< Back to H.R. 3721 (103rd Congress, 1993–1994)

Text of the Violent and Repeat Offenders Act of 1994

This bill was introduced on January 25, 1994, in a previous session of Congress, but was not enacted. The text of the bill below is as of Jan 25, 1994 (Introduced).

Source: GPO

HR 3721 IH

103d CONGRESS

2d Session

H. R. 3721

To provide grants to the Bureau of Justice Assistance to expand the capacity of correctional facilities in the States, increase programs for major offenders and parolees, and for other purposes.

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

JANUARY 25, 1994

Mr. ANDREWS of Texas introduced the following bill; which was referred jointly to the Committees on the Judiciary, Ways and Means, Foreign Affairs, Public Works and Transportation, Armed Services, Agriculture, Science, Space, and Technology, Government Operations, Energy and Commerce, Natural Resources, House Administration, Rules, Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs, Veterans’ Affairs, Education and Labor, and Post Office and Civil Service


A BILL

To provide grants to the Bureau of Justice Assistance to expand the capacity of correctional facilities in the States, increase programs for major offenders and parolees, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ‘Violent and Repeat Offenders Act of 1994’.

TITLE I--TARGETING HABITUAL REPEAT AND VIOLENT CRIMINAL OFFENDERS

Subtitle A--Expanding the Capacity of State Correctional Facilities

SEC. 101. GRANT AUTHORIZATION.

    (a) IN GENERAL- The Director of the Bureau of Justice Assistance may make grants under this subtitle to States to construct additional correctional facilities for the purpose of increasing prison capacity to make habitual repeat and violent criminal offenders serve the full term of their sentences.

    (b) CONSTRUCTION OF ADDITIONAL PRISONS- The construction referred to in subsection (a) should aim to provide sufficient capacity to incarcerate habitual repeat and violent criminal offenders who exhibit a high risk for continued or violent criminal activity, for the full length of their sentences, including--

      (1) individuals with 3 or more arrests by the age of 18, representing less than 2 percent of all juveniles arrested, but who commit a disproportionate share of crimes;

      (2) individuals with a history of violent criminal offenses, including murder, aggravated assault, rape, and armed robbery; and

      (3) individuals exhibiting a pattern of crimes of premeditation and deliberation for whom a prison stay may have a significant deterrent value.

    (c) OPERATIONAL ASSISTANCE- The Director of the Bureau of Justice Assistance may make grants under this subtitle to States to operate prison facilities, including costs for administration and staff.

SEC. 102. STATE APPLICATIONS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- (1) To be eligible to receive a grant under this subtitle, the chief executive of the State, in consultation with the State Department of Corrections, shall submit an application to the Director in such a form and containing such information as the Director may reasonably require.

    (2) In such application, a State office or agency shall be designated by the chief executive as the lead agency responsible for the coordination, implementation, administration, and evaluation of the services described in the application in accordance with this subtitle.

    (3) Each State application will contain assurances that the lead agency will work in cooperation with the State Department of Corrections, and other appropriate State and local agencies to implement inter agency agreements to carry out the provisions of this subtitle.

    (b) GENERAL CONTENTS- Each State application under subsection (a) shall include--

      (1) a description of the prison overcrowding problems encountered in the areas and populations to be served under this grant;

      (2) assurances that Federal funds received under this subtitle shall supplement, not supplant, non-Federal funds that would otherwise be available for activities funded under this subtitle; and

      (3) assurances that the State has eliminated parole for criminal offenders described in section 101(b).

    (c) COMPREHENSIVE PLAN- Each State application shall include a comprehensive plan that contains--

      (1) a description of the correctional facility needs in the State, including relevant supporting data;

      (2) a description of the resources available to build additional correctional facility capacity, together with an account of the expenses involved that cannot be met with existing resources at the State and local levels;

      (3) an explanation of how the State will be able to sustain the increased operation and maintenance costs of expanded correctional facility capacity; and

      (4) an evaluation component, including quantifiable data, that measures progress toward meeting the prison capacity goals under this subtitle.

SEC. 103. ALLOCATION OF FUNDS.

    Funds appropriated for this subtitle shall be allocated as follows:

      (1) 0.4 percent shall be allocated to each of the States; and

      (2) of the total funds remaining after the allocation under paragraph (1), there shall be allocated to each State an amount which bears the same ratio to the amount of remaining funds described in this paragraph as the population of such State bears to the population of all States.

SEC. 104. RENEWAL AND LIMITATIONS OF GRANTS.

    (a) RENEWAL OF GRANTS- A grant may be renewed to each State up to 4 additional years after the initial grant is awarded, subject to availability of funds, if the Director determines that the funds were used in a manner required under the approved application and if the applicant can demonstrate significant progress in attaining the stated goals of this subtitle.

    (b) CONSTRUCTION FUNDS- Funds allocated under this subtitle shall be used only for the construction of correctional facilities. Funds provided under this subtitle shall not be used for purposes of land acquisition or for additional correctional facility operations and maintenance costs.

    (c) ADMINISTRATIVE COST LIMITATION- The State shall use not more than 5 percent of the funds available under this subtitle for purposes of administration, technical assistance, and evaluation.

SEC. 105. GRANT AWARDS.

    (a) APPROVAL- The application submitted under this subtitle shall be considered approved, in whole or in part, by the Bureau not later than 45 days after first received unless the Bureau informs the applicant of specific reasons for disapproval.

    (b) DISAPPROVAL NOTICE AND RECONSIDERATION- The Bureau shall not disapprove any application without first affording the applicant reasonable notice and an opportunity for reconsideration.

SEC. 106. DEFINITIONS.

    For purposes of this subtitle, the term ‘correctional facilities’ means high security prison facilities.

Subtitle B--Major Offenders Programs and Felony Parole Violators

SEC. 111. PURPOSES.

    The purpose of this subtitle is to establish or increase the capacity of programs in prosecutorial offices and law enforcement agencies that prioritize the arrest and prosecution of major offenders and felony parole violators.

SEC. 112. GRANT AUTHORIZATION.

    (a) IN GENERAL- The Director of the Bureau of Justice Assistance may make grants under this subtitle to States, for use by the States and units of local governments in the States, for purposes of developing and increasing the capacity and the effectiveness of major offenders programs that prioritize the arrest and prosecution of habitual repeat and violent criminal offenders.

    (b) MAJOR OFFENDERS PROGRAMS- The programs referred to in subsection (a) shall include the following:

      (1) Establishment or expansion of specialized major offender units in law enforcement and criminal prosecutor offices to identify, monitor, arrest, and prosecute major offenders.

      (2) Establishment or expansion of a State crime information center computer data base to include the complete arrest histories of major offenders and parole violator units and other relevant information for use by law enforcement officers and criminal prosecutors.

SEC. 113. STATE APPLICATIONS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- (1) To be eligible to receive a grant under this subtitle, the chief executive of a State shall submit an application to the Director of the Bureau of Justice Assistance in such a form and containing such information as the Director may reasonably require.

    (2) The State application shall be drafted in consultation and cooperation with State and local law enforcement, State and local criminal prosecution offices, local governing bodies, and other appropriate State and local agencies.

    (3) In such application, a State office or agency shall be designated by the chief executive as the lead agency responsible for the coordination, implementation, administration, and evaluation of the services described in the application in accordance with this subtitle.

    (4) Each State application will contain assurances that the lead agency will work in cooperation with the appropriate State and local agencies and offices to implement inter agency agreements to carry out the provisions of this subtitle.

    (b) GENERAL CONTENTS- Each State application under subsection (a) shall include--

      (1) a description of the law enforcement and prosecutorial problems, as well as the crime problems attributable to major offenders that are encountered in the areas and populations to be served under this grant; and

      (2) assurances that Federal funds received under this subtitle shall supplement, not supplant, non-Federal funds that would otherwise be available for activities funded under this subtitle.

    (c) COMPREHENSIVE PLAN- Under this subtitle, each State application shall include a comprehensive plan, containing--

      (1) a description, with supporting data, of the crime problems attributable to major offenders and parole violators that improved law enforcement and prosecution programs may be able to decrease;

      (2) a description of the resources available to implement or expand major offenders and parole violators programs, together with an account of the expenses involved in the plan that cannot be met with existing resources at the State and county levels; and

      (3) an evaluation component, including quantifiable data, that will measure progress toward meeting the goals under this subtitle.

SEC. 114. LOCAL APPLICATIONS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- To request funds under this subtitle from a State, the chief executive of a unit of local government shall submit an application to the lead agency designated under section 112(a)(2) which shall, to the extent possible, include all the elements required for State grant applications enumerated under this subtitle.

    (b) APPROVAL- (1) Such application shall be considered approved, in whole or in part, by the State not later than 45 days after such application is received unless the State informs the applicant in writing of specific reasons for disapproval.

    (2) The State shall not disapprove any application submitted to the State without first affording the applicant reasonable notice and an opportunity for reconsideration.

    (3) If such application is approved, the unit of local government is eligible to receive such funds.

    (c) PRIORITY- In drafting a grant proposal for funds under this section, the State shall give priority to applications from local governments or geographic regions which have the highest crime rate per capita, relative to the rest of the State.

SEC. 115. ALLOCATION OF FUNDS.

    (a) ALLOCATION TO THE STATES- Funds appropriated for this subtitle shall be allocated as follows:

      (1) 0.4 percent shall be allocated to each of the States; and

      (2) of the total funds remaining after the allocation under paragraph (1), there shall be allocated to each State an amount which bears the same ratio to the amount of remaining funds described in this paragraph as the population of such State bears to the population of all States.

    (b) ALLOCATION TO UNITS OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT- (1) Each State which receives funds under subsection (a) in a fiscal year shall distribute among units of local government in such State that portion of such funds which bears the same ratio to the aggregate amount of such funds as the amount of funds expended by all units of local government for major offenders in the preceding fiscal year bears to the aggregate amount of funds expended by the State and all units of local government in such State for major offenders in such preceding fiscal year.

    (2) In distributing funds received under this subtitle among urban, rural, and suburban units of local government, the State shall give priority to jurisdictions with the greatest need.

SEC. 116. RENEWAL AND LIMITATIONS.

    (a) RENEWAL OF GRANTS- A grant may be renewed to each State for up to 4 additional years after the first fiscal year a grant is received, subject to availability of funds, if the Director determines that funds were used in a manner required under the approved application and if the applicant can demonstrate significant progress in attaining the stated goals of this subtitle.

    (b) LAND RESTRICTION- Funds provided under this subtitle shall not be used for purposes of land acquisition, construction, or facility operations and maintenance costs.

    (c) ADMINISTRATIVE COST LIMITATION- The chief executive of the State shall use not more than 5 percent of the funds available under this subtitle for purposes of administration, technical assistance, and evaluation.

SEC. 117. AWARD OF GRANTS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- The Bureau of Justice Assistance shall make a grant to carry out the projects described in the State application upon determining that--

      (1) the application is consistent with the requirements under this subtitle; and

      (2) before the approval of the application the Bureau has made an affirmative finding in writing that the application has been reviewed in accordance with this title.

    (b) APPROVAL- The application submitted under this subtitle shall be considered approved, in whole or in part, by the Bureau not later than 45 days after first received unless the Bureau informs the applicant of specific reasons for disapproval.

    (c) DISAPPROVAL NOTICE AND RECONSIDERATION- The Bureau shall not disapprove any application without first affording the applicant reasonable notice and an opportunity for reconsideration.

    (d) RESTRICTION- Grant funds received under this subtitle shall not be used for land acquisition or construction purposes.

SEC. 118. DEFINITIONS.

    For purposes of this subtitle:

      (1) The term ‘major offender’ includes the meaning of the terms habitual repeat offender and violent criminal offender defined in paragraphs (2) and (3), respectively.

      (2) The term ‘habitual repeat offender’ means an individual with more than 3 State or Federal felony convictions.

      (3) The term ‘violent criminal offender’ means an individual with a conviction for a State or Federal felony offense which--

        (A) has as an element the use, attempted use, or threatened use of physical force against the person of another; or

        (B) is burglary, arson, or extortion, involves the use of explosives, or otherwise involves conduct that presents a serious potential risk of physical injury to another.

      (4) The term ‘felony parole violator’ means an individual who violates parole.

SEC. 119. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    There are authorized to be appropriated $10,000,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1994 through 1998 to carry out the projects under this title.

TITLE II--ENDING THE DOUBLE VICTIMIZATION OF SOCIETY

SEC. 201. PURPOSE.

    The purpose of this title is to address the ‘double victimization’ of society by restricting taxpayer funds that support individuals who make a career of committing criminal offenses against society and requiring all able-bodied prisoners to repay society for the expense of incarceration through prison work programs.

Subtitle A--Denial of Federal Benefits

SEC. 211. DENIAL OF FEDERAL BENEFITS TO THIRD-TIME FELONS.

    Any individual who is convicted of 3 Federal or State felony offenses shall be ineligible for any Federal benefits.

SEC. 212. CLEARINGHOUSE AND PUBLICATION.

    (a) STATE AND FEDERAL COURTS- State and Federal courts shall send information, as determined necessary by the Director of the Office of Justice Assistance, regarding the conviction of third-time felons to the Office of Justice Assistance in a timely manner.

    (b) JUSTICE ASSISTANCE- The Office of Justice Assistance shall maintain a computer listing of individuals convicted of a third Federal or State felony offense and update such list in a timely manner.

    (c) GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION- The Office of Justice Assistance shall transfer the names of such individuals to the General Services Administration for inclusion in the publication ‘Lists of Parties Excluded from Federal Procurement or Nonprocurement Programs’.

    (d) GOVERNMENT AGENCIES- Representatives of a Government agency that is responsible for the distribution of a Federal benefit shall consult such publication before granting such benefit.

SEC. 213. DEFINITIONS.

    For purposes of this title, the term ‘Federal benefit’--

      (1) means the issuance of any grant, contract, loan, professional license, commercial license, welfare, or public housing provided by an agency of the United States or by appropriated funds of the United States; and

      (2) does not include a benefit for which payment or services are required for eligibility.

SEC. 214. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this subtitle.

SEC. 215. EFFECTIVE DATE.

    The denial of Federal benefits set forth in this subtitle shall take effect for convictions occurring after the date of the enactment of this Act.

Subtitle B--Prison Work Programs

SEC. 221. FORMULA GRANT REDUCTION.

    Section 506 of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 is amended by adding at the end the following:

    ‘(g) In order not to reduce the funds available under this subpart by 25 percent (for redistribution to other participating States), a State shall, on the first day of each fiscal year succeeding fiscal year 1993 implement or continue a prison work fare program that requires an inmate, who is physically able (as determined by the State Director of Corrections), to work a portion of each day.’.

TITLE III--REPEAL OF SUPERVISED RELEASE PROGRAM

SEC. 301. ELIMINATION OF SUPERVISED RELEASE.

    Section 3583 of title 18, United States Code, is repealed.

TITLE IV--DRUG PARAPHERNALIA TAX

SEC. 401. TAX ON SMOKING PARAPHERNALIA; DRUG USE PREVENTION TRUST FUND.

    (a) TAX ON SMOKING PARAPHERNALIA-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Section 5701 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (relating to rate of tax on cigars, cigarettes, smokeless tobacco, pipe tobacco, and cigarette papers and tubes) is amended by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (h) and by inserting after subsection (f) the following new subsection:

    ‘(g) CERTAIN SMOKING PARAPHERNALIA- On taxable smoking paraphernalia manufactured in or imported into the United States, there shall be imposed a tax equal to 100 percent of the price for which sold.’.

      (2) DETERMINATION OF PRICE- Subsection (m) of section 5702 of such Code is amended--

        (A) by striking ‘ON CIGARS’ in the heading, and

        (B) by striking ‘section 5701(a)(2)’ and inserting ‘subsections (a)(2) and (g) of section 5701’.

      (3) TAXABLE SMOKING PARAPHERNALIA- Section 5702 of such Code is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new subsection:

    ‘(o) TAXABLE SMOKING PARAPHERNALIA- The term ‘taxable smoking paraphernalia’ means metal, plastic, or glass smoking pipes; water pipes; smoking and carburetion masks; chamber pipes; carburetor pipes; electric pipes; air-driven pipes; chillums; bongs; ice pipes or chillers, and any other item that the Secretary determines is primarily used for smoking any substance other than tobacco.’.

    (b) INCREASE IN TAX ON CIGARETTE PAPERS- Subsection (c) of section 5701 of such Code is amended by striking ‘0.75 cent (0.625 cent on cigarette papers removed during 1991 or 1992)’ and inserting ‘2 cents’.

    (c) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendments made by subsections (a) and (b) shall apply to articles removed after the date of the enactment of this Act.

TITLE V--FINANCING

Subtitle A--National Security

SEC. 501. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON INCREASED BURDEN SHARING BY ALLIES OF THE UNITED STATES.

    (a) DEFENSE COST-SHARING AGREEMENTS- It is the sense of Congress that the President should enter into negotiations with each foreign nation referred to in subsection (b)(1) that is not excluded by subsection (b)(2) to seek to conclude an agreement that provides for such nation to pay at least 50 percent of the overseas basing costs that are incurred for the stationing of members of the Armed Forces of the United States and related civilian employees of the Department of Defense in that nation as a result of the implementation of a bilateral or multilateral defense agreement with that nation.

    (b) COVERED FOREIGN NATIONS- (1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), subsection (a) applies with respect to the following foreign nations:

      (A) Each member nation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (other than the United States).

      (B) Every other foreign nation with which the United States has a bilateral or multilateral defense agreement that provides for the assignment of combat units of the Armed Forces of the United States to permanent duty ashore in that nation.

    (2) Subsection (a) does not apply with respect to any foreign nation--

      (A) that receives assistance or financing under--

        (i) section 23 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2763), relating to the foreign military financing program; or

        (ii) the provisions of chapter 4 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2346 et seq.);

      (B) in which not more than 1,000 members of the Armed Forces of the United States and related civilian employees of the Department of Defense are assigned to permanent duty ashore as a result of the implementation of a bilateral or multilateral defense agreement; or

      (C) that has agreed to assume, not later than January 1, 1995, at least 50 percent of the overseas basing costs of the United States in that nation.

    (c) USE OF FUNDS FOR PAYING OVERSEAS BASING COSTS- (1) It is the sense of Congress that funds should not be expended to pay more than the allowable percent of the overseas basing costs that are incurred during a fiscal year referred to in paragraph (2) for the stationing of members of the Armed Forces of the United States and related civilian employees of the Department of Defense in a nation referred to in subsection (a) as a result of the implementation of a bilateral or multilateral defense agreement with that nation.

    (2) For purposes of paragraph (1), the allowable percent for a fiscal year is as follows:

      (A) For fiscal year 1995, 84 percent.

      (B) For fiscal year 1996, 75 percent.

      (C) For fiscal year 1997, 60 percent.

      (D) For each fiscal year that begins after September 30, 1997, 50 percent.

    (d) OVERSEAS BASING COSTS DEFINED- In this section, the term ‘overseas basing costs’ means all costs related to the operation of installations in foreign countries at which forces of the Armed Forces of the United States are based, as determined by the Secretary of Defense using the methodology used in preparing the ‘Fiscal Year 1994 Budget Estimate, Department of Defense’, dated April 1993, and the ‘Report on Allied Contributions to the Common Defense’, dated May 1993. The term--

      (1) includes, among other costs--

        (A) pay for foreign nationals;

        (B) costs of utilities;

        (C) costs of local services;

        (D) costs of military construction projects;

        (E) costs of real property maintenance;

        (F) costs of environmental restoration;

        (G) leasing costs;

        (H) taxes;

        (I) user fees;

        (J) tolls; and

        (K) import duties;

      (2) does not include--

        (A) the rent value of land or facilities provided to the United States by foreign nations covered by this section in excess of amounts actually paid by such nations to private owners of such land or facilities; and

        (B) revenue foregone by foreign nations covered by this section in providing rent-free land or facilities to the United States; and

      (3) does not include the pay and allowances of members of the Armed Forces of the United States and civilian employees of the Department of Defense.

SEC. 502. STREAMLINING AND REORGANIZATION OF CORPS OF ENGINEERS.

    The Secretary of the Army shall reorganize the United States Army Corps of Engineers by reorganizing the headquarters offices, reducing the number of division offices from 11 to not more than 6, and restructuring the district functions so as to increase the efficiency of the United States Army Corps of Engineers and reduce staff and costs, to achieve at least $50,000,000 in net annual savings by fiscal year 1998.

SEC. 503. RESCISSION OF CERTAIN DEFENSE ADD-ONS.

    (a) MILITARY CONSTRUCTION- Of the funds made available under the heading ‘Military Construction, Army Reserve’ in the Military Construction Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-110), $15,000,000 is rescinded, to be derived from the Georgia-Fort McPherson Command Headquarters, Phase I, project.

    (b) DEFENSE PROCUREMENT- Of the funds made available in the Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-139), the following amounts are rescinded from the following accounts and programs:

      (1) ‘Other Procurement, Army’, $15,000,000, to be derived from common hardware and software.

      (2) ‘Other Procurement, Navy’, $30,000,000, to be derived from spare and repair parts.

      (3) ‘Other Procurement, Navy’, $12,000,000, to be derived from weapons range support equipment.

      (4) ‘Other Procurement, Army’, $10,000,000, to be derived from tactical trailers/dolly sets.

      (5) ‘Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy’, $50,000,000, to be derived from advance procurement of LHD-7.

SEC. 504. RESCISSION OF FUNDS FOR MK-19 GRENADE LAUNCHER PROGRAM.

    Of the funds made available under the heading ‘Procurement of Weapons and Tracked Combat Vehicles, Army’ in the Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-139), $15,000,000 is rescinded, to be derived from the MK-19 automatic grenade launcher program.

