< Back to H.R. 518 (103rd Congress, 1993–1994)

Text of the California Desert Protection Act of 1994

This bill was introduced in a previous session of Congress and was passed by the House on July 27, 1994 but was never passed by the Senate. The text of the bill below is as of May 11, 1994 (Committee Discharged).

Source: GPO

HR 518 CDH

Union Calendar No. 279

103d CONGRESS

2d Session

H. R. 518

[Report No. 103-498]

To designate certain lands in the California Desert as wilderness, to establish the Death Valley and Joshua Tree National Parks and the Mojave National Monument, and for other purposes.

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

January 21, 1993

Mr. LEHMAN (for himself, Mr. MILLER of California, Mr. VENTO, Mr. STARK, Mr. OWENS, Mr. OLVER, Mr. MFUME, Ms. PELOSI, Mr. MINETA, Mr. MCDERMOTT, Mr. BROWN of California, Mr. FRANK of Massachusetts, Mr. WAXMAN, Mr. STOKES, Mr. DEFAZIO, Mrs. MALONEY, and Mr. HINCHEY) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Natural Resources

June 18, 1993

Additional sponsors: Mr. BACCHUS of Florida, Mr. KILDEE, Mr. CONYERS, Mr. CLAY, Mr. BERMAN, Mr. BEILENSON, Mr. EDWARDS of California, Mr. BECERRA, Mr. SKAGGS, Ms. WOOLSEY, Mr. BONIOR, Mr. DELLUMS, Ms. ESHOO, Mr. EVANS, Mr. TORRES, Mr. COOPER, Mr. TOWNS, Ms. SLAUGHTER, Mr. BLACKWELL, Mr. FILNER, Mr. FAZIO, Mr. PAYNE of New Jersey, Mr. STUDDS, Mr. TORRICELLI, Mr. RANGEL, Mr. SHAYS, Mr. REYNOLDS, Mr. HAMBURG, Mr. LEVIN, Mr. NEAL of North Carolina, Mr. SMITH of New Jersey, Mr. MORAN, Mr. PORTER, Mr. RICHARDSON, Ms. ROYBAL-ALLARD, Mr. BORSKI, Mr. GEJDENSON, Mr. COPPERSMITH, Mr. HUGHES, Mr. MEEHAN, Mr. ACKERMAN, Ms. HARMAN, Mr. PRICE of North Carolina, Mr. GILCHREST, Mr. DIXON, Mr. LANTOS, Mr. FINGERHUT, Mr. HOAGLAND, Mr. JOHNSTON of Florida, Ms. SCHENK, Mr. VALENTINE, and Ms. Shepherd

May 10, 1994

Additional sponsors: Mr. SWETT, Mrs. UNSOELD, Ms. NORTON, Mr. KREIDLER, Mr. BRYANT, Mr. SPRATT, Mr. YATES, Miss COLLINS of Michigan, Mr. MATSUI, Mr. NADLER, Mr. ANDREWS of Maine, Mr. KLUG, Mr. TRAFICANT, Mr. DEUTSCH, Mr. RAVENEL, Mr. BARCA of Wisconsin, Mr. BILBRAY, Mr. KOPETSKI, Mr. MARKEY, Mr. FORD of Michigan, Mr. SANDERS, Mr. SABO, Mr. GUTIERREZ, Mr. PALLONE, Ms. KAPTUR, Mr. FARR of California, Mr. WHEAT, Mrs. BYRNE, Mr. ZIMMER, Mr. NEAL of Massachusetts, Mrs. ROUKEMA, Mr. COLEMAN, Ms. FURSE, Mr. WYNN, Mr. WYDEN, Ms. DELAURO, Ms. ENGLISH of Arizona, Mr. MACHTLEY, Mr. BROWN of Ohio, Mr. LEWIS of Georgia, Mrs. MEEK, Mr. BARRETT of Wisconsin, and Mr. Klein

May 10, 1994

Reported with an amendment, committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the State of the Union and ordered to be printed

[Strike out all after the enacting clause and insert the part printed in italic]

May 11, 1994

Discharged from the Union Calendar and referred to the Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries for a period ending not later than May 11, 1994, for consideration of such provisions of the bill and amendment as fall within the jurisdiction of that committee pursuant to clause 1(m) of rule X

May 11, 1994

Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries discharged; committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the State of the Union and ordered to be printed

[For text of introduced bill, see copy of bill as introduced on January 21, 1993]


A BILL

To designate certain lands in the California Desert as wilderness, to establish the Death Valley and Joshua Tree National Parks and the Mojave National Monument, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the ‘California Desert Protection Act of 1994’.

FINDINGS AND POLICY

    SEC. 2. (a) The Congress finds and declares that--

      (1) the federally owned desert lands of Southern California constitute a public wildland resource of extraordinary and inestimable value for this and future generations;

      (2) these desert wildlands display unique scenic, historical, archeological, environmental, ecological, wildlife, cultural, scientific, educational, and recreational values used and enjoyed by millions of Americans for hiking and camping, scientific study and scenic appreciation;

      (3) the public land resources of the California desert now face and are increasingly threatened by adverse pressures which would impair, dilute, and destroy their public and natural values;

      (4) the California desert, embracing wilderness lands, units of the National Park System, other Federal lands, State parks and other State lands, and private lands, constitutes a cohesive unit posing unique and difficult resource protection and management challenges;

      (5) through designation of national monuments by Presidential proclamation, through enactment of general public land statutes (including section 601 of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976, 90 Stat. 2743, 43 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) and through interim administrative actions, the Federal Government has begun the process of appropriately providing for protection of the significant resources of the public lands in the California desert; and

      (6) statutory land unit designations are needed to afford the full protection which the resources and public land values of the California desert merit.

    (b) In order to secure for the American people of this and future generations an enduring heritage of wilderness, national parks, and public land values in the California desert, it is hereby declared to be the policy of the Congress that--

      (1) appropriate public lands in the California desert shall be included within the National Park System and the National Wilderness Preservation System, in order to--

        (A) preserve unrivaled scenic, geologic, and wildlife values associated with these unique natural landscapes;

        (B) perpetuate in their natural state significant and diverse ecosystems of the California desert;

        (C) protect and preserve historical and cultural values of the California desert associated with ancient Indian cultures, patterns of western exploration and settlement, and sites exemplifying the mining, ranching and railroading history of the Old West;

        (D) provide opportunities for compatible outdoor public recreation, protect and interpret ecological and geological features and historic, paleontological, and archeological sites, maintain wilderness resource values, and promote public understanding and appreciation of the California desert; and

        (E) retain and enhance opportunities for scientific research in undisturbed ecosystems.

TITLE I--WILDERNESS ADDITIONS

FINDINGS

    SEC. 101. The Congress finds and declares that--

      (1) wilderness is a distinguishing characteristic of the public lands in the California desert, one which affords an unrivaled opportunity for experiencing vast areas of the Old West essentially unaltered by man’s activities, and which merits preservation for the benefit of present and future generations;

      (2) the wilderness values of desert lands are increasingly threatened by and especially vulnerable to impairment, alteration, and destruction by activities and intrusions associated with incompatible use and development; and

      (3) preservation of desert wilderness necessarily requires the highest forms of protective designation and management.

DESIGNATION OF WILDERNESS

    SEC. 102. In furtherance of the purpose of the Wilderness Act (78 Stat. 890, 16 U.S.C. 1131 et seq.), and sections 601 and 603 of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 (90 Stat. 2743, 43 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.), the following lands in the State of California, as generally depicted on maps referenced herein, are hereby designated as wilderness, and therefore, as components of the National Wilderness Preservation System:

      (1) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately seventy-four thousand eight hundred and ninety acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Argus Range Wilderness--Proposed 1’, dated May 1991, and two maps entitled ‘Argus Range Wilderness--Proposed 2’ and ‘Argus Range Wilderness--Proposed 3’, dated January 1989, and which shall be known as the Argus Range Wilderness.

      (2) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately ten thousand three hundred and eighty acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Bigelow Cholla Garden Wilderness--Proposed’, dated July 1993, and which shall be known as the Bigelow Cholla Garden Wilderness.

