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H.R. 1085 (105th): To revise, codify, and enact without substantive change certain general and permanent laws, related to patriotic and national observances, ceremonies, and organizations, as title 36, United States Code, “Patriotic and National Observances, Ceremonies, and Organizations”.


The text of the bill below is as of Feb 3, 1998 (Passed the House).


HR 1085 EH

105th CONGRESS

2d Session

H. R. 1085


AN ACT

To revise, codify, and enact without substantive change certain general and permanent laws, related to patriotic and national observances, ceremonies, and organizations, as title 36, United States Code, ‘Patriotic and National Observances, Ceremonies, and Organizations’.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. TITLE 36, UNITED STATES CODE.

    Certain general and permanent laws of the United States, related to patriotic and national observances, ceremonies, and organizations, are revised, codified, and enacted as title 36, United States Code, ‘Patriotic and National Observances, Ceremonies, and Organizations’, as follows:

TITLE 36--PATRIOTIC AND NATIONAL OBSERVANCES, CEREMONIES, AND ORGANIZATIONS

Sec.

-I.

-PATRIOTIC AND NATIONAL OBSERVANCES AND CEREMONIES

-101

-II.

-PATRIOTIC AND NATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

-10101

-III.

-TREATY OBLIGATION ORGANIZATIONS

-300101

SUBTITLE I--PATRIOTIC AND NATIONAL OBSERVANCES AND CEREMONIES

PART A--OBSERVANCES AND CEREMONIES

Sec.

-1.

-PATRIOTIC AND NATIONAL OBSERVANCES

-101

-3.

-NATIONAL ANTHEM, MOTTO, FLORAL EMBLEM, AND MARCH

-301

-5.

-PRESIDENTIAL INAUGURAL CEREMONIES

-501

-7.

-FEDERAL PARTICIPATION IN CARL GARNER FEDERAL LANDS CLEANUP DAY

-701

-9.

-MISCELLANEOUS

-901

PART B--UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATIONS INVOLVED WITH OBSERVANCES AND CEREMONIES

-21.

-AMERICAN BATTLE MONUMENTS COMMISSION

-2101

-23.

-UNITED STATES HOLOCAUST MEMORIAL COUNCIL

-2301

-25.

-PRESIDENT’S COMMITTEE ON EMPLOYMENT OF PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES

-2501

PART A--OBSERVANCES AND CEREMONIES

CHAPTER 1--PATRIOTIC AND NATIONAL OBSERVANCES

      Sec.

      101. American Heart Month.

      102. Asian/Pacific American Heritage Month.

      103. Cancer Control Month.

      104. Carl Garner Federal Lands Cleanup Day.

      105. Child Health Day.

      106. Citizenship Day.

      107. Columbus Day.

      108. Constitution Week.

      109. Father’s Day.

      110. Flag Day.

      111. Gold Star Mother’s Day.

      112. Honor America Days.

      113. Law Day, U.S.A.

      114. Leif Erikson Day.

      115. Loyalty Day.

      116. Memorial Day.

      117. Mother’s Day.

      118. National Aviation Day.

      119. National Day of Prayer.

      120. National Defense Transportation Day.

      121. National Disability Employment Awareness Month.

      122. National Flag Week.

      123. National Forest Products Week.

      124. National Freedom Day.

      125. National Grandparents Day.

      126. National Hispanic Heritage Month.

      127. National Korean War Veterans Armistice Day.

      128. National Maritime Day.

      129. National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day.

      130. National Poison Prevention Week.

      131. National Safe Boating Week.

      132. National School Lunch Week.

      133. National Transportation Week.

      134. Pan American Aviation Day.

      135. Parents’ Day.

      136. Peace Officers Memorial Day.

      137. Police Week.

      138. Save Your Vision Week.

      139. Steelmark Month.

      140. Stephen Foster Memorial Day.

      141. Thomas Jefferson’s birthday.

      142. White Cane Safety Day.

      143. Wright Brothers Day.

Sec. 101. American Heart Month

    The President is requested to issue each year a proclamation--

      (1) designating February as American Heart Month;

      (2) inviting the chief executive officers of the States, territories, and possessions of the United States to issue proclamations designating February as American Heart Month; and

      (3) urging the people of the United States to recognize the nationwide problem of heart and blood vessel diseases and to support all essential programs required to solve the problem.

Sec. 102. Asian/Pacific American Heritage Month

    (a) DESIGNATION- May is Asian/Pacific American Heritage Month.

    (b) PROCLAMATIONS- The President is requested to issue each year a proclamation calling on the people of the United States, and the chief executive officers of each State of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, the Northern Mariana Islands, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, and Palau are requested to issue each year proclamations calling on the people of their respective jurisdictions, to observe Asian/Pacific American Heritage Month with appropriate programs, ceremonies, and activities.

Sec. 103. Cancer Control Month

    (a) GENERAL- The President is requested--

      (1) to issue each year a proclamation designating April as Cancer Control Month; and

      (2) to invite each year the chief executive officers of the States, territories, and possessions of the United States to issue proclamations designating April as Cancer Control Month.

    (b) CONTENTS OF PROCLAMATIONS- As part of those proclamations, the chief executive officers and President are requested to invite the medical profession, the press, and all agencies and individuals interested in a national program for the control of cancer by education and other cooperative means to unite during Cancer Control Month in a public dedication to the program and in a concerted effort to make the people of the United States aware of the need for the program.

Sec. 104. Carl Garner Federal Lands Cleanup Day

    (a) DESIGNATION- The first Saturday after Labor Day is Carl Garner Federal Lands Cleanup Day.

    (b) PROCLAMATION- The President shall issue a proclamation calling on the people of the United States to observe Carl Garner Federal Lands Cleanup Day with appropriate programs, ceremonies, and activities. However, activities may be undertaken in individual States on a day other than the first Saturday after Labor Day if a manager of Federal land decides that an alternative date is more appropriate because of climatological or other factors.

Sec. 105. Child Health Day

    The President is requested to issue each year a proclamation--

      (1) designating the first Monday in October as Child Health Day; and

      (2) inviting all agencies and organizations interested in child welfare to unite on Child Health Day in observing exercises that will make the people of the United States aware of the fundamental necessity of a year-round program to protect and develop the health of the children of the United States.

Sec. 106. Citizenship Day

    (a) DESIGNATION- September 17 is Citizenship Day.

    (b) PURPOSE- Citizenship Day commemorates the formation and signing on September 17, 1787, of the Constitution and recognizes all who, by coming of age or by naturalization, have become citizens.

    (c) PROCLAMATION- The President may issue each year a proclamation calling on United States Government officials to display the flag of the United States on all Government buildings on Citizenship Day and inviting the people of the United States to observe Citizenship Day, in schools and churches, or other suitable places, with appropriate ceremonies.

    (d) STATE AND LOCAL OBSERVANCES- The civil and educational authorities of States, counties, cities, and towns are urged to make plans for the proper observance of Citizenship Day and for the complete instruction of citizens in their responsibilities and opportunities as citizens of the United States and of the State and locality in which they reside.

Sec. 107. Columbus Day

    The President is requested to issue each year a proclamation--

      (1) designating the 2d Monday in October as Columbus Day;

      (2) calling on United States Government officials to display the flag of the United States on all Government buildings on Columbus Day; and

      (3) inviting the people of the United States to observe Columbus Day, in schools and churches, or other suitable places, with appropriate ceremonies that express the public sentiment befitting the anniversary of the discovery of America.

Sec. 108. Constitution Week

    The President is requested to issue each year a proclamation--

      (1) designating September 17-September 23 as Constitution Week; and

      (2) inviting the people of the United States to observe Constitution Week, in schools, churches, and other suitable places, with appropriate ceremonies and activities.

Sec. 109. Father’s Day

    (a) DESIGNATION- The 3d Sunday in June is Father’s Day.

    (b) PROCLAMATION- The President is requested to issue a proclamation--

      (1) calling on United States Government officials to display the flag of the United States on all Government buildings on Father’s Day;

      (2) inviting State and local governments and the people of the United States to observe Father’s Day with appropriate ceremonies; and

      (3) urging the people of the United States to offer public and private expressions of Father’s Day to the abiding love and gratitude they have for their fathers.

Sec. 110. Flag Day

    (a) DESIGNATION- June 14 is Flag Day.

    (b) PROCLAMATION- The President is requested to issue each year a proclamation--

      (1) calling on United States Government officials to display the flag of the United States on all Government buildings on Flag Day; and

      (2) urging the people of the United States to observe Flag Day as the anniversary of the adoption on June 14, 1777, by the Continental Congress of the Stars and Stripes as the official flag of the United States.

Sec. 111. Gold Star Mother’s Day

    (a) DESIGNATION- The last Sunday in September is Gold Star Mother’s Day.

    (b) PROCLAMATION- The President is requested to issue a proclamation calling on United States Government officials to display the flag of the United States on all Government buildings, and the people of the United States to display the flag and hold appropriate meetings at homes, churches, or other suitable places, on Gold Star Mother’s Day as a public expression of the love, sorrow, and reverence of the people for Gold Star Mothers.

Sec. 112. Honor America Days

    (a) DESIGNATION- The 21 days from Flag Day through Independence Day is a period to honor America.

    (b) CONGRESSIONAL DECLARATION- Congress declares that there be public gatherings and activities during that period at which the people of the United States can celebrate and honor their country in an appropriate way.

Sec. 113. Law Day, U.S.A.

    (a) DESIGNATION- May 1 is Law Day, U.S.A.

    (b) PURPOSE- Law Day, U.S.A., is a special day of celebration by the people of the United States--

      (1) in appreciation of their liberties and the reaffirmation of their loyalty to the United States and of their rededication to the ideals of equality and justice under law in their relations with each other and with other countries; and

      (2) for the cultivation of the respect for law that is so vital to the democratic way of life.

    (c) PROCLAMATION- The President is requested to issue a proclamation--

      (1) calling on all public officials to display the flag of the United States on all government buildings on Law Day, U.S.A.; and

      (2) inviting the people of the United States to observe Law Day, U.S.A., with appropriate ceremonies and in other appropriate ways, through public entities and private organizations and in schools and other suitable places.

Sec. 114. Leif Erikson Day

    The President may issue each year a proclamation designating October 9 as Leif Erikson Day.

Sec. 115. Loyalty Day

    (a) DESIGNATION- May 1 is Loyalty Day.

    (b) PURPOSE- Loyalty Day is a special day for the reaffirmation of loyalty to the United States and for the recognition of the heritage of American freedom.

    (c) PROCLAMATION- The President is requested to issue a proclamation--

      (1) calling on United States Government officials to display the flag of the United States on all Government buildings on Loyalty Day; and

      (2) inviting the people of the United States to observe Loyalty Day with appropriate ceremonies in schools and other suitable places.

Sec. 116. Memorial Day

    (a) DESIGNATION- The last Monday in May is Memorial Day.

    (b) PROCLAMATION- The President is requested to issue each year a proclamation--

      (1) calling on the people of the United States to observe Memorial Day by praying, according to their individual religious faith, for permanent peace;

      (2) designating a period of time on Memorial Day during which the people may unite in prayer for a permanent peace;

      (3) calling on the people of the United States to unite in prayer at that time; and

      (4) calling on the media to join in observing Memorial Day and the period of prayer.

Sec. 117. Mother’s Day

    (a) DESIGNATION- The 2d Sunday in May is Mother’s Day.

    (b) PROCLAMATION- The President is requested to issue a proclamation calling on United States Government officials to display the flag of the United States on all Government buildings, and on the people of the United States to display the flag at their homes or other suitable places, on Mother’s Day as a public expression of love and reverence for the mothers of the United States.

Sec. 118. National Aviation Day

    The President may issue each year a proclamation--

      (1) designating August 19 as National Aviation Day;

      (2) calling on United States Government officials to display the flag of the United States on all Government buildings on National Aviation Day; and

      (3) inviting the people of the United States to observe National Aviation Day with appropriate exercises to further stimulate interest in aviation in the United States.

Sec. 119. National Day of Prayer

    The President shall issue each year a proclamation designating the first Thursday in May as a National Day of Prayer on which the people of the United States may turn to God in prayer and meditation at churches, in groups, and as individuals.

Sec. 120. National Defense Transportation Day

    The President is requested to issue each year a proclamation--

      (1) designating the 3d Friday in May as National Defense Transportation Day; and

      (2) urging the people of the United States, including labor, management, users, and investors, in all communities served by the various forms of transportation to observe National Defense Transportation Day by appropriate ceremonies that will give complete recognition to the importance to each community and its people of the transportation system of the United States and the maintenance of the facilities of the system in the most modern state of adequacy to serve the needs of the United States in times of peace and in national defense.

Sec. 121. National Disability Employment Awareness Month

    (a) DESIGNATION- October is National Disability Employment Awareness Month.

    (b) CEREMONIES- Appropriate ceremonies shall be held throughout the United States during National Disability Employment Awareness Month to enlist public support for, and interest in, the employment of workers with disabilities who are otherwise qualified. Governors, mayors, heads of other governmental entities, and interested organizations and individuals are invited to participate in the ceremonies.

    (c) PROCLAMATION- The President is requested to issue each year a suitable proclamation.

Sec. 122. National Flag Week

    The President is requested to issue each year a proclamation--

      (1) designating the week in which June 14 falls as National Flag Week; and

      (2) calling on citizens to display the flag of the United States during National Flag Week.

Sec. 123. National Forest Products Week

    (a) DESIGNATION- The week beginning on the 3d Sunday in October is National Forest Products Week.

    (b) PROCLAMATION- The President is requested to issue each year a proclamation calling on the people of the United States to observe National Forest Products Week with appropriate ceremonies and activities.

Sec. 124. National Freedom Day

    The President may issue each year a proclamation designating February 1 as National Freedom Day to commemorate the signing by Abraham Lincoln on February 1, 1865, of the joint resolution adopted by the Senate and the House of Representatives that proposed the 13th amendment to the Constitution.

Sec. 125. National Grandparents Day

    The President is requested to issue each year a proclamation--

      (1) designating the first Sunday in September after Labor Day as National Grandparents Day; and

      (2) calling on the people of the United States and interested groups and organizations to observe National Grandparents Day with appropriate ceremonies and activities.

Sec. 126. National Hispanic Heritage Month

    The President is requested to issue each year a proclamation--

      (1) designating September 15-October 15 as National Hispanic Heritage Month; and

      (2) calling on the people of the United States, especially the educational community, to observe National Hispanic Heritage Month with appropriate ceremonies and activities.

Sec. 127. National Korean War Veterans Armistice Day

    (a) DESIGNATION- July 27 of each year until 2003 is National Korean War Veterans Armistice Day.

    (b) PROCLAMATION- The President is requested to issue each year a proclamation calling on--

      (1) the people of the United States to observe National Korean War Veterans Armistice Day with appropriate ceremonies and activities; and

      (2) all departments, agencies, and instrumentalities of the United States Government, and interested organizations, groups, and individuals, to fly the flag of the United States at halfstaff on July 27 of each year until 2003 in honor of the individuals who died as a result of their service in Korea.

Sec. 128. National Maritime Day

    (a) DESIGNATION- May 22 is National Maritime Day.

    (b) PROCLAMATION- The President is requested to issue each year a proclamation calling on--

      (1) the people of the United States to observe National Maritime Day by displaying the flag of the United States at their homes or other suitable places; and

      (2) United States Government officials to display the flag on all Government buildings on National Maritime Day.

Sec. 129. National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day

    (a) DESIGNATION- December 7 is National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day.

    (b) PROCLAMATION- The President is requested to issue each year a proclamation calling on--

      (1) the people of the United States to observe National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day with appropriate ceremonies and activities; and

      (2) all departments, agencies, and instrumentalities of the United States Government, and interested organizations, groups, and individuals, to fly the flag of the United States at halfstaff each December 7 in honor of the individuals who died as a result of their service at Pearl Harbor.

Sec. 130. National Poison Prevention Week

    The President is requested to issue each year a proclamation designating the 3d week in March as National Poison Prevention Week to aid in encouraging the people of the United States to learn of the dangers of accidental poisoning and to take preventive measures that are warranted by the seriousness of the danger.

Sec. 131. National Safe Boating Week

    The President is requested to issue each year a proclamation designating the 7-day period ending on the last Friday before Memorial Day as National Safe Boating Week.

Sec. 132. National School Lunch Week

    (a) DESIGNATION- The week beginning on the 2d Sunday in October is National School Lunch Week.

    (b) PROCLAMATION- The President is requested to issue each year a proclamation calling on the people of the United States to observe National School Lunch Week with appropriate ceremonies and activities.

Sec. 133. National Transportation Week

    The President is requested to issue each year a proclamation--

      (1) designating the week that includes the 3d Friday of May as National Transportation Week; and

      (2) inviting the people of the United States to observe National Transportation Week with appropriate ceremonies and activities as a tribute to the men and women who, night and day, move goods and individuals throughout the United States.

Sec. 134. Pan American Aviation Day

    The President may issue each year a proclamation--

      (1) designating December 17 as Pan American Aviation Day; and

      (2) calling on all officials of the United States Government, the chief executive offices of the States, territories, and possessions of the United States, and all citizens to participate in the observance of Pan American Aviation Day to further, and stimulate interest in, aviation in the American countries as an important stimulus to the further development of more rapid communications and a cultural development between the countries of the Western Hemisphere.

Sec. 135. Parents’ Day

    (a) DESIGNATION- The 4th Sunday in July is Parents’ Day.

    (b) RECOGNITION- All private citizens, organizations, and Federal, State, and local governmental and legislative entities are encouraged to recognize Parents’ Day through proclamations, activities, and educational efforts in furtherance of recognizing, uplifting, and supporting the role of parents in bringing up their children.

Sec. 136. Peace Officers Memorial Day

    The President is requested to issue each year a proclamation--

      (1) designating May 15 as Peace Officers Memorial Day in honor of Federal, State, and local officers killed or disabled in the line of duty;

      (2) directing United States Government officials to display the flag of the United States at halfstaff on all Government buildings on Peace Officers Memorial Day, as provided by section 7(m) of title 4; and

      (3) inviting State and local governments and the people of the United States to observe Peace Officers Memorial Day with appropriate ceremonies and activities, including the display of the flag at halfstaff.

Sec. 137. Police Week

    The President is requested to issue each year a proclamation--

      (1) designating the week in which May 15 occurs as Police Week in recognition of the service given by men and women who stand guard to protect the people of the United States through law enforcement; and

      (2) inviting State and local governments and the people of the United States to observe Police Week with appropriate ceremonies and activities, including the display of the flag at halfstaff.

Sec. 138. Save Your Vision Week

    The President is requested to issue each year a proclamation--

      (1) designating the first week in March as Save Your Vision Week;

      (2) inviting the governors and mayors of State and local governments to issue proclamations designating the first week in March as Save Your Vision Week;

      (3) inviting the communications media, health care professions, and other agencies and individuals concerned with programs for the improvement of vision to unite during Save Your Vision Week in public activities to convince the people of the United States of the importance of vision to their welfare and the welfare of the United States; and

      (4) urging the media, health care professions, and other agencies and individuals to support programs to improve and protect the vision of the people of the United States.

Sec. 139. Steelmark Month

    (a) DESIGNATION- May is Steelmark Month.

    (b) PURPOSE- Steelmark Month recognizes the tremendous contribution made by the steel industry in the United States to national security and defense.

    (c) PROCLAMATION- The President is requested to issue a proclamation calling on the people of the United States to observe Steelmark Month with appropriate ceremonies and activities.

Sec. 140. Stephen Foster Memorial Day

    The President may issue each year a proclamation--

      (1) designating January 13 as Stephen Foster Memorial Day; and

      (2) calling on the people of the United States to observe Stephen Foster Memorial Day with appropriate ceremonies, pilgrimages to his shrines, and musical programs featuring his compositions.

Sec. 141. Thomas Jefferson’s birthday

    The President shall issue each year a proclamation--

      (1) calling on officials of the United States Government to display the flag of the United States on all Government buildings on April 13; and

      (2) inviting the people of the United States to observe April 13 in schools and churches, or other suitable places, with appropriate ceremonies in commemoration of Thomas Jefferson’s birthday.

Sec. 142. White Cane Safety Day

    The President may issue each year a proclamation--

      (1) designating October 15 as White Cane Safety Day; and

      (2) calling on the people of the United States to observe White Cane Safety Day with appropriate ceremonies and activities.

Sec. 143. Wright Brothers Day

    (a) DESIGNATION- December 17 is Wright Brothers Day.

    (b) PURPOSE- Wright Brothers Day commemorates the first successful flights in a heavier than air, mechanically propelled airplane, that were made by Orville and Wilbur Wright on December 17, 1903, near Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.

    (c) PROCLAMATION- The President is requested to issue each year a proclamation inviting the people of the United States to observe Wright Brothers Day with appropriate ceremonies and activities.

CHAPTER 3--NATIONAL ANTHEM, MOTTO, FLORAL EMBLEM, AND MARCH

      Sec.

      301. National anthem.

      302. National motto.

      303. National floral emblem.

      304. National march.

Sec. 301. National anthem

    (a) DESIGNATION- The composition consisting of the words and music known as the Star-Spangled Banner is the national anthem.

    (b) CONDUCT DURING PLAYING- During a rendition of the national anthem--

      (1) when the flag is displayed--

        (A) all present except those in uniform should stand at attention facing the flag with the right hand over the heart;

        (B) men not in uniform should remove their headdress with their right hand and hold the headdress at the left shoulder, the hand being over the heart; and

        (C) individuals in uniform should give the military salute at the first note of the anthem and maintain that position until the last note; and

      (2) when the flag is not displayed, all present should face toward the music and act in the same manner they would if the flag were displayed.

Sec. 302. National motto

    ‘In God we trust’ is the national motto.

Sec. 303. National floral emblem

    The flower commonly known as the rose is the national floral emblem.

Sec. 304. National march

    The composition by John Philip Sousa entitled ‘The Stars and Stripes Forever’ is the national march.

CHAPTER 5--PRESIDENTIAL INAUGURAL CEREMONIES

      Sec.

      501. Definitions.

      502. Regulations, licenses, and registration tags.

      503. Use of reservations, grounds, and public spaces.

      504. Installation and removal of electrical facilities.

      505. Extension of wires along parade routes.

      506. Duration of regulations and licenses and publication of regulations.

      507. Application to other property.

      508. Enforcement.

      509. Penalty.

      510. Authorization of appropriations.

Sec. 501. Definitions

    For purposes of this chapter--

      (1) ‘Inaugural Committee’ means the committee appointed by the President-elect to be in charge of the Presidential inaugural ceremony and functions and activities connected with the ceremony.

      (2) ‘inaugural period’ means the period that includes the day on which the Presidential inaugural ceremony is held, the 5 calendar days immediately preceding that day, and the 4 calendar days immediately following that day.

Sec. 502. Regulations, licenses, and registration tags

    (a) REGULATIONS AND LICENSES- For each inaugural period, the Council of the District of Columbia shall--

      (1) prescribe reasonable regulations necessary to preserve public order and protect life, health, and property;

      (2) prescribe special regulations related to the standing, movement, and operation of vehicles; and

      (3) grant special licenses to peddlers and vendors to sell merchandise in places the Council considers proper, subject to conditions and fees for the licenses the Council considers proper.

    (b) REGISTRATION TAGS- The Mayor of the District of Columbia may issue, for any motor vehicle made available for the use of the Inaugural Committee, special registration tags, valid for not more than 90 days, designed to celebrate the inauguration of the President and Vice President.

Sec. 503. Use of reservations, grounds, and public spaces

    (a) PERMIT FOR USE- With the approval of the officer having jurisdiction over any of the Federal reservations or grounds in the District of Columbia, the Secretary of the Interior may grant to the Inaugural Committee a permit to use the reservations or grounds during the inaugural period, including a reasonable time before and after the inaugural period. The Mayor of the District of Columbia may grant a similar permit to use public space under the Mayor’s jurisdiction. Each permit granted under this subsection is subject to conditions the grantor of the permit prescribes.

    (b) REVIEWING STANDS AND COMMERCIAL STANDS AND STRUCTURES- A reviewing stand or a stand or structure for the sale of merchandise, food, or drink may be built on public grounds in the District of Columbia only if approved by the Inaugural Committee and by the Secretary or the Mayor, as appropriate.

    (c) RESTORATION AFTER INAUGURAL PERIOD- After the inaugural period, the reservation, ground, or public space occupied by a stand or structure shall be restored promptly to its prior condition.

    (d) INDEMNIFICATION- The Inaugural Committee shall indemnify and save harmless the District of Columbia and the appropriate department, agency, or instrumentality of the United States Government against any loss or damage to, and against any liability arising from the use of, the reservation, ground, or public space, by the Inaugural Committee or a licensee of the Inaugural Committee.

Sec. 504. Installation and removal of electrical facilities

    (a) INSTALLATION- The Mayor of the District of Columbia may allow the Inaugural Committee to install suitable overhead conductors and electrical facilities, with adequate supports. The official in charge of a park or reservation in the District of Columbia in which it is necessary to place wires shall supervise the placing and removal of those wires.

    (b) REMOVAL- The conductors and supports shall be removed not later than 5 days after the end of the inaugural period.

    (c) INDEMNIFICATION- The United States Government and the District of Columbia may not incur any expense or damage from the installation, operation, or removal of a temporary overhead conductor or electrical facility. The Inaugural Committee shall indemnify and hold harmless the District of Columbia and the appropriate department, agency, or instrumentality of the Government against any loss or damage, and against any liability arising, from any act of the Inaugural Committee or any agent, licensee, servant, or employee of the Inaugural Committee in connection with the installation, operation, or removal of a temporary overhead conductor or electrical facility.

Sec. 505. Extension of wires along parade routes

    The Mayor of the District of Columbia, the Secretary of the Interior, and the Inaugural Committee may allow communications companies to extend overhead wires to places along a parade route that are considered convenient for use in connection with the parade and other inaugural purposes. The wires shall be removed not later than 10 days after the inaugural period ends.

Sec. 506. Duration of regulations and licenses and publication of regulations

    Regulations prescribed and licenses authorized under this chapter are effective only during the inaugural period. The regulations shall be published in at least one daily newspaper published in the District of Columbia. A penalty prescribed for violating such a regulation may not be enforced until 5 days after publication.

Sec. 507. Application to other property

    This chapter does not apply to the United States Capitol Buildings or Grounds or other property under the jurisdiction of Congress or a committee, commission, or officer of Congress. A service or facility authorized by or under this chapter is available for the property on request or approval of the joint committee of the Senate and House of Representatives appointed by the President of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives to arrange for the inauguration of the President-elect and the Vice President-elect.

Sec. 508. Enforcement

    The Mayor of the District of Columbia, or other official having jurisdiction in the premises, shall enforce this chapter, take necessary precautions to protect the public, and ensure that the pavement of any street, sidewalk, avenue, or alley disturbed or damaged is restored to its prior condition.

Sec. 509. Penalty

    A person violating a regulation prescribed under this chapter shall be fined under title 18 or imprisoned for not more than 30 days. A separate violation occurs under this section for each day the violation continues.

Sec. 510. Authorization of appropriations

    (a) AUTHORIZATION- Necessary amounts are authorized to be appropriated--

      (1) to enable the Mayor of the District of Columbia to provide additional municipal services in the District of Columbia during the inaugural period, including--

        (A) employment of personal services without regard to chapters 33 and 51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of title 5;

        (B) travel expenses of enforcement personnel, including sanitarians, from other jurisdictions;

        (C) the hiring of the means of transportation;

        (D) meals for policemen, firemen, and other municipal employees;

        (E) the cost of removing and relocating streetcar loading platforms, construction, rent, maintenance, and expenses incident to the operation of temporary public comfort stations, first-aid stations, and information booths; and

        (F) other incidental expenses in the discretion of the Mayor; and

      (2) to enable the Secretary of the Interior to provide meals for the members of the United States Park Police during the inaugural period.

    (b) PAYMENT- Amounts appropriated under--

      (1) subsection (a)(1) of this section are payable in the same way as other appropriations for the expenses of the District of Columbia; and

      (2) subsection (a)(2) of this section are payable in the same way as other appropriations for the expenses of the Department of the Interior.

CHAPTER 7--FEDERAL PARTICIPATION IN CARL GARNER FEDERAL LANDS CLEANUP DAY

      Sec.

      701. Findings.

      702. Definition.

      703. Duties of Federal land management agency.

      704. Activities.

Sec. 701. Findings

    Congress finds that--

      (1) Federal lands, parks, recreation areas, and waterways provide recreational opportunities for millions of Americans each year;

      (2) Federal lands administered by Federal land management agencies contain valuable wildlife, scenery, natural and historic features, and other resources which may be damaged by litter and misuse;

      (3) it is in the best interest of the United States and its citizens to maintain and preserve the beauty, safety, and availability of these Federal lands;

      (4) these Federal land management agencies have been designated as the caretakers of these Federal lands and are responsible for maintaining and preserving those areas and facilities;

      (5) there is great value in volunteer involvement in maintaining and preserving Federal lands for recreational use;

      (6) the Federal land management agencies should be concerned with promoting a sense of pride and ownership among citizens toward these lands;

      (7) the use of citizen volunteers in a national cleanup effort promotes these goals and encourages the thoughtful use of these Federal lands and facilities;

      (8) the positive impact of annual cleanup events held at various recreation sites has already been proven by steadily declining levels of litter at these sites; and

      (9) a national program for cleaning and maintaining Federal lands using volunteers will save millions of tax dollars.

Sec. 702. Definition

    For purposes of this chapter, ‘Federal land management agency’ includes--

      (1) the Forest Service of the Department of Agriculture;

      (2) the Bureau of Land Management of the Department of the Interior;

      (3) the National Park Service of the Department of the Interior;

      (4) the Fish and Wildlife Service of the Department of the Interior;

      (5) the Bureau of Reclamation of the Department of the Interior; and

      (6) the Army Corps of Engineers.

Sec. 703. Duties of Federal land management agency

    To observe Carl Garner Federal Lands Cleanup Day at the Federal level, each Federal land management agency shall organize, coordinate, and participate with citizen volunteers and State and local authorities in cleaning and providing for the maintenance of Federal public land, recreation areas, and waterways within the jurisdiction of the agency.

Sec. 704. Activities

    In cooperation with appropriate State and local government authorities, each Federal land management agency shall plan for and carry out activities on Carl Garner Federal Lands Cleanup Day that--

      (1) encourage continuing public and private sector cooperation in preserving the beauty and safety of areas within the jurisdiction of the agency;

      (2) increase citizens’ sense of ownership and community pride in those areas;

      (3) reduce litter on Federal lands, along trails and waterways, and within those areas; and

      (4) maintain and improve trails, recreation areas, waterways, and facilities.

CHAPTER 9--MISCELLANEOUS

      Sec.

      901. Service flag and service lapel button.

      902. National League of Families POW/MIA flag.

Sec. 901. Service flag and service lapel button

    (a) INDIVIDUALS ENTITLED TO DISPLAY SERVICE FLAG- A service flag approved by the Secretary of Defense may be displayed in a window of the place of residence of individuals who are members of the immediate family of an individual serving in the armed forces of the United States during any period of war or hostilities in which the armed forces of the United States are engaged.

    (b) INDIVIDUALS ENTITLED TO DISPLAY SERVICE LAPEL BUTTON- A service lapel button approved by the Secretary may be worn by members of the immediate family of an individual serving in the armed forces of the United States during any period of war or hostilities in which the armed forces of the United States are engaged.

    (c) LICENSE TO MANUFACTURE AND SELL SERVICE FLAGS AND SERVICE LAPEL BUTTONS- Any person may apply to the Secretary for a license to manufacture and sell the approved service flag, or the approved service lapel button, or both. Any person that manufactures a service flag or service lapel button without having first obtained a license, or otherwise violates this section is liable to the United States Government for a civil penalty of not more than $1,000.

    (d) REGULATIONS- The Secretary may prescribe regulations necessary to carry out this section.

Sec. 902. National League of Families POW/MIA Flag

    (a) DESIGNATION- The National League of Families POW/MIA flag is designated as the symbol of our Nation’s concern and commitment to resolving as fully as possible the fates of Americans still prisoner, missing and unaccounted for in Southeast Asia, thus ending the uncertainty for their families and the Nation.

    (b) DISPLAY- The flag shall be displayed--

      (1) at each national cemetery and at the National Vietnam Veterans Memorial each year on Memorial Day and Veterans Day and on any day designated by law as National POW/MIA Recognition Day; and

      (2) on, or on the grounds of, the buildings containing the primary offices of the Secretaries of State, Defense, and Veterans Affairs, and the Director of the Selective Service System on any day designated by law as National POW/MIA Recognition Day.

    (c) TERMINATION OF FLAG DISPLAY REQUIREMENT- Subsection (b) of this section ceases to apply when the President decides that the fullest possible accounting has been made of all members of the armed forces and civilian employees of the United States Government who have been identified as prisoners of war or missing in action in Southeast Asia.

PART B--UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATIONS INVOLVED WITH OBSERVANCES AND CEREMONIES

CHAPTER 21--AMERICAN BATTLE MONUMENTS COMMISSION

      Sec.

      2101. Membership.

      2102. Employment of personnel.

      2103. Administrative.

      2104. Military cemeteries in foreign countries.

      2105. Monuments built by the United States Government.

      2106. War memorials not built by the United States Government.

      2107. National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific.

      2108. Pacific War Memorial and other historical and memorial sites on Corregidor.

      2109. Foreign Currency Fluctuations Account.

      2110. Claims against the Commission.

      2111. Presidential duties and powers.

      2112. Care and maintenance of Surrender Tree site.

Sec. 2101. Membership

    (a) COMPOSITION AND TERMS- The American Battle Monuments Commission has not more than 11 members appointed by the President. The President also shall appoint one officer of the Regular Army to serve as secretary of the Commission. The members and secretary serve at the pleasure of the President. The President shall fill any vacancies that occur. Notwithstanding any other law, members of the armed forces may be appointed members of the Commission.

    (b) PAY AND EXPENSES- The members of the Commission serve without compensation. However, the members of the Commission may receive, from an amount appropriated to carry out this chapter or acquired by another authorized way--

      (1) their actual expenses related to the work of the Commission;

      (2) when in a travel status outside the continental United States, a per diem at the rate authorized to be paid for members of the uniformed services under section 405 of title 37, instead of subsistence; and

      (3) when in a travel status in the continental United States, a per diem at the rate authorized to be paid under sections 5702 and 5703 of title 5, instead of subsistence.

    (c) EXPENSES OF OFFICERS OF ARMED FORCES SERVING ON COMMISSION- An officer of the armed forces serving as a member or as secretary of the Commission may be reimbursed for expenses when traveling on business of the Commission in the same way as civilian members of the Commission.

Sec. 2102. Employment of personnel

    (a) GENERAL- Within the limits of an appropriation made to employ personnel, the American Battle Monuments Commission may employ personnel necessary to carry out this chapter. To ensure adequate care and maintenance of cemeteries, monuments, and memorials, the Commission, subject to the availability of appropriations, shall employ--

      (1) at least 50 individuals in the competitive service (as defined in section 2102 of title 5), of whom at least 43 shall be assigned to duty in foreign countries where the cemeteries, monuments, and memorials are located; and

      (2) at least 348 individuals who are citizens of the countries where the cemeteries, monuments, and memorials are located.

    (b) DETAILED PERSONNEL- On request of the Commission, the heads of departments, agencies, and instrumentalities of the United States Government may make available to the Commission their personnel and facilities to assist in carrying out this chapter, and may expend for that purpose amounts appropriated to the department, agency, and instrumentality. The Commission shall reimburse the department, agency, or instrumentality for the pay and allowances of designated personnel.

    (c) STATION ALLOWANCE FOR OFFICERS ASSIGNED TO THE COMMISSION- For officers of the armed forces assigned to the Commission, the same station allowance shall be authorized for serving at foreign stations as the Secretary of the Army has authorized for officers of the Army.

    (d) CITIZENSHIP REQUIREMENT- An individual may be employed as the superintendent, or as an assistant superintendent, of a cemetery operated by the Commission only if the individual is a citizen of the United States.

Sec. 2103. Administrative

    (a) GENERAL AUTHORITY- Subject to appropriations made to carry out this chapter, the American Battle Monuments Commission may--

      (1) acquire land or an interest in land in a foreign country to carry out the purposes of this chapter, or an executive order conferring duties and powers on the Commission, without submission to the Attorney General under section 355 of the Revised Statutes (40 U.S.C. 255);

      (2) maintain, repair, and operate motor-propelled passenger-carrying vehicles and other property that another department, agency, or instrumentality of the United States Government provides to the Commission;

      (3) establish offices in the District of Columbia and elsewhere in or outside the United States;

      (4) rent office and garage space, which may be paid for in advance, in foreign countries; and

      (5) procure printing, binding, engraving, lithographing, photographing, and typewriting, including the publication of information on United States activities, battlefields, memorials, and cemeteries with respect to which the Commission may exercise any duties and powers.

    (b) DISPOSITION OF LAND- Under conditions and in the manner the Commission decides is proper, the Commission may dispose of land or an interest in land in a foreign country that the Commission acquires in connection with its work.

    (c) CONTRACTING OUT- Notwithstanding the requirements of existing laws or regulations, the Commission, under conditions the Commission decides are necessary and proper, may contract for work, supplies, materials, and equipment outside or for use outside the United States and engage the services of architects and other technical and professional personnel.

    (d) DELEGATION- Under conditions the Commission may prescribe, the Commission may delegate to its Chairman, secretary, or officials in charge of any of its offices any of its authority it considers necessary and proper.

    (e) AUTHORITY TO RECEIVE STATE, LOCAL, OR PRIVATE AMOUNTS- The Commission may receive State, local, or private amounts to carry out this chapter. The Commission shall deposit the amounts with the Treasurer of the United States. The Treasurer shall keep the amounts in separate accounts and shall disburse the amounts on vouchers approved by the Chairman.

    (f) LIMITATION ON USE OF CONTRIBUTIONS- The Commission may not obligate, withdraw, or expend amounts received as contributions before March 1, 1998.

    (g) STATEMENTS TO PRESIDENT- The Commission shall transmit to the President on October 1 of each year a statement of all its financial and other transactions during the prior fiscal year.

    (h) FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND AUDITS- (1) The Commission shall have a system of financial controls to enable the Commission to comply with the requirements of paragraph (2) of this subsection and with section 2106(d)(4) of this title.

    (2) The Commission shall--

      (A) by March 1 of each year (beginning with 1998)--

        (i) prepare a financial statement which covers all accounts and associated activities of the Commission for the prior fiscal year and is consistent with the requirements of section 3515 of title 31; and

        (ii) submit the financial statement, together with a narrative summary, to the Committees on Veterans’ Affairs of the Senate and House of Representatives; and

      (B) obtain an audit by the Comptroller General of each financial statement prepared under subparagraph (A) of this paragraph, which shall be conducted in accordance with applicable generally accepted government auditing standards and shall be in lieu of any audit otherwise required by law.

    (i) DISPOSITION OF RECORDS AND ARCHIVES- When no longer required by the Commission, the records and archives of the Commission shall be deposited with the National Archives in accordance with section 2107 of title 44.

    (j) SEAL- The Commission shall have a seal that shall be judicially noticed.

    (k) DISBURSEMENTS OUTSIDE CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES- Disbursements for expenditures outside the continental United States may be made by a special disbursing agent designated by the Commission under regulations it prescribes.

Sec. 2104. Military cemeteries in foreign countries

    When, as a result of combat operations, the armed forces establish military cemeteries in zones of operations outside the United States and the territories and possessions of the United States, the American Battle Monuments Commission and the Secretary of the Army, immediately on the cessation of hostilities, shall decide which of the cemeteries will become permanent cemeteries or, if they decide it is desirable, shall select new sites for the cemeteries at any other location. The Commission is solely responsible for the design and construction of the permanent cemeteries, and of all buildings, plantings, headstones, and other permanent improvements incidental to the cemeteries, except that--

      (1) the armed forces are responsible for maintaining the permanent cemeteries until the Commission declares its readiness to assume the authorized administrative duties and powers;

      (2) all construction undertaken by the armed forces in establishing and maintaining the cemetery prior to its transfer to the Commission shall be nonpermanent;

      (3) burials and reburials by the armed forces shall be carried out in accordance with plans prepared by the Commission; and

      (4) the armed forces have the right to re-enter a cemetery transferred to the Commission to exhume or reinter a body if they decide it is necessary.

Sec. 2105. Monuments built by the United States Government

    (a) MEMORIALS- The American Battle Monuments Commission shall prepare plans and estimates to build suitable memorials commemorating the service of American armed forces, and shall build and maintain memorials in the United States and, as the Commission decides, at any place outside the United States where the armed forces have served since April 6, 1917.

    (b) ARCHITECTURE AND ART- The Commission shall build and maintain works of architecture and art in United States cemeteries located outside the United States and the territories and possessions of the United States that are permanent cemeteries. The Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall maintain works of architecture and art built by the Commission in the National Cemetery System, as described in section 2400(b) of title 38.

    (c) CONTROL AND SUPERVISION OF MATERIALS, DESIGN, AND BUILDING- (1) The Commission shall control the materials and design and prescribe regulations for, and supervise the building of, all memorial monuments and buildings in United States cemeteries located outside the United States and the territories and possessions of the United States.

    (2) The Commission shall control the design and prescribe regulations for the building of all memorial monuments and buildings commemorating the service of American armed forces that are built in a foreign country or political division of the foreign country that authorizes the Commission to carry out those duties and powers.

    (d) APPROVAL BY NATIONAL COMMISSION OF FINE ARTS- A design for a memorial must be approved by the National Commission of Fine Arts before the Commission can accept it.

Sec. 2106. War memorials not built by the United States Government

    (a) COOPERATION WITH OTHERS- The American Battle Monuments Commission may cooperate with citizens of the United States, States, municipalities, or associations desiring to build war memorials outside the continental limits of the United States in the way the Commission decides. An administrative agency of the United States Government may give assistance to build the memorial only if a plan for the memorial has been approved under this chapter.

    (b) CONTROL, ADMINISTRATION, AND MAINTENANCE OF WAR MEMORIALS- (1) The Commission may assume responsibility for the control, administration, and maintenance of any war memorial built outside the United States by a citizen of the United States, a State, a political subdivision of a State, a governmental authority (except a department, agency, or instrumentality of the United States Government), a foreign agency, or a private association to commemorate the services of any of the armed forces in hostilities occurring since April 6, 1917, if--

      (A) the memorial is not built on the territory of the applicable former enemy; and

      (B) the sponsors of the memorial consent to the Commission assuming those responsibilities and transfer to the Commission all their rights and interests in the memorial.

    (2) If reasonable effort fails to locate the sponsors of a memorial, the Commission may assume responsibility for the memorial under this subsection by agreement with the appropriate foreign authorities. A decision of the Commission to assume responsibility for a war memorial under this subsection is final.

    (3) Sponsors of a war memorial for which the Commission assumes responsibility under this subsection may transfer amounts accumulated to maintain and repair the memorial to the Commission for use in carrying out this chapter. Except as provided in subsection (c) of this section, the Commission shall deposit transferred amounts as provided in section 2103(e) of this title.

    (c) ARRANGEMENTS FOR REPAIR OR LONG-TERM MAINTENANCE OF MEMORIALS- In assuming responsibility for a war memorial under subsection (b)(1) or (2) of this section, the Commission may arrange with the sponsors of the memorial to provide for repair or long-term maintenance of the memorial. An amount transferred to the Commission for the purpose of this subsection shall be deposited by the Commission in the fund established under subsection (d) of this section.

    (d) FUND FOR ARRANGEMENTS FOR REPAIR OR LONG-TERM MAINTENANCE OF MEMORIALS- (1) There is a fund in the Treasury that is available to the Commission for expenses of repair and long-term maintenance of memorials for which the Commission has made arrangements under subsection (c) of this section. The fund consists of--

      (A) amounts deposited into, and interest and proceeds credited to, the fund under paragraph (2) of this subsection; and

      (B) obligations obtained under paragraph (3) of this subsection.

    (2) The Commission shall deposit into the fund the amounts that are accepted under subsection (c) of this section. The Secretary of the Treasury shall credit to the fund the interest on, and the proceeds from the sale or redemption of, obligations held in the fund.

    (3) The Secretary shall invest any part of the fund that the Commission decides is not required to meet current expenses. Each investment shall be made in an interest-bearing obligation of the United States Government, or an obligation that has its principal and interest guaranteed by the Government, that the Commission decides has a maturity suitable for the fund.

    (4) The Commission shall separately account for all amounts deposited in and expended from the fund for each war memorial for which an arrangement for repair or long term maintenance is made under subsection (c) of this section.

    (e) DEMOLITION OF WAR MEMORIAL BUILT IN A FOREIGN COUNTRY AND DISPOSITION OF SITE- The Commission may take necessary action to demolish any war memorial built outside the United States by a citizen of the United States, a State, a political subdivision of a State, a governmental authority (except a department, agency, or instrumentality of the United States Government), a foreign agency, or a private association and to dispose of the site of the memorial in a way the Commission decides is proper, if--

      (1) the appropriate foreign authorities agree to the demolition; and

      (2)(A) the sponsor of the memorial consents to the demolition; or

      (B) the memorial has fallen into disrepair and a reasonable effort by the Commission has failed--

        (i) to persuade the sponsor to maintain the memorial at a standard acceptable to the Commission; or

        (ii) to locate the sponsor.

Sec. 2107. National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific

    With the consent of the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, the American Battle Monuments Commission may build works of architecture and art in the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific.

Sec. 2108. Pacific War Memorial and other historical and memorial sites on Corregidor

    (a) GENERAL- After an agreement is made between the government of the Republic of the Philippines and the United States Government, the American Battle Monuments Commission shall restore, operate, and maintain the Pacific War Memorial and other historical and memorial sites on Corregidor.

    (b) PERSONNEL- The Commission may employ necessary personnel to carry out this section.

    (c) USE OF OTHER DEPARTMENTS, AGENCIES, AND INSTRUMENTALITIES- Departments, agencies, and instrumentalities of the United States Government may assist the Commission, on a reimbursable basis, in carrying out this section.

    (d) AUTHORITY TO SOLICIT CONTRIBUTIONS- To carry out this section, the Commission may solicit and accept private contributions and shall deposit the contributions in the fund established by subsection (f) of this section.

    (e) USE OF PRIVATE AMOUNTS- The Commission shall carry out this section with private amounts except to the extent amounts are appropriated under subsection (g) of this section.

    (f) FUND- (1) There is a fund in the Treasury that is available to the Commission only to carry out this section. The fund consists of--

      (A) amounts deposited into, and interest and proceeds credited to, the fund under paragraph (2) of this subsection; and

      (B) obligations obtained under paragraph (3) of this subsection.

    (2) The Chairman of the Commission shall deposit into the fund the amounts that are accepted under subsection (d) of this section. The Secretary of the Treasury shall credit to the fund the interest on, and the proceeds from the sale or redemption of, obligations held in the fund.

    (3) The Secretary shall invest any part of the fund that the Chairman decides is not required to meet current expenses. Each investment shall be made in an interest-bearing obligation of the United States Government, or an obligation that has its principal and interest guaranteed by the Government, that the Chairman decides has a maturity suitable for the fund.

    (4) Amounts in the fund exceeding the cost of carrying out this section, as decided by the Chairman, shall be deposited in the Treasury as miscellaneous receipts to reimburse the United States Government for amounts appropriated under subsection (g) of this section.

    (g) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated--

      (1) $6,000,000 for site preparation, design, planning, construction, and associated administrative costs for the restoration of the Memorial and other historical and memorial sites referred to in subsection (a) of this section; and

      (2) amounts necessary to operate and maintain the Memorial and those other historical and memorial sites.

Sec. 2109. Foreign Currency Fluctuations Account

    (a) ESTABLISHMENT AND PURPOSE- There is an account in the Treasury known as the ‘Foreign Currency Fluctuations, American Battle Monuments Commission, Account’. The Account shall be used to provide amounts, in addition to amounts appropriated for salaries and expenses of the Commission, to pay the cost of salaries and expenses that exceeds the amount appropriated for salaries and expenses because of fluctuations in currency exchange rates of foreign countries occurring after a budget request for the Commission is submitted to Congress. The Account may not be used for any other purpose.

    (b) INCREASE IN PERMISSIBLE OBLIGATIONS OF AMOUNTS- A provision of law limiting the amounts the Commission may obligate in a fiscal year shall be increased to the extent necessary to reflect fluctuations in exchange rates from those used in preparing the budget submission.

    (c) TRANSFERRED AMOUNTS- (1) Amounts in the Account may be transferred to amounts appropriated for salaries and expenses of the Commission. Transferred amounts shall be merged with, and are available for the same time period as, the appropriation to which they are applied.

    (2) Amounts transferred from the Account may be transferred back--

      (A) if the amounts are not needed to pay obligations incurred because of fluctuations in currency exchange rates of foreign countries in the appropriation to which the amounts were originally transferred; or

      (B) because of subsequent favorable fluctuations in the rates or because other amounts are, or become, available to pay the obligations.

    (3) Amounts transferred to an appropriation under this subsection may not be transferred back to the Account after the end of the 2d fiscal year after the fiscal year in which the appropriation was available for obligation.

    (d) RECORDING OF OBLIGATIONS AND FLUCTUATIONS IN EXCHANGE RATES- An obligation of the Commission payable in the currency of a foreign country may be recorded as an obligation based on exchange rates used in preparing a budget submission. A change reflecting fluctuations in exchange rates may be recorded as a disbursement is made.

    (e) UNOBLIGATED BALANCES- The unobligated balance of an appropriation for salaries and expenses may be transferred to the Account not later than the end of the 2d fiscal year following the fiscal year for which the appropriation was made. The unobligated balance shall be merged with, and be available for the same period and purposes as, the Account.

    (f) ANNUAL REPORT- The Commission each year shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report on amounts transferred under this section.

    (g) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There is authorized to be appropriated $3,000,000 to the Account.

Sec. 2110. Claims against the Commission

    A claim against the American Battle Monuments Commission that is similar to a claim described in section 2734 of title 10, that is based on damage to, or loss or destruction of, property, or personal injury or death of an individual, and that is caused by the negligent or wrongful act or omission of an officer or civilian employee of the Commission acting within the scope of the officer’s or employee’s office or employment, may be settled, decided, and paid as provided in section 2734 for the settlement of Army claims. However, the Secretary of the Army may appoint an officer or employee of the Commission to a claims commission or as an officer to approve settlements of claims made by the claims commission. All payments in settlement of a claim shall be made out of appropriations made to carry out this chapter.

Sec. 2111. Presidential duties and powers

    (a) ARRANGEMENTS WITH FOREIGN COUNTRIES- The President is requested to make the necessary arrangements with the proper authorities of the appropriate foreign countries to enable the American Battle Monuments Commission to carry out this chapter.

    (b) TRANSFER OF ADMINISTRATIVE DUTIES AND POWERS AND SUPPLIES, MATERIAL, AND EQUIPMENT TO COMMISSION- (1) The President by executive order may transfer to the Commission--

      (A) the same administrative duties and powers related to a permanent military cemetery located outside the United States and the territories and possessions of the United States that were transferred to the Commission by Executive Order 6614, February 26, 1934, and Executive Order 10057, May 14, 1949, as amended by Executive Order 10087, December 3, 1949; and

      (B) supplies, material, and equipment located in the permanent military cemetery or in a military depot overseas that--

        (i) the Department of Defense does not need; and

        (ii) the Commission requests to carry out the duties and powers specified in clause (A) of this paragraph.

    (2) After a transfer under this subsection, the Commission shall maintain the cemetery and all improvements in it.

Sec. 2112. Care and maintenance of Surrender Tree site

    The American Battle Monuments Commission is responsible for the care and maintenance of the Surrender Tree site in Santiago, Cuba.

CHAPTER 23--UNITED STATES HOLOCAUST MEMORIAL COUNCIL

      Sec.

      2301. Establishment and purposes.

      2302. Membership.

      2303. Executive Director.

      2304. Gifts, bequests, and devises of property.

      2305. Memorial museum.

      2306. Audits.

      2307. Administrative.

      2308. Annual report.

      2309. Authorization of appropriations.

Sec. 2301. Establishment and purposes

    The United States Holocaust Memorial Council is an independent establishment of the United States Government. The Council shall--

      (1) provide for appropriate ways for the Nation to commemorate the Days of Remembrance as an annual, national, civic commemoration of the Holocaust;

      (2) encourage and sponsor appropriate observances of the Days of Remembrance throughout the United States;

      (3) plan, construct, and operate a permanent living memorial museum to the victims of the holocaust in cooperation with the Secretary of the Interior and other departments, agencies, and instrumentalities of the United States Government as provided in section 2305 of this title; and

      (4) develop a plan for carrying out the recommendations of the President’s Commission on the Holocaust in its report to the President of September 27, 1979, to the extent the recommendations are not otherwise provided for in this chapter.

Sec. 2302. Membership

    (a) COMPOSITION- (1) The United States Holocaust Memorial Council consists of 65 voting members and the following ex officio nonvoting members:

      (A) one appointed by the Secretary of the Interior.

      (B) one appointed by the Secretary of State.

      (C) one appointed by the Secretary of Education.

    (2) Of the 65 voting members--

      (A) the President of the United States appoints 55;

      (B) the Speaker of the House of Representatives appoints 5 from among members of the House of Representatives; and

      (C) the President pro tempore of the Senate appoints 5, on the recommendation of the majority and minority leaders, from among members of the Senate.

    (b) TERMS OF OFFICE- (1) Except as provided in this subsection, Council members serve for terms of 5 years.

    (2) The terms of the 5 members of the House of Representatives and the 5 members of the Senate appointed during a term of Congress expire at the end of that term of Congress.

    (c) CHAIRPERSON AND VICE CHAIRPERSON- The President of the United States shall appoint the Chairperson and Vice Chairperson of the Council from among the members of the Council. The Chairperson and Vice Chairperson serve for terms of 5 years.

    (d) VACANCIES- (1) A vacancy on the Council shall be filled in the same manner as the original appointment was made.

    (2) A member appointed to fill a vacancy occurring before the expiration of the term for which the predecessor was appointed shall be appointed only for the remainder of the term. A member, except a Member of Congress appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives or the President pro tempore of the Senate, may serve after the expiration of a term until a successor takes office.

    (3) The President of the United States fills a vacancy in the offices of the Chairperson and Vice Chairperson.

    (e) REAPPOINTMENT- A member whose term expires may be reappointed. The Chairperson and Vice Chairperson may be reappointed to those offices.

    (f) PAY AND EXPENSES- (1) Except as provided in paragraph (2) of this subsection, members of the Council may be paid the daily equivalent of the maximum annual rate of basic pay payable under section 5376 of title 5 for each day (including traveltime) during which they perform duties of the Council. A member is entitled to travel expenses, including a per diem allowance, as provided under section 5703 of title 5.

    (2) Members who are full-time officers or employees of the United States Government or Members of Congress may not receive additional pay because of their service on the Council.

    (g) ASSOCIATED COMMITTEES- Subject to appointment by the Chairperson, an individual who is not a member of the Council may be designated as a member of a committee associated with the Council. The individual serves without cost to the Government.

Sec. 2303. Executive Director

    (a) APPOINTMENT AND PAY- The Chairperson of the United States Holocaust Memorial Council shall appoint an Executive Director, subject to confirmation by the Council. The Executive Director may be paid with nonappropriated funds. However, if the Executive Director is paid with appropriated funds, the rate of pay shall be a rate that is not more than the maximum rate of basic pay payable under section 5376 of title 5. The Executive Director serves at the pleasure of the Council.

    (b) DUTIES AND POWERS- The Executive Director may--

      (1) appoint employees in the competitive service subject to chapter 51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of title 5;

      (2) appoint and fix the compensation (at a rate that is not more than the maximum rate of basic pay payable under section 5376 of title 5) of not more than 3 employees, notwithstanding any other law; and

      (3) implement decisions of the Council, in the manner the Council directs, and carry out other functions the Council, the Executive Committee of the Council, or the Chairperson assigns.

Sec. 2304. Gifts, bequests, and devises of property

    (a) GENERAL- The United States Holocaust Memorial Council may solicit, accept, own, administer, invest, and use gifts, bequests, and devises of property to aid or facilitate the construction, maintenance, and operation of the memorial museum. The property and the proceeds of the property shall be used as nearly as possible in accordance with the terms of the gift, bequest, or devise donating the property. Funds donated to and accepted by the Council under this section are not considered appropriated funds and are not subject to any requirements or restrictions applicable to appropriated funds.

    (b) TAX TREATMENT- For the purposes of Federal income, estate, and gift taxes, property accepted under this section is deemed to be a gift, bequest, or devise to the United States Government.

Sec. 2305. Memorial museum

    (a) TRANSFER OR PURCHASE OF REAL PROPERTY IN THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA- For the purpose of establishing the memorial museum, and with the approval of the Secretary of the Interior in consultation with the Commission of Fine Arts and the National Capital Planning Commission--

      (1) a department, agency, or instrumentality of the United States Government may transfer to the administrative jurisdiction of the United States Holocaust Memorial Council, any real property in the District of Columbia that is under the administrative jurisdiction of the department, agency, or instrumentality and that the Council considers suitable for the memorial museum; and

      (2) the Council may purchase, with the consent of the owner, any real property within the District of Columbia that the Council considers suitable for the memorial museum.

    (b) ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN APPROVAL- The architectural design for the memorial museum is subject to the approval of the Secretary of the Interior, in consultation with the Commission of Fine Arts and the National Capital Planning Commission.

    (c) INSURANCE- The Council shall maintain insurance on the memorial museum to cover the risks, in the amount, and containing the terms the Council considers necessary.

Sec. 2306. Audits

    When requested by Congress, the Comptroller General shall audit financial transactions of the United States Holocaust Memorial Council, including those involving donated funds, under generally accepted auditing standards. The Council shall make available for an audit under this section all records, items, or property used by the Council that are necessary for the audit. The Council shall provide facilities for verifying transactions with the balances.

Sec. 2307. Administrative

    (a) BYLAWS- (1) The United States Holocaust Memorial Council shall adopt bylaws to carry out its functions under this chapter.

    (2) The Chairperson of the Council may waive a bylaw when the Chairperson decides the waiver is in the best interest of the Council. Immediately after waiving a bylaw, the Chairperson shall send written notice to every voting member of the Council. The waiver becomes final 30 days after the notice is sent unless a majority of Council members disagrees in writing before the end of the 30-day period.

    (b) QUORUM- One-third of the members of the Council is a quorum. A vacancy in the Council does not affect its power to function.

    (c) EXPERTS AND CONSULTANTS- The Council may procure the temporary or intermittent services of experts or consultants under section 3109 of title 5, at rates that are not more than the daily equivalent of the maximum annual rate of basic pay payable under section 5376 of title 5.

    (d) CONTRACT AUTHORITY- In accordance with applicable law, the Council may make contracts or other arrangements with public agencies or authorities and with private organizations and persons and may make payments necessary to carry out its functions under this chapter.

    (e) ASSISTANCE FROM OTHER UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT DEPARTMENTS, AGENCIES, AND INSTRUMENTALITIES- The Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, the Library of Congress, and all departments, agencies, and instrumentalities in the executive branch of the United States Government may assist the Council in carrying out its functions under this chapter.

    (f) ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICES AND SUPPORT- The Secretary of the Interior may provide administrative services and support to the Council on a reimbursable basis.

Sec. 2308. Annual report

    Each year, the Executive Director of the United States Holocaust Memorial Council shall submit to Congress a report on the Executive Director’s stewardship of the authority to construct, maintain, and operate the memorial museum, including an accounting of all financial transactions involving donated funds.

Sec. 2309. Authorization of appropriations

    (a) GENERAL- Amounts necessary to carry out this chapter are authorized to be appropriated for each of the fiscal years ending September 30, 1997-2000. Notwithstanding any other law, necessary amounts are authorized to be appropriated to the Council to obtain, from a private insurance carrier, insurance against loss in connection with the memorial museum and related property and exhibits.

    (b) USE OF AMOUNTS FOR CONSTRUCTION BARRED- Amounts authorized under this chapter may not be used for construction.

    (c) PRIOR AUTHORITY REQUIRED- Authority to make contracts and to make payments under this chapter, using amounts authorized to be appropriated under this section, are effective only to the extent, and in amounts, provided in advance in an appropriations law.

CHAPTER 25--PRESIDENT’S COMMITTEE ON EMPLOYMENT OF PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES

      Sec.