SEC. 505. TERMINATION OF C-26 AIRCRAFT PROGRAM.

    The Secretary of Defense shall cancel the C-26 aircraft program. Funds appropriated for the Department of Defense may not be obligated after the date of the enactment of this Act for procurement of new aircraft under that program other than for contract termination or cancellation costs.

SEC. 506. TERMINATION OF MOBILE IN-SHORE UNDERSEA WARFARE VANS PROGRAM.

    The Secretary of Defense shall cancel the Mobile In-Shore Undersea Warfare Vans program. Funds appropriated for the Department of Defense may not be obligated after the date of the enactment of this Act for procurement under that program other than for contract termination or cancellation costs.

SEC. 507. RESCISSION OF CERTAIN DEFENSE OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE FUNDS.

    Of the funds made available in the Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-139), the following amounts are rescinded from the following accounts:

      (1) ‘Operation and Maintenance, Army’, $88,020,000 to be derived from general reduction DBOF, and $15,180,000 to be derived from inventories.

      (2) ‘Operation and Maintenance, Navy’, $109,270,000 to be derived from general reduction DBOF, and $27,555,000 to be derived from inventories.

      (3) ‘Operation and Maintenance, Air Force’, $94,140,000 to be derived from general reduction DBOF, and $12,265,000 to be derived from inventories.

SEC. 508. REDUCTION IN PUBLIC LAW 480 FOOD FOR PEACE PROGRAM.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Section 103 of title I of the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954 is amended by adding at the end the following:

    ‘(f) MODIFICATION OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS DURING CERTAIN YEARS- The Secretary shall set the terms and conditions of agreements entered into under this title after the date of the enactment of this subsection so that--

      ‘(1) the length of the loan does not exceed 20 years;

      ‘(2) the length of the grace period does not exceed 5 years;

      ‘(3) the interest rate during the grace period is not less than 3 percent; and

      ‘(4) the interest rate during the payback period is not less than 5 percent.’.

    (b) RESCISSION OF FUNDS- Of the funds made available under the heading ‘Public Law 480 Program Account’ in the Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-111)--

      (1) $69,378,000 is rescinded from the amounts provided for programs under title I of the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954 and the Food for Progress Act of 1985; and

      (2) $56,017,000 is rescinded from the amount provided for commodities supplied in connection with dispositions abroad pursuant to title III of the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954.

SEC. 509. RESCISSION OF FUNDS FOR WORLD BANK.

    Of the funds made available under the heading ‘Contribution to the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development’ in the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-87)--

      (1) $27,910,500 provided for paid-in capital is rescinded; and

      (2) $902,439,500 provided for callable capital is rescinded.

SEC. 510. REDUCTION IN FUNDING FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATION.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Section 526 of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1994 (Public Law 103-87) is amended by inserting before the period at the end ‘, of which not more than $957,142,857 shall be available for fiscal year 1994, and not more than $957,142,857 shall be available for fiscal year 1995’.

    (b) RESCISSION OF FUNDS- Of the funds made available under the heading ‘Contribution to the International Development Association’ in the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-87), $67,189,143 is rescinded.

SEC. 511. RESCISSION OF FUNDS FOR FOREIGN MILITARY FINANCING.

    Of the funds made available under the heading ‘Foreign Military Financing Program’ in the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-87), $25,721,000 is rescinded, to be derived from grants.

SEC. 512. RESCISSION OF FUNDS FOR AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT, DEPARTMENT OF STATE, AND UNITED STATES INFORMATION AGENCY.

    (a) AID- Of the funds made available under the heading ‘Agency for International Development--Development Assistance Fund’ in appropriations Acts for fiscal year 1994 and prior fiscal years to carry out the provisions of sections 103 through 106 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, $160,000,000 is rescinded.

    (b) DEPARTMENT OF STATE- Of the funds made available under the heading ‘Department of State--Administration of Foreign Affairs--Diplomatic and Consular Programs’ in the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-121), $600,000 is rescinded.

    (c) USIA-

      (1) SALARIES AND EXPENSES- Of the funds made available under the heading ‘United States Information Agency--Salaries and Expenses’ in the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-121), $3,000,000 is rescinded.

      (2) NORTH/SOUTH CENTER- Of the funds made available under the heading ‘United States Information Agency--North/South Center’ in the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-121), $8,700,000 is rescinded.

Subtitle B--Physical Capital, Natural Resources, and Science

SEC. 521. TERMINATION OF SPACELIFTER PROGRAM.

    (a) IN GENERAL- The United States shall not obligate any funds for the acquisition or operation of any space launch system not in operation as of the date of enactment of this Act.

    (b) RESCISSION OF FUNDS- Of the funds made available under the heading ‘Research, Development, Test and Evaluation, Defense-Wide’ in the Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-139), $10,000,000 is rescinded, to be derived from the new medium lift vehicle (Spacelifter) program.

SEC. 522. DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE, SPACE, ENERGY AND TECHNOLOGY.

    (a) SHORT TITLE- This section may be cited as the ‘Department of Science, Space, Energy, and Technology Organization Act of 1993’.

    (b) GENERAL PROVISIONS-

      (1) FINDINGS- The Congress finds that--

        (A) the advancement of science and technology is a vital national goal which is essential for the continued economic well being of the United States;

        (B) the creation of new scientific information and technological development are generators of new wealth and jobs;

        (C) consolidation of the Federal agencies which conduct and support science and technology activities will focus the resources of the Federal Government and will lead to better coordination of the overall effort of those agencies to carry out the research and development objectives of the United States;

        (D) the elimination of duplication of functions within the scientific and technical agencies of the Federal Government will lead to cost savings for the Government; and

        (E) the creation of the Department of Science, Space, Energy, and Technology will increase the dissemination of technology through the improved coordination of technology transfer from the Federal Government to the private sector.

      (2) DEFINITIONS- As used in this section, unless otherwise provided or indicated by the context--

        (A) the term ‘Department’ means the Department of Science, Space, Energy, and Technology;

        (B) the term ‘Secretary’ means the Secretary of Science, Space, Energy, and Technology;

        (C) the term ‘Deputy Secretary’ means the Deputy Secretary of Science, Space, Energy, and Technology;

        (D) the term ‘function’ includes any duty, obligation, power, authority, responsibility, right, privilege, activity, or program; and

        (E) the term ‘office’ includes any office, institute, council, unit, or organizational entity, or any component thereof.

    (c) ESTABLISHMENT OF THE DEPARTMENT-

      (1) ESTABLISHMENT- There is authorized an executive department to be known as the Department of Science, Space, Energy, and Technology. The Department shall be administered, in accordance with the provisions of this section, under the supervision and direction of a Secretary of Science, Space, Energy, and Technology. The Secretary shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The Secretary shall receive basic pay at the rate payable for level I of the Executive Schedule under section 5312 of title 5, United States Code.

      (2) PRINCIPAL OFFICERS-

        (A) DEPUTY SECRETARY- (i) There shall be in the Department a Deputy Secretary of Science, Space, Energy, and Technology who shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. During the absence or disability of the Secretary, or in the event of a vacancy in the office of the Secretary, the Deputy Secretary shall act as Secretary. The Secretary shall designate the order in which other officials of the Department shall act for and perform the functions of the Secretary during the absence or disability of both the Secretary and Deputy Secretary or in the event of vacancies in both of those offices. The Deputy Secretary shall receive basic pay at the rate payable for level II of the Executive Schedule under section 5313 of title 5, United States Code.

        (ii) The Deputy Secretary shall perform such other duties and exercise such powers as the Secretary may from time to time prescribe.

        (B) UNDER SECRETARIES- (i) There shall be in the Department--

          (I) an Under Secretary of Research who shall, on the transfer of functions and offices under subsection (d), serve as the Director of the National Science Foundation;

          (II) an Under Secretary of Technology who shall, on the transfer of functions and offices under subsection (d), serve as the Administrator of the National Institute of Standards and Technology, the National Technical Information Service, the National Telecommunications and Information Administration, and the Patent and Trademark Office;

          (III) an Under Secretary of Energy who shall, on the transfer of functions and offices under subsection (d), serve as the Administrator of the National Energy Administration;

          (IV) an Under Secretary of Space who shall, on the transfer of functions and offices under subsection (d), serve as the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration; and

          (V) an Under Secretary of Oceanic and Atmospheric Affairs who shall, on the transfer of functions and offices under subsection (d), serve as the Administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

        (ii) Each of the Under Secretaries shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The Under Secretaries shall receive basic pay at the rate payable for level III of the Executive Schedule under section 5314 of title 5, United States Code.

        (C) ASSISTANT SECRETARIES- (i) There shall be as many as 20 Assistant Secretaries in the Department. Among the Assistant Secretaries shall be--

          (I) an Assistant Secretary for Administration who shall serve as the Chief Financial Officer of the Department;

          (II) an Assistant Secretary for Policy and Budget;

          (III) an Assistant Secretary for Congressional and Intergovernmental Affairs;

          (IV) an Assistant Secretary for Technology Transfer and Commercial Programs; and

          (V) an Assistant Secretary for International Programs.

        (ii) Each of the Assistant Secretaries shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The Assistant Secretaries shall receive basic pay at the rate payable for level IV of the Executive Schedule under section 5315 of title 5, United States Code.

        (D) GENERAL COUNSEL- There shall be in the Department a General Counsel who shall administer the Office of General Counsel. The General Counsel shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The General Counsel shall receive basic pay at the rate payable for level IV of the Executive Schedule under section 5315 of title 5, United States Code.

        (E) INSPECTOR GENERAL- There shall be in the Department an Inspector General appointed in accordance with the Inspector General Act of 1978. The Inspector General shall receive basic pay at the rate payable for level IV of the Executive Schedule under section 5315 of title 5, United States Code.

        (F) ADDITIONAL OFFICERS- In addition to the officers specified in subparagraphs (A) through (E) and the 24 members of the Board of Directors of the National Science Foundation, there shall be in the Department not more than 10 additional officers who shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The officers appointed under this subparagraph shall perform such functions as the Secretary shall prescribe.

        (G) SPECIFICATION OF FUNCTIONS- Whenever the President submits the name of an individual to the Senate for confirmation as an officer of the Department under this paragraph, the President shall state the particular functions of the Department such individual will exercise upon taking office, consistent with the requirements of this section.

        (H) LINE OF AUTHORITY; ADDITIONAL FUNCTIONS- Each officer of the Department referred to in subparagraphs (A) through (F) shall report directly to the Secretary and shall, in addition to any functions vested in or required to be delegated to such officer, perform such additional functions as the Secretary may prescribe.

    (d) TRANSFERS OF FUNCTIONS AND OFFICES-

      (1) TRANSFER OF THE NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION- There is transferred to the Department the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, along with all of its functions and offices.

      (2) TRANSFER OF THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY- There is transferred to the Department the National Institute of Standards and Technology, along with all of its functions and offices.

      (3) TRANSFER OF THE NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION- There is transferred to the Department the National Science Foundation, along with all of its functions and offices.

      (4) TRANSFER OF THE NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION- There is transferred to the Department the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, along with all of its functions and offices.

      (5) TRANSFER OF THE NATIONAL TECHNICAL INFORMATION SERVICE- There is transferred to the Department the National Technical Information Service, along with all of its functions and offices.

      (6) TRANSFER OF THE PATENT AND TRADEMARK OFFICE- There is transferred to the Department the Patent and Trademark Office, along with all of its functions and offices.

      (7) TRANSFER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY- There is transferred to the Department the Department of Energy, which shall be renamed the National Energy Administration, along with all of its functions and offices, except for the following facilities, which shall be transferred to the Department of Defense:

        (A) The Feed Materials Production Center at Fernald, Ohio.

        (B) The Extrusion Plant at Ashtabula, Ohio.

        (C) The Savannah River Plant, including the Savannah River Weapons Facility, at Aiken, South Carolina.

        (D) The Hanford Production Operations at Richland, Washington.

        (E) The Nevada Test Site.

        (F) The Kansas City Plant at Kansas City, Missouri.

        (G) The Rocky Flats Plant located between Golden and Boulder, Colorado.

        (H) The Pantex Plant located near Amarillo, Texas.

        (I) The Pinellas Plant at St. Petersburg, Florida.

        (J) The Mound Facility at Miamisburg, Ohio.

        (K) The Y-12 Plant at Oak Ridge, Tennessee.

      (8) TRANSFER OF THE NATIONAL TELECOMMUNICATIONS AND INFORMATION ADMINISTRATION- There is transferred to the Department the National Telecommunications and Information Administration, along with all of its functions and offices.

      (9) EFFECTIVE DATE- This subsection shall take effect--

        (A) 180 days after the first Secretary takes office under subsection (c)(1); or

        (B) on any date earlier than the date described in subparagraph (A), but later than September 30, 1994, that the President designates through publication in the Federal Register.

    (e) ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS-

      (1) PERSONNEL PROVISIONS-

        (A) OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES-

          (i) GENERAL AUTHORITY- The Secretary is authorized to appoint and fix the compensation of such officers and employees as may be necessary to carry out the functions of the Secretary and the Department. Except as otherwise provided by law, such officers and employees shall be appointed in accordance with the civil service laws and their compensation fixed in accordance with title 5 of the United States Code.

          (ii) TEMPORARY SUPER GRADE AND TECHNICAL POSITIONS- (I)(aa) At the request of the Secretary, the Director of the Office of Personnel Management shall, under section 5108 of title 5, United States Code, provide for the establishment in each of the grade levels GS-16, GS-17, and GS-18 of a number of positions in the Department equal to the number of positions in that grade level which were used primarily for the performance of functions and offices transferred under subsection (d) and which were assigned and filled on the day before such transfer.

          (bb) Appointments to positions provided for under this subclause may be made without regard to the provisions of section 3324 of title 5, United States Code, if the individual appointed in such position is an individual who is transferred in connection with the transfer of functions and offices under subsection (d) and, on the day before such transfer, holds a position and has duties comparable to those of the position to which appointed hereunder.

          (II) At the request of the Secretary, the Director of the Office of Personnel Management shall, under section 3104 of title 5, United States Code, provide for the establishment in the Department of a number of scientific and professional positions outside of the General Schedule equal to the number of such positions which were used primarily for the performance of functions and offices transferred under subsection (d) and which were assigned and filled on the day before such transfer.

          (III) The authority under this clause with respect to any position shall terminate when the person first appointed to fill such position ceases to hold such position.

          (IV) For purposes of section 414(a)(3)(A) of the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978, an individual appointed under this clause shall be deemed to occupy the same position as the individual occupied on the day before the transfer of functions and offices under subsection (d).

          (iii) TRANSITIONAL SENIOR EXECUTIVE SERVICE POSITIONS- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Director of the Office of Personnel Management shall establish positions within the Senior Executive Service for 5 limited-term appointees. The Secretary shall appoint individuals to such positions as provided by section 3394 of title 5, United States Code. Such positions shall expire on the later of 3 years after the date of the transfer of functions and offices under subsection (d) or 3 years after the initial appointment to each position. Positions in effect under this clause shall be taken into account in applying the limitation on positions prescribed under section 3134(e) and section 5108 of such title.

        (B) EXPERTS AND CONSULTANTS- The Secretary may as provided in appropriation Acts obtain the services of experts and consultants in accordance with the provisions of section 3109 of title 5, United States Code, and may compensate such experts and consultants at rates not to exceed the daily rate prescribed for GS-18 of the General Schedule under subchapter III of chapter 53 of such title.

        (C) PERSONNEL REDUCTION-

          (i) FULL-TIME EMPLOYEE LIMITATIONS- Not later than the end of the first fiscal year beginning after the date of the transfer of functions and offices under subsection (d), the number of full-time equivalent personnel positions available for performing functions transferred to the Secretary or the Department under such subsection shall be reduced by not less than 350.

          (ii) COMPUTATIONS- Computations required to be made for purposes of this subparagraph shall be made on the basis of all personnel employed by the Department, including experts and consultants employed under section 3109 of title 5, United States Code, and all other part-time and full-time personnel employed to perform functions of the Secretary or the Department, except personnel employed under special programs for students and disadvantaged youth (including temporary summer employment).

          (iii) REPORT TO CONGRESS- The Director of the Office of Personnel Management shall, as soon as practicable, but not later than one year after the date of the transfer of functions and offices under subsection (d), prepare and transmit to the Congress a report on the effects on employees of the reorganization under this section, which shall include--

            (I) an identification of any position within the Department or elsewhere in the executive branch, which it considers unnecessary due to consolidation of functions under this section;

            (II) a statement of the number of employees entitled to grade or pay retention under subchapter VI of chapter 53 of title 5, United States Code, by reason of the reorganization under this section;

            (III) a statement of the number of employees who are voluntarily or involuntarily separated by reason of such reorganization;

            (IV) an estimate of the personnel costs associated with such reorganization;

            (V) the effects of such reorganization on labor management relations; and

            (VI) such legislative and administrative recommendations for improvements in personnel management within the Department as the Director considers necessary.

      (2) GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS-

        (A) GENERAL AUTHORITY- In carrying out any function transferred by this section, the Secretary, or any officer or employee of the Department, may exercise any authority available by law with respect to such function to the official or agency from which such function is transferred, and the actions of the Secretary in exercising such authority shall have the same force and effect as when exercised by such official or agency.

        (B) DELEGATION- Except as otherwise provided in this section, the Secretary may delegate any function to such officers and employees of the Department as the Secretary may designate, and may authorize such successive redelegations of such functions within the Department as may be necessary or appropriate. No delegation of functions by the Secretary under this subparagraph or under any other provision of this section shall relieve the Secretary of responsibility for the administration of such functions.

        (C) REORGANIZATION-

          (i) AUTHORITY OF SECRETARY- Except as provided in clause (ii), the Secretary is authorized to allocate or reallocate functions among the officers of the Department, and to establish, consolidate, alter, or abolish such offices or positions within the Department as may be necessary or appropriate.

          (ii) AUTHORITY WITH RESPECT TO STATUTORY ENTITIES- The Secretary may not--

            (I) abolish any office or position transferred to the Department and established by statute, or any function vested by statute in such an office or an officer of such an office;

            (II) abolish any office or position established by this section; or

            (III) alter the delegation of functions to any specific office or position required by this section,

          unless a period of 90 days has passed after the receipt by the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology of the House of Representatives of notice given by the Secretary containing a full and complete statement of the action proposed to be taken pursuant to this clause and the facts and circumstances relied upon in support of such proposed action.

        (D) REGULATIONS- The Secretary is authorized to prescribe such rules and regulations as the Secretary determines necessary or appropriate to administer and manage the functions of the Secretary or the Department, in accordance with chapter 5 of title 5, United States Code.

        (E) CONTRACTS-

          (i) IN GENERAL- Subject to the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 and other applicable Federal law, the Secretary is authorized to make, enter into, and perform such contracts, grants, leases, cooperative agreements, and other similar transactions with Federal or other public agencies (including State and local governments) and private organizations and persons, and to make such payments, by way of advance or reimbursement, as the Secretary may determine necessary or appropriate to carry out functions of the Secretary or the Department.

          (ii) APPROPRIATION AUTHORITY REQUIRED- No authority to enter into contracts or to make payments under this section shall be effective except to such extent or in such amounts as are provided in advance under appropriation Acts. This subsection shall not apply with respect to the authority granted under subparagraph (J).

        (F) REGIONAL AND FIELD OFFICES- The Secretary is authorized to establish, alter, discontinue, or maintain such regional or other field offices as the Secretary may find necessary or appropriate to perform functions of the Secretary or the Department.

        (G) ACQUISITION AND MAINTENANCE OF PROPERTY-

          (i) AUTHORITY OF SECRETARY- To the extent necessary to carry out functions under this and any other Act, the Secretary is authorized to provide appropriate facilities and services necessary for carrying out such functions or necessary for the health and welfare of the Department’s employees, including--

            (I) to acquire (by purchase, lease, condemnation, contract, or otherwise), construct, improve, repair, operate, maintain, and provide transportation to--

(aa) schools and related facilities;

(bb) laboratories;

(cc) research and testing sites and facilities;

(dd) quarters and related accommodations, including eating facilities, for employees and dependents of employees of the Department; and

(ee) personal property (including patents), or any interest therein; and

            (II) to provide reimbursement for food, clothing, medicine, and other supplies furnished by such employees in emergencies for the temporary relief of distressed persons.

          (ii) LIMITATION- The authority granted by clause (i) shall be available only with respect to facilities of a special purpose nature or at a remote location that cannot readily be reassigned from similar Federal activities and are not otherwise available for assignment to the Department by the Administrator of General Services.

        (H) USE OF FACILITIES-

          (i) AUTHORITY TO USE- With their consent, the Secretary may, with or without reimbursement, use the research, equipment, services, and facilities of any agency or instrumentality of the United States, of any State or political subdivision thereof, or of any foreign government, in carrying out any function of the Secretary or the Department.

          (ii) AUTHORITY TO PERMIT USE- The Secretary is authorized to permit public and private agencies, corporations, associations, organizations, or individuals to use any real property, or any facilities, structures, or other improvements thereon, under the custody and control of the Secretary for Department purposes. The Secretary shall permit the use of such property, facilities, structures, or improvements under such terms and rates and for such period as may be in the public interest, except that the periods of such uses may not exceed 5 years. The Secretary may require permittees under this subparagraph to recondition and maintain, at their own expense, the real property, facilities, structures, and improvements used by such permittees to a standard satisfactory to the Secretary. This clause shall not apply to excess property as defined in section 3(e) of the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949.

          (iii) CREDITING OF REIMBURSEMENTS- Proceeds from reimbursements under this subparagraph shall be deposited in a separate fund which shall be available to the Secretary without appropriation or fiscal year limitation, for carrying out the functions of the Secretary under this or any other Act.

