< Back to S.Res. 251 (103rd Congress, 1993–1994)

Text of A resolution expressing the sense of the Senate regarding human rights violations in Kashmir and calling for a negotiated settlement ...

...a negotiated settlement to the Kashmir conflict, including India, Pakistan and the people of Kashmir.

This resolution was introduced on August 22, 1994, in a previous session of Congress, but was not enacted. The text of the bill below is as of Aug 22, 1994 (Introduced).

Source: GPO

SRES 251 IS

103d CONGRESS

2d Session

S. RES. 251

Expressing the sense of the Senate regarding human rights violations in Kashmir and calling for a negotiated settlement to the Kashmir conflict, including India, Pakistan, and the people of Kashmir.

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

August 22 (legislative day, AUGUST 18), 1994

Mr. WALLOP submitted the following resolution; which was referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations


RESOLUTION

Expressing the sense of the Senate regarding human rights violations in Kashmir and calling for a negotiated settlement to the Kashmir conflict, including India, Pakistan, and the people of Kashmir.

Whereas United States policy calls for a solution to the conflict through negotiations between India and Pakistan taking into consideration the wishes of the people of Kashmir and further states that it is up to the people of Kashmir to determine who best represents their interest;

Whereas India and Pakistan have fought two wars over the Kashmir conflict, and tensions in the region continue to escalate;

Whereas India and Pakistan possess the capability to assemble and deliver nuclear weapons;

Whereas reports of significant human rights abuses continue in Kashmir particularly as a result of the excessive and unrestrained force used by the Indian Security Forces against the civilian population;

Whereas the Muslim population of Kashmir has organized the All Parties Hurriyat (Freedom) Conference, an umbrella organization of thirty-four political parties, to engage in negotiations with the Indian and Pakistani authorities without precondition;

Whereas the Hurriyat believes that all representatives of the Kashmiri people should be represented in any dialogue including: The Kashmiri Pandits, the Dogra, the leadership of Azad Kashmir, the Ladakhis and all other legitimate representatives of the people;

Whereas the United States Institute of Peace (USIP) in January 1994 brought together representatives from the central participants to the conflict--India, Pakistan, and Kashmir--to engage in a dialogue for peace; and

Whereas the USIP concluded that, ‘It is essential that people of Jammu and Kashmir be central participants in this political process, along with the governments and citizens of India and Pakistan.’ The report further states that the formation of the Hurriyat could potentially facilitate possible negotiations: Now, therefore, be it

    Resolved, That it is the sense of the Senate that--

      (1) the United States condemns the use of coercive force being employed by Indian military and paramilitary forces against civilians in Kashmir and similarly denounces any acts of violence by the Kashmiri militants;

      (2) the United States urges the Government of India to take specific steps to respond to human rights concerns including: Releasing political prisoners; opening Kashmir to international human rights groups and electronic media; permitting the International Red Cross to visit prisons and detention centers; prosecuting security personnel involved in wanton violence against the civilian population;

      (3) the United States reiterates the need for all parties to the dispute--the Governments of India and Pakistan as well as the legitimate representatives of Kashmir--to enter into negotiations and resolve the conflict peacefully; and

      (4) the United States Senate urges the Administration to work with the United Nations and the international community to facilitate a peaceful negotiation for the final settlement of the Kashmir crisis.