      2501. Acceptance of voluntary services and money or property.

      2502. Authorization of appropriations.

Sec. 2501. Acceptance of voluntary services and money or property

    The President’s Committee on Employment of People With Disabilities--

      (1) notwithstanding section 1342 of title 31, may accept voluntary and uncompensated services; and

      (2) may accept, use, and dispose of any money or property the Committee receives.

Sec. 2502. Authorization of appropriations

    (a) GENERAL- Amounts necessary for the work of the President’s Committee on Employment of People With Disabilities are authorized to be appropriated for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1997, to be expended in the manner and by agencies the President may direct.

    (b) USES- Amounts appropriated under this section are to be used to carry out the purposes of National Disability Employment Awareness Month and to enable the President to provide the Committee with adequate personnel to assist in its activities, and otherwise to provide the Committee with the means of carrying out a program to promote the employment of individuals with disabilities, by--

      (1) creating interest throughout the United States in the rehabilitation and employment of such individuals; and

      (2) obtaining and maintaining cooperation from all public and private groups in the field.

SUBTITLE II--PATRIOTIC AND NATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

PART A--GENERAL

Sec.

-101.

-GENERAL

-10101

PART B--ORGANIZATIONS

-201.

-AGRICULTURAL HALL OF FAME

-20101

-203.

-AMERICAN ACADEMY OF ARTS AND LETTERS

-20301

-205.

-AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY

-20501

-207.

-AMERICAN COUNCIL OF LEARNED SOCIETIES

-20701

-209.

-AMERICAN EX-PRISONERS OF WAR

-20901

-211.

-AMERICAN GOLD STAR MOTHERS, INCORPORATED

-21101

-213.

-AMERICAN HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION

-21301

-215.

-AMERICAN HOSPITAL OF PARIS

-21501

-217.

-THE AMERICAN LEGION

-21701

-219.

-THE AMERICAN NATIONAL THEATER AND ACADEMY

-21901

-221.

-THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF INTERNATIONAL LAW

-22101

-223.

-AMERICAN SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA LEAGUE

-22301

-225.

-AMERICAN WAR MOTHERS

-22501

-227.

-AMVETS (AMERICAN VETERANS OF WORLD WAR II, KOREA, AND VIETNAM)

-22701

-229.

-ARMY AND NAVY UNION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

-22901

-231.

-AVIATION HALL OF FAME

-23101

-301.

-BIG BROTHERS--BIG SISTERS OF AMERICA

-30101

-303.

-BLINDED VETERANS ASSOCIATION

-30301

-305.

-BLUE STAR MOTHERS OF AMERICA, INC.

-30501

-307.

-BOARD FOR FUNDAMENTAL EDUCATION

-30701

-309.

-BOY SCOUTS OF AMERICA

-30901

-311.

-BOYS & GIRLS CLUBS OF AMERICA

-31101

-401.

-CATHOLIC WAR VETERANS OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, INCORPORATED

-40101

-403.

-CIVIL AIR PATROL

-40301

-405.

-CONGRESSIONAL MEDAL OF HONOR SOCIETY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

-40501

-407.

-CORPORATION FOR THE PROMOTION OF RIFLE PRACTICE AND FIREARMS SAFETY

-40701

-501.

-DAUGHTERS OF UNION VETERANS OF THE CIVIL WAR 1861-1865

-50101

-503.

-DISABLED AMERICAN VETERANS

-50301

-601.

-82ND AIRBORNE DIVISION ASSOCIATION, INCORPORATED

-60101

-701.

-FLEET RESERVE ASSOCIATION

-70101

-703.

-FORMER MEMBERS OF CONGRESS

-70301

-705.

-THE FOUNDATION OF THE FEDERAL BAR ASSOCIATION

-70501

-707.

-FREDERICK DOUGLASS MEMORIAL AND HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION

-70701

-709.

-FUTURE FARMERS OF AMERICA

-70901

-801.

-GENERAL FEDERATION OF WOMEN’S CLUBS

-80101

-803.

-GIRL SCOUTS OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

-80301

-805.

-GOLD STAR WIVES OF AMERICA

-80501

-901.

-[RESERVED]

-90101

-1001.

-ITALIAN AMERICAN WAR VETERANS OF THE UNITED STATES

-100101

-1101.

-JEWISH WAR VETERANS OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, INCORPORATED

-110101

-1103.

-JEWISH WAR VETERANS, U.S.A., NATIONAL MEMORIAL, INCORPORATED

-110301

-1201.

-[RESERVED]

-120101

-1301.

-LADIES OF THE GRAND ARMY OF THE REPUBLIC

-130101

-1303.

-LEGION OF VALOR OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, INCORPORATED

-130301

-1305.

-LITTLE LEAGUE BASEBALL, INCORPORATED

-130501

-1401.

-MARINE CORPS LEAGUE

-140101

-1403.

-THE MILITARY CHAPLAINS ASSOCIATION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

-140301

-1405.

-MILITARY ORDER OF THE PURPLE HEART OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, INCORPORATED

-140501

-1407.

-MILITARY ORDER OF THE WORLD WARS

-140701

-1501.

-NATIONAL ACADEMY OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION

-150101

-1503.

-NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

-150301

-1505.

-NATIONAL CONFERENCE OF STATE SOCIETIES, WASHINGTON, DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

-150501

-1507.

-NATIONAL CONFERENCE ON CITIZENSHIP

-150701

-1509.

-NATIONAL COUNCIL ON RADIATION PROTECTION AND MEASUREMENTS

-150901

-1511.

-NATIONAL EDUCATION ASSOCIATION OF THE UNITED STATES

-151101

-1513.

-NATIONAL FALLEN FIREFIGHTERS FOUNDATION

-151301

-1515.

-NATIONAL FEDERATION OF MUSIC CLUBS

-151501

-1517.

-NATIONAL FILM PRESERVATION FOUNDATION

-151701

-1519.

-NATIONAL FUND FOR MEDICAL EDUCATION

-151901

-1521.

-NATIONAL MINING HALL OF FAME AND MUSEUM

-152101

-1523.

-NATIONAL MUSIC COUNCIL

-152301

-1525.

-NATIONAL SAFETY COUNCIL

-152501

-1527.

-NATIONAL SKI PATROL SYSTEM, INCORPORATED

-152701

-1529.

-NATIONAL SOCIETY, DAUGHTERS OF THE AMERICAN COLONISTS

-152901

-1531.

-THE NATIONAL SOCIETY OF THE DAUGHTERS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION

-153101

-1533.

-NATIONAL SOCIETY OF THE SONS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION

-153301

-1535.

-NATIONAL TROPICAL BOTANICAL GARDEN

-153501

-1537.

-NATIONAL WOMAN’S RELIEF CORPS, AUXILIARY TO THE GRAND ARMY OF THE REPUBLIC

-153701

-1539.

-THE NATIONAL YOEMEN F

-153901

-1541.

-NAVAL SEA CADET CORPS

-154101

-1543.

-NAVY CLUB OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

-154301

-1545.

-NAVY WIVES CLUBS OF AMERICA

-154501

-1547.

-NON COMMISSIONED OFFICERS ASSOCIATION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, INCORPORATED

-154701

-1601.

-[RESERVED]

-160101

-1701.

-PARALYZED VETERANS OF AMERICA

-170101

-1703.

-PEARL HARBOR SURVIVORS ASSOCIATION

-170301

-1705.

-POLISH LEGION OF AMERICAN VETERANS, U.S.A.

-170501

-1801.

-[RESERVED]

-180101

-1901.

-RESERVE OFFICERS ASSOCIATION OF THE UNITED STATES

-190101

-1903.

-RETIRED ENLISTED ASSOCIATION, INCORPORATED

-190301

-2001.

-SOCIETY OF AMERICAN FLORISTS AND ORNAMENTAL HORTICULTURISTS

-200101

-2003.

-SONS OF UNION VETERANS OF THE CIVIL WAR

-200301

-2101.

-THEODORE ROOSEVELT ASSOCIATION

-210101

-2103.

-369TH VETERANS’ ASSOCIATION

-210301

-2201.

-UNITED SERVICE ORGANIZATIONS, INCORPORATED

-220101

-2203.

-UNITED STATES CAPITOL HISTORICAL SOCIETY

-220301

-2205.

-UNITED STATES OLYMPIC COMMITTEE

-220501

-2207.

-UNITED STATES SUBMARINE VETERANS OF WORLD WAR II

-220701

-2301.

-VETERANS OF FOREIGN WARS OF THE UNITED STATES

-230101

-2303.

-VETERANS OF WORLD WAR I OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, INCORPORATED

-230301

-2305.

-VIETNAM VETERANS OF AMERICA, INC.

-230501

-2401.

-WOMEN’S ARMY CORPS VETERANS’ ASSOCIATION

-240101

-2501.

-[RESERVED]

-250101

-2601.

-[RESERVED]

-260101

-2701.

-[RESERVED]

-270101

PART A--GENERAL

CHAPTER 101--GENERAL

      Sec.

      10101. Audits.

      10102. Reservation of right to amend or repeal.

Sec. 10101. Audits

    (a) GENERAL- Except as otherwise provided, the financial statements of each corporation in part B of this subtitle shall be audited annually in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards by an independent certified public accountant or independent licensed public accountant, certified or licensed by a regulatory authority of a State or other political subdivision of the United States. The audit shall be conducted where the financial statements of the corporation normally are kept. The person conducting the audit shall be given access to--

      (1) all records and property owned or used by the corporation necessary to facilitate the audit; and

      (2) full facilities for verifying transactions with the balances or securities held by depositories, fiscal agents, and custodians.

    (b) REPORT- (1) The corporation shall submit a report of the audit to Congress not later than 6 months after the close of the fiscal year for which the audit is made. The report shall describe the scope of the audit and include--

      (A) statements necessary to present fairly the corporation’s assets, liabilities, and surplus or deficit, and an analysis of the changes in those amounts during the year;

      (B) a statement in reasonable detail of the corporation’s income and expenses during the year including the results of any trading, manufacturing, publishing, or other commercial-type endeavor; and

      (C) the independent auditor’s opinion of those statements.

    (2) The report may not be printed as a public document, except as part of proceedings authorized to be printed under section 1332 of title 44.

Sec. 10102. Reservation of right to amend or repeal

    (a) GENERAL- Congress reserves the right to amend or repeal the provisions of part B of this subtitle.

    (b) NONAPPLICATION- Subsection (a) of this section does not apply to chapters 213, 407, 801, 1403, 1503 (except section 150302(b)), 1513, 1517, 1531, and 1539 of this title.

PART B--ORGANIZATIONS

CHAPTER 201--AGRICULTURAL HALL OF FAME

      Sec.

      20101. Organization.

      20102. Purposes.

      20103. Membership.

      20104. Governing body.

      20105. Powers.

      20106. Restrictions.

      20107. Principal office.

      20108. Records and inspection.

      20109. Service of process.

      20110. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      20111. Use of assets on dissolution or final liquidation.

Sec. 20101. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- Agricultural Hall of Fame (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’) is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

Sec. 20102. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are--

      (1) to receive and maintain one or more funds and to use any part of the principal or interest only for charitable, scientific, literary, or educational purposes either directly or by contributing to organizations authorized to carry on similar activities;

      (2) to honor farmers, farm women, farm leaders, teachers, scientists, inventors, governmental leaders, and other individuals who have helped make this Nation great by their outstanding contributions to the establishment, development, advancement, or improvement of agriculture in the United States;

      (3) to perpetuate the memory of those individuals and record their contributions and achievements by the erection and maintenance of buildings and monuments as may be appropriate as a lasting memorial;

      (4) to promote a greater sense of appreciation of the dignity and importance of agriculture, historically carried out through owner-operated farms, and the part it has played in developing those social, economic, and spiritual values which are essential in maintaining the free and democratic institutions of our Republic;

      (5) to establish and maintain a library and museum for the collection and preservation for posterity of agricultural tools, implements, machines, vehicles, pictures, paintings, books, papers, documents, data, relics, mementos, artifacts, and other items relating to agriculture;

      (6) to cooperate with other organizations interested in similar projects; and

      (7) to engage in other activities appropriate to carry out its purposes.

Sec. 20103. Membership

    (a) ELIGIBILITY- Except as provided in this chapter, eligibility for membership in the corporation and the rights, privileges, and designation of classes of members are as provided in the bylaws.

    (b) VOTING- Each member given voting rights by the bylaws has one vote on each matter submitted to a vote at a meeting of the voting members. The vote may be cast in the manner provided in the bylaws.

Sec. 20104. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF GOVERNORS- (1) The board of governors is the governing body of the corporation. Between meetings of the members of the corporation, the board is responsible for the general policies and program of the corporation and for the control of all funds of the corporation.

    (2) The number of governors, their manner of selection (including the filling of vacancies), and their term of office are as provided in the bylaws. However, the board shall have at least 15 members.

    (3) The board may appoint committees. Each committee has the powers provided in the bylaws or by resolution of the board. The powers of a committee may include all the powers of the board.

    (b) OFFICERS- (1) The officers of the corporation are a president, one or more one vice presidents as provided in the bylaws, a secretary, a treasurer, one or more assistant secretaries and assistant treasurers, and other officers as provided in the bylaws.

    (2) The manner of election, term of office, and duties of the officers are as provided in the bylaws.

Sec. 20105. Powers

    The corporation may--

      (1) adopt and amend bylaws for the management of its property and the regulation of its affairs;

      (2) adopt and alter a corporate seal;

      (3) choose officers, managers, agents, and employees as the activities of the corporation require;

      (4) make contracts;

      (5) acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property as necessary or convenient to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (6) borrow money, issue instruments of indebtedness, and secure its obligations by granting security interests in its property; and

      (7) sue and be sued.

Sec. 20106. Restrictions

    (a) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation or a governor, officer, employee, or member as such may not contribute to, support, or assist a political party or candidate for public office.

    (c) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, a governor, officer, or member as such during the life of the corporation or on its dissolution or final liquidation. This subsection does not prevent the payment of compensation to an officer or employee in an amount approved by the board of governors.

    (d) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan or advance to a governor, officer, employee, or member. Governors who vote for or assent to making a loan or advance to a governor, officer, employee, or member, and officers who participate in making the loan or advance, are jointly and severally liable to the corporation for the amount of the loan or advance until it is repaid.

    (e) CONTRIBUTIONS TO CERTAIN ORGANIZATIONS- None of the principal or interest of a fund referred to in section 20102(1) of this title may be contributed to an organization if--

      (1) a substantial part of its activities is carrying on propaganda or attempting to influence legislation; or

      (2) any part of its net earnings benefits a private shareholder or individual.

Sec. 20107. Principal office

    The principal office of the corporation shall be in Kansas City, Kansas, or another place decided by the board of governors. However, the activities of the corporation are not confined to the place where the principal office is located but may be conducted throughout the States, territories, and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 20108. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, board of governors, and committees having any of the authority of its board of governors; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member entitled to vote, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 20109. Service of process

    The corporation shall have a designated agent in the District of Columbia to receive service of process for the corporation. Notice to or service on the agent is notice to or service on the corporation.

Sec. 20110. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 20111. Use of assets on dissolution or final liquidation

    On dissolution or final liquidation of the corporation, any assets of the corporation remaining after the discharge of all liabilities shall be distributed as provided by the board of governors, but in compliance with the charter and bylaws.

CHAPTER 203--AMERICAN ACADEMY OF ARTS AND LETTERS

      Sec.

      20301. Organization.

      20302. Purpose.

      20303. Membership.

      20304. Powers.

      20305. Annual meeting.

      20306. Annual report.

      20307. Nonapplication of audit requirements.

Sec. 20301. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- American Academy of Arts and Letters (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’) is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) PLACE OF INCORPORATION- The corporation is declared to be incorporated in the District of Columbia.

Sec. 20302. Purpose

    The purpose of the corporation is to further the interests of literature and the fine arts.

Sec. 20303. Membership

    The corporation may have not more than 50 regular members.

Sec. 20304. Powers

    The corporation may--

      (1) adopt bylaws and regulations;

      (2) fill vacancies;

      (3) provide for the election of foreign, domestic, or honorary associate members, and the division of those members into classes;

      (4) receive bequests and donations of property, hold the property in trust, and invest the property to carry out the purpose of the corporation; and

      (5) do any other act necessary or usual for such a corporation.

Sec. 20305. Annual meeting

    The corporation shall hold an annual meeting at a place in the United States as may be designated.

Sec. 20306. Annual report

    The corporation shall make an annual report to Congress, to be filed with the Librarian of Congress.

Sec. 20307. Nonapplication of audit requirements

    The audit requirements of section 10101 of this title do not apply to the corporation.

CHAPTER 205--AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY

      Sec.

      20501. Organization.

      20502. Purposes.

      20503. Powers.

      20504. Cooperation with the military.

      20505. Annual meeting.

      20506. Annual report.

Sec. 20501. Organization

    American Chemical Society (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’) is a federally chartered corporation.

Sec. 20502. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are--

      (1) to encourage in the broadest and most liberal manner the advancement of chemistry in all its branches;

      (2) to promote research in chemical science and industry;

      (3) to improve the qualifications and usefulness of chemists through high standards of professional ethics, education, and attainments;

      (4) to increase and diffuse chemical knowledge; and

      (5) by its meetings, professional contacts, reports, papers, discussions, and publications, to promote scientific interests and inquiry to foster public welfare and education, aid the development of our country’s industries, and add to the material prosperity and happiness of our people.

Sec. 20503. Powers

    The corporation may--

      (1) adopt a constitution, bylaws, and regulations;

      (2) fill vacancies;

      (3) provide for the election of members and the division of those members into classes;

      (4) receive property, hold the property absolutely or in trust, invest and manage the property, and use the property and income arising from it to carry out the purposes of the corporation; and

      (5) do any other act necessary and proper to carry out the purposes of the corporation.

Sec. 20504. Cooperation with the military

    (a) INVESTIGATIONS, EXAMINATIONS, EXPERIMENTS, AND REPORTS- When requested by the Secretary of the Army, Air Force, or Navy, the corporation shall investigate, examine, experiment, and report on any subject in pure or applied chemistry connected with the national defense.

    (b) PAYMENTS- The actual expense of those investigations, examinations, experiments, and reports shall be paid from amounts appropriated for those purposes, but the corporation may not receive compensation for any services performed for the United States Government.

    (c) TITLE AND LICENSE- Title to inventions and discoveries made in the course of those investigations, examinations, and experiments that the appropriate Secretary believes involve the national defense vest in the Government. The Government shall have unlimited license under other inventions and discoveries made in the course of those investigations, examinations, and experiments.

Sec. 20505. Annual meeting

    The corporation shall hold an annual meeting at a place in the United States as may from time to time be designated.

Sec. 20506. Annual report

    Not later than December 1 of each year, the corporation shall submit a report to Congress on the activities of the corporation during the prior calendar year, including a complete statement of its receipts and expenditures. The report may not be printed as a public document.

CHAPTER 207--AMERICAN COUNCIL OF LEARNED SOCIETIES

      Sec.

      20701. Definition.

      20702. Organization.

      20703. Purposes.

      20704. Membership.

      20705. Governing body.

      20706. Powers.

      20707. Restrictions.

      20708. Duty to maintain tax-exempt status.

      20709. Records and inspection.

      20710. Service of process.

      20711. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      20712. Annual report.

Sec. 20701. Definition

    For purposes of this chapter, ‘State’ includes the District of Columbia and the territories and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 20702. Organization

    American Council of Learned Societies (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’), a nonprofit corporation incorporated in the District of Columbia, is a federally chartered corporation.

Sec. 20703. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are as provided in the articles of incorporation and include--

      (1) the advancement of the humanistic studies in all fields of learning; and

      (2) the maintenance and strengthening of relations among the national societies devoted to those studies.

Sec. 20704. Membership

    Except as provided in this chapter, eligibility for membership in the corporation and the rights and privileges of members are as provided in the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

Sec. 20705. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF DIRECTORS- The board of directors and the responsibilities of the board are as provided in the articles of incorporation.

    (b) OFFICERS- The officers and the election of officers are as provided in the articles of incorporation.

Sec. 20706. Powers

    The corporation has only the powers provided in its bylaws and articles of incorporation filed in each State in which it is incorporated.

Sec. 20707. Restrictions

    (a) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation or a director or officer as such may not contribute to, support, or participate in any political activity or in any manner attempt to influence legislation.

    (c) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, a director, officer, or member during the life of the charter granted by this chapter. This subsection does not prevent the payment of reasonable compensation to an officer or reimbursement for actual necessary expenses in amounts approved by the board of directors.

    (d) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan to a director, officer, or employee.

    (e) CLAIM OF GOVERNMENTAL APPROVAL OR AUTHORITY- The corporation may not claim congressional approval or the authority of the United States Government for any of its activities.

Sec. 20708. Duty to maintain tax-exempt status

    The corporation shall maintain its status as an organization exempt from taxation under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 1 et seq.). If the corporation does not maintain that status, the charter granted by this chapter expires.

Sec. 20709. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, board of directors, and committees having any of the authority of its board of directors; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member entitled to vote, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 20710. Service of process

    The corporation shall comply with the law on service of process of each State in which it is incorporated and each State in which it carries on activities.

Sec. 20711. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 20712. Annual report

    The corporation shall submit an annual report to Congress on the activities of the corporation during the prior fiscal year. The report shall be submitted at the same time as the report of the audit required by section 10101 of this title. The report may not be printed as a public document.

CHAPTER 209--AMERICAN EX-PRISONERS OF WAR

      Sec.

      20901. Definition.

      20902. Organization.

      20903. Purposes.

      20904. Membership.

      20905. Governing body.

      20906. Powers.

      20907. Exclusive right to name and emblem.

      20908. Restrictions.

      20909. Duty to maintain corporate and tax-exempt status.

      20910. Records and inspection.

      20911. Service of process.

      20912. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      20913. Annual report.

Sec. 20901. Definition

    For purposes of this chapter, ‘State’ includes the District of Columbia and the territories and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 20902. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- American Ex-Prisoners of War (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’), a nonprofit corporation incorporated in the State of Washington, is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) EXPIRATION OF CHARTER- If the corporation does not comply with any provision of this chapter, the charter granted by this chapter expires.

Sec. 20903. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are as provided in the articles of incorporation and include--

      (1) encouraging fraternity for the common good;

      (2) fostering patriotism and loyalty;

      (3) assisting widows and orphans of deceased ex-prisoners of war;

      (4) assisting ex-prisoners of war who have been injured or disabled as a result of their service;

      (5) maintaining allegiance to the United States;

      (6) preserving and defending the United States from all enemies; and

      (7) maintaining historical records.

Sec. 20904. Membership

    Except as provided in this chapter, eligibility for membership in the corporation and the rights and privileges of members are as provided in the bylaws.

Sec. 20905. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF DIRECTORS- The board of directors and the responsibilities of the board are as provided in the articles of incorporation.

    (b) OFFICERS- The officers and the election of officers are as provided in the articles of incorporation.

Sec. 20906. Powers

    The corporation has only the powers provided in its bylaws and articles of incorporation filed in each State in which it is incorporated.

Sec. 20907. Exclusive right to name and emblem

    The corporation has the exclusive right to use and to allow others to use the name ‘American Ex-Prisoners of War’ and the official American Ex-Prisoners of War emblem or any colorable simulation of that emblem. This section does not affect any vested rights.

Sec. 20908. Restrictions

    (a) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation or a director or officer as such may not contribute to, support, or participate in any political activity or in any manner attempt to influence legislation.

    (c) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, a director, officer, or member during the life of the charter granted by this chapter. This subsection does not prevent the payment of reasonable compensation to an officer or reimbursement for actual necessary expenses in amounts approved by the board or directors.

    (d) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan to a director, officer, or employee.

    (e) CLAIM OF GOVERNMENTAL APPROVAL OR AUTHORITY- The corporation may not claim congressional approval or the authority of the United States Government for any of its activities.

Sec. 20909. Duty to maintain corporate and tax-exempt status

    (a) CORPORATE STATUS- The corporation shall maintain its status as a corporation incorporated under the laws of the State of Washington.

    (b) TAX-EXEMPT STATUS- The corporation shall maintain its status as an organization exempt from taxation under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 1 et seq.).

Sec. 20910. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The Corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, board of directors, and committees having any of the authority of its board of directors; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member entitled to vote, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 20911. Service of process

    The corporation shall comply with the law on service of process of each State in which it is incorporated and each State in which it carries on activities.

Sec. 20912. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 20913. Annual report

    The corporation shall submit an annual report to Congress on the activities of the corporation during the prior fiscal year. The report shall be submitted at the same time as the report of the audit required by section 10101 of this title. The report may not be printed as a public document.

CHAPTER 211--AMERICAN GOLD STAR MOTHERS, INCORPORATED

      Sec.

      21101. Definition.

      21102. Organization.

      21103. Purposes.

      21104. Membership.

      21105. Governing body.

      21106. Powers.

      21107. Restrictions.

      21108. Duty to maintain corporate and tax-exempt status.

      21109. Records and inspection.

      21110. Service of process.

      21111. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      21112. Annual report.

Sec. 21101. Definition

    For purposes of this chapter, ‘State’ includes the District of Columbia and the territories and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 21102. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- American Gold Star Mothers, Incorporated (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’), incorporated in the District of Columbia, is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) EXPIRATION OF CHARTER- If the corporation does not comply with any provision of this chapter, the charter granted by this chapter expires.

Sec. 21103. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are as provided in the articles of incorporation and include a continuing commitment, on a national basis, to--

      (1) keep alive and develop the spirit that promoted world services;

      (2) maintain the ties of fellowship born of that service, and assist and further all patriotic work;

      (3) inculcate a sense of individual obligation to the community, State, and Nation;

      (4) assist veterans of World War I, World War II, the Korean Conflict, Vietnam, and other strategic areas and their dependents in the presentation of claims to the Department of Veterans Affairs, and aid in any way in their power the men and women who served and died or were wounded or incapacitated during hostilities;

      (5) perpetuate the memory of those whose lives were sacrificed in our wars;

      (6) maintain true allegiance to the United States;

      (7) inculcate lessons of patriotism and love of country in the communities in which we live;

      (8) inspire respect for the Stars and Stripes in the youth of America;

      (9) extend needful assistance to all Gold Star Mothers and, when possible, to their descendants; and

      (10) promote peace and good will for the United States and all other Nations.

Sec. 21104. Membership

    (a) ELIGIBILITY- Except as provided in this chapter, eligibility for membership in the corporation and the rights and privileges of members are as provided in the constitution and bylaws.

    (b) NONDISCRIMINATION- The terms of membership may not discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, or national origin.

Sec. 21105. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF DIRECTORS- The board of directors and the responsibilities of the board are as provided in the articles of incorporation.

    (b) OFFICERS- The officers and the election of officers are as provided in the articles of incorporation.

    (c) NONDISCRIMINATION- The requirements for holding office in the corporation may not discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, or national origin.

Sec. 21106. Powers

    The corporation has only the powers provided in its bylaws and articles of incorporation filed in each State in which it is incorporated.

Sec. 21107. Restrictions

    (a) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, a director, officer, or member during the life of the charter granted by this chapter. This subsection does not prevent the payment of reasonable compensation to an officer or reimbursement for actual necessary expenses in amounts approved by the board of directors.

    (c) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan to a director, officer, or employee.

    (d) CLAIM OF GOVERNMENTAL APPROVAL OR AUTHORITY- The corporation may not claim congressional approval or the authority of the United States Government for any of its activities.

Sec. 21108. Duty to maintain corporate and tax-exempt status

    (a) CORPORATE STATUS- The corporation shall maintain its status as a corporation incorporated under the laws of each State in which it is incorporated.

    (b) TAX-EXEMPT STATUS- The corporation shall maintain its status as an organization exempt from taxation under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 1 et seq.).

Sec. 21109. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, board of directors, and committees having any of the authority of its board of directors; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member entitled to vote, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 21110. Service of process

    The corporation shall comply with the law on service of process of each State in which it is incorporated and each State in which it carries on activities.

Sec. 21111. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 21112. Annual report

    The corporation shall submit an annual report to Congress on the activities of the corporation during the prior fiscal year. The report shall be submitted at the same time as the report of the audit required by section 10101 of this title. The report may not be printed as a public document.

CHAPTER 213--AMERICAN HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION

      Sec.

      21301. Organization.

      21302. Purposes.

      21303. Powers.

      21304. Annual meeting.

      21305. Principal office.

      21306. Historical collections.

      21307. Annual report.

Sec. 21301. Organization

    American Historical Association (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’) is a body corporate and politic in the District of Columbia.

Sec. 21302. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are--

      (1) to promote historical studies;

      (2) to collect and preserve historical manuscripts; and

      (3) other kindred purposes in the interest of American history and of history in America.

Sec. 21303. Powers

    The corporation may--

      (1) adopt a constitution and bylaws; and

      (2) hold property in the District of Columbia necessary to carry out the purposes of the corporation.

Sec. 21304. Annual meeting

    The corporation may hold its annual meeting in a place the members of the corporation select.

Sec. 21305. Principal office

    The principal office of the corporation shall be in the District of Columbia.

Sec. 21306. Historical collections

    The Regents of the Smithsonian Institution may allow the corporation to deposit its collections, manuscripts, books, pamphlets, and other historical material in the Smithsonian Institution or the National Museum on conditions and under regulations the Regents prescribe.

Sec. 21307. Annual report

    The corporation shall submit an annual report to the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution on the activities of the corporation and the condition of historical study in America. The Secretary shall submit to Congress any part of the report the Secretary decides is appropriate.

CHAPTER 215--AMERICAN HOSPITAL OF PARIS

      Sec.

      21501. Organization.

      21502. Purpose.

      21503. Governing body.

      21504. Acquisition and management of property.

      21505. Charges for medical services.

      21506. Principal office.

      21507. Nonapplication of audit requirements.

Sec. 21501. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- American Hospital of Paris (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’) is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) PLACE OF INCORPORATION- The corporation is declared to be incorporated in the District of Columbia.

    (c) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

Sec. 21502. Purpose

    The purpose of the corporation is to maintain a hospital in the vicinity of Paris, France, to provide medical and surgical care to citizens of the United States.

Sec. 21503. Governing body

    (a) GENERAL- (1) The board of governors is the governing body of the corporation.

    (2) The board shall have at least 12 governors, divided into 3 classes of equal numbers. One class of governors shall be elected each year for a term of 3 years or until their successors are elected. The corporation shall elect the governors at its annual meeting.

    (b) QUORUM- Five governors are a quorum for the transaction of business, except that a majority vote of the board is required for--

      (1) the sale or alienation of any real or personal estate of the corporation; or

      (2) the leasing of real estate of the corporation for a term of more than one year.

    (c) POWERS- The board may--

      (1) adopt and amend bylaws, as may be necessary and proper, related to--

        (A) elections and meetings;

        (B) qualifications and duties of governors and officers;

        (C) admission and qualifications of members; and

        (D) management and disposition of the property, business, and concerns of the corporation;

      (2) conduct all business of the corporation;

      (3) fill, until the next annual election, a vacancy on the board; and

      (4) appoint attending and resident physicians and surgeons, agents, assistants, and attendants as may be necessary, set their compensation, and discharge them.

Sec. 21504. Acquisition and management of property

    The corporation may acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property, in the United States and France, to carry out the purposes of the corporation.

Sec. 21505. Charges for medical services

    The corporation may charge a reasonable compensation for providing medical and surgical services or may provide those services without charge. Amounts received under this section shall be used to carry out the purposes of the corporation.

Sec. 21506. Principal office

    The principal office of the corporation shall be in the District of Columbia. However, offices may be maintained and meetings of the board of governors and committees may be held elsewhere.

Sec. 21507. Nonapplication of audit requirements

    The audit requirements of section 10101 of this title do not apply to the corporation.

CHAPTER 217--THE AMERICAN LEGION

      Sec.

      21701. Organization.

      21702. Purposes.

      21703. Membership.

      21704. Powers.

      21705. Exclusive right to name, emblems, and badges.

      21706. Political activities.

      21707. Service of process.

      21708. Annual report.

Sec. 21701. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- The American Legion (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’) is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

Sec. 21702. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are--

      (1) to uphold and defend the Constitution of the United States;

      (2) to promote peace and good will among the peoples of the United States and all the nations of the Earth;

      (3) to preserve the memories and incidents of the 2 World Wars and the other great hostilities fought to uphold democracy;

      (4) to cement the ties and comradeship born of service; and

      (5) to consecrate the efforts of its members to mutual helpfulness and service to their country.

Sec. 21703. Membership

    An individual is eligible for membership in the corporation only if the individual--

      (1) has served in the armed forces of--

        (A) the United States at any time during any period from--

          (i) April 6, 1917, through November 11, 1918;

          (ii) December 7, 1941, through December 31, 1946;

          (iii) June 25, 1950, through January 31, 1955;

          (iv) December 22, 1961, through May 7, 1975;

          (v) August 24, 1982, through July 31, 1984;

          (vi) December 20, 1989, through January 31, 1990; or

          (vii) August 2, 1990, through the date of cessation of hostilities, as decided by the United States Government; or

        (B) a government associated with the United States during a period referred to in subclause (A) of this clause and was a citizen of the United States when the individual entered that service; and

      (2) was honorably discharged or separated from that service or continues to serve honorably after that period.

Sec. 21704. Powers

    The corporation may--

      (1) adopt a constitution, bylaws, and regulations to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (2) adopt and alter a corporate seal;

      (3) establish and maintain offices to conduct its activities;

      (4) establish State and territorial organizations and local chapter or post organizations;

      (5) acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property as necessary to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (6) publish a magazine and other publications;

      (7) sue and be sued; and

      (8) do any other act necessary and proper to carry out the purposes of the corporation.

Sec. 21705. Exclusive right to name, emblems, and badges

    The corporation and its State and local subdivisions have the exclusive right to use the name ‘The American Legion’ or ‘American Legion’. The corporation has the exclusive right to use, manufacture, and control the right to manufacture, emblems and badges the corporation adopts.

Sec. 21706. Political activities

    The corporation shall be nonpolitical and may not promote the candidacy of an individual seeking public office.

Sec. 21707. Service of process

    As a condition to the exercise of any power or privilege granted by this chapter, the corporation shall file, with the secretary of state or other designated official of each State, the name and address of an agent in that State on whom legal process or demands against the corporation may be served.

Sec. 21708. Annual report

    Not later than January 1 of each year, the corporation shall submit a report to Congress on the activities of the corporation during the prior calendar year. The report may not be printed as a public document.

CHAPTER 219--THE AMERICAN NATIONAL THEATER AND ACADEMY

      Sec.

      21901. Organization.

      21902. Purposes.

      21903. Powers.

      21904. Exclusive right to name.

      21905. Restrictions.

      21906. Headquarters and meetings.

      21907. Service of process.

      21908. Annual report.

Sec. 21901. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- The American National Theater and Academy (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’) is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

Sec. 21902. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation include--

      (1) the presentation of theatrical productions of the highest type;

      (2) the stimulation of public interest in the drama as an art belonging both to the theater and to literature and to be enjoyed both on the stage and in the study;

      (3) the advancement of interest in the drama throughout the United States by furthering the production of the best plays, interpreted by the best actors at a minimum cost;

      (4) the further development of the study of drama of the present and past in our universities, colleges, schools, and elsewhere; and

      (5) the sponsoring, encouraging, and developing of the art and technique of the theater through a school within the National Academy.

Sec. 21903. Powers

    The corporation may--

      (1) adopt a constitution, bylaws, and regulations;

      (2) adopt and alter a corporate seal;

      (3) establish and maintain offices and buildings to conduct its activities;

      (4) establish State and territorial organizations and local branches;

      (5) acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property as necessary to carry out the purposes of the corporation, subject to its constitution and instructions of donors;

      (6) sue and be sued; and

      (7) do any other act necessary and proper to carry out the purposes of the corporation.

Sec. 21904. Exclusive right to name

    The corporation and its State and local branches and subdivisions have the exclusive right to use the name ‘The American National Theater and Academy’.

Sec. 21905. Restrictions

    (a) PROFIT AND STOCK- The corporation shall be nonprofit and may not issue stock.

    (b) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation shall be nonpolitical and nonsectarian, and may not promote the candidacy of an individual seeking public office.

    (c) HONORARY MEMBERS- The corporation may not have honorary members.

Sec. 21906. Headquarters and meetings

    The corporation may have its headquarters and hold its meetings at places the corporation decides are best.

Sec. 21907. Service of process

    As a condition to the exercise of any power or privilege granted by this chapter, the corporation shall file, with the secretary of state or other designated official of the District of Columbia or of each State, territory, or possession of the United States in which its headquarters, branches, or subdivisions are located, the name and address of an agent in that jurisdiction on whom legal process or demands against the corporation may be served.

Sec. 21908. Annual report

    Not later than January 1 of each year, the corporation shall submit a report to Congress on the activities of the corporation during the prior calendar year, including a complete report of its receipts and expenditures. The report may not be printed as a public document.

CHAPTER 221--THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF INTERNATIONAL LAW

      Sec.

      22101. Organization.

      22102. Purposes.

      22103. Governing body.

      22104. Powers.

      22105. Restrictions.

      22106. Principal office.

      22107. Records and inspection.

      22108. Service of process.

      22109. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

Sec. 22101. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- The American Society of International Law (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’) is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

Sec. 22102. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are--

      (1) to foster the study of international law; and

      (2) to promote the establishment and maintenance of international relations on the basis of law and justice.

Sec. 22103. Governing body

    (a) EXECUTIVE COUNCIL- (1) The executive council is the governing body of the corporation. However, the council is subject to the directions of the corporation at its annual meetings and at any other meeting called under the constitution, bylaws, or regulations of the corporation.

    (2) The council consists of a president, an honorary president, a number of vice presidents and honorary vice presidents as provided in the constitution, a secretary, a treasurer, and at least 24 additional individuals.

    (b) ELECTION AND TERMS- The officers of the corporation and one-third of the other members of the council shall be elected at each annual meeting of the corporation. However, the constitution may authorize the council--

      (1) to elect the secretary and the treasurer of the corporation for specified terms; and

      (2) to fill vacancies until the next annual meeting.

Sec. 22104. Powers

    The corporation may--

      (1) adopt and amend a constitution, bylaws, and regulations for the management of its property and the regulation of its affairs;

      (2) adopt and alter a corporate seal;

      (3) choose officers, managers, and agents as the activities of the corporation require;

      (4) make contracts;

      (5) acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property as necessary to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (6) borrow money, issue instruments of indebtedness, and secure its obligations by granting security interests in its property;

      (7) publish a journal and other publications;

      (8) sue and be sued; and

      (9) do any other act necessary and proper to carry out the purposes of the corporation.

Sec. 22105. Restrictions

    (a) PROFIT- The corporation may not operate for profit.

    (b) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (c) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation or an officer or member of the executive council as such may not contribute to, support, or assist a political party or candidate for elective public office.

    (d) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, a member of the corporation or an officer or member of the executive council, except on the dissolution or final liquidation of the corporation.

    (e) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan or advance to an officer or member of the executive council. Members of the council who vote for or assent to making a loan or advance to an officer or member of the council, and officers who participate in making the loan or advance, are jointly and severally liable to the corporation for the amount of the loan or advance until it is repaid.

Sec. 22106. Principal office

    The principal office of the corporation shall be in the District of Columbia. However, the activities of the corporation are not confined to the District of Columbia but may be conducted throughout the United States.

Sec. 22107. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, executive council, and committees having any of the authority of its executive council; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 22108. Service of process

    The corporation shall have a designated agent in the District of Columbia to receive service of process for the corporation. Notice to or service on the agent, or mailed to the business address of the agent, is notice to or service on the corporation.

Sec. 22109. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

CHAPTER 223--AMERICAN SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA LEAGUE

      Sec.

      22301. Organization.

      22302. Purposes.

      22303. Membership.

      22304. Governing body.

      22305. Powers.

      22306. Exclusive right to name, insignia, emblems, and badges.

      22307. Restrictions.

      22308. Principal office.

      22309. Records and inspection.

      22310. Service of process.

      22311. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      22312. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation.

Sec. 22301. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- American Symphony Orchestra League (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’) is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

Sec. 22302. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are--

      (1) to serve as a coordinating, research, and educational agency and clearinghouse for symphony orchestras to help strengthen the work in their local communities;

      (2) to assist in the formation of new symphony orchestras;

      (3) to encourage and recognize the work of America’s musicians, conductors, and composers, through suitable means; and

      (4) to aid the expansion of the musical and cultural life of the United States through suitable educational and service activities.

Sec. 22303. Membership

    (a) ELIGIBILITY- Except as provided in this chapter, eligibility for membership in the corporation and the rights, privileges, and designation of classes of members are as provided in the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

    (b) VOTING- Each member (except an honorary, sustaining, or associate member) has one vote on each matter submitted to a vote at a meeting of the members.

Sec. 22304. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF DIRECTORS- (1) The board of directors is the governing body of the corporation. Between meetings of the members of the corporation, the board is responsible for the general policies and program of the corporation and for the control of contributions raised by the corporation.

    (2) The number of directors, their manner of selection (including the filling of vacancies), and their term of office are as provided in the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

    (b) OFFICERS- (1) The officers of the corporation are a president, one or more vice presidents as provided in the constitution and bylaws, a secretary, a treasurer, and one or more assistant secretaries and assistant treasurers as provided in the constitution and bylaws.

    (2) The manner of election, term of office, and duties of the officers are as provided in the constitution and bylaws.

Sec. 22305. Powers

    The corporation may--

      (1) adopt and amend a constitution and bylaws for the management of its property and the regulation of its affairs;

      (2) adopt and alter a corporate seal;

      (3) choose officers, managers, agents, and employees as the activities of the corporation require;

      (4) make contracts;

      (5) acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property as necessary or convenient to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (6) borrow money, issue instruments of indebtedness, and secure its obligations by granting security interests in its property; and

      (7) sue and be sued.

Sec. 22306. Exclusive right to name, insignia, emblems, and badges

    The corporation has the exclusive right to use the name ‘American Symphony Orchestra League’ and distinctive insignia, emblems and badges, descriptive or designating marks, and words or phrases required to carry out the duties and powers of the corporation. This section does not affect any vested rights.

Sec. 22307. Restrictions

    (a) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation or a director or officer as such may not contribute to, support, or assist a political party or candidate for public office.

    (c) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, a director, officer, or member as such during the life of the corporation or on its dissolution or final liquidation. This subsection does not prevent the payment of compensation to an officer in an amount approved by the board of directors.

    (d) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan or advance to a director, officer, or employee. Directors who vote for or assent to making a loan or advance to a director, officer, or employee, and officers who participate in making the loan or advance, are jointly and severally liable to the corporation for the amount of the loan or advance until it is repaid.

Sec. 22308. Principal office

    The principal office of the corporation shall be in Charleston, West Virginia, or another place decided by the board of directors. However, the activities of the corporation are not confined to the place where the principal office is located but may be conducted throughout the States, territories, and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 22309. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, board of directors, and committees having any of the authority of its board of directors; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member entitled to vote, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 22310. Service of process

    The corporation shall have a designated agent in the District of Columbia to receive service of process for the corporation. Notice to or service on the agent, or mailed to the business address of the agent, is notice to or service on the corporation.

Sec. 22311. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 22312. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation

    On dissolution or final liquidation of the corporation, any assets remaining after the discharge of all liabilities shall be distributed as provided by the board of directors, but in compliance with the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

CHAPTER 225--AMERICAN WAR MOTHERS

      Sec.

      22501. Organization.

      22502. Purposes.

      22503. Membership.

      22504. Powers.

      22505. Exclusive right to name.

      22506. Restrictions.

      22507. Tax-exempt status.

      22508. Meetings.

      22509. Service of process.

      22510. Annual report.

Sec. 22501. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- American War Mothers (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’) is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) PLACE OF INCORPORATION- The corporation is declared to be incorporated in the District of Columbia.

    (c) PERIOD OF EXISTENCE- The corporation may continue to exist until there are no individuals who qualify for membership.

Sec. 22502. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are--

      (1) to keep alive and develop the spirit that promoted world service;

      (2) to maintain the ties of fellowship born of that service and to assist and further any patriotic work;

      (3) to inculcate a sense of individual obligation to the community, State, and Nation;

      (4) to work for the welfare of the Army and Navy;

      (5) to assist, in any way in their power, men and women who served and were wounded or incapacitated in World War I; and

      (6) to foster and promote friendship and understanding between America and the Allies in World War I.

Sec. 22503. Membership

    Eligibility for membership in the corporation is limited to women--

      (1) who are citizens of the United States; and

      (2) whose natural son or daughter, legally adopted son or daughter, or stepson or stepdaughter--

        (A) served in the armed forces of the United States or its allies in World War I, World War II, the Korean conflict, or any subsequent war or conflict involving the United States; and

        (B) was honorably discharged from that service or continues in the service.

Sec. 22504. Powers

    The corporation may--

      (1) adopt a constitution, bylaws, and regulations;

      (2) adopt and alter a corporate seal;

      (3) adopt emblems and badges;

      (4) establish and maintain offices to conduct its activities;

      (5) establish State, territorial, and local subdivisions;

      (6) acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property as necessary to carry out the purposes of the corporation, subject to section 22506(b) of this title;

      (7) publish a magazine and other publications;

      (8) sue and be sued; and

      (9) do any other act necessary and proper to carry out its purposes.

Sec. 22505. Exclusive right to name

    The corporation and its State, territorial, and local subdivisions have the exclusive right to use the name ‘American War Mothers’.

Sec. 22506. Restrictions

    (a) GENERAL- The corporation shall be nonprofit, nonpolitical, nonsectarian, and nonpartisan, and may not promote the candidacy of an individual seeking public office.

    (b) OWNERSHIP AND USE OF PROPERTY- The corporation may not accept, own, or hold, directly or indirectly, any property not reasonably necessary to carry out the purposes of the corporation.

Sec. 22507. Tax-exempt status

    The personal property and funds of the corporation, whether principal or income, so long as held or used only to carry out the purposes of the corporation, are exempt from taxation by the United States Government, the District of Columbia, and the territories and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 22508. Meetings

    The corporation may hold its meetings at any place the corporation decides.

Sec. 22509. Service of process

    As a condition to the exercise of any power or privilege granted by this chapter, the corporation shall file, with the secretary of state or other designated official of each State, the name and address of an agent in that State on whom legal process or demands against the corporation may be served.

Sec. 22510. Annual report

    Not later than January 1 of each year, the corporation shall submit a report to Congress on the activities of the corporation during the prior calendar year. The report may not be printed as a public document.

CHAPTER 227--AMVETS (AMERICAN VETERANS OF WORLD WAR II, KOREA, AND VIETNAM)

      Sec.

      22701. Organization.

      22702. Purposes.

      22703. Membership.

      22704. Governing body.

      22705. Powers.

      22706. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, and badges.

      22707. Restrictions.

      22708. Headquarters and principal place of business.

      22709. Records and inspection.

      22710. Service of process.

      22711. Liability for acts of officials, representatives, and agents.

      22712. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation.

Sec. 22701. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- AMVETS (American Veterans of World War II, Korea, and Vietnam) (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’) is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

Sec. 22702. Purposes

    The purposes of corporation are--

      (1) to preserve for ourselves and our posterity the great and basic truths and enduring principles upon which this Nation was founded;

      (2) to maintain a continuing interest in the welfare and rehabilitation of the disabled veterans of World War II, the Korean conflict, and the Vietnam era and to establish facilities for the assistance of all veterans and to represent them in their claims before the Department of Veterans Affairs and other organizations without charge;

      (3) to dedicate ourselves to the service and best interests of the community, State, and Nation to the end that our country shall be and remain forever a whole, strong, and free Nation;

      (4) to aid and encourage the abolition of prejudice, ignorance, and disease;

      (5) to encourage universal exercise of the voting franchise to the end that there shall be elected and maintained in public office men and women who hold public office as a public trust administered in the best interests of all the people;

      (6) to advocate the development and means by which all Americans may become enlightened and informed citizens and thus participate fully in the functions of our democracy;

      (7) to encourage and support an international organization of all peace-loving nations to the end that not again shall any nation be permitted to breach their national peace;

      (8) to continue to serve the best interests of our Nation in peace as in war;

      (9) to develop to the utmost the human, mental, spiritual, and economical resources of our Nation;

      (10) to perpetuate and preserve the friendships and comradeship born on the battle front and nurtured in the common experience of service to our Nation during time of war; and

      (11) to honor the memory of those men and women who gave their lives that a free America and a free world might live by the creation of living memorials in the form of additional educational, cultural, and recreational facilities.

Sec. 22703. Membership

    (a) ELIGIBILITY- Except as provided in this chapter, eligibility for membership in the corporation and the rights and privileges of members are as provided in the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

    (b) VOTING- Each member has one vote in the conduct of official business at the post level.

    (c) NONDISCRIMINATION- The terms of membership may not discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.

Sec. 22704. Governing body

    (a) DELEGATES TO NATIONAL CONVENTIONS- Each post may elect delegates to national conventions of the corporation. The delegates each have one vote in the conduct of business of the convention to which they are elected.

    (b) EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE- The executive committee of the corporation consists of--

      (1) one member elected to represent each department; and

      (2) the officers of the corporation as ex officio members.

    (c) OFFICERS- (1) The officers of the corporation are a national commander, 7 national vice commanders, one of whom shall be a woman, a finance officer, an adjutant, a judge advocate, and a provost marshal.

    (2) The officers shall be elected by the delegates at the annual national convention.

    (d) NONDISCRIMINATION- The requirements for holding office in the corporation may not discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.

Sec. 22705. Powers

    (a) GENERAL- The corporation may--

      (1) adopt bylaws and regulations for the management of its property and the regulation of its affairs;

      (2) adopt seals, emblems, and badges;

      (3) choose officers, representatives, and agents as necessary to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (4) make contracts;

      (5) establish State and regional organizations and local posts;

      (6) acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property as necessary to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (7) borrow money, issue instruments of indebtedness, and secure its obligations by granting security interests in its property;

      (8) publish a magazine, newspaper, and other publications consistent with the purposes of the corporation;

      (9) sue and be sued; and

      (10) do any other act necessary and proper to carry out the purposes of the corporation.

    (b) POWERS GRANTED TO OTHER ORGANIZATIONS- The provisions, privileges, and prerogatives granted before July 24, 1947, to other national veterans’ organizations because of their incorporation by Congress are granted to the corporation.

Sec. 22706. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, and badges

    The corporation and its State, regional, and local subdivisions have the exclusive right to use the name ‘AMVETS (American Veterans of World War II, Korea, and Vietnam)’ and seals, emblems, and badges the corporation adopts.

Sec. 22707. Restrictions

    (a) PROFIT- The corporation shall operate as a not-for-profit corporation, exclusively for charitable, educational, patriotic, and civic improvement purposes.

    (b) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (c) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation or an officer of the corporation or member of its executive committee as such may not contribute to, support, or assist a political party or candidate for elective public office. The corporation may not carry on propaganda.

    (d) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, a director, officer, or member of the corporation, except on dissolution or final liquidation of the corporation.

    (e) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan or advance to a director or officer. Directors who vote for or assent to making a loan or advance to a director or officer, and officers who participate in making the loan or advance, are jointly and severally liable to the corporation for the amount of the loan or advance until it is repaid.

Sec. 22708. Headquarters and principal place of business

    The headquarters and principal place of business of the corporation shall be in the District of Columbia. However, the activities of the corporation are not confined to the District of Columbia but may be conducted throughout the States, territories, and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 22709. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, executive committee, and committees having any of the authority of its executive committee; and

      (3) at its registered or principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 22710. Service of process

    (a) DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA- The corporation shall have a designated agent in the District of Columbia to receive service of process for the corporation. Notice to or service on the agent, or mailed to the business address of the agent, is notice to or service on the corporation.

    (b) STATES- As a condition to the exercise of any power or privilege granted by this chapter, the corporation shall file, with the secretary of state or other designated official of each State, the name and address of an agent in that State on whom legal process or demands against the corporation may be served.

Sec. 22711. Liability for acts of officials, representatives, and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officials, representatives, and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 22712. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation

    On dissolution or final liquidation of the corporation, any assets remaining after the discharge or satisfactory provision for discharge of all liabilities shall be transferred to the Secretary of Veterans Affairs to be applied to the care and comfort of disabled veterans of World War II, the Korean conflict, and the Vietnam era.

CHAPTER 229--ARMY AND NAVY UNION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

      Sec.

      22901. Definition.

      22902. Organization.

      22903. Purposes.

      22904. Membership.

      22905. Governing body.

      22906. Powers.

      22907. Restrictions.

      22908. Duty to maintain corporate and tax-exempt status.

      22909. Records and inspection.

      22910. Service of process.

      22911. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      22912. Annual report.

Sec. 22901. Definition

    For purposes of this chapter, ‘State’ includes the District of Columbia and the territories and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 22902. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- Army and Navy Union of the United States of America (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’), incorporated in Ohio, is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) EXPIRATION OF CHARTER- If the corporation does not comply with any provision of this chapter, the charter granted by this chapter expires.

Sec. 22903. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are as provided in its articles of incorporation and include--

      (1) holding true allegiance to the United States Government and fidelity to its Constitution, laws, and institutions;

      (2) serving our Nation under God in peace as well as in war by fostering the ideals of faith and patriotism, loyalty, justice, and liberty, by inculcating in the hearts of young and old, through precept and practice, the spirit of true Americanism, and by participating in civic activities for the good of our country and our community;

      (3) uniting in fraternal fellowship those who have served, or are now serving, honorably in the armed forces of the United States;

      (4) protecting and advancing their civic, social, and economic welfare;

      (5) aiding them in sickness and distress;

      (6) assisting in the burial and commemoration of their dead and providing help for their widows and orphans; and

      (7) perpetuating the memory of patriotic deeds performed by the defenders of our country.

Sec. 22904. Membership

    Eligibility for membership in the corporation and the rights and privileges of members are as provided in the bylaws.

Sec. 22905. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF DIRECTORS- The board of directors and the responsibilities of the board are as provided in the articles of incorporation.

    (b) OFFICERS- The officers and the election of officers are as provided in the articles of incorporation.

Sec. 22906. Powers

    The corporation has only the powers provided in its bylaws and articles of incorporation filed in each State in which it is incorporated.

Sec. 22907. Restrictions

    (a) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation or a director or officer as such may not contribute to, support, or participate in any political activity or in any manner attempt to influence legislation.

    (c) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, a director, officer, or member during the life of the charter granted by this chapter. This subsection does not prevent the payment of reasonable compensation to an officer or reimbursement for actual necessary expenses in amounts approved by the board of directors.

    (d) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan to a director, officer, or employee.

    (e) CLAIM OF GOVERNMENTAL APPROVAL OR AUTHORITY- The corporation may not claim congressional approval or the authority of the United States Government for any of its activities.

Sec. 22908. Duty to maintain corporate and tax-exempt status

    (a) CORPORATE STATUS- The corporation shall maintain its status as a corporation incorporated under the laws of Ohio.

    (b) TAX-EXEMPT STATUS- The corporation shall maintain its status as an organization exempt from taxation under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 1 et seq.).

Sec. 22909. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, board of directors, and committees having any of the authority of its board of directors; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member entitled to vote, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 22910. Service of process

    The corporation shall comply with the law on service of process of each State in which it is incorporated and each State in which it carries on activities.

Sec. 22911. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 22912. Annual report

    The corporation shall submit an annual report to Congress on the activities of the corporation during the prior fiscal year. The report shall be submitted at the same time as the report of the audit required by section 10101 of this title. The report may not be printed as a public document.

CHAPTER 231--AVIATION HALL OF FAME

      Sec.

      23101. Organization.

      23102. Purposes.

      23103. Membership.

      23104. Governing body.

      23105. Powers.

      23106. Restrictions.

      23107. Principal office.

      23108. Records and inspection.

      23109. Statement required in audit report.

      23110. Service of process.

      23111. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      23112. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation.

Sec. 23101. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- Aviation Hall of Fame (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’) is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

Sec. 23102. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are--

      (1) to receive and maintain one or more funds and to use any part of the principal and income only for charitable, scientific, literary, or educational purposes, either directly or by contributing to organizations authorized to carry on similar activities;

      (2) to honor citizens, aviation leaders, pilots, teachers, scientists, engineers, inventors, governmental leaders, and other individuals who have helped to make this Nation great by their outstanding contributions to the establishment, development, advancement, or improvement of aviation in the United States;

      (3) to perpetuate the memory of those individuals and record their contributions and achievements by the erection and maintenance of buildings and monuments as may be appropriate as a lasting memorial;

      (4) to promote a better sense of appreciation of the origins and growth of aviation, especially in the United States, and the part aviation has played in changing the economic, social, and scientific aspects of our Nation;

      (5) to establish and maintain a library and museum for the collection and preservation for posterity of the history of those honored by the organization, together with a documentation of their accomplishments and contributions to aviation, including items such as aviation pictures, paintings, books, papers, documents, scientific data, relics, mementos, artifacts, and other items related to that history;

      (6) to cooperate with other recognized aviation organizations actively engaged and interested in similar projects; and

      (7) to engage in any other activities appropriate to carry out the purposes of the corporation.

Sec. 23103. Membership

    (a) ELIGIBILITY- Except as provided in this chapter, eligibility for membership in the corporation and the rights, privileges, and designation of classes of members are as provided in the bylaws.

    (b) VOTING- Each member given voting rights by the bylaws has one vote on each matter submitted to a vote at a meeting of the voting members. The vote may be cast in the manner provided in the bylaws.

Sec. 23104. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF TRUSTEES- (1) The board of trustees is the governing body of the corporation. Between meetings of the members of the corporation, the board is responsible for the general policies and program of the corporation and for the control of all funds of the corporation.

    (2) The number of trustees, their manner of selection (including the filling of vacancies), and their term of office are as provided in the bylaws. However, the board shall have at least 18 members.

    (3) The board may appoint committees. Each committee has the powers provided in the bylaws or by resolution of the board. The powers of a committee may include all the powers of the board.

    (b) OFFICERS- (1) The officers of the corporation are a president, one or more vice presidents as provided in the bylaws, a secretary, a treasurer, and other officers as provided in the bylaws.

    (2) The manner of election, term of office, and duties of the officers are as provided in the bylaws.

    (c)(1) BOARD OF NOMINATIONS- The board of trustees shall appoint a board of nominations, consisting of at least 24 members, from members of the corporation not concurrently serving as members of the board of trustees. Those individuals serve for the term provided in the bylaws.

    (2) The board of nominations shall nominate United States citizens or residents to be honored by the corporation and recommend those persons to the board of trustees for consideration as provided in the bylaws.

Sec. 23105. Powers

    The corporation may--

      (1) adopt and amend bylaws for the management of its property and the regulation of its affairs;

      (2) adopt and alter a corporate seal;

      (3) choose officers, trustees, managers, agents, and employees as the activities of the corporation require;

      (4) make contracts;

      (5) acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property as necessary or convenient to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (6) borrow money, issue instruments of indebtedness, and secure its obligations by granting security interests in its property; and

      (7) sue and be sued.

Sec. 23106. Restrictions

    (a) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation or a trustee, officer, employee, member of the board of nominations, or member of the corporation as such may not contribute to, support, or assist a political party or candidate for public office.

    (c) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, a trustee, officer, member of the board of nominations, or member of the corporation, as such, during the life of the corporation or on its dissolution or final liquidation. This subsection does not prevent the payment of reasonable compensation to an officer or employee in an amount approved by the board of trustees.

    (d) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan or advance to a trustee, officer, employee, member of the board of nominations, or member of the corporation. Trustees who vote for or assent to making such a loan or advance, and officers who participate in making the loan or advance, are jointly and severally liable to the corporation for the amount of the loan or advance until it is repaid.

    (e) CONTRIBUTIONS TO CERTAIN ORGANIZATIONS- None of the principal or interest of a fund referred to in section 23102(1) of this title may be contributed to an organization if--

      (1) a substantial part of its activities is carrying on propaganda or attempting to influence legislation; or

      (2) any part of its net earnings benefits a private shareholder or individual.

Sec. 23107. Principal office

    The principal office of the corporation shall be in Dayton, Ohio, or another place decided by the board of trustees. However, the activities of the corporation are not confined to the place where the principal office is located but may be conducted throughout the States, territories, and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 23108. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, board of trustees, board of nominations, and committees having any of the authority of its board of trustees; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member entitled to vote, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 23109. Statement required in audit report

    The corporation shall include in the audit report statement required under section 10101(b)(1)(B) of this title a schedule of all contracts requiring payments greater than $10,000 and all payments of compensation or fees at a rate greater than $10,000 a year.