          (iv) INTERESTS IN REAL PROPERTY- Any interest in real property acquired pursuant to this section shall be acquired in the name of the United States Government.

        (I) COPYRIGHTS AND PATENTS-

          (i) ACQUISITION OF RIGHTS- The Secretary is authorized to acquire any of the following described rights if the rights acquired thereby are for use by or for, or useful to, the Department:

            (I) Copyrights, patents, designs, processes, and manufacturing data.

            (II) Licenses in connection with copyrights and patents.

            (III) Releases for past infringement of patents or copyrights.

          (ii) DISPOSITION- Notwithstanding clause (i), the disposition of all copyrights and patents and other intellectual property owned or developed for the Department shall be governed by chapter 18 of title 35, United States Code (commonly referred to as the Bayh-Dole Act), section 12 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3710(a)), the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958 (42 U.S.C. 2451 et seq.), or the National Competitiveness Technology Transfer Act of 1989, as appropriate.

        (J) GIFTS AND BEQUESTS- The Secretary is authorized to accept, hold, administer, and utilize gifts, bequests, and devises of property, both real and personal, for the purpose of aiding or facilitating the work of the Department. Gifts, bequests, and devises of money, and proceeds from sales of other property received as gifts, bequests, or devises, shall be deposited in the Treasury and shall be available for disbursement upon the order of the Secretary.

        (K) TECHNICAL ADVICE-

          (i) AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE- The Secretary is authorized, upon request, to provide advice, counsel, and technical assistance to applicants or potential applicants for grants and contracts and other interested persons with respect to any functions of the Secretary or the Department.

          (ii) CONSOLIDATION OF APPLICATIONS- The Secretary may permit the consolidation of applications for grants or contracts with respect to two or more functions of the Secretary or the Department, but such consolidation shall not alter the statutory criteria for approval of applications for funding with respect to such functions.

        (L) WORKING CAPITAL FUND-

          (i) ESTABLISHMENT AND USE- The Secretary, with the approval of the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, is authorized to establish for the Department a working capital fund (in this subparagraph referred to as the ‘fund’), to be available without fiscal year limitation, for expenses necessary for the maintenance and operation of an administrative services office to provide such common administrative services as the Secretary shall find to be desirable in the interests of economy and efficiency, including such services as--

            (I) a central supply service for stationery and other supplies and equipment for which adequate stocks may be maintained to meet in whole or in part the requirements of the Department and its offices;

            (II) central messenger, mail, telephone, and other communications services;

            (III) office space, and central services for document reproduction, for graphics, and for visual aids; and

            (IV) a central library service.

          (ii) OPERATION OF FUND- The capital of the fund shall consist of any appropriations made for the purpose of providing working capital and the fair and reasonable value of such stocks of supplies, equipment, and other assets and inventories on order as the Secretary may transfer to the administrative services office, less the related liabilities and unpaid obligations. There shall be transferred to the administrative services office the stocks of supplies, equipment, other assets, liabilities, and unpaid obligations relating to the services which the Secretary determines, with the approval of the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, will be performed. Administrative supplies and services provided by such office shall be paid for in advance from available funds of agencies and offices in the Department, or from other sources, at rates that will approximate the expense of operation. The fund shall also be credited with receipts from sale or exchange of property and receipts in payment for loss or damage to property.

        (M) FUNDS TRANSFER- The Secretary may, when authorized in an appropriation Act for any fiscal year, transfer funds from one appropriation to another within the Department, except that no appropriations for any fiscal year shall be either increased or decreased pursuant to this subparagraph by more than 10 percent and no such transfer shall result in increasing any such appropriation above the amount authorized to be appropriated therefor.

        (N) SEAL OF DEPARTMENT- The Secretary shall cause a seal of office to be made for the Department of such design as the Secretary shall approve. Judicial notice shall be taken of such seal.

        (O) ANNUAL REPORT-

          (i) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall, as soon as practicable after the close of each fiscal year, make a single, comprehensive report to the President for transmission to the Congress on the activities of the Department during such fiscal year.

          (ii) CONTRACTING-OUT REPORT- The report required by clause (i) shall also include an estimate of the extent of the non-Federal personnel employed pursuant to contracts entered into by the Department under subparagraph (E) or under any other authority (including any subcontract thereunder), the number of such contracts and subcontracts pursuant to which non-Federal personnel are employed, and the total cost of those contracts and subcontracts.

    (f) TRANSITIONAL, SAVINGS, AND CONFORMING PROVISIONS-

      (1) TRANSFER AND ALLOCATION OF APPROPRIATIONS AND PERSONNEL-

        (A) TRANSFER TO SECRETARY- Except as otherwise provided in this section, the personnel employed in connection with, and the assets, liabilities, contracts, property, records, and unexpended balance of appropriations, authorizations, allocations, and other funds employed, held, used, arising from, available to, or to be made available in connection with, the functions and offices, or portions thereof, transferred by this section, subject to section 1531 of title 31, United States Code, shall be transferred to the Secretary for appropriate allocation. Unexpended funds transferred pursuant to this subparagraph shall be used only for the purposes for which the funds were originally authorized and appropriated.

        (B) EFFECT OF TERMINATIONS- Positions expressly specified by statute or reorganization plan to carry out functions or offices transferred by this section, personnel occupying those positions on the date of such transfer, and personnel authorized to receive compensation in such positions at the rate prescribed for offices and positions at level IV or V of the Executive Schedule under section 5315 or 5316 of title 5, United States Code, on the date of such transfer, shall be subject to paragraph (3) of this subsection.

      (2) EFFECT ON PERSONNEL-

        (A) PRESERVATION OF GRADE AND COMPENSATION FOR 1 YEAR- Except as otherwise provided in this section, the transfer pursuant to this section of full-time personnel (except special Government employees) and part-time personnel holding permanent positions shall not cause any such employee to be separated or reduced in grade or compensation for 1 year after the date of transfer to the Department.

        (B) PRESERVATION OF COMPENSATION FOR EXECUTIVE SCHEDULE APPOINTEES- Any person who, on the day preceding the date of the transfer of functions and offices under subsection (d), held a position compensated in accordance with the Executive Schedule prescribed in chapter 53 of title 5, United States Code, and who, without a break in service, is appointed in the Department to a position having duties comparable to the duties performed immediately preceding such appointment shall continue to be compensated in the new position at not less than the rate provided for the previous position, for the duration of the service of such person in the new position.

      (3) AGENCY TERMINATIONS-

        (A) TERMINATIONS- On the date of the transfer of functions and offices under subsection (d), the following entities shall terminate:

          (i) The Office of the Secretary of Commerce.

          (ii) The Office of the Deputy Secretary of Commerce.

          (iii) The Office of the General Counsel of the Department of Commerce.

          (iv) The Office of the Secretary of Energy.

          (v) The Office of Deputy Secretary of Energy.

          (vi) The Office of the Under Secretary of Commerce for Technology.

          (vii) The Office of the Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Technology Policy.

          (viii) The Office of Science and Technology Policy in the Executive Office of the President.

        (B) TERMINATION OF EXECUTIVE SCHEDULE POSITIONS- Each position which was expressly authorized by law, or the incumbent of which was authorized to receive compensation at the rate prescribed for levels I through V of the Executive Schedule under sections 5312 through 5315 of title 5, United States Code, in an office terminated pursuant to this section shall also terminate.

      (4) ADDITIONAL TRANSFERS-

        (A) IN GENERAL- The Director of the Office of Management and Budget, in conjunction with the Secretary, shall make such determinations as may be necessary with regard to the functions, offices, or portions thereof transferred by this section, and make such additional incidental dispositions of personnel, assets, liabilities, grants, contracts, property, records, and unexpended balances of appropriations, authorizations, allocations, and other funds held, used, arising from, available to, or to be made available in connection with such functions, offices, or portions thereof, as may be necessary to carry out this section. The Director shall provide for the termination of the affairs of all entities terminated by this section and, in conjunction with the Secretary, for such further measures and dispositions as may be necessary to effectuate the purposes of this section.

        (B) ALLOCATION OF SES POSITIONS- After consultation with the Director of the Office of Personnel Management, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget is authorized to make such determinations as may be necessary with regard to the transfer of positions within the Senior Executive Service in connection with functions and offices transferred by this section.

        (C) MISCELLANEOUS FUNCTIONS- (i) The Economics and Statistics Administration, including the Bureau of Census and the Bureau of Economic Analysis, and the Bureau of Export Administration shall be transferred to the Department of the Treasury.

        (ii) The Economic Development Administration shall be transferred to the Department of Housing and Urban Development.

        (iii) The International Trade Administration and the United States Travel and Tourism Administration shall be transferred to the Office of the United States Trade Representative.

        (iv) The Minority Business Development Administration shall be transferred to the Small Business Administration.

      (5) SAVINGS PROVISIONS-

        (A) CONTINUITY OF LEGAL FORCE AND EFFECT- All orders, determinations, rules, regulations, permits, grants, contracts, certificates, licenses, and privileges--

          (i) which have been issued, made, granted, or allowed to become effective by the President, by any Federal department or agency or official thereof, or by a court of competent jurisdiction, in the performance of functions which are transferred under this section to the Secretary or the Department; and

          (ii) which are in effect at the time of such transfer,

        shall continue in effect according to their terms until modified, terminated, superseded, set aside, or revoked by the President, the Secretary, or the authorized official, a court of competent jurisdiction, or by operation of law.

        (B) PENDING PROCEEDINGS- (i) This section shall not affect any proceedings, including notices of proposed rulemaking, or any application for any license, permit, certificate, or financial assistance pending on the date of the transfer of functions and offices under subsection (d) before any department, agency, commission, or component thereof, functions of which are transferred by this section. Such proceedings and applications, to the extent that they relate to functions so transferred, shall be continued, except as provided in clause (iii).

        (ii) Orders may be issued in such proceedings, appeals may be taken therefrom, and payments may be made pursuant to such orders, as if this section had not been enacted. Orders issued in any such proceedings shall continue in effect until modified, terminated, superseded, or revoked by the Secretary, by a court of competent jurisdiction, or by operation of law.

        (iii) Nothing in this subparagraph shall be considered to prohibit the discontinuance or modification of any such proceeding under the same terms and conditions and to the same extent that such proceeding could have been discontinued or modified if this section had not been enacted.

        (iv) The Secretary is authorized to promulgate regulations providing for the orderly transfer of proceedings continued under this subparagraph to the Department.

        (C) NO EFFECT ON JUDICIAL PROCEEDINGS- Except as provided in subparagraph (E)--

          (i) the transfer of functions and offices under subsection (d) shall not affect suits commenced prior to the date of such transfer; and

          (ii) in all such suits, proceedings shall be had, appeals taken, and judgments rendered in the same manner and effect as if this section had not been enacted.

        (D) NONABATEMENT OF PROCEEDINGS- No suit, action, or other proceeding commenced by or against any officer in the official capacity of such individual as an officer of any department or agency, functions of which are transferred by this section, shall abate by reason of the enactment of this section. No cause of action by or against any department or agency, functions of which are transferred by this section, or by or against any officer thereof in the official capacity of such officer shall abate by reason of the enactment of this section.

        (E) CONTINUATION OF PROCEEDING WITH SUBSTITUTION OF PARTIES- If, before the date of the transfer of functions and offices under subsection (d), any department or agency, or officer thereof in the official capacity of such officer, is a party to a suit, and under this section any function of such department, agency, or officer is transferred to the Secretary or any other official of the Department, then such suit shall be continued with the Secretary or other appropriate official of the Department substituted or added as a party.

        (F) REVIEWABILITY OF ORDERS AND ACTIONS UNDER TRANSFERRED FUNCTIONS- Orders and actions of the Secretary in the exercise of functions transferred under this section shall be subject to judicial review to the same extent and in the same manner as if such orders and actions had been by the agency or office, or part thereof, exercising such functions immediately preceding their transfer. Any statutory requirements relating to notice, hearings, action upon the record, or administrative review that apply to any function transferred by this section shall apply to the exercise of such function by the Secretary.

      (6) REFERENCE- With respect to any function transferred by this section and exercised on or after the date of such transfer, reference in any other Federal law to any department, commission, or agency or any officer or office the functions of which so transferred shall be deemed to refer to the Secretary, other official, or component of the Department to which this section transfers such functions.

      (7) AMENDMENTS-

        (A) DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ORGANIZATION ACT- Sections 201 through 203 of the Department of Energy Organization Act (42 U.S.C. 7131-7133) are repealed.

        (B) INSPECTOR GENERAL ACT OF 1978- The Inspector General Act of 1978 is amended--

          (i) in section 8E(a)(2), by striking ‘the National Science Foundation,’;

          (ii) in section 8E(a)(4), by striking ‘, except that with respect to the National Science Foundation, such term means the National Science Board’;

          (iii) in section 11(1)--

            (I) by striking ‘Commerce,’;

            (II) by striking ‘Energy,’;

            (III) by inserting ‘Science, Space, Energy, and Technology,’ after ‘the Interior, Labor,’; and

            (IV) by striking ‘National Aeronautics and Space,’; and

          (iv) in section 11(2)--

            (I) by striking ‘Commerce,’;

            (II) by striking ‘Energy,’;

            (III) by inserting ‘Science, Space, Energy, and Technology,’ after ‘Justice, Labor,’; and

            (IV) by striking ‘the National Aeronautics and Space Administration,’.

        (C) NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ACT OF 1958- Section 207 of the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958 (42 U.S.C. 2476a) is repealed.

      (8) TRANSITION-

        (A) USE OF FUNDS- Funds available to any department or agency (or any official or component thereof), the functions or offices of which are transferred to the Secretary or the Department by this section, may, with the approval of the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, be used to pay the compensation and expenses of any officer appointed pursuant to this section and other transitional and planning expenses associated with the establishment of the Department or transfer of functions or offices thereto until such time as funds for such purposes are otherwise available.

        (B) USE OF PERSONNEL- With the consent of the appropriate department or agency head concerned, the Secretary is authorized to utilize the services of such officers, employees, and other personnel of the departments and agencies from which functions or offices have been transferred to the Secretary or the Department, for such period of time as may reasonably be needed to facilitate the orderly implementation of this section.

      (9) INTERIM APPOINTMENTS-

        (A) AUTHORITY TO APPOINT- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, in the event that one or more officers required by this section to be appointed by and with the advice and consent of the Senate shall not have entered upon office on the date of the transfer of functions and offices under subsection (d), the President may designate an officer in the executive branch to act in such office for 120 days or until the office is filled as provided in this section, whichever occurs first.

        (B) COMPENSATION- Any officer acting in an office in the Department pursuant to the provisions of subparagraph (A) shall receive compensation at the rate prescribed for such office under this section.

    (g) RELATION TO OTHER PROVISIONS-

      (1) MODIFICATIONS IN AUTHORITY- If any other section of this Act increases, restricts, or otherwise modifies any authority (including the authority to assess or collect fees) with respect to any function or office, or portion thereof, transferred by this section, the authority transferred by this section shall be the authority as so modified.

      (2) RESCISSIONS- If any other section of this Act rescinds funds that are to be transferred pursuant to this section, such rescission shall be made prior to such transfer.

SEC. 523. ELIMINATION OF FUNDING FOR MAGLEV PROTOTYPE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Section 1036(d) of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (49 U.S.C. 309 note; 105 Stat. 1986) is amended--

      (1) in paragraph (1) by striking ‘the following’ and all that follows through ‘DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM- For’ and inserting ‘for’; and

      (2) in paragraph (2) by striking subparagraph (A) and by redesignating subparagraphs (B) and (C) as subparagraphs (A) and (B), respectively.

    (b) RESCISSION OF FUNDS- Of the funds made available under the heading ‘Federal Railroad Administration--Railroad Research and Development’ in the Department of Transportation and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-122), $20,000,000 is rescinded, to be derived from magnetic levitation research and analysis activities.

SEC. 524. RESCISSION OF FUNDS FOR FEDERALLY SPONSORED UNIVERSITY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Of the aggregate funds made available for the accounts specified in subsection (b), $220,000,000 is rescinded, to be derived from university research and development programs. The Director of the Office of Management and Budget shall allocate such rescission among such accounts, and shall submit to the Congress a report setting forth such allocation.

    (b) AFFECTED ACCOUNTS- The funds subject to the rescission made by subsection (a) are the following:

      (1) NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH- The amounts made available under the heading ‘Department of Health and Human Services--National Institutes of Health’ in the Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-112), for the following accounts:

        (A) ‘National Cancer Institute’.

        (B) ‘National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute’.

        (C) ‘National Institute of Dental Research’.

        (D) ‘National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases’.

        (E) ‘National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke’.

        (F) ‘National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases’.

        (G) ‘National Institute of General Medical Sciences’.

        (H) ‘National Institute of Child Health and Human Development’.

        (I) ‘National Eye Institute’.

        (J) ‘National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences’.

        (K) ‘National Institute on Aging’.

        (L) ‘National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases’.

        (M) ‘National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders’.

        (N) ‘National Institute of Nursing Research’.

        (O) ‘National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism’.

        (P) ‘National Institute on Drug Abuse’.

        (Q) ‘National Institute of Mental Health’.

        (R) ‘National Center for Research Resources’.

        (S) ‘National Center for Human Genome Research’.

        (T) ‘John E. Fogarty International Center’.

        (U) ‘National Library of Medicine’.

        (V) ‘Office of the Director’.

      (2) INDEPENDENT AGENCIES- The amounts made available in the Departments of Veterans Affairs and Housing and Urban Development, and Independent Agencies Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-124), for the following accounts:

        (A) ‘National Science Foundation--Research and Related Activities’.

        (B) ‘National Aeronautics and Space Administration--Research and Development’.

      (3) DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE- The amounts made available in the Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-139), for the following accounts:

        (A) ‘Research, Development, Test and Evaluation, Army’.

        (B) ‘Research, Development, Test and Evaluation, Navy’.

        (C) ‘Research, Development, Test and Evaluation, Air Force’.

        (D) ‘Research, Development, Test and Evaluation, Defense-Wide’.

SEC. 525. RECOUPMENT OF CERTAIN GRANTS.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Energy and the Secretary of Commerce shall establish procedures and criteria for the recoupment of the Federal share of all cost shared research, development, demonstration, and commercial application projects undertaken by such Departments. If required, such recoupment shall occur within a reasonable period of time following the date of completion of a project, but not later than 20 years following such date, taking into account the effect of recoupment on--

      (1) the commercial competitiveness of the entity carrying out the project;

      (2) the profitability of the project; and

      (3) the commercial viability of the technology utilized.

    The Secretary of Energy and the Secretary of Commerce may require recoupment under this section as appropriate.

SEC. 526. COVERAGE OF FEDERALLY FUNDED RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTERS BY COMPETITION IN CONTRACTING ACT.

    (a) CONTRACTS WITH EXECUTIVE AGENCIES- Section 303 of the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 253) is amended in subsection (b)(1)(C) and in subsection (c)(3) by striking out ‘or a federally funded research and development center’ each place it appears.

    (b) CONTRACTS WITH DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE- Section 2304 of title 10, United States Code, is amended in subsection (b)(1)(C) and in subsection (c)(3) by striking out ‘or a federally funded research and development center’ each place it appears.

SEC. 527. TERMINATION OF MODULAR HIGH-TEMPERATURE GAS-COOLED REACTOR PROJECT.

    (a) IN GENERAL- The United States shall not obligate any funds for the Modular High-Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor program.

    (b) AMENDMENTS- Section 2122(b) of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (42 U.S.C. 13492(b)) is amended--

      (1) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking ‘the modular high-temperature gas-cooled reactor technology and’; and

      (2) in paragraph (2)(C)--

        (A) by striking ‘high-temperature gas-cooled reactor technology and’; and

        (B) by striking ‘one or both of those technologies’ and inserting in lieu thereof ‘that technology’.

    (c) RESCISSION OF FUNDS- Of the funds made available under the heading ‘Department of Energy--Energy Supply, Research and Development Activities’ in the Energy and Water Development Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-126), $12,000,000 is rescinded, to be derived from the gas turbine-modular helium reactor program.

SEC. 528. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY FACILITIES CLOSURE AND RECONFIGURATION COMMISSION.

    (a) DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY FACILITIES CLOSURE AND RECONFIGURATION COMMISSION-

      (1) ESTABLISHMENT- There is established an independent commission to be known as the ‘Department of Energy Facilities Closure and Reconfiguration Commission’.

      (2) DUTIES- The Commission shall carry out the duties specified for the Commission in this section.

      (3) APPOINTMENT-

        (A) IN GENERAL- The Commission shall be composed of 7 members appointed by the President, by and with the advise and consent of the Senate. The President shall transmit to the Senate the nominations for appointment to the Commission not later than 3 months after the date of the enactment of this Act.

        (B) CONSULTATION- In selecting individuals for nominations for appointments to the Commission, the President should consult with--

          (i) the Speaker of the House of Representatives concerning the appointment of 1 member;

          (ii) the majority leader of the Senate concerning the appointment of 1 member;

          (iii) the minority leader of the House of Representatives concerning the appointment of 1 member; and

          (iv) the minority leader of the Senate concerning the appointment of 1 member.

        (C) CHAIRPERSON- At the time the President nominates individuals for appointment to the Commission, the President shall designate one such individual who shall serve as Chairperson of the Commission.

      (4) TERMS- Each member of the Commission shall serve until the termination of the Commission under paragraph (12).

      (5) MEETINGS- Each meeting of the Commission, other than meetings in which classified information is to be discussed, shall be open to the public.

      (6) VACANCIES- A vacancy in the Commission shall be filled in the same manner as the original appointment, but the individual appointed to fill the vacancy shall serve only for the unexpired portion of the term for which the individual’s predecessor was appointed.

