< Back to H.R. 1479 (103rd Congress, 1993–1994)

Text of the Hydrogen Future Act of 1993

This bill was introduced on March 25, 1993, in a previous session of Congress, but was not enacted. The text of the bill below is as of Mar 25, 1993 (Introduced).

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HR 1479 IH

103d CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 1479

To focus basic energy research where the potential for revolutionary technological advancement is the greatest.

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

March 25, 1993

Mr. WALKER introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology


A BILL

To focus basic energy research where the potential for revolutionary technological advancement is the greatest.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ‘Hydrogen Future Act of 1993’.

SEC. 2. FINDINGS, PURPOSE, DEFINITIONS.

    (a) FINDINGS- The Congress finds that--

      (1) fossil fuels, the main energy source of the present, have provided this country with tremendous supply, but are limited and polluting, and their production and utilization technologies are mature;

      (2) the basic scientific fundamentals are needed for private sector investment in and commercialization of new and better energy sources and enabling technologies;

      (3) hydrogen holds tremendous promise as a new and better energy source as it secures an infinite supply from water and combusts purely to water;

      (4) under current technological capability, the energy required to produce hydrogen is greater than the potential energy of the hydrogen produced;

      (5) the hydrogen production efficiency dilemma is the major technical barrier to society collectively benefiting from one of the great energy sources of the future;

      (6) an aggressive, results-oriented multiyear research initiative on efficient hydrogen fuel production and use is in order;

      (7) the current $4,500,000 per year Federal effort is wholly inadequate to the technically daunting task at hand;

      (8) an annual $100,000,000 multiyear authorization offset by a reallocation of resources from more mature fossil technologies is justified; and

      (9) the national interest demands the acceleration of research, development, and demonstration efforts that will make possible the near-term commercial introduction of hydrogen into the current energy consumption system in order to increase supply to support economic growth, decrease airborne emissions from mobile and stationary sources, improve fuel efficiency, and invigorate industries that can develop hydrogen enabling technologies that will lead to new markets and jobs, and that will provide stimulus for the transfer of information and relevant technology from the space and aerospace industries to the broader energy and transportation market.

    (b) PURPOSE- The purpose of the Act is to provide the fundamental scientific basis to support the development of commercial, economically feasible technologies for the production and use of hydrogen as a zero- or low-emission power source on a national scale by the year 1998.

    (c) DEFINITIONS- As used in this Act--

      (1) the term ‘Secretary’ means the Secretary of Energy;

      (2) the term ‘United States’ means the several States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and any other territory or possession of the United States; and

      (3) the term ‘United States company’ means a business entity that is incorporated in the United States and that conducts business operations in the United States.

SEC. 3. CONSULTATION.

    The Secretary shall consult with the Department of Energy’s Hydrogen Technical Advisory Panel established under section 108 of Public Law 101-566 as necessary in implementing this Act.

SEC. 4. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES.

    (a) PRODUCTION- The Secretary shall support industrial hydrogen energy production research and development in the following areas:

      (1) Photoconversion:

        (A) Photochemical.

        (B) Photoelectrochemical.

        (C) Photobiological.

      (2) Coal gasification and hydrogen purification.

      (3) Bioconversion:

        (A) Biomass growth, harvesting, and conversion.

        (B) Municipal solid waste and sewage sludge disposal.

      (4) ‘Water-cracking’ using the excess capacity at hydropower and nuclear electricity production facilities during off-peak hours.

      (5) Fuel cell power plants suitable for vehicle propulsion.

      (6) Fuel cell systems for stationary applications.

    (b) USE- The Secretary shall support industrial hydrogen energy use research and development in the following areas, including funding for at least one technical demonstration in each such area:

      (1) Economically feasible, low-emission motor vehicles using hydrogen as a combustible power supply, either in pure form or mixed with other fuels (such as methane).

      (2) Economically feasible, zero-emission automotive and locomotive engines using hydrogen as a constituent for the release of chemical energy.

      (3) Electricity generation using hydrogen as a fuel source for utility applications.

      (4) Heating and cooling using hydrogen as a fuel source for building and appliance applications.

      (5) Stationary power generation using hydrogen as a fuel source for industrial applications.

    (c) SCHEDULE- Within 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall solicit proposals for carrying out the research, development, and demonstration activities authorized under subsections (a) and (b). Awards of financial assistance for such activities shall be made within 1 year after such date of enactment.

    (d) RESTRICTIONS ON RECIPIENTS- Financial assistance may be awarded under this section only to United States companies or consortia of United States companies, alone or in conjunction with universities and independent nonprofit research organizations. Awards under subsection (a) may be made separately for each area described in paragraphs (1) through (6) of that subsection or collectively for more than 1 or all such areas. Awards for technical demonstrations under subsection (b) shall be made separately for each area described in paragraphs (1) through (5) of that subsection.

