H.R. 4067 (103rd): Multifamily Housing Property Disposition Reform Act of 1994

103rd Congress, 1993–1994. Text as of Mar 17, 1994 (Introduced).

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HR 4067 IH

103d CONGRESS

2d Session

H. R. 4067

To amend section 203 of the Housing and Community Development Amendments of 1978 to provide for the disposition of multifamily properties owned by the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, to provide for other reforms in programs administered by the Secretary, and to make certain technical amendments, and for other purposes.

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

March 17, 1994

Mr. GONZALEZ introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs


A BILL

To amend section 203 of the Housing and Community Development Amendments of 1978 to provide for the disposition of multifamily properties owned by the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, to provide for other reforms in programs administered by the Secretary, and to make certain technical amendments, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE AND TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) SHORT TITLE- This Act may be cited as the ‘Multifamily Property Disposition Reform Act of 1994’.

    (b) Table of Contents-

      Sec. 1. Short title and table of contents.

TITLE I--MULTIFAMILY PROPERTY DISPOSITION REFORM

      Sec. 101. Multifamily property disposition.

      Sec. 102. Use of emergency assistance funds for residency in multifamily housing disposition projects.

      Sec. 103. Repeal of State agency multifamily property disposition demonstration.

      Sec. 104. Preventing mortgage defaults on multifamily housing projects.

      Sec. 105. Interest rates on assigned mortgages.

      Sec. 106. Authorization of appropriations.

TITLE II--OTHER PROGRAM REFORMS

Subtitle A--HOME Investment Partnerships Program

      Sec. 201. Participation by State agencies or instrumentalities.

      Sec. 203. Simplification of program-wide income targeting for rental housing.

      Sec. 204. Homeownership units.

      Sec. 205. Simplification of matching requirements.

      Sec. 206. Repeal of separate audit requirement.

      Sec. 207. Environmental review requirements.

      Sec. 208. Use of CDBG funds for HOME program expenses.

      Sec. 209. Flexibility of HOME program for disaster areas.

      Sec. 210. Applicability and regulations.

Subtitle B--HOPE Homeownership Program

      Sec. 221. Matching requirement under HOPE for homeownership of single family homes program.

Subtitle C--Community Development Block Grants

      Sec. 231. Section 108 eligible activities.

      Sec. 232. Guarantee of obligations backed by section 108 loans.

      Sec. 233. Flexibility of CDBG program for disaster areas.

TITLE III--TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS

      Sec. 301. Definition of ‘families’.

      Sec. 302. Elimination of requirement to identify CIAP replacement needs.

      Sec. 303. Project-based accounting.

      Sec. 304. Operating subsidy adjustments for anticipated fraud recoveries.

      Sec. 305. Environmental review provisions.

      Sec. 306. Contract renewal for section 23 conversion projects.

      Sec. 307. Correction of FHA multifamily mortgage limits.

      Sec. 308. Amendments to FHA multifamily risk-sharing and housing finance agency pilot programs.

      Sec. 309. Subsidy layering review.

TITLE I--MULTIFAMILY PROPERTY DISPOSITION REFORM

SEC. 101. MULTIFAMILY PROPERTY DISPOSITION.

    (a) FINDINGS- The Congress finds that--

      (1) the portfolio of multifamily housing project mortgages insured by the FHA is severely troubled and at risk of default, requiring the Secretary to increase loss reserves from $5,500,000,000 in 1991 to $11,900,000,000 in 1992 to cover estimated future losses;

      (2) the inventory of multifamily housing projects owned by the Secretary has more than quadrupled since 1989, and, by the end of 1994, may exceed 69,000 units;

      (3) the cost to the Federal Government of owning and maintaining multifamily housing projects escalated to $288,000,000 in fiscal year 1993;

      (4) the inventory of multifamily housing projects subject to mortgages held by the Secretary has increased dramatically, to more than 2,400 mortgages, and approximately half of these mortgages, with approximately 219,000 units, are delinquent;

      (5) the inventory of insured and formerly insured multifamily housing projects is deteriorating, potentially endangering tenants and neighborhoods; and

      (6) the current statutory framework governing the disposition of multifamily housing projects effectively impedes the Government’s ability to dispose of properties, protect tenants, and ensure that projects are maintained over time.

    (b) MANAGEMENT AND DISPOSITION OF MULTIFAMILY HOUSING PROJECTS- Section 203 of the Housing and Community Development Amendments of 1978 (12 U.S.C. 1701z-11) is amended to read as follows:

‘SEC. 203. MANAGEMENT AND DISPOSITION OF MULTIFAMILY HOUSING PROJECTS.

    ‘(a) GOALS- The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development shall manage or dispose of multifamily housing projects that are owned by the Secretary or that are subject to a mortgage held by the Secretary in a manner that--

      ‘(1) is consistent with the National Housing Act and this section;

      ‘(2) will protect the financial interests of the Federal Government; and

      ‘(3) will, in the least costly fashion among reasonable available alternatives, address the goals of--

        ‘(A) preserving certain housing so that it can remain available to and affordable by low-income persons;

        ‘(B) preserving and revitalizing residential neighborhoods;

        ‘(C) maintaining existing housing stock in a decent, safe, and sanitary condition;

        ‘(D) minimizing the involuntary displacement of tenants;

        ‘(E) maintaining housing for the purpose of providing rental housing, cooperative housing, and homeownership opportunities for low-income persons;

        ‘(F) minimizing the need to demolish multifamily housing projects;

        ‘(G) supporting local fair housing strategies; and

        ‘(H) disposing of such projects in a manner consistent with local housing market conditions.

    The Secretary, in determining the manner in which a project is to be managed or disposed of, may balance competing goals relating to individual projects in a manner that will further the purposes of this section.

    ‘(b) DEFINITIONS- For purposes of this section:

      ‘(1) MULTIFAMILY HOUSING PROJECT- The term ‘multifamily housing project’ means any multifamily rental housing project which is, or prior to acquisition by the Secretary was, assisted or insured under the National Housing Act, or was subject to a loan under section 202 of the Housing Act of 1959.

      ‘(2) SUBSIDIZED PROJECT- The term ‘subsidized project’ means a multifamily housing project that, immediately prior to the assignment of the mortgage on such project to, or the acquisition of such mortgage by, the Secretary, was receiving any of the following types of assistance:

        ‘(A) Below market interest rate mortgage insurance under the proviso of section 221(d)(5) of the National Housing Act.

        ‘(B) Interest reduction payments made in connection with mortgages insured under section 236 of the National Housing Act.

        ‘(C) Direct loans made under section 202 of the Housing Act of 1959.

        ‘(D) Assistance in the form of--

          ‘(i) rent supplement payments under section 101 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1965,

          ‘(ii) additional assistance payments under section 236(f)(2) of the National Housing Act,

          ‘(iii) housing assistance payments made under section 23 of the United States Housing Act of 1937 (as in effect before January 1, 1975), or

          ‘(iv) housing assistance payments made under section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937 (excluding payments made for tenant-based assistance under section 8),

        if (except for purposes of section 183(c) of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1987) such assistance payments are made to more than 50 percent of the units in the project.

      ‘(3) FORMERLY SUBSIDIZED PROJECT- The term ‘formerly subsidized project’ means a multifamily housing project owned by the Secretary that was a subsidized project immediately prior to its acquisition by the Secretary.

      ‘(4) UNSUBSIDIZED PROJECT- The term ‘unsubsidized project’ means a multifamily housing project owned by the Secretary that is not a subsidized project or a formerly subsidized project.

      ‘(5) AFFORDABLE- A unit shall be considered affordable if--

        ‘(A) for units occupied--

          ‘(i) by very low-income families, the rent does not exceed 30 percent of 50 percent of the area median income, as determined by the Secretary, with adjustments for smaller and larger families; and

          ‘(ii) by low-income families other than very low-income families, the rent does not exceed 30 percent of 80 percent of the area median income, as determined by the Secretary, with adjustments for smaller and larger families; or

        ‘(B) the unit, or the family residing in the unit, is receiving assistance under section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937.

      ‘(6) LOW-INCOME FAMILIES AND VERY LOW-INCOME FAMILIES- The terms ‘low-income families’ and ‘very low-income families’ shall have the meanings given the terms in section 3(b) of the United States Housing Act of 1937.

      ‘(7) PREEXISTING TENANT- The term ‘preexisting tenant’ means, with respect to a multifamily housing project acquired pursuant to this section by a purchaser other than the Secretary at foreclosure or after sale by the Secretary, a family that resides in a unit in the project immediately before the acquisition of the project by the purchaser.

      ‘(8) MARKET AREA- The term ‘market area’ means a market area determined by the Secretary.

      ‘(9) SECRETARY- The term ‘Secretary’ means the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development.

    ‘(c) Disposition of Property-

      ‘(1) DISPOSITION TO PURCHASERS- The Secretary may, in carrying out this section, dispose of a multifamily housing project owned by the Secretary on a negotiated, competitive bid, or other basis, on such terms as the Secretary deems appropriate considering the low-income character of the project and consistent with the goals in subsection (a), only to a purchaser determined by the Secretary to be capable of--

        ‘(A) satisfying the conditions of the disposition plan developed under paragraph (2) for the project;

        ‘(B) implementing a sound financial and physical management program that is designed to enable the project to meet anticipated operating and repair expenses to ensure that the project will remain in decent, safe, and sanitary condition in compliance with any standards under applicable State or local laws, rules, ordinances, or regulations relating to the physical condition of the housing and any such standards established by the Secretary;

        ‘(C) responding to the needs of the tenants and working cooperatively with tenant organizations;

        ‘(D) providing adequate organizational, staff, and financial resources to the project; and

        ‘(E) meeting such other requirements as the Secretary may determine.

    ‘(2) Disposition Plan-

        ‘(A) IN GENERAL- Prior to the sale of a multifamily housing project that is owned by the Secretary, the Secretary shall develop an initial disposition plan for the project that specifies the minimum terms and conditions of the Secretary for disposition of the project, the initial sales price that is acceptable to the Secretary, and the assistance that the Secretary plans to make available to a prospective purchaser in accordance with this section.

        ‘(B) MARKET-WIDE PLANS- In developing the initial disposition plan under this subsection for a multifamily housing project located in a market area in which is located at least 1 other multifamily housing project owned by the Secretary, the Secretary shall coordinate the disposition of all such multifamily housing projects located within the same market area to the extent and in such manner as the Secretary determines appropriate to carry out the goals under subsection (a).

        ‘(C) SALES PRICE- The initial sales price shall be reasonably related to the intended use of the property after sale, any rehabilitation requirements for the project, the rents for units in the project that can be supported by the market, the amount of rental assistance available for the project under section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937, and the occupancy profile of the project (including family size and income levels for tenant families).