      (3) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, and within the San Bernardino National Forest, which comprise approximately thirty-nine thousand two hundred acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Bighorn Mountain Wilderness--Proposed’, dated September 1991, and which shall be known as the Bighorn Mountain Wilderness.

      (4) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area and the Yuma District, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately forty-seven thousand five hundred and seventy acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Big Maria Mountains Wilderness--Proposed’, dated February 1986, and which shall be known as the Big Maria Mountains Wilderness.

      (5) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately thirteen thousand nine hundred and forty acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Black Mountain Wilderness--Proposed’, dated July 1993, and which shall be known as the Black Mountain Wilderness.

      (6) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately nine thousand five hundred and twenty acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Bright Star Wilderness--Proposed’, dated May 1991, and which shall be known as the Bright Star Wilderness.

      (7) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately sixty-eight thousand five hundred and fifteen acres, as generally depicted on two maps entitled ‘Bristol Mountains Wilderness--Proposed 1’, and ‘Bristol Mountains Wilderness--Proposed 2’, dated September 1991, and which shall be known as Bristol Mountains Wilderness.

      (8) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately thirty-nine thousand seven hundred and forty acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Cadiz Dunes Wilderness--Proposed’, dated July 1993, and which shall be known as the Cadiz Dunes Wilderness.

      (9) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately eighty-four thousand four hundred acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Cady Mountains Wilderness--Proposed’, dated July 1993, and which shall be known as the Cady Mountains Wilderness.

      (10) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area and Eastern San Diego County, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately fifteen thousand seven hundred acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Carrizo Gorge Wilderness--Proposed’, dated February 1986, and which shall be known as the Carrizo Gorge Wilderness.

      (11) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area and Yuma District, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately sixty-four thousand three hundred and twenty acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Chemehuevi Mountains Wilderness--Proposed’, dated July 1993, and which shall be known as the Chemehuevi Mountains Wilderness.

      (12) Certain lands in the Bakersfield District, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately thirteen thousand seven hundred acres, as generally depicted on two maps entitled ‘Chimney Peak Wilderness--Proposed 1’ and ‘Chimney Peak Wilderness--Proposed 2’, dated May 1991, and which shall be known as the Chimney Peak Wilderness.

      (13) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately one hundred fifty-eight thousand nine hundred and fifty acres, as generally depicted on two maps entitled ‘Chuckwalla Mountains Wilderness--Proposed 1’ and ‘Chuckwalla Mountains Wilderness--Proposed 2’, dated January 1989, and which shall be known as the Chuckwalla Mountains Wilderness.

      (14) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise thirty-four thousand three hundred and eighty acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Cleghorn Lakes Wilderness--Proposed’, dated September 1991, and which shall be known as the Cleghorn Lakes Wilderness. The Secretary may, pursuant to an application filed by the Department of Defense, grant a right-of-way for, and authorize construction of, a road within the area depicted as ‘non-wilderness road corridor’ on such map.

      (15) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately forty thousand acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Clipper Mountain Wilderness--Proposed’, dated May 1991, and which shall be known as Clipper Mountain Wilderness.

      (16) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately fifty thousand five hundred and twenty acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Coso Range Wilderness--Proposed’, dated May 1991, and which shall be known as Coso Range Wilderness.

      (17) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately seventeen thousand acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Coyote Mountains Wilderness--Proposed’, dated July 1993, and which shall be known as Coyote Mountains Wilderness.

      (18) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately eight thousand six hundred acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Darwin Falls Wilderness--Proposed’, dated May 1991, and which shall be known as Darwin Falls Wilderness.

      (19) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area and the Yuma District, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately forty-eight thousand eight hundred and fifty acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Dead Mountains Wilderness--Proposed’, dated October 1991, and which shall be known as Dead Mountains Wilderness.

      (20) Certain lands in the Bakersfield District, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately thirty-six thousand three hundred acres, as generally depicted on two maps entitled ‘Domeland Wilderness Additions--Proposed 1’ and ‘Domeland Wilderness Additions--Proposed 2’, dated February 1986 and which are hereby incorporated in, and which shall be deemed to be a part of, the Domeland Wilderness as designated by Public Laws 93-632 and 98-425.

      (21) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately twenty-three thousand seven hundred and eighty acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘El Paso Mountains Wilderness--Proposed’, dated July 1993, and which shall be known as the El Paso Mountains Wilderness.

      (22) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately twenty-five thousand nine hundred and forty acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Fish Creek Mountains Wilderness--Proposed’, dated July 1993, and which shall be known as Fish Creek Mountains Wilderness.

      (23) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately twenty-eight thousand one hundred and ten acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Funeral Mountains Wilderness--Proposed’, dated May 1991, and which shall be known as Funeral Mountains Wilderness.

      (24) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately thirty-seven thousand seven hundred acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Golden Valley Wilderness--Proposed’, dated February 1986 and which shall be known as Golden Valley Wilderness.

      (25) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately thirty-one thousand seven hundred and twenty acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Grass Valley Wilderness--Proposed’, dated February 1986 and which shall be known as the Grass Valley Wilderness.

      (26) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately twenty-two thousand two hundred and forty acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Hollow Hills Wilderness--Proposed’, dated May 1991, and which shall be known as the Hollow Hills Wilderness.

      (27) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately twenty-six thousand four hundred and sixty acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Ibex Wilderness--Proposed’, dated May 1991, and which shall be known as the Ibex Wilderness.

      (28) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately thirty-four thousand and fifty-five acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Indian Pass Wilderness--Proposed’, dated May 1994, and which shall be known as the Indian Pass Wilderness.

      (29) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area and the Bakersfield District, of the Bureau of Land Management, and within the Inyo National Forest, which comprise approximately two hundred five thousand and twenty acres, as generally depicted on three maps entitled ‘Inyo Mountains Wilderness--Proposed’, numbered in the title one through three, and dated May 1991, and which shall be known as the Inyo Mountains Wilderness.

      (30) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately thirty-three thousand six hundred and seventy acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Jacumba Wilderness--Proposed’, dated July 1993, and which shall be known as the Jacumba Wilderness.

      (31) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately one hundred and twenty-nine thousand five hundred and eighty acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Kelso Dunes Wilderness--Proposed 1’, dated October 1991, a map entitled ‘Kelso Dunes Wilderness--Proposed 2’, dated May 1991, and a map entitled ‘Kelso Dunes Wilderness--Proposed 3’, dated September 1991, and which shall be known as the Kelso Dunes Wilderness.

      (32) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, and the Sequoia National Forest, which comprise approximately eighty-eight thousand two hundred and ninety acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Kiavah Wilderness--Proposed 1’, dated February 1986, and a map entitled ‘Kiavah Wilderness--Proposed 2’, dated May 1991, and which shall be known as the Kiavah Wilderness.

      (33) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately two hundred forty-nine thousand three hundred and sixty-eight acres, as generally depicted on four maps entitled ‘Kingston Range Wilderness--Proposed’, numbered in the title one through four dated May 1994, and which shall be known as the Kingston Range Wilderness.

      (34) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately twenty-nine thousand eight hundred and eighty acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Little Chuckwalla Mountains Wilderness--Proposed’, dated May 1991, and which shall be known as the Little Chuckwalla Mountains Wilderness.

      (35) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area and the Yuma District, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately thirty-three thousand six hundred acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Little Picacho Wilderness--Proposed’, dated July 1993, and which shall be known as the Little Picacho Wilderness.

      (36) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately thirty-two thousand three hundred and sixty acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Malpais Mesa Wilderness--Proposed’, dated September 1991, and which shall be known as the Malpais Mesa Wilderness.

      (37) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately sixteen thousand one hundred and five acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Manly Peak Wilderness--Proposed’, dated October 1991, and which shall be known as the Manly Peak Wilderness.

      (38) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately twenty-four thousand two hundred acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Mecca Hills Wilderness--Proposed’, dated July 1993, and which shall be known as the Mecca Hills Wilderness.

