The text of the bill below is as of Jun 27, 1991 (Passed Congress).
One Hundred Second Congress of the United States of America
One Hundred Second Congress of the United States of America
AT THE FIRST SESSION
AT THE FIRST SESSION
Begun and held at the City of Washington on Thursday, the third day of January,
one thousand nine hundred and ninety-one
To authorize appropriations to establish a National Education Commission on Time and Learning and a National Council on Education Standards and Testing, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
This Act may be cited as the ‘Education Council Act of 1991’.
SEC. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTS.
The table of contents is as follows:
Sec. 1. Table of contents.
TITLE I--NATIONAL EDUCATION COMMISSION ON TIME AND LEARNING
Sec. 101. Short title.
Sec. 102. National Education Commission on Time and Learning.
TITLE II--NATIONAL WRITING PROJECT
Sec. 201. Findings.
Sec. 202. National Writing Project.
Part A--Civic Education Program
Sec. 301. Instruction on the history and principles of democracy in the United States.
Part B--Law-Related Education Program
Sec. 311. Amendment to law-related education program.
TITLE IV--NATIONAL COUNCIL ON EDUCATION STANDARDS AND TESTING
Sec. 401. Short title.
Sec. 402. Purpose and findings.
Sec. 403. Establishment.
Sec. 404. Duties.
Sec. 405. Reports.
Sec. 406. Membership.
Sec. 407. Director and staff; experts and consultants.
Sec. 408. Powers of Council.
Sec. 409. Federal Advisory Committee Act.
Sec. 410. Authorization of Appropriations.
Sec. 411. Termination.
TITLE I--NATIONAL EDUCATION COMMISSION ON TIME AND LEARNING
Sec. 101. SHORT TITLE.
This title may be cited as the ‘National Education Commission on Time and Learning Act’.
SEC. 102. NATIONAL EDUCATION COMMISSION ON TIME AND LEARNING.
(a) ESTABLISHMENT- There is hereby established a National Education Commission on Time and Learning (hereafter in this title referred to as the ‘Commission’).
(b) MEMBERSHIP OF THE COMMISSION-
(1) IN GENERAL- The Commission shall consist of nine members, of whom--
(A) 3 members shall be appointed by the Secretary of Education (hereafter in this Act referred to as the ‘Secretary’);
(B) 3 members shall be appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives in consultation with the minority leader of the House of Representatives; and
(C) 3 members shall be appointed by the President pro tempore of the Senate upon the recommendation of the majority leader and minority leader of the Senate.
(A) After consultation among the appointing authorities, members of the Commission shall be appointed on the basis of exceptional education, training, or experience from among--
(i) the Nation’s Governors;
(ii) individuals from the business community;
(iii) individuals who are engaged in the profession of teaching;
(iv) individuals engaged in school administration, members of school boards, and parents or representatives of parents or parent organizations;
(v) State officials directly responsible for education;
(vi) Federal officials responsible for education policy;
(vii) educational researchers with experience relevant to the Commission’s work;
(viii) Members of Congress and State legislators; and
(ix) representatives of nonprofit organizations or foundations which work to expand educational opportunities for children outside of school hours.
(3) VACANCIES- A vacancy in the Commission shall not affect its powers, but shall be filled in the same manner as the original appointment was made.
(4) TERMS- Members of the Commission shall be appointed to serve for the life of the Commission.
(5) COMPENSATION- Each member of the Commission shall serve without compensation, but shall be allowed travel expenses including per diem in lieu of subsistence, as authorized by section 5703 of title 5, United States Code, when engaged in the performance of Commission duties.
(6) ACTIVITY OF COMMISSION- The Commission may begin to carry out its duties under this subsection when at least 5 members of the Commission have been appointed.
(c) FUNCTIONS OF THE COMMISSION-
(1) STUDY- The Commission shall examine the quality and adequacy of the study and learning time of elementary and secondary students in the United States, including issues regarding the length of the school day and year, the extent and role of homework, how time is being used for academic subjects, year-round professional opportunities for teachers, and the use of school facilities for extended learning programs.