        ‘(D) COMMUNITY AND TENANT INPUT- In carrying out this section, the Secretary shall develop procedures--

          ‘(i) to obtain appropriate and timely input into disposition plans from officials of the unit of general local government affected, the community in which the project is situated, and the tenants of the project; and

          ‘(ii) to facilitate, where feasible and appropriate, the sale of multifamily housing projects to existing tenant organizations with demonstrated capacity, to public or nonprofit entities that represent or are affiliated with existing tenant organizations, or to other public or nonprofit entities.

        ‘(E) TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE- To carry out the procedures developed under subparagraph (D), the Secretary may provide technical assistance, directly or indirectly, and may use amounts available for technical assistance under the Emergency Low Income Housing Preservation Act of 1987, subtitle C of the Low-Income Housing Preservation and Resident Homeownership Act of 1990, subtitle B of title IV of the Cranston-Gonzalez National Affordable Housing Act, or this section, for the provision of technical assistance under this paragraph. Recipients of technical assistance funding under the provisions referred to in this paragraph shall be permitted to provide technical assistance to the extent of such funding under any of such provisions or under this paragraph, notwithstanding the source of the funding.

      ‘(3) FORECLOSURE SALE- In carrying out this section, the Secretary shall--

        ‘(A) prior to foreclosing on any multifamily housing project held by the Secretary, notify both the unit of general local government in which the property is located and the tenants of the property of the proposed foreclosure sale; and

        ‘(B) dispose of a multifamily housing project through a foreclosure sale only to a purchaser that the Secretary determines is capable of implementing a sound financial and physical management program that is designed to enable the project to meet anticipated operating and repair expenses to ensure that the project will remain in decent, safe, and sanitary condition in compliance with any standards under applicable State or local laws, rules, ordinances, or regulations relating to the physical condition of the housing and any such standards established by the Secretary;.

    ‘(d) MANAGEMENT AND MAINTENANCE OF PROPERTIES-

      ‘(1) CONTRACTING FOR MANAGEMENT SERVICES- The Secretary may, in carrying out this section--

        ‘(A) contract for management services for a multifamily housing project that is owned by the Secretary (or for which the Secretary is mortgagee in possession) with for-profit and nonprofit organizations and public agencies (including public housing authorities) on a negotiated, competitive bid, or other basis at a price determined by the Secretary to be reasonable, with a manager the Secretary has determined is capable of--

          ‘(i) implementing a sound financial and physical management program that is designed to enable the project to meet anticipated operating and maintenance expenses to ensure that the project will remain in decent, safe, and sanitary condition in compliance with any standards under applicable State or local laws, rules, ordinances, or regulations relating to the physical condition of the housing and any such standards established by the Secretary;

          ‘(ii) responding to the needs of the tenants and working cooperatively with tenant organizations;

          ‘(iii) providing adequate organizational, staff, and other resources to implement a management program determined by the Secretary; and

          ‘(iv) meeting such other requirements as the Secretary may determine; and

        ‘(B) require the owner of a multifamily housing project that is subject to a mortgage held by the Secretary to contract for management services for the project in the manner described in subparagraph (A).

      ‘(2) MAINTENANCE OF PROJECTS OWNED BY THE SECRETARY- In the case of multifamily housing projects that are owned by the Secretary (or for which the Secretary is mortgagee in possession), the Secretary shall--

        ‘(A) to the greatest extent possible, maintain all such occupied projects in a decent, safe, and sanitary condition in compliance with any standards under applicable State or local laws, rules, ordinances, or regulations relating to the physical condition of the housing and any such standards established by the Secretary;

        ‘(B) to the greatest extent possible, maintain full occupancy in all such projects; and

        ‘(C) maintain all such projects for purposes of providing rental or cooperative housing.

      ‘(3) PROJECTS SUBJECT TO A MORTGAGE HELD BY SECRETARY- In the case of any multifamily housing project that is subject to a mortgage held by the Secretary, the Secretary shall require the owner of the project to carry out the requirements of paragraph (2).

    ‘(e) REQUIRED ASSISTANCE- In disposing of any multifamily housing property under this section, the Secretary shall take, separately or in combination with actions under subsection (f), one or more of the following actions:

      ‘(1) CONTRACT WITH OWNER FOR PROJECT-BASED ASSISTANCE- In the case of multifamily housing projects that are acquired by a purchaser other than the Secretary at foreclosure or after sale by the Secretary, the Secretary may enter into contracts under section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937 (to the extent budget authority is available) with owners of the projects, subject to the following requirements:

        ‘(A) SUBSIDIZED OR FORMERLY SUBSIDIZED PROJECTS RECEIVING MORTGAGE-RELATED ASSISTANCE- In the case of a subsidized or formerly subsidized project referred to in subparagraphs (A) through (C) of subsection (b)(2)--

          ‘(i) the contract shall be sufficient to assist at least all units covered by an assistance contract under any of the authorities referred to in subsection (b)(2)(D) before acquisition or foreclosure, unless the Secretary acts pursuant to the provisions of subparagraph (C);

          ‘(ii) the contract shall provide that, when a vacancy occurs in any unit in the project requiring project-based rental assistance pursuant to this subparagraph that is occupied by a family who is not eligible for assistance under such section 8, the owner shall lease the available unit to a family eligible for assistance under such section 8; and

          ‘(iii) the Secretary shall take actions to ensure that any unit in any such project that does not otherwise receive project-based assistance under this subparagraph remains available and affordable for the remaining useful life of the project, as defined by the Secretary; to carry out this clause, the Secretary may require purchasers to establish use or rent restrictions maintaining the affordability of such units.

        ‘(B) SUBSIDIZED OR FORMERLY SUBSIDIZED PROJECTS RECEIVING RENTAL ASSISTANCE- In the case of a subsidized or formerly subsidized project referred to in subsection (b)(2)(D) that is not subject to subparagraph (A)--

          ‘(i) the contract shall be sufficient to assist at least all units in the project that are covered, or were covered immediately before foreclosure on or acquisition of the project by the Secretary, by an assistance contract under any of the provisions referred to in such subsection, unless the Secretary acts pursuant to provisions of subparagraph (C); and

          ‘(ii) the contract shall provide that, when a vacancy occurs in any unit in the project requiring project-based rental assistance pursuant to this subparagraph that is occupied by a family who is not eligible for assistance under such section 8, the owner shall lease the available unit to a family eligible for assistance under such section 8.

        ‘(C) EXCEPTIONS-

          ‘(i) AUTHORITY- In lieu of providing project-based assistance under subparagraph (A)(i) or (B)(i) for a project, the Secretary may, for certain units in unsubsidized projects located within the same market area as the project otherwise required to be assisted with such project-based assistance--

            ‘(I) require use restrictions providing that such units shall be available to and affordable by very low-income families for the remaining useful life of the project (as defined by the Secretary), or

            ‘(II) provide project-based assistance for units occupied by only very low-income persons,

          but only if the requirements under clause (ii) are met.

          ‘(ii) REQUIREMENTS- The requirements under this clause are that--

            ‘(I) upon the disposition of the project otherwise required to be assisted with project based assistance under subparagraph (A)(i) or (B)(i), low-income families residing in units otherwise required to be assisted with such project-based assistance shall be provided tenant-based assistance under section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937; and

            ‘(II) the number of units subject to use restrictions or provided assistance under clause (i) shall be at least equivalent to the number of units otherwise required to be assisted with project-based assistance under subparagraph (A)(i) or (B)(i).

        ‘(D) UNSUBSIDIZED PROJECTS- Notwithstanding actions taken pursuant to subparagraph (C), in the case of unsubsidized projects, the contract shall be sufficient to provide--

          ‘(i) project-based rental assistance for all units that are covered, or were covered immediately before foreclosure or acquisition, by an assistance contract under--

            ‘(I) the new construction and substantial rehabilitation program under section 8(b)(2) of the United States Housing Act of 1937 (as in effect before October 1, 1983);

            ‘(II) the property disposition program under section 8(b) of such Act;

            ‘(III) the project-based certificate program under section 8 of such Act;

            ‘(IV) the moderate rehabilitation program under section 8(e)(2) of such Act;

            ‘(V) section 23 of such Act (as in effect before January 1, 1975);

            ‘(VI) the rent supplement program under section 101 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1965; or

            ‘(VII) section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937, following conversion from assistance under section 101 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1965; and

          ‘(ii) tenant-based assistance under section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937 for families that are preexisting tenants of the project in units that, immediately before foreclosure or acquisition of the project by the Secretary, were covered by an assistance contract under the loan management set-aside program under section 8(b) of the United States Housing Act of 1937 at such time.

      ‘(2) ANNUAL CONTRIBUTION CONTRACTS FOR TENANT-BASED ASSISTANCE- In the case of multifamily housing projects that are acquired by a purchaser other than the Secretary at foreclosure or after sale by the Secretary, the Secretary may enter into annual contribution contracts with public housing agencies to provide tenant-based assistance under section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937 on behalf of all low-income families who are otherwise eligible for assistance in accordance with subparagraph (A), (B), or (D) of paragraph (1) on the date that the project is acquired by the purchaser, subject to the following requirements:

        ‘(A) REQUIREMENT OF SUFFICIENT AFFORDABLE HOUSING IN AREA- The Secretary may not take action under this paragraph unless the Secretary determines that there is available in the area an adequate supply of habitable, affordable housing for very low-income families and other low-income families using such assistance.

        ‘(B) LIMITATION FOR SUBSIDIZED AND FORMERLY SUBSIDIZED PROJECTS- The Secretary may not take actions under this paragraph in connection with units in subsidized or formerly subsidized projects for more than 10 percent of the aggregate number of units in such projects disposed of by the Secretary in any fiscal year.

      ‘(3) OTHER ASSISTANCE-

        ‘(A) IN GENERAL- In accordance with the authority provided under the National Housing Act, the Secretary may provide other assistance pursuant to subsection (f) to the owners of multifamily housing projects that are acquired by a purchaser other than the Secretary at foreclosure, or after sale by the Secretary, on terms that ensure that--

          ‘(i) at least the units in the project otherwise required to receive project-based assistance pursuant to subparagraphs (A), (B), or (D) of paragraph (1) are available to and affordable by low-income persons; and

          ‘(ii) for the remaining useful life of the project, as defined by the Secretary, there shall be in force such use or rent restrictions as the Secretary may prescribe.

        ‘(B) VERY LOW-INCOME TENANTS- If, as a result of actions taken pursuant to this paragraph, the rents charged to any very low-income families residing in the project who are otherwise required (pursuant to subparagraph (A), (B), or (D) of paragraph (1)) to receive project-based assistance under section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937 exceed the amount payable as rent under section 3(a) of the United States Housing Act of 1937, the Secretary shall provide assistance under section 8 of such Act to such families.

