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The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress, and was published on Oct 5, 1993.
Catawba Indian Tribe of South Carolina Land Claims Settlement Act of 1993 - Restores and extends Federal recognition, rights, and services to the Catawba Nation (Tribe). Repeals the Termination Act (of 1959). (Sec. 5) Authorizes settlement appropriations. Directs the Secretary of the Interior (Secretary) to collect on behalf of the Tribe the additional Settlement Agreement funds from Federal, State, local, and private sources. (Sec. 6 through 11) Provides for: (1) ratification of prior transfers and extinguishment of aboriginal title, rights, and claims; (2) tribal membership; (3) transitional and provisional government; and (4) tribal and reservation governance (including discretionary organization under the Indian Reorganization Act), jurisdiction, and trust funds. Directs the Secretary to establish: (1) a Catawba Land Acquisition Trust Fund; (2) a Catawba Economic Development Trust Fund; (3) a Catawba Education Trust Fund; (4) a Catawba Social Services and Elderly Assistance Trust Fund; and (5) a Catawba Per Capita Payment Trust Fund. (Sec. 12) Provides for: (1) the conveyance of the Catawba Reservation by South Carolina to the United States as trustee; and (2) the expansion of the Reservation as prescribed by the Settlement Agreement. (Sec. 13) Authorizes the Tribe to acquire and dispose of non-Reservation properties. (Sec. 14) Makes the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act inapplicable to the Tribe. Permits games of chance as provided for in the Settlement Agreement and State legislation. (Sec. 15) Makes the Tribe eligible to operate an enterprise zone or general purpose foreign trade zone. States that any subsequent Federal law relating to Indians shall not apply unless specifically made applicable within South Carolina. (Sec. 16) States that nothing in this Act, the Settlement Agreement, or a State Act shall alter tax treatment under the Internal Revenue Code, except by reason of the restoration of the trust relationship between the United States and the Tribe.