< Back to H.R. 5171 (103rd Congress, 1993–1994)

Text of the To amend the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954 to require nutrient fortification of agricultural commodities provided for ...

...commodities provided for feeding programs.

This bill was introduced on October 4, 1994, in a previous session of Congress, but was not enacted. The text of the bill below is as of Oct 4, 1994 (Introduced).

Source: GPO

HR 5171 IH

103d CONGRESS

2d Session

H. R. 5171

To amend the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954 to require nutrient fortification of agricultural commodities provided for feeding programs.

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

October 4, 1994

Mr. PENNY introduced the following bill; which was referred jointly to the Committees on Agriculture and Foreign Affairs


A BILL

To amend the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954 to require nutrient fortification of agricultural commodities provided for feeding programs.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 101. MICRONUTRIENT FORTIFICATION.

    Section 202 of the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954 (7 U.S.C. 1722) is amended by adding the following new subsection:

    ‘(h) MICRONUTRIENT FORTIFICATION-

      ‘(1) PROCESSED FOODS- The Administrator shall require that processed foods provided under this title shall be fortified with appropriate amounts of designated micronutrients, including vitamin A and iron, as determined by the Administrator pursuant to regulation.

      ‘(2) VEGETABLE OIL--The Administrator shall study the feasibility and effectiveness of micronutrient fortification of vegetable oil taking into account the stability of the added micronutrients and the potential for their degradation in light of the effects of transportation, handling, storage, and other conditions associated with distribution under this title.

      ‘(3) OTHER COMMODITIES- The Administrator shall require fortification of other commodities such as whole grains provided under this title if and when the Administrator determines that such fortification is economically and logistically feasibile and has been tested and proven effective.

      ‘(4) MONITORING- The Administrator shall carry out a program to monitor the levels of micronutrients contained in commodities provided under this title.

      ‘(5) REGULATIONS- Not later than 6 months after the date of enactment of this subsection, the Administrator shall by regulation establish the appropriate minimum levels of certain essential micronutrients, including vitamin A and iron, which shall be required in agricultural commodities provided under this title. The Administrator shall take into account the bioavailability of such micronutrients, the feasibility of fortification of commodities with such micronutrients, the stability and potential degradation of added micronutrients in light of the effects of transportation, handling, storage, and distribution of the commodities, and the ultimate use for which the commodities are intended. In general, the Administrator shall assume that commodities provided under this title shall be utilized only to supplement the diets of the recipients.’.

SEC. 102. IMPLEMENTATION OF FEEDING PROGRAMS.

    It is the sense of Congress that the Administrator, in implementing feeding programs under the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954, should:

      (1) place more emphasis on assessing food aid needs in designing direct feeding programs--

        (A) to modify specific food aid commodities to better suit program recipients (according to dietary needs and cultural practices); and

        (B) to modify feeding programs to better target the most vulnerable groups (children, girls, and the elderly); and

      (2) design programs that encourage in-country micronutrient fortification so that structures are in place when food assistance is withdrawn.

SEC. 103. REPORT.

    Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall prepare and submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate, a report on the implementation of the provisions and amendments contained in this Act.