H.R. 4224 (103rd): Lower Mississippi Delta Initiatives Act of 1994

103rd Congress, 1993–1994. Text as of Apr 14, 1994 (Introduced).

Status & Summary | PDF | Source: GPO

HR 4224 IH

103d CONGRESS

2d Session

H. R. 4224

To direct the Secretary of the Interior and the Secretary of Energy to undertake initiatives to address certain needs in the Lower Mississippi Delta Region, and for other purposes.

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

April 14, 1994

Ms. LAMBERT (for herself, Mr. EMERSON, Mr. BARLOW, Mr. THORNTON, Mr. WHITTEN, Mr. DICKEY, Mr. FIELDS of Louisiana, Mr. JEFFERSON, Mr. BAKER of Louisiana, Mr. MCCRERY, and Mr. TANNER) introduced the following bill; which was referred jointly to the Committees on Natural Resources, Energy and Commerce, Science, Space, and Technology, and Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs and Education and Labor and Public Works and Transportation


A BILL

To direct the Secretary of the Interior and the Secretary of Energy to undertake initiatives to address certain needs in the Lower Mississippi Delta Region, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

    That this Act may be referred to as the ‘Lower Mississippi Delta Initiatives Act of 1994’.

SEC. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTS.

      Sec. 1. Short title.

      Sec. 2. Table of contents.

      Sec. 3. Findings.

      Sec. 4. Definitions.

TITLE I--INITIATIVES WITHIN THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

      Sec. 101. Definitions.

      Sec. 102. Natural resources and environmental educational initiatives.

      Sec. 103. Lower Mississippi Delta Region Heritage study.

      Sec. 104. Delta Region Heritage Corridors and Heritage and Cultural Centers.

      Sec. 105. Historic and prehistoric structures and sites survey.

      Sec. 106. Delta antiquities survey.

      Sec. 107. Historic and archeological resources program.

      Sec. 108. Authorization of appropriations.

TITLE II--INITIATIVES WITHIN THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY

      Sec. 201. Definitions.

      Sec. 202. Delta Energy Technology and Business Development Center.

      Sec. 203. Institutional conservation program for the Delta Region.

      Sec. 204. Energy related educational initiatives.

      Sec. 205. Integrated biomass energy systems.

      Sec. 206. Weatherization assistance program for the Delta Region.

      Sec. 207. Renewable energy production incentives.

TITLE III--LOWER MISSISSIPPI DELTA DEVELOPMENT CENTER

      Sec. 301. Grant to the Lower Mississippi Delta Development Center.

      Sec. 302. Use of funds.

      Sec. 303. Report.

      Sec. 304. Authorization of appropriations.

SEC. 3. FINDINGS.

    The Congress finds that--

      (1) in 1988, Congress enacted Public Law 100-460, establishing the Lower Mississippi Delta Development Commission, to assess the needs, problems, and opportunities of people living in the Lower Mississippi Delta Region that includes 219 counties and parishes within the States of Arkansas, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, and Tennessee;

      (2) the Commission conducted a thorough investigation to assess these needs, problems, and opportunities, and held several public hearings throughout the Delta Region;

      (3) on the basis of these investigations, the Commission issued the Delta Initiatives Report, which included recommendations on natural resource protection, historic preservation, and the enhancement of educational and other opportunities in the areas of mathematics and science and technology transfer for Delta residents;

      (4) the Delta Initiatives Report recommended--

        (A) the implementation of pre-college education programs in mathematics and science as well as other initiatives to enhance the educational and technical capabilities of the Delta Region’s workforce;

        (B) that States and local school systems seek ways to expand the pool of qualified educators in mathematics and sciences;

        (C) that institutions of higher education in the Delta Region work with local school districts to promote mathematics and science education;

        (D) that Federal grant-making agencies target more research and development monies in selected areas to institutions of higher education in the Delta Region, including Historically Black Colleges and Universities;

        (E) that institutions of higher education establish a regional consortium to provide technical assistance and training to increase international trade between businesses in the Delta Region and foreign countries;

        (F) designating the Great River Road as a scenic byway, and designating other hiking and motorized trails throughout the Delta Region;

        (G) that the Federal Government identify sites and structures of historic and prehistoric importance throughout the Delta Region;

        (H) the further study of potential new units of the National Park System within the Delta Region;

        (I) that the Federal Government should create economic incentives to encourage the location of value-added facilities for processing agricultural products within the Delta Region; and

        (J) that Congress provide practical incentives to encourage the construction of alternative fuel production facilities in the Delta Region.

SEC. 4. DEFINITIONS.

    As used in this Act, the term--

      (1) ‘Commission’ means the Lower Mississippi Delta Development Commission established pursuant to Public Law 100-460;

      (2) ‘Delta Initiatives Report’ means the May 14, 1990 Final Report of the Commission entitled ‘The Delta Initiatives: Realizing the Dream * * * Fulfilling the Potential’;

      (3) ‘Delta Region’ means the Lower Mississippi Delta Region including the 219 counties and parishes within the States of Arkansas, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, and Tennessee, as defined in the Delta Initiatives Report, except that, for any State for which the Delta Region was defined in such report comprises more than half of the geographic area of such State, the entire State shall be considered part of the Delta Region for purposes of this Act;

      (4) ‘Historically Black College or University’ means a college or university that would be considered a ‘part B institution’ by section 322(2) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1061(2)); and

      (5) ‘minority college or university’ means a Historically Black College or University that would be considered a ‘part B institution’ by section 322(2) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1061(2)) or a ‘minority institution’ as that term is defined in section 1046 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1135d-5(3)).

TITLE I--INITIATIVES WITHIN THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

SEC. 101. DEFINITIONS.

