< Back to H.R. 2469 (103rd Congress, 1993–1994)

Text of the Congressional Campaign and Election Reform Act of 1993

This bill was introduced on June 18, 1993, in a previous session of Congress, but was not enacted. The text of the bill below is as of Jun 18, 1993 (Introduced).

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HR 2469 IH

103d CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 2469

To amend the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 and related laws to strengthen public confidence in the integrity of the legislative process, to reform campaign practices for congressional elections, and for other purposes.

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

June 18, 1993

Mr. SYNAR (for himself, Mr. BEILENSON, Mr. CALVERT, Mr. DEAL, Mr. GLICKMAN, Mr. GRANDY, Mr. GUNDERSON, Mr. HORN, Mr. LIVINGSTON, Mr. TORRICELLI, Mr. MEEHAN, and Mr. UPTON) introduced the following bill; which was referred jointly to the Committees on House Administration and Energy and Commerce


A BILL

To amend the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 and related laws to strengthen public confidence in the integrity of the legislative process, to reform campaign practices for congressional elections, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ‘Congressional Campaign and Election Reform Act of 1993’.

SEC. 2. REDUCTION IN LIMITATION AMOUNT FOR CONTRIBUTIONS TO CANDIDATES FOR FEDERAL OFFICE BY MULTICANDIDATE POLITICAL COMMITTEES.

    Section 315(a)(2)(A) of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 441a(a)(2)(A)) is amended by striking out ‘$5,000’ and inserting in lieu thereof ‘$1,000’.

SEC. 3. REDUCTION IN LIMITATION AMOUNT FOR CONTRIBUTIONS TO CANDIDATES FOR FEDERAL OFFICE BY PERSONS OTHER THAN MULTICANDIDATE POLITICAL COMMITTEES.

    Section 315(a)(1)(A) of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 441a(a)(1)(A)) is amended by striking out ‘$1,000’ and inserting in lieu thereof ‘$500’.

SEC. 4. CONTRIBUTIONS THROUGH INTERMEDIARIES AND CONDUITS.

    Section 315(a)(8) of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 441a(a)(8)) is amended to read as follows:

    ‘(8) For the purposes of this subsection:

      ‘(A) Contributions made by a person, either directly or indirectly, to or on behalf of a particular candidate, including contributions that are in any way earmarked or otherwise directed through an intermediary or conduit to a candidate, shall be treated as contributions from the person to the candidate.

      ‘(B) Contributions made directly or indirectly by a person to or on behalf of a particular candidate through an intermediary or conduit, including contributions made or arranged to be made by an intermediary or conduit, shall be treated as contributions from the intermediary or conduit to the candidate if--

        ‘(i) the contributions made through the intermediary or conduit are in the form of a check or other negotiable instrument made payable to the intermediary or conduit rather than the intended recipient; or

        ‘(ii) the intermediary or conduit is--

          ‘(I) a political committee;

          ‘(II) an officer, employee, or agent of such a political committee;

          ‘(III) a political party;

          ‘(IV) a partnership or sole proprietorship;

          ‘(V) a person who is required to register or to report its lobbying activities, or a lobbyist whose activities are required to be reported, under section 308 of the Federal Regulation of Lobbying Act (2 U.S.C. 267), the Foreign Agents Registration Act of 1938 (22 U.S.C. 611 et seq.), or any successor Federal law requiring a person who is a lobbyist or foreign agent to register or a person to report its lobbying activities; or

          ‘(VI) an organization prohibited from making contributions under section 316, or an officer, employee, or agent of such an organization acting on the organization’s behalf.

      ‘(C)(i) The term ‘intermediary or conduit’ does not include--

        ‘(I) a candidate or representative of a candidate receiving contributions to the candidate’s principal campaign committee or authorized committee;

        ‘(II) a professional fundraiser compensated for fundraising services at the usual and customary rate, but only if the individual is not described in subparagraph (B)(ii);

        ‘(III) a volunteer hosting a fundraising event at the volunteer’s home, in accordance with section 301(8)(B), but only if the individual is not described in subparagraph (B)(ii); or

        ‘(IV) an individual who transmits a contribution from the individual’s spouse.

      ‘(ii) The term ‘representative’ means an individual who is expressly authorized by the candidate to engage in fundraising, and who occupies a significant position within the candidate’s campaign organization, provided that the individual is not described in subparagraph (B)(ii).

      ‘(iii) The term ‘contributions made or arranged to be made’ includes--

        ‘(I) contributions delivered to a particular candidate or the candidate’s authorized committee or agent; and

        ‘(II) contributions directly or indirectly arranged to be made to a particular candidate or the candidate’s authorized committee or agent, in a manner that identifies directly or indirectly to the candidate or authorized committee or agent the person who arranged the making of the contributions or the person on whose behalf such person was acting.

