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H.J.Res. 43 (105th): Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States to abolish the Electoral College and to provide for the direct election of the President and Vice President of the United States.

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Sponsor and status

Tom Campbell

Sponsor. Representative for California's 15th congressional district. Republican.

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Last Updated: Feb 5, 1997
Length: 3 pages
Feb 5, 1997
105th Congress (1997–1998)
Died in a previous Congress

This resolution was introduced on February 5, 1997, in a previous session of Congress, but it did not receive a vote.



Feb 5, 1997

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

H.J.Res. 43 (105th) was a joint resolution in the United States Congress.

A joint resolution is often used in the same manner as a bill. If passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and signed by the President, it becomes a law. Joint resolutions are also used to propose amendments to the Constitution.

Resolutions numbers restart every two years. That means there are other resolutions with the number H.J.Res. 43. This is the one from the 105th Congress.

This joint resolution was introduced in the 105th Congress, which met from Jan 7, 1997 to Dec 19, 1998. Legislation not passed by the end of a Congress is cleared from the books.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“H.J.Res. 43 — 105th Congress: Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States to abolish the Electoral College ….” 1997. January 16, 2022 <>

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GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from, the official portal of the United States Congress. is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.