    ‘(f) DISCRETIONARY ASSISTANCE- In addition to the actions required under subsection (e) for a subsidized, formerly subsidized, or unsubsidized multifamily housing project, the Secretary may, pursuant to the disposition plan and the goals in subsection (a), take any of the following actions, separately or in combination:

      ‘(1) DISCOUNTED SALES PRICE- In accordance with the authority provided under the National Housing Act, the Secretary may reduce the selling price of the project. Such reduced sales price shall be reasonably related to the intended use of the property after sale, any rehabilitation requirements for the project, the rents for units in the project that can be supported by the market, the amount of rental assistance available for the project under section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937, and the occupancy profile of the project.

      ‘(2) USE AND RENT RESTRICTIONS- The Secretary may require certain units in a project to be subject to use or rent restrictions providing that such units will be available to and affordable by low- and very low-income persons for the remaining useful life of the property, as defined by the Secretary.

      ‘(3) SHORT-TERM LOANS- The Secretary may provide short-term loans to facilitate the sale of a multifamily housing project if--

        ‘(A) authority for such loans is provided in advance in an appropriation Act;

        ‘(B) such loan has a term of not more than 5 years;

        ‘(C) the Secretary determines, based upon documentation provided to the Secretary, that the borrower has obtained a commitment of permanent financing to replace the short-term loan from a lender who meets standards established by the Secretary; and

        ‘(D) the terms of such loan are consistent with prevailing practices in the marketplace or the provision of such loan results in no cost to the Government, as defined in section 502 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974.

      ‘(4) UP-FRONT GRANTS- If the Secretary determines that action under this paragraph is more cost-effective, the Secretary may utilize the budget authority provided for contracts issued under this section for project-based assistance under section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937 to (in addition to providing project-based section 8 rental assistance)--

        ‘(A) provide up-front grants for the necessary cost of rehabilitation and other related development costs; or

        ‘(B) pay any cost to the Government, as defined in section 502 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, for loans made pursuant to paragraph (3).

      ‘(5) TENANT-BASED ASSISTANCE- The Secretary may make available tenant-based assistance under section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937 to very low-income families residing in a multifamily housing project that do not otherwise qualify for project-based assistance.

      ‘(6) Alternative uses-

        ‘(A) IN GENERAL- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, after providing notice to and an opportunity to comment by preexisting tenants, the Secretary may allow not more than 10 percent of the total number of units in multifamily housing projects that are disposed of by the Secretary during any single fiscal year to be made available for--

          ‘(i) uses (other than rental or cooperative uses) that benefit the tenants of the project, including low-income homeownership opportunities, or in any particular project, community space, office space for tenant or housing-related service providers or security programs, or small business uses; or

          ‘(ii) any other uses, if the Secretary and the unit of general local government or area-wide governing body determine that such use will further fair housing, community development, or neighborhood revitalization goals.

        ‘(B) DISPLACEMENT PROTECTION- The Secretary may take actions under subparagraph (A) only if--

          ‘(i) tenant-based rental assistance under section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937 is made available to each eligible family residing in the project that is displaced as a result of such actions; and

          ‘(ii) the Secretary determines that sufficient habitable, affordable rental housing is available in the market area in which the project is located to ensure use of such assistance.

      ‘(7) TRANSFER FOR USE UNDER OTHER PROGRAMS OF SECRETARY-

        ‘(A) IN GENERAL- The Secretary may transfer a multifamily housing project--

          ‘(i) to a public housing agency for use of the project as public housing; or

          ‘(ii) to an entity eligible to own or operate housing assisted under section 202 of the Housing Act of 1959 or under section 811 of the Cranston-Gonzalez National Affordable Housing Act for use as supportive housing under either of such sections.

        ‘(B) REQUIREMENTS FOR AGREEMENT- An agreement providing for the transfer of a project described in subparagraph (A) shall--

          ‘(i) contain such terms, conditions, and limitations as the Secretary determines appropriate, including requirements to ensure use of the project as public housing, supportive housing under section 202 of the Housing Act of 1959, or supportive housing under section 811 of the Cranston-Gonzalez National Affordable Housing Act, as applicable; and

          ‘(ii) ensure that no tenant of the project will be displaced as a result of actions taken under this paragraph.

      ‘(8) REBUILDING- Notwithstanding any provision of section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937 (42 U.S.C. 1437f), the Secretary may provide project-based assistance under such section for a multifamily housing project rebuilt or to be rebuilt (on-site, off-site, or in a combination of both) in connection with disposition under this section, if the Secretary determines--

        ‘(A) the project does not provide adequate services;

        ‘(B) rebuilding the project is less expensive than substantial rehabilitation of the project or substantial rehabilitation would not produce as long a physical life of the project as would rebuilding;

        ‘(C) the unit of general local government in which the project is located approves the rebuilding and makes a financial contribution or other commitment to the project;

        ‘(D) the rebuilding promotes racial and low-income geographical deconcentration; and

        ‘(E) the rebuilding is a part of a local neighborhood revitalization plan approved by the unit of general local government.

    ‘(g) PROTECTION FOR UNASSISTED VERY LOW-INCOME TENANTS- For each multifamily housing project disposed of under this section, the Secretary shall require that, for any very low-income family who is a preexisting tenant of the project and for whom the rent (after disposition) for the unit occupied by the family is not affordable--

      ‘(1) for a period of 2 years beginning upon the date of the acquisition of the project by the purchaser under such disposition, the rent for the unit occupied by the family may not be increased above the rent charged immediately before acquisition;

      ‘(2) such family shall be considered displaced for purposes of the preferences for assistance under sections 6(c)(4)(A)(i), 8(d)(1)(A)(i), and 8(o)(3)(B) of the United States Housing Act of 1937; and

      ‘(3) notice shall be provided to such family, not later than the date of the acquisition of the project by the purchaser--

        ‘(A) of the requirements under paragraphs (1) and (2); and

        ‘(B) that, after the expiration of the period under paragraph (1), the rent for the unit occupied by the family may be increased.

    ‘(h) CONTRACT REQUIREMENTS- Contracts for project-based rental assistance under section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937 provided pursuant to this section shall be subject to the following requirements:

      ‘(1) CONTRACT TERM- The contract shall have a term of 15 years, except that the term may be less than 15 years--

        ‘(A) to the extent that the Secretary finds that, based on the rental charges and financing for the multifamily housing project to which the contract relates, the financial viability of the project can be maintained under a contract having such a term; or

        ‘(B) if such assistance is provided--

          ‘(i) under a contract authorized under section 6 of the HUD Demonstration Act of 1993; and

          ‘(ii) pursuant to a disposition plan under this section for a project that is determined by the Secretary to be otherwise in compliance with this section.

      To the extent that units receive project-based assistance for a contract term of less than 15 years, the Secretary shall require that the amount of rent payable by tenants of the project for such units shall not exceed the amount payable for rent under section 3(a) of the United States Housing Act of 1937 for a period of at least 15 years.

      ‘(2) CONTRACT RENT- The Secretary shall establish the contract rents under such contracts at levels that provide sufficient amounts for the necessary costs of rehabilitating and operating the multifamily housing project and do not exceed the percentage of the existing housing fair market rentals for the market area in which the project assisted under the contract is located (as determined by the Secretary under section 8(c) of the United States Housing Act of 1937) as the Secretary may prescribe.

    ‘(i) RIGHT OF FIRST REFUSAL FOR LOCAL AND STATE GOVERNMENT AGENCIES- During the period beginning upon the Secretary acquiring title to a multifamily housing project and ending 90 days after the Secretary provides notice of such acquisition to the unit of general local government for the area in which the project is located (including any public housing agency for such area) or an agency designated by the Governor of the State in which the project is located, the Secretary may offer to sell, make a commitment to sell, or sell the project only to such unit of general local government (including any such public housing agency) or such designated agency. The Secretary shall establish any procedures necessary to carry out this subsection.

    ‘(j) DISPLACEMENT OF TENANTS AND RELOCATION ASSISTANCE-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- Whenever tenants will be displaced as a result of the demolition of, repairs to, or conversion in the use of, a multifamily housing project that is owned by the Secretary (or for which the Secretary is mortgagee in possession), the Secretary shall identify tenants who will be displaced, and shall notify all such tenants of their pending displacement and of any relocation assistance that may be available. In the case of a multifamily housing project that is subject to a mortgage held by the Secretary, the Secretary shall require the owner of the project to carry out the requirements of this paragraph, if the Secretary has authorized the demolition of, repairs to, or conversion in the use of such multifamily housing project.

      ‘(2) RIGHTS OF DISPLACED TENANTS- The Secretary shall ensure for any such tenant (who continues to meet applicable qualification standards) the right--

        ‘(A) to return, whenever possible, to a repaired unit;

        ‘(B) to occupy a unit in another multifamily housing project owned by the Secretary;

        ‘(C) to obtain housing assistance under the United States Housing Act of 1937; or

        ‘(D) to receive any other available relocation assistance as the Secretary determines to be appropriate.

    ‘(k) MORTGAGE AND PROJECT SALES-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary may not approve the sale of any loan or mortgage held by the Secretary (including any loan or mortgage owned by the Government National Mortgage Association) on any subsidized project or formerly subsidized project, unless such sale is made as part of a transaction that will ensure that such project will continue to operate at least until the maturity date of such loan or mortgage, in a manner that will provide rental housing on terms at least as advantageous to existing and future tenants as the terms required by the program under which the loan or mortgage was made or insured prior to the assignment of the loan or mortgage on such project to the Secretary.

      ‘(2) SALE OF CERTAIN PROJECTS- The Secretary may not approve the sale of any subsidized project--

        ‘(A) that is subject to a mortgage held by the Secretary, or

        ‘(B) if the sale transaction involves the provision of any additional subsidy funds by the Secretary or a recasting of the mortgage,

      unless such sale is made as part of a transaction that will ensure that the project will continue to operate, at least until the maturity date of the loan or mortgage, in a manner that will provide rental housing on terms at least as advantageous to existing and future tenants as the terms required by the program under which the loan or mortgage was made or insured prior to the proposed sale of the project.

      ‘(3) MORTGAGE SALES TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS- Notwithstanding any provision of law that requires competitive sales or bidding, the Secretary may carry out negotiated sales of mortgages held by the Secretary, without the competitive selection of purchasers or intermediaries, to units of general local government or State agencies, or groups of investors that include at least one such unit of general local government or State agency, if the negotiations are conducted with such agencies, except that--

        ‘(A) the terms of any such sale shall include the agreement of the purchasing agency or unit of local government or State agency to act as mortgagee or owner of a beneficial interest in such mortgages, in a manner consistent with maintaining the projects that are subject to such mortgages for occupancy by the general tenant group intended to be served by the applicable mortgage insurance program, including, to the extent the Secretary determines appropriate, authorizing such unit of local government or State agency to enforce the provisions of any regulatory agreement or other program requirements applicable to the related projects; and

        ‘(B) the sales prices for such mortgages shall be, in the determination of the Secretary, the best prices that may be obtained for such mortgages from a unit of general local government or State agency, consistent with the expectation and intention that the projects financed will be retained for use under the applicable mortgage insurance program for the life of the initial mortgage insurance contract.