      (7) PAY AND TRAVEL EXPENSES-

        (A) IN GENERAL-

          (i) BASIC PAY- Each member, other than the Chairperson, shall be paid at a rate equal to the daily equivalent of the minimum annual rate of basic pay payable for level IV of the Executive Schedule under section 5315 of title 5, United States Code, for each day (including travel time) during which the member is engaged in the actual performance of duties vested in the Commission.

          (ii) PAY OF CHAIRPERSON- The Chairperson shall be paid for each day referred to in clause (i) at a rate equal to the daily equivalent of the minimum annual rate of basic pay payable for level III of the Executive Schedule under section 5314 of title 5, United States Code.

        (B) TRAVEL EXPENSES- Members shall receive travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence, in accordance with sections 5702 and 5703 of title 5, United States Code.

      (8) DIRECTOR-

        (A) IN GENERAL- The Commission shall, without regard to section 5311(b) of title 5, United States Code, appoint a Director who has not served as a civilian employee of the Department of Energy during the one-year period preceding the date of such appointment.

        (B) PAY- The Director shall be paid at the rate of basic pay payable for level IV of the Executive Schedule under section 5315 of title 5, United States Code.

      (9) STAFF-

        (A) APPOINTMENT BY DIRECTOR- Subject to subparagraphs (B) and (C), the Director, with the approval of the Commission, may appoint and fix the pay of additional personnel.

        (B) APPLICABILITY OF CERTAIN CIVIL SERVICE LAWS- The Director may make such appointments without regard to the provisions of title 5, United States Code, governing appointments in the competitive service, and any personnel so appointed may be paid without regard to the provisions of chapter 51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of that title relating to classification and General Schedule pay rates, except that an individual so appointed may not receive pay in excess of the annual rate of basic pay payable for level IV of the Executive Schedule under section 5315 of title 5, United States Code.

        (C) LIMITATION- Not more than one-third of the personnel employed by or detailed to the Commission may be on detail from the Department of Energy.

        (D) SUPPORT FROM OTHER AGENCIES- Upon request of the Director, the head of a Federal agency may detail any of the personnel of that agency to the Commission to assist the Commission in carrying out its duties under this section.

        (E) SUPPORT FROM COMPTROLLER GENERAL- The Comptroller General of the United States shall provide assistance, including the detailing of employees, to the Commission in accordance with an agreement entered into with the Commission.

      (10) OTHER AUTHORITY-

        (A) TEMPORARY AND INTERMITTENT SERVICES- The Commission may procure by contract, to the extent funds are available, the temporary or intermittent services of experts or consultants pursuant to section 3109 of title 5, United States Code.

        (B) AUTHORITY TO LEASE SPACE AND ACQUIRE CERTAIN PROPERTY- The Commission may lease space and acquire personal property to the extent funds are available. To the extent practicable, the Commission shall use suitable real property available under the most recent inventory of real property assets published by the Resolution Trust Corporation under section 21A(b)(11)(F) of the Federal Home Loan Bank Act (12 U.S.C. 1441a(b)(12)(F)).

      (11) FUNDING- There is appropriated for fiscal year 1994, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, $1,000,000 to the Commission to carry out its duties under this section. Such funds shall remain available until expended.

      (12) TERMINATION- The Commission shall terminate not later than 20 months after the date of the enactment of this Act.

    (b) PROCEDURE FOR MAKING RECOMMENDATIONS FOR CLOSURE AND RECONFIGURATION OF FACILITIES-

      (1) SELECTION CRITERIA-

        (A) IN GENERAL- Not later than 3 months after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Energy shall publish in the Federal Register and transmit to the congressional energy committees the criteria proposed to be used by the Secretary in making recommendations for the closure or reconfiguration of Department of Energy facilities resulting in an overall budget for such facilities for a fiscal year in an amount equal to the amount appropriated for such facilities for the previous fiscal year reduced by 25 percent. The Secretary shall provide an opportunity for public comment on the proposed criteria for a period of at least 30 days and shall include notice of that opportunity in the publication required under this paragraph. In developing the criteria, the Secretary shall consider--

          (i) the program costs and program distributions on a State and county basis, including real and personal property costs associated with each Department of Energy facility considered;

          (ii) the number of participants in programs conducted through a Department of Energy facility and staff resources involved;

          (iii) duplication of effort by Department of Energy facilities and overhead costs as a proportion of program benefits distributed through a Department of Energy facility; and

          (iv) cost savings and increases that would accrue through the reconfiguration of Department of Energy facilities.

        (B) FINAL CRITERIA- Not later than 5 months after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall publish in the Federal Register and transmit to the congressional energy committees the final criteria to be used in making recommendations for the closure or reconfiguration of Department of Energy facilities under this section.

      (2) SECRETARY’S RECOMMENDATIONS-

        (A) PUBLICATION IN FEDERAL REGISTER- Not later than 9 months after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall publish in the Federal Register and transmit to the congressional energy committees and to the Commission a list of the Department of Energy facilities that the Secretary recommends for closure or reconfiguration on the basis of the final criteria referred to in paragraph (1).

        (B) SUMMARY OF SELECTION PROCESS- The Secretary shall include, with the list of recommendations published and transmitted pursuant to subparagraph (A), a summary of the selection process that resulted in the recommendation for each Department of Energy facility, including a justification for each recommendation.

        (C) EQUAL CONSIDERATION OF FACILITIES- In considering Department of Energy facilities for closure or reconfiguration, the Secretary shall consider all such facilities equally without regard to whether a facility has been previously considered or proposed for closure or reconfiguration by the Secretary.

        (D) AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION- The Secretary shall make available to the Commission and the Comptroller General of the United States all information used by the Secretary in making recommendations to the Commission for closures and reconfiguration.

      (3) REVIEW AND RECOMMENDATIONS BY THE COMMISSION-

        (A) PUBLIC HEARINGS- After receiving the recommendations from the Secretary pursuant to paragraph (2), the Commission shall conduct public hearings on the recommendations.

        (B) REPORT- Not later than 15 months after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Commission shall transmit to the President and the congressional energy committees a report containing the Commission’s findings and conclusions based on a review and analysis of the recommendations made by the Secretary, together with the Commission’s recommendations for closures and reconfigurations of Department of Energy facilities.

        (C) DEVIATION FROM SECRETARY’S RECOMMENDATIONS- In making its recommendations, the Commission may make changes in any of the recommendations made by the Secretary if the Commission determines that the Secretary deviated substantially from the final criteria referred to in paragraph (1) in making recommendations. The Commission shall explain and justify in the report any recommendation made by the Commission that is different from the recommendations made by the Secretary.

        (D) PROVISION OF CERTAIN INFORMATION- After transmitting the report, the Commission shall promptly provide, upon request, to any Member of Congress information used by the Commission in making its recommendations.

      (4) ASSISTANCE FROM COMPTROLLER GENERAL- The Comptroller General of the United States shall--

        (A) assist the Commission, to the extent requested, in the Commission’s review and analysis of the recommendations made by the Secretary pursuant to paragraph (2); and

        (B) not later than 12 months after the date of the enactment of this Act, transmit to the congressional energy committees and to the Commission a report containing a detailed analysis of the Secretary’s recommendations and selection process.

      (5) REVIEW BY THE PRESIDENT-

        (A) IN GENERAL- Not later than 16 months after the date of the enactment of this Act, the President shall transmit to the Commission and to the congressional energy committees a report containing the President’s approval or disapproval of the Commission’s recommendations.

        (B) PRESIDENTIAL APPROVAL- If the President approves all of the recommendations of the Commission, the President shall transmit a copy of such recommendations to the congressional energy committees together with a certification of such approval.

        (C) PRESIDENTIAL DISAPPROVAL- If the President disapproves the recommendations of the Commission, in whole or in part, the President shall transmit to the Commission and the congressional energy committees the reasons for that disapproval. The Commission shall then transmit to the President, not later than 17 months after the date of the enactment of this Act, a revised list of recommendations for the closure and reconfiguration of Department of Energy facilities resulting in an overall budget for such facilities for a fiscal year in an amount equal to the amount appropriated for such facilities for the previous fiscal year reduced by 25 percent.

        (D) CERTIFICATION- If the President approves all of the revised recommendations of the Commission transmitted to the President under subparagraph (C), the President shall transmit a copy of such revised recommendations to the congressional energy committees, together with a certification of such approval.

        (E) FAILURE TO CERTIFY- If the President does not transmit to the congressional energy committees an approval and certification described in subparagraph (B) or (D) by 18 months after the date of the enactment of this Act, the process by which Department of Energy facilities may be selected for closure or reconfiguration under this section shall be terminated.

    (c) CLOSURE AND RECONFIGURATION OF DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY FACILITIES-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary shall--

        (A) close all Department of Energy facilities recommended for closure by the Commission in the report transmitted to the congressional energy committees by the President pursuant to subsection (b)(5);

        (B) reconfigure all such facilities recommended for reconfiguration by the Commission in the report; and

        (C) complete the closures and reconfigurations not later than the end of the 6-year period beginning on the date on which the President transmits the report pursuant to subsection (b)(5).

      (2) CONGRESSIONAL DISAPPROVAL-

        (A) IN GENERAL- The Secretary may not carry out any closure or reconfiguration of a facility recommended by the Commission in the report transmitted from the President pursuant to subsection (b)(5) if a joint resolution is enacted, in accordance with the provisions of subsection (g), disapproving the recommendations of the Commission before the earlier of--

          (i) the end of the 45-day period beginning on the date on which the President transmits the report; or

          (ii) the adjournment of Congress sine die for the session during which the report is transmitted.

        (B) For purposes of subparagraph (A) of this paragraph and paragraphs (1) and (3) of subsection (g), the days on which either House of Congress is not in session because of an adjournment of more than three days to a day certain shall be excluded in the computation of a period.

    (d) IMPLEMENTATION OF CLOSURE AND RECONFIGURATION ACTIONS-

      (1) ACTIONS OF THE SECRETARY- In closing or reconfiguring a Department of Energy facility under this section, the Secretary shall--

        (A) take such actions as may be necessary to close or reconfigure the facility;

        (B) provide outplacement assistance to any employees employed by the Department of Energy at the office whose employment is being terminated, and may use for such purpose funds in the Account or funds appropriated to the Department of Energy for outplacement assistance to employees;

        (C) take such steps as may be necessary to ensure the safe keeping of all records stored at the facility; and

        (D) reimburse other Federal agencies for actions performed at the request of the Secretary with respect to any such closure or reconfiguration, and may use for such purpose funds in the Account or funds appropriated to the Department of Energy and available for such purpose.

      (2) MANAGEMENT AND DISPOSAL OF PROPERTY-

        (A) IN GENERAL- The Administrator of General Services shall delegate to the Secretary of Energy, with respect to excess and surplus real property and facilities located at a Department of Energy facility closed or reconfigured under this section--

          (i) the authority of the Administrator to utilize excess property under section 202 of the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (40 U.S.C. 483);

          (ii) the authority of the Administrator to dispose of surplus property under section 203 of that Act (40 U.S.C. 484);

          (iii) the authority of the Administrator to grant approvals and make determinations under section 13(g) of the Surplus Property Act of 1944 (50 U.S.C. App. 1622(g)); and

          (iv) the authority of the Administrator to determine the availability of excess or surplus real property for wildlife conservation purposes in accordance with the Act of May 19, 1948 (16 U.S.C. 667b).

        (B) EXERCISE OF AUTHORITY-

          (i) IN GENERAL- Subject to clause (iii), the Secretary shall exercise the authority delegated to the Secretary pursuant to subparagraph (A) in accordance with--

            (I) all regulations in effect on the date of the enactment of this Act governing the utilization of excess property and the disposal of surplus property under the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949; and

            (II) all regulations in effect on the date of the enactment of this Act governing the conveyance and disposal of property under section 13(g) of the Surplus Property Act of 1944 (50 U.S.C. App. 1622(g)).

          (ii) REGULATIONS- The Secretary, after consulting with the Administrator of General Services, may issue regulations that are necessary to carry out the delegation of authority required by subparagraph (A).

          (iii) LIMITATION- The authority required to be delegated by subparagraph (A) to the Secretary by the Administrator of General Services shall not include the authority to prescribe general policies and methods for utilizing excess property and disposing of surplus property.

      (3) WAIVER- The Secretary may close or reconfigure Department of Energy facilities under this section without regard to any provision of law restricting the use of funds for closing or reconfiguring such facilities included in any appropriations or authorization Act.

    (e) ACCOUNT-

      (1) ESTABLISHMENT- There is hereby established on the books of the Treasury an account to be known as the ‘Department of Energy Facility Closure Account’ which shall be administered by the Secretary as a single account.

      (2) CONTENT OF ACCOUNT- There shall be deposited into the Account--

        (A) funds authorized for and appropriated to the Account;

        (B) any funds that the Secretary may, subject to approval in an appropriation Act, transfer to the Account from funds appropriated to the Department of Energy for any purpose, except that such funds may be transferred only after the date on which the Secretary transmits written notice of, and justification for, such transfer to the congressional energy committees; and

        (C) proceeds received from the transfer or disposal of any property at an office closed or reconfigured under this section.

      (3) USE OF FUNDS- The Secretary may use the funds in the Account only for the purposes described in subsection (d)(1).

      (4) REPORTS-

        (A) IN GENERAL- Not later than 60 days after the end of each fiscal year in which the Secretary carries out activities under this section, the Secretary shall transmit a report to the congressional energy committees of the amount and nature of the deposits into, and the expenditures from, the Account during such fiscal year and of the amount and nature of other expenditures made pursuant to subsection (d)(1) during such fiscal year.

        (B) UNOBLIGATED FUNDS- Unobligated funds which remain in the Account after the termination of the Commission shall be held in the Account until transferred by law after the congressional energy committees receive the report transmitted under subparagraph (C).

        (C) ACCOUNTING REPORT- Not later than 60 days after the termination of the Commission, the Secretary shall transmit to the congressional energy committees a report containing an accounting of--

          (i) all the funds deposited into and expended from the Account or otherwise expended under this section; and

          (ii) any amount remaining in the Account.

    (f) REPORTS ON IMPLEMENTATION- As part of the budget request for each fiscal year in which the Secretary will carry out activities under this section, the Secretary shall transmit to the congressional energy committees--

      (1) a schedule of the closure and reconfiguration actions to be carried out under this section in the fiscal year for which the request is made and an estimate of the total expenditures required and cost savings to be achieved by each such closure and reconfiguration and of the time period in which these savings are to be achieved in each case; and

      (2) a description of the Department of Energy facilities, including those under construction and those planned for construction, to which functions are to be transferred as a result of such closures and reconfigurations.

    (g) CONGRESSIONAL CONSIDERATION OF COMMISSION REPORT-

      (1) TERMS OF THE RESOLUTION- For purposes of subsection (c)(2), the term ‘joint resolution’ means only a joint resolution which is introduced within the 10-day period beginning on the date on which the President transmits the report to the Congress under subsection (b)(5), and--

        (A) which does not have a preamble;

        (B) the matter after the resolving clause of which is as follows: ‘That Congress disapproves the recommendations of the Department of Energy Facilities Closure and Reconfiguration Commission as submitted by the President on XXX’, the blank space being filled in with the appropriate date; and

        (C) the title of which is as follows: ‘Joint resolution disapproving the recommendations of the Department of Energy Facilities Closure and Reconfiguration Commission.’.

      (2) REFERRAL- A resolution described in paragraph (1) that is introduced in the House of Representatives shall be referred to the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology of the House of Representatives. A resolution described in paragraph (1) introduced in the Senate shall be referred to the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate.

      (3) DISCHARGE- If the committee to which a resolution described in paragraph (1) is referred has not reported such resolution (or an identical resolution) by the end of the 20-day period beginning on the date on which the President transmits the report to the Congress under subsection (b)(5), such committee shall be, at the end of such period, discharged from further consideration of such resolution, and such resolution shall be placed on the appropriate calendar of the House involved.

      (4) CONSIDERATION-

        (A) IN GENERAL- On or after the third day after the date on which the committee to which such a resolution is referred has reported, or has been discharged (under paragraph (3)) from further consideration of, such a resolution, it is in order (even though a previous motion to the same effect has been disagreed to) for any Member of the respective House to move to proceed to the consideration of the resolution (but only on the day after the calendar day on which such Member announces to the House concerned the Member’s intention to do so). All points of order against the resolution (and against consideration of the resolution) are waived. The motion is highly privileged in the House of Representatives and is privileged in the Senate and is not debatable. The motion is not subject to amendment, or to a motion to postpone, or to a motion to proceed to the consideration of other business. A motion to reconsider the vote by which the motion is agreed to or disagreed to shall not be in order. If a motion to proceed to the consideration of the resolution is agreed to, the respective House shall immediately proceed to consideration of the joint resolution without intervening motion, order, or other business, and the resolution shall remain the unfinished business of the respective House until disposed of.

        (B) DEBATE- Debate on the resolution, and on all debatable motions and appeals in connection therewith, shall be limited to not more than 2 hours, which shall be divided equally between those favoring and those opposing the resolution. An amendment to the resolution is not in order. A motion further to limit debate is in order and not debatable. A motion to postpone, or a motion to proceed to the consideration of other business, or a motion to recommit the resolution is not in order. A motion to reconsider the vote by which the resolution is agreed to or disagreed to is not in order.

        (C) QUORUM CALL- Immediately following the conclusion of the debate on a resolution described in paragraph (1) and a single quorum call at the conclusion of the debate if requested in accordance with the rules of the appropriate House, the vote on final passage of the resolution shall occur.

        (D) APPEALS FROM DECISION OF CHAIR- Appeals from the decisions of the Chair relating to the application of the rules of the Senate or the House of Representatives, as the case may be, to the procedure relating to a resolution described in paragraph (1) shall be decided without debate.

      (5) CONSIDERATION BY OTHER HOUSE-

        (A) If, before the passage by one House of a resolution of that House described in paragraph (1), that House receives from the other House a resolution described in paragraph (1), then the following procedures shall apply:

          (i) The resolution of the other House shall not be referred to a committee and may not be considered in the House receiving it except in the case of final passage as provided in clause (ii)(II).

          (ii) With respect to a resolution described in paragraph (1) of the House receiving the resolution--

            (I) the procedure in that House shall be the same as if no resolution had been received from the other House; but

            (II) the vote on final passage shall be on the resolution of the other House.

        (B) CONSIDERATION AFTER DISPOSITION BY OTHER HOUSE- Upon disposition of the resolution received from the other House, it shall no longer be in order to consider the resolution that originated in the receiving House.

      (6) RULES OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE- This subsection is enacted by Congress--

        (A) as an exercise of the rulemaking power of the Senate and House of Representatives, respectively, and as such it is deemed a part of the rules of each House, respectively, but applicable only with respect to the procedure to be followed in that House in the case of a resolution described in paragraph (1), and it supersedes other rules only to the extent that it is inconsistent with such rules; and

        (B) with full recognition of the constitutional right of either House to change the rules (so far as relating to the procedure of that House) at any time, in the same manner, and to the same extent as in the case of any other rule of that House.

    (h) DEFINITIONS- For purposes of this section:

      (1) The term ‘Account’ means the Department of Energy Facility Closure Account established in subsection (e)(1).

      (2) The term ‘Commission’ means the Department of Energy Facilities Closure and Reconfiguration Commission.

      (3) The term ‘congressional energy committees’ means the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives, the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology of the House of Representatives, and the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate.

      (4) The term ‘Secretary’ means the Secretary of Energy.

SEC. 529. ALASKA POWER ADMINISTRATION SALE.

    (a) SALE OF SNETTISHAM AND EKLUTNA HYDROELECTRIC PROJECTS- (1) The Secretary of Energy may sell the Snettisham Hydroelectric Project (referred to in this section as ‘Snettisham’) to the State of Alaska Power Authority (now known as the Alaska Industrial Development and Export Authority, and referred to in this section as the ‘Authority’), or its successor, in accordance with the February 10, 1989, Snettisham Purchase Agreement between the Alaska Power Administration of the United States Department of Energy and the Authority.

    (2) The Secretary of Energy may sell the Eklutna Hydroelectric Project (referred to in this section as ‘Eklutna’) to the Municipality of Anchorage doing business as Municipal Light and Power, the Chugach Electric Association, Inc., and the Matanuska Electric Association, Inc. (referred to in this section as ‘Eklutna Purchasers’) in accordance with the August 2, 1989, Eklutna Purchase Agreement between the United States Department of Energy and the Eklutna Purchasers.

    (3) The heads of other affected Federal departments and agencies, including the Secretary of the Interior, shall assist the Secretary of Energy in implementing the sales authorized by this Act.

    (4) The Secretary of Energy shall deposit sale proceeds in the Treasury of the United States to the credit of miscellaneous receipts.

    (5) There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as are necessary to prepare or acquire Eklutna and Snettisham assets for sale and conveyance, such preparations to provide sufficient title to ensure the beneficial use, enjoyment, and occupancy to the purchasers of the assets to be sold.

    (6) No later than one year after both of the sales authorized in this subsection have occurred, as measured by the Transaction Dates stipulated in the Purchase Agreements, the Secretary of Energy shall--

      (A) complete the business of, and close out, the Alaska Power Administration; and

      (B) prepare and submit to Congress a report documenting the sales.

    (b) ASSESSMENT OF ALTERNATIVE OPTIONS- Before taking any action authorized in subsection (a), the Secretary shall assess the feasibility of alternative options for maximizing the return to the Treasury from the sale of the Alaska Power Marketing Administration.

SEC. 530. FEDERAL-PRIVATE COGENERATION OF ELECTRICITY.

