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H.R. 661 (102nd): Andean Trade Preference Act of 1991

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The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress.


11/19/1991--Reported to House amended. Andean Trade Preference Act of 1991 - Authorizes the President to grant duty-free treatment to eligible articles from an Andean beneficiary country. Sets forth factors the President must take into account in determining whether to designate a country a beneficiary country, limited to a choice of Bolivia, Ecuador, Colombia, and Peru. Requires the President, before such designation, to notify the House of Representatives and the Senate of his intention to make such designation, together with the considerations entering into such decision. Requires the President, on or before the third, sixth, and ninth anniversaries of the date of enactment of this Act, to report to the Congress on the operation of this Act, including the results of a general review of beneficiary countries. Authorizes the President to withdraw or suspend the designation of a country as a beneficiary country or the application of duty-free treatment to a product if circumstances have changed so that such country should be barred from designation. Sets forth criteria with respect to the eligibility for duty-free treatment of products grown or manufactured in a beneficiary country. Declares that duty-free treatment shall not apply to: (1) textile and apparel articles which are subject to textile agreements; (2) footwear not designated as eligible under the General System of Preferences; (3) tuna in airtight containers; (4) petroleum or any derivative product; (5) certain watches; (6) certain articles which are subject to reduced rates of duty; or (7) certain sugars, syrups, molasses, rum, and tafia. Requires the President to reduce duty rates on handbags, luggage, flat goods, work gloves, and leather wearing apparel that: (1) are the product of a beneficiary country; and (2) were not designated on August 5, 1983, as eligible articles under the General System of Preferences. Provides for presidential suspension of duty-free treatment. Authorizes filing of a petition with the Secretary of Agriculture with a request for emergency relief regarding a perishable product if it has already been filed with the International Trade Commission (ITC) alleging injury from imports from a beneficiary country. Authorizes the President to withdraw duty-free treatment with respect to such products after the Secretary's recommendation to take emergency action under this Act. Makes related amendments to the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States in order to increase the duty-free tourist allowances for U.S. residents returning from beneficiary countries from $400 to $600 and one additional liter of alcoholic beverages if produced in such a country. Requires goods imported from a U.S. insular possession to receive duty treatment no less favorable than the treatment afforded such goods imported from a beneficiary country. Requires the ITC to report to the Congress on the economic impact of this Act on U.S. industries and consumers. Requires the Secretary of Labor to review and analyze the impact of this Act on U.S. labor.