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The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress, and was published on Oct 4, 1994.
TABLE OF CONTENTS: Title I: Comprehensive Program for Worker Reemployment Subtitle A: State and Substate Delivery System Subtitle B: Federal Service Delivery System Subtitle C: Performance Standards and Quality Assurance Systems Subtitle D: Program Requirements Subtitle E: Fiscal Administrative Provisions Subtitle F: Consolidation Provisions Title II: One-Stop Career System for Employment and Training Subtitle A: Basic System Components Subtitle B: Grants to States Subtitle C: Federal Grants to One-Stop Service Areas Subtitle D: Administrative Requirements Subtitle E: Waiver of Statutory and Regulatory Requirements Subtitle F: National Programs Title III: National Labor Market Information Program for Title IV: Technical Provisions Reemployment Act of 1994 - Establishes: (1) a comprehensive program for worker reemployment; (2) a one-stop career system for employment and training; and (3) a national labor market information program for States and localities. (Sec. 3) Authorizes appropriations for titles I, II and III, of this Act. Title I: Comprehensive Program for Worker Reemployment - Allots funds among States for the program under this title. Allows reservation of funds for State activities and reserves certain funds for national activities. Provides for allocation to substate areas, and recapture and reallotment of unexpended funds, (Sec. 103) Makes certain permanently laid-off workers and long-term unemployed individuals (as well as workers facing imminent plant shutdowns and self-employed individuals unemployed because of community economic conditions or natural disasters) eligible for services under this title. Makes dislocated homemakers and involuntarily retired workers eligible if the substate grantee deems this appropriate and certain conditions are met. Subtitle A: State and Substate Delivery System - Makes States responsible for administrative and management systems under this title. (Sec. 112) Requires the Governor to designate or establish a dislocated worker unit at the State level, with specified rapid response, information, program support and coordination functions. Directs such unit to coordinate with substate grantees and to promote worker-management transition assistance committees. Provides for rapid response coverage of certain layoffs, prohibition of State transfer of State transfer of rapid response response functions, and Federal oversight of such functions. (Sec. 113) Requires the Governor to identify, or establish and maintain a comprehensive labor market information system in the State that meets certain requirements relating to the national system of effective labor market information. (Sec. 114) Requires the Governor to coordinate programs under this title with the worker profiling system under the Social Security Act and the retraining income support program under another Act introduced in the 103d Congress. (Sec. 115) Authorizes the Governor to award supplementary grants to eligible entities to improve delivery and provide authorized services to eligible individuals in areas of the State experiencing substantial increases in numbers of such individuals due to plant closures, base closures, and mass layoffs, as well as to other underserved unemployed individuals with barriers to employment. Allows such grant funds to be used to establish on-site transition centers. (Sec. 116) Requires establishment of substate area administrative procedure. (Sec. 117) Authorizes the use of substate area funds for the following services for eligible individuals: (1) basic reemployment services; (2) intensive reemployment services; (3) education and training services; (4) retraining income support; and (5) supportive services. (Sec. 118) Requires a substate grantee to issue a certificate of continuing eligibility for services to eligible individuals who are accepting employment at a significantly lower wage than their previous one or in an occupation significantly different from their previous one. Subtitle B: Federal Service Delivery System - Directs the the Secretary of Labor to designate or establish an identifiable worker reemployment unit to coordinate the Secretary's functions under this title. (Sec. 122) Authorizes the Secretary to make national discretionary grants to eligible entities for programs to: (1) address large-scale economic dislocations resulting from plant closures, base closures, or mass layoffs; (2) self-employment opportunity, public works employment, dislocated farmers, and job creation; (3) establish on-site transition centers; (4) address small-scale layoffs likely to harm State or local economies; and (5) additional financial assistance for programs and activities operated by States and substate grantees under this title. (Sec. 123) Directs the Secretary to make funds available for disaster relief employment assistance to States for substate allocation. (Sec. 124) Directs the Secretary to provide for: (1) evaluation of programs under this title; (2) research on addressing economic dislocation, facilitating the transition of permanently laid-off workers to reemployment, and upgrading skills of employed workers; and (3) demonstration projects to develop and improve methods of addressing economic dislocation and promoting worker adjustment. (Sec. 125) Directs the Secretary to provide staff training and technical assistance to various entities to enhance their capacity to develop and deliver adjustment assistance services to workers, and to avert plant closings or substantial layoffs. Requires integration of such activities with those of the Capacity Building and Information and Dissemination Network. (Sec. 126) Directs the Secretary to provide for delivery of programs, activities, and services under this title in any State that chooses not to participate. Subtitle C: Performance Standards and Quality Assurance Systems - Directs the Secretary to prescribe performance standards relating separately to the substate grantees and the career centers. Directs Governors to: (1) prescribe adjustments to such standards; (2) provided technical assistance to grantees that fail to meet such standards; (3) terminate grantees that so fail for to two consecutive years; and (4) award incentive grants to grantees and centers exceeding such standards. (Sec. 132) Requires each substate grantee to establish methods for obtaining customer feedback from eligible individuals and employers who have received services under this title. (Sec. 133) Makes providers of education and training services eligible to receive funds under this title if they are eligible to participate under student aid provisions of the Higher Education Act of 1965 or are determined eligible under alternative procedures established by Governors, and if they provide performance-based information. Exempts on-the-job training providers from such