(2) REPORT- The Commission shall submit a final report under subsection (d). The report shall include an analysis and recommendations concerning--
(A) the length of the academic day and the academic year in elementary and secondary schools throughout the United States and in schools of other nations;
(B) the time children spend in school learning academic subjects such as English, mathematics, science, history, and geography;
(C) the use of incentives for students to increase their educational achievement in available instruction time;
(D) how children spend their time outside school with particular attention to how much of that time can be considered ‘learning time’ and how out-of-school activities affect intellectual development;
(E) the time children spend on homework, how much of that time is spent on academic subjects, the importance that parents and teachers attach to homework, and the extent to which homework contributes to student learning;
(F) year-round professional opportunities for teachers and how teachers can use their time to acquire knowledge and skills that will permit them to improve their performance and help raise the status of the profession;
(G) how school facilities are used for extended learning programs;
(H) the appropriate number of hours per day and days per year of instruction for United States public elementary and secondary schools;
(I) if appropriate, a model plan for adopting a longer academic day and academic year for use by United States elementary and secondary schools by the end of this decade, including recommendations regarding mechanisms to assist States, school districts, schools, and parents in making the transition from the current academic day and year to an academic day and year of a longer duration;
(J) suggestions for such changes in laws and regulations as may be required to facilitate States, school districts, and schools in adopting longer academic days and years; and
(K) an analysis and estimate of the additional costs, including the cost of increased teacher compensation, to States and local school districts if longer academic days and years are adopted.
(d) COMMISSION REPORT- Not later than 2 years after the Commission concludes its first meeting, the Commission shall submit a final report to the Congress and the Secretary on the study and any recommendations required pursuant to the provisions of this section.
(e) POWERS OF THE COMMISSION-
(1) HEARINGS- The Commission may, for the purpose of carrying out this section, conduct such hearings, sit and act at such times and places, take such testimony, and receive such evidence, as the Commission considers appropriate.
(2) TESTIMONY; PUBLIC HEARINGS- In carrying out this section, the Commission shall receive testimony and conduct public hearings in different geographic areas of the country, both urban and rural, to receive the reports, views, and analyses of a broad spectrum of experts and the public regarding the quality and adequacy of the time devoted to study and learning.
(3) INFORMATION- The Commission may secure directly from any Federal agency such information, relevant to its functions, as may be necessary to enable the Commission to carry out this subsection. Upon request of the Chairman of the Commission, the head of the agency shall, to the extent permitted by law, furnish such information to the Commission.
(4) GIFTS- The Commission may accept, use, and dispose of gifts or donations of money, services, or property, for the purpose of aiding the work of the Commission.
(5) USE OF MAILS- The Commission may use the United States mails in the same manner and under the same conditions as the department and agencies of the United States.
(6) SUPPORT SERVICES- The Secretary shall provide to the Commission on a reimbursable basis such reasonable administrative and support services as the Commission may request.
(f) ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS-
(1) MEETINGS- The Commission shall meet on a regular basis, as necessary, at the call of the Chairman or a majority of its members.
(2) QUORUM- A majority of the members of the Commission shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business.
(3) CHAIRMAN AND VICE CHAIRMAN-
(A) The Chairman and Vice Chairman of the Commission shall be elected by and from the members of the Commission.
(B) The Commission shall appoint a staff director, who shall be paid at a rate not to exceed the maximum rate of basic pay under section 5376 of title 5, United States Code, and such professional and clerical personnel as may be reasonable and necessary to enable the Commission to carry out its functions without regard to the provisions of title 5, United States Code, governing appointments in the competitive service, and without regard to the provisions of chapter 51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of such title, or of any other provision of law, relating to the number, classification, and General Schedule rates, except that no employee, other than the staff director, may be compensated at a rate to exceed the maximum rate applicable to level 15 of the General Schedule.
(4) OTHER FEDERAL PERSONNEL- Upon request of the Chairman of the Commission, the head of any Federal agency is authorized to detail, without reimbursement, any personnel of such agency to the Commission to assist the Commission in carrying out its duties under this title. Such detail shall be without interruption or loss of civil service status or privilege.
