H.J.Res. 51 (104th): Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States to require three-fifths majorities for bills increasing taxes.

Jan 11, 1995 (104th Congress, 1995–1996)
Died (Referred to Committee)
Preston “Pete” Geren
Representative for Texas's 12th congressional district
Read Text »
Last Updated
Jan 11, 1995
2 pages
Related Bills
H.J.Res. 1 (Related)
Balanced Budget Amendment

Passed House, Failed Senate
Jun 06, 1996


This resolution was introduced on January 11, 1995, in a previous session of Congress, but was not enacted.

Introduced Jan 11, 1995
Referred to Committee Jan 11, 1995

No summaries available.

1 cosponsors (1R) (show)

House Judiciary

The committee chair determines whether a resolution will move past the committee stage.

Primary Source

THOMAS.gov (The Library of Congress)

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H.J.Res. stands for House joint resolution.

A joint resolution is often used in the same manner as a bill. If passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and signed by the president, it becomes a law. Joint resolutions are also used to propose amendments to the Constitution.

The resolution’s title was written by its sponsor.

GovTrack’s Bill Summary

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Library of Congress Summary

The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress.

Constitutional Amendment - Requires a three-fifths majority of the whole number of each House of the Congress before a bill increasing any revenue may pass.
Provides that total revenue of the United States Government for each fiscal year shall not exceed 20 percent of the gross domestic product and that any revenue in excess of this limit shall be used to reduce the public debt.
Authorizes a specific amount of additional revenue above such limit for the current or next fiscal year when a bill for this sole purpose is passed by a three-fifths majority of the whole number of each House of the Congress and becomes law.
Authorizes the Congress, upon the President's request, to waive the provisions of this joint resolution by a roll call vote for any fiscal year in which a declaration of war is in effect.
Requires any law that has the effect of increasing any revenue, if adopted when a waiver is in effect, to expire within two years after the law is adopted.

House Republican Conference Summary

The summary below was written by the House Republican Conference, which is the caucus of Republicans in the House of Representatives.

No summary available.

House Democratic Caucus Summary

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