      Such term does not include contributions made, or arranged to be made, by reason of an oral or written communication by a Federal candidate or officeholder expressly advocating the nomination for election, or election, of any other Federal candidate and encouraging the making of a contribution to such other candidate.

      ‘(iv) The term ‘acting on the organization’s behalf’ includes the following activities by an officer, employee or agent of a person described in subparagraph (B)(ii)(VI):

        ‘(I) Soliciting or directly or indirectly arranging the making of a contribution to a particular candidate in the name of, or by using the name of, such a person.

        ‘(II) Soliciting or directly or indirectly arranging the making of a contribution to a particular candidate using other than incidental resources of such a person.

        ‘(III) Soliciting contributions for a particular candidate by substantially directing the solicitations to other officers, employees, or agents of such a person.

      ‘(D) Nothing in this paragraph shall prohibit--

        ‘(i) bona fide joint fundraising efforts conducted solely for the purpose of sponsorship of a fundraising reception, dinner, or other similar event, in accordance with rules prescribed by the Commission, by--

          ‘(I) 2 or more candidates;

          ‘(II) 2 or more national, State, or local committees of a political party within the meaning of section 301(4) acting on their own behalf; or

          ‘(III) a special committee formed by 2 or more candidates, or a candidate and a national, State, or local committee of a political party acting on their own behalf; or

        ‘(ii) fundraising efforts for the benefit of a candidate that are conducted by another candidate.

    When a contribution is made to a candidate through an intermediary or conduit, the intermediary or conduit shall report the original source and the intended recipient of the contribution to the Commission and to the intended recipient.’.

SEC. 5. CONTRIBUTIONS BY DEPENDENTS NOT OF VOTING AGE.

    Section 315 of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 441a) is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    ‘(i) For purposes of this section, any contribution by an individual who--

      ‘(1) is a dependent of another individual; and

      ‘(2) has not, as of the time of such contribution, attained the legal age for voting for elections to Federal office in the State in which such individual resides,

    shall be treated as having been made by such other individual. If such individual is the dependent of another individual and such other individual’s spouse, the contribution shall be allocated among such individuals in the manner determined by them.’.

SEC. 6. CONTRIBUTIONS TO CANDIDATES FROM STATE AND LOCAL COMMITTEES OF POLITICAL PARTIES TO BE AGGREGATED.

    Section 315(a) of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 441a(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

    ‘(9) Notwithstanding paragraph (5)(B), a candidate for Federal office may not accept, with respect to an election, any contribution from a State or local committee of a political party (including any subordinate committee of such committee), if such contribution, when added to the total of contributions previously accepted from all such committees of that political party, exceeds a limitation on contributions to a candidate under this section.’.

SEC. 7. CONTRIBUTIONS AND EXPENDITURES USING MONEY SECURED BY PHYSICAL FORCE OR OTHER INTIMIDATION.

    Title III of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

‘CONTRIBUTIONS AND EXPENDITURES USING MONEY SECURED BY PHYSICAL FORCE OR OTHER INTIMIDATION

    ‘SEC. 323. It shall be unlawful for any person to--

      ‘(1) cause another person to make a contribution or expenditure by using physical force, job discrimination, financial reprisals, or the threat of physical force, job discrimination, or financial reprisal; or

      ‘(2) make a contribution or expenditure utilizing money or anything of value secured in the manner described in paragraph (1).’.

SEC. 8. PROHIBITION OF ACCEPTANCE BY A CANDIDATE OF CASH CONTRIBUTIONS FROM ANY ONE PERSON AGGREGATING MORE THAN $100.

    Section 321 of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 441g) is amended by inserting ‘, and no candidate or authorized committee of a candidate shall accept from any one person,’ after ‘make’.

SEC. 9. DEFINITIONS.

    (a) CONTRIBUTION AND EXPENDITURE EXCEPTIONS- (1) Clause (xii) of section 301(8)(B) of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 431(8)(B)(xii)) is amended--

      (A) by inserting ‘in connection with volunteer activities’ after ‘such committee’; and

      (B) by striking ‘and’ at the end of subclause (2), by inserting ‘and’ at the end of subclause (3), and by adding at the end the following new subclause:

        ‘(4) such activities are conducted solely by, or any materials are distributed solely by, volunteers;’.

