S. 1923 (100th): Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 1988

Dec 04, 1987 (100th Congress, 1987–1988)
Died (Reported by Committee)
John Stennis
Senator from Mississippi

This bill was introduced on December 3, 1987, in a previous session of Congress, but was not enacted.

Reported by Committee Dec 03, 1987
Introduced Dec 04, 1987
Full Title

An original bill making appropriations for the Department of Defense for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1988, and for other purposes.


No summaries available.


Senate Appropriations

The committee chair determines whether a bill will move past the committee stage.

Primary Source

THOMAS.gov (The Library of Congress)

GovTrack gets most information from THOMAS, which is updated generally one day after events occur. Activity since the last update may not be reflected here. Data comes via the congress project.


Get a bill status widget for your website »


Click a format for a citation suggestion:


S. stands for Senate bill.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the president to become law.

The bill’s title was written by its sponsor.

GovTrack’s Bill Summary

We don’t have a summary available yet.

Library of Congress Summary

The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress.

Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 1988 -
Title I - Military Personnel
Appropriates funds for FY 1988 for military and reserve personnel in the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and Air Force, and for National Guard personnel in the Army and Air Force.
Title II - Operation and Maintenance
Appropriates funds for FY 1988 for the operation and maintenance of the Army, Navy and Marine Corps, Air Force, and the defense agencies, including their respective reserve components, and the Army and Air National Guards. Appropriates funds for the National Board for the Promotion of Rifle Practice, the U.S. Court of Military Appeals, environmental restoration, defense, and for specified humanitarian assistance.
Title III - Procurement
Appropriates funds for FY 1988 for procurement by the Army of aircraft, missiles, weapons, tracked combat vehicles, ammunition, and other equipment and materials.
Appropriates funds for procurement by the Navy of aircraft, weapons, shipbuilding and conversion, and other equipment and materials.
Prohibits the use of funds for naval vessel construction in foreign shipyards.
Appropriates funds for Marine Corps procurement.
Appropriates funds for procurement by the Air Force of aircraft, missiles, and other equipment and materials.
Appropriates funds for the National Guard, Reserve, and defense agencies procurement, and for Defense Production Act purchases.
Makes all such appropriations available through FY 1990, unless otherwise specified.
Title IV - Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation
Appropriates funds for FY 1988 for research, development, tests, and evaluation by the Army, Navy, Air Force, and defense agencies.
Permits the merger of appropriations for advanced research.
Earmarks specified research funds for certain specified programs under the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI). Earmarks specified funds for the Joint Remotely Piloted Vehicles program, as long as certain reporting requirements are carried out by the Secretary of Defense. Places certain limitations on the obligation of funds for the Semiconductor Manufacturing Technology program, including specified reporting requirements.
Appropriates funds for the expenses of the Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Developmental Test and Evaluation and the Director of Operational Test and Evaluation. Makes all such appropriations available through FY 1989.
Title V - Revolving and Management Funds
Appropriates funds for the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Defense Stock Funds.
Title VI - Chemical Agents and Munitions Destruction, Defense
Appropriates funds for the destruction of the U.S. stockpile of lethal chemical agents and munitions.
Title VII - Related Agencies
Appropriates funds for the Central Intelligence Agency Retirement and Disability System Fund and for the Intelligence Community Staff.
Title VIII - General Provisions
Limits the expenditure of appropriations for consulting services to contracts where such expenditures are a matter of public record.
Prohibits the use of appropriations for unauthorized publicity or propaganda.
Authorizes the Secretary of Defense and of each military department to procure the services of experts and consultants if advantageous to the national defense.
Exempts the Department of Defense (DOD) from the prohibition against employing non-citizens.
Directs the Secretary and each purchasing and contracting agency of DOD to assist American small and minority-owned businesses in their participation in defense contracts.
Provides that no part of any appropriation contained in this Act shall remain available for obligation beyond the current fiscal year, unless expressly so provided.
Prohibits the use of appropriations for specified practices, including:
(1) proficiency flying; and
(2) excess household goods shipping and storage.
