Indian Child Protection
Indian Child Protection and Family Violence Prevention Act - Amends the Federal criminal code to impose a fine or jail sentence or both on:
(1) any health care practitioner, teacher, bus driver, day care worker, counselor, or law enforcement officer who knows of or suspects child abuse in Indian country and fails to report it immediately to the local child protective services or law enforcement agency; or
(2) any person who supervises, or has authority over, such an individual and inhibits or prevents that report.
Makes anyone reporting such abuse immune from civil and criminal liability provided such report is based upon their reasonable belief and is made in good faith.
Requires the local law enforcement or child protective services agency which initially receives a report of child abuse:
(1) to immediately notify and report to the other agency;
(2) to report to the Federal Bureau of Investigation if such report involves an Indian child or the alleged abuser is an Indian and a preliminary inquiry indicates a criminal violation;
(3) within 36 hours, to prepare a report on the allegations of abuse or neglect;
(4) to investigate such allegations immediately and take appropriate steps to secure the safety and well-being of the child or children involved; and
(5) to prepare a final written report on such allegations after completing the investigation.
Prohibits disclosure of the identity of any person reporting child abuse or neglect, without that individual's consent, to any person other than a court of competent jurisdiction or an employee of an Indian tribe, a State, or the Federal Government, who needs to know the information in performance of his or her duties.
Directs the Secretary of the Interior to prepare a written study on the feasibility of, and need for, the establishment of a Central Register for reports or information on the abuse of children in Indian country.
Requires the Secretary to submit such study to the Congress, together with recommendations and draft implementing legislation, within 180 days after enactment of this Act. Allows Federal, State, and Indian agencies to share information regarding incidents of child abuse.
Allows local law enforcement and child protective services agency officials to interview the child and obtain photographs and x-rays, and medical and psychological examinations of the child without parental consent if they have reason to believe the child has been subject to abuse.
Provides that such examinations and interviews of an abused child shall be conducted:
(1) under such circumstances and with such safeguards designed to minimize additional trauma to the child; and
(2) where time permits, with the advise or guidance of a local multidisciplinary team established by this Act. Directs the Secretaries of the Interior and Health and Human Services (HHS) to:
(1) compile a list of all authorized positions within their respective departments with duties and responsibilities that involve regular contact with, or control over, Indian children;
(2) conduct an investigation of the character of each individual considered for appointment to a position that involves regular contact with, or control over, Indian children; and
(3) prescribe minimum standards of character for individuals appointed to those positions which shall ensure that none of them are guilty of specified criminal offenses.
Requires each Indian tribe or tribal organization that receives funds under the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act or the Tribally Controlled Schools Act of 1988 to:
(1) conduct an investigation of the character of each individual employed or being considered for employment by the Indian tribe or tribal organization in a position that involves regular contact with or control over Indian children; and
(2) employ in those positions only individuals who meet minimum standards of character.
Directs the Secretary of HHS, through the Indian Health Service (IHS), to establish an Indian Child Abuse Treatment Grant Program to provide grants of up to $500,000 to any Indian tribe or inter-tribal consortium for the establishment on Indian reservations of treatment programs for Indians who have been victims of child sexual abuse.
Sets forth guidelines for applications for such grants.
Requires grant recipients to:
(1) provide such information as the Secretary may require to evaluate their program and ensure that grant funds were expended properly and;
(2) submit a final report to the Secretary at the close of the grant term.
Authorizes appropriations for FY 1992 through 1995.
Directs the Secretary to establish an advisory board for each such Center to assist it in carrying out its activities under this Act. Directs the Secretary to establish an Indian Child Resource and Family Services Center within each area office of the BIA to:
(1) provide advice, technical assistance, and consultation to Indian tribes, Indian organizations, and inter-tribal consortia;
(2) provide training to Indian tribes and organizations, BIA personnel, and the IHS on identifying and investigating cases of family violence and child abuse and neglect;
(3) develop training materials on the prevention, identification, investigation, and treatment of family violence and child abuse and neglect for distribution to Indian tribes and organizations;
(4) develop recommendations to assist Federal and tribal personnel to respond to cases of family violence and child abuse and neglect; and
(5) develop policies and procedures for each agency office of BIA and IHS service unit within the area which, to the extent feasible, comply with tribal laws pertaining to cases of family violence and child abuse and neglect, including any criminal laws, and which provide for maximum cooperation with the enforcement of such laws.
Requires each Center to employ a multidisciplinary-team staff with experience and training in prevention, identification, investigation, and treatment of incidents of family violence, child use, and child neglect.
Specifies law enforcement and child protective backgrounds of such staff.
Subjects such Centers to the provisions of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act. Authorizes appropriations for FY 1992 through 1995.
Directs the Secretary to establish within BIA an Indian Child Protection and Family Violence Prevention Program to provide financial assistance to such tribes, organizations, and consortia to develop programs to:
(1) investigate reported cases of child abuse and neglect; and
(2) treat and prevent incidents of family violence and to provide immediate shelter and related assistance for victims of family violence and their dependents.
Authorizes the Secretary to enter into agreements with such entities pursuant to the Indian Self-Determination Act to establish such programs on Indian reservations.
Directs the Secretary, with the participation of Indian tribes, to establish and promulgate a formula which establishes base support funding for such programs.
Specifies factors to be considered in the development of such formula, including the high incidence of child sexual abuse or violent crimes against women.
Requires recipients of such financial assistance to furnish the Secretary with information to evaluate the program for which such assistance was provided and to ensure that program funds were properly expended.
Authorizes appropriations for FY 1992 through 1995.
Requires an annual report to the Congress on the administration of this title.