    As used in this title, the term--

      (1) ‘Department’ means the United States Department of the Interior, unless otherwise specifically stated; and

      (2) ‘Secretary’ means the Secretary of the Interior, unless otherwise specifically stated.

SEC. 102. NATURAL RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATIONAL INITIATIVES.

    (a) OFFICE OF EDUCATION- (1) There shall be established within the Department an Office of Education to encourage, support, and coordinate education programs of the Department at the elementary, secondary, college and university, and graduate levels.

    (2) The goals of the Office of Education shall be to--

      (A) enhance the quality of education in the areas of natural resources, the environment, the sciences, cultural resources management, historic preservation, archeology, aquaculture, and related subjects;

      (B) establish initiatives at minority colleges or universities;

      (C) encourage the consideration of careers in the areas of natural resources, the environment, the sciences, cultural resource management, historic preservation, archeology, aquaculture, and related subjects;

      (D) enhance teacher development and recruitment;

      (E) increase research opportunities for teachers and students;

      (F) enhance curriculum development; and

      (G) improve laboratory instrumentation and equipment through purchase, loan, or other transfer mechanisms.

    (b) DUTIES- The duties of the Secretary, through the Office of Education, shall be to--

      (1) coordinate the educational programs within the Department, including implementation of programs established under this title, in order to ensure the goals of the Office of Education are met; and

      (2) inventory existing education programs within the Department.

    (c) The Secretary shall report to Congress, within one year after the date of the enactment of this Act and annually thereafter, on an inventory of existing education programs of the Department, the status of such programs, and progress toward meeting the goals of the Office of Education as established in this Act.

    (d) MINORITY COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY INITIATIVE- (1) Within one year after the date of enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, the Secretary, through the Office of Education, shall submit to the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the United States Senate and to the United States House of Representatives a report identifying opportunities for minority colleges or universities to participate in programs and activities carried out by the Department. The Secretary, through the Office of Education, shall consult with representatives of minority colleges or universities in preparing the report. Such report shall--

      (A) describe ongoing education and training programs carried out by the Department with respect to, or in conjunction with, minority colleges or universities in the areas of natural resources, the environment, the sciences, cultural resource management, historic preservation, archeology, aquaculture, and related subjects;

      (B) describe ongoing research, development or demonstration programs involving the Department and minority colleges or universities;

      (C) describe funding levels for the programs referred to in subparagraphs (A) and (B);

      (D) include specific proposals and recommendations for providing assistance to minority colleges and universities to enter into memoranda of understanding and other appropriate forms of agreement with the Department in order to plan and develop programs to foster greater involvement of these schools in the contract, research, education, training, and recruitment activities of the Department;

      (E) address the need for, and potential role of, the Department in providing minority colleges or universities with--

        (i) increased research opportunities for faculty and students;

        (ii) assistance in faculty department and recruitment;

        (iii) curriculum enhancement and development; and

        (iv) improved laboratory instrumentation and equipment, through purchase, loan, or other transfer mechanisms;

      (F) address the need for, and potential role of, the Department in providing financial and technical assistance for the development of infrastructure facilities, including buildings and laboratory facilities, at minority colleges or universities; and

      (G) include specific proposals and recommendations, together with estimates of necessary funding levels, for initiatives to be carried out by the Department in order to assist minority colleges or universities in providing education and training in the areas of natural resources, the environment, the sciences, cultural resource management, historic preservation, archeology, aquaculture, and related subjects.

    (2) The Secretary, through the Office of Education, shall encourage memoranda of understanding and other appropriate forms of agreement between the Department and minority colleges or universities directed at jointly planning and developing programs to foster greater involvement of minority colleges or universities in the research, education, training, and recruitment activities of the Department.

    (e) SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM- The Secretary, through the Office of Education, shall establish a scholarship program for students pursuing undergraduate or graduate degrees in natural resource and environmental related fields including, but not limited to: biology, wildlife biology, forestry, botany, horticulture, historic preservation, cultural resource management, archeology, anthropology, aquaculture, geology, engineering, the environment, the sciences, and ecology at minority colleges and universities in the Delta Region. The scholarship program shall include tuition assistance. Recipients of such scholarships shall be students deemed by the Secretary to have demonstrated (1) a need for such assistance; and (2) academic potential in the particular area of study.

    (f) PRE-COLLEGE EDUCATION- The Secretary, through the Office of Education, shall undertake activities to encourage pre-college education programs in subjects relating to natural resources, the environment, the sciences, cultural resource management, historic preservation, archeology, aquaculture, and related subjects, for students in the Delta Region. Such activities shall include, but not be limited to, the following:

      (1) Cooperation with, and assistance to, State departments of education and local school districts in the Delta Region to develop and carry out after school and summer education programs for elementary, middle, and secondary school students.

      (2) Cooperation with, and assistance to, institutions of higher education in the Delta Region to develop and carry out pre-college education programs for elementary, middle, and secondary school students.

      (3) Cooperation with, and assistance to, State departments of education and local school districts in the Delta Region in the development and use of curriculum and educational materials.

      (4) The establishment of education programs for elementary, middle, and secondary school teachers in the Delta Region at research facilities of the Department.

    (g) VOLUNTEER PROGRAM- The Secretary, through the Office of Education, shall establish and carry out a program to encourage the involvement on a voluntary basis of qualified employees of the Department in educational enrichment programs relating to natural resources, the environment, the sciences, cultural resource management, historic preservation, archeology, aquaculture, and related subjects, in cooperation with State departments of education and local school districts in the Delta Region.

    (h) WOMEN AND MINORITIES IN THE SCIENCES- The Secretary, through the Office of Education, shall establish a Center for Excellence in the Sciences at Alcorn State in Lorman, Mississippi, in cooperation with Southern University in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, and the University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff, Arkansas, and other minority colleges or universities for purposes of encouraging women and minority students in the Delta Region to study and pursue careers in the sciences. The Center shall enter into cooperative agreements with Southern University in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, and the University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff, Arkansas, and other minority colleges and universities in the Delta Region, to carry out affiliated programs and coordinate programs activities at such colleges and universities. The Secretary is authorized to provide grants and other forms of financial assistance to the Center.

