S. 1934 (100th): Judiciary Office Building Development Act

100th Congress, 1987–1988. Text as of Oct 07, 1988 (Passed Congress/Enrolled Bill).

Status & Summary | PDF | Source: GPOStatutes at Large

102 STAT. 2328                     PUBLIC LAW 100-480—OCT. 7, 1988

                   Public Law 100-480
                   100th Congress
                                                       An Act
                   Pursuant to the report ordered by Public Law 99-229 which directed the Architect of
                     the Capitol and the Secretary of Transportation to undertake a study of the needs
  Oct. 7, 1988       of the Federal judiciary for additional Federal office space, to authorize the
   [S. 1934]        Architect of the Capitol to contract for the design and construction of a building
                     adjacent to Union Station in the District of Columbia to house agencies offices in
                    the judicial branch of the United States, £uid for other purposes.

                   Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives                    of the
Judiciary Office   United States of America in Congress assembled,
Building
Development        SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
Act
40 u s e 1201       This Act may be cited as the "Judiciary Office Building Develop-
note.              ment Act".
40 u s e 1201.     SEC. 2. FINDINGS AND PURPOSES.
                     (a) FINDINGS.—The Congress makes the following findings and
                   declarations:
                          (1) Space for consolidation of activities of the Administrative
                        Office of the United States Courts and other offices of the
                       judicial branch of Government and for providing office space for
                        retired justices of the Supreme Court is necessary and should be
                        located in the vicinity of the Supreme Court building.
                          (2) Orderly development of the Capitol Grounds should be
                        consistent with the Master Plan for the United States Capitol,
                        dated 1981.
                          (3) The cost of leasing space by the judicial branch of the
                        Government is high.
                          (4) Development of squares 721 and 722 in the District of
                        Columbia is necessary to achieve the objectives of the Union
                        Station Redevelopment Act and the revitalization of the Union
                        Station area.
                          (5) The Judicial Conference of the United States endorsed by
                        resolution the construction of an office building on the Capitol
                        Grounds to house the Administrative Office of the United States
                        Courts and related judicial branch offices.
                     (b) PURPOSES.—The purposes of this Act are as follows:
                          (1) To implement the report submitted to Congress by the
                        Architect and the Secretary of Transportation under the Act of
                        December 28, 1985 (99 Stat. 1749-1750), relating to the needs of
                        the Federal judiciary for additional Federal office space.
                          (2) To authorize the Architect to acquire by lease space pri-
                        marily for use by the judicial branch of the Government by
                        entering into contracts for the design and construction of a
                        building adjacent to Union Station.
                          (3) To ensure that the design and construction of such build-
                        ing will insofar as practicable result in a building which is
                        efficient and economical and which provides visual testimony to
                        the dignity, enterprise, vigor, and stability of the Federal
                        Government.

PUBLIC LAW 100-480—OCT. 7, 1988 102 STAT. 2329 SEC. 3. CONSTRUCTION OF BUILDING. 40 USC1202. (a) SELECTION PROCESS.— (1) GENERAL RULE.—The Architect, under the direction of the Commission and in accordance with such policies and proce- dures as the Architect shall establish, shall select in accordance with provision of this subsection a person to develop squares 721 and 722 Grounded by F Street, 2nd Street, Massachusetts Avenue, and Columbia Plaza, Northeast) in the District of Columbia. (2) REVISION OF PROPOSALS.—Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, each of the 5 persons who submitted a proposal for development of squares 721 and 722 under the study conducted under the Act of December 28, 1985 (99 Stat. 1749-1750), which is one of the 5 proposals under consideration by the Architect may revise such proposal to take into account the objectives of this Act and resubmit such pro- posal to the Architect. (3) SELECTION OF REVISED PROPOSAL.