H.R. 4270 (103rd): Education Begins With Families Act of 1994

103rd Congress, 1993–1994. Text as of Apr 20, 1994 (Introduced).

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HR 4270 IH

103d CONGRESS

2d Session

H. R. 4270

To amend the Head Start Act to extend authorization of appropriations for programs under that Act, to strengthen provisions designed to provide quality assurance and improvement, to provide for orderly and appropriate expansion of such programs, and for other purposes.

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

April 20, 1994

Mrs. UNSOELD introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Education and Labor


A BILL

To amend the Head Start Act to extend authorization of appropriations for programs under that Act, to strengthen provisions designed to provide quality assurance and improvement, to provide for orderly and appropriate expansion of such programs, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; REFERENCES IN ACT.

    (a) This Act may be cited as the ‘Education Begins With Families Act of 1994’.

    (b) Except where otherwise specifically provided, references in this Act shall be considered to be made to the Head Start Act, or to a section or other provision thereof.

SEC. 2. MONITORING AND QUALITY ASSURANCE.

    (a) IN GENERAL- The Act is amended by inserting after section 641 the following new section:

‘QUALITY STANDARDS; MONITORING OF HEAD START AGENCIES AND PROGRAMS

    ‘SEC. 641A. (a) QUALITY STANDARDS- (1) ESTABLISHMENT OF STANDARDS- The Secretary shall establish by regulation standards applicable to Head Start agencies, programs, and projects under this subchapter, including--

      ‘(A) performance standards with respect to services required to be provided, including health, education, parental involvement, social and other services;

      ‘(B) administrative and financial management standards;

      ‘(C) standards relating to the condition and location of facilities; and

      ‘(D) such other standards as the Secretary finds appropriate, including standards for provision of services to families with very young children.

    ‘(2) MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS- The regulations under this subsection shall indicate the minimum levels of overall accomplishment that a Head Start agency or program must achieve in order to meet the standards specified in paragraph (1).

    ‘(3) CONSIDERATIONS IN DEVELOPING STANDARDS- In developing the regulations required under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall--

      ‘(A) consult with experts in the fields of child development, early childhood education, family services, administration, and financial management, and with persons with experience in the operation of Head Start programs; and

      ‘(B) take into consideration--

        ‘(i) past experience with use of the standards currently in effect;

        ‘(ii) changes over the period the program has been in effect in the circumstances and problems typically facing Head Start children and families;

        ‘(iii) developments concerning best practices with respect to child development, family services, program administration, and financial management; and

        ‘(iv) projected needs of an expanding Head Start program;

      ‘(C) not later than one year after enactment of this section, review and revise as necessary the performance standards in effect under this subchapter on the date of enactment of this section (but any revisions in performance standards shall not result in the elimination of or any reduction in the scope or types of health, education, parental involvement, social, or other services required to be provided under such standards in effect on November 2, 1978).

    ‘(b) PERFORMANCE MEASURES- (1) IN GENERAL- Within one year after enactment of this section, the Secretary, in consultation with representatives of Head Start agencies and with experts in the fields of child development, family services, and program management, shall develop methods and procedures for measuring, annually and over longer periods, the quality and effectiveness of programs operated by Head Start agencies.

    ‘(2) DESIGN OF MEASURES- The performance measures developed under this subsection shall be designed--

      ‘(A) to assess the various services provided by Head Start programs and, to the extent the Secretary finds appropriate, administrative and financial management practices;

      ‘(B) to be adaptable for use in self-assessment and peer review of individual Head Start agencies and programs; and

      ‘(C) for other program purposes as determined by the Secretary.

    ‘(3) USE OF MEASURES- The Secretary shall use the performance measures developed pursuant to this subsection--

      ‘(A) to identify strengths and weaknesses in the operation of Head Start programs nationally and by region; and

      ‘(B) to identify problem areas that may require additional training and technical assistance resources.

    ‘(c) MONITORING OF LOCAL AGENCIES AND PROGRAMS- (1) IN GENERAL- In order to determine whether Head Start agencies meet standards established under this subchapter with respect to program, administrative, fiscal, and other requirements, the Secretary shall conduct the following reviews of designated Head Start agencies, and of the Head Start programs operated by such agencies:

      ‘(A) a full review of each such agency at least once during each 3-year period;

      ‘(B) a review of each newly designated agency immediately after the completion of the first year such agency carries out a Head Start program;

      ‘(C) follow-up reviews including prompt return visits to agencies and programs that fail to meet minimum standards for participation; and

      ‘(D) other reviews as appropriate.