    (i) CENTER FOR AQUACULTURE STUDIES- The Secretary, through the Office of Education, shall establish a Center for Aquaculture Studies at the University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff, Arkansas, in cooperation with Southern University in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, and Alcorn State in Lorman, Mississippi, and other minority colleges or universities for purposes of encouraging women and minority students in the Delta Region to study and pursue careers in the field of aquaculture. The Center shall enter into cooperative agreements with Southern University in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, and Alcorn State in Lorman, Mississippi, and other minority colleges or universities in the Delta Region to carry out affiliated programs and coordinate program activities at such colleges or universities.

    (j) COORDINATION WITH OTHER FEDERAL AGENCIES- The Secretary, through the Office of Education, shall ensure that the programs authorized in this section are coordinated with, and complimentary to, educational assistance programs administered by other Federal agencies. These agencies include, but are not limited to, the Department of Energy, the Department of Agriculture, the Department of Education, the Department of Defense, the National Science Foundation, and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

SEC. 103. LOWER MISSISSIPPI DELTA REGION HERITAGE STUDY.

    (a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary, in consultation with the States of the Delta Region, the Lower Mississippi Delta Development Center, and other appropriate Delta Region institutions, is directed to prepare and transmit to the Congress within three years after the date of the enactment of this Act, a study of significant natural, recreational, historical or prehistorical, and cultural lands, waters, sites, and structures located within the Delta Region. This study shall take into consideration the research and inventory of resources conducted by the Mississippi River Heritage Corridor Study Commission.

    (b) TRANSPORTATION ROUTES- (1) The study shall include recommendations on appropriate designation and interpretation of historically significant roads, trails, byways, waterways, or other routes within the Delta Region.

    (2) In order to provide for public appreciation, education, understanding, interpretation, and enjoyment of the significant sites identified pursuant to subsection (a), which are accessible by public roads, the Secretary shall recommend in the study vehicular tour routes along existing public roads linking such sites within the Delta Region.

    (3) Such recommendations shall include an analysis of designating the Great River Road (as depicted on the map entitled ‘Proposed Delta Transportation Network’ on pages 102-103 of the Delta Initiatives Report) and other sections of the Great River Road between Baton Rouge and New Orleans, Louisiana and an analysis of designating that portion of the Old Antonio Road and the Louisiana Natchez Trace which extends generally along Highway 84 from Vidalia, Louisiana, to Clarence, Louisiana, and Louisiana Highway 6 from Clarence, Louisiana, to the Toledo Bend Reservoir, Louisiana, as a National Scenic Byway, or as a component of the National Trails System, or such other designation as the Secretary deems appropriate.

    (4) The Secretary shall also recommend in the study an appropriate route along existing public roads to commemorate the importance of timber production and trade to the economic development of the Delta Region in the early twentieth century, and to highlight the continuing importance of timber production and trade to the economic life of the Delta Region. Recommendations shall include an analysis of designating that portion of US 165 which extends from Alexandria, Louisiana, to Monroe, Louisiana, as a National Scenic Byway, or as a component of the National Trails System, or such other designation as the Secretary deems appropriate.

    (5) The study shall also include a comprehensive recreation, interpretive, and visitor use plan for the routes described in the above paragraphs, including bicycle and hiking paths, and make specific recommendations for the acquisition and construction of related interpretive and visitor information facilities at selected sites along such routes.

    (6) The Secretary is authorized to make grants to States for work necessary to stabilize, maintain, and widen public roads to allow for adequate access to the nationally significant sites and structures identified by the study, to allow for proper use of the vehicular tour route, trails, byways, including the routes defined in paragraphs (3) and (4) or other public roads within the Delta Region and to implement the comprehensive recreation, interpretive, and visitor use plan required in paragraph (5).

    (c) LISTING- On the basis of the study, and in consultation with the National Trust for Historic Preservation, the Secretary shall inventory significant structures and sites in the Delta Region. The Secretary shall further recommend and encourage cooperative preservation and economic development efforts such as the establishment of preservation districts linking groups of contiguous counties or parishes, especially those that lie along the aforementioned designated routes. The Secretary shall prepare a list of the sites and structures for possible inclusion by the National Park Service as National Historic Landmarks of such other designation as the Secretary deems appropriate.

SEC. 104. DELTA REGION HERITAGE CORRIDORS AND HERITAGE AND CULTURAL CENTERS.

    (a) FINDINGS- The Congress finds that--

      (1) in 1990, the Congress authorized the Institute of Museum Services to prepare a report assessing the needs of small, emerging, minority, and rural museums in order to identify the resources such museums needed to meet their education mission, to identify the areas of museum operation in which the needs were greatest, and to make recommendations on how these needs could best be met;

      (2) the Institute of Museum Services undertook a comprehensive eighteen month study of such needs with the assistance of two advisory groups, surveyed 524 museums from throughout the Nation, held discussion groups in which representatives of 25 museum groups participated, and conducted case studies of 12 museum facilities around the Nation;

      (3) on the basis of this assessment, the Institute of Museum Services issued a report in September 1992, entitled, ‘National Needs Assessment of Small, Emerging, Minority and Rural Museums in the United States’ (hereinafter ‘National Needs Assessment’) which found that small, emerging, minority, and rural museums provide valuable educational and cultural resources for their communities and contain a reservoir of the Nation’s material, cultural and scientific heritage, but due to inadequate resources are unable to meet their full potential or the demands of the surrounding communities;

      (4) the needs of these institutions are not being met through existing Federal programs;

