< Back to H.R. 2221 (103rd Congress, 1993–1994)

Text of the Biennial Budgeting Act of 1993

This bill was introduced on May 20, 1993, in a previous session of Congress, but was not enacted. The text of the bill below is as of May 20, 1993 (Introduced).

Source: GPO

HR 2221 IHIS

103d CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 2221

To amend the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 to provide for a two-year (biennial) budgeting cycle, and for other purposes.

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

May 20, 1993

Mr. HUTTO (for himself and Mr. CALLAHAN) introduced the following bill; which was referred jointly to the Committees on Government Operations and Rules


A BILL

To amend the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 to provide for a two-year (biennial) budgeting cycle, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ‘Biennial Budgeting Act of 1993’.

SEC. 2. REVISION OF TIMETABLE.

    Section 300 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 (2 U.S.C. 631) is amended to read as follows:

‘TIMETABLE

    ‘SEC. 300. The timetable with respect to the Congressional budget process for any Congress (beginning with the One Hundred Fourth Congress) is as follows:

‘First Session
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 ‘On or before:           Action to be completed:                                                                      
 First Monday in February President submits budget recommendations.                                                    
 February 15              Congressional Budget Office submits report to Budget Committees.                             
 February 25              Committees submit views and estimates to Budget Committees.                                  
 March 31                 House Budget Committee reports concurrent resolution on the biennial budget.                 
 April 15                 Congress completes action on concurrent resolution on the biennial budget.                   
 May 15                   Biennial appropriation bills may be considered in the House.                                 
 June 10                  House Appropriations Committee reports last biennial appropriation bill.                     
 September 1              OMB submits report setting forth estimate of surplus/deficit for current fiscal year.        
 September 30             Congress completes action on reconciliation legislation.                                     
 September 30             Congress completes action on biennial appropriation bills.                                   
 October 1                Biennium begins.                                                                             
 October 15               OMB submits report setting forth actual surplus/deficit for fiscal year ending September 30. 
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‘Second Session
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 ‘On or before:              Action to be completed:                                                                                            
 May 15                      Congressional Budget Office submits report to Budget Committees.                                                   
 September 1                 OMB submits report setting forth estimate of surplus/deficit for current fiscal year.                              
 October 15                  OMB submits report setting forth actual surplus/deficit for fiscal year ending September 30.                       
 The last day of the session Congress completes action on bills and resolutions authorizing new budget authority for the succeeding biennium.’. 
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SEC. 3. AMENDMENTS TO THE CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET AND IMPOUNDMENT CONTROL ACT OF 1974.

    (a) AMENDMENT OF THE CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET ACT OF 1974- Whenever in this section an amendment or repeal is expressed in terms of an amendment to, or repeal of, a section or other provision, the references shall be to a section or other provision of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974.

    (b) DECLARATION OF PURPOSE- Section 2(2) (2 U.S.C. 621(2)) is amended by striking ‘each year’ and inserting ‘biennially’.

    (c) DEFINITIONS-

      (1) Section 3(4) (2 U.S.C. 622(4)) is amended by striking ‘fiscal year’ each place it appears and inserting ‘biennium’.

      (2) Section 3 (2 U.S.C. 622) is further amended by adding at the end thereof the following new paragraph:

      ‘(11) The term ‘biennium’ means the period of 2 consecutive fiscal years beginning on October 1 of any odd-numbered year.’.

    (d) DUTIES OF CBO-

      (1) Section 202(f)(1) (2 U.S.C. 602(f)(1)) is amended--

        (A) by striking ‘February 15 of each year’ and inserting ‘February 15 of each odd-numbered calendar year’;

        (B) by striking ‘the fiscal year commencing’ and inserting ‘each fiscal year in the biennium commencing’;

        (C) by striking ‘such fiscal year’ the first place it appears and inserting ‘such biennium’; and

        (D) by striking ‘such fiscal year’ the second place it appears and ‘each fiscal year in such biennium’.