—Subject to paragraph (4), not later than 120 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Architect shall select one of the persons resubmitting a proposal under paragraph (2) to develop squares 721 and 722 in the District of Columbia. (4) NONSUBMISSION OF REVISED PROPOSALS; PROTECTION OF UNITED STATES iNTEREST.~If no proposal is resubmitted to the Architect under pareigraph (2) in the 90-day period or if the Architect determines that none of the proposals resubmitted under paragraph (2) is in the best interests of the United States, the Architect shall conduct a competition for selection of a person to develop squares 721 and 722 in the District of Colum- bia. Such competition shall be conducted in accordance with such policies and procedures £is the Architect may establish for a development competition. (5) PURPOSE OF DEVELOPMENT.—The purpose of development of squares 721 and 722 is to provide office space for the Adminis- trative Office of the United States Courts, the Federal Judicial Center, the Judicial Panel of Multidistrict Litigation, and the United States Sentencing Commission, chambers for retired justices of the Supreme Court, and other related offices of the judicial branch of the United States and other persons (includ- ing governmental entities). (6) APPROVAL OF CHIEF JUSTICE.—All final decisions regarding architectural design of the building to be constructed under this Act shall be subject to the approval of the Chief Justice of the United States. (7) PROHIBITION ON PAYMENTS FOR BIDS AND DESIGNS.—The Architect may not make any pa3mient to any person for any bid or design proposal under any competition conducted under this subsection. (8) LIMITATIONS.— (A) SIZE OF BUILDING.—The building (excluding parking facilities) to be constructed under this Act may not exceed 520,000 gross square feet in size above the level of Columbia Plaza in the District of Columbia. (B) HEIGHT OP BUILDING.—The height of the building and other improvements shall be compatible with the height of surrounding Government and historic buildings and con-
102 STAT. 2330 PUBLIC LAW 100-480—OCT. 7, 1988 form to the provisions of the Act of June 1,1910, commonly known as the Building Height Act of 1910 (36 Stat. 452). (C) DESIGN.—The building and other improvements shall be designed in harmony with historical and Government buildings in the vicinity, shall reflect the symbolic impor- tance and historic character of the United States Capitol and other buildings on the United States Capitol grounds, and shall represent the dignity and stability of the Federal Government. Ot>) DEVELOPMENT AGREEMENT.— (1) AUTHORITY TO ENTER.—The Architect may enter into with the person selected to develop squares 721 and 722 under subsec- tion (a) an agreement for the development of such squares. Except as otherwise provided in this Act, such agreement shall provide for development of such squares substantially in accord- ance with (A) alternative D of the report to Congress entitled "The Study of Alternatives for the Construction of an Office Building(s) for the Administrative Office of the United States Courts", submitted to Congress on August 10, 1987, by the Architect and the Secretary of Transportation, and (B) the Master Plan for the United States Capitol, dated 1981. (2) CONTENTS.—The development agreement under paragraph (1) shall at a minimum provide for the following: (A) Except to the extent otherwise provided by this Act, all design, development, and construction costs incurred with respect to the building to be constructed under the agreement will be at no cost to the United States. (B) Title to squares 721 and 722 will remain in the United States. (C) Title to the building and other improvements con- structed or otherwise made on or to squares 721 and 722 will immediately revert to the United States at the expira- tion of not more than 30 years from the effective date of the lease agreement entered into under section 4 without pay- ment of any compensation by the United States. (D) The building and other improvements constructed on or to squares 721 and 722 to be leased to the United States will be in accordance with the provisions of this Act and the lease agreement will contain such terms and conditions as may be prescribed by the Architect to carry out the objec- tives of this Act. The agreement shall include a copy of the lease agreement entered into under section 4 by the Architect and the person selected to develop squares 721 and 722. (c) CHILLED WATER AND STEAM FROM THE CAPITOL POWER PLANT.— (1) AUTHORITY FOR HOOKUP TO CAPITOL POWER PLANT.—The building to be constructed under this Act may be connected to the Capitol Power Plant through construction of extensions to the chilled water and steam lines which serve Union Station. If such building is to be connected to the Capitol Power Plant, the agreement under subsection Ot)) between the Architect and the person selected to construct such building shall provide that such person will bear all costs associated with the installation of chilled water and steam lines to the building and shall re- imburse the Union Station Redevelopment Corporation for an equitable share of the costs incurred by the Union Station Redevelopment Corporation in the construction of extensions of
