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H.Con.Res. 188 (105th): Expressing the sense of the Congress regarding Turkey’s claim of sovereignty to the islets in the Aegean Sea called Imia by Greece and Kardak by Turkey.


The text of the resolution below is as of Nov 7, 1997 (Introduced).


HCON 188 IH

105th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. CON. RES. 188

Expressing the sense of the Congress regarding Turkey’s claim of sovereignty to the islets in the Aegean Sea called Imia by Greece and Kardak by Turkey.

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

November 7, 1997

Mr. PAPPAS (for himself, Mr. BILIRAKIS, Mrs. MALONEY of New York, Mr. KLINK, Mr. ACKERMAN, Mr. ANDREWS, Mr. CUNNINGHAM, Mr. FILNER, Ms. HOOLEY of Oregon, Mr. NEY, Mr. MANTON, Ms. RIVERS, Mr. SHERMAN, Mr. POMBO, Mr. LOBIONDO, Mrs. ROUKEMA, Mr. FRELINGHUYSEN, Mr. SMITH of New Jersey, Mr. PORTER, Mrs. JOHNSON of Connecticut, and Mr. FOSSELLA) submitted the following concurrent resolution; which was referred to the Committee on International Relations


CONCURRENT RESOLUTION

Expressing the sense of the Congress regarding Turkey’s claim of sovereignty to the islets in the Aegean Sea called Imia by Greece and Kardak by Turkey.

Whereas Turkey is claiming sovereignty to the islets in the Aegean Sea called Imia by Greece and Kardak by Turkey;

Whereas Greece asserts that as the successor state to Italy of sovereignty over the Dodecanese islands in the Aegean Sea, the islets of Imia are sovereign Greek territory under the Treaty of Lausanne of 1923, the 1932 Italy-Turkey Convention, the 1932 Italy-Turkey Protocol, the 1947 Paris Peace Treaty, and international law;

Whereas the islets are dependents of the Island of Calimnos, an island in the Dodecanese region of the Aegean Sea;

Whereas in Article 15 of the Treaty of Peace with Turkey, and Other Instruments, signed at Lausanne on July 24, 1923, Turkey renounced in favor of Italy all right, title, and interest of Turkey in the 12 enumerated islands in the Dodecanese region that were occupied at the time of the treaty by Italy, including the Island of Calimnos, and the islets dependent on such islands;

Whereas the Convention Between Italy and Turkey for the Delimitation of the Territorial Waters Between the Coasts of Anatolia and the Island of Castellorizio, signed at Ankara on January 4, 1932, established the rights of Italy and Turkey in coastal islands, waters, and rocks in the Aegean Sea and delimited a maritime frontier between the two countries;

Whereas a protocol dated December 28, 1932, annexed to that Convention memorialized an agreement on a water boundary between Italy and Turkey which placed the islets of Imia under the sovereignty of Italy;

Whereas in Article 14 of the 1947 Paris Treaty of Peace with Italy, Italy ceded to Greece the Dodecanese Islands under Italy’s control, including the Island of Calimnos and the adjacent islets of Imia;

Whereas by resolution dated February 15, 1996, the European Parliament resolved that the water boundaries established in the Treaty of Lausanne of 1923 and the 1932 Convention Between Italy and Turkey, including the protocol annexed to such Convention, are the borders between Greece and Turkey;

Whereas a fundamental principle of international law is that, once agreed, a boundary shall remain stable and predictable;

Whereas both Greece and Turkey are members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and allies of the United States;

Whereas it is in the interest of the United States and other nations to have disputes resolved peacefully; and

Whereas the Eastern Mediterranean region, in which the Aegean Sea is located, is a region of vital strategic importance to the United States: Now, therefore, be it

    Resolved by the House of Representatives (the Senate concurring), That it is the sense of the Congress that the islets of Imia in the Aegean Sea are sovereign territory of Greece under international law.