Sec. 23110. Service of process

    The corporation shall have a designated agent in the District of Columbia to receive service of process for the corporation. Notice to or service on the agent is notice to or service on the corporation.

Sec. 23111. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 23112. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation

    On dissolution or final liquidation of the corporation, any assets remaining after the discharge of all liabilities shall be distributed as provided by the board of trustees, but consistent with the purposes of the corporation and in compliance with the charter and bylaws.

CHAPTER 301--BIG BROTHERS--BIG SISTERS OF AMERICA

      Sec.

      30101. Organization.

      30102. Purposes.

      30103. Membership.

      30104. Governing body.

      30105. Powers.

      30106. Exclusive right to names, seals, emblems, and badges.

      30107. Restrictions.

      30108. Principal office.

      30109. Records and inspection.

      30110. Service of process.

      30111. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      30112. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation.

Sec. 30101. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- Big Brothers--Big Sisters of America (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’) is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) PLACE OF INCORPORATION AND DOMICILE- The corporation is declared to be incorporated and domiciled in the District of Columbia.

    (c) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

Sec. 30102. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are--

      (1) to assist individuals throughout the United States in solving their social and economic problems and in their health and educational and character development;

      (2) to promote the use, by other lay and professional agencies and workers, of the techniques of that assistance developed by the corporation; and

      (3) to receive, invest, and disburse funds and hold property for the purposes of the corporation.

Sec. 30103. Membership

    (a) ELIGIBILITY- Except as provided in this chapter, eligibility for membership in the corporation and the rights, privileges, and designation of classes of members are as provided in the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

    (b) VOTING- Each member has one vote on each matter submitted to a vote at a meeting of the members.

Sec. 30104. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF DIRECTORS- (1) The board of directors is the governing body of the corporation. The powers, duties, and responsibilities of the board are as provided in the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

    (2) The number of directors is as provided in the constitution. Their manner of selection (including the filling of vacancies) and their term of office are as provided in the constitution and bylaws.

    (b) OFFICERS- (1) The officers of the corporation are a chairman of the board of directors, a president, one or more vice presidents as provided in the constitution and bylaws, a secretary, and a treasurer.

    (2) The manner of election, term of office, and duties of the officers are as provided in the constitution and bylaws.

Sec. 30105. Powers

    The corporation may--

      (1) adopt and amend a constitution and bylaws for the management of its property and the regulation of its affairs;

      (2) adopt and alter a corporate seal;

      (3) choose officers, managers, agents, and employees as the activities of the corporation require;

      (4) make contracts;

      (5) acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property as necessary or convenient to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (6) borrow money, issue instruments of indebtedness, and secure its obligations by granting security interests in its property; and

      (7) sue and be sued.

Sec. 30106. Exclusive right to names, seals, emblems, and badges

    The corporation and its subordinate divisions have the exclusive right to use the names ‘The Big Brothers of America, Big Sisters International,

    Incorporated’, ‘Big Sisters of America’, ‘Big Brothers’, ‘Big Sisters’, ‘Big Brothers--Big Sisters of America’, and ‘Big Sisters--Big Brothers’, and to use and to allow others to use seals, emblems, and badges the corporation adopts.

Sec. 30107. Restrictions

    (a) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation or a director or officer as such may not contribute to, support, or assist a political party or candidate for public office.

    (c) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, a director, officer, or member as such during the life of the corporation or on its dissolution or final liquidation. This subsection does not prevent the payment of compensation to an officer in an amount approved by the board of directors.

    (d) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan or advance to a director, officer, or employee. Directors who vote for or assent to making a loan or advance to a director, officer, or employee, and officers who participate in making the loan or advance, are jointly and severally liable to the corporation for the amount of the loan or advance until it is repaid.

Sec. 30108. Principal office

    The principal office of the corporation shall be in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, or another place decided by the board of directors. However, the activities of the corporation are not confined to the place where the principal office is located but may be conducted throughout the States, territories, and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 30109. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, board of directors, and committees having any of the authority of its board of directors; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member entitled to vote, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 30110. Service of process

    The corporation shall have a designated agent in the District of Columbia to receive service of process for the corporation. Notice to or service on the agent, or mailed to the business address of the agent, is notice to or service on the corporation.

Sec. 30111. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 30112. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation

    On dissolution or final liquidation of the corporation, any assets remaining after the discharge of all liabilities shall be distributed as provided by the board of directors, but in compliance with the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

CHAPTER 303--BLINDED VETERANS ASSOCIATION

      Sec.

      30301. Organization.

      30302. Purposes.

      30303. Membership.

      30304. Governing body.

      30305. Powers.

      30306. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, and badges.

      30307. Restrictions.

      30308. Principal office.

      30309. Records and inspection.

      30310. Service of process.

      30311. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      30312. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation.

Sec. 30301. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- Blinded Veterans Association (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’) is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

Sec. 30302. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are--

      (1) to operate as a not-for-profit corporation exclusively for charitable, educational, patriotic, and civic improvement purposes;

      (2) to promote the welfare of blinded veterans so that, notwithstanding their disabilities, they may take their rightful place in the community and work with their fellow citizens toward the creation of a peaceful world;

      (3) to preserve and strengthen a spirit of fellowship among blinded veterans so that they may give mutual aid and assistance to one another; and

      (4) to maintain and extend the institutions of American freedom and to encourage loyalty to the Constitution and laws of the United States and of the States in which they reside.

Sec. 30303. Membership

    (a) GENERAL MEMBERSHIP- An individual who served in the armed forces of the United States and who, in the line of duty in that service, sustained a substantial impairment of sight or vision as defined by the bylaws of the corporation is eligible for general membership in the corporation.

    (b) HONORARY AND ASSOCIATE MEMBERSHIP- In addition to general membership, the corporation shall have special classes of honorary and associate membership. Eligibility for, and the rights and obligations of, those special classes are as provided in the bylaws.

Sec. 30304. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF DIRECTORS- (1) The number of directors of the corporation shall be at least 3 but not more than 15. The directors shall be divided into a specified number of classes. Each class shall hold office for a definite period of years as provided in the bylaws.

    (2) A majority of the directors must be present at a meeting of directors to constitute a quorum. A majority vote of the directors present at a meeting at which there is a quorum is necessary for the transaction of business.

    (3) A director may be removed at any time for just and proper cause by a majority vote of a quorum of directors present at a meeting called for that purpose.

    (4) A vacancy in the office of director may be filled by a majority vote of a quorum of the remaining directors present at a meeting called for that purpose. A director elected to fill a vacancy serves until the next annual meeting of the corporation.

    (b) OFFICERS- The officers of the corporation and their manner of election, term of office, duties, and powers are as provided in the bylaws.

Sec. 30305. Powers

    The corporation may--

      (1) adopt and amend a constitution and bylaws for the management of its property and the regulation of its affairs;

      (2) adopt and alter a corporate seal;

      (3) choose officers, managers, and agents as the activities of the corporation require;

      (4) charge and collect membership dues;

      (5) make contracts;

      (6) acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property as necessary or convenient to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (7) borrow money, issue instruments of indebtedness, and secure its obligations by granting security interests in its property;

      (8) sue and be sued; and

      (9) do any other act necessary and proper to carry out the purposes of the corporation.

Sec. 30306. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, and badges

    The corporation and its authorized regional groups and other local subdivisions have the exclusive right to use the name ‘Blinded Veterans Association’ and seals, emblems, and badges the corporation adopts.

Sec. 30307. Restrictions

    (a) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation or a director or officer as such may not contribute to, support, or assist a political party or candidate for elective public office.

    (c) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, a director, officer, or member as such during the life of the corporation or on its dissolution or final liquidation. This section does not prevent the payment of--

      (1) bona fide expenses of officers of the corporation in amounts approved by the board of directors; or

      (2) appropriate aid to blinded veterans or their widows or children in carrying out the purposes of the corporation.

    (d) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan to a director, officer, or employee. Directors and officers who vote for or assent to making a loan to a director, officer, or employee, and officers who participate in making the loan, are jointly and severally liable to the corporation for the amount of the loan until it is repaid.

    (e) IMMUNITY FROM LIABILITY- Members and private individuals are not liable for the obligations of the corporation.

Sec. 30308. Principal office

    The principal office of the corporation shall be in the District of Columbia or another place decided by the board of directors. However, the activities of the corporation are not confined to the place where the principal office is located but may be conducted throughout the States, territories, and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 30309. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, board of directors, and committees having any of the authority of its board of directors; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members, directors, and officers.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 30310. Service of process

    The corporation shall have a designated agent in the District of Columbia to receive service of process for the corporation. Notice to or service on the agent, or mailed to the business address of the agent, is notice to or service on the corporation.

Sec. 30311. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 30312. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation

    On dissolution or final liquidation of the corporation, any assets remaining after the discharge of all liabilities shall be transferred to the Secretary of Veterans Affairs to be applied to the care and comfort of blinded veterans.

CHAPTER 305--BLUE STAR MOTHERS OF AMERICA, INC.

      Sec.

      30501. Definition.

      30502. Organization.

      30503. Purposes.

      30504. Membership.

      30505. Governing body.

      30506. Powers.

      30507. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, and badges.

      30508. Restrictions.

      30509. Principal office.

      30510. Records and inspection.

      30511. Service of process.

      30512. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      30513. Annual report.

      30514. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation.

Sec. 30501. Definition

    For purposes of this chapter, ‘armed forces’ includes the United States Army, United States Navy, United States Marines, United States Air Force, United States Coast Guard, National Guard, United States Army Reserves, United States Navy Reserves, United States Marine Reserves, United States Air Force Reserves, United States Coast Guard Reserves, United States Naval Militia, merchant marines, and armed home guards who have served on active duty.

Sec. 30502. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- Blue Star Mothers of America, Inc. (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’), is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) PLACE OF INCORPORATION AND DOMICILE- The corporation is declared to be incorporated and domiciled in the District of Columbia.

    (c) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

Sec. 30503. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are patriotic, educational, social, and for service, and include--

      (1) perpetuating the Blue Star Mothers of America, Inc., and the memory of all the men and women who have served our country as members of the armed forces;

      (2) maintaining true allegiance to the Government of the United States;

      (3) educating members of the corporation and others not to divulge military, naval, or other Government information;

      (4) assisting in veterans’ ceremonies;

      (5) attending patriotic rallies and meetings;

      (6) fostering true democracy;

      (7) caring for unsupported mothers who gave their sons to the service of the Nation;

      (8) aiding in bringing about recognition of the need for permanent civilian defense in each community and the need to be always alert against invasion of un-American activities;

      (9) upholding the American institutions of freedom, justice, and equal rights; and

      (10) defending the United States from all enemies.

Sec. 30504. Membership

    An individual is eligible for membership in the corporation if--

      (1) she is a mother, adoptive mother, or stepmother (who has given a mother’s care at least since the stepchild was age 13) of a son or daughter who--

        (A) is serving in the armed forces; or

        (B) has served in, or has been honorably discharged from, the armed forces in World War II or the Korean hostilities; and

      (2) she is living in the United States.

Sec. 30505. Governing body

    (a) NATIONAL CONVENTION- (1) The national convention is the supreme governing authority of the corporation.

    (2) The national convention is composed of officers and elected representatives from the States and other local subdivisions of the corporation as provided in the constitution and bylaws. However, the form of government of the corporation must be representative of the membership at large and may not permit concentration of control in a limited number of members or in a self-perpetuating group not representative of the membership at large.

    (3) The meetings of the national convention may be held in the District of Columbia or any State, territory, or possession of the United States.

    (b) OFFICERS- The officers of the corporation and their manner of selection, term of office, and duties are as provided in the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

Sec. 30506. Powers

    The corporation may--

      (1) adopt and amend a constitution and bylaws for the management of its property and the regulation of its affairs;

      (2) adopt and alter a corporate seal;

      (3) choose officers, managers, employees, and agents as the activities of the corporation require;

      (4) make contracts;

      (5) acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property as necessary or convenient to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (6) borrow money, issue instruments of indebtedness, and secure its obligations by granting security interests in its property;

      (7) sue and be sued; and

      (8) do any other act necessary and proper to carry out the purposes of the corporation.

Sec. 30507. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, and badges

    The corporation and its subordinate divisions have the exclusive right to use the name ‘Blue Star Mothers of America, Inc.’. The corporation has the exclusive right to use, and to allow others to use, seals, emblems, and badges the corporation adopts.

Sec. 30508. Restrictions

    (a) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation or an officer or agent as such may not contribute to a political party or candidate for public office.

    (c) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, an officer or member as such during the life of the corporation or on its dissolution or final liquidation. This subsection does not prevent the payment of compensation to an officer or reimbursement for actual necessary expenses in amounts approved by the council of administration of the corporation.

    (d) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan or advance to an officer or employee. Members of the council of administration who vote for or assent to making a loan or advance to an officer or employee, and officers who participate in making the loan or advance, are jointly and severally liable to the corporation for the amount of the loan or advance until it is repaid.

Sec. 30509. Principal office

    The principal office of the corporation shall be in the District of Columbia.

Sec. 30510. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account; and

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its national conventions and council of administration.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 30511. Service of process

    The corporation shall have a designated agent in the District of Columbia to receive service of process, notice, or demand for the corporation. Designation of the agent shall be filed in the office of the Mayor of the District of Columbia or another office designated by the Mayor. Notice to or service on the agent is notice to or service on the corporation.

Sec. 30512. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 30513. Annual report

    Not later than March 1 of each year, the corporation shall submit a report to Congress on the activities of the corporation during the prior fiscal year. The report may consist of a report of the proceedings of the national convention. The report may not be printed as a public document.

Sec. 30514. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation

    On dissolution or final liquidation of the corporation, any assets remaining after the discharge of all liabilities shall be distributed as provided by the national executive board, but in compliance with the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

CHAPTER 307--BOARD FOR FUNDAMENTAL EDUCATION

      Sec.

      30701. Organization.

      30702. Purpose.

      30703. Membership.

      30704. Governing body.

      30705. Powers.

      30706. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, and badges.

      30707. Restrictions.

      30708. Principal office.

      30709. Records and inspection.

      30710. Service of process.

      30711. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      30712. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation.

Sec. 30701. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- Board for Fundamental Education (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’) is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

Sec. 30702. Purpose

    The purpose of the corporation is to foster the development of fundamental education through programs and projects such as--

      (1) giving citizens (children, youth, and adults) an opportunity to acquire the understandings and skills necessary to relate the resources of the community to the needs and interests of the community;

      (2) demonstrating programs of fundamental education and measuring results; and

      (3) training men and women as leaders in fundamental education by providing internships and other experiences.

Sec. 30703. Membership

    (a) ELIGIBILITY- Except as provided in this chapter, eligibility for membership in the corporation and the rights and privileges of members are as provided in constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

    (b) VOTING- Each member has one vote in the conduct of official business of the corporation.

Sec. 30704. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF DIRECTORS- The board of directors is the governing body of the corporation. The board shall consist of at least 15 directors elected annually by the members.

    (b) OFFICERS- The officers of the corporation are a chairman of the board, a president, one or more vice presidents, a secretary, a treasurer, and any assistant officers designated by the board. The officers have the powers and shall carry out the duties provided in the bylaws or prescribed by the board.

Sec. 30705. Powers

    The corporation may--

      (1) adopt and amend a constitution and bylaws for the management of its property and the regulation of its affairs;

      (2) adopt and alter a corporate seal;

      (3) choose officers, managers, agents, and employees as the activities of the corporation require;

      (4) make contracts;

      (5) acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property as necessary to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (6) borrow money, issue instruments of indebtedness, and secure its obligations by granting security interests in its property;

      (7) use corporate funds to give prizes, awards, loans, scholarships, and grants to deserving students to carry out the purpose of the corporation;

      (8) publish a magazine and other publications;

      (9) sue and be sued; and

      (10) do any other act necessary and proper to carry out the purpose of the corporation.

Sec. 30706. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, and badges

    The corporation has the exclusive right to use the name ‘Board for Fundamental Education’ and seals, emblems, and badges the corporation adopts.

Sec. 30707. Restrictions

    (a) PROFIT- The corporation may not engage in business for profit.

    (b) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (c) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation or a director, officer, or member as such may not contribute to, support, or assist a political party or candidate for elective public office.

    (d) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, a director, officer, or member except on dissolution or final liquidation of the corporation.

    (e) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan to a director, officer, or employee. Directors who vote for or assent to making a loan to a director, officer, or employee, and officers who participate in making the loan, are jointly and severally liable to the corporation for the amount of the loan until it is repaid.

Sec. 30708. Principal office

    The principal office of the corporation shall be in a place the board of directors decides is appropriate. However, the activities of the corporation may be conducted throughout the States, territories, and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 30709. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, board of directors, and committees having any of the authority of its board of directors; and

      (3) a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation at any reasonable time.

Sec. 30710. Service of process

    (a) DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA- The corporation shall have a designated agent in the District of Columbia to receive service of process for the corporation. Designation of the agent shall be filed in the office of the clerk of the United States District Court for the District of Columbia. Notice to or service on the agent, or mailed to the business address of the agent, is notice to or service on the corporation.

    (b) STATES, TERRITORIES, AND POSSESSIONS- As a condition to the exercise of any power or privilege granted by this chapter, the corporation shall file, with the secretary of state or other designated official of each State, territory, or possession of the United States in which the corporation does business, the name and address of an agent in that State, territory, or possession on whom legal process or demands against the corporation may be served.

Sec. 30711. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 30712. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation

    On dissolution or final liquidation of the corporation, any assets remaining after the discharge of all liabilities shall be used by the board of directors for the purpose stated in section 30702 of this title or be transferred to a recognized educational foundation.

CHAPTER 309--BOY SCOUTS OF AMERICA

      Sec.

      30901. Organization.

      30902. Purposes.

      30903. Governing body.

      30904. Powers.

      30905. Exclusive right to emblems, badges, marks, and words.

      30906. Restrictions.

      30907. Annual and special meetings.

      30908. Annual report.

Sec. 30901. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- Boy Scouts of America (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’) is a body corporate and politic of the District of Columbia.

    (b) DOMICILE- The domicile of the corporation is the District of Columbia.

    (c) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

Sec. 30902. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are to promote, through organization, and cooperation with other agencies, the ability of boys to do things for themselves and others, to train them in scoutcraft, and to teach them patriotism, courage, self-reliance, and kindred virtues, using the methods that were in common use by boy scouts on June 15, 1916.

Sec. 30903. Governing body

    (a) EXECUTIVE BOARD- An executive board composed of citizens of the United States is the governing body of the corporation. The number, qualifications, and term of office of members of the board are as provided in the bylaws. A vacancy on the board shall be filled by a majority vote of the remaining members of the board.

    (b) QUORUM- The bylaws may prescribe the number of members of the board necessary for a quorum. That number may be less than a majority of the entire board.

    (c) COMMITTEES- (1) The board, by resolution passed by a majority of the entire board, may designate 3 or more members of the board as an executive or governing committee. A majority of the committee is a quorum. The committee, to the extent provided in the resolution or bylaws, may--

      (A) exercise the powers of the executive board in managing the activities of the corporation; and

      (B) authorize the seal of the corporation to be affixed to papers that may require it.

    (2) The board, by majority vote of the entire board, may appoint other standing committees. The standing committees may exercise powers as provided in the bylaws.

Sec. 30904. Powers

    (a) GENERAL- The corporation may--

      (1) adopt and amend bylaws and regulations, including regulations for the election of associates and successors;

      (2) adopt and alter a corporate seal;

      (3) have offices and conduct its activities in the District of Columbia and the States, territories, and possessions of the United States;

      (4) acquire and own property as necessary to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (5) sue and be sued within the jurisdiction of the United States; and

      (6) do any other act necessary to carry out this chapter and promote the purpose of the corporation.

    (b) LIMITATIONS ON EXERCISING CERTAIN POWERS- (1) The corporation may execute mortgages and liens on the property of the corporation only if approved by a two-thirds vote of the entire executive board at a meeting called for that purpose.

    (2) The corporation may dispose in any manner of the whole property of the corporation only with the written consent and affirmative vote of a majority of the members of the corporation.

Sec. 30905. Exclusive right to emblems, badges, marks, and words

    The corporation has the exclusive right to use emblems, badges, descriptive or designating marks, and words or phrases the corporation adopts. This section does not affect any vested rights.

Sec. 30906. Restrictions

    (a) PROFIT- The corporation may not operate for pecuniary profit to its members.

    (b) STOCKS AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

Sec. 30907. Annual and special meetings

    (a) ANNUAL MEETINGS- The corporation shall hold an annual meeting at a time and place as provided in the bylaws. At the meeting, the annual reports of the officers and executive board shall be presented, and members of the board shall be elected for the next year.

    (b) SPECIAL MEETINGS- Special meetings of the corporation may be called on notice as provided in the bylaws.

    (c) QUORUM- The number of members necessary for a quorum at an annual or special meeting shall be prescribed in the bylaws.

    (d) LOCATIONS- The members and the executive board may hold meetings and keep the seal and records of the corporation in or outside the District of Columbia.

Sec. 30908. Annual report

    Not later than April 1 of each year, the corporation shall submit a report to Congress on the activities of the corporation during the prior calendar year.

CHAPTER 311--BOYS & GIRLS CLUBS OF AMERICA

      Sec.

      31101. Organization.

      31102. Purposes.

      31103. Membership.

      31104. Governing body.

      31105. Powers.

      31106. Restrictions.

      31107. Principal office.

      31108. Records and inspection.

      31109. Service of process.

      31110. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      31111. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation.

Sec. 31101. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- Boys & Girls Clubs of America (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’) is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) PLACE OF INCORPORATION AND DOMICILE- The corporation is declared to be incorporated and domiciled in the District of Columbia.

    (c) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

Sec. 31102. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are--

      (1) to promote the health, social, educational, vocational, and character development of youth throughout the United States; and

      (2) to receive, invest, and disburse funds and to hold property for the purposes of the corporation.

Sec. 31103. Membership

    (a) ELIGIBILITY- Except as provided in this chapter, eligibility for membership in the corporation and the rights, privileges, and designation of classes of members are as provided in the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

    (b) VOTING- Each member has one vote on each matter submitted to a vote at a meeting of the members.

    (c) BENEFITS OF MEMBER ORGANIZATIONS- Each organization that is a member of the corporation as provided in the constitution of the corporation is entitled to all the benefits of incorporation under this chapter. Those benefits cease immediately on termination of membership, whether by--

      (1) resignation from the corporation; or

      (2) termination of its membership by the board of directors of the corporation as provided in the constitution.

Sec. 31104. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF DIRECTORS- (1) The board of directors is the governing body of the corporation. The powers, duties, and responsibilities of the board are as provided in the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

    (2) The number of directors is as provided in the constitution of the corporation. Their manner of selection (including the filling of vacancies) and their term of office are as provided in the constitution and bylaws.

    (b) OFFICERS- (1) The officers of the corporation are a chairman of the board of directors, a president, one or more vice presidents as provided in the constitution and bylaws, a secretary, a treasurer, and one or more assistant secretaries and assistant treasurers as provided in the constitution and bylaws.

    (2) The manner of election, term of office, and duties of the officers are as provided in the constitution and bylaws.

Sec. 31105. Powers

    The corporation may--

      (1) adopt and amend a constitution and bylaws for the management of its property and the regulation of its affairs;

      (2) adopt and alter a corporate seal;

      (3) choose officers, managers, agents, and employees as the activities of the corporation require;

      (4) make contracts;

      (5) acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property as necessary or convenient to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (6) borrow money, issue instruments of indebtedness, and secure its obligations by granting security interests in its property; and

      (7) sue and be sued.

Sec. 31106. Restrictions

    (a) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation or a director or officer as such may not contribute to, support, or assist a political party or candidate for public office.

    (c) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, a director, officer, or member as such during the life of the corporation or on its dissolution or final liquidation. This subsection does not prevent the payment of compensation to an officer in an amount approved by the board of directors.

    (d) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan or advance to a director, officer, or employee. Directors who vote for or assent to making a loan or advance to a director, officer, or employee, and officers who participate in making the loan or advance, are jointly and severally liable to the corporation for the amount of the loan or advance until it is repaid.

Sec. 31107. Principal office

    The principal office of the corporation shall be in New York, New York, or another place decided by the board of directors. However, the activities of the corporation are not confined to the place where the principal office is located but may be conducted throughout the States, territories, and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 31108. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, board of directors, and committees having any of the authority of its board of directors; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member entitled to vote, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 31109. Service of process

    The corporation shall have a designated agent in the District of Columbia to receive service of process for the corporation. Notice to or service on the agent, or mailed to the business address of the agent, is notice to or service on the corporation.

Sec. 31110. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 31111. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation

    On dissolution or final liquidation of the corporation, any assets remaining after the discharge of all liabilities shall be distributed as provided by the board of directors, but in compliance with the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

CHAPTER 401--CATHOLIC WAR VETERANS OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, INCORPORATED

      Sec.

      40101. Definition.

      40102. Organization.

      40103. Purposes.

      40104. Membership.

      40105. Governing body.

      40106. Powers.

      40107. Restrictions.

      40108. Duty to maintain tax-exempt status.

      40109. Records and inspection.

      40110. Service of process.

      40111. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      40112. Annual report.

Sec. 40101. Definition

    For purposes of this chapter, ‘State’ includes the District of Columbia and the territories and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 40102. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- Catholic War Veterans of the United States of America, Incorporated (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’), incorporated in New York, is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) EXPIRATION OF CHARTER- If the corporation does not comply with any provision of this chapter, the charter granted by this chapter expires.

Sec. 40103. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are as provided in the articles of incorporation and include a continuing commitment, on a national basis, to--

      (1) preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United States and the laws of the States;

      (2) commemorate the wars, campaigns, and military actions of the United States to reflect profound respect, high honor, and great tribute on the glorious dead and the surviving veterans of those wars, campaigns, and actions and to give all Americans a greater understanding of and appreciation for the sacrifices of those who participated in them for all Americans;

      (3) stimulate to the highest degree possible the interests of the entire Nation in the problems of veterans, their widows, and orphans;

      (4) cooperate to the fullest extent and in a harmonious manner with all veterans’ organizations in common projects designed to serve the interests of all veterans of all wars in which the United States has participated;

      (5) collate, preserve, and encourage the study of historical episodes, chronicles, mementos, and events pertaining to the wars, campaigns, and military actions of the United States;

      (6) inculcate an enduring love of country, a deep and abiding sense of patriotism, and a profound commitment to Americanism among all the people of the United States;

      (7) encourage, among the youth of our Nation, respect for our national flag, our anthem, and the traditions of America;

      (8) preserve the freedoms of all the people, national peace, prosperity, tranquility, good will, the permanence of free institutions, and the defense of the United States;

      (9) foster the association of veterans of the Catholic faith who have served in the armed forces of the United States;

      (10) encourage morality in government, labor, management, economic, social, fraternal, and all other phases of American life;

      (11) promote the realization that the family is the basic unit of society;

      (12) increase our love, honor, and service to God and to our fellow man without regard to race, creed, color, or national origin; and

      (13) function as a veterans’ and patriotic organization as authorized by the laws of the each State in which it is incorporated.

Sec. 40104. Membership

    Eligibility for membership in the corporation and the rights and privileges of members are as provided in the bylaws.

Sec. 40105. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF DIRECTORS- The board of directors and the responsibilities of the board are as provided in the articles of incorporation.

    (b) OFFICERS- The officers and the election of officers are as provided in the articles of incorporation.

Sec. 40106. Powers

    The corporation has only the powers provided in its bylaws and articles of incorporation filed in each State in which it is incorporated.

Sec. 40107. Restrictions

    (a) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, a director, officer, or member during the life of the charter granted by this chapter. This subsection does not prevent the payment of reasonable compensation to an officer or employee in an amount approved by the board of directors.

    (c) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan to a director, officer, or employee.

    (d) CLAIM OF GOVERNMENTAL APPROVAL OR AUTHORIZATION- The corporation may not claim congressional approval or the authority of the United States Government for any of its activities.

Sec. 40108. Duty to maintain tax-exempt status

    The corporation shall maintain its status as an organization exempt from taxation under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 1 et seq.).

Sec. 40109. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, board of directors, and committees having any of the authority of its board of directors; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member entitled to vote, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 40110. Service of process

    The corporation shall comply with the law on service of process of each State in which it is incorporated and each State in which it carries on activities.

Sec. 40111. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 40112. Annual report

    The corporation shall submit an annual report to Congress on the activities of the corporation during the prior fiscal year. The report shall be submitted at the same time as the report of the audit required by section 10101 of this title. The report may not be printed as a public document.

CHAPTER 403--CIVIL AIR PATROL

      Sec.

      40301. Organization.

      40302. Purposes.

      40303. Membership.

      40304. Powers.

      40305. Restrictions.

      40306. Exclusive right to name, insignia, copyrights, emblems, badges, marks, and words.

      40307. Annual report.

Sec. 40301. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- Civil Air Patrol (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’) is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

Sec. 40302. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are to--

      (1) provide an organization to--

        (A) encourage and aid citizens of the United States in contributing their efforts, services, and resources in developing aviation and in maintaining air supremacy; and

        (B) encourage and develop by example the voluntary contribution of private citizens to the public welfare;

      (2) provide aviation education and training especially to its senior and cadet members;

      (3) encourage and foster civil aviation in local communities; and

      (4) provide an organization of private citizens with adequate facilities to assist in meeting local and national emergencies.

Sec. 40303. Membership

    Eligibility for membership in the corporation and the rights and privileges of members are as provided in the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

Sec. 40304. Powers

    The corporation may--

      (1) adopt and amend a constitution, bylaws, and regulations;

      (2) adopt and alter a corporate seal;

      (3) establish and maintain offices in the District of Columbia and the States, territories, and possessions of the United States to conduct its affairs;

      (4) acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property as necessary to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (5) sue and be sued; and

      (6) do any other act necessary and proper to carry out the purposes of the corporation.

Sec. 40305. Restrictions

    The corporation may not engage in business for profit or issue stock.

Sec. 40306. Exclusive right to name, insignia, copyrights, emblems, badges, marks, and words

    The corporation has the exclusive right to use the name ‘Civil Air Patrol’ and all insignia, copyrights, emblems, badges, descriptive or designating marks, words, and phrases the corporation adopts. This section does not affect any vested rights.

Sec. 40307. Annual report

    The corporation shall submit an annual report to Congress on the activities of the corporation during the prior fiscal year.

CHAPTER 405--CONGRESSIONAL MEDAL OF HONOR SOCIETY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

      Sec.

      40501. Organization.

      40502. Purposes.

      40503. Membership.

      40504. Governing body.

      40505. Powers.

      40506. Restrictions.

      40507. Principal office.

      40508. Records and inspection.

      40509. Service of process.

      40510. Liability.

      40511. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation.

Sec. 40501. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- Congressional Medal of Honor Society of the United States of America (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’) is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) PLACE OF INCORPORATION AND DOMICILE- The corporation is declared to be incorporated and domiciled in the District of Columbia.

    (c) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

Sec. 40502. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are--

      (1) to form a bond of friendship and comradeship among all holders of the Medal of Honor as presented by Congress;

      (2) to protect, uphold, and preserve the dignity and honor of the medal at all times and on all occasions;

      (3) to protect the name of the medal and individual holders of the medal from exploitation;

      (4) to provide appropriate aid to all persons to whom the medal has been awarded, their widows, or their children;

      (5) to serve our country in peace as in war;

      (6) to inspire and stimulate our youth to become worthy citizens of our country; and

      (7) to foster and perpetuate Americanism.

Sec. 40503. Membership

    (a) ELIGIBILITY- An individual who has been awarded the Medal of Honor as presented by Congress is eligible for membership in the corporation. An honorary membership may not be granted.

    (b) VOTING- Each member has one vote on each matter submitted to a vote at a meeting of the members. The vote may be cast in person or by proxy.

Sec. 40504. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF DIRECTORS- (1) The board of directors is the governing body of the corporation. The board may exercise, or provide for the exercise of, the powers of the corporation.

    (2) The number of directors, their manner of election (including the filling of vacancies), and their term of office are as provided in the bylaws. However, the board shall have at least 9 directors.

    (3) The board shall meet at least annually. Each director has one vote on matters decided by the board.

    (4) The president of the corporation is the chairman of the board.

    (b) OFFICERS- (1) The officers of the corporation are a president, an executive vice president, a secretary, a treasurer, and 6 regional vice presidents as provided in the bylaws. The offices of secretary and treasurer may be combined and held by the same individual, but an individual holding those combined offices has only one vote as a director.

    (2) The manner of election, term of office, duties, and powers of the officers are as provided in the bylaws.

Sec. 40505. Powers

    The corporation may--

      (1) adopt and amend a constitution and bylaws for the management of its property and the regulation of its affairs;

      (2) adopt and alter a corporate seal;

      (3) choose officers, managers, and agents as the activities of the corporation require;

      (4) charge and collect membership dues;

      (5) make contracts;

      (6) acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property as necessary or convenient to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (7) borrow money, issue instruments of indebtedness, and secure its obligations by granting security interests in its property;

      (8) sue and be sued; and

      (9) do any other act necessary and proper to carry out the purposes of the corporation.

Sec. 40506. Restrictions

    (a) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation or a director or officer as such may not contribute to, support, or participate in any political activity or in any manner attempt to influence legislation.

    (c) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, a director, officer, or member as such during the life of the corporation or on its dissolution or final liquidation. This subsection does not prevent the payment of--

      (1) expenses of officers of the corporation in amounts approved by the board of directors; or

      (2) appropriate aid to individuals to whom the Medal of Honor has been awarded, their widows, or their children, to carry out the purposes of the corporation.

    (d) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan to a director, officer, or employee. Directors and officers who vote for or assent to making a loan to a director, officer, or employee, and officers who participate in making the loan, are jointly and severally liable to the corporation for the amount of the loan until it is repaid.

Sec. 40507. Principal office

    The principal office of the corporation shall be in the District of Columbia or another place decided by the board of directors. However, the activities of the corporation are not confined to the place where the principal office is located but may be conducted throughout the States, territories, and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 40508. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, board of directors, and committees having any of the authority of its board of directors; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member entitled to vote, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 40509. Service of process

    The corporation shall have a designated agent in the District of Columbia to receive service of process for the corporation. Notice to or service on the agent, or mailed to the business address of the agent, is notice to or service on the corporation.

Sec. 40510. Liability

    (a) LIABILITY OF CORPORATION- The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

    (b) IMMUNITY OF INDIVIDUALS- A member or private individual is not liable for the obligations of the corporation.

Sec. 40511. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation

    On dissolution or final liquidation of the corporation, any assets remaining after the discharge of all liabilities shall be distributed as provided by the board of directors, but in compliance with the bylaws.

CHAPTER 407--CORPORATION FOR THE PROMOTION OF RIFLE PRACTICE AND FIREARMS SAFETY

SUBCHAPTER I--CORPORATION

      Sec.

      40701. Organization.

      40702. Governing body.

      40703. Powers.

      40704. Restrictions.

      40705. Duty to maintain tax-exempt status.

      40706. Distribution of assets on dissolution.

      40707. Nonapplication of audit requirements.

SUBCHAPTER II--CIVILIAN MARKSMANSHIP PROGRAM

      40721. Responsibility of corporation.

      40722. Functions.

      40723. Eligibility for participation.

      40724. Priority of youth participation.

      40725. National Matches and small-arms firing school.

      40726. Allowances for junior competitors.

      40727. Army support.

      40728. Transfer of firearms, ammunition, and parts.

      40729. Reservation of firearms, ammunition, and parts.

      40730. Surplus property.

      40731. Issuance or loan of firearms and supplies.

      40732. Sale of firearms and supplies.

      40733. Applicability of other law.

SUBCHAPTER I--CORPORATION

Sec. 40701. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- Corporation for the Promotion of Rifle Practice and Firearms Safety (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’) is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) NON-GOVERNMENTAL STATUS- The corporation is a private corporation, not a department, agency, or instrumentality of the United States Government. An officer or employee of the corporation is not an officer or employee of the Government.

Sec. 40702. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF DIRECTORS- (1) The board of directors is the governing body of the corporation. The board of directors may adopt bylaws, policies, and procedures for the corporation and may take any other action that it considers necessary for the management and operation of the corporation.

    (2) The board shall have at least 9 directors.

    (3) The term of office of a director is 2 years. A director may be reappointed.

    (4) A vacancy on the board of directors shall be filled by a majority vote of the remaining directors.

    (b) DIRECTOR OF CIVILIAN MARKSMANSHIP- (1) The board of directors shall appoint the Director of Civilian Marksmanship.

    (2) The Director is responsible for--

      (A) the daily operation of the corporation; and

      (B) the duties of the corporation under subchapter II of this chapter.

Sec. 40703. Powers

    The corporation may--

      (1) adopt, use, and alter a corporate seal, which shall be judicially noticed;

      (2) make contracts;

      (3) acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property as necessary or convenient to carry out the activities of the corporation;

      (4) incur and pay obligations;

      (5) charge fees to cover the corporation’s costs in carrying out the Civilian Marksmanship Program; and

      (6) do any other act necessary and proper to carry out the activities of the corporation.

Sec. 40704. Restrictions

    (a) PROFIT- The corporation may not operate for profit.

    (b) USE OF AMOUNTS COLLECTED- Amounts collected under section 40703(3) and (5) of this title, including proceeds from the sale of firearms, ammunition, repair parts, and other supplies, may be used only to support the Civilian Marksmanship Program.

Sec. 40705. Duty to maintain tax-exempt status

    The corporation shall be operated in a manner and for purposes that qualify the corporation for exemption from taxation under section 501(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 501(a)) as an organization described in section 501(c)(3) of that Code (26 U.S.C. 501(c)(3)).

Sec. 40706. Distribution of assets on dissolution

    (a) SECRETARY OF THE ARMY- On dissolution of the corporation, title to the following items, and the right to possess the items, vest in the Secretary of the Army:

      (1) firearms stored at Defense Distribution Depot, Anniston, Anniston, Alabama on the date of dissolution.

      (2) M-16 rifles under control of the corporation.

      (3) trophies received from the National Board for the Promotion of Rifle Practice through the date of dissolution.

    (b) TAX-EXEMPT ORGANIZATIONS- (1) On dissolution of the corporation, an asset not described in subsection (a) of this section may be distributed to an organization that--

      (A) is exempt from taxation under section 501(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 501(a)) as an organization described in section 501(c)(3) of that Code (26 U.S.C. 501(c)(3)); and

      (B) performs functions similar to the functions described in section 40722 of this title.

    (2) An asset distributed under this subsection may not be distributed to an individual.

    (c) TREASURY- On dissolution of the corporation, any asset not distributed under subsection (a) or (b) of this section shall be sold and the proceeds shall be deposited in the Treasury.

Sec. 40707. Nonapplication of audit requirements

    The audit requirements of section 10101 of this title do not apply to the corporation.

SUBCHAPTER II--CIVILIAN MARKSMANSHIP PROGRAM

Sec. 40721. Responsibility of corporation

    The corporation shall supervise and control the Civilian Marksmanship Program.

Sec. 40722. Functions

    The functions of the Civilian Marksmanship Program are--

      (1) to instruct citizens of the United States in marksmanship;

      (2) to promote practice and safety in the use of firearms;

      (3) to conduct competitions in the use of firearms and to award trophies, prizes, badges, and other insignia to competitors;

      (4) to secure and account for firearms, ammunition, and other equipment for which the corporation is responsible;

      (5) to issue, loan, or sell firearms, ammunition, repair parts, and other supplies under sections 40731 and 40732 of this title; and

      (6) to procure necessary supplies and services to carry out the Program.

Sec. 40723. Eligibility for participation

    (a) CERTIFICATION- (1) An individual shall certify by affidavit, before participating in an activity sponsored or supported by the corporation, that the individual--

      (A) has not been convicted of a felony;

      (B) has not been convicted of a violation of section 922 of title 18; and

      (C) is not a member of an organization that advocates the violent overthrow of the United States Government.

    (2) The Director of Civilian Marksmanship may require an individual to provide certification from law enforcement agencies to verify that the individual has not been convicted of a felony or a violation of section 922 of title 18.

    (b) INELIGIBILITY- An individual may not participate in an activity sponsored or supported by the corporation if the individual--

      (1) has been convicted of a felony; or

      (2) has been convicted of a violation of section 922 of title 18.

    (c) LIMITING PARTICIPATION- The Director may limit participation in the program as necessary to ensure--

      (1) the safety of participants;

      (2) the security of firearms, ammunition, and equipment; and

      (3) the quality of instruction in the use of firearms.

Sec. 40724. Priority of youth participation

    In carrying out the Civilian Marksmanship Program, the corporation shall give priority to activities that benefit firearms safety, training, and competition for youth and that reach as many youth participants as possible.

Sec. 40725. National Matches and small-arms firing school

    (a) ANNUAL COMPETITION- An annual competition called the ‘National Matches’ and consisting of rifle and pistol matches for a national trophy, medals, and other prizes shall be held as prescribed by the Secretary of the Army.

    (b) ELIGIBLE PARTICIPANTS- The National Matches are open to members of the armed forces, National Guard, Reserve Officers’ Training Corps, Air Force Reserve Officers’ Training Corps, Citizens’ Military Training Camps, Citizens’ Air Training Camps, and rifle clubs, and to civilians.

    (c) SMALL-ARMS FIRING SCHOOL- A small-arms firing school shall be held in connection with the National Matches.

    (d) OTHER COMPETITIONS- Competitions for which trophies and medals are provided by the National Rifle Association of America shall be held in connection with the National Matches.

Sec. 40726. Allowances for junior competitors

    (a) DEFINITION- In this section, a ‘junior competitor’ is a competitor at the National Matches, a small-arms firing school, a competition in connection with the National Matches, or a special clinic under section 40725 of this title who is--

      (1) less than 18 years of age; or

      (2) a member of a gun club organized for the students of a college or university.

    (b) SUBSISTENCE ALLOWANCE- A junior competitor may be paid a subsistence allowance in an amount prescribed by the Secretary of the Army.

    (c) TRAVEL ALLOWANCE- A junior competitor may be paid a travel allowance in an amount prescribed by the Secretary instead of travel expenses and subsistence while traveling. The travel allowance for the return trip may be paid in advance.

Sec. 40727. Army support

    (a) LOGISTICAL SUPPORT- The Secretary of the Army shall provide logistical support to the Civilian Marksmanship Program for competitions and other activities. The corporation shall reimburse the Secretary for incremental direct costs incurred in providing logistical support. The reimbursements shall be credited to the appropriations account of the Department of the Army that is charged to provide the logistical support.

    (b) NATIONAL MATCHES- (1) The National Matches may be held at Department of Defense facilities where the National Matches were held before February 10, 1996.

    (2) The Secretary shall provide, without cost to the corporation, members of the National Guard and Army Reserve to support the National Matches as part of the annual training under title 10 and title 32.

    (c) REGULATIONS- The Secretary shall prescribe regulations to carry out this section.

Sec. 40728. Transfer of firearms, ammunition, and parts

    (a) REQUIRED TRANSFERS- In accordance with subsection (b) of this section, the Secretary of the Army shall transfer to the corporation all firearms and ammunition that, on February 9, 1996, were under the control of the director of civilian marksmanship (as that position existed under section 4307 of title 10 on February 9, 1996), including--

      (1) all firearms on loan to affiliated clubs and State associations;

      (2) all firearms in the possession of the Civilian Marksmanship Support Detachment; and

      (3) all M-1 Garand and caliber .22 rimfire rifles stored at Defense Distribution Depot, Anniston, Anniston, Alabama.

    (b) TIME FOR TRANSFERS- The Secretary shall transfer firearms and ammunition under subsection (a) of this section as and when necessary to enable the corporation--

      (1) to issue or loan firearms or ammunition under section 40731 of this title; or

      (2) to sell firearms or ammunition under section 40732 of this title.

    (c) VESTING OF TITLE IN TRANSFERRED ITEMS- Title to an item transferred to the corporation under this section shall vest in the corporation--

      (1) on the issuance of the item to an eligible recipient under section 40731 of this title; or

      (2) immediately before the corporation delivers the item to a purchaser in accordance with a contract for sale of the item that is authorized under section 40732 of this title.

    (d) STORAGE OF FIREARMS- Firearms stored at Defense Distribution Depot, Anniston, Anniston, Alabama, before February 10, 1996, and used for the Civilian Marksmanship Program (as that program existed under section 4308(e) of title 10 before February 10, 1996), shall remain at that facility or another storage facility designated by the Secretary, without cost to the corporation, until the firearms are issued, loaned, or sold by the corporation, or otherwise transferred to the corporation.

    (e) DISCRETIONARY TRANSFER OF PARTS- The Secretary may transfer from the inventory of the Department of the Army to the corporation any part from a rifle designated to be demilitarized.

    (f) LIMITATION ON DEMILITARIZATION OF M-1 RIFLES- After February 10, 1996, the Secretary may not demilitarize an M-1 Garand rifle in the inventory of the Army unless the Defense Logistics Agency decides the rifle is unserviceable.

    (g) COST OF TRANSFERS- A transfer of firearms, ammunition, or parts to the corporation under this section shall be made without cost to the corporation, except that the corporation shall assume the cost of preparation and transportation of firearms and ammunition transferred under this section.

Sec. 40729. Reservation of firearms, ammunition, and parts

    (a) RESERVATION- The Secretary of the Army shall reserve for the corporation--

      (1) firearms described in section 40728(a) of this title;

      (2) ammunition for firearms described in 40728(a) of this title;

      (3) M-16 rifles held by the Department of the Army on February 10, 1996, and used to support the small-arms firing school; and

      (4) parts from, and other supplies for, surplus caliber .30 and caliber .22 rimfire rifles.

    (b) EXCEPTION- This section does not supersede the authority provided in section 1208 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (Public Law 101-189; 10 U.S.C. 372 note).

Sec. 40730. Surplus property

    The corporation may obtain surplus property from the Defense Reutilization Marketing Service to carry out the Civilian Marksmanship Program. A transfer of property to the corporation under this section shall be made without cost to the corporation.

Sec. 40731. Issuance or loan of firearms and supplies

    (a) ISSUANCE OR LOAN- For purposes of training and competition, the corporation may issue or loan, with or without charges to recover

    administrative costs, caliber .22 rimfire and caliber .30 surplus rifles, air rifles, caliber .22 and .30 ammunition, repair parts, and other supplies necessary for activities related to the Civilian Marksmanship Program to--

      (1) organizations affiliated with the corporation that provide firearms training to youth;

      (2) the Boy Scouts of America;

      (3) 4-H Clubs;

      (4) the Future Farmers of America; and

      (5) other youth oriented organizations.

    (b) SECURITY OF FIREARMS- The corporation shall ensure adequate oversight and accountability for firearms issued or loaned under this section. The corporation shall prescribe procedures for the security of issued or loaned firearms in accordance with United States, State, and local laws.

Sec. 40732. Sale of firearms and supplies

    (a) AFFILIATED ORGANIZATIONS- The corporation may sell, at fair market value, caliber .22 rimfire and caliber .30 surplus rifles, air rifles, caliber .22 and .30 ammunition, repair parts, and other supplies to organizations affiliated with the corporation that provide training in the use of firearms.

    (b) GUN CLUB MEMBERS- (1) The corporation may sell, at fair market value, caliber .22 rimfire and caliber .30 surplus rifles, ammunition, repair parts and other supplies necessary for target practice to a citizen of the United States who is over 18 years of age and who is a member of a gun club affiliated with the corporation.

    (2) Except as provided in section 40733 of this title, sales under this subsection are subject to applicable United States, State, and local law. In addition to any other requirement, the corporation shall establish procedures to obtain a criminal records check of the individual with United States Government and State law enforcement agencies.

    (c) LIMITATION ON SALES- (1) The corporation may not sell a repair part designed to convert a firearm to fire in a fully automatic mode.

    (2) The corporation may not sell any item to an individual who has been convicted of--

      (A) a felony; or

      (B) a violation of section 922 of title 18.

Sec. 40733. Applicability of other law

    Section 922(a)(1)-(3) and (5) of title 18 does not apply to the shipment, transportation, receipt, transfer, sale, issuance, loan, or delivery by the corporation, of an item that the corporation is authorized to issue, loan, sell, or receive under this chapter.

CHAPTER 501--DAUGHTERS OF UNION VETERANS OF THE CIVIL WAR 1861-1865

      Sec.

      50101. Definition.

      50102. Organization.

      50103. Purposes.

      50104. Membership.

      50105. Governing body.

      50106. Powers.

      50107. Restrictions.

      50108. Duty to maintain tax-exempt status.

      50109. Records and inspection.

      50110. Service of process.

      50111. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      50112. Annual report.

Sec. 50101. Definition

    For purposes of this chapter, ‘State’ includes the District of Columbia and the territories and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 50102. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- Daughters of Union Veterans of the Civil War 1861-1865 (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’), a nonprofit corporation incorporated in Ohio, is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) EXPIRATION OF CHARTER- If the corporation does not comply with any provision of this chapter, the charter granted by this chapter expires.

Sec. 50103. Purposes

    (a) PROVIDED IN ARTICLES OF INCORPORATION- The purposes of the corporation are as provided in the articles of incorporation.

    (b) PERPETUATING MEMORIES- To perpetuate the memories of the fathers of the Daughters of Union Veterans of the Civil War 1861-1865, their loyalty to the Union, and their unselfish sacrifices for the preservation of the Union, the purposes of the corporation also include--

      (1) encouraging the preservation of historic sites and the construction and preservation of monuments commemorating any aspect of the Civil War;

      (2) building and maintaining a Museum of Civil War History, admission to which shall be free and open to the public, in the city of Springfield, Illinois, as a repository of Civil War documents, artifacts, and cultural relics;

      (3) maintaining a library in connection with the Civil War museum, admission to which shall be open to the public, containing the official volumes of the War of the Rebellion Records, Civil War genealogical files, Adjutant General reports of the various States, military and biographical records and accounts of the individual service of Union soldiers, sailors, and marines, diaries, letters, relics, and other records;

      (4) promulgating and teaching American history, particularly the history of the Civil War period, through the establishment of scholarship programs at the national and State levels, the presentation of American flags to youth groups and newly naturalized citizens, and the sponsorship of contests of educational merit;

      (5) caring for veterans of all wars through volunteer programs in Department of Veterans Affairs medical centers and in homes and other institutions maintained by the States for the welfare of American veterans; and

      (6) participating, in a spirit of cooperation and reciprocity, in programs with other societies devoted to American history, veterans’ affairs, or community interests.

    (c) VETERANS’ AND PATRIOTIC ORGANIZATION- The corporation shall function as a veterans’ and patriotic organization as authorized by the laws of each State in which it is incorporated.

Sec. 50104. Membership

    Eligibility for membership in the corporation and the rights and privileges of members are as provided in the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

Sec. 50105. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF DIRECTORS- The board of directors and the responsibilities of the board are as provided in the articles of incorporation.

    (b) OFFICERS- The officers and the election of officers are as provided in the articles of incorporation.

Sec. 50106. Powers

    The corporation has only the powers provided in its bylaws and articles of incorporation filed in each State in which it is incorporated.

Sec. 50107. Restrictions

    (a) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation or a director or officer as such may not contribute to, support, or participate in any political activity or in any manner attempt to influence legislation.

    (c) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, a director, officer, or member during the life of the charter granted by this chapter. This subsection does not prevent the payment of reasonable compensation to an officer or reimbursement for actual necessary expenses in amounts approved by the board of directors.

    (d) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan to a director, officer, or employee.

    (e) CLAIM OF GOVERNMENTAL APPROVAL OR AUTHORIZATION- The corporation may not claim congressional approval or the authority of the United States Government for any of its activities.

Sec. 50108. Duty to maintain tax-exempt status

    The corporation shall maintain its status as an organization exempt from taxation under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 1 et seq.). If the corporation does not maintain that status, the charter granted by this chapter expires.

Sec. 50109. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, board of directors, and committees having any of the authority of its board of directors; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member entitled to vote, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 50110. Service of process

    The corporation shall comply with the law on service of process of each State in which it is incorporated and each State in which it carries on activities.

Sec. 50111. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 50112. Annual report

    The corporation shall submit an annual report to Congress on the activities of the corporation during the prior fiscal year. The report shall be submitted at the same time as the report of the audit required by section 10101 of this title. The report may not be printed as a public document.

CHAPTER 503--DISABLED AMERICAN VETERANS

      Sec.

      50301. Organization.

      50302. Purposes.

      50303. Membership.

      50304. Powers.

      50305. Exclusive right to name.

      50306. Restrictions.

      50307. Service of process.

      50308. Annual report.

Sec. 50301. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- Disabled American Veterans (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’) is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

Sec. 50302. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are--

      (1) to uphold and maintain the Constitution and laws of the United States;

      (2) to realize the true American ideals and aims for which those eligible to membership fought;

      (3) to advance the interests, and work for the betterment, of all wounded, injured, and disabled American veterans;

      (4) to cooperate with the Department of Veterans Affairs and all other public and private agencies devoted to the cause of improving and advancing the condition, health, and interests of all wounded, injured, and disabled veterans;

      (5) to stimulate a feeling of mutual devotion, helpfulness, and comradeship among all wounded, injured, and disabled veterans;

      (6) to serve our comrades, our communities, and our country; and

      (7) to encourage in all people that spirit of understanding which will guard against future wars.

Sec. 50303. Membership

    (a) ELIGIBILITY- An individual is eligible for membership in the corporation if the individual--

      (1)(A) was wounded, gassed, injured, or disabled in the line of duty during time of war while in the service of the military or naval forces of the United States; and

      (B) was honorably discharged or separated from that service or is still in active service in the armed forces of the United States; or

      (2)(A) was disabled while serving with any of the armed forces of a country associated with the United States as an ally during any of its war periods;

      (B) is a citizen of the United States; and

      (C) was honorably discharged.

    (b) NO HONORARY MEMBERSHIPS- An honorary membership may not be granted.

Sec. 50304. Powers

    The corporation may--

      (1) adopt a constitution, bylaws, and regulations to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (2) adopt and alter a corporate seal;

      (3) adopt emblems and badges;

      (4) establish and maintain offices to conduct its activities;

      (5) establish State and territorial organizations and local chapter or post organizations;

      (6) acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property as necessary to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (7) publish a newspaper and other publications devoted to the purposes of the corporation;

      (8) sue and be sued; and

      (9) do any other act necessary or proper to carry out the purposes of the corporation.

Sec. 50305. Exclusive right to name

    The corporation and its State and local subdivisions have the exclusive right to use the name ‘Disabled American Veterans’.

Sec. 50306. Restrictions

    The corporation shall be nonpolitical and nonsectarian, and may not promote the candidacy of an individual seeking public office.

Sec. 50307. Service of process

    As a condition to the exercise of any power or privilege granted by this chapter, the corporation shall file, with the secretary of state or other designated official of each State in which a chapter is organized, the name and address of an agent in that State on whom legal process or demands against the corporation may be served.

Sec. 50308. Annual report

    Not later than January 1 of each year, the corporation shall submit a report to Congress on the activities of the corporation during the prior fiscal year.

CHAPTER 601--82ND AIRBORNE DIVISION ASSOCIATION, INCORPORATED

      Sec.

      60101. Definition.

      60102. Organization.

      60103. Purposes.

      60104. Membership.

      60105. Governing body.

      60106. Powers.

      60107. Restrictions.

      60108. Duty to maintain tax-exempt status.

      60109. Records and inspection.

      60110. Service of process.

      60111. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      60112. Annual report.

Sec. 60101. Definition

    For purposes of this chapter, ‘State’ includes the District of Columbia and the territories and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 60102. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- 82nd Airborne Division Association, Incorporated (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’), a nonprofit corporation incorporated in Illinois, is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) EXPIRATION OF CHARTER- If the corporation does not comply with any provision of this chapter, the charter granted by this chapter expires.

Sec. 60103. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are as provided in the articles of incorporation and include--

      (1) perpetuating the memory of members of the 82nd Airborne Division who fought and died for this country;

      (2) furthering the common bond between retired and active members of the 82nd Airborne Division;

      (3) providing educational assistance in the form of college scholarships and grants to the qualified children of current and former members of the 82nd Airborne Division;

      (4) promoting civic and patriotic activities; and

      (5) promoting the indispensable role of airborne defense to the national security of the United States.

Sec. 60104. Membership

    (a) ELIGIBILITY- Except as provided in this chapter, eligibility for membership in the corporation and the rights and privileges of members are as provided in the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

    (b) NONDISCRIMINATION- The terms of membership may not discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, disability, or national origin.

Sec. 60105. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF DIRECTORS- The board of directors and the responsibilities of the board are as provided in the articles of incorporation.

    (b) OFFICERS- The officers and the election of officers are as provided in the articles of incorporation.

    (c) NONDISCRIMINATION- The requirements for holding office in the corporation may not discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, disability, or national origin.

Sec. 60106. Powers

    The corporation has only the powers provided in its bylaws and articles of incorporation filed in each State in which it is incorporated.

Sec. 60107. Restrictions

    (a) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation or a director or officer as such may not contribute to, support, or participate in any political activity or in any manner attempt to influence legislation.

    (c) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, a director, officer, or member during the life of the charter granted by this chapter. This subsection does not prevent the payment of reasonable compensation to an officer or reimbursement for actual and necessary expenses in amounts approved by the board of directors.

    (d) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan to a director, officer, or employee.

    (e) CLAIM OF GOVERNMENTAL APPROVAL OR AUTHORIZATION- The corporation may not claim congressional approval or the authority of the United States Government for any of its activities.

Sec. 60108. Duty to maintain tax-exempt status

    The corporation shall maintain its status as an organization exempt from taxation under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 1 et seq.).

Sec. 60109. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, board of directors, and committees having any of the authority of its board of directors; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member entitled to vote, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 60110. Service of process

    The corporation shall comply with the law on service of process of each State in which it is incorporated and each State in which it carries on activities.

Sec. 60111. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 60112. Annual report

    The corporation shall submit an annual report to Congress on the activities of the corporation during the prior fiscal year. The report shall be submitted at the same time as the report of the audit required by section 10101 of this title. The report may not be printed as a public document.

CHAPTER 701--FLEET RESERVE ASSOCIATION

      Sec.

      70101. Definition.

      70102. Organization.

      70103. Purposes.

      70104. Membership.

      70105. Governing body.

      70106. Powers.

      70107. Restrictions.

      70108. Duty to maintain corporate and tax-exempt status.

      70109. Records and inspection.

      70110. Service of process.

      70111. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      70112. Annual report.

Sec. 70101. Definition

    For purposes of this chapter, ‘State’ includes the District of Columbia and the territories and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 70102. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- Fleet Reserve Association (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’), a nonprofit corporation incorporated in Delaware, is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) EXPIRATION OF CHARTER- If the corporation does not comply with any provision of this chapter, the charter granted by this chapter expires.

Sec. 70103. Purposes

    (a) GENERAL- The purposes of the corporation are as provided in its articles of incorporation and bylaws and include--

      (1) upholding and defending the Constitution of the United States;

      (2) aiding and maintaining an adequate naval defense for the United States;

      (3) assisting the recruitment of the best personnel available for the United States Navy, United States Marine Corps, and United States Coast Guard;

      (4) providing for the welfare of the personnel who serve in the United States Navy, United States Marine Corps, and United States Coast Guard;

      (5) continuing to loyally serve the United States Navy, United States Marine Corps, and United States Coast Guard;

      (6) preserving the spirit of shipmanship by providing assistance to shipmates and their families; and

      (7) instilling love of the United States and its flag, and promoting soundness of mind and body, in the youth of the United States.

    (b) CORPORATE FUNCTION- The corporation shall function as an educational, patriotic, civic, historical, and research organization under the laws of the State of Delaware.

Sec. 70104. Membership

    (a) ELIGIBILITY- Except as provided in this chapter, eligibility for membership in the corporation and the rights and privileges of members are as provided in the articles of incorporation and bylaws.

    (b) NONDISCRIMINATION- The terms of membership may not discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, disability, age, or national origin.

Sec. 70105. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF DIRECTORS- The board of directors and the responsibilities of the board are as provided in the bylaws and articles of incorporation.

    (b) OFFICERS- The officers and the election of officers are as provided in the bylaws and articles of incorporation.

    (c) NONDISCRIMINATION- The requirements for serving as a director or officer may not discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, disability, age, or national origin.