v'-^^^^^^^-i*»5:'»<»«*''5"".»"''''-. PUBLIC LAW 100-480—OCT. 7, 1988 102 STAT. 2331 the chilled water and steam lines from such Plant to Union Station. (2) FURNISHING OF CHILLED WATER AND STEAM FROM CAPITOL POWER PLANT.—If the building to be constructed under this Act is connected with the Capitol Power Plant pursuant to para- graph (1), the Architect shall furnish, on a reimbursable basis, chilled water and steam from such Plant to such building. (d) CONSTRUCTION STANDARDS AND INSPECTIONS.—The building and other improvements constructed under this Act shall meet all stand- ards applicable to construction of a Federal building. During construction, the Architect shall conduct periodic inspections of such building for the purpose of assuring that such standards are being met. Such building shall not be subject to any law of the District of Columbia relating to building codes, permits, or inspec- tion (including any such law enacted by Congress). (e) APPUCABIUTY OF CERTAIN LAWS.—The building and other Taxes. improvements constructed under this Act shall not be subject to any law of the District of Columbia relating to real estate and personal property taxes, special assessments, or other tsixes (including any such law enacted by Congress). SEC. 4. LEASE OF BUILDING BY ARCHITECT OF THE CAPITOL. 40 USC 1203. (a) ENTRY INTO LEASE AGREEMENT.—Before the development agreement is entered into under section 3, the Architect shall enter into with the person selected to construct the building under this Act an agreement for the lease of such building by the Architect to carry out the objectives of this Act. (b) TERMS OF LEASE AGREEMENT.—The agreement entered into under this section shall include at a minimum the following terms: (1) The Architect will lease the building and other improve- ments for a term not to exceed 30 years from the effective date of such lease agreement. (2) The rental rate per square foot of occupiable space for all space in the building and other improvements will be in the best interest of the United States and carry out the objectives of this Act, but in no case may the aggregate rental rate for all space in the building and other improvements produce an amount less than the amount necessary to amortize the cost of development of squares 721 and 722 over the term of the lease. (3) Authority for the Architect to make space available and to sublease space in the building and other improvements in accordance with section 6 of this Act. (c) ACCOUNTING SYSTEM.—The Architect shall maintain an accounting system for operation and maintenance of the building and other improvements to be constructed under this Act which will permit accurate projections of the dates and the costs of major repairs, improvements, reconstructions, and replacements of such building and improvements and other capital expenditures on such building and improvements. (d) OBUGATION OF FUNDS.—Obligation of funds for lease payments under this section may only be made on an annual basis and may only be made from the account established by section 9. SEC. 5. STRUCTURAL AND MECHANICAL CARE AND SECURITY. 40 USC 1204. (a) STRUCTURAL AND MECHANICAL CARE.—Upon occupancy by the United States of the building and other improvements constructed under this Act, the structural and mechanical care and mainte-
102 STAT. 2332 PUBLIC LAW 100-480—OCT. 7, 1988 nance of such building and improvements (including the care and maintenance of the grounds of such building) shall be the respon- sibility of the Architect, under the direction of the Commission, in the same manner and to the same extent as the structural and mechanical care and maintenance of the United States Supreme Court Building under the Act of May 7,1934 (48 Stat. 668; 40 U.S.C. 13a), and all other duties and work required for the operation and domestic care of such building and improvements shall be per- formed by the Architect, under the direction of the Commission, (b) SECURITY.— (1) GENERAL RULE.—The United States Capitol Police shall be responsible for all exterior and interior security of the building and other improvements constructed under this Act. (2) AUTHORITY OF SUPREME COURT MARSHAL.—Nothing in this Act shall be construed to interfere with the obligation of the Marshal of the Supreme Court of the United States to protect justices, officers, employees, or other personnel of the Supreme CJourt who may occupy the building and other improvements. (3) REIMBURSEMENT.