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H.R. 3000 (103rd): Act for Reform in Emerging New Democracies and Support and Help for Improved Partnership with Russia, Ukraine, and Other New Independent States

The text of the bill below is as of Nov 23, 1993 (Passed Congress).


H.R.3000

One Hundred Third Congress

of the

United States of America

AT THE FIRST SESSION

Begun and held at the City of Washington on Tuesday,

the fifth day of January, one thousand nine hundred and ninety-three

An Act

For reform in emerging new democracies and support and help for improved partnership with Russia, Ukraine, and other new independent states of the former Soviet Union.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLES.

    This Act may be cited as the ‘Act For Reform In Emerging New Democracies and Support and Help for Improved Partnership with Russia, Ukraine, and Other New Independent States’ or as the ‘FRIENDSHIP Act’.

SEC. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    The table of contents for this Act is as follows:

      Sec. 1. Short titles.

      Sec. 2. Table of contents.

      Sec. 3. Definition.

TITLE I--POLICY OF FRIENDSHIP AND COOPERATION

      Sec. 101. Statement of purpose.

      Sec. 102. Findings.

      Sec. 103. Statutory provisions that have been applicable to the Soviet Union.

TITLE II--TRADE AND BUSINESS RELATIONS

      Sec. 201. Policy under Export Administration Act.

      Sec. 202. Representation of countries of Eastern Europe and the Independent States of the former Soviet Union in legal commercial transactions.

      Sec. 203. Procedures regarding transfers of certain Department of Defense-funded items.

      Sec. 204. Soviet slave labor.

TITLE III--CULTURAL, EDUCATIONAL, AND OTHER EXCHANGE PROGRAMS

      Sec. 301. Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961.

      Sec. 302. Soviet-Eastern European research and training.

      Sec. 303. Fascell Fellowship Act.

      Sec. 304. Board for International Broadcasting Act.

      Sec. 305. Scholarship programs for developing countries.

      Sec. 306. Report on Soviet participants in certain exchange programs.

TITLE IV--ARMS CONTROL

      Sec. 401. Arms Control and Disarmament Act.

      Sec. 402. Arms Export Control Act.

      Sec. 403. Annual reports on arms control matters.

      Sec. 404. United States/Soviet direct communication link.

TITLE V--DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS

      Sec. 501. Personnel levels and limitations.

      Sec. 502. Other provisions related to operation of embassies and consulates.

      Sec. 503. Foreign Service Buildings Act.

TITLE VI--OCEANS AND THE ENVIRONMENT

      Sec. 601. Arctic Research and Policy Act.

      Sec. 602. Fur seal management.

      Sec. 603. Global climate protection.

TITLE VII--REGIONAL AND GENERAL DIPLOMATIC ISSUES

      Sec. 701. United Nations assessments.

      Sec. 702. Soviet occupation of Afghanistan.

      Sec. 703. Angola.

      Sec. 704. Self determination of the people from the Baltic States.

      Sec. 705. Obsolete references in Foreign Assistance Act.

      Sec. 706. Review of United States policy toward the Soviet Union.

TITLE VIII--INTERNAL SECURITY; WORLDWIDE COMMUNIST CONSPIRACY

      Sec. 801. Civil defense.

      Sec. 802. Report on Soviet press manipulation in the United States.

      Sec. 803. Subversive Activities Control Act.

      Sec. 804. Report on Soviet and international communist behavior.

TITLE IX--MISCELLANEOUS

      Sec. 901. Ballistic missile tests near Hawaii.

      Sec. 902. Nondelivery of international mail.

      Sec. 903. State-sponsored harassment of religious groups.

      Sec. 904. Murder of Major Arthur Nicholson.

      Sec. 905. Monument to honor victims of communism.

SEC. 3. DEFINITION.

    As used in this Act (including the amendments made by this Act), the terms ‘independent states of the former Soviet Union’ and ‘independent states’ have the meaning given those terms by section 3 of the Freedom for Russia and Emerging Eurasian Democracies and Open Markets Support Act of 1992 (22 U.S.C. 5801).

TITLE I--POLICY OF FRIENDSHIP AND COOPERATION

SEC. 101. STATEMENT OF PURPOSE.

    The purpose of this Act is to amend or repeal numerous statutory provisions that restrict or otherwise impede normal relations between the United States and the Russian Federation, Ukraine, and the other independent states of the former Soviet Union. All of the statutory provisions amended or repealed by this Act were relevant and appropriate at the time of enactment, but with the end of the Cold War, they have become obsolete. It is not the purpose of this Act to rewrite or erase history, or to forget those who suffered in the past from the injustices or repression of communist regimes in the Soviet Union, but rather to update United States law to reflect changed international circumstances and to demonstrate for reformers and democrats in the independent states of the former Soviet Union the resolve of the people of the United States to support the process of democratic and economic reform and to conduct business with those states in a new spirit of friendship and cooperation.