      (39) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately forty-seven thousand three hundred and thirty acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Mesquite Wilderness--Proposed’, dated May 1991, and which shall be known as the Mesquite Wilderness.

      (40) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately twenty-two thousand nine hundred acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Newberry Mountains Wilderness--Proposed’, dated February 1986, and which shall be known as the Newberry Mountains Wilderness.

      (41) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately one hundred ten thousand eight hundred and sixty acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Nopah Range Wilderness--Proposed’, dated July 1993, and which shall be known as the Nopah Range Wilderness.

      (42) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately thirty-two thousand two hundred and forty acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘North Algodones Dunes Wilderness--Proposed’, dated October 1991, and which shall be known as the North Algodones Dunes Wilderness.

      (43) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately twenty-five thousand five hundred and forty acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘North Mesquite Mountains Wilderness--Proposed’, dated May 1991, and which shall be known as the North Mesquite Mountains Wilderness.

      (44) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately one hundred forty-six thousand and seventy acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Old Woman Mountains Wilderness--Proposed 1’, dated May 1994 and a map entitled ‘Old Woman Mountains Wilderness--Proposed 2’, dated October 1991, and which shall be known as the Old Woman Mountains Wilderness.

      (45) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately fifty-seven thousand four hundred and eighty acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Orocopia Mountains Wilderness--Proposed’, dated May 1994, and which shall be known as the Orocopia Mountains Wilderness.

      (46) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area and the Bakersfield District, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately seventy-four thousand six hundred and forty acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Owens Peak Wilderness--Proposed 1’, dated February 1986, and two maps entitled ‘Owens Peak Wilderness--Proposed 2’ dated February 1986 and ‘Owens Peak Wilderness--Proposed 3’, dated May 1991, and which shall be known as the Owens Peak Wilderness.

      (47) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately seventy-four thousand eight hundred acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Pahrump Valley Wilderness--Proposed’, dated February 1986 and which shall be known as the Pahrump Valley Wilderness.

      (48) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately two hundred seventy thousand six hundred and twenty-nine acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Palen/McCoy Wilderness--Proposed 1’, dated July 1993, and a map entitled ‘Palen/McCoy Wilderness--Proposed 2’, dated July 1993, and which shall be known as the Palen/McCoy Wilderness.

      (49) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately thirty-two thousand three hundred and ten acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Palo Verde Mountains Wilderness--Proposed’, dated July 1993, and which shall be known as the Palo Verde Mountains Wilderness.

      (50) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately seven thousand seven hundred acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Picacho Peak Wilderness--Proposed’, dated May 1991, and which shall be known as the Picacho Peak Wilderness.

      (51) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately seventy-two thousand six hundred acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Piper Mountain Wilderness--Proposed’, dated May 1991, and which shall be known as the Piper Mountain Wilderness.

      (52) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately thirty-six thousand eight hundred and forty acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Piute Mountains Wilderness--Proposed’, dated July 1993, and which shall be known as the Piute Mountains Wilderness.

      (53) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately seventy-eight thousand eight hundred and sixty-eight acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Resting Spring Range Wilderness--Proposed’, dated May 1991, and which shall be known as the Resting Spring Range Wilderness.

      (54) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately forty thousand eight hundred and twenty acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Rice Valley Wilderness--Proposed’, dated May 1991, and which shall be known as the Rice Valley Wilderness.

      (55) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area and the Yuma District, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately twenty-two thousand three hundred eighty acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Riverside Mountains Wilderness--Proposed’, dated May 1991, and which shall be known as the Riverside Mountains Wilderness.

      (56) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately twenty-seven thousand seven hundred acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Rodman Mountains Wilderness--Proposed’, dated January 1989, and which shall be known as the Rodman Mountains Wilderness.

      (57) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area and the Bakersfield District, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately fifty-one thousand nine hundred acres, as generally depicted on two maps entitled ‘Sacatar Trail Wilderness--Proposed 1’ and ‘Sacatar Trail Wilderness--Proposed 2’, dated May 1991, and which shall be known as the Sacatar Trail Wilderness.

      (58) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately one thousand four hundred and forty acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Saddle Peak Hills Wilderness--Proposed’, dated July 1993, and which shall be known as the Saddle Peak Hills Wilderness.

      (59) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately thirty-seven thousand nine hundred and eighty acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘San Gorgonio Wilderness Additions--Proposed’, dated July 1993, and which are hereby incorporated in, and which shall be deemed to be a part of, the San Gorgonio Wilderness as designated by Public Laws 88-577 and 98-425.

      (60) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately sixty-four thousand three hundred and forty acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Santa Rosa Wilderness Additions--Proposed’, dated March 1994, and which are hereby incorporated in, and which shall be deemed to be part of, the Santa Rosa Wilderness designated by Public Law 98-425.

      (61) Certain lands in the California Desert District, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately thirty-five thousand and eighty acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Sawtooth Mountains Wilderness--Proposed’, dated July 1993, and which shall be known as the Sawtooth Mountains Wilderness.

      (62) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately one hundred seventy-four thousand eight hundred acres, as generally depicted on two maps entitled ‘Sheep Hole Valley Wilderness--Proposed 1’, dated July 1993, and ‘Sheep Hole Valley Wilderness--Proposed 2’, dated July 1993, and which shall be known as the Sheephole Valley Wilderness.

      (63) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately forty-four thousand four hundred and ten acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Slate Range Wilderness--Proposed’, dated October 1991, and which shall be known as the Slate Range Wilderness.

      (64) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately sixteen thousand seven hundred and eighty acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘South Nopah Range Wilderness--Proposed’, dated February 1986, and which shall be known as the South Nopah Range Wilderness.

      (65) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately seven thousand and fifty acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Stateline Wilderness--Proposed’, dated May 1991, and which shall be known as the Stateline Wilderness.

      (66) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately eighty-one thousand six hundred acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Stepladder Mountains Wilderness--Proposed’, dated February 1986, and which shall be known as the Stepladder Mountains Wilderness.

      (67) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately twenty-nine thousand one hundred and eighty acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Surprise Canyon Wilderness--Proposed’, dated September 1991, and which shall be known as the Surprise Canyon Wilderness.

      (68) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately seventeen thousand eight hundred and twenty acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Sylvania Mountains Wilderness--Proposed’, dated February 1986, and which shall be known as the Sylvania Mountains Wilderness.

      (69) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately thirty-three thousand seven hundred and twenty acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Trilobite Wilderness--Proposed’, dated May 1991, and which shall be known as the Trilobite Wilderness.

      (70) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately one hundred forty-four thousand five hundred acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Turtle Mountains Wilderness--Proposed 1’, dated February 1986 and a map entitled ‘Turtle Mountains Wilderness--Proposed 2’, dated May 1991, and which shall be known as the Turtle Mountains Wilderness.

      (71) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area and the Yuma District, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately seventy-seven thousand five hundred and twenty acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Whipple Mountains Wilderness--Proposed’, dated July 1993, and which shall be known as the Whipple Mountains Wilderness.

ADMINISTRATION OF WILDERNESS AREAS

    SEC. 103. Subject to valid existing rights, each wilderness area designated under section 102 shall be administered by the appropriate Secretary in accordance with the provisions of the Wilderness Act, except that any reference in such provisions to the effective date of the Wilderness Act shall be deemed to be a reference to the effective date of this title and any reference to the Secretary of Agriculture shall be deemed to be a reference to the Secretary who has administrative jurisdiction over the area.

GRAZING

    SEC. 104. Within the wilderness areas designated under section 102, the grazing of livestock, where established prior to the enactment of this Act, shall be permitted to continue subject to such reasonable regulations, policies, and practices as the Secretary deems necessary, as long as such regulations, policies, and practices fully conform with and implement the intent of Congress regarding grazing in such areas as such intent is expressed in the Wilderness Act and section 108 of Public Law 96-560 (16 U.S.C. 133 note).

