any virus, serum, toxin, or analogous products for use in the treatment of domestic animals, and the importation of any worthless, contaminated, dangerous, or harmful virus, serum, toxin, or analogous product for such use without a permit from the Secretary of Agriculture or, in lieu of such permit, such certification by Canada as may be prescribed by the Secretary. Amends the Federal Seed Act to provide that provisions of this Act requiring certain seeds to be stained shall not apply to Canadian alfalfa or clover seed imported into the United States. Amends the Federal Plant Pest Act to prohibit any person from moving any plant pest from Canada into or through the United States or accept delivery of such pest unless such movement is made in accordance with regulations promulgated by the Secretary to prevent the dissemination of such pest into the United States. Makes it unlawful for any letter, parcel, box, or other package from Canada containing any plant pest to be conveyed in the mail or delivered from any post office or by any mail carrier except in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary. Amends the Nursery Stock Quarantine Act to authorize the Secretary of Agriculture to waive the permit requirement for nursery stock imported from Canada. Exempts such stock from certain notification requirements.
Amends the Federal Noxious Weed Act to prohibit any person from knowingly moving any noxious weed into or through the United States or interstate unless such movement:
(1) is from Canada, or is authorized under a permit from the Secretary of Agriculture; and
(2) is made in accordance with such conditions as the Secretary may prescribe in such permit and regulations to prevent the dissemination of noxious weeds into the United States or interstate.
Amends the Tariff Act of 1930 to authorize the Secretary of Agriculture to permit the importation of cattle, sheep, or other ruminants, or swine (including embryos) or fresh, chilled, or frozen meat of such animals from a Canadian region where rinderpest or foot-and-mouth disease exists if:
(1) the United States and Canada have entered into an agreement that delineates criteria for recognizing that a geographical region of either country is free from rinderpest or foot-and-mouth disease; and
(2) the appropriate official of the Canadian government certifies that the Canadian region from which the animal or meat originated is free from such diseases.
Permits an entity, including a trade association, firm, certified or recognized union, or group of workers which is representative of an industry, to file with the International Trade Commission (ITC) a petition requesting adjustment to U.S. obligations under the Agreement. Requires the ITC, upon the filing of the petition, to initiate an investigation to determine whether, as a result of a reduction or elimination of a duty provided for under the Agreement, a Canadian article is being imported into the United States in such increased quantities so that such imports constitute a substantial cause of serious injury to the domestic industry producing a similar or directly competitive article.
Requires the ITC, if it makes an affirmative determination with respect to such article, to recommend to the President the amount of import relief that is necessary to remedy such injury.
Requires the ITC, by no later than 30 days after such determination is made with respect to an investigation, to submit to the President a report on the determination and its basis.
Requires the President, no later than 30 days after he receives the ITC's report containing an affirmative determination, to provide relief from Canadian imports that are the subject of such determination for a period of up to three years.
Declares that the President is not required to provide such relief if he determines that it is not in the national economic interest.
Sets forth the type of relief that the President is authorized to provide with respect to such imports.
Requires the ITC, if during an import relief investigation it determines that an article is being imported in such increased quantities as to be a substantial cause or threat of serious injury to a domestic industry, also to find, and report to the President, whether imports from Canada of the article under investigation are substantial and are contributing to such injury or threat.
Provides that if the President excludes imports from Canada from any import relief action, then any entity, including a trade association, firm, certified or recognized union, or group of workers that is representative of an industry for which such action is being taken may request the ITC to conduct an investigation of such Canadian imports.
Requires the USTR, with respect to any act, policy, or practice of Canada that is identified in the annual national trade estimates as a barrier to, or distortion of, U.S. goods, services, or foreign investment, to include:
(1) information on the action taken regarding such act, policy, or practice; or
(2) the reasons that no action was taken regarding such act, policy, or practice.
Authorizes the President to enter into negotiations with Canada to conclude an agreement (including an agreement to amend the Agreement) to:
(1) revise trade in services and investment rules;
(2) improve the protection of intellectual property rights;
(3) increase the value requirement applied for determining whether an automotive product is treated as originating in Canada or the United States; and
(4) revise government procurement practices, particularly with regard to telecommunications.
Requires the President, as an exercise of his foreign relations powers under the Constitution, to enter into consultations with Canada to obtain exclusion from the transport rates established under Canada's Western Grain Transportation Act of agricultural goods that are from Canada and are shipped via east coast ports for consumption in the United States. Sets forth U.S. negotiating objectives with Canada with respect to:
(1) trade in services;
(2) foreign investment;
(3) the protection of intellectual property rights;
(4) automotive products; and
(5) limitation on potato trade.
Requires the President, within 30 days of the application by Canada of export controls on unprocessed fish under statutes exempted from the Agreement, or the application of landing requirements for fish caught in Canadian waters, to take appropriate action to enforce U.S. rights under the GATT retained under the Agreement. Amends the Export Administration Act of 1979 to permit the export to Canada of Alaskan-produced crude oil.
Requires that ocean transportation of such oil be by vessels documented under Federal statute.
Amends the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 to exclude source or special nuclear material originating in Canada from the proscription against the production or enrichment by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission of foreign uranium intended for use in a facility under Federal jurisdiction.
Amends the Trade Agreements Act of 1979 to include within the definition of "eligible product" a product or service of Canada having a contract value of $25,000 or more that would be covered for procurement by the United States under the GATT Agreement on Government Procurement, but for the SDR threshold provided for in such Agreement. Declares, upon the basis of reciprocity secured under the Agreement, that any Canadian citizen and accompanying spouse and children may, if otherwise eligible for a visa and admissible into the United States, be considered to be classifiable as nonimmigrants under the Immigration and Nationality Act if entering solely for the purpose specified in the Agreement. Amends the Immigration and Nationality Act to provide that an alien who is a citizen of Canada and seeks to enter the United States pursuant to the Agreement to engage in business activities at a professional level may be admitted for such purpose under regulations promulgated by the Attorney General. Amends the Revised Statutes to authorize a national banking association to deal in, underwrite, and purchase for such association's own account qualified Canadian Government obligations to the same extent that such association may deal in, underwrite, and purchase U.S. obligations.
Provides that nothing in this Act shall preclude any negotiation between the United States and Canada in order to conclude voluntary restraint agreements or mutually agreed quantitative restrictions on the volume of steel products entering the United States from Canada.