SEC. 102. FINDINGS.

    The Congress finds and declares as follows:

      (1) The Vancouver Declaration issued by President Clinton and President Yeltsin in April 1993 marked a new milestone in the development of the spirit of cooperation and partnership between the United States and Russia. The Congress affirms its support for the principles contained in the Vancouver Declaration.

      (2) The Vancouver Declaration underscored that--

        (A) a dynamic and effective partnership between the United States and Russia is vital to the success of Russia’s historic transformation;

        (B) the rapid integration of Russia into the community of democratic nations and the world economy is important to the national interest of the United States; and

        (C) cooperation between the United States and Russia is essential to the peaceful resolution of international conflicts and the promotion of democratic values, the protection of human rights, and the solution of global problems such as environmental pollution, terrorism, and narcotics trafficking.

      (3) The Congress enacted the FREEDOM Support Act (Public Law 102-511), as well as other legislation such as the Soviet Nuclear Threat Reduction Act of 1991 (title II of Public Law 102-228) and the Former Soviet Union Demilitarization Act of 1992 (title XIV of Public Law 102-484), to help meet the historic opportunities and challenges presented by the transformation that has taken place, and is continuing to take place, in what once was the Soviet Union.

      (4) The process of reform in Russia, Ukraine, and the other independent states of the former Soviet Union is ongoing. The holding of a referendum in Russia on April 25, 1993, that was free and fair, and that reflected the support of the Russian people for the process of continued and strengthened democratic and economic reform, represents an important and encouraging hallmark in this ongoing process.

      (5) There remain in force many United States laws that are relics of the Cold War, and repeals or revisions of these provisions can play an important role in efforts to foster and strengthen the bonds of trust and friendship, as well as mutually beneficial trade and economic relations, between the United States and Russia, the United States and Ukraine, and the United States and the other independent states of the former Soviet Union.

SEC. 103. STATUTORY PROVISIONS THAT HAVE BEEN APPLICABLE TO THE SOVIET UNION.

    (a) IN GENERAL- There are numerous statutory provisions that were enacted in the context of United States relations with a country, the Soviet Union, that are fundamentally different from the relations that now exist between the United States and Russia, between the United States and Ukraine, and between the United States and the other independent states of the former Soviet Union.

    (b) EXTENT OF SUCH PROVISIONS- Many of the provisions referred to in subsection (a) imposed limitations specifically with respect to the Soviet Union, and its constituent republics, or utilized language that reflected the tension that existed between the United States and the Soviet Union at the time of their enactment. Other such provisions did not refer specifically to the Soviet Union, but nonetheless were directed (or may be construed as having been directed) against the Soviet Union on the basis of the relations that formerly existed between the United States and the Soviet Union, particularly in its role as the leading communist country.

    (c) FINDINGS AND AFFIRMATION- The Congress finds and affirms that provisions such as those described in this section, including--

      (1) section 216 of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 4316),

      (2) sections 136 and 804 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1986 and 1987 (Public Law 99-93),

      (3) section 1222 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (Public Law 100-204; 101 Stat. 1411),

      (4) the Multilateral Export Control Enhancement Amendments Act (50 U.S.C. 2410 note, et seq.),

      (5) the joint resolution providing for the designation of ‘Captive Nations Week’ (Public Law 86-90),

      (6) the Communist Control Act of 1954 (Public Law 83-637),

      (7) provisions in the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101 et seq.), including sections 101(a)(40), 101(e)(3), and 313(a)(3),

      (8) section 2 of the joint resolution entitled ‘A joint resolution to promote peace and stability in the Middle East’, approved March 9, 1957 (Public Law 85-7), and

      (9) section 43 of the Bretton Woods Agreements Act (22 U.S.C. 286aa),

    should not be construed as being directed against Russia, Ukraine, or the other independent states of the former Soviet Union, connoting an adversarial relationship between the United States and the independent states, or signifying or implying in any manner unfriendliness toward the independent states.

TITLE II--TRADE AND BUSINESS RELATIONS

SEC. 201. POLICY UNDER EXPORT ADMINISTRATION ACT.

    (a) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS- Section 2 of the Export Administration Act of 1979 (50 U.S.C. App. 2401) is amended--

      (1) by striking paragraph (11); and

      (2) by redesignating paragraphs (12) and (13) as paragraphs (11) and (12), respectively.