BUFFER ZONES

    SEC. 105. The Congress does not intend for the designation of wilderness areas in section 102 of this Act to lead to the creation of protective perimeters or buffer zones around any such wilderness area. The fact that nonwilderness activities or uses can be seen or heard from areas within a wilderness shall not, of itself, preclude such activities or uses up to the boundary of the wilderness area.

MINING CLAIM VALIDITY REVIEW

    SEC. 106. The Secretary of the Interior shall not approve any plan of operation prior to determining the validity of the unpatented mining claims, mill sites, and tunnel sites affected by such plan within any wilderness area designated under section 102, and shall submit to Congress recommendations as to whether any valid or patented claims should be acquired by the United States, including the estimated acquisition costs of such claims, and a discussion of the environmental consequences of the extraction of minerals from these lands.

FILING OF MAPS AND DESCRIPTIONS

    SEC. 107. As soon as practicable after enactment of section 102, a map and a legal description on each wilderness area designated under this title shall be filed by the Secretary concerned with the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate and the Committee on Natural Resources of the House of Representatives, and each such map and description shall have the same force and effect as if included in this title, except that the Secretary may correct clerical and typographical errors in each such legal description and map. Each such map and legal description shall be on file and available for public inspection in the office of the Director of the Bureau of Land Management, Department of the Interior, or the Chief of the Forest Service, Department of Agriculture, as is appropriate.

WILDERNESS REVIEW

    SEC. 108. (a) The Congress hereby finds and directs that except for those areas provided for in subsection (b), the public lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, managed by the Bureau of Land Management, not designated as wilderness or wilderness study areas by this Act, have been adequately studied for wilderness designation pursuant to section 603 of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 (90 Stat. 2743, 43 U.S.C. 1782), and are no longer subject to the requirements of section 603(c) of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 pertaining to the management of wilderness study areas in a manner that does not impair the suitability of such areas for preservation as wilderness.

    (b) The following areas shall continue to be subject to the requirements of section 603(c) of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976, pertaining to the management of wilderness study areas in a manner that does not impair the suitability of such areas for preservation as wilderness:

      (1) Certain lands which comprise approximately sixty-one thousand three hundred and twenty acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Avawatz Mountains Wilderness--Proposed’, dated May 1991.

      (2) Certain lands which comprise approximately eighty thousand four hundred and thirty acres, as generally depicted on two maps entitled ‘Soda Mountains Wilderness--Proposed 1’, dated May 1991, and ‘Soda Mountains Wilderness--Proposed 2’, dated January 1989.

      (3) Certain lands which compromise approximately twenty-three thousand two hundred and fifty acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘South Avawatz Mountains--Proposed’, dated May 1991.

      (4) Certain lands which comprise approximately eight thousand eight hundred acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Great Falls Basin Wilderness--Proposed’, dated February 1986.

    (c) Subject to valid existing rights, the Federal lands referred to in subsection (b) are hereby withdrawn from all forms of entry, appropriation, or disposal under the public land laws; from location, entry, and patent under the United States mining laws; and from disposition under all laws pertaining to mineral and geothermal leasing, and mineral materials, and all amendments thereto, and shall be administered by the Secretary in accordance with the provisions of section 603(c) of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 1782).

DESIGNATION OF WILDERNESS STUDY AREA

    SEC. 109. In furtherance of the provisions of the Wilderness Act, certain public lands in the California Desert Conservation Area of the Bureau of Land Management which comprise eleven thousand two hundred acres as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘White Mountains Wilderness Study Area--Proposed’, dated May 1991, are hereby designated the White Mountains Wilderness Study Area and shall be administered by the Secretary in accordance with the provisions of section 603(c) of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976.

SUITABILITY REPORT

    SEC. 110. The Secretary is required, ten years after the date of enactment of this Act, to report to Congress on current and planned exploration, development or mining activities on, and suitability for future wilderness designation of, the lands as generally depicted on maps entitled ‘Surprise Canyon Wilderness--Proposed’, ‘Middle Park Canyon Wilderness--Proposed’, and ‘Death Valley National Park Boundary and Wilderness 15’, dated September 1991 and a map entitled ‘Manly Peak Wilderness--Proposed’, dated October 1991.

WILDERNESS DESIGNATION AND MANAGEMENT IN THE NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE SYSTEM

    SEC. 111. (a) In furtherance of the purposes of the Wilderness Act, the following lands are hereby designated as wilderness and therefore, as components of the National Wilderness Preservation System:

      (1) Certain lands in the Havasu National Wildlife Refuge, California, which comprise approximately three thousand one hundred and ninety-five acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Havasu Wilderness--Proposed’, and dated October 1991, and which shall be known as the Havasu Wilderness.

      (2) Certain lands in the Imperial National Wildlife Refuge, California, which comprise approximately five thousand eight hundred and thirty-six acres, as generally depicted on two maps entitled ‘Imperial Refuge Wilderness--Proposed 1’ and ‘Imperial Refuge Wilderness--Proposed 2’, and dated October 1991, and which shall be known as the Imperial Refuge Wilderness.

    (b) Subject to valid existing rights, the wilderness areas designated under this section shall be administered by the Secretary in accordance with the provisions of the Wilderness Act governing areas designated by that Act as wilderness, except that any reference in such provisions to the effective date of the Wilderness Act (or any similar reference) shall be deemed to be a reference to the date of enactment of this Act and any reference to the Secretary of Agriculture shall be deemed to be a reference to the Secretary of the Interior.

    (c) As soon as practicable after enactment of this section, the Secretary shall file a map and a legal description of each wilderness area designated under this section with the Committees on Energy and Natural Resources and Environment and Public Works of the Senate and Natural Resources and Merchant Marine and Fisheries of the House of Representatives. Such map and description shall have the same force and effect as if included in this Act, except that correction of clerical and typographical errors in such legal description and map may be made. Such map and legal description shall be on file and available for public inspection in the Office of the Director, United States Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior.

TITLE II--DEATH VALLEY NATIONAL PARK

FINDINGS

    SEC. 201. The Congress hereby finds that--

      (1) proclamations by Presidents Herbert Hoover in 1933 and Franklin Roosevelt in 1937 established and expanded the Death Valley National Monument for the preservation of the unusual features of scenic, scientific, and educational interest therein contained;

      (2) Death Valley National Monument is today recognized as a major unit of the National Park System, having extraordinary values enjoyed by millions of visitors;

      (3) the Monument boundaries established in the 1930’s exclude and thereby expose to incompatible development and inconsistent management, contiguous Federal lands of essential and superlative natural, ecological, geological, archeological, paleontological, cultural, historical and wilderness values;

      (4) Death Valley National Monument should be substantially enlarged by the addition of all contiguous Federal lands of national park caliber and afforded full recognition and statutory protection as a national park; and

      (5) the wilderness within Death Valley should receive maximum statutory protection by designation pursuant to the Wilderness Act.

ESTABLISHMENT OF DEATH VALLEY NATIONAL PARK

    SEC. 202. There is hereby established the Death Valley National Park, as generally depicted on 23 maps entitled ‘Death Valley National Park Boundary and Wilderness--Proposed’, numbered in the title one through twenty-three, and dated May 1994 or prior, which shall be on file and available for public inspection in the offices of the Superintendent of the Park and the Director of the National Park Service, Department of the Interior. The Death Valley National Monument is hereby abolished as such, the lands and interests therein are hereby incorporated within and made part of the new Death Valley National Park, and any funds available for purposes of the monument shall be available for purposes of the park.

TRANSFER AND ADMINISTRATION OF LANDS

    SEC. 203. Upon enactment of this title, the Secretary shall transfer the lands under the jurisdiction of the Bureau of Land Management depicted on the maps described in section 202 of this title, without consideration, to the administrative jurisdiction of the Director of the National Park Service for administration as part of the National Park System. The boundaries of the public lands and the national parks shall be adjusted accordingly. The Secretary shall administer the areas added to the National Park System by this title in accordance with the provisions of law generally applicable to units of the National Park System, including the Act entitled ‘An Act to establish a National Park Service, and for other purposes’, approved August 25, 1916 (39 Stat. 535; 16 U.S.C. 1-4).