    (2) Clause (ix) of section 301(9)(B) of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 431(9)(B)(ix)) is amended--

      (A) by inserting ‘in connection with volunteer activities’ after ‘such committee’, and

      (B) by striking ‘and’ at the end of subclause (2), by inserting ‘and’ at the end of subclause (3), and by adding at the end the following new subclause:

        ‘(4) any materials in connection with such activities are prepared for distribution (and are distributed) solely by volunteers;’.

    (b) GENERIC ACTIVITIES; STATE PARTY GRASSROOTS FUND- Section 301 of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 431) is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:

      ‘(20) The term ‘generic campaign activity’ means a campaign activity that promotes a political party rather than any particular Federal or non-Federal candidate.

      ‘(21) The term ‘State Party Grassroots Fund’ means a separate segregated fund established and maintained by a State committee of a political party solely for purposes of making expenditures and other disbursements described in section 324(d).’.

SEC. 10. CONTRIBUTIONS TO POLITICAL PARTY COMMITTEES.

    (a) INDIVIDUAL CONTRIBUTIONS TO STATE PARTY- Paragraph (1) of section 315(a) of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 441a(a)(1)) is amended by striking ‘or’ at the end of subparagraph (B), by redesignating subparagraph (C) as subparagraph (D), and by inserting after subparagraph (B) the following new subparagraph:

      ‘(C) to--

        ‘(i) a State Party Grassroots Fund established and maintained by a State committee of a political party in any calendar year which, in the aggregate, exceed $20,000; or

        ‘(ii) any other political committee established and maintained by a State committee of a political party in any calendar year which, in the aggregate, exceed $5,000,

      except that the aggregate contributions described in this subparagraph which may be made by a person to the State Party Grassroots Fund and all committees of a State Committee of a political party in any State in any calendar year shall not exceed $20,000; or’.

    (b) MULTICANDIDATE COMMITTEE CONTRIBUTIONS TO STATE PARTY- Paragraph (2) of section 315(a) of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 441a(a)(2)) is amended by striking ‘or’ at the end of subparagraph (B), by redesignating subparagraph (C) as subparagraph (D), and by inserting after subparagraph (B) the following new subparagraph:

      ‘(C) to--

        ‘(i) a State Party Grassroots Fund established and maintained by a State committee of a political party in any calendar year which, in the aggregate, exceed $15,000; or

        ‘(ii) to any other political committee established and maintained by a State committee of a political party which, in the aggregate, exceed $5,000,

      except that the aggregate contributions described in this subparagraph which may be made by a multicandidate political committee to the State Party Grassroots Fund and all committees of a State Committee of a political party in any State in any calendar year shall not exceed $15,000; or’.

    (c) OVERALL LIMIT- Paragraph (3) of section 315(a) of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 441a(a)(3)) is amended to read as follows:

    ‘(3)(A) No individual shall make contributions during any election cycle (as defined in section 301(29)(B)) which, in the aggregate, exceed $60,000.

    ‘(B) No individual shall make contributions during any calendar year--

      ‘(i) to all candidates and their authorized political committees which, in the aggregate, exceed $25,000; or

      ‘(ii) to all political committees established and maintained by State committees of a political party which, in the aggregate, exceed $20,000.

    ‘(C) For purposes of subparagraph (B)(i), any contribution made to a candidate or the candidate’s authorized political committees in a year other than the calendar year in which the election is held with respect to which such contribution is made shall be treated as made during the calendar year in which the election is held.’.

    (d) PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE COMMITTEE TRANSFERS- (1) Subparagraph (B) of section 315(b)(1) of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 441a(b)(1)) is amended to read as follows:

        ‘(B) in the case of a campaign for election to such office, an amount equal to the sum of--

          ‘(i) $20,000,000, plus

          ‘(ii) the lesser of--

            ‘(I) 2 cents multiplied by the voting age population of the United States (as certified under subsection (e) of this section), or

            ‘(II) the amounts transferred by the candidate and the authorized committees of the candidate to the national committee of the candidate’s political party for distribution to State Party Grassroots Funds.’.

    (2) Subparagraph (A) of section 9002(11) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (defining qualified campaign expense) is amended by striking ‘or’ at the end of clause (ii), by inserting ‘or’ at the end of clause (iii), and by inserting at the end the following new clause ‘(iv) any transfers to the national committee of the candidate’s political party for distribution to State Party Grassroots Funds (as defined in section 301(31) of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971) to the extent such transfers do not exceed the amount determined under section 315(b)(1)(B)(ii) of such Act,’.

SEC. 11. PROVISIONS RELATING TO NATIONAL, STATE, AND LOCAL PARTY COMMITTEES.