—The Architect shall transfer from the account established by section 9 such amounts as may be nec- essary to reimburse the United States Capitol Police for ex- penses incurred in providing exterior and interior security under this subsection. The United States Capitol Police may accept amounts transferred by the Architect under this para- graph, and such amounts shall be credited to the appropriation account charged by the United States Capitol Police in execut- ing the performance of security duties. 40 u s e 1205. SEC. 6. ALLOCATION OF SPACE. (a) GOVERNMENTAL E N T I T I E S . — (1) JUDICIAL BRANCH.—Subject to the provisions of this sec- tion, the Architect shall make available, on a reimbursable basis, all space in the building and other improvements con- structed under this Act to the judicial branch of the United States substantially in accordance with the report referred to in section ZQ^KD. (2) OTHER.—Any space in the building and other improve- ments constructed under this Act which the Chief Justice deter- mines is not needed by the judicial branch of the United States may be made available by the Architect, on a reimbursable basis, to Federal governmental entities which are not part of the judicial branch and which are not staff of Members of Congress or Congressional Committees. (3) TERMS AND CONDITIONS.—Space made available under this subsection shall be subject to such terms and conditions as are necessary to carry out the objectives of this Act. (4) REIMBURSEMENT RATE.—All space made available by the Architect under this subsection shall be subject to reimburse- ment at the rate established under section 4(bX2) plus such amount as the Architect and— (A) in the case of the judicial branch, the Director of the Administrative Office of the United States (Dourts, or (B) in the case of any governmental entity not a part of the judicial branch, such entity, determine is necessary to pay on an annual basis for the cost of administering the building and other improvements (including costs of operation, maintenance, rehabilitation, security, and
PUBLIC LAW 100-480—OCT. 7, 1988 102 STAT. 2333 structural, mechanical, and domestic care) which are attrib- utable to such space. (5) MEETING JUDICIAL BRANCH NEEDS.— (A) IN GENERAL,—Whenever the Chief Justice notifies the Architect that the judicial branch of the United States requires additional space in the building and other improvements constructed under this Act, the Architect shall accommodate those requirements (i) in the case of space made available to the Administrator of General Serv- ices, by a date agreed upon under subparagraph (B), or (ii) in the case of space made available to any person or govern- mental entity (other than the General Services Administra- tion), within 90 days after the date of such notification. (B) SPACE AVAILABLE TO GSA.—In any case in which such additional space is provided from space in the building made available to the Administrator of General Services, the space shall be vacated expeditiously by not later than a date mutually agreed upon by the Chief Justice and the Administrator of General Services. (C) UNOCCUPIED SPACE.—Whenever any space in the building is unoccupied, the Chief Justice shall have a right of first refusal to use such space to meet the needs of the judicial branch in accordance with this subsection. (6) ASSIGNMENT OF SPACE WITHIN THE JUDICIAL BRANCH.—The Director of the Administrative Office of the United States Courts may £issign and reassign space made available to the judicial branch of the United States under this subsection among offices of the judicial branch as the Director deems appropriate. Ot)) NONGOVERNMENTAL TENANTS.— (1) GENERAL RULE.—Any space in the building and other improvements constructed under this Act which the Chief Jus- tice determines is not needed by the judicial branch of the United States shall first be offered to other Federal govern- mental entities which are not staff of Members of Congress or Congressional Committees; and then, if any space remains, it may be sublesised by the Architect, under the direction of the Commission, to any person. (2) RENTAL RATE.—All space subleased by the Architect under this subsection shall be subject to reimbursement at a rate which is comparable to prevailing rental rates for similar facili- ties in the area but not less than the rate established under section 403)(2) plus such amount as the Architect and the person subleasing such space agree is necessary to pay on an annual basis for the cost of administering the building (including costs of operation, maintenance, rehabilitation, security, and struc- tural, mechanical, and domestic care) which are attributable to such space. (3) LIMITATION.—Subleases under this subsection must be compatible with the dignity and functions of the judicial branch offices housed in the building and must not unduly interfere with the activities and operations of the judicial branch agen- cies housed in the building. The provisions of section 4 of the Act of July 31, 1946 (60 Stat. 718; 40 U.S.C. 193d), and section 451 of the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1970 (84 Stat. 1193; 40 U.S.C. 193m-l) shall not apply to any space in the building