MAPS AND LEGAL DESCRIPTION

    SEC. 204. Within six months after the enactment of this title, the Secretary shall file maps and a legal description of the park designated under this title with the Energy and Natural Resources Committee of the Senate and the Natural Resources Committee of the House of Representatives. Such maps and legal description shall have the same force and effect as if included in this title, except that the Secretary may correct clerical and typographical errors in such legal description and in the maps referred to in section 202. The maps and legal description shall be on file and available for public inspection in the offices of the Superintendent of the Park and the Director of the National Park Service, Department of the Interior.

WITHDRAWAL

    SEC. 205. Subject to valid existing rights, the Federal lands and interests therein added to the National Park System by this title are withdrawn from disposition under the public land laws and from entry or appropriation under the mining laws of the United States, from the operation of the mineral leasing laws of the United States, and from operation of the Geothermal Steam Act of 1970.

STUDY AS TO VALIDITY OF MINING CLAIMS

    SEC. 206. The Secretary shall not approve any plan of operation prior to determining the validity of the unpatented mining claims, mill sites, and tunnel sites affected by such plan within the additions to the park and shall submit to Congress recommendations as to whether any valid or patented claims should be acquired by the United States, including the estimated acquisition costs of such claims, and a discussion of the environmental consequences of the extraction of minerals from these lands.

GRAZING

    SEC. 207. (a) The privilege of grazing domestic livestock on lands within the park shall continue to be exercised at no more than the current level, subject to applicable laws and National Park Service regulations.

    (b) If a person holding a grazing permit referred to in subsection (a) informs the Secretary that such permittee is willing to convey to the United States any base property with respect to which such permit was issued and to which such permittee holds title, the Secretary shall make the acquisition of such base property a priority as compared with the acquisition of other lands within the park, provided agreement can be reached concerning the terms and conditions of such acquisition. Any such base property which is located outside the park and acquired as a priority pursuant to this section shall be managed by the Federal agency responsible for the majority of the adjacent lands in accordance with the laws applicable to such adjacent lands.

TITLE III--JOSHUA TREE NATIONAL PARK

FINDINGS

    SEC. 301. The Congress hereby finds that--

      (1) a proclamation by President Franklin Roosevelt in 1936 established Joshua Tree National Monument to protect various objects of historical and scientific interest;

      (2) Joshua Tree National Monument today is recognized as a major unit of the National Park System, having extraordinary values enjoyed by millions of visitors;

      (3) the Monument boundaries as modified in 1950 and 1961 exclude and thereby expose to incompatible development and inconsistent management, contiguous Federal lands of essential and superlative natural, ecological, archeological, paleontological, cultural, historical and wilderness values;

      (4) Joshua Tree National Monument should be enlarged by the addition of contiguous Federal lands of national park caliber, and afforded full recognition and statutory protection as a national park; and

      (5) the nondesignated wilderness within Joshua Tree should receive statutory protection by designation pursuant to the Wilderness Act.

ESTABLISHMENT OF JOSHUA TREE NATIONAL PARK

    SEC. 302. There is hereby established the Joshua Tree National Park, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Joshua Tree National Park Boundary--Proposed’, dated May 1991, and four maps entitled ‘Joshua Tree National Park Boundary and Wilderness’, numbered in the title one through four, and dated October 1991 or prior, which shall be on file and available for public inspection in the offices of the Superintendent of the Park and the Director of the National Park Service, Department of the Interior. The Joshua Tree National Monument is hereby abolished as such, the lands and interests therein are hereby incorporated within and made part of the new Joshua Tree National Park, and any funds available for purposes of the monument shall be available for purposes of the park.

TRANSFER AND ADMINISTRATION OF LANDS

    SEC. 303. Upon enactment of this title, the Secretary shall transfer the lands under the jurisdiction of the Bureau of Land Management depicted on the maps described in section 302 of this title, without consideration, to the administrative jurisdiction of the Director of the National Park Service for administration as part of the National Park System. The boundaries of the public lands and the national parks shall be adjusted accordingly. The Secretary shall administer the areas added to the National Park System by this title in accordance with the provisions of law generally applicable to units of the National Park System, including the Act entitled ‘An Act to establish a National Park Service, and for other purposes’, approved August 25, 1916 (39 Stat. 535; 16 U.S.C. 1-4).

MAPS AND LEGAL DESCRIPTION

    SEC. 304. Within six months after the enactment of this title, the Secretary shall file maps and legal description of the park designated by this title with the Energy and Natural Resources Committee of the Senate and the Natural Resources Committee of the House of Representatives. Such maps and legal description shall have the same force and effect as if included in this title, except that the Secretary may correct clerical and typographical errors in such legal description and in the maps referred to in section 302. The maps and legal description shall be on file and available for public inspection in the offices of the Superintendent of the Park and the Director of the National Park Service, Department of the Interior.

WITHDRAWAL

    SEC. 305. Subject to valid existing rights, Federal lands and interests therein added to the National Park System by this title are withdrawn from disposition under the public lands laws and from entry or appropriation under the mining laws of the United States, from the operation of the mineral leasing laws of the United States, and from the operation of the Geothermal Steam Act of 1970.

UTILITY RIGHTS-OF-WAY

    SEC. 306. Nothing in this title shall have the effect of terminating any validly issued right-of-way or customary operation maintenance, repair, and replacement activities in such right-of-way, issued, granted, or permitted to the Metropolitan Water District pursuant to the Boulder Canyon Project Act (43 U.S.C. 617-619b), which is located on lands included in the Joshua Tree National Park, but outside lands designated as wilderness under section 501(2). Such activities shall be conducted in a manner which will minimize the impact on park resources. Nothing in this title shall have the effect of terminating the fee title to lands or customary operation, maintenance, repair, and replacement activities on or under such lands granted to the Metropolitan Water District pursuant to the Act of June 18, 1932 (47 Stat. 324), which are located on lands included in the Joshua Tree National Park, but outside lands designated as wilderness under section 501(2). Such activities shall be conducted in a manner which will minimize the impact on park resources. The Secretary shall prepare within 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, in consultation with the Metropolitan Water District, plans for emergency access by the Metropolitan Water District to its lands and rights-of-way.

STUDY AS TO VALIDITY OF MINING CLAIMS

    SEC. 307. The Secretary shall not approve any plan of operation prior to determining the validity of the unpatented mining claims, mill sites, and tunnel sites affected by such plan within the park and shall submit to Congress recommendations as to whether any valid or patented claims should be acquired by the United States, including the estimated acquisition costs of such claims, and a discussion of the environmental consequences of the extraction of minerals from these lands.

TITLE IV--MOJAVE NATIONAL PARK

FINDINGS

    SEC. 401. The Congress hereby finds that--

      (1) Death Valley and Joshua Tree National Parks, as established by this Act, protect unique and superlative desert resources, but do not embrace the particular ecosystems and transitional desert type found in the Mojave Desert area lying between them on public lands now afforded only impermanent administrative designation as a national scenic area;

      (2) the Mojave Desert area possesses outstanding natural, cultural, historical, and recreational values meriting statutory designation and recognition as a unit of the National Park System;

      (3) the Mojave Desert area should be afforded full recognition and statutory protection as a national park;

      (4) the wilderness within the Mojave Desert should receive maximum statutory protection by designation pursuant to the Wilderness Act; and

      (5) the Mojave Desert area provides an outstanding opportunity to develop services, programs, accommodations and facilities to ensure the use and enjoyment of the area by individuals with disabilities, consistent with section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, Public Law 101-336, the Americans With Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12101), and other appropriate laws and regulations.

ESTABLISHMENT OF THE MOJAVE NATIONAL PARK

    SEC. 402. There is hereby established the Mojave National Park, comprising approximately one million four hundred and forty-eight thousand acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Mojave National Park Boundary--Proposed’, dated May 1994, which shall be on file and available for inspection in the appropriate offices of the Director of the National Park Service, Department of the Interior.

TRANSFER OF LANDS

    SEC. 403. Upon enactment of this title, the Secretary shall transfer the lands under the jurisdiction of the Bureau of Land Management depicted on the maps described in section 402 of this title, without consideration, to the administrative jurisdiction of the Director of the National Park Service. The boundaries of the public lands shall be adjusted accordingly.