Sec. 70106. Powers

    The corporation has only the powers provided in its bylaws and articles of incorporation filed in each State in which it is incorporated.

Sec. 70107. Restrictions

    (a) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, a director, officer, or member during the life of the charter granted by this chapter. This subsection does not prevent the payment of reasonable compensation to an officer or employee or reimbursement for actual necessary expenses in amounts approved by the board of directors.

    (c) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan to a director, officer, employee, or member.

    (d) CLAIM OF GOVERNMENTAL APPROVAL OR AUTHORITY- The corporation may not claim congressional approval or the authority of the United States Government for any of its activities.

Sec. 70108. Duty to maintain corporate and tax-exempt status

    (a) CORPORATE STATUS- The corporation shall maintain its status as a corporation incorporated under the laws of Delaware.

    (b) TAX-EXEMPT STATUS- The corporation shall maintain its status as an organization exempt from taxation under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 1 et seq.).

Sec. 70109. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, board of directors, and committees having any of the authority of its board of directors; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member entitled to vote, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 70110. Service of process

    The corporation shall comply with the law on service of process of each State in which it is incorporated and each State in which it carries on activities.

Sec. 70111. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 70112. Annual report

    The corporation shall submit an annual report to Congress on the activities of the corporation during the prior fiscal year. The report shall be submitted at the same time as the report of the audit required by section 10101 of this title. The report may not be printed as a public document.

CHAPTER 703--FORMER MEMBERS OF CONGRESS

      Sec.

      70301. Definition.

      70302. Organization.

      70303. Purposes.

      70304. Membership.

      70305. Governing body.

      70306. Powers.

      70307. Restrictions.

      70308. Duty to maintain tax-exempt status.

      70309. Records and inspection.

      70310. Service of process.

      70311. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      70312. Annual report.

Sec. 70301. Definition

    For purposes of this chapter, ‘State’ includes the District of Columbia and the territories and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 70302. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- Former Members of Congress (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’), a nonprofit corporation incorporated in the District of Columbia, is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) EXPIRATION OF CHARTER- If the corporation does not comply with any provision of this chapter, the charter granted by this chapter expires.

Sec. 70303. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are as provided in the articles of incorporation and include the promotion of the cause of good government at the

    national level by improving the public understanding of Congress as an institution and strengthening its support by the public. The corporation shall function as an educational, patriotic, civic, historical, and research organization as authorized by the laws of each State in which it is incorporated.

Sec. 70304. Membership

    Eligibility for membership in the corporation and the rights and privileges of members are as provided in the bylaws.

Sec. 70305. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF DIRECTORS- The board of directors and the responsibilities of the board are as provided in the articles of incorporation.

    (b) OFFICERS- The officers and the election of officers are as provided in the articles of incorporation.

Sec. 70306. Powers

    The corporation has only the powers provided in its bylaws and articles of incorporation filed in each State in which it is incorporated.

Sec. 70307. Restrictions

    (a) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation or a director or officer as such may not contribute to, support, or participate in any political activity or in any manner attempt to influence legislation.

    (c) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, a director, officer, or member during the life of the charter granted by this chapter. This subsection does not prevent the payment of reasonable compensation to an officer or reimbursement for actual necessary expenses in amounts approved by the board of directors.

    (d) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan to a director, officer, or employee.

    (e) CLAIM OF GOVERNMENTAL APPROVAL OR AUTHORIZATION- The corporation may not claim congressional approval or the authority of the United States Government for any of its activities.

Sec. 70308. Duty to maintain tax-exempt status

    The corporation shall maintain its status as an organization exempt from taxation under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 1 et seq.).

Sec. 70309. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, board of directors, and committees having any of the authority of its board of directors; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member entitled to vote, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 70310. Service of process

    The corporation shall comply with the law on service of process of each State in which it is incorporated and each State in which it carries on activities.

Sec. 70311. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 70312. Annual report

    The corporation shall submit an annual report to Congress on the activities of the corporation during the prior fiscal year. The report shall be submitted at the same time as the report of the audit required by section 10101 of this title. The report may not be printed as a public document.

CHAPTER 705--THE FOUNDATION OF THE FEDERAL BAR ASSOCIATION

      Sec.

      70501. Organization.

      70502. Purposes.

      70503. Membership.

      70504. Governing body.

      70505. Powers.

      70506. Exclusive right to name.

      70507. Restrictions.

      70508. Principal office.

      70509. Records and inspection.

      70510. Service of process.

      70511. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      70512. Deposit of assets on dissolution or final liquidation.

Sec. 70501. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- The Foundation of the Federal Bar Association (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’) is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) PLACE OF INCORPORATION AND DOMICILE- The corporation is declared to be incorporated and domiciled in the District of Columbia.

    (c) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

Sec. 70502. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are--

      (1) to receive and hold property, including by gift, devise, or grant, and to invest, administer, and dispose of the property without restrictions applicable to trustees or trust funds;

      (2) to apply its income and any part of its principal exclusively to educational, charitable, scientific, or literary purposes--

        (A) to advance the science of jurisprudence;

        (B) to uphold high standards for the Federal judiciary and attorneys representing the United States Government;

        (C) to promote and improve the administration of justice, including the study of means for the improved handling of the legal business of the departments, agencies, and instrumentalities of the Government;

        (D) to facilitate the cultivation and diffusion of knowledge and understanding of the law and the promotion of the study of the law and the science of jurisprudence and research in jurisprudence, through the maintenance of a law library, the establishment of seminars, lectures, and studies devoted to the law, and the publication of addresses, essays, treatises, reports and other literary works by students, practitioners, and teachers of the law; and

        (E) to provide for the acquisition, preservation, and exhibition of rare books and documents, sculptures, paintings, and other objects of art and historical interest relating to the law, the courts, and the legal profession; and

      (3) to do any other acts necessary or incident to the accomplishment of these purposes.

Sec. 70503. Membership

    (a) MEMBERS- The members of the corporation are--

      (1) the members of the National Council of the Federal Bar Association, a nonprofit corporation incorporated in the District of Columbia, during their term of membership on that Council; and

      (2) other individuals the corporation provides for in the bylaws or otherwise.

    (b) VOTING- Each member has one vote on each matter submitted to a vote of the members.

    (c) GROUNDS FOR DISQUALIFICATION- An individual may not be a member, director, or officer of the corporation if the individual--

      (1) is a member of, or advocates the principles of, an organization believing in, or working for, the overthrow of the United States Government by force or violence; or

      (2) refuses to uphold and defend the Constitution of the United States.

Sec. 70504. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF DIRECTORS- (1) The board of directors is the governing body of the corporation. The board may exercise, or provide for the exercise of, the powers of the corporation.

    (2) The board shall consist of 12 individuals elected, and subject to removal at any time, by a majority vote of the members of the corporation. The term of office of an elected director is 6 years. A vacancy on the board shall be filled by a majority vote of the members of the corporation.

    (3) The board shall meet at least annually. Each director has one vote on each matter decided by the board. The board may delegate its powers to a prudential committee subject to the direction of, and reporting to, the board.

    (4) The president of the corporation is the chairman of the board and of the prudential committee.

    (b) OFFICERS- (1) The officers of the corporation are a president, a vice president, a secretary, a treasurer, a historian, and other officers provided for in the bylaws. The powers of the officers are as provided in the bylaws.

    (2) The officers shall be elected by the board of directors at its annual meeting. The term of office of an officer is one year.

Sec. 70505. Powers

    The corporation may--

      (1) adopt and amend bylaws for the management of its property and the regulation of its affairs;

      (2) adopt and alter a corporate seal;

      (3) choose officers, managers, and agents as the activities of the corporation require;

      (4) make contracts;

      (5) acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property as necessary to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (6) borrow money, issue instruments of indebtedness, and secure its obligations by granting security interests in its property;

      (7) sue and be sued; and

      (8) do any other act necessary and proper to carry out the purposes of the corporation.

Sec. 70506. Exclusive right to name

    The corporation has the exclusive right to use the name ‘The Foundation of the Federal Bar Association’.

Sec. 70507. Restrictions

    (a) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- (1) The activities, funds, income, and property of the corporation may not be used to carry on political activity or attempt to influence legislation.

    (2) The corporation or a director or officer as such may not contribute to, support, or assist a political party or candidate for elective public office.

    (c) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME- The income of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of a director, officer, member, or private individual.

    (d) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan or advance to a director or officer. Directors and officers who vote for, assent to, or participate in making a loan or advance to a director or officer are jointly and severally liable to the corporation for the amount of the loan or advance until it is repaid.

    (e) IMMUNITY FROM LIABILITY- Members and private individuals are not liable for the obligations of the corporation.

Sec. 70508. Principal office

    The corporation shall have its principal office in the District of Columbia, but may conduct its activities anywhere.

Sec. 70509. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, board of directors, and committees having any of the authority of its board of directors; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member entitled to vote, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 70510. Service of process

    The corporation shall have a designated agent in the District of Columbia to receive service of process for the corporation. Notice to or service on the agent, or mailed to the business address of the agent, is notice to or service on the corporation.

Sec. 70511. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 70512. Deposit of assets on dissolution or final liquidation

    On dissolution or final liquidation of the corporation, any assets remaining after the discharge of all liabilities shall be deposited in the Treasury of the United States as a miscellaneous receipt.

CHAPTER 707--FREDERICK DOUGLASS MEMORIAL AND HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION

      Sec.

      70701. Organization.

      70702. Purposes.

      70703. Governing body.

      70704. Powers.

      70705. Management of homestead and erection of monument.

      70706. Property exempt from taxation.

      70707. Misnomer not to affect transfer of property.

      70708. Nonapplication of audit requirements.

Sec. 70701. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- Frederick Douglass Memorial and Historical Association (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’) is a body corporate and politic in the District of Columbia.

    (b) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

Sec. 70702. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are--

      (1) to preserve to posterity the memory of the life and character of the late Frederick Douglass; and

      (2) to collect, collate, and preserve a historical record of the inception, progress, and culmination of the antislavery movement in the United States, and to assemble in the homestead of the late Frederick Douglass, commonly called Cedar Hill, in the village of Anacostia, District of Columbia, all suitable exhibits of records or things illustrative or commemorative of the antislavery movement and history that are donated to, or acquired by, the corporation.

Sec. 70703. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF TRUSTEES- (1) The board of trustees is the governing body of the corporation. The board shall exercise the powers granted to the corporation.

    (2) The board shall consist of at least 9 but not more than 19 members. A vacancy on the board shall be filled by decision of the remaining members of the board.

    (3) The board shall adopt a seal under which all acts of the corporation shall be passed and authenticated.

    (b) OFFICERS- (1) The board shall elect officers the board considers necessary, including a treasurer, for the term and at the compensation the board decides, as provided in the bylaws.

    (2) The treasurer shall give a bond as provided in the bylaws.

    (3) The board may remove an officer, employee, or agent of the corporation for a cause provided in the bylaws.

Sec. 70704. Powers

    The corporation may--

      (1) adopt and amend bylaws for the regulation of its affairs;

      (2) adopt and alter a corporate seal;

      (3) employ persons the corporation considers necessary;

      (4) acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property;

      (5) sue and be sued; and

      (6) do any other act to carry out the purposes of the corporation.

Sec. 70705. Management of homestead and erection of monument

    After the corporation has acquired any part of the property occupied by the late Frederick Douglass as his homestead, commonly called Cedar Hill, in the village of Anacostia, District of Columbia, the corporation may--

      (1) manage, repair, and improve the property to carry out the purposes of the corporation; and

      (2) erect on the property a monument to the memory of the late Frederick Douglass.

Sec. 70706. Property exempt from taxation

    Any property formerly occupied by the late Frederick Douglass as his homestead, commonly called Cedar Hill, in the village of Anacostia, District of Columbia, and owned by the corporation, is exempt from taxation as long as the property is used for the purposes of the corporation.

Sec. 70707. Misnomer not to affect transfer of property

    A misnomer of the corporation does not affect any transfer of property to or from the corporation.

Sec. 70708. Nonapplication of audit requirements

    The audit requirements of section 10101 of this title do not apply to the corporation.

CHAPTER 709--FUTURE FARMERS OF AMERICA

      Sec.

      70901. Organization.

      70902. Purposes.

      70903. Membership.

      70904. Governing body.

      70905. National officers.

      70906. Powers.

      70907. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, and badges.

      70908. Restrictions.

      70909. Availability of personnel, services, and facilities of Department of Education.

      70910. Headquarters and principal office.

      70911. Records and inspection.

      70912. Service of process.

      70913. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      70914. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation.

Sec. 70901. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- Future Farmers of America (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’) is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

Sec. 70902. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are--

      (1) to create, foster, and assist subsidiary chapters composed of students and former students of vocational agriculture in public schools qualifying for Federal reimbursement under the Smith-Hughes Vocational Education Act (20 U.S.C. 11-15, 16-28) and associations of those chapters in the States, territories, and possessions of the United States;

      (2) to develop character, train for useful citizenship, and foster patriotism, and thereby develop competent and aggressive rural and agricultural leadership;

      (3) to create and nurture a love of country life by encouraging members to improve the farm home and its surroundings, to develop organized rural recreational activities, and to create more interest in the intelligent choice of farming occupations;

      (4) to encourage the practice of thrift;

      (5) to procure for and distribute to State associations, local chapters, and members all official supplies and equipment of the corporation;

      (6) to publish an official magazine and other publications for the members of the corporation;

      (7) to strengthen the confidence of young men and women in themselves and their work, to encourage members in the development of individual farming programs, and to promote their permanent establishment in farming by--

        (A) encouraging improvement in scholarship;

        (B) providing prizes and awards to deserving students who have achieved distinction in vocational agriculture, including farm mechanics activities on a local, State, or national basis; and

        (C) assisting financially, through loans or grants, deserving students in all-day vocational agriculture classes and young farmers under 30 years of age who were former students in all-day vocational agriculture classes in becoming satisfactorily established in a farming occupation;

      (8) to cooperate with others, including State boards for vocational education, in accomplishing these purposes; and

      (9) to engage in other activities, consistent with these purposes, determined by the governing body to be for the best interests of the corporation.

Sec. 70903. Membership

    (a) ELIGIBILITY- Except as provided in this chapter, eligibility for membership in the corporation and the rights and privileges of members are as provided in the bylaws.

    (b) VOTING- In matters of official business of a local chapter, each member has one vote. In matters of official business of a State association, each qualified delegate of a local chapter has one vote.

Sec. 70904. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF DIRECTORS- (1) The board of directors is the governing body of the corporation. The board shall exercise the powers granted to the corporation.

    (2) The board consists of the Secretary of Education, 4 staff members in the Department of Education, and 4 State supervisors of agriculture education. The Secretary is chairman of the board.

    (3) The term of office of the directors and the method of selecting the directors (except ex officio directors) are as provided in the bylaws.

    (4) The board shall meet at least annually at the time and place provided in the bylaws. The annual report of the board shall be presented at that meeting. Special meetings of the board may be called at any time by the chairman.

    (b) GOVERNING COMMITTEE- The board may designate the chairman of the board and 2 members of the chairman’s staff as a governing committee. When the board is not in session, the governing committee has the powers of the board subject to the board’s direction and may authorize the seal of the corporation to be affixed to all papers that require it.

Sec. 70905. National officers

    (a) COMPOSITION- The national officers of the corporation are a student president, 4 student vice presidents (one from each of 4 regions of the United States established in the bylaws for purposes of administration of the corporation), a student secretary, an executive secretary, a treasurer, and a national advisor.

    (b) BOARD OF STUDENT OFFICERS- The national student officers of the corporation comprise a board of student officers. The board of student officers shall advise and make recommendations to the board of directors about the activities and business of the corporation.

    (c) ELECTION- The national officers of the corporation shall be elected annually by a majority vote of the delegates assembled in the annual national convention from among qualified members of the corporation, except that--

      (1) the national advisor shall be the Secretary of Education;

      (2) the executive secretary shall be a member of the Department of Education; and

      (3) the treasurer shall be an employee or member of a State agency that directs or supervises a State program of agricultural education under the provisions of the Smith-Hughes Vocational Education Act (20 U.S.C. 11-15, 16-28).

    (d) VOTE AT NATIONAL CONVENTION- Each qualified delegate has one vote at the annual national convention.

Sec. 70906. Powers

    The corporation may--

      (1) adopt and amend bylaws and regulations for the management of its property and the regulation of its affairs, including the establishment and maintenance of local chapters and State associations of chapters;

      (2) adopt and alter a corporate seal;

      (3) adopt emblems and badges;

      (4) choose officers, managers, agents, and employees as the activities of the corporation require;

      (5) make contracts;

      (6) acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property as necessary or convenient to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (7) borrow money, issue instruments of indebtedness, and secure its obligations by granting security interests in its property;

      (8) use corporate funds to give prizes, awards, loans, and grants to deserving students and young farmers to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (9) publish a magazine and other publications;

      (10) procure for and distribute to State associations, local chapters, and members all official Future Farmers of America supplies and equipment;

      (11) sue and be sued; and

      (12) do any other act necessary and proper to carry out the purposes of the corporation.

Sec. 70907. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, and badges

    The corporation and its authorized chapters and associations of chapters have the exclusive right to use the name ‘Future Farmers of America’ and the initials FFA as representing an agricultural membership organization and seals, emblems, and badges the corporation adopts.

Sec. 70908. Restrictions

    (a) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation or a director, officer, or member as such may not contribute to, support, or assist a political party or candidate for elective public office.

    (c) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, a director, officer, or member, except on dissolution or final liquidation of the corporation.

    (d) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan to a director, officer, or employee. Directors who vote for or assent to making a loan to a director, officer, or employee, and officers who participate in making the loan, are jointly and severally liable to the corporation for the amount of the loan until it is repaid.

    (e) PRIZES, AWARDS, GRANTS, OR LOANS TO STUDENT OFFICERS AND MEMBERS MEETING CRITERIA- This section does not preclude prizes, awards, grants, or loans to student officers and members meeting the criteria established by the board of directors for selecting recipients of those benefits.

Sec. 70909. Availability of personnel, services, and facilities of Department of Education

    On request of the board of directors of the corporation, the Secretary of Education may make personnel, services, and facilities of the Department of Education available to administer or assist in the administration of the activities of the corporation. Personnel of the Department may not receive compensation from the corporation for their services, except that travel and other legitimate expenses as defined by the Secretary and approved by the board may be paid. The Secretary also may cooperate with the State boards for vocational education to assist in the promotion of the activities of the corporation.

Sec. 70910. Headquarters and principal office

    The headquarters and principal office of the corporation shall be in the District of Columbia. However, the activities of the corporation are not confined to the District of Columbia but may be conducted throughout the States, territories, and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 70911. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, board of directors, and committees having any of the authority of its board of directors; and

      (3) a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation at any reasonable time.

Sec. 70912. Service of process

    (a) DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA- The corporation shall have a designated agent in the District of Columbia to receive service of process for the corporation. Designation of the agent shall be filed in the office of the clerk of the United States District Court for the District of Columbia. Notice to or service on the agent, or mailed to the business address of the agent, is notice to or service on the corporation.

    (b) STATES, TERRITORIES, AND POSSESSIONS- As a condition to the exercise of any power or privilege granted by this chapter, the corporation shall file, with the secretary of state or other designated official of each State, territory, or possession of the United States in which a subordinate association or chapter is organized, the name and address of an agent in that State, territory, or possession on whom legal process or demands against the corporation may be served.

Sec. 70913. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 70914. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation

    On dissolution or final liquidation of the corporation, any assets remaining after the discharge of all liabilities shall be used by the board of directors for the benefit of students of vocational agriculture or be transferred to a recognized educational foundation.

CHAPTER 801--GENERAL FEDERATION OF WOMEN’S CLUBS

      Sec.

      80101. Organization.

      80102. Purposes.

      80103. Constitution and bylaws.

      80104. Property.

      80105. Principal office and meetings.

      80106. Distribution of assets on dissolution.

Sec. 80101. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- General Federation of Women’s Clubs (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’) is a body corporate and politic of the District of Columbia.

    (b) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

Sec. 80102. Purposes

    The corporation shall be organized and operated exclusively for charitable and educational purposes within the meaning of section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 501(c)(3)) and shall comply with the requirements for classification as an exempt organization under section 501(c)(3). The charitable purposes of the corporation shall be achieved through volunteer efforts by the members of the corporation, including arts programs, conservation programs, educational programs, homelife programs, international affairs, public affairs programs advancing information about public affairs, and community improvement programs.

Sec. 80103. Constitution and bylaws

    The corporation shall have a constitution and may adopt bylaws for the admission and qualifications of members, the management of its property, and the regulation of its affairs. The corporation may amend its constitution and bylaws.

Sec. 80104. Property

    The corporation may--

      (1) acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property as necessary to carry out the purposes of the corporation; and

      (2) issue instruments of indebtedness in relation to its real property.

Sec. 80105. Principal office and meetings

    (a) PRINCIPAL OFFICE- The principal office of the corporation shall be in the District of Columbia.

    (b) MEETINGS- The corporation may hold its meetings at places outside the District of Columbia.

Sec. 80106. Distribution of assets on dissolution

    On dissolution of the corporation, the board of directors shall liquidate and distribute its assets to organizations qualified as exempt organizations under section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 501(c)(3)) with purposes similar to those of the corporation.

CHAPTER 803--GIRL SCOUTS OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

      Sec.

      80301. Organization.

      80302. Purposes.

      80303. Governing body.

      80304. Powers.

      80305. Exclusive right to emblems, badges, marks, and words.

      80306. Restrictions.

      80307. Annual report.

Sec. 80301. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- Girl Scouts of the United States of America (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’) is a body corporate and politic of the District of Columbia.

    (b) DOMICILE- The domicile of the corporation is the District of Columbia.

    (c) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

Sec. 80302. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are--

      (1) to promote the qualities of truth, loyalty, helpfulness, friendliness, courtesy, purity, kindness, obedience, cheerfulness, thriftiness, and kindred virtues among girls, as a preparation for their responsibilities in the home and for service to the community;

      (2) to direct and coordinate the Girl Scout movement in the United States and territories and possessions of the United States; and

      (3) to fix and maintain standards for the movement that will inspire the rising generation with the highest ideals of character, patriotism, conduct, and attainment.

Sec. 80303. Governing body

    (a) NATIONAL COUNCIL- (1) There shall be a National Council of Girl Scouts. The number, qualifications, and term of office of members of the Council are as provided in the constitution of the corporation, except that members of the Council must be citizens of the United States.

    (2) The Council may adopt and amend a constitution and bylaws and elect a board of directors, officers, and agents.

    (3) The constitution may prescribe the number of members of the Council necessary for a quorum. That number may be less than a majority of the entire Council.

    (4) Meetings of the Council shall be held as provided in the constitution to hold elections and receive reports of the officers and board of directors. Special meetings may be called as provided in the constitution.

    (b) BOARD OF DIRECTORS- (1) To the extent provided in the constitution and bylaws, the board of directors shall have the powers of the Council and manage the activities of the corporation between meetings of the Council. The number, qualifications, and term of office of directors are as provided in the constitution.

    (2) The constitution may prescribe the number of directors necessary for a quorum. That number shall be at least 20 or two-fifths of the entire board.

    (c) EXECUTIVE AND OTHER COMMITTEES- The bylaws may provide for--

      (1) an executive committee to carry out the powers of the board of directors between meetings of the board; and

      (2) other committees to operate under the general supervision of the board of directors.

    (d) LOCATION OF MEETINGS AND RECORDS- The Council and the board of directors may hold meetings and keep the seal and records of the corporation in or outside the District of Columbia.

Sec. 80304. Powers

    The corporation may--

      (1) adopt and amend a constitution, bylaws, and regulations, including regulations for the election of associates and successors;

      (2) adopt and alter a seal;

      (3) have offices and conduct its activities in the District of Columbia and in the States, territories, and possessions of the United States;

      (4) acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property, and use any income from the property, as necessary to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (5) sue and be sued within the jurisdiction of the United States; and

      (6) do any other act necessary to carry out this chapter and the purposes of the corporation.

Sec. 80305. Exclusive right to emblems, badges, marks, and words

    The corporation has the exclusive right to use all emblems and badges, descriptive or designating marks, and words or phrases the corporation adopts, including the badge of the Girl Scouts, Incorporated, referred to in the Act of August 12, 1937 (ch. 590, 50 Stat. 623), and to authorize their use, during the life of the corporation, in connection with the manufacture, advertisement, and sale of equipment and merchandise. This section does not affect any vested rights.

Sec. 80306. Restrictions

    (a) PROFIT- The corporation may not operate for profit.

    (b) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation shall be nonpolitical and nonsectarian.

Sec. 80307. Annual report

    Not later than April 1 of each year, the corporation shall submit a report to Congress on the activities of the corporation during the prior fiscal year. The report shall be printed each year, with accompanying illustrations, as a separate House document of the session of the Congress to which the report is submitted.

CHAPTER 805--GOLD STAR WIVES OF AMERICA

      Sec.

      80501. Definition.

      80502. Organization.

      80503. Purposes.

      80504. Membership.

      80505. Governing body.

      80506. Powers.

      80507. Restrictions.

      80508. Duty to maintain tax-exempt status.

      80509. Records and inspection.

      80510. Service of process.

      80511. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      80512. Annual report.

Sec. 80501. Definition

    For purposes of this chapter, ‘State’ includes the District of Columbia and the territories and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 80502. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- Gold Star Wives of America (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’), incorporated in New York, is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) EXPIRATION OF CHARTER- If the corporation does not comply with any provision of this chapter, the charter granted by this chapter expires.

Sec. 80503. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are--

      (1) to operate in the public interest, as a nonpartisan and nonprofit organization, solely for patriotic, charitable, literary, educational, scientific, or civic improvement purposes; and

      (2) the purposes stated in its articles of incorporation that are not inconsistent with the purposes described in clause (1) of this section.

Sec. 80504. Membership

    (a) ELIGIBILITY- Except as provided in this chapter, eligibility for membership in the corporation and the rights and privileges of members are as provided in the articles of incorporation and bylaws.

    (b) NONDISCRIMINATION- The terms of membership may not discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, or national origin.

Sec. 80505. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF DIRECTORS- The board of directors and the responsibilities of the board are as provided in the articles of incorporation.

    (b) OFFICERS- The officers and the election of officers are as provided in the articles of incorporation.

    (c) NONDISCRIMINATION- The requirements for holding office in the corporation may not discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, or national origin.

Sec. 80506. Powers

    The corporation has only the powers provided in its bylaws and articles of incorporation filed in the State in which it is incorporated.

Sec. 80507. Restrictions

    (a) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation or a director or officer as such may not contribute to, support, or participate in any political activity or in any manner attempt to influence legislation.

    (c) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, a director, officer, or member during the life of the charter granted by this chapter. This subsection does not prevent the payment of reasonable compensation to an officer or reimbursement for actual necessary expenses in amounts approved by the board of directors.

    (d) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan to any director, officer, or employee.

Sec. 80508. Duty to maintain tax-exempt status

    The corporation shall maintain its status as an organization exempt from taxation under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 1 et seq.).

Sec. 80509. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, board of directors, and committees having any of the authority of its board of directors; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member entitled to vote, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 80510. Service of process

    The corporation shall comply with the law on service of process of each State in which it is incorporated and each State in which it carries on activities.

Sec. 80511. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority and in accordance with the laws of the States in which it carries on its activities.

Sec. 80512. Annual report

    The corporation shall submit an annual report to Congress on the activities of the corporation during the prior calendar year. The report may not be printed as a public document.

CHAPTER 901--[RESERVED]

CHAPTER 1001--ITALIAN AMERICAN WAR VETERANS OF THE UNITED STATES

      Sec.

      100101. Definition.

      100102. Organization.

      100103. Purposes.

      100104. Membership.

      100105. Governing body.

      100106. Powers.

      100107. Restrictions.

      100108. Duty to maintain tax-exempt status.

      100109. Records and inspection.

      100110. Service of process.

      100111. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      100112. Annual report.

Sec. 100101. Definition

    For purposes of this chapter, ‘State’ includes the District of Columbia and the territories and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 100102. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- Italian American War Veterans of the United States (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’), a nonprofit corporation incorporated in California, Connecticut, Florida, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island, is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) EXPIRATION OF CHARTER- If the corporation does not comply with any provision of this chapter, the charter granted by this chapter expires.

Sec. 100103. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are as provided in the articles of incorporation and include--

      (1) giving patriotic allegiance to the United States, fidelity to the Constitution and laws of the United States, and support to the security of civil liberty and permanence of free institutions;

      (2) stimulating patriotism in the minds of Americans by encouraging the study of the history of the United States;

      (3) ensuring the preservation and defense of the United States from all enemies without reservation;

      (4) preserving the memories and records of patriotic service performed by men and women who served in the armed forces, by gathering, collating, editing, publishing, and exhibiting the memorabilia, information, records, military awards, decorations, and citations of those who served in the armed forces;

      (5) promoting peace, prosperity, and good will between the peoples of the United States and Italy; and

      (6) functioning as a veterans’ and patriotic organization as authorized by the laws of each State in which it is incorporated.

Sec. 100104. Membership

    A citizen of the United States who was honorably discharged from the armed forces is eligible for membership in the corporation. Except as provided in this chapter, eligibility for membership and the rights and privileges of members are as provided in the bylaws.

Sec. 100105. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF DIRECTORS- The board of directors and the responsibilities of the board are as provided in the articles of incorporation.

    (b) OFFICERS- The officers and the election of officers are as provided in the articles of incorporation.

Sec. 100106. Powers

    The corporation has only the powers provided in its bylaws and articles of incorporation filed in each State in which it is incorporated.

Sec. 100107. Restrictions

    (a) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation or a director or officer as such may not contribute to, support, or participate in any political activity or in any manner attempt to influence legislation.

    (c) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, a director, officer, or member during the life of the charter granted by this chapter. This subsection does not prevent the payment of reasonable compensation to an officer or reimbursement for actual necessary expenses in amounts approved by the board of directors.

    (d) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan to a director, officer, or employee.

    (e) CLAIM OF GOVERNMENTAL APPROVAL OR AUTHORITY- The corporation may not claim congressional approval or the authority of the United States Government for any of its activities.

Sec. 100108. Duty to maintain tax-exempt status

    The corporation shall maintain its status as an organization exempt from taxation under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 1 et seq.).

Sec. 100109. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, board of directors, and committees having any of the authority of its board of directors; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member entitled to vote, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 100110. Service of process

    The corporation shall comply with the law on service of process of each State in which it is incorporated and each State in which it carries on activities.

Sec. 100111. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 100112. Annual report

    The corporation shall submit an annual report to Congress on the activities of the corporation during the prior fiscal year. The report shall be submitted at the same time as the report of the audit required by section 10101 of this title. The report may not be printed as a public document.

CHAPTER 1101--JEWISH WAR VETERANS OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, INCORPORATED

      Sec.

      110101. Definition.

      110102. Organization.

      110103. Purposes.

      110104. Membership.

      110105. Governing body.

      110106. Powers.

      110107. Restrictions.

      110108. Duty to maintain corporate and tax-exempt status.

      110109. Records and inspection.

      110110. Service of process.

      110111. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      110112. Annual report.

Sec. 110101. Definition

    For purposes of this chapter, ‘State’ includes the District of Columbia and the territories and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 110102. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- Jewish War Veterans of the United States of America, Incorporated (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’), a nonprofit corporation incorporated in New York, is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) EXPIRATION OF CHARTER- If the corporation does not comply with any provision of this chapter, the charter granted by this chapter expires.

Sec. 110103. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are as provided in its articles of incorporation and include a continuing commitment, on a national basis, to--

      (1) maintain true allegiance to the United States;

      (2) foster and perpetuate true Americanism;

      (3) combat whatever tends to impair the efficiency and permanency of our free institutions;

      (4) uphold the fair name of Jews and fight their battles wherever unjustly assailed;

      (5) encourage the doctrine of universal liberty, equal rights, and full justice to all men;

      (6) combat the powers of bigotry and darkness wherever originating and whatever the target;

      (7) preserve the spirit of comradeship by mutual helpfulness to comrades and their families;

      (8) cooperate with and support existing educational institutions and establish educational institutions;

      (9) foster the education of ex-servicemen and ex-servicewomen and members of the corporation in the ideals and principles of Americanism;

      (10) instill love of country and flag;

      (11) promote sound minds and bodies in members of the corporation and their youth;

      (12) preserve the memories and records of patriotic service performed by the men and women of the Jewish faith and honor their memory; and

      (13) shield from neglect the graves of our heroic dead.

Sec. 110104. Membership

    Except as provided in this chapter, eligibility for membership in the corporation and the rights and privileges of members are as provided in the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

Sec. 110105. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF DIRECTORS- The board of directors and the responsibilities of the board are as provided in the articles of incorporation.

    (b) OFFICERS- The officers and the election of officers are as provided in the articles of incorporation.

Sec. 110106. Powers

    The corporation has only the powers provided in its bylaws and articles of incorporation filed in each State in which it is incorporated.

Sec. 110107. Restrictions

    (a) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, a director, officer, or member during the life of the charter granted by this chapter. This subsection does not prevent the payment of reasonable compensation to an officer or reimbursement for actual necessary expenses in amounts approved by the board of directors.

    (c) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan to a director, officer, or employee.

    (d) CLAIM OF GOVERNMENTAL APPROVAL OR AUTHORITY- The corporation may not claim congressional approval or the authority of the United States Government for any of its activities.

Sec. 110108. Duty to maintain corporate and tax-exempt status

    (a) CORPORATE STATUS- The corporation shall maintain its status as a corporation incorporated under the laws of New York.

    (b) TAX-EXEMPT STATUS- The corporation shall maintain its status as an organization exempt from taxation under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 1 et seq.).

Sec. 110109. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, board of directors, and committees having any of the authority of its board of directors; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member entitled to vote, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 110110. Service of process

    The corporation shall comply with the law on service of process of each State in which it is incorporated and each State in which it carries on activities.

Sec. 110111. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 110112. Annual report

    The corporation shall submit an annual report to Congress on the activities of the corporation during the prior fiscal year. The report shall be submitted at the same time as the report of the audit required by section 10101 of this title. The report may not be printed as a public document.

CHAPTER 1103--JEWISH WAR VETERANS, U.S.A., NATIONAL MEMORIAL, INCORPORATED

      Sec.

      110301. Organization.

      110302. Purposes.

      110303. Governing body.

      110304. Powers.

      110305. Restrictions.

      110306. Principal office.

      110307. Records and inspection.

      110308. Service of process.

      110309. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      110310. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation.

Sec. 110301. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- Jewish War Veterans, U.S.A., National Memorial, Incorporated (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’), is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) PLACE OF INCORPORATION AND DOMICILE- The corporation is declared to be a nonprofit corporation incorporated and domiciled in the District of Columbia.

    (c) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

Sec. 110302. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are--

      (1) to maintain and conduct a national memorial and museum dedicated to and commemorating the service and sacrifice by Americans of the Jewish faith in the armed forces of the United States during the period of war;

      (2) to gather, collate, edit, publish, and exhibit memorabilia, information, records, military awards, decorations, citations, and similar items, to preserve the memories and records of patriotic service performed by men and women of the Jewish faith while in the armed forces of the United States in time of war; and

      (3) to stimulate patriotism in the minds of all Americans by encouraging the study of the military and naval history of the United States.

Sec. 110303. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF DIRECTORS- (1) The board of directors is the governing body of the corporation. Between meetings of the corporation, the board is responsible for the general policies and program of the corporation. The board is responsible for the control of all funds of the corporation.

    (2) The number of directors, their manner of selection (including the filling of vacancies), and their term of office are as provided in the constitution and bylaws of the corporation. However, the board shall have at least 36 directors.

    (b) OFFICERS- (1) The officers of the corporation are a president, one or more vice presidents as provided in the constitution and bylaws, a secretary, and a treasurer.

    (2) The manner of election, term of office, and duties of the officers are as provided in the constitution and bylaws.

Sec. 110304. Powers

    The corporation may--

      (1) adopt and amend a constitution and bylaws for the management of its property and the regulation of its affairs;

      (2) adopt and alter a corporate seal;

      (3) make contracts;

      (4) acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property as necessary or convenient to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (5) borrow money, issue instruments of indebtedness, and secure its obligations by granting security interests in its property; and

      (6) sue and be sued.

Sec. 110305. Restrictions

    (a) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation or a director or officer as such may not contribute to, support, or assist a political party or candidate for public office.

    (c) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, a director or officer. This subsection does not prevent the payment of compensation to an officer or employee in an amount approved by the executive committee of the corporation.

    (d) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan to a director, officer, or employee. Directors who vote for or assent to making a loan to a director, officer, or employee, and officers who participate in making the loan, are jointly and severally liable to the corporation for the amount of the loan until it is repaid.

Sec. 110306. Principal office

    The principal office of the corporation shall be in the District of Columbia. However, the activities of the corporation are not confined to the District of Columbia but may be conducted throughout the States, territories, and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 110307. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, board of directors, and committees having any of the authority of its board of directors; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member entitled to vote, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 110308. Service of process

    The corporation shall have a designated agent in its headquarters in the District of Columbia to receive service of process for the corporation. Notice to or service on the agent, or mailed to the headquarters of the corporation in the District of Columbia, is notice to or service on the corporation.

Sec. 110309. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 110310. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation

    On dissolution or final liquidation of the corporation, any assets remaining after the discharge of all liabilities shall be distributed as provided by the board of directors, but in compliance with the constitution and bylaws of the corporation. This section does not allow assets to be distributed to an officer or employee or to inure to the benefit of a private person.

CHAPTER 1201--[RESERVED]

CHAPTER 1301--LADIES OF THE GRAND ARMY OF THE REPUBLIC

      Sec.

      130101. Organization.

      130102. Purposes.

      130103. Membership.

      130104. Governing body.

      130105. Powers.

      130106. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, and badges.

      130107. Restrictions.

      130108. Principal office.

      130109. Records and inspection.

      130110. Service of process.

      130111. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      130112. Annual report.

      130113. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation.

Sec. 130101. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- Ladies of the Grand Army of the Republic (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’) is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) PLACE OF INCORPORATION AND DOMICILE- The corporation is declared to be incorporated and domiciled in the District of Columbia.

    (c) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

Sec. 130102. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are--

      (1) to perpetuate the memory of the Grand Army of the Republic and of the men who saved the Union in 1861 to 1865;

      (2) to assist in every practicable way in preserving, and making available for research, documents and records pertaining to the Grand Army of the Republic and its members;

      (3) to cooperate in doing honor to all those who have served our country patriotically in any way;

      (4) to teach patriotism, the duties of citizenship, the true history of our country, and the love and honor of our flag;

      (5) to oppose every tendency or movement that would weaken loyalty to, destroy, or impair our constitutional Union; and

      (6) to inculcate and broadly sustain the American principles of representative government, equal rights, and impartial justice for all.

Sec. 130103. Membership

    (a) ELIGIBILITY- (1) Except as provided in this chapter, eligibility for membership in the corporation and the rights, privileges, and designation of classes of members are as provided in the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

    (2) Eligibility for membership is limited to female blood relatives of an individual who--

      (A) served at any time during the period April 12, 1861, through April 9, 1865, as a soldier or sailor in--

        (i) the United States Army, Navy, Marine Corps, or Revenue-Cutter Service; or

        (ii) a State regiment that was called into active service and was subject to orders of United States general officers during that period; and

      (B) was honorably discharged from, or died in, that service.

    (b) VOTING- Each member has one vote on each matter submitted to a vote at a meeting of the members.

Sec. 130104. Governing body

    (a) NATIONAL CONVENTION- (1) The national convention is the supreme governing authority of the corporation.

    (2) The national convention is composed of officers and elected representatives from the States and other local subdivisions of the corporation as provided in the constitution and bylaws. However, the form of government of the corporation must be representative of the membership at large and may not permit concentration of control in a limited number of members or in a self-perpetuating group not representative of the membership at large.

    (3) The meetings of the national convention may be held in the District of Columbia or in any State, territory, or possession of the United States.

    (b) OFFICERS- The titles, manner of selection, term of office, and duties of the officers are as provided in the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

Sec. 130105. Powers

    The corporation may--

      (1) adopt and amend a constitution and bylaws for the management of its property and the regulation of its affairs;

      (2) adopt and alter a corporate seal;

      (3) choose officers, managers, agents, and employees as the activities of the corporation require;

      (4) make contracts;

      (5) acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property as necessary or convenient to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (6) borrow money, issue instruments of indebtedness, and secure its obligations by granting security interests in its property;

      (7) sue and be sued; and

      (8) do any other act necessary and proper to carry out the purposes of the corporation.

Sec. 130106. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, and badges

    The corporation and its subordinate divisions have the exclusive right to use the name ‘Ladies of the Grand Army of the Republic’. The corporation has the exclusive right to use and to allow others to use seals, emblems, and badges the corporation adopts.

Sec. 130107. Restrictions

    (a) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation or an officer or agent as such may not contribute to a political party or candidate for public office.

    (c) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, an officer or member during the life of the corporation or on its dissolution or final liquidation. This subsection does not prevent the payment of compensation to an officer or reimbursement for actual necessary expenses in amounts approved by the council of administration of the corporation.

    (d) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan or advance to an officer or employee. Members of the council of administration who vote for or assent to making a loan or advance to an officer or employee, and officers who participate in making the loan or advance, are jointly and severally liable to the corporation for the amount of the loan or advance until it is repaid.

Sec. 130108. Principal office

    The principal office of the corporation shall be in the District of Columbia or another place decided by the corporation. However, the activities of the corporation are not confined to the place where the principal office is located but may be conducted throughout the States, territories, and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 130109. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account; and

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its national conventions and council of administration.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 130110. Service of process

    The corporation shall have a designated agent in the District of Columbia to receive service of process for the corporation. Notice to or service on the agent, or mailed to the business address of the agent, is notice to or service on the corporation.

Sec. 130111. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 130112. Annual report

    Not later than March 1 of each year, the corporation shall submit a report to Congress on the activities of the corporation during the prior fiscal year. The report may consist of a report on the proceedings of the national convention. The report may not be printed as a public document.

Sec. 130113. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation

    On dissolution or final liquidation of the corporation, any assets remaining after the discharge of all liabilities shall be distributed as provided by the council of administration, but in compliance with the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

CHAPTER 1303--LEGION OF VALOR OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, INCORPORATED

      Sec.

      130301. Organization.

      130302. Principles and purposes.

      130303. Membership.

      130304. Governing body.

      130305. Powers.

      130306. Restrictions.

      130307. Principal office.

      130308. Records and inspection.

      130309. Service of process.

      130310. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      130311. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation.

Sec. 130301. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- Legion of Valor of the United States of America, Incorporated (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’), is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) PLACE OF INCORPORATION AND DOMICILE- The corporation is declared to be incorporated and domiciled in the District of Columbia.

    (c) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

    (d) REFERENCES TO ARMY AND NAVY LEGION OF VALOR OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, INCORPORATED- Any reference to the Army and Navy Legion of Valor of the United States of America, Incorporated, is deemed to refer to the Legion of Valor of the United States of America, Incorporated.

Sec. 130302. Principles and purposes

    (a) PRINCIPLES- The principles underlying the corporation are patriotic allegiance to the United States of America, fidelity to the constitution and law of the United States, the security of civil liberty, and the permanence of free institutions.

    (b) PURPOSES- The purposes of the corporation are--

      (1) to cherish the memories of the valiant deeds in arms for which the Congressional Medal of Honor, the Distinguished Service Cross, the Navy Cross, and the Air Force Cross are the insignia;

      (2) to promote true fellowship among its members;

      (3) to advance the best interests of members of the armed forces of the United States of America;

      (4) to extend all possible relief to needy members of the corporation and their widows and children; and

      (5) to stimulate patriotism in the minds of our youth by encouraging the study of the patriotic, military, and naval history of our Nation.

Sec. 130303. Membership

    (a) ELIGIBILITY- An individual is eligible for active membership in the corporation if the individual--

      (1) is of good moral character; and

      (2) has received a Congressional Medal of Honor, a Distinguished Service Cross, a Navy Cross, or an Air Force Cross awarded for acts of extraordinary heroism in connection with military or naval operations against an armed enemy, or for heroism of a specially distinguished character, as a member of the armed forces of the United States or any foreign country.

    (b) EXTENSION OF ELIGIBILITY TO PARENTS AND DESCENDANTS- The corporation may extend eligibility for membership, either active or associate, to parents and lineal descendants of an individual described in subsection (a) of this section on terms provided in its constitution and bylaws.

    (c) VOTING- Each member (except an associate member) has one vote on each matter submitted to a vote at a meeting of the members.

Sec. 130304. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF DIRECTORS- (1) The board of directors is the governing body of the corporation. Between meetings of the corporation, the board is responsible for the general policies and program of the corporation. The board is responsible for all funds of the corporation.

    (2) The number of directors, their manner of selection (including the filling of vacancies), and their term of office are as provided in the constitution and bylaws of the corporation. However, the board shall have at least 10 directors.

    (b) OFFICERS- (1) The officers of the corporation are a commander, a senior vice commander, a junior vice commander, a chaplain, an adjutant and quartermaster, a judge advocate, an inspector, a surgeon, a historian, and any aides-de-camp provided in the constitution and bylaws.

    (2) The manner of election, term of office, and duties of the officers are as provided in the constitution and bylaws.

Sec. 130305. Powers

    The corporation may--

      (1) adopt and amend a constitution and bylaws for the management of its property and the regulation of its affairs;

      (2) adopt and alter a corporate seal;

      (3) make contracts;

      (4) acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property as necessary or convenient to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (5) borrow money, issue instruments of indebtedness, and secure its obligations by granting security interests in its property;

      (6) charge and collect membership dues; and

      (7) sue and be sued.

Sec. 130306. Restrictions

    (a) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation or a director or officer as such may not contribute to, support, or assist a political party or candidate for public office.

    (c) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, a director, officer, or member except on dissolution or final liquidation of the corporation. This subsection does not prevent the payment of compensation to an officer in an amount approved by the executive committee of the corporation.

    (d) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan to a director, officer, or employee. Directors who vote for or assent to making a loan to a director, officer, or employee, and officers who participate in making the loan, are jointly and severally liable to the corporation for the amount of the loan until it is repaid.

Sec. 130307. Principal office

    The principal office of the corporation shall be in a place decided by the board of directors. However, the activities of the corporation are not confined to the place where the principal office is located but may be conducted throughout the States, territories, and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 130308. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, board of directors, and committees having any of the authority of its board of directors; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member entitled to vote, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 130309. Service of process

    The corporation shall have a designated agent in the District of Columbia to receive service of process for the corporation. Notice to or service on the agent, or mailed to the business address of the agent, is notice to or service on the corporation.

Sec. 130310. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 130311. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation

    On dissolution or final liquidation of the corporation, any assets remaining after the discharge of all liabilities shall be distributed as provided by the board of directors, but in compliance with the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

CHAPTER 1305--LITTLE LEAGUE BASEBALL, INCORPORATED

      Sec.

      130501. Organization.

      130502. Purposes.

      130503. Membership.

      130504. Governing body.

      130505. Powers.

      130506. Exclusive right to name and emblems.

      130507. Restrictions.

      130508. Principal office.

      130509. Records and inspection.

      130510. Statement required in audit report.

      130511. Service of process.

      130512. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      130513. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation.

Sec. 130501. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- Little League Baseball, Incorporated (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’), is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

Sec. 130502. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are--

      (1) to promote, develop, supervise, and voluntarily assist in all lawful ways the interest of young people who participate in Little League baseball;

      (2) to help and voluntarily assist young people in developing qualities of citizenship and sportsmanship; and

      (3) using the disciplines of the native American game of baseball, to teach spirit and competitive will to win, physical fitness through individual sacrifice, the values of team play, and wholesome well being through healthy social association with other youngsters under proper leadership.

Sec. 130503. Membership

    (a) ELIGIBILITY- Except as provided in this chapter, eligibility for membership in the corporation and the rights and privileges of members are as provided in the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

    (b) VOTING- Each member (except an honorary or associate member) has one vote on each matter submitted to a vote at a meeting of the members.

Sec. 130504. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF DIRECTORS- (1) The board of directors is the governing body of the corporation. Between meetings of the corporation, the board is responsible for the general policies and program of the corporation. The board is responsible for the control of all funds of the corporation.

    (2) The number of directors, their manner of selection (including the filling of vacancies), and their term of office are as provided in the constitution and bylaws of the corporation. However, the board shall have at least 13 directors.

    (b) OFFICERS- (1) The officers of the corporation are a chairman of the board of directors, a president, a vice president, and a secretary-treasurer. Their duties are as provided in the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

    (2) The officers shall be elected annually at the annual meeting of the corporation.

Sec. 130505. Powers

    The corporation may--

      (1) adopt and amend a constitution and bylaws for the management of its property and the regulation of its affairs;

      (2) adopt and alter a corporate seal;

      (3) adopt, alter, and display seals, emblems, and badges;

      (4) choose directors, officers, trustees, managers, employees, and agents as the activities of the corporation require;

      (5) make contracts;

      (6) acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property as necessary or convenient to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (7) borrow money, issue instruments of indebtedness, and secure its obligations by granting security interests in its property;

      (8) charge and collect membership dues and subscription fees;

      (9) sue and be sued; and

      (10) do any other act necessary or desirable to carry out the purposes of the corporation.

Sec. 130506. Exclusive right to name and emblems

    The corporation has the exclusive right to use and to allow others to use the names ‘Little League’ and ‘Little Leaguer’ and the official Little League emblem or any colorable simulation of that emblem. This section does not affect any vested rights.

Sec. 130507. Restrictions

    (a) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation or a director, officer, or agent as such may not contribute to, support, or assist any political party or candidate for office.

    (c) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income and assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, a director, officer, or member during the life of the corporation or on its dissolution or final liquidation. This subsection does not prevent the payment of reasonable compensation to an officer in an amount approved by the board of directors.

    (d) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan to a director, officer, or employee. Directors who vote for or assent to making a loan to a director, officer, or employee, and officers who participate in making the loan, are jointly and severally liable to the corporation for the amount of the loan until it is repaid.

Sec. 130508. Principal office

    The principal office of the corporation shall be in Williamsport, Pennsylvania, or another place decided by the board of directors. However, the activities of the corporation may be conducted throughout the world.

Sec. 130509. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, board of directors, and committees having any of the authority of its board of directors; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member entitled to vote, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 130510. Statement required in audit report

    The corporation shall include in the audit report statement required under section 10101(b)(1)(B) of this title a schedule of all contracts requiring payments greater than $10,000 and all payments of compensation or fees at a rate greater than $10,000 a year.

Sec. 130511. Service of process

    The corporation shall have a designated agent in the District of Columbia to receive service of process for the corporation. Notice to or service on the agent, or mailed to the business address of the agent, is notice to or service on the corporation.

Sec. 130512. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 130513. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation

    On dissolution or final liquidation of the corporation, any assets remaining after the discharge of all liabilities shall be distributed as provided by the board of directors, but consistent with the purposes of the corporation and in compliance with the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

CHAPTER 1401--MARINE CORPS LEAGUE

      Sec.

      140101. Organization.

      140102. Purposes.

      140103. Powers.

      140104. Annual report.

Sec. 140101. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- Marine Corps League (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’) is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

Sec. 140102. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are--

      (1) to preserve the traditions and to promote the interests of the United States Marine Corps;

      (2) to band those who, on August 4, 1937, were serving in the United States Marine Corps and those who have been honorably discharged from that service together in fellowship that they may effectively promote the ideals of American freedom and democracy;

      (3) to fit its members for the duties of citizenship and to encourage them to serve as ably as citizens as they have served the Nation under arms;

      (4) to hold sacred the history and memory of the men who have given their lives to the Nation;

      (5) to foster love for the principles which they have supported by blood and valor since the founding of the Republic;

      (6) to maintain true allegiance to American institutions;

      (7) to create a bond of comradeship between those in service and those who have returned to civil life;

      (8) to aid voluntarily and to render assistance to all marines and former marines as well as to their widows and orphans; and

      (9) to perpetuate the history of the United States Marine Corps and by fitting acts to observe the anniversaries of historical occasions of peculiar interest to marines.

Sec. 140103. Powers

    The corporation may--

      (1) adopt and amend bylaws;

      (2) adopt and alter a corporate seal;

      (3) appoint or elect officers and agents;

      (4) choose a board of trustees, consisting of at least 5 but not more than 15 individuals, to conduct the business and exercise the powers of the corporation;

      (5) establish and maintain offices to conduct its activities;

      (6) acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property as necessary or appropriate to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (7) charge and collect membership dues and receive contributions of money or property to be devoted to carrying out the purposes of the corporation;

      (8) sue and be sued; and

      (9) do any other act necessary or appropriate to carry out the purposes of the corporation.

Sec. 140104. Annual report

    Not later than December 1 of each year, the corporation shall submit a report to Congress on the activities of the corporation during the prior calendar year. The report may not be printed as a public document.

CHAPTER 1403--THE MILITARY CHAPLAINS ASSOCIATION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

      Sec.

      140301. Organization.

      140302. Purposes.

      140303. Powers.

      140304. Exclusive right to name.

      140305. Annual report.

Sec. 140301. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- The Military Chaplains Association of the United States of America (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’) is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

Sec. 140302. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are--

      (1) to safeguard and strengthen the forces of faith and morality of our Nation;

      (2) to perpetuate and deepen the bonds of understanding and friendship of our military service;

      (3) to preserve our spiritual influence and interest in all members and veterans of the armed forces;

      (4) to uphold the Constitution of the United States; and

      (5) to promote justice, peace, and good will.

Sec. 140303. Powers

    The corporation may--

      (1) make its own organization, including its constitution, bylaws, and regulations;

      (2) adopt and alter a corporate seal;

      (3) establish and maintain offices to conduct its activities;

      (4) appoint or elect officers and agents;

      (5) authorize the executive committee to conduct the business and exercise the powers of the corporation;

      (6) acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property as necessary or appropriate to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (7) publish a magazine and other publications;

      (8) charge and collect membership dues and subscription fees;

      (9) sue and be sued; and

      (10) do any other act necessary or appropriate to carry out the purposes of the corporation.

Sec. 140304. Exclusive right to name

    The corporation and its area, State, and local chapters have the exclusive right to use the name ‘The Military Chaplains Association of the United States of America’.

Sec. 140305. Annual report

    Not later than September 1 of each year, the corporation shall submit a report to Congress on the activities of the corporation during the prior calendar year. The report may not be printed as a public document.

CHAPTER 1405--MILITARY ORDER OF THE PURPLE HEART OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, INCORPORATED

      Sec.

      140501. Organization.

      140502. Principles and purposes.

      140503. Membership.

      140504. Governing body.

      140505. Powers.

      140506. Restrictions.

      140507. Principal office.

      140508. Records and inspection.

      140509. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      140510. Service of process.

      140511. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation.

Sec. 140501. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- Military Order of the Purple Heart of the United States of America, Incorporated (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’), is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) PLACE OF INCORPORATION AND DOMICILE- The corporation is declared to be incorporated and domiciled in the District of Columbia.

    (c) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

Sec. 140502. Principles and purposes

    (a) PRINCIPLES- The principles underlying the corporation are patriotic allegiance to the United States, fidelity to the Constitution and laws of the United States, the security of civil liberty, and the permanence of free institutions.

    (b) PURPOSES- The purposes of the corporation are educational, fraternal, historical, and patriotic, perpetuating the principles of liberty and justice which have created the United States, by--

      (1) commemorating all national patriotic holidays;

      (2) maintaining true allegiance to the Government of the United States and fidelity to its Constitution and laws;

      (3) preserving and strengthening comradeship and patriotism among its members;

      (4) assisting, comforting, and aiding all needy and distressed members and their dependents;

      (5) giving needed hospital and service work through its Department of Veterans Affairs certified service officers;

      (6) cooperating with other civic and patriotic organizations having worthy objectives;

      (7) keeping alive the achievements and memory of our country’s founders;

      (8) ever cherishing the memory of General George Washington, who founded the Purple Heart at his headquarters at Newburgh-on-the-Hudson on August 7, 1782;

      (9) influencing and teaching our citizenry, in a loyal appreciation of the heritages of American citizenship, with its responsibilities and privileges; and

      (10) preserving and defending the United States from all enemies.

Sec. 140503. Membership

    (a) ACTIVE MEMBERS- An individual is eligible for active membership in the corporation if the individual--

      (1) is of good moral character; and

      (2) has received the Purple Heart for wounds received as a member, of any rank, of the armed forces of the United States or any foreign country during military or naval combat against an armed enemy of the United States.

    (b) ASSOCIATE MEMBERS- The corporation may extend eligibility for membership as associate members to parents and lineal descendants of an individual described in subsection (a) of this section on terms provided in its constitution and bylaws.

    (c) VOTING- Each member described in subsection (a) of this section has one vote on each matter submitted to a vote at a meeting of the members.

Sec. 140504. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF DIRECTORS- (1) The board of directors is the governing body of the corporation. Between meetings of the corporation, the board is responsible for the general policies and program of the corporation. The board is responsible for all funds of the corporation.

    (2) The number of directors, their manner of selection (including the filling of vacancies), and their term of office are as provided in the constitution and bylaws of the corporation. However, the board shall have at least 18 directors.

    (b) OFFICERS- (1) The officers of the corporation are a commander, a senior vice commander, a chaplain, an adjutant, a finance officer, a judge advocate, an inspector, a surgeon, a historian, and other elected officers as provided in the constitution and bylaws.

    (2) The manner of election, term of office, and duties of the officers are as provided in the constitution and bylaws.

Sec. 140505. Powers

    The corporation may--

      (1) adopt and amend a constitution and bylaws for the management of its property and the regulation of its affairs;

      (2) adopt and alter a corporate seal;

      (3) make contracts;

      (4) acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property as necessary or convenient to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (5) borrow money, issue instruments of indebtedness, and secure its obligations by granting security interests in its property;

      (6) charge and collect membership dues; and

      (7) sue and be sued.

Sec. 140506. Restrictions

    (a) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation or a director or officer as such may not contribute to, support, or assist a political party or candidate for public office.

    (c) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, a director, officer, or member except on dissolution or final liquidation of the corporation. This subsection does not prevent the payment of compensation to an officer in an amount approved by the executive committee of the corporation.

    (d) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan to a director, officer, or employee. Directors who vote for or assent to making a loan to a director, officer, or employee, and officers who participate in making the loan, are jointly and severally liable to the corporation for the amount of the loan until it is repaid.

Sec. 140507. Principal office

    The principal office of the corporation shall be in the District of Columbia or another place decided by the national executive board. However, the activities of the corporation are not confined to the place where the principal office is located but may be conducted throughout the States, territories, and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 140508. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, board of directors, and committees having any of the authority of its board of directors; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member entitled to vote, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 140509. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 140510. Service of process

    The corporation shall have a designated agent in the District of Columbia to receive service of process for the corporation. Notice to or service on the agent, or mailed to the business address of the agent, is notice to or service on the corporation.

Sec. 140511. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation

    On dissolution or final liquidation of the corporation, any assets remaining after the discharge of all liabilities shall be distributed as provided by the board of directors, but in compliance with the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

CHAPTER 1407--MILITARY ORDER OF THE WORLD WARS

      Sec.

      140701. Definition.

      140702. Organization.

      140703. Purposes.

      140704. Membership.

      140705. Governing body.

      140706. Powers.

      140707. Restrictions.

      140708. Duty to maintain tax-exempt status.

      140709. Records and inspection.

      140710. Service of process.

      140711. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      140712. Annual report.

Sec. 140701. Definition

    For purposes of this chapter, ‘State’ includes the District of Columbia and the territories and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 140702. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- Military Order of the World Wars (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’), a nonprofit corporation incorporated in the District of Columbia, is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) EXPIRATION OF CHARTER- The charter granted by this chapter expires if the corporation fails to comply with any provision of--

      (1) its bylaws or articles of incorporation;

      (2) this chapter; or

      (3) the laws of the District of Columbia that apply to corporations such as the corporation recognized under this chapter.

Sec. 140703. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are as provided in the articles of incorporation and bylaws and include--

      (1) promoting military service associations;

      (2) promoting patriotic education and military, naval, and air science;

      (3) defending the honor and integrity of the United States Government and the Constitution;

      (4) fostering fraternal relations among all branches of the armed forces;

      (5) encouraging the adoption of a suitable policy of national security; and

      (6) encouraging the commemoration of military service and the establishment of war memorials.

Sec. 140704. Membership

    (a) ELIGIBILITY- Except as provided in this chapter, eligibility for membership in the corporation and the rights and privileges of members are as provided in the articles of incorporation and bylaws.