(g) TERMINATION OF THE COMMISSION- The Commission shall terminate 90 days after submitting the final report required by subsection (d).
(h) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated $1,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1991, 1992, and 1993 to carry out the provisions of this title.
TITLE II--NATIONAL WRITING PROJECT
SEC. 201. FINDINGS.
The Congress finds that--
(1) the United States faces a crisis in writing in schools and in the workplace;
(2) only 25 percent of 11th grade students have adequate analytical writing skills;
(3) over the past two decades, universities and colleges across the country have reported increasing numbers of entering freshmen who are unable to write at a level equal to the demands of college work;
(4) American businesses and corporations are concerned about the limited writing skills of entry-level workers, and a growing number of executives are reporting that advancement was denied to them due to inadequate writing abilities;
(5) the writing problem has been magnified by the rapidly changing student populations in the Nation’s schools and the growing number of students who are at risk because of limited English proficiency;
(6) most teachers in the United States elementary schools, secondary schools, and colleges, have not been trained to teach writing;
(7) since 1973, the only national program to address the writing problem in the Nation’s schools has been the National Writing Project, a network of collaborative university-school programs whose goal is to improve the quality of student writing and the teaching of writing at all grade levels and to extend the uses of writing as a learning process through all disciplines;
(8) the National Writing Project offers summer and school year inservice teacher training programs and a dissemination network to inform and teach teachers of developments in the field of writing;
(9) the National Writing Project is a nationally recognized and honored nonprofit organization that recognizes that there are teachers in every region of the country who have developed successful methods for teaching writing and that such teachers can be trained and encouraged to train other teachers;
(10) the National Writing Project has become a model for programs in other academic fields;
(11) the National Writing Project teacher-teaching-teachers program identifies and promotes what is working in the classrooms of the Nation’s best teachers;
(12) the National Writing Project teacher-teaching-teachers project is a positive program that celebrates good teaching practices and good teachers and through its work with schools increases the Nation’s corps of successful classroom teachers;
(13) evaluations of the National Writing Project document the positive impact the project has had on improving the teaching of writing, student performance, and student thinking and learning ability;
(14) the National Writing Project programs offer career-long education to teachers, and teachers participating in the National Writing Project receive graduate academic credit;
(15) each year approximately 85,000 teachers voluntarily seek training through word of mouth endorsements from other teachers in National Writing Project intensive summer workshops and school-year inservice programs through one of the 141 regional sites located in 43 States, and in 4 sites that serve United States teachers teaching overseas;
(16) 250 National Writing Project sites are needed to establish regional sites to serve all teachers;
(17) 13 National Writing Project sites in 8 different States have been discontinued in 1988 due to lack of funding; and
(18) private foundation resources, although generous in the past, are inadequate to fund all of the National Writing Project sites needed and the future of the program is in jeopardy without secure financial support.
SEC. 202. NATIONAL WRITING PROJECT.
(a) AUTHORIZATION- The Secretary is authorized to make a grant to the National Writing Project (hereafter in this section referred to as the ‘grantee’), a nonprofit educational organization which has as its primary purpose the improvement of the quality of student writing and learning, and the teaching of writing as a learning process in the Nation’s classrooms--
(1) to support and promote the establishment of teacher training programs, including the dissemination of effective practices and research findings regarding the teaching of writing and administrative activities;
(2) to support classroom research on effective teaching practice and to document student performance; and
(3) to pay the Federal share of the cost of such programs.
(b) REQUIREMENTS OF GRANT- The grant shall provide that--
(1) the grantee will enter into contracts with institutions of higher education or other nonprofit educational providers (hereafter in this section referred to as ‘contractors’) under which the contractors will agree to establish, operate, and provide the non-Federal share of the cost of teacher training programs in effective approaches and processes for the teaching of writing;
(2) funds made available by the Secretary to the grantee pursuant to any contract entered into under this section will be used to pay the Federal share of the cost of establishing and operating teacher training programs as provided in paragraph (1); and
(3) the grantee will meet such other conditions and standards as the Secretary determines to be necessary to assure compliance with the provisions of this section and will provide such technical assistance as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this section.