      (2) Section 202(f) (2 U.S.C. 602(f)) is further amended--

        (A) in paragraph (2) by striking ‘The Director shall from time to time’ and inserting ‘On May 15 of each even numbered year and at such other times as he or she deems appropriate, the Director shall’.

        (B) in paragraph (3)--

          (i) by striking ‘January 15’ and inserting ‘February 15’,

          (ii) by striking ‘each year’ and inserting ‘each even-numbered calendar year’,

          (iii) by striking ‘the fiscal year ending September 30 of that calendar year’ in clause (A) and inserting ‘either fiscal year in the biennium beginning October 1 of the preceding calendar year’,

          (iv) by striking ‘the fiscal year ending September 30 of that calendar year’ in clause (B) and inserting ‘either fiscal year of such biennium’, and

          (v) by striking ‘fiscal year beginning October 1 of that calendar year’ and inserting ‘succeeding biennium’.

    (e) BIENNIAL CONCURRENT RESOLUTION ON THE BUDGET-

      (1) Section 301(a) (2 U.S.C. 632(a)) is amended--

        (A) by striking ‘April 15 of each year’ and inserting ‘April 15 of each odd-numbered year’;

        (B) by striking ‘the fiscal year beginning on October 1 of such year’ the first place it appears and inserting ‘the biennium beginning on October 1 of such year’;

        (C) by striking ‘the fiscal year beginning on October 1 of such year’ the second place it appears and inserting ‘each fiscal year in such period’; and

        (D) by striking ‘each of the two ensuing fiscal years’ and inserting ‘each fiscal year in the succeeding biennium’.

      (2) Section 301(b) (2 U.S.C. 632(b)) is amended--

        (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1) by inserting ‘for a biennium’ after ‘concurrent resolution on the budget’; and

        (B) in paragraph (3) by striking ‘for such fiscal year’ and inserting ‘for either fiscal year in such biennium’.

      (3) Section 301(d) (2 U.S.C. 632(d)) is amended by striking ‘Within 6 weeks after the President submits a budget under section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code’ and inserting ‘On or before February 25 of each odd-numbered year’.

      (4) Section 301(e) (2 U.S.C. 632(e)) is amended--

        (A) in the first sentence by striking ‘fiscal year’ and inserting ‘biennium’;

        (B) by inserting between the second and third sentences the following new sentence: ‘On or before March 31 of each odd-numbered year the Committee on the Budget of each House shall report to its House the concurrent resolution on the budget referred to in subsection (a) for the biennium beginning on October 1 of that year.’; and

        (C) in paragraph (6)--

          (i) by striking ‘five’ and inserting ‘four’,

          (ii) by striking ‘such fiscal year’ and inserting ‘the first fiscal year of such biennium,’, and

          (iii) by striking ‘such period’ and inserting ‘such four-fiscal-year period’.

      (5) Section 301(f) (2 U.S.C. 632(f)) is amended by striking ‘fiscal year’ each place it appears and inserting ‘biennium’.

      (6) The section heading of section 301 is amended by striking ‘annual’ and inserting ‘biennial’.

      (7) The table of contents set forth in section 1(b) is amended by striking ‘Annual’ in the item relating to section 301 and inserting ‘Biennial’.

    (f) COMMITTEE ALLOCATIONS-

      (1) Paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 302(a) (2 U.S.C. 633(a)) are amended--

        (A) by inserting ‘for a biennium’ after ‘budget’ the first place it appears in each such paragraph; and

        (B) by inserting ‘for each fiscal year in such biennium’ after ‘estimated allocation’ each place it appears.

      (2) Section 302(c) (2 U.S.C. 633(c)) is amended--

        (A) by striking ‘for a fiscal year’ each place it appears and inserting ‘for either fiscal year in a biennium’; and

        (B) by striking ‘for such fiscal year’ each place it appears and inserting ‘for such biennium’.

      (3) Section 302(f)(1) (2 U.S.C. 633(f)(1)) is amended--

        (A) by striking ‘for a fiscal year’ and inserting ‘for a biennium’, and

        (B) by striking ‘such fiscal year’ each place it appears in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) and inserting ‘a fiscal year in such biennium’.