    (b) POLICY REGARDING KAL-

      (1) The Congress finds that--

        (A) President Yeltsin should be commended for meeting personally with representatives of the families of the victims of the shootdown of Korean Airlines (KAL) Flight 7;

        (B) President Yeltsin’s Government has met on two separate occasions with United States Government and family members to answer questions associated with the shootdown and has arranged for the families to interview Russians involved in the incident or the search and rescue operations that followed;

        (C) President Yeltsin’s Government has also cooperated fully with the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) to allow it to complete its investigation of the incident and has provided numerous materials requested by the ICAO, including radar data and so-called ‘black boxes’, the digital flight data and cockpit voice recorders from the flight;

        (D) the Export Administration Act of 1979 continues to state that the United States should continue to object to exceptions to the International Control List for the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in light of the KAL tragedy, even though the ‘no exceptions’ policy was rescinded by President Bush in 1990;

        (E) the Government of the United States is seeking compensation from the Russian Government on behalf of the families of the KAL victims, and the Congress expects the Administration to continue to pursue issues related to the shootdown, including that of compensation, with officials at the highest level of the Russian Government; and

        (F) in view of the cooperation provided by President Yeltsin and his government regarding the KAL incident and these other developments, it is appropriate to remove such language from the Export Administration Act of 1979.

      (2) Section 3(15) of the Export Administration Act of 1979 (50 U.S.C. App. 2402(15)) is repealed.

SEC. 202. REPRESENTATION OF COUNTRIES OF EASTERN EUROPE AND THE INDEPENDENT STATES OF THE FORMER SOVIET UNION IN LEGAL COMMERCIAL TRANSACTIONS.

    Section 951(e) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking ‘the Soviet Union’ and all that follows through ‘or Cuba’ and inserting ‘Cuba or any other country that the President determines (and so reports to the Congress) poses a threat to the national security interest of the United States for purposes of this section’.

SEC. 203. PROCEDURES REGARDING TRANSFERS OF CERTAIN DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE-FUNDED ITEMS.

    (a) LIMITATION ON CERTAIN MILITARY TECHNOLOGY TRANSFERS- (1) Section 223 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (10 U.S.C. 2431 note) is amended to read as follows:

‘SEC. 223. LIMITATION ON TRANSFER OF CERTAIN MILITARY TECHNOLOGY TO INDEPENDENT STATES OF THE FORMER SOVIET UNION.

    ‘Military technology developed with funds appropriated or otherwise made available for the Ballistic Missile Defense Program may not be transferred (or made available for transfer) to Russia or any other independent state of the former Soviet Union by the United States (or with the consent of the United States) unless the President determines, and certifies to the Congress at least 15 days prior to any such transfer, that such transfer is in the national interest of the United States and is to be made for the purpose of maintaining peace.’.

    (2) Section 6 of that Act is amended by amending the item in the table of contents relating to section 223 to read as follows:

      ‘Sec. 223. Limitation on transfer of certain military technology to independent states of the former Soviet Union.’.

    (b) REPEAL OF OBSOLETE PROVISION- Section 709 of the Department of Defense Appropriations Authorization Act, 1975 (50 U.S.C. App. 2403-1) is repealed.

SEC. 204. SOVIET SLAVE LABOR.

    (a) REPEAL- Section 1906 of the Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act of 1988 (19 U.S.C. 1307 note) is repealed.

    (b) CONFORMING AMENDMENT- Section 1(b) of that Act is amended by striking the item in the table of contents relating to section 1906.

TITLE III--CULTURAL, EDUCATIONAL, AND OTHER EXCHANGE PROGRAMS

SEC. 301. MUTUAL EDUCATIONAL AND CULTURAL EXCHANGE ACT OF 1961.

    The Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961 is amended--

      (1) in section 112(a)(8) (22 U.S.C. 2460(a)(8)), by striking ‘Soviet Union’ both places it occurs and inserting ‘independent states of the former Soviet Union’; and

      (2) in section 113 (22 U.S.C. 2461)--

        (A) by amending the section caption to read ‘EXCHANGES BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND THE INDEPENDENT STATES OF THE FORMER SOVIET UNION- ’;

        (B) by striking ‘an agreement with the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics’ and inserting ‘agreements with the independent states of the former Soviet Union’;

        (C) by striking ‘made by the Soviet Union’ and inserting ‘made by the independent states’;

        (D) by striking ‘and the Soviet Union’ and inserting ‘and the independent states’; and

        (E) by striking ‘by Soviet citizens in the United States’ and inserting ‘in the United States by citizens of the independent states’.

SEC. 302. SOVIET-EASTERN EUROPEAN RESEARCH AND TRAINING.

