GovTrack’s Bill Summary
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Library of Congress Summary
The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress.
National Coal and Extractive Energy Strategy Act of 1991 -
TitleI - Coal Remining
Amends the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 to authorize any State with an approved abandoned mine reclamation program to establish, upon the approval of the Secretary of the Interior, a State Remining Program, including a State Remining Fund. Outlines Program and Fund requirements.
Declares that penalties shall not be imposed on qualified permittees under the Program for any violation which results from an unanticipated event or condition.
Sets forth special rules applicable to remining operations.
Requires the Secretary of the Interior (the Secretary) to publish in the Federal Register proposed regulations establishing:
(1) environmental protection performance and reclamation standards; and
(2) a separate permit system for abandoned coal refuse piles.
Requires the Secretary to report to certain congressional committees on such standards and permit system.
Direct the Secretary to increase from 50 percent to 80 percent the amount of total State reclamation costs which may be reimbursed with Federal grants if:
(1) the State has insufficient fiscal resources to adequately implement its Program; or
(2) the State has entered into a Memorandum of Understanding with the Secretary for the implementation of the Applicant Violator System settlement agreement.
TitleII - Metallurgical Coal Development
Directs the Secretary to establish as a separate program within the Bureau of Mines a metallurgical coal mining experimental program to develop techniques leading to enhanced utilization of metallurgical coal resources.
Requires the Director of the Bureau of Mines to transfer technologies developed under the experimental program to the private sector for commercial application.
Establishes the Metallurgical Coal Development Commission to advise on increased development and utilization of metallurgical coal resources.
Requires the Commission to report to the Congress and the President. Directs the Secretary of the Interior to construct and maintain a mining experimental station facility in a region with a history of intensive metallurgical coal mining.
TitleIII - Coalbed Methane Development
Amends the Mineral Leasing Act to allocate the rights of ownership among surface estate and subsurface rights owners and lessees of coalbed methane gas where the rights of ownership and leasing have been severed from the surface estate.
TitleIV - Federal Coal Leasing Amendments
Amends the Mineral Leasing Act to permit the extension of a coal lease for up to five years when coal is not being produced in commercial quantities at the end of ten years if:
(1) the lessee has made bona fide efforts to produce coal in commercial quantities; and
(2) payments in lieu of diligent development are made.
Prohibits the Secretary from issuing any coal lease:
(1) if it would have a significant adverse effect on coal produced from private lands due to its displacement from historical markets; or
(2) to any person or entity engaged in coal production in a foreign country, or the importation of such coal into the United States. Directs the Secretary to report to the President and the Congress on possible specified effects of current Federal coal royalty rates, and on certain alternative royalty bases.
TitleV - Federal Mineral Receipts Management
Amends the Mineral Leasing Act for Acquired Lands to prescribe the manner in which payments shall be made by the Secretary to the States with respect to:
(1) moneys received; and
(2) a suspense account pending resolution of a Federal-State dispute of moneys received.
Mandates that each department, agency and instrumentality of the United States which administers lands acquired by the United States with existing mineral leases shall transfer to the Secretary the authority to administer such lease and collect all receipts due and payable to the United States under it.
Amends Federal law to treat any bonuses, royalties or rentals due the United States from mineral leases as money received on account of the leasing of lands acquired by the United States for flood control, navigation, and allied purposes (including hydroelectric power development).
TitleVI - Coalfield Assistance, Restoration and Enhancement
Amends the Mineral Leasing Act to establish the Coalfield Assistance, Restoration and Enhancement Fund to be administered by the Secretary (acting through the Director, Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement) for the purpose of assisting coalfield communities to cope with the impacts associated with coal development, restoring public facilities, and enhancing the coalfield environment.
Makes Fund moneys available in the form of grants to eligible States. Authorizes appropriations from the Fund.
TitleVII - Federal Onshore Oil and Gas Leasing Amendments
Amends the Mineral Leasing Act to mandate that: (1) the national minimum acceptable bid be $2.00 per acre; (2) certain leases be in maximum units of 2,560 acres, (except in Alaska where units shall not exceed 5,760 acres); and (3) primary lease terms be for five years.
House Republican Conference Summary
The summary below was written by the House Republican Conference, which is the caucus of Republicans in the House of Representatives.
No summary available.
House Democratic Caucus Summary
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