National Security Scholarships, Fellowships, and Grants
National Security Education Act of 1991 - Directs the Secretary to carry out a program for awarding:
(1) scholarships to undergraduate students who are U.S. citizens to enable such students to study, for at least one academic semester, in foreign countries that are critical countries;
(2) fellowships to graduate students who are U.S. citizens to enable such students to pursue education in the United States in the disciplines of foreign languages, area studies, and other international fields that are critical areas of those disciplines, and enter into an agreement to work for a Federal agency or office or in the field of education in the area of study for which the fellowship was awarded; and
(3) grants to institutions of higher education to enable such institutions to establish, operate, or improve programs in foreign languages, area studies, and other international fields that are critical areas of those disciplines.
(1) of the amount available for obligation out of the National Security Education Trust Fund (Fund) (established under this Act) for any fiscal year for the purposes of this title, the Secretary shall have a goal of allocating one-third each of such amount for the awarding of scholarships, fellowships, and grants; and
(2) the program required under this title shall be carried out in consultation with the National Security Education Board (NSEB) (established under this Act). Authorizes the Secretary to contract with private national organizations having expertise in foreign languages, area studies, and other international fields, for the award of such scholarships, fellowships, and grants without regard to a specified statute or any other provision of law that requires the use of competitive procedures.
Requires the Secretary or contract organization, in awarding a scholarship or fellowship under the program, to require a recipient of any fellowship, or scholarship that provides assistance for periods that aggregate 12 months or more, to enter into an agreement:
(1) to maintain satisfactory academic progress (and agree that failure to maintain such progress shall constitute grounds upon which the Secretary or contract organization may terminate such assistance);
(2) to work for the Federal Government or in the field of education in the area of study for which the scholarship or fellowship was awarded for a period specified by the Secretary (no more than the same period for which scholarship assistance, and from one to three times the period for which the fellowship assistance, was provided), upon completion of the education; and
(3) to reimburse the United States for the amount of assistance provided to the recipent under the program, with interest, if the recipient fails to meet such obligations.
Directs the Secretary or contract organization, in selecting the recipients for such awards, to take into consideration the extent to which:
(1) the selections will result in there being an equitable geographic distribution of such scholarships, fellowships, or grants among the various regions of the United States; and
(2) the distribution of scholarships and fellowships to individuals reflects the cultural, racial, and ethnic diversity of the U.S. population.
Requires the Secretary to:
(1) award scholarships, fellowships, and grants under the program based on a merit review process; and
(2) administer the program through the Defense Intelligence College. Specifies that no person who receives assistance under this title shall, as a condition of receving such assistance or under any other circumstances, be used by any entity of the Government engaged in intelligence activities to undertake any activity on its behalf during the period such person is pursuing a program of education for which funds are provided pursuant to this title.
Directs the Secretary to establish the NSEB. Sets forth provisions with respect to the composition, term of appointees, and functions of the NSEB. Establishes in the U.S. Treasury the Fund. Specifies that the assets of the Fund consist of amounts appropriated and credited to the Fund. Specifies that:
(1) sums in the Fund shall, to the extent provided in appropriations Acts, be available for awarding scholarships, fellowships, and grants in accordance with, and for properly allocable costs of the Government for the administration of the program under, this title; and
(2) no amount may be appropriated to, or obligated from, the Fund unless authorized by law.
Directs the Secretary of the Treasury to invest in full the amount in the Fund that is not immediately necessary for obligation, subject to specified requirements.
Sets forth provisions with respect to:
(1) authority to sell obligations; and
(2) amounts credited to the Fund. Authorizes the Secretary to prescribe regulations to carry out the program required by this title.
Requires the Secretary to submit a copy of proposed regulations to the House and Senate intelligence committees before prescribing any such regulations.
Specifies that such proposed regulations may not take effect until 30 days after the date on which they are submitted to such committees.
Sets forth provisions with respect to:
(1) the acceptance and use of gifts;
(2) voluntary services;
(3) necessary expenditures;
(4) reporting requirements; and
(5) audits by the General Accounting Office. Authorizes appropriations to, and obligations from, the Fund.