    ‘(2) CONDUCT OF REVIEWS- The Secretary shall ensure that reviews described in subparagraphs (A) through (C) of paragraph (1)--

      ‘(A) are performed, to the maximum extent practicable, by employees of the Department of Health and Human Services who are knowledgeable about Head Start programs; and

      ‘(B) are supervised by such an employee at the site of such Head Start agency.

    ‘(d) CORRECTIVE ACTION; TERMINATION- (1) If the Secretary determines, on the basis of a review pursuant to subsection (c), that a Head Start agency designated pursuant to section 641 fails to meet the minimum standards for participation in programs under this subchapter, the Secretary shall--

      ‘(A) inform the agency of the deficiencies that must be corrected;

      ‘(B) with respect to each identified deficiency, at the Secretary’s discretion (taking into consideration the seriousness of the deficiency and the time reasonably required to correct it), require the agency--

        ‘(i) to correct the deficiency immediately, or

        ‘(ii) to comply with the requirements of paragraph (2) concerning a quality improvement plan; and

      ‘(C) initiate proceedings to terminate the designation of the agency unless the agency corrects the deficiency as required by the Secretary pursuant to subparagraph (B).

    ‘(2) QUALITY IMPROVEMENT PLAN- (A) Agency Responsibilities- In order to retain its designation under this subchapter, a Head Start agency that is the subject of a determination described in paragraph (1) shall--

      ‘(i) develop in a timely manner, obtain the Secretary’s approval of, and implement a quality improvement plan that specifies--

        ‘(I) the deficiencies to be corrected;

        ‘(II) the actions to be taken to correct such deficiencies; and

        ‘(III) the timetable for accomplishment of the corrective actions identified; and

      ‘(ii) eliminate each deficiency identified, not later than the date for elimination of such deficiency specified in such plan (which shall not be later than one year after the date the agency received notice of the determination and of the specific deficiencies to be corrected).

    ‘(B) SECRETARIAL RESPONSIBILITY- Not later than thirty days after receiving from a Head Start agency a proposed quality improvement plan pursuant to subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall either approve such proposed plan or specify the reasons why the proposed plan cannot be approved.

    ‘(3) TRAINING AND TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE- To the extent the Secretary finds feasible and appropriate given available funding and other statutory responsibilities, the Secretary shall provide training and technical assistance to Head Start agencies with respect to the development or implementation of quality improvement plans.

    ‘(e) SUMMARIES OF MONITORING OUTCOMES- The Secretary shall publish annually, following the end of each fiscal year, a summary report on the findings of reviews conducted pursuant to subsection (c) and on the outcomes of quality improvement plans under subsection (d).’.

    (b) EXPENDITURES FOR MONITORING AND RELATED ACTIVITIES- Section 640(a)(2)(D) is amended by inserting ‘(including payments for all costs (other than compensation of Federal employees) of reviews of Head Start agencies and programs, and of activities related to the development and implementation of quality improvement plans, pursuant to section 641A)’.

    (c) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS-

      (1) Section 641(c) is amended by striking paragraphs (2) through (4).

      (2) Section 641(d) is amended--

        (A) in the first sentence, by striking all that precedes ‘then the Secretary’ and inserting ‘If there is in a community no entity entitled to the priority specified in subsection (c),’;

        (B) by striking the second sentence; and

        (C) in the third sentence, by striking ‘and subject to the preceding sentence’.

      (3) Section 642(b)(4) is amended by striking ‘in accordance with the performance standards in effect upon section 651(b)’ and inserting ‘either through such program’.

      (4) Section 651(b) is repealed.

      (5) Section 651(g)(10) is amended by striking ‘evaluations conducted under section 641(c)(2)’ and inserting ‘monitoring conducted under section 641A(c)’.

SEC. 3. GOALS AND PRIORITIES FOR TRAINING AND TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE.

    Section 648 is amended--

      (1) in subsection (b)(2), by striking ‘Head Start programs, including’ and inserting instead ‘Head Start programs, in accordance with the process, goals, and priorities set forth in subsections (c) and (d). The Secretary shall provide, either directly or through grants or other arrangements,’;

      (2) by redesignating and relocating as subsection (e) the final sentence of subsection (f), as amended by paragraph (1);

      (3) by striking subsection (d); and

      (4) by inserting after subsection (c) the following:

    ‘(d) GOALS- The process for determining the technical assistance and training activities to be carried out under this section shall--

      ‘(1) ensure that the needs of local Head Start agencies and programs relating to improving program quality and to program expansion are addressed to the maximum extent feasible.

