Requirements for Vehicles
Directs the Secretary to: (1) issue a final rule amending Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 214 to establish performance criteria for improved occupant head injury protection in side impacts; and (2) issue a final rule to extend the applicability of such Standard to multipurpose passenger vehicles. Directs the Secretary to enter into arrangements with the National Academy of Sciences to study means of establishing a method for calculating a uniform numerical rating, or series of ratings, enabling consumers to compare meaningfully crashworthiness data for passenger cars and multipurpose passenger vehicles. Prescribes the contents of such study. Requires that a report of such study be submitted to the Secretary and the Congress within 19 months after the date of enactment of this Act. Prescribes schedules for: (1) obtaining public comment on implementation of National Academy recommendations; (2) determining whether an objectively based system of comparative crashworthiness data can be established; (3) promulgating a rule to establish such a system, if the determination is positive; (4) submitting the proposed rule for review to specified congressional committees; (5) waiting 60 calendar days after such submission, unless both committees notify the Secretary that they have no objection to the rule; and (6) establishing (by rule) procedures requiring auto dealers to make comparative crashworthiness data available to prospective customers. Amends the National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966 to direct the Secretary to: (1) establish a schedule for use in ensuring compliance with each Federal motor vehicle safety standard established under such Act which the Secretary determines is capable of being tested; (2) establish written guidelines and procedures for conducting investigations regarding noncompliance with the regulations issued under such Act; and (3) establish criteria for the determination and imposition of civil penalties for such noncompliance. Directs the Secretary to complete rulemaking to: (1) review the classification system for vehicles with a gross weight under 10,000 pounds to determine if such vehicles should be reclassified; and (2) consider the establishment of a standard to protect against unreasonable risk of rollover of passenger cars and multipurpose passenger vehicles. Requires that the Secretary issue a final rule requiring motor vehicle manufacturers, through their dealers, make available to consumers, upon request, equipment for retrofitting passenger cars with lap and shoulder rear seatbelts. Mandates that a specified percentage of certain authorized appropriations be used to disseminate consumer information regarding retrofitting passenger cars with lap and shoulder rear seatbelts. Directs the Secretary to establish a program requiring airbags for: (1) Federal passenger vehicles, beginning with passenger cars acquired after September 30, 1991; and (2) all passenger cars and light trucks, buses, and multipurpose passenger vehicles, phased in according to a specified schedule, starting with passenger cars manufactured on and after September 1, 1994. Amends the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act to direct the Secretary to promulgate regulations establishing passenger motor vehicle labeling requirements and submit periodic reports to the Congress detailing efforts to ensure that State motor vehicle inspection programs are implemented in the most effective manner possible: (1) specifying Federal manpower allocations for support of State safety inspection efforts, and allocations and expenditures of Federal funds on such efforts; (2) describing the extent and effect of coordination with the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency regarding required safety and emissions inspections; (3) listing the States that do not have periodic safety inspection programs meeting Federal requirements; and (4) including any data furnished by the States that operate such safety inspection programs concerning the relative effectiveness of their particular programs. Amends the National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966 to: (1) require the Secretary to conduct a rulemaking to increase the safety of child booster seats used in passenger cars; and (2) authorize the Secretary to direct the manufacturer of a defective motor vehicle or motor vehicle part to send a second notification if the Secretary determines that the first notification sent by such manufacturer has not resulted in an adequate number of vehicles (or items of equipment) being returned for remedy. Requires any lessor who receives notification of a defective motor vehicle part pertaining to any leased motor vehicle to send a copy of such notice to the lessee. Provides that a dealer may sell or lease a motor vehicle (or motor vehicle item) for which a safety defect notice has been received only if: (1) the defect or failure to comply has been remedied before delivery under sale or lease; or (2) an enforcement order has been set aside or restrained. Directs the Secretary to conduct a rulemaking on the use of darkened windshields and window glass in passenger automobiles. Directs the Secretary to amend the bumper standard published in the Code of Federal Regulations to ensure that such standard is identical to that in effect on January 1, 1982. Directs the Secretary to make grants to States which adopt and implement seatbelt and child restraint programs which include specified measures to foster the increased use of seatbelts and the correct use of child restraint systems. Sets conditions for the use of such grants by such States. Authorizes appropriations. Directs the Secretary to initiate a rulemaking to: (1) consider methods of reducing head injuries in passenger automobiles and multipurpose passenger vehicles from contact with vehicle interior components by revising the appropriate Federal motor vehicle safety standards; and (2) consider the establishment of a standard to minimize pedestrian death and injury attributable to vehicle components. Directs the Secretary to complete a rulemaking to amend Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 108 to authorize passenger cars and multipurpose passenger vehicles to be equipped with daytime running lights. Directs the Secretary to conduct a rulemaking to: (1) adopt a Federal motor vehicle safety standard requiring antilock brake systems for all passenger cars, multipurpose passenger vehicles, and trucks manufactured on or after September 1, 1996; and (2) consider the establishment of a standard requiring that such cars and vehicles be equipped with heads-up displays capable of projecting speed, fuel, and other instrument readings on the lower part of the windshield (enabling the driver to check such readings without looking down). Directs the Secretary to issue a final rule with respect to safety belt design which requires that all passenger cars and those trucks, buses, and multipurpose passenger vehicles with a gross weight of no more than 10,000 pounds, manufactured on or after September 1, 1992, be equipped with adjustable shoulder belt anchorages to provide adequate safety for children and short adults. Requires that standards established under this Act be in accordance with applicable provisions of the National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966, including provisions requiring that Federal motor vehicle safety standards be practicable, meet the need for motor vehicle safety, and be stated in objective terms. Directs the Secretary to: (1) apply a specified standard to all multipurpose passenger vehicles with a gross weight of up to 10,000 pounds, and conduct a rulemaking to amend such standard to provide greater protection against traumatic head and other types of injuries; (2) expend at least $10,000,000 for biomechanics research to support motor vehicle safety standards to reduce death and injury; and (3) issue a final rule, within 12 months, requiring manufacturers to conduct frontal crash testing of passengers cars and multipurpose passenger vehicles at a speed of no less than 35 miles per hour and to inform purchasers of the test results through labels on each vehicle offered for sale. Amends the National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966 to provide for judicial review of actions on certain petitions. Requires the Secretary, within 12 months, to issue a final rule requiring all trucks on interstate highways to be equipped with on-board recorders.