MAPS AND LEGAL DESCRIPTION

    SEC. 404. Within six months after the enactment of this title, the Secretary shall file maps and a legal description of the park designated under this title with the Energy and Natural Resources Committee of the Senate and the Natural Resources Committee of the House of Representatives. Such maps and legal description shall have the same force and effect as if included in this title, except that the Secretary may correct clerical and typographical errors in such legal description and in the maps referred to in section 402. The maps and legal description shall be on file and available for public inspection in the offices of the National Park Service, Department of the Interior.

ABOLISHMENT OF SCENIC AREA

    SEC. 405. The East Mojave National Scenic Area, designated on January 13, 1981 (46 FR 3994), and modified on August 9, 1983 (48 FR 36210), is hereby abolished.

ADMINISTRATION OF LANDS

    SEC. 406. The Secretary shall administer the park in accordance with this title and with the provisions of law generally applicable to units of the National Park System, including the Act entitled ‘An Act to establish a National Park Service, and for other purposes’, approved August 25, 1916 (39 Stat. 535; 16 U.S.C. 1-4).

WITHDRAWAL

    SEC. 407. Subject to valid existing rights, Federal lands within the park, and interests therein, are withdrawn from disposition under the public land laws and from entry or appropriation under the mining laws of the United States, from the operation of the mineral leasing laws of the United States, and from operation of the Geothermal Steam Act of 1970.

STUDY AS TO VALIDITY OF MINING CLAIMS

    SEC. 408. The Secretary shall not approve any plan of operation prior to determining the validity of the unpatented mining claims, mill sites, and tunnel sites affected by such plan within the park and shall submit to Congress recommendations as to whether any valid or patented claims should be acquired by the United States, including the estimated acquisition costs of such claims, and a discussion of the environmental consequences of the extraction of minerals from these lands.

GRAZING

    SEC. 409. (a) The privilege of grazing domestic livestock on lands within the park shall continue to be exercised at no more than the current level, subject to applicable laws and National Park Service regulations.

    (b) If a person holding a grazing permit referred to in subsection (a) informs the Secretary that such permittee is willing to convey to the United States any base property with respect to which such permit was issued and to which such permittee holds title, the Secretary shall make the acquisition of such base property a priority as compared with the acquisition of other lands within the park, provided agreement can be reached concerning the terms and conditions of such acquisition. Any such base property which is located outside the park and acquired as a priority pursuant to this section shall be managed by the Federal agency responsible for the majority of the adjacent lands in accordance with the laws applicable to such adjacent lands.

UTILITY RIGHTS OF WAY

    SEC. 410. (a)(1) Nothing in this title shall have the effect of terminating any validly issued right-of-way or customary operation, maintenance, repair, and replacement activities in such right-of-way, issued, granted, or permitted to Southern California Edison Company, which is located on lands included in the Mojave National Park, but outside lands designated as wilderness under section 501(3). Such activities shall be conducted in a manner which will minimize the impact on park resources.

    (2) Nothing in this title shall have the effect of prohibiting the upgrading of an existing electrical transmission line for the purpose of increasing the capacity of such transmission line in the Southern California Edison Company validly issued Eldorado-Lugo Transmission Line right-of-way and Mojave-Lugo Transmission Line right-of-way, or in a right-of-way if issued, granted, or permitted by the Secretary adjacent to the existing Mojave-Lugo Transmission Line right-of-way (hereafter in this section referred to as ‘adjacent right-of-way’), including construction of a replacement transmission line: Provided, That--

      (A) in the Eldorado-Lugo Transmission Line rights-of-way (hereafter in this section referred to as the ‘Eldorado rights-of-way’) at no time shall there be more than three electrical transmission lines,

      (B) in the Mojave-Lugo Transmission Line right-of-way (hereafter in this section referred to as the ‘Mojave right-of-way’) and adjacent right-of-way, removal of the existing electrical transmission line and reclamation of the site shall be completed no later than three years after the date on which construction of the upgraded transmission line begins, after which time there may be only one electrical transmission line in the lands encompassed by Mojave right-of-way and adjacent right-of-way,

      (C) if there are no more than two electrical transmission lines in the Eldorado rights-of-way, two electrical transmission lines in the lands encompassed by the Mojave right-of-way and adjacent right-of-way may be allowed,

      (D) in the Eldorado rights-of-way and Mojave right-of-way no additional land shall be issued, granted, or permitted for such upgrade unless an addition would reduce the impacts to park resources,

      (E) no more than 350 feet of additional land shall be issued, granted, or permitted for an adjacent right-of-way to the south of the Mojave right-of-way unless a greater addition would reduce the impacts to park resources, and

      (F) such upgrade activities, including helicopter aided construction, shall be conducted in a manner which will minimize the impact on park resources.

    (3) The Secretary shall prepare within 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, in consultation with the Southern California Edison Company, plans for emergency access by the Southern California Edison Company to its rights-of-way.

    (b)(1) Nothing in this title shall have the effect of terminating any validly issued right-of-way, or customary operation, maintenance, repair, and replacement activities in such right-of-way; prohibiting the upgrading of and construction on existing facilities in such right-of-way for the purpose of increasing the capacity of the existing pipeline; or prohibiting the renewal of such right-of-way issued, granted, or permitted to the Southern California Gas Company, its successors or assigns, which is located on lands included in the Mojave National Park, but outside lands designated as wilderness under section 501(3). Such activities shall be conducted in a manner which will minimize the impact on park resources.

    (2) The Secretary shall prepare within one hundred and eighty days after the date of enactment of this title, in consultation with the Southern California Gas Company, plans for emergency access by the Southern California Gas Company to its rights-of-way.

    (c) Nothing in this title shall have the effect of terminating any validly issued right-of-way or customary operation, maintenance, repair, and replacement activities of existing facilities issued, granted, or permitted for communications cables or lines, which are located on lands included in the Mojave National Park, but outside lands designated as wilderness under section 501(3). Such activities shall be conducted in a manner which will minimize the impact on park resources.

    (d) Nothing in this title shall have the effect of terminating any validly issued right-of-way or customary operation, maintenance, repair, and replacement activities of existing facilities issued, granted, or permitted to Molybdenum Corporation of America; Molycorp, Incorporated; or Union Oil Company of California (d/b/a Unocal Corporation); or its successors or assigns, or prohibiting renewal of such right-of-way, which is located on lands included in the Mojave National Park, but outside lands designated as wilderness under section 501(3). Such activities shall be conducted in a manner which will minimize the impact on park resources.

PREPARATION OF MANAGEMENT PLAN

    SEC. 411. Within three years after the date of enactment of this title, the Secretary shall submit to the Energy and Natural Resources Committee of the Senate and the Natural Resources Committee of the House of Representatives a detailed and comprehensive management plan for the park. Such plan shall place emphasis on historical and cultural sites and ecological and wilderness values within the boundaries of the park. Any development, including road improvements, proposed by such plan shall be strictly limited to that which is essential and appropriate for the administration of the park and shall be designed and located so as to maintain the primitive nature of the area and to minimize the impairment of park resources or ecological values. To the extent practicable, administrative facilities, employee housing, commercial visitor services, accommodations, and other park-related development shall be located or provided for outside of the boundaries of the park. Such plan shall evaluate the feasibility of using the Kelso Depot and existing railroad corridor to provide public access to and a facility for special interpretive, educational, and scientific programs within the park. Such plan shall specifically address the needs of individuals with disabilities in the design of services, programs, accommodations and facilities consistent with section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, Public Law 101-336, the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12101), and other appropriate laws and regulations.

GRANITE MOUNTAINS NATURAL RESERVE

    SEC. 412. (a) There is hereby designated the Granite Mountains Natural Reserve within the park comprising approximately nine thousand acres as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Mojave National Park Boundary and Wilderness--Proposed 6’, dated May 1991.

    (b) Upon enactment of this title, the Secretary of the Interior shall enter into a cooperative management agreement with the University of California for the purposes of managing the lands within the Granite Mountains Natural Reserve. Such cooperative agreement shall ensure continuation of arid lands research and educational activities of the University of California, consistent with the provisions of law generally applicable to units of the National Park System.