    Section 804(2)(B) of the National Energy Conservation Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 8287c(2)(B)) is amended by striking ‘, excluding any cogeneration process for other than a federally owned building or buildings or other federally owned facilities’.

SEC. 531. RESCISSION OF FUNDS FROM SPR PETROLEUM ACCOUNT.

    The unobligated balance of the funds in the SPR petroleum account on the date of the enactment of this Act is rescinded.

SEC. 532. STUDY OF TERMINATION OF HELIUM SUBSIDY.

    (a) FINDINGS- The Congress finds that--

      (1) the United States Government’s helium recovery program was instituted in 1925, when helium conservation was deemed to be a matter of national security and no private sector helium recovery industry existed;

      (2) today, as compared to 1925, there is little likelihood that the United States will have to field a fleet of blimps on an emergency basis;

      (3) private sources of helium are more than adequate for serving existing and foreseeable future national needs;

      (4) since 1925, there has been a dramatic increase in private industry’s involvement in helium recovery, as a result of the free market discovery of numerous commercial uses for helium;

      (5) currently, private industry accounts for 90 percent of all helium extraction and consumption;

      (6) the Government’s helium recovery program currently owes the Department of the Treasury $1,400,000,000 and loses an additional $120,000,000 yearly on interest alone, and there is no prospect for repayment of this debt without significant reform; and

      (7) with combined public and private helium reserves considerably in excess of foreseeable national helium needs, there is no longer any need for the Federal Government to own and operate a helium refining and marketing program.

    (b) STUDY- (1) The Secretary of the Interior, in consultation with private industry, shall conduct a study to determine how best to--

      (A) sell or otherwise dispose of, at the best possible terms available to the United States, all facilities, equipment, and other real or personal property, or rights thereto, held by the United States in connection with activities carried out under the Helium Act, unless such facilities, equipment, or other real or personal property, or rights thereto, are required for other Federal purposes;

      (B) sell or otherwise dispose of, at the best possible terms available to the United States, the helium reserves held by the United States other than amounts required for the specific immediate needs of the Federal Government, in a manner consistent with the orderly conduct of commercial helium markets; and

      (C) ensure the full repayment of loans made under section 12 of the Helium Act.

    (2) The Secretary of the Interior shall transmit to the Congress within one year after the date of enactment of this Act a report containing the results of the study conducted under paragraph (1).

SEC. 533. RESCISSION OF FUNDS FOR LOW-PRIORITY WATER PROJECTS.

    (a) CORPS OF ENGINEERS GENERAL INVESTIGATIONS- Of the funds made available under the heading ‘Corps of Engineers-Civil--General Investigations’ in the Energy and Water Development Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-126), $24,970,000 is rescinded, to be derived from projects that--

      (1) are not continuations of ongoing work under contract;

      (2) are not economically justified, or environmentally beneficial in a manner commensurate with costs;

      (3) are not environmentally acceptable;

      (4) are not in compliance with standard cost sharing;

      (5) do not have available the necessary non-Federal sponsorship and funding;

      (6) represent a Federal assumption of traditionally non-Federal responsibility; or

      (7) have not completed normal executive branch project review requirements.

    (b) CORPS OF ENGINEERS CONSTRUCTION- Of the funds made available under the heading ‘Corps of Engineers-Civil--Construction, General’ in the Energy and Water Development Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-126), $97,319,000 is rescinded, to be derived from projects that--

      (1) are not continuations of ongoing work under contract;

      (2) are not economically justified, or environmentally beneficial in a manner commensurate with costs;

      (3) are not environmentally acceptable;

      (4) are not in compliance with standard cost sharing;

      (5) do not have available the necessary non-Federal sponsorship and funding;

      (6) represent a Federal assumption of traditionally non-Federal responsibility; or

      (7) have not completed normal executive branch project review requirements.

    (c) BUREAU OF RECLAMATION- Of the funds made available under the heading ‘Department of the Interior--Bureau of Reclamation--Construction Program’ in the Energy and Water Development Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-126), $16,000,000 is rescinded, to be derived from projects that--

      (1) are not continuations of ongoing work under contract;

      (2) in the case of new projects, are inconsistent with the priorities of the Secretary of the Interior;

      (3) are not environmentally beneficial in a manner commensurate with costs; or

      (4) do not have available the necessary non-Federal cost sharing.

SEC. 534. PREFERENCE FOR INTERIM MEASURES IN SUPERFUND RESPONSE ACTIONS.

    (a) AMENDMENT OF CERCLA- Section 121(a) of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9621(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following: ‘Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, in selecting appropriate remedial actions in any record of decision issued on or after October 1, 1994, the President shall give a preference to the use of institutional controls (such as deed and access restrictions, monitoring, and provision of alternate water supplies), containment methods (including caps, slurry walls, and surface water diversion), and other interim measures, rather than permanent treatment technologies, if such measures are sufficient to assure the protection of human health and the environment.’.

    (b) CLEANUP STANDARDS- Section 121(d)(2) of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9621(d)(2)) shall not apply to any remedial action described in the amendment made by subsection (a).

    (c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- (1) Section 517(b) of the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 is amended by striking ‘and’ at the end of paragraph (8), by striking paragraph (9) and by inserting the following after paragraph (8):

      ‘(9) 1995, $1,065,536,000,

      ‘(10) 1996, $1,100,198,000,

      ‘(11) 1997, $1,254,824,000, and

      ‘(12) 1998, $1,321,018,000,’.

    (2) Section 9507(c) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended by adding the following new paragraph at the end thereof:

        ‘(3) LIMITATION ON APPROPRIATIONS FROM FUND- For fiscal years 1995, 1996, 1997, and 1998, the total of all amounts authorized to be appropriated from the Superfund shall not exceed the amounts specified in paragraphs (9) through (12) of the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986.’.

    (d) REPORT REQUIREMENT- (1) The President shall submit to Congress a report, during each of the 5 years listed in paragraph (2), on the use of measures under the last sentence of section 121(a) of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9621), as required by the amendment made by subsection (a). The report shall cover the preceding fiscal year and shall include the estimated savings resulting from the use of such measures in comparison to using permanent treatment technologies.

    (2) The President shall submit the report required by paragraph (1) by December 1 of 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, and 1999.

SEC. 535. RESERVATION OF FUNDS FOR DISASTER RELIEF.

    (a) ESTABLISHMENT OF DISASTER RELIEF ACCOUNT- On the date of the enactment of this Act the Secretary of the Treasury shall establish a Disaster Relief Account within the Office of the Secretary of the Treasury.

    (b) RESERVATION OF FUNDS- For each domestic discretionary spending account, the head of each Federal agency shall transfer 1 percent of all funds appropriated for each fiscal year beginning after September 30, 1993, to the account established under subsection (a) upon enactment of the appropriations Act for the agency for the fiscal year.

    (c) TRANSFER OF FUNDS- Upon enactment of an emergency disaster supplemental appropriations Act, the Secretary of the Treasury shall transfer such sums as are specified in such Act with respect to a disaster declared by the President from the Disaster Relief Account to the accounts specified by such Act.

    (d) USE OF DISASTER RELIEF ACCOUNT PRIOR TO PROVISION OF EMERGENCY FUNDS IN EXCESS OF CAPS- All funds in the Disaster Relief Account established under subsection (a) shall be exhausted before any funds shall be made available pursuant to section 251(b)(2)(D) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985.

    (e) RELEASE OF FUNDS- Any funds reserved under subsection (b) for a fiscal year which have not been transferred under subsection (c) by August 1 of such fiscal year shall after that date be returned to the account from which they were reserved in an amount proportionate to the amount originally reserved under subsection (b) if no emergency disaster supplemental appropriations bill has been reported from a committee of, or passed by, the House of Representatives or the Senate. If such a bill has been so reported or passed by August 1, such funds as may be required by such bill shall be retained in the Disaster Relief Account established under subsection (a) until transferred under subsection (c). Any funds in excess of those required for such bill shall be returned to the accounts from which they were reserved in an amount proportionate to the amount originally reserved under subsection (b) upon enactment of such bill as law.

    (f) DEFINITION- For purposes of this section, the term ‘domestic discretionary spending account’ means each budget account that was for purposes of section 601(a) of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 considered to be with respect to fiscal year 1993 within the domestic discretionary category, and each new account not classified as within function 050 or 150.

    (g) RESCISSION OF FUNDS- Of the funds made available under the heading ‘Federal Emergency Management Agency--Disaster Relief’ in the Departments of Veterans Affairs and Housing and Urban Development, and Independent Agencies Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-124), $15,000,000 is rescinded.

SEC. 536. ELIMINATION OF WEATHER OFFICE CLOSURE CERTIFICATION PROCEDURES.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Title VII of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Authorization Act of 1992 is repealed.

    (b) SENSE OF CONGRESS- It is the sense of the Congress that the repeal made by subsection (a) will not result in a degradation of weather forecasting service.

    (c) RESCISSION OF FUNDS- Of the funds made available under the heading ‘National Oceanic And Atmospheric Administration--Operations, Research, and Facilities’ in the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-121), $20,000,000 is rescinded, to be derived from the National Weather Service.

SEC. 537. RESCISSION OF FUNDS FOR NOAA RESEARCH FLEET.

    Of the funds made available under the heading ‘National Oceanic And Atmospheric Administration--Fleet Modernization, Shipbuilding and Conversion’ in the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-121), $77,064,000 is rescinded.

SEC. 538. RESCISSION OF FUNDS FOR NOAA ADD-ONS.

    Of the funds made available under the heading ‘National Oceanic And Atmospheric Administration’ in the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-121), there are rescinded the following amounts from the following accounts:

      (1) ‘Operations, Research, and Facilities’, $71,298,000.

      (2) ‘Construction’, $29,840,000.

      (3) ‘Aircraft Procurement and Modernization’, $43,000,000.

SEC. 539. STUDY CONCERNING MERGER OF BUREAU OF RECLAMATION AND UNITED STATES ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS.

    (a) FINDING- The Congress finds--

      (1) that similar functions should be administered in the same agency;

      (2) that the Bureau of Reclamation is currently reevaluating its mission; and

      (3) now is the proper time for the Bureau of Reclamation and the Corps of Engineers to evaluate the feasibility of a merger.

    (b) STUDY- Not later than one year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Interior, acting through the Commissioner of Reclamation, and the Secretary of the Army, acting through the Chief of Engineers, shall jointly conduct a study and submit a report to the Congress on merging the Bureau of Reclamation with the Corps of Engineers. The study shall include an examination of the administrative efficiencies that could be achieved in addition to the change and reorganization referred to in subsection (a), including--

      (1) a the financial savings through administrative efficiency that would be obtained through such a merger; and

      (2) the realignment of water projects such that similar projects are treated in a similar manner.

SEC. 540. RESCISSION OF FUNDS FOR AGRICULTURE BUILDING AND FACILITIES ACCOUNT.

    Of the funds made available under the heading ‘Cooperative State Research Service--Buildings and Facilities’ in the Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-111), $56,874,000 is rescinded.

SEC. 541. REPEAL OF AUTHORIZATIONS FOR THE AIRWAY SCIENCE PROGRAM, COLLEGIATE TRAINING INITIATIVE, AND AIR CARRIER MAINTENANCE TECHNICIAN TRAINING FACILITY GRANT PROGRAM.

    (a) AIRWAY SCIENCE PROGRAM- All authority for--

      (1) the Secretary of Transportation to enter into grant agreements with universities or colleges having an airway science curriculum recognized by the Federal Aviation Administration for conducting demonstration projects with respect to the development, advancement, and expansion of airway science programs, and

      (2) the Federal Aviation Administration to enter into competitive grant agreements with institutions of higher education having airway science curricula,

    and all authorizations to appropriate funds for such purposes, including all authorizations for which funds were appropriated for such purposes under the heading ‘Federal Aviation Administration, Facilities and Equipment’ in the Department of Transportation and Related Agencies Appropriations Acts, 1994 are repealed.

    (b) COLLEGIATE TRAINING INITIATIVE- Section 362 of the Department of Transportation and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1993 (106 Stat. 1560) is repealed. Notwithstanding such repeal, the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration may continue to convert appointment of persons who have been appointed pursuant to such section prior to the effective date of this Act from the excepted service to a career conditional or career appointment in the competitive civil service, pursuant to subsection (c) of such section.

    (c) AIR CARRIER MAINTENANCE TECHNICIAN TRAINING FACILITY GRANT PROGRAM- Section 119 of the Airport and Airway Safety, Capacity, Noise Improvement, and Intermodal Transportation Act of 1992 (49 U.S.C. App. 1354 note; 106 Stat. 4883-4884) is repealed.

    (d) RESCISSION OF FUNDS-

      (1) FAA OPERATIONS- Of the funds made available under the heading ‘Federal Aviation Administration--Operations’ in the Department of Transportation and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-122), $2,750,000 is rescinded, to be derived from grants to the Mid-American Aviation Resource Consortium and vocational technical institutions.

      (2) FAA FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT- Of the unobligated balance of funds made available under the heading ‘Federal Aviation Administration--Facilities and Equipment’ in appropriations Acts for fiscal year 1994 and prior fiscal years, $40,257,111 is rescinded, to be derived from the airway science program.

SEC. 542. REPEAL OF NATIONAL RECREATIONAL TRAILS PROGRAM.

    The Symms National Recreational Trails Act of 1991 (16 U.S.C. 1261-1262; 105 Stat. 2064-2069) is repealed.

SEC. 543. RESCISSION OF FUNDS FOR EDA.

    Of the funds made available under the heading ‘Economic Development Administration--Economic Development Assistance Programs’ in the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-121), $159,892,000 is rescinded.

SEC. 544. ELIMINATION OF FUNDING FOR PUBLIC TELECOMMUNICATIONS FACILITIES.

    (a) REPEAL OF AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- Subpart A of Part IV of title III of the Communications Act of 1934 (47 U.S.C. 390-393a) is repealed.

    (b) RESCISSION OF FUNDS- Of the funds made available under the heading ‘National Telecommunications and Information Administration--Public Telecommunications Facilities, Planning and Construction’ in the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-121), $24,000,000 is rescinded.

SEC. 545. MORATORIUM ON CONSTRUCTION AND ACQUISITION OF NEW FEDERAL BUILDINGS.

    (a) GENERAL RULE- After the date of the enactment of this Act and before October 1, 1998, the Administrator of General Services may not obligate any funds for construction or acquisition of any public building under the authority of the Public Buildings Act of 1959 or any other provision of law (other than a public building under construction or under contract for acquisition on such date of enactment).

    (b) PUBLIC BUILDING DEFINED- In this section, the term ‘public building’ has the meaning such term has under the Public Buildings Act of 1959.

Subtitle C--Government Management

SEC. 551. GOVERNMENT INFORMATION DISSEMINATION AND PRINTING IMPROVEMENT.

    (a) TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS-

      (1) PUBLIC PRINTER- The position of Public Printer and all functions of the position of Public Printer (other than functions of the Superintendent of Documents) under title 44, United States Code, or any other provision of law are transferred from the legislative branch of the Government to the executive branch of the Government.

      (2) SUPERINTENDENT OF DOCUMENTS- The position of Superintendent of Documents and all functions of the position of Superintendent of Documents under title 44, United States Code, or any other provision of law are transferred to the Library of Congress and shall be carried out by the Superintendent of Documents under the direction of the Librarian of Congress. The Superintendent of Documents shall be appointed by, and serve at the pleasure of, the Librarian of Congress.

      (3) REVOCATION OF CHARTERS- All printing plant charters authorized under section 501 of title 44, United States Code, are revoked.

      (4) EFFECTIVE DATE- The transfer under paragraph (1) and the revocation under paragraph (3) shall each take effect 2 years after the date of the enactment of this Act. The transfer under paragraph (2) shall take effect one year after the date of the enactment of this Act.

    (b) GOVERNMENT PUBLICATIONS TO BE AVAILABLE THROUGHOUT THE GOVERNMENT- All Government publications shall be available throughout the Government to any department, agency, or entity of the Government for use or redissemination.

    (c) INVENTORY AND FURNISHING OF GOVERNMENT PUBLICATIONS- Each department, agency, and other entity of the Government shall--

      (1) establish and maintain a comprehensive inventory of its Government publications;

      (2) make such inventory available through the electronic directory under chapter 41 of title 44, United States Code; and

      (3) in the form and manner prescribed by the Superintendent of Documents, furnish its Government publications to the Superintendent of Documents.

    (d) ADDITIONAL RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE PUBLIC PRINTER-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The Public Printer shall, with respect to the executive branch of the Government and the judicial branch of the Government--

        (A) use all necessary measures to remedy neglect, delay, duplication, and waste in the public printing and binding of Government publications, including the reduction and elimination of internal printing and high-speed duplicating capacities of departments, agencies, and entities;

        (B) prescribe Government publishing standards, which, to the greatest extent practicable, shall be consistent with the United States Government Printing Office Style Manual;

        (C) prescribe Government procurement and manufacturing requirements for printing paper and writing paper, which, to the greatest extent practicable, shall be consistent with Government Paper Specification Standards;

        (D) authorize the acquisition and transfer of equipment requisitioned by publishing facilities authorized under section 501 of title 44, United States Code;

        (E) authorize the disposal of such equipment pursuant to section 312 of title 44, United States Code; and

        (F) establish policy for the acquisition of printing, which, to the greatest extent practicable, shall be consistent with (i) Printing Procurement Regulation (GPO Publication 305.3), (ii) Government Printing and Binding Regulations (JCP No. 26), and (ii) Printing Procurement Department Instruction (PP304.1B).

      (2) POLICY STANDARDS- The policy referred to in paragraph (1)(F) shall be formulated to maximize competitive procurement from the private sector. Government in-house printing and duplicating operations authorized under section 501 of title 44, United States Code, or otherwise authorized by law, may be used if they provide printing at the lowest cost to the Government, taking into consideration the total expense of production, materials, labor, equipment, and general and administrative expense, including all levels of overhead.

    (e) ADDITIONAL RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF DOCUMENTS-

      (1) GOVERNMENT PUBLICATIONS TO BE FURNISHED TO THE SUPERINTENDENT OF DOCUMENTS- If a department, agency, or other entity of the Government publishes a Government publication, the head of the department, agency, or entity shall furnish the Government publication to the Superintendent of Documents not later than the date of release of the material to the public.

      (2) DISSEMINATION OR REPUBLICATION- In addition to any other dissemination provided for by law, the Superintendent of Documents shall disseminate or republish Government publications, if, as determined by the Superintendent, the dissemination by the department, agency, or entity of the Government is inadequate. The Superintendent shall have authority to carry out the preceding sentence by appropriate means, including the dissemination and republication of Government publications furnished under paragraph (1), with the cost of dissemination and republication to be borne by the department, agency, or entity involved.

      (3) COST- The cost charged to the public by the superintendent of documents under paragraph (2) for any government publication (whether such government publication is made available to the public by a department, agency, or entity of the government, or by the superintendent of documents) may include the incremental cost of dissemination, but may not include any profit.

    (f) DEPOSITORY LIBRARIES.- In addition to any other distribution provided for by law, the Superintendent of Documents shall make Government publications available to designated depository libraries and State libraries. The Superintendent shall have authority to carry out the preceding sentence by appropriate means, including the dissemination and republication of Government publications furnished under subsection (e)(1), with the cost of dissemination and republication to be borne by the department, agency, or entity involved.

    (g) DEFINITIONS- As used in this section--

      (1) the term ‘Government publication’ means any informational matter that is published at Government expense, or as required by law; and

      (2) the term ‘publish’ means, with respect to informational matter, make available for dissemination.

SEC. 552. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING REORGANIZATION OF BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS.

    It is the sense of the Congress that--

      (1) the Bureau of Indian Affairs should be reorganized, with special attention given to reorganizing the Bureau’s 12 area offices into not more than 5 regional service centers and 2 special service offices; and

      (2) such reorganization should be pursued in coordination with the Task Force on Bureau of Indian Affairs reorganization, as provided in the Department of the Interior and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-138).

SEC. 553. RESCISSION OF FUNDS FOR PRINTING AND REPRODUCTION AND FOR SUPPLIES AND MATERIALS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Of the funds made available in appropriations Acts for fiscal year 1994 to the following agencies for printing and reproduction and for supplies and materials, the following amounts are rescinded:

      (1) Department of Agriculture, $186,000,000.

      (2) Department of Commerce, $6,000,000.

      (3) Department of Health and Human Services, $22,400,000.

      (4) Department of the Interior, $14,400,000.

      (5) Department of Justice, $15,600,000.

      (6) Department of Labor, $2,000,000.

      (7) Department of State, $4,400,000.

      (8) Department of the Treasury, $13,200,000.

      (9) Department of Education, $400,000.

      (10) Department of Energy, $2,800,000.

      (11) Environmental Protection Agency, $11,200,000.

      (12) Department of Transportation, $33,200,000.

      (13) Department of Housing and Urban Development, $240,000.

      (14) Department of Veterans Affairs, $97,200,000.

    (b) ALLOCATION- The Director of the Office of Management and Budget shall allocate the rescissions made by subsection (a) among the appropriate accounts, and shall submit to the Congress a report setting forth such allocation.

SEC. 554. STREAMLINING OF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT.

    (a) IN GENERAL- During the 5-year period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development shall streamline the headquarters, regional, and field office structure of the Department of Housing and Urban Development by consolidating various such offices and reducing the size of the Department, without regard to the requirements of section 7(p) of the Department of Housing and Urban Development Act.

    (b) WORKFORCE REDUCTIONS- In carrying out subsection (a), during the period referred to in such subsection, the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development shall eliminate not less than 1,500 full-time employment positions in the Department of Housing and Urban Development.

SEC. 555. TERMINATION OF INTERSTATE COMMERCE COMMISSION.