      ‘(2) incorporate mechanisms to ensure responsiveness to local needs, including an ongoing procedure for obtaining input from the Head Start community; and

    ‘(e) SPECIFIC PURPOSES- In allocating resources for technical assistance and training under this section, the Secretary shall--

      ‘(1) give priority consideration to activities to correct program and management deficiencies identified through monitoring pursuant to section 641A (including the provision of assistance to local programs in the development of quality improvement plans);

      ‘(2) address the training and career development needs of both classroom and non-classroom staff, including home visitors and other staff working directly with families, including training relating to increasing parent involvement and services designed to increase family literacy and improve parenting skills;

      ‘(3) assist Head Start agencies and programs to conduct and participate in community-wide strategic planning and needs assessment;

      ‘(4) assist Head Start agencies in better serving the needs of families with very young children;

      ‘(5) assist Head Start agencies and programs in the development of sound management practices, including financial management procedures; and

      ‘(6) assist in efforts to secure and maintain adequate facilities for Head Start programs.’.

SEC. 4. ALLOCATION OF FUNDS FOR PROGRAM EXPANSION.

    ‘(a) ALLOCATION OF FUNDS WITHIN STATES- Section 640(g) is amended--

      (1) by striking ‘(g)’ and inserting ‘(g)(1) COST-OF-LIVING ADJUSTMENTS TO GRANTEES- ’; and

      (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:

    ‘(2) ALLOCATION OF EXPANSION FUNDS WITHIN STATES- In allocating funds within a State, for the purposes of expanding Head Start programs, from amounts allotted to a State pursuant to paragraph (4), the Secretary shall take into consideration the following factors:

      ‘(A) the quality of the applicant’s current programs (including Head Start and other child care or child development programs and, in the case of current Head Start programs, the extent to which such programs meet or exceed performance standards and other requirements under this subchapter);

      ‘(B) the applicant’s capacity to expand services (including, in the case of current Head Start programs, whether the applicant accomplished any prior expansions in an effective and timely manner);

      ‘(C) the extent to which the applicant has undertaken community-wide strategic planning and needs assessments involving other community organizations serving children and families;

      ‘(D) the numbers of eligible children in each community who are not participating in Head Start; and

      ‘(E) the concentration of low-income families in each community.

    ‘(3) ALLOCATION OF EXPANSION FUNDS TO INDIAN AND MIGRANT PROGRAMS AND TO TERRITORIES- In determining the amount of funds reserved pursuant to section 640(a)(2) (A) or (B) to be used for expanding Head Start programs under this subchapter, the Secretary shall take into consideration, to the extent appropriate, the factors specified in paragraph (2).’.

    (b) CONFORMING AMENDMENT- Section 641(f) is repealed.

SEC. 5. ALLOCATION AND USE OF FUNDS FOR QUALITY IMPROVEMENT.

    (A) ALLOCATION; USE OF FUNDS- Section 640(a)(3) is amended--

      (1) by redesignating subparagraph (B) as subparagraph (D);

      (2) in the matter preceding clause (i) of subparagraph (A), to read as follows:

    ‘(3) QUALITY IMPROVEMENT- (A) RESERVATION- (i) The Secretary shall reserve, for activities specified in subparagraph (C) directed at the goals specified in subparagraph (B), a share of the amount (if any) by which such appropriations exceed the adjusted prior year appropriation (as defined in clause (ii)) equal to--

      ‘(I) 25 percent of such amount, plus

      ‘(II) any additional amount the Secretary may find necessary to address a demonstrated need for additional quality improvement activities.

    ‘(ii) ADJUSTED PRIOR YEAR APPROPRIATION DEFINED- The term ‘adjusted prior year appropriation’ means, with respect to a fiscal year, the amount appropriated pursuant to section 639(a) for the preceding fiscal year adjusted to reflect the percentage change in the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (issued by the Bureau of Labor Statistics) during such preceding fiscal year.

    ‘(B) GOALS- Quality improvement funds reserved under this paragraph shall be used to accomplish any or all of the following goals:

      ‘(i) Ensuring that Head Start programs meet or exceed performance standards pursuant to section 641A.