(c) TEACHER TRAINING PROGRAMS- The teacher training programs authorized in subsection (a) shall--
(1) be conducted during the school year and during the summer months;
(2) train teachers who teach grades kindergarten through college;
(3) select teachers to become members of a National Writing Project teacher network whose members will conduct writing workshops for other teachers in the area served by each National Writing Project site; and
(4) encourage teachers from all disciplines to participate in such teacher training programs.
(d) FEDERAL SHARE-
(1) IN GENERAL- Except as provided in paragraph (2) or (3) and for purposes of subsection (a), the term ‘Federal share’ means, with respect to the costs of teacher training programs authorized in subsection (a), 50 percent of such costs to the contractor.
(2) WAIVER- The Secretary may waive the provisions of paragraph (1) on a case-by-case basis if the National Advisory Board described in subsection (f) determines, on the basis of financial need, that such waiver is necessary.
(3) MAXIMUM- (A) The Federal share of the costs of teacher training programs conducted pursuant to subsection (a) may not exceed $40,000 for any one contractor, or $200,000 for a statewide program administered by any one contractor in at least 5 sites throughout the State.
(B) The grantee under section 202, or any school or institution of higher education that receives funds under this section shall not spend more than 10 percent of the Federal funds it receives under this section for administrative costs.
(4) SPECIAL RULE- For the purposes of this subsection, the costs of teacher programs do not include the administrative costs, publication cost, or the cost of providing technical assistance to the grantee.
(e) CLASSROOM TEACHER GRANTS-
(1) IN GENERAL- The National Writing Project may reserve an amount not to exceed 5 percent of the amount appropriated pursuant to the authority of this section to make grants, on a competitive basis, to elementary and secondary school teachers to enable such teachers to--
(A) conduct classroom research;
(B) publish models of student writing;
(C) conduct research regarding effective practices to improve the teaching of writing; and
(D) conduct other activities to improve the teaching and uses of writing.
(2) SUPPLEMENT AND NOT SUPPLANT- Grants awarded pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be used to supplement and not supplant State and local funds available for the purposes set forth in paragraph (1).
(3) MAXIMUM GRANT AMOUNT- Each grant awarded pursuant to this subsection shall not exceed $2,000.
(f) NATIONAL ADVISORY BOARD-
(1) ESTABLISHMENT- The National Writing Project shall establish and operate a National Advisory Board.
(2) COMPOSITION- The National Advisory Board established pursuant to paragraph (1) shall consist of--
(A) national educational leaders;
(B) leaders in the field of writing; and
(C) such other individuals as the National Writing Project deems necessary.
(3) DUTIES- The National Advisory Board established pursuant to paragraph (1) shall--
(A) advise the National Writing Project on national issues related to student writing and the teaching of writing;
(B) review the activities and programs of the National Writing Project; and
(C) support the continued development of the National Writing Project.
(g) EVALUATION- The Secretary shall reserve not more than $150,000 from the total combined amount appropriated pursuant to the authority of this section for fiscal years 1991, 1992, and 1993 to conduct an independent evaluation by grant or contract of the teacher training programs administered pursuant to this Act. Such evaluation shall specify the amount of funds expended by the National Writing Project and each contractor receiving assistance under this section for administrative costs. The results of such evaluation shall be made available to the appropriate committees of the Congress.
(h) RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES-
(1) GRANTS AUTHORIZED- From amounts available to carry out the provisions of this subsection, the Secretary, through the Office of Educational Research and Improvement, shall make grants to individuals and institutions of higher education to conduct research activities involving the teaching of writing.
(2) PRIORITY- (A) In awarding grants pursuant to paragraph (1), the Secretary shall give priority to junior researchers.
(B) The Secretary shall award not less than 25 percent of the funds received pursuant to subsection (i)(2) to junior researchers.