Prohibits the obligation of more than 20 percent of funds appropriated by this Act during the last two months of the fiscal year, except as specified.
Permits DOD to accept the use of real property and services from foreign countries in accordance with mutual defense agreements or occupational arrangements or as reciprocal international courtesies.
Directs the Secretary to report quarterly to the Congress on the services received.
Prohibits the use of appropriations for the procurement of any food, clothing, clothing materials, wool, or speciality metals not grown, produced, or processed within the United States, with specified exceptions.
Permits the use of appropriations for uniforms or uniform allowances for civilian employees.
Limits the funds available for legislative liaison activities of DOD. Earmarks specified appropriations for the procurement of commercial transportation service from carriers participating in the civil reserve air fleet program.
Authorizes the Secretary, in the national interest, to transfer and merge specified working capital funds.
Directs the Secretary to notify the Congress of all such transfers.
Limits the cash balances which may be maintained in such funds.
Prohibits the use of appropriated funds for:
(1) initiation of a special access program, without prior notification of the Senate and House Armed Services Committees (the defense committees);
(2) a request to the Appropriations Committees for reprogramming of funds, with specified exceptions;
(3) certain claims for physician or provider reimbursement for medical services provided under the Civilian Health and Medical Program of the Uniformed Services (CHAMPUS);
(4) public affairs activities over a specified limitation;
(5) administering funds credited to DOD under provisions of the Arms Export Control Act;
(6) Senior ROTC units which have had classes with insufficient enrollment;
(7) programs of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) beyond FY 1989, with specified exceptions; and
(8) excessive military personnel costs associated with morale, welfare, and recreation activities.
Prohibits the use of appropriated funds for the payment of anticipatory possession compensation claims to the Federal Republic of Germany, other than claims under the Global Agreement. Permits the Secretary to contract with collection agencies to recover indebtedness owed to the United States. Prohibits the use of appropriations for:
(1) certain noncompetitive contracts for studies or consulting services, unless certain unique elements are present;
(2) nonreimbursed medical care in the United States to foreign military or diplomatic personnel or their dependents;
(3) certain second career training programs;
(4) the demilitarization of surplus nonautomatic firearms of less than a specified caliber;
(5) certain multiyear contracts utilizing economic order quantity procurement or unfunded contingent liabilities in excess of a specified amount; and
(6) excess per diems in lieu of subsistence when an enlisted member is in a travel status.
Prohibits the use of appropriations for waivers of certain cost recovery under the Arms Export Control Act, unless the House and Senate Appropriations Committees are given advance notice.
Prohibits the use of appropriated funds for:
(1) the transfer of manufacturing equipment and data for military equipment to a foreign country, without prior approval of the Secretary concerned;
(2) unjustified intelligence activity, unless the Appropriations Committees are notified;
(3) more than 39 Executive Schedule positions in DOD; and
(4) altering the command structure for military forces in Alaska. Directs the Secretary, not later than April 8, 1988, and annually thereafter, to report to the Appropriations Committees on the full cost of maintaining U.S. troops overseas, and its effect on the U.S. balance of payments.
Imposes a DOD civilian workload ceiling for FY 1988.
Requires certain surplus-labor provisions to be included in each contract awarded by DOD in FY 1988 for construction or other services.
Allows such requirements to be waived in the interests of national security.
Limits the amount of appropriations to be used to pay the military variable housing allowance.
Rescinds specified funds from certain military procurement and research and development accounts.
Extends the authority for such rescissions through FY 1988.
Authorizes the transfer of specified amounts from working capital funds to the Operation and Maintenance, Army, Navy, and Air Force appropriations contained in this Act. Specifies limits on amounts transferred to each military branch.
Prohibits the use of appropriated funds for:
(1) leasing DOD aircraft or vehicles to non-Federal agencies when commercial alternatives are available;
(2) congressional lobbying;
(3) certain multiyear leasing or chartering of vessels with termination liabilities in excess of a specified amount;
(4) the operation of more than 247 commissaries in the contiguous United States;
(5) procuring certain foreign-manufactured aircraft ejection seats;
(6) the pay of certain nonmilitary Army technicians; and
(7) purchasing dogs or cats to study the medical treatment of wounds.