      (4) Section 302(f)(2) is amended--

        (A) by striking ‘for a fiscal year’ and inserting ‘for a biennium’,

        (B) by striking ‘for such fiscal year’ and inserting ‘for a biennium’, and

        (C) by striking ‘4 succeeding’ and inserting ‘3 succeeding’.

    (g) SECTION 303 POINT OF ORDER-

      (1) Section 303(a) (2 U.S.C. 634(a)) is amended by striking ‘fiscal year’ each place it appears and inserting ‘biennium’.

      (2) Section 303(b) (2 U.S.C. 634(b)) is amended--

        (A) in subparagraphs (A) and (B) of paragraph (1) and paragraph (2) by striking ‘the fiscal year’ each place it appears and inserting ‘biennium’; and

        (B) in paragraph (1) by striking ‘any calendar year’ and inserting ‘any odd-numbered calendar year’.

    (h) PERMISSIBLE REVISIONS OF CONCURRENT RESOLUTIONS ON THE BUDGET- Section 304 (2 U.S.C. 635) is amended--

      (1) by striking ‘fiscal year’ the first two places it appears and inserting ‘biennium’;

      (2) by striking ‘for such fiscal year’; and

      (3) by inserting before the period ‘for such biennium’.

    (i) PROCEDURES FOR CONSIDERATION OF BUDGET RESOLUTIONS- Section 305(b)(3) (2 U.S.C. 636(b)(3)) is amended--

      (1) by striking ‘the concurrent’ and inserting ‘a concurrent’; and

      (2) by striking ‘fiscal year’ and inserting ‘biennium’.

    (j) REPORTS AND SUMMARIES OF CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET ACTIONS-

      (1)(A) Section 308(a)(1) (2 U.S.C. 639(a)(1)) is amended--

        (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) by striking ‘fiscal year (or fiscal years)’ and inserting ‘biennium’,

        (ii) in subparagraph (A) by striking ‘fiscal year (or fiscal years)’ and inserting ‘biennium’, and

        (iii) in subparagraph (C) by striking ‘such fiscal year (or fiscal years)’ and inserting ‘such biennium’.

      (B) Section 308(a)(2) is amended by striking ‘fiscal year (or fiscal years)’ and inserting ‘biennium’.

      (2) Section 308(b)(1) (2 U.S.C. 639(b)(1)) is amended--

        (A) by striking ‘each fiscal year covered by a concurrent resolution on the budget’ the first place it appears and inserting ‘a biennium’;

        (B) by inserting ‘for such biennium’ after ‘concurrent resolution on the budget’; and

        (C) by striking ‘the fiscal year preceding the first fiscal year covered by the appropriate concurrent resolution’ and inserting ‘each fiscal year in the biennium preceding such biennium’.

      (3) Section 308(c) (2 U.S.C. 639(c)) is amended--

        (A) by striking ‘Five’ in the subsection heading and inserting ‘Four’;

        (B) by striking ‘fiscal year’ each place it appears in the matter preceding paragraph (1) and inserting ‘biennium’; and

        (C) by striking ‘5 fiscal years’ and inserting ‘4 fiscal years’.

    (k) COMPLETION OF ACTION ON REGULAR APPROPRIATION BILLS- Section 309 (2 U.S.C. 640) is amended--

      (1) by inserting ‘of any odd-numbered calendar year’ after ‘July’;

      (2) by striking ‘annual’ and inserting ‘regular’; and

      (3) by striking ‘fiscal year’ and inserting ‘biennium’.

    (l) RECONCILIATION PROCESS-

      (1) Section 310(a) (2 U.S.C. 641(a)) is amended--

        (A) by striking ‘any fiscal year’ in the matter preceding paragraph (1) and inserting ‘any biennium’;

        (B) in paragraph (1) by striking ‘such fiscal year’ each place it appears and inserting ‘each fiscal year in such biennium’; and

        (C) in paragraph (2) by inserting ‘for each fiscal year in such biennium’ after ‘revenues’.

