H.R. 2400 (105th): Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century

105th Congress, 1997–1998. Text as of May 22, 1998 (Passed Congress/Enrolled Bill).

Status & Summary | PDF | Source: GPO

H.R.2400

One Hundred Fifth Congress

of the

United States of America

AT THE SECOND SESSION

Begun and held at the City of Washington on Tuesday,

the twenty-seventh day of January, one thousand nine hundred and ninety-eight

An Act

To authorize funds for Federal-aid highways, highway safety programs, and transit programs, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) SHORT TITLE- This Act may be cited as the ‘Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century’.

    (b) TABLE OF CONTENTS- The table of contents of this Act is as follows:

      Sec.1.Short title; table of contents.

      Sec.2.Definitions.

TITLE I--FEDERAL-AID HIGHWAYS

Subtitle A--Authorizations and Programs

      Sec.1101.Authorization of appropriations.

      Sec.1102.Obligation ceiling.

      Sec.1103.Apportionments.

      Sec.1104.Minimum guarantee.

      Sec.1105.Revenue aligned budget authority.

      Sec.1106.Federal-aid systems.

      Sec.1107.Interstate maintenance program.

      Sec.1108.Surface transportation program.

      Sec.1109.Highway bridge program.

      Sec.1110.Congestion mitigation and air quality improvement program.

      Sec.1111.Federal share.

      Sec.1112.Recreational trails program.

      Sec.1113.Emergency relief.

      Sec.1114.Highway use tax evasion projects.

      Sec.1115.Federal lands highways program.

      Sec.1116.Woodrow Wilson Memorial Bridge.

      Sec.1117.Appalachian development highway system.

      Sec.1118.National corridor planning and development program.

      Sec.1119.Coordinated border infrastructure and safety program.

Subtitle B--General Provisions

      Sec.1201.Definitions.

      Sec.1202.Bicycle transportation and pedestrian walkways.

      Sec.1203.Metropolitan planning.

      Sec.1204.Statewide planning.

      Sec.1205.Contracting for engineering and design services.

      Sec.1206.Access of motorcycles.

      Sec.1207.Construction of ferry boats and ferry terminal facilities.

      Sec.1208.Training.

      Sec.1209.Use of HOV lanes by inherently low-emission vehicles.

      Sec.1210.Advanced travel forecasting procedures program.

      Sec.1211.Amendments to prior surface transportation laws.

      Sec.1212.Miscellaneous.

      Sec.1213.Studies and reports.

      Sec.1214.Federal activities.

      Sec.1215.Designated transportation enhancement activities.

      Sec.1216.Innovative surface transportation financing methods.

      Sec.1217.Eligibility.

      Sec.1218.Magnetic levitation transportation technology deployment program.

      Sec.1219.National scenic byways program.

      Sec.1220.Elimination of regional office responsibilities.

      Sec.1221.Transportation and community and system preservation pilot program.

      Sec.1222.Additions to Appalachian region.

Subtitle C--Program Streamlining and Flexibility

      Sec.1301.Real property acquisition and corridor preservation.

      Sec.1302.Payments to States for construction.

      Sec.1303.Proceeds from the sale or lease of real property.

      Sec.1304.Engineering cost reimbursement.

      Sec.1305.Project approval and oversight.

      Sec.1306.Standards.

      Sec.1307.Design-build contracting.

      Sec.1309.Major investment study integration.

      Sec.1309.Environmental streamlining.

      Sec.1310.Uniform transferability of Federal-aid highway funds.

Subtitle D--Safety

      Sec.1401.Hazard elimination program.

      Sec.1402.Roadside safety technologies.

      Sec.1403.Safety incentive grants for use of seat belts.

Subtitle E--Finance

      Sec.1501.Short title.

      Sec.1502.Findings.

      Sec.1503.Establishment of program.

      Sec.1504.Duties of the Secretary.

Subtitle F--High Priority Projects

      Sec.1601.High priority projects program.

      Sec.1602.Project authorizations.

      Sec.1603.Special rule.

TITLE II--HIGHWAY SAFETY

      Sec.2001.Highway safety programs.

      Sec.2002.Highway safety research and development.

      Sec.2003.Occupant protection.

      Sec.2004.Alcohol-impaired driving countermeasures.

      Sec.2005.State highway safety data improvements.

      Sec.2006.National Driver Register.

      Sec.2007.Safety studies.

      Sec.2008.Effectiveness of laws establishing maximum blood alcohol concentrations.

      Sec.2009.Authorizations of appropriations.

TITLE III--FEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION PROGRAMS

      Sec.3001.Short title.

      Sec.3002.Amendments to title 49, United States Code.

      Sec.3003.Definitions.

      Sec.3004.Metropolitan planning.

      Sec.3005.Transportation improvement program.

      Sec.3006.Transportation management areas.

      Sec.3007.Urbanized area formula grants.

      Sec.3008.Clean fuels formula grant program.

      Sec.3009.Capital investment grants and loans.

      Sec.3010.Dollar value of mobility improvements.

      Sec.3011.Local share.

      Sec.3012.Intelligent transportation systems applications.

      Sec.3013.Formula grants and loans for special needs of elderly individuals and individuals with disabilities.

      Sec.3014.Formula program for other than urbanized areas.

      Sec.3015.Research, development, demonstration, and training projects.

      Sec.3016.National planning and research programs.

      Sec.3017.National Transit Institute.

      Sec.3018.Bus testing facilities.

      Sec.3019.Bicycle facilities.

      Sec.3020.General provisions on assistance.

      Sec.3021.Pilot program for intercity rail infrastructure investment from mass transit account of highway trust fund.

      Sec.3022.Contract requirements.

      Sec.3023.Special procurements.

      Sec.3024.Project management oversight and review.

      Sec.3025.Administrative procedures.

      Sec.3026.Reports and audits.

      Sec.3027.Apportionment of appropriations for formula grants.

      Sec.3028.Apportionment of appropriations for fixed guideway modernization.

      Sec.3029.Authorizations.

      Sec.3030.Projects for new fixed guideway systems and extensions to existing systems.

      Sec.3031.Projects for bus and bus-related facilities.

      Sec.3032.Contracting out study.

      Sec.3033.Urbanized area formula study.

      Sec.3034.Coordinated transportation services.

      Sec.3035.Final assembly of buses.

      Sec.3036.Clean fuel vehicles.

      Sec.3037.Job access and reverse commute grants.

      Sec.3038.Rural transportation accessibility incentive program.

      Sec.3039.Study of transit needs in national parks and related public lands.

      Sec.3040.Obligation ceiling.

      Sec.3041.Adjustments for the Surface Transportation Extension Act of 1997.

TITLE IV--MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY

      Sec.4001.Amendments to title 49, United States Code.

      Sec.4002.Statement of purposes.

      Sec.4003.State grants.

      Sec.4004.Information systems.

      Sec.4005.Automobile transporter defined.

      Sec.4006.Inspections and reports.

      Sec.4007.Waivers, exemptions, and pilot programs.

      Sec.4008.Safety regulation.

      Sec.4009.Safety fitness.

      Sec.4010.Repeal of certain obsolete miscellaneous authorities.

      Sec.4011.Commercial vehicle operators.

      Sec.4012.Exemption from certain regulations for utility service commercial motor vehicle drivers.

      Sec.4013.Participation in international registration plan and international fuel tax agreement.

      Sec.4014.Safety performance history of new drivers; limitation on liability.

      Sec.4015.Penalties.

      Sec.4016.Authority over charter bus transportation.

      Sec.4017.Telephone hotline for reporting safety violations.

      Sec.4018.Insulin treated diabetes mellitus.

      Sec.4019.Performance-based CDL testing.

      Sec.4020.Post-accident alcohol testing.

      Sec.4021.Driver fatigue.

      Sec.4022.Improved flow of driver history pilot program.

      Sec.4023.Employee protections.

      Sec.4024.Improved interstate school bus safety.

      Sec.4025.Truck trailer conspicuity.

      Sec.4026.DOT implementation plan.

      Sec.4027.Study of adequacy of parking facilities.

      Sec.4028.Qualifications of foreign motor carriers.

      Sec.4029.Federal motor carrier safety inspectors.

      Sec.4030.School transportation safety.

      Sec.4031.Designation of New Mexico commercial zone.

      Sec.4032.Effects of MCSAP grant reductions.

TITLE V--TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH

Subtitle A--Funding

      Sec.5001.Authorization of appropriations.

      Sec.5002.Obligation ceiling.

      Sec.5003.Notice.

Subtitle B--Research and Technology

      Sec.5101.Research and technology program.

      Sec.5102.Surface transportation research.

      Sec.5103.Technology deployment.

      Sec.5104.Training and education.

      Sec.5105.State planning and research.

      Sec.5106.International highway transportation outreach program.

      Sec.5107.Surface transportation-environment cooperative research program.

      Sec.5108.Surface transportation research strategic planning.

      Sec.5109.Bureau of Transportation Statistics.

      Sec.5110.University transportation research.

      Sec.5111.Advanced vehicle technologies program.

      Sec.5112.Study of future strategic highway research program.

      Sec.5113.Commercial remote sensing products and spatial information technologies.

      Sec.5114.Sense of the Congress on the year 2000 problem.

      Sec.5115.International trade traffic.

      Sec.5116.University grants.

      Sec.5117.Transportation technology innovation and demonstration program.

      Sec.5118.Drexel University Intelligent Infrastructure Institute.

      Sec.5119.Conforming amendments.

Subtitle C--Intelligent Transportation Systems

      Sec.5201.Short title.

      Sec.5202.Findings.

      Sec.5203.Goals and purposes.

      Sec.5204.General authorities and requirements.

      Sec.5205.National ITS program plan.

      Sec.5206.National architecture and standards.

      Sec.5207.Research and development.

      Sec.5208.Intelligent transportation system integration program.

      Sec.5209.Commercial vehicle intelligent transportation system infrastructure deployment.

      Sec.5210.Use of funds.

      Sec.5211.Definitions.

      Sec.5212.Project funding.

      Sec.5213.Repeal.

TITLE VI--OZONE AND PARTICULATE MATTER STANDARDS

      Sec.6101.Findings and purpose.

      Sec.6102.Particulate matter monitoring program.

      Sec.6103.Ozone designation requirements.

      Sec.6104.Additional provisions.

TITLE VII--MISCELLANEOUS

Subtitle A--Automobile Safety and Information

      Sec.7101.Short title.

      Sec.7102.Authorization of appropriations.

      Sec.7103.Improving air bag safety.

      Sec.7104.Restrictions on lobbying activities.

      Sec.7105.Odometers.

      Sec.7106.Miscellaneous amendments.

      Sec.7107.Importation of motor vehicle for show or display.

Subtitle B--Railroads

      Sec.7201.High-speed rail.

      Sec.7202.Light density rail line pilot projects.

      Sec.7203.Railroad rehabilitation and improvement financing.

      Sec.7204.Alaska Railroad.

Subtitle C--Comprehensive One-Call Notification

      Sec.7301.Findings.

      Sec.7302.One-call notification programs.

Subtitle D--Sportfishing and Boating Safety

      Sec.7401.Short title; amendment of 1950 Act.

      Sec.7402.Outreach and communications programs.

      Sec.7403.Clean Vessel Act funding.

      Sec.7404.Boating infrastructure.

      Sec.7405.Boat safety funds.

TITLE VIII--TRANSPORTATION DISCRETIONARY SPENDING GUARANTEE AND BUDGET OFFSETS

Subtitle A--Transportation Discretionary Spending Guarantee

      Sec.8101.Discretionary spending categories.

      Sec.8102.Conforming the Paygo Scorecard with this Act.

      Sec.8103.Level of obligation limitations.

Subtitle B--Veterans’ Benefits

      Sec.8201.Short title.

      Sec.8202.Prohibition on establishment of service-connection for disabilities relating to use of tobacco products.

      Sec.8203.Twenty percent increase in rates of basic educational assistance under Montgomery GI Bill.

      Sec.8204.Increase in assistance amount for specially adapted housing.

      Sec.8205.Increase in amount of assistance for automobile and adaptive equipment for certain disabled veterans.

      Sec.8206.Increase in aid and attendance rates for veterans eligible for pension.

      Sec.8207.Eligibility of certain remarried surviving spouses for reinstatement of dependency and indemnity compensation upon termination of that remarriage.

      Sec.8208.Extension of prior revision to offset rule for Department of Defense special separation benefit program.

      Sec.8209.Sense of the Congress concerning recovery from tobacco companies of costs of treatment of veterans for tobacco-related illnesses.

Subtitle C--Temporary Student Loan Provision.

      Sec.8301.Temporary student loan provision.

Subtitle D--Block Grants for Social Services

      Sec.8401.Block grants for social services.

TITLE IX--AMENDMENTS OF INTERNAL REVENUE CODE OF 1986

      Sec.9001.Short title; amendment of 1986 Code.

      Sec.9002.Extension of highway-related taxes and trust fund.

      Sec.9003.Extension and modification of tax benefits for alcohol fuels.

      Sec.9004.Modifications to Highway Trust Fund.

      Sec.9005.Provisions relating to Aquatic Resources Trust Fund.

      Sec.9006.Repeal of 1.25 cent tax rate on rail diesel fuel.

      Sec.9007.Additional qualified expenses available to non-Amtrak States.

      Sec.9008.Delay in effective date of new requirement for approved diesel or kerosene terminals.

      Sec.9009.Simplified fuel tax refund procedures.

      Sec.9010.Election to receive taxable cash compensation in lieu of nontaxable qualified transportation fringe benefits.

      Sec.9011.Repeal of National Recreational Trails Trust Fund.

      Sec.9012.Identification of limited tax benefits subject to line item veto.

SEC. 2. DEFINITIONS.

    In this Act, the following definitions apply:

      (1) INTERSTATE SYSTEM- The term ‘Interstate System’ has the meaning such term has under section 101 of title 23, United States Code.

      (2) SECRETARY- The term ‘Secretary’ means the Secretary of Transportation.

TITLE I--FEDERAL-AID HIGHWAYS

Subtitle A--Authorizations and Programs

SEC. 1101. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- The following sums are authorized to be appropriated out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account):

      (1) INTERSTATE MAINTENANCE PROGRAM- For the Interstate maintenance program under section 119 of title 23, United States Code, $3,427,341,000 for fiscal year 1998, $3,957,103,000 for fiscal year 1999, $3,994,524,000 for fiscal year 2000, $4,073,322,000 for fiscal year 2001, $4,139,630,000 for fiscal year 2002, and $4,217,635,000 for fiscal year 2003.

      (2) NATIONAL HIGHWAY SYSTEM- For the National Highway System under section 103 of such title $4,112,480,000 for fiscal year 1998, $4,748,523,000 for fiscal year 1999, $4,793,429,000 for fiscal year 2000, $4,887,986,000 for fiscal year 2001, $4,967,556,000 for fiscal year 2002, and $5,061,162,000 for fiscal year 2003.

      (3) BRIDGE PROGRAM- For the bridge program under section 144 of such title $2,941,454,000 for fiscal year 1998, $3,395,354,000 for fiscal year 1999, $3,427,472,000 for fiscal year 2000, $3,495,104,000 for fiscal year 2001, $3,552,016,000 for fiscal year 2002, and $3,618,966,000 for fiscal year 2003.

      (4) SURFACE TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM- For the surface transportation program under section 133 of such title $4,797,620,000 for fiscal year 1998, $5,539,944,000 for fiscal year 1999, $5,592,333,000 for fiscal year 2000, $5,702,651,000 for fiscal year 2001, $5,795,482,000 for fiscal year 2002, and $5,904,689,000 for fiscal year 2003.

      (5) CONGESTION MITIGATION AND AIR QUALITY IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM- For the congestion mitigation and air quality improvement program under section 149 of such title $1,192,619,000 for fiscal year 1998, $1,345,415,000 for fiscal year 1999, $1,358,138,000 for fiscal year 2000, $1,384,930,000 for fiscal year 2001, $1,407,474,000 for fiscal year 2002, and $1,433,996,000 for fiscal year 2003.

      (6) APPALACHIAN DEVELOPMENT HIGHWAY SYSTEM PROGRAM- For the Appalachian development highway system program under section 201 of the Appalachian Regional Development Act of 1965 (40 U.S.C. App.) $450,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1999 through 2003.

      (7) RECREATIONAL TRAILS PROGRAM- For the recreational trails program under section 206 of such title $30,000,000 for fiscal year 1998, $40,000,000 for fiscal year 1999, and $50,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2000 through 2003.

      (8) FEDERAL LANDS HIGHWAYS PROGRAM-

        (A) INDIAN RESERVATION ROADS- For Indian reservation roads under section 204 of such title $225,000,000 for fiscal year 1998 and $275,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1999 through 2003.

        (B) PUBLIC LANDS HIGHWAYS- For public lands highways under section 204 of such title $196,000,000 for fiscal year 1998 and $246,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1999 through 2003.

        (C) PARK ROADS AND PARKWAYS- For park roads and parkways under section 204 of such title $115,000,000 for fiscal year 1998 and $165,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1999 through 2003.

        (D) REFUGE ROADS- For refuge roads under section 204 of such title $20,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1999 through 2003.

      (9) NATIONAL CORRIDOR PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT AND COORDINATED BORDER INFRASTRUCTURE PROGRAMS- For the national corridor planning and development and coordinated border infrastructure programs under sections 1118 and 1119 of this Act $140,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1999 through 2003.

      (10) CONSTRUCTION OF FERRY BOATS AND FERRY TERMINAL FACILITIES- For construction of ferry boats and ferry terminal facilities under section 1064 of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (23 U.S.C. 129 note; 105 Stat. 2005) $30,000,000 for each of fiscal year 1998 and $38,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1999 through 2003.

