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S. 2201 (102nd): Soviet Scientists Immigration Act of 1992


The text of the bill below is as of Oct 24, 1992 (Passed Congress).

Summary of this bill

Source: Wikipedia

Soviet Scientists Immigration Act of 1992 granted authorization for engineers and scientists from the post-Soviet states to acquire employment within America. The Act of Congress implemented specific provisions of the Immigration and Nationality Act providing United States visas for former Soviet Union foreign nationals classified as scientific immigrants being employed in the continental United States.

The Senate bill was passed by the 102nd United States Congressional session and enacted into law by the 41st President of the United States George H.W. Bush on October 24, 1992.

This summary is from Wikipedia.


S.2201

One Hundred Second Congress of the United States of America

AT THE SECOND SESSION

Begun and held at the City of Washington on Friday, the third day of January,

one thousand nine hundred and ninety-two

An Act

To authorize the admission to the United States of certain scientists of the independent states of the former Soviet Union and the Baltic states as employment-based immigrants under the Immigration and Nationality Act.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ‘Soviet Scientists Immigration Act of 1992’.

SEC. 2. DEFINITIONS.

    For purposes of this Act--

      (1) the term ‘Baltic states’ means the sovereign nations of Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia;

      (2) the term ‘independent states of the former Soviet Union’ means the sovereign nations of Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan; and

      (3) the term ‘eligible independent states and Baltic scientists’ means aliens--

        (A) who are nationals of any of the independent states of the former Soviet Union or the Baltic states; and

        (B) who are scientists or engineers who have expertise in nuclear, chemical, biological or other high technology fields or who are working on nuclear, chemical, biological or other high-technology defense projects, as defined by the Attorney General.

SEC. 3. WAIVER OF JOB OFFER REQUIREMENT.

    The requirement in section 203(b)(2)(A) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1153(b)(2)(A)) that an alien’s services in the sciences, arts, or business be sought by an employer in the United States shall not apply to any eligible independent states or Baltic scientist who is applying for admission to the United States for permanent residence in accordance with that section.

SEC. 4. CLASSIFICATION OF INDEPENDENT STATES SCIENTISTS AS HAVING EXCEPTIONAL ABILITY.

    (a) IN GENERAL- The Attorney General shall designate a class of eligible independent states and Baltic scientists, based on their level of expertise, as aliens who possess ‘exceptional ability in the sciences’, for purposes of section 203(b)(2)(A) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1153(b)(2)(A)), whether or not such scientists possess advanced degrees.

    (b) REGULATIONS- The Attorney General shall prescribe regulations to carry out subsection (a).

    (c) LIMITATION- Not more than 750 eligible independent states and Baltic scientists (excluding spouses and children if accompanying or following to join) within the class designated under subsection (a) may be allotted visas under section 203(b)(2)(A) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1153(b)(2)(A)).

    (d) TERMINATION- The authority of subsection (a) shall terminate 4 years after the date of enactment of this Act.

Speaker of the House of Representatives.

Vice President of the United States and

President of the Senate.