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S. 716 (103rd): Vegetable Ink Printing Act of 1994

The text of the bill below is as of Apr 1, 1993 (Reported by Senate Committee).


S 716 RS

Calendar No. 278

103d CONGRESS

1st Session

S. 716

[Report No. 103-178]

To require that all Federal lithographic printing be performed using ink made from vegetable oil and materials derived from other renewable resources, and for other purposes.

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

April 1 (legislative day, MARCH 3), 1993

Mr. BOND (for himself, Mr. WELLSTONE, Mr. HEFLIN, Mr. DORGAN, Mr. DASCHLE, Mr. KERREY, Mr. SIMON, Mr. GLENN, Mr. PRYOR, Mr. HARKIN, Mr. GRASSLEY, Mr. DURENBERGER, Mr. PRESSLER, Mr. LEVIN, Mr. MCCONNELL, Mr. JOHNSTON, Mr. COCHRAN, Mr. FEINGOLD, Mr. CONRAD, Mr. WOFFORD, Mrs. KASSEBAUM, Mr. COATS, Mr. MATHEWS, and Mr. SASSER) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Rules and Administration

November 10 (legislation day, NOVEMBER 2), 1993

Reported by Mr. FORD, with amendment and an amendment to the title

[Strike out all after the enacting clause and insert the part printed in italic]


A BILL

To require that all Federal lithographic printing be performed using ink made from vegetable oil and materials derived from other renewable resources, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

[Struck out->] SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE. [<-Struck out]

    [Struck out->] This Act may be cited as the ‘Vegetable Ink Printing Act of 1993’. [<-Struck out]

[Struck out->] SEC. 2. FINDINGS. [<-Struck out]

    [Struck out->] The Congress finds that-- [<-Struck out]

      [Struck out->] (1) more than 95 percent of Federal printing involving documents or publications is performed using lithographic inks; [<-Struck out]

      [Struck out->] (2) various types of oil, including petroleum and vegetable oil, are used in lithographic ink; [<-Struck out]

      [Struck out->] (3) increasing the amount of vegetable oil used in a lithographic ink would-- [<-Struck out]

        [Struck out->] (A) help reduce the Nation’s use of nonrenewable energy resources; [<-Struck out]

        [Struck out->] (B) result in the use of products that are less damaging to the environment; [<-Struck out]

        [Struck out->] (C) result in a reduction of volatile organic compound emissions; and [<-Struck out]

        [Struck out->] (D) increase the use of renewable agricultural products. [<-Struck out]

      [Struck out->] (4) the technology exists to use vegetable oil in lithographic ink and, in some applications, to use lithographic ink that uses no petroleum distillates in the liquid portion of the ink; [<-Struck out]

      [Struck out->] (5) some lithographic inks have contained vegetable oils for many years; other lithographic inks have more recently begun to use vegetable oil; [<-Struck out]

      [Struck out->] (6) according to the Government Printing Office, using vegetable-based ink appears to add little if any additional cost to Government printing; [<-Struck out]

      [Struck out->] (7) use of vegetable-based ink in Federal Government printing should further develop-- [<-Struck out]

        [Struck out->] (A) the commercial viability of vegetable-based ink, which could result in demand, for domestic use alone, for 2,500,000,000 pounds of vegetable crops or 500,000,000 pounds of vegetable oil; and [<-Struck out]

        [Struck out->] (B) a product that could help the United States retain or enlarge its share of the world market for vegetable ink. [<-Struck out]

[Struck out->] SEC. 3. FEDERAL PRINTING REQUIREMENTS. [<-Struck out]

    [Struck out->] (a) DEFINITION- In this section, ‘Federal agency’ means-- [<-Struck out]

      [Struck out->] (1) an executive department, military department, Government corporation, Government-controlled corporation, or other establishment in the executive branch of the Government (including the Executive Office of the President), or any independent regulatory agency; and [<-Struck out]

      [Struck out->] (2) an establishment or component of the legislative or judicial branch of the Government. [<-Struck out]

    [Struck out->] (b) VEGETABLE-BASED INKS- [<-Struck out]

      [Struck out->] (1) IN GENERAL- Notwithstanding any other law, beginning on the date that is 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, all lithographic printing performed or procured by a Federal agency that uses oil in its ink shall use the maximum amount of vegetable oil and materials derived from other renewable resources that is technologically feasible and results in printing costs that are cost-competitive with printing using petroleum-based inks. [<-Struck out]

      [Struck out->] (2) MINIMUM PERCENTAGES- Except as provided in paragraph (3), in no event shall a Federal agency use any ink that contains less than the following percentages of vegetable oil in its ink used for lithographic printing: [<-Struck out]

