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H.J.Res. 180 (104th): Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States to abolish the Electoral College and to provide for the direct election of the President and Vice President of the United States.


The text of the resolution below is as of Jun 12, 1996 (Introduced). The resolution was not adopted.


HJ 180 IH

104th CONGRESS

2d Session

H. J. RES. 180

Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States to abolish the Electoral College and to provide for the direct election of the President and Vice President of the United States.

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

June 12, 1996

Mr. CAMPBELL (for himself and Mr. JACOBS) introduced the following joint resolution; which was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary


JOINT RESOLUTION

Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States to abolish the Electoral College and to provide for the direct election of the President and Vice President of the United States.

    Resolved, by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled (two-thirds of each House concurring therein), That the following article is proposed as an amendment to the Constitution of the United States, which shall be valid to all intents and purposes as part of the Constitution when ratified by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States within seven years after the date of its submission for ratification:

‘Article --

    ‘SECTION 1. The President and Vice President shall be elected by the people of the several States and the district constituting the seat of government of the United States.

    ‘SECTION 2. The electors in each State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most populous branch of the legislature of the State; although Congress may establish uniform age qualifications.

    ‘SECTION 3. Each elector shall cast a single vote for two persons who have consented to the joining of their names as candidates for President and Vice President. No elector shall be prohibited from casting a vote for a candidate for President or Vice President because either candidate, or both, are inhabitants of the same State as the elector.

    ‘SECTION 4. The pair of candidates having the greatest number of votes for President and Vice President shall be elected, if such number be at least 50 percent of the whole number of votes cast for such offices. If no pair of candidates has such number, a runoff election shall be held in which the choice of President and Vice President shall be made from the two pairs of candidates who received the greatest numbers of votes cast in the election nationally.

    ‘SECTION 5. The times, places, and manner of holding such elections and entitlement to inclusion on the ballot shall be determined by Congress.

    ‘SECTION 6. The Congress may by law provide for the case of the death or any other disqualification of any candidate for President or Vice President before the day on which the President-elect or Vice President-elect has been chosen; and for the case of a tie in any election.

    ‘SECTION 7. This article shall take effect one year after the first day of January following ratification.’.