      (5) fewer than half of the participants in the survey had applied for Federal assistance in the past two years and that many small, emerging, minority and rural museums believe existing Federal programs do not meet their needs;

      (6) based on the National Needs Assessment, that funding agencies should increase support available to small, emerging, minority, and rural museums and make specific recommendations for increasing technical assistance in order to identify such institutions and provide assistance to facilitate their participation in Federal programs;

      (7) the Delta Initiatives Report made specific recommendations for the creation and development of centers for the preservation of the cultural, historical, scientific and literary heritage of the Delta Region, including recommendations for the establishment of a Delta Region Native American Heritage and Cultural Center and a Delta Region African American Heritage and Cultural Center with additional satellite centers or museums linked throughout the Delta Region;

      (8) the Delta Initiatives Report stated that new ways of coordinating, preserving, and promoting the Delta Region’s literature, art, and music should be established including the creation of a network to promote the Delta Region’s literary, artistic, and musical heritage; and

      (9) wholesale destruction and attrition of archeological sites and structures has eliminated a significant portion of Native American heritage as well as the interpretive potential of the Delta Region’s parks and museums. Furthermore, site and structure destruction is so severe that an ambitious program of site and structure acquisition in the Delta Region is necessary.

    (b) GENERAL- The Secretary, in consultation with the States of the Delta Region, the Chairman of the National Endowment for the Arts, the Chairman of the National Endowment for the Humanities, the Director of the Smithsonian Institution, the Lower Mississippi Delta Development Center, Historically Black Colleges and Universities, other Delta Regional educational institutions, and appropriate African American and Native American organizations in the Delta Region, is further directed to prepare and transmit to the Congress a plan outlining specific recommendations, including recommendations for necessary funding, for the establishment of a Delta Region Native American Heritage Corridor and Heritage and Cultural Center with a network of satellite or cooperative units.

    (c) DELTA REGION NATIVE AMERICAN HERITAGE CORRIDOR AND CULTURAL CENTER- (1) The plan referred to in subsection (b) of this section shall include recommendations for establishing a network of parks, museums, and other centers to interpret Native American culture and heritage in the Delta Region, including a ten year development strategy for such a network.

    (2) Such plan shall include specific proposals for the development of a Native American Heritage Corridor and Heritage and Cultural Center in the Delta Region, along with recommendations for the appropriate Federal role in such a center including matching grants, technical and interpretive assistance.

    (3) Such plan shall be conducted in consultation with tribal leaders in the Delta Region.

    (4) Such plan shall also include specific proposals for educational and training assistance for Delta Region Native Americans to carry out the recommendations provided in the study.

    (d) DELTA REGION AFRICAN AMERICAN HERITAGE CORRIDOR AND HERITAGE AND CULTURAL CENTER- (1) The plan referred to in subsection (b) of this section shall include recommendations for establishing a heritage corridor or trail system, consisting of one or two major north-south routes and several east-west-spur loops to preserve, interpret and commemorate the African American heritage and culture in the Delta Region during all significant historical periods.

    (2) Such plan shall make specific recommendations for representing all forms of expressive culture including the musical, folklore, literary, artistic, scientific, historical, educational, and political contributions and accomplishments of African Americans in the Delta Region.

    (3) Such plan shall make specific recommendations for implementing the findings of the Delta Initiatives Report with respect to establishing an African American Heritage Corridor and Heritage and Cultural Center and related satellite museums in the Delta Region, together with specific funding levels necessary to carry out these recommendations and shall also include recommendations for improving access of small, emerging, minority or rural museums to technical and financial assistance.

    (4) Such plan shall be conducted in consultation with institutions of higher education in the Delta Region with expertise in African American studies, Southern studies, archeology, anthropology, history and other relevant fields.

    (5) Such plan shall make specific recommendations for improving educational programs offered by existing cultural facilities and museums as well as establishing new outreach programs for elementary, middle and secondary schools, including summer programs for youth in the Delta Region.

    (e)(1) In furtherance of the purposes of this section, the Secretary is authorized to make planning grants to State Humanities Councils in the Delta Region to assist small, emerging, minority and rural museums selected on a financial needs basis in the development of a comprehensive long term plan for these institutions. The Secretary is also authorized to make implementation grants to State Humanities Councils in the Delta Region who, in consultations with State Museum Associations, shall make grants to small, emerging, minority or rural museums for the purpose of carrying out an approved plan for training personnel, improving exhibits or other steps necessary to assure the integrity of collections in their facilities, for educational outreach programs, or for other activities the Secretary deems appropriate including the promotion of tourism in the region. Such institutions shall be selected competitively and on the basis of demonstrated financial need. The Secretary is also authorized to make grants to State Humanities Councils to update, simplify and coordinate the respective State Works Progress Administration guides and to develop a single comprehensive guide for the Delta Region.

    (2) The Secretary is authorized to provide grants and other appropriate technical assistance to State Humanities Councils, State Museum Associations, and State Arts Councils in the Delta Region for the purpose of assessing the needs of such institutions. Such grants may be used by these institutions to undertake such an assessment and to provide other technical, administrative and planning assistance to small, emerging, minority or rural institutions seeking to preserve the Delta Region’s literary, artistic, and musical heritage.

    (f) MUSIC HERITAGE PROGRAM- (1) The plan referred to in subsection (b) of this section shall include recommendations for establishing a Music Heritage Program, with specific emphasis on the Mississippi Delta Blues. The plan shall include specific recommendations for developing a network of heritage sites, structures, small museums, and festivals in the Delta Region.

    (2) The plan shall include an economic strategy for the promotion of the Delta Region’s music, through the participation of musicians, festival developers, museum operators, universities, and other relevant individuals and organizations.

    (g) COMPLETION DATE- The plan authorized in this section shall be completed not later than three years after the date funds are made available for such plan.