      ‘(ii) Ensuring that programs have adequate qualified staff, and that such staff are furnished adequate training.

      ‘(iii) Ensuring that salary levels are adequate to attract and retain qualified staff.

      ‘(iv) Using salary increases to improve staff qualifications and to assist with the implementation of career development programs.

      ‘(v) Improving community-wide strategic planning and needs assessments.

      ‘(vi) Ensuring that the physical environments of Head Start programs are conducive to providing effective program services to children and families, including families with very young children.

      ‘(vii) Making such other improvements in program quality as the Secretary may designate.

    ‘(C) ACTIVITIES- Quality improvement funds reserved under this paragraph shall be used to carry out any or all of the following activities:’;

      (3) in subparagraph (C), as redesignated, by adding at the end the following new clause:

      ‘(vii) Such other activities as the Secretary may designate.’; and

      (4) in subparagraph (D), as redesignated--

        (A) in clause (i)--

          (i) in the matter preceding subclause (I), by striking ‘for the first, second, and third fiscal years for which funds are so reserved’; and

          (ii) in subclause (II), by inserting ‘territories, and programs serving Indian and migrant children,’ after ‘States,’;

        (B) by striking clauses (ii) and (iii);

        (C) in clause (iv)--

          (i) by striking all that precedes the first comma and inserting ‘Funds’;

          (ii) by striking ‘clause (ii)’ the first place it appears and inserting ‘clause (i)’;

          (iii) by inserting before the period at the end of the first sentence, ‘, for expenditure for activities specified in subparagraph (C)’; and

          (iv) by striking the second sentence; and

        (D) by striking clause (v), and redesignating clauses (iv) and (vi) as clauses (ii) and (iii), respectively.

    (b) CONFORMING AMENDMENT- Paragraphs (4) and (5) of section 637 are repealed.

SEC. 6. RESEARCH, DEMONSTRATIONS, EVALUATION, AND REPORTS.

    (a) RESEARCH, DEMONSTRATIONS, AND EVALUATION- Section 649, including the caption thereof, is amended to read as follows:

‘RESEARCH, DEMONSTRATIONS, AND EVALUATION

    ‘SEC. 649. (a) IN GENERAL- (1) Requirement; General Purposes- The Secretary shall carry out a continuing program of research, demonstrations, and evaluation, in order to--

      ‘(A) foster continuous improvement in the quality of the Head Start Program under this subchapter and in its effectiveness in enabling participating children and their families to succeed in school and in everyday life; and

      ‘(B) use the Head Start Program as a national laboratory for developing, testing, and disseminating new ideas and approaches for addressing the needs of low-income preschool children and their families and communities, and otherwise to further the purposes of this subchapter.

    ‘(2) PLAN- The Secretary shall develop, and periodically update, a plan governing the research, demonstration, and evaluation activities under this section.

    ‘(b) CONDUCT OF RESEARCH, DEMONSTRATIONS, AND EVALUATION- The Secretary, in order to conduct research, demonstrations, and evaluations under this section--

      ‘(1) may carry out such activities directly, or through grants to, or contracts or cooperative agreements with, public and private entities;

      ‘(2) shall, to the extent appropriate, undertake such activities in collaboration with other Federal and non-Federal agencies conducting similar activities;

      ‘(3) shall ensure that evaluation of activities in a specific program or project are conducted by persons not directly involved in the operation of such program or project;

      ‘(4) may require Head Start agencies to provide for independent evaluations; and

      ‘(5) may approve, in appropriate cases, community-based cooperative research and evaluation efforts to enable local Head Start programs to collaborate with qualified researchers not directly involved in program administration or operation.

    ‘(c) CONSULTATION AND COLLABORATION- In carrying out the activities under this section, the Secretary shall--

      ‘(1) consult with individuals--

        ‘(A) from relevant academic disciplines;

        ‘(B) involved in the operation of Head Start and other child and family service programs; and

        ‘(C) from other Federal agencies and organizations involved with children and families,

      ensuring that such individuals reflect the multi-cultural nature of the Head Start population and the multi-disciplinary nature of the Head Start Program;

      ‘(2) whenever feasible and appropriate, obtain the views of persons participating in and served by programs and projects assisted under this subchapter with respect to activities under this section; and

      ‘(3) establish, to the extent appropriate, working relationships with the faculties of colleges or universities located in the area in which any evaluation under this section is being conducted, unless there is no such college or university willing and able to participate in such evaluation.