    (b) NONDISCRIMINATION- The terms of membership may not discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, disability, age, or national origin.

Sec. 140705. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF DIRECTORS- The board of directors and the responsibilities of the board are as provided in the articles of incorporation.

    (b) OFFICERS- The officers and the election of officers are as provided in the articles of incorporation.

    (c) NONDISCRIMINATION- The requirements for serving as a director or officer may not discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, disability, age, or national origin.

Sec. 140706. Powers

    The corporation has only the powers provided in its bylaws and articles of incorporation filed in the State in which it is incorporated.

Sec. 140707. Restrictions

    (a) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, a director, officer, or member during the life of the charter granted by this chapter. This subsection does not prevent the payment of reasonable compensation to an officer or reimbursement for actual necessary expenses in amounts approved by the board of directors.

    (c) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan to a director, officer, or employee.

    (d) CLAIM OF GOVERNMENTAL APPROVAL OR AUTHORIZATION- The corporation may not claim congressional approval or the authority of the United States Government for any of its activities.

Sec. 140708. Duty to maintain tax-exempt status

    The corporation shall maintain its status as an organization exempt from taxation under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 1 et seq.).

Sec. 140709. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, board of directors, and committees having any of the authority of its board of directors; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member entitled to vote, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 140710. Service of process

    The corporation shall comply with the law on service of process of each State in which it is incorporated and each State in which it carries on activities.

Sec. 140711. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 140712. Annual report

    The corporation shall submit an annual report to Congress on the activities of the corporation during the prior fiscal year. The report shall be submitted at the same time as the report of the audit required by section 10101 of this title. The report may not be printed as a public document.

CHAPTER 1501--NATIONAL ACADEMY OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION

      Sec.

      150101. Definition.

      150102. Organization.

      150103. Purposes.

      150104. Services to United States Government.

      150105. Membership.

      150106. Governing body.

      150107. Powers.

      150108. Restrictions.

      150109. Duty to maintain corporate and tax-exempt status.

      150110. Records and inspection.

      150111. Service of process.

      150112. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      150113. Annual report.

Sec. 150101. Definition

    For purposes of this chapter, ‘State’ includes the District of Columbia and the territories and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 150102. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- National Academy of Public Administration (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’), incorporated in the District of Columbia, is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) EXPIRATION OF CHARTER- If the corporation does not comply with any provision of this chapter, the charter granted by this chapter expires.

Sec. 150103. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are as provided in the articles of incorporation and include--

      (1) evaluating the structure, administration, operation, and program performance of Federal and other governments and government agencies, anticipating, identifying, and analyzing significant problems, and suggesting timely corrective action;

      (2) foreseeing and examining critical emerging issues in governance, and formulating practical approaches to their resolution;

      (3) assessing the effectiveness, structure, administration, and implications for governance of present or proposed public programs, policies, and processes, and recommending specific changes;

      (4) advising on the relationship of Federal, State, regional, and local governments, and increasing public officials’, citizens’, and scholars’ understanding of requirements and opportunities for sound governance and how these can be effectively met; and

      (5) demonstrating by the conduct of its affairs a commitment to the highest professional standards of ethics and scholarship.

Sec. 150104. Services to United States Government

    On request of the United States Government, the corporation shall investigate, examine, experiment, and report on any subject of government. The actual expense of the investigation, examination, experimentation, and report shall be paid by the Government from appropriations available for that purpose.

Sec. 150105. Membership

    Eligibility for membership in the corporation and the rights and privileges of members are as provided in the bylaws.

Sec. 150106. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF DIRECTORS- The board of directors and the responsibilities of the board are as provided in the articles of incorporation.

    (b) OFFICERS- The officers and the election of officers are as provided in the articles of incorporation.

Sec. 150107. Powers

    The corporation has only the powers provided in its bylaws and articles of incorporation filed in each State in which it is incorporated.

Sec. 150108. Restrictions

    (a) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation or a director or officer as such may not contribute to, support, or participate in any political activity or in any manner attempt to influence legislation.

    (c) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, a director, officer, or member during the life of the charter granted by this chapter. This subsection does not prevent the payment of reasonable compensation to an officer or member in an amount approved by the board of directors.

    (d) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan to a director, officer, or employee.

    (e) CLAIM OF GOVERNMENTAL APPROVAL OR AUTHORIZATION- Except by agreement, the corporation may not claim congressional approval or the authority of the United States Government for any of its activities.

Sec. 150109. Duty to maintain corporate and tax-exempt status

    (a) CORPORATE STATUS- The corporation shall maintain its status as a corporation incorporated under the laws of the District of Columbia.

    (b) TAX-EXEMPT STATUS- The corporation shall maintain its status as an organization exempt from taxation under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 1 et seq.).

Sec. 150110. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, board of directors, and committees having any of the authority of its board of directors; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member entitled to vote, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 150111. Service of process

    The corporation shall comply with the law on service of process of each State in which it is incorporated and each State in which it carries on activities.

Sec. 150112. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 150113. Annual report

    The corporation shall submit an annual report to Congress on the activities of the corporation during the prior fiscal year. The report shall be submitted at the same time as the report of the audit required by section 10101 of this title. The report may not be printed as a public document.

CHAPTER 1503--NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

      Sec.

      150301. Federal charter.

      150302. Powers.

      150303. Services to United States Government.

      150304. Annual meeting.

Sec. 150301. Federal charter

    National Academy of Sciences (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’) is a federally chartered corporation.

Sec. 150302. Powers

    (a) GENERAL- The corporation may--

      (1) make its own organization, including adopting a constitution, bylaws, and regulations;

      (2) provide for the election of domestic and foreign members, their division into classes, and other matters needful or usual in such an institution;

      (3) fill vacancies; and

      (4) report its actions under this subsection to Congress.

    (b) PROPERTY- (1) The corporation may--

      (A) receive property by devise, bequest, donation, or otherwise;

      (B) hold the property absolutely or in trust;

      (C) manage and invest the property as provided in the constitution of the corporation; and

      (D) use the property and income from the property to carry out the purposes of the corporation, subject to instructions of donors.

    (2) Congress at any time may limit the amount of real estate the corporation may acquire and the amount of time it may be held.

Sec. 150303. Services to United States Government

    On request of the United States Government, the corporation shall investigate, examine, experiment, and report on any subject of science or art. The corporation may not receive compensation for services to the Government, but the actual expense of the investigation, examination, experimentation, and report shall be paid by the Government from an appropriation for that purpose.

Sec. 150304. Annual meeting

    The corporation shall hold an annual meeting at a place designated by the corporation.

CHAPTER 1505--NATIONAL CONFERENCE OF STATE SOCIETIES, WASHINGTON, DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

      Sec.

      150501. Definition.

      150502. Organization.

      150503. Purposes.

      150504. Membership.

      150505. Governing body.

      150506. Powers.

      150507. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, and badges.

      150508. Restrictions.

      150509. Headquarters and principal office.

      150510. Records and inspection.

      150511. Service of process.

      150512. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      150513. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation.

Sec. 150501. Definition

    For purposes of this chapter, ‘State’ includes the District of Columbia.

Sec. 150502. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- National Conference of State Societies, Washington, District of Columbia (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’), is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

Sec. 150503. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are--

      (1) to promote friendly and cooperative relations between the State and territorial societies in the District of Columbia;

      (2) to foster, participate in, and encourage educational, cultural, charitable, civic, and patriotic programs and activities in the District of Columbia and surrounding communities; and

      (3) to act as contact agent with States for carrying out State and national programs.

Sec. 150504. Membership

    The membership of the corporation consists of the members of the State and territorial societies in the District of Columbia. Except as provided in this chapter, eligibility for membership in the corporation and the rights and privileges of members are as provided in the bylaws and regulations of the corporation.

Sec. 150505. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF REPRESENTATIVES- (1) The board of representatives is the governing body of the corporation. The board shall exercise the powers granted to the corporation.

    (2) The board consists of one representative from each State society and territorial society in the District of Columbia. Each member of the board has one vote.

    (b) OFFICERS- (1) The officers of the corporation are a president, a first vice president, a second vice president, a secretary, an assistant secretary, a treasurer, an assistant treasurer, a historian, and other officers designated by the board.

    (2) The officers shall be elected by the board at an annual meeting and serve for a term of one year.

Sec. 150506. Powers

    The corporation has the powers provided in its bylaws and articles of incorporation filed in the State in which it is incorporated, including the power to--

      (1) adopt bylaws and regulations for the management of its property and the regulation of its affairs;

      (2) adopt and alter a corporate seal;

      (3) adopt emblems and badges;

      (4) choose officers, managers, and agents as the activities of the corporation require;

      (5) make contracts;

      (6) acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property as necessary to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (7) borrow money, issue instruments of indebtedness, and secure its obligations by granting security interests in its property;

      (8) publish a magazine, newspaper, and other publications consistent with the purposes of the corporation;

      (9) sue and be sued; and

      (10) do any other act necessary and proper to carry out the purposes of the corporation.

Sec. 150507. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, and badges

    The corporation has the exclusive right to use the name ‘National Conference of State Societies, Washington, District of Columbia’ and seals, emblems, and badges the corporation adopts.

Sec. 150508. Restrictions

    (a) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation or an officer or member as such may not contribute to, support, or assist a political party or candidate for elective public office. The corporation may not carry on propaganda.

    (c) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, an officer or member except on dissolution or final liquidation of the corporation.

    (d) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan or advance to an officer or member of the board of representatives. Officers and members of the board who vote for or assent to making a loan or advance to an officer or member of the board, and officers or members of the board who participate in making the loan or advance, are jointly and severally liable to the corporation for the amount of the loan or advance until it is repaid.

Sec. 150509. Headquarters and principal office

    The headquarters and principal office of the corporation shall be in the District of Columbia. However, the activities of the corporation are not confined to the District of Columbia but may be conducted throughout the States, territories, and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 150510. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, board of representatives, and committees having any of the authority of its board of representatives; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member entitled to vote, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 150511. Service of process

    (a) DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA- The corporation shall have a designated agent in the District of Columbia to receive service of process for the corporation. Designation of the agent shall be filed in the office of the clerk of the United States District Court for the District of Columbia. Notice to or service on the agent, or mailed to the address of the agent, is notice to or service on the corporation.

    (b) STATES- As a condition to the exercise in any State of any power or privilege granted by this chapter, the corporation shall file, with secretary of state or other designated official of that State, the name and address of an agent in that State on whom legal process or demands against the corporation may be served.

Sec. 150512. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 150513. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation

    On dissolution or final liquidation of the corporation, any assets remaining after the discharge of all liabilities shall be divided equally among the State and territorial societies in the District of Columbia.

CHAPTER 1507--NATIONAL CONFERENCE ON CITIZENSHIP

      Sec.

      150701. Organization.

      150702. Purposes.

      150703. Membership.

      150704. National officers.

      150705. Board of directors.

      150706. Powers.

      150707. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, and badges.

      150708. Restrictions.

      150709. Headquarters and principal office.

      150710. Records and inspection.

      150711. Service of process.

      150712. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      150713. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation.

Sec. 150701. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- National Conference on Citizenship (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’) is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

Sec. 150702. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are--

      (1) to hold an annual national conference on citizenship on or about ‘Citizenship Day’, September 17;

      (2) to assist in the development of more dynamic procedures for making citizenship more effective, including the promotion and encouragement of local, State, and regional citizenship conferences; and

      (3) to indicate the ways and means by which various organizations may contribute concretely to the development of a more active, alert, enlightened, conscientious, and progressive citizenry in our country.

Sec. 150703. Membership

    (a) ELIGIBILITY- Membership in the corporation is confined to agencies and organizations. Except as provided in this chapter, the rights and privileges of members are as provided in the bylaws.

    (b) VOTING- Each agency or organization sending delegates to, and participating in, the annual national conference on citizenship has one vote in the conduct of the business of the conference.

Sec. 150704. National officers

    (a) NATIONAL OFFICERS- The national officers of the corporation are a president, a first vice president, a second vice president, a third vice president, a secretary, and a treasurer. The president is chairman of the board of directors and of the executive committee described in section 150705(d) of this title.

    (b) ELECTION- The national officers are elected biennially from among the officers and members of the member agencies and organizations participating in the annual national conference on citizenship, by a majority vote of the agencies and organizations sending delegates to, and participating in, the conference.

Sec. 150705. Board of directors

    (a) GENERAL- The board of directors is the governing body of the corporation. The board shall exercise the powers granted to the corporation.

    (b) NUMBER AND ELECTION- The number of directors and their term of office are as provided in the bylaws, except that the board shall have at least 10 members (including ex officio members). The directors are elected from among the officers and members of the member agencies and organizations participating in the annual national conference on citizenship, by a majority vote of the agencies and organizations sending delegates to, and participating in, the conference.

    (c) MEETINGS- The board shall hold an annual meeting at a time and place as may be provided in the bylaws. The annual report of the board shall be presented at the annual meeting. Special meetings of the board may be called as provided in the bylaws.

    (d) EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE- The board shall designate 3 of its own members, who together with the president and the 3 vice presidents constitute the executive committee. When the board is not in session, the executive committee has the powers of the board subject to the board’s direction and may authorize the seal of the corporation to be affixed to all papers that require it.

    (e) EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR AND PROFESSIONAL STAFF- The executive committee shall select an executive director for the corporation, who shall have the qualifications and terms of employment decided by the committee. The executive director shall nominate other professional staff members, who must be approved by the executive committee.

Sec. 150706. Powers

    The corporation may--

      (1) adopt and amend bylaws and regulations for the management of its property and the regulation of its affairs, including the establishment and maintenance of local and State conferences on citizenship;

      (2) adopt and alter a corporate seal;

      (3) adopt emblems and badges;

      (4) choose officers, managers, employees, and agents as the activities of the corporation require;

      (5) make contracts;

      (6) acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property as necessary to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (7) borrow money, issue instruments of indebtedness, and secure its obligations by granting security interests in its property;

      (8) use corporate funds to give prizes or awards to citizens for outstanding contributions toward the achievement of the purposes of the corporation;

      (9) publish a magazine and other publications consistent with the purposes of the corporation;

      (10) sue and be sued; and

      (11) do any other act necessary and proper to carry out the purposes of the corporation.

Sec. 150707. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, and badges

    The corporation has the exclusive right to use the name ‘National Conference on Citizenship’ and seals, emblems, and badges the corporation adopts.

Sec. 150708. Restrictions

    (a) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation or a director, officer, or member as such may not contribute to, support, or assist a political party or candidate for elective public office, or advocate, sponsor, or promote legislation in the Congress of the United States or in the legislature of a State.

    (c) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, a director, officer, or member except on dissolution or final liquidation of the corporation. This subsection does not prevent the executive committee from adopting terms of employment of the executive director as provided in section 150705(e) of this title.

    (d) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan to a director, officer, or employee. Directors who vote for or assent to making a loan to a director, officer, or employee, and officers who participate in making the loan, are jointly and severally liable to the corporation for the amount of the loan until it is repaid.

Sec. 150709. Headquarters and principal office

    The headquarters and principal office of the corporation shall be in the District of Columbia, Maryland, or Virginia. However, the activities of the corporation are not confined to the District of Columbia, Maryland, and Virginia but may be conducted throughout the States, territories, and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 150710. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its annual national conference, board of directors, and committees having any of the authority of its board of directors; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member entitled to vote, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 150711. Service of process

    The corporation shall have a designated agent in the District of Columbia to receive service of process for the corporation. Designation of the agent shall be filed in the office of the clerk of the United States District Court for the District of Columbia. Notice to or service on the agent, or mailed to the business address of the agent, is notice to or service on the corporation.

Sec. 150712. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 150713. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation

    On dissolution or final liquidation of the corporation, any assets remaining after the discharge of all liabilities shall be transferred by the board of directors to a recognized agency or agencies engaged in the furtherance and advancement of citizenship.

CHAPTER 1509--NATIONAL COUNCIL ON RADIATION PROTECTION AND MEASUREMENTS

      Sec.

      150901. Organization.

      150902. Purposes.

      150903. Membership.

      150904. Governing body.

      150905. Powers.

      150906. Restrictions.

      150907. Principal office.

      150908. Records and inspection.

      150909. Statement required in audit report.

      150910. Service of process.

      150911. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      150912. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation.

Sec. 150901. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’) is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

Sec. 150902. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are--

      (1) to collect, analyze, develop, and disseminate in the public interest information and recommendations about--

        (A) protection against radiation; and

        (B) radiation measurements, quantities, and units, particularly those concerned with protection against radiation;

      (2) to provide a means by which organizations concerned with the scientific and related aspects of protection against radiation and of radiation quantities, units, and measurements may cooperate for effective use of their combined resources, and to stimulate the work of those organizations;

      (3) to develop basic concepts about--

        (A) radiation quantities, units, and measurements;

        (B) the application of those concepts; and

        (C) protection against radiation; and

      (4) to cooperate with the International Commission on Radiological Protection, the Federal Radiation Council, the International Commission on Radiological Units and Measurements, and other national and international organizations, governmental and private, concerned with radiation quantities, units, and measurements and with protection against radiation.

Sec. 150903. Membership

    (a) ELIGIBILITY- Except as provided in this chapter, eligibility for membership in the corporation and the rights and privileges of members are as provided in the bylaws.

    (b) VOTING- Each member (except an honorary or associate member) has one vote on each matter submitted to a vote at a meeting of the members.

Sec. 150904. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF DIRECTORS- (1) The board of directors is the governing body of the corporation. Between meetings of the corporation, the board is responsible for the general policies and program of the corporation. The board is responsible for the control of all funds of the corporation.

    (2) The selection of directors and their term of office are as provided in the bylaws.

    (b) OFFICERS- (1) The officers of the corporation are a president, one or more vice presidents, a secretary, a treasurer, and other officers as provided in the bylaws. Their duties are as provided in the bylaws.

    (2) The officers shall be elected at the annual meeting of the corporation.

Sec. 150905. Powers

    The corporation may--

      (1) adopt and amend bylaws for the management of its property and the regulation of its affairs;

      (2) adopt and alter a corporate seal;

      (3) choose directors, officers, trustees, managers, employees, and agents as the activities of the corporation require;

      (4) make contracts;

      (5) acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property as necessary to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (6) borrow money, issue instruments of indebtedness, and secure its obligations by granting security interests in its property;

      (7) sue and be sued; and

      (8) do any other act necessary and proper to carry out the purposes of the corporation.

Sec. 150906. Restrictions

    (a) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation or a director, officer, or agent as such may not contribute to, support, or assist a political party or candidate for office.

    (c) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, a director, officer, or member during the life of the corporation or on its dissolution or final liquidation. This subsection does not prevent the payment of reasonable compensation to an officer in an amount approved by the board of directors.

    (d) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan to a director, officer, or employee. Directors who vote for or assent to making a loan to a director, officer, or employee, and officers who participate in making the loan, are jointly and severally liable to the corporation for the amount of the loan until it is repaid.

Sec. 150907. Principal office

    The principal office of the corporation shall be in the District of Columbia or another place decided by the board of directors. However, the activities of the corporation may be conducted throughout the world.

Sec. 150908. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, board of directors, and committees having any of the authority of its board of directors; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member entitled to vote, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 150909. Statement required in audit report

    The corporation shall include in the audit report statement required under section 10101(b)(1)(B) of this title a schedule of all contracts requiring payments greater than $10,000 and all payments of compensation or fees at a rate greater than $10,000 a year.

Sec. 150910. Service of process

    The corporation shall have a designated agent in the District of Columbia to receive service of process for the corporation. Notice to or service on the agent, or mailed to the business address of the agent, is notice to or service on the corporation.

Sec. 150911. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 150912. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation

    On dissolution or final liquidation of the corporation, any assets remaining after the discharge of all liabilities shall be distributed as provided by the board of directors, but consistent with the purposes of the corporation and in compliance with the bylaws.

CHAPTER 1511--NATIONAL EDUCATION ASSOCIATION OF THE UNITED STATES

      Sec.

      151101. Organization.

      151102. Purposes.

      151103. Membership.

      151104. Governing body.

      151105. Powers.

      151106. Tax exemption.

      151107. Principal office.

      151108. Nonapplication of audit requirements.

Sec. 151101. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- National Education Association of the United States (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’) is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) PLACE OF INCORPORATION- The corporation is declared to be incorporated in the District of Columbia.

    (c) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

Sec. 151102. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are--

      (1) to elevate the character and advance the interests of the profession of teaching; and

      (2) to promote the cause of education in the United States.

Sec. 151103. Membership

    Eligibility for membership in the corporation and the rights, obligations, and designation of classes of members are as provided in the bylaws.

Sec. 151104. Governing body

    (a) OFFICERS- The officers of the corporation are a president, one or more vice presidents, a secretary, a treasurer, and the members of a board of directors, an executive committee, and any other boards, councils, and committees, and other officers, as provided in the bylaws.

    (b) ADDITIONAL PROVISIONS- Except as provided in this chapter, the manner of selection, term of office, powers, and duties of the officers, boards, councils, and committees are as provided in the bylaws. The bylaws may provide other and different provisions as to the names and numbers of the officers, boards, councils, and committees.

Sec. 151105. Powers

    The corporation may--

      (1) adopt and amend bylaws;

      (2) adopt and alter a corporate seal;

      (3) acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (4) accept and administer a trust for educational purposes;

      (5) borrow money, issue instruments of indebtedness, and secure its obligations by granting security interests in its property; and

      (6) sue and be sued in any court of the United States, or other court of competent jurisdiction.

Sec. 151106. Tax exemption

    (a) REAL PROPERTY- Real property of the corporation is exempt from taxation if it is--

      (1) located in the District of Columbia;

      (2) used for the purposes provided in section 151102 of this title; and

      (3) not used to produce income.

    (b) PERSONAL PROPERTY- Personal property of the corporation is exempt from taxation if it is used for the purposes provided in section 151102 of this title or to produce income to be used for those purposes.

    (c) ANNUAL REPORT- The corporation shall submit annually to the Secretary of Education a written report stating in detail for the prior year--

      (1) the real and personal property held by the corporation;

      (2) the income from the property; and

      (3) the expenditure or other use or disposition of the property and income from the property.

Sec. 151107. Principal office

    The principal office of the corporation shall be in the District of Columbia. However, the activities of the corporation may be conducted, and offices may be maintained, throughout the United States in accordance with the bylaws.

Sec. 151108. Nonapplication of audit requirements

    The audit requirements of section 10101 of this title do not apply to the corporation.

CHAPTER 1513--NATIONAL FALLEN FIREFIGHTERS FOUNDATION

      Sec.

      151301. Organization.

      151302. Purposes.

      151303. Board of directors.

      151304. Officers and employees.

      151305. Powers.

      151306. Principal office.

      151307. Provision and acceptance of support by Administrator.

      151308. Service of process.

      151309. Civil action by Attorney General for equitable relief.

      151310. Immunity of United States Government.

      151311. Annual report.

Sec. 151301. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- National Fallen Firefighters Foundation (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’) is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) NATURE OF CORPORATION AND PLACE OF INCORPORATION- The corporation is a charitable and nonprofit corporation incorporated under the laws of Maryland and is not an agency or establishment of the United States Government.

    (c) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

Sec. 151302. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are--

      (1) primarily to encourage, accept, and administer private gifts of property for the benefit of the National Fallen Firefighters’ Memorial and the annual memorial service associated with it;

      (2) to provide financial assistance to families of fallen firefighters for transportation to and lodging at non-Federal facilities during the annual memorial service;

      (3) to assist State and local efforts to recognize firefighters who die in the line of duty; and

      (4) to provide scholarships and other financial assistance for educational purposes and job training for the spouses and children of fallen firefighters.

Sec. 151303. Board of directors

    (a) GENERAL- The board of directors is the governing body of the corporation.

    (b) MEMBERS AND APPOINTMENT- (1) The Administrator of the United States Fire Administration of the Federal Emergency Management Agency is an ex officio nonvoting member of the board. The Administrator appoints the voting members of the board.

    (2) The board consists of the following 9 voting members:

      (A) one active volunteer firefighter;

      (B) one active career firefighter;

      (C) one United States Government firefighter; and

      (D) six individuals who have a demonstrated interest in the fire service.

    (3) The terms of office of the voting members are 6 years (except for the initial members). The terms shall be staggered so that the terms of 3 members expire every 2 years.

    (4) A vacancy on the board shall be filled within 60 days in the manner in which the original appointment was made.

    (c) CHAIRMAN- The Chairman shall be elected by the board from its voting members for a 2-year term.

    (d) QUORUM- A majority of the current membership of the board is a quorum.

    (e) MEETINGS- The board shall meet at the call of the chairman at least once a year. If a member of the board misses 3 consecutive meetings, that member may be removed from the board and that vacancy may be filled as provided in subsection (b)(4) of this section.

    (f) STATUS AND COMPENSATION- Members of the board--

      (1) are not officers or employees of the United States Government; and

      (2) serve without compensation.

    (g) LIABILITY OF DIRECTORS- Members of the board are not personally liable, except for gross negligence.

Sec. 151304. Officers and employees

    (a) APPOINTMENT- The board of directors may appoint not more than 2 officers or employees, but only after the corporation has sufficient funds to pay for their services.

    (b) STATUS AND COMPENSATION- Officers and employees of the corporation--

      (1) are not employees of the United States Government;

      (2) shall be appointed without regard to the provisions of title 5 governing appointments in the competitive service; and

      (3) may be paid without regard to chapter 51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of title 5, except that an officer or employee may not be paid more than the annual rate of basic pay for level GS-15 of the General Schedule under section 5107 of title 5.

Sec. 151305. Powers

    (a) GENERAL- The corporation may--

      (1) adopt a constitution and bylaws;

      (2) adopt a seal which shall be judicially noticed; and

      (3) do any other act necessary to carry out this chapter.

    (b) POWERS AS TRUSTEE- To carry out its purposes, the corporation has the usual powers of a corporation acting as a trustee in the State of Maryland, including the power--

      (1) to accept, receive, solicit, hold, administer, and use any gift, devise, or bequest, either absolutely or in trust, of property or any income from or other interest in the property;

      (2) unless otherwise required by the instrument of transfer, to sell, donate, lease, invest, or otherwise dispose of any property or income from the property;

      (3) to make contracts and other arrangements with public agencies and private organizations and persons and to make payments necessary to carry out its functions;

      (4) to sue and be sued; and

      (5) to do any other act necessary and proper to carry out the purposes of the corporation.

Sec. 151306. Principal office

    The principal office of the corporation shall be in Maryland. However, the corporation may conduct business throughout the States, territories, and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 151307. Provision and acceptance of support by Administrator

    (a) PROVISION BY ADMINISTRATOR- (1) The Administrator of the United States Fire Administration of the Federal Emergency Management Agency--

      (A) may provide personnel, facilities, and other administrative services to the corporation; and

      (B) shall require and accept reimbursements for these personnel, facilities, and services.

    (2) Reimbursements under paragraph (1) of this subsection shall be deposited in the Treasury to the credit of the appropriations then current and chargeable for the cost of providing the services.

    (3) Notwithstanding any other law, United States Government personnel and stationery may not be used to solicit funding for the corporation.

    (b) ACCEPTANCE BY ADMINISTRATOR- The Administrator may accept, without regard to chapters 33 and 51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of title 5 and related regulations, the services of the corporation and its directors, officers, and employees as volunteers in performing functions authorized under this chapter, without compensation from the Administration.

Sec. 151308. Service of process

    The corporation shall have a designated agent to receive service of process for the corporation.

Sec. 151309. Civil action by Attorney General for equitable relief

    The Attorney General may bring a civil action in the United States District Court for the District of Columbia for appropriate equitable relief if the corporation--

      (1) engages or threatens to engage in any act, practice, or policy that is inconsistent with the purposes in section 151302 of this title; or

      (2) refuses, fails, or neglects to carry out its obligations under this chapter or threatens to do so.

Sec. 151310. Immunity of United States Government

    The United States Government is not liable for any debts, defaults, acts, or omissions of the corporation. The full faith and credit of the Government does not extend to any obligation of the corporation.

Sec. 151311. Annual report

    Not later than 4 months after the end of each fiscal year, the corporation shall submit a report to the appropriate committees of Congress on the activities of the corporation during the prior fiscal year, including a complete statement of its receipts, expenditures, and investments.

CHAPTER 1515--NATIONAL FEDERATION OF MUSIC CLUBS

      Sec.

      151501. Definition.

      151502. Organization.

      151503. Purposes.

      151504. Membership.

      151505. Governing body.

      151506. Powers.

      151507. Restrictions.

      151508. Duty to maintain corporate and tax-exempt status.

      151509. Records and inspection.

      151510. Service of process.

      151511. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      151512. Annual report.

Sec. 151501. Definition

    For purposes of this chapter, ‘State’ includes the District of Columbia and the territories and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 151502. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- National Federation of Music Clubs (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’), incorporated in Illinois, is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) EXPIRATION OF CHARTER- If the corporation does not comply with any provision of this chapter, the charter granted by this chapter expires.

Sec. 151503. Purposes

    (a) SPECIFIC PURPOSES- The purposes of the corporation are as provided in the articles of incorporation and include--

      (1) bringing into working relations with one another, music clubs and other musical organizations and individuals associated with musical activity for the purpose of developing and maintaining high musical standards;

      (2) aiding and encouraging musical education; and

      (3) promoting American music and American artists throughout the United States and the world.

    (b) PATRIOTIC, CIVIC, AND HISTORICAL ORGANIZATION- The corporation shall function as a patriotic, civic, and historical organization as authorized by the laws of each State in which it is incorporated.

Sec. 151504. Membership

    Eligibility for membership in the corporation and the rights and privileges of members are as provided in the bylaws.

Sec. 151505. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF DIRECTORS- The board of directors and the responsibilities of the board are as provided in the articles of incorporation.

    (b) OFFICERS- The officers and the election of the officers are as provided in the articles of incorporation.

Sec. 151506. Powers

    The corporation has only the powers provided in its bylaws and articles of incorporation filed in each State in which it is incorporated.

Sec. 151507. Restrictions

    (a) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation or a director or officer as such may not contribute to, support, or participate in any political activity or in any manner attempt to influence legislation.

    (c) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, a director, officer, or member during the life of the charter granted by this chapter. This subsection does not prevent the payment of reasonable compensation to an officer or reimbursement for actual necessary expenses in amounts approved by the board of directors.

    (d) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan to a director, officer, or employee.

    (e) CLAIM OF GOVERNMENTAL APPROVAL OR AUTHORIZATION- The corporation may not claim congressional approval or the authority of the United States Government for any of its activities.

Sec. 151508. Duty to maintain corporate and tax-exempt status

    (a) CORPORATE STATUS- The corporation shall maintain its status as a corporation incorporated under the laws of Illinois.

    (b) TAX-EXEMPT STATUS- The corporation shall maintain its status as an organization exempt from taxation under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 1 et seq.).

Sec. 151509. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, board of directors, and committees having any of the authority of its board of directors; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member entitled to vote, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 151510. Service of process

    The corporation shall comply with the law on service of process of each State in which it is incorporated and each State in which it carries on activities.

Sec. 151511. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 151512. Annual report

    The corporation shall submit an annual report to Congress on the activities of the corporation during the prior fiscal year. The report shall be submitted at the same time as the report of the audit required by section 10101 of this title. The report may not be printed as a public document.

CHAPTER 1517--NATIONAL FILM PRESERVATION FOUNDATION

      Sec.

      151701. Organization.

      151702. Purposes.

      151703. Board of directors.

      151704. Officers and employees.

      151705. Powers.

      151706. Principal office.

      151707. Provision and acceptance of support by Librarian of Congress.

      151708. Service of process.

      151709. Civil action by Attorney General for equitable relief.

      151710. Immunity of United States Government.

      151711. Authorization of appropriations.

      151712. Annual report.

Sec. 151701. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- National Film Preservation Foundation (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’) is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) NATURE OF CORPORATION- The corporation is a charitable and nonprofit corporation and is not an agency or establishment of the United States Government.

    (c) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

Sec. 151702. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are to--

      (1) encourage, accept, and administer private gifts to promote and ensure the preservation and public accessibility of the nation’s film heritage held at the Library of Congress and other public and nonprofit archives throughout the United States;

      (2) further the goals of the Library of Congress and the National Film Preservation Board in connection with their activities under the National Film Preservation Act of 1996 (2 U.S.C. 179l-179w); and

      (3) conduct activities, alone or in cooperation with other film related institutions and organizations, to further the preservation and public accessibility of films made in the United States, particularly films not protected by private interests, for the benefit of present and future generations of Americans.

Sec. 151703. Board of directors

    (a) GENERAL- The board of directors is the governing body of the corporation.

    (b) MEMBERS AND APPOINTMENT- (1) The Librarian of Congress is an ex officio nonvoting member of the board. The Librarian appoints the directors to the board.

    (2)(A) The board consists of 9 directors.

    (B) Each director must be a United States citizen.

    (C) At least 6 directors must be knowledgeable or experienced in film production, distribution, preservation, or restoration, including 2 who are sitting members of the National Film Preservation Board. These 6 directors must, to the extent practicable, represent diverse points of view from the film community, including motion picture producers, creative artists, nonprofit and public archivists, historians, film critics, theater owners, and laboratory and university personnel.

    (3) A director is not an employee of the Library of Congress and appointment to the board does not constitute appointment as an officer or employee of the United States Government for the purpose of any law of the United States.

    (4) The terms of office of the directors are 4 years. An individual may not serve more than 2 consecutive terms.

    (5) A vacancy on the board shall be filled within 60 days in the manner in which the original appointment was made.

    (c) CHAIR- The Librarian shall appoint one of the directors as the initial chair of the board for a 2-year term. Thereafter, the chair shall be appointed and removed in accordance with the bylaws of the corporation.

    (d) QUORUM- A majority of the current membership of the board is a quorum.

    (e) MEETINGS- The board shall meet at the call of the Librarian or the chair at least once each year. If a director misses 3 consecutive regularly scheduled meetings, the director may be removed from the board by the Librarian and that vacancy may be filled as provided in subsection (b) of this section.

    (f) COMPENSATION AND REIMBURSEMENT- Directors serve without compensation but may be reimbursed for actual and necessary travel and subsistence expenses incurred in performing duties for the corporation.

    (g) LIABILITY OF DIRECTORS- Directors are not personally liable, except for gross negligence.

Sec. 151704. Officers and employees

    (a) SECRETARY OF THE BOARD- (1) The Librarian of Congress shall appoint a Secretary of the Board to serve as executive director of the corporation. The Librarian may remove the Secretary.

    (2) The Secretary must be knowledgeable and experienced in matters relating to--

      (A) film preservation and restoration activities;

      (B) financial management; and

      (C) fundraising.

    (b) APPOINTMENT OF OFFICERS- Except as provided in subsection (a) of this section, the board of directors appoints, removes, and replaces officers of the corporation.

    (c) APPOINTMENT OF EMPLOYEES- Except as provided in subsection (a) of this section, the Secretary appoints, removes, and replaces employees of the corporation.

    (d) STATUS AND COMPENSATION OF EMPLOYEES- Employees of the corporation (including the Secretary)--

      (1) are not employees of the Library of Congress;

      (2) shall be appointed and removed without regard to the provisions of title 5 governing appointments in the competitive service; and

      (3) may be paid without regard to chapter 51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of title 5, except that an employee may not be paid more than the annual rate of basic pay for level GS-15 of the General Schedule under section 5107 of title 5.

Sec. 151705. Powers

    (a) GENERAL- The corporation may--

      (1) adopt a constitution and bylaws;

      (2) adopt a seal which shall be judicially noticed; and

      (3) do any other act necessary to carry out this chapter.

    (b) POWERS AS TRUSTEE- To carry out its purposes, the corporation has the usual powers of a corporation acting as a trustee in the District of Columbia, including the power--

      (1) to accept, receive, solicit, hold, administer, and use any gift, devise, or bequest, either absolutely or in trust, of property or any income from or other interest in property;

      (2) to acquire property or an interest in property by purchase or exchange;

      (3) unless otherwise required by an instrument of transfer, to sell, donate, lease, invest, or otherwise dispose of any property or income from property;

      (4) to borrow money and issue instruments of indebtedness;

      (5) to make contracts and other arrangements with public agencies and private organizations and persons and to make payments necessary to carry out its functions;

      (6) to sue and be sued; and

      (7) to do any other act necessary and proper to carry out the purposes of the corporation.

    (c) ENCUMBERED OR RESTRICTED GIFTS- A gift, devise, or bequest may be accepted by the corporation even though it is encumbered, restricted, or subject to beneficial interests of private persons, if any current or future interest is for the benefit of the corporation.

Sec. 151706. Principal office

    The principal office of the corporation shall be in the District of Columbia. However, the corporation may conduct business throughout the States, territories, and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 151707. Provision and acceptance of support by Librarian of Congress

    (a) PROVISION BY LIBRARIAN- (1) The Librarian of Congress may provide personnel, facilities, and other administrative services to the corporation. Administrative services may include reimbursement of expenses under section 151703(f) of this title, at rates not exceeding the applicable per diem rates for the United States Government.

    (2) The corporation shall reimburse the Librarian for support provided under paragraph (1) of this subsection. Amounts reimbursed shall be deposited in the Treasury to the credit of the appropriations then current and chargeable for the cost of providing the support.

    (b) ACCEPTANCE BY LIBRARIAN- The Librarian may accept, without regard to chapters 33 and 51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of title 5 and related regulations, the services of the corporation and its directors, officers, and employees as volunteers in performing functions authorized under this chapter, without compensation from the Library of Congress.

Sec. 151708. Service of process

    The corporation shall have a designated agent to receive service of process for the corporation. Notice to or service on the agent, or mailed to the business address of the agent, is notice to or service on the corporation.

Sec. 151709. Civil action by Attorney General for equitable relief

    The Attorney General may bring a civil action in the United States District Court for the District of Columbia for appropriate equitable relief if the corporation--

      (1) engages or threatens to engage in any act, practice, or policy that is inconsistent with the purposes in section 151702 of this title; or

      (2) refuses, fails, or neglects to carry out its obligations under this chapter or threatens to do so.

Sec. 151710. Immunity of United States Government

    The United States Government is not liable for any debts, defaults, acts, or omissions of the corporation. The full faith and credit of the Government does not extend to any obligation of the corporation.

Sec. 151711. Authorization of appropriations

    (a) AUTHORIZATION- There are authorized to be appropriated to the Library of Congress amounts necessary to carry out this chapter, not to exceed $250,000 for each of the fiscal years ending September 30, 2000-2003. These amounts are to be made available to the corporation to match private contributions (whether in currency, services, or property) made to the corporation by private persons and State and local governments.

    (b) LIMITATION RELATED TO ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES- Amounts authorized under this section may not be used by the corporation for administrative expenses of the corporation, including salaries, travel, transportation, and overhead expenses.

Sec. 151712. Annual report

    As soon as practicable after the end of each fiscal year, the corporation shall submit a report to Congress on the activities of the corporation during the prior fiscal year, including a complete statement of its receipts, expenditures, and investments.

CHAPTER 1519--NATIONAL FUND FOR MEDICAL EDUCATION

      Sec.

      151901. Organization.

      151902. Purposes.

      151903. Membership.

      151904. Governing body.

      151905. Powers.

      151906. Restrictions.

      151907. Principal office.

      151908. Records and inspection.

      151909. Service of process.

      151910. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      151911. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation.

Sec. 151901. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- National Fund for Medical Education (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’) is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) PLACE OF INCORPORATION AND DOMICILE- The corporation is declared to be incorporated and domiciled in the District of Columbia.

    (c) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

Sec. 151902. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are to raise from private sources, administer, and disperse funds for medical education, and in carrying out those purposes, to take other appropriate action to promote--

      (1) the interpretation of the needs of medical education to the American public;

      (2) the encouragement of the growth, development, and advancement of constantly improving standards and methods in the education and training of all medical personnel in the United States; and

      (3) the preservation of academic freedom in the institutions of medical education.

Sec. 151903. Membership

    (a) ELIGIBILITY- Except as provided in this chapter, eligibility for membership in the corporation and the rights, privileges, and designation of classes of members are as provided in the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

    (b) VOTING- Each member (except an honorary, sustaining, or associate member) has one vote on each matter submitted to a vote at a meeting of the members.

Sec. 151904. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF DIRECTORS- (1) The board of directors is the governing body of the corporation. Between meetings of the members of the corporation, the board is responsible for the general policies and program of the corporation and for the control of all funds of the corporation.

    (2) The number of directors, their manner of selection (including the filling of vacancies), and their term of office are as provided in the constitution and bylaws of the corporation. However--

      (A) the corporation shall have at least 15 but not more than 25 directors; and

      (B) at least 4 of the directors shall be members of the medical profession.

    (b) OFFICERS- (1) The officers of the corporation are a chairman of the board of directors, a president, one of more vice presidents as provided in the constitution and bylaws, a secretary, a treasurer, and one or more assistant secretaries and assistant treasurers as provided in the constitution and bylaws.

    (2) The manner of election, term of office, and duties of the officers are as provided in the constitution and bylaws.

Sec. 151905. Powers

    The corporation may--

      (1) adopt and amend a constitution and bylaws for the management of its property and the regulation of its affairs;

      (2) adopt and alter a corporate seal;

      (3) choose officers, managers, employees, and agents as the activities of the corporation require;

      (4) make contracts;

      (5) acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property as necessary or convenient to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (6) borrow money, issue instruments of indebtedness, and secure its obligations by granting security interests in its property; and

      (7) sue and be sued.

Sec. 151906. Restrictions

    (a) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation or a director or officer as such may not contribute to, support, or assist a political party or candidate for public office.

    (c) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, a director, officer, or member during the life of the corporation or on its dissolution or final liquidation. This subsection does not prevent the payment of compensation to an officer in an amount approved by the board of directors.

    (d) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan or advance to a director, officer, or employee. Directors who vote for or assent to making a loan or advance to a director, officer, or employee, and officers who participate in making the loan or advance, are jointly and severally liable to the corporation for the amount of the loan or advance until it is repaid.

Sec. 151907. Principal office

    The principal office of the corporation shall be in New York, New York, or another place decided by the board of directors. However, the activities of the corporation are not confined to the place where the principal office is located but may be conducted throughout the States, territories, and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 151908. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, board of directors, and committees having any of the authority of its board of directors; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member entitled to vote, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 151909. Service of process

    The corporation shall have a designated agent in the District of Columbia to receive service of process for the corporation. Notice to or service on the agent, or mailed to the business address of the agent, is notice to or service on the corporation.

Sec. 151910. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 151911. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation

    On dissolution or final liquidation of the corporation, any assets remaining after the discharge of all liabilities shall be distributed as provided by the board of directors, but in compliance with the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

CHAPTER 1521--NATIONAL MINING HALL OF FAME AND MUSEUM

      Sec.

      152101. Definition.

      152102. Organization.

      152103. Purposes.

      152104. Membership.

      152105. Governing body.

      152106. Powers.

      152107. Restrictions.

      152108. Duty to maintain corporate and tax-exempt status.

      152109. Records and inspection.

      152110. Service of process.

      152111. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      152112. Annual report.

Sec. 152101. Definition

    For purposes of this chapter, ‘State’ includes the District of Columbia and the territories and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 152102. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- National Mining Hall of Fame and Museum (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’), incorporated in Colorado, is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) EXPIRATION OF CHARTER- If the corporation does not comply with any provision of this chapter, the charter granted by this chapter expires.

Sec. 152103. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are as provided in its articles of incorporation and include--

      (1) honoring citizens, mining leaders, miners, prospectors, teachers, scientists, engineers, inventors, governmental leaders, and other individuals, who have helped to make this country great by their outstanding contributions to the establishment, development, advancement, or improvement of mining in the United States;

      (2) perpetuating the memory of those individuals and recording their contributions and achievements by the erection and maintenance of buildings, monuments, and edifices considered appropriate as a lasting memorial;

      (3) fostering, promoting, and encouraging a better understanding of the origins and growth of mining, especially in the United States, and the part mining has played in changing the economic, social, and scientific aspects of our country;

      (4) establishing and maintaining a library and museum for collecting and preserving for posterity, the history of those honored by the corporation, together with a documentation of their accomplishments and contributions to mining, including such items as mining pictures, paintings, books, papers, documents, scientific data, relics, mementos, artifacts, and things relating to those items;

      (5) cooperating with other mining organizations that are actively engaged and interested in similar projects; and

      (6) engaging in any other activity necessary or proper to accomplish any of the purposes in this section.

Sec. 152104. Membership

    Eligibility for membership in the corporation and the rights and privileges of members are as provided in the bylaws.

Sec. 152105. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF DIRECTORS- The board of directors and the responsibilities of the board are as provided in the articles of incorporation.

    (b) OFFICERS- The officers and the election of officers are as provided in the articles of incorporation.

Sec. 152106. Powers

    The corporation has only the powers provided in its bylaws and articles of incorporation filed in each State in which it is incorporated.

Sec. 152107. Restrictions

    (a) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation or a director or officer as such may not contribute to, support, or participate in any political activity or in any manner attempt to influence legislation.

    (c) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, a director, officer, or member during the life of the charter granted by this chapter. This subsection does not prevent the payment of reasonable compensation to an officer or reimbursement for actual necessary expenses in amounts approved by the board of directors.

    (d) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan to a director, officer, or employee.

    (e) CLAIM OF GOVERNMENTAL APPROVAL OR AUTHORIZATION- The corporation may not claim congressional approval or the authority of the United States Government for any of its activities.

Sec. 152108. Duty to maintain corporate and tax-exempt status

    (a) CORPORATE STATUS- The corporation shall maintain its status as a corporation incorporated under the laws of Colorado.

    (b) TAX-EXEMPT STATUS- The corporation shall maintain its status as an organization exempt from taxation under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 1 et seq.).

Sec. 152109. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, board of directors, and committees having any of the authority of its board of directors; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member entitled to vote, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 152110. Service of process

    The corporation shall comply with the law on service of process of each State in which it is incorporated and each State in which it carries on activities.

Sec. 152111. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 152112. Annual report

    The corporation shall submit an annual report to Congress on the activities of the corporation during the prior fiscal year. The report shall be submitted at the same time as the report of the audit required by section 10101 of this title. The report may not be printed as a public document.

CHAPTER 1523--NATIONAL MUSIC COUNCIL

      Sec.

      152301. Organization.

      152302. Purposes.

      152303. Membership.

      152304. Governing body.

      152305. Powers.

      152306. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, and badges.

      152307. Restrictions.

      152308. Principal office.

      152309. Records and inspection.

      152310. Service of process.

      152311. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      152312. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation.

Sec. 152301. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- National Music Council (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’) is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

Sec. 152302. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are--

      (1) to provide the member organizations with a forum for the free discussion of problems affecting national musical life in this country;

      (2) to speak with one voice for music whenever an authoritative expression of opinion is desirable;

      (3) to provide for the interchange of information between the various member organizations;

      (4) to encourage the coordination of efforts of the member organizations, thereby avoiding duplication or conflict;

      (5) to organize exploratory surveys or fact-finding commissions whenever the corporation considers them necessary for the solution of important problems; and

      (6) to encourage the development and appreciation of the art of music and to foster the highest ethical standards in the musical professions and industries.

Sec. 152303. Membership

    (a) ELIGIBILITY- Except as provided in this chapter, eligibility for membership in the corporation and the rights and privileges of members are as provided in the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

    (b) VOTING- Each member has one vote in the conduct of official business of the corporation.

Sec. 152304. Governing body

    (a) GENERAL- (1) The board of directors is the governing body of the corporation. The board may be known as an Executive Committee.

    (2) The board shall consist of at least 10 individuals who shall be representative of members of the corporation or other individuals selected by the members of the corporation. The directors shall be elected by the members of the corporation annually or at another regular interval as provided in the bylaws of the corporation.

    (b) OFFICERS- The officers of the corporation are a chairman of the board, a president, one or more vice presidents, a secretary, a treasurer, and assistant officers the board designates. The officers shall perform the duties and have the powers provided in the bylaws and by the board.

Sec. 152305. Powers

    The corporation may--

      (1) adopt and amend a constitution and bylaws for the management of its property and the regulation of its affairs;

      (2) adopt and alter a corporate seal;

      (3) choose officers, managers, employees, and agents as the activities of the corporation require;

      (4) make contracts;

      (5) publish a bulletin, magazine, and other publications;

      (6) acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property as necessary to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (7) borrow money, issue instruments of indebtedness, and secure its obligations by granting security interests in its property;

      (8) use corporate funds to give prizes, awards, loans, scholarships, and grants to deserving composers, conductors, and others for the purposes stated in section 152302 of this title and for other purposes the board of directors considers proper;

      (9) sue and be sued; and

      (10) do any other act necessary and proper to carry out the purposes of the corporation.

Sec. 152306. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, and badges

    The corporation has the exclusive right to use the name ‘National Music Council’ and seals, emblems, and badges the corporation adopts.

Sec. 152307. Restrictions

    (a) PROFIT- The corporation may not engage in business for profit.

    (b) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (c) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation or a director, officer, or member as such may not contribute to, support, or assist a political party or candidate for elective public office.

    (d) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, a director, officer, or member except on dissolution or final liquidation of the corporation.

    (e) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan to a director, officer, or employee. Directors who vote for or assent to making a loan to a director, officer, or employee, and officers who participate in making the loan, are jointly and severally liable to the corporation for the amount of the loan until it is repaid.

Sec. 152308. Principal office

    The principal office of the corporation shall be at the place the board of directors decides. However, the activities of the corporation may be conducted throughout the States, territories, and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 152309. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, board of directors, and committees having any of the authority of its board of directors; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member entitled to vote, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 152310. Service of process

    (a) DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA- The corporation shall have a designated agent in the District of Columbia to receive service of process for the corporation. Designation of the agent shall be filed in the office of the clerk of the United States District Court for the District of Columbia. Notice to or service on the agent, or mailed to the business address of the agent, is notice to or service on the corporation.

    (b) STATES, TERRITORIES, AND POSSESSIONS- As a condition to the exercise of any power or privilege granted by this chapter, the corporation shall file, with the secretary of state or other designated official of each State, territory, or possession of the United States in which the corporation does business, the name and address of an agent in that State, territory, or possession on whom legal process or demands against the corporation may be served.

Sec. 152311. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 152312. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation

    On dissolution or final liquidation of the corporation, any assets remaining after the discharge of all liabilities shall be used by the board of directors for the purposes stated in section 152302 of this title or be transferred to a recognized educational foundation.

CHAPTER 1525--NATIONAL SAFETY COUNCIL

      Sec.

      152501. Organization.

      152502. Purposes.

      152503. Membership.

      152504. Governing body.

      152505. Powers.

      152506. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, and badges.

      152507. Restrictions.

      152508. Principal office.

      152509. Records and inspection.

      152510. Service of process.

      152511. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      152512. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation.

Sec. 152501. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- National Safety Council (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’) is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

Sec. 152502. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are--

      (1) to further, encourage, and promote methods and procedures leading to increased safety, protection, and health among employees, employers, and children in industries, on farms, in schools and colleges, in homes, on streets and highways, in recreation, and in other public and private places;

      (2) to collect, correlate, publish, and disseminate educational and informative reports and all other data related to safety methods and procedures;

      (3) to arouse and maintain the interest of the people of the United States and its territories and possessions in safety and accident prevention, and to encourage the adoption and institution of safety methods by all individuals, corporations, and other organizations;

      (4) to organize, establish, and conduct programs, lectures, conferences, and other activities for the education of all individuals, corporations, and other organizations in safety methods and procedures;

      (5) to organize and aid in organizing local safety chapters throughout the United States and its territories and possessions, and to provide organizational guidance and materials to promote the national safety;

      (6) to cooperate with, enlist, and develop the cooperation of and among all individuals, corporations, and other organizations and agencies, public and private, engaged in, interested in, or in any manner connected with, any of these purposes; and

      (7) to do any lawful acts necessary, useful, suitable, desirable, and proper for the furtherance and accomplishment of any of these purposes.

Sec. 152503. Membership

    (a) ELIGIBILITY- Except as provided in this chapter, eligibility for membership in the corporation and the rights and privileges of members are as provided in the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

    (b) VOTING- Each member (except an honorary or sustaining member) has one vote on each matter submitted to a vote at a meeting of the members. The corporation may provide in its constitution and bylaws for additional voting rights based on dues paid.

Sec. 152504. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF DIRECTORS- (1) The board of directors is the governing body of the corporation. Between meetings of the corporation, the board is responsible for the general policies and program of the corporation. Except as provided in subsection (c) of this section, the board is responsible for all funds of the corporation.

    (2) The board shall consist of at least 15 directors. Their manner of selection (including the filling of vacancies) and term of office are as provided in the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

    (b) OFFICERS- (1) The officers of the corporation are a chairman of the board of directors, a president, 3 or more vice presidents as provided in the constitution and bylaws, a secretary, a treasurer, and an executive vice president. Their duties are as provided in the constitution and bylaws.

    (2) Except for the executive vice president, the officers shall be elected at the annual meeting of the corporation. The executive vice president shall be elected by the board of directors in the manner provided in the constitution and bylaws.

    (c) TRUSTEES- The corporation shall have at least 15 trustees. Their manner of selection and term of office are as provided in the constitution and bylaws. The trustees have full power and control over contributed funds that they raise.

Sec. 152505. Powers

    The corporation may--

      (1) adopt and amend a constitution and bylaws for the management of its property and the regulation of its affairs;

      (2) adopt and alter a corporate seal;

      (3) adopt and alter seals, emblems, and badges;

      (4) choose directors, officers, trustees, managers, employees, and agents as the activities of the corporation require;

      (5) make contracts;

      (6) acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property as necessary to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (7) borrow money, issue instruments of indebtedness, and secure its obligations by granting security interests in its property;

      (8) publish a magazine and other publications consistent with the purposes of the corporation;

      (9) charge and collect membership dues and subscription fees;

      (10) receive contributions or grants of money or property to be devoted to carrying out the purposes of the corporation;

      (11) use corporate funds to give prizes, awards, or other evidences of merit or recognition to individuals, corporations, and other organizations, public or private, for outstanding contributions toward the achievement of the purposes of the corporation;

      (12) organize, establish, and conduct conferences on safety and accident prevention;

      (13) establish and maintain offices to conduct its activities, charter local, State, and regional safety organizations, and establish, regulate, and discontinue departmental subdivisions and local, State, and regional chapters in appropriate places throughout the United States and its territories and possessions;

      (14) sue and be sued; and

      (15) do any other act necessary and proper to carry out the purposes of the corporation.

Sec. 152506. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, and badges

    The corporation and its subordinate divisions and regional, State, and local chapters have the exclusive right to use the name ‘National Safety Council’. The corporation has the exclusive right to use and to allow others to use seals, emblems, and badges the corporation adopts. This section does not affect any vested rights.

Sec. 152507. Restrictions

    (a) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation or a director, officer, or agent as such may not contribute to, support, or assist a political party or candidate for public office.

    (c) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, a director, officer, or member except on dissolution or final liquidation of the corporation. This subsection does not prevent the payment of compensation to an officer in an amount approved by the board of directors.

    (d) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan to a director, officer, or employee. Directors who vote for or assent to making a loan to a director, officer, or employee, and officers who participate in making the loan, are jointly and severally liable to the corporation for the amount of the loan until it is repaid.

Sec. 152508. Principal office

    The principal office of the corporation shall be in Chicago, Illinois, or another place decided by the board of directors. However, the activities of the corporation are not confined to the place where the principal office is located but may be conducted throughout the States, territories, and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 152509. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, board of directors, and committees having any of the authority of its board of directors; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member entitled to vote, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 152510. Service of process

    The corporation shall have a designated agent in the District of Columbia to receive service of process for the corporation. Notice to or service on the agent, or mailed to the business address of the agent, is notice to or service on the corporation.

Sec. 152511. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 152512. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation

    On dissolution or final liquidation of the corporation, any assets remaining after the discharge of all liabilities shall be distributed as provided by the board of directors, but in compliance with the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

CHAPTER 1527--NATIONAL SKI PATROL SYSTEM, INCORPORATED

      Sec.

      152701. Definition.

      152702. Organization.

      152703. Purposes.

      152704. Membership.

      152705. Governing body.

      152706. Powers.

      152707. Restrictions.

      152708. Duty to maintain tax-exempt status.

      152709. Records and inspection.

      152710. Service of process.

      152711. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      152712. Annual report.

Sec. 152701. Definition

    For purposes of this chapter, ‘State’ includes the District of Columbia and the territories and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 152702. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- National Ski Patrol System, Incorporated (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’), incorporated in New York and Colorado, is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) EXPIRATION OF CHARTER- If the corporation does not comply with any provision of this chapter, the charter granted by this chapter expires.

Sec. 152703. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are--

      (1) to promote, in every way, patriotic, scientific, educational, and civic improvement activities and public safety in skiing, by such means as the dissemination of information and the formation of volunteer local patrols consisting of competent skiers trained in first aid for the purpose of preventing accidents and rendering speedy assistance to individuals sustaining accidents; and

      (2) to solicit contributions of money, services, and other property for, and generally to encourage and assist in carrying out, these purposes in every way.

Sec. 152704. Membership

    Except as provided in this chapter, eligibility for membership in the corporation and the rights and privileges of members are as provided in the bylaws.

Sec. 152705. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF DIRECTORS- The board of directors and the responsibilities of the board are as provided in the articles of incorporation.

    (b) OFFICERS- The officers and the election of officers are as provided in the articles of incorporation.

Sec. 152706. Powers

    The corporation has only the powers provided in its bylaws and articles of incorporation filed in each State in which it is incorporated.

Sec. 152707. Restrictions

    (a) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation or a director or officer as such may not contribute to, support, or participate in any political activity or in any manner attempt to influence legislation.

    (c) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, a director, officer, or member during the life of the charter granted by this chapter. This subsection does not prevent the payment of reasonable compensation to an officer or reimbursement for actual necessary expenses in amounts approved by the board of directors.

    (d) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan to a director, officer, or employee.

Sec. 152708. Duty to maintain tax-exempt status

    The corporation shall maintain its status as an organization exempt from taxation under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 1 et seq.).

Sec. 152709. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, board of directors, and committees having any of the authority of its board of directors; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member entitled to vote, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 152710. Service of process

    The corporation shall comply with the law on service of process of each State in which it is incorporated and each State in which it carries on activities.

Sec. 152711. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 152712. Annual report

    The corporation shall submit an annual report to Congress on the activities of the corporation during the prior calendar year. The report may not be printed as a public document.

CHAPTER 1529--NATIONAL SOCIETY, DAUGHTERS OF THE AMERICAN COLONISTS

      Sec.

      152901. Definition.

      152902. Organization.

      152903. Purposes.

      152904. Membership.

      152905. Governing body.

      152906. Powers.

      152907. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, and badges.

      152908. Restrictions.

      152909. Duty to maintain corporate and tax-exempt status.

      152910. Records and inspection.

      152911. Service of process.

      152912. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      152913. Annual report.

Sec. 152901. Definition

    For purposes of this chapter, ‘State’ includes the District of Columbia and the territories and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 152902. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- National Society, Daughters of the American Colonists (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’), incorporated in the District of Columbia, is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) EXPIRATION OF CHARTER- If the corporation does not comply with any provision of this chapter, the charter granted by this chapter expires.

Sec. 152903. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are as provided in the articles of incorporation and include a continuing commitment, on a national basis--

      (1) to conduct, record, and publish the results of research on the history and deeds of the American colonists;

      (2) to publish the memoirs of American colonists;

      (3) to erect memorials to commemorate the history and deeds of the American colonists;

      (4) to promote respect and admiration for the institutions, laws, and flag of the United States;

      (5) to engage in mutual improvement and educational activities;

      (6) to establish scholarships to assist needy and deserving students and to promote the improvement of educational institutions;

      (7) to engage in volunteer service and make contributions to veterans hospitals; and

      (8) to perform other charitable activities, including the national presidents’ projects, as may be provided in the articles of incorporation or bylaws of corporation.

Sec. 152904. Membership

    (a) ELIGIBILITY- Except as provided in this chapter, eligibility for membership in the corporation and the rights and privileges of members are as provided in the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

    (b) NONDISCRIMINATION- The terms of membership may not discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, or national origin.

Sec. 152905. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF DIRECTORS- The board of directors and the responsibilities of the board are as provided in the articles of incorporation or bylaws.

    (b) OFFICERS- The officers and the election of officers are as provided in the articles of incorporation or bylaws.