      (2) Section 310(e) (2 U.S.C. 641(e)) is amended--

        (A) by striking ‘20 hours’ in paragraph (2) and inserting ‘100 hours’; and

        (B) by adding at the end thereof the following new paragraph:

      ‘(3) It shall not be in order in the Senate or the House of Representatives to consider any reconciliation bill or resolution or any amendment thereto or any conference report thereon which changes any provision of law other than provisions of law which--

        ‘(A) provide new budget authority or spending authority described in section 401(c)(2);

        ‘(B) relate to revenues; or

        ‘(C) specify the amount of the statutory limit on the public debt.’.

      (3) Section 310(f) (2 U.S.C. 641(f)) is amended--

        (A) by inserting ‘of any odd-numbered calendar year’ after ‘July’,

        (B) by striking ‘fiscal year beginning on October 1 of the calendar year to which the adjournment resolution pertains’ and inserting ‘biennium beginning on October 1 of such calendar year’, and

        (C) by striking ‘for such fiscal year’ and inserting ‘for such biennium’.

    (m) SECTION 311 POINT OF ORDER-

      (1) Section 311(a)(1) (2 U.S.C. 642(a)) is amended--

        (A) by striking ‘for a fiscal year’ and inserting ‘for a biennium’;

        (B) by striking ‘such fiscal year’ the first, second, and third places it appears and inserting ‘a fiscal year in such biennium’;

        (C) by inserting ‘for such fiscal year’ after ‘outlays’;

        (D) by striking ‘concurrent resolution on the budget for such fiscal year’ and inserting ‘concurrent resolution on the budget for the biennium in which such fiscal year occurs’;

        (E) by inserting ‘for such fiscal year’ after ‘revenues’ the first place it appears; and

        (F) by inserting ‘for such fiscal year’ after ‘set forth’ the second place it appears.

      (2) Section 311(b) (2 U.S.C. 642(b)) is amended--

        (A) by striking ‘such fiscal year’ the first place it appears and inserting ‘a biennium’; and

        (B) by striking ‘such fiscal year’ the second place it appears and inserting ‘either fiscal year in such biennium’.

    (n) BILLS PROVIDING NEW SPENDING AUTHORITY- Section 401(b)(2) (2 U.S.C. 651(b)(2)) is amended by striking ‘for such fiscal year’ the second place it appears and inserting ‘for the biennium in which such fiscal year occurs’.

    (o) ANALYSIS BY CBO- Section 403(a) (2 U.S.C. 653(a)) is amended--

      (1) by striking ‘the fiscal year’ in paragraph (1) and inserting ‘each fiscal year in the biennium’;

      (2) by striking ‘each of the 4 fiscal years following such year’ in paragraph (1) and inserting ‘each fiscal year in the succeeding biennium’;

      (3) by striking ‘the fiscal year’ in paragraph (2) and inserting ‘each fiscal year in the biennium’; and

      (4) by striking ‘each of the four fiscal years following such fiscal year’ in paragraph (2) and inserting ‘each fiscal year in the succeeding biennium’.

SEC. 4. AMENDMENTS TO TITLE 31, UNITED STATES CODE.

    (a) DEFINITION- Section 1101 of title 31, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new paragraph:

      ‘(3) ‘biennium’ has the meaning given to such term in paragraph (11) of section 3 of the Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974 (2 U.S.C. 622(11))’.

    (b) BUDGET CONTENTS AND SUBMISSION TO THE CONGRESS-

      (1) So much of section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, as precedes paragraph (1) thereof is amended to read as follows:

    ‘(a) On or before the first Monday in February of each odd-numbered year, beginning with the One Hundred Fourth Congress, the President shall transmit to the Congress, the budget for the biennium beginning on October 1 of such calendar year. The budget transmitted under this subsection shall include a budget message and summary and supporting information. The President shall include in each budget the following:’.

      (2) Section 1105(a)(5) of title 31, United States Code, is amended by striking ‘the fiscal year for which the budget is submitted and the 4 fiscal years after that year’ and inserting ‘each fiscal year in the biennium for which the budget is submitted and in the succeeding biennium’.