    (a) IN GENERAL- There are transferred to the Secretary, effective January 1, 1994, all functions of the Commission.

    (b) AUTHORITY OF OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET- The Director of the Office of Management and Budget, in consultation with the Commission and the Secretary, may make such determinations as may be necessary with regard to the functions transferred by this section, and make such additional incidental dispositions of assets, liabilities, contracts, property, and records, as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this section. The unobligated funds of the Commission shall not be transferred to the Department of Transportation in order to carry out the transfer of functions under this section, and the number of full-time employee positions within the Department of Transportation shall not be increased as a result of such transfer of functions.

    (c) JOINT PLANNING FOR TRANSFER- The Chairman of the Commission and the Secretary shall, beginning as soon as practicable after the date of enactment of this section, jointly plan for the orderly transfer of functions under this section.

    (d) INTERIM USE OF INTERSTATE COMMERCE COMMISSION PERSONNEL- Prior to January 1, 1994, and with the consent of the Commission, the Secretary may use the services of officers, employees, and other personnel of the Commission under such terms and conditions as will reasonably facilitate the orderly transfer of functions under this section.

    (e) SAVINGS PROVISIONS-

      (1) IN GENERAL- All orders, determinations, rules, regulations, permits, contracts, certificates, licenses, and privileges--

        (A) which have been issued, made, granted, or allowed to become effective by any agency or official thereof, or by a court of competent jurisdiction, in the performance of any function which is transferred by this section to the Secretary from the Commission; and

        (B) which are in effect immediately before the transfer of functions by this section,

      shall continue in effect according to their terms until modified, terminated, superseded, set aside, or revoked in accordance with law by the Secretary or any other duly authorized official, by any court of competent jurisdiction, or by operation of law.

      (2) CONTINUATION OF PROCEEDINGS- The transfer of functions by this section shall not affect any proceedings, including rulemaking proceedings, or any application for any license, permit, or certificate, pending before the Commission immediately before the transfer takes effect. Such proceedings and applications shall be continued at the Department of Transportation. Orders shall be issued in such proceedings, and appeals shall be taken therefrom, as if this section had not been enacted; and orders issued in any such proceedings shall continue in effect until modified, terminated, superseded, or revoked by the Secretary of Transportation, by a court of competent jurisdiction, or by operation of law. Nothing in this subsection shall be deemed to prohibit the discontinuance or modification of any such proceeding under the same terms and conditions and to the same extent that such proceeding could have been discontinued or modified if this section had not been enacted.

      (3) EFFECT ON PENDING CIVIL ACTIONS- Except as provided in paragraph (5)--

        (A) the transfer of any function under this section shall not affect any civil action relating to such function which is commenced prior to the date the transfer takes effect; and

        (B) in all such actions, proceedings shall be had, appeals taken, and judgments rendered, in the same manner and effect as if this section had not been enacted.

      (4) NONABATEMENT OF ACTIONS- No action or other proceeding commenced by or against any officer in that officer’s official capacity as an officer of the Commission shall abate by reason of the transfer of any function under this section. No cause of action by or against the Commission, or by or against any officer thereof in that officer’s official capacity, shall abate by reason of the transfer of any function under this section.

      (5) JUDICIAL ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISION- If immediately before the transfer of functions by this section the Commission or any officer thereof in that officer’s official capacity is a party to an action relating to a function transfer by this section, then such action shall be continued with the Secretary or other appropriate official of the Department of Transportation substituted or added as a party.

      (6) REFERENCES- With respect to any function transferred by this section and performed on or after the effective date of the transfer, reference in any Federal law to the Interstate Commerce Commission or the Commission (insofar as such term refers to the Interstate Commerce Commission), or to any officer or office thereof, shall be deemed to refer to the Department of Transportation, or other official or component of the Department of Transportation in which such function vests.

      (7) EXERCISE OF FUNCTIONS BY SECRETARY- In the exercise of any function transferred by this section, the Secretary shall have the same authority as that vested in the Commission with respect to such function immediately preceding its transfer, and actions of the Secretary shall have the same force and effect as when exercised by the Commission. Orders and actions of the Secretary in the exercise of the functions transferred under this section shall be subject to judicial review to the same extent and in the same manner as if such orders and actions had been by the Commission in the exercise of such functions immediately preceding their transfer. Any statutory requirements relating to notice, hearings, actions upon the record, or administrative review that apply to any functions transferred by this section shall apply to the exercise of such functions by the Secretary.

    (f) REPORTS- No later than July 1, 1994, the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report on the functions transferred from the Commission to the Department of Transportation under this section. The report shall include--

      (1) an assessment of benefits compared to costs associated with each of these functions, both with respect to persons affected directly and to the public generally;

      (2) recommendations for the elimination of functions identified as redundant, or substantially the same as functions or services which are performed by the Department of Transportation or other public or private organizations prior to the transfer of functions under this section; and

      (3) recommendations to modify or eliminate those functions that do not provide substantial economic or safety benefits to the general public.

    (g) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS-

      (1) EXECUTIVE LEVEL PAY RATES-

        (A) Section 5314 of title 5, United States Code, is amended by striking ‘Chairman, Interstate Commerce Commission.’.

        (B) Section 5315 of title 5, United States Code, is amended by striking ‘Members, Interstate Commerce Commission.’.

      (2) TERMINATION OF COMMISSION- Sections 10301 through 10308 of title 49, United States Code, are repealed.

      (3) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendments made by this section shall become effective on January 1, 1994.

    (h) DEFINITIONS- In this section--

      (1) the term ‘Commission’ means the Interstate Commerce Commission;

      (2) the term ‘function’ means a function, power, or duty; and

      (3) the term ‘Secretary’ means the Secretary of Transportation.

    (i) RESCISSION AND TRANSFER OF FUNDS- Of the funds made available under the heading ‘Interstate Commerce Commission--Salaries and Expenses’ in the Department of Transportation and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-122)--

      (1) $18,000,000 is rescinded; and

      (2) $15,000,000 shall be transferred to and merged with the appropriation in such Act for ‘DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION--OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY--Immediate Office of the Secretary’.

SEC. 556. RESCISSION OF FUNDS FROM TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY FUND.

    Of the funds in the Area and Regional Account of the Tennessee Valley Authority Fund, $23,000,000 is rescinded.

SEC. 557. RESCISSION OF FUNDS FOR APPALACHIAN REGIONAL COMMISSION.

    Of the funds made available under the heading ‘Appalachian Regional Commission’ in the Energy and Water Development Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-126), $59,000,000 is rescinded.

SEC. 558. IMPROVEMENTS TO MANAGMENT OF VETERANS’ HOSPITALS.

    The Secretary of Veterans Affairs, in consultation with the Secretary of Health and Human Services, shall implement for the Veterans Health Administration a financing system known as a ‘Prospective Payment System’. In implementing such a system, the Secretary shall classify each individual receiving health care and services under chapter 17 of title 38, United States Code, in a Diagnosis-Related Group (DRG). The Prospective Payment System implemented by the Secretary shall be modeled as closely as is practicable on the Prospective Payment System in use for the Medicare program under title XVIII of the Social Security Act. The Secretary may, to the extent necessary to implement this section, waive any provisions of law inconsistent with this section. In implementing this section, it shall be a goal of the Secretary to achieve savings in outlays for the Department of Veterans Affairs medical system of not less than $1,000,000,000 over the five-year period of fiscal years 1994 through 1998.

SEC. 559. RESCISSION OF FUNDS FOR LEGAL SERVICES CORPORATION.

    Of the funds made available under the heading ‘Legal Services Corporation--Payment to the Legal Services Corporation’ in the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-121), $20,000,000 is rescinded.

SEC. 560. TERMINATION OF STATE JUSTICE INSTITUTE.

    (a) IN GENERAL- The State Justice Institute Act of 1984 (42 U.S.C. 10701 et seq.) is repealed.

    (b) RESCISSION OF FUNDS- Of the funds made available under the heading ‘State Justice Institute--Salaries and Expenses’ in the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-121), $6,775,000 is rescinded.

SEC. 561. IMPROVEMENT OF U.S. MARSHALS SERVICE.

    (a) PHASING OUT OF POLITICAL APPOINTEES-

      (1) UNCONFIRMED APPOINTEES- Any individual serving as a United States marshal to whose appointment to such office the Senate has not given its advice and consent as of the date of the enactment of this Act, may no longer serve in such position on or after such date of enactment, except pursuant to appointment by the Attorney General under the amendments made by this section. The Attorney General shall, before appointing any other individual to such vacated position, offer such vacated position to the individual then serving as deputy marshal in that office of United States marshal. The individual appointed to fill such vacated position shall be appointed for the remainder of the unexpired term of his or her predecessor.

      (2) CONFIRMED APPOINTEES- Any individual who, on the date of the enactment of this Act, is a United States marshal to whose appointment the Senate has given its advice and consent, may not serve in such position on or after December 31, 1994, except pursuant to appointment by the Attorney General under the amendments made by this section. The Attorney General shall, before appointing any other individual to such vacated position, offer such vacated position to the individual then serving as deputy marshal in that office of United States marshal. The individual appointed to fill such vacated position shall be appointed for the remainder of the unexpired term of his or her predecessor.

    (b) APPOINTMENT OF UNITED STATES MARSHALS- Section 561 of title 28, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) in subsection (c) by striking ‘The President shall appoint, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate,’ and inserting ‘The Attorney General shall appoint’; and

      (2) in subsection (d) by striking ‘President’ and inserting ‘Attorney General’.

    (c) OVERALL REDUCTION IN NUMBER OF POSITIONS-

      (1) ELIMINATION OF POSITIONS OF DEPUTY MARSHAL- The position of deputy marshal in the 70 judicial districts having the least population of all judicial districts shall be abolished, as of--

        (A) the date of the enactment of this Act, in a case in which subsection (a)(1) applies; or

        (B) the date on which the United States marshal leaves office under the first sentence of subsection (a)(2), in a case in which such subsection applies;

      and no equivalent position in such districts shall thereafter be created.

      (2) OVERALL REDUCTION- The number of full-time equivalent positions in the United States Marshals Service as of January 1, 1995, may not exceed the number of full-time equivalent positions in the United States Marshals Service on the date of the enactment of this Act, minus 70.

    (d) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS- (1) Section 562 of title 28, United States Code, and the item relating to such section in the table of sections at the beginning of chapter 37 of such title, are repealed.

    (2) Section 569 of such title is amended--

      (A) by striking ‘(a)’; and

      (B) by striking subsection (b).

SEC. 562. RESCISSION OF FUNDS FOR BATF.

    Of the funds made available under the heading ‘Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms--Salaries and Expenses’ in the Treasury, Postal Service, and General Government Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-123), $2,000,000 is rescinded.

SEC. 563. RESCISSION OF FUNDS FOR CONSTRUCTION OF NEW FEDERAL OFFICES AND COURTHOUSES.

    Of the funds made available under the heading ‘General Services Administration--Federal Buildings Fund’ in the Treasury, Postal Service, and General Government Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-123), $288,000,000 is rescinded.

SEC. 564. LIMITATION ON OFFICE EQUIPMENT AND FURNISHINGS PURCHASES BY DEPARTING MEMBERS OF HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.

    The first section of the Act entitled ‘An Act to authorize the disposition of certain office equipment and furnishings, and for other purposes’, enacted October 20, 1974 (2 U.S.C. 59a) is repealed.

SEC. 565. RESCISSION OF FUNDS FOR EXECUTIVE OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Of the funds made available for each account under the heading ‘Executive Office of the President and Funds Appropriated to the President’ in the Treasury, Postal Service, and General Government Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-123), there is rescinded an amount equal to 5 percent of such funds.

    (b) ADDITIONAL OFFICES- Of the funds made available for each account under the heading ‘Executive Office of the President’ in the Departments of Veterans Affairs and Housing and Urban Development, and Independent Agencies Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-124), there is rescinded an amount equal to 5 percent of such funds.

SEC. 566. RESCISSION OF FUNDS FOR LEGISLATIVE BRANCH.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Of the funds made available for each account in the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-69), there is rescinded an amount equal to 7.5 percent of such funds.

    (b) EXCEPTIONS- Subsection (a) shall not apply to--

      (1) funds made available under the heading ‘Congressional Operations--Senate’; or

      (2) funds for which amounts are rescinded by section 317.

SEC. 567. RESCISSION OF FUNDS FOR HOUSE FRANKING.

    Of the funds made available under the heading ‘House of Representatives--Salaries and Expenses’ in the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-69), $12,000,000 is rescinded, to be derived from ‘Official Mail Costs’.

SEC. 568. PROVISIONS RELATING TO ANNUAL PAY ADJUSTMENTS FOR MEMBERS OF CONGRESS.

    (a) CALENDAR YEAR 1994- Notwithstanding section 601(a)(2) of the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946 (2 U.S.C. 31(2)), the cost of living adjustment (relating to pay for Members of Congress) which would become effective under such provision of law during calendar year 1994 shall not take effect.

    (b) LIMITATION ON FUTURE ADJUSTMENTS- Effective as of December 31, 1994, paragraph (2) of section 601(a) of the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946 is amended--

      (1) by striking ‘(2) Effective’ and inserting ‘(2)(A) Subject to subparagraph (B), effective’; and

      (2) by adding at the end the following:

    ‘(B) In no event shall the percentage adjustment taking effect under subparagraph (A) in any calendar year exceed the percentage adjustment taking effect in such calendar year under section 5303 of title 5, United States Code, in the rates of pay under the General Schedule.’.

SEC. 569. SES ANNUAL LEAVE ACCUMULATION.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Effective on the last day of the last applicable pay period beginning in calendar year 1993, subsection (f) of section 6304 of title 5, United States Code, is repealed.

    (b) SAVINGS PROVISION- Notwithstanding the amendment made by subsection (a), in the case of an employee who, on the effective date of subsection (a), is subject to subsection (f) of section 6304 of title 5, United States Code, and who has to such employee’s credit annual leave in excess of the maximum accumulation otherwise permitted by subsection (a) or (b) of section 6304, such excess annual leave shall remain to the credit of the employee and be subject to reduction, in the same manner as provided in subsection (c) of section 6304.

    (c) CONFORMING AMENDMENT- Section 6304(a) of title 5, United States Code, is amended by striking ‘(e), (f), and (g)’ and inserting ‘(e) and (g)’, effective as of the effective date of subsection (a).

    (d) RESCISSION OF FUNDS- Of the aggregate funds made available to executive departments and agencies in appropriations Act for fiscal year 1994 for purposes of payments for accrued leave upon termination of employment, $2,000,000 is rescinded. The Director of the Office of Management and Budget shall allocate such rescission among the appropriate accounts, and shall submit to the Congress a report setting forth such allocation.

SEC. 570. REDUCTION OF FEDERAL FULL-TIME EQUIVALENT POSITIONS.

    (a) DEFINITION- For purposes of this section, the term ‘agency’ means an Executive agency as defined under section 105 of title 5, United States Code, but does not include the General Accounting Office.

    (b) LIMITATIONS ON FULL-TIME EQUIVALENT POSITIONS- The President, through the Office of Management and Budget (in consultation with the Office of Personnel Management), shall ensure that the total number of full-time equivalent positions in all agencies shall not exceed--

      (1) 2,053,600 during fiscal year 1994;

      (2) 1,999,600 during fiscal year 1995;

      (3) 1,945,600 during fiscal year 1996;

      (4) 1,895,600 during fiscal year 1997; and

      (5) 1,851,600 during fiscal year 1998.

    (c) MONITORING AND NOTIFICATION- The Office of Management and Budget, after consultation with the Office of Personnel Management, shall--

      (1) continuously monitor all agencies and make a determination on the first date of each quarter of each applicable fiscal year of whether the requirements under subsection (b) are met; and

      (2) notify the President and the Congress on the first date of each quarter of each applicable fiscal year of any determination that any requirement of subsection (b) is not met.

    (d) COMPLIANCE- If at any time during a fiscal year, the Office of Management and Budget notifies the President and the Congress that any requirement under subsection (b) is not met, no agency may hire any employee for any position in such agency until the Office of Management and Budget notifies the President and the Congress that the total number of full-time equivalent positions for all agencies equals or is less than the applicable number required under subsection (b).

    (e) WAIVER- Any provision of this section may be waived upon--

      (1) a determination by the President of the existence of war or a national security requirement; or

      (2) the enactment of a joint resolution upon an affirmative vote of three-fifths of the Members of each House of the Congress duly chosen and sworn.

    (f) RESCISSION OF FUNDS- Of the aggregate funds made available to executive departments and agencies in appropriations Act for fiscal year 1994 for purposes of employee compensation, $2,122,000,000 is rescinded. The Director of the Office of Management and Budget shall allocate such rescission among the appropriate accounts, and shall submit to the Congress a report setting forth such allocation.

SEC. 571. RESCISSION OF FUNDS FOR TRAVEL ACCOUNTS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Of the funds made available in any appropriations Act for fiscal year 1994 to any executive department or agency, or any entity in the legislative branch, for purposes of official travel, 15 percent is rescinded. The Director of the Office of Management and Budget shall allocate such rescission among the appropriate accounts, and shall submit to the Congress a report setting forth such allocation.

    (b) EXCEPTIONS- Subsection (a) shall not apply to--

      (1) the Department of Defense, the Department of Justice, the Department of State, the Department of the Treasury, the Department of Veterans Affairs, or any agency or office within any such department; or

      (2) the Office of Personnel Management in carrying out its responsibilities under the Voting Rights Act of 1965.

SEC. 572. TERMINATION OF FEDERAL ADVISORY COMMITTEES.

    (a) TERMINATION- The entities described in subsection (b) are terminated.

    (b) ENTITIES DESCRIBED- The entities referred to in subsection (a) are the following:

      (1) Preservation of Jazz Advisory Commission.

      (2) Mt. Saint Helen’s Scientific Advisory Board.

      (3) Advisory Panel for the Dictionary of Occupational Titles.

      (4) U.S. Army Medical Research and Development Advisory Board.

      (5) Secretary of the Navy’s Advisory Committee on Naval History.

      (6) Scientific Advisory Committee on Effects.

      (7) Advisory Committee on Publications Subvention.

      (8) National Advisory Council on Educational Research and Improvement.

      (9) Advisory Panel for the Decontamination of TMI-2.

      (10) Technical Advisory Group on Cigarette Fire Safety.

      (11) Advisory Commission of Swine Health Protection.

    (c) SAVINGS PROVISIONS-

      (1) CONTINUATION OF AGREEMENTS, GRANTS, CONTRACTS, PRIVILEGES, AND OTHER ADMINISTRATIVE ACTIONS- All agreements, grants, contracts, privileges, and other administrative actions--

        (A) which have been issued, made, granted, or allowed to become effective by an entity described in subsection (b) in the performance of its functions or by a court of competent jurisdiction with respect to those functions, and

        (B) which are in effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, or were final before that date of enactment and are to become effective on or after that date of enactment,

      shall continue in effect according to their terms until modified, terminated, superseded, set aside, or revoked in accordance with law by the President, any other authorized official, a court of competent jurisdiction, or operation of law.

      (2) SUITS NOT AFFECTED- The provisions of this section shall not affect suits commenced before the date of the enactment of this Act, and in all such suits, proceedings shall be had, appeals taken, and judgments rendered in the same manner and with the same effect as if this section had not been enacted.

      (3) SUITS INVOLVING COUNCIL OR OFFICE- No suit, action, or other proceeding commenced by or against an entity described in subsection (b), or by or against any individual in the official capacity of such individual as an officer or employee of such an entity, shall abate by reason of the enactment of this section.

SEC. 573. INCREASE IN THRESHOLD FOR APPLICATION OF DAVIS-BACON ACT.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Subsection (a) of the first section of the Act of March 3, 1931 (40 U.S.C. 276a et seq.) (known as the ‘Davis-Bacon Act’) is amended by striking ‘$2,000’ and inserting ‘$100,000’.

    (b) RESCISSION OF FUNDS- Of the aggregate funds made available to executive departments and agencies in appropriations Act for fiscal year 1994 for purposes of construction activities under the Act of March 3, 1931 (40 U.S.C. 276a et seq.) (known as the ‘Davis-Bacon Act’) or similar prevailing wage requirements applicable to projects assisted by Federal funds, $62,000,000 is rescinded. The Director of the Office of Management and Budget shall allocate such rescission among the appropriate accounts, and shall submit to the Congress a report setting forth such allocation.

SEC. 574. ELIMINATION OF CERTAIN REPORTS REQUIRED ON CONTRACTS COVERED BY DAVIS-BACON ACT.

    (a) IN GENERAL- The first sentence of section 2 of the Act of June 13, 1934, entitled ‘An Act to effectuate the purpose of certain statutes concerning rates of pay for labor, by making it unlawful to prevent anyone from receiving the compensation contracted for thereunder, and for other purposes’ (40 U.S.C. 276c) (known as the ‘Copeland Act’) is amended by striking ‘shall furnish weekly a statement with respect to the wages paid each employee during the preceding week’ and inserting ‘shall furnish, at least once per month, a statement of compliance with the labor standards provisions of applicable law, certifying the payroll with respect to the wages paid employees during the preceding period for which the statement is furnished, covering each week any contract work is performed’.

    (b) RESCISSION OF FUNDS- Of the aggregate funds made available to executive departments and agencies in appropriations Act for fiscal year 1994 for purposes of construction activities submitted under section 2 of the Act of June 13, 1934 (40 U.S.C. 276c) (known as the ‘Copeland Act’), $55,000,000 is rescinded. The Director of the Office of Management and Budget shall allocate such rescission among the appropriate accounts, and shall submit to the Congress a report setting forth such allocation.