    (c) NONDISCRIMINATION- The requirements for holding office in the corporation may not discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, or national origin.

Sec. 152906. Powers

    The corporation has only the powers provided in its bylaws and articles of incorporation filed in each State in which it is incorporated.

Sec. 152907. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, and badges

    The corporation has the exclusive right to use the name ‘National Society, Daughters of the American Colonists’ and seals, emblems, and badges the corporation adopts. This section does not affect any vested rights.

Sec. 152908. Restrictions

    (a) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation or a director or officer as such may not contribute to, support, or participate in any political activity or in any manner attempt to influence legislation.

    (c) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, a director, officer, or member during the life of the charter granted by this chapter. This subsection does not prevent the payment of reasonable compensation to an officer or reimbursement for actual necessary expenses in amounts approved by the board of directors.

    (d) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan to a director, officer, or employee.

    (e) CLAIM OF GOVERNMENTAL APPROVAL OR AUTHORIZATION- The corporation may not claim congressional approval or the authority of the United States Government for any of its activities.

Sec. 152909. Duty to maintain corporate and tax-exempt status

    (a) CORPORATE STATUS- The corporation shall maintain its status as a corporation incorporated under the laws of each State in which it is incorporated.

    (b) TAX-EXEMPT STATUS- The corporation shall maintain its status as an organization exempt from taxation under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 1 et seq.).

Sec. 152910. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, board of directors, and committees having any of the authority of its board of directors; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member entitled to vote, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 152911. Service of process

    The corporation shall comply with the law on service of process of each State in which it is incorporated and each State in which it carries on activities.

Sec. 152912. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 152913. Annual report

    The corporation shall submit an annual report to Congress on the activities of the corporation during the prior fiscal year. The report shall be submitted at the same time as the report of the audit required by section 10101 of this title. The report may not be printed as a public document.

CHAPTER 1531--THE NATIONAL SOCIETY OF THE DAUGHTERS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION

      Sec.

      153101. Organization.

      153102. Purposes.

      153103. Powers.

      153104. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, and badges.

      153105. Principal office.

      153106. Deposit of historical material in Smithsonian Institution.

      153107. Annual report.

Sec. 153101. Organization

    The National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’) is a body corporate and politic in the District of Columbia.

Sec. 153102. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are patriotic, historical, and educational, and include--

      (1) perpetuating the memory and spirit of the men and women who achieved American independence by--

        (A) acquiring and protecting historical spots and erecting monuments;

        (B) encouraging historical research in relation to the Revolution and publishing its results;

        (C) preserving documents and relics and the records of the individual services of Revolutionary soldiers and patriots; and

        (D) promoting celebrations of all patriotic anniversaries;

      (2) carrying out the injunction of Washington, in his farewell address to the American people, ‘to promote, as an object of primary importance, institutions for the general diffusion of knowledge,’ thus developing an enlightened public opinion and affording to young and old such advantages as shall develop in them the largest capacity for performing the duties of American citizens;

      (3) cherishing, maintaining, and extending the institutions of American freedom;

      (4) fostering true patriotism and love of country; and

      (5) aiding in securing for mankind all the blessings of liberty.

Sec. 153103. Powers

    The corporation may--

      (1) adopt a constitution and bylaws;

      (2) adopt a seal; and

      (3) acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property as necessary or convenient to carry out its purposes.

Sec. 153104. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, and badges

    The corporation and its subordinate divisions have the exclusive right to use the name ‘National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution’. The corporation has the exclusive right to use and to allow others to use seals, emblems, and badges the corporation adopts.

Sec. 153105. Principal office

    The corporation shall have its headquarters or principal office in the District of Columbia.

Sec. 153106. Deposit of historical material in Smithsonian Institution

    The Regents of the Smithsonian Institution may permit the corporation to deposit its collections, manuscripts, books, pamphlets, and other material for history in the Smithsonian Institution or in the National Museum, on conditions and under rules they prescribe.

Sec. 153107. Annual report

    The corporation shall submit an annual report to the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution on the activities of the corporation. The Secretary shall communicate to Congress any part of the report that the Secretary considers of national interest and importance.

CHAPTER 1533--NATIONAL SOCIETY OF THE SONS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION

      Sec.

      153301. Organization.

      153302. Purposes.

      153303. Powers.

      153304. Trustees.

Sec. 153301. Organization

    National Society of the Sons of the American Revolution (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’) is a body corporate and politic in the District of Columbia.

Sec. 153302. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are patriotic, historical, and educational, and include those intended or designed--

      (1) to perpetuate the memory of the men who, by their services or sacrifices during the war of the American Revolution, achieved the independence of the American people;

      (2) to unite and promote fellowship among their descendants;

      (3) to inspire them and the community at large with a more profound reverence for the principles of the government founded by our forefathers;

      (4) to encourage historical research in relation to the American Revolution;

      (5) to acquire and preserve the records of the individual services of the patriots of the war, as well as documents, relics, and landmarks;

      (6) to mark the scenes of the American Revolution by appropriate memorials;

      (7) to celebrate the anniversaries of the prominent events of the war and of the Revolutionary period;

      (8) to foster true patriotism;

      (9) to maintain and extend the institutions of American freedom; and

      (10) to carry out the purposes expressed in the preamble to the Constitution of our country and the injunctions of Washington in his farewell address to the American people.

Sec. 153303. Powers

    The corporation may--

      (1) adopt and amend a constitution, bylaws, and regulations for the admission, government, suspension, and expulsion of its members;

      (2) adopt and alter a seal;

      (3) provide for the election of its officers and define their duties;

      (4) provide for State societies or chapters with regulations for their conduct, and regulate and provide for the management, safe-keeping, and protection of their property and funds;

      (5) acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property as necessary or convenient to carry out the purposes of the corporation; and

      (6) sue and be sued.

Sec. 153304. Trustees

    The property and affairs of the corporation shall be managed by at least 40 trustees. The trustees shall be elected annually at the time provided in the bylaws. At least one trustee shall be elected annually from a list of nominees to be made by each of the State societies and submitted to the corporation at least 30 days before the annual meeting, in accordance with provisions adopted by the corporation to regulate nominations.

CHAPTER 1535--NATIONAL TROPICAL BOTANICAL GARDEN

      Sec.

      153501. Organization.

      153502. Purposes.

      153503. Membership.

      153504. Governing body.

      153505. Powers.

      153506. Exclusive right to name.

      153507. Restrictions.

      153508. Principal office and location of activities and gardens.

      153509. Records and inspection.

      153510. Statement required in audit report.

      153511. Service of process.

      153512. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      153513. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation.

Sec. 153501. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- National Tropical Botanical Garden (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’) is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

Sec. 153502. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are--

      (1) to establish, develop, operate, and maintain for the benefit of the people of the United States an educational and scientific center in the form of one or more tropical botanical gardens, together with facilities such as libraries, herbaria, laboratories, and museums that are appropriate and necessary for encouraging and conducting research in basic and applied tropical botany;

      (2) to foster and encourage fundamental research about tropical plant life and to encourage research and study of the uses of tropical flora in agriculture, forestry, horticulture, medicine, and other sciences;

      (3) to disseminate through publications and other media the knowledge about basic and applied tropical botany acquired at the gardens;

      (4) to collect and cultivate tropical flora of every nature and origin and to preserve for the people of the United States species of tropical plant life threatened with extinction; and

      (5) to provide a beneficial facility that will contribute to the education, instruction, and recreation of the people of the United States.

Sec. 153503. Membership

    (a) ELIGIBILITY- Except as provided in this chapter, eligibility for membership in the corporation and the rights and privileges of members are as provided in the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

    (b) VOTING- Each member (except an honorary or associate member) has one vote on each matter submitted to a vote at a meeting of the members.

Sec. 153504. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF TRUSTEES- (1) The board of trustees is the governing body of the corporation. The duties and powers of the board are as provided in the bylaws.

    (2) The manner of selection and term of office of the trustees are as provided in the bylaws.

    (b) OFFICERS- (1) The officers of the corporation are a president, one or more vice presidents, a secretary, a treasurer, and other officers as provided in the bylaws.

    (2) The manner of election, term of office, and duties of the officers are as provided in the bylaws.

Sec. 153505. Powers

    The corporation may--

      (1) adopt and amend bylaws for the management of its property and the regulation of its affairs;

      (2) adopt and alter a corporate seal;

      (3) choose officers, trustees, managers, employees, and agents as the activities of the corporation require;

      (4) make contracts;

      (5) acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property as necessary or proper to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (6) borrow money, issue instruments of indebtedness, and secure its obligations by granting security interests in its property;

      (7) sue and be sued; and

      (8) do any other act necessary and proper to carry out the purposes of the corporation.

Sec. 153506. Exclusive right to name

    The corporation has the exclusive right to use and to allow others to use the name ‘National Tropical Botanical Garden’.

Sec. 153507. Restrictions

    (a) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation or a trustee or officer as such may not contribute to, support, or assist a political party or candidate for elective public office.

    (c) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, a trustee, officer, or member during the life of the corporation or on its dissolution or final liquidation. This subsection does not prevent the payment of reasonable compensation to an officer or reimbursement for actual necessary expenses in amounts approved by the board of trustees.

    (d) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan to a trustee, officer, or employee. Trustees who vote for or assent to making a loan to a trustee, officer, or employee, and officers who participate in making the loan, are jointly and severally liable to the corporation for the amount of the loan until it is repaid.

Sec. 153508. Principal office and location of activities and gardens

    (a) PRINCIPAL OFFICE- The principal office of the corporation shall be in the District of Columbia or another place decided by the board of trustees.

    (b) LOCATION OF ACTIVITIES AND GARDENS- The activities of the corporation may be conducted anywhere. However, the corporation may establish tropical botanical gardens only in the United States and its territories and possessions.

Sec. 153509. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its board of trustees and committees having any of the authority of its board of trustees; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member entitled to vote, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 153510. Statement required in audit report

    The corporation shall include in the audit report statement required under section 10101(b)(1)(B) of this title a schedule of all contracts requiring payments greater than $10,000 and all payments of compensation or fees at a rate of greater than $10,000 a year.

Sec. 153511. Service of process

    The corporation shall have a designated agent in the District of Columbia to receive service of process for the corporation. Notice to or service on the agent, or mailed to the business address of the agent, is notice to or service on the corporation.

Sec. 153512. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 153513. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation

    (a) ALLOWABLE RECIPIENTS- On dissolution or final liquidation of the corporation, any assets remaining after the discharge of all liabilities shall be distributed, as decided by the board of trustees, to--

      (1) the United States Government, to be administered by the Secretary of the Interior under the Act of August 25, 1916 (16 U.S.C. 1 et seq.) (known as the National Park Service Organic Act); or

      (2) a State or local government to be used for a public purpose.

    (b) RESTRICTION- A distribution under subsection (a) of this section shall be consistent with the purposes of the corporation and in compliance with the charter and bylaws.

CHAPTER 1537--NATIONAL WOMAN’S RELIEF CORPS, AUXILIARY TO THE GRAND ARMY OF THE REPUBLIC

      Sec.

      153701. Organization.

      153702. Purposes.

      153703. Membership.

      153704. Governing body.

      153705. Powers.

      153706. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, and badges.

      153707. Restrictions.

      153708. Principal office.

      153709. Records and inspection.

      153710. Service of process.

      153711. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      153712. Annual report.

      153713. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation.

Sec. 153701. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- National Woman’s Relief Corps, Auxiliary to the Grand Army of the Republic (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’), is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) PLACE OF INCORPORATION AND DOMICILE- The corporation is declared to be incorporated and domiciled in the District of Columbia.

    (c) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

Sec. 153702. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are--

      (1) to perpetuate the memory of the Grand Army of the Republic, as the National Woman’s Relief Corps is its auxiliary and was organized at its request in 1883, and of the men who saved the Union in 1861 to 1865;

      (2) to assist in every practicable way in preserving, and making available for research, documents and records pertaining to the Grand Army of the Republic and its members;

      (3) to cooperate in doing honor to all those who have served our country patriotically in any war;

      (4) to teach patriotism, the duties of citizenship, the true history of our country, and the love and honor of our flag;

      (5) to oppose every tendency or movement that would weaken loyalty to, destroy, or impair our constitutional Union; and

      (6) to inculcate and broadly sustain the American principles of representative government, equal rights, and impartial justice for all.

Sec. 153703. Membership

    Except as provided in this chapter, eligibility for membership in the corporation and the rights, privileges, and designation of classes of members are as provided in the constitution and bylaws of the corporation. Eligibility for membership is limited to--

      (1) women who are the wives, mothers, daughters, and sisters of Union soldiers, sailors, and marines; and

      (2) other loyal women who have not given aid or comfort to the enemies of the United States of America.

Sec. 153704. Governing body

    (a) NATIONAL CONVENTION- (1) The national convention is the supreme governing authority of the corporation.

    (2) The national convention is composed of officers and elected representatives from the States as provided by the regulations of the corporation. However, the form of government of the corporation must be representative of the membership at large and may not permit concentration of control in a limited number of members or in a self-perpetuating group not representative of the membership at large.

    (3) The meetings of the national convention may be held in the District of Columbia or in any State.

    (4) During the intervals between the convention, the executive officers are the governing board of the corporation and are responsible for the general policies, program, and activities of the corporation.

    (b) COUNCIL OF ADMINISTRATION- The council of administration of the corporation shall consist of at least 7 members elected in the manner and for the term provided in the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

    (c) OFFICERS- (1) The officers of the corporation are a national president, senior vice national president, junior vice national president, secretary, treasurer, and other officers as provided in the constitution and bylaws. One individual may hold the offices of secretary and treasurer.

    (2) The titles, manner of election, term of office, and duties of the officers are as provided in the constitution and bylaws.

Sec. 153705. Powers

    The corporation may--

      (1) adopt and amend a constitution and bylaws for the management of its property and the regulation of its affairs;

      (2) adopt and alter a corporate seal;

      (3) choose officers as the corporation requires;

      (4) make contracts;

      (5) acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property as necessary or convenient to carry out the purposes of the corporation; and

      (6) sue and be sued.

Sec. 153706. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, and badges

    The corporation and its subordinate corps have the exclusive right to use the name ‘National Woman’s Relief Corps, Auxiliary to the Grand Army of the Republic’. The corporation has the exclusive right to use and to allow others to use seals, emblems, and badges the corporation adopts.

Sec. 153707. Restrictions

    (a) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation or an officer or agent as such may not contribute to, support, or assist a political party or candidate for public office.

    (c) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, an officer or member during the life of the corporation or on its dissolution or final liquidation. This subsection does not prevent the payment of reasonable compensation to an officer or reimbursement for actual necessary expenses in amounts approved by the council of administration of the corporation.

    (d) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan or advance to an officer or member of the corporation. Members of the council of administration who vote for or assent to making a loan or advance to an officer or member, and officers who participate in making the loan or advance, are jointly and severally liable to the corporation for the amount of the loan or advance until it is repaid.

Sec. 153708. Principal office

    The principal office of the corporation shall be in Springfield, Illinois. However, the activities of the corporation are not confined to Springfield but may be conducted throughout the States of the United States and the District of Columbia.

Sec. 153709. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account; and

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its national convention.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 153710. Service of process

    The corporation shall have a designated agent in the District of Columbia to receive service of process, notice, or demand for the corporation. Designation of the agent shall be filed in the office of the Mayor of the District of Columbia or another office designated by the Mayor. Notice to or service on the agent is notice to or service on the corporation.

Sec. 153711. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 153712. Annual report

    Not later than 6 months after the end of each fiscal year, the corporation shall submit a report to Congress on the activities of the corporation during the prior fiscal year. The report may consist of a report on the proceedings of the national convention during that fiscal year. The report may not be printed as a public document.

Sec. 153713. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation

    On dissolution or final liquidation of the corporation, its assets shall be distributed as follows:

      (1) All liabilities shall be paid and discharged, or adequate provision for payment and discharge shall be made.

      (2) Assets held on condition requiring return or transfer on dissolution of the corporation shall be returned or transferred as required by the condition.

      (3) Assets received and held subject to a limitation permitting use only for charitable, religious, benevolent, educational, or similar purposes, but not held on a condition requiring return or transfer on dissolution of the corporation, shall be transferred to one or more appropriate domestic or foreign corporations, societies, or organizations under a plan of distribution adopted as provided in this chapter.

      (4) Other assets shall be distributed as provided by the articles of incorporation or bylaws to the extent that the articles or bylaws provide the distributive rights of members, or any class of members, or provide for distribution to others.

      (5) Any remaining assets may be distributed to persons, societies, organizations, or domestic or foreign corporations engaged in activities not for profit, as provided in a plan of distribution adopted by the council of administration of the corporation and in compliance with the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

CHAPTER 1539--THE NATIONAL YOEMEN F

      Sec.

      153901. Organization.

      153902. Purposes.

      153903. Powers.

      153904. Deposit of historical material.

Sec. 153901. Organization

    The National Yoemen F (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’) is a body corporate and politic in the District of Columbia.

Sec. 153902. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are patriotic, historical, and educational and are--

      (1) to foster and perpetuate the memory of the service of Yoemen (f) in the United States Naval Reserve Force of the United States Navy during World War I;

      (2) to preserve the memories and incidents of their association in World War I by the encouragement of historical research concerning the service of Yoemen (f);

      (3) to cherish, maintain, and extend the institutions of American freedom by the promotion of celebrations of all patriotic anniversaries;

      (4) to foster true patriotism and love of country; and

      (5) to aid in securing for mankind all the blessings of liberty.

Sec. 153903. Powers

    The corporation may--

      (1) adopt a constitution and bylaws;

      (2) adopt a seal; and

      (3) hold real and personal property in the United States, but only to the extent necessary to carry out the purposes of the corporation and only in an amount not more than $50,000.

Sec. 153904. Deposit of historical material

    The Regents of the Smithsonian Institution may permit the corporation to deposit its collections, manuscripts, books, pamphlets, and other material for history in the Smithsonian Institution or in the National Museum, on conditions and under rules they prescribe.

CHAPTER 1541--NAVAL SEA CADET CORPS

      Sec.

      154101. Organization.

      154102. Purposes.

      154103. Membership.

      154104. Governing body.

      154105. Powers.

      154106. Exclusive right to name, insignia, emblems, badges, marks, and words.

      154107. Restrictions.

      154108. Principal office.

      154109. Records and inspection.

      154110. Service of process.

      154111. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      154112. Annual report.

      154113. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation.

Sec. 154101. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- Naval Sea Cadet Corps (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’) is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

Sec. 154102. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are, through organization and cooperation with the Department of the Navy--

      (1) to encourage and aid American young people to develop an interest and skill in basic seamanship and in its naval adaptations;

      (2) to train them in seagoing skills; and

      (3) to teach them patriotism, courage, self-reliance, and kindred virtues.

Sec. 154103. Membership

    Except as provided in this chapter, eligibility for membership in the corporation and the rights, privileges, and designation of classes of members are as provided in the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

Sec. 154104. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF DIRECTORS- (1) The board of directors is the governing body of the corporation. The board is responsible for the general policies and program of the corporation and the control of all funds of the corporation.

    (2) The number of directors, their manner of selection (including the filling of vacancies), and their term of office are as provided in the constitution and bylaws. However, the board shall have at least 10 but not more than 25 directors.

    (b) OFFICERS- (1) The officers of the corporation are a president, one or more vice presidents as provided in the constitution and bylaws, a secretary, a treasurer, and other officers as provided in the constitution and bylaws.

    (2) The manner of election, term of office, and duties of the officers are as provided in the constitution and bylaws.

Sec. 154105. Powers

    The corporation may--

      (1) adopt and amend a constitution and bylaws for the management of its property and the regulation of its affairs;

      (2) adopt and alter a corporate seal;

      (3) choose officers, managers, employees, and agents as the activities of the corporation require;

      (4) make contracts;

      (5) acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property as necessary or convenient to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (6) borrow money, issue instruments of indebtedness, and secure its obligations by granting security interests in its property; and

      (7) sue and be sued.

Sec. 154106. Exclusive right to name, insignia, emblems, badges, marks, and words

    The corporation has the exclusive right to use the name ‘Naval Sea Cadet Corps’ and distinctive insignia, emblems, and badges, descriptive or designating marks, and words or phrases required to carry out the duties and powers of the corporation. This section does not affect any vested rights.

Sec. 154107. Restrictions

    (a) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation or a director or officer as such may not contribute to, support, or assist a political party or candidate for public office.

    (c) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, a director, officer, or member during the life of the corporation or on its dissolution or final liquidation. This subsection does not prevent the payment of compensation to an officer in an amount approved by the board of directors.

    (d) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan or advance to a director, officer, or employee. Directors who vote for or assent to making a loan or advance to a director, officer, or employee, and officers who participate in making the loan or advance, are jointly and severally liable to the corporation for the amount of the loan or advance until it is repaid.

Sec. 154108. Principal office

    The principal office of the corporation shall be in Tacoma, Washington, or another place decided by the board of directors. However, the activities of the corporation are not confined to the place where the principal office is located but may be conducted throughout the States, territories, and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 154109. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, board of directors, and committees having any of the authority of its board of directors; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member entitled to vote, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 154110. Service of process

    The corporation shall have a designated agent in the District of Columbia to receive service of process for the corporation. Notice to or service on the agent, or mailed to the business address of the agent, is notice to or service on the corporation.

Sec. 154111. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 154112. Annual report

    The corporation shall submit an annual report to the Secretary of the Navy on the activities of the corporation during the prior calendar year. The Secretary shall communicate to Congress any part of the report that the Secretary considers appropriate.

Sec. 154113. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation

    On dissolution or final liquidation of the corporation, any assets remaining after the discharge of all liabilities shall be distributed as provided by the board of directors, but in compliance with the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

CHAPTER 1543--NAVY CLUB OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

      Sec.

      154301. Organization.

      154302. Purposes.

      154303. Powers.

      154304. Annual report.

Sec. 154301. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- Navy Club of the United States of America (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’) is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

Sec. 154302. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are--

      (1) to encourage, promote, and maintain comradeship among individuals who are or have been in the active service of the United States Navy, the United States Marine Corps, or the United States Coast Guard;

      (2) to revere, honor, and perpetuate the memory of individuals described in clause (1) of this section who have departed this life;

      (3) to promote and encourage further public interest in the United States Navy, the United States Marine Corps, and the United States Coast Guard and the history of those organizations;

      (4) to uphold the spirit and ideals of the United States Navy, the United States Marine Corps, and the United States Coast Guard;

      (5) to promote the ideals of American freedom and democracy and to fit its members for the duties of citizenship and to encourage them to serve as ably as citizens as they have served the Nation under arms; and

      (6) to maintain true allegiance to American institutions.

Sec. 154303. Powers

    The corporation may--

      (1) adopt and amend bylaws;

      (2) adopt and alter a corporate seal;

      (3) appoint or elect officers and agents;

      (4) choose a board of trustees, consisting of at least 5 but not more than 15 individuals, to conduct the business and exercise the powers of the corporation;

      (5) establish and maintain offices to conduct its activities;

      (6) acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property as necessary or appropriate to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (7) charge and collect membership dues and receive contributions of money or property to be devoted to carrying out the purposes of the corporation;

      (8) sue and be sued; and

      (9) do any other act necessary or appropriate to carry out the purposes of the corporation.

Sec. 154304. Annual report

    Not later than December 1 of each year, the corporation shall submit a report to Congress on the activities of the corporation during the prior calendar year. The report may not be printed as a public document.

CHAPTER 1545--NAVY WIVES CLUBS OF AMERICA

      Sec.

      154501. Definition.

      154502. Organization.

      154503. Purposes.

      154504. Membership.

      154505. Governing body.

      154506. Powers.

      154507. Restrictions.

      154508. Duty to maintain corporate and tax-exempt status.

      154509. Records and inspection.

      154510. Service of process.

      154511. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      154512. Annual report.

Sec. 154501. Definition

    For purposes of this chapter, ‘State’ includes the District of Columbia and the territories and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 154502. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- Navy Wives Clubs of America (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’), incorporated in California, is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) EXPIRATION OF CHARTER- If the corporation does not comply with any provision of this chapter, the charter granted by this chapter expires.

Sec. 154503. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are as provided in the articles of incorporation and include--

      (1) supporting the Constitution of the United States;

      (2) promoting a friendly relationship between the wives of enlisted men who are serving in the active United States Navy, United States Marine Corps, or United States Coast Guard or in the Active Reserves of those services; and

      (3) performing charitable activities as provided in the constitution or bylaws of the corporation.

Sec. 154504. Membership

    Eligibility for membership in the corporation and the rights and privileges of members are as provided in the bylaws.

Sec. 154505. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF DIRECTORS- The board of directors and the responsibilities of the board are as provided in the articles of incorporation.

    (b) OFFICERS- The officers and the election of officers are as provided in the articles of incorporation.

Sec. 154506. Powers

    The corporation has only the powers provided in its bylaws and articles of incorporation filed in each State in which it is incorporated.

Sec. 154507. Restrictions

    (a) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation or a director or officer as such may not contribute to, support, or participate in any political activity or attempt to influence legislation.

    (c) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, a director, officer, or member during the life of the charter granted by this chapter. This subsection does not prevent the payment of reasonable compensation to an officer or reimbursement for actual necessary expenses in amounts approved by the board of directors.

    (d) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan to a director, officer, or employee.

    (e) CLAIM OF GOVERNMENTAL APPROVAL OR AUTHORITY- The corporation may not claim congressional approval or the authority of the United States Government for any of its activities.

Sec. 154508. Duty to maintain corporate and tax-exempt status

    (a) CORPORATE STATUS- The corporation shall maintain its status as a corporation incorporated under the laws of each State in which it is incorporated.

    (b) TAX-EXEMPT STATUS- The corporation shall maintain its status as an organization exempt from taxation under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 1 et seq.).

Sec. 154509. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, board of directors, and committees having any of the authority of its board of directors; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member entitled to vote, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 154510. Service of process

    The corporation shall comply with the law on service of process of each State in which it is incorporated and each State in which it carries on activities.

Sec. 154511. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 154512. Annual report

    The corporation shall submit an annual report to Congress on the activities of the corporation during the prior fiscal year. The report shall be submitted at the same time as the report of the audit required by section 10101 of this title. The report may not be printed as a public document.

CHAPTER 1547--NON COMMISSIONED OFFICERS ASSOCIATION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, INCORPORATED

      Sec.

      154701. Definition.

      154702. Organization.

      154703. Purposes.

      154704. Membership.

      154705. Governing body.

      154706. Powers.

      154707. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, and badges.

      154708. Restrictions.

      154709. Duty to maintain tax-exempt status.

      154710. Records and inspection.

      154711. Service of process.

      154712. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      154713. Annual report.

Sec. 154701. Definition

    For purposes of this chapter, ‘State’ includes the District of Columbia and the territories and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 154702. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- Non Commissioned Officers Association of the United States of America, Incorporated (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’), a nonprofit corporation incorporated in Texas, is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) EXPIRATION OF CHARTER- If the corporation does not comply with any provision of this chapter, the charter granted by this chapter expires.

Sec. 154703. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are as provided in the bylaws and articles of incorporation and include--

      (1) upholding and defending the Constitution of the United States;

      (2) promoting health, prosperity, and scholarship among its members and their dependents and survivors through benevolent programs;

      (3) assisting veterans and their dependents and survivors through a service program established for that purpose;

      (4) improving conditions for service members, veterans, and their dependents and survivors; and

      (5) fostering fraternal and social activities among its members in recognition that cooperative action is required for the furtherance of their common interests.

Sec. 154704. Membership

    (a) ELIGIBILITY- Except as provided in this chapter, eligibility for membership in the corporation and the rights and privileges of members are as provided in the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

    (b) NONDISCRIMINATION- The terms of membership may not discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, disability, age, or national origin.

Sec. 154705. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF DIRECTORS- The board of directors and the responsibilities of the board are as provided in the articles of incorporation.

    (b) OFFICERS- The officers and the election of officers are as provided in the articles of incorporation.

    (c) NONDISCRIMINATION- The requirements for serving as a director or officer may not discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, disability, age, or national origin.

Sec. 154706. Powers

    The corporation has only the powers provided in its bylaws and articles of incorporation filed in each State in which it is incorporated.

Sec. 154707. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, and badges

    The corporation has the exclusive right to use the names ‘The Non Commissioned Officers Association of the United States of America’, ‘Non Commissioned Officers Association of the United States of America’, ‘Non Commissioned Officers Association’, and ‘NCOA’, and seals, emblems, and badges the corporation adopts. This section does not affect any vested rights.

Sec. 154708. Restrictions

    (a) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure of the benefit of, or be distributed to, a director, officer, or member during the life of the charter granted by this chapter. This subsection does not prevent the payment of reasonable compensation to an officer or reimbursement for actual necessary expenses in amounts approved by the board of directors.

    (c) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan to a director, officer, or employee.

    (d) CLAIM OF GOVERNMENTAL APPROVAL OR AUTHORITY- The corporation may not claim congressional approval or the authority of the United States Government for any of its activities.

Sec. 154709. Duty to maintain tax-exempt status

    The corporation shall maintain its status as an organization exempt from taxation under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 1 et seq.).

Sec. 154710. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, board of directors, and committees having any of the authority of its board of directors; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member entitled to vote, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 154711. Service of process

    The corporation shall comply with the law on service of process of each State in which it is incorporated and each State in which it carries on activities.

Sec. 154712. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 154713. Annual report

    The corporation shall submit an annual report to Congress on the activities of the corporation during the prior fiscal year. The report shall be submitted at the same time as the report of the audit required by section 10101 of this title. The report may not be printed as a public document.

CHAPTER 1601--[RESERVED]

CHAPTER 1701--PARALYZED VETERANS OF AMERICA

      Sec.

      170101. Organization.

      170102. Purposes.

      170103. Membership.

      170104. Powers.

      170105. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, and badges.

      170106. Restrictions.

      170107. Headquarters and principal place of business.

      170108. Records and inspection.

      170109. Service of process.

      170110. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      170111. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation.

Sec. 170101. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- Paralyzed Veterans of America (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’) is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

Sec. 170102. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are--

      (1) to preserve the great and basic truths and enduring principles on which this Nation was founded;

      (2) to form a national association for the benefit of individuals who have suffered injuries or diseases of the spinal cord;

      (3) to acquaint the public with the needs and problems of paraplegics;

      (4) to promote medical research in the several fields connected with injuries and diseases of the spinal cord, including research in neurosurgery and orthopedics and in genitourinary and orthopedic appliances; and

      (5) to advocate and foster complete and effective reconditioning programs for paraplegics, including a thorough physical reconditioning program, physiotherapy, competent walking instructions, adequate guidance (both vocational and educational), academic and vocational education (both in hospitals and in educational institutions), psychological orientation and readjustment to family and friends, and occupational therapy (both functional and diversional).

Sec. 170103. Membership

    An individual is eligible for membership in the corporation if the individual--

      (1) is a citizen of the United States;

      (2) was regularly enlisted, inducted, or commissioned, and was accepted for or on active duty, in the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, or Coast Guard of the United States or an ally of the United States;

      (3)(A) was separated from service in the armed forces under conditions other than dishonorable; or

      (B) is on active duty or must continue to serve after the cessation of hostilities; and

      (4) has suffered a spinal cord injury or disease, whether or not service connected in origin.

Sec. 170104. Powers

    (a) SPECIFIC POWERS- The corporation may--

      (1) adopt and amend a constitution and bylaws;

      (2) adopt and alter a corporate seal, emblems, and badges;

      (3) choose officers, representatives, and agents as necessary to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (4) make contracts;

      (5) accept gifts, legacies, and devises that will further the purposes of the corporation;

      (6) acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property as necessary to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (7) borrow money, issue instruments of indebtedness, and secure its obligations by granting security interests in its property;

      (8) establish, regulate, and discontinue subordinate State and regional organizations and local chapters or posts;

      (9) establish and maintain offices to conduct the affairs of the corporation;

      (10) publish a magazine, newspaper, and other publications;

      (11) sue and be sued; and

      (12) do any other act necessary and proper to carry out the purposes of the corporation.

    (b) PRIVILEGES OF OTHER NATIONAL VETERANS’ ORGANIZATIONS- Privileges granted to other national veterans’ organizations as a result of their being incorporated by Congress are also granted to the corporation.

Sec. 170105. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, and badges

    The corporation and its State and regional organizations and local chapters or posts have the exclusive right to use the name ‘Paralyzed Veterans of America’ and seals, emblems, and badges the corporation lawfully adopts.

Sec. 170106. Restrictions

    (a) PROFIT- The corporation may not engage in business for profit.

    (b) STOCK- The corporation may not issue stock.

    (c) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation shall be nonpolitical and may not provide financial aid to, or otherwise promote the candidacy of, an individual seeking public office.

    (d) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, a director, officer, member, or employee during the life of the corporation or on its dissolution or final liquidation. This subsection does not prevent the payment of reasonable compensation to an officer or employee or reimbursement for actual necessary expenses in amounts approved by the board of directors.

    (e) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan to a director, officer, member, or employee. Directors who vote for or assent to making such a loan, and officers who participate in making the loan, are jointly and severally liable to the corporation for the amount of the loan until it is repaid.

Sec. 170107. Headquarters and principal place of business

    The headquarters and principal place of business of the corporation shall be in the District of Columbia. However, the activities of the corporation are not confined to the District of Columbia but may be conducted throughout the States, territories, and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 170108. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, executive committee, and committees having any of the authority of its executive committee; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member entitled to vote, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 170109. Service of process

    As a condition to the exercise of any power or privilege granted by this chapter, the corporation shall file, with the secretary of state or other designated official of each State, territory, or possession of the United States in which an organization, chapter, or post is organized, the name and address of an agent in that State, territory, or possession on whom legal process or demands against the corporation may be served.

Sec. 170110. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 170111. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation

    On dissolution or final liquidation of the corporation, any assets remaining after the discharge or satisfactory provision for discharge of all liabilities shall be transferred to the Secretary of Veterans Affairs to be applied to the care and comfort of paralyzed veterans.

CHAPTER 1703--PEARL HARBOR SURVIVORS ASSOCIATION

      Sec.

      170301. Definition.

      170302. Organization.

      170303. Purposes.

      170304. Membership.

      170305. Governing body.

      170306. Powers.

      170307. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, and badges.

      170308. Restrictions.

      170309. Duty to maintain tax-exempt status.

      170310. Records and inspection.

      170311. Service of process.

      170312. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      170313. Annual report.

Sec. 170301. Definition

    For purposes of this chapter, ‘State’ includes the District of Columbia and the territories and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 170302. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- Pearl Harbor Survivors Association (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’), a nonprofit corporation incorporated in Missouri, is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) EXPIRATION OF CHARTER- If the corporation does not comply with any provision of this chapter, the charter granted by this chapter expires.

Sec. 170303. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are as provided in its articles of incorporation and include--

      (1) upholding and defending the Constitution of the United States;

      (2) collating, preserving, and encouraging the study of historical episodes, chronicles, mementos, and events pertaining to ‘The Day of Infamy, 7 December 1941’, and in particular those memories and records of patriotic service performed by the heroic Pearl Harbor survivors and nonsurvivors;

      (3) shielding from neglect the graves, past and future, of those who served at Pearl Harbor on that day;

      (4) stimulating communities and political subdivisions into taking more interest in the affairs and future of the United States to keep our Nation alert;

      (5) fighting unceasingly for our national security to protect the United States from enemies within and without our borders;

      (6) preserving the American way of life and fostering the spirit and practice of Americanism; and

      (7) instilling love of country and flag and promoting soundness of mind and body in the youth of our Nation.

Sec. 170304. Membership

    (a) ELIGIBILITY- Eligibility for membership in the corporation and the rights and privileges of members are as provided in the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

    (b) NONDISCRIMINATION- The terms of membership may not discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, or national origin.

Sec. 170305. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF DIRECTORS- The board of directors and the responsibilities of the board are as provided in the articles of incorporation.

    (b) OFFICERS- The officers and the election of officers are as provided in the articles of incorporation.

    (c) NONDISCRIMINATION- The requirements for holding office in the corporation may not discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, or national origin.

Sec. 170306. Powers

    The corporation has the powers provided in its bylaws and articles of incorporation filed in the State in which it is incorporated, including the power to--

      (1) adopt and amend a constitution and bylaws for the management of its property and the regulation of its affairs;

      (2) adopt and alter a corporate seal;

      (3) adopt emblems and badges;

      (4) establish, maintain, and regulate offices to conduct the affairs of the corporation;

      (5) publish a magazine and other publications;

      (6) charge and collect membership dues and subscription fees and receive contributions or grants of money or property to be used to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (7) accept gifts, legacies, and devises that will further the purposes of the corporation;

      (8) promote the formation of auxiliaries, the membership requirements of which shall be as provided in the constitution and the bylaws of the corporation;

      (9) sue and be sued; and

      (10) do any other act necessary or desirable to carry out the purposes of the corporation.

Sec. 170307. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, and badges

    The corporation and its regional districts and local branches have the exclusive right to use the name ‘Pearl Harbor Survivors Association’ and seals, emblems, and badges the corporation adopts.

Sec. 170308. Restrictions

    (a) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation or a director or officer as such may not contribute to, support, or participate in any political activity or in any manner attempt to influence legislation.

    (c) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, a director, officer, or member during the life of the charter granted by this chapter or on dissolution or final liquidation of the corporation. This subsection does not prevent the payment of compensation to an officer or reimbursement for actual necessary expenses in amounts approved by the board of directors.

    (d) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan to a director, officer, or employee.

    (e) CLAIM OF GOVERNMENTAL APPROVAL OR AUTHORIZATION- The corporation may not claim congressional approval or the authority of the United States Government for any of its activities.

Sec. 170309. Duty to maintain tax-exempt status

    The corporation shall maintain its status as an organization exempt from taxation under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 1 et seq.).

Sec. 170310. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, board of directors, and committees having any of the authority of its board of directors; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member entitled to vote, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 170311. Service of process

    The corporation shall comply with the law on service of process of each State in which it is incorporated and each State in which it carries on activities.

Sec. 170312. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 170313. Annual report

    The corporation shall submit an annual report to Congress on the activities of the corporation during the prior fiscal year. The report shall be submitted at the same time as the report of the audit required by section 10101 of this title. The report may not be printed as a public document.

CHAPTER 1705--POLISH LEGION OF AMERICAN VETERANS, U.S.A.

      Sec.

      170501. Definition.

      170502. Organization.

      170503. Purposes.

      170504. Membership.

      170505. Governing body.

      170506. Powers.

      170507. Restrictions.

      170508. Duty to maintain tax-exempt status.

      170509. Records and inspection.

      170510. Service of process.

      170511. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      170512. Annual report.

Sec. 170501. Definition

    For purposes of this chapter, ‘State’ includes the District of Columbia and the territories and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 170502. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- Polish Legion of American Veterans, U.S.A. (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’), a nonprofit corporation incorporated in Illinois, is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) EXPIRATION OF CHARTER- If the corporation does not comply with any provision of this chapter, the charter granted by this chapter expires.

Sec. 170503. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are as provided in its articles of incorporation. The corporation shall function as a veterans’ and patriotic organization as authorized by the laws of each State in which it is incorporated.

Sec. 170504. Membership

    (a) ELIGIBILITY- Except as provided in this chapter, eligibility for membership in the corporation and the rights and privileges of members are as provided in the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

    (b) NONDISCRIMINATION- The terms of membership may not discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, or national origin.

Sec. 170505. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF DIRECTORS- The board of directors and the responsibilities of the board are as provided in the articles of incorporation.

    (b) OFFICERS- The officers and the election of officers are as provided in the articles of incorporation.

    (c) NONDISCRIMINATION- The requirements for holding office in the corporation may not discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, or national origin.

Sec. 170506. Powers

    The corporation has only the powers provided in its bylaws and articles of incorporation filed in each State in which it is incorporated.

Sec. 170507. Restrictions

    (a) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation or a director or officer as such may not contribute to, support, or participate in any political activity or in any manner attempt to influence legislation.

    (c) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, a director, officer, or member during the life of the charter granted by this chapter. This subsection does not prevent the payment of reasonable compensation to an officer or reimbursement for actual necessary expenses in amounts approved by the board of directors.

    (d) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan to a director, officer, or employee.

    (e) CLAIM OF GOVERNMENTAL APPROVAL OR AUTHORIZATION- The corporation may not claim congressional approval or the authority of the United States Government for any of its activities.

Sec. 170508. Duty to maintain tax-exempt status

    The corporation shall maintain its status as an organization exempt from taxation under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 1 et seq.).

Sec. 170509. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, board of directors, and committees having any of the authority of its board of directors; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member entitled to vote, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 170510. Service of process

    The corporation shall comply with the law on service of process of each State in which it is incorporated and each State in which it carries on activities.

Sec. 170511. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 170512. Annual report

    The corporation shall submit an annual report to Congress on the activities of the corporation during the prior fiscal year. The report shall be submitted at the same time as the report of the audit required by section 10101 of this title. The report may not be printed as a public document.

CHAPTER 1801--[RESERVED]

CHAPTER 1901--RESERVE OFFICERS ASSOCIATION OF THE UNITED STATES

      Sec.

      190101. Organization.

      190102. Purposes.

      190103. Membership.

      190104. Governing body.

      190105. Powers.

      190106. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, and badges.

      190107. Restrictions.

      190108. Headquarters.

      190109. Records and inspection.

      190110. Service of process.

      190111. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      190112. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation.

Sec. 190101. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- Reserve Officers Association of the United States (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’) is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

Sec. 190102. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are to support and promote the development and execution of a military policy for the United States that will provide adequate national security.

Sec. 190103. Membership

    (a) ELIGIBILITY- Eligibility for membership in the corporation is as provided in the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

    (b) VOTING- Each active member of a department or chapter has one vote in the conduct of official business of that department or chapter.

Sec. 190104. Governing body

    (a) NATIONAL CONVENTION- The corporation shall hold an annual national convention. The national convention shall be composed of delegates elected by the various departments.

    (b) NATIONAL EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE- (1) The national executive committee is the governing body of the corporation.

    (2) The national executive committee consists of the president, the last past president, 3 vice presidents, 3 junior vice presidents, 3 national executive committee members, and the executive director. Each of these individuals, except the executive director, has one vote on each matter decided by the committee.

    (c) OFFICERS- (1) The officers of the corporation are a president, 3 vice presidents, 3 junior vice presidents, 3 national executive committee members, an executive director, a national treasurer, a judge advocate, a surgeon, a chaplain, a historian, a public relations officer, and other officers as decided at the national convention.

    (2) The national officers of the corporation shall be elected at the annual national convention, except for the executive director, the national treasurer, and the national public relations officer, who shall be appointed by the national executive committee.

    (3) The elected officers shall hold office for one year or until their successors have been elected and qualified.

    (d) VACANCIES- (1) Except for the positions of president and last past president, a vacancy on the national executive committee shall be filled by the existing members of the committee. An individual appointed by the committee to fill a vacancy serves until the next national convention when the individual’s successor shall be elected for the unexpired term, if any, caused by the vacancy.

    (2) If the president is absent or the office of president is vacant, the national vice president of the same service as the president shall act as president.

Sec. 190105. Powers

    The corporation may--

      (1) adopt and amend a constitution and bylaws;

      (2) adopt and alter a corporate seal;

      (3) adopt and alter emblems and badges;

      (4) acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property as necessary to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (5) publish a magazine, newspaper, and other publications;

      (6) establish, regulate, and discontinue subordinate departmental subdivisions and local chapters;

      (7) sue and be sued; and

      (8) do any other act necessary and proper to carry out the purposes of the corporation.

Sec. 190106. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, and badges

    The corporation and its subordinate departmental subdivisions and local chapters have the exclusive right to use the name ‘Reserve Officers Association of the United States’ and seals, emblems, and badges the corporation adopts.

Sec. 190107. Restrictions

    (a) PROFIT- The corporation may not engage in business for profit.

    (b) STOCK- The corporation may not issue stock.

    (c) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation or an officer or member as such may not contribute to, support, or assist a political party or candidate for public office.

    (d) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, an officer or member except on dissolution or final liquidation of the corporation.

    (e) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan or advance to an officer or member of the national executive committee. Members of the national executive committee who vote for or assent to making a loan or advance to an officer, and officers who participate in making the loan or advance, are jointly and severally liable to the corporation for the amount of the loan or advance until it is repaid.

Sec. 190108. Headquarters

    The headquarters of the corporation shall be in the District of Columbia.

Sec. 190109. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its national conventions, national executive committee, and national council; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member entitled to vote, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 190110. Service of process

    (a) DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA- The corporation shall have a designated agent in the District of Columbia to receive service of process for the corporation. Notice to or service on the agent is notice to or service on the corporation.

    (b) STATES, TERRITORIES, AND POSSESSIONS- As a condition to the exercise of any power or privilege granted by this chapter, the corporation shall file, with the secretary of state or other designated official of each State, territory, or possession of the United States in which a subordinate department or local chapter is organized, the name and address of an agent in that State, territory, or possession on whom legal process or demands against the corporation may be served.

Sec. 190111. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 190112. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation

    On dissolution or final liquidation of the corporation, any assets remaining after the discharge of all liabilities shall be divided equally among the then active officers and members.

CHAPTER 1903--RETIRED ENLISTED ASSOCIATION, INCORPORATED

      Sec.

      190301. Definition.

      190302. Organization.

      190303. Purposes.

      190304. Membership.

      190305. Governing body.

      190306. Powers.

      190307. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, and badges.

      190308. Restrictions.

      190309. Duty to maintain tax-exempt status.

      190310. Records and inspection.

      190311. Service of process.

      190312. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      190313. Annual report.

Sec. 190301. Definition

    For purposes of this chapter, ‘State’ includes the District of Columbia and the territories and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 190302. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- Retired Enlisted Association, Incorporated (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’), a nonprofit corporation incorporated in Colorado, is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) EXPIRATION OF CHARTER- If the corporation does not comply with any provision of this chapter, the charter granted by this chapter expires.

Sec. 190303. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are as provided in its articles of incorporation and bylaws and include--

      (1) upholding and defending the Constitution of the United States;

      (2) promoting health, prosperity, and scholarship among its members and their dependents and survivors through benevolent programs;

      (3) assisting veterans and their dependents and survivors through a service program established for that purpose;

      (4) improving conditions for retired enlisted service members, veterans, and their dependents and survivors; and

      (5) fostering fraternal and social activities among its members in recognition that cooperative action is required for the furtherance of their common interests.

Sec. 190304. Membership

    (a) ELIGIBILITY- Except as provided in this chapter, eligibility for membership in the corporation and the rights and privileges of members are as provided in the articles of incorporation and bylaws.

    (b) NONDISCRIMINATION- The terms of membership may not discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, disability, age, or national origin.

Sec. 190305. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF DIRECTORS- The board of directors and the responsibilities of the board are as provided in the articles of incorporation.

    (b) OFFICERS- The officers and the election of officers are as provided in the articles of incorporation.

    (c) NONDISCRIMINATION- The requirements for serving as a director or officer may not discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, disability, age, or national origin.

Sec. 190306. Powers

    The corporation has only the powers provided in its bylaws and articles of incorporation filed in each State in which it is incorporated.

Sec. 190307. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, and badges

    The corporation has the exclusive right to use the names ‘The Retired Enlisted Association, Incorporated’, ‘The Retired Enlisted Association’, ‘Retired Enlisted Association’, and ‘TREA’ and seals, emblems, and badges the corporation adopts. This section does not affect any vested rights.

Sec. 190308. Restrictions

    (a) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, a director, officer, or member during the life of the charter granted by this chapter. This subsection does not prevent the payment of reasonable compensation to an officer or reimbursement for actual necessary expenses in amounts approved by the board of directors.

    (c) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan to a director, officer, or employee.

    (d) CLAIM OF GOVERNMENTAL APPROVAL OR AUTHORITY- The corporation may not claim congressional approval or the authority of the United States Government for any of its activities.

Sec. 190309. Duty to maintain tax-exempt status

    The corporation shall maintain its status as an organization exempt from taxation under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 1 et seq.).

Sec. 190310. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, board of directors, and committees having any of the authority of its board of directors; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member entitled to vote, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 190311. Service of process

    The corporation shall comply with the law on service of process of each State in which it is incorporated and each State in which it carries on activities.

Sec. 190312. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 190313. Annual report

    The corporation shall submit an annual report to Congress on the activities of the corporation during the prior fiscal year. The report shall be submitted at the same time as the report of the audit required by section 10101 of this title. The report may not be printed as a public document.

CHAPTER 2001--SOCIETY OF AMERICAN FLORISTS AND ORNAMENTAL HORTICULTURISTS

      Sec.

      200101. Organization.

      200102. Purposes.

      200103. Powers.

      200104. Restrictions.

      200105. Principal office.

      200106. Nonapplication of audit requirements.

Sec. 200101. Organization

    Society of American Florists and Ornamental Horticulturists (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’) is a body corporate and politic in the District of Columbia.

Sec. 200102. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are to educate members of the florist industry and the public, and to promote scientific development, in floriculture and horticulture.

Sec. 200103. Powers

    The corporation may--

      (1) adopt a constitution and bylaws for the management of its property and the regulation of its affairs; and

      (2)(A) hold property, in the District of Columbia or elsewhere, necessary to carry out the purposes of the corporation, in an amount not to exceed $1,000,000; and

      (B) hold other property donated or bequeathed in any State or territory of the United States.

Sec. 200104. Restrictions

    (a) PROFIT- The corporation may not operate for profit.

    (b) USE OF EARNINGS- Earnings generated by the corporation may be used only for the purposes provided in section 200102 of this title.

    (c) USE OF PROPERTY- Property held by the corporation, and the proceeds from the property, may be used only for the purposes provided in section 200102 of this title.

    (d) PARKS IN THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA- The corporation may not occupy any park in the District of Columbia.

Sec. 200105. Principal office

    The principal office of the corporation shall be located in the District of Columbia. However, annual meetings may be held wherever the corporation decides.

Sec. 200106. Nonapplication of audit requirements

    The audit requirements of section 10101 of this title do not apply to the corporation.

CHAPTER 2003--SONS OF UNION VETERANS OF THE CIVIL WAR

      Sec.

      200301. Organization.

      200302. Purposes.

      200303. Membership.

      200304. Governing body.

      200305. Powers.

      200306. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, and badges.

      200307. Restrictions.

      200308. Principal office.

      200309. Records and inspection.

      200310. Service of process.

      200311. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      200312. Annual report.

      200313. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation.

Sec. 200301. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’) is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) PLACE OF INCORPORATION AND DOMICILE- The corporation is declared to be incorporated and domiciled in the District of Columbia.

    (c) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

Sec. 200302. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are--

      (1) to perpetuate the memory of the Grand Army of the Republic and of the men who saved the Union in 1861 to 1865;

      (2) to assist in every practicable way in preserving, and making available for research, documents and records pertaining to the Grand Army of the Republic and its members;

      (3) to cooperate in honoring all those who have served our country patriotically in any war;

      (4) to teach patriotism, the duties of citizenship, the true history of our country, and the love and honor of our flag;

      (5) to oppose every tendency or movement that would weaken loyalty to, destroy, or impair our constitutional Union; and

      (6) to inculcate and broadly sustain the American principles of representative government, equal rights, and impartial justice for all.

Sec. 200303. Membership

    (a) GENERAL- Except as provided in this chapter, eligibility for membership in the corporation and the rights, privileges, and designation of classes of members are as provided in the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

    (b) REQUIRED SERVICE- Eligibility for membership in the corporation is limited to male blood relatives of an individual who--

      (1) served at any time during the period from April 12, 1861, through April 9, 1865, as a soldier or sailor in--

        (A) the United States Army, Navy, Marine Corps, or Revenue-Cutter Service; or

        (B) a State regiment that was called into active service and was subject to orders of United States general officers during that period; and

      (2) was discharged honorably from, or died in, that service.

Sec. 200304. Governing body

    (a) NATIONAL ENCAMPMENT- (1) The national encampment is the supreme governing authority of the corporation.

    (2) The national encampment is composed of officers and elected representatives from the States and other local subdivisions of the corporation as provided in the constitution and bylaws. However, the form of government of the corporation must be representative of the membership at large and may not permit concentration of control in a limited number of members or in a self-perpetuating group not representative of the membership at large.

    (3) The meetings of the national encampment may be held in the District of Columbia or in any State, territory, or possession of the United States.

    (b) COUNCIL OF ADMINISTRATION- (1) During the intervals between the national encampments, the council of administration is the governing board of the corporation and is responsible for the general policies, program, and activities of the corporation.

    (2) The council of administration shall consist of at least 7 members elected in the manner and for the term provided in the constitution and bylaws.

    (c) OFFICERS- (1) The officers of the corporation are a commander in chief, a senior vice commander in chief, a junior vice commander in chief, a secretary, a treasurer, and other officers as provided in the constitution and bylaws. One individual may hold the offices of secretary and treasurer.

    (2) The manner of selection, term of office, and duties of the officers are as provided in the constitution and bylaws.

Sec. 200305. Powers

    The corporation may--

      (1) adopt and amend a constitution and bylaws for the management of its property and the regulation of its affairs;

      (2) adopt and alter a corporate seal;

      (3) choose officers, managers, agents, and employees as the activities of the corporation require;

      (4) make contracts;

      (5) acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property as necessary or convenient to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (6) borrow money, issue instruments of indebtedness, and secure its obligations by granting security interests in its property;

      (7) sue and be sued; and

      (8) do any other act necessary and proper to carry out the purposes of the corporation.

Sec. 200306. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, and badges

    The corporation and its subordinate divisions have the exclusive right to use the name ‘Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War’. The corporation has the exclusive right to use and to allow others to use seals, emblems, and badges the corporation adopts.

Sec. 200307. Restrictions

    (a) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation or an officer or agent as such may not contribute to, support, or assist a political party or candidate for public office.

    (c) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, an officer or member during the life of the corporation or on its dissolution or final liquidation. This subsection does not prevent the payment of compensation to an officer or reimbursement for actual necessary expenses in amounts approved by the council of administration of the corporation.

    (d) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan or advance to an officer or employee. Members of the council of administration who vote for or assent to making a loan or advance to an officer or employee, and officers who participate in making the loan or advance, are jointly and severally liable to the corporation for the amount of the loan or advance until it is repaid.

Sec. 200308. Principal office

    The principal office of the corporation shall be in Trenton, New Jersey, or another place decided by the council of administration. However, the activities of the corporation are not confined to the place where the principal office is located but may be conducted in the District of Columbia and throughout the States, territories, and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 200309. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account; and

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its national encampments and council of administration.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 200310. Service of process

    The corporation shall have a designated agent in the District of Columbia to receive service of process for the corporation. Notice to or service on the agent, or mailed to the business address of the agent, is notice to or service on the corporation.

Sec. 200311. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 200312. Annual report

    Not later than March 1 of each year, the corporation shall submit a report to Congress on the activities of the corporation during the prior fiscal year. The report may consist of a report on the proceedings of the national encampment. The report may not be printed as a public document.

Sec. 200313. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation

    On dissolution or final liquidation of the corporation, any assets remaining after the discharge of all liabilities shall be distributed as provided by the council of administration, but in compliance with the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

CHAPTER 2101--THEODORE ROOSEVELT ASSOCIATION

      Sec.

      210101. Organization.

      210102. Purposes.

      210103. Membership.

      210104. Governing body.

      210105. Powers.

      210106. Restrictions.

      210107. Nonapplication of audit requirements.

Sec. 210101. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- Theodore Roosevelt Association (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’) is a body corporate and politic in the District of Columbia.

    (b) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

Sec. 210102. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are--

      (1) to perpetuate the memory of Theodore Roosevelt for the benefit of the people of the United States and the world; and

      (2) to solicit, receive, hold, and maintain funds, and to apply the principal of the funds and the income from those funds to the following objects, among others:

        (A) the erection and maintenance of a suitable and adequate monumental memorial in the District of Columbia to the memory of Theodore Roosevelt;

        (B) the acquisition, development, and maintenance of a public park in memory of Theodore Roosevelt in Oyster Bay, New York;

        (C) the establishment and maintenance of an endowment fund to promote the development and application of the policies and ideals of Theodore Roosevelt for the benefit of the American people; and

        (D) the donation of real and personal property, including part or all of its endowment fund, to a public agency for the purpose of preserving in public ownership historically significant property associated with the life of Theodore Roosevelt.

Sec. 210103. Membership

    Eligibility for membership in the corporation is as provided in regulations adopted by the board of trustees.

Sec. 210104. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF TRUSTEES- A self-perpetuating board of trustees shall manage and direct the property and affairs of the corporation.

    (b) POWERS- The board of trustees may adopt and amend a constitution, bylaws, and regulations for--

      (1) the selection of successor trustees;

      (2) the admission of members;

      (3) the election of officers; and

      (4) the conduct of the affairs of the corporation.

Sec. 210105. Powers

    The corporation may--

      (1) adopt a constitution, bylaws, and regulations;

      (2) adopt and alter a corporate seal;

      (3) acquire and own property necessary to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (4) give and dedicate its property to public agencies and purposes;

      (5) maintain offices, hold meetings, and conduct business affairs in the District of Columbia and in the States, territories, and possessions of the United States;

      (6) sue and be sued within the jurisdiction of the United States; and

      (7) do any other act necessary and proper to carry out the purposes of the corporation.

Sec. 210106. Restrictions

    (a) EXCLUSIVELY EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES- The corporation shall be operated exclusively for educational purposes.

    (b) STOCKS AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (c) DISTRIBUTIONS OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of any member or individual.

Sec. 210107. Nonapplication of audit requirements

    The audit requirements of section 10101 of this title do not apply to the corporation.

CHAPTER 2103--369TH VETERANS’ ASSOCIATION

      Sec.

      210301. Definition.

      210302. Organization.

      210303. Purposes.

      210304. Membership.

      210305. Governing body.

      210306. Powers.

      210307. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, and badges.

      210308. Restrictions.

      210309. Duty to maintain tax-exempt status.

      210310. Records and inspection.

      210311. Service of process.

      210312. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      210313. Annual report.

Sec. 210301. Definition

    For purposes of this chapter, ‘State’ includes the District of Columbia and the territories and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 210302. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- 369th Veterans’ Association (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’), a nonprofit corporation incorporated in New York, is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) EXPIRATION OF CHARTER- If the corporation does not comply with any provision of this chapter, the charter granted by this chapter expires.

Sec. 210303. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are as provided in the articles of incorporation and include--

      (1) promoting the principles of friendship and good will among its members;

      (2) engaging in social and civic activities that tend to enhance the welfare of its members and inculcate the true principles of good citizenship in its members; and

      (3) memorializing, individually and collectively, the patriotic services of its members in the 369th antiaircraft artillery group and other units in the armed forces of the United States.

Sec. 210304. Membership

    (a) ELIGIBILITY- Except as provided in this chapter, eligibility for membership in the corporation and the rights and privileges of members are as provided in the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

    (b) NONDISCRIMINATION- The terms of membership may not discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, or national origin.

Sec. 210305. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF DIRECTORS- The board of directors and the responsibilities of the board are as provided in the articles of incorporation.

    (b) OFFICERS- The officers and the election of officers are as provided in the articles of incorporation.

    (c) NONDISCRIMINATION- The requirements for holding office in the corporation may not discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, or national origin.

Sec. 210306. Powers

    The corporation has only the powers provided in its bylaws and articles of incorporation filed in each State in which it is incorporated.

Sec. 210307. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, and badges

    The corporation has the exclusive right to use the name ‘369th Veterans’ Association’ and seals, emblems, and badges the corporation adopts. This section does not affect any vested rights.

Sec. 210308. Restrictions

    (a) STOCKS AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation or a director or officer as such may not contribute to, support, or participate in any political activity or in any manner attempt to influence legislation.

    (c) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, a director, officer, or member during the life of the charter granted by this chapter. This subsection does not prevent the payment of reasonable compensation to an officer or reimbursement for actual necessary expenses in amounts approved by the board of directors.

    (d) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan to a director, officer, or employee.

    (e) CLAIM OF GOVERNMENTAL APPROVAL OR AUTHORITY- The corporation may not claim congressional approval or the authority of the United States Government for any of its activities.

Sec. 210309. Duty to maintain tax-exempt status

    The corporation shall maintain its status as an organization exempt from taxation under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 1 et seq.).

Sec. 210310. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, the board of directors, and committees having any of the authority of its board of directors; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member entitled to vote, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 210311. Service of process

    The corporation shall comply with the law on service of process of each State in which it is incorporated and each State in which it carries on activities.