    The Soviet-Eastern European Research and Training Act of 1983 (22 U.S.C. 4501-4508) is amended--

      (1) by amending the title heading to read ‘TITLE VIII--RESEARCH AND TRAINING FOR EASTERN EUROPE AND THE INDEPENDENT STATES OF THE FORMER SOVIET UNION’;

      (2) in section 801, by striking ‘Soviet-Eastern European Research and Training’ and inserting ‘Research and Training for Eastern Europe and the Independent States of the Former Soviet Union’;

      (3) in paragraphs (1), (2), and (3)(E) of section 802, by striking ‘Soviet Union and Eastern European countries’ and inserting ‘countries of Eastern Europe and the independent states of the former Soviet Union’;

      (4) in section 803(2), by striking ‘Soviet-Eastern European Studies Advisory Committee’ and inserting ‘Advisory Committee for Studies of Eastern Europe and the Independent States of the Former Soviet Union’;

      (5) in section 804--

        (A) in the section heading by striking ‘THE SOVIET-EASTERN EUROPEAN STUDIES’;

        (B) in subsection (a), by striking ‘Soviet-Eastern European Studies Advisory Committee’ and inserting ‘Advisory Committee for Studies of Eastern Europe and the Independent States of the Former Soviet Union’; and

        (C) in subsection (d), by striking ‘Soviet and Eastern European countries’ and inserting ‘the countries of Eastern Europe and the independent states of the former Soviet Union’; and

      (6) in section 805(b)--

        (A) in paragraphs (2)(A), (2)(B), and (6), by striking ‘Soviet and Eastern European studies’ and inserting ‘studies on the countries of Eastern Europe and the independent states of the former Soviet Union’;

        (B) in paragraphs (3)(A) and (3)(B), by striking ‘fields of Soviet and Eastern European studies and related studies’ and inserting ‘independent states of the former Soviet Union and the countries of Eastern Europe and related fields’;

        (C) in paragraph (3)(A) by striking ‘the Soviet Union and Eastern European countries’ and inserting ‘those states and countries’;

        (D) in paragraph (4)--

          (i) by striking ‘Union of Soviet Socialist Republics’ the first place it appears and inserting ‘independent states of the former Soviet Union’, and

          (ii) by striking ‘the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and Eastern European countries’ and inserting ‘those states and countries’; and

        (E) in paragraph (5)--

          (i) by striking everything in the first sentence following ‘support’ and inserting ‘training in the languages of the independent states of the former Soviet Union and the countries of Eastern Europe.’; and

          (ii) in the last sentence by inserting immediately before the period ‘and, as appropriate, studies of other languages of the independent states of the former Soviet Union’.

SEC. 303. FASCELL FELLOWSHIP ACT.

    Section 1002 of the Fascell Fellowship Act (22 U.S.C. 4901) is amended in the section heading by striking ‘in the soviet union and eastern europe’ and inserting ‘abroad’.

SEC. 304. BOARD FOR INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING ACT.

    (a) BALTIC DIVISION- Section 307 of the Board for International Broadcasting Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1984 and 1985 (title III of Public Law 98-164; 97 Stat. 1037) is repealed.

    (b) JAMMING OF BROADCASTS- Section 308 of that Act (97 Stat. 1037) is amended--

      (1) by striking ‘(a) The’ and all that follows through ‘(b) It’ and inserting ‘It’; and

      (2) by striking ‘Government of the Soviet Union’ and inserting ‘government of any country engaging in such activities’.

SEC. 305. SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAMS FOR DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.

    Section 602 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1986 and 1987 (22 U.S.C. 4702) is amended by striking paragraphs (6) and (7) and by redesignating paragraphs (8), (9), and (10) as paragraphs (6), (7), and (8), respectively.

SEC. 306. REPORT ON SOVIET PARTICIPANTS IN CERTAIN EXCHANGE PROGRAMS.

    Section 126 of the Department of State Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1982 and 1983 (Public Law 102-138; 96 Stat. 282) is repealed.

TITLE IV--ARMS CONTROL

SEC. 401. ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT ACT.

    (a) REPORTS ON STANDING CONSULTATIVE COMMISSION ACTIVITIES- Section 38 of the Arms Control and Disarmament Act (22 U.S.C. 2578) is amended by striking ‘United States-Union of Soviet Socialist Republics’.

    (b) LANGUAGE SPECIALISTS- Section 51 of that Act (22 U.S.C. 2591) is amended--

      (1) by amending the section heading to read ‘SPECIALISTS FLUENT IN RUSSIAN OR OTHER LANGUAGES OF THE INDEPENDENT STATES OF THE FORMER SOVIET UNION’;

      (2) by striking ‘Soviet foreign and military policies’ and inserting ‘the foreign and military policies of the independent states of the former Soviet Union’; and

      (3) by inserting ‘or another language of the independent states of the former Soviet Union’ after ‘Russian language’.

    (c) COMPLIANCE WITH AGREEMENTS- Section 52 of that Act (22 U.S.C. 2592) is amended--

      (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ‘the Soviet Union’ both places it appears and inserting ‘Russia’;

      (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ‘Soviet adherence’ and inserting ‘Russian adherence’ and by striking ‘the Soviet Union’ and inserting ‘Russia’; and

      (3) in paragraph (5), by striking ‘the Soviet Union’ and inserting ‘Russia’.