SEC. 575. FEES FOR APPLICATIONS FOR ALCOHOL LABELING AND FORMULA REVIEWS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary of the Treasury or his delegate (in this section referred to as the ‘Secretary’) shall establish a program requiring the payment of user fees for--

      (1) requests for each certificate of alcohol label approval required under the Federal Alcohol Administration Act (27 U.S.C. 201 et seq.) and for each request for exemption from such requirement, and

      (2) requests for each formula review, and requests for each statement of process (including laboratory tests and analyses), under such Act or under chapter 51 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.

    (b) PROGRAM CRITERIA-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The fees charged under the program required by subsection (a) shall be determined such that the Secretary estimates that the aggregate of such fees received during any fiscal year will be $5,000,000.

      (2) MINIMUM FEES- The fee charged under the program required by subsection (a) shall not be less than--

        (A) $50 for each request referred to in subsection (a)(1), and

        (B) $250 for each request referred to in subsection (a)(2).

    (c) APPLICATION OF SECTION- Subsection (a) shall apply to requests made on or after the 90th day after the date of the enactment of this Act.

    (d) DEPOSIT AND CREDIT AS OFFSETTING RECEIPTS- The amounts collected by the Secretary under the program required by subsection (a) (to the extent such amounts do not exceed $5,000,000) shall be deposited into the Treasury as offsetting receipts and ascribed to the alcohol compliance program of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms.

SEC. 576. INCREASE IN SEC REGISTRATION FEES.

    (a) SECURITIES ACT OF 1933- Section 6(b) of the Securities Act of 1933 (15 U.S.C. 77f(b)) is amended by striking ‘one-fiftieth of 1 per centum’ and inserting ‘ 1/29 of 1 percent’.

    (b) SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934- Sections 13(e)(3) and 14(g)(1)(A)(i) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (47 U.S.C. 78m(e)(3), 78n(g)(1)(A)(i)) are each amended by striking ‘ 1/50 of 1 per centum’ and inserting ‘ 1/29 of 1 percent’.

    (c) DEPOSIT AND CREDIT AS OFFSETTING RECEIPTS- The amounts collected under the provisions amended by this section shall be deposited into the Treasury as offsetting receipts and ascribed to the salaries and expenses account of the Securities and Exchange Commission.

    (d) APPLICABILITY- The amendments made by subsections (a) and (b) shall not apply after September 30, 1998.

SEC. 577. TRAVEL, TOURISM, AND EXPORT PROMOTION FEES.

    (a) TRAVEL AND TOURISM FEES-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Each State that participates in marketing activities or tourism promotion abroad through the United States Travel and Tourism Administration shall pay a fee in an amount determined by such Administration so that the total receipts from such fees shall equal the budget of such Administration.

      (2) DEPOSIT AND CREDIT AS OFFSETTING RECEIPTS- The amounts collected under this subsection shall be deposited into the Treasury as offsetting receipts and ascribed to the salaries and expenses account of the United States Travel and Tourism Administration.

    (b) EXPORT PROMOTION FEES-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary of Commerce or his delegate (in this subsection referred to as the ‘Secretary’) shall establish a program requiring the payment of user fees for all services provided to all entities outside the Federal Government by the International Trade Administration in carrying out its export promotion programs.

      (2) SETTING OF FEES- The fees charged under the program required by paragraph (1) shall be determined such that the Secretary estimates that the aggregate of such fees received during the following fiscal years will equal the following amounts:

        (A) $100,000,000 during fiscal year 1994.

        (B) $212,154,000 during fiscal year 1995.

        (C) $224,821,000 during fiscal year 1996.

        (D) $237,830,000 during fiscal year 1997.

        (E) $251,648,000 during fiscal year 1998.

      (3) APPLICATION OF SECTION- Paragraph (1) shall apply to services provided on or after the 90th day after the date of the enactment of this Act.

      (4) DEFINITION- As used in this subsection, the term ‘export promotion program’ has the meaning given that term in section 201(d) of the export administration amendments act of 1985 (15 U.S.C. 4051(d)) and includes--

        (A) the provision of information and technical assistance; and

        (B) any form of assistance in the marketing of goods and services.

      (5) DEPOSIT AND CREDIT AS OFFSETTING RECEIPTS- The amounts collected by the Secretary under the program required by paragraph (1) (to the extent such amounts do not exceed the amounts specified in paragraph (2)) shall be deposited into the Treasury as offsetting receipts and ascribed to the operations and administrations account of the International Trade Administration.

Subtitle D--Human Resources

SEC. 581. SUBSTITUTION OF VOUCHER ASSISTANCE FOR PUBLIC HOUSING NEW CONSTRUCTION.

    (a) TERMINATION OF ASSISTANCE FOR CONSTRUCTION OF PUBLIC HOUSING-

      (1) LOAN AUTHORITY- After the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development may not enter into any new commitment to make loans under section 4 of the United States Housing Act of 1937 to public housing agencies for the development or acquisition of public housing projects by such agencies.

      (2) CONTRIBUTION AUTHORITY- After the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development may not enter into any new contract to make contributions under section 5 of the United States Housing Act of 1937 to public housing agencies for the development or acquisition of public housing projects by such agencies.

      (3) EXISTING COMMITMENTS- After the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development may make contributions and loans for the development or acquisition of public housing projects only pursuant to legally binding commitments to make such loans or contracts for such contributions entered into on or before the date of the enactment of this Act.

      (4) INAPPLICABILITY TO INDIAN HOUSING- The provisions of this section shall not apply to public housing developed pursuant to a contract between the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development and an Indian housing authority.

      (5) DEFINITIONS- For purposes of this section, the terms ‘Indian housing authority’, ‘project’, ‘public housing’, and ‘public housing agency’ have the meanings given the terms in section 3(b) of the United States Housing Act of 1937.

    (b) PERMISSIBLE USES- Vouchers for rental assistance provided with the amounts made available under this section may be used for the rental of dwelling units or costs of residency, as determined by qualified voucher recipients.

    (c) RESCISSION AND TRANSFER OF FUNDS- Of the funds made available under the heading ‘Department of Housing and Urban Development--Housing Programs--Annual Contributions for Assisted Housing’ in the Departments of Veterans Affairs and Housing and Urban Development, and Independent Agencies Appropriations Act, 1994 (Pub. L. 103-124)--

      (1) $367,000,000 is rescinded from the total amount under such heading and from the amount specified under such heading for the development or acquisition cost of public housing; and

      (2) $230,701,000 of the amount specified under such heading for the development or acquisition cost of public housing shall be reallocated to and merged with the amount specified under such heading for the housing voucher program under section 8(o) of the United States Housing Act of 1937.

SEC. 582. REFORM OF HUD MULTIFAMILY PROPERTY DISPOSITION.

    (a) FINDINGS- The Congress finds that--

      (1) the portfolio of multifamily housing project mortgages insured by the FHA is severely troubled and at risk of default, requiring the Secretary to increase loss reserves from $5,500,000,000 in 1991 to $11,900,000,000 in 1992 to cover estimated future losses;

      (2) the inventory of multifamily housing projects owned by the Secretary has more than tripled since 1989, and, by the end of 1993, may exceed 75,000 units;

      (3) the cost to the Federal Government of owning and maintaining multifamily housing projects escalated to approximately $250,000,000 in fiscal year 1992;

      (4) the inventory of multifamily housing projects subject to mortgages held by the Secretary has increased dramatically, to more than 2,400 mortgages, and approximately half of these mortgages, with over 230,000 units, are delinquent;

      (5) the inventory of insured and formerly insured multifamily housing projects is rapidly deteriorating, endangering tenants and neighborhoods;

      (6) over 5 million families today have a critical need for housing that is affordable and habitable; and

      (7) the current statutory framework governing the disposition of multifamily housing projects effectively impedes the Government’s ability to dispose of properties, protect tenants, and ensure that projects are maintained over time.

    (b) MANAGEMENT AND DISPOSITION OF MULTIFAMILY HOUSING PROJECTS- Section 203 of the Housing and Community Development Amendments of 1978 (12 U.S.C. 1701z-11) is amended to read as follows:

‘SEC. 203. MANAGEMENT AND DISPOSITION OF MULTIFAMILY HOUSING PROJECTS.

    ‘(a) GOALS- The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (in this section referred to as the ‘Secretary’) shall manage or dispose of multifamily housing projects that are owned by the Secretary or that are subject to a mortgage held by the Secretary in a manner that--

      ‘(1) is consistent with the National Housing Act and this section;

      ‘(2) will protect the financial interests of the Federal Government; and

      ‘(3) will, in the least costly fashion among reasonable available alternatives, further the goals of--

        ‘(A) preserving housing so that it can remain available to and affordable by low-income persons;

        ‘(B) preserving and revitalizing residential neighborhoods;

        ‘(C) maintaining existing housing stock in a decent, safe, and sanitary condition;

        ‘(D) minimizing the involuntary displacement of tenants;

        ‘(E) maintaining housing for the purpose of providing rental housing, cooperative housing, and homeownership opportunities for low-income persons; and

        ‘(F) minimizing the need to demolish multifamily housing projects.

    The Secretary, in determining the manner in which a project is to be managed or disposed of, may balance competing goals relating to individual projects in a manner that will further the purposes of this section.

    ‘(b) DEFINITIONS- For purposes of this section, the following definitions shall apply:

      ‘(1) MULTIFAMILY HOUSING PROJECT- The term ‘multifamily housing project’ means any multifamily rental housing project which is, or prior to acquisition by the Secretary was, assisted or insured under the National Housing Act, or was subject to a loan under section 202 of the Housing Act of 1959.

      ‘(2) SUBSIDIZED PROJECT- The term ‘subsidized project’ means a multifamily housing project receiving any of the following types of assistance immediately prior to the assignment of the mortgage on such project to, or the acquisition of such mortgage by, the Secretary:

        ‘(A) Below market interest rate mortgage insurance under the proviso of section 221(d)(5) of the National Housing Act.

        ‘(B) Interest reduction payments made in connection with mortgages insured under section 236 of the National Housing Act.

        ‘(C) Direct loans made under section 202 of the Housing Act of 1959.

        ‘(D) Assistance in the form of--

          ‘(i) rent supplement payments under section 101 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1965;

          ‘(ii) housing assistance payments made under section 23 of the United States Housing Act of 1937 (as in effect before January 1, 1975); or

          ‘(iii) housing assistance payments made under section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937 (excluding payments made for tenant-based assistance under section 8),

        if (except for purposes of section 183(c) of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1987) such assistance payments are made to more than 50 percent of the units in the project.

      ‘(3) FORMERLY SUBSIDIZED PROJECT- The term ‘formerly subsidized project’ means a multifamily housing project owned by the Secretary that was a subsidized project immediately prior to its acquisition by the Secretary.

      ‘(4) UNSUBSIDIZED PROJECT- The term ‘unsubsidized project’ means a multifamily housing project owned by the Secretary that is not a subsidized project or a formerly subsidized project.

    ‘(c) Management or Disposition of Property-

      ‘(1) DISPOSITION TO PURCHASERS- The Secretary is authorized, in carrying out this section, to dispose of a multifamily housing project owned by the Secretary on a negotiated, competitive bid, or other basis, on such terms as the Secretary deems appropriate considering the low-income character of the project and the requirements of subsection (a), to a purchaser determined by the Secretary to be capable of--

        ‘(A) satisfying the conditions of the disposition;

        ‘(B) implementing a sound financial and physical management program that is designed to enable the project to meet anticipated operating and repair expenses to ensure that the project will remain in decent, safe, and sanitary condition;

        ‘(C) responding to the needs of the tenants and working cooperatively with tenant organizations;

        ‘(D) providing adequate organizational staff and financial resources to the project; and

        ‘(E) meeting such other requirements as the Secretary may determine.

      ‘(2) CONTRACTING FOR MANAGEMENT SERVICES- The Secretary is authorized, in carrying out this section--

        ‘(A) to contract for management services for a multifamily housing project that is owned by the Secretary (or for which the Secretary is mortgagee in possession), on a negotiated, competitive bid, or other basis at a price determined by the Secretary to be reasonable, with a manager the Secretary has determined is capable of--

          ‘(i) implementing a sound financial and physical management program that is designed to enable the project to meet anticipated operating and maintenance expenses to ensure that the project will remain in decent, safe, and sanitary condition;

          ‘(ii) responding to the needs of the tenants and working cooperatively with tenant organizations;

          ‘(iii) providing adequate organizational, staff, and other resources to implement a management program determined by the Secretary; and

          ‘(iv) meeting such other requirements as the Secretary may determine;

        ‘(B) to require the owner of a multifamily housing project that is subject to a mortgage held by the Secretary to contract for management services for the project in the manner described in subparagraph (A).

    ‘(d) MAINTENANCE OF HOUSING PROJECTS-

      ‘(1) HOUSING PROJECTS OWNED BY THE SECRETARY- In the case of multifamily housing projects that are owned by the Secretary (or for which the Secretary is mortgagee in possession), the Secretary shall--

        ‘(A) to the greatest extent possible, maintain all such occupied projects in a decent, safe, and sanitary condition;

        ‘(B) to the greatest extent possible, maintain full occupancy in all such projects; and

        ‘(C) maintain all such projects for purposes of providing rental or cooperative housing.

      ‘(2) HOUSING PROJECTS SUBJECT TO A MORTGAGE HELD BY THE SECRETARY- In the case of any multifamily housing project that is subject to a mortgage held by the Secretary, the Secretary shall require the owner of the project to carry out the requirements of paragraph (1).

    ‘(e) REQUIRED ASSISTANCE- In carrying out the goal specified in subsection (a)(3)(A), the Secretary shall take not less than one of the following actions:

      ‘(1) CONTRACT WITH OWNER- Enter into contracts under section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937, to the extent budget authority is available, with owners of multifamily housing projects that are acquired by a purchaser other than the Secretary at foreclosure or after sale by the Secretary:

        ‘(A) SUBSIDIZED OR FORMERLY SUBSIDIZED PROJECTS RECEIVING CERTAIN ASSISTANCE- In the case of a subsidized or formerly subsidized project referred to in subparagraphs (A) through (C) of subsection (b)(2)--

          ‘(i) the contract shall be sufficient to assist at least all units covered by an assistance contract under any of the authorities referred to in subsection (b)(2)(D) before acquisition, unless the Secretary acts pursuant to the provisions of subparagraph (C);

          ‘(ii) in the case of units requiring project-based rental assistance pursuant to this paragraph that are occupied by families who are not eligible for assistance under section 8, a contract under this subparagraph shall also provide that when a vacancy occurs, the owner shall lease the available unit to a family eligible for assistance under section 8; and

          ‘(iii) the Secretary shall take actions to ensure the availability and affordability, as defined in paragraph (3)(B), for the remaining useful life of the project, as defined by the Secretary, of any unit located in any project referred to in subparagraphs (A) through (C) of subsection (b)(2) that does not otherwise receive project-based assistance under this subparagraph. To carry out this clause, the Secretary may require purchasers to establish use or rent restrictions maintaining affordability, as defined in paragraph (3)(B).

        ‘(B) SUBSIDIZED OR FORMERLY SUBSIDIZED PROJECTS RECEIVING OTHER ASSISTANCE- In the case of a subsidized or formerly subsidized project referred to in subsection (b)(2)(D)--

          ‘(i) the contract shall be sufficient to assist at least all units in the project that are covered, or were covered immediately before foreclosure on or acquisition of the project by the Secretary, by an assistance contract under any of the authorities referred to in such subsection, unless the Secretary acts pursuant to provisions of subparagraph (C); and

          ‘(ii) in the case of units requiring project-based rental assistance pursuant to this paragraph that are occupied by families who are not eligible for assistance under section 8, a contract under this paragraph shall also provide that when a vacancy occurs, the owner shall lease the available unit to a family eligible for assistance under section 8.

        ‘(C) EXCEPTIONS TO SUBPARAGRAPHS (A) AND (B)- In lieu of providing project-based assistance under subparagraph (A) or (B), the Secretary may require certain units in unsubsidized projects to contain use restrictions providing that such units will be available to and affordable by very low-income families for the remaining useful life of the project, as defined by the Secretary, if--

          ‘(i) the Secretary matches any reduction in units otherwise required to be assisted with project-based assistance under subparagraph (A) or (B) with at least an equivalent increase in units made affordable to very low-income persons within unsubsidized projects;

          ‘(ii) low-income tenants residing in units otherwise requiring project-based assistance under subparagraph (A) or (B) upon disposition receive section 8 tenant-based assistance; and

          ‘(iii) the units described in clause (i) are located within the same market area.

        ‘(D) CONTRACT REQUIREMENTS FOR UNSUBSIDIZED PROJECTS- Notwithstanding actions taken pursuant to subparagraph (C), in unsubsidized projects, the contract shall at least be sufficient to provide--

          ‘(i) project-based rental assistance for all units that are covered or were covered immediately before foreclosure or acquisition by an assistance contract under--

            ‘(I) section 8(b)(2) of the United States Housing Act of 1937 (as such section existed before October 1, 1983) (new construction and substantial rehabilitation); section 8(b) of such Act (property disposition); section 8(d)(2) of such Act (project-based certificates); section 8(e)(2) of such Act (moderate rehabilitation); section 23 of such Act (as in effect before January 1, 1975); or section 101 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1965 (rent supplements); or

            ‘(II) section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937, following conversion from section 101 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1965; and

          ‘(ii) tenant-based assistance under section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937 for tenants currently residing in units that were covered by an assistance contract under the Loan Management Set-Aside program under section 8(b) of the United States Housing Act of 1937 immediately before foreclosure or acquisition of the project by the Secretary.

      ‘(2) ANNUAL CONTRIBUTION CONTRACTS- In the case of multifamily housing projects that are acquired by a purchaser other than the Secretary at foreclosure or after sale by the Secretary, enter into annual contribution contracts with public housing agencies to provide tenant-based assistance under section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937 to all low-income families who are eligible for such assistance on the date that the project is acquired by the purchaser. The Secretary shall take action under this paragraph only after making a determination that there is available in the area an adequate supply of habitable affordable housing for low-income families. Actions taken pursuant to this paragraph may be taken in connection with not more than 10 percent of the aggregate number of units in subsidized or formerly subsidized projects disposed of by the Secretary annually.

      ‘(3) OTHER ASSISTANCE-

        ‘(A) IN GENERAL- In accordance with the authority provided under the National Housing Act, reduce the selling price, apply use or rent restrictions on certain units, or provide other financial assistance to the owners of multifamily housing projects that are acquired by a purchaser other than the Secretary at foreclosure, or after sale by the Secretary, on terms which will ensure that--

          ‘(i) at least those units otherwise required to receive project-based section 8 assistance pursuant to subparagraphs (A), (B), or (D) of paragraph (1) are available to and affordable by low-income persons; and

          ‘(ii) for the remaining useful life of the project, as defined by the Secretary, there shall be in force such use or rent restrictions as the Secretary may prescribe.

        ‘(B) DEFINITION- A unit shall be considered affordable under this paragraph if--

          ‘(i) for very low-income tenants, the rent for such unit does not exceed 30 percent of 50 percent of the area median income, as determined by the Secretary, with adjustments for family size; and

          ‘(ii) for low-income tenants other than very low-income tenants, the rent for such unit does not exceed 30 percent of 80 percent of the area median income, as determined by the Secretary, with adjustments for family size.

        ‘(C) VERY LOW-INCOME TENANTS- The Secretary shall provide assistance under section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937 to any very low-income tenant currently residing in a unit otherwise required to receive project-based assistance under section 8, pursuant to subparagraph (A), (B), or (D) of paragraph (1), if the rents charged such tenants as a result of actions taken pursuant to this paragraph exceed the amount payable as rent under section 3(a) of the United States Housing Act of 1937.

      ‘(4) TRANSFER FOR USE UNDER OTHER PROGRAMS OF THE SECRETARY-

        ‘(A) IN GENERAL- Enter into an agreement providing for the transfer of a multifamily housing project--

          ‘(i) to a public housing agency for use of the project as public housing; or

          ‘(ii) to an owner or another appropriate entity for use of the project under section 202 of the Housing Act of 1959 or under section 811 of the Cranston-Gonzalez National Affordable Housing Act.

        ‘(B) REQUIREMENTS FOR AGREEMENT- The agreement described in subparagraph (A) shall--

          ‘(i) contain such terms, conditions, and limitations as the Secretary determines appropriate, including requirements to assure use of the project under the public housing, section 202, and section 811 programs; and

          ‘(ii) ensure that no current tenant will be displaced as a result of actions taken under this paragraph.

    ‘(f) OTHER ASSISTANCE- In addition to the actions authorized by subsection (e), the Secretary may take any of the following actions:

      ‘(1) SHORT-TERM LOANS- Provide short-term loans to facilitate the sale of multifamily housing projects to nonprofit organizations or to public agencies if--

        ‘(A) authority for such loans is provided in advance in an appropriations Act;

        ‘(B) such loans are for a term of not more than 5 years;

        ‘(C) the Secretary is presented with satisfactory documentation, evidencing a commitment of permanent financing to replace such short-term loan, from a lender who meets standards set forth by the Secretary; and

        ‘(D) the terms of such loans are consistent with prevailing practices in the marketplace or the provision of such loans results in no cost to the Government, as defined in section 502 of the Congressional Budget Act.

      ‘(2) TENANT-BASED ASSISTANCE- In connection with projects referred to in subsection (e), make available tenant-based assistance under section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937 to very low-income families (as defined in section 3(b)(2) of the United States Housing Act of 1937) that do not otherwise qualify for project-based assistance.

