Soviet Scientists Immigration Act of 1992 granted authorization for engineers and scientists from the post-Soviet states to acquire employment within America. The Act of Congress implemented specific provisions of the Immigration and Nationality Act providing United States visas for former Soviet Union foreign nationals classified as scientific immigrants being employed in the continental United States.
The Senate bill was passed by the 102nd United States Congressional session and enacted into law by the 41st President of the United States George H.W. Bush on October 24, 1992.
This summary is from Wikipedia.
The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress.
9/21/1992--Passed House amended.
Soviet Scientists Immigration Act of 1992 - Defines: (1) "Baltic states" as Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia; (2) "independent states of the former Soviet Union" as Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgystan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan; and (3) "eligible independent states and Baltic scientists" as aliens who are nationals of any of the independent states of the former Soviet Union or the Baltic states, and who are scientists or engineers who have expertise in nuclear, chemical, biological or other high technology fields or who are working in nuclear, chemical, biological, or other high technology defense projects. Authorizes the special admission into the United States of up to 750 (not including accompanying spouses and children) Commonwealth and Baltic scientists as employment-based immigrants under the Immigration and Nationality Act. Waives the U.S. job offer requirement and classifies such aliens as having exceptional ability. Terminates the program four years after enactment of this Act.