    (e) PROCEDURES- (1) Except as otherwise provided in this Act, research, development, and demonstration activities under this Act may be carried out using the procedures of the Federal Nonnuclear Research and Development Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 5901-5920), the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.), or any other Act under which the Secretary is authorized to carry out such activities.

    (2) Except as otherwise provided in this Act, in carrying out research, development, and demonstration programs and activities under this Act, the Secretary may use, to the extent authorized under applicable provisions of law, contracts, cooperative agreements, cooperative research and development agreements under the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980, grants, joint ventures, and any other form of agreement available to the Secretary.

    (3) For purposes of this subsection, the term ‘joint venture’ has the meaning given the term ‘joint research and development venture’ under section 2(a)(6) and (b) of the National Cooperative Research Act of 1984 (15 U.S.C. 4301(a)(6) and (b)).

    (f) ANTITRUST- The National Cooperative Research Act of 1984 (15 U.S.C. 4301 et seq.) shall apply to consortia supported under this Act.

    (g) COST SHARING- (1) The Secretary shall require at least 50 percent of the costs directly and specifically related to any research, development, or demonstration project under this Act to be provided from non-Federal sources.

    (2) The Secretary shall also require that at least 50 percent of the non-Federal share of the costs related to any research, development, or demonstration project under this Act be provided by United States companies.

SEC. 5. HIGHLY INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES.

    Of the amounts made available for carrying out section 4 of this Act, up to 5 percent may be used to support research on highly innovative energy technologies, including those based on yet unproven scientific theory. Amounts so transferred under this section shall not be subject to the requirements stated in section 4.

SEC. 6. TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER.

    The Secretary shall foster the exchange of generic, nonproprietary information and technology developed pursuant to section 4 or other similar Federal programs (including activities under the Automotive Propulsion Research and Development Act of 1978, the National Aero-Space Plane program, and programs carried out under section 2025 of the Energy Policy Act of 1992) among industry, academia, and the Federal Government with regard to the production and use of hydrogen.

SEC. 7. PROTECTION OF INFORMATION AND PATENTS.

    For purposes of this Act, the provisions of chapter 18 of title 35, United States Code (popularly referred to as the Bayh-Dole Act) shall apply to United States companies as if they were small business firms under the provisions of such chapter 18.

SEC. 8. REPORT TO CONGRESS.

    (a) REQUIREMENT- Within 18 months after the date of enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, the Secretary shall present Congress with a detailed report on the status and progress of the programs created under this Act. As part of this report, the Secretary shall include an analysis of the effectiveness of the Department’s hydrogen research and development programs, an enumeration of improvements that could be made to such programs, and recommendations for any legislation necessary to accomplish those improvements.

    (b) COORDINATION WITH DEFENSE PROGRAMS- As part of the report required under subsection (a), Department of Defense research and development programs that involve issues of hydrogen-based power, especially within the Air Force and the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, shall be analyzed by the Secretary for coordination and cooperation with the programs created under this Act.

    (c) COORDINATION WITH NASA PROGRAMS- As part of the report required under subsection (a), National Aeronautics and Space Administration research and development programs that involve issues of hydrogen-based power shall be analyzed by the Secretary for coordination and cooperation with the programs created under this Act.

SEC. 9. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    (a) GENERAL AUTHORIZATION- There are authorized to be appropriated for each of the fiscal years 1994 through 1998, to carry out the purposes of this Act (in addition to any amounts made available for such purposes under other Acts) $100,000,000, of which 60 percent is authorized only for activities under section 4(a) and 40 percent is authorized for activities under section 4(b).

    (b) RELATED AUTHORIZATIONS- For fiscal year 1994, the amount authorized to be appropriated to carry out subtitle A of title XIII of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-486) shall be 175 percent of the amount authorized for such fiscal year under subsection (a) of this section. For fiscal year 1995, the amount authorized to be appropriated to carry out subtitle A of title XIII of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-486) shall be 175 percent of the amount appropriated for fiscal year 1994 under subsection (a) of this section. For fiscal year 1996, the amount authorized to be appropriated to carry out subtitle A of title XIII of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-486) shall be 150 percent of the amount appropriated for fiscal year 1995 under subsection (a) of this section. For fiscal year 1997, the amount authorized to be appropriated to carry out subtitle A of title XIII of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-486) shall be 125 percent of the amount appropriated for fiscal year 1996 under subsection (a) of this section. For fiscal year 1998, the amount authorized to be appropriated to carry out subtitle A of title XIII of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-486) shall be 100 percent of the amount appropriated for fiscal year 1997 under subsection (a) of this section.