CONSTRUCTION OF VISITOR CENTER

    SEC. 413. The Secretary is authorized to construct a visitor center in the park for the purpose of providing information through appropriate displays, printed material, and other interpretive programs, about the resources of the park.

ACQUISITION OF LANDS

    SEC. 414. The Secretary is authorized to acquire all lands and interest in lands within the boundary of the park by donation, purchase, or exchange, except that--

      (1) any lands or interests therein within the boundary of the park which are owned by the State of California, or any political subdivision thereof, may be acquired only by donation or exchange except for lands managed by the California State Lands Commission; and

      (2) lands or interests therein within the boundary of the park which are not owned by the State of California or any political subdivision thereof may be acquired only with the consent of the owner thereof unless the Secretary determines, after written notice to the owner and after opportunity for comment, that the property is being developed, or proposed to be developed, in a manner which is detrimental to the integrity of the park or which is otherwise incompatible with the purposes of this title.

ACQUIRED LANDS BE MADE PART OF MOJAVE NATIONAL PARK

    SEC. 415. Any lands acquired by the Secretary under this title shall become part of the Mojave National Park.

TITLE V--NATIONAL PARK WILDERNESS

DESIGNATION OF WILDERNESS

    SEC. 501. The following lands are hereby designated as wilderness in accordance with the Wilderness Act (78 Stat. 890; 16 U.S.C. 1131 et seq.) and shall be administered by the Secretary of the Interior in accordance with the applicable provisions of the Wilderness Act:

      (1) Death Valley National Park Wilderness, comprising approximately three million one hundred seventy-nine thousand four hundred and eighteen acres, as generally depicted on 23 maps entitled ‘Death Valley National Park Boundary and Wilderness’, numbered in the title one through twenty-three, and dated May 1994 or prior, and three maps entitled ‘Death Valley National Park Wilderness’, numbered in the title one through three, and dated May 1994 or prior, and which shall be known as the Death Valley Wilderness.

      (2) Joshua Tree National Park Wilderness Additions, comprising approximately one hundred thirty-one thousand seven hundred and eighty acres, as generally depicted on four maps entitled ‘Joshua Tree National Park Boundary and Wilderness--Proposed’, numbered in the title one through four, and dated October 1991 or prior, and which are hereby incorporated in, and which shall be deemed to be a part of the Joshua Tree Wilderness as designated by Public Law 94-567.

      (3) Mojave National Park Wilderness, comprising approximately six hundred ninety-four thousand acres, as generally depicted on ten maps entitled ‘Mojave National Park Boundary and Wilderness--Proposed’, numbered in the title one through ten, and dated May 1994 or prior, and seven maps entitled ‘Mojave National Park Wilderness--Proposed’, numbered in the title one through seven, and dated May 1994 or prior, and which shall be known as the Mojave Wilderness.

      (4) Upon cessation of all uses prohibited by the Wilderness Act and publication by the Secretary in the Federal Register of notice of such cessation, potential wilderness, comprising approximately six thousand eight hundred and forty acres, as described in ‘1988 Death Valley National Monument Draft General Management Plan Draft Environmental Impact Statement’ (hereafter in this title referred to as ‘Draft Plan’) and as generally depicted on a map in the Draft Plan entitled ‘Wilderness Plan Death Valley National Monument’, dated January 1988, shall be deemed to be a part of the Death Valley Wilderness as designated in paragraph (1). Lands identified in the Draft Plan as potential wilderness shall be managed by the Secretary insofar as practicable as wilderness until such time as said lands are designated as wilderness.

FILING OF MAPS AND DESCRIPTIONS

    SEC. 502. Maps and a legal description of the boundaries of the areas designated in section 501 of this title shall be on file and available for public inspection in the Office of the Director of the National Park Service, Department of the Interior, and in the Office of the Superintendent of each area designated in section 501. As soon as practicable after this title takes effect, maps of the wilderness areas and legal descriptions of their boundaries shall be filed with the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate and the Committee on Natural Resources of the House of Representatives, and such maps and descriptions shall have the same force and effect as if included in this title, except that the Secretary may correct clerical and typographical errors in such maps and descriptions.

ADMINISTRATION OF WILDERNESS AREAS

    SEC. 503. The areas designated by section 501 of this title as wilderness shall be administered by the Secretary in accordance with the applicable provisions of the Wilderness Act governing areas designated by that title as wilderness, except that any reference in such provision to the effective date of the Wilderness Act shall be deemed to be a reference to the effective date of this title, and where appropriate, and reference to the Secretary of Agriculture shall be deemed to be a reference to the Secretary of the Interior.

TITLE VI--MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

TRANSFER OF LANDS TO RED ROCK CANYON STATE PARK

    SEC. 601. Upon enactment of this title, the Secretary of the Interior shall transfer to the State of California certain lands within the California Desert Conservation Area, California, of the Bureau of Land Management, comprising approximately twenty thousand five hundred acres, as generally depicted on two maps entitled ‘Red Rock Canyon State Park Additions 1’ and ‘Red Rock Canyon State Park Additions 2’, dated May 1991, for inclusion in the State of California Park System. Should the State of California cease to manage these lands as part of the State Park System, ownership of the lands shall revert to the Department of the Interior to be managed as part of the California Desert Conservation Area to provide maximum protection for the area’s scenic and scientific values.

DESERT LILY SANCTUARY

    SEC. 602. (a) There is hereby established the Desert Lily Sanctuary within the California Desert Conservation Area, California, of the Bureau of Land Management, comprising approximately two thousand forty acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘Desert Lily Sanctuary’, dated February 1986. The Secretary of the Interior shall administer the area to provide maximum protection to the desert lily.

    (b) Subject to valid existing rights, Federal lands within the sanctuary, and interests therein, are withdrawn from disposition under the public land laws and from entry or appropriation under the mining laws of the United States, from the operation of the mineral leasing laws of the United States, and from operation of the Geothermal Steam Act of 1970.

LAND TENURE ADJUSTMENTS

    SEC. 603. In preparing land tenure adjustment decisions within the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, the Secretary shall give priority to consolidating Federal ownership within the national park units and wilderness areas designated by this Act.

DISPOSAL PROHIBITION

    SEC. 604. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary of the Interior and the Secretary of Agriculture may not dispose of any lands within the boundaries of the wilderness or parks designated under this Act or grant a right-of-way in any lands within the boundaries of the wilderness designated under this Act. Further, none of the lands within the boundaries of the wilderness or parks designated under this Act shall be granted to or otherwise made available for use by the Metropolitan Water District and any other agencies or persons pursuant to the Boulder Canyon Project Act (43 U.S.C. 617-619b) or any similar acts.

MANAGEMENT OF NEWLY ACQUIRED LANDS

    SEC. 605. Any lands within the boundaries of a wilderness area designated under this Act which are acquired by the Federal Government shall become part of the wilderness area within which they are located and shall be managed in accordance with all the provisions of this Act and other laws applicable to such wilderness area.

NATIVE AMERICAN USES

    SEC. 606. In recognition of the past use of the parks and wilderness areas designed under this Act by Indian people for traditional cultural and religious purposes, the Secretary shall ensure access to such parks and wilderness areas by Indian people for such traditional cultural and religious purposes. In implementing this section, the Secretary, upon the request of an Indian tribe or Indian religious community, shall temporarily close to the general public use of one or more specific portions of park or wilderness areas in order to protect the privacy of traditional cultural and religious activities in such areas by Indian people. Such access shall be consistent with the purpose and intent of Public Law 95-341 (42 U.S.C. 1996) commonly referred to as the ‘American Indian Religious Freedom Act’, and with respect to areas designated as wilderness, the Wilderness Act (78 Stat. 890; 16 U.S.C. 1131).

WATER RIGHTS

    SEC. 607. (a) With respect to each wilderness area designated by this Act, Congress hereby reserves a quantity of water sufficient to fulfill the purposes of this Act. The priority date of such reserved water rights shall be the date of enactment of this Act.

    (b) The Secretary of the Interior and all other officers of the United States shall take all steps necessary to protect the rights reserved by this section, including the filing by the Secretary of a claim for the quantification of such rights in any present or future appropriate stream adjudication in the courts of the State of California in which the United States is or may be joined and which is conducted in accordance with section 208 of the Act of July 10, 1952 (66 Stat. 560, 43 U.S.C. 666; commonly referred to as the McCarran Amendment).