        [Struck out->] (A) In the case of news inks, 40 percent. [<-Struck out]

        [Struck out->] (B) In the case of sheet-fed inks, 20 percent. [<-Struck out]

        [Struck out->] (C) In the case of forms inks, 20 percent. [<-Struck out]

        [Struck out->] (D) In the case of heat-set inks, 10 percent. [<-Struck out]

      [Struck out->] (3) SUSPENSION OF EFFECTIVENESS OF PARAGRAPH (2)- (A) At any time at which a Federal agency determines that the cost of printing with vegetable-based ink is significantly greater than the cost of printing with petroleum-based ink, the Federal agency may perform or procure lithographic printing using ink that contains less than the percentages of vegetable oil in its ink than those specified in paragraph (2) until such time as the cost of printing with vegetable-based ink is not significantly greater than the cost of printing with petroleum-based ink. [<-Struck out]

      [Struck out->] (B) A determination made under subparagraph (A) shall be reviewed-- [<-Struck out]

        [Struck out->] (i) at least once every quarter, for the performance or procurement of printing of materials that are printed on a regular basis; and [<-Struck out]

        [Struck out->] (ii) prior to performing or procuring the printing of particular material of significant size that is printed once or is printed at intervals of 6 months or more. [<-Struck out]

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ‘Vegetable Ink Printing Act of 1993’.

SEC. 2. FINDINGS.

    The Congress finds that--

      (1) more than 95 percent of Federal printing involving documents or publications is performed using lithographic inks;

      (2) various types of oil, including petroleum and vegetable oil, are used in lithographic ink;

      (3) increasing the amount of vegetable oil used in a lithographic ink would--

        (A) help reduce the Nation’s use of nonrenewable energy resources;

        (B) result in the use of products that are less damaging to the environment;

        (C) result in a reduction of volatile organic compound emissions; and

        (D) increase the use of renewable agricultural products.

      (4) the technology exists to use vegetable oil in lithographic ink and, in some applications, to use lithographic ink that uses no petroleum distillates in the liquid portion of the ink;

      (5) some lithographic inks have contained vegetable oils for many years; other lithographic inks have more recently begun to use vegetable oil;

      (6) according to the Government Printing Office, using vegetable-based ink appears to add little if any additional cost to Government printing;

      (7) use of vegetable-based ink in Federal Government printing should further develop--

        (A) the commercial viability of vegetable-based ink, which could result in demand, for domestic use alone, for 2,500,000,000 pounds of vegetable crops or 500,000,000 pounds of vegetable oil; and

        (B) a product that could help the United States retain or enlarge its share of the world market for vegetable ink.

SEC. 3. FEDERAL PRINTING REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) DEFINITION- In this section, ‘Federal agency’ means--

      (1) an executive department, military department, Government corporation, Government-controlled corporation, or other establishment in the executive branch of the Government (including the Executive Office of the President), or any independent regulatory agency; and

      (2) an establishment or component of the legislative or judicial branch of the Government.

    (b) VEGETABLE-BASED INKS-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Notwithstanding any other law, beginning on the date that is 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, all lithographic printing performed or procured by a Federal agency that uses oil in its ink shall use the maximum amount of vegetable oil and materials derived from other renewable resources that are technologically feasible and result in printing costs that are cost-competitive with printing using petroleum-based inks.

      (2) MINIMUM PERCENTAGES- Except as provided in paragraph (3), in no event shall a Federal agency use any ink that contains less than the following percentages of vegetable oil in its ink used for lithographic printing:

        (A) In the case of news inks, 40 percent.

        (B) In the case of sheet-fed inks, 20 percent.

        (C) In the case of forms inks, 20 percent.

        (D) In the case of heat-set inks, 10 percent.

      (3) SUSPENSION OF EFFECTIVENESS OF PARAGRAPH (2)- (A) At any time at which a Federal agency determines that the cost of printing with vegetable-based ink is significantly greater than the cost of printing with petroleum-based ink, the Federal agency may perform or procure lithographic printing using ink that contains less than the percentages of vegetable oil in its ink than those specified in paragraph (2) until such time as the cost of printing with vegetable-based ink is not significantly greater than the cost of printing with petroleum-based ink.

      (B) A determination made under subparagraph (A) shall be reviewed--

        (i) at least once every quarter, for the performance or procurement of printing of materials that are printed on a regular basis; and

        (ii) prior to performing or procuring the printing of particular material of significant size that is printed once or is printed at intervals of 6 months or more.

Amend the title so as to read: ‘A bill to require that all Federal lithographic printing be performed using ink made from vegetable oil and materials derived from other renewable resources, and for other purposes.’.