SEC. 105. HISTORIC AND PREHISTORIC STRUCTURES AND SITES SURVEY.

    (a) ASSISTANCE- The Secretary is authorized to provide technical and financial assistance to Historically Black Colleges and Universities to undertake a comprehensive survey of historic and prehistoric structures and sites located on their campuses, including recommendations as to the inclusion of appropriate structures and sites on the National Register of Historic Places, designation as National Historic Landmarks, or other appropriate designation as determined by the Secretary. The Secretary shall also make specific proposals and recommendations, together with estimates of necessary funding levels, for a Comprehensive Plan to be carried out by the Department to assist Historically Black Colleges and Universities in the preservation and interpretation of such sites and structures.

    (b) GRANTS- In furtherance of the purposes of this section, the Secretary is authorized to provide technical and financial assistance to Historically Black Colleges and Universities for stabilization, preservation and interpretation of such sites and structures.

SEC. 106. DELTA ANTIQUITIES SURVEY.

    (a) GENERAL- (1) The Secretary is directed to prepare and transmit to the Congress, in cooperation with the States of the Delta Region, State Archeological Surveys and Regional Archeological Centers, a study of the feasibility of establishing a Delta Antiquities Trail or Delta Antiquities Heritage Corridor in the Delta Region.

    (2) Such study shall, to the extent practicable, use nonintrusive methods of identifying, surveying, inventorying, and stabilizing ancient archeological sites and structures.

    (3) In undertaking this study, the Secretary is directed to enter into cooperative agreements with the States of the Delta Region, the State Archeological Surveys, and Regional Archeological Centers located in Delta Region institutions of higher education for on-site activities including surveys, inventories, and stabilization and other activities which the Secretary deems appropriate.

    (4) In addition to the over 100 known ancient archeological sites located in the Delta Region including Watson’s Brake, Frenchman’s Bend, Hedgepeth, Monte Sano, Banana Bayou, Hornsby, Parkin, Toltec, Menard-Hodges, Eaker, Blytheville Mound, Nodena, Taylor Mounds, DeSoto Mound and others, such study shall also employ every practical means possible, including assistance from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the Forest Service and Soil Conservation Service of the Department of Agriculture, the Army Corps of Engineers of the Department of Defense, and other appropriate Federal agencies, to locate and confirm the existence of a site known as Balbansha in southern Louisiana and a site known as Autiamque in Arkansas. The heads of these Federal agencies shall cooperate with the Secretary as the Secretary requires on a non-reimbursable basis.

    (b) In furtherance of the purposes of this section, the Secretary is authorized to provide technical assistance and grants to private landowners for necessary stabilization activities of identified sites and for preparing recommendations for designating such sites as National Landmarks or other appropriate designations as the Secretary, with the concurrence of the landowners, determines to be appropriate.

    (c) The Secretary is authorized to enter into cooperative agreements with the States, State Archeological Surveys, and Regional Archeological Centers of the Delta Region to develop a ten-year plan for the stabilization, preservation and interpretation of those sites and structures as may be identified by the Secretary.

SEC. 107. HISTORIC AND ARCHEOLOGICAL RESOURCES PROGRAM.

    (a) PROGRAM- The Secretary shall conduct a comprehensive program for the research, interpretation, and preservation of significant historic and archeological resources in the Delta Region.

    (b) ELEMENTS OF THE PROGRAM- The program shall include, but not be limited to--

      (1) identification of research projects related to historic and archeological resources in the Delta Region and a proposal for the regular publication of related research materials and publications;

      (2) the development of a survey program to investigate, inventory and further evaluate known historic and archeological sites and structures and identify those sites and structures that require additional study;

      (3) identification of a core system of interpretive sites and structures that would provide a comprehensive overview of historic and archeological resources of the Delta Region;

      (4) preparation of educational materials to interpret the historical and archeological resources of the Delta Region; and

      (5) preparation of surveys and archeological and historical investigations of sites, structures, and artifacts relating to the Delta Region, including the preparation of reports, maps, and other related activities.

    (c) GRANTS AND TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE- (1) The Secretary is authorized to award grants to qualified tribal, governmental and non-governmental entities and individuals to assist the Secretary in carrying out those elements of the program which the Secretary deems appropriate.

    (2) The Secretary is further authorized to award grants and provide other types of technical and financial assistance to such entities and individuals to conserve and protect historic and archeological sites and structures in the Delta Region identified in the program prepared pursuant to this section.

    (d) The Secretary shall establish a national demonstration project for the conservation and curation of the archeological records and collections of Federal and State management agencies in the Delta Region.

SEC. 108. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    There is authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of this title.

TITLE II--INITIATIVES WITHIN THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY

SEC. 201. DEFINITIONS.

    As used in this title, the term--

      (1) ‘Center’ means the Delta Energy Technology and Business Development Center established under section 202 of this Act;

      (2) ‘Department’ means the United States Department of Energy, unless otherwise specifically stated;

      (3) ‘departmental laboratory’ means a facility operated by or on behalf of the Department of Energy that would be considered a laboratory as that term is defined in section 12 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3710(d)(2)) or other laboratory or facility the Secretary designates;

      (4) ‘persons in the Delta Region’ means an entity primarily located in the Delta Region, the controlling interest (as defined by the Secretary) of which is held by persons of the United States, including--

        (A) a for-profit entity;

        (B) a private foundation or corporation exempt under section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code;

        (C) a non-profit organization such as a public trust;

        (D) a trade or professional society;

        (E) a tribal government;

        (F) institutions of higher education; or

        (G) a unit of State or local government; and

      (5) ‘Secretary’ means the Secretary of Energy, unless otherwise specifically stated.

SEC. 202. DELTA ENERGY TECHNOLOGY AND BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT CENTER.