Sec. 210312. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 210313. Annual report

    The corporation shall submit an annual report to Congress on the activities of the corporation during the prior fiscal year. The report shall be submitted at the same time as the report of the audit required by section 10101 of this title. The report may not be printed as a public document.

CHAPTER 2201--UNITED SERVICE ORGANIZATIONS, INCORPORATED

      Sec.

      220101. Organization.

      220102. Purposes.

      220103. Membership.

      220104. Governing body.

      220105. Powers.

      220106. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, and badges.

      220107. Assistance by Department of Defense.

      220108. Restrictions.

      220109. Duty to maintain corporate status.

      220110. Principal office.

      220111. Records and inspection.

      220112. Service of process.

      220113. Annual report.

      220114. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation.

Sec. 220101. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- United Service Organizations, Incorporated (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’), is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

Sec. 220102. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are--

      (1) to provide a voluntary civilian agency through which the people of this Nation may, in peace or war, serve the religious, spiritual, social, welfare, educational, and entertainment needs of men and women in the armed forces, within or without the territorial limits of the United States;

      (2) to contribute to the maintenance of morale of men and women in the armed forces;

      (3) to solicit funds to maintain the organization and accomplish its responsibility;

      (4) to accept the cooperation of, and provide an organization and means through which, the National Board of Young Men’s Christian Associations, the National Board of Young Women’s Christian Associations, the National Catholic Community Service, the Salvation Army, the National Jewish Welfare Board, the Travelers Aid-International Social Service of America, and other civilian agencies experienced in specialized types of related work, which may be needed adequately to meet the particular needs of the members of the armed forces, may carry on their historic work of serving the religious, spiritual, social, welfare, educational, and entertainment needs of men and women in the armed forces and be afforded an appropriate means of participation and financial assistance;

      (5) to coordinate their programs; and

      (6) other consonant purposes.

Sec. 220103. Membership

    Except as provided in this chapter, the rights, privileges, and designation of classes of members are as provided in the bylaws. The membership of the corporation consists of--

      (1) nine individuals designated by the President; and

      (2) representatives of the civilian organizations listed in section 220102(4) of this title, and of the public at large, as provided in the bylaws.

Sec. 220104. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF GOVERNORS- (1) The board of governors is the governing body of the corporation. The board is responsible for the general policies and program of the corporation and for the control of the affairs and property of the corporation.

    (2) The board shall be elected by the members of the corporation for the term and in the classes provided in the bylaws of the corporation. The board includes--

      (A) six members appointed by the President;

      (B) the Secretary of State or the Secretary’s designee; and

      (C) representatives of the civilian organizations listed in section 220102(4) of this title, and of the public at large, as provided in the bylaws.

    (3) The corporation may have other governing bodies or committees as provided in the bylaws.

    (b) OFFICERS- (1) The office of honorary chairman of the corporation shall be offered to the President. On acceptance, the honorary chairman shall be invited to preside at meetings of the corporation that the honorary chairman deems appropriate and convenient.

    (2) The corporation may have other officers as provided in the bylaws.

Sec. 220105. Powers

    The corporation has all the powers necessary and proper to carry out the purposes stated in section 220102 of this title, including the power--

      (1) to adopt and amend bylaws and regulations for the management of its property and the regulation of its affairs;

      (2) to adopt and alter a corporate seal;

      (3) to adopt and alter emblems and marks;

      (4) to establish and maintain offices to conduct the affairs of the corporation;

      (5) to choose officers, representatives, and agents as the activities of the corporation require;

      (6) to make contracts;

      (7) to acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property as necessary or convenient to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (8) to borrow money, issue instruments of indebtedness, and secure its obligations by granting security interests in its property;

      (9) to publish a magazine, newspaper, and other publications;

      (10) to establish, regulate, and terminate councils, organizations, chapters, or affiliates as needed to carry out the purposes stated in section 220102 of this title;

      (11) to solicit funds;

      (12) to sue and be sued; and

      (13) to do any other act necessary and proper to carry out the purposes stated in section 220102 of this title.

Sec. 220106. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, and badges

    The corporation and its councils, organizations, chapters, and affiliates have the exclusive right to use the names ‘United Service Organizations, Incorporated’ and ‘USO’ and seals, emblems, and badges the corporation adopts.

Sec. 220107. Assistance by Department of Defense

    The Secretary of Defense may make the resources of the Department of Defense available to the corporation to the extent compatible with the primary mission of the Department and in accordance with guidelines issued by the Secretary.

Sec. 220108. Restrictions

    (a) PROFIT- The corporation may not engage in business activity for profit unless the activity is substantially related to--

      (1) the purposes stated in section 220102 of this title; or

      (2) raising funds to accomplish those purposes.

    (b) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (c) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation shall be nonpolitical and may not provide financial aid or assistance to, or otherwise promote the candidacy of, an individual seeking elective public office. A substantial part of the activities of the corporation may not involve carrying on propaganda or otherwise attempting to influence legislation.

    (d) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of a governor, officer, member, or employee or be distributed to any person during the life of the corporation or on its dissolution or final liquidation. This subsection does not prevent the payment of reasonable compensation to an officer, employee, or other person or reimbursement for actual necessary expenses in amounts approved by the board of governors.

    (e) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan to a governor, officer, member, or employee.

Sec. 220109. Duty to maintain corporate status

    The corporation shall maintain its status as a corporation incorporated under the laws of New York, another State, or the District of Columbia.

Sec. 220110. Principal office

    The principal office of the corporation shall be in New York, New York, or another place decided by the board of governors. However, the activities of the corporation are not confined to the place where the principal office is located but may be conducted throughout the States, territories, and possessions of the United States and in foreign countries.

Sec. 220111. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, board of governors, and committees having any of the authority of its board of governors; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 220112. Service of process

    (a) DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA- The corporation shall have a designated agent in the District of Columbia to receive service of process for the corporation. Notice to or service on the agent, or mailed to the business address of the agent, is notice to or service on the corporation.

    (b) STATES, TERRITORIES, AND POSSESSIONS- The corporation shall file, with the secretary of state or other designated official of each State, territory, or possession of the United States in which the corporation or a council, organization, chapter, or affiliate may have activities, the name and address of an agent in that State, territory, or possession on whom legal process or demands against the corporation may be served.

Sec. 220113. Annual report

    The corporation shall make public an annual report on its activities for the prior calendar year.

Sec. 220114. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation

    On dissolution or final liquidation of the corporation, any assets remaining after the discharge of all liabilities shall be distributed as provided by the board of governors, but in compliance with the bylaws. However, the assets of the corporation are irrevocably dedicated to charitable purposes and may not inure to the benefit of a private person except a fund, foundation, or organization operated exclusively for charitable purposes.

CHAPTER 2203--UNITED STATES CAPITOL HISTORICAL SOCIETY

      Sec.

      220301. Organization.

      220302. Purposes.

      220303. Membership.

      220304. Governing body.

      220305. Powers.

      220306. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, insignia, marks, and words.

      220307. Tax exemption.

      220308. Restrictions.

      220309. Duty to maintain corporate status.

      220310. Principal office.

      220311. Records and inspection.

      220312. Service of process.

      220313. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      220314. Annual report and audit.

      220315. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation.

Sec. 220301. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- United States Capitol Historical Society (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’) is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) PLACE OF INCORPORATION- The corporation is declared to be incorporated in the District of Columbia.

    (c) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

Sec. 220302. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are--

      (1) to encourage in the most comprehensive and enlightened manner an understanding by the American people of the founding, growth, and significance of the Capitol of the United States as the tangible symbol of their representative form of government;

      (2) to undertake research into the history of the Congress and the Capitol and to promote discussion, publication, and dissemination of the results of this research;

      (3) to foster and increase an informed patriotism among the citizens in the study of this living memorial to the founders of this Nation and the continuing thread of principles as exemplified by their successors; and

      (4) to cooperate with the standing committees of Congress, the Library of Congress, the Architect of the Capitol, and relevant departments, agencies, and instrumentalities of the executive branch of the United States Government in carrying out the purposes of the corporation.

Sec. 220303. Membership

    Except as provided in this chapter, eligibility for membership in the corporation and the rights and privileges of members are as provided in the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

Sec. 220304. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF TRUSTEES- (1) The board of trustees is the governing body of the corporation. The board is responsible for the control of all funds and affairs of the corporation.

    (2) Exclusive of ex officio and honorary members, the board shall consist of at least 12 but not more than 40 trustees, one of whom shall be elected chairman. Trustees shall be elected by the board of trustees, for a term of 4 years. A trustee may not be reelected as a trustee within one year of the expiration of the prior term, except by the unanimous vote of the trustees present and voting. A trustee may be removed at any time, with or without cause, by a two-thirds vote of the other trustees.

    (3) The officers of the corporation are ex officio members of the board with all the rights and privileges of trustees, including the right to vote.

    (4) The board shall meet at least once a year in the Capitol of the United States. The board may meet at other times as decided by the chairman. A meeting may be held only at a time and place stated in the bylaws or on 30 days’ written notice.

    (b) OFFICERS- (1) The officers of the corporation are a president, 5 vice presidents, a treasurer, and a secretary. The president is the chief executive officer.

    (2) The officers shall be elected annually by the board of trustees and continue in office at the pleasure of the board.

    (3) The duties of the officers are the usual duties pertaining to their offices and any additional duties delegated by the board.

    (4) Officers may be compensated for their services, and reimbursed for actual expenses, in amounts decided by the board.

    (c) EMPLOYEES- The board of trustees may employ an executive secretary and other personnel needed to assist the board and the officers to carry out the activities of the corporation. Employees serve at the pleasure of the board. The board shall prescribe the compensation and duties of employees.

Sec. 220305. Powers

    The corporation may--

      (1) adopt and amend a constitution and bylaws for the management of its property and the regulation of its affairs;

      (2) adopt and alter a corporate seal;

      (3) choose officers, managers, and agents as the activities of the corporation require;

      (4) make contracts;

      (5) acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property as necessary or convenient to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (6) borrow money, issue instruments of indebtedness, and secure its obligations by granting security interests in its property;

      (7) produce, buy, and market commemorative medals, souvenirs, publications, pictures, and cinemas consistent with the purposes of the corporation;

      (8) charge and collect membership dues;

      (9) conduct fund raising campaigns and accept contributions;

      (10) sue and be sued; and

      (11) do any other act necessary and proper to carry out the purposes of the corporation.

Sec. 220306. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, insignia, marks, and words

    The corporation has the exclusive right to use the name ‘United States Capitol Historical Society’ and seals, emblems, distinctive insignia, and descriptive or designating marks, words, or phrases required to carry out the duties and powers of the corporation. This section does not affect any vested rights.

Sec. 220307. Tax exemption

    Notwithstanding section 105 of title 4 of the United States Code or any provision of the District of Columbia Code, the corporation is not required to pay, collect, or account for any tax specified in those provisions in connection with activities conducted within, or on the grounds of, the United States Capitol Building.

Sec. 220308. Restrictions

    (a) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, a trustee, officer, or member as such during the life of the corporation or on its dissolution or final liquidation. This subsection does not prevent the payment of reasonable compensation to an officer or employee or reimbursement for actual expenses in amounts approved by the board of trustees.

    (c) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan or advance to a trustee, officer, or employee. Trustees who vote for or assent to making a loan or advance to a trustee, officer, or employee, and officers who participate in making the loan or advance, are jointly and severally liable to the corporation for the amount of the loan or advance until it is repaid.

Sec. 220309. Duty to maintain corporate status

    The corporation shall maintain its status as a corporation incorporated under the laws of the District of Columbia or a State.

Sec. 220310. Principal office

    The principal office of the corporation shall be in the District of Columbia or another place decided by the board of trustees. However, the activities of the corporation are not confined to the place where the principal office is located but may be conducted throughout the States, territories, and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 220311. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, board of trustees, and committees having any of the authority of its board of trustees; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member entitled to vote, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 220312. Service of process

    The corporation shall have a designated agent in the District of Columbia to receive service of process for the corporation. Notice to or service on the agent, or mailed to the business address of the agent, is notice to or service on the corporation.

Sec. 220313. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 220314. Annual report and audit

    (a) ANNUAL REPORT- The corporation shall submit an annual report to each House of Congress on the activities of the corporation during the prior fiscal year. The report shall be submitted as soon as practical after the end of each fiscal year.

    (b) AUDIT- In addition to complying with the audit requirements of section 10101 of this title, the corporation shall comply with section 451 of the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1970 (40 U.S.C. 193m-1).

Sec. 220315. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final liquidation

    On dissolution or final liquidation of the corporation, any assets remaining after the discharge of all liabilities shall be distributed as provided by the board of trustees, but in compliance with the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

CHAPTER 2205--UNITED STATES OLYMPIC COMMITTEE

SUBCHAPTER I--CORPORATION

      Sec.

      220501. Definitions.

      220502. Organization.

      220503. Purposes.

      220504. Membership.

      220505. Powers.

      220506. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, and badges.

      220507. Restrictions.

      220508. Headquarters, principal office, and meetings.

      220509. Resolution of disputes.

      220510. Service of process.

      220511. Annual report.

SUBCHAPTER II--NATIONAL GOVERNING BODIES

      220521. Recognition of amateur sports organizations as national governing bodies.

      220522. Eligibility requirements.

      220523. Authority of national governing bodies.

      220524. General duties of national governing bodies.

      220525. Granting sanctions for amateur athletic competitions.

      220526. Restricted amateur athletic competitions.

      220527. Complaints against national governing bodies.

      220528. Applications to replace an incumbent national governing body.

      220529. Arbitration of corporation determinations.

SUBCHAPTER I--CORPORATION

Sec. 220501. Definitions

    For purposes of this chapter--

      (1) ‘amateur athlete’ means an athlete who meets the eligibility standards established by the national governing body for the sport in which the athlete competes.

      (2) ‘amateur athletic competition’ means a contest, game, meet, match, tournament, regatta, or other event in which amateur athletes compete.

      (3) ‘amateur sports organization’ means a not-for-profit corporation, association, or other group organized in the United States that sponsors or arranges an amateur athletic competition.

      (4) ‘corporation’ means the United States Olympic Committee.

      (5) ‘international amateur athletic competition’ means an amateur athletic competition between one or more athletes representing the United States, individually or as a team, and one or more athletes representing a foreign country.

      (6) ‘national governing body’ means an amateur sports organization that is recognized by the corporation under section 220521 of this title.

      (7) ‘sanction’ means a certificate of approval issued by a national governing body.

Sec. 220502. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- The corporation is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

    (c) REFERENCES TO UNITED STATES OLYMPIC ASSOCIATION- Any reference to the United States Olympic Association is deemed to refer to the United States Olympic Committee.

Sec. 220503. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are--

      (1) to establish national goals for amateur athletic activities and encourage the attainment of those goals;

      (2) to coordinate and develop amateur athletic activity in the United States, directly related to international amateur athletic competition, to foster productive working relationships among sports-related organizations;

      (3) to exercise exclusive jurisdiction, directly or through constituent members of committees, over--

        (A) all matters pertaining to United States participation in the Olympic Games and the Pan-American Games, including representation of the United States in the games; and

        (B) the organization of the Olympic Games and the Pan-American Games when held in the United States;

      (4) to obtain for the United States, directly or by delegation to the appropriate national governing body, the most competent amateur representation possible in each event of the Olympic Games and Pan-American Games;

      (5) to promote and support amateur athletic activities involving the United States and foreign nations;

      (6) to promote and encourage physical fitness and public participation in amateur athletic activities;

      (7) to assist organizations and persons concerned with sports in the development of amateur athletic programs for amateur athletes;

      (8) to provide swift resolution of conflicts and disputes involving amateur athletes, national governing bodies, and amateur sports organizations, and protect the opportunity of any amateur athlete, coach, trainer, manager, administrator, or official to participate in amateur athletic competition;

      (9) to foster the development of amateur athletic facilities for use by amateur athletes and assist in making existing amateur athletic facilities available for use by amateur athletes;

      (10) to provide and coordinate technical information on physical training, equipment design, coaching, and performance analysis;

      (11) to encourage and support research, development, and dissemination of information in the areas of sports medicine and sports safety;

      (12) to encourage and provide assistance to amateur athletic activities for women;

      (13) to encourage and provide assistance to amateur athletic programs and competition for individuals with disabilities, including, where feasible, the expansion of opportunities for meaningful participation by individuals with disabilities in programs of athletic competition for able-bodied individuals; and

      (14) to encourage and provide assistance to amateur athletes of racial and ethnic minorities for the purpose of eliciting the participation of those minorities in amateur athletic activities in which they are underrepresented.

Sec. 220504. Membership

    (a) ELIGIBILITY- Eligibility for membership in the corporation is as provided in the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

    (b) REQUIRED PROVISIONS FOR REPRESENTATION- In its constitution and bylaws, the corporation shall establish and maintain provisions with respect to its governance and the conduct of its affairs for reasonable representation of--

      (1) amateur sports organizations recognized as national governing bodies under section 220521 of this title;

      (2) amateur athletes who are actively engaged in amateur athletic competition or who have represented the United States in international amateur athletic competition within the preceding 10 years;

      (3) amateur sports organizations that conduct a national program or regular national amateur athletic competition in 2 or more sports that are included on the program of the Olympic Games or the Pan-American Games on a level of proficiency appropriate for the selection of amateur athletes to represent the United States in international amateur athletic competition; and

      (4) individuals not affiliated or associated with any amateur sports organization who, in the corporation’s judgment, represent the interests of the American public in the activities of the corporation.

Sec. 220505. Powers

    (a) CONSTITUTION AND BYLAWS- The corporation shall adopt a constitution and bylaws. The corporation may amend its constitution only if the corporation--

      (1) publishes, in its principal publication, a notice of the proposed amendment, including--

        (A) the substantive terms of the amendment;

        (B) the time and place of the corporation’s regular meeting at which adoption of the amendment is to be decided; and

        (C) a provision informing interested persons that they may submit materials as authorized in clause (2) of this subsection; and

      (2) gives all interested persons an opportunity to submit written comments and information for at least 60 days after publication of notice of the proposed amendment and before adoption of the amendment.

    (b) GENERAL CORPORATE POWERS- The corporation may--

      (1) adopt and alter a corporate seal;

      (2) establish and maintain offices to conduct the affairs of the corporation;

      (3) make contracts;

      (4) accept gifts, legacies, and devises in furtherance of its corporate purposes;

      (5) acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property as necessary to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (6) borrow money, issue instruments of indebtedness, and secure its obligations by granting security interests in its property;

      (7) publish a magazine, newspaper, and other publications consistent with its corporate purposes;

      (8) approve and revoke membership in the corporation;

      (9) sue and be sued; and

      (10) do any other act necessary and proper to carry out the purposes of the corporation.

    (c) POWERS RELATED TO AMATEUR ATHLETICS AND THE OLYMPIC GAMES- The corporation may--

      (1) serve as the coordinating body for amateur athletic activity in the United States directly related to international amateur athletic competition;

      (2) represent the United States as its national Olympic committee in relations with the International Olympic Committee and the Pan-American Sports Organization;

      (3) organize, finance, and control the representation of the United States in the competitions and events of the Olympic Games and of the Pan-American Games, and obtain, directly or by delegation to the appropriate national governing body, amateur representation for those games;

      (4) recognize eligible amateur sports organizations as national governing bodies for any sport that is included on the program of the Olympic Games or the Pan-American Games;

      (5) facilitate, through orderly and effective administrative procedures, the resolution of conflicts or disputes that involve any of its members and any amateur athlete, coach, trainer, manager, administrator, official, national governing body, or amateur sports organization and that arise in connection with their eligibility for and participation in the Olympic Games, the Pan-American world championship competition, or other protected competition as defined in the constitution and bylaws of the corporation; and

      (6) provide financial assistance to any organization or association, except a corporation organized for profit, in furtherance of the purposes of the corporation.

Sec. 220506. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, and badges

    (a) EXCLUSIVE RIGHT OF CORPORATION- Except as provided in subsection (d) of this section, the corporation has the exclusive right to use--

      (1) the name ‘United States Olympic Committee’;

      (2) the symbol of the International Olympic Committee, consisting of 5 interlocking rings;

      (3) the emblem of the corporation, consisting of an escutcheon having a blue chief and vertically extending red and white bars on the base with 5 interlocking rings displayed on the chief; and

      (4) the words ‘Olympic’, ‘Olympiad’, ‘Citius Altius Fortius’, or any combination of those words.

    (b) CONTRIBUTORS AND SUPPLIERS- The corporation may authorize contributors and suppliers of goods or services to use the trade name of the corporation or any trademark, symbol, insignia, or emblem of the International Olympic Committee or of the corporation to advertise that the contributions, goods, or services were donated or supplied to, or approved, selected, or used by, the corporation, the United States Olympic team, the Pan-American team, or team members.

    (c) CIVIL ACTION FOR UNAUTHORIZED USE- Except as provided in subsection (d) of this section, the corporation may file a civil action against a person for the remedies provided in the Act of July 5, 1946 (15 U.S.C. 1051 et seq.) (popularly known as the Trademark Act of 1946) if the person, without the consent of the corporation, uses for the purpose of trade, to induce the sale of any goods or services, or to promote any theatrical exhibition, athletic performance, or competition--

      (1) the symbol described in subsection (a)(2) of this section;

      (2) the emblem described in subsection (a)(3) of this section;

      (3) the words described in subsection (a)(4) of this section, or any combination or simulation of those words tending to cause confusion or mistake, to deceive, or to falsely suggest a connection with the corporation or any Olympic activity; or

      (4) any trademark, trade name, sign, symbol, or insignia falsely representing association with, or authorization by, the International Olympic Committee or the corporation.

    (d) PRE-EXISTING RIGHTS- (1) A person who actually used the emblem described in subsection (a)(3) of this section, or the words or any combination of the words described in subsection (a)(4) of this section, for any lawful purpose before September 21, 1950, is not prohibited by this section from continuing the lawful use for the same purpose and for the same goods or services.

    (2) A person who actually used, or whose assignor actually used, the words or any combination of the words described in subsection (a)(4) of this section, or a trademark, trade name, sign, symbol, or insignia described in subsection (c)(4) of this section, for any lawful purpose before September 21, 1950, is not prohibited by this section from continuing the lawful use for the same purpose and for the same goods or services.

Sec. 220507. Restrictions

    (a) PROFIT AND STOCK- The corporation may not engage in business for profit or issue stock.

    (b) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation shall be nonpolitical and may not promote the candidacy of an individual seeking public office.

Sec. 220508. Headquarters, principal office, and meetings

    The corporation shall maintain its principal office and national headquarters in a place in the United States decided by the corporation. The corporation may hold its annual and special meetings in the places decided by the corporation.

Sec. 220509. Resolution of disputes

    The corporation shall establish and maintain provisions in its constitution and bylaws for the swift and equitable resolution of disputes involving any of its members and relating to the opportunity of an amateur athlete, coach, trainer, manager, administrator, or official to participate in the Olympic Games, the Pan-American Games, world championship competition, or other protected competition as defined in the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

Sec. 220510. Service of process

    As a condition to the exercise of any power or privilege granted by this chapter, the corporation shall file, with the secretary of state or other designated official of each State, the name and address of an agent in that State on whom legal process or demands against the corporation may be served.

Sec. 220511. Annual report

    (a) SUBMISSION TO PRESIDENT AND CONGRESS- Not later than June 1 of each year, the corporation shall submit simultaneously to the President and to each House of Congress a detailed report of its operations during the prior calendar year, including--

      (1) a complete statement of the corporation’s receipts and expenditures; and

      (2) a comprehensive description of the activities and accomplishments of the corporation during the prior year.

    (b) AVAILABILITY TO PUBLIC- The corporation shall make copies of the report available to interested persons at a reasonable cost.

SUBCHAPTER II--NATIONAL GOVERNING BODIES

Sec. 220521. Recognition of amateur sports organizations as national governing bodies

    (a) GENERAL AUTHORITY- For any sport that is included on the program of the Olympic Games or the Pan-American Games, the corporation may recognize as a national governing body an amateur sports organization that files an application and is eligible under section 220522 of this title. The corporation may recognize only one national governing body for each sport for which an application is made and approved.

    (b) PUBLIC HEARING- Before recognizing an organization as a national governing body, the corporation shall hold a public hearing on the application. The corporation shall publish notice of the time, place, and nature of the hearing. Publication shall be made in a regular issue of the corporation’s principal publication at least 30 days, but not more than 60 days, before the date of the hearing.

    (c) RECOMMENDATION TO INTERNATIONAL SPORTS FEDERATION- Within 61 days after recognizing an organization as a national governing body, the corporation shall recommend and support in any appropriate manner the national governing body to the appropriate international sports federation as the representative of the United States for that sport.

    (d) REVIEW OF RECOGNITION- The corporation may review all matters related to the continued recognition of an organization as a national governing body and may take action it considers appropriate, including placing conditions on the continued recognition.

Sec. 220522. Eligibility requirements

    An amateur sports organization is eligible to be recognized, or to continue to be recognized, as a national governing body only if it--

      (1) is incorporated under the laws of a State of the United States or the District of Columbia as a not-for-profit corporation having as its purpose the advancement of amateur athletic competition;

      (2) has the managerial and financial capability to plan and execute its obligations;

      (3) submits--

        (A) an application, in the form required by the corporation, for recognition as a national governing body;

        (B) a copy of its corporate charter and bylaws; and

        (C) any additional information considered necessary or appropriate by the corporation;

      (4) agrees to submit, on demand by the corporation, to binding arbitration conducted in accordance with the commercial rules of the American Arbitration Association in any controversy involving--

        (A) its recognition as a national governing body, as provided for in section 220529 of this title; or

        (B) the opportunity of any amateur athlete, coach, trainer, manager, administrator, or official to participate in amateur athletic competition, as provided for in the corporation’s constitution and bylaws;

      (5) demonstrates that it is autonomous in the governance of its sport, in that it--

        (A) independently decides and controls all matters central to governance;

        (B) does not delegate decision-making and control of matters central to governance; and

        (C) is free from outside restraint;

      (6) demonstrates that it is a member of no more than one international sports federation that governs a sport included on the program of the Olympic Games or the Pan-American Games;

      (7) demonstrates that its membership is open to any individual who is an amateur athlete, coach, trainer, manager, administrator, or official active in the sport for which recognition is sought, or any amateur sports organization that conducts programs in the sport for which recognition is sought, or both;

      (8) provides an equal opportunity to amateur athletes, coaches, trainers, managers, administrators, and officials to participate in amateur athletic competition, without discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, age, or national origin, and with fair notice and opportunity for a hearing to any amateur athlete, coach, trainer, manager, administrator, or official before declaring the individual ineligible to participate;

      (9) is governed by a board of directors or other governing board whose members are selected without regard to race, color, religion, national origin, or sex, except that, in sports where there are separate male and female programs, it provides for reasonable representation of both males and females on the board of directors or other governing board;

      (10) demonstrates that--

        (A) its board of directors or other governing board includes among its voting members--

          (i) individuals who are actively engaged in amateur athletic competition in the sport for which recognition is sought; or

          (ii) individuals who, within the prior 10 years, have represented the United States in international amateur athletic competition in the sport for which recognition is sought; and

        (B) the individuals described in subclause (A) of this clause hold at least 20 percent of the membership and voting power on the board;

      (11) provides for reasonable direct representation on its board of directors or other governing board for any amateur sports organization that--

        (A) conducts a national program or regular national amateur athletic competition in the applicable sport on a level of proficiency appropriate for the selection of amateur athletes to represent the United States in international amateur athletic competition; and

        (B) ensures that the representation reflects the nature, scope, quality, and strength of the programs and competitions of the amateur sports organization in relation to all other programs and competitions in the sport in the United States;

      (12) demonstrates that none of its officers are also officers of any other amateur sports organization recognized as a national governing body;

      (13) provides procedures for the prompt and equitable resolution of grievances of its members;

      (14) does not have eligibility criteria related to amateur status that are more restrictive than those of the appropriate international sports federation; and

      (15) demonstrates, if the organization is seeking to be recognized as a national governing body, that it is prepared to meet the obligations imposed on a national governing body under sections 220524 and 220525 of this title.

Sec. 220523. Authority of national governing bodies

    (a) AUTHORITY- For the sport that it governs, a national governing body may--

      (1) represent the United States in the appropriate international sports federation;

      (2) establish national goals and encourage the attainment of those goals;

      (3) serve as the coordinating body for amateur athletic activity in the United States;

      (4) exercise jurisdiction over international amateur athletic activities and sanction international amateur athletic competition held in the United States and sanction the sponsorship of international amateur athletic competition held outside the United States;

      (5) conduct amateur athletic competition, including national championships, and international amateur athletic competition in the United States, and establish procedures for determining eligibility standards for participation in competition, except for amateur athletic competition specified in section 220526 of this title;

      (6) recommend to the corporation individuals and teams to represent the United States in the Olympic Games and the Pan-American Games; and

      (7) designate individuals and teams to represent the United States in international amateur athletic competition (other than the Olympic Games and the Pan-American Games) and certify, in accordance with applicable international rules, the amateur eligibility of those individuals and teams.

    (b) REPLACEMENT OF NATIONAL GOVERNING BODY PURSUANT TO ARBITRATION- A national governing body may not exercise any authority under subsection (a) of this section for a particular sport after another amateur sports organization has been declared (in accordance with binding arbitration proceedings prescribed by the organic documents of the corporation) entitled to replace that national governing body as the member of the corporation for that sport.

Sec. 220524. General duties of national governing bodies

    For the sport that it governs, a national governing body shall--

      (1) develop interest and participation throughout the United States and be responsible to the persons and amateur sports organizations it represents;

      (2) minimize, through coordination with other amateur sports organizations, conflicts in the scheduling of all practices and competitions;

      (3) keep amateur athletes informed of policy matters and reasonably reflect the views of the athletes in its policy decisions;

      (4) allow an amateur athlete to compete in any international amateur athletic competition conducted by any amateur sports organization or person, unless the national governing body establishes that its denial is based on evidence that the organization or person conducting the competition does not meet the requirements stated in section 220525 of this title;

      (5) provide equitable support and encouragement for participation by women where separate programs for male and female athletes are conducted on a national basis;

      (6) encourage and support amateur athletic sports programs for individuals with disabilities and the participation of individuals with disabilities in amateur athletic activity, including, where feasible, the expansion of opportunities for meaningful participation by individuals with disabilities in programs of athletic competition for able-bodied individuals;

      (7) provide and coordinate technical information on physical training, equipment design, coaching, and performance analysis; and

      (8) encourage and support research, development, and dissemination of information in the areas of sports medicine and sports safety.

Sec. 220525. Granting sanctions for amateur athletic competitions

    (a) PROMPT REVIEW AND DECISION- For the sport that it governs, a national governing body promptly shall--

      (1) review a request by an amateur sports organization or person for a sanction to hold an international amateur athletic competition in the United States or to sponsor United States amateur athletes to compete in international amateur athletic competition outside the United States; and

      (2) grant the sanction if--

        (A) the national governing body does not decide by clear and convincing evidence that holding or sponsoring an international amateur athletic competition would be detrimental to the best interest of the sport; and

        (B) the requirements of subsection (b) of this section are met.

    (b) REQUIREMENTS- An amateur sports organization or person may be granted a sanction under this section only if the organization or person meets the following requirements:

      (1) The organization or person must pay the national governing body any required sanctioning fee, if the fee is reasonable and nondiscriminatory.

      (2) For a sanction to hold an international amateur athletic competition in the United States, the organization or person must--

        (A) submit to the national governing body an audited or notarized financial report of similar events, if any, conducted by the organization or person; and

        (B) demonstrate that the requirements of paragraph (4) of this subsection have been met.

      (3) For a sanction to sponsor United States amateur athletes to compete in international amateur athletic competition outside the United States, the organization or person must--

        (A) submit a report of the most recent trip to a foreign country, if any, that the organization or person sponsored for the purpose of having United States amateur athletes compete in international amateur athletic competition; and

        (B) submit a letter from the appropriate entity that will hold the international amateur athletic competition certifying that the requirements of paragraph (4) of this subsection have been met.

      (4) The requirements referred to in paragraphs (2) and (3) of this subsection are that--

        (A) appropriate measures have been taken to protect the amateur status of athletes who will take part in the competition and to protect their eligibility to compete in amateur athletic competition;

        (B) appropriate provision has been made for validation of any records established during the competition;

        (C) due regard has been given to any international amateur athletic requirements specifically applicable to the competition;

        (D) the competition will be conducted by qualified officials;

        (E) proper medical supervision will be provided for athletes who will participate in the competition; and

        (F) proper safety precautions have been taken to protect the personal welfare of the athletes and spectators at the competition.

Sec. 220526. Restricted amateur athletic competitions

    (a) EXCLUSIVE JURISDICTION- An amateur sports organization that conducts amateur athletic competition shall have exclusive jurisdiction over that competition if participation is restricted to a specific class of amateur athletes, such as high school students, college students, members of the Armed Forces, or similar groups or categories.

    (b) SANCTIONS FOR INTERNATIONAL COMPETITION- An amateur sports organization under subsection (a) of this section shall obtain a sanction from the appropriate national governing body if the organization wishes to--

      (1) conduct international amateur athletic competition in the United States; or

      (2) sponsor international amateur athletic competition to be held outside the United States.

Sec. 220527. Complaints against national governing bodies

    (a) GENERAL- (1) An amateur sports organization or person that belongs to or is eligible to belong to a national governing body may seek to compel the national governing body to comply with sections 220522, 220524, and 220525 of this title by filing a written complaint with the corporation. A copy of the complaint shall be served on the national governing body.

    (2) The corporation shall establish procedures for the filing and disposition of complaints under this section.

    (b) EXHAUSTION OF REMEDIES- (1) An organization or person may file a complaint under subsection (a) of this section only after exhausting all available remedies within the national governing body for correcting deficiencies, unless it can be shown by clear and convincing evidence that those remedies would have resulted in unnecessary delay.

    (2) Within 30 days after a complaint is filed, the corporation shall decide whether the organization or person has exhausted all available remedies as required by paragraph (1) of this subsection. If the corporation determines that the remedies have not been exhausted, it may direct that the remedies be pursued before the corporation considers the complaint further.

    (c) HEARINGS- If the corporation decides that all available remedies have been exhausted as required by subsection (b)(1) of this section, it shall hold a hearing, within 90 days after the complaint is filed, to receive testimony to decide whether the national governing body is complying with sections 220522, 220524, and 220525 of this title.

    (d) DISPOSITION OF COMPLAINT- (1) If the corporation decides, as a result of the hearing, that the national governing body is complying with sections 220522, 220524, and 220525 of this title, it shall so notify the complainant and the national governing body.

    (2) If the corporation decides, as a result of the hearing, that the national governing body is not complying with sections 220522, 220524, and 220525 of this title, it shall--

      (A) place the national governing body on probation for a specified period of time, not to exceed 180 days, which the corporation considers necessary to enable the national governing body to comply with those sections; or

      (B) revoke the recognition of the national governing body.

    (3) If the corporation places a national governing body on probation under paragraph (2) of this subsection, it may extend the probationary period if the national governing body has proven by clear and convincing evidence that, through no fault of its own, it needs additional time to comply with sections 220522, 220524, and 220525 of this title. If, at the end of the period allowed by the corporation, the national governing body has not complied with those sections, the corporation shall revoke the recognition of the national governing body.

Sec. 220528. Applications to replace an incumbent national governing body

    (a) GENERAL- An amateur sports organization may seek to replace an incumbent as the national governing body for a particular sport by filing a written application for recognition with the corporation.

    (b) ESTABLISHMENT OF PROCEDURES- The corporation shall establish procedures for the filing and disposition of applications under this section. If 2 or more organizations file applications for the same sport, the applications shall be considered in a single proceeding.

    (c) FILING PROCEDURES- (1) An application under this section must be filed within one year after the final day of--

      (A) any Olympic Games, for a sport in which competition is held in the Olympic Games or both the Olympic and Pan-American Games; or

      (B) any Pan-American Games, for a sport in which competition is held in the Pan-American Games but not in the Olympic Games.

    (2) The application shall be filed with the corporation by registered mail, and a copy of the application shall be served on the national governing body. The corporation shall inform the applicant that its application has been received.

    (d) HEARINGS- Within 180 days after receipt of an application filed under this section, the corporation shall conduct a formal hearing to determine the merits of the application. The corporation shall publish notice of the time and place of the hearing in a regular issue of its principal publication at least 30 days, but not more than 60 days, before the date of the hearing. In the hearing, the applicant and the national governing body shall be given a reasonable opportunity to present evidence supporting their positions.

    (e) STANDARDS FOR GRANTING APPLICATIONS- In the hearing, the applicant must establish by a preponderance of the evidence that--

      (1) it meets the criteria for recognition as a national governing body under section 220522 of this title; and

      (2)(A) the national governing body does not meet the criteria of section 220522, 220524, or 220525 of this title; or

      (B) the applicant more adequately meets the criteria of section 220522 of this title, is capable of more adequately meeting the criteria of sections 220524 and 220525 of this title, and provides or is capable of providing a more effective national program of competition than the national governing body in the sport for which it seeks recognition.

    (f) DISPOSITION OF APPLICATIONS- Within 30 days after the close of the hearing required by this section, the corporation shall--

      (1) uphold the right of the national governing body to continue as the national governing body for its sport;

      (2) revoke the recognition of the national governing body and declare a vacancy in the national governing body for that sport;

      (3) revoke the recognition of the national governing body and recognize the applicant as the national governing body; or

      (4) place the national governing body on probation for a period not exceeding 180 days, pending the compliance of the national governing body, if the national governing body would have retained recognition except for a minor deficiency in one of the requirements of section 220522, 220524, or 220525 of this title.

    (g) REVOCATION OF RECOGNITION AFTER PROBATION- If the national governing body does not comply with sections 220522, 220524, and 220525 of this title within the probationary period prescribed under subsection (f)(4) of this section, the corporation shall revoke the recognition of the national governing body and either--

      (1) recognize the applicant as the national governing body; or

      (2) declare a vacancy in the national governing body for that sport.

Sec. 220529. Arbitration of corporation determinations

    (a) RIGHT TO REVIEW- A party aggrieved by a determination of the corporation under section 220527 or 220528 of this title may obtain review by any regional office of the American Arbitration Association.

    (b) PROCEDURE- (1) A demand for arbitration must be submitted within 30 days after the determination of the corporation.

    (2) On receipt of a demand for arbitration, the Association shall serve notice on the parties to the arbitration and on the corporation, and shall immediately proceed with arbitration according to the commercial rules of the Association in effect at the time the demand is filed, except that--

      (A) the arbitration panel shall consist of at least 3 arbitrators, unless the parties to the proceeding agree to a lesser number;

      (B) the arbitration hearing shall take place at a site selected by the Association, unless the parties to the proceeding agree to the use of another site; and

      (C) the arbitration hearing shall be open to the public.

    (3) A decision by the arbitrators shall be by majority vote unless the concurrence of all arbitrators is expressly required by the contesting parties.

    (4) Each party may be represented by counsel or by any other authorized representative at the arbitration proceeding.

    (5) The parties may offer any evidence they desire and shall produce any additional evidence the arbitrators believe is necessary to an understanding and determination of the dispute. The arbitrators shall be the sole judges of the relevancy and materiality of the evidence offered. Conformity to legal rules of evidence is not necessary.

    (c) SETTLEMENT- The arbitrators may settle a dispute arising under this chapter before making a final award, if agreed to by the parties and achieved in a manner not inconsistent with the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

    (d) BINDING NATURE OF DECISION- Final decision of the arbitrators is binding on the parties if the award is not inconsistent with the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

    (e) REOPENING HEARINGS- (1) At any time before a final decision is made, the hearings may be reopened by the arbitrators on their own motion or on the motion of a party.

    (2) If the reopening is based on the motion of a party, and if the reopening would result in the arbitrators’ decision being delayed beyond the specific period agreed to at the beginning of the arbitration proceedings, all parties to the decision must agree to reopen the hearings.

CHAPTER 2207--UNITED STATES SUBMARINE VETERANS OF WORLD WAR II

      Sec.

      220701. Definition.

      220702. Organization.

      220703. Purposes.

      220704. Membership.

      220705. Governing body.

      220706. Powers.

      220707. Restrictions.

      220708. Duty to maintain tax-exempt status.

      220709. Records and inspection.

      220710. Service of process.

      220711. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      220712. Annual report.

Sec. 220701. Definition

    For purposes of this chapter, ‘State’ includes the District of Columbia and the territories and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 220702. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- United States Submarine Veterans of World War II (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’), a nonprofit corporation incorporated in New Jersey and Colorado, is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) EXPIRATION OF CHARTER- If the corporation does not comply with any provision of this chapter, the charter granted by this chapter expires.

Sec. 220703. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are as provided in its articles of incorporation and include--

      (1) preserving and promoting patriotism and loyalty to the United States of America;

      (2) perpetuating and establishing memorials to the memory of shipmates who served aboard United States submarines and gave their lives in submarine warfare during World War II;

      (3) promoting the spirit and unity that existed among the United States Navy submarine crewmen during World War II;

      (4) fostering general public awareness of life aboard submarines during World War II, through securing, restoring, and displaying the submarines that were in service at that time;

      (5) sponsoring annual college scholarships; and

      (6) performing acts of charity as provided in the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

Sec. 220704. Membership

    Except as provided in this chapter, eligibility for membership in the corporation and the rights and privileges of members are as provided in the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

Sec. 220705. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF DIRECTORS- The board of directors and the responsibilities of the board are as provided in the articles of incorporation.

    (b) OFFICERS- The officers and the election of officers are as provided in the articles of incorporation.

Sec. 220706. Powers

    The corporation has only the powers provided in its bylaws and articles of incorporation filed in each State in which it is incorporated.

Sec. 220707. Restrictions

    (a) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation or a director or officer as such may not contribute to, support, or otherwise participate in any political activity or in any manner attempt to influence legislation.

    (c) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, a director, officer, or member during the life of the charter granted by this chapter. This subsection does not prevent the payment of reasonable compensation to an officer or reimbursement for actual necessary expenses in amounts approved by the board of directors.

    (d) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan to a director, officer, or employee.

    (e) CLAIM OF GOVERNMENTAL APPROVAL OR AUTHORITY- The corporation may not claim congressional approval or the authority of the United States Government for any of its activities.

Sec. 220708. Duty to maintain tax-exempt status

    The corporation shall maintain its status as an organization exempt from taxation under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 1 et seq.).

Sec. 220709. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, board of directors, and committees having any of the authority of its board of directors; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member entitled to vote, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 220710. Service of process

    The corporation shall comply with the law on service of process of each State in which it is incorporated and each State in which it carries on activities.

Sec. 220711. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 220712. Annual report

    The corporation shall submit an annual report to Congress on the activities of the corporation during the prior fiscal year. The report shall be submitted at the same time as the report of the audit required by section 10101 of this title. The report may not be printed as a public document.

CHAPTER 2301--VETERANS OF FOREIGN WARS OF THE UNITED STATES

      Sec.

      230101. Organization.

      230102. Purposes.

      230103. Membership.

      230104. Powers.

      230105. Exclusive right to name, seal, emblems, and badges.

      230106. Service of process.

      230107. Annual report.

Sec. 230101. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- Veterans of Foreign Wars of the United States (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’), a national association of men who as soldiers, sailors, marines, and airmen served this Nation in wars, campaigns, and expeditions on foreign soil or in hostile waters, is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

Sec. 230102. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are fraternal, patriotic, historical, and educational, and are--

      (1) to preserve and strengthen comradeship among its members;

      (2) to assist worthy comrades;

      (3) to perpetuate the memory and history of our dead, and to assist their widows and orphans;

      (4) to maintain true allegiance to the Government of the United States, and fidelity to its Constitution and laws;

      (5) to foster true patriotism;

      (6) to maintain and extend the institutions of American freedom; and

      (7) to preserve and defend the United States from all enemies.

Sec. 230103. Membership

    An individual is eligible for membership in the corporation only if the individual served honorably as a member of the armed forces of the United States--

      (1) in a foreign war, insurrection, or expedition in service that--

        (A) has been recognized as campaign-medal service; and

        (B) is governed by the authorization of the award of a campaign badge by the United States Government; or

      (2) on the Korean peninsula or in its territorial waters for at least 30 consecutive days, or a total of 60 days, after June 30, 1949.

Sec. 230104. Powers

    The corporation may--

      (1) adopt and amend a constitution, bylaws, and regulations to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (2) adopt and alter a corporate seal;

      (3) establish and maintain offices to conduct its activities;

      (4) make contracts;

      (5) acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property as necessary and appropriate to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (6) establish, regulate, and discontinue subordinate State and territorial subdivisions and local chapters or posts;

      (7) publish a magazine and other publications;

      (8) sue and be sued; and

      (9) do any other act necessary and proper to carry out the purposes of the corporation.

Sec. 230105. Exclusive right to name, seal, emblems, and badges

    The corporation has the exclusive right to use the name ‘Veterans of Foreign Wars of the United States’ and its corporate seal and to manufacture and use emblems and badges the corporation adopts.

Sec. 230106. Service of process

    As a condition to the exercise of any power or privilege granted by this chapter, the corporation shall file, with the secretary of state or other designated official of each State, the name and address of an agent in that State on whom legal process or demands against the corporation may be served.

Sec. 230107. Annual report

    Not later than January 1 of each year, the corporation shall submit a report to Congress on the activities of the corporation during the prior fiscal year. The report may not be printed as a public document.

CHAPTER 2303--VETERANS OF WORLD WAR I OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, INCORPORATED

      Sec.

      230301. Organization.

      230302. Purposes.

      230303. Membership.

      230304. Governing body.

      230305. Powers.

      230306. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, and badges.

      230307. Restrictions.

      230308. Principal office.

      230309. Records and inspection.

      230310. Service of process.

      230311. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      230312. Annual report.

      230313. Termination of existence and distribution of assets.

Sec. 230301. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- Veterans of World War I of the United States of America, Incorporated (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’), is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) PLACE OF INCORPORATION AND DOMICILE- The corporation is declared to be incorporated and domiciled in the District of Columbia.

    (c) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

Sec. 230302. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are patriotic, fraternal, historical, and educational, in the service and for the benefit of veterans of World War I, and are--

      (1) to provide for the veterans of World War I an organization for their mutual benefit, pleasure, and amusement which will afford them opportunities and means for personal contact with each other to keep alive friendships and memories of World War I and to venerate the memory of their honored dead;

      (2) to cooperate to the fullest extent and in a harmonious manner with all veterans’ organizations so that the best interests of all veterans of all wars in which the United States has participated, and the widows and orphans of deceased veterans of those wars, may best be served;

      (3) to stimulate communities and political subdivisions into taking more interest in veterans of World War I, the widows and orphans of those deceased veterans, and the problems of those veterans and their widows and orphans;

      (4) to collate, preserve, and encourage the study of historical episodes, chronicles, mementos, and events pertaining to World War I;

      (5) to fight vigorously to uphold the Constitution and laws of the United States as well as the individual States of the Union and to foster the spirit and practice of true Americanism;

      (6) to fight unceasingly for our national security to protect Americans from enemies within our borders, as well as those from without, so that our American way of life is preserved;

      (7) to fight to the utmost all those alien forces, particularly forces such as communism, whose objectives are to deny our very existence as a free people; and

      (8) to do any other act necessary and proper to carry out the purposes of the corporation.

Sec. 230303. Membership

    (a) ELIGIBILITY- Eligibility for membership in the corporation and the rights, privileges, and designation of classes of members are as provided in the constitution and bylaws of the corporation. However, an individual who did not serve honorably in the armed forces of the United States during the period beginning April 6, 1917, and ending November 11, 1918, is not eligible for all classes of membership.

    (b) VOTING- Each member of the corporation (except an associate or honorary member) has one vote on each matter submitted to a vote at a meeting of the members of the corporation except the national convention.

Sec. 230304. Governing body

    (a) NATIONAL CONVENTION- (1) The national convention is the supreme governing authority of the corporation.

    (2) The national convention is composed of officers and elected representatives from the States and other local subdivisions of the corporation as provided in the constitution and bylaws of the corporation. However, the form of government of the corporation must be representative of the membership at large and may not permit concentration of control in a limited number of members or in a self-perpetuating group not representative of the membership at large. Each elected representative is entitled to one vote at the national convention.

    (3) The meetings of the national convention may be held in the District of Columbia or in any State, territory, or possession of the United States.

    (b) BOARD OF ADMINISTRATION- (1) During the intervals between the national convention, the board of administration is the governing board of the corporation and is responsible for the general policies, program, and activities of the corporation.

    (2) The board shall consist of at least 7 members elected in the manner and for the term provided in the constitution and bylaws.

    (c) OFFICERS- (1) The officers of the corporation are a national commander, a national senior vice commander, a national junior vice commander, a national quartermaster, a national adjutant, a national judge advocate, 9 regional vice commanders, and other officers as provided in the constitution and bylaws. One individual may hold the offices of national quartermaster and national adjutant.

    (2) The titles, manner of selection, term of office, and duties of the officers are as provided in the constitution and bylaws.

Sec. 230305. Powers

    The corporation may--

      (1) adopt and amend a constitution and bylaws for the management of its property and the regulation of its affairs;

      (2) adopt and alter a corporate seal;

      (3) choose officers, managers, employees, and agents as the activities of the corporation require;

      (4) make contracts;

      (5) acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property as necessary or convenient to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (6) borrow money, issue instruments of indebtedness, and secure its obligations by granting security interests in its property;

      (7) sue and be sued; and

      (8) do any other act necessary and proper to carry out the purposes of the corporation.

Sec. 230306. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, and badges

    The corporation and its subordinate divisions have the exclusive right to use the name ‘Veterans of World War I of the United States of America, Incorporated’. The corporation has the exclusive right to use, and to allow others to use, seals, emblems, and badges the corporation adopts.

Sec. 230307. Restrictions

    (a) STOCKS AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation or an officer or agent as such may not contribute to, support, or assist a political party or candidate for public office.

    (c) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, an officer or member during the life of the corporation or on its dissolution or final liquidation. This subsection does not prevent the payment of compensation to an officer or reimbursement for actual necessary expenses in amounts approved by the board of administration of the corporation.

    (d) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan or advance to an officer or employee. Members of the board of administration who vote for or assent to making a loan or advance to an officer or employee, and officers who participate in making the loan or advance, are jointly and severally liable to the corporation for the amount of the loan or advance until it is repaid.

Sec. 230308. Principal office

    The principal office of the corporation shall be in the District of Columbia or another place decided by the board of administration. However, the activities of the corporation are not confined to the place where the principal office is located but may be conducted in the District of Columbia and throughout the States, territories, and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 230309. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account; and

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its national convention and board of administration.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 230310. Service of process

    The corporation shall have a designated agent in the District of Columbia to receive service of process for the corporation. Notice to or service on the agent, or mailed to the business address of the agent, is notice to or service on the corporation.

Sec. 230311. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 230312. Annual report

    Not later than March 1 of each year, the corporation shall submit a report to Congress on the activities of the corporation during the prior fiscal year. The report may consist of a report on the proceedings of the national convention.

Sec. 230313. Termination of existence and distribution of assets

    (a) AUTHORITY TO MAKE CONTINGENT PROVISIONS- The national convention, by resolution, may declare that the corporate existence will terminate on the occurrence of a specified event and provide for the disposition of any property remaining after the discharge of all liabilities.

    (b) PROCEDURE FOR CARRYING OUT CONTINGENT PROVISIONS- (1) An authenticated copy of the national convention’s resolution must be filed in the office of the United States District Court for the District of Columbia.

    (2) The court shall take jurisdiction when--

      (A) the declared event has occurred; and

      (B) a petition is filed with the court reciting the relevant facts.

    (3) On proof of the facts, the court shall enter an order vesting title and ownership in accordance with the resolution of the national convention.

CHAPTER 2305--VIETNAM VETERANS OF AMERICA, INC.

      Sec.

      230501. Definition.

      230502. Organization.

      230503. Purposes.

      230504. Membership.

      230505. Governing body.

      230506. Powers.

      230507. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, and badges.

      230508. Restrictions.

      230509. Duty to maintain tax-exempt status.

      230510. Records and inspection.

      230511. Service of process.

      230512. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      230513. Annual report.

Sec. 230501. Definition

    For purposes of this chapter, ‘State’ includes the District of Columbia and the territories and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 230502. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- Vietnam Veterans of America, Inc. (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’), a nonprofit corporation incorporated in New York, is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) EXPIRATION OF CHARTER- If the corporation does not comply with any provision of this chapter, the charter granted by this chapter expires.

Sec. 230503. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are as provided in its articles of incorporation, constitution, and bylaws and include a commitment--

      (1) to uphold and defend the Constitution of the United States;

      (2) to foster improvement of the condition of Vietnam-era veterans;

      (3) to promote the social welfare (including educational, economic, social, physical, and cultural improvement) of Vietnam-era veterans and other veterans in the United States by encouraging their growth, development, readjustment, self-respect, self-confidence, and usefulness;

      (4) to improve conditions for Vietnam-era veterans and develop channels of communication to assist Vietnam-era veterans;

      (5) to conduct and publish research, on a nonpartisan basis, pertaining to--

        (A) the relationship between Vietnam-era veterans and American society;

        (B) the Vietnam war experience;

        (C) the role of the United States in securing peaceful coexistence for the world community; and

        (D) other matters that affect the educational, economic, social, physical, or cultural welfare of Vietnam-era veterans, other veterans, and their families;

      (6) to assist disabled Vietnam-era veterans and other veterans in need of assistance and the dependents and survivors of those veterans; and

      (7) to consecrate the efforts of the members of the corporation, and Vietnam-era veterans generally, to mutual helpfulness and service to their country.

Sec. 230504. Membership

    (a) ELIGIBILITY- Except as provided in this chapter, eligibility for membership in the corporation and the rights and privileges of members are as provided in the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

    (b) NONDISCRIMINATION- The terms of membership may not discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, disability, age, or national origin.

Sec. 230505. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF DIRECTORS- The board of directors and the responsibilities of the board are as provided in the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

    (b) OFFICERS- The officers and the election of officers are as provided in the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

    (c) NONDISCRIMINATION- The requirements for serving as a director or officer may not discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, disability, age, or national origin.

Sec. 230506. Powers

    The corporation has only the powers provided in its articles of incorporation filed in the State of incorporation and in its constitution and bylaws.

Sec. 230507. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, and badges

    The corporation has the exclusive right to use the names ‘The Vietnam Veterans of America, Inc.’, ‘Vietnam Veterans of America, Inc.’, and ‘Vietnam Veterans of America’, and seals, emblems, and badges the corporation adopts. This section does not affect any vested rights.

Sec. 230508. Restrictions

    (a) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, a director, officer, or member during the life of the charter granted by this chapter. This subsection does not prevent the payment of reasonable compensation to an officer or reimbursement for actual necessary expenses in amounts approved by the board of directors.

    (c) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan to a director, officer, or employee.

    (d) CLAIM OF GOVERNMENTAL APPROVAL OR AUTHORITY- The corporation may not claim congressional approval or the authority of the United States Government for any of its activities.

Sec. 230509. Duty to maintain tax-exempt status

    The corporation shall maintain its status as an organization exempt from taxation under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 1 et seq.).

Sec. 230510. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, board of directors, and committees having any of the authority of its board of directors; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member entitled to vote, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 230511. Service of process

    The corporation shall comply with the law on service of process of each State in which it is incorporated and each State in which it carries on activities.

Sec. 230512. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 230513. Annual report

    The corporation shall submit an annual report to Congress on the activities of the corporation during the prior fiscal year. The report shall be submitted at the same time as the report of the audit required by section 10101 of this title. The report may not be printed as a public document.

CHAPTER 2401--WOMEN’S ARMY CORPS VETERANS’ ASSOCIATION

      Sec.

      240101. Definition.

      240102. Organization.

      240103. Purposes.

      240104. Membership.

      240105. Governing body.

      240106. Powers.

      240107. Restrictions.

      240108. Duty to maintain tax-exempt status.

      240109. Records and inspection.

      240110. Service of process.

      240111. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

      240112. Annual report.

Sec. 240101. Definition

    For purposes of this chapter, ‘State’ includes the District of Columbia and the territories and possessions of the United States.

Sec. 240102. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- Women’s Army Corps Veterans’ Association (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’), a nonprofit corporation incorporated in the District of Columbia, is a federally chartered corporation.

    (b) EXPIRATION OF CHARTER- If the corporation does not comply with any provision of this chapter, the charter granted by this chapter expires.

Sec. 240103. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are as provided in its articles of incorporation and include a continuing commitment on a national basis--

      (1) to promote the general welfare of all veterans, especially women veterans, who have served or are serving in the United States Army, the Army Reserve, and the Army National Guard;

      (2) to recognize outstanding women in college ROTC units throughout the United States; and

      (3) to provide services and support to patients in medical facilities of the Department of Veterans Affairs throughout the United States.

Sec. 240104. Membership

    Eligibility for membership in the corporation and the rights and privileges of members are as provided in the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.

Sec. 240105. Governing body

    (a) BOARD OF DIRECTORS- The board of directors and the responsibilities of the board are as provided in the articles of incorporation.

    (b) OFFICERS- The officers and the election of officers are as provided in the articles of incorporation.

Sec. 240106. Powers

    The corporation has only the powers provided in its bylaws and articles of incorporation filed in each State in which it is incorporated.

Sec. 240107. Restrictions

    (a) STOCK AND DIVIDENDS- The corporation may not issue stock or declare or pay a dividend.

    (b) POLITICAL ACTIVITIES- The corporation or a director or officer as such may not contribute to, support, or otherwise participate in any political activity or in any manner attempt to influence legislation.

    (c) DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME OR ASSETS- The income or assets of the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to, a director, officer, or member during the life of the charter granted by this chapter. This subsection does not prevent the payment of reasonable compensation to an officer or reimbursement for actual necessary expenses in amounts approved by the board of directors.

    (d) LOANS- The corporation may not make a loan to a director, officer, or employee.

    (e) CLAIM OF GOVERNMENTAL APPROVAL OR AUTHORITY- The corporation may not claim the approval or the authority of the United States Government for any of its activities.

Sec. 240108. Duty to maintain tax-exempt status

    The corporation shall maintain its status as an organization exempt from taxation under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 1 et seq.).

Sec. 240109. Records and inspection

    (a) RECORDS- The corporation shall keep--

      (1) correct and complete records of account;

      (2) minutes of the proceedings of its members, board of directors, and committees having any of the authority of its board of directors; and

      (3) at its principal office, a record of the names and addresses of its members entitled to vote.

    (b) INSPECTION- A member entitled to vote, or an agent or attorney of the member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper purpose, at any reasonable time.

Sec. 240110. Service of process

    The corporation shall comply with the law on service of process of each State in which it is incorporated and each State in which it carries on activities.

Sec. 240111. Liability for acts of officers and agents

    The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers or agents acting within the scope of their authority.

Sec. 240112. Annual report

    The corporation shall submit an annual report to Congress on the activities of the corporation during the prior fiscal year. The report shall be submitted at the same time as the report of the audit required by section 10101 of this title. The report may not be printed as a public document.

CHAPTER 2501--[RESERVED]

CHAPTER 2601--[RESERVED]

CHAPTER 2701--[RESERVED]

SUBTITLE III--TREATY OBLIGATION ORGANIZATIONS

Sec.

-3001.

-THE AMERICAN NATIONAL RED CROSS

-300101

CHAPTER 3001--THE AMERICAN NATIONAL RED CROSS

      Sec.

      300101. Organization.

      300102. Purposes.

      300103. Membership and chapters.

      300104. Board of governors.

      300105. Powers.

      300106. Emblem, badge, and brassard.

      300107. Annual meeting.

      300108. Buildings.

      300109. Endowment fund.

      300110. Annual report and audit.

      300111. Reservation of right to amend or repeal.

Sec. 300101. Organization

    (a) FEDERAL CHARTER- The American National Red Cross (in this chapter, the ‘corporation’) is a body corporate and politic in the District of Columbia.

    (b) NAME- The name of the corporation is ‘The American National Red Cross’.

    (c) PERPETUAL EXISTENCE- Except as otherwise provided, the corporation has perpetual existence.