      (11) NATIONAL SCENIC BYWAYS PROGRAM- For the national scenic byways program under section 162 of title 23, United States Code, $23,500,000 for each of fiscal years 1998 and 1999, $24,500,000 for each of fiscal years 2000 and 2001, and $25,500,000 for fiscal year 2002, and $26,500,000 for fiscal year 2003.

      (12) VALUE PRICING PILOT PROGRAM- For the value pricing pilot program under section 1012(b) of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (23 U.S.C. 149 note; 105 Stat. 1938) $7,000,000 for fiscal year 1999, and $11,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2000 through 2003.

      (13) HIGH PRIORITY PROJECTS PROGRAM- For the high priority projects program under section 117 of title 23, United States Code, $1,025,695,000 for fiscal year 1998, $1,398,675,000 for fiscal year 1999, $1,678,410,000 for fiscal year 2000, $1,678,410,000 for fiscal year 2001, $1,771,655,000 for fiscal year 2002, and $1,771,655,000 for fiscal year 2003.

      (14) HIGHWAY USE TAX EVASION PROJECTS- For highway use tax evasion projects under section 143 of such title $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1998 through 2003.

      (15) COMMONWEALTH OF PUERTO RICO HIGHWAY PROGRAM- For the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico highway program under section 1214(r) of this Act $110,000,000 for fiscal years 1998 through 2003.

    (b) DISADVANTAGED BUSINESS ENTERPRISES-

      (1) GENERAL RULE- Except to the extent that the Secretary determines otherwise, not less than 10 percent of the amounts made available for any program under titles I, III, and V of this Act shall be expended with small business concerns owned and controlled by socially and economically disadvantaged individuals.

      (2) DEFINITIONS- In this subsection, the following definitions apply:

        (A) SMALL BUSINESS CONCERN- The term ‘small business concern’ has the meaning such term has under section 3 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632); except that such term shall not include any concern or group of concerns controlled by the same socially and economically disadvantaged individual or individuals which has average annual gross receipts over the preceding 3 fiscal years in excess of $16,600,000, as adjusted by the Secretary for inflation.

        (B) SOCIALLY AND ECONOMICALLY DISADVANTAGED INDIVIDUALS- The term ‘socially and economically disadvantaged individuals’ has the meaning such term has under section 8(d) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 637(d)) and relevant subcontracting regulations promulgated pursuant thereto; except that women shall be presumed to be socially and economically disadvantaged individuals for purposes of this subsection.

      (3) ANNUAL LISTING OF DISADVANTAGED BUSINESS ENTERPRISES- Each State shall annually survey and compile a list of the small business concerns referred to in paragraph (1) and the location of such concerns in the State and notify the Secretary, in writing, of the percentage of such concerns which are controlled by women, by socially and economically disadvantaged individuals (other than women), and by individuals who are women and are otherwise socially and economically disadvantaged individuals.

      (4) UNIFORM CERTIFICATION- The Secretary shall establish minimum uniform criteria for State governments to use in certifying whether a concern qualifies for purposes of this subsection. Such minimum uniform criteria shall include, but not be limited to on-site visits, personal interviews, licenses, analysis of stock ownership, listing of equipment, analysis of bonding capacity, listing of work completed, resume of principal owners, financial capacity, and type of work preferred.

      (5) COMPLIANCE WITH COURT ORDERS- Nothing in this subsection limits the eligibility of an entity or person to receive funds made available under titles I, III, and V of this Act, if the entity or person is prevented, in whole or in part, from complying with paragraph (1) because a Federal court issues a final order in which the court finds that the requirement of paragraph (1), or the program established under paragraph (1), is unconstitutional.

      (6) REVIEW BY COMPTROLLER GENERAL- Not later than 3 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall conduct a review of, and publish and report to Congress findings and conclusions on, the impact throughout the United States of administering the requirement of paragraph (1), including an analysis of--

        (A) in the case of small business concerns certified in each State under paragraph (4) as owned and controlled by socially and economically disadvantaged individuals--

          (i) the number of the small business concerns; and

          (ii) the participation rates of the small business concerns in prime contracts and subcontracts funded under titles I, III, and V of this Act;

        (B) in the case of small business concerns described in subparagraph (A) that receive prime contracts and subcontracts funded under titles I, III, and V of this Act--

          (i) the number of the small business concerns;

          (ii) the annual gross receipts of the small business concerns; and

          (iii) the net worth of socially and economically disadvantaged individuals that own and control the small business concerns;

        (C) in the case of small business concerns described in subparagraph (A) that do not receive prime contracts and subcontracts funded under titles I, III, and V of this Act--

          (i) the annual gross receipts of the small business concerns; and

          (ii) the net worth of socially and economically disadvantaged individuals that own and control the small business concerns;

        (D) in the case of business concerns that receive prime contracts and subcontracts funded under titles I, III, and V of this Act, other than small business concerns described in subparagraph (B)--

          (i) the annual gross receipts of the business concerns; and

          (ii) the net worth of individuals that own and control the business concerns;

        (E) the rate of graduation from any programs carried out to comply with the requirement of paragraph (1) for small business concerns owned and controlled by socially and economically disadvantaged individuals;

        (F) the overall cost of administering the requirement of paragraph (1), including administrative costs, certification costs, additional construction costs, and litigation costs;

        (G) any discrimination on the basis of race, color, national origin, or sex against small business concerns owned and controlled by socially and economically disadvantaged individuals;

        (H)(i) any other factors limiting the ability of small business concerns owned and controlled by socially and economically disadvantaged individuals to compete for prime contracts and subcontracts funded under titles I, III, and V of this Act; and

        (ii) the extent to which any of those factors are caused, in whole or in part, by discrimination based on race, color, national origin, or sex;

        (I) any discrimination, on the basis of race, color, national origin, or sex, against construction companies owned and controlled by socially and economically disadvantaged individuals in public and private transportation contracting and the financial, credit, insurance, and bond markets;

        (J) the impact on small business concerns owned and controlled by socially and economically disadvantaged individuals of--

          (i) the issuance of a final order described in paragraph (5) by a Federal court that suspends a program established under paragraph (1); or

          (ii) the repeal or suspension of State or local disadvantaged business enterprise programs; and

        (K) the impact of the requirement of paragraph (1), and any program carried out to comply with paragraph (1), on competition and the creation of jobs, including the creation of jobs for socially and economically disadvantaged individuals.

SEC. 1102. OBLIGATION CEILING.

    (a) GENERAL LIMITATION- Notwithstanding any other provision of law but subject to subsections (g) and (h), the obligations for Federal-aid highway and highway safety construction programs shall not exceed--

      (1) $21,500,000,000 for fiscal year 1998;

      (2) $25,431,000,000 for fiscal year 1999;

      (3) $26,155,000,000 for fiscal year 2000;

      (4) $26,651,000,000 for fiscal year 2001;

      (5) $27,235,000,000 for fiscal year 2002; and

      (6) $27,681,000,000 for fiscal year 2003.

    (b) EXCEPTIONS- The limitations under subsection (a) shall not apply to obligations--

      (1) under section 125 of title 23, United States Code;

      (2) under section 147 of the Surface Transportation Assistance Act of 1978;

      (3) under section 9 of the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1981;

      (4) under sections 131(b) and 131(j) of the Surface Transportation Assistance Act of 1982;

      (5) under sections 149(b) and 149(c) of the Surface Transportation and Uniform Relocation Assistance Act of 1987;

      (6) under sections 1103 through 1108 of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991;

      (7) under section 157 of title 23, United States Code, as in effect on the day before the date of enactment of this Act; and

      (8) under section 105 of title 23, United States Code (but, for each of fiscal years 1998 through 2007), only in an amount equal to $639,000,000 per fiscal year.

    (c) DISTRIBUTION OF OBLIGATION AUTHORITY- For each of fiscal years 1998 through 2003, the Secretary shall--

      (1) not distribute obligation authority provided by subsection (a) for such fiscal year for amounts authorized for administrative expenses and programs funded from the administrative takedown authorized by section 104(a) of title 23, United States Code, and amounts authorized for the highway use tax evasion program and the Bureau of Transportation Statistics;

      (2) not distribute an amount of obligation authority provided by subsection (a) that is equal to the unobligated balance of amounts made available from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) for Federal-aid highway and highway safety programs for previous fiscal years the funds for which are allocated by the Secretary;

      (3) determine the ratio that--

        (A) the obligation authority provided by subsection (a) for such fiscal year less the aggregate of amounts not distributed under paragraphs (1) and (2), bears to

        (B) the total of the sums authorized to be appropriated for Federal-aid highway and highway safety construction programs (other than sums authorized to be appropriated for sections set forth in paragraphs (1) through (7) of subsection (b) and sums authorized to be appropriated for section 105 of title 23, United States Code, equal to the amount referred to in subsection (b)(8)) for such fiscal year less the aggregate of the amounts not distributed under paragraph (1) of this subsection;

      (4) distribute the obligation authority provided by subsection (a) less the aggregate amounts not distributed under paragraphs (1) and (2) for section 117 of title 23, United States Code (relating to high priority projects program), section 201 of the Appalachian Regional Development Act of 1965, the Woodrow Wilson Memorial Bridge Authority Act of 1995, and $2,000,000,000 for such fiscal year under section 105 of such title (relating to minimum guarantee) so that amount of obligation authority available for each of such sections is equal to the amount determined by multiplying the ratio determined under paragraph (3) by the sums authorized to be appropriated for such section (except in the case of section 105, $2,000,000,000) for such fiscal year;

      (5) distribute the obligation authority provided by subsection (a) less the aggregate amounts not distributed under paragraphs (1) and (2) and amounts distributed under paragraph (4) for each of the programs that are allocated by the Secretary under this Act and title 23, United States Code (other than activities to which paragraph (1) applies and programs to which paragraph (4) applies) by multiplying the ratio determined under paragraph (3) by the sums authorized to be appropriated for such program for such fiscal year; and

      (6) distribute the obligation authority provided by subsection (a) less the aggregate amounts not distributed under paragraphs (1) and (2) and amounts distributed under paragraphs (4) and (5) for Federal-aid highway and highway safety construction programs (other than the minimum guarantee program, but only to the extent that amounts apportioned for the minimum guarantee program for such fiscal year exceed $2,639,000,000, and the Appalachian development highway system program) that are apportioned by the Secretary under this Act and title 23, United States Code, in the ratio that--

        (A) sums authorized to be appropriated for such programs that are apportioned to each State for such fiscal year, bear to

        (B) the total of the sums authorized to be appropriated for such programs that are apportioned to all States for such fiscal year.

    (d) REDISTRIBUTION OF UNUSED OBLIGATION AUTHORITY- Notwithstanding subsection (c), the Secretary shall after August 1 of each of fiscal years 1998 through 2003 revise a distribution of the obligation authority made available under subsection (c) if a State will not obligate the amount distributed during that fiscal year and redistribute sufficient amounts to those States able to obligate amounts in addition to those previously distributed during that fiscal year giving priority to those States having large unobligated balances of funds apportioned under sections 104 and 144 of title 23, United States Code, under section 160 of title 23, United States Code (as in effect on the day before the date of enactment of this Act), and under section 1015 of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Act of 1991 (105 Stat. 1943-1945).

    (e) APPLICABILITY OF OBLIGATION LIMITATIONS TO TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH PROGRAMS- Obligation limitations imposed by subsection (a) shall apply to transportation research programs carried out under chapter 3 of title 23, United States Code, and under title VI of this Act.

    (f) REDISTRIBUTION OF CERTAIN AUTHORIZED FUNDS- Not later than 30 days after the date of the distribution of obligation authority under subsection (c) for each of fiscal years 1998 through 2003, the Secretary shall distribute to the States any funds (1) that are authorized to be appropriated for such fiscal year for Federal-aid highway programs (other than the program under section 160 of title 23, United States Code) and for carrying out subchapter I of chapter 311 of title 49, United States Code, and chapter 4 of title 23, United States Code, and (2) that the Secretary determines will not be allocated to the States, and will not be available for obligation, in such fiscal year due to the imposition of any obligation limitation for such fiscal year. Such distribution to the States shall be made in the same ratio as the distribution of obligation authority under subsection (c)(6). The funds so distributed shall be available for any purposes described in section 133(b) of title 23, United States Code.

    (g) SPECIAL RULE- Obligation authority distributed for a fiscal year under subsection (c)(4) for a section set forth in subsection (c)(4) shall remain available until used for obligation of funds for such section and shall be in addition to the amount of any limitation imposed on obligations for Federal-aid highway and highway safety construction programs for future fiscal years.

    (h) INCREASE IN OBLIGATION LIMIT- Limitations on obligations imposed by subsection (a) for a fiscal year shall be increased by an amount equal to the amount determined pursuant to section 251(b)(1)(B)(ii)(I)(cc) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 (2 U.S.C. 901(b)(2)(B)(ii)(I)(cc)) for such fiscal year. Any such increase shall be distributed in accordance with this section.

    (i) LIMITATIONS ON OBLIGATIONS FOR ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the total amount of all obligations under section 104(a) of title 23, United States Code, shall not exceed--

      (1) $320,000,000 for fiscal year 1998;

      (2) $350,000,000 for fiscal year 1999;

      (3) $370,000,000 for fiscal year 2000;

      (4) $390,000,000 for fiscal year 2001;

      (5) $410,000,000 for fiscal year 2002; and

      (6) $430,000,000 for fiscal year 2003.

SEC. 1103. APPORTIONMENTS.

    (a) ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES- Section 104 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following:

    ‘(a) ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- Whenever an apportionment is made of the sums made available for expenditure on each of the surface transportation program under section 133, the bridge program under section 144, the congestion mitigation and air quality improvement program under section 149, the Interstate and National Highway System program under section 103, the minimum guarantee program under section 105, the Federal lands highway program under section 204, or the Appalachian development highway system program under section 201 of the Appalachian Regional Development Act of 1965 (40 U.S.C. App.), the Secretary shall deduct a sum, in an amount not to exceed 1 1/2 percent of all sums so made available, as the Secretary determines necessary--

        ‘(A) to administer the provisions of law to be financed from appropriations for the Federal-aid highway program and programs authorized under chapter 2; and

        ‘(B) to make transfers of such sums as the Secretary determines to be appropriate to the Appalachian Regional Commission for administrative activities associated with the Appalachian development highway system.

      ‘(2) CONSIDERATION OF UNOBLIGATED BALANCES- In making the determination described in paragraph (1), the Secretary shall take into account the unobligated balance of any sums deducted under this subsection in prior fiscal years.

      ‘(3) AVAILABILITY- The sum deducted under paragraph (1) shall remain available until expended.’.

    (b) APPORTIONMENTS- Section 104(b) of such title is amended to read as follows:

    ‘(b) APPORTIONMENTS- On October 1 of each fiscal year, the Secretary, after making the deduction authorized by subsection (a) and the set-aside authorized by subsection (f), shall apportion the remainder of the sums authorized to be appropriated for expenditure on the Interstate and National Highway System program, the Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality Improvement program, and the Surface Transportation program for that fiscal year, among the several States in the following manner:

      ‘(1) NATIONAL HIGHWAY SYSTEM COMPONENT-

        ‘(A) IN GENERAL- For the National Highway System (excluding funds apportioned under paragraph (4)), $36,400,000 for each fiscal year to the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands, $18,800,000 for each of fiscal years 1999 through 2003 for the Alaska Highway, and the remainder apportioned as follows:

          ‘(i) 25 percent in the ratio that--

            ‘(I) the total lane miles of principal arterial routes (excluding Interstate System routes) in each State; bears to

            ‘(II) the total lane miles of principal arterial routes (excluding Interstate System routes) in all States.

          ‘(ii) 35 percent in the ratio that--

            ‘(I) the total vehicle miles traveled on lanes on principal arterial routes (excluding Interstate System routes) in each State; bears to

            ‘(II) the total vehicle miles traveled on lanes on principal arterial routes (excluding Interstate System routes) in all States.

          ‘(iii) 30 percent in the ratio that--

            ‘(I) the total diesel fuel used on highways in each State; bears to

            ‘(II) the total diesel fuel used on highways in all States.

          ‘(iv) 10 percent in the ratio that--

            ‘(I) the quotient obtained by dividing the total lane miles on principal arterial highways in each State by the total population of the State; bears to

            ‘(II) the quotient obtained by dividing the total lane miles on principal arterial highways in all States by the total population of all States.

        ‘(B) MINIMUM APPORTIONMENT- Notwithstanding subparagraph (A) and paragraph (4), each State shall receive a minimum of 1/2 of 1 percent of the funds apportioned under subparagraph (A) and paragraph (4).

      ‘(2) CONGESTION MITIGATION AND AIR QUALITY IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM-

        ‘(A) IN GENERAL- For the congestion mitigation and air quality improvement program, in the ratio that--

          ‘(i) the total of all weighted nonattainment and maintenance area populations in each State; bears to

          ‘(ii) the total of all weighted nonattainment and maintenance area populations in all States.

        ‘(B) CALCULATION OF WEIGHTED NONATTAINMENT AND MAINTENANCE AREA POPULATION- Subject to subparagraph (C), for the purpose of subparagraph (A), the weighted nonattainment and maintenance area population shall be calculated by multiplying the population of each area in a State that was a nonattainment area or maintenance area as described in section 149(b) for ozone or carbon monoxide by a factor of--

          ‘(i) 0.8 if--

            ‘(I) at the time of the apportionment, the area is a maintenance area; or

            ‘(II) at the time of the apportionment, the area is classified as a submarginal ozone nonattainment area under the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.);

          ‘(ii) 1.0 if, at the time of the apportionment, the area is classified as a marginal ozone nonattainment area under subpart 2 of part D of title I of the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7511 et seq.);

          ‘(iii) 1.1 if, at the time of the apportionment, the area is classified as a moderate ozone nonattainment area under such subpart;

          ‘(iv) 1.2 if, at the time of the apportionment, the area is classified as a serious ozone nonattainment area under such subpart;

          ‘(v) 1.3 if, at the time of the apportionment, the area is classified as a severe ozone nonattainment area under such subpart;

          ‘(vi) 1.4 if, at the time of the apportionment, the area is classified as an extreme ozone nonattainment area under such subpart; or

          ‘(vii) 1.0 if, at the time of the apportionment, the area is not a nonattainment or maintenance area as described in section 149(b) for ozone, but is classified under subpart 3 of part D of title I of such Act (42 U.S.C. 7512 et seq.) as a nonattainment area described in section 149(b) for carbon monoxide.