      ‘(4) SALE OF MORTGAGES COVERING UNSUBSIDIZED PROJECTS- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary may sell mortgages held on unsubsidized projects on such terms and conditions as the Secretary may prescribe.

      ‘(5) MORTGAGE SALE DEMONSTRATION- The Secretary may carry out a demonstration to test the feasibility of restructuring and disposing of troubled multifamily mortgages held by the Secretary through the establishment of partnerships between public, private, and nonprofit entities.

    ‘(l) REPORT TO CONGRESS- Not later than June 1 of each year, the Secretary shall submit to the Congress a report describing the status of multifamily housing projects owned by or subject to mortgages held by the Secretary, on an aggregate basis, which highlights the differences, if any, between the subsidized and the unsubsidized inventory. The report shall include--

      ‘(1) the average and median size of the projects;

      ‘(2) the geographic locations of the projects, by State and region;

      ‘(3) the years during which projects were assigned to the Department, and the average and median length of time that projects remain in the HUD-held inventory;

      ‘(4) the status of HUD-held mortgages;

      ‘(5) the physical condition of the HUD-held and HUD-owned inventory;

      ‘(6) the occupancy profile of the projects, including the income, family size, race, and ethnic origin of current tenants, and the rents paid by such tenants;

      ‘(7) the proportion of units that are vacant;

      ‘(8) the number of projects for which the Secretary is mortgagee in possession;

      ‘(9) the number of projects sold in foreclosure sales;

      ‘(10) the number of HUD-owned projects sold;

      ‘(11) a description of actions undertaken pursuant to this section, including a description of the effectiveness of such actions and any impediments to the disposition or management of multifamily housing projects;

      ‘(12) a description of the extent to which the provisions of this section and actions taken under this section have displaced tenants of multifamily housing projects;

      ‘(13) a description of any of the functions performed in connection with this section that are contracted out to public or private entities or to States; and

      ‘(14) a description of the activities carried out under subsection (i) during the preceding year.’.

    (c) CLARIFICATION OF FEDERAL PREFERENCES-

      (1) PUBLIC HOUSING TENANCY- Section 6(c)(4)(A)(i) of the United States Housing Act of 1937 (42 U.S.C. 1437d(c)(4)(A)(i)) is amended by inserting after ‘displaced’ the following: ‘(including displacement because of disposition of a multifamily housing project under section 203 of the Housing and Community Development Amendments of 1978)’.

      (2) SECTION 8 ASSISTANCE- Section 8(d)(1)(A)(i) of the United States Housing Act of 1937 (42 U.S.C. 1437f(d)(1)(A)(i)) is amended by inserting after ‘displaced’ the following: ‘(including displacement because of disposition of a multifamily housing project under section 203 of the Housing and Community Development Amendments of 1978)’.

    (d) DEFINITION OF OWNER- Section 8(f)(1) of the United States Housing Act of 1937 (42 U.S.C. 1437f(f)(1)) is amended by inserting ‘an agency of the Federal Government,’ after ‘cooperative,’.

    (e) AMENDMENT TO NATIONAL HOUSING ACT- Title V of the National Housing Act (12 U.S.C. 1731a et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

‘PARTIAL PAYMENT OF CLAIMS ON MULTIFAMILY HOUSING PROJECTS

    ‘SEC. 541. (a) AUTHORITY- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, if the Secretary is requested to accept assignment of a mortgage insured by the Secretary that covers a multifamily housing project (as such term is defined in section 203(b) of the Housing and Community Development Amendments of 1978) and the Secretary determines that partial payment would be less costly to the Federal Government than other reasonable alternatives for maintaining the low-income character of the project, the Secretary may request the mortgagee, in lieu of assignment, to--

      ‘(1) accept partial payment of the claim under the mortgage insurance contract; and

      ‘(2) recast the mortgage, under such terms and conditions as the Secretary may determine.

    ‘(b) REPAYMENT- As a condition to a partial claim payment under this section, the mortgagor shall agree to repay to the Secretary the amount of such payment and such obligation shall be secured by a second mortgage on the property on such terms and conditions as the Secretary may determine.’.

    (f) EFFECTIVE DATE- The Secretary shall issue interim regulations necessary to implement the amendments made by subsections (b) through (d) not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act. Such interim regulations shall take effect upon issuance and invite public comment on the interim regulations. The Secretary shall issue final regulations to implement such amendments after opportunity for such public comment, but not later than 12 months after the date of issuance of such interim regulations.

SEC. 102. USE OF EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE FUNDS FOR RESIDENCY IN MULTIFAMILY HOUSING DISPOSITION PROJECTS.

    Section 203(f) of the Housing and Community Development Amendments of 1978 (12 U.S.C. 1701z-11), as amended by section 101 of this Act, is further amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

      ‘(9) EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE FUNDS- The Secretary may make arrangements with State agencies and units of general local government of States receiving emergency assistance under part A of title IV of the Social Security Act for the provision of assistance under such Act on behalf of eligible families who would reside in any multifamily housing projects.’.

SEC. 103. REPEAL OF STATE AGENCY MULTIFAMILY PROPERTY DISPOSITION DEMONSTRATION.

    Section 184 of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1987 (12 U.S.C. 1701z-11 note) is hereby repealed.

SEC. 104. PREVENTING MORTGAGE DEFAULTS ON MULTIFAMILY HOUSING PROJECTS.

    (a) MULTIFAMILY HOUSING PLANNING AND INVESTMENT STRATEGIES-

      (1) PREPARATION OF ASSESSMENTS FOR INDEPENDENT ENTITIES- Section 402(a) of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1992 (12 U.S.C. 1715-1a note) is amended by adding at the end the following new sentence: ‘The assessment shall be prepared by an entity that does not have an identity of interest with the owner.’.

      (2) TIMING OF SUBMISSION OF NEEDS ASSESSMENTS- Section 402(b) of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1992 (12 U.S.C. 17152-1a note) is amended to read as follows:

    ‘(b) TIMING- To ensure that assessments for all covered multifamily housing properties will be submitted on or before the conclusion of fiscal year 1997, the Secretary shall require the owners of such properties, including covered multifamily housing properties for the elderly, to submit the assessments for the properties in accordance with the following schedule:

      ‘(1) For fiscal year 1994, 10 percent of the aggregate number of such properties.

      ‘(2) For each of fiscal years 1995, 1996, and 1997, an additional 30 percent of the aggregate number of such properties.’.

      (3) REVIEW OF COMPREHENSIVE NEEDS ASSESSMENTS- Section 404(d) of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1992 (12 U.S.C. 1715-1a note) is amended to read as follows:

    ‘(d) REVIEW-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall review each comprehensive needs assessment for completeness and adequacy before the expiration of the 90-day period beginning on the receipt of the assessment and shall notify the owner of the property for which the assessment was submitted of the findings of such review.

      ‘(2) INCOMPLETE OR INADEQUATE ASSESSMENTS- If the Secretary determines that the assessment is substantially incomplete or inadequate, the Secretary shall--

        ‘(A) notify the owner of the portion or portions of the assessment requiring completion or other revision; and

        ‘(B) require the owner to submit an amended assessment to the Secretary not later than 30 days after such notification.’.

      (4) REPEAL OF NOTICE PROVISION- Section 404 of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1992 (12 U.S.C. 1715-1a note) is amended by striking subsection (f).

      (5) PUBLICATION- Section 404 of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1992 (12 U.S.C. 1715z-1a note) is amended by inserting after subsection (e) the following new subsection:

    ‘(f) PUBLICATION OF METHOD FOR RECEIVING CAPITAL NEEDS ASSESSMENT- The Secretary shall cause to be published in the Federal Register the method by which the Secretary determines which capital needs assessments will be received each year in accordance with section 402(b) and subsection (d) of this section.’.

      (6) FUNDING- Title IV of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1992 (12 U.S.C. 1715z-1a note) is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

‘SEC. 409. FUNDING.

    ‘(a) ALLOCATION OF ASSISTANCE- Based upon needs identified in comprehensive needs assessments, and subject to otherwise applicable program requirements, including selection criteria, the Secretary may allocate the following assistance to owners of covered multifamily housing projects and may provide such assistance on a noncompetitive basis:

      ‘(1) Operating assistance and capital improvement assistance for troubled multifamily housing projects pursuant to section 201 of the Housing and Community Development Amendments of 1978, except for assistance set aside under section 201(n)(1).

      ‘(2) Loan management assistance available pursuant to section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937.

    ‘(b) OPERATING ASSISTANCE AND CAPITAL IMPROVEMENT ASSISTANCE- In providing assistance under subsection (a) the Secretary shall use the selection criteria set forth in section 201(n) of the Housing and Community Development Amendments of 1978.

    ‘(c) AMOUNT OF ASSISTANCE- The Secretary may fund all or only a portion of the needs identified in the capital needs assessment of an owner selected to receive assistance under this section.’.

    (b) FLEXIBLE SUBSIDY PROGRAM-

      (1) DELETION OF UTILITY COST REQUIREMENTS- Section 201(i) of the Housing and Community Development Amendments of 1978 (12 U.S.C. 1715z-1a(i)) is hereby repealed.

      (2) REPEAL OF MANDATORY CONTRIBUTION FROM OWNER- Section 201(k)(2) of the Housing and Community Development Amendments of 1978 (12 U.S.C. 1715z-1a(k)(2)) is amended by striking ‘, except that’ and all that follows and inserting a period.

      (3) FUNDING- Section 201(n) of the Housing and Community Development Amendments of 1978 (42 U.S.C. 1715z-1a(n)) is amended to read as follows:

    ‘(n) ALLOCATION OF ASSISTANCE-

      ‘(1) SET-ASIDE- In providing, and contracting to provide, assistance for capital improvements under this section, in each fiscal year the Secretary shall set aside an amount, as determined by the Secretary, for projects that are eligible for incentives under section 224(b) of the Emergency Low Income Housing Preservation Act of 1987, as such section existed before the date of enactment of the Cranston-Gonzalez National Affordable Housing Act. The Secretary may make such assistance available on a noncompetitive basis.