    ‘(d) SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES- The research, demonstration, and evaluation programs under this part shall include components designed to--

      ‘(1) permit ongoing assessment of the quality and effectiveness of the program under this subchapter;

      ‘(2) contribute to developing knowledge concerning factors associated with the quality and effectiveness of Head Start programs and in identifying ways in which services provided under this subchapter may be improved;

      ‘(3) assist in developing knowledge concerning the factors which promote or inhibit healthy development and effective functioning of children and their families both during and following the Head Start experience;

      ‘(4) permit comparisons of children and families participating in Head Start programs with children and families receiving other child care, early childhood education, and child development services and with other appropriate control groups;

      ‘(5) contribute to understanding the characteristics and needs of population groups eligible for services provided under this subchapter and the impact of such services on the individuals served and the communities in which such services are provided;

      ‘(6) provide for disseminating and promoting the use of the findings from such research, demonstration, and evaluation activities; and

      ‘(7) promote exploration of areas in which knowledge is insufficient, including research on the provision of services to families with very young children, and which will otherwise contribute to fulfilling the purposes of this subchapter.

    ‘(e) LONGITUDINAL STUDIES- In developing priorities for research, demonstration, and evaluation activities under this section, the Secretary shall give special consideration to longitudinal studies which--

      ‘(1) examine the developmental progress of children and their families both during and following the Head Start Program experience, including the examination of factors which contribute to or detract from such progress; and

      ‘(2) examine factors related to improving the quality of the Head Start Program experience and the preparation it provides for children and their families to function effectively in schools and other settings in the years following Head Start; and

      ‘(3) as appropriate, permit comparison of children and families participating in Head Start programs with children and families receiving other child care, early childhood education, and child development services, and with other appropriate control groups.

    ‘(f) OWNERSHIP OF RESULTS- The Secretary shall take necessary steps to ensure that all studies, reports, proposals, and data produced or developed with Federal funds under this subchapter shall become the property of the United States.’.

    (b) REPORTS- Section 651 is amended--

      (1) in the caption, to read ‘REPORTS’;

      (2) by striking subsections (a) through (f);

      (3) by striking ‘(g)’;

      (4)(A) by striking ‘and’ at the end of paragraph (11);

      (B) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (12) and inserting ‘; and’; and

      (C) by adding after paragraph (12) the following new paragraph:

      ‘(13) a summary of the research, demonstration, and evaluation activities conducted under section 649, including--

        ‘(A) a status report on ongoing activities; and

        ‘(B) results, conclusions, and recommendations based on completed activities not previously reported on.’.

    (c) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS-

      (1) Sections 640A, 650, and 651A are repealed.

      (2) Section 651, as amended by subsection (b), is redesignated as section 650.

SEC. 7. INITIATIVE ON FAMILIES WITH INFANTS AND TODDLERS.

    (a) ESTABLISHMENT OF PROGRAM- The Act is amended by adding after section 645 the following new section:

‘PROGRAMS FOR FAMILIES WITH INFANTS AND TODDLERS

    ‘SEC. 645A. (a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall make grants, in accordance with the provisions of this paragraph, for--

      ‘(1) programs providing family-centered services for low-income families with very young children designed to promote the development of their children, to fulfill their roles as parents, and to move toward self-sufficiency; and

      ‘(2) evaluation of, and provision of training and technical assistance to, projects under the Comprehensive Child Development Centers Act of 1988.

    ‘(b) FAMILIES ELIGIBLE TO PARTICIPATE- Persons who may be served by projects described in subsection (a)(1) include pregnant women, and families with children under age three (or under age five, in the case of children served by a grantee specified in subsection (e)(2)), who meet the criteria specified in section 645(a)(1).

    ‘(c) SCOPE AND DESIGN OF PROGRAMS- Programs receiving assistance under this section shall--

      ‘(1) provide, either directly or through referral, early, continuous, intensive, and comprehensive child development and family support services which will enhance the physical, social, emotional, and intellectual development of participating children;

      ‘(2) ensure that the level of services provided to families responds to their needs and circumstances;

      ‘(3) promote positive parent-child interactions;

      ‘(4) provide services to parents to support their role as parents and to help them move toward self-sufficiency;

      ‘(5) coordinate services with existing programs (including transitions to preschool programs and linkages with programs of other agencies, including local education agencies, serving families with infants and toddlers) in the State and community to ensure a comprehensive array of services;

      ‘(6) coordinate with local Head Start programs in order to ensure continuity of services for children and families;

      ‘(7) in the case of a program operated by a Head Start agency that also provides Head Start services through the age of mandatory school attendance, ensure that participating children and families receive such services through such age; and

      ‘(8) meet such other requirements concerning program design and operation as the Secretary may establish.