        ‘(C) ADDITIONAL ADJUSTMENT FOR CARBON MONOXIDE AREAS-

          ‘(i) CARBON MONOXIDE NONATTAINMENT AREAS- If, in addition to being classified as a nonattainment or maintenance area for ozone, the area was also classified under subpart 3 of part D of title I of such Act (42 U.S.C. 7512 et seq.) as a nonattainment area described in section 149(b) for carbon monoxide, the weighted nonattainment or maintenance area population of the area, as determined under clauses (i) through (vi) of subparagraph (B), shall be further multiplied by a factor of 1.2.

          ‘(ii) CARBON MONOXIDE MAINTENANCE AREAS- If, in addition to being classified as a nonattainment or maintenance area for ozone, the area was at one time also classified under subpart 3 of part D of title I of such Act (42 U.S.C. 7512 et seq.) as a nonattainment area described in section 149(b) for carbon monoxide but has been redesignated as a maintenance area, the weighted nonattainment or maintenance area population of the area, as determined under clauses (i) through (vi) of subparagraph (B), shall be further multiplied by a factor of 1.1.

        ‘(D) MINIMUM APPORTIONMENT- Notwithstanding any other provision of this paragraph, each State shall receive a minimum of 1/2 of 1 percent of the funds apportioned under this paragraph.

        ‘(E) DETERMINATIONS OF POPULATION- In determining population figures for the purposes of this paragraph, the Secretary shall use the latest available annual estimates prepared by the Secretary of Commerce.

      ‘(3) SURFACE TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM-

        ‘(A) IN GENERAL- For the surface transportation program, in accordance with the following formula:

          ‘(i) 25 percent of the apportionments in the ratio that--

            ‘(I) the total lane miles of Federal-aid highways in each State; bears to

            ‘(II) the total lane miles of Federal-aid highways in all States.

          ‘(ii) 40 percent of the apportionments in the ratio that--

            ‘(I) the total vehicle miles traveled on lanes on Federal-aid highways in each State; bears to

            ‘(II) the total vehicle miles traveled on lanes on Federal-aid highways in all States.

          ‘(iii) 35 percent of the apportionments in the ratio that--

            ‘(I) the estimated tax payments attributable to highway users in each State paid into the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) in the latest fiscal year for which data are available; bears to

            ‘(II) the estimated tax payments attributable to highway users in all States paid into the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) in the latest fiscal year for which data are available.

        ‘(B) MINIMUM APPORTIONMENT- Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), each State shall receive a minimum of 1/2 of 1 percent of the funds apportioned under this paragraph.

      ‘(4) INTERSTATE MAINTENANCE COMPONENT- For resurfacing, restoring, rehabilitating, and reconstructing the Interstate System--

        ‘(A) 33 1/3 percent in the ratio that--

          ‘(i) the total lane miles on Interstate System routes open to traffic in each State; bears to

          ‘(ii) the total of all such lane miles in all States;

        ‘(B) 33 1/3 percent in the ratio that--

          ‘(i) the total vehicle miles traveled on lanes on Interstate System routes designated under--

            ‘(I) section 103;

            ‘(II) section 139(a) (as in effect on the day before the date of enactment of the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century) before March 9, 1984 (other than routes on toll roads not subject to a Secretarial agreement under section 105 of the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1978 (92 Stat. 2692)); and

            ‘(III) section 139(c) (as in effect on the day before the date of enactment of the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century);

          in each State; bears to

          ‘(ii) the total of all such vehicle miles traveled in all States; and

        ‘(C) 33 1/3 percent in the ratio that--

          ‘(i) the total of each State’s annual contributions to the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) attributable to commercial vehicles; bears to

          ‘(ii) the total of such annual contributions by all States.

    (c) OPERATION LIFESAVER AND HIGH SPEED RAIL CORRIDORS- Section 104(d) of such title is amended--

      (1) in paragraph (1) by striking ‘The’ and all that follows through ‘$300,000 for each’ and inserting ‘Before making an apportionment under subsection (b)(3) of this section for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall set aside $500,000 for such’; and

      (2) by striking paragraphs (2) and (3) and inserting the following:

      ‘(2) RAILWAY-HIGHWAY CROSSING HAZARD ELIMINATION IN HIGH SPEED RAIL CORRIDORS-

        ‘(A) IN GENERAL- Before making an apportionment of funds under subsection (b)(3) for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall set aside $5,250,000 of the funds made available for the surface transportation program for the fiscal year for elimination of hazards of railway-highway crossings.

        ‘(B) ELIGIBLE CORRIDORS- Subject to subparagraph (E), funds made available under subparagraph (A) shall be expended for projects in--

          ‘(i) 5 railway corridors selected by the Secretary in accordance with this subsection (as in effect on the day before the date of enactment of this clause);

          ‘(ii) 3 railway corridors selected by the Secretary in accordance with subparagraphs (C) and (D);

          ‘(iii) a Gulf Coast high speed railway corridor (as designated by the Secretary);

          ‘(iv) a Keystone high speed railway corridor from Philadelphia to Harrisburg, Pennsylvania; and

          ‘(v) an Empire State railway corridor from New York City to Albany to Buffalo, New York.

        ‘(C) REQUIRED INCLUSION OF HIGH SPEED RAIL LINES- A corridor selected by the Secretary under subparagraph (B) shall include rail lines where railroad speeds of 90 miles or more per hour are occurring or can reasonably be expected to occur in the future.

        ‘(D) CONSIDERATIONS IN CORRIDOR SELECTION- In selecting corridors under subparagraph (B), the Secretary shall consider--

          ‘(i) projected rail ridership volume in each corridor;

          ‘(ii) the percentage of each corridor over which a train will be capable of operating at its maximum cruise speed taking into account such factors as topography and other traffic on the line;

          ‘(iii) projected benefits to nonriders such as congestion relief on other modes of transportation serving each corridor (including congestion in heavily traveled air passenger corridors);

          ‘(iv) the amount of State and local financial support that can reasonably be anticipated for the improvement of the line and related facilities; and

          ‘(v) the cooperation of the owner of the right-of-way that can reasonably be expected in the operation of high speed rail passenger service in each corridor.

        ‘(E) CERTAIN IMPROVEMENTS- Not less than $250,000 of such set-aside shall be available per fiscal year for eligible improvements to the Minneapolis/St. Paul-Chicago segment of the Midwest High Speed Rail Corridor.

        ‘(F) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There is authorized to be appropriated $15,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1999 through 2003 to carry out this subsection.’.

    (d) CERTIFICATION OF APPORTIONMENTS- Section 104(e) of such title is amended--

      (1) by inserting ‘CERTIFICATION OF APPORTIONMENTS- ’ after ‘(e)’;

      (2) by inserting ‘(1) IN GENERAL- ’ before ‘On October 1’;

      (3) by striking the first parenthetical phrase;

      (4) by striking ‘and research’ the first place it appears;

      (5) by striking the second sentence;

      (6) by adding at the end the following:

      ‘(2) NOTICE TO STATES- If the Secretary has not made an apportionment under section 104, 144, or 157 by the 21st day of a fiscal year beginning after September 30, 1998, the Secretary shall transmit, by such 21st day, to the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Environment and Public Works of the Senate a written statement of the reason for not making such apportionment in a timely manner.’; and

      (7) by indenting paragraph (1) (as designated by paragraph (2) of this subsection) and aligning such paragraph (1) with paragraph (2) of such section (as added by paragraph (6) of this subsection).

    (e) METROPOLITAN PLANNING SET-ASIDE- Section 104(f) of such title is amended--

      (1) in paragraph (1) by striking ‘Interstate construction and Interstate substitute programs’ and inserting ‘recreational trails program’; and

      (2) in paragraph (3) by striking ‘120(j) of this title’ and inserting ‘120(b)’.

    (f) RECREATIONAL TRAILS PROGRAM- Section 104(h) of such title is amended to read as follows:

    ‘(h) RECREATIONAL TRAILS PROGRAM-

      ‘(1) ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS- Whenever an apportionment is made of the sums authorized to be appropriated to carry out the recreational trails program under section 206, the Secretary shall deduct an amount, not to exceed 1 1/2 percent of the sums authorized, to cover the cost to the Secretary for administration of and research and technical assistance under the recreational trails program and for administration of the National Recreational Trails Advisory Committee. The Secretary may enter into contracts with for-profit organizations or contracts, partnerships, or cooperative agreements with other government agencies, institutions of higher learning, or nonprofit organizations to perform these tasks.

      ‘(2) APPORTIONMENT TO THE STATES- After making the deduction authorized by paragraph (1) of this subsection, the Secretary shall apportion the remainder of the sums authorized to be appropriated for expenditure on the recreational trails program for each fiscal year, among the States in the following manner:

        ‘(A) 50 percent of that amount shall be apportioned equally among eligible States.

        ‘(B) 50 percent of that amount shall be apportioned among eligible States in amounts proportionate to the degree of non-highway recreational fuel use in each of those States during the preceding year.

      ‘(3) ELIGIBLE STATE DEFINED- In this section, the term ‘eligible State’ means a State that meets the requirements of section 206(c).’.

    (g) AUDITS OF HIGHWAY TRUST FUND- Section 104 of such title is amended by striking subsection (i) and inserting the following:

    ‘(i) AUDITS OF HIGHWAY TRUST FUND- From administrative funds deducted under subsection (a), the Secretary may reimburse the Office of Inspector General of the Department of Transportation for the conduct of annual audits of financial statements in accordance with section 3521 of title 31.’.

    (h) REPORT ON OBLIGATIONS- Section 104 of such title is amended by striking subsection (j) and inserting the following:

    ‘(j) REPORT TO CONGRESS- The Secretary shall submit to Congress a report for each fiscal year on--

      ‘(1) the amount obligated, by each State, for Federal-aid highways and highway safety construction programs during the preceding fiscal year;

      ‘(2) the balance, as of the last day of the preceding fiscal year, of the unobligated apportionment of each State by fiscal year under this section and sections 105 and 144;

      ‘(3) the balance of unobligated sums available for expenditure at the discretion of the Secretary for such highways and programs for the fiscal year; and

      ‘(4) the rates of obligation of funds apportioned or set aside under this section and sections 105, 133, and 144, according to--

        ‘(A) program;

        ‘(B) funding category or subcategory;

        ‘(C) type of improvement;

        ‘(D) State; and

        ‘(E) sub-State geographic area, including urbanized and rural areas, on the basis of the population of each such area.’.

    (i) TRANSFER OF HIGHWAY AND TRANSIT FUNDS- Section 104 of such title is amended by inserting after subsection (j) the following:

    ‘(k) TRANSFER OF HIGHWAY AND TRANSIT FUNDS-

      ‘(1) TRANSFER OF HIGHWAY FUNDS- Funds made available under this title and transferred for transit projects of a type described in section 133(b)(2) shall be administered by the Secretary in accordance with chapter 53 of title 49, except that the provisions of this title relating to the non-Federal share shall apply to the transferred funds.

      ‘(2) TRANSFER OF TRANSIT FUNDS- Funds made available under chapter 53 of title 49 and transferred for highway projects shall be administered by the Secretary in accordance with this title, except that the provisions of such chapter relating to the non-Federal share shall apply to the transferred funds.

      ‘(3) TRANSFER OF OBLIGATION AUTHORITY- Obligation authority provided for projects described in paragraphs (1) and (2) shall be transferred in the same manner and amount as the funds for the projects are transferred.’.

    (j) EFFECT OF CERTAIN DELAY IN DEPOSITS INTO HIGHWAY TRUST FUND- Section 104 of such title is amended by adding at the end the following:

    ‘(l) EFFECT OF CERTAIN DELAY IN DEPOSITS INTO HIGHWAY TRUST FUND- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, deposits into the Highway Trust Fund resulting from the application of section 901(e) of the Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997 (111 Stat. 872) shall not be taken into account in determining the apportionments and allocations that any State shall be entitled to receive under the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century and this title.’.

    (k) TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS- Section 104(f) of such title is amended--

      (1) by striking ‘(f)(1) On’ and inserting the following:

    ‘(f) METROPOLITAN PLANNING-

      ‘(1) SET-ASIDE- On’;

      (2) in paragraph (1) by striking ‘, except that’ and all that follows through ‘programs’;

      (3) by striking ‘(2) These’ and inserting the following:

      ‘(2) APPORTIONMENT TO STATES OF SET-ASIDE FUNDS- These’;

      (4) by striking ‘(3) The’ and inserting the following:

      ‘(3) USE OF FUNDS- The’;

      (5) by striking ‘(4) The’ and inserting the following:

      ‘(4) DISTRIBUTION OF FUNDS WITHIN STATES- The’; and

      (6) by aligning the remainder of the text of each of paragraphs (1) through (4) with paragraph (5).

    (l) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS-

      (1) Section 146(a) of such title is amended in the first sentence by striking ‘, 104(b)(2), and 104(b)(6)’ and inserting ‘and 104(b)(3)’.

      (2) Section 158 of such title is amended--

        (A) in subsection (a)--

          (i) by striking paragraph (1);

          (ii) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as paragraphs (1) and (2), respectively;

          (iii) in paragraph (1) (as so redesignated)--

            (I) by striking ‘AFTER THE FIRST YEAR’ and inserting ‘IN GENERAL’; and

            (II) by striking ‘104(b)(2), 104(b)(5), and 104(b)(6)’ and inserting ‘104(b)(3), and 104(b)(4)’; and

          (iv) in paragraph (2) (as redesignated by clause (ii)) by striking ‘paragraphs (1) and (2) of this subsection’ and inserting ‘paragraph (1)’; and

        (B) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:

    ‘(b) EFFECT OF WITHHOLDING OF FUNDS- No funds withheld under this section from apportionment to any State after September 30, 1988, shall be available for apportionment to that State.’.

      (3)(A) Section 115(b)(1) of such title is amended by striking ‘104(b)(5)’ and inserting ‘104(b)(4)’.

      (B) Section 137(f)(1) of such title is amended by striking ‘section 104(b)(5)(B) of this title’ and inserting ‘section 104(b)(4)’.

      (C) Section 141(c) of such title is amended by striking ‘section 104(b)(5) of this title’ each place it appears and inserting ‘section 104(b)(4)’.

      (D) Section 142(c) of such title is amended by striking ‘(other than section 104(b)(5)(A))’.

      (E) Section 159 of such title is amended--

        (i) by striking ‘(5) of’ each place it appears and inserting ‘(5) (as in effect on the day before the date of enactment of the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century) of’; and

        (ii) in subsection (b)--

          (I) in paragraphs (1)(A)(i) and (3)(A) by striking ‘section 104(b)(5)(A)’ each place it appears and inserting ‘section 104(b)(5)(A) (as in effect on the day before the date of enactment of the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century)’;

          (II) in paragraph (1)(A)(ii) by striking ‘section 104(b)(5)(B)’ and inserting ‘section 104(b)(5)(B) (as in effect on the day before the date of enactment of the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century)’;

          (III) in paragraph (3)(B) by striking ‘(5)(B)’ and inserting ‘(5)(B) (as in effect on the day before the date of enactment of the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century)’; and

          (IV) in paragraphs (3) and (4) by striking ‘section 104(b)(5)’ each place it appears and inserting ‘section 104(b)(5) (as in effect on the day before the date of enactment of the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century)’.

      (F) Section 161(a) of such title is amended by striking ‘paragraphs (1), (3), and (5)(B) of section 104(b)’ each place it appears and inserting ‘paragraphs (1), (3), and (4) of section 104(b)’.

      (4) Section 142(b) of such title is amended by striking ‘paragraph (5) of subsection (b) of section 104 of this title’ and inserting ‘section 104(b)(4)’.

    (m) ADJUSTMENTS FOR THE SURFACE TRANSPORTATION EXTENSION ACT OF 1997-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Notwithstanding any other provision of law and subject to section 2(c) of the Surface Transportation Extension Act of 1997, the Secretary shall ensure that the total apportionments for a State (other than Massachusetts) for fiscal year 1998 made under the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (including amendments made by such Act) shall be reduced by the amount apportioned to such State (other than Massachusetts) under section 1003(d)(1) of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991.

      (2) REPAYMENT OF TRANSFERRED FUNDS- The Secretary shall ensure that any apportionments made to a State for fiscal year 1998 and adjusted under paragraph (1) shall first be used to restore in accordance with section 3(c) of the Surface Transportation Extension Act of 1997 any funds that a State transferred under section 3 of such Act.

      (3) INSUFFICIENT FUNDS FOR REPAYMENT- If a State has insufficient funds apportioned in fiscal year 1998 under the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (including amendments made by such Act) to make the adjustment required by paragraph (1), then the Secretary shall make an adjustment to any funds apportioned to such State in fiscal year 1999.

      (4) ALLOCATED PROGRAMS- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, amounts made available for fiscal year 1998 by the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (including amendments made by such Act) for a program that is continued by both of sections 4, 5, 6, and 7 of the Surface Transportation Extension Act of 1997 (including amendments made by such sections) and the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (including amendments made by such Act) shall be reduced by the amount made available by such sections 4, 5, 6, and 7 for such programs.

      (5) TREATMENT OF STEA OBLIGATION AUTHORITY- The amount of obligation authority made available under section 2(e) of the Surface Transportation Extension Act of 1997 shall be considered to be an amount of obligation authority made available for fiscal year 1998 under section 1102(a) of this Act.