    (d) ON-SITE INSPECTION AGENCY- Section 61(4) of that Act (22 U.S.C. 2595(4)) is amended--

      (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ‘the Soviet Union, Czechoslovakia, and the German Democratic Republic’ and inserting ‘Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Belarus, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, the Czech Republic, and Germany’;

      (2) in subparagraph (B), by striking ‘Soviet’;

      (3) in subparagraph (C), by striking ‘the Soviet Union’ and inserting ‘Russia’; and

      (4) in subparagraph (D), by striking ‘Soviet’.

SEC. 402. ARMS EXPORT CONTROL ACT.

    The Arms Export Control Act is amended--

      (1) in section 94(b)(3)(B) (22 U.S.C. 2799c(b)(3)(B)), by striking ‘Warsaw Pact country’ and inserting ‘country of the Eastern Group of States Parties’; and

      (2) in section 95(5) (22 U.S.C. 2799d(5))--

        (A) by striking ‘Warsaw Pact country’ and inserting ‘country of the Eastern Group of States Parties’; and

        (B) by inserting before the period at the end ‘or a successor state to such a country’.

SEC. 403. ANNUAL REPORTS ON ARMS CONTROL MATTERS.

    (a) SOVIET COMPLIANCE WITH ARMS CONTROL COMMITMENTS- (1) Section 1002 of the Department of Defense Authorization Act, 1986 (22 U.S.C. 2592a) is repealed.

    (2) Section 1(b) of that Act is amended by striking the item in the table of contents relating to section 1002.

    (b) ARMS CONTROL STRATEGY- (1) Section 906 of the National Defense Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1989 (22 U.S.C. 2592b) is repealed.

    (2) Section 3 of that Act is amended by striking the item in the table of contents relating to section 906.

    (c) ANTIBALLISTIC MISSILE CAPABILITIES AND ACTIVITIES OF THE SOVIET UNION- (1) Section 907 of the National Defense Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1989 (102 Stat. 2034) is repealed.

    (2) Section 3 of that Act is amended by striking the item in the table of contents relating to section 907.

SEC. 404. UNITED STATES/SOVIET DIRECT COMMUNICATION LINK.

    (a) CHANGING REFERENCES- The joint resolution entitled ‘Joint Resolution authorizing the Secretary of Defense to provide to the Soviet Union, on a reimbursable basis, equipment and services necessary for an improved United States/Soviet Direct Communication Link for crisis control,’ approved August 8, 1985 (10 U.S.C. 113 note) is amended--

      (1) in the first section--

        (A) by striking ‘to the Soviet Union’ both places it appears and inserting ‘to Russia’; and

        (B) by striking ‘Soviet Union part’ and inserting ‘Russian part’; and

      (2) in section 2(b), by striking ‘the Soviet Union’ and inserting ‘Russia’.

    (b) SAVINGS PROVISION- The amendment made by subsection (a)(2) does not affect the applicability of section 2(b) of that joint resolution to funds received from the Soviet Union.

TITLE V--DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS

SEC. 501. PERSONNEL LEVELS AND LIMITATIONS.

    (a) PERSONNEL CEILING ON UNITED STATES AND SOVIET MISSIONS- Section 602 of the Intelligence Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1990 (Public Law 101-193; 103 Stat. 1710) is repealed.

    (b) REPORT ON PERSONNEL OF SOVIET STATE TRADING ENTERPRISES- (1) Section 154 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (Public Law 100-204; 101 Stat. 1353) is repealed.

    (2) Section 1(b) of that Act is amended by striking the item in the table of contents relating to section 154.

    (c) REPORT ON ADMISSION OF CERTAIN ALIENS- Section 501 of the Intelligence Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1988 (22 U.S.C. 254c-2) is repealed.

    (d) SOVIET MISSION AT THE UNITED NATIONS- Section 702 of the Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1987 (22 U.S.C. 287 note) is repealed.

    (e) DIPLOMATIC EQUIVALENCE AND RECIPROCITY- (1) Section 813 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1986 and 1987 (Public Law 99-93; 99 Stat. 455) is repealed.

    (2) Section 1(b) of that Act is amended by striking the item in the table of contents relating to section 813.

SEC. 502. OTHER PROVISIONS RELATED TO OPERATION OF EMBASSIES AND CONSULATES.