(C) The Secretary shall make available to the National Writing Project and other national information dissemination networks the findings of the research conducted pursuant to the authority of paragraph (1).
(i) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS-
(1) IN GENERAL- There are authorized to be appropriated for the grant to the National Writing Project, $10,000,000 for fiscal year 1991 and such sums as may be necessary for fiscal years 1992 and 1993 to carry out the provisions of this section.
(2) RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT- There are authorized to be appropriated $500,000 for fiscal year 1991 to carry out the provisions of subsection (h).
(j) DEFINITIONS- As used in this Act--
(1) the term ‘institution of higher education’ has the same meaning given such term in section 1201(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965;
(2) the term ‘junior researcher’ means a researcher at the assistant professor rank or the equivalent who has not previously received a Federal research grant; and
(3) the term ‘Secretary’ means the Secretary of Education.
Part A--Civic Education Program
SEC. 301. INSTRUCTION ON THE HISTORY AND PRINCIPLES OF DEMOCRACY IN THE UNITED STATES.
Part F of title IV of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 3151 et seq.) is amended--
(1) by redesignating section 4608 (as added by Public Law 100-297) as section 4610; and
(2) by inserting before section 4610 (as redesignated by paragraph (1) of this section) the following:
‘SEC. 4609. INSTRUCTION ON THE HISTORY AND PRINCIPLES OF DEMOCRACY IN THE UNITED STATES.
‘(a) General Authority-
‘(1) PROGRAM ESTABLISHED- The Secretary shall carry out a program to educate students about the history and principles of the Constitution of the United States, including the Bill of Rights, and to foster civic competence and civil responsibility. Such program shall be known as ‘We the People . . . The Citizen and the Constitution’.
‘(2) EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITIES- The program required by paragraph (1) shall continue and expand the educational activities of the National Bicentennial Competition of the Constitution and Bill of Rights administered by the Center for Civic Education.
‘(3) CONTRACT AUTHORIZED- The Secretary is authorized to enter into a contract with the Center for Civic Education to carry out the program required by paragraph (1).
‘(b) PROGRAM CONTENT- The education program authorized by this section shall provide--
‘(1) a course of instruction on the basic principles of our constitutional democracy and the history of the Constitution and Bill of Rights;
‘(2) school and community simulated congressional hearings following the course of study at the request of participating schools; and
‘(3) an annual competition of simulated congressional hearings at the congressional district, State, and national levels for secondary students who wish to participate in such program.
‘(c) PROGRAM PARTICIPANTS- The education program authorized by this section shall be made available to public and private elementary schools in the 435 congressional districts, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the District of Columbia.
‘(d) SPECIAL RULE- Funds provided under this section may be used for the advanced training of teachers about the Constitution and Bill of Rights after the provisions of subsection (b) have been implemented.
‘(e) REPORT- The Secretary shall report on a biennial basis, to the appropriate committees of the Congress on the distribution and use of funds authorized pursuant to the authority of subsection (f).
‘(f) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated $5,000,000 for the fiscal year 1991 and such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 1992 and 1993 to carry out the provisions of this section.’.
Part B--Law-Related Education Program
SEC. 311. AMENDMENT TO LAW-RELATED EDUCATION PROGRAM.
Section 1565 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 2965) is amended--
‘(1) in subsection (a)--
(A) by inserting ‘(1)’ before ‘(a)’; and
(B) by adding at the end the following:
‘(2) The Secretary shall give priority for grants and contracts under this section to agencies, organizations, and institutions described in paragraph (1) that plan to operate statewide programs.
‘(3)(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B), the Secretary shall award grants and enter into contracts under this section for periods of 2 or 3 years.
‘(B) The Secretary may award a grant or enter into a contract under this section for a period of less than 2 years in any case in which the Secretary determines that special circumstances exist.’; and
‘(2) by adding at the end the following:
‘(1) Any agency, organization, or institution described in subsection (a)(1) that desires to receive a grant or enter into a contract under this section shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, and containing or accompanied by such information as the Secretary may reasonably require.