    (n) STATE DEFINED- For the purposes of apportioning funds under sections 104, 105, 144, and 206, the term ‘State’ means any of the 50 States and the District of Columbia.

SEC. 1104. MINIMUM GUARANTEE.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Section 105 of title 23, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:

‘Sec. 105. Minimum guarantee

    ‘(a) GENERAL RULE- For each of fiscal years 1998 through 2003, the Secretary shall allocate among the States amounts sufficient to ensure that each State’s percentage of the total apportionments for such fiscal year of Interstate maintenance, national highway system, bridge, congestion mitigation and air quality improvement, surface transportation, metropolitan planning, minimum guarantee, high priority projects, Appalachian development highway system, and recreational trails programs shall equal the percentage listed for each State in subsection (b).

    ‘(b) STATE PERCENTAGES- The percentage for each State referred to in subsection (a) shall be determined in accordance with the following table:

‘States:

--Percentage

Alabama

--2.0269

Alaska

--1.1915

Arizona

--1.5581

Arkansas

--1.3214

California

--9.1962

Colorado

--1.1673

Connecticut

--1.5186

Delaware

--0.4424

District of Columbia

--0.3956

Florida

--4.6176

Georgia

--3.5104

Hawaii

--0.5177

Idaho

--0.7718

Illinois

--3.3819

Indiana

--2.3588

Iowa

--1.2020

Kansas

--1.1717

Kentucky

--1.7365

Louisiana

--1.5900

Maine

--0.5263

Maryland

--1.5087

Massachusetts

--1.8638

Michigan

--3.1535

Minnesota

--1.4993

Mississippi

--1.2186

Missouri

--2.3615

Montana

--0.9929

Nebraska

--0.7768

Nevada

--0.7248

New Hampshire

--0.5163

New Jersey

--2.5816

New Mexico

--0.9884

New York

--5.1628

North Carolina

--2.8298

North Dakota

--0.6553

Ohio

--3.4257

Oklahoma

--1.5419

Oregon

--1.2183

Pennsylvania

--4.9887

Rhode Island

--0.5958

South Carolina

--1.5910

South Dakota

--0.7149

Tennessee

--2.2646

Texas

--7.2131

Utah

--0.7831

Vermont

--0.4573

Virginia

--2.5627

Washington

--1.7875

West Virginia

--1.1319

Wisconsin

--1.9916

Wyoming

--0.6951

    ‘(c) TREATMENT OF FUNDS-

      ‘(1) PROGRAMMATIC DISTRIBUTION- The Secretary shall apportion 50 percent of the amounts made available under this section that exceed $2,800,000,000 so that the amount apportioned to each State under this paragraph for each program referred to in subsection (a) (other than metropolitan planning, minimum guarantee, high priority projects, Appalachian development highway system, and recreational trails programs) is equal to the amount determined by multiplying the amount to be apportioned under this paragraph by the ratio that--

        ‘(A) the amount of funds apportioned to each State for each program referred to in subsection (a) for a fiscal year; bears to

        ‘(B) the total amount of funds apportioned to all States for such program for such fiscal year.

      ‘(2) REMAINING DISTRIBUTION- The Secretary shall apportion the remainder of funds made available under this section to the States in accordance with section 104(b)(3); except that requirements of paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) of section 133(d) shall not apply to amounts apportioned pursuant to this paragraph.

    ‘(d) AUTHORIZATION- There are authorized to be appropriated out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) such sums as may be necessary to carry out this section for each of fiscal years 1998 through 2003.

    ‘(e) SPECIAL RULE- If in any of fiscal years 1999 through 2003, the amount authorized under subsection (d) is more than 30 percent higher than the amount authorized under subsection (d) in fiscal year 1998, the Secretary shall use the apportionment factors under sections 104 and 144 as in effect on the date of enactment of this section.

    ‘(f) GUARANTEE OF 90.5 RETURN-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- Before making any apportionment under this title for each of fiscal years 1999 through 2003, the Secretary, subject to paragraph (2), shall adjust the percentages in the table in subsection (b) to reflect the estimated percentage of estimated tax payments attributable to highway users in each State paid into the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) in the latest fiscal year for which data is available, to ensure that no State’s return from such Trust Fund is less than 90.5 percent.

      ‘(2) ELIGIBILITY THRESHOLD FOR INITIAL ADJUSTMENT- The Secretary may make an adjustment under paragraph (1) for a State for a fiscal year only if the State’s return from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) for the preceding fiscal year was equal to or less than 90.5 percent.

      ‘(3) CONFORMING ADJUSTMENTS- After making any adjustments under paragraph (1) for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall adjust the remaining percentages in the table set forth in subsection (b) to ensure that the total of the percentages in the table do not exceed 100 percent for such fiscal year.

      ‘(4) LIMITATION ON ADJUSTMENTS- After making any adjustments under paragraph (3) for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall determine whether or not any State’s return from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) is less than 90.5 percent as a result of such adjustments and shall adjust the percentages in the table for such fiscal year accordingly. Adjustments of the percentages in the table under this paragraph may not result in the total of such percentages exceeding 100 percent.’.

    (b) CONFORMING AMENDMENT- The analysis for chapter 1 of such title is amended by striking the item relating to section 105 and inserting the following:

      ‘105. Minimum guarantee.’.

SEC. 1105. REVENUE ALIGNED BUDGET AUTHORITY.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by striking section 110 and inserting the following:

‘Sec. 110. Revenue aligned budget authority

    ‘(a) DETERMINATION OF AMOUNT- On October 15 of fiscal year 1999, and each fiscal year thereafter, the Secretary shall allocate an amount of funds equal to the amount determined pursuant to section 251(b)(1)(B)(I)(cc) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 (2 U.S.C. 901(b)(2)(B)(I)(cc)).

    ‘(b) GENERAL DISTRIBUTION- The Secretary shall--

      ‘(1) determine the ratio that--

        ‘(A) the sums authorized to be appropriated from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) for each of the for Federal-aid highway and highway safety construction programs (other than the minimum guarantee program) for which funds are allocated from such Trust Fund by the Secretary under this title and the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century for a fiscal year, bears to

        ‘(B) the total of all sums authorized to be appropriated from such Trust Fund for such programs for such fiscal year;

      ‘(2) multiply the ratio determined under paragraph (1) by the total amount of funds to be allocated under subsection (a) for such fiscal year;

      ‘(3) allocate the amount determined under paragraph (2) among such programs in the ratio that--

        ‘(A) the sums authorized to be appropriated from such Trust Fund for each of such programs for such fiscal year, bears to

        ‘(B) the sums authorized to be appropriated from such Trust Fund for all such programs for such fiscal year; and

      ‘(4) allocate the remainder of the funds to be allocated under subsection (a) for such fiscal year to the States in the ratio that--

        ‘(A) the total of all funds authorized to be appropriated from such Trust Fund for Federal-aid highway and highway safety construction programs that are apportioned to each State for such fiscal year but for this section, bears to

        ‘(B) the total of all funds authorized to be appropriated from such Trust Fund for such programs that are apportioned to all States for such fiscal year but for this section.

    ‘(c) STATE PROGRAMMATIC DISTRIBUTION- Of the funds to be apportioned to each State under subsection (b)(4) for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall ensure that such funds are apportioned for the Interstate Maintenance program, the National Highway System program, the bridge program, the surface transportation program, and the congestion mitigation air quality improvement program in the same ratio that each State is apportioned funds for such programs for such fiscal year but for this section.

    ‘(d) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) such sums as may be necessary to carry out this section for fiscal years beginning after September 30, 1998.’.

    (b) CONFORMING AMENDMENT- The analysis for chapter 1 of such title is amended by striking the item relating to section 110 and inserting the following:

      ‘110. Revenue aligned budget authority.’.

SEC. 1106. FEDERAL-AID SYSTEMS.

    (a) ADMINISTRATION OF NATIONAL HIGHWAY SYSTEM AND INTERSTATE MAINTENANCE PROGRAM- The Secretary shall administer the National Highway System program and the Interstate Maintenance program as a combined program for purposes of allowing States maximum flexibility. References in this Act and title 23, United States Code, shall not be affected by such consolidation.

    (b) FEDERAL-AID SYSTEMS- Section 103 of title 23, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:

‘Sec. 103. Federal-aid systems

    ‘(a) IN GENERAL- For the purposes of this title, the Federal-aid systems are the Interstate System and the National Highway System.

    ‘(b) NATIONAL HIGHWAY SYSTEM-

      ‘(1) DESCRIPTION- The National Highway System consists of the highway routes and connections to transportation facilities depicted on the map submitted by the Secretary to Congress with the report entitled ‘Pulling Together: The National Highway System and its Connections to Major Intermodal Terminals’ and dated May 24, 1996. The system shall--

        ‘(A) serve major population centers, international border crossings, ports, airports, public transportation facilities, and other intermodal transportation facilities and other major travel destinations;

        ‘(B) meet national defense requirements; and

        ‘(C) serve interstate and interregional travel.

      ‘(2) COMPONENTS- The National Highway System described in paragraph (1) consists of the following:

        ‘(A) The Interstate System described in subsection (c).

        ‘(B) Other urban and rural principal arterial routes.

        ‘(C) Other connector highways (including toll facilities) that provide motor vehicle access between arterial routes on the National Highway System and a major intermodal transportation facility.

        ‘(D) A strategic highway network consisting of a network of highways that are important to the United States strategic defense policy and that provide defense access, continuity, and emergency capabilities for the movement of personnel, materials, and equipment in both peacetime and wartime. The highways may be highways on or off the Interstate System and shall be designated by the Secretary in consultation with appropriate Federal agencies and the States.

        ‘(E) Major strategic highway network connectors consisting of highways that provide motor vehicle access between major military installations and highways that are part of the strategic highway network. The highways shall be designated by the Secretary in consultation with appropriate Federal agencies and the States.

      ‘(3) MAXIMUM MILEAGE- The mileage of highways on the National Highway System shall not exceed 178,250 miles.

      ‘(4) MODIFICATIONS TO NHS-

        ‘(A) IN GENERAL- The Secretary may make any modification, including any modification consisting of a connector to a major intermodal terminal, to the National Highway System that is proposed by a State or that is proposed by a State and revised by the Secretary if the Secretary determines that the modification--

          ‘(i) meets the criteria established for the National Highway System under this title; and

          ‘(ii) enhances the national transportation characteristics of the National Highway System.

        ‘(B) COOPERATION-

          ‘(i) IN GENERAL- In proposing a modification under this paragraph, a State shall cooperate with local and regional officials.

          ‘(ii) URBANIZED AREAS- In an urbanized area, the local officials shall act through the metropolitan planning organization designated for the area under section 134.

      ‘(5) CONGRESSIONAL HIGH PRIORITY CORRIDORS- Upon the completion of feasibility studies, the Secretary shall add to the National Highway System any congressional high priority corridor or any segment of such a corridor established by section 1105 of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (105 Stat. 2031 et seq.) that was not identified on the National Highway System described in paragraph (1).

      ‘(6) ELIGIBLE PROJECTS FOR NHS- Subject to approval by the Secretary, funds apportioned to a State under section 104(b)(1) for the National Highway System may be obligated for any of the following:

        ‘(A) Construction, reconstruction, resurfacing, restoration, and rehabilitation of segments of the National Highway System.

        ‘(B) Operational improvements for segments of the National Highway System.

        ‘(C) Construction of, and operational improvements for, a Federal-aid highway not on the National Highway System, and construction of a transit project eligible for assistance under chapter 53 of title 49, if--

          ‘(i) the highway or transit project is in the same corridor as, and in proximity to, a fully access-controlled highway designated as a part of the National Highway System;

          ‘(ii) the construction or improvements will improve the level of service on the fully access-controlled highway described in clause (i) and improve regional traffic flow; and

          ‘(iii) the construction or improvements are more cost-effective than an improvement to the fully access-controlled highway described in clause (i).

        ‘(D) Highway safety improvements for segments of the National Highway System.

        ‘(E) Transportation planning in accordance with sections 134 and 135.

        ‘(F) Highway research and planning in accordance with chapter 5.

        ‘(G) Highway-related technology transfer activities.

        ‘(H) Capital and operating costs for traffic monitoring, management, and control facilities and programs.

        ‘(I) Fringe and corridor parking facilities.

        ‘(J) Carpool and vanpool projects.

        ‘(K) Bicycle transportation and pedestrian walkways in accordance with section 217.

        ‘(L) Development, establishment, and implementation of management systems under section 303.

        ‘(M) In accordance with all applicable Federal law (including regulations), participation in natural habitat and wetland mitigation efforts related to projects funded under this title, which may include participation in natural habitat and wetland mitigation banks, contributions to statewide and regional efforts to conserve, restore, enhance, and create natural habitats and wetland, and development of statewide and regional natural habitat and wetland conservation and mitigation plans, including any such banks, efforts, and plans authorized under the Water Resources Development Act of 1990 (Public Law 101-640) (including crediting provisions). Contributions to the mitigation efforts described in the preceding sentence may take place concurrent with or in advance of project construction; except that contributions in advance of project construction may occur only if the efforts are consistent with all applicable requirements of Federal law (including regulations) and State transportation planning processes. With respect to participation in a natural habitat or wetland mitigation effort related to a project funded under this title that has an impact that occurs within the service area of a mitigation bank, preference shall be given, to the maximum extent practicable, to the use of the mitigation bank if the bank contains sufficient available credits to offset the impact and the bank is approved in accordance with the Federal Guidance for the Establishment, Use and Operation of Mitigation Banks (60 Fed. Reg. 58605 (November 28, 1995)) or other applicable Federal law (including regulations).

        ‘(N) Publicly-owned intracity or intercity bus terminals.

        ‘(O) Infrastructure-based intelligent transportation systems capital improvements.

        ‘(P) In the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, any project eligible for assistance under section 133, any airport, and any seaport.

    ‘(c) INTERSTATE SYSTEM-

      ‘(1) DESCRIPTION-

        ‘(A) IN GENERAL- The Dwight D. Eisenhower National System of Interstate and Defense Highways within the United States (including the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico) consists of highways designed, located, and selected in accordance with this paragraph.

        ‘(B) DESIGN-

          ‘(i) IN GENERAL- Except as provided in clause (ii), highways on the Interstate System shall be designed in accordance with the standards of section 109(b).

          ‘(ii) EXCEPTION- Highways on the Interstate System in Alaska and Puerto Rico shall be designed in accordance with such geometric and construction standards as are adequate for current and probable future traffic demands and the needs of the locality of the highway.

        ‘(C) LOCATION- Highways on the Interstate System shall be located so as--

          ‘(i) to connect by routes, as direct as practicable, the principal metropolitan areas, cities, and industrial centers;

          ‘(ii) to serve the national defense; and

          ‘(iii) to the maximum extent practicable, to connect at suitable border points with routes of continental importance in Canada and Mexico.

        ‘(D) SELECTION OF ROUTES- To the maximum extent practicable, each route of the Interstate System shall be selected by joint action of the State transportation departments of the State in which the route is located and the adjoining States, in cooperation with local and regional officials, and subject to the approval of the Secretary.

      ‘(2) MAXIMUM MILEAGE- The mileage of highways on the Interstate System shall not exceed 43,000 miles, exclusive of designations under paragraph (4).

      ‘(3) MODIFICATIONS- The Secretary may approve or require modifications to the Interstate System in a manner consistent with the policies and procedures established under this subsection.

      ‘(4) INTERSTATE SYSTEM DESIGNATIONS-

        ‘(A) ADDITIONS- If the Secretary determines that a highway on the National Highway System meets all standards of a highway on the Interstate System and that the highway is a logical addition or connection to the Interstate System, the Secretary may, upon the affirmative recommendation of the State or States in which the highway is located, designate the highway as a route on the Interstate System.

        ‘(B) DESIGNATIONS AS FUTURE INTERSTATE SYSTEM ROUTES-

          ‘(i) IN GENERAL- If the Secretary determines that a highway on the National Highway System would be a logical addition or connection to the Interstate System and would qualify for designation as a route on the Interstate System under subparagraph (A) if the highway met all standards of a highway on the Interstate System, the Secretary may, upon the affirmative recommendation of the State or States in which the highway is located, designate the highway as a future Interstate System route.

          ‘(ii) WRITTEN AGREEMENT OF STATES- A designation under clause (i) shall be made only upon the written agreement of the State or States described in such clause that the highway will be constructed to meet all standards of a highway on the Interstate System by the date that is 12 years after the date of the agreement.

          ‘(iii) REMOVAL OF DESIGNATION-

            ‘(I) IN GENERAL- If the State or States described in clause (i) have not substantially completed the construction of a highway designated under this subparagraph within the time provided for in the agreement between the Secretary and the State or States under clause (ii), the Secretary shall remove the designation of the highway as a future Interstate System route.

            ‘(II) EFFECT OF REMOVAL- Removal of the designation of a highway under subclause (I) shall not preclude the Secretary from designating the highway as a route on the Interstate System under subparagraph (A) or under any other provision of law providing for addition to the Interstate System.

          ‘(iv) PROHIBITION ON REFERRAL AS INTERSTATE SYSTEM ROUTE- No law, rule, regulation, map, document, or other record of the United States, or of any State or political subdivision of a State, shall refer to any highway designated as a future Interstate System route under this subparagraph, nor shall any such highway be signed or marked, as a highway on the Interstate System until such time as the highway is constructed to the geometric and construction standards for the Interstate System and has been designated as a route on the Interstate System.

        ‘(C) FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY- Except as provided in this title, the designation of a highway under this paragraph shall create no additional Federal financial responsibility with respect to the highway.