    (a) SOFT MONEY OF COMMITTEES OF POLITICAL PARTIES- Title III of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 is amended by inserting after section 323 the following new section:

‘POLITICAL PARTY COMMITTEES

    ‘SEC. 324. (a) LIMITATIONS ON NATIONAL COMMITTEE- (1) A national committee of a political party and the congressional campaign committees of a political party may not solicit or accept contributions or transfers not subject to the limitations, prohibitions, and reporting requirements of this Act.

    ‘(2) Paragraph (1) shall not apply to contributions--

      ‘(A) that--

        ‘(i) are to be transferred to a State committee of a political party and are used solely for activities described in clauses (xi) through (xvii) of paragraph (9)(B) of section 301; or

        ‘(ii) are described in section 301(8)(B)(viii); and

      ‘(B) with respect to which contributors have been notified that the funds will be used solely for the purposes described in subparagraph (A).

    ‘(b) ACTIVITIES SUBJECT TO THIS ACT- Any amount solicited, received, expended, or disbursed directly or indirectly by a national, State, district, or local committee of a political party (including any subordinate committee) with respect to any of the following activities shall be subject to the limitations, prohibitions, and reporting requirements of this Act:

      ‘(1)(A) Any get-out-the-vote activity conducted during a calendar year in which an election for the office of President is held.

      ‘(B) Any other get-out-the-vote activity unless subsection (c)(2) applies to the activity.

      ‘(2) Any generic campaign activity.

      ‘(3) Any activity that identifies or promotes a Federal candidate, regardless of whether--

        ‘(A) a State or local candidate is also identified or promoted; or

        ‘(B) any portion of the funds disbursed constitutes a contribution or expenditure under this Act.

      ‘(4) Voter registration.

      ‘(5) Development and maintenance of voter files during an even-numbered calendar year.

      ‘(6) Any other activity that--

        ‘(A) significantly affects a Federal election, or

        ‘(B) is not otherwise described in section 301(8)(B)(xvii).

    Any amount spent to raise funds that are used, in whole or in part, in connection with activities described in the preceding paragraphs shall be subject to the limitations, prohibitions, and reporting requirements of this Act.

    ‘(c) GET-OUT-THE-VOTE ACTIVITIES BY STATE, DISTRICT, AND LOCAL COMMITTEES OF POLITICAL PARTIES- (1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), any get-out-the-vote activity for a State or local candidate, or for a ballot measure, which is conducted by a State, district, or local committee of a political party (including any subordinate committee) shall be subject to the limitations, prohibitions, and reporting requirements of this Act.

    ‘(2) Paragraph (1) shall not apply to any activity which the State committee of a political party certifies to the Commission is an activity which--

      ‘(A) is conducted during a calendar year other than a calendar year in which an election for the office of President is held,

      ‘(B) is exclusively on behalf of (and specifically identifies only) one or more State or local candidates or ballot measures, and

      ‘(C) does not include any effort or means used to identify or turn out those identified to be supporters of any Federal candidate (including any activity that is undertaken in coordination with, or on behalf of, a candidate for Federal office).

    ‘(d) STATE PARTY GRASSROOTS FUNDS- (1) A State committee of a political party may make disbursements and expenditures from its State Party Grassroots Fund only for--

      ‘(A) any generic campaign activity;

      ‘(B) payments described in clauses (v), (x), and (xii) of paragraph (8)(B) and clauses (iv), (viii), and (ix) of paragraph (9)(B) of section 301;

      ‘(C) subject to the limitations of section 315(d), payments described in clause (xii) of paragraph (8)(B), and clause (ix) of paragraph (9)(B), of section 301 on behalf of candidates other than for President and Vice President;

      ‘(D) voter registration; and

      ‘(E) development and maintenance of voter files during an even-numbered calendar year.

    ‘(2) Notwithstanding section 315(a)(4), no funds may be transferred by a State committee of a political party from its State Party Grassroots Fund to any other State Party Grassroots Fund or to any other political committee, except a transfer may be made to a district or local committee of the same political party in the same State if such district or local committee--

      ‘(A) has established a separate segregated fund for the purposes described in paragraph (1); and

      ‘(B) uses the transferred funds solely for those purposes.

    ‘(e) AMOUNTS RECEIVED BY GRASSROOTS FUND FROM STATE AND LOCAL CANDIDATE COMMITTEES- (1) Any amount received by a State Party Grassroots Fund from a State or local candidate committee for expenditures described in subsection (b) that are for the benefit of that candidate shall be treated as meeting the requirements of subsection (b) and section 304(e) if--

      ‘(A) such amount is derived from funds which meet the requirements of this Act with respect to any limitation or prohibition as to source or dollar amount specified in section 315(a) (1)(A) and (2)(A); and

      ‘(B) the State or local candidate committee--

        ‘(i) maintains, in the account from which payment is made, records of the sources and amounts of funds for purposes of determining whether such requirements are met; and

        ‘(ii) certifies that such requirements were met.