    (a) ESTABLISHMENT- The Secretary shall enter into an agreement with Louisiana State University in partnership with Southern University in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, to establish the Delta Energy Technology and Business Development Center. The agreement shall provide for cooperative agreements with the University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff, Arkansas, and Alcorn State University in Lorman, Mississippi, and other universities and institutions in the Delta Region, to carry out affiliated programs and coordinate program activities at such universities and institutions.

    (b) PURPOSE- The purpose of the Center shall be to--

      (1) foster the creation and retention of energy resource and manufacturing and related energy service jobs in the Delta Region;

      (2) encourage the export of energy resources and technologies, including services related thereto, from the Delta Region;

      (3) develop markets for energy resources and technologies manufactured in the Delta Region for use in meeting the energy resource and technology needs for foreign countries;

      (4) encourage the successful, long-term market penetration of energy resources and technologies manufactured in the Delta Region into foreign countries;

      (5) encourage participation in energy-related projects in foreign countries by persons in the Delta Region as well as the utilization in such projects of energy resources and technologies significantly developed, demonstrated, or manufactured in the Delta Region; and

      (6) assist in the establishment of technology transfer programs in cooperation with Federal laboratories to create businesses in energy resources and technology in the Delta Region.

    (c) GENERAL- The Center, in cooperation with participating universities and institutions in the Delta Region, shall--

      (1) identify and foster the establishment of flexible manufacturing networks in consultation with the States of the Delta Region to promote the development of energy resources and technologies that have the potential to expand technology development and manufacturing in, and exports from, the Delta Region;

      (2) provide technical, business, training, marketing, and other assistance to persons in the Delta Region;

      (3) develop a comprehensive database and information dissemination system, that will provide detailed information on the specific energy resources and technologies of the Delta Region itself, as well as domestic and international market opportunities for businesses in the Delta Region, and electronically link the Center with other institutions of higher education in the Delta Region;

      (4) establish a network of business and technology incubators to promote the design, manufacture, and sale of energy resources and technologies from the Delta Region;

      (5) enter into contracts, cooperative agreements, and other arrangements with the Federal Government, international development agencies, or persons in the Delta Region to carry out these objectives; and

      (6) coordinate existing Department and other Federal programs having comparable goals and purposes.

    (d) ASSISTANCE FROM THE SECRETARY- The Secretary is authorized to provide the Center assistance in obtaining such personnel, equipment, and facilities as may be needed by the Center and affiliated participating universities and institutions to carry out its activities under this section.

    (e) GRANTS- The Secretary is authorized to provide grants and other forms of financial assistance to the Center for the Center and participating universities and institutions to (1) support the creation of flexible manufacturing networks as identified in subsection (c)(1); and (2) develop the comprehensive database described in paragraph (c)(3); and (3) support the training, marketing, and other related activities of the Center.

    (f) ACCEPTANCE OF GRANTS AND TRANSFERS- The Center may accept--

      (A) grants and donations from private individuals, groups, organizations, corporations, foundations, State and local governments, and other entities; and

      (B) transfers of funds from other Federal agencies.

    (g) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out the programs under this section and for the establishment, operation, construction, and maintenance of the Center and facilities of participating universities and institutions.

SEC. 203. INSTITUTIONAL CONSERVATION PROGRAM FOR THE DELTA REGION.

    Title III of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (42 U.S.C. 6371, et seq.) is amended by adding a new section 400K as follows:

‘INSTITUTIONAL CONSERVATION PROGRAM FOR THE DELTA REGION

    ‘SEC. 400K. (a) PURPOSE- The purpose of this section is to encourage the use of energy conservation measures in the schools and hospitals of the Delta Region.

    ‘(b) GRANTS FOR ESTABLISHMENT OF PROGRAM- Not later than 12 months after the date of the enactment of the Lower Mississippi Delta Initiatives Act of 1993, the Secretary is authorized to provide grants to schools or hospitals, or to consortiums consisting of a school or hospital and one or more of the following: State or unit of local government; local education agency; State hospital facilities agency; or State school facilities agency. Such grants shall be for purposes of conducting innovative energy conservation projects and providing Federal financing for energy conservation projects at schools and hospitals in the Delta Region.

    ‘(c) APPLICATIONS- (1) Applications of schools or hospitals for grants under this section shall be made not more than once for any fiscal year. Such applications shall be submitted to the State energy agency, in consultation with the Planning and Development Districts in the Delta Region, and the State energy agency shall make a single submittal to the Secretary containing all applications which comply with subsection (e).

    ‘(2) Applications for grants shall contain, or be accompanied by, such information as the Secretary may reasonably require in accordance with regulations governing institutional conservation programs under this part; provided, however, that the Secretary shall encourage flexible and innovative approaches consistent with this Act.

    ‘(d) SELECTION OF APPLICATIONS- (1) Not later than six months after the receipt of applications under subsection (c), the Secretary shall select at least seven, but not more than 21, proposals from States to receive grants under subsection (b).

    ‘(2) The Secretary may select more than 21 applications under this subsection, if the Secretary determines that the total amount of available funds is not likely to be otherwise utilized.

    ‘(3) No one State shall receive less than one, or more than four, grants under subsection (b).

    ‘(4) Such grants shall be in addition to such grants as would otherwise be provided under Part G of this Act.

    ‘(5) No one grant recipient under this section shall receive Federal funds in excess of $2,000,000.

    ‘(e) SELECTION CRITERIA- The Secretary shall select recipients of grants under this section on the basis of the following criteria:

      ‘(1) The location of the grant recipient in the Delta Region.

      ‘(2) The demonstrated or potential resources available to the grant applicant for carrying out the purposes of this section.

      ‘(3) The demonstrated or potential ability of the grant applicant to improve energy conservation measures in the designated school or hospital.

