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H.Con.Res. 370 (102nd): Concerning the humanitarian crisis in Somalia.


The text of the resolution below is as of Oct 8, 1992 (Passed Congress).


H.Con.Res.370

Agreed to October 8, 1992

One Hundred Second Congress of the United States of America

AT THE SECOND SESSION

Begun and held at the City of Washington on Friday, the third day of January,

one thousand nine hundred and ninety-two

Concurrent Resolution

Whereas violence, anarchy, and starvation continue to escalate in Somalia;

Whereas there have been more than 100,000 deaths by starvation and approximately 2,000,000 people face death from starvation and disease as a result of drought, famine, and civil war;

Whereas one-fourth of all Somali children under the age of five have perished and three out of four of the remaining young children are still in danger of dying;

Whereas a 95 percent malnutrition rate and a 75 percent severe malnutrition rate currently exist in Somalia;

Whereas hundreds of thousands of Somalis are refugees or internally displaced;

Whereas a state of almost total anarchy has existed for 19 months, following the overthrow of the Siad Barre dictatorship and the subsequent civil war between various Somali clans, during which period the government has ceased to exist--no police, no army, no health ministry, no schools, and no civil administration of any kind;

Whereas Somali warring factions have disrupted international relief efforts, attacked convoys, stolen food and medical supplies, and injured and killed relief workers;

Whereas the safety of relief workers and people seeking care must be assured during periods needed to provide medical and feeding services;

Whereas Somali leaders have been unable or unwilling to exert control over those responsible for the clan, subclan, and random violence which jeopardizes relief operations;

Whereas the process of peace negotiations should not be permitted to delay resolution of the obvious security problems that prevent relief operations; and

Whereas President Bush recently welcomed the call of the Secretary-General of the United Nations for a new agenda to strengthen the ability of the United Nations to prevent, contain, and resolve conflict across the globe: Now, therefore, be it

    Resolved by the House of Representatives (the Senate concurring), That the President should--

      (1) express to the United Nations Security Council the desire and the willingness of the United States to participate, consistent with applicable United States legal requirements, in the deployment of armed United Nations security guards, as authorized by the Security Council, in order to secure emergency relief activities and enable greater numbers of international and Somali organizations and people to provide relief and rehabilitation assistance;

      (2) express to the United Nations Security Council that the exigency of the crisis in Somalia warrants authorization by the Security Council of the deployment of United Nations security guards even in the event that an invitation by the various warring Somali factions cannot be obtained;

      (3) encourage discussion of alternative strategies for solving the political crisis in Somalia;

      (4) support the United Nations-sponsored relief coordination conference for Somalia scheduled for mid-October 1992; and

      (5) make every effort to ensure that adequate United States financial support exists for the United Nations to carry out its humanitarian and peacekeeping/peacemaking mission in Somalia.

Attest:

Clerk of the House of Representatives.

Attest:

Secretary of the Senate.