‘(2) The Secretary shall convene a panel of experts for purposes of reviewing applications submitted under paragraph (1). Such experts shall be individuals who have experience in and are familiar with law-related education.’.
TITLE IV--NATIONAL COUNCIL ON EDUCATION STANDARDS AND TESTING
SEC. 401. SHORT TITLE.
This title may be cited as the ‘National Council on Education Standards and Testing Act’.
SEC. 402. PURPOSE AND FINDINGS.
(a PURPOSE- The purpose of this title is to create a national council to provide advice on the desirability and feasibility of national standards and testing in education.
(b) FINDINGS- The Congress finds that--
(1) organizations have begun developing national education standards for various subject areas and grade levels;
(2) groups have called for the expansion of national testing for school children;
(3) decisions regarding the desirability and feasibility of additional national testing should follow such decisions on national standards for education;
(4) efforts regarding national standards and testing should be undertaken with the broadest possible participation by the public; and
(5) a major national council is needed to assure broad participation by the public, to provide a focus for national debate on national education standards and testing, and to provide advice on the desirability and feasibility of developing national standards and testing.
SEC. 403. ESTABLISHMENT.
There is established a council to be known as the National Council on Education Standards and Testing (in this title referred to as the ‘Council’).
SEC. 404. DUTIES.
The Council shall advise the American people on--
(1) whether suitable specific education standards should and can be established, such as world class standards, for--
(A) the knowledge and skills that students should possess and that schools should impart in order that American students leave grades 4, 8, and 12 demonstrating competency in challenging subject matter including English, mathematics, science, history, and geography; and
(B) every school in America to ensure that all students learn to use their minds well so that they will be prepared for responsible citizenship, further learning, and productive employment in our modern economy; and
(2) whether, while respecting State and local control of education, an appropriate system of voluntary national tests or examinations should and can be established, such as American achievement tests, that will provide prompt, accurate information to parents, educators, and policymakers on the progress being made toward the specific education standards by individual students, schools, school systems, States, and the Nation as a whole (if such standards can be established). The goal of any such system shall be to foster good teaching and learning, as well as to monitor performance.
SEC. 405. REPORTS.
(a) FINAL REPORT- The Council shall, as soon as possible, but not later than December 31, 1991, submit a report to the Congress, the Secretary of Education, and the National Education Goals Panel that contains recommendations regarding long-term policies, structures, mechanisms, and other important considerations with respect to the objectives described in paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 404. A discussion of the validity, reliability, fairness, and costs of implementing a system of voluntary national tests or examinations shall also be included in such report.
(b) INTERIM REPORTS- The Council may submit to the Congress, the Secretary of Education, and the National Education Goals Panel interim reports it considers appropriate.
SEC. 406. MEMBERSHIP.
(a) IN GENERAL- The Council shall be composed of 32 members as follows:
(1) The Secretary of Education shall appoint 22 members to include at least one representative from each of the following:
(A) The Administration.
(B) The Commission on Achievement of Necessary Skills.
(C) The National Assessment Governing Board.
(D) State legislators.
(E) Chief State school officers.
(F) School administrators.
(G) Elementary or secondary school teachers.
(H) Institutions of higher education.
(I) Individuals with expertise in education standards and testing.
(J) National teacher organizations.
(2) The Chairperson or a designee of the National Education Goals Panel.
(3) The Governor designated to serve as Chairperson of the National Education Goals Panel for the year succeeding the year in which such panel is meeting (or a designee).
(4) The Speaker of the House of Representatives shall appoint 1 member (excluding Members of Congress).
(5) The minority leader of the House of Representatives shall appoint 1 member (excluding Members of Congress).
(6) The majority leader of the Senate shall appoint 1 member (excluding Members of Congress).
(7) The minority leader of the Senate shall appoint 1 member (excluding Members of Congress).
(8) The Chairman of the Committee on Education and Labor of the House or a designee.
(9) The ranking minority member of the Committee on Education and Labor of the House or a designee.
(10) The Chairman of the Committee on Labor and Human Resources of the Senate or a designee.