    ‘(2) For purposes of paragraph (1)(A), in determining whether the funds transferred meet the requirements of this Act described in such paragraph--

      ‘(A) a State or local candidate committee’s cash on hand shall be treated as consisting of the funds most recently received by the committee, and

      ‘(B) the committee must be able to demonstrate that its cash on hand contains sufficient funds meeting such requirements as are necessary to cover the transferred funds.

    ‘(3) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), any State Party Grassroots Fund receiving any transfer described in paragraph (1) from a State or local candidate committee shall be required to meet the reporting requirements of this Act, and shall submit to the Commission all certifications received, with respect to receipt of the transfer from such candidate committee.

    ‘(4) For purposes of this subsection, a State or local candidate committee is a committee established, financed, maintained, or controlled by a candidate for other than Federal office.’.

    (b) CONTRIBUTIONS AND EXPENDITURES- (1) Section 301(8)(B) of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 431(8)(B)) is amended by striking ‘and’ at the end of clause (xiii), by striking the period at the end of clause (xiv) and inserting a semicolon, and by adding at the end the following new clauses:

          ‘(xv) any amount contributed to a candidate for other than Federal office;

          ‘(xvi) any amount received or expended to pay the costs of a State or local political convention;

          ‘(xvii) any payment for campaign activities that are exclusively on behalf of (and specifically identify only) State or local candidates and do not identify any Federal candidate, and that are not activities described in section 324(b) (without regard to paragraph (6)(B)) or section 324(c)(1);

          ‘(xviii) any payment for administrative expenses of a State or local committee of a political party, including expenses for--

            ‘(I) overhead, including party meetings;

            ‘(II) staff (other than individuals devoting a significant amount of their time to elections for Federal office and individuals engaged in conducting get-out-the-vote activities for a Federal election); and

            ‘(III) conducting party elections or caucuses;

          ‘(xix) any payment for research pertaining solely to State and local candidates and issues;

          ‘(xx) any payment for development and maintenance of voter files other than during the 1-year period ending on the date during an even-numbered calendar year on which regularly scheduled general elections for Federal office occur; and

          ‘(xxi) any payment for any other activity which is solely for the purpose of influencing, and which solely affects, an election for non-Federal office and which is not an activity described in section 324(b) (without regard to paragraph (6)(B)) or section 324(c)(1).’.

    (2) Section 301(9)(B) of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 431(9)(B)) is amended by striking ‘and’ at the end of clause (ix), by striking the period at the end of clause (x) and inserting a semicolon, and by adding at the end the following new clauses:

          ‘(xi) any amount contributed to a candidate for other than Federal office;

          ‘(xii) any amount received or expended to pay the costs of a State or local political convention;

          ‘(xiii) any payment for campaign activities that are exclusively on behalf of (and specifically identify only) State or local candidates and do not identify any Federal candidate, and that are not activities described in section 324(b) (without regard to paragraph (6)(B)) or section 324(c)(1);

          ‘(xiv) any payment for administrative expenses of a State or local committee of a political party, including expenses for--

            ‘(I) overhead, including party meetings;

            ‘(II) staff (other than individuals devoting a significant amount of their time to elections for Federal office and individuals engaged in conducting get-out-the-vote activities for a Federal election); and

            ‘(III) conducting party elections or caucuses;

          ‘(xv) any payment for research pertaining solely to State and local candidates and issues;

          ‘(xvi) any payment for development and maintenance of voter files other than during the 1-year period ending on the date during an even-numbered calendar year on which regularly scheduled general elections for Federal office occur; and

          ‘(xvii) any payment for any other activity which is solely for the purpose of influencing, and which solely affects, an election for non-Federal office and which is not an activity described in section 324(b) (without regard to paragraph (6)(B)) or section 324(c)(1).’.

    (c) LIMITATION APPLIED AT NATIONAL LEVEL- Paragraph (3) of section 315(d) of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 441a(d)(3)) is amended by adding at the end the following new sentence: ‘Notwithstanding the preceding sentence, the applicable congressional campaign committee of a political party shall make the expenditures described in this paragraph which are authorized to be made by a national or State committee with respect to a candidate in any State unless it allocates all or a portion of such expenditures to either or both of such committees.’.