Prohibits the use of funds for the full-scale engineering development of any major acquisition program until the Secretary certifies to the Appropriations Committees that two or more production sources are not necessary, or provides a plan for the development of two or more sources.
Earmarks funds for the Civil Air Patrol. Permits the use of funds for removing feral burros and horses.
Prohibits the use of funds to compensate certain foreign selling costs.
Permits the obligation of funds for humanitarian and civic assistance costs incident to authorized operations of the armed forces.
Authorizes the Secretaries of the Army and the Air Force to retain in active status certain officers who need such status in order to maintain employment as a National Guard or Reserve technician.
Prohibits the use of appropriations for the procurement of weapons systems for side-by-side testing of such systems with NATO countries, without prior notification to the Appropriations Committees. Expresses the sense of the Congress that competition should be increased in providing for our national defense.
Limits the amount of operation and maintenance funds authorized to be used in connection with certain demonstration projects relating to the military health and medical care delivery system.
Prohibits the use of appropriated funds:
(1) to pay a dislocation allowance in excess of one month's basic allowance for quarters; and
(2) to make contributions to the Department of Defense Education Benefits Fund for certain members of the armed forces.
Directs DOD, during FY 1988, to exclude from diagnosis-related group regulations certain specified services and discharges.
Prohibits appropriated funds to be used to carry out an electromagnetic impulse program in the Chesapeake Bay Area in connection with the Electromagnetic Pulse Radiation Environment Simulator for Ships, unless the Secretary makes certain certifications to the Congress regarding such program.
Directs DOD to conduct a pilot test program for providing home health care to certain military dependents.
Authorizes the use of appropriated funds for the payment of not more than 75 percent of postsecondary educational costs of an officer in the Ready Reserve of the Army National Guard or Army Reserve for education or training during off-duty periods, upon certain conditions.
Prohibits the funds appropriated by this Act from being available to pay more than 50 percent of the lump-sum reenlistment bonus for any member of the armed forces.
Prohibits the use of appropriated funds for conversion to contractor performance of an activity or function of DOD that is currently performed by more than ten DOD civilian employees, until a cost analysis is completed and certified to the Appropriations Committees. Authorizes the transfer and merger of funds appropriated for the lease or purchase of automated data processing equipment, provided that any such transfers are reported quarterly to the Appropriations Committees. Makes appropriations available to exchange or furnish mapping, charting, or geodetic data, supplies, or services to a foreign country pursuant to an agreement for the production or exchange of such services.
Authorizes operation and maintenance funds to be available to pay claims authorized by law to be paid by DOD. Authorizes the use of such funds for the removal of unsafe or unsightly buildings or debris of DOD. Limits the amount of funds made available under this Act that the military departments may use for the travel and transportation of dependent children of members stationed overseas.
Prohibits the use of appropriated funds for any nonappropriated fund activity of DOD that procures alcoholic beverages for resale on a military installation in the United States, unless such beverages are procured in the State in which the installation is located.
Makes funds available to the Defense Logistics Agency for the agency's productivity-based incentive awards programs for civilian employees.
Earmarks additional funds for military and civilian pay raises as authorized by law.
Directs the Secretary to award a U.S. firm a contract for overseas fuel procurement that would otherwise be awarded to a foreign firm, if such firm satisfies certain capacity and other conditions.
Provides an exception to such provision.
Prohibits funds available to DOD to be used to procure a certain class of machine tools if such tools were not manufactured in the United States or Canada, with specified exceptions.
Makes DOD funds available for payments to a hospital which obtains more than six percent of its operating funds from contributions and that limits the care it provides to the treatment of lung and heart conditions.
Requires the Secretary to take such action as necessary to ensure that at least 50 percent of the polyacrylonitrile carbon required in the United States is acquired from domestic sources (with such percentage to be phased in from FY 1988 through 1992).
Repeals a specified provision of the Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 1987 prohibiting the use of funds to support morale, welfare, and recreation activities located in large metropolitan areas.