    (c) Nothing in this Act shall be construed as a relinquishment or reduction of any water rights reserved or appropriated by the United States in the State of California on or before the date of enactment of this Act.

    (d) The Federal water rights reserved by this Act are specific to the wilderness areas located in the State of California designated under this Act. Nothing in this Act related to the reserved Federal water rights shall be construed as establishing a precedent with regard to any future designations, nor shall it constitute an interpretation of any other Act or any designation made thereto.

STATE SCHOOL LANDS

    SEC. 608. (a) Upon request of the California State Lands Commission (hereinafter in this section referred to as the ‘Commission’), the Secretary shall enter into negotiations for an agreement to exchange Federal lands or interests therein on the list referred to in subsection (b)(2) for California State School Lands (hereinafter in this section referred to as ‘State School Lands’) or interests therein which are located within the boundaries of one or more of the wilderness areas or park units designated by this Act. The Secretary shall negotiate in good faith to reach a land exchange agreement consistent with the requirements of section 206 of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976.

    (b) Within six months after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall send to the Commission and to the Committees a list of the following:

      (1) The State School Lands or interests therein (including mineral interests) which are located within the boundaries of the wilderness areas or park units designated by this Act.

      (2) Lands under the Secretary’s jurisdiction to be offered for exchange, including in the following priority:

        (A) Lands with mineral interests, including geothermal, which have the potential for commercial development but which are not currently under mineral lease or producing Federal mineral revenues.

        (B) Federal lands in California managed by the Bureau of Reclamation that the Secretary determines are not needed for any Bureau of Reclamation project.

        (C) Any public lands in California that the Secretary, pursuant to the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976, has determined to be suitable for disposal through exchange.

    (c)(1) If an agreement under this section is for an exchange involving five thousand acres or less of Federal land or interests therein, or Federal lands valued at less than $5,000,000, the Secretary may carry out the exchange in accordance with the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976.

    (2) If an agreement under this section is for an exchange involving more than five thousand acres of Federal land or interests therein, or Federal land valued at more than $5,000,000, the agreement shall be submitted to the Committees, together with a report containing--

      (A) a complete list and appraisal of the lands or interests in lands proposed for exchange; and

      (B) a determination that the State School Lands proposed to be acquired by the United States do not contain any hazardous waste, toxic waste, or radioactive waste.

    (d) An agreement submitted under subsection (c)(2) shall not take effect unless approved by a joint resolution enacted by the Congress.

    (e) If exchanges of all of the State School Lands are not completed by October 1, 2004, the Secretary shall adjust the appraised value of any remaining inholdings consistent with the provisions of section 206 of the Federal Land Management Policy Act of 1976. The Secretary shall establish an account in the name of the Commission in the amount of such appraised value. Title to the State School Lands shall be transferred to the United States at the time such account is credited.

    (f) The Commission may use the credit in its account to bid, as any other bidder, for excess or surplus Federal property to be sold in the State of California in accordance with the applicable laws and regulations of the Federal agency offering such property for sale. The account shall be adjusted to reflect successful bids under this section or payments or forfeited deposits, penalties, or other costs assessed to the bidder in the course of such sales. In the event that the balance in the account has not been reduced to zero by October 1, 2009, there are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary for payment to the California State Lands Commission funds equivalent to the balance remaining in the account as of October 1, 2009.

    (g) As used in this section, the term ‘Committees’ means the Committee on Natural Resources of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate.

EXCHANGES

    SEC. 609. (a) Upon request of the Catellus Development Corporation, its subsidiaries or successors in interest (hereafter in this section referred to as ‘Catellus’), the Secretary shall enter into negotiations for an agreement or agreements to exchange Federal lands or interests therein on the list referred to in subsection (b)(2) of this section for lands of Catellus or interests therein which are located within the boundaries of one or more of the wilderness areas or park units designated by this Act.

    (b) Within six months after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall send to Catellus and to the Committees a list of the following:

      (1) Lands of Catellus or interests therein (including mineral interests) which are located within the boundaries of the wilderness areas or park units designated by this Act.

      (2) Lands under the Secretary’s jurisdiction to be offered for exchange, in the following priority:

        (A) Lands, including lands with mineral and geothermal interests, which have the potential for commercial development but which are not currently under lease or producing Federal revenues.

        (B) Federal lands managed by the Bureau of Reclamation that the Secretary determines are not needed for any Bureau of Reclamation project.

        (C) Any public lands that the Secretary, pursuant to the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976, has determined to be suitable for disposal through exchange.

    (c)(1) If an agreement under this section is for (A) an exchange involving lands outside the State of California, (B) more than 5,000 acres of Federal land or interests therein in California, or (C) Federal lands in any State valued at more than $5,000,000, the Secretary shall provide to the Committees a detailed report of each such land exchange agreement.

    (2) All land exchange agreements shall be consistent with the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976.

    (3) Any report submitted to the Committees under this subsection shall include the following:

      (A) A complete list and appraisal of the lands or interests in land proposed for exchange.

      (B) A complete list of the lands, if any, to be acquired by the United States which contain any hazardous waste, toxic waste, or radioactive waste which requires removal or remedial action under Federal or State law, together with the estimated costs of any such action.

    (4) An agreement under this subsection shall not take effect unless approved by a joint resolution enacted by the Congress.

    (d) The Secretary shall provide the California State Lands Commission with a one hundred eighty-day right of first refusal to exchange for any Federal lands or interests therein, located in the State of California, on the list referred to in subsection (b)(2). Any lands with respect to which a right of first refusal is not noticed within such period or exercised under this subsection shall be available to Catellus for exchange in accordance with this section.

    (e) On January 3, 1999, the Secretary shall provide to the Committees a list and appraisal consistent with the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 of all Catellus lands eligible for exchange under this section for which an exchange has not been completed. With respect to any of such lands for which an exchange has not been completed by October 1, 2004 (hereafter in this section referred to as ‘remaining lands’), the Secretary shall establish an account in the name of Catellus (hereafter in this section referred to as the ‘exchange account’). Upon the transfer of title by Catellus to all or a portion of the remaining lands to the United States, the Secretary shall credit the exchange account in the amount of the appraised value of the transferred remaining lands at the time of such transfer.

    (f) Catellus may use the credit in its account to bid, as any other bidder, for excess or surplus Federal property to be sold in the State of California in accordance with the applicable laws and regulations of the Federal agency offering such property for sale. The account shall be adjusted to reflect successful bids under this section or payments or forfeited deposits, penalties, or other costs assessed to the bidder in the course of such sales. Upon approval by the Secretary in writing, the credits in Catellus’s exchange account may be transferred or sold in whole or in part by Catellus to any other party, thereby vesting such party with all the rights formerly held by Catellus. The exchange account shall be adjusted to reflect successful bids under this section or payments or forfeited deposits, penalties, or other costs assessed to the bidder in the course of such sales.

    (g)(1) The Secretary shall not accept title pursuant to this section to any lands unless such title includes all right, title, and interest in and to the fee estate.

    (2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), the Secretary may accept title to any subsurface estate where the United States holds title to the surface estate.

    (3) This subsection does not apply to easements and rights-of-way for utilities or roads.

    (h) In no event shall the Secretary accept title under this section to lands which contain any hazardous waste, toxic waste, or radioactive waste which requires removal or remedial action under Federal or State law unless such remedial action has been completed prior to the transfer.

    (i) For purposes of the section, any appraisal shall be consistent with the provisions of section 206 of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976.

    (j) As used in this section, the term ‘Committees’ means the Committee on Natural Resources of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate.

TITLE VII--DEFINITIONS AND AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS

DEFINITIONS

    SEC. 701. For the purposes of this Act:

      (1) The term ‘Secretary’, unless specifically designated otherwise, means the Secretary of the Interior.

      (2) The term ‘public lands’ means any land and interest in land owned by the United States and administered by the Secretary of the Interior through the Bureau of Land Management.

AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS

    SEC. 702. There are hereby authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of this Act.

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