    ‘(d) ELIGIBLE SERVICE PROVIDERS- Entities that may apply to operate services projects under this section include--

      ‘(1) entities operating Head Start programs under this subchapter;

      ‘(2) entities that, on the date of enactment of this provision, were operating--

        ‘(A) Parent-Child Centers receiving financial assistance under section 640(a)(4), or

        ‘(B) Comprehensive Child Development Projects receiving financial assistance under the Comprehensive Child Development Centers Act of 1988; and

      ‘(3) other public and non-profit private entities capable of providing child and family services

    that meet the standards for participation in programs under this subchapter and such other appropriate requirements relating to the program under this section as the Secretary may establish.

    ‘(e) TIME-LIMITED PRIORITY FOR CERTAIN ENTITIES- (1) IN GENERAL- From amounts allotted pursuant to paragraphs (2) and (4) of section 640(a), the Secretary shall provide financial assistance in accordance with paragraphs (2) through (4) of this subsection.

    ‘(2) PARENT-CHILD CENTERS- The Secretary shall make financial assistance available under this section for each of fiscal years 1995, 1996, and 1997 to any entity that--

      ‘(A) complies with the standards and requirements established by the Secretary under subsection (d); and

      ‘(B) received funding as a Parent-Child Center pursuant to section 640(a)(4) for fiscal year 1994.

    ‘(3) COMPREHENSIVE CHILD DEVELOPMENT CENTERS (CCDCs)- In the case of an entity that--

      ‘(A) complies with the standards and requirements established by the Secretary under subsection (d); and

      ‘(B) received a grant for fiscal year 1994 to operate a project under the Comprehensive Child Development Centers Act of 1988, the Secretary--

    shall make financial assistance available under this section for the duration of the demonstration project period specified in the grant award to such entity under such Act, and shall permit such entity, in the program assisted under this section, to serve children from birth through age 5.

    ‘(4) EVALUATIONS, TRAINING, TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE RELATING TO CCDCs- The Secretary shall make funds available under this section as necessary to provide for the evaluation of, and furnishing of training and technical assistance to, child development projects (specified in paragraph (3)) under the Comprehensive Child Development Centers Act of 1988.

    ‘(f) SELECTION OF OTHER GRANTEES- From allotments pursuant to paragraphs (2) and (4) of section 640(a) (in amounts equal to the balance remaining of the amount specified in section 640(a)(6) after making grants to the eligible entities specified in subsection (e)), the Secretary shall award grants under this paragraph on a competitive basis to applicants meeting the criteria specified in subsection (d) (giving priority to entities with a record of providing early, continuous, and comprehensive childhood development and family services).

    ‘(g) SECRETARIAL RESPONSIBILITIES- (1) GUIDELINES- The Secretary shall develop and publish guidelines concerning the content and operation of programs under this section--

      ‘(A) in consultation with experts in early childhood development and family services; and

      ‘(B) taking into consideration the knowledge and experience gained from other early childhood programs, including programs under the Comprehensive Child Development Centers Act of 1988.

    ‘(2) MONITORING, EVALUATION, TRAINING, AND TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE- In order to ensure the successful operation of service programs under this section, the Secretary shall monitor the operation of such programs, evaluate their effectiveness, and provide training and technical assistance tailored to the particular needs of such programs.’.

    (b) FUNDS SET-ASIDE- Section 640(a) is amended--

      (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting ‘, and subject to paragraph (6)’ before the period;

      (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ‘paragraph (5)’ each place it appears and inserting ‘paragraph (4)’;

      (3) by striking paragraph (4), and redesignating paragraphs (5) and (6) as paragraphs (4) and (5), respectively; and

      (4) by adding after paragraph (5), as redesignated, the following new paragraph:

    ‘(6) FUNDING FOR PROGRAMS FOR FAMILIES WITH INFANTS AND TODDLERS- From amounts allotted pursuant to paragraphs (2) and (4), the Secretary shall use, for grants for programs for families with infants and toddlers under section 645A, a portion of the combined total of such amounts equal to 3 percent for fiscal year 1995, 4 percent for each of fiscal years 1996 and 1997, and 5 percent for fiscal year 1998, of the amount appropriated pursuant to section 639(a).’.