      ‘(2) GENERAL RULES FOR ALLOCATION- Except as provided in paragraph (3), with respect to assistance under this section not set aside for projects under paragraph (1), the Secretary--

        ‘(A) may award assistance on a noncompetitive basis; and

        ‘(B) shall award assistance to eligible projects on the basis of--

          ‘(i) the extent to which the project is physically or financially troubled, as evidenced by the comprehensive needs assessment submitted in accordance with title IV of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1992; and

          ‘(ii) the extent to which such assistance is necessary and reasonable to prevent the default of federally insured mortgages.

      ‘(3) EXCEPTIONS- The Secretary may make exceptions to selection criteria set forth in paragraph (2) to permit the provision of assistance to eligible projects based upon--

        ‘(A) the extent to which such assistance is necessary to prevent the imminent foreclosure or default of a project whose owner has not submitted a comprehensive needs assessment pursuant to title IV of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1992;

        ‘(B) the extent to which the project presents an imminent threat to the life, health, and safety of project residents; or

        ‘(C) such other criteria as the Secretary may specify by regulation or by notice printed in the Federal Register.

      ‘(4) CONSIDERATIONS- In providing assistance under this section, the Secretary shall take into consideration--

        ‘(A) the extent to which there is evidence that there will be significant opportunities for residents (including a resident council or resident management corporation, as appropriate) to be involved in the management of the project (except that this paragraph shall have no application to projects that are owned as cooperatives); and

        ‘(B) the extent to which there is evidence that the project owner has provided competent management and complied with all regulatory and administrative handbooks (including such handbooks with respect to the comprehensive servicing of multifamily projects as the Secretary may issue).’.

      (4) REPEAL- Section 201 of the Housing and Community Development Amendments of 1978 (12 U.S.C. 1715z-1a) is amended--

        (A) by striking subsection (o); and

        (B) by redesignating subsection (p) as subsection (o).

    (c) IMPLEMENTATION AND EFFECTIVE DATES FOR SUBSECTIONS (a) AND (b)-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Except as provided in paragraph (2), the amendments made by subsections (a) and (b) shall apply with respect to amounts made available for fiscal year 1995 and fiscal years thereafter.

      (2) EXCEPTION- Section 201(n)(1) of the Housing and Community Development Amendments of 1978 (as added by the amendment made by subsection (b)(3) of this section) shall take effect on the date of enactment of this Act.

      (3) NOTICE- The Secretary shall, by notice published in the Federal Register, establish any requirements necessary to implement the amendments made by subsections (a) and (b). The notice shall invite public comments and, not later than 12 months after the date on which the notice is published, the Secretary shall issue final regulations based on the initial notice, taking into consideration any public comments received.

    (d) STREAMLINED REFINANCING- As soon as practicable, the Secretary shall implement a streamlined refinancing program under the authority provided in section 223 of the National Housing Act to prevent the default of mortgages insured by the FHA which cover multifamily housing projects, as defined in section 203(b) of the Housing and Community Development Amendments of 1978.

    (e) GAO STUDY ON PREVENTION OF DEFAULT-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Not later than September 1, 1995, the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate a report that evaluates the adequacy of loan loss reserves in the General Insurance and Special Risk Insurance Funds and presents recommendations for the Secretary to prevent losses from occurring.

      (2) CONTENTS- The report submitted under paragraph (1) shall--

        (A) evaluate the factors considered in arriving at loss estimates and determine whether other factors should be considered;

        (B) determine the relative benefit of creating a new, actuarially sound insurance fund for all new multifamily housing insurance commitments; and

        (C) recommend alternatives to the Secretary’s current procedures for preventing the future default of multifamily housing project mortgages insured under title II of the National Housing Act.

    (f) GAO STUDY ON ACTUARIAL SOUNDNESS OF CERTAIN INSURANCE PROGRAMS-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Not later than April 1, 1995, the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs of the House of Representatives a report that evaluates, in connection with the General Insurance Fund, the role and performance of the nursing home, hospital, and retirement service center insurance programs.

      (2) CONTENTS- The reports submitted under paragraph (1) shall--

        (A) evaluate the strategic importance of these insurance programs to the mission of the FHA;

        (B) evaluate the impact of these insurance programs upon the financial performance of the General Insurance Fund;

        (C) assess the potential losses expected under these programs through fiscal year 1999;

        (D) evaluate the risk of these programs to the General Insurance Fund in connection with changes in national health care policy;

        (E) assess the ability of the FHA to manage these programs; and

        (F) make recommendations for any necessary changes.

    (g) RISK ASSESSMENT-

      (1) SPECIAL RISK INSURANCE FUND- Section 238(c) of the National Housing Act (12 U.S.C. 1715z-3(c)) is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

      ‘(3) The Secretary shall undertake an annual assessment of the risks associated with each of the insurance programs comprising the Special Risk Insurance Fund, and shall present findings from such review to the Congress in the FHA Annual Management Report.’.

      (2) GENERAL INSURANCE FUND- Section 519 of the National Housing Act (12 U.S.C. 1735c) is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    ‘(g) RISK ASSESSMENT- The Secretary shall undertake an annual assessment of the risks associated with each of the insurance programs comprising the General Insurance Fund, and shall present findings from such review to the Congress in the FHA Annual Management Report.’.

    (h) ALTERNATIVE USES FOR PREVENTION OF DEFAULT-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Subject to notice and comment from existing tenants, to prevent the imminent default of a multifamily housing project subject to a mortgage insured under title II of the National Housing Act, the Secretary may authorize the mortgagor to use the project for purposes not contemplated by or permitted under the regulatory agreement, if--

        (A) such other uses are acceptable to the Secretary;

        (B) such other uses would be otherwise insurable under title II of the National Housing Act;

        (C) the outstanding principal balance on the mortgage covering such project is not increased;

        (D) any financial benefit accruing to the mortgagor shall, subject to the discretion of the Secretary, be applied to project reserves or project rehabilitation; and

        (E) such other use serves a public purpose.

      (2) DISPLACEMENT PROTECTION- The Secretary may take actions under paragraph (1) only if--

        (A) tenant-based rental assistance under section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937 is made available to each eligible family residing in the project that is displaced as a result of such actions; and

        (B) the Secretary determines that sufficient habitable, affordable (as such term is defined in section 203(b) of the Housing and Community Development Amendments of 1978) rental housing is available in the market area in which the project is located to ensure use of such assistance.

      (3) IMPLEMENTATION- The Secretary shall, by notice published in the Federal Register, which shall take effect upon publication, establish such requirements as may be necessary to implement the amendments made by this subsection. The notice shall invite public comments and, not later than 12 months after the date on which the notice is published, the Secretary shall issue final regulations based on the initial notice, taking into account any public comments received.

SEC. 105. INTEREST RATES ON ASSIGNED MORTGAGES.

    Section 7(i)(5) of the Department of Housing and Urban Development Act (42 U.S.C. 3535(i)(5)) is amended by striking the first semicolon, and all that follows through ‘as determined by the Secretary’.

SEC. 106. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    (a) SPECIAL RISK INSURANCE FUND- Section 238(b) of the National Housing Act (12 U.S.C. 1715z-3(b)) is amended by striking the fifth sentence.

    (b) GENERAL INSURANCE FUND- Section 519 of the National Housing Act (12 U.S.C. 1735c) is amended--

      (1) by striking subsection (f); and

      (2) by redesignating subsection (g) (as added by section 104(g)(2) of this Act) as subsection (f).

    (c) MULTIFAMILY INSURANCE FUND APPROPRIATIONS- Title V of the National Housing Act (12 U.S.C. 1731a et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

‘SEC. 541. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR GENERAL AND SPECIAL RISK INSURANCE FUNDS.

    ‘There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for each of fiscal years 1994 and 1995, to be allocated in any manner that the Secretary determines appropriate, for the following costs incurred in conjunction with programs authorized under the General Insurance Fund, as provided by section 519, and the Special Risk Insurance Fund, as provided by section 238:

      ‘(1) The cost to the Government, as defined in section 502 of the Congressional Budget Act, of new insurance commitments.

      ‘(2) The cost to the Government, as defined in section 502 of the Congressional Budget Act, of modifications to existing loans, loan guarantees, or insurance commitments.

      ‘(3) The cost to the Government, as defined in section 502 of the Congressional Budget Act, of loans provided under section 203(f) of the Housing and Community Development Amendments of 1978.

      ‘(4) The costs of the rehabilitation of multifamily housing projects (as defined in section 203(b) of the Housing and Community Development Amendments of 1978) upon disposition by the Secretary.’.

TITLE II--OTHER PROGRAM REFORMS

Subtitle A--Home Investment Partnerships Program

SEC. 201. PARTICIPATION BY STATE AGENCIES OR INSTRUMENTALITIES.

    Section 104(2) of the Cranston-Gonzalez National Affordable Housing Act (42 U.S.C. 12704(2)) is amended--

      (1) by striking ‘and’ after ‘Columbia,’; and

      (2) by inserting before the period at the end the following: ‘, and any agency or instrumentality thereof that is established pursuant to legislation and designated by the chief executive to act on behalf of the State with regard to the provisions of this Act’.

SEC. 203. SIMPLIFICATION OF PROGRAM-WIDE INCOME TARGETING FOR RENTAL HOUSING.

    Section 214(1) of the Cranston-Gonzalez National Affordable Housing Act (42 U.S.C. 12744(1)) is amended--

      (1) in subparagraph (A)--

        (A) by striking ‘such funds are invested with respect to dwelling units that are occupied by’ and inserting ‘(i) the families receiving such rental assistance are’; and

        (B) by striking ‘, and’ and inserting ‘, or (ii) the dwelling units assisted with such funds are occupied by families having such incomes; and’; and

      (2) in subparagraph (B)--

        (A) by striking ‘such funds are invested with respect to dwelling units that are occupied by’ and inserting ‘(i) the families receiving such rental assistance are’; and

        (B) by inserting before the semicolon at the end the following: ‘, or (ii) the dwelling units assisted with such funds are occupied by such households’.

SEC. 204. HOMEOWNERSHIP UNITS.

    (a) REMOVAL OF FIRST-TIME HOMEBUYER REQUIREMENT- Section 215(b) of the Cranston-Gonzalez National Affordable Housing Act (42 U.S.C. 12745(b)) is amended--

      (1) by striking paragraph (3); and

      (2) by redesignating paragraphs (4) and (5) as paragraphs (3) and (4), respectively.

    (b) SIMPLIFICATION OF RESALE PROVISIONS- Section 215(b)(3)(B) of the Cranston-Gonzalez National Affordable Housing Act (42 U.S.C. 12745(b)(3)(B)), as so redesignated by subsection (a) of this section, is amended by striking ‘subsection’ and inserting ‘title’.

SEC. 205. SIMPLIFICATION OF MATCHING REQUIREMENTS.