    (d) LIMITATIONS APPLY FOR ENTIRE ELECTION CYCLE- Section 315(d)(1) of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 441a(d)(1)) is amended by adding at the end the following new sentence: ‘Each limitation under the following paragraphs shall apply to the entire election cycle for an office.’.

SEC. 12. RESTRICTIONS ON FUNDRAISING BY CANDIDATES AND OFFICEHOLDERS.

    (a) STATE FUNDRAISING ACTIVITIES- Section 315 of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 441a), as amended by section 5, is further amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    ‘(j) LIMITATIONS ON FUNDRAISING ACTIVITIES OF FEDERAL CANDIDATES AND OFFICEHOLDERS AND CERTAIN POLITICAL COMMITTEES- (1) For purposes of this Act, a candidate for Federal office, an individual holding Federal office, or any agent of the candidate or individual may not solicit funds to, or receive funds on behalf of, any Federal or non-Federal candidate or political committee--

      ‘(A) which are to be expended in connection with any election for Federal office unless such funds are subject to the limitations, prohibitions, and requirements of this Act; or

      ‘(B) which are to be expended in connection with any election for other than Federal office unless such funds are not in excess of amounts permitted with respect to Federal candidates and political committees under subsections (a) (1) and (2), and are not from sources prohibited by such subsections with respect to elections to Federal office.

    ‘(2)(A) The aggregate amount which a person described in subparagraph (B) may solicit from a multicandidate political committee for State committees described in subsection (a)(1)(C) (including subordinate committees) for any calendar year shall not exceed the dollar amount in effect under subsection (a)(2)(B) for the calendar year.

    ‘(B) A person is described in this subparagraph if such person is a candidate for Federal office, an individual holding Federal office, an agent of such a candidate or individual, or any national, State, district, or local committee of a political party (including a subordinate committee) and any agent of such a committee.

    ‘(3) The appearance or participation by a candidate for Federal office or individual holding Federal office in any fundraising event conducted by a committee of a political party or a candidate for other than Federal office shall not be treated as a solicitation for purposes of paragraph (1) if such candidate or individual does not solicit or receive, or make disbursements from, any funds resulting from such activity.

    ‘(4) Paragraph (1) shall not apply to the solicitation or receipt of funds, or disbursements, by an individual who is a candidate for other than Federal office if such activity is permitted under State law.

    ‘(5) For purposes of this subsection, an individual shall be treated as holding Federal office if such individual--

      ‘(A) holds a Federal office; or

      ‘(B) holds a position described in level I of the Executive Schedule under section 5312 of title 5, United States Code.’.

    (b) TAX-EXEMPT ORGANIZATIONS- Section 315 of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 441a), as amended by section 5 and subsection (a), is further amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    ‘(k) TAX-EXEMPT ORGANIZATIONS- (1) If an individual is a candidate for, or holds, Federal office during any period, such individual may not during such period solicit contributions to, or on behalf of, any organization which is described in section 501(c) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 if a significant portion of the activities of such organization include voter registration or get-out-the-vote campaigns.

    ‘(2) For purposes of this subsection, an individual shall be treated as holding Federal office if such individual--

      ‘(A) holds a Federal office; or

      ‘(B) holds a position described in level I of the Executive Schedule under section 5312 of title 5, United States Code.’.

SEC. 13. REPORTING REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) REPORTING REQUIREMENTS- Section 304 of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 434) is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    ‘(d) POLITICAL COMMITTEES- (1) The national committee of a political party and any congressional campaign committee of a political party, and any subordinate committee of either, shall report all receipts and disbursements during the reporting period, whether or not in connection with an election for Federal office.

    ‘(2) A political committee (not described in paragraph (1)) to which section 324 applies shall report all receipts and disbursements including separate schedules for receipts and disbursements for State Grassroots Funds described in section 301(31).

    ‘(3) Any political committee to which section 324 applies shall include in its report under paragraph (1) or (2) the amount of any transfer described in section 324(d)(2) and shall itemize such amounts to the extent required by section 304(b)(3)(A).

    ‘(4) Any political committee to which paragraph (1) or (2) does not apply shall report any receipts or disbursements which are used in connection with a Federal election.

    ‘(5) If a political committee has receipts or disbursements to which this subsection applies from any person aggregating in excess of $200 for any calendar year, the political committee shall separately itemize its reporting for such person in the same manner as subsection (b) (3)(A), (5), or (6).

    ‘(6) Reports required to be filed by this subsection shall be filed for the same time periods required for political committees under subsection (a).’.

    (b) REPORT OF EXEMPT CONTRIBUTIONS- Section 301(8) of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 431(8)) is amended by inserting at the end thereof the following:

        ‘(C) The exclusion provided in clause (viii) of subparagraph (B) shall not apply for purposes of any requirement to report contributions under this Act, and all such contributions aggregating in excess of $200 shall be reported.’.