      (3) Section 1105(a)(6) of title 31, United States Code, is amended by striking ‘the fiscal year for which the budget is submitted and the 4 fiscal years after that year’ and inserting ‘each fiscal year in the biennium for which the budget is submitted and in the succeeding biennium’.

      (4) Section 1105(a)(9)(C) of title 31, United States Code, is amended by striking ‘the fiscal year’ and inserting ‘each fiscal year in the biennium’.

      (5) Section 1105(a)(12) of title 31, United States Code, is amended--

        (A) by striking ‘the fiscal year’ in subparagraph (A) and inserting ‘each fiscal year in the biennium’; and

        (B) by striking ‘4 fiscal years after that year’ in subparagraph (B) and inserting ‘2 fiscal years immediately following the second fiscal year in such biennium’.

      (6) Section 1105(a)(13) of title 31, United States Code, is amended by striking ‘the fiscal year’ and inserting ‘each fiscal year in the biennium’.

      (7) Section 1105(a)(14) of title 31, United States Code, is amended by striking ‘that year’ and inserting ‘each fiscal year in the biennium for which the budget is submitted’.

      (8) Section 1105(a)(16) of title 31, United States Code, is amended by striking ‘the fiscal year’ and inserting ‘each fiscal year in the biennium’.

      (9) Section 1105(a)(17) of title 31, United States Code, is amended--

        (A) by striking ‘the fiscal year following the fiscal year’ and inserting ‘each fiscal year in the biennium following the biennium’;

        (B) by striking ‘that following fiscal year’ and inserting ‘each such fiscal year’; and

        (C) by striking ‘fiscal year before the fiscal year’ and inserting ‘biennium before the biennium’.

      (10) Section 1105(a)(18) of title 31, United States Code, is amended--

        (A) by striking ‘the prior fiscal year’ and inserting ‘each of the 2 most recently completed fiscal years’;

        (B) by striking ‘for that year’ and inserting ‘with respect to that fiscal year’; and

        (C) by striking ‘in that year’ and inserting ‘in that fiscal year’.

      (11) Section 1105(a)(19) of title 31, United States Code, is amended--

        (A) by striking ‘the prior fiscal year’ and inserting ‘each of the 2 most recently completed fiscal years’;

        (B) by striking ‘for that year’ and inserting ‘with respect to that fiscal year’; and

        (C) by striking ‘in that year’ each place it appears and inserting ‘in that fiscal year’.

    (c) ESTIMATED EXPENDITURES OF LEGISLATIVE AND JUDICIAL BRANCHES- Section 1105(b) of title 31, United States Code, is amended by striking ‘each year’ and inserting ‘each even-numbered year’.

    (d) RECOMMENDATIONS TO MEET ESTIMATED DEFICIENCIES- Section 1105(c) of title 31, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) by striking ‘fiscal year for’ each place it appears and inserting ‘biennium for’;

      (2) by inserting ‘or current biennium, as the case may be,’ after ‘current fiscal year’; and

      (3) by striking ‘that year’ and inserting ‘that period’.

    (e) STATEMENT WITH RESPECT TO CERTAIN CHANGES- Section 1105(d) of title 31, United States Code, is amended by striking ‘fiscal year’ and inserting ‘biennium’.

    (f) CAPITAL INVESTMENT ANALYSIS- Section 1105(e) of title 31, United States Code, is amended by striking ‘ensuing fiscal year’ and inserting ‘biennium to which such budget relates’.

    (g) SUPPLEMENTAL BUDGET ESTIMATES AND CHANGES-

      (1) Section 1106(a) of title 31, United States Code, is amended--

        (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1) by striking ‘fiscal year’ and inserting ‘biennium’;

        (B) in paragraph (1) by striking ‘that fiscal year’ and inserting ‘each fiscal year in such biennium’;

        (C) in paragraph (2) by striking ‘4 fiscal years following the fiscal year’ and inserting ‘2 fiscal years following the biennium’;

        (D) by striking ‘future fiscal years’ in paragraph (3) and inserting ‘the 2 fiscal years following the biennium for which the budget is submitted’; and

        (E) by striking ‘fiscal year’ in paragraph (3) and inserting ‘biennium’.