    Section 220(a) of the Cranston-Gonzalez National Affordable Housing Act (42 U.S.C. 12750(a)) is amended to read as follows:

    ‘(a) CONTRIBUTION- Each participating jurisdiction shall make contributions to housing that qualifies as affordable housing under this title that total, throughout a fiscal year, not less than 25 percent of the funds drawn from the jurisdiction’s HOME Investment Trust Fund in such fiscal year. Such contributions shall be in addition to any amounts made available under section 216(3)(A)(ii).’.

SEC. 206. REPEAL OF SEPARATE AUDIT REQUIREMENT.

    Section 283 of the Cranston-Gonzalez National Affordable Housing Act (42 U.S.C. 12833) is amended--

      (1) by striking the section designation and heading and inserting the following:

‘SEC. 283. AUDITS BY COMPTROLLER GENERAL.’;

      (2) by striking subsection (a);

      (3) in subsection (b)--

        (A) by striking ‘(b) AUDITS BY THE COMPTROLLER GENERAL- ’;

        (B) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as subsections (a) and (b), respectively; and

        (C) by moving subsections (a) and (b), as redesignated by subparagraph (B), 2 ems to the left so that such subsections are flush with the left margin; and

      (4) in subsection (a), as redesignated by paragraph (3)(B), by striking the second sentence.

SEC. 207. ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEW REQUIREMENTS.

    Section 288 of the Cranston-Gonzalez National Affordable Housing Act (42 U.S.C. 12838) is amended--

      (1) in subsection (a)--

        (A) in the first sentence, by striking ‘participating jurisdictions’ and inserting ‘jurisdictions, Indian tribes, or insular areas’; and

        (B) by adding at the end the following new sentences: ‘The regulations shall provide--

      ‘(1) for the monitoring of the performance of environmental reviews under this section;

      ‘(2) in the discretion of the Secretary, for the provision or facilitation of training for the performance of such reviews; and

      ‘(3) for the suspension or termination of the assumption under this section.

    The Secretary’s duty under the preceding sentence shall not be construed to limit or reduce any responsibility assumed by a State or unit of general local government with respect to any particular release of funds.’;

      (2) in the first sentence of subsection (b), by striking ‘participating jurisdiction’ and inserting ‘jurisdiction, Indian tribe, or insular area’;

      (3) in subsection (c)(4)(B), by striking ‘participating jurisdiction’ and inserting ‘jurisdiction, Indian tribe, or insular area’; and

      (4) in subsection (d), by striking ‘ASSISTANCE TO A STATE- In the case of assistance to States’ and inserting the following: ‘ASSISTANCE TO UNITS OF GENERAL LOCAL GOVERNMENT FROM A STATE- In the case of assistance to units of general local government from a State’.

SEC. 208. USE OF CDBG FUNDS FOR HOME PROGRAM EXPENSES.

    (a) ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES- Section 105(a)(13) of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 5305(a)(13)) is amended by inserting after ‘charges related to’ the following: ‘(A) administering the HOME program under title II of the Cranston-Gonzalez National Affordable Housing Act; and (B)’.

    (b) PROJECT DELIVERY COSTS- Section 105(a)(21) of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 5305(a)(21)) is amended--

      (1) by inserting ‘in connection with tenant-based rental assistance and affordable housing projects assisted under title II of the Cranston-Gonzalez National Affordable Housing Act’ after ‘housing counseling’; and

      (2) by striking ‘authorized’ and all that follows through ‘any law’ and inserting ‘assisted under title II of the Cranston-Gonzalez National Affordable Housing Act’.

SEC. 209. FLEXIBILITY OF HOME PROGRAM FOR DISASTER AREAS.

    Title II of the Cranston-Gonzalez National Affordable Housing Act (42 U.S.C. 12721 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

‘SEC. 290. SUSPENSION OF REQUIREMENTS FOR DISASTER AREAS.

    ‘For the duration of time during which an area has been declared a disaster area by the President under title IV of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, the Secretary may suspend all requirements for purposes of assistance under this title for that area, except for those related to public notice of funding availability, nondiscrimination, fair housing, labor standards, environmental standards, and low-income housing affordability.’.

SEC. 210. APPLICABILITY AND REGULATIONS.

    The amendments made by this title shall apply with respect to any amounts made available to carry out title II of the Cranston-Gonzalez National Affordable Housing Act after the date of the enactment of this Act and any amounts made available to carry out such title before such date of enactment that remain unobligated on such date. The Secretary shall issue any regulations necessary to carry out the amendments made by this title not later than the expiration of the 45-day period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act.

Subtitle B--HOPE Homeownership Program

SEC. 221. MATCHING REQUIREMENT UNDER HOPE FOR HOMEOWNERSHIP OF SINGLE FAMILY HOMES PROGRAM.

    Section 443(c)(1) of the Cranston-Gonzalez National Affordable Housing Act (42 U.S.C. 12893(c)(1)) is amended by striking ‘33 percent’ and inserting ‘25 percent’.

Subtitle C--Community Development Block Grants

SEC. 231. SECTION 108 ELIGIBLE ACTIVITIES.

    The first sentence of section 108(a) of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 5308(a)) is amended--

      (1) by striking ‘or’ after ‘section 105(a);’; and

      (2) by inserting before the period the following: ‘; (5) the acquisition, construction, reconstruction, or installation of public facilities (except for buildings for the general conduct of government); or (6) in the case of colonias, public works and site or other improvements’.

SEC. 232. GUARANTEE OF OBLIGATIONS BACKED BY SECTION 108 LOANS.

    Section 108 of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 5308) is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    ‘(q) GUARANTEE OF OBLIGATIONS BACKED BY LOANS-

      ‘(1) AUTHORITY- The Secretary may, upon such terms and conditions as the Secretary considers appropriate, guarantee the timely payment of the principal of and interest on such trust certificates or other obligations as may--

        ‘(A) be offered by the Secretary or by any other offeror approved for purposes of this subsection by the Secretary; and

        ‘(B) be based on and backed by a trust or pool composed of notes or other obligations guaranteed or eligible for guarantee by the Secretary under this section.

      ‘(2) FULL FAITH AND CREDIT- To the same extent as provided in subsection (f), the full faith and credit of the United States is pledged to the payment of all amounts that may be required to be paid under any guarantee made by the Secretary under this subsection.

      ‘(3) SUBROGATION- If the Secretary pays a claim under a guarantee made under this section, the Secretary shall be subrogated fully to the rights satisfied by such payment.

      ‘(4) EFFECT OF LAWS- No State or local law, and no Federal law, shall preclude or limit the exercise by the Secretary of--

        ‘(A) the power to contract with respect to public offerings and other sales of notes, trust certificates, and other obligations guaranteed under this section upon such terms and conditions as the Secretary deems appropriate;

        ‘(B) the right to enforce any such contract by any means deemed appropriate by the Secretary; and

        ‘(C) any ownership rights of the Secretary, as applicable, in notes, certificates, or other obligations guaranteed under this section, or constituting the trust or pool against which trust certificates, or other obligations guaranteed under this section, are offered.’.

SEC. 233. FLEXIBILITY OF CDBG PROGRAM FOR DISASTER AREAS.

    Title I of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 5301 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

‘SEC. 122. SUSPENSION OF REQUIREMENTS FOR DISASTER AREAS.

    ‘For the duration of time during which an area has been declared a disaster area by the President under title IV of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, the Secretary may suspend all requirements for purposes of assistance under section 106 for that area, except for those related to public notice of funding availability, nondiscrimination, fair housing, labor standards, environmental standards, and requirements that activities benefit persons of low- and moderate-income.’.

TITLE III--TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS

SEC. 301. DEFINITION OF ‘FAMILIES’.

    The first sentence of section 3(b)(3)(B) of the United States Housing Act of 1937 (42 U.S.C. 1437a(b)(3)(B)) is amended by striking ‘means families with children’ and inserting ‘includes families with children and’.

SEC. 302. ELIMINATION OF REQUIREMENT TO IDENTIFY CIAP REPLACEMENT NEEDS.

    Section 14 of the United States Housing Act of 1937 (42 U.S.C. 1437l) is amended--

      (1) in subsection (d)--

        (A) by striking paragraph (2);

        (B) in paragraph (4), in the matter preceding subparagraph (A)--

          (i) by striking ‘and replacements,’; and

          (ii) by striking ‘(1), (2), and (3)’ and inserting ‘(1) and (2)’; and

        (C) by redesignating paragraphs (3) and (4) as paragraphs (2) and (3), respectively; and

      (2) in subsection (f)(1)--

        (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ‘(d)(4)(A)’ and inserting ‘(d)(3)(A)’;

        (B) by striking subparagraph (B);

        (C) in subparagraph (C), by striking ‘(d)(4)’ and inserting ‘(d)(3)’;

        (D) in subparagraph (D)--

          (i) by striking ‘(1), (2), and (3)’ and inserting ‘(1) and (2)’; and

          (ii) by striking ‘(d)(4)’ and inserting ‘(d)(3)’; and

        (E) by redesignating subparagraphs (C) and (D), as so amended, as subparagraphs (B) and (C), respectively;

      (3) in subsection (g), by striking ‘(d)(4)’ and inserting ‘(d)(3)’; and

      (4) in subsection (h)(2), by striking ‘(d)(4)’ and inserting ‘(d)(3)’.

SEC. 303. PROJECT-BASED ACCOUNTING.

    Section 6(c)(4)(E) of the United States Housing Act of 1937 (42 U.S.C. 1437d(c)(4)(E)) is amended by striking ‘250’ and inserting ‘500’.

SEC. 304. OPERATING SUBSIDY ADJUSTMENTS FOR ANTICIPATED FRAUD RECOVERIES.

    Section 9(a) of the United States Housing Act of 1937 (42 U.S.C. 1437g(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

    ‘(4) Adjustments to a public housing agency’s operating subsidy made by the Secretary under this section shall reflect actual changes in rental income collections resulting from the application of section 904 of the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Amendments Act of 1988.’.

SEC. 305. ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEW PROVISIONS.

    (a) LEAD-BASED PAINT HAZARD REDUCTION- Section 1011 of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1992 (42 U.S.C. 4852) is amended--

      (1) by redesignating subsection (o) as subsection (p); and

      (2) by inserting after subsection (n) the following new subsection:

    ‘(o) ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEW-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- For purposes of environmental review, decisionmaking, and action pursuant to the National Environmental Policy Act of 1960 and other provisions of law that further the purposes of such Act, a grant under this section shall be treated as assistance under the HOME Investment Partnership Act, established under title II of the Cranston-Gonzalez National Affordable Housing Act, and shall be subject to the regulations promulgated by the Secretary to implement section 288 of such Act.