      ‘(4) Such other criteria as the Secretary deems appropriate for carrying out the purposes of this section.

    ‘(f) DEFINITION- For purposes of this section, the term ‘Delta Region’ means the Lower Mississippi Delta Region including the 219 counties and parishes within the States of Arkansas, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, and Tennessee, as defined in the May 14, 1990 Final Report of the Lower Mississippi Delta Development Commission entitled ‘The Delta Initiatives: Realizing the Dream * * * Fulfilling the Potential’.

    ‘(g) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There is authorized to be appropriated for purposes of carrying out this section, to remain available until expended, not more than $20,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1995, and 1996, and 1997.’.

SEC. 204. ENERGY RELATED EDUCATIONAL INITIATIVES.

    (a) MINORITY COLLEGES OR UNIVERSITY INITIATIVE- (1) Within one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the United States Senate and to the United States House of Representatives a report identifying opportunities for minority colleges and universities to participate in programs and activities carried out by the Department or the departmental laboratories. The Secretary shall consult with representatives of minority colleges or universities in preparing the report. Such report shall--

      (A) describe ongoing education and training programs carried out by the Department or the departmental laboratories with respect to, or in conjunction with, minority colleges or universities in the areas of mathematics, science, and engineering;

      (B) describe ongoing research, development, demonstration, or commercial application activities involving the Department or the departmental laboratories and minority colleges or universities;

      (C) describe funding levels for the programs referred to in subparagraphs (A) and (B);

      (D) identify ways for the Department or the departmental laboratories to assist minority colleges or universities in providing education and training in the fields of mathematics, science, and engineering;

      (E) identify ways for the Department or the departmental laboratories to assist minority colleges and universities in entering into partnerships;

      (F) address the need for, and potential role of, the Department or the departmental laboratories in providing minority colleges or universities with--

        (i) increased research opportunities for faculty and students;

        (ii) assistance in faculty development and recruitment;

        (iii) curriculum enhancement and development; and

        (iv) improved laboratory instrumentation and equipment, including computer equipment, through purchase, loan, or other transfer mechanisms;

      (G) address the need for, and potential role of, the Department or departmental laboratories in providing financial and technical assistance for the development of infrastructure facilities; including buildings and laboratory facilities, at minority colleges and universities; and

      (H) make specific proposals and recommendations, together with estimates of necessary funding levels, for initiatives to be carried out by the Department or the departmental laboratories in order to assist minority colleges or universities in providing education and training in the areas of mathematics, science, and engineering, and in entering into partnerships with the Department or departmental laboratories.

    (2) The Secretary shall encourage memoranda of understanding and other appropriate forms of agreement between the Department and minority colleges and universities directed at jointly planning and developing programs to foster greater involvement of minority colleges and universities in research, education, training, and recruitment activities of the Department.

    (b) MINORITY COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAMS FOR THE DELTA REGION- The Secretary shall establish a scholarship program for students pursuing undergraduate or graduate degrees in energy-related scientific, mathematical, engineering, and technical disciplines at minority colleges and universities in the Delta Region. The scholarship program shall include tuition assistance. Recipients of such scholarships shall be students deemed by the Secretary to have demonstrated (1) a need for such assistance and (2) academic potential in the particular area of study.

    (c) PRE-COLLEGE EDUCATION- The Secretary shall undertake activities to encourage pre-college education programs in energy-related scientific, mathematical, engineering, and technical disciplines for students in the Delta Region. Such activities shall include, but not be limited to the following:

      (1) Cooperation with, and assistance to, State departments of education and local school districts in the Delta Region to develop and carry out after school and summer education programs for elementary, middle, and secondary school students in energy-related scientific, mathematical, engineering, and technical disciplines.

      (2) Cooperation with, and assistance to, institutions of higher education in the Delta Region to develop and carry out pre-college education programs in energy related scientific, mathematical, engineering, and technical disciplines for middle and secondary school students.

      (3) Cooperation with, and assistance to, State departments of education and local school districts in the development and use of curriculum and educational materials in energy-related scientific, mathematical, engineering, and technical disciplines for middle and secondary students.

      (4) The establishment of education programs in subjects relating to energy-related scientific, mathematical, engineering, and technical disciplines for elementary, middle, and secondary school teachers in the Delta Region.

    (d) VOLUNTEER PROGRAM- The Secretary shall carry out a program to encourage the involvement on a voluntary basis of qualified employees of the Department in educational programs relating to energy-related scientific, mathematical, engineering, and technical disciplines, in cooperation with State departments of education and local school districts in the Delta Region.

    (e) WOMEN AND MINORITIES IN THE SCIENCES- The Secretary shall establish a Center for Excellence in the Sciences at Alcorn State in Lorman, Mississippi, in cooperation with Southern University in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, and the University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff, Arkansas, and other minority colleges or universities for purposes of encouraging women and minority students in the Delta Region to study and pursue careers in the sciences, mathematics, engineering and technical disciplines. The Center shall enter into cooperative agreements with Southern University in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, and the University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff, Arkansas, and other minority colleges and universities in the Delta Region, to carry out affiliated programs and coordinate programs activities at such colleges and universities. The Secretary is authorized to provide grants and other forms of financial assistance to the Center.

    (f) COORDINATION WITH OTHER FEDERAL AGENCIES- The Secretary shall ensure that the programs authorized in this section are coordinated with, and complimentary to, education assistance programs administered by the Department and by other Federal agencies in the Delta Region. These agencies include, but are not limited to, the Department of the Interior, the Department of Agriculture, and Department of Education, the National Science Foundation, and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

    (g) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There is hereby authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of this section.

SEC. 205. INTEGRATED BIOMASS ENERGY SYSTEMS

    (a) PROGRAM DIRECTION- The Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of Agriculture, shall conduct a research, development and demonstration program to determine the economic viability of integrated biomass energy systems within the Delta Region.

