Ecologically Significant Old Growth Forest Reserve System
States that this title shall apply only with respect to Federal lands and interests in specified National Forest System lands and specified districts of the Bureau of Land Management in California, Oregon, and Washington. Establishes in the northern spotted owl forests the Ecologically Significant Old Growth Forest Reserve System in order to maintain and enhance northern spotted owl habitat, ecological diversity, old growth forests, and other areas that may be essential to species dispersal and the maintenance of genetic diversity. Provides for the immediate inclusion in the System of certain Federal lands in northern spotted owl forests in such States while designating certain other Federal lands as study areas for possible inclusion. Designates the Olympic and Mount Baker-Snoqualmie National Forests as areas of special significance subject to the special management rules described below. Requires the Secretaries of Agriculture and the Interior to prepare a map and legal description of the Federal lands and interests in lands under their respective jurisdictions that are included in the System or in a study area for filing with appropriate congressional committees and for public availability. Allows each Secretary to recommend an adjustment of the boundaries of the System or a study area only if the recommendation meets certain criteria and is submitted to appropriate congressional committees together with the reasons for the recommendation. Provides that within one year of the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) report required below, each Secretary shall recommend those study areas that should be permanently included in the System or removed from further consideration for inclusion in the System. Requires each Secretary, in making such recommendations, to comply with the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969. Makes such recommendations effective after they are submitted to appropriate congressional committees. Requires a study area removed from further consideration for inclusion in the System to thereafter: (1) not be considered a study area; (2) not be subject to the management requirements specified below; and (3) be managed for multiple use pursuant to the Forest and Rangeland Renewable Resources Planning Act of 1974 or the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976, whichever applies. Bans timber harvesting in the System and study areas except to the extent necessary for the protection of the forest outside of the System or study area from an insect or disease epidemic or for public safety, recreation, and administration. Requires lands in the System or a study area that do not meet the definition of old growth forest or are damaged by fire or other natural causes to be managed to regenerate old growth forest. States that any management activity allowed in the System and study areas shall have as its primary purpose the maintenance and enhancement of the northern spotted owl habitat, ecological diversity, old growth forests, and such areas as may be essential to species dispersal and the maintenance of genetic diversity. Requires the Secretaries to permit management activities consistent with this purpose, such as fire suppression and prescription, noncommercial silvicultural treatments of young stands, activities to restore aquatic habitats, and research. Withdraws Federal lands in the System and study areas from: (1) disposition under the public land laws; (2) location, entry, and patent under the mining laws; (3) operation of the mineral leasing laws; and (4) operation of the Geothermal Steam Act of 1970. Bans additional roads, structures, and motorized recreation and access in the System. Allows roads, structures, and motorized recreation and access in study areas (except as otherwise prohibited or restricted) if the Secretary determines that they are compatible with the protection of old growth forest and northern spotted owl habitat. Authorizes the Secretary concerned to permit hunting, trapping, and fishing in the System and study areas (except as otherwise prohibited or restricted) in accordance with applicable Federal and State law. Requires all Federal lands identified by the Secretary of Agriculture as suitable for timber production in the Olympic and Mount Baker-Snoqualmie National Forests to be managed in accordance with specified practices to maintain or enhance habitats for species dependent on old growth forest while maintaining a high level of timber production. Outlines standards for the management of Federal lands in northern spotted owl forests that are not included in the System, a study area, or an area of special significance during the period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act and ending upon the adoption of a revised land management plan for such lands as required below. Delineates separate standards applicable to lands inside and outside of critical habitat areas during such interim period. Sets forth special rules regarding timber harvesting in roadless areas on National Forest System lands in northern spotted owl forests. Requires NAS to conduct a review of: (1) the harvest requirements specified for the management of critical habitat areas and other areas in northern spotted owl forests; (2) the impact of these requirements on the old growth forest, the species associated with old growth forests, and the social and economic structure of the region; and (3) all feasible silvicultural methods for maintaining or enhancing habitat conditions for such species throughout their range in northern spotted owl forests. Requires an NAS review of Federal lands in study areas to determine if such lands are suitable for permanent inclusion in the System. Requires NAS to submit a report on such review to the Secretary of Agriculture, the Secretary of the Interior, and the Congress that discusses the social, economic, and environmental impacts of various options, including those regarding Federal lands and interests affected by alternative definitions for old growth forests and boundary changes for the System. Requires such report to also contain NAS recommendations concerning the study areas that should be permanently included in the System or removed from consideration for inclusion in the System. Requires each Secretary to review such report for the purpose of determining whether the land and resource management plans for lands in northern spotted owl forests should be revised to take into account any management recommendations contained in the report. Requires that if a Secretary fails to adopt a preferred management recommendation into such a plan revised after such review, the Secretary must identify in the final environmental impact statement for the plan revision those management recommendations rejected or modified by the Secretary and the reasons therefor. Requires each Secretary to develop annual timber sale programs on lands in northern spotted owl forests outside of the System or a study area that are known to contain the northern spotted owl. Requires each Secretary to submit such programs to the United States Fish and Wildlife Service for consultation pursuant to the Endangered Species Act of 1973. Requires the Director of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service to immediately seek to enter into negotiations with the States of California, Oregon, and Washington and other interested parties for the prompt development of habitat conservation plans for the northern spotted owl under the Endangered Species Act of 1973. Requires the Secretaries to establish a joint research and monitoring program regarding the status and long-term outlook for the northern spotted owl. Outlines the research and monitoring components of the program. Subjects program results to scientific peer review. Requires each Secretary to prepare a report for the Congress displaying the yields and financial and environmental costs of timber management investment opportunities for lands in northern spotted owl forests. Requires the Secretary of Agriculture to include in his report: (1) the reasons why certain Forest Service lands are not suitable for timber production pursuant to the Forest and Rangeland Renewable Resources Planning Act of 1974; (2) the specific identity of those lands considered to be unsuitable for timber production solely due to difficulties in meeting the reforestation requirements of that Act; and (3) a description of those difficulties. Requires the Secretaries' reports on such investment opportunities to address opportunities for land exchanges with private landowners to consolidate Federal landholdings in northern spotted owl forests to enhance reforestation and timber stand improvement. Exempts as restricted or prohibited actions under certain provisions of the Endangered Species Act of 1973 actions of any person with respect to the operation, maintenance, expansion, upgrade, or completion of electric system power facilities in existing corridors. Provides that the management requirements for System and study areas, areas of special significance, and other areas set forth in this Act shall not apply with respect to electric system power facilities in a corridor. States that a Federal agency shall not be required to consult under the Endangered Species Act of 1973 with the Secretary of the Interior regarding any such action referred to above.