      ‘(2) APPLICABILITY- This subsection shall apply to--

        ‘(A) grants awarded under this section; and

        ‘(B) grants awarded to States and units of general local government for the abatement of significant lead-based paint and lead dust hazards in low- and moderate-income owner-occupied units and low-income privately owned rental units pursuant to title II of the Departments of Veterans Affairs and Housing and Urban Development, and Independent Agencies Appropriations Act, 1992 (Public Law 102-139, 105 Stat. 736).’.

    (b) PROGRAMS UNDER UNITED STATES HOUSING ACT OF 1937- Title I of the United States Housing Act of 1937 (42 U.S.C. 1437 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

‘SEC. 26. ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEWS.

    ‘(a) IN GENERAL-

      ‘(1) RELEASE OF FUNDS- In order to assure that the policies of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 and other provisions of law which further the purposes of such Act (as specified in regulations issued by the Secretary) are most effectively implemented in connection with the expenditure of funds under this title, and to assure to the public undiminished protection of the environment, the Secretary may, under such regulations, in lieu of the environmental protection procedures otherwise applicable, provide for the release of funds for projects or activities under this title, as specified by the Secretary upon the request of a public housing agency under this section, if the State or unit of general local government, as designated by the Secretary in accordance with regulations, assumes all of the responsibilities for environmental review, decisionmaking, and action pursuant to such Act, and such other provisions of law as the regulations of the Secretary may specify, which would otherwise apply to the Secretary with respect to the release of funds.

      ‘(2) IMPLEMENTATION- The Secretary, after consultation with the Council on Environmental Quality, shall issue such regulations as may be necessary to carry out this section. Such regulations shall specify the programs to be covered.

    ‘(b) PROCEDURE- The Secretary shall approve the release of funds subject to the procedures authorized by this section only if, not less than 15 days prior to such approval and prior to any commitment of funds to such projects or activities, the public housing agency has submitted to the Secretary a request for such release accompanied by a certification of the State or unit of general local government which meets the requirements of subsection (c). The Secretary’s approval of any such certification shall be deemed to satisfy the Secretary’s responsibilities under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 and such other provisions of law as the regulations of the Secretary specify insofar as those responsibilities relate to the release of funds which are covered by such certification.

    ‘(c) CERTIFICATION- A certification under the procedures authorized by this section shall--

      ‘(1) be in a form acceptable to the Secretary;

      ‘(2) be executed by the chief executive officer or other officer of the State or unit of general local government who qualifies under regulations of the Secretary;

      ‘(3) specify that the State or unit of general local government under this section has fully carried out its responsibilities as described under subsection (a); and

      ‘(4) specify that the certifying officer--

        ‘(A) consents to assume the status of a responsible Federal official under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 and agrees to comply with each provision of law specified in regulations issued by the Secretary insofar as the provisions of such Act or other such provision of law apply pursuant to subsection (a); and

        ‘(B) is authorized and consents on behalf of the State or unit of general local government and himself or herself to accept the jurisdiction of the Federal courts for the purpose of enforcement of his or her responsibilities as such an official.

    ‘(d) APPROVAL BY STATES- In cases in which a unit of general local government carries out the responsibilities described in subsection (c), the Secretary may permit the State to perform those actions of the Secretary described in subsection (b) and the performance of such actions by the State, where permitted by the Secretary, shall be deemed to satisfy the Secretary’s responsibilities referred to in the second sentence of subsection (b).’.

    (c) SPECIAL PROJECTS-

      (1) IN GENERAL-

        (A) RELEASE OF FUNDS- In order to assure that the policies of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 and other provisions of law which further the purposes of such Act (as specified in regulations issued by the Secretary) are most effectively implemented in connection with the expenditure of funds for special projects appropriated under an appropriations Act for the Department of Housing and Urban Development, such as special projects under the head ‘Annual Contributions for Assisted Housing’ in title II of the Departments of Veterans Affairs and Housing and Urban Development, and Independent Agencies Appropriations Act, 1993, and to assure to the public undiminished protection of the environment, the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development may, under such regulations, in lieu of the environmental protection procedures otherwise applicable, provide for the release of funds for particular special projects upon the request of recipients of special projects assistance, if the State or unit of general local government, as designated by the Secretary in accordance with regulations, assumes all of the responsibilities for environmental review, decisionmaking, and action pursuant to such Act, and such other provisions of law as the regulations of the Secretary specify, that would otherwise apply to the Secretary were the Secretary to undertake such special projects as Federal projects.

        (B) IMPLEMENTATION- The Secretary shall issue regulations to carry out this subsection only after consultation with the Council on Environmental Quality. Such regulations shall--

          (i) provide for monitoring of the performance of environmental reviews under this subsection;

          (ii) in the discretion of the Secretary, provide for the provision or facilitation of training for such performance; and

          (iii) subject to the discretion of the Secretary, provide for suspension or termination by the Secretary of the assumption under subparagraph (A).

        (C) RESPONSIBILITIES OF STATE OR UNIT OF GENERAL LOCAL GOVERNMENT- The Secretary’s duty under subparagraph (B) shall not be construed to limit any responsibility assumed by a State or unit of general local government with respect to any particular release of funds under subparagraph (A).

      (2) PROCEDURE- The Secretary shall approve the release of funds for projects subject to the procedures authorized by this subsection only if, not less than 15 days prior to such approval and prior to any commitment of funds to such projects, the recipient submits to the Secretary a request for such release, accompanied by a certification of the State or unit of general local government which meets the requirements of paragraph (3). The Secretary’s approval of any such certification shall be deemed to satisfy the Secretary’s responsibilities under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 and such other provisions of law as the regulations of the Secretary specify insofar as those responsibilities relate to the releases of funds for special projects to be carried out pursuant thereto which are covered by such certification.

      (3) CERTIFICATION- A certification under the procedures authorized by this subsection shall--

        (A) be in a form acceptable to the secretary;

        (B) be executed by the chief executive officer or other officer of the State or unit of general local government who qualifies under regulations of the Secretary;

        (C) specify that the State or unit of general local government under this subsection has fully carried out its responsibilities as described under paragraph (1); and

        (D) specify that the certifying officer--

          (i) consents to assume the status of a responsible Federal official under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 and agrees to comply with each provision of law specified in regulations issued by the Secretary insofar as the provisions of such Act or other such provision of law apply pursuant to paragraph (1); and

          (ii) is authorized and consents on behalf of the State or unit of general local government and himself or herself to accept the jurisdiction of the Federal courts for the purpose of enforcement of the responsibilities as such an official.

      (4) APPROVAL BY STATES- In cases in which a unit of general local government carries out the responsibilities described in paragraph (1), the Secretary may permit the State to perform those actions of the Secretary described in paragraph (2) and the performance of such actions by the State, where permitted by the Secretary, shall be deemed to satisfy the Secretary’s responsibilities referred to in the second sentence of paragraph (2).

SEC. 306. CONTRACT RENEWAL FOR SECTION 23 CONVERSION PROJECTS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Leased housing contracts under section 23 of the United States Housing Act of 1937, as such section existed before the date of enactment of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974, that--

      (1) were converted to section 8 contracts on terms similar to or the same as the terms of the section 8 new construction program, and

      (2) expire during fiscal year 1994 or 1995,

    shall be extended for a period not to exceed 5 years as if the rents on such projects were established under the section 8 new construction program, except that section 8(c)(2)(C) of the United States Housing Act of 1937 shall not apply to such contracts.

    (b) BUDGET COMPLIANCE- To the extent that subsection (a) results in additional costs under this section, such paragraph shall be effective only to the extent that amounts to cover such additional costs are provided in advance in appropriation Acts.

SEC. 307. CORRECTION OF FHA MULTIFAMILY MORTGAGE LIMITS.

    The National Housing Act (12 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) is amended in sections 207(c)(3), 213(b)(2), 220(d)(3)(B)(iii), and 234(e)(3) by striking ‘$59,160’ each place it appears and inserting ‘$56,160’.

SEC. 308. AMENDMENTS TO FHA MULTIFAMILY RISK-SHARING AND HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY PILOT PROGRAMS.

    (a) RISK-SHARING PILOT PROGRAM- Section 542(b) of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1992 (12 U.S.C. 1707 note) is amended--

      (1) by striking paragraphs (1) and (2) and inserting the following new paragraphs:

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall carry out a pilot program in conjunction with qualified participating entities to determine the effectiveness of Federal credit enhancement for loans for affordable multifamily housing through a system of risk-sharing agreements with such entities.

      ‘(2) PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS-

        ‘(A) IN GENERAL- In carrying out the pilot program under this subsection, the Secretary shall enter into risk-sharing agreements with qualified participating entities.

        ‘(B) MORTGAGE INSURANCE AND REINSURANCE- Agreements under subparagraph (A) may provide for (i) insurance through the Federal Housing Administration of loans for affordable multifamily housing originated by or through, or purchased by, qualified participating entities, and (ii) reinsurance, including reinsurance of pools of loans, on affordable multifamily housing. In entering into risk-sharing agreements under this subsection covering mortgages, the Secretary may give preference to mortgages that are not already in the portfolios of qualified participating entities.

        ‘(C) RISK APPORTIONMENT- Agreements entered into under this subsection between the Secretary and a qualified participating entity shall specify the percentage of loss that each of the parties to the agreement will assume in the event of default of the insured or reinsured multifamily mortgage. Such agreements shall specify that the qualified participating entity and the Secretary shall share any loss in accordance with the risk-sharing agreement.

        ‘(D) REIMBURSEMENT CAPACITY- Agreements entered into under this subsection between the Secretary and a qualified participating entity shall provide evidence acceptable to the Secretary of the capacity of such entity to fulfill any reimbursement obligations made pursuant to this subsection. Evidence of such capacity which may be considered by the Secretary may include--

          ‘(i) a pledge of the full faith and credit of a qualified participating entity to fulfill any obligations entered into by the entity;

          ‘(ii) reserves pledged or otherwise restricted by the qualified participating entity in an amount equal to an agreed upon percentage of the loss assumed by the entity under subparagraph (C);

          ‘(iii) funds pledged through a State or local guarantee fund; or

          ‘(iv) any other form of evidence mutually agreed upon by the Secretary and the qualified participating entity.

        ‘(E) UNDERWRITING STANDARDS- The Secretary shall allow any qualified participating entity to use its own underwriting standards and loan terms and conditions for purposes of underwriting loans to be insured under this subsection, except as provided in this section, without further review by the Secretary, except that the Secretary may impose additional underwriting criteria and loan terms and conditions for contractual agreements where the Secretary retains more than 50 percent of the risk of loss. Any financing permitted on property insured under this subsection other than the first mortgage shall be expressly subordinate to the insured mortgage.