    (a) CONSTRUCTION OF DIPLOMATIC FACILITIES- Section 132 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102-138; 105 Stat. 662) is amended--

      (1) by repealing subsections (a) through (d) and subsections (h) through (j); and

      (2) in subsection (e)--

        (A) by striking ‘(e) EXTRAORDINARY SECURITY SAFEGUARDS- ’;

        (B) by striking ‘(1) In’ and inserting ‘(a) EXTRAORDINARY SECURITY SAFEGUARDS- In’ and by striking ‘(2) Such’ and inserting ‘(b) SAFEGUARDS TO BE INCLUDED- Such’;

        (C) by setting subsections (a) and (b), as so redesignated, on a full measure margin; and

        (D) in subsection (b), as so redesignated--

          (i) by striking ‘paragraph (1)’ and inserting ‘subsection (a)’; and

          (ii) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) through (E) as paragraphs (1) through (5), respectively, and by setting such redesignated paragraphs on a 2-em indention.

    (b) POSSIBLE MOSCOW EMBASSY SECURITY BREACH- (1) Section 133 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102-138; 105 Stat. 665) is repealed.

    (2) Section 2 of that Act is amended by striking the item in the table of contents relating to section 133.

    (c) UNITED STATES-SOVIET RECIPROCITY IN MATTERS RELATING TO EMBASSIES- (1) Section 134 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (22 U.S.C. 4301 note) is repealed.

    (2) Section 1(b) of that Act is amended by striking the item in the table of contents relating to section 134.

    (d) REASSESSMENT OF SOVIET ELECTRONIC ESPIONAGE CAPABILITY FROM MOUNT ALTO EMBASSY SITE- (1) Section 1232 of the National Defense Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1989 (Public Law 100-456; 102 Stat. 2056) is repealed.

    (2) Section 3 of that Act is amended by striking the item in the table of contents relating to section 1232.

    (e) DIPLOMATIC RECIPROCITY- (1) Sections 151 through 153 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (Public Law 100-204; 101 Stat. 1351) are repealed.

    (2) Section 1(b) of that Act is amended by striking the items in the table of contents relating to sections 151 through 153.

    (f) ELECTRONIC ESPIONAGE CAPABILITY FROM MOUNT ALTO EMBASSY SITE- (1) Section 1122 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (Public Law 100-180; 101 Stat. 1149) is repealed.

    (2) Section 6 of that Act is amended by striking the item in the table of contents relating to section 1122.

    (g) ASSESSMENT OF SOVIET ELECTRONIC ESPIONAGE CAPABILITIES- Section 901 of the Intelligence Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1988 (Public Law 100-178; 101 Stat. 1017) is repealed.

    (h) FOREIGN ESPIONAGE ACTIVITIES IN THE UNITED STATES- Section 1364 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1987 (Public Law 99-661; 100 Stat. 4001) is amended by--

      (1) repealing subsections (a) and (c); and

      (2) striking ‘(b) CONGRESSIONAL POLICY- ’.

SEC. 503. FOREIGN SERVICE BUILDINGS ACT.

    Section 4(j) of the Foreign Service Buildings Act, 1926 (22 U.S.C. 295(j)) is repealed.

TITLE VI--OCEANS AND THE ENVIRONMENT

SEC. 601. ARCTIC RESEARCH AND POLICY ACT.

    Section 102(a) of the Arctic Research and Policy Act of 1984 (15 U.S.C. 4101(a)) is amended--

      (1) in paragraph (2), by striking ‘as’ and all that follows through the comma; and

      (2) in paragraph (10), by striking ‘, particularly the Soviet Union,’.

SEC. 602. FUR SEAL MANAGEMENT.

    The Act of November 2, 1966, commonly known as the Fur Seal Act of 1966, is amended--

      (1) in section 101(h) (16 U.S.C. 1151(h)), by striking ‘the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics’ and inserting ‘Russia (except that as used in subsection (b) of this section, ‘party’ and ‘parties’ refer to the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics)’; and

      (2) in section 102 (16 U.S.C. 1152), by striking ‘the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics’ and inserting ‘Russia’.

SEC. 603. GLOBAL CLIMATE PROTECTION.

    The Global Climate Protection Act of 1987 (title XI of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989; 15 U.S.C. 2901 note) is amended--

      (1) in section 1106--

        (A) by striking ‘united states-soviet relations’ in the section heading and inserting ‘united states relations with the independent states of the former soviet union’;

        (B) by striking ‘Soviet Union’ and inserting ‘independent states of the former Soviet Union’;

        (C) by striking ‘their joint role as the world’s two major’ and inserting ‘the extent to which they are’; and

        (D) by striking ‘United States-Soviet relations’ and inserting ‘United States relations with the independent states’; and

      (2) in section 1(b), in the item in the table of contents relating to section 1106, by striking ‘United States-Soviet relations’ and inserting ‘United States relations with the independent states of the former Soviet Union’.

TITLE VII--REGIONAL AND GENERAL DIPLOMATIC ISSUES

SEC. 701. UNITED NATIONS ASSESSMENTS.