      (2) Section 1106(b) of title 31, United States Code, is amended by striking ‘the fiscal year’ and inserting ‘each fiscal year in the biennium’.

    (h) YEAR-AHEAD REQUESTS FOR AUTHORIZING LEGISLATION- Section 1110 of title 31, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) by striking ‘fiscal year’ and inserting ‘biennium (beginning on or after October 1, 1995)’, and

      (2) by striking ‘year before the year in which the fiscal year begins’ and inserting ‘second calendar year preceding the calendar year in which the biennium begins’.

    (i) BUDGET INFORMATION ON CONSULTING SERVICES- Section 1114 of title 31, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) by striking ‘The’ each place it appears and inserting ‘For each biennium beginning with the biennium beginning on October 1, 1995, the’; and

      (2) by striking ‘each year’ each place it appears.

SEC. 5. TITLE AND STYLE OF APPROPRIATIONS ACTS.

    Section 105 of title 1, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:

‘Sec. 105. Title and style of appropriations Acts

    ‘(a) The style and title of all Acts making appropriations for the support of the Government shall be as follows: ‘An Act making appropriations (here insert the object) for the biennium ending September 30 (here insert the odd-numbered calendar year).’.

    ‘(b) All Acts making regular appropriations for the support of the Government shall be enacted for a biennium and shall specify the amount of appropriations provided for each fiscal year in such period.

    ‘(c) For purposes of this section, the term ‘biennium’ has the same meaning as in section 3(11) of the Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974 (2 U.S.C. 622(11)).’.

SEC. 6. AMENDMENTS TO RULES OF HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.

    The Rules of the House of Representatives are amended as follows:

      (1) Clause 4(a)(1)(A) of rule X is amended by inserting ‘odd-numbered’ after ‘each’.

      (2) Clause 4(a)(2) of rule X is amended by striking ‘such fiscal year’ and inserting ‘the biennium in which such fiscal year begins’.

      (3) Clause 4(b)(2) of rule X is amended by striking ‘concurrent resolution on the budget for each fiscal year’ and inserting ‘concurrent resolution on the budget required under section 301(a) of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 for each biennium’.

      (4) Clause 4(f) of rule X is amended by striking ‘annually’ each place it appears and inserting ‘biennially’.

      (5) Clause 4(g) of rule X is amended--

        (A) by striking ‘March 15 of each year’ and inserting ‘March 15 of each odd-numbered year’;

        (B) by striking ‘fiscal year’ the first place it appears and inserting ‘biennium’; and

        (C) by striking ‘that fiscal year’ and inserting ‘each fiscal year in such ensuing biennium’.

      (6) Clause 4(h) of rule X is amended by striking ‘fiscal year’ and inserting ‘biennium’.

      (7) Subdivision (C) of clause 2(l)(1) of rule XI is repealed.

      (8) Clause 4(a) of rule XI is amended by striking ‘fiscal year if reported after September 15 preceding the beginning of such fiscal year’ and inserting ‘biennium if reported after August 1 of the year in which such biennium begins’.

      (9) Clause 2 of rule XLIX is amended by striking ‘fiscal year’ and inserting ‘biennium’.

SEC. 7. EFFECTIVE DATE; APPLICATION.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Except as provided in subsection (b), this Act and the amendments made by it shall become effective January 1, 1995, and shall apply to bienniums beginning after September 30, 1995.

    (b) FISCAL YEAR 1995- Notwithstanding subsection (a), the provisions of--

      (1) the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, and

      (2) title 31, United States Code,

    (as such provisions were in effect on the day before the effective date of this Act) shall apply to the fiscal year beginning on October 1, 1994.

    (c) DEFINITION- For purposes of this section, the term ‘biennium’ shall have the meaning given to such term in section 3(11) of the Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974 (2 U.S.C. 622(11)), as added by section 3(c)(2) of this Act.