    ‘(d) TRANSFER OF INTERSTATE CONSTRUCTION FUNDS-

      ‘(1) INTERSTATE CONSTRUCTION FUNDS NOT IN SURPLUS-

        ‘(A) IN GENERAL- Upon application by a State and approval by the Secretary, the Secretary may transfer to the apportionment of the State under section 104(b)(1) any amount of funds apportioned to the State under section 104(b)(5)(A) (as in effect on the day before the date of enactment of the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century), if the amount does not exceed the Federal share of the costs of construction of segments of the Interstate System in the State included in the most recent Interstate System cost estimate.

        ‘(B) EFFECT OF TRANSFER- Upon transfer of an amount under subparagraph (A), the construction on which the amount is based, as included in the most recent Interstate System cost estimate, shall not be eligible for funding under section 104(b)(5)(A) (as in effect on the day before the date of enactment of the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century) or 118(c).

      ‘(2) SURPLUS INTERSTATE CONSTRUCTION FUNDS- Upon application by a State and approval by the Secretary, the Secretary may transfer to the apportionment of the State under section 104(b)(1) any amount of surplus funds apportioned to the State under section 104(b)(5)(A) (as in effect on the day before the date of enactment of the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century), if the State has fully financed all work eligible under the most recent Interstate System cost estimate.

      ‘(3) APPLICABILITY OF CERTAIN LAWS- Funds transferred under this subsection shall be subject to the laws (including regulations, policies, and procedures) relating to the apportionment to which the funds are transferred.’.

    (b) UNOBLIGATED BALANCES OF INTERSTATE SUBSTITUTE FUNDS- Unobligated balances of funds apportioned to a State under section 103(e)(4)(H) of title 23, United States Code (as in effect on the day before the date of enactment of this Act), shall be available for obligation by the State under the law (including regulations, policies, and procedures) relating to the obligation and expenditure of the funds in effect on that date.

    (c) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS-

      (1)(A) Section 115(a) of title 23, United States Code, is amended--

        (i) in the subsection heading by striking ‘SUBSTITUTE,’; and

        (ii) in paragraph (1)(A)(i) by striking ‘103(e)(4)(H),’;

      (B) Section 118 of such title is amended--

        (i) by striking subsection (d); and

        (ii) by redesignating subsections (e) and (f) as subsections (d) and (e), respectively.

      (C) Section 129(b) of such title is amended in the first sentence by striking ‘which has been’ and all that follows through ‘and has not’ and inserting ‘which is a public road and has not’.

      (2)(A) Section 139 of such title, and the item relating to such section in the analysis for chapter 1 of such title, are repealed.

      (B) Section 127(f) of such title is amended by striking ‘section 139(a)’ and inserting ‘section 103(c)(4)(A)’.

      (C) Section 1105(e)(5) of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (109 Stat. 597) is amended by striking subparagraph (B) and inserting the following:

        ‘(B) TREATMENT OF SEGMENTS- Subject to subparagraph (C), segments designated as parts of the Interstate System under this paragraph shall be treated in the same manner as segments designated under section 103(c)(4)(A) of title 23, United States Code.’.

    (d) INTERMODAL FREIGHT CONNECTORS STUDY-

      (1) REPORT- Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall--

        (A) review the condition of and improvements made, since the designation of the National Highway System, to connectors on the National Highway System that serve seaports, airports, and other intermodal freight transportation facilities; and

        (B) report to Congress on the results of such review.

      (2) REVIEW- In preparing the report, the Secretary shall review the connectors and identify projects carried out on those connectors that were intended to provide and improve service to an intermodal facility referred to in paragraph (1) and to facilitate the efficient movement of freight, including movements of freight between modes.

      (3) IDENTIFICATION OF IMPEDIMENTS- If the Secretary determines on the basis of the review that there are impediments to improving the connectors serving intermodal facilities referred to in paragraph (1), the Secretary shall identify such impediments and make any appropriate recommendations as part of the Secretary’s report to Congress under this subsection.

SEC. 1107. INTERSTATE MAINTENANCE PROGRAM.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Section 119 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following:

    ‘(a) IN GENERAL-

      ‘(1) PROJECTS- The Secretary may approve projects for resurfacing, restoring, rehabilitating, and reconstructing--

        ‘(A) routes on the Interstate System designated under section 103(c)(1) and, in Alaska and Puerto Rico, under section 103(c)(4)(A);

        ‘(B) routes on the Interstate System designated before the date of enactment of the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century under subsections (a) and (b) of section 139 (as in effect on the day before the date of enactment of such Act); and

        ‘(C) any segments that become part of the Interstate System under section 1105(e)(5) of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991.

      ‘(2) TOLL ROADS- The Secretary may approve a project pursuant to this subsection on a toll road only if such road is subject to a Secretarial agreement provided for in section 129 or continued in effect by section 1012(d) of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (105 Stat. 1939) and not voided by the Secretary under section 120(c) of the Surface Transportation and Uniform Relocation Assistance Act of 1987 (101 Stat. 159).

      ‘(3) FUNDING- Sums authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section shall be out of the Highway Trust Fund and shall be apportioned in accordance with section 104(b)(4).’;

      (2) by striking subsections (b), (c), and (e); and

      (3) by redesignating subsections (d), (f), and (g) as subsections (b), (c), and (d), respectively.

    (b) SET-ASIDES FOR INTERSTATE DISCRETIONARY PROJECTS- Section 118(c) of such title is amended to read as follows:

    ‘(c) SET-ASIDES FOR INTERSTATE DISCRETIONARY PROJECTS-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- Before any apportionment is made under section 104(b)(4), the Secretary shall set aside $50,000,000 in fiscal year 1998 and $100,000,000 in each of fiscal years 1999 through 2003 for obligation by the Secretary for projects for resurfacing, restoring, rehabilitating, and reconstructing any route or portion thereof on the Interstate System (other than any highway designated as a part of the Interstate System under section 139 (as in effect on the day before the date of enactment of the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century)) and any toll road on the Interstate System not subject to an agreement under section 119(e) (as in effect on December 17, 1991).

      ‘(2) SELECTION CRITERIA- The amounts set aside under paragraph (1) shall be made available by the Secretary to any State applying for such funds if the Secretary determines that--

        ‘(A) the State has obligated or demonstrates that it will obligate in the fiscal year all of its apportionments under section 104(b)(4) other than an amount that, by itself, is insufficient to pay the Federal share of the cost of a project for resurfacing, restoring, rehabilitating, and reconstructing the Interstate System that has been submitted by the State to the Secretary for approval; and

        ‘(B) the applicant is willing and able to--

          ‘(i) obligate the funds within 1 year of the date the funds are made available;

          ‘(ii) apply the funds to a ready-to-commence project; and

          ‘(iii) in the case of construction work, begin work within 90 days after obligation.

      ‘(3) PRIORITY CONSIDERATION FOR CERTAIN PROJECTS- In selecting projects to fund under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall give priority consideration to any project the cost of which exceeds $10,000,000 on any high volume route in an urban area or a high truck-volume route in a rural area.

      ‘(4) PERIOD OF AVAILABILITY OF DISCRETIONARY FUNDS- Sums made available pursuant to this subsection shall remain available until expended.’.

    (c) INTERSTATE NEEDS-

      (1) STUDY- The Secretary shall conduct, in cooperation with States and affected metropolitan planning organizations, a study to determine--

        (A) the expected condition of the Interstate System over the next 10 years and the needs of States and metropolitan planning organizations to reconstruct and improve the Interstate System;

        (B) the resources necessary to maintain and improve the Interstate System; and

        (C) the means to ensure that the Nation’s surface transportation program can--

          (i) address the needs identified in subparagraph (A); and

          (ii) allow for States to address any extraordinary needs.

      (2) REPORT- Not later than January 1, 2000, the Secretary shall transmit to Congress a report on the results of the study.

SEC. 1108. SURFACE TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM.

    (a) ELIGIBILITY OF PROJECTS- Section 133(b) of title 23, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) in paragraph (1) by inserting after ‘magnesium acetate’ the following: ‘, sodium acetate/formate, or other environmentally acceptable, minimally corrosive anti-icing and de-icing compositions’;

      (2) in paragraph (2) by striking ‘and publicly owned intracity or intercity bus terminals and facilities’ and inserting ‘, including vehicles and facilities, whether publicly or privately owned, that are used to provide intercity passenger service by bus’;

      (3) in paragraph (3)--

        (A) by striking ‘and bicycle’ and inserting ‘bicycle’; and

        (B) by inserting before the period at the end the following: ‘, and the modification of public sidewalks to comply with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12101 et seq.)’;

      (4) in paragraph (4) by inserting ‘infrastructure’ after ‘safety’;

      (5) in paragraph (9) by striking ‘section 108(f)(1)(A) (other than clauses (xii) and (xvi)) of the Clean Air Act’ and inserting ‘section 108(f)(1)(A) (other than clause (xvi)) of the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7408(f)(1)(A))’;

      (6) in paragraph (11)--

        (A) in the first sentence--

          (i) by inserting ‘natural habitat and’ after ‘participation in’ each place it appears;

          (ii) by striking ‘enhance and create’ and inserting ‘enhance, and create natural habitats and’; and

          (iii) by inserting ‘natural habitat and’ before ‘wetlands conservation’; and

        (B) by adding at the end the following: ‘With respect to participation in a natural habitat or wetland mitigation effort related to a project funded under this title that has an impact that occurs within the service area of a mitigation bank, preference shall be given, to the maximum extent practicable, to the use of the mitigation bank if the bank contains sufficient available credits to offset the impact and the bank is approved in accordance with the Federal Guidance for the Establishment, Use and Operation of Mitigation Banks (60 Fed. Reg. 58605 (November 28, 1995)) or other applicable Federal law (including regulations).’; and

      (7) by adding at the end the following:

      ‘(13) Infrastructure-based intelligent transportation systems capital improvements.

      ‘(14) Environmental restoration and pollution abatement projects (including the retrofit or construction of storm water treatment systems) to address water pollution or environmental degradation caused or contributed to by transportation facilities, which projects shall be carried out when the transportation facilities are undergoing reconstruction, rehabilitation, resurfacing, or restoration; except that the expenditure of funds under this section for any such environmental restoration or pollution abatement project shall not exceed 20 percent of the total cost of the reconstruction, rehabilitation, resurfacing, or restoration project.’.

    (b) TRANSPORTATION ENHANCEMENT ACTIVITIES- Section 133 of such title is amended--

      (1) in subsection (d)(3)(D) by striking ‘any State’ and all that follows through the period at the end and inserting ‘Hawaii and Alaska’; and

      (2) in subsection (e)--

        (A) in paragraph (3)(B)(i) by striking ‘if the Secretary’ and all that follows through ‘activities’; and

        (B) in paragraph (5) by adding at the end the following:

        ‘(C) COST SHARING-

          ‘(i) REQUIRED AGGREGATE NON-FEDERAL SHARE- The average annual non-Federal share of the total cost of all projects to carry out transportation enhancement activities in a State for a fiscal year shall be not less than the non-Federal share authorized for the State under section 120(b).

          ‘(ii) INNOVATIVE FINANCING- Subject to clause (i), notwithstanding section 120--

            ‘(I) funds from other Federal agencies and the value of other contributions (as determined by the Secretary) may be credited toward the non-Federal share of the costs of a project to carry out a transportation enhancement activity;

            ‘(II) the non-Federal share for such a project may be calculated on a project, multiple-project, or program basis; and

            ‘(III) the Federal share of the cost of an individual project to which subclause (I) or (II) applies may be up to 100 percent.’.

    (c) PROGRAM APPROVAL- Section 133(e) of such title is amended by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following:

      ‘(2) PROGRAM APPROVAL-

        ‘(A) SUBMISSION OF PROJECT AGREEMENT- For each fiscal year, each State shall submit a project agreement that--

          ‘(i) certifies that the State will meet all the requirements of this section; and

          ‘(ii) notifies the Secretary of the amount of obligations needed to carry out the program under this section.

        ‘(B) REQUEST FOR ADJUSTMENTS OF AMOUNTS- Each State shall request from the Secretary such adjustments to the amount of obligations referred to in subparagraph (A)(ii) as the State determines to be necessary.

        ‘(C) EFFECT OF APPROVAL BY THE SECRETARY- Approval by the Secretary of a project agreement under subparagraph (A) shall be deemed a contractual obligation of the United States to pay surface transportation program funds made available under this title.’.

    (d) PAYMENTS- Section 133(e)(3)(A) of such title is amended by striking the second sentence.

    (e) SURFACE TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM OBLIGATIONS IN URBAN AREAS- Section 133 of such title is amended to read as follows:

    ‘(f) OBLIGATION AUTHORITY-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- A State that is required to obligate in an urbanized area with an urbanized area population of over 200,000 individuals under subsection (d) funds apportioned to the State under section 104(b)(3) shall make available during the period of fiscal years 1998 through 2000 and the period of fiscal years 2001 through 2003 an amount of obligation authority distributed to the State for Federal-aid highways and highway safety construction programs for use in the area that is equal to the amount obtained by multiplying--

        ‘(A) the aggregate amount of funds that the State is required to obligate in the area under subsection (d) during the period; and

        ‘(B) the ratio that--

          ‘(i) the aggregate amount of obligation authority distributed to the State for Federal-aid highways and highway safety construction programs during the period; bears to

          ‘(ii) the total of the sums apportioned to the State for Federal-aid highways and highway safety construction programs (excluding sums not subject to an obligation limitation) during the period.

      ‘(2) JOINT RESPONSIBILITY- Each State, each affected metropolitan planning organization, and the Secretary shall jointly ensure compliance with paragraph (1).’.

    (f) DIVISION OF STP FUNDS FOR AREAS OF LESS THAN 5,000 POPULATION-

      (1) SPECIAL RULE- Notwithstanding section 133(c) of title 23, United States Code, and except as provided in paragraph (2), up to 15 percent of the amounts required to be obligated under section 133(d)(3)(B) of such title for each of fiscal years 1998 through 2003 may be obligated on roads functionally classified as minor collectors.

      (2) SUSPENSION- The Secretary may suspend the application of paragraph (1) if the Secretary determines that paragraph (1) is being used excessively.

    (g) ENCOURAGEMENT OF USE OF YOUTH CONSERVATION OR SERVICE CORPS- The Secretary shall encourage the States to enter into contracts and cooperative agreements with qualified youth conservation or service corps to perform appropriate transportation enhancement activities under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code.

SEC. 1109. HIGHWAY BRIDGE PROGRAM.

    (a) APPORTIONMENT FORMULA- Section 144(e) of title 23, United States Code, is amended in the fourth sentence by inserting before the period at the end the following: ‘, and, if a State transfers funds apportioned to the State under this section in a fiscal year beginning after September 30, 1997, to any other apportionment of funds to such State under this title, the total cost of deficient bridges in such State and in all States to be determined for the succeeding fiscal year shall be reduced by the amount of such transferred funds’.

    (b) DISCRETIONARY BRIDGE SET-ASIDE- Section 144(g)(1) of such title is amended--

      (1) by inserting ‘(A) FISCAL YEARS 1992 THROUGH 1997- ’ before ‘Of the amounts’;

      (2) by adding at the end the following:

        ‘(B) FISCAL YEAR 1998- Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated to carry out the bridge program under this section for fiscal year 1998, all but $25,000,000 shall be apportioned as provided in subsection (e) of this section. Such $25,000,000 shall be available only for projects for the seismic retrofit of a bridge described in subsection (l).

        ‘(C) FISCAL YEARS 1999 THROUGH 2003- Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated to carry out the bridge program under this section for each of fiscal years 1999 through 2003, all but $100,000,000 shall be apportioned as provided in subsection (e). Such $100,000,000 shall be available at the discretion of the Secretary; except that not to exceed $25,000,000 shall be available only for projects for the seismic retrofit of bridges, including projects in the New Madrid fault region.’; and

      (3) by indenting subparagraph (A) (as designated by paragraph (1) of this subsection) and aligning such subparagraph (A) with subparagraphs (B) and (C) of such section (as added by paragraph (2) of this subsection).

    (c) OFF-SYSTEM BRIDGE SET-ASIDE- Section 144(g)(3) of such title is amended--

      (1) by striking ‘, 1988’ and all that follows through ‘1997,’ and inserting ‘through 2003’; and

      (2) by striking ‘system’ each place it appears and inserting ‘highway’.

    (d) ELIGIBILITY- Section 144 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) in subsection (d) by inserting after ‘magnesium acetate’ the following: ‘, sodium acetate/formate, or other environmentally acceptable, minimally corrosive anti-icing and de-icing compositions or installing scour countermeasures’;

      (2) in subsection (d) by inserting after ‘such acetate’ each place it appears the following: ‘or sodium acetate/formate or such anti-icing or de-icing composition or installation of such countermeasures’; and

      (3) in subsection (g)(3) by inserting after ‘magnesium acetate’ the following: ‘, sodium acetate/formate, or other environmentally acceptable, minimally corrosive anti-icing and de-icing compositions or install scour countermeasures’.

    (e) CONFORMING AMENDMENT- Section 144(n) of such title is amended by striking ‘system’ and inserting ‘highway’.

SEC. 1110. CONGESTION MITIGATION AND AIR QUALITY IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM.

    (a) ESTABLISHMENT OF PROGRAM- Section 149(a) of title 23, United States Code, is amended by inserting after ‘establish’ the following: ‘and implement’.