    Section 717 of the International Security and Development Cooperation Act of 1981 (Public Law 97-113; 95 Stat. 1549) is amended--

      (1) in the section heading by striking ‘of the soviet union’;

      (2) in subsection (a)--

        (A) in paragraph (2), by inserting ‘and’ after the semicolon;

        (B) in paragraph (3) by striking ‘; and’ and inserting a period; and

        (C) by striking paragraph (4); and

      (3) in subsection (b), by striking ‘a diplomatic’ and all that follows through ‘including its’, and inserting ‘appropriate diplomatic initiatives to ensure that members of the United Nations make payments of all their outstanding financial obligations to the United Nations, including their’.

SEC. 702. SOVIET OCCUPATION OF AFGHANISTAN.

    (a) REPEAL- Section 1241 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (Public Law 100-204; 101 Stat. 1420) is repealed.

    (b) CONFORMING AMENDMENT- Section 1(b) of that Act is amended by striking the item in the table of contents relating to section 1241.

SEC. 703. ANGOLA.

    Section 405 of the International Security Assistance and Arms Export Control Act of 1976 (22 U.S.C. 2293 note) is repealed.

SEC. 704. SELF DETERMINATION OF THE PEOPLE FROM THE BALTIC STATES.

    Paragraph (1) of section 1206 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (Public Law 100-204; 101 Stat. 1411) is amended by striking ‘from the Soviet Union’.

SEC. 705. OBSOLETE REFERENCES IN FOREIGN ASSISTANCE ACT.

    The Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended--

      (1) in section 501 (22 U.S.C. 2301)--

        (A) in the second undesignated paragraph by striking ‘international communism and the countries it controls’ and inserting ‘hostile countries’;

        (B) in the fourth undesignated paragraph, by striking ‘Communist or Communist-supported’; and

        (C) in the fifth undesignated paragraph, by striking everything following ‘victims of’ and inserting ‘aggression or in which the internal security is threatened by internal subversion inspired or supported by hostile countries.’;

      (2) in section 614(a)(4)(C) (22 U.S.C. 2364(a)(4)(C)), by striking ‘Communist or Communist-supported’; and

      (3) in section 620(h) (22 U.S.C. 2370(h)), by striking ‘the Communist-bloc countries’ and inserting ‘any country that is a Communist country for purposes of subsection (f)’.

SEC. 706. REVIEW OF UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD THE SOVIET UNION.

    Section 24 of the International Security Assistance Act of 1978 (22 U.S.C. 2151 note) is repealed.

TITLE VIII--INTERNAL SECURITY; WORLDWIDE COMMUNIST CONSPIRACY

SEC. 801. CIVIL DEFENSE.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Except as provided in paragraph (2), section 501(b)(2) of the Federal Civil Defense Act of 1950 (50 U.S.C. App. 2301(b)) is amended by striking the first comma and all that follows through ‘stability,’.

    (b) EXCEPTION- The amendment made by subsection (a) shall not apply if, before the date of enactment of this Act, title V of the Federal Civil Defense Act of 1950 has been repealed.

SEC. 802. REPORT ON SOVIET PRESS MANIPULATION IN THE UNITED STATES.

    (a) REPEAL- Section 147 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1986 and 1987 (Public Law 99-93; 99 Stat. 426) is repealed.

    (b) CONFORMING AMENDMENT- Section 1(b) of that Act is amended by striking the item in the table of contents relating to section 147.

SEC. 803. SUBVERSIVE ACTIVITIES CONTROL ACT.

    The Subversive Activities Control Act of 1950 (50 U.S.C. 781 and following) is amended--

      (1) by repealing sections 1 through 3, 5, 6, and 9 through 16; and

      (2) in section 4--

        (A) by repealing subsections (a) and (f);

        (B) by redesignating subsections (b) through (e) as subsections (a) through (d), respectively;

        (C) in subsection (a), as so redesignated, by striking ‘or an officer’ and all that follows through ‘section 3 of this title’; and

        (D) in subsection (b), as so redesignated, by striking ‘, or any officer’ and all that follows through ‘section 3 of this title,’.

SEC. 804. REPORT ON SOVIET AND INTERNATIONAL COMMUNIST BEHAVIOR.

    (a) REPEAL- Section 155 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1986 and 1987 (Public Law 99-93) is repealed.

    (b) CONFORMING AMENDMENT- Section 1(b) of that Act is amended by striking the item in the table of contents relating to section 155.

TITLE IX--MISCELLANEOUS

SEC. 901. BALLISTIC MISSILE TESTS NEAR HAWAII.

    (a) REPEAL- Section 1201 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (Public Law 100-204; 101 Stat. 1409) is repealed.

    (b) CONFORMING AMENDMENT- Section 1(b) of that Act is amended by striking the item in the table of contents relating to section 1201.

SEC. 902. NONDELIVERY OF INTERNATIONAL MAIL.

    (a) REPEAL- Section 1203 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (Public Law 100-204; 101 Stat. 1411) is repealed.