    (b) PROGRAM PLAN- Not later than six months after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall prepare and submit to the Congress a program plan to guide the activities under this section.

    (c) SOLICITATION OF PROPOSALS- Not later than one year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall solicit proposals for conducting activities consistent with the program plan. Such activities shall include at least three demonstrations of integrated biomass energy systems that--

      (1) involve the production of dedicated energy crops of not less than 25,000 acres per demonstration;

      (2) include predominantly herbaceous energy crops;

      (3) include predominantly short-rotation woody crops;

      (4) demonstrate cost-effective methods for growing, harvesting, storing, transporting, and preparing energy crops for conversion to electricity or transportation fuel; and

      (5) result in the conversion of such crops to electricity or transportation fuel by a non-Federal energy producer or the Tennessee Valley Authority.

    (d) COST SHARING- (1) For research and development programs carried out under this section, the Secretary shall require a commitment from non-Federal sources of at least 20 percent of the cost of the project.

    (2) The Secretary shall require at least 50 percent of the costs directly and specifically related to any demonstration or commercial application project under this section to be provided from non-Federal sources. The Secretary may reduce the non-Federal requirement under this section if the Secretary determines that the reduction is necessary and appropriate considering the technological risks involved in the project and is necessary to meet the objectives of this section.

    (3) In calculating the amount of the non-Federal commitment under paragraph (1) or (2), the Secretary shall include cash, personnel, services, equipment, and other resources.

    (e) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There is authorized to be appropriated for purposes of carrying out this section, to remain available until expended, not more than $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1995, 1996, and 1997.

SEC. 206. WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM FOR THE DELTA REGION

    Title IV of the Energy Conservation and Production Act (42 U.S.C. 6851, 6861-6846) is further amended by adding a new section 423 as follows:

‘WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM FOR THE DELTA REGION

    ‘SEC. 423. (a) PURPOSE- The purpose of this section is to encourage the weatherization of low-income dwelling units in the Delta Region.

    ‘(b) GRANTS FOR ESTABLISHMENT OF PROGRAM- Not later than 12 months after the date of the enactment of the Lower Mississippi Delta Initiatives Act of 1993, the Secretary shall make grants to (1) States, and (2) in accordance with the provisions of subsection (413)(d), to Indian tribal organizations to serve Native Americans in the Delta Region. Such grants shall be made for the purposes of providing financial assistance for the weatherization of low-income dwelling units.

    ‘(c) APPLICATIONS- (1) Applications of States or Indian tribal organizations for grants under this section shall be made not more than once for any fiscal year. Such applications shall be submitted to the State weatherization agency, in consultation with Community Action Agencies and Planning and Development Districts in the Delta Region, and the State weatherization agency shall make a single submittal to the Secretary containing all applications which comply with subsection (e).

    ‘(2) Applications for grants for energy conservation projects shall contain, or be accompanied by, such information as the Secretary may reasonably require in accordance with regulations governing weatherization assistance programs under this Part.

    ‘(d) SELECTION OF APPLICATIONS- (1) The Secretary shall select applications from States to receive grants under subsection (b).

    ‘(2) Such grants shall be in addition to such grants as would otherwise be provided under section 414 of this Act.

    ‘(3) No one grant recipient under this section shall receive Federal funds in excess of $2,000,000.

    ‘(e) SELECTION CRITERIA- The Secretary shall select recipients of grants under this section in accordance with the requirements of sections 414(b) and 415 of this Act, and on the basis of the following criteria:

      ‘(1) The location of the grant applicant in the Delta Region.

      ‘(2) The demonstrated or potential resources available to the grant applicant for carrying out the purposes of this section.

      ‘(3) The demonstrated or potential ability of the grant applicant to improve energy efficiency in low-income dwelling units.

    ‘(f) COORDINATION WITH OTHER WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS- The Secretary shall ensure that the programs authorized in this section are coordinated with, and complimentary to, Department weatherization assistance programs under sections 413, 414A and 414B of this Act.

    ‘(g) DEFINITION- For purposes of this section, the term ‘Delta Region’ means the Lower Mississippi Delta Region including the 219 counties and parishes within the States of Arkansas, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, and Tennessee, as defined in the May 14, 1990 Final Report of the Lower Mississippi Delta Development Commission entitled ‘The Delta Initiatives: Realizing the Dream * * * Fulfilling the Potential’.

    ‘(h) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There is authorized to be appropriated for purposes of carrying out this section, to remain available until expended, not more than $20,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1995, 1996, and 1997.’.

SEC. 207. RENEWABLE ENERGY PRODUCTION INCENTIVES.

    Section 1212 of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (42 U.S.C. 13317) is amended by inserting immediately after ‘foregoing,’ the following: ‘by the Tennessee Valley Authority,’.

TITLE III--LOWER MISSISSIPPI DELTA DEVELOPMENT CENTER

SEC. 301. GRANT TO THE LOWER MISSISSIPPI DELTA DEVELOPMENT CENTER.

    The Secretary of Agriculture shall, to the extent amounts under section 304 are provided in appropriations Acts, make a grant to the Lower Mississippi Delta Development Center, an organization chartered in Arkansas.

SEC. 302. USE OF FUNDS.

    Funds provided under section 301 may be used only for the purpose of implementing the recommendations made in the final report of the Lower Mississippi Delta Development Commission, established pursuant to Public Law 100-460 (102 Stat. 2246).

SEC. 303. REPORT.

    The Lower Mississippi Delta Development Center shall submit to the Secretary of Agriculture, for each fiscal year in which such organization expends any portion of the grant under this Act, a report describing the use of the portion spent during that year and any other information such Secretary determines to be appropriate.

SEC. 304. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    There is authorized to be appropriated $350,000 for the grant specified under section 301, such funds to remain available until expended.