    (b) CURRENTLY ELIGIBLE PROJECTS- Section 149(b) of such title is amended--

      (1) by striking ‘that was designated as a nonattainment area under section 107(d) of the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7407(d)) during any part of fiscal year 1994’ and inserting the following: ‘that is or was designated as a nonattainment area for ozone, carbon monoxide, or particulate matter under section 107(d) of the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7407(d)) and classified pursuant to section 181(a), 186(a), 188(a), or 188(b) of the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7511(a), 7512(a), 7513(a), or 7513(b)) or is or was designated as a nonattainment area under such section 107(d) after December 31, 1997,’;

      (2) in paragraph (1)(A) by striking ‘clauses (xii) and’; and inserting ‘clause’;

      (3) in paragraph (1)(A)(ii) by striking ‘an area’ and all that follows through the semicolon and inserting ‘a maintenance area;’;

      (4) by striking ‘or’ at the end of paragraph (3);

      (5) by striking ‘standard.’ at the end of paragraph (4) and inserting ‘standard; or’; and

      (6) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following:

      ‘(5) if the program or project improves traffic flow, including projects to improve signalization, construct high occupancy vehicle lanes, improve intersections, and implement intelligent transportation system strategies and such other projects that are eligible for assistance under this section on the day before the date of enactment of this paragraph.’.

    (c) STATES RECEIVING MINIMUM APPORTIONMENT- Section 149 of such title is amended by striking subsection (c) and inserting the following:

    ‘(c) STATES RECEIVING MINIMUM APPORTIONMENT-

      ‘(1) STATES WITHOUT A NONATTAINMENT AREA- If a State does not have, and never has had, a nonattainment area designated under the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.), the State may use funds apportioned to the State under section 104(b)(2) for any project eligible under the surface transportation program under section 133.

      ‘(2) STATES WITH A NONATTAINMENT AREA- If a State has a nonattainment area or maintenance area and receives funds under section 104(b)(2)(D) above the amount of funds that the State would have received based on its nonattainment and maintenance area population under subparagraphs (B) and (C) of section 104(b)(2), the State may use that portion of the funds not based on its nonattainment and maintenance area population under subparagraphs (B) and (C) of section 104(b)(2) for any project in the State eligible under section 133.’.

    (d) PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Section 149 of such title is amended by adding at the end the following:

    ‘(e) PARTNERSHIPS WITH NONGOVERNMENTAL ENTITIES-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- Notwithstanding any other provision of this title and in accordance with this subsection, a metropolitan planning organization, State transportation department, or other project sponsor may enter into an agreement with any public, private, or nonprofit entity to cooperatively implement any project carried out under this section.

      ‘(2) FORMS OF PARTICIPATION BY ENTITIES- Participation by an entity under paragraph (1) may consist of--

        ‘(A) ownership or operation of any land, facility, vehicle, or other physical asset associated with the project;

        ‘(B) cost sharing of any project expense;

        ‘(C) carrying out of administration, construction management, project management, project operation, or any other management or operational duty associated with the project; and

        ‘(D) any other form of participation approved by the Secretary.

      ‘(3) ALLOCATION TO ENTITIES- A State may allocate funds apportioned under section 104(b)(2) to an entity described in paragraph (1).

      ‘(4) ALTERNATIVE FUEL PROJECTS- In the case of a project that will provide for the use of alternative fuels by privately owned vehicles or vehicle fleets, activities eligible for funding under this subsection--

        ‘(A) may include the costs of vehicle refueling infrastructure, including infrastructure that would support the development, production, and use of emerging technologies that reduce emissions of air pollutants from motor vehicles, and other capital investments associated with the project;

        ‘(B) shall include only the incremental cost of an alternative fueled vehicle, as compared to a conventionally fueled vehicle, that would otherwise be borne by a private party; and

        ‘(C) shall apply other governmental financial purchase contributions in the calculation of net incremental cost.

      ‘(5) PROHIBITION ON FEDERAL PARTICIPATION WITH RESPECT TO REQUIRED ACTIVITIES- A Federal participation payment under this subsection may not be made to an entity to fund an obligation imposed under the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.) or any other Federal law.’.

      (2) DETERMINATION BY THE SECRETARY- For the purposes of section 149(c) of title 23, United States Code, the Secretary shall determine in accordance with the procedures specified in section 149(b) of such title whether water-phased hydrocarbon fuel emulsion technologies that consist of a hydrocarbon base and water in an amount not less than 20 percent by volume that reduce emissions of hydrocarbon, particulate matter, carbon monoxide, or nitrogen oxide from motor vehicles.

    (e) STUDY OF CMAQ PROGRAM-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary and the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency shall enter into arrangements with the National Academy of Sciences to complete, by not later than January 1, 2001, a study of the congestion mitigation and air quality improvement program under section 149 of title 23, United States Code. The study shall, at a minimum--

        (A) evaluate the air quality impacts of emissions from motor vehicles;

        (B) evaluate the negative effects of traffic congestion, including the economic effects of time lost due to congestion;

        (C) determine the amount of funds obligated under the program and make a comprehensive analysis of the types of projects funded under the program;

        (D) evaluate the emissions reductions attributable to projects of various types that have been funded under the program;

        (E) assess the effectiveness, including the quantitative and nonquantitative benefits, of projects funded under the program and include, in the assessment, an estimate of the cost per ton of pollution reduction;

        (F) assess the cost effectiveness of projects funded under the program with respect to congestion mitigation;

        (G) compare--

          (i) the costs of achieving the air pollutant emissions reductions achieved under the program; to

          (ii) the costs that would be incurred if similar reductions were achieved by other measures, including pollution controls on stationary sources;

        (H) include recommendations on improvements, including other types of projects, that will increase the overall effectiveness of the program;

        (I) include recommendations on expanding the scope of the program to address traffic-related pollutants that, as of the date of the study, are not addressed by the program.

      (2) REPORT- Not later than January 1, 2000, the National Academy of Sciences shall transmit to the Secretary, the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure and the Committee on Commerce of the House of Representatives, and the Committee on Environment and Public Works of the Senate a report on the results of the study with recommendations for modifications to the congestion mitigation and air quality improvement program in light of the results of the study.

      (3) FUNDING- Before making the apportionment of funds under section 104(b)(2) of title 23, United States Code, for each of fiscal years 1999 and 2000, the Secretary shall deduct from the amount to be apportioned under such section for such fiscal year, and make available, $500,000 for such fiscal year to carry out this subsection.

SEC. 1111. FEDERAL SHARE.

    (a) STATE-DETERMINED LOWER FEDERAL SHARE- Section 120 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) in subsection (a)--

        (A) by striking ‘Except’ and inserting the following:

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- Except’;

        (B) by adding at the end the following:

      ‘(2) STATE-DETERMINED LOWER FEDERAL SHARE- In the case of any project subject to paragraph (1), a State may determine a lower Federal share than the Federal share determined under such paragraph.’; and

        (C) by aligning the remainder of the text of paragraph (1) (as designated by subparagraph (A) of this paragraph) with paragraph (2) of such subsection (as added by subparagraph (B) of this paragraph); and

      (2) in subsection (b) by adding at the end the following: ‘In the case of any project subject to this subsection, a State may determine a lower Federal share than the Federal share determined under the preceding sentences of this subsection.’.

    (b) INCREASED FEDERAL SHARE FOR CERTAIN SAFETY PROJECTS- The first sentence of section 120(c) of such title is amended by inserting ‘or transit vehicles’ after ‘emergency vehicles’.

    (c) CREDIT FOR NON-FEDERAL SHARE- Section 120 of such title is amended by adding at the end the following:

    ‘(j) CREDIT FOR NON-FEDERAL SHARE-

      ‘(1) ELIGIBILITY- A State may use as a credit toward the non-Federal share requirement for any funds made available to carry out this title (other than the emergency relief program authorized by section 125) or chapter 53 of title 49 toll revenues that are generated and used by public, quasi-public, and private agencies to build, improve, or maintain highways, bridges, or tunnels that serve the public purpose of interstate commerce. Such public, quasi-public, or private agencies shall have built, improved, or maintained such facilities without Federal funds.

      ‘(2) MAINTENANCE OF EFFORT-

        ‘(A) IN GENERAL- The credit for any non-Federal share provided under this subsection shall not reduce nor replace State funds required to match Federal funds for any program under this title.

        ‘(B) CONDITION ON RECEIPT OF CREDIT- To receive a credit under paragraph (1) for a fiscal year, a State shall enter into such agreement as the Secretary may require to ensure that the State will maintain its non-Federal transportation capital expenditures in such fiscal year at or above the average level of such expenditures for the preceding 3 fiscal years; except that if, for any 1 of the preceding 3 fiscal years, the non-Federal transportation capital expenditures of the State were at a level that was greater than 130 percent of the average level of such expenditures for the other 2 of the preceding 3 fiscal years, the agreement shall ensure that the State will maintain its non-Federal transportation capital expenditures in the fiscal year of the credit at or above the average level of such expenditures for the other 2 fiscal years.

        ‘(C) TRANSPORTATION CAPITAL EXPENDITURES DEFINED- In subparagraph (B), the term ‘non-Federal transportation capital expenditures’ includes any payments made by the State for issuance of transportation-related bonds.

      ‘(3) TREATMENT-

        ‘(A) LIMITATION ON LIABILITY- Use of a credit for a non-Federal share under this subsection that is received from a public, quasi-public, or private agency--

          ‘(i) shall not expose the agency to additional liability, additional regulation, or additional administrative oversight; and

          ‘(ii) shall not subject the agency to any additional Federal design standards or laws (including regulations) as a result of providing the non-Federal share other than those to which the agency is already subject.

        ‘(B) CHARTERED MULTISTATE AGENCIES- When a credit that is received from a chartered multistate agency is applied to a non-Federal share under this subsection, such credit shall be applied equally to all charter States.’.

    (d) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS- Section 130(a) of such title is amended--

      (1) in the first sentence by striking ‘Except as provided in subsection (d) of section 120 of this title’ and inserting ‘Subject to section 120’; and

      (2) in the second sentence by striking ‘except as provided in subsection (d) of section 120 of this title’ and inserting ‘subject to section 120’.

SEC. 1112. RECREATIONAL TRAILS PROGRAM.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Chapter 2 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by inserting after section 205 the following:

‘Sec. 206. Recreational trails program

    ‘(a) DEFINITIONS- In this section, the following definitions apply:

      ‘(1) MOTORIZED RECREATION- The term ‘motorized recreation’ means off-road recreation using any motor-powered vehicle, except for a motorized wheelchair.

      ‘(2) RECREATIONAL TRAIL- The term ‘recreational trail’ means a thoroughfare or track across land or snow, used for recreational purposes such as--

        ‘(A) pedestrian activities, including wheelchair use;

        ‘(B) skating or skateboarding;

        ‘(C) equestrian activities, including carriage driving;

        ‘(D) nonmotorized snow trail activities, including skiing;

        ‘(E) bicycling or use of other human-powered vehicles;

        ‘(F) aquatic or water activities; and

        ‘(G) motorized vehicular activities, including all-terrain vehicle riding, motorcycling, snowmobiling, use of off-road light trucks, or use of other off-road motorized vehicles.

    ‘(b) PROGRAM- In accordance with this section, the Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of the Interior and the Secretary of Agriculture, shall carry out a program to provide and maintain recreational trails.

    ‘(c) STATE RESPONSIBILITIES- To be eligible for apportionments under this section--

      ‘(1) the Governor of the State shall designate the State agency or agencies that will be responsible for administering apportionments made to the State under this section; and

      ‘(2) the State shall establish a State recreational trail advisory committee that represents both motorized and nonmotorized recreational trail users, which shall meet not less often than once per fiscal year.

    ‘(d) USE OF APPORTIONED FUNDS-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- Funds apportioned to a State to carry out this section shall be obligated for recreational trails and related projects that--

        ‘(A) have been planned and developed under the laws, policies, and administrative procedures of the State; and

        ‘(B) are identified in, or further a specific goal of, a recreational trail plan, or a statewide comprehensive outdoor recreation plan required by the Land and Water Conservation Fund Act of 1965 (16 U.S.C. 460l-4 et seq.), that is in effect.

      ‘(2) PERMISSIBLE USES- Permissible uses of funds apportioned to a State for a fiscal year to carry out this section include--

        ‘(A) maintenance and restoration of existing recreational trails;

        ‘(B) development and rehabilitation of trailside and trailhead facilities and trail linkages for recreational trails;

        ‘(C) purchase and lease of recreational trail construction and maintenance equipment;

        ‘(D) construction of new recreational trails, except that, in the case of new recreational trails crossing Federal lands, construction of the trails shall be--

          ‘(i) permissible under other law;

          ‘(ii) necessary and required by a statewide comprehensive outdoor recreation plan that is required by the Land and Water Conservation Fund Act of 1965 (16 U.S.C. 460l-4 et seq.) and that is in effect;

          ‘(iii) approved by the administering agency of the State designated under subsection (c)(1); and

          ‘(iv) approved by each Federal agency having jurisdiction over the affected lands under such terms and conditions as the head of the Federal agency determines to be appropriate, except that the approval shall be contingent on compliance by the Federal agency with all applicable laws, including the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.), the Forest and Rangeland Renewable Resources Planning Act of 1974 (16 U.S.C. 1600 et seq.), and the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.);

        ‘(E) acquisition of easements and fee simple title to property for recreational trails or recreational trail corridors;

        ‘(F) payment of costs to the State incurred in administering the program, but in an amount not to exceed 7 percent of the apportionment made to the State for the fiscal year to carry out this section; and

        ‘(G) operation of educational programs to promote safety and environmental protection as those objectives relate to the use of recreational trails, but in an amount not to exceed 5 percent of the apportionment made to the State for the fiscal year.

      ‘(3) USE OF APPORTIONMENTS-

        ‘(A) IN GENERAL- Except as provided in subparagraphs (B), (C), and (D), of the apportionments made to a State for a fiscal year to carry out this section--

          ‘(i) 40 percent shall be used for recreational trail or related projects that facilitate diverse recreational trail use within a recreational trail corridor, trailside, or trailhead, regardless of whether the project is for diverse motorized use, for diverse nonmotorized use, or to accommodate both motorized and nonmotorized recreational trail use;

          ‘(ii) 30 percent shall be used for uses relating to motorized recreation; and

          ‘(iii) 30 percent shall be used for uses relating to nonmotorized recreation.

        ‘(B) SMALL STATE EXCLUSION- Any State with a total land area of less than 3,500,000 acres shall be exempt from the requirements of clauses (ii) and (iii) of subparagraph (A).

        ‘(C) WAIVER AUTHORITY- A State recreational trail advisory committee established under subsection (c)(2) may waive, in whole or in part, the requirements of clauses (ii) and (iii) of subparagraph (A) if the State recreational trail advisory committee determines and notifies the Secretary that the State does not have sufficient projects to meet the requirements of clauses (ii) and (iii) of subparagraph (A).

        ‘(D) STATE ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS- State administrative costs eligible for funding under paragraph (2)(F) shall be exempt from the requirements of subparagraph (A).

      ‘(4) GRANTS-

        ‘(A) IN GENERAL- A State may use funds apportioned to the State to carry out this section to make grants to private organizations, municipal, county, State, and Federal Government entities, and other government entities as approved by the State after considering guidance from the State recreational trail advisory committee established under subsection (c)(2), for uses consistent with this section.

        ‘(B) COMPLIANCE- A State that makes grants under subparagraph (A) shall establish measures to verify that recipients of the grants comply with the conditions of the program for the use of grant funds.

    ‘(e) ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFIT OR MITIGATION- To the extent practicable and consistent with the other requirements of this section, a State should give consideration to project proposals that provide for the redesign, reconstruction, nonroutine maintenance, or relocation of recreational trails to benefit the natural environment or to mitigate and minimize the impact to the natural environment.

    ‘(f) FEDERAL SHARE-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- Subject to the other provisions of this subsection, the Federal share of the cost of a project under this section shall not exceed 80 percent.

      ‘(2) FEDERAL AGENCY PROJECT SPONSOR- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a Federal agency that sponsors a project under this section may contribute additional Federal funds toward the cost of a project, except that--

        ‘(A) the share attributable to the Secretary of Transportation may not exceed 80 percent of the cost of a project under this section; and

        ‘(B) the share attributable to the Secretary and the Federal agency may not exceed 95 percent of the cost of a project under this section.

      ‘(3) USE OF FUNDS FROM FEDERAL PROGRAMS TO PROVIDE NON-FEDERAL SHARE- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the non-Federal share of the cost of the project may include amounts made available by the Federal Government under any Federal program that are--

        ‘(A) expended in accordance with the requirements of the Federal program relating to activities funded and populations served; and

        ‘(B) expended on a project that is eligible for assistance under this section.

      ‘(4) PROGRAMMATIC NON-FEDERAL SHARE- A State may allow adjustments to the non-Federal share of an individual project for a fiscal year under this section if the Federal share of the cost of all projects carried out by the State under the program (excluding projects funded under paragraph (2) or (3)) using funds apportioned to the State for the fiscal year does not exceed 80 percent.

      ‘(5) STATE ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS- The Federal share of the administrative costs of a State under this subsection shall be determined in accordance with section 120(b).

    ‘(g) USES NOT PERMITTED- A State may not obligate funds apportioned to carry out this section for--

      ‘(1) condemnation of any kind of interest in property;

      ‘(2) construction of any recreational trail on National Forest System land for any motorized use unless--

        ‘(A) the land has been designated for uses other than wilderness by an approved forest land and resource management plan or has been released to uses other than wilderness by an Act of Congress; and

        ‘(B) the construction is otherwise consistent with the management direction in the approved forest land and resource management plan;

      ‘(3) construction of any recreational trail on Bureau of Land Management land for any motorized use unless the land--

        ‘(A) has been designated for uses other than wilderness by an approved Bureau of Land Management resource management plan or has been released to uses other than wilderness by an Act of Congress; and

        ‘(B) the construction is otherwise consistent with the management direction in the approved management plan; or

      ‘(4) upgrading, expanding, or otherwise facilitating motorized use or access to recreational trails predominantly used by nonmotorized recreational trail users and on which, as of May 1, 1991, motorized use was prohibited or had not occurred.