    (c) REPORTS BY STATE COMMITTEES- Section 304 of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 434), as amended by subsection (a), is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new subsection:

    ‘(e) FILING OF STATE REPORTS- In lieu of any report required to be filed by this Act, the Commission may allow a State committee of a political party to file with the Commission a report required to be filed under State law if the Commission determines such reports contain substantially the same information.’.

    (d) OTHER REPORTING REQUIREMENTS-

      (1) AUTHORIZED COMMITTEES- Paragraph (4) of section 304(b) of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 434(b)(4)) is amended by striking ‘and’ at the end of subparagraph (H), by inserting ‘and’ at the end of subparagraph (I), and by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:

        ‘(J) in the case of an authorized committee, disbursements for the primary election, the general election, and any other election in which the candidate participates;’.

      (2) NAMES AND ADDRESSES- Subparagraph (A) of section 304(b)(5) of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 434(b)(5)(A)) is amended--

        (A) by striking ‘within the calendar year’, and

        (B) by inserting ‘, and the election to which the operating expenditure relates’ after ‘operating expenditure’.

SEC. 14. REPORTING REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTAIN INDEPENDENT EXPENDITURES.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Section 304 of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 434), as amended by section 13, is further amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    ‘(f) TIME FOR REPORTING CERTAIN EXPENDITURES- (1) Any person making independent expenditures aggregating $1,000 or more after the 20th day, but more than 24 hours, before any election shall file a report of such expenditures within 24 hours after such expenditures are made.

    ‘(2) Any person making independent expenditures aggregating $10,000 or more at any time up to and including the 20th day before any election shall file a report within 48 hours after such expenditures are made. An additional statement shall be filed each time independent expenditures aggregating $10,000 are made with respect to the same election as the initial statement filed under this section.

    ‘(3) Any statement under this subsection shall be filed with the Commission and the Secretary of State of the State involved and shall contain the information required by subsection (b)(6)(B)(iii) of this section, including whether the independent expenditure is in support of, or in opposition to, the candidate involved. Not later than 48 hours after the Commission receives a report, the Commission shall transmit a copy of the report to each candidate seeking nomination or election to that office.

    ‘(4) For purposes of this subsection, an expenditure shall be treated as made when it is made or obligated to be made.

    ‘(5)(A) If any person intends to make independent expenditures totaling $5,000 or more during the 20 days before an election, such person shall file a statement no later than the 20th day before the election.

    ‘(B) Any statement under subparagraph (A) shall be filed with the Commission and the Secretary of State of the State involved and shall identify each candidate whom the expenditure will support or oppose. Not later than 48 hours after the Commission receives a statement under this paragraph, the Commission shall transmit a copy of the statement to each candidate identified.

    ‘(6) The Commission may make its own determination that a person has made, or has incurred obligations to make, independent expenditures with respect to any Federal election which in the aggregate exceed the applicable amounts under paragraph (1) or (2). The Commission shall notify each candidate in such election of such determination within 24 hours of making it.’.

    (b) CONFORMING AMENDMENT- Section 304(c)(2) of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 434(c)(2)) is amended by striking the undesignated matter after subparagraph (C).

SEC. 15. EQUAL BROADCAST TIME.

    Section 315(a) of the Communications Act of 1934 (47 U.S.C. 315(a)) is amended to read as follows:

    ‘(a)(1) If a licensee permits any person who is a legally qualified candidate for public office to use a broadcasting station other than any use required to be provided under paragraph (2), the licensee shall afford equal opportunities to all other such candidates for that office in the use of the broadcasting station.

    ‘(2)(A) A person who reserves broadcast time the payment for which would constitute an independent expenditure within the meaning of section 301(17) of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 431(17)) shall--

      ‘(i) inform the licensee that payment for the broadcast time will constitute an independent expenditure;

      ‘(ii) inform the licensee of the names of all candidates for the office to which the proposed broadcast relates; and

      ‘(iii) provide the licensee a copy of the statement described in section 304A(b)(3)(B) of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 434(d)(3)(B)).

    ‘(B) A licensee who is informed as described in subparagraph (A) shall, if any of the candidates described in subparagraph (A)(ii) has provided the licensee the name and address of a person to whom notification under this subparagraph is to be given--

      ‘(i) notify such person of the proposed making of the independent expenditure; and

      ‘(ii) provide, without charge, any such candidate (other than a candidate for whose benefit the independent expenditure is made) with the same amount of broadcast time immediately after the broadcast time paid for by the independent expenditure.