        ‘(F) AUTHORITY OF SECRETARY- The Secretary, upon request of a qualified participating entity, may insure or reinsure and make commitments to insure or reinsure under this section any mortgage, advance, loan, or pool of mortgages otherwise eligible under this section, pursuant to a risk-sharing agreement providing that the qualified participating entity will carry out (under a delegation or otherwise, and with or without compensation, but subject to audit, exception, or review requirements) such credit approval, appraisal, inspection, issuance of commitments, approval of insurance of advances, cost certification, servicing, property disposition, or other functions as the Secretary shall approve as consistent with the purpose of this section. All appraisals of property for mortgage insurance under this section shall be completed by a Certified General Appraiser in accordance with the Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice.

        ‘(G) DISCLOSURE OF RECORDS- Qualified participating entities shall make available to the Secretary or the Secretary’s designee, at the Secretary’s request, such financial and other records as the Secretary deems necessary for purposes of review and monitoring for the program under this section.

        ‘(H) INELIGIBILITY OF HOUSING FOR TRANSIENT OR HOTEL PURPOSES- Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, no new, existing, or rehabilitated multifamily housing with respect to which a mortgage is insured or reinsured under this subsection shall be operated for transient or hotel purposes. For purposes of this paragraph, the term ‘rental for transient or hotel purposes’ shall have such meaning as prescribed by the Secretary, except that rental for any period less than 30 days shall constitute rental for such purposes.’;

      (2) in paragraph (4), by striking ‘financial institutions and entities to be eligible to enter into reinsurance agreements’ and inserting ‘eligibility under this subsection of qualified participating entities’;

      (3) in the first sentence of paragraph (5), by striking ‘1993 and 1994’ and inserting ‘1995 and 1996’;

      (4) by striking paragraph (8) and inserting the following new paragraph:

      ‘(11) IMPLEMENTATION- The Secretary shall take any administrative actions necessary to initiate the pilot program under this subsection.’; and

      (5) by inserting after paragraph (7) the following new paragraphs:

      ‘(8) PROHIBITION ON GINNIE MAE SECURITIZATION- The Government National Mortgage Association shall not securitize any multifamily loans insured or reinsured under this subsection.

      ‘(9) QUALIFICATION AS AFFORDABLE HOUSING- Multifamily housing securing loans insured or reinsured under this subsection shall qualify as affordable only if the housing is occupied by families and bears rents not greater than the gross rent for rent-restricted residential units as determined under section 42(g) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.

      ‘(10) CERTIFICATION OF SUBSIDY LAYERING COMPLIANCE- In the case of projects allocated a low-income housing tax credit pursuant to section 42 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, the requirements of section 102(d) of the Department of Housing and Urban Development Reform Act of 1989 may be satisfied in connection with a commitment to insure a mortgage under this subsection by a certification by a housing credit agency (including an entity established by a State that provides mortgage insurance) to the Secretary that the combination of assistance within the jurisdiction of the Secretary and other government assistance provided in connection with a property for which a mortgage is to be insured shall not be any greater than is necessary to provide affordable housing.’.

    (b) HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY PILOT PROGRAM- Section 542(c) of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1992 (12 U.S.C. 1707 note) is amended--

      (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting after ‘qualified housing finance agencies’ the following: ‘(including entities established by States that provide mortgage insurance)’;

      (2) in paragraph (2)--

        (A) in subparagraph (C), by striking the last sentence and inserting the following: ‘Such agreements shall specify that the qualified housing finance agency and the Secretary shall share any loss in accordance with the risk-sharing agreement.’; and

        (B) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:

        ‘(F) DISCLOSURE OF RECORDS- Qualified housing finance agencies shall make available to the Secretary such financial and other records as the Secretary deems necessary for program review and monitoring purposes.’;

      (3) in paragraph (7)--

        (A) by striking ‘very low-income’; and

        (B) by striking ‘(2)’; and

      (4) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:

      ‘(9) ENVIRONMENTAL AND OTHER REVIEWS-

        ‘(A) ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEWS-

          ‘(i) IN GENERAL- (I) In order to assure that the policies of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 and other provisions of law which further the purposes of such Act (as specified in regulations issued by the Secretary) are most effectively implemented in connection with the insurance of mortgages under subsection (c)(2), and to assure to the public undiminished protection of the environment, the Secretary may, under such regulations, in lieu of the environmental protection procedures otherwise applicable, provide for agreements to endorse for insurance mortgages under subsection (c)(2) upon the request of qualified housing finance agencies under this subsection, if the State or unit of general local government, as designated by the Secretary in accordance with regulations, assumes all of the responsibilities for environmental review, decisionmaking, and action pursuant to such Act, and such other provisions of law as the regulations of the Secretary may specify, that would otherwise apply to the Secretary with respect to the insurance of mortgages on particular properties.

          ‘(II) The Secretary shall issue regulations to carry out this subparagraph only after consultation with the Council on Environmental Quality. Such regulations shall, among other matters, provide--

            ‘(aa) for the monitoring of the performance of environmental reviews under this subparagraph;

            ‘(bb) subject to the discretion of the Secretary, for the provision or facilitation of training for such performance; and

            ‘(cc) subject to the discretion of the Secretary, for the suspension or termination by the Secretary of the qualified housing finance agency’s responsibilities under subclause (I).

          ‘(III) The Secretary’s duty under subclause (II) shall not be construed to limit any responsibility assumed by a State or unit of general local government with respect to any particular property under subclause (I).

          ‘(ii) PROCEDURE- The Secretary shall approve a mortgage for the provision of mortgage insurance subject to the procedures authorized by this paragraph only if, not less than 15 days prior to such approval, prior to any approval, commitment, or endorsement of mortgage insurance on the property on behalf of the Secretary, and prior to any commitment by the qualified housing finance agency to provide financing under the risk-sharing agreement with respect to the property, the qualified housing finance agency submits to the Secretary a request for such approval, accompanied by a certification of the State or unit of general local government that meets the requirements of clause (iii). The Secretary’s approval of any such certification shall be deemed to satisfy the Secretary’s responsibilities under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 and such other provisions of law as the regulations of the Secretary specify insofar as those responsibilities relate to the provision of mortgage insurance on the property that is covered by such certification.

          ‘(iii) CERTIFICATION- A certification under the procedures authorized by this paragraph shall--

            ‘(I) be in a form acceptable to the Secretary;

            ‘(II) be executed by the chief executive officer or other officer of the State or unit of general local government who qualifies under regulations of the Secretary;

            ‘(III) specify that the State or unit of general local government under this section has fully carried out its responsibilities as described under clause (i); and

            ‘(IV) specify that the certifying officer consents to assume the status of a responsible Federal official under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 and under each provision of law specified in regulations issued by the Secretary insofar as the provisions of such Act or such other provisions of law apply pursuant to clause (i), and is authorized and consents on behalf of the State or unit of general local government and himself or herself to accept the jurisdiction of the Federal courts for the purpose of enforcement of the responsibilities as such an official.

          ‘(iv) APPROVAL BY STATES- In cases in which a unit of general local government carries out the responsibilities described in clause (i), the Secretary may permit the State to perform those actions of the Secretary described in clause (ii) and the performance of such actions by the State, where permitted by the Secretary, shall be deemed to satisfy the Secretary’s responsibilities referred to in the second sentence of clause (ii).

        ‘(B) LEAD-BASED PAINT POISONING PREVENTION- In carrying out the requirements of section 302 of the Lead-Based Paint Poisoning Prevention Act, the Secretary may provide by regulation for the assumption of all or part of the Secretary’s duties under such Act by qualified housing finance agencies, for purposes of this section.

        ‘(C) CERTIFICATION OF SUBSIDY LAYERING COMPLIANCE- The requirements of section 102(d) of the Department of Housing and Urban Development Reform Act of 1989 may be satisfied in connection with a commitment to insure a mortgage under this subsection by a certification by a housing credit agency (including an entity established by a State that provides mortgage insurance) to the Secretary that the combination of assistance within the jurisdiction of the Secretary and other government assistance provided in connection with a property for which a mortgage is to be insured shall not be any greater than is necessary to provide affordable housing.

      ‘(10) DEFINITIONS- For purposes of this subsection, the following definitions shall apply:

        ‘(A) MORTGAGE- The term ‘mortgage’ means a first mortgage on real estate that is--

          ‘(i) owned in fee simple; or

          ‘(ii) subject to a leasehold interest that--

            ‘(I) has a term of not less than 99 years and is renewable; or

            ‘(II) has a remaining term that extends beyond the maturity of the mortgage for a period of not less than 10 years.

        ‘(B) FIRST MORTGAGE- The term ‘first mortgage’ means a single first lien given to secure advances on, or the unpaid purchase price of, real estate, under the laws of the State in which the real estate is located, together with the credit instrument, if any, secured thereby. Any other financing permitted on property insured under this section must be expressly subordinate to the insured mortgage.

        ‘(C) UNIT OF GENERAL LOCAL GOVERNMENT; STATE- The terms ‘unit of general local government’ and ‘State’ have the same meanings as in section 102(a) of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974.’.

    (c) DEFINITION OF ‘MULTIFAMILY HOUSING’- Section 544(1) of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1992 (12 U.S.C. 1707 note) is amended to read as follows:

      ‘(1) The term ‘multifamily housing’ means housing accommodations on the mortgaged property that are designed principally for residential use, conform to standards satisfactory to the Secretary, and consist of not less than 5 rental units on 1 site. These units may be detached, semidetached, row house, or multifamily structures.’.

SEC. 309. SUBSIDY LAYERING REVIEW.

    Section 911 of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1992 (42 U.S.C. 3545 note) is amended--

      (1) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following new subsection:

    ‘(a) CERTIFICATION OF SUBSIDY LAYERING COMPLIANCE- The requirements of section 102(d) of the Department of Housing and Urban Development Reform Act of 1989 may be satisfied in connection with a project receiving assistance under a program that is within the jurisdiction of the Department of Housing and Urban Development and under section 42 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 by a certification by a housing credit agency to the Secretary, submitted in accordance with guidelines established by the Secretary, that the combination of assistance within the jurisdiction of the Secretary and other government assistance provided in connection with a property for which assistance is to be provided within the jurisdiction of the Department of Housing and Urban Development and under section 42 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 shall not be any greater than is necessary to provide affordable housing.’; and

      (2) by striking subsection (c) and inserting the following new subsection:

    ‘(c) REVOCATION BY SECRETARY- If the Secretary determines that a housing credit agency has failed to comply with the guidelines established under subsection (a), the Secretary--

      ‘(1) may inform the housing credit agency that the agency may no longer submit certification of subsidy layering compliance under this section; and

      ‘(2) shall carry out section 102(d) of the Housing and Urban Development Reform Act relating to affected projects allocated a low-income housing tax credit pursuant to section 42 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.’.