    ‘(h) PROJECT ADMINISTRATION-

      ‘(1) CREDIT FOR DONATIONS OF FUNDS, MATERIALS, SERVICES, OR NEW RIGHT-OF-WAY-

        ‘(A) IN GENERAL- Nothing in this title or other law shall prevent a project sponsor from offering to donate funds, materials, services, or a new right-of-way for the purposes of a project eligible for assistance under this section. Any funds, or the fair market value of any materials, services, or new right-of-way, may be donated by any project sponsor and shall be credited to the non-Federal share in accordance with subsection (f).

        ‘(B) FEDERAL PROJECT SPONSORS- Any funds or the fair market value of any materials or services may be provided by a Federal project sponsor and shall be credited to the Federal agency’s share in accordance with subsection (f).

      ‘(2) RECREATIONAL PURPOSE- A project funded under this section is intended to enhance recreational opportunity and is not subject to section 138 of this title or section 303 of title 49.

      ‘(3) CONTINUING RECREATIONAL USE- At the option of each State, funds apportioned to the State to carry out this section may be treated as Land and Water Conservation Fund apportionments for the purposes of section 6(f)(3) of the Land and Water Conservation Fund Act of 1965 (16 U.S.C. 460l-8(f)(3)).

      ‘(4) COOPERATION BY PRIVATE PERSONS-

        ‘(A) WRITTEN ASSURANCES- As a condition of making available apportionments for work on recreational trails that would affect privately owned land, a State shall obtain written assurances that the owner of the land will cooperate with the State and participate as necessary in the activities to be conducted.

        ‘(B) PUBLIC ACCESS- Any use of the apportionments to a State to carry out this section on privately owned land must be accompanied by an easement or other legally binding agreement that ensures public access to the recreational trail improvements funded by the apportionments.

    ‘(i) CONTRACT AUTHORITY- Funds authorized to carry out this section shall be available for obligation in the same manner as if the funds were apportioned under chapter 1, except that the Federal share of the cost of a project under this section shall be determined in accordance with this section.’.

    (b) CONFORMING AMENDMENT- The analysis for chapter 2 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by striking the item relating to section 206 and inserting the following:

      ‘206. Recreational trails program.’.

    (c) REPEAL OF OBSOLETE PROVISION- Section 1302 of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (16 U.S.C. 1261) is repealed.

    (d) TERMINATION OF ADVISORY COMMITTEE- Section 1303 of such Act (16 U.S.C. 1262) is amended by adding at the end the following:

    ‘(j) TERMINATION- The advisory committee established by this section shall terminate on September 30, 2000.’.

    (e) ENCOURAGEMENT OF USE OF YOUTH CONSERVATION OR SERVICE CORPS- The Secretary shall encourage the States to enter into contracts and cooperative agreements with qualified youth conservation or service corps to perform construction and maintenance of recreational trails under section 206 of title 23, United States Code.

SEC. 1113. EMERGENCY RELIEF.

    (a) FEDERAL SHARE- Section 120(e) of title 23, United States Code, is amended in the first sentence by striking ‘highway system’ and inserting ‘highway’.

    (b) ELIGIBILITY AND FUNDING- Section 125 of such title is amended--

      (1) by redesignating subsections (b), (c), and (d) as subsections (d), (e), and (f), respectively;

      (2) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following:

    ‘(a) GENERAL ELIGIBILITY- Subject to this section and section 120, an emergency fund is authorized for expenditure by the Secretary for the repair or reconstruction of highways, roads, and trails, in any part of the United States, including Indian reservations, that the Secretary finds have suffered serious damage as a result of--

      ‘(1) natural disaster over a wide area, such as by a flood, hurricane, tidal wave, earthquake, severe storm, or landslide; or

      ‘(2) catastrophic failure from any external cause.

    ‘(b) RESTRICTION ON ELIGIBILITY- In no event shall funds be used pursuant to this section for the repair or reconstruction of bridges that have been permanently closed to all vehicular traffic by the State or responsible local official because of imminent danger of collapse due to a structural deficiency or physical deterioration.

    ‘(c) FUNDING- Subject to the following limitations, there are authorized to be appropriated from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) such sums as may be necessary to establish the fund authorized by this section and to replenish it on an annual basis:

      ‘(1) Not more than $100,000,000 is authorized to be obligated in any 1 fiscal year commencing after September 30, 1980, to carry out the provisions of this section; except that, if in any fiscal year the total of all obligations under this section is less than the amount authorized to be obligated in such fiscal year, the unobligated balance of such amount shall remain available until expended and shall be in addition to amounts otherwise available to carry out this section each year.

      ‘(2) Pending such appropriation or replenishment, the Secretary may obligate from any funds heretofore or hereafter appropriated for obligation in accordance with this title, including existing Federal-aid appropriations, such sums as may be necessary for the immediate prosecution of the work herein authorized. Funds obligated under this paragraph shall be reimbursed from such appropriation or replenishment.’;

      (3) in subsection (d) (as so redesignated)--

        (A) in the first sentence by striking ‘reconstruction of highways’ and all that follows through ‘in accordance’ and inserting ‘reconstruction of highways on Federal-aid highways in accordance’;

        (B) by striking ‘subsection (c)’ both places it appears and inserting ‘subsection (e)’;

        (C) in the second sentence by striking ‘authorized’ and all that follows through the period and inserting ‘authorized on Federal-aid highways.’; and

        (D) in the last sentence by striking ‘Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (Public Law 93-288)’ and inserting ‘Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5121 et seq.)’; and

      (4) in subsection (e) (as so redesignated) by striking ‘on any of the Federal-aid highway systems’ and inserting ‘Federal-aid highways’.

    (c) SAN MATEO COUNTY, CALIFORNIA- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a project to repair or reconstruct any portion of a Federal-aid primary route in San Mateo County, California, that--

      (1) was destroyed as a result of a combination of storms in the winter of 1982-1983 and a mountain slide; and

      (2) until its destruction, served as the only reasonable access route between 2 cities and as the designated emergency evacuation route of 1 of the cities;

    shall be eligible for assistance under section 125(a) of title 23, United States Code, if the project complies with the local coastal plan.

    (d) TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS- Section 120(e) of such title is amended--

      (1) by striking ‘(c)’ and inserting ‘(b)’; and

      (2) by striking ‘90’ and inserting ‘180’.

SEC. 1114. HIGHWAY USE TAX EVASION PROJECTS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Section 143 of title 23, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:

‘Sec. 143. Highway use tax evasion projects

    ‘(a) STATE DEFINED- In this section, the term ‘State’ means the 50 States and the District of Columbia.

    ‘(b) PROJECTS-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall carry out highway use tax evasion projects in accordance with this subsection.

      ‘(2) ALLOCATION OF FUNDS- Funds made available to carry out this section may be allocated to the Internal Revenue Service and the States at the discretion of the Secretary.

      ‘(3) CONDITIONS ON FUNDS ALLOCATED TO INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE- The Secretary shall not impose any condition on the use of funds allocated to the Internal Revenue Service under this subsection.

      ‘(4) LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS- Funds made available to carry out this section shall be used only--

        ‘(A) to expand efforts to enhance motor fuel tax enforcement;

        ‘(B) to fund additional Internal Revenue Service staff, but only to carry out functions described in this paragraph;

        ‘(C) to supplement motor fuel tax examinations and criminal investigations;

        ‘(D) to develop automated data processing tools to monitor motor fuel production and sales;

        ‘(E) to evaluate and implement registration and reporting requirements for motor fuel taxpayers;

        ‘(F) to reimburse State expenses that supplement existing fuel tax compliance efforts; and

        ‘(G) to analyze and implement programs to reduce tax evasion associated with other highway use taxes.

      ‘(5) MAINTENANCE OF EFFORT- The Secretary may not make an allocation to a State under this subsection for a fiscal year unless the State certifies that the aggregate expenditure of funds of the State, exclusive of Federal funds, for motor fuel tax enforcement activities will be maintained at a level that does not fall below the average level of such expenditure for the preceding 2 fiscal years of the State.

      ‘(6) FEDERAL SHARE- The Federal share of the cost of a project carried out under this subsection shall be 100 percent.

      ‘(7) PERIOD OF AVAILABILITY- Funds authorized to carry out this section shall remain available for obligation for a period of 3 years after the last day of the fiscal year for which the funds are authorized.

      ‘(8) USE OF SURFACE TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM FUNDING- In addition to funds made available to carry out this section, a State may expend up to 1/4 of 1 percent of the funds apportioned to the State for a fiscal year under section 104(b)(3) on initiatives to halt the evasion of payment of motor fuel taxes.

    ‘(c) EXCISE FUEL REPORTING SYSTEM-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- Not later than April 1, 1998, the Secretary shall enter into a memorandum of understanding with the Commissioner of the Internal Revenue Service for the purposes of the development and maintenance by the Internal Revenue Service of an excise fuel reporting system (in this subsection referred to as the ‘system’).

      ‘(2) ELEMENTS OF MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING- The memorandum of understanding shall provide that--

        ‘(A) the Internal Revenue Service shall develop and maintain the system through contracts;

        ‘(B) the system shall be under the control of the Internal Revenue Service; and

        ‘(C) the system shall be made available for use by appropriate State and Federal revenue, tax, and law enforcement authorities, subject to section 6103 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.

      ‘(3) FUNDING- Of the amounts made available to carry out this section for each of fiscal years 1998 through 2003, the Secretary shall make available sufficient funds to the Internal Revenue Service to establish and operate an automated fuel reporting system.’.

    (b) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS-

      (1) The analysis for chapter 1 of such title is amended by striking the item relating to section 143 and inserting the following:

      ‘143. Highway use tax evasion projects.’.

      (2) Section 1040 of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (23 U.S.C. 101 note; 105 Stat. 1992) is repealed.

      (3) Section 8002 of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (23 U.S.C. 101 note; 105 Stat. 2203) is amended--

        (A) in the first sentence of subsection (g) by striking ‘section 1040 of this Act’ and inserting ‘section 143 of title 23, United States Code,’; and

        (B) by striking subsection (h).

SEC. 1115. FEDERAL LANDS HIGHWAYS PROGRAM.

    (a) FEDERAL SHARE PAYABLE- Section 120 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

    ‘(j) USE OF FEDERAL LAND MANAGEMENT AGENCY FUNDS- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the funds appropriated to any Federal land management agency may be used to pay the non-Federal share of the cost of any Federal-aid highway project the Federal share of which is funded under section 104.

    ‘(k) USE OF FEDERAL LANDS HIGHWAYS PROGRAM FUNDS- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the funds authorized to be appropriated to carry out the Federal lands highways program under section 204 may be used to pay the non-Federal share of the cost of any project that is funded under section 104 and that provides access to or within Federal or Indian lands.’.

    (b) ALLOCATIONS- Section 202(d) of such title is amended--

      (1) by inserting ‘INDIAN RESERVATION ROADS- ’ after ‘(d)’;

      (2) by inserting ‘(1) FOR FISCAL YEARS ENDING BEFORE OCTOBER 1, 1999- ’ before ‘On October’;

      (3) by inserting after ‘each fiscal year’ the following: ‘ending before October 1, 1999’;

      (4) by adding at the end the following:

      ‘(2) FISCAL YEAR 2000 AND THEREAFTER-

        ‘(A) IN GENERAL- All funds authorized to be appropriated for Indian reservation roads shall be allocated among Indian tribes for fiscal year 2000 and each subsequent fiscal year in accordance with a formula established by the Secretary of the Interior under a negotiated rulemaking procedure under subchapter III of chapter 5 of title 5.

        ‘(B) REGULATIONS- Notwithstanding sections 563(a) and 565(a) of title 5, the Secretary of the Interior shall issue regulations governing the Indian reservation roads program, and establishing the funding formula for fiscal year 2000 and each subsequent fiscal year under this paragraph, in accordance with a negotiated rulemaking procedure under subchapter III of chapter 5 of title 5. The regulations shall be issued in final form not later than April 1, 1999, and shall take effect not later than October 1, 1999.

        ‘(C) NEGOTIATED RULEMAKING COMMITTEE- In establishing a negotiated rulemaking committee to carry out subparagraph (B), the Secretary of the Interior shall--

          ‘(i) apply the procedures under subchapter III of chapter 5 of title 5 in a manner that reflects the unique government-to-government relationship between the Indian tribes and the United States; and

          ‘(ii) ensure that the membership of the committee includes only representatives of the Federal Government and of geographically diverse small, medium, and large Indian tribes.

        ‘(D) BASIS FOR FUNDING FORMULA- The funding formula established for fiscal year 2000 and each subsequent fiscal year under this paragraph shall be based on factors that reflect--

          ‘(i) the relative needs of the Indian tribes, and reservation or tribal communities, for transportation assistance; and

          ‘(ii) the relative administrative capacities of, and challenges faced by, various Indian tribes, including the cost of road construction in each Bureau of Indian Affairs area, geographic isolation and difficulty in maintaining all-weather access to employment, commerce, health, safety, and educational resources.

      ‘(3) CONTRACTS AND AGREEMENTS WITH INDIAN TRIBES-

        ‘(A) IN GENERAL- Notwithstanding any other provision of law or any interagency agreement, program guideline, manual, or policy directive, all funds made available under this title for Indian reservation roads and for highway bridges located on Indian reservation roads to pay for the costs of programs, services, functions, and activities, or portions thereof, that are specifically or functionally related to the cost of planning, research, engineering, and construction of any highway, road, bridge, parkway, or transit facility that provides access to or is located within the reservation or community of an Indian tribe shall be made available, upon request of the Indian tribal government, to the Indian tribal government for contracts and agreements for such planning, research, engineering, and construction in accordance with the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act.

        ‘(B) EXCLUSION OF AGENCY PARTICIPATION- Funds for programs, functions, services, or activities, or portions thereof, including supportive administrative functions that are otherwise contractible to which subparagraph (A) applies, shall be paid in accordance with subparagraph (A) without regard to the organizational level at which the Department of the Interior that has previously carried out such programs, functions, services, or activities.

      ‘(4) RESERVATION OF FUNDS-

        ‘(A) NATIONWIDE PRIORITY PROGRAM- The Secretary shall establish a nationwide priority program for improving deficient Indian reservation road bridges.

        ‘(B) RESERVATION- Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated for Indian reservation roads for each fiscal year, the Secretary, in cooperation with the Secretary of the Interior, shall reserve not less than $13,000,000 for projects to replace, rehabilitate, seismically retrofit, paint, apply calcium magnesium acetate to, apply sodium acetate/formate de-icer to, or install scour countermeasures for deficient Indian reservation road bridges, including multiple-pipe culverts.

        ‘(C) ELIGIBLE BRIDGES- To be eligible to receive funding under this subsection, a bridge described in subparagraph (A) must--

          ‘(i) have an opening of 20 feet or more;

          ‘(ii) be on an Indian reservation road;

          ‘(iii) be unsafe because of structural deficiencies, physical deterioration, or functional obsolescence; and

          ‘(iv) be recorded in the national bridge inventory administered by the Secretary under subsection (b).

        ‘(D) APPROVAL REQUIREMENT- Funds to carry out Indian reservation road bridge projects under this subsection shall be made available only on approval of plans, specifications, and estimates by the Secretary.’; and

      (5) by indenting paragraph (1) (as designated by paragraph (2) of this paragraph) and aligning paragraph (1) with paragraphs (2), (3), and (4) (as added by paragraph (4) of this paragraph).

    (c) AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS- Section 203 of such title is amended by adding at the end the following: ‘Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the authorization by the Secretary of engineering and related work for a Federal lands highways program project, or the approval by the Secretary of plans, specifications, and estimates for construction of a Federal lands highways program project, shall be deemed to constitute a contractual obligation of the Federal Government to pay the Federal share of the cost of the project.’.

    (d) PLANNING AND AGENCY COORDINATION- Section 204 of such title is amended--

      (1) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following:

    ‘(a) ESTABLISHMENT-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- Recognizing the need for all Federal roads that are public roads to be treated under uniform policies similar to the policies that apply to Federal-aid highways, there is established a coordinated Federal lands highways program that shall apply to public lands highways, park roads and parkways, and Indian reservation roads and bridges.

      ‘(2) TRANSPORTATION PLANNING PROCEDURES- In consultation with the Secretary of each appropriate Federal land management agency, the Secretary shall develop, by rule, transportation planning procedures that are consistent with the metropolitan and statewide planning processes required under sections 134 and 135.

      ‘(3) APPROVAL OF TRANSPORTATION IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM- The transportation improvement program developed as a part of the transportation planning process under this section shall be approved by the Secretary.

      ‘(4) INCLUSION IN OTHER PLANS- All regionally significant Federal lands highways program projects--

        ‘(A) shall be developed in cooperation with States and metropolitan planning organizations; and

        ‘(B) shall be included in appropriate Federal lands highways program, State, and metropolitan plans and transportation improvement programs.

      ‘(5) INCLUSION IN STATE PROGRAMS- The approved Federal lands highways program transportation improvement program shall be included in appropriate State and metropolitan planning organization plans and programs without further action on the transportation improvement program.

      ‘(6) DEVELOPMENT OF SYSTEMS- The Secretary and the Secretary of each appropriate Federal land management agency shall, to the extent appropriate, develop by rule safety, bridge, pavement, and congestion management systems for roads funded under the Federal lands highways program.’;

      (2) in subsection (b) by striking the first 3 sentences and inserting the following: ‘Funds available for public lands highways, park roads and parkways, and Indian reservation roads shall be used by the Secretary and the Secretary of the appropriate Federal land management agency to pay for the cost of transportation planning, research, engineering, and construction of the highways, roads, and parkways, or of transit facilities within public lands, national parks, and Indian reservations. In connection with activities under the preceding sentence, the Secretary and the Secretary of the appropriate Federal land management agency may enter into construction contracts and other appropriate contracts with a State or civil subdivision of a State or Indian tribe.’;

      (3) in the first sentence of subsection (e) by striking ‘Secretary of the Interior’ and inserting ‘Secretary of the appropriate Federal land management agency’;

      (4) in subsection (h) by adding at the end the following:

      ‘(8) A project to build a replacement of the federally owned bridge over the Hoover Dam in the Lake Mead National Recreation Area between Nevada and Arizona.’;

      (5) by striking subsection (i) and inserting the following:

    ‘(i) TRANSFERS OF COSTS TO SECRETARIES OF FEDERAL LAND MANAGEMENT AGENCIES-

      ‘(1) ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS- The Secretary shall transfer to the appropriate Federal land management agency from amounts made available for public lands highways such amounts as are necessary to pay necessary administrative costs of the agency in connection with public lands highways.