    (b) CONFORMING AMENDMENT- Section 1(b) of that Act is amended by striking the item in the table of contents relating to section 1203.

SEC. 903. STATE-SPONSORED HARASSMENT OF RELIGIOUS GROUPS.

    (a) POLICY- Section 1204 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (Public Law 100-204; 101 Stat. 1411) is amended--

      (1) by amending the section heading to read ‘sec. 1204. state sponsored harassment of religious groups.’;

      (2) in paragraph (1)--

        (A) by striking ‘governments of the Union’ and all that follows through ‘countries’ and inserting ‘government of any country that engages in the harassment of religious groups’, and

        (B) by striking ‘to the harassment of Christians and other religious believers’ and inserting ‘to such activities’;

      (3) in paragraph (2), by striking ‘the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and Eastern European’ and inserting ‘all’ ; and

      (4) by striking paragraph (3).

    (b) REPEAL- (1) Section 1202 of that Act (Public Law 100-204; 101 Stat. 1410) is repealed.

    (2) Section 1(b) of that Act is amended--

      (A) by striking the item in the table of contents relating to section 1202; and

      (B) by amending the item in the table of contents relating to section 1204 to read as follows:

      ‘Sec. 1204. State sponsored harassment of religious groups.’.

    (c) REPEAL- (1) Section 805 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1986 and 1987 (Public Law 99-93; 99 Stat. 450) is repealed.

    (2) Section 1(b) of that Act is amended by striking the item in the table of contents relating to section 805.

SEC. 904. MURDER OF MAJOR ARTHUR NICHOLSON.

    (a) FOREIGN RELATIONS AUTHORIZATION ACT- Section 148 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1986 and 1987 (Public Law 99-93; 99 Stat. 427) is repealed.

    (b) CONFORMING AMENDMENT TO TABLE OF CONTENTS- Section 1(b) of that Act is amended by striking the item in the table of contents relating to section 148.

SEC. 905. MONUMENT TO HONOR VICTIMS OF COMMUNISM.

    (a) FINDINGS- Congress finds that--

      (1) since 1917, the rulers of empires and international communism led by Vladimir I. Lenin and Mao Tse-tung have been responsible for the deaths of over 100,000,000 victims in an unprecedented imperial communist holocaust through conquests, revolutions, civil wars, purges, wars by proxy, and other violent means;

      (2) the imperialist regimes of international communism have brutally suppressed the human rights, national independence, religious liberty, intellectual freedom, and cultural life of the peoples of over 40 captive nations;

      (3) there is a danger that the heroic sacrifices of the victims of communism may be forgotten as international communism and its imperial bases continue to collapse and crumble; and

      (4) the sacrifices of these victims should be permanently memorialized so that never again will nations and peoples allow so evil a tyranny to terrorize the world.

    (b) AUTHORIZATION OF MEMORIAL-

      (1) AUTHORIZATION-

        (A) The National Captive Nations Committee, Inc., is authorized to construct, maintain, and operate in the District of Columbia an appropriate international memorial to honor victims of communism.

        (B) The National Captive Nations Committee, Inc., is encouraged to create an independent entity for the purposes of constructing, maintaining, and operating the memorial.

        (C) Once created, this entity is encouraged and authorized, to the maximum extent practicable, to include as active participants organizations representing all groups that have suffered under communism.

      (2) COMPLIANCE WITH STANDARDS FOR COMMEMORATIVE WORKS- The design, location, inscription, and construction of the memorial authorized by paragraph (1) shall be subject to the requirements of the Act entitled ‘An Act to provide standards for placement of commemorative works on certain Federal lands in the District of Columbia and its environs, and for other purposes’, approved November 14, 1986 (40 U.S.C. 1001 et seq.).

    (c) PAYMENT OF EXPENSES- The entity referred to in subsection (b)(1) shall be solely responsible for acceptance of contributions for, and payment of the expenses of, the establishment of the memorial. No Federal funds may be used to pay any expense of the establishment of the memorial.

    (d) DEPOSIT OF EXCESS FUNDS- If, upon payment of all expenses of the establishment of the memorial, including the maintenance and preservation amount provided for in section 8(b) of the Act entitled ‘An Act to provide standards for placement of commemorative works on certain Federal lands in the District of Columbia and its environs, and for other purposes’, approved November 14, 1986 (40 U.S.C. 1008(b)), or upon expiration of the authority for the memorial under section 10(b) of such Act (40 U.S.C. 4010(b)), there remains a balance of funds received for the establishment of the memorial, the entity referred to in subsection (b)(1) shall transmit the amount of the balance to the Secretary of the Treasury for deposit in the account provided for in section 8(b)(1) of such Act (40 U.S.C. 1008(b)(1)).

Speaker of the House of Representatives.

Vice President of the United States and

President of the Senate.