requirements. Part D: Program Requirements - Sets forth general requirements for programs under this title, including provisions for benefits, labor standards, and grievance procedures. Subtitle E: Fiscal Administrative Provisions - Sets forth various administrative provisions, including ones for program year, prompt allocation of funds, monitoring, fiscal controls and sanctions, reports, recordkeeping, and investigations, administrative adjudication, nondiscrimination, judicial review, and obligational authority. Part F: Consoidation Provisions - Repeals the following provisions of the Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA); (1) all of title III, Employment and Training Assistance for Dislocated Workers; (2) a requirement for maintenance of data on permanent layoffs and plant closings; and (3) all part of J of title IV, Disaster Relief Employment Assistance. (Sec. 172) Makes conforming amendments to JTPA and other Federal laws. (Sec. 173) Authorizes the Secretary to provide for orderly transition from the repealed programs under JTPA to the program under this title. Title II: One-Stop Career System for Employment and Training - Subtitle A: Basic System Components - Requires one-stop career system, to include: (1) integration of employment and training programs; (2) customer choice of information, services, and providers; (3) univeral access to services by customers, including individuals and employers; and (4) accountability of providers. (Sec. 212) Sets forth requirements for the integration of employment and training programs component. (Sec. 213) Sets forth requirements for the customer choice component. (Sec. 214) Sets forth requirements for the universal access component. (Sec. 215) Sets forth requirements for the accoutability component. Subtitle B: Grants to States - Authorizes the Secretary to provide grants to States for implementation of comprehensive statewide networks of one-stop career systems in all areas of such States. Provides for such grants to Native American tribal entities. Requires notification to the interagency task force before provision of any such grant. (Sec. 223) Sets forth application requirements, including review and comment by certain individuals and State plans. (Sec. 224) Provides for review of applications, including priority considerations and approval criteria. (Sec. 226) Requires State reports. Subtitle C: Federal Grants to One-Stop Service Areas - Authorizes the Secretary to provide grants directly to one-stop service areas to implement one-stop career systems. Provides for establishment of one-stop service areas and local consortia. Requires grant notification to the interagency task force. (Sec. 233) Sets forth application requirements, including a time limit for State review and comment. (Sec. 234) Provides for review of applications, including priority considerations and approval criteria. (Sec. 235) Requires integration of one-stop service area systems with statewide networks. (Sec. 236) Requires area reports. Subtitle D: Administrative Requirements - Requires State Governors to consider specified factors in establishing one-stop service areas and (with local officials) local consortia, and designating administrative entities for such areas. (Sec. 242) Lists participating programs for such one-stop career systems, including those under specified Federal and State laws as well as other Federal employment and training laws determined appropriate by the interagency task force. (Sec. 243) Requires each one-stop service provider to make available to individual participants in the one-stop career system certain services, includidng specified: (1) basic services; (2) additional basic services; and (3) State unemployment compensation initial claims' filing. Authorizes such providers to also provide certain intensive services and specialized employer services. (Sec. 244) Requires the administrative entity, in agreement with the local consortium, to establish a process for selecting one-stop service providers which are public agencies or private nonprofit organizations, including specified types of entities. (Sec. 245) Sets forth requirements for operating agreements. (Sec. 246) Makes each State implementing such a system responsible for administration, management, monitoring, and technical assistance. (Sec. 247) Requires each State to establish a State human resource investment council that meets specified JTPA requirements and carries out certain additional functions including advising on development and implementation of the statewide network of one-stop career systems. (Sec. 248) Provides for pooling of administrative resources. (Sec. 249) Sets forth applicable labor standards for activities under one-stop career systems. Subtitle E: Waiver of Statutory and Regulatory Requirements - Allows a State, local consortium, or Native American tribal entity to request from the Secretary concerned a waiver of one or more statutory or regulatory provisions. Sets forth waiver criteria. (Sec. 252) Subjects to such waiver authority specified participating programs of the systems. Subtitle F: National Programs - Authorizes the Secretary to monitor compliance of all aid recipients under this title. (Sec. 262) Sets forth requirements for performance standards and evaluation. (Sec. 263) Makes the Secretary responsible for reserving certain funds for providing, staff training and technical assistance (integrated with the Capacity Building and Information Dissemination Network under JTPA). (Sec. 264) Directs the Secretary (of Labor) and the Secretaries of Education and of Health and Human Services to establish an interagency task force to identify provisions of law and regulations that impede the ability of States and one-stop service areas to carry out this title and designate these as subject to expedited waiver authority. Requires a task force report to the Congress. Title III: National Labor Market Information Program for States and Localities - Directs the Secretary to develop, in coordination with Governors and appropriate Federal, State, regional, and local officials and entities, a strategy to establish a program to develop a nationwide system of State, regional, and local labor market information. Establishes the Office of Labor Market Information in the Department of Labor to have overall policy, coordination, and funding responsibilitiers for such system. (Sec. 303) Directs the Secretary, in cooperation with such other entities and public-private partnerships, to develop such system to make available specified types of information. Requires certain technical standards, consumer reports, and evaluation. (Sec. 304) Directs the Secretary to provide for coordination and integration of such system and appropriate dissemination of information. Title IV: Technical Provisions - Sets forth the effective date of this Act. (Sec. 402) Sets forth a sunset provision terminating the authority provided by titles II and III on October 1, 2003.