    ‘(3) A licensee shall have no power of censorship over the material broadcast under this section.

    ‘(4) Except as provided in paragraph (2), no obligation is imposed under this subsection upon any licensee to allow the use of its station by any candidate.

    ‘(5)(A) Appearance by a legally qualified candidate on a--

      ‘(i) bona fide newscast;

      ‘(ii) bona fide news interview;

      ‘(iii) bona fide news documentary (if the appearance of the candidate is incidental to the presentation of the subject or subjects covered by the news documentary); or

      ‘(iv) on-the-spot coverage of bona fide news events (including political conventions and activities incidental thereto),

    shall not be deemed to be use of a broadcasting station within the meaning of this subsection.

    ‘(B) Nothing in subparagraph (A) shall be construed as relieving broadcasters, in connection with the presentation of newscasts, news interviews, news documentaries, and on-the-spot coverage of news events, from their obligation under this Act to operate in the public interest and to afford reasonable opportunity for the discussion of conflicting views on issues of public importance.

    ‘(6)(A) A licensee that endorses a candidate for Federal office in an editorial shall, within the time stated in subparagraph (B), provide to all other candidates for election to the same office--

      ‘(i) notice of the date and time of broadcast of the editorial;

      ‘(ii) a taped or printed copy of the editorial; and

      ‘(iii) a reasonable opportunity to broadcast a response using the licensee’s facilities.

    ‘(B) In the case of an editorial described in subparagraph (A) that--

      ‘(i) is first broadcast 72 hours or more prior to the date of a primary, runoff, or general election, the notice and copy described in subparagraph (A) (i) and (ii) shall be provided not later than 24 hours after the time of the first broadcast of the editorial, and

      ‘(ii) is first broadcast less than 72 hours before the date of an election, the notice and copy shall be provided at a time prior to the first broadcast that will be sufficient to enable candidates a reasonable opportunity to prepare and broadcast a response.

    ‘(7) A communication under reserved broadcast time described in paragraph (2)--

      ‘(A) in the case of a television broadcast, shall include during the entire length of the communication a clearly readable video statement covering at least 25 percent of the viewing area of a television screen stating the information required in section 318(a) of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 and, if the independent expenditure is made by a political committee, stating the name of its connected organization (if any) and the city and State in which such organization is located; and

      ‘(B) in the case of any audio broadcast (including a television broadcast), shall include an audio statement at the conclusion of the broadcast stating the information described in section 318(a) of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 and, if the independent expenditure is made by a political committee, stating the name of its connected organization (if any) and the city and State in which such organization is located.’.

SEC. 16. PROHIBITION OF LEADERSHIP COMMITTEES; RESTRICTION ON CONTRIBUTIONS BETWEEN PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGN COMMITTEES.

    (a) LEADERSHIP COMMITTEE PROHIBITION- Section 302 of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 432) is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    ‘(j) A candidate for Federal office may not establish, maintain, finance, or control a political committee, other than the principal campaign committee of the candidate.’.

    (b) PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGN COMMITTEE RESTRICTION- Section 315 of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 441a), as amended by sections 5 and 12, is further amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    ‘(l) A principal campaign committee of a candidate for Federal office may not make any contribution to any other principal campaign committee (other than the principal campaign committee of the same individual as a candidate for another Federal office).’.

SEC. 17. PROHIBITION OF TRANSFERS AMONG NONCANDIDATE, NONPARTY POLITICAL COMMITTEES.

    Section 315 of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 441a), as amended by sections 5, 12, and 16, is further amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    ‘(m) A noncandidate, nonparty political committee may not make contributions, or otherwise transfer funds, to any other noncandidate, nonparty political committee. As used in this subsection, the term ‘noncandidate, nonparty political committee’ means a political committee that is not an authorized committee of a candidate for Federal office and is not a political committee of a political party.’.

SEC. 18. RESTRICTIONS ON CONNECTED POLITICAL ACTION COMMITTEE ACTIVITIES.

    Section 316(b)(2) of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 441b(b)(2)) is amended by adding at the end the following new sentence: ‘The exclusion under subparagraph (C) does not permit receipt of direct or indirect subsidies for administrative expenses (including salaries, utility expenses, office equipment expenses, and general overhead) from a corporation, labor organization, membership organization, cooperative, or corporation without capital stock.’.

SEC. 19. EFFECTIVE DATE AND SUNSET PROVISIONS.

    This Act and the amendments made by this Act shall become effective January 1, 1994, and shall apply with respect to elections beginning with the general election of 1994 (and any primary election relating to such general election).