    (c) CONSOLIDATION- In recognition that the Comprehensive Child Development Centers Act has demonstrated positive results, and that its purposes and functions have been consolidated into section 645A of the Head Start Act, the Comprehensive Child Development Centers Act of 1988 is repealed.

SEC. 8. ENHANCED PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT.

    ‘(a) CONSIDERATIONS IN DESIGNATING NEW HEAD START AGENCIES- Section 641(d) is amended--

      (1) in paragraph (4), to read as follows:

      ‘(4) the plan of such applicant--

        ‘(A) to seek the involvement of parents of participating children in activities designed to help such parents become full partners in the education of their children;

        ‘(B) to afford such parents the opportunity to participate in the development, conduct, and overall performance of the program at the local level;

        ‘(C) to offer (directly or through referral to local entities, such as Even Start programs) to such parents--

          ‘(i) family literacy services;

          ‘(ii) parenting skills training;

          ‘(iii) training in nonpunitive discipline techniques that are age appropriate, consistent, and positive for the child;

          ‘(iv) training in basic child development;

          ‘(v) assistance in developing communication skills; and

          ‘(vi) opportunities for parents to share experiences with other parents;

        ‘(D) at the option of such applicant, to offer (directly or through referral to local entities) to such parents--

          ‘(i) parental social self-sufficiency training;

          ‘(ii) substance abuse counseling; or

          ‘(iii) any other activity designed to help such parents become full partners in the education of their children; and

        ‘(E) to provide, with respect to each participating family, a family needs assessment that includes consultation with such parents about the benefits of parent involvement and about the activities described in subparagraphs (C) and (D) in which such parents may choose to become involved (taking into consideration their specific family needs, work schedules, and other responsibilities;’;

      (2) in paragraph (7), by inserting ‘and’ after the semicolon;

      (3) by striking paragraph (8); and

      (4) by redesignating paragraph (9) as paragraph (8).

    (b) FUNCTIONS OF HEAD START AGENCIES- Section 642(b) is amended--

      (1) in paragraph (4), to read as follows:

      ‘(4) seek the involvement of parents of participating children in activities designed to help such parents become full partners in the education of their children, and to afford such parents the opportunity to participate in the development, conduct, and overall performance of the program at the local level;’;

      (2) in paragraph (5), by inserting ‘and’ after the semicolon;

      (3) by striking paragraph (6);

      (4) by redesignating paragraphs (5) and (7) as paragraphs (8) and (9), respectively; and

      (5) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following new paragraphs:

      ‘(5) offer (directly or through referral to local entities, such as Even Start programs) to parents of participating children--

        ‘(A) family literacy services;

        ‘(B) parenting skills training;

        ‘(C) training in nonpunitive discipline techniques that are age appropriate, consistent, and positive for the child;

        ‘(D) training in basic child development;

        ‘(E) assistance in developing communication skills; and

        ‘(F) opportunities for parents to share experiences with other parents;

      ‘(6) at the option of such agency, offer (directly or through referral to local entities) to such parents parental social self-sufficiency training, substance abuse counseling, regular in-home visitation for families at risk of child abuse and neglect, or any other activity designed to help such parents become full partners in the education of their children;

      ‘(7) provide, with respect to each participating family, a family needs assessment that includes consultation with such parents about the benefits of parent involvement and about the activities described in paragraphs (4) through (6) in which such parents may choose to be involved (taking into consideration their specific family needs, work schedules, and other responsibilities);’.

    (c) FAMILY LITERACY SERVICES- Section 637 is amended by adding after paragraph (11) the following new paragraph:

      ‘(12) The term ‘family literacy services’ includes activities such as the following: interactive literacy activities between parents and their children, training for parents on how to be their children’s primary teacher and to be full partners in the education of their children, parent literacy training, and early childhood education.’.

SEC. 9. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Section 639(a) is amended by striking all that follows ‘651A)’ and inserting ‘such sums as necessary for fiscal year 1995 and each of the three succeeding fiscal years.’.

SEC. 10. APPLICATION OF AMENDMENTS.

    The amendments made by Act shall not apply with respect to fiscal years ending before October 1, 1994.