H.R. 3936 (104th): Space Commercialization Promotion Act of 1996

Aug 01, 1996 (104th Congress, 1995–1996)
Died (Passed House)
Robert Walker
Representative for Pennsylvania's 16th congressional district
Read Text »
Last Updated
Sep 18, 1996
43 pages

This bill was introduced in a previous session of Congress and was passed by the House on September 17, 1996 but was never passed by the Senate.

Introduced Aug 01, 1996
Referred to Committee Aug 01, 1996
Reported by Committee Sep 11, 1996
Passed House Sep 17, 1996
Full Title

To encourage the development of a commercial space industry in the United States, and for other purposes.


No summaries available.

Primary Source

THOMAS.gov (The Library of Congress)

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H.R. stands for House of Representatives bill.

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The bill’s title was written by its sponsor.

GovTrack’s Bill Summary

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Library of Congress Summary

The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress.

9/17/1996--Passed House amended.
Title I - Promotion of Commercial Space Opportunities Title II: Remote Sensing Title III: Federal Acquisition of Space Transportation Services Space Commercialization Promotion Act of 1996
Title I - Promotion of Commercial Space Opportunities
Requires the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) to deliver to the Congress a market study that examines the role of commercial ventures which could supply, use, service, or augment the International Space Station.
Section 102 -
Amends Federal law to include reentry vehicles and launch and reentry operations within the scope of commercial space launch activities. Mandates an annual report.
Section 103 -
Amends Federal law and the Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act to except from certain post-employment restrictions employees or former employees of NASA seeking employment with an entity that is awarded the Space Flight Operations Contract for the Space Shuttle, with specified exceptions.
Section 104 -
Amends the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1993 to: (1) discontinue funding of the commercial launch voucher demonstration program through the Office of Commercial Programs within NASA (continues funding such program directly through NASA); and (2) extend the program indefinitely.
Section 105 -
Encourages the President to promote U.S. Global Positioning System standards.
Section 106 -
Directs NASA to purchase, to the maximum extent possible, space science data from the private sector.
Title II - Remote Sensing
Makes amendments to the Land Remote Sensing Policy Act of 1992 respecting the commercialization of land remote sensing space systems.
Modifies license application and issuance requirements to allow U.S. Government agencies to enter into agreements for utilization of a private land remote sensing space system if such remote sensing space system will be licensed by the Secretary of Commerce before commencing its commercial operation.
Prohibits duplication of commercial space science data collection or distribution activities by the Federal Government unless such activities would result in significant cost savings to the Federal Government. Repeals the technology demonstration program.
Section 202 -
Directs the Administrator to:
(1) acquire space-based and airborne Earth remote sensing data provided by the private sector for purposes of meeting Government goals for Mission to Planet Earth; and
(2) conduct a study to determine the extent to which baseline scientific requirements of Mission to Planet Earth can be met by the private sector, and how NASA will meet such requirements which cannot be met by the private sector.
Requires that:
(1) the determination of baseline scientific requirements be carried out by the Goddard Space Flight Center;
(2) the Commercial Sensing Program at the Stennis Space Center identify private sector Earth remote sensing data that can meet the scientific requirements of Mission to Planet Earth; and
(3) the Administrator to determine the extent to which the baseline requirements of Mission to Planet Earth can be met by the private sector and ensure that the Stennis Space Center plays a major coordinating role.
Title III - Federal Acquisition of Space Transportation Services
Requires the Federal Government to procure space transportation services from the private sector whenever such services are required in the course of its activities, subject to exception.
Section 303 -
Repeals amendments to the Launch Services Purchase Act of 1990 regarding commercial launch services provisions.
Section 304 -
Provides for authorized Federal uses of excess intercontinental ballistic missiles.

House Republican Conference Summary

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No summary available.

House Democratic Caucus Summary

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