      ‘(3) Alternative uses-

        ‘(A) IN GENERAL- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, and subject to notice to and comment from existing tenants, allow not more than--

          ‘(i) 5 percent of the total number of units in multifamily housing projects that are disposed of by the Secretary during any 1-year period to be made available for uses other than rental or cooperative uses, including low-income homeownership opportunities, or in any particular project, community space, office space for tenant or housing-related service providers or security programs, or small business uses, if such uses benefit the tenants of the project; and

          ‘(ii) 5 percent of the total number of units in multifamily housing projects that are disposed of by the Secretary during any 1-year period to be used in any manner, if the Secretary and the unit of general local government or area-wide governing body determine that such use will further fair housing, community development, or neighborhood revitalization goals.

        ‘(B) DISPLACEMENT PROTECTION- The Secretary shall make available tenant-based rental assistance under section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937 to any tenant displaced as a result of actions taken by the Secretary pursuant to subparagraph (A), and the Secretary shall take such actions as the Secretary determines necessary to ensure the successful use of any tenant-based assistance.

    ‘(g) AUTHORIZATION OF USE OR RENT RESTRICTIONS IN UNSUBSIDIZED PROJECTS- In carrying out the goals specified in subsection (a), the Secretary may require certain units in unsubsidized projects to contain use or rent restrictions providing that such units will be available to and affordable by very low-income persons for the remaining useful life of the property, as defined by the Secretary.

    ‘(h) Contract Requirements-

      ‘(1) Contract term-

        ‘(A) IN GENERAL- Contracts for project-based rental assistance under section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937 provided pursuant to this section shall be for a term of not more than 15 years; and

        ‘(B) CONTRACT TERM OF LESS THAN 15 YEARS- Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), to the extent that units receive project-based assistance for a contract term of less than 15 years, the Secretary shall require that rents charged to tenants for such units not exceed the amount payable for rent under section 3(a) of the United States Housing Act of 1937 for a period of at least 15 years.

      ‘(2) Contract rent-

        ‘(A) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall set contract rents for section 8 project-based rental contracts issued under this section at levels that, in conjunction with other resources available to the purchaser, provide for the necessary costs of rehabilitation of such project and do not exceed the percentage of the existing housing fair market rents for the area (as determined by the Secretary under section 8(c) of the United States Housing Act of 1937) as the Secretary may prescribe.

        ‘(B) UP-FRONT GRANTS AND LOANS- If such an approach is determined to be more cost-effective, the Secretary may utilize the budget authority provided for project-based section 8 contracts issued under this section to--

          ‘(i) provide project-based section 8 rental assistance; and

          ‘(ii)(I) provide up-front grants for the necessary cost of rehabilitation; or

          ‘(II) pay for any cost to the Government, as defined in section 502 of the Congressional Budget Act, for loans made pursuant to subsection (f)(1).

    ‘(i) Disposition Plan-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- Prior to the sale of a multifamily housing project that is owned by the Secretary, the Secretary shall develop a disposition plan for the project that specifies the minimum terms and conditions of the Secretary for disposition of the project, the initial sales price that is acceptable to the Secretary, and the assistance that the Secretary plans to make available to a prospective purchaser in accordance with this section. The initial sales price shall reflect the intended use of the property after sale.

      ‘(2) Community and tenant input into disposition plans and sales-

        ‘(A) IN GENERAL- In carrying out this section, the Secretary shall develop procedures to obtain appropriate and timely input into disposition plans from officials of the unit of general local government affected, the community in which the project is situated, and the tenants of the project.

        ‘(B) TENANT ORGANIZATIONS- The Secretary shall develop procedures to facilitate, where feasible and appropriate, the sale of multifamily housing projects to existing tenant organizations with demonstrated capacity or to public or nonprofit entities which represent or are affiliated with existing tenant organizations.

        ‘(C) TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE-

          ‘(i) USE OF FUNDS- To carry out the procedures developed under subparagraphs (A) and (B), the Secretary is authorized to provide technical assistance, directly or indirectly, and to use amounts appropriated for technical assistance under the Emergency Low Income Housing Preservation Act of 1987, the Low-Income Housing Preservation and Resident Homeownership Act of 1990, subtitle B of title IV of the Cranston-Gonzalez National Affordable Housing Act, or under this section for the provision of technical assistance under this section.

          ‘(ii) SOURCE OF FUNDS- Recipients of technical assistance funding under the Emergency Low Income Housing Preservation Act of 1987, the Low-Income Housing Preservation and Resident Homeownership Act of 1990, subtitle B of title IV of the Cranston-Gonzalez National Affordable Housing Act, or under this section shall be permitted to provide technical assistance to the extent of such funding under any of such programs or under this section, notwithstanding the source of funding.

    ‘(j) RIGHT OF FIRST REFUSAL-

      ‘(1) PROCEDURE-

        ‘(A) NOTIFICATION BY SECRETARY OF THE ACQUISITION OF TITLE- Not later than 30 days after acquiring title to a project, the Secretary shall notify the unit of general local government and the State agency or agencies designated by the Governor of the acquisition of such title.

        ‘(B) EXPRESSION OF INTEREST- Not later than 45 days after receiving notification from the Secretary under subparagraph (A), the unit of general local government or designated State agency may submit to the Secretary a preliminary expression of interest in the project. The Secretary may take such actions as may be necessary to require the unit of general local government or designated State agency to substantiate such interest.

        ‘(C) TIMELY EXPRESSION OF INTEREST- If the unit of general local government or designated State agency has expressed interest in the project before the expiration of the 45-day period referred to in subparagraph (B), and has substantiated such interest if requested, the Secretary, upon approval of a disposition plan for a project, shall notify the unit of general local government and designated State agency of the terms and conditions of the disposition plan and give the unit of general local government or designated State agency not more than 90 days after the date of such notification to make an offer to purchase the project.

        ‘(D) NO TIMELY EXPRESSION OF INTEREST- If the unit of general local government or designated State agency does not express interest before the expiration of the 45-day period referred to in subparagraph (B), or does not substantiate an expressed interest if requested, the Secretary, upon approval of a disposition plan, may offer the project for sale to any interested person or entity.

      ‘(2) ACCEPTANCE OF OFFERS- Where the Secretary has given the unit of general local government or designated State agency 90 days to make an offer to purchase the project, the Secretary shall accept an offer that complies with the terms and conditions of the disposition plan. The Secretary may accept an offer that does not comply with the terms and conditions of the disposition plan if the Secretary determines that the offer will further the goals specified in subsection (a) by actions that include extension of the duration of low-income affordability restrictions or otherwise restructuring the transaction in a manner that enhances the long-term affordability for low-income persons. The Secretary shall, in particular, have discretion to reduce the initial sales price in exchange for the extension of low-income affordability restrictions beyond the period of assistance contemplated by the attachment of assistance pursuant to subsection (e). If the Secretary and the unit of general local government or designated State agency cannot reach agreement within 90 days, the Secretary may offer the project for sale to the general public.

      ‘(3) PURCHASE BY UNIT OF GENERAL LOCAL GOVERNMENT OR DESIGNATED STATE AGENCY- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a unit of general local government (including a public housing agency) or designated State agency may purchase a subsidized or formerly subsidized project in accordance with this subsection.

      ‘(4) APPLICABILITY- This subsection shall apply to projects that are acquired on or after the effective date of this subsection. With respect to projects acquired before such effective date, the Secretary may apply--

        ‘(A) the requirements of paragraphs (2) and (3) of section 203(e) as such paragraphs existed immediately before the effective date of this subsection; or

        ‘(B) the requirements of paragraphs (1) and (2) of this subsection, if the Secretary gives the unit of general local government or designated State agency--

          ‘(i) 45 days to express interest in the project; and

          ‘(ii) if the unit of general local government or designated State agency expresses interest in the project before the expiration of the 45-day period, and substantiates such interest if requested, 90 days from the date of notification of the terms and conditions of the disposition plan to make an offer to purchase the project.

    ‘(k) DISPLACEMENT OF TENANTS AND RELOCATION ASSISTANCE-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- Whenever tenants will be displaced as a result of the disposition of, or repairs to, a multifamily housing project that is owned by the Secretary (or for which the Secretary is mortgagee in possession), the Secretary shall identify tenants who will be displaced, and shall notify all such tenants of their pending displacement and of any relocation assistance which may be available. In the case of a multifamily housing project that is not owned by the Secretary (and for which the Secretary is not mortgagee in possession), the Secretary shall require the owner of the project to carry out the requirements of this paragraph.

      ‘(2) RIGHTS OF DISPLACED TENANTS- The Secretary shall assure for any such tenant (who continues to meet applicable qualification standards) the right--

        ‘(A) to return, whenever possible, to a repaired unit;

        ‘(B) to occupy a unit in another multifamily housing project owned by the Secretary;

        ‘(C) to obtain housing assistance under the United States Housing Act of 1937; or

        ‘(D) to receive any other available relocation assistance as the Secretary determines to be appropriate.

    ‘(l) MORTGAGE AND PROJECT SALES-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary may not approve the sale of any loan or mortgage held by the Secretary (including any loan or mortgage owned by the Government National Mortgage Association) on any subsidized project or formerly subsidized project, unless such sale is made as part of a transaction that will ensure that such project will continue to operate at least until the maturity date of such loan or mortgage, in a manner that will provide rental housing on terms at least as advantageous to existing and future tenants as the terms required by the program under which the loan or mortgage was made or insured prior to the assignment of the loan or mortgage on such project to the Secretary.

      ‘(2) SALE OF CERTAIN PROJECTS- The Secretary may not approve the sale of any subsidized project--

        ‘(A) that is subject to a mortgage held by the Secretary; or

        ‘(B) if the sale transaction involves the provision of any additional subsidy funds by the Secretary or a recasting of the mortgage, unless such sale is made as part of a transaction that will ensure that such project will continue to operate at least until the maturity date of the loan or mortgage, in a manner that will provide rental housing on terms at least as advantageous to existing and future tenants as the terms required by the program under which the loan or mortgage was made or insured prior to the proposed sale of the project.

      ‘(3) MORTGAGE SALES TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS- Notwithstanding any provision of law that may require competitive sales or bidding, the Secretary may carry out negotiated sales of subsidized or formerly subsidized mortgages held by the Secretary, without the competitive selection of purchasers or intermediaries, to units of general local government or State agencies, or groups of investors that include at least one such unit of general local government or State agency, if the negotiations are conducted with such agencies, except that--

        ‘(A) the terms of any such sale shall include the agreement of the purchasing agency or unit of local government or State agency to act as mortgagee or owner of a beneficial interest in such mortgages, in a manner consistent with maintaining the projects that are subject to such mortgages for occupancy by the general tenant group intended to be served by the applicable mortgage insurance program, including, to the extent the Secretary determines appropriate, authorizing such unit of local government or State agency to enforce the provisions of any regulatory agreement or other program requirements applicable to the related projects; and

        ‘(B) the sale prices for such mortgages shall be, in the determination of the Secretary, the best prices that may be obtained for such mortgages from a unit of general local government or State agency, consistent with the expectation and intention that the projects financed will be retained for use under the applicable mortgage insurance program for the life of the initial mortgage insurance contract.

      ‘(4) SALE OF MORTGAGES COVERING UNSUBSIDIZED PROJECTS- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary may sell mortgages held on unsubsidized projects on such terms and conditions as the Secretary may prescribe.

    ‘(m) REPORT TO CONGRESS- Not later than June 1 of each year, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs of the House of Representatives, a report describing the status of multifamily housing projects owned by or subject to mortgages held by the Secretary, which report shall include--

      ‘(1) the name, address, and size of each project;

      ‘(2) the nature and date of assignment;

      ‘(3) the status of the mortgage;

      ‘(4) the physical condition of the project;

      ‘(5) an occupancy profile of the project, including the income, family size, and race of current residents as well as the rents paid by such residents;

      ‘(6) the proportion of units in a project that are vacant;

      ‘(7) the date on which the Secretary became mortgagee in possession;

      ‘(8) the date and conditions of any foreclosure sale;

      ‘(9) the date of acquisition by the Secretary;

      ‘(10) the date and conditions of any property disposition sale;

      ‘(11) a description of actions undertaken pursuant to this section, including--

        ‘(A) a comparison of results between actions taken after enactment of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1993 and actions taken in years prior to such enactment;

        ‘(B) a description of any impediments to the disposition or management of multifamily housing projects, together with a recommendation of proposed legislative or regulatory changes designed to ameliorate such impediments;

        ‘(C) a description of actions taken to restructure or commence foreclosure on delinquent multifamily mortgages held by the Department; and

        ‘(D) a description of actions taken to monitor and prevent the default of multifamily housing mortgages held by the Federal Housing Administration;

      ‘(12) a description of any of the functions performed in connection with this section that are contracted out to public or private entities or to States, including--

        ‘(A) the costs associated with such delegation;

        ‘(B) the implications of contracting out or delegating such functions for current Department field or regional personnel, including anticipated personnel or work load reductions;

        ‘(C) necessary oversight required by Department personnel, including anticipated personnel hours devoted to such oversight;

        ‘(D) a description of any authority granted to such public or private entities or States in conjunction with the functions that have been delegated or contracted out or that are not otherwise available for use by Department personnel; and

        ‘(E) the extent to which such public or private entities or States include tenants of multifamily housing projects in the disposition planning for such projects;

      ‘(13) a description of the activities carried out under subsection (j) during the preceding year; and

      ‘(14) a description and assessment of the rules, guidelines, and practices governing the Department’s management of multifamily housing projects that are owned by the Secretary (or for which the Secretary is mortgagee in possession) as well as the steps that the Secretary has taken or plans to take to improve the management performance of the Department.’.

    (c) EFFECTIVE DATE- The Secretary shall, by notice published in the Federal Register, which shall take effect upon publication, establish such requirements as may be necessary to implement the amendments made by this section. The notice shall invite public comments, and the Secretary shall issue final regulations based on the initial notice, taking into account any public comments received.

SEC. 583. TERMINATION OF ANNUAL DIRECT GRANT ASSISTANCE

    (a) TERMINATION- Pursuant to section 704(d) of the Covenant to Establish a Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands in Political Union with the United States of America (48 U.S.C. 1681 note), the annual payments under section 702 of the Covenant shall terminate as of September 30, 1993.

    (b) REPEAL- Sections 3 and 4 of the Act of March 24, 1976 (Public Law 94-241; 48 U.S.C. 1681 note), as amended, are repealed, effective October 1, 1993.

Subtitle E--Social Services and Retirement

SEC. 591. INCREASE IN RETIREMENT AGE UNDER FERS TO 65.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Chapter 84 of title 5, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

‘SUBCHAPTER VIII--SPECIAL RULES FOR CERTAIN POST-1993 NEW EMPLOYEES AND MEMBERS

‘Sec. 8481. Applicability

    ‘(a) This subchapter sets forth special rules in conformance with which this chapter shall be applied with respect to any employee who first becomes an employee subject to this chapter, or who is first elected as a Member, after December 31, 1993.

    ‘(b) Nothing in this subchapter shall be considered to apply with respect to any employee or Member not described in subsection (a) or to have any effect except for the purpose referred to in such subsection.

‘Sec. 8482. Immediate retirement

    ‘Deem section 8412 to be amended as follows:

      ‘(1) Subsection (c) is amended by striking ‘62’ and inserting ‘65’.

      ‘(2) Subsections (a), (b), (f), and (g) are repealed.

‘Sec. 8483. Deferred retirement

    ‘Deem section 8413 to be amended as follows:

      ‘(1) Subsection (a) is amended by striking ‘62’ and inserting ‘65’.

      ‘(2) Subsection (b) is repealed.

‘Sec. 8484. References to age 62

    ‘(a) Deem section 8415 to be amended as follows:

      ‘(1) Subsection (f) is repealed.

      ‘(2) Subsection (g)(2)(B) is amended by striking ‘is at least 62 years of age and’.

    ‘(b) Deem section 8442 to be amended in subsections (c)(2)(B) and (g)(2)(B) by striking ‘62’ each place it appears and inserting ‘65’.

    ‘(c) Deem section 8452(b)(1) to be amended by striking ‘sixty-second’ and inserting ‘sixty-fifth’.’.

    (b) CHAPTER ANALYSIS- The analysis for chapter 84 of title 5, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

‘SPECIAL RULES FOR CERTAIN POST-1993 NEW EMPLOYEES AND MEMBERS

      ‘8481. Applicability.

      ‘8482. Immediate retirement.

      ‘8483. Deferred retirement.

      ‘8484. References to age 62.’.

SEC. 592. PROVISION RELATING TO GOVERNMENT CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE THRIFT SAVINGS PLAN.

    Section 8432(c)(2)(B) of title 5, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

    ‘Clause (ii) shall not apply with respect to any employee or Member described in section 8481(a).’.

SEC. 593. DEFERRAL UNTIL AGE 62 OF COST-OF-LIVING ADJUSTMENTS FOR MILITARY RETIREES WHO FIRST ENTERED MILITARY SERVICE ON OR AFTER JANUARY 1, 1994.

    Section 1401a(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new sentence: ‘In the case of a member or former member under age 62 (other than a member retired under chapter 61 of this title) who first became a member on or after January 1, 1994, such increase shall not become payable as part of the retired pay of the member or former member until the month in which the member or former member becomes 62 years of age.’.

SEC. 594. CONSOLIDATION OF CERTAIN SOCIAL SERVICES PROGRAMS INTO A SINGLE BLOCK GRANT PROGRAM.

    (a) AT-RISK CHILD CARE PROGRAM MERGED INTO PROGRAM OF BLOCK GRANTS TO STATES FOR SOCIAL SERVICES-

      (1) CONSOLIDATION OF SERVICES- Section 2002(a)(2)(A) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1397a(a)(2)(A)) is amended by inserting ‘(including services that could have been provided under section 402(i), as in effect immediately before the effective date of section 504 of the Common Cents Deficit Reduction Act of 1993)’ after ‘child care services’.

      (2) CONSOLIDATION OF FUNDING- Section 2003(c) of such Act (42 U.S.C. 1397b(c)) is amended--

        (A) in paragraph (4), by striking ‘and’;

        (B) in paragraph (5), by striking ‘each fiscal year after fiscal year 1989.’ and inserting ‘the fiscal years 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, and 1994; and’; and

        (C) by adding at the end the following:

      ‘(6) $2,976,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1995, 1996, 1997, and 1998.’.

    (b) CERTAIN DISCRETIONARY SOCIAL SERVICES PROGRAMS MERGED INTO PROGRAM OF BLOCK GRANTS TO STATES FOR SOCIAL SERVICES BUT LEFT DISCRETIONARY-

      (1) CONSOLIDATION OF SERVICES- Section 2002 of such Act (42 U.S.C. 1397a) is amended--

        (A) in subsection (a), by adding at the end the following:

    ‘(3) In addition to payments pursuant to paragraph (1), the Secretary may make payments to a State under this title for a fiscal year in an amount equal to its additional allotment for such fiscal year, to be used by such State for services directed at the goals set forth in section 2001, subject to the requirements of this title.

    ‘(4) For purposes of paragraph (3)--

      ‘(A) services which are directed at the goals set forth in section 2001 include services that could have been provided under--

        ‘(i) the Community Services Block Grant Act;

        ‘(ii) the Child Care and Development Block Grant Act of 1990;

        ‘(iii) title III or VII of the Older Americans Act of 1965; or

        ‘(iv) the State Dependent Care Development Grants Act,

      as in effect immediately before the effective date of section 504 of the Common Cents Deficit Reduction Act of 1993; and

      ‘(B) expenditures for such services may include expenditures described in paragraph (2)(B).’; and

        (B) in each of subsections (b), (c), and (d), by inserting ‘or additional allotment’ after ‘allotment’ each place such term appears.

      (2) CONSOLIDATION OF FUNDING- Section 2003 of such Act (42 U.S.C. 1397b) is amended by adding at the end the following:

    ‘(d) The additional allotment for any fiscal year to each State shall be determined in the same manner in which the allotment for the fiscal year is determined for the State under the preceding subsections of this section, except that, in making such determination the following amounts shall be used in lieu of the amount specified in subsection (c):

      ‘(1) $2,301,000,000 for the fiscal year 1995.

      ‘(2) $2,359,000,000 for the fiscal year 1996.

      ‘(3) $2,419,000,000 for the fiscal year 1997.

      ‘(4) $2,478,000,000 for the fiscal year 1998.’.

    (c) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS AND REPEALS-

      (1) COMMUNITY SERVICES BLOCK GRANT ACT- The Community Services Block Grant Act (42 U.S.C. 9901 et seq.) is hereby repealed.

      (2) CHILD CARE AND DEVELOPMENT BLOCK GRANT ACT OF 1990- The Child Care and Development Block Grant Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 9858 et seq.) is hereby repealed.

      (3) OLDER AMERICANS ACT OF 1965- The Older Americans Act of 1965 (42 U.S.C. 3001 et seq.) is amended by striking titles III and VII.

      (4) STATE DEPENDENT CARE DEVELOPMENT GRANTS ACT- The State Dependent Care Development Grants Act (42 U.S.C. 9871 et seq.) is hereby repealed.

      (5) AT-RISK CHILD CARE PROGRAM-

        (A) PROGRAM AUTHORITY- Section 402 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 602) is amended--

          (i) in subsection (g)(7), by striking ‘and subsection (i)’; and

          (ii) by striking subsection (i).

        (B) FUNDING PROVISIONS- Section 403 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 603) is amended by striking subsection (n).

    (d) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendments and repeals made by this section shall take effect on October 1, 1994.

SEC. 595. AWARDS OF PELL GRANTS TO PRISONERS PROHIBITED.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Section 401(b)(8) the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1070a(b)(8)) is amended to read as follows:

    ‘(8) No basic grant shall be awarded under this subpart to any individual who is incarcerated in any Federal or State penal institution.’.

    (b) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendment made by this section shall apply with respect to periods of enrollment beginning on or after the date of enactment of this Act.