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S. 1859 (103rd): Breeder Reactor Termination Act of 1994

The text of the bill below is as of Feb 22, 1994 (Introduced).


S 1859 IS

103d CONGRESS

2d Session

S. 1859

To terminate the Department of Energy’s program to promote the use of liquid metal reactors for the disposal of high-level radioactive waste.

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

February 22, 1994

Mr. KERRY (for himself, Mr. GREGG, and Mr. BUMPERS) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources


A BILL

To terminate the Department of Energy’s program to promote the use of liquid metal reactors for the disposal of high-level radioactive waste.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ‘Breeder Reactor Termination Act of 1994’.

SEC. 2. CONGRESSIONAL FINDINGS.

    The Congress finds that--

      (1) the advanced reactor program of the Department of Energy promotes the use of liquid metal reactors for the disposal of high-level radioactive waste through a process referred to as ‘actinide recycle’ and for other purposes;

      (2) independent scientific experts believe that liquid metal reactors would greatly increase the cost of radioactive waste disposal and would not provide significant environmental benefits;

      (3) liquid metal reactors are not necessary to preserve the nuclear power option, which will instead depend upon the success of advanced light water reactors;

      (4) arms control experts believe that liquid metal reactors raise grave nuclear proliferation concerns because of the potential for production of plutonium through breeding and reprocessing; and

      (5) the need to reduce the Federal budget deficit demands that budget priorities be established carefully in order to eliminate unnecessary spending.

SEC. 3. TERMINATION OF ADVANCED LIQUID METAL REACTOR PROGRAM.

    (a) TERMINATION-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 2121 through 2126 of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (106 Stat. 3081; 42 U.S.C. 13491 et seq.), the Secretary of Energy shall take such actions as are necessary to terminate, as soon as possible, the advanced liquid metal reactor program of the Department of Energy, including the program’s promotion of the use of liquid metal reactors for the disposal of high-level radioactive waste.

      (2) REGULATORY SUPPORT- Termination under paragraph (1) shall include termination of Department of Energy support for regulatory applications to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission for design certification for advanced liquid metal reactors or related licensed facilities.

    (b) REASSIGNMENT OF PERSONNEL- In carrying out subsection (a), the Secretary of Energy shall, to the extent practicable, reassign the personnel of the Department who would be displaced by termination of the advanced liquid metal reactor program to other activities of the Department, such as nuclear nonproliferation and environmental cleanup at facilities of the Department of Energy.

    (c) USE OF SAVINGS TO REDUCE DEFICIT- It is the policy of the Congress that the savings realized from the termination of the advanced liquid metal reactor program should be used to reduce the Federal budget deficit.