(11) The ranking minority member of the Committee on Labor and Human Resources of the Senate or a designee.
(b) VACANCIES- A vacancy in the Council shall be filled in the manner in which the original appointment was made.
(c) TERM OF APPOINTMENT- Members shall be appointed for the life of the Council.
(d) QUORUM- 17 members of the Council shall constitute a quorum.
(e) COCHAIRPERSONS- The Chairperson of the National Education Goals Panel or a designee and the Governor designated to serve as the Chairperson for the succeeding year in which the panel is meeting (or a designee) shall serve as cochairpersons of the Council upon the date of the enactment of this title.
(1) MEMBERS- Except as provided in paragraph (2), members of the Council shall each be reimbursed at a rate not to exceed the rate of pay for level III of the Executive Schedule for each day (including travel time) during which they are engaged in the performance of duties vested in the Council.
(2) EXCEPTION- Members of the Council who are fulltime officers or employees of the United States or Members of Congress shall receive no additional compensation by reason of their service on the Council
SEC. 407. DIRECTOR AND STAFF; EXPERT AND CONSULTANTS.
(a) DIRECTOR- The cochairpersons of the Council shall, without regard to the provisions of title 5, United States Code relating to the appointment and compensation of officers or employees of the United States, appoint a Director to be paid at a rate not to exceed the rate of basic pay for level III of the Executive Schedule.
(b) APPOINTMENT AND PAY OF STAFF- The cochairpersons may appoint personnel as they consider appropriate without regard to the provisions of title 5, United States Code, governing appointments to the competitive service. The staff of the Council may be paid without regard to the provisions of chapter 51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of title 5, United States Code, relating to classification and General Schedule pay rates. The rate of pay of the staff of the Council shall not exceed the rate of basic pay for level V of the Executive Schedule.
(c) EXPERTS AND CONSULTANTS- The Council may procure temporary and intermittent services under section 3109(b) of title 5, United States Code.
(d) STAFF OF FEDERAL AGENCIES- Upon the request of the Council, the head of any department or agency of the United States is authorized to detail, on a reimbursable basis, any of the personnel of that agency to the Council to assist the Council in its duties under this title.
SEC. 408. POWERS OF COUNCIL.
(a) HEARINGS- The Council may, for the purpose of this title, hold hearings, sit and act at the times and places, take testimony, and receive evidence, the Council considers appropriate. The Council may administer oaths or affirmations to witnesses appearing before it.
(b) DELEGATION OF AUTHORITY- Any member or agent of the Council may, if authorized by the Council, take any action the Council is authorized to take by this section.
(c) INFORMATION- The Council may secure directly from any department or agency of the United States information necessary to enable it to carry out this title. Upon request of the Chairperson of the Council, the head of a department or agency shall furnish the information to the Council to the extent permitted by law.
(d) GIFTS AND DONATIONS- Subject to the regulations established under paragraph (2), the Council may accept, use, and dispose of gifts or donations of services or property.
(2) The Cochairpersons of the Council are authorized to establish regulations setting forth the criteria the Council shall use to determine whether the acceptance of gifts or donations of services under paragraph (1) would reflect unfavorably upon the ability of the Council or any employee to carry out its responsibilities or official duties in a fair and objective manner, or would compromise the integrity of or the appearance of the integrity of a government program or any official involved in such program.
(e) MAILS- The Council may use the United States mails in the same manner and under the same conditions as other departments and agencies of the United States.
(f) SUPPORT SERVICES- The Secretary of Education shall provide to the Council, on a reimbursable basis, administrative support services as the Council may request.
SEC. 409. FEDERAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE ACT.
Sections 10 and 11 of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) are the only sections of such Act that shall apply with respect to the Council.
SEC. 410. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
There are authorized to be appropriated $1,000,000 to carry out this title which shall remain available until expended or until the termination of the Council, whichever occurs first.
SEC. 411. TERMINATION.
The Council will cease to exist 90 days after submitting its final report.
Speaker of the House of Representatives.
Vice President of the United States and
President of the Senate.