102 STAT. 2334 PUBLIC LAW 100-480—OCT. 7, 1988 and other improvements subleased to a non-Government tenant under this subsection. (4) COLLECTION OF RENT.—The Architect shall collect rent for space subleeised under this subsection. (c) DEPOSIT OF RENT AND REIMBURSEMENTS.—All funds received under this subsection (including lease payments and reimburse- ments) shall be deposited into the account established by section 9. 40 u s e 1206. SEC. 7. COMMISSION FOR JUDICIARY OFFICE BUILDING. (a) ESTABUSHMENT.—There is established a Commission to be known as the Commission for the Judiciary Office Building. (b) MEMBERSHIP.—The Commission shall be composed of the fol- lowing 13 members: (1) Two individuals appointed by the Chief Justice from among justices of the Supreme Court and other judges of the United States (or their designees). (2) The members of the House Office Building Commission (or their designees). (3) The majority leader and minority leader of the Senate (or their designees). (4) The Chairman and the ranking minority member of the Senate Committee on Rules and Administration (or their des- ignees). (5) The Chairman and the ranking minority member of the Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works (or their designees). (6) The Chairman and ranking minority member of the Committee on Public Works and Transportation of the House of Representatives (or their designees). (c) DUTIES.—The Commission shall be responsible for supervision of design, construction, operation, maintenance, structural, mechanical, and domestic care and security of the building to be Regulations. constructed under this Act. The Commission shall from time to time prescribe rules and regulations to govern the actions of the Ar- chitect under this Act and to govern the use and occupancy of all space in such building. (d) QUORUM.—Seven members of the Commission shall constitute a quorum. SEC. 8. REPEAL OF DOT AUTHORITY. Section 116(a)(2) of the National Visitor Center Facilities Act of 1968 (40 U.S.C. 816(a)(2)), relating to assignment of squares 721 and 722 to the Secretary of Transportation, is repealed. 40 u s e 1207. SEC. 9. FUNDING. (a) SEPARATE ACCOUNT.—There is established in the Treasury of the United States a separate account. Such account shall include all amounts deposited therein under section 6(c) and such amounts as may be appropriated thereto but not to exceed $2,000,000. Amounts in the account shall be available to the Architect for paying ex- penses for structural, mechanical, and domestic care, maintenance, operation, and utilities of the building and other improvements constructed under this Act, for reimbursing the United States Cap- itol Police for expenses incurred in providing exterior and interior security for the building and other improvements, for making lease payments under section 4, and for necessary personnel (including consultants).
PUBLIC LAW 100-480—OCT. 7, 1988 102 STAT. 2335 (b) UNEXPENDED BALANCES OF FUNDS.—The unexpended balance of funds appropriated by the Urgent Supplemental Appropriations Act, 1986 under the heading "Study of Construction of Office Build- ing" (100 Stat. 717) are transferred to the Architect on the date of the enactment of this Act. Such unexpended balance shall be avail- able for design review, construction inspection, contract administra- tion, and such other project related costs under this Act as the Architect may deem appropriate. SEC. 10. DEFINITIONS. 40 USC 1208. As used in this Act— (1) ARCHITECT.—The term "Architect" means the Architect of the Capitol. (2) CHIEF JUSTICE.—The term "Chief Justice" means the Chief Justice of the United States or his designee; except that in any CEise in which there is a vacancy of the office of the Chief Justice of the United States, the most senior associate justice of the Supreme Court shall be treated as the Chief Justice of the United States for purposes of this Act until such time as such vacancy is filled. (3) COMMISSION.—The term "Commission" means the Commission for the Judiciary Office Building established by section 7. Approved October 7, 1988. LEGISLATIVE HISTORY—S. 1934: HOUSE REPORTS: No. 100-884 (Comm. on Public Works and Transportation). SENATE REPORTS: No. 100-358 (Comm. on Environment and Public Works). CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, Vol. 134 (1988): June 7, considered and passed Senate. Sept. 20, considered and passed House, amended. Sept. 23, Senate concurred in House amendment.