Earmarks specified funds appropriated by this Act for such purpose.
Limits the amount of funds authorized to be obligated for the payment of civilian personnel salaries and expenses in FY 1988.
Increases certain appropriations restrictions to meet increased pay costs authorized by law.
Prohibits the use of appropriated funds for:
(1) the procurement of electric utility service in a manner inconsistent with applicable State law; or
(2) the payment of salaries of any person who authorizes the transfer of unobligated and deobligated funds into the Reserve for Contingencies of the CIA. Authorizes the cumulative reprogramming of research and development funds without prior notification to the defense subcommittees or the Appropriations Committees. Authorizes the Navy to contract for the construction and charter of up to six clean product tankers to replace the SEALIFT-class tankers now is service.
Authorizes the Secretary of the Army to authorize activities on the part of the armed forces in celebration of the Bicentennial of the U.S. Constitution, and in support of Congressional Bicentennial activities.
Authorizes funds appropriated in this Act to be used to acquire M939A1 trucks, under specified conditions.
Directs the Secretary to prescribe regulations providing for payment to contractors for production special tooling and production special test equipment acquired or fabricated in the performance of certain defense contracts.
Provides that such regulations shall not apply to contracts for such tooling or equipment where the contract price is less than $1,000,000.
Outlines requirements to be included in such regulations.
Authorizes the Secretary of the Navy to use appropriated funds to charter ships to be used as auxiliary mine sweepers, under a specified condition.
Prohibits appropriated funds to be made available in connection with the Forward Area Air Defense Line-of-Sight Forward-Heavy system until the Secretary has certified that such system has met full system requirements.
Prohibits the Secretary of the Army from obligating funds for the advance procurement of such system until certain specified testing, certifications, and reporting requirements have been met.
Prohibits appropriated funds from being used by the Defense Logistics Agency to assign a supervisor's title or grade when the number of people he or she supervises is considered as a basis for this determination.
Earmarks specified funds appropriated under the Urgent Supplemental Appropriations Act, 1986 for the procurement and installation of Aerostat radars.
Authorizes the transfer of specified funds made available under this Act to the Bureau of Land Management for fire management.
Authorizes a specified amount of military personnel funds appropriated under this Act to be used for a test program for the reimbursement of adoption expenses incurred by military personnel under the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989.
Directs the Secretary to take such actions as necessary to implement a specified program to convert current steam-generating plants at defense facilities in the United States to coal-burning facilities, in order to achieve a special coal consumption target by 1994.
Outlines certain conditions for such program.
Expresses the sense of the Congress that:
(1) in order to provide for a strong deterrence, SDI should be a long-term and robust research program;
(2) a strong SDI program can enhance U.S. leverage in U.S.-Soviet Union arms reduction negotiations; and
(3) the primary emphasis of SDI should be the exploration of new technologies which might have the potential to defend against a responsive Soviet offensive nuclear threat.
Directs the Secretary to carry out a competitive evaluation for a heavy truck system configured with a palletized loading system.
Requires such evaluation to be completed no later than 24 months after the enactment of this Act. Requires such heavy truck system to be manufactured and assembled in the United States. Prohibits the obligation of any funds provided for the procurement of Heavy Expanded Mobility Tactical Trucks or for the research and development of a palletized loading system truck until the Secretary has made a certification to the Appropriations Committees that such research and development will be conducted through open competition based on performance specifications for nondevelopmental systems.

House Republican Conference Summary

The summary below was written by the House Republican Conference, which is the caucus of Republicans in the House of Representatives.

No summary available.

House Democratic Caucus Summary

The House Democratic Caucus does not provide summaries of bills.

So, yes, we display the House Republican Conference’s summaries when available even if we do not have a Democratic summary available. That’s because we feel it is better to give you as much information as possible, even if we cannot provide every viewpoint.

We’ll be looking for a source of summaries from the other side in the meanwhile.

Use the comment space below for discussion of the merits of S. 1923 (100th) with other GovTrack users.
Your comments are not read by Congressional staff.

comments powered by Disqus