Sec. 300102. Purposes

    The purposes of the corporation are--

      (1) to provide volunteer aid in time of war to the sick and wounded of the armed forces, in accordance with the spirit and conditions of--

        (A) the conference of Geneva of October, 1863;

        (B) the treaties of the Red Cross, or the treaties of Geneva, August 22, 1864, July 27, 1929, and August 12, 1949, to which the United States of America has given its adhesion; and

        (C) any other treaty, convention, or protocol similar in purpose to which the United States of America has given or may give its adhesion;

      (2) in carrying out the purposes described in clause (1) of this section, to perform all the duties devolved on a national society by each nation that has acceded to any of those treaties, conventions, or protocols;

      (3) to act in matters of voluntary relief and in accordance with the military authorities as a medium of communication between the people of the United States and the armed forces of the United States and to act in those matters between similar national societies of governments of other countries through the International Committee of the Red Cross and the Government, the people, and the armed forces of the United States; and

      (4) to carry out a system of national and international relief in time of peace, and to apply that system in mitigating the suffering caused by pestilence, famine, fire, floods, and other great national calamities, and to devise and carry out measures for preventing those calamities.

Sec. 300103. Membership and chapters

    (a) MEMBERSHIP- Membership in the corporation is open to all the people of the United States and its territories and possessions, on payment of an amount specified in the bylaws.

    (b) CHAPTERS- (1) The chapters of the corporation are the local units of the corporation. The board of governors shall prescribe regulations related to--

      (A) granting charters to the chapters and revoking those charters;

      (B) the territorial jurisdiction of the chapters;

      (C) the relationship of the chapters to the corporation; and

      (D) compliance by the chapters with the policies and regulations of the corporation.

    (2) The regulations shall require that each chapter adhere to the democratic principles of election specified in the bylaws in electing the governing body of the chapter and selecting delegates to the national convention of the corporation.

Sec. 300104. Board of governors

    (a) BOARD OF GOVERNORS- (1) The board of governors is the governing body of the corporation with all powers of governing and managing the corporation. The board has 50 members. The governors shall be appointed or elected in the following manner:

      (A) The President shall appoint 8 governors, one of whom the President shall designate to act as the principal officer of the corporation with the title and functions provided in the bylaws. The other governors appointed by the President shall be officials of departments and agencies of the United States Government, whose positions and interests qualify them to contribute to carrying out the programs and purposes of the corporation. At least one, but not more than 3, of those officials shall be selected from the armed forces.

      (B) The chapters shall elect 30 governors at the national convention under procedures for nomination and election that ensure equitable representation of all chapters, with regard to geographical considerations, the size of the chapters, and the size of the populations served by the chapters.

      (C) The board shall elect 12 governors as members-at-large. Those governors shall be individuals who are representative of the national interests that the corporation serves, and with which it is desirable that the corporation have close association.

    (2) One-third of the members elected to the board shall be elected at each national convention, and take office at that time or as soon as practicable after the convention.

    (b) TERM OF OFFICE AND VACANCIES- (1) The term of office of each governor is 3 years. However, the term of office of a governor appointed by the President (except the principal officer of the corporation) expires if, before the end of the 3-year term, the governor retires from the official position held at the time of appointment as a governor.

    (2) The President shall fill as soon as practicable a vacancy in the office of the principal officer of the corporation or in the position of another governor appointed by the President. The board shall make a temporary appointment to fill a vacancy occurring in an elected position on the board. An individual appointed by the board to fill a vacancy serves until the next national convention.

    (c) EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE- The board may--

      (1) appoint, from its own members, an executive committee of at least 11 individuals to exercise the powers of the board when the board is not in session; and

      (2) appoint and remove, or provide for the appointment and removal of, officers and employees of the corporation, except the principal officer of the corporation.

    (d) VOTING BY PROXY- Voting by proxy is not allowed at any meeting of the board, at the national convention, or at any meeting of a chapter. However, the board may allow the election of governors by proxy at the national convention if the board believes a national emergency makes attendance at the national convention impossible.

Sec. 300105. Powers

    (a) GENERAL- The corporation may--

      (1) adopt bylaws and regulations;

      (2) adopt, alter, and destroy a seal;

      (3) own and dispose of property to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (4) accept gifts, devises, and bequests of property to carry out the purposes of the corporation;

      (5) sue and be sued in courts of law and equity, State or Federal, within the jurisdiction of the United States; and

      (6) do any other act necessary to carry out this chapter and promote the purposes of the corporation.

    (b) DESIGNATION- The corporation is designated as the organization authorized to act in matters of relief under the treaties of Geneva, August 22, 1864, July 27, 1929, and August 12, 1949.

Sec. 300106. Emblem, badge, and brassard

    (a) EMBLEM AND BADGE- In carrying out its purposes under this chapter, the corporation may have and use, as an emblem and badge, a Greek red cross on a white ground, as described in the treaties of Geneva, August 22, 1864, July 27, 1929, and August 12, 1949, and adopted by the nations acceding to those treaties.

    (b) DELIVERY OF BRASSARD- In accordance with those treaties, the delivery of the brassard allowed for individuals neutralized in time of war shall be left to military authority.

Sec. 300107. Annual meeting

    The annual meeting of the corporation is the national convention of delegates of the chapters. The national convention shall be held annually on a date and at a place specified by the board of governors. In matters requiring a vote at the national convention, each chapter is entitled to at least one vote. The board shall determine on an equitable basis the number of votes that each chapter is entitled to cast, taking into consideration the size of the membership of the chapters and of the populations served by the chapters. The board shall review the allocation of votes at least every 5 years.

Sec. 300108. Buildings

    (a) OWNERSHIP- The United States Government shall retain ownership of the corporation’s permanent headquarters, comprised of buildings erected on square 172 in the District of Columbia, including--

      (1) the memorial building to commemorate the service and sacrifice of the women of the United States, North and South, during the Civil War, erected for the use of the corporation;

      (2) the memorial building to commemorate the service and sacrifice of the patriotic women of the United States, its territories and possessions, and the District of Columbia during World War I, erected for the use of the corporation; and

      (3) the permanent building erected for the use of the corporation in connection with its work in cooperation with the Government.

    (b) MAINTENANCE AND EXPENSES- Those buildings shall remain under the supervision of the Administrator of General Services. However, the corporation shall care for and maintain the buildings without expense to the Government.

Sec. 300109. Endowment fund

    The endowment fund of the corporation shall be kept and invested under the management and control of a board of 9 trustees elected by the board of governors. The board of governors shall prescribe regulations on terms and tenure of office, accountability, and expenses of the board of trustees.

Sec. 300110. Annual report and audit

    (a) SUBMISSION OF REPORT- As soon as practicable after July 1 of each year, the corporation shall submit a report to the Secretary of Defense on the activities of the corporation during the fiscal year ending June 30, including a complete, itemized report of all receipts and expenditures.

    (b) AUDITING OF REPORT AND SUBMISSION TO CONGRESS- The Secretary shall audit the report and submit a copy of the audited report to Congress.

    (c) PAYMENT OF AUDIT EXPENSES- The corporation shall reimburse the Secretary each year for auditing its accounts. The amount paid shall be deposited in the Treasury of the United States as a miscellaneous receipt.

Sec. 300111. Reservation of right to amend or repeal

    Congress reserves the right to amend or repeal the provisions of this chapter.

SEC. 2. THE FLAG.

    (a) Chapter 1 of title 4, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new sections:

‘Sec. 4. Pledge of allegiance to the flag; manner of delivery

    ‘The Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag, ‘I pledge allegiance to the Flag of the United States of America, and to the Republic for which it stands, one Nation under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.’, should be rendered by standing at attention facing the flag with the right hand over the heart. When not in uniform men should remove their headdress with their right hand and hold it at the left shoulder, the hand being over the heart. Persons in uniform should remain silent, face the flag, and render the military salute.

‘Sec. 5. Display and use of flag by civilians; codification of rules and customs; definition

    ‘The following codification of existing rules and customs pertaining to the display and use of the flag of the United States of America is established for the use of such civilians or civilian groups or organizations as may not be required to conform with regulations promulgated by one or more executive departments of the Government of the United States. The flag of the United States for the purpose of this chapter shall be defined according to sections 1 and 2 of this title and Executive Order 10834 issued pursuant thereto.

‘Sec. 6. Time and occasions for display

    ‘(a) It is the universal custom to display the flag only from sunrise to sunset on buildings and on stationary flagstaffs in the open. However, when a patriotic effect is desired, the flag may be displayed twenty-four hours a day if properly illuminated during the hours of darkness.

    ‘(b) The flag should be hoisted briskly and lowered ceremoniously.

    ‘(c) The flag should not be displayed on days when the weather is inclement, except when an all weather flag is displayed.

    ‘(d) The flag should be displayed on all days, especially on New Year’s Day, January 1; Inauguration Day, January 20; Lincoln’s Birthday, February 12; Washington’s Birthday, third Monday in February; Easter Sunday (variable); Mother’s Day, second Sunday in May; Armed Forces Day, third Saturday in May; Memorial Day (half-staff until noon), the last Monday in May; Flag Day, June 14; Independence Day, July 4; Labor Day, first Monday in September; Constitution Day, September 17; Columbus Day, second Monday in October; Navy Day, October 27; Veterans Day, November 11; Thanksgiving Day, fourth Thursday in November; Christmas Day, December 25; and such other days as may be proclaimed by the President of the United States; the birthdays of States (date of admission); and on State holidays.

    ‘(e) The flag should be displayed daily on or near the main administration building of every public institution.

    ‘(f) The flag should be displayed in or near every polling place on election days.

    ‘(g) The flag should be displayed during school days in or near every schoolhouse.

‘Sec. 7. Position and manner of display

    ‘The flag, when carried in a procession with another flag or flags, should be either on the marching right; that is, the flag’s own right, or, if there is a line of other flags, in front of the center of that line.

    ‘(a) The flag should not be displayed on a float in a parade except from a staff, or as provided in subsection (i) of this section.

    ‘(b) The flag should not be draped over the hood, top, sides, or back of a vehicle or of a railroad train or a boat. When the flag is displayed on a motorcar, the staff shall be fixed firmly to the chassis or clamped to the right fender.

    ‘(c) No other flag or pennant should be placed above or, if on the same level, to the right of the flag of the United States of America, except during church services conducted by naval chaplains at sea, when the church pennant may be flown above the flag during church services for the personnel of the Navy. No person shall display the flag of the United Nations or any other national or international flag equal, above, or in a position of superior prominence or honor to, or in place of, the flag of the United States at any place within the United States or any Territory or possession thereof: Provided, That nothing in this section shall make unlawful the continuance of the practice heretofore followed of displaying the flag of the United Nations in a position of superior prominence or honor, and other national flags in positions of equal prominence or honor, with that of the flag of the United States at the headquarters of the United Nations.

    ‘(d) The flag of the United States of America, when it is displayed with another flag against a wall from crossed staffs, should be on the right, the flag’s own right, and its staff should be in front of the staff of the other flag.

    ‘(e) The flag of the United States of America should be at the center and at the highest point of the group when a number of flags of States or localities or pennants of societies are grouped and displayed from staffs.

    ‘(f) When flags of States, cities, or localities, or pennants of societies are flown on the same halyard with the flag of the United States, the latter should always be at the peak. When the flags are flown from adjacent staffs, the flag of the United States should be hoisted first and lowered last. No such flag or pennant may be placed above the flag of the United States or to the United States flag’s right.

    ‘(g) When flags of two or more nations are displayed, they are to be flown from separate staffs of the same height. The flags should be of approximately equal size. International usage forbids the display of the flag of one nation above that of another nation in time of peace.

    ‘(h) When the flag of the United States is displayed from a staff projecting horizontally or at an angle from the window sill, balcony, or front of a building, the union of the flag should be placed at the peak of the staff unless the flag is at half staff. When the flag is suspended over a sidewalk from a rope extending from a house to a pole at the edge of the sidewalk, the flag should be hoisted out, union first, from the building.

    ‘(i) When displayed either horizontally or vertically against a wall, the union should be uppermost and to the flag’s own right, that is, to the observer’s left. When displayed in a window, the flag should be displayed in the same way, with the union or blue field to the left of the observer in the street.

    ‘(j) When the flag is displayed over the middle of the street, it should be suspended vertically with the union to the north in an east and west street or to the east in a north and south street.

    ‘(k) When used on a speaker’s platform, the flag, if displayed flat, should be displayed above and behind the speaker. When displayed from a staff in a church or public auditorium, the flag of the United States of America should hold the position of superior prominence, in advance of the audience, and in the position of honor at the clergyman’s or speaker’s right as he faces the audience. Any other flag so displayed should be placed on the left of the clergyman or speaker or to the right of the audience.

    ‘(l) The flag should form a distinctive feature of the ceremony of unveiling a statue or monument, but it should never be used as the covering for the statue or monument.

    ‘(m) The flag, when flown at half-staff, should be first hoisted to the peak for an instant and then lowered to the half-staff position. The flag should be again raised to the peak before it is lowered for the day. On Memorial Day the flag should be displayed at half-staff until noon only, then raised to the top of the staff. By order of the President, the flag shall be flown at half-staff upon the death of principal figures of the United States Government and the Governor of a State, territory, or possession, as a mark of respect to their memory. In the event of the death of other officials or foreign dignitaries, the flag is to be displayed at half-staff according to Presidential instructions or orders, or in accordance with recognized customs or practices not inconsistent with law. In the event of the death of a present or former official of the government of any State, territory, or possession of the United States, the Governor of that State, territory, or possession may proclaim that the National flag shall be flown at half-staff. The flag shall be flown at half-staff thirty days from the death of the President or a former President; ten days from the day of death of the Vice President, the Chief Justice or a retired Chief Justice of the United States, or the Speaker of the House of Representatives; from the day of death until interment of an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, a Secretary of an executive or military department, a former Vice President, or the Governor of a State, territory, or possession; and on the day of death and the following day for a Member of Congress. The flag shall be flown at halfstaff on Peace Officers Memorial Day, unless that day is also Armed Forces Day. As used in this subsection--

      ‘(1) the term ‘half-staff’ means the position of the flag when it is one-half the distance between the top and bottom of the staff;

      ‘(2) the term ‘executive or military department’ means any agency listed under sections 101 and 102 of title 5; and

      ‘(3) the term ‘Member of Congress’ means a Senator, a Representative, a Delegate, or the Resident Commissioner from Puerto Rico.

    ‘(n) When the flag is used to cover a casket, it should be so placed that the union is at the head and over the left shoulder. The flag should not be lowered into the grave or allowed to touch the ground.

    ‘(o) When the flag is suspended across a corridor or lobby in a building with only one main entrance, it should be suspended vertically with the union of the flag to the observer’s left upon entering. If the building has more than one main entrance, the flag should be suspended vertically near the center of the corridor or lobby with the union to the north, when entrances are to the east and west or to the east when entrances are to the north and south. If there are entrances in more than two directions, the union should be to the east.

‘Sec. 8. Respect for flag

    ‘No disrespect should be shown to the flag of the United States of America; the flag should not be dipped to any person or thing. Regimental colors, State flags, and organization or institutional flags are to be dipped as a mark of honor.

    ‘(a) The flag should never be displayed with the union down, except as a signal of dire distress in instances of extreme danger to life or property.

    ‘(b) The flag should never touch anything beneath it, such as the ground, the floor, water, or merchandise.

    ‘(c) The flag should never be carried flat or horizontally, but always aloft and free.

    ‘(d) The flag should never be used as wearing apparel, bedding, or drapery. It should never be festooned, drawn back, nor up, in folds, but always allowed to fall free. Bunting of blue, white, and red, always arranged with the blue above, the white in the middle, and the red below, should be used for covering a speaker’s desk, draping the front of the platform, and for decoration in general.

    ‘(e) The flag should never be fastened, displayed, used, or stored in such a manner as to permit it to be easily torn, soiled, or damaged in any way.

    ‘(f) The flag should never be used as a covering for a ceiling.

    ‘(g) The flag should never have placed upon it, nor on any part of it, nor attached to it any mark, insignia, letter, word, figure, design, picture, or drawing of any nature.

    ‘(h) The flag should never be used as a receptacle for receiving, holding, carrying, or delivering anything.

    ‘(i) The flag should never be used for advertising purposes in any manner whatsoever. It should not be embroidered on such articles as cushions or handkerchiefs and the like, printed or otherwise impressed on paper napkins or boxes or anything that is designed for temporary use and discard. Advertising signs should not be fastened to a staff or halyard from which the flag is flown.

    ‘(j) No part of the flag should ever be used as a costume or athletic uniform. However, a flag patch may be affixed to the uniform of military personnel, firemen, policemen, and members of patriotic organizations. The flag represents a living country and is itself considered a living thing. Therefore, the lapel flag pin being a replica, should be worn on the left lapel near the heart.

    ‘(k) The flag, when it is in such condition that it is no longer a fitting emblem for display, should be destroyed in a dignified way, preferably by burning.

‘Sec. 9. Conduct during hoisting, lowering or passing of flag

    ‘During the ceremony of hoisting or lowering the flag or when the flag is passing in a parade or in review, all persons present except those in uniform should face the flag and stand at attention with the right hand over the heart. Those present in uniform should render the military salute. When not in uniform, men should remove their headdress with their right hand and hold it at the left shoulder, the hand being over the heart. Aliens should stand at attention. The salute to the flag in a moving column should be rendered at the moment the flag passes.

‘Sec. 10. Modification of rules and customs by President

    ‘Any rule or custom pertaining to the display of the flag of the United States of America, set forth herein, may be altered, modified, or repealed, or additional rules with respect thereto may be prescribed, by the Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces of the United States, whenever he deems it to be appropriate or desirable; and any such alteration or additional rule shall be set forth in a proclamation.’.

    (b) The analysis of chapter 1 of title 4, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new items:

      ‘4. Pledge of allegiance to the flag; manner of delivery.

      ‘5. Display and use of flag by civilians; codification of rules and customs; definition.

      ‘6. Time and occasions for display.

      ‘7. Position and manner of display.

      ‘8. Respect for flag.

      ‘9. Conduct during hoisting, lowering or passing of flag.

      ‘10. Modification of rules and customs by President.’.

SEC. 3. CONFORMING PROVISIONS.

    Section 1332 of title 44, United States Code, is amended by striking ‘the United Spanish War Veterans,’.

SEC. 4. CONFORMING CROSS-REFERENCES.

    (a) TITLE 10- Title 10, United States Code, is amended as follows:

      (1) In section 2249b, strike ‘the provisions of section 3 of the Joint Resolution of June 22, 1942 (56 Stat. 378, chapter 435; 36 U.S.C. 175), and any modification of such provisions under section 8 of that Joint Resolution (36 U.S.C. 178)’ and substitute ‘section 7 of title 4 and any modification of section 7 under section 10 of title 4’.

      (2) Section 2543 is amended as follows:

        (A) In subsection (e)(1), strike ‘subsection (b)(2) of the first section of the Presidential Inaugural Ceremonies Act (36 U.S.C. 721)’ and substitute ‘section 501 of title 36’.

        (B) In subsection (e)(2), strike ‘the proviso in section 9 of the Presidential Inaugural Ceremonies Act (36 U.S.C. 729)’ and substitute ‘section 507 of title 36’.

      (3) In section 9441(b), strike ‘section 2 of the Act of July 1, 1946 (36 U.S.C. 202)’ and substitute ‘section 40302 of title 36’.

    (b) TITLE 18- Section 2320(d) of title 18, United States Code, is amended as follows:

      (1) In clause (1)(B), strike ‘section 110 of the Olympic Charter Act’ and substitute ‘section 220706 of title 36’.

      (2) In clause (2), insert ‘and’ after the semicolon.

      (3) In clause (3), strike ‘; and’ and substitute a period.

      (4) Strike clause (4).

SEC. 5. LEGISLATIVE PURPOSE AND CONSTRUCTION.

    (a) NO SUBSTANTIVE CHANGE- Sections 1 and 2 of this Act restate, without substantive change, laws enacted before August 16, 1997, that were replaced by those sections. Those sections may not be construed as making a substantive change in the laws replaced. Laws enacted after August 15, 1997, that are inconsistent with this Act supersede this Act to the extent of the inconsistency.

    (b) REFERENCES- A reference to a law replaced by section 1 or 2 of this Act, including a reference in a regulation, order, or other law, is deemed to refer to the corresponding provision enacted by this Act.

    (c) CONTINUING EFFECT- An order, rule, or regulation in effect under a law replaced by section 1 or 2 of this Act continues in effect under the corresponding provision enacted by this Act until repealed, amended, or superseded.

    (d) ACTIONS AND OFFENSES UNDER PRIOR LAW- An action taken or an offense committed under a law replaced by section 1 or 2 of this Act is deemed to have been taken or committed under the corresponding provision enacted by this Act.

    (e) INFERENCES- An inference of a legislative construction is not to be drawn by reason of the location in the United States Code of a provision enacted by this Act or by reason of a caption or catch line of the provision.

    (f) SEVERABILITY- If a provision enacted by this Act is held invalid, all valid provisions that are severable from the invalid provision remain in effect. If a provision enacted by this Act is held invalid in any of its applications, the provision remains valid for all valid applications that are severable from any of the invalid applications.

SEC. 6. REPEALS.

    (a) INFERENCES OF REPEAL- The repeal of a law by this Act may not be construed as a legislative inference that the provision was or was not in effect before its repeal.

    (b) REPEALER SCHEDULE- The laws specified in the following schedule are repealed, except for rights and duties that matured, penalties that were incurred, and proceedings that were begun before the date of enactment of this Act:

Schedule of Laws Repealed
Statutes at Large
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Date     Chapter or Public Law Section                                                                                                                                                                                                                Statutes at Large                    U.S. Code                                                                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Volume Page                   Title                                                                                                                                                                                        Section 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mar. 3   111                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         12 806                       36                                                                                                                                                                                        251-253 
July 14  264                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         16 277                       36                                                                                                                                                                                            252 
June 20  107                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         23 50                        36                                                                                                                                                                                            254 
Jan. 4   20                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          25 640                       36                                                                                                                                                                                             20 
Feb. 20  23                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          29 8                         36                                                                                                                                                                                         18-18c 
June 6   806                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         31 662                       36                                                                                                                                                                                      4401-4408 
Mar. 3   860                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         31 1438                      36                                                                                                                                                                                      3501-3504 
         876                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         31 1453                      36                                                                                                                                                                                     5401, 5402 
Apr. 28  1790                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        33 542                       36                                                                                                                                                                                           3504 
Jan. 5   23                    1-3, 4a-8                                                                                                                                                                                                                             33 599, 601                  36                                                                                                                                                                            1, 2, 3, 4a-6, 8, 9 
June 9   3065                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        34 227                       36                                                                                                                                                                                        20a-20g 
June 30  3929                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        34 804                       36                                                                                                                                                                                      5301-5311 
June 23  372                   2                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     36 604                       36                                                                                                                                                                                              9 
Dec. 10  1                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           37 647                       36                                                                                                                                                                                              5 
Jan. 30  21                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          37 654                       36                                                                                                                                                                     4901, 4901 note, 4902-4910 
May 8    Pub. R. 25                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  38 770                       36                                                                                                                                                                                       141, 142 
May 27   101                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         38 383                       36                                                                                                                                                                                  254, 254 note 
Mar. 3   89                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          38 955                       36                                                                                                                                                                                            18a 
Apr. 17  77                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          39 51                        36                                                                                                                                                                                      4201-4206 
June 15  148                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         39 227                       36                                                                                                                                                                                          21-29 
Feb. 27  137                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         39 946                       36                                                                                                                                                                                              6 
Sept. 16 59                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          41 284                       36                                                                                                                                                                                          41-51 
May 29   214                   (1st complete par. on p. 659)                                                                                                                                                                                                         41 659                       36                                                                                                                                                                                              7 
May 31   216                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         41 691                       36                                                                                                                                                                                      4701-4707 
Mar. 3   131                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         41 1354                      36                                                                                                                                                                                              5 
Apr. 6   121                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         42 490                       36                                                                                                                                                                                           3502 
Mar. 3   228                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         42 1441                      36                                                                                                                                                                                          61-66 
Mar. 4   283                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         42 1509                      36                                                                                                                                               121, 122b, 123-125, 127, 128, 131, 132, 138-138c 
Apr. 2   81                    1 (2d, last provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                    43 35                        36                                                                                                                                                                                       122, 133 
June 7   292                   1 (provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                             43 522                       36                                                                                                                                                                                       122, 133 
         296                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         43 535                       36                                                                                                                                                                                          81-88 
         369                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         43 665                       36                                                                                                                                                                                             15 
Feb. 6   142                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         43 808                       36                                                                                                                                                                                            20d 
Feb. 24  303                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         43 966                       36                                                                                                                                                                                         91-105 
Feb. 5   11                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          44 4                         36                                                                                                                                                                                            18a 
Apr. 22  171                   1 (2d-last provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                     44 307                       36                                                                                                                                                                                   122, 133-135 
May 5    246                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         44 403                       36                                                                                                                                                                                             14 
Feb. 11  104                   1 (provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                             44 1071                      36                                                                                                                                                                                   122, 133-137 
May 16   580                   1 (provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                             45 575                       36                                                                                                                                                                                  122, 134, 135 
May 18   643                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         45 617                       36                                                                                                                                                                                            143 
Feb. 20  270                   1 (1st, 2d, last provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                               45 1231, 1232                36                                                                                                                                                                                  122, 134, 135 
June 14  23                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          46 11                        36                                                                                                                                                                                           4902 
Feb. 7   42                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          46 66                        36                                                                                                                                                                                             13 
Apr. 19  201                   1 (1st, 2d, last provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                               46 230, 231                  36                                                                                                                                                                                  122, 134, 135 
Feb. 23  281                   1 (1st, 2d, last provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                               46 1356                      36                                                                                                                                                                                  122, 134, 135 
Mar. 3   436                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         46 1508                      36                                                                                                                                                                                            170 
June 17  268                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         47 320                       36                                                                                                                                                                                        90a-90k 
June 30  330                   1 (1st, 2d, last provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                               47 454                       36                                                                                                                                                                                  122, 134, 135 
Mar. 3   214                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         47 1544                      36                                                                                                                                                                                             16 
May 20   36                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          48 73                        36                                                                                                                                                                                            145 
June 16  101                   1 (1st, last provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                   48 285                       36                                                                                                                                                                                       122, 135 
Apr. 30  184                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         48 657                       36                                                                                                                                                                                            146 
June 7   425                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         48 925                       36                                                                                                                                                                                     3502, 3504 
Feb. 2   3                     1 (1st, 3d, last provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                               49 7                         36                                                                                                                                                                                 121a, 122, 135 
June 28  323                   1, 2                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  49 426                       36                                                                                                                                                                                  491, 491 note 
July 5   373                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         49 457                       36                                                                                                                                                                                      3301-3310 
Aug. 12  508                   1 (par. under heading ‘Memorial to Personnel of American Expeditionary Forces’)                                                                                                                                                       49 594                       36                                                                                                                                                                                       491 note 
Mar. 19  156                   1 (1st, 3d, last provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                               49 1169                      36                                                                                                                                                                                 121a, 122, 135 
May 28   471                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         49 1390                      36                                                                                                                                                                                        111-120 
June 15  546                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         49 1501                      36                                                                                                                                                                                       139-139b 
June 23  736                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         49 1895                      36                                                                                                                                                                                       147, 148 
June 14  336                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         50 257                       36                                                                                                                                                                                      5305-5308 
June 28  396                   1 (1st, 3d, last provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                               50 331                       36                                                                                                                                                                                 121a, 122, 135 
Aug. 4   564                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         50 558                       36                                                                                                                                                                                          57-59 
Aug. 16  666                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         50 668                       36                                                                                                                                                                                            149 
Aug. 25  762                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         50 798                       36                                                                                                                                                                     3201, 3201 note, 3202-3209 
Mar. 28  56                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          52 148                       36                                                                                                                                                                                            150 
May 23   259                   1 (1st, 3d, last provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                               52 412                       36                                                                                                                                                                                 121a, 122, 135 
June 29  796                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         52 1226                      36                                                                                                                                                                                     5401, 5402 
Mar. 16  11                    1 (1st, 3d, last provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                               53 525                       36                                                                                                                                                                                 121a, 122, 135 
May 11   123                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         53 739                       36                                                                                                                                                                                            151 
Apr. 18  107                   1 (1st, 3d, last provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                               54 113                       36                                                                                                                                                                                 121a, 122, 135 
June 6   239                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         54 232                       36                                                                                                                                                                       140, 140 note, 140a-140c 
Sept. 24 730                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         54 960                       36                                                                                                                                                                                       149 note 
Oct. 10  840                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         54 1093                      36                                                                                                                                                                                           151a 
Apr. 5   40                    1 (provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                             55 95                        36                                                                                                                                                                                 121a, 122, 135 
June 22  435                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         56 377                       36                                                                                                                                                                                        171-178 
June 27  450                   1 (provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                             56 395                       36                                                                                                                                                                                 121a, 122, 135 
July 15  505                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         56 659                       36                                                                                                                                                                              90a, 90c, 90e-90j 
July 30  537                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         56 728                       36                                                                                                                                                                                       149 note 
Sept. 26 563                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         56 758                       36                                                                                                                                                                                             97 
Oct. 17  615                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         56 796                       36                                                                                                                                                                                        179-182 
Oct. 29  633                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         56 1012                      36                                                                                                                                                                                         43, 45 
Dec. 22  806                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         56 1074                      36                                                                                                                                                                                        171-178 
June 26  145                   101 (provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                           57 171                       36                                                                                                                                                                                 121a, 122, 135 
June 27  286                   101 (provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                           58 363                       36                                                                                                                                                                                 121a, 122, 135 
May 3    106                   101 (provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                           59 107                       36                                                                                                                                                                                 121a, 122, 135 
Aug. 11  363                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         59 530                       36                                                                                                                                                                                            155 
Dec. 28  607                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         59 668                       36                                                                                                                                                                                            172 
Mar. 28  113                   101 (provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                           60 62                        36                                                                                                                                                                                      121a, 135 
June 26  502                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         60 317, 318                  36                                                                                                                                                     121, 123-125, 127, 128, 131, 132, 138-138b 
July 1   527                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         60 346                       36                                                                                                                                                                                        201-208 
July 9   546                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         60 524                       36                                                                                                                                                                                             45 
May 8    50                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          61 80                        36                                                                                                                                                                     1 note, 1a, 2, 3, 4a, 5, 9 
July 23  298                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         61 403                       36                                                                                                                                                                                         67-67s 
Apr. 20  219                   101 (last proviso in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                       62 179                       36                                                                                                                                                                                            122 
June 30  755                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         62 1150                      36                                                                                                                                                                                            156 
July 11  302                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         63 409                       36                                                                                                                                                                                     155a, 155b 
Aug. 3   385                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         63 492                       36                                                                                                                                                                                            157 
Aug. 24  506                   101 (last proviso in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                       63 633                       36                                                                                                                                                                                            122 
Mar. 16  62                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          64 22                        36                                                                                                                                                                                         31-38a 
May 11   182                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         64 158                       36                                                                                                                                                                                           169g 
June 30  431                   1-14, 16-19                                                                                                                                                                                                                           64 312, 315                  36                                                                                                                                                                               221-234, 236-239 
Aug. 30  823                   1-13, 15-21                                                                                                                                                                                                                           64 563, 566                  36                                                                                                                                                                               271-283, 285-291 
Sept. 6  896                   101 (last proviso in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                       64 699                       36                                                                                                                                                                                            122 
Sept. 20 956                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         64 868                       36                                                                                                                                                                                        311-317 
         958                   1-8, 10-12                                                                                                                                                                                                                            64 869, 872                  36                                                                                                                                                                               341-348, 350-352 
Sept. 21 975                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         64 899                       36                                                                                                                                                                              371-382b, 391-396 
Dec. 28  1177                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        64 1122                      36                                                                                                                                                                                             45 
         1178                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        64 1122                      36                                                                                                                                                                                            67e 
Apr. 16  29                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          65 31                        36                                                                                                                                                                                             39 
July 30  255                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         65 130                       36                                                                                                                                                                                            18a 
Aug. 17  328                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         65 192                       36                                                                                                                                                                                             36 
Aug. 31  376                   101 (provisos in 1st par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                       65 269                       36                                                                                                                                                                                            122 
Oct. 27  593                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         65 659                       36                                                                                                                                                                                            158 
Feb. 29  49                    1                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     66 9                         36                                                                                                                                                                                            153 
Apr. 3   131                   1-15, 17-21                                                                                                                                                                                                                           66 37, 41                    36                                                                                                                                                                               401-415, 417-421 
Apr. 17  216                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         66 64                        36                                                                                                                                                                                           169h 
July 5   578                   101 (provisos in 1st par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                       66 395                       36                                                                                                                                                                                      121b, 122 
May 21   63                    1                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     67 27                        36                                                                                                                                                                                           4702 
May 27   70                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          67 35                        36                                                                                                                                                                                        179-182 
May 29   85                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          67 40                        36                                                                                                                                                                                       111, 115 
June 26  152                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         67 81                        36                                                                                                                                                                                         97, 98 
         153                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         67 82                        36                                                                                                                                                                                         44, 48 
July 9   183                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         67 142                       36                                                                                                                                                                                            175 
July 17  222                   4-6                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   67 179                       36                                                                                                                                                                                3, 6, 7, 10, 11 
July 31  302                   101 (provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                           67 299                       36                                                                                                                                                                                      121b, 122 
Aug. 5   326                   (1st, 2d pars., 3d par. (a)-(f), (h), (i), 4th, last pars.)                                                                                                                                                                           67 366                       36                                                                                                                                                                                            426 
Aug. 13  427                   1-13, 15-17                                                                                                                                                                                                                           67 562, 565                  36                                                                                                                                                                               431-443, 445-447 
         429                   1-14, 16-19                                                                                                                                                                                                                           67 569, 573                  36                                                                                                                                                                               461-474, 476-479 
Aug. 14  486                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         67 582                       36                                                                                                                                                                                     34, 35, 37 
June 14  297                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         68 249                       36                                                                                                                                                                                            172 
June 24  359                   101 (provisos in pars. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                          68 275                       36                                                                                                                                                                          121b, 122, 122a, 125a 
July 19  536                   1-13, 15-18                                                                                                                                                                                                                           68 489, 492                  36                                                                                                                                                                               501-513, 515-518 
Aug. 3   655                   5                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     68 665                       36                                                                                                                                                                                           155a 
Aug. 20  774                   1-14, 16-20                                                                                                                                                                                                                           68 748, 752                  36                                                                                                                                                                               531-544, 546-550 
Aug. 24  911                   1-13, 15-19                                                                                                                                                                                                                           68 795, 800                  36                                                                                                                                                                               571-583, 585-589 
Aug. 28  1036                  1-13, 15-17                                                                                                                                                                                                                           68 891, 895                  36                                                                                                                                                                               601-613, 615-617 
June 29  226                   (provisos in pars. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                              69 194                       36                                                                                                                                                                                121b, 122, 122a 
July 26  383                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         69 375                       36                                                                                                                                                                                            67e 
         386                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         69 379                       36                                                                                                                                                                                         43, 45 
Aug. 4   546                   1-13, 15-17                                                                                                                                                                                                                           69 486, 490                  36                                                                                                                                                                               631-643, 645-647 
Aug. 9   658                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         69 589                       36                                                                                                                                                                                            426 
Mar. 29  102                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         70 60                        36                                                                                                                                                                                           4707 
June 13  385                   (provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                               70 278                       36                                                                                                                                                                                121b, 122, 122a 
July 25  721                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         70 640                       36                                                                                                                                                  121, 122b, 123-125, 131, 132, 138, 138a, 138b 
July 30  795                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         70 732                       36                                                                                                                                                                                            186 
Aug. 1   824                   1-13, 15-20                                                                                                                                                                                                                           70 794, 797                  36                                                                                                                                                                               661-673, 675-680 
Aug. 2   875                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         70 932                       36                                                                                                                                                                                            159 
Aug. 6   974                   1-5, 7-10                                                                                                                                                                                                                             70 1049, 1050                36                                                                                                                                                                               721-725, 727-730 
         976                   1-13, 15-17                                                                                                                                                                                                                           70 1052, 1056                36                                                                                                                                                                               691-703, 705-707 
May 16   85-32                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       71 30                        36                                                                                                                                                                                            160 
June 5   85-48                 101 (provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                           71 52                        36                                                                                                                                                                                121b, 122, 122a 
July 3   85-83                 1                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     71 276                       36                                                                                                                                                                                             20 
Aug. 13  85-125                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      71 344                       36                                                                                                                                                                                       123 note 
Aug. 28  85-179                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      71 457                       36                                                                                                                                                                                            426 
Sept. 7  85-305                1-7, 9                                                                                                                                                                                                                                71 626, 628                  36                                                                                                                                                                                   741-747, 749 
June 4   85-445                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      72 179                       36                                                                                                                                                                                            161 
June 25  85-468                (provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                               72 223                       36                                                                                                                                                                                121b, 122, 122a 
July 18  85-529                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      72 369                       36                                                                                                                                                                                            162 
         85-530                1-14, 16-20                                                                                                                                                                                                                           72 370, 374                  36                                                                                                                                                                               761-774, 776-780 
July 25  85-556                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      72 416                       36                                                                                                                                                                                            426 
Aug. 14  85-642                1-13, 15-17                                                                                                                                                                                                                           72 597, 600                  36                                                                                                                                                                               791-803, 805-807 
Aug. 26  85-761                1-13, 15-17                                                                                                                                                                                                                           72 854, 859                  36                                                                                                                                                                               821-833, 835-837 
Aug. 27  85-769                1-13, 15-18                                                                                                                                                                                                                           72 922, 927                  36                                                                                                                                                                               851-863, 865-868 
Sept. 2  85-870                1-13, 15-18                                                                                                                                                                                                                           72 1691, 1694                36                                                                                                                                                                               881-893, 895-898 
         85-903                1-12, 14-16                                                                                                                                                                                                                           72 1738, 1741                36                                                                                                                                                                               911-922, 924-926 
         85-918                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      72 1769                      36                                                                                                                                                                                            749 
June 17  86-47                 1-13, 15-18                                                                                                                                                                                                                           73 76, 79                    36                                                                                                                                                                       78-78l, 78n-78q 
July 8   86-79                 (provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                               73 164                       36                                                                                                                                                                                121b, 122, 122a 
Sept. 22 86-352                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      73 627                       36                                                                                                                                                                                  143, 143 note 
June 29  86-533                (23)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  74 249                       36                                                                                                                                                                                           139b 
July 12  86-642                (provisos in 1st par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                           74 475                       36                                                                                                                                                                                121b, 122, 122a 
July 14  86-653                1-13, 15-18                                                                                                                                                                                                                           74 515, 518                  36                                                                                                                                                                               941-953, 955-958 
Aug. 31  86-680                1-13, 15-18                                                                                                                                                                                                                           74 572, 577                  36                                                                                                                                                                               971-983, 985-988 
Sept. 13 86-753                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      74 898                       36                                                                                                                                                                                            163 
         86-772                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      74 913                       36                                                                                                                                                                                           155a 
Apr. 7   87-20                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       75 43                        36                                                                                                                                                                                            164 
June 21  87-56                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       75 95                        36                                                                                                                                                                                  633, 636, 648 
Aug. 3   87-125                (provisos in 1st par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                           75 279                       36                                                                                                                                                                                121b, 122, 122a 
Sept. 8  87-214                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      75 489                       36                                                                                                                                                                                            20c 
Sept. 26 87-319                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      75 681                       36                                                                                                                                                                                            165 
May 14   87-449                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      76 69                        36                                                                                                                                                                                            166 
July 25  87-547                6                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     76 217                       36                                                                                                                                                                                           4703 
Sept. 7  87-650                1-14, 16-20                                                                                                                                                                                                                           76 502, 505                  36                                                                                                                                                                           1001-1014, 1016-1020 
Sept. 10 87-655                1-13, 15-19                                                                                                                                                                                                                           76 530, 533                  36                                                                                                                                                                           1041-1053, 1055-1059 
Sept. 19 87-673                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      76 557                       36                                                                                                                                                                                           4909 
Oct. 1   87-726                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      76 676                       36                                                                                                                                                                                            167 
Oct. 9   87-780                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      76 779                       36                                                                                                                                                                                            168 
Oct. 15  87-817                1-13, 15-18                                                                                                                                                                                                                           76 929, 933                  36                                                                                                                                                                           3401-3413, 3415-3418 
Oct. 18  87-843                (provisos in 1st par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                           76 1100                      36                                                                                                                                                                                121b, 122, 122a 
Aug. 27  88-105                2                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     77 130                       36                                                                                                                                                                                            776 
Dec. 17  88-209                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      77 402                       36                                                                                                                                                                                            169 
Dec. 23  88-240                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      77 477                       36                                                                                                                                                                                  426, 426 note 
Dec. 30  88-242                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      77 629                       36                                                                                                                                                                                           169a 
         88-245                (provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                               77 796                       36                                                                                                                                                                                121b, 122, 122a 
         88-254                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      77 843                       36                                                                                                                                                                                           169b 
June 24  88-321                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      78 221                       36                                                                                                                                                                                           155a 
July 14  88-372                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      78 314                       36                                                                                                                                                                                      4301-4318 
         88-376                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      78 320                       36                                                                                                                                                                                      4501-4517 
July 16  88-378                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      78 325                       36                                                                                                                                                                                      1071-1088 
Aug. 10  88-407                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      78 383                       36                                                                                                                                                                                            383 
Aug. 19  88-449                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      78 496                       36                                                                                                                                                                                      4601-4617 
Aug. 30  88-504                1-4(15), (17)-(38)                                                                                                                                                                                                                    78 635, 637                  36 28, 37, 49, 58, 65, 78m, 90i, 101, 118, 140c, 235, 284, 317, 349, 444, 475, 514, 545, 584, 614, 644, 674, 704, 775, 804, 834, 864, 894, 923, 954, 984, 1015, 1054, 1101-1103, 3208, 3308, 3414 
Aug. 31  88-527                (provisos in 1st par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                           78 731                       36                                                                                                                                                                                121b, 122, 122a 
Sept. 2  88-566                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      78 849                       36                                                                                                                                                                                           169c 
Oct. 6   88-628                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      78 1003                      36                                                                                                                                                                                           169d 
Sept. 2  89-164                (provisos in 1st par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                           79 639                       36                                                                                                                                                                                121b, 122, 122a 
Oct. 1   89-231                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      79 901                       36                                                                                                                                                                                     4902, 4909 
Nov. 8   89-333                14                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    79 1294                      36                                                                                                                                                                                           155a 
June 9   89-443                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      80 194                       36                                                                                                                                                                                           157a 
Sept. 1  89-550                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      80 371                       36                                                                                                                                                                                         43, 45 
Sept. 14 89-576                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      80 772                       36                                                                                                                                                                                            67e 
Nov. 2   89-703                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      80 1099                      36                                                                                                                                                                                           169e 
Nov. 8   89-797                (provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                               80 1501                      36                                                                                                                                                                                121b, 122, 122a 
Nov. 8   90-133                (provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                               81 429                       36                                                                                                                                                                                121b, 122, 122a 
Dec. 18  90-208                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      81 655                       36                                                                                                                                                                                  90i, 91i note 
Jan. 30  90-251                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      82 4                         36                                                                                                                                                                             722, 723, 728, 730 
July 5   90-382                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      82 292                       36                                                                                                                                                                                       401, 418 
July 7   90-391                14                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    82 306                       36                                                                                                                                                                                           155a 
Aug. 9   90-470                (provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                               82 686                       36                                                                                                                                                                                121b, 122, 122a 
Sept. 17 90-498                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      82 848                       36                                                                                                                                                                                           169f 
June 30  91-37                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       83 42                        36                                                                                                                                                                    5303, 5306, 5307, 5307 note 
Dec. 24  91-153                (provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                               83 421                       36                                                                                                                                                                                121b, 122, 122a 
Oct. 8   91-442                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      84 914                       36                                                                                                                                                                                            155 
Oct. 21  91-472                (provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                               84 1058                      36                                                                                                                                                                                121b, 122, 122a 
         91-480                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      84 1081                      36                                                                                                                                                                                            121 
Aug. 10  92-77                 (provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                               85 264                       36                                                                                                                                                                                121b, 122, 122a 
Aug. 11  92-93                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       85 317                       36                                                                                                                                                                                      1151-1167 
Apr. 24  92-278                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      86 124                       36                                                                                                                                                                                           142a 
Sept. 29 92-447                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      86 746                       36                                                                                                                                                                                           4605 
Oct. 25  92-544                (provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                               86 1128                      36                                                                                                                                                                                121b, 122, 122a 
Nov. 27  93-162                (provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                               87 653                       36                                                                                                                                                                                121b, 122, 122a 
Jan. 2   93-244                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      87 1070                      36                                                                                                                                                                                            125 
Apr. 12  93-266                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      88 85                        36                                                                                                                                                                                     4904, 4906 
         93-267                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      88 85                        36                                                                                                                                                                                             97 
Sept. 6  93-414                (provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                               88 1099                      36                                                                                                                                                                                121b, 122, 122a 
Nov. 29  93-504                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      88 1575                      36                                                                                                                                                                                           1042 
Dec. 26  93-551                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      88 1744                      36                                                                                                                                                                                           1073 
Dec. 27  93-557                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      88 1792                      36                                                                                                                                                                                             45 
June 13  94-33                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       89 211                       36                                                                                                                                                                                           157b 
Oct. 17  94-116                (provisos in 1st par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                           89 587                       36                                                                                                                                                                                121b, 122, 122a 
Dec. 15  94-151                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      89 809                       36                                                                                                                                                                                     1101, 3502 
Apr. 1   94-256                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      90 301                       36                                                                                                                                                                                            121 
Apr. 21  94-273                3(19)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 90 377                       36                                                                                                                                                                                            131 
July 7   94-344                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      90 810                       36                                                                                                                                                                                        171-178 
Aug. 9   94-378                (provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                               90 1098                      36                                                                                                                                                                                121b, 122, 122a 
Oct. 1   94-443                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      90 1475                      36                                                                                                                                                                                       18a, 18c 
Aug. 15  95-98                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       91 830                       36                                                                                                                                                       67, 67 note, 67a, 67b, 67e, 67h, 67p-67r 
Oct. 4   95-119                (provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                               91 1077                      36                                                                                                                                                                                121b, 122, 122a 
Nov. 11  95-167                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      91 1347                      36                                                                                                                                                             881, 883, 885, 887, 895, 896, 1101 
Aug. 17  95-346                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      92 485                       36                                                                                                                                                                                             45 
Sept. 30 95-392                (provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                               92 795                       36                                                                                                                                                                                121b, 122, 122a 
Oct. 18  95-479                306                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   92 1566                      36                                                                                                                                                                                            121 
         95-482                113                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   92 1605                      36                                                                                                                                                                                            384 
Oct. 20  95-493                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      92 1643                      36                                                                                                                                                                                      1201-1219 
Nov. 8   95-606                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      92 3045                      36                                                                                                                                                               371, 371 note, 372-382b, 391-396 
Sept. 6  96-62                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       93 410                       36                                                                                                                                                                                           142b 
Nov. 5   96-103                (provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                               93 775                       36                                                                                                                                                                                121b, 122, 122a 
Dec. 21  96-155                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      93 1165                      36                                                                                                                                                                                             45 
Dec. 29  96-165                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      93 1267                      36                                                                                                                                                                                1101, 1301-1309 
July 8   96-304                (last sentence in par. under heading ‘Salaries and Expenses’)                                                                                                                                                                         94 898                       36                                                                                                                                                                                       393 note 
Oct. 3   96-376                9                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     94 1510                      36                                                                                                                                                                                            161 
Oct. 7   96-385                506                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   94 1537                      36                                                                                                                                                                                            121 
         96-388                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      94 1547                      36                                                                                                                                                                                      1401-1411 
Dec. 2   96-489                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      94 2553                      36                                                                                                                                                                                1101, 1501-1514 
Dec. 4   96-497                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      94 2595                      36                                                                                                                                                                                1101, 1601-1614 
Dec. 15  96-526                (provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                               94 3050                      36                                                                                                                                                                                121b, 122, 122a 
Nov. 20  97-82                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       95 1091                      36                                                                                                                                                                                1101, 1701-1715 
         97-83                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       95 1094                      36                                                                                                                                                                                1101, 1801-1815 
         97-84                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       95 1097                      36                                                                                                                                                                                     1402, 1405 
Dec. 23  97-101                (provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                               95 1422                      36                                                                                                                                                                                121b, 122, 122a 
June 1   97-192                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      96 109                       36                                                                                                                                                                                1101, 1901-1914 
Aug. 9   97-231                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      96 256                       36                                                                                                                                                                                1101, 2001-2015 
Aug. 10  97-234                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      96 261                       36                                                                                                                                                                                1101, 2101-2116 
Sept. 30 97-272                (provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                               96 1165                      36                                                                                                                                                                                121b, 122, 122a 
Jan. 8   97-427                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      96 2265                      36                                                                                                                                                                                1101, 2201-2215 
Jan. 12  97-447                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      96 2364                      36                                                                                                                                                                                           1219 
July 12  98-45                 (provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                               97 224                       36                                                                                                                                                                                121b, 122, 122a 
Apr. 10  98-257                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      98 127                       36                                                                                                                                                                                1101, 2301-2316 
May 21   98-291                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      98 203                       36                                                                                                                                                                                            90i 
May 31   98-304                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      98 220                       36                                                                                                                                                                                            67e 
June 12  98-314                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      98 237                       36                                                                                                                                                                                1101, 2401-2415 
July 18  98-371                (provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                               98 1221                      36                                                                                                                                                                                121b, 122, 122a 
July 23  98-372                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      98 1239                      36                                                                                                                                                                                1101, 2501-2515 
Aug. 7   98-375                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      98 1257                      36                                                                                                                                                                                       146 note 
Aug. 17  98-382                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      98 1343                      36                                                                                                                                                                                1101, 2601-2615 
Aug. 21  98-391                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      98 1358                      36                                                                                                                                                                                1101, 2701-2715 
Aug. 27  98-399                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      98 1473                      36                                                                                                                                                                                   169j-169j-10 
Oct. 19  98-520                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      98 2428                      36                                                                                                                                                                                1101, 2801-2815 
Oct. 30  98-561                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      98 2910                      36                                                                                                                                                                                1101, 2901-2916 
         98-565                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      98 2920                      36                                                                                                                                                                                1101, 3001-3016 
         98-584                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      98 3097                      36                                                                                                                                                                                1101, 3101-3115 
Oct. 7   99-119                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      99 498                       36                                                                                                                                                                                1101, 3601-3616 
Nov. 25  99-160                (1st-3d provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                        99 914                       36                                                                                                                                                                                121b, 122, 122a 
Dec. 9   99-172                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      99 1020                      36                                                                                                                                                                                1101, 3701-3715 
Dec. 19  99-190                101(d) [provisos in par. under heading ‘United States Holocaust Memorial Council’), Sec. 324]                                                                                                                                         99 1262, 1267                36                                                                                                                                                              1401, 1404 note, 1407, 1409, 1410 
May 1    99-284                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     100 406                       36                                                                                                                                                                 169j-2, 169j-3, 169j-7, 169j-8 
May 23   99-318                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     100 474                       36                                                                                                                                                                                1101, 3801-3817 
Aug. 7   99-376                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     100 804                       36                                                                                                                                                                                           3501 
Aug. 27  99-402                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     100 910                       36                                                                                                                                                                       169i, 169i notes, 169i-1 
Oct. 7   99-449                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     100 1128                      36                                                                                                                                                                                            187 
Oct. 18  99-500                101(g) [(1st-3d provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’ in title II of H.R. 5313)], (h) [(1st, 2d, 4th, last provisos in par. under heading ‘United States Holocaust Memorial Council’)]               100 1783-242, 1783-283        36                                                                                                                                                                     121b, 122, 122a, 1404 note 
Oct. 21  99-506                902                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  100 1841                      36                                                                                                                                                                                           155a 
Oct. 30  99-591                101(g) [(1st-3d provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’ in title II of H.R. 5313)], (h) [(1st, 2d, 4th, last provisos in par. under heading ‘United States Holocaust Memorial Council’)]               100 3341-242, 3341-283        36                                                                                                                                                                     121b, 122, 122a, 1404 note 
Nov. 6   99-604                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     100 3446                      36                                                                                                                                                                                1101, 3901-3915 
July 11  100-71                (par. related to Holocaust Memorial Council under heading ‘United States Holocaust Memorial Council’)                                                                                                                                101 418                       36                                                                                                                                                                                           1405 
Aug. 18  100-94                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     101 700                       36                                                                                                                                                                                       146 note 
Dec. 11  100-186                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    101 1286                      36                                                                                                                                                                                            188 
Dec. 22  100-202               101(f) [(1st-3d provisos in 1st par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)], (g) [(1st, 2d, 4th, 5th provisos in par. under heading ‘United States Holocaust Memorial Council’)]                                     101 1329-194, 1329-251        36                                                                                                                                                                     121b, 122, 122a, 1404 note 
Apr. 6   100-281                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    102 73                        36                                                                                                                                                                                1101, 4001-4017 
May 5    100-307                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    102 456                       36                                                                                                                                                                                           169h 
May 20   100-322               345                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  102 540                       36                                                                                                                                                                               138c, 138c notes 
Aug. 17  100-402                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    102 1012                      36                                                                                                                                                                                169f, 169f note 
Aug. 19  100-404               (1st-3d provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                       102 1021                      36                                                                                                                                                                                121b, 122, 122a 
Oct. 28  100-539                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    102 2718                      36                                                                                                                                                                    4601, 4601 note, 4607, 4616 
Nov. 7   100-630               301                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  102 3315                      36                                                                                                                                                                                       155-155b 
Nov. 9   100-642                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    102 3337                      36                                                                                                                                                                                4404, 4404 note 
Nov. 14  100-655                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    102 3849                      36                                                                                                                                                                                1101, 4101-4115 
Nov. 18  100-687               1602                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 102 4137                      36                                                                                                                                                                                           125b 
May 17   101-30                1-7                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  103 60                        36                                                                                                                       169j, 169j note, 169j-2, 169j-3, 169j-3 note, 169j-4-169j-8, 169j-8 note 
Nov. 9   101-144               (1st-3d provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                       103 854                       36                                                                                                                                                                               121b, 122, 122a, 
Dec. 18  101-237               503                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  103 2094                      36                                                                                                                                                                                            121 
Aug. 10  101-355                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    104 416                       36                                                                                                                                                                                            189 
Oct. 30  101-478                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    104 1157                      36                                                                                                                                                                                             45 
Nov. 5   101-507               (1st-3d provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                       104 1370                      36                                                                                                                                                                                121b, 122, 122a 
         101-510               1601-1616                                                                                                                                                                                                                            104 1736                      36                                                                                                                                                                                1101, 4801-4815 
June 6   102-52                9(b)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 105 263                       36                                                                                                                                                                                           155a 
June 13  102-54                13(n)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                105 278                       36                                                                                                                                                67b, 67h, 90c, 823, 865, 1159, 2403, 3103, 3703 
Oct. 28  102-139               (1st-3d provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                       105 760                       36                                                                                                                                                                                121b, 122, 122a 
Dec. 2   102-179                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    105 1229                      36                                                                                                                                                                                             45 
Dec. 5   102-190               1084                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 105 1482                      36                                                                                                                                                                                       189 note 
Dec. 10  102-199                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    105 1628                      36                                                                                                                                                                                 691, 693, 1101 
Oct. 5   102-381               (par. under heading ‘United States Holocaust Memorial Council’)                                                                                                                                                                      106 1415                      36                                                                                                                                                                                      1405 note 
Oct. 6   102-389               (1st-3d provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                       106 1595                      36                                                                                                                                                                                121b, 122, 122a 
Oct. 23  102-450                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    106 2251                      36                                                                                                                                                                                169k, 169k note 
         102-484               1801-1817, 1821-1838                                                                                                                                                                                                                 106 2581                      36                                                                                                                                                                     1101, 5001-5016, 5101-5117 
Oct. 26  102-522               201-208                                                                                                                                                                                                                              106 3417                      36                                                                                                                                                                     5201, 5201 note, 5203-5207 
Oct. 27  102-529                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    106 3463                      36                                                                                                                                                                         1401, 1406, 1408, 1411 
Oct. 29  102-569               914                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  106 4488                      36                                                                                                                                                                                           155a 
May 31   103-35                202(a)(13)                                                                                                                                                                                                                           107 101                       36                                                                                                                                                                                     5013, 5113 
Oct. 28  103-124               (1st-3d provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                       107 1291                      36                                                                                                                                                                                121b, 122, 122a 
Nov. 11  103-138               309                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  107 1416                      36                                                                                                                                                                                           1405 
Nov. 30  103-160               1182(c)(6)                                                                                                                                                                                                                           107 1772                      36                                                                                                                                                                                           5108 
Dec. 20  103-206               318                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  107 2427                      36                                                                                                                                                                                  161, 161 note 
Aug. 23  103-304               2                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    108 1565                      36                                                                                                                                            169j-2, 169j-3, 169j-5, 169j-5 note, 169j-6-169j-10 
         103-308                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    108 1669                      36                                                                                                                                                                   169l, 169l 
Sept. 13 103-322               320922                                                                                                                                                                                                                               108 2131                      36                                                                                                                                                                                       167, 175 
Sept. 28 103-327               (1st-3d provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                       108 2317                      36                                                                                                                                                                                121b, 122, 122a 
Oct. 14  103-362                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    108 3465                      36                                                                                                                                                                                   142c, 142c-1 
Mar. 7   104-3                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      109 47                        36                                                                                                                                                                                            115 
July 27  104-19                2005                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 109 247                       36                                                                                                                                                                                           169m 
Feb. 10  104-106               1601-1611(c)(4), 1611(d)-1621, 1623                                                                                                                                                                                                  110 515, 516, 522             36                                                                                                                                                5501(a)-(c)(4), (d), 5501 note, 5502-5521, 5523 
Apr. 4   104-127               358(a)(2)                                                                                                                                                                                                                            110 1014                      36                                                                                                                                                                                           1101 
Apr. 26  104-134               (provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                              110 1321-293                  36                                                                                                                                                                                121b, 122, 122a 
Sept. 23 104-201               1073(c), 1801-1816                                                                                                                                                                                                                   110 2657, 2760                36                                                                                                                                                              1101, 5505, 5506, 5509, 5601-5615 
Sept. 26 104-204               (provisos in par. under heading ‘American Battle Monuments Commission’)                                                                                                                                                              110 2907                      36                                                                                                                                                                                121b, 122, 122a 
Oct. 9   104-275               602                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  110 3344                      36                                                                                                                                                                                      125, 138d 
Oct. 11  104-285               201-209                                                                                                                                                                                                                              110 3382                      36                                                                                                                                                                     5701, 5701 note, 5702-5708 
Nov. 12  104-333               806                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  110 4188                      36                                                                                                                                                                                   169i, 169i-1 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Schedule of Laws Repealed--Continued
United States Code
----------------------------------------------
Title Section                                 
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10    4312, 4313                              
10    items 4312, 4313 in analysis of ch. 401 
----------------------------------------------

SEC. 7. TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS.

    (a) Section 9503(e)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 9503(e)(3)) is amended by adding a period at the end of the paragraph.

    (b) Title 49, United States Code, is amended as follows:

      (1) In section 5108(f), strike ‘section 552(f)’ and substitute ‘section 552(b)’.

      (2) In section 15904(c)(1), insert ‘section’ before ‘15901(b)’.

    (c)(1) Chapter 491 of title 49, United States Code, as enacted by the Act of November 20, 1997 (Public Law 105-102, 111 Stat. 2205), is amended as follows:

      (A) In section 49106(b)(1)(F), strike ‘1996’ and substitute ‘1986’.

      (B) In section 49106(c)(3), strike ‘by the board’ and substitute ‘to the board’.

      (C) In section 49107(b), strike ‘subchapter II’ and substitute ‘subchapter III’.

      (D) In section 49111(b), strike ‘retention of’ and substitute ‘retention by’.

    (2) The Schedule of Laws Repealed in the Act of November 20, 1997 (Public Law 105-102, 111 Stat. 2217), is amended by striking ‘1996’ in the items related to Public Laws 99-500 and 99-591 and substituting ‘1986’.

    (3) The amendments made by this subsection are effective as of November 20, 1997.

    (d) Effective October 11, 1996, section 5(45)(A) of the Act of October 11, 1996 (Public Law 104-287, 110 Stat. 3393), is amended by striking ‘ENFORCEMENT;’ and substituting ‘ENFORCEMENT:’.

Passed the House of Representatives February 3, 1998.

Attest:

Clerk.