      ‘(2) TRANSPORTATION PLANNING COSTS- The Secretary shall transfer to the appropriate Federal land management agency from amounts made available for public lands highways such amounts as are necessary to pay the cost to the agency to conduct necessary transportation planning for Federal lands, if funding for the planning is not otherwise provided under this section.’; and

      (6) in subsection (j) by striking the second sentence and inserting the following: ‘The Indian tribal government, in cooperation with the Secretary of the Interior, and as appropriate, with a State, local government, or metropolitan planning organization, shall carry out a transportation planning process in accordance with subsection (a).’.

    (e) REFUGE ROADS-

      (1) AUTHORIZATIONS- Section 201 of such title is amended in the first sentence by inserting ‘refuge roads,’ before ‘public lands highways,’.

      (2) ALLOCATIONS- Section 202 of such title is amended by adding at the end the following:

    ‘(e) REFUGE ROADS- On October 1 of each fiscal year, the Secretary shall allocate the sums made available for that fiscal year for refuge roads according to the relative needs of the various refuges in the National Wildlife Refuge System, and taking into consideration--

      ‘(1) the comprehensive conservation plan for each refuge;

      ‘(2) the need for access as identified through land use planning; and

      ‘(3) the impact of land use planning on existing transportation facilities.’.

      (3) AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS- Section 203 of such title is amended in the first and fourth sentences--

        (A) by striking ‘for,’ and inserting ‘for’; and

        (B) by inserting ‘refuge roads,’ after ‘parkways,’ each place it appears.

      (4) USE OF FUNDING- Section 204 of such title is amended by adding at the end the following:

    ‘(k) REFUGE ROADS-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- Notwithstanding any other provision of this title, funds made available for refuge roads shall be used by the Secretary and the Secretary of the Interior only to pay the cost of--

        ‘(A) maintenance and improvements of refuge roads;

        ‘(B) maintenance and improvements of eligible projects described in paragraphs (2), (5), and (6) of subsection (h) that are located in or adjacent to wildlife refuges; and

        ‘(C) administrative costs associated with such maintenance and improvements.

      ‘(2) CONTRACTS- In carrying out paragraph (1), the Secretary and the Secretary of the Interior, as appropriate, may enter into contracts with a State or civil subdivision of a State or Indian tribe as is determined advisable.

      ‘(3) COMPLIANCE WITH OTHER LAW- Funds made available for refuge roads shall be used only for projects that are in compliance with the National Wildlife Refuge System Administration Act of 1966 (16 U.S.C. 668dd et seq.).’.

SEC. 1116. WOODROW WILSON MEMORIAL BRIDGE.

    (a) DEFINITIONS- Section 404 of the Woodrow Wilson Memorial Bridge Authority Act of 1995 (109 Stat. 628) is amended--

      (1) in paragraph (3) by striking ‘, including approaches thereto’; and

      (2) in paragraph (5) by striking ‘to be determined under section 407. Such’ and all that follows through the period at the end and inserting the following: ‘as described in the record of decision executed by the Secretary in compliance with the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.). The term includes ongoing short-term rehabilitation and repairs to the Bridge.’.

    (b) OWNERSHIP OF BRIDGE-

      (1) CONVEYANCE BY THE SECRETARY- Section 407(a)(1) of such Act (109 Stat. 630) is amended by inserting ‘or any Capital Region jurisdiction’ after ‘Authority’ each place it appears.

      (2) AGREEMENT- Section 407 of such Act (109 Stat. 630) is amended by striking subsection (c) and inserting the following:

    ‘(c) AGREEMENT-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The agreement referred to in subsection (a) is an agreement concerning the Project that is executed by the Secretary and the Authority or any Capital Region jurisdiction that accepts ownership of the new bridge.

      ‘(2) TERMS OF THE AGREEMENT- The agreement shall--

        ‘(A) identify whether the Authority or a Capital Region jurisdiction will accept ownership of the new bridge;

        ‘(B) contain a financial plan satisfactory to the Secretary, which shall be prepared before the execution of the agreement, that specifies--

          ‘(i) the total cost of the Project, including any cost-saving measures;

          ‘(ii) a schedule for implementation of the Project, including whether any expedited design and construction techniques will be used; and

          ‘(iii) the sources of funding that will be used to cover any costs of the Project not funded from funds made available under section 412;

        ‘(C) require that--

          ‘(i) the Project include not more than 12 traffic lanes, including 8 general purpose lanes, 2 merging/diverging lanes, and 2 high occupancy vehicle, express bus, or rail transit lanes;

          ‘(ii) the design, construction, and operation of the Project reflect the requirements of clause (i);

          ‘(iii) all provisions described in the environmental impact statement for the Project or the record of decision for the Project (including in the attachments to the statement and record) for mitigation of environmental and other impacts of the Project be implemented; and

          ‘(iv) the Authority and the Capital Region jurisdictions develop a process to integrate affected local governments, on an ongoing basis, in the process of carrying out the engineering, design, and construction phases of the project, including planning for implementing the provisions described in clause (iii); and

        ‘(D) contain such other terms and conditions as the Secretary determines to be appropriate.’.

    (c) FEDERAL CONTRIBUTION- Such Act (109 Stat. 627) is amended by adding at the end the following:

‘SEC. 412. FEDERAL CONTRIBUTION.

    ‘(a) FUNDING-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- There is authorized to be appropriated from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) $25,000,000 for fiscal year 1998, $75,000,000 for fiscal year 1999, $150,000,000 for fiscal year 2000, $200,000,000 for fiscal year 2001, $225,000,000 for fiscal year 2002, and $225,000,000 for fiscal year 2003 to pay the costs of planning, preliminary engineering and design, final engineering, acquisition of rights-of-way, and construction of the Project; except that the costs associated with the Bridge shall be given priority over other eligible costs, other than design costs, of the Project.

      ‘(2) CONTRACT AUTHORITY- Funds authorized by this section shall be available for obligation in the same manner as if the funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code; except that--

        ‘(A) the funds shall remain available until expended;

        ‘(B) the Federal share of the cost of the Bridge component of the Project shall not exceed 100 percent; and

        ‘(C) the Federal share of the cost of any other component of the Project shall not exceed 80 percent.

    ‘(b) USE OF APPORTIONED FUNDS- Nothing in this title limits the authority of any Capital Region jurisdiction to use funds apportioned to the jurisdiction under paragraphs (1) and (3) of section 104(b) of title 23, United States Code, in accordance with the requirements for such funds, to pay any costs of the Project.

    ‘(c) AVAILABILITY OF APPORTIONED FUNDS- None of the funds made available under this section shall be available for construction before the execution of the agreement described in section 407(c), except that the Secretary may fund the maintenance and rehabilitation of the Bridge, the design of the Project, and right-of-way acquisition, including early acquisition of construction staging areas.’.

    (d) CONFORMING AMENDMENT- Section 405(b)(1) of such Act (109 Stat. 629) is amended by striking ‘the Signatories as to the Federal share of the cost of the Project and the terms and conditions related to the timing of the transfer of the Bridge to’.

SEC. 1117. APPALACHIAN DEVELOPMENT HIGHWAY SYSTEM.

    (a) APPORTIONMENT- The Secretary shall apportion funds made available by section 102 of this Act for fiscal years 1998 through 2003 among the States based on the latest available cost to complete estimate for the Appalachian development highway system under section 201 of the Appalachian Regional Development Act of 1965 prepared by the Appalachian Regional Commission. Such funds shall be available to construct highways and access roads under section 201 of the Appalachian Regional Development Act of 1965.

    (b) APPLICABILITY OF TITLE 23- Funds authorized by section 102 of this Act for the Appalachian development highway system shall be available for obligation in the same manner as if such funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, except that the Federal share of the cost of any project under this section shall be determined in accordance with such section 201 and such funds shall remain available until expended.

    (c) FEDERAL SHARE FOR PRE-FINANCED PROJECTS- Section 201(h)(1) of the Appalachian Regional Development Act of 1965 (40 U.S.C. App.) is amended by striking ‘70’ and inserting ‘80’.

    (d) CORRIDOR O- There is hereby designated as an addition to Corridor O in Pennsylvania on the Appalachian development highway system a segment from Port Matilda to Interstate Route 80 along United States Route 322, and the segment of Corridor O from the Pennsylvania State line to the improved segment in Bedford, Pennsylvania, shall be subtracted from Corridor O. Such designated addition shall not affect estimates of the cost to complete such system and such subtracted segment may be included on a map of such system for purposes of continuity only.

SEC. 1118. NATIONAL CORRIDOR PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM.

    (a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall establish and implement a program to make allocations to States and metropolitan planning organizations for coordinated planning, design, and construction of corridors of national significance, economic growth, and international or interregional trade. A State or metropolitan planning organization may apply to the Secretary for allocations under this section.

    (b) ELIGIBILITY OF CORRIDORS- The Secretary may make allocations under this section with respect to--

      (1) high priority corridors identified in section 1105(c) of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991; and

      (2) any other significant regional or multistate highway corridor not described in whole or in part in paragraph (1) selected by the Secretary after consideration of--

        (A) the extent to which the annual volume of commercial vehicle traffic at the border stations or ports of entry of each State--

          (i) has increased since the date of enactment of the North American Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act (Public Law 103-182); and

          (ii) is projected to increase in the future;

        (B) the extent to which commercial vehicle traffic in each State--

          (i) has increased since the date of enactment of the North American Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act (Public Law 103-182); and

          (ii) is projected to increase in the future;

        (C) the extent to which international truck-borne commodities move through each State;

        (D) the reduction in commercial and other travel time through a major international gateway or affected port of entry expected as a result of the proposed project including the level of traffic delays at at-grade highway crossings of major rail lines in trade corridors;

        (E) the extent of leveraging of Federal funds provided under this subsection, including--

          (i) use of innovative financing;

          (ii) combination with funding provided under other sections of this Act and title 23, United States Code; and

          (iii) combination with other sources of Federal, State, local, or private funding including State, local, and private matching funds;

        (F) the value of the cargo carried by commercial vehicle traffic, to the extent that the value of the cargo and congestion impose economic costs on the Nation’s economy; and

        (G) encourage or facilitate major multistate or regional mobility and economic growth and development in areas underserved by existing highway infrastructure.

    (c) PURPOSES- Allocations may be made under this section for 1 or more of the following purposes:

      (1) Feasibility studies.

      (2) Comprehensive corridor planning and design activities.

      (3) Location and routing studies.

      (4) Multistate and intrastate coordination for corridors described in subsection (b).

      (5) After review by the Secretary of a development and management plan for the corridor or a usable component thereof under subsection (b)--

        (A) environmental review; and

        (B) construction.

    (d) CORRIDOR DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT PLAN- A State or metropolitan planning organization receiving an allocation under this section shall develop, and submit to the Secretary for review, a development and management plan for the corridor or a usable component thereof with respect to which the allocation is being made. Such plan shall include, at a minimum, the following elements:

      (1) A complete and comprehensive analysis of corridor costs and benefits.

      (2) A coordinated corridor development plan and schedule, including a timetable for completion of all planning and development activities, environmental reviews and permits, and construction of all segments.

      (3) A finance plan, including any innovative financing methods and, if the corridor is a multistate corridor, a State-by-State breakdown of corridor finances.

      (4) The results of any environmental reviews and mitigation plans.

      (5) The identification of any impediments to the development and construction of the corridor, including any environmental, social, political and economic objections.

    In the case of a multistate corridor, the Secretary shall encourage all States having jurisdiction over any portion of such corridor to participate in the development of such plan.

    (e) APPLICABILITY OF TITLE 23- Funds made available by section 1101 of this Act to carry out this section and section 1119 shall be available for obligation in the same manner as if such funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code.

    (f) COORDINATION OF PLANNING- Planning with respect to a corridor under this section shall be coordinated with transportation planning being carried out by the States and metropolitan planning organizations along the corridor and, to the extent appropriate, with transportation planning being carried out by Federal land management agencies, by tribal governments, or by government agencies in Mexico or Canada.

    (g) STATE DEFINED- In this section, the term ‘State’ has the meaning such term has under section 101 of title 23, United States Code.

SEC. 1119. COORDINATED BORDER INFRASTRUCTURE PROGRAM.

    (a) GENERAL AUTHORITY- The Secretary shall establish and implement a coordinated border infrastructure program under which the Secretary may make allocations to border States and metropolitan planning organizations for areas within the boundaries of 1 or more border States for projects to improve the safe movement of people and goods at or across the border between the United States and Canada and the border between the United States and Mexico.

    (b) ELIGIBLE USES- Allocations to States and metropolitan planning organizations under this section may only be used in a border region for--

      (1) improvements to existing transportation and supporting infrastructure that facilitate cross-border vehicle and cargo movements;

      (2) construction of highways and related safety and safety enforcement facilities that will facilitate vehicle and cargo movements related to international trade;

      (3) operational improvements, including improvements relating to electronic data interchange and use of telecommunications, to expedite cross border vehicle and cargo movement;

      (4) modifications to regulatory procedures to expedite cross border vehicle and cargo movements;

      (5) international coordination of planning, programming, and border operation with Canada and Mexico relating to expediting cross border vehicle and cargo movements; and

      (6) activities of Federal inspection agencies.

    (c) SELECTION CRITERIA- The Secretary shall make allocations under this section on the basis of--

      (1) expected reduction in commercial and other motor vehicle travel time through an international border crossing as a result of the project;

      (2) improvements in vehicle and highway safety and cargo security related to motor vehicles crossing a border with Canada or Mexico;

      (3) strategies to increase the use of existing, underutilized border crossing facilities and approaches;

      (4) leveraging of Federal funds provided under this section, including use of innovative financing, combination of such funds with funding provided under other sections of this Act, and combination with other sources of Federal, State, local, or private funding;

      (5) degree of multinational involvement in the project and demonstrated coordination with other Federal agencies responsible for the inspection of vehicles, cargo, and persons crossing international borders and their counterpart agencies in Canada and Mexico;

      (6) improvements in vehicle and highway safety and cargo security in and through the gateway or affected port of entry concerned;

      (7) the degree of demonstrated coordination with Federal inspection agencies;

      (8) the extent to which the innovative and problem solving techniques of the proposed project would be applicable to other border stations or ports of entry;

      (9) demonstrated local commitment to implement and sustain continuing comprehensive border or affected port of entry planning processes and improvement programs; and

      (10) such other factors as the Secretary determines are appropriate to promote border transportation efficiency and safety.

    (d) CONSTRUCTION OF TRANSPORTATION INFRASTRUCTURE FOR LAW ENFORCEMENT PURPOSES- At the request of the Administrator of General Services, in consultation with the Attorney General, the Secretary may transfer, during the period of fiscal years 1998 through 2001, not more than $10,000,000 of the amounts made available by section 1101 to carry out this section and section 1118 to the Administrator of General Services for the construction of transportation infrastructure necessary for law enforcement in border States.

    (e) DEFINITIONS- In this section, the following definitions apply:

      (1) BORDER REGION- The term ‘border region’ means the portion of a border State in the vicinity of an international border with Canada or Mexico.

      (2) BORDER STATE- The term ‘border State’ means any State that has a boundary in common with Canada or Mexico.

Subtitle B--General Provisions

SEC. 1201. DEFINITIONS.

    Section 101(a) of title 23, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:

    ‘(a) DEFINITIONS- In this title, the following definitions apply:

      ‘(1) APPORTIONMENT- The term ‘apportionment’ includes unexpended apportionments made under prior authorization laws.

      ‘(2) CARPOOL PROJECT- The term ‘carpool project’ means any project to encourage the use of carpools and vanpools, including provision of carpooling opportunities to the elderly and individuals with disabilities, systems for locating potential riders and informing them of carpool opportunities, acquiring vehicles for carpool use, designating existing highway lanes as preferential carpool highway lanes, providing related traffic control devices, and designating existing facilities for use for preferential parking for carpools.

      ‘(3) CONSTRUCTION- The term ‘construction’ means the supervising, inspecting, actual building, and incurrence of all costs incidental to the construction or reconstruction of a highway, including bond costs and other costs relating to the issuance in accordance with section 122 of bonds or other debt financing instruments and costs incurred by the State in performing Federal-aid project related audits that directly benefit the Federal-aid highway program. Such term includes--

        ‘(A) locating, surveying, and mapping (including the establishment of temporary and permanent geodetic markers in accordance with specifications of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration of the Department of Commerce);

        ‘(B) resurfacing, restoration, and rehabilitation;

        ‘(C) acquisition of rights-of-way;

        ‘(D) relocation assistance, acquisition of replacement housing sites, and acquisition and rehabilitation, relocation, and construction of replacement housing;

        ‘(E) elimination of hazards of railway grade crossings;

        ‘(F) elimination of roadside obstacles;

        ‘(G) improvements that directly facilitate and control traffic flow, such as grade separation of intersections, widening of lanes, channelization of traffic, traffic control systems, and passenger loading and unloading areas; and

        ‘(H) capital improvements that directly facilitate an effective vehicle weight enforcement program, such as scales (fixed and portable), scale pits, scale installation, and scale houses.

      ‘(4) COUNTY- The term ‘county’ includes corresponding units of government under any other name in States that do not have county organizations and, in those States in which the county government does not have jurisdiction over highways, any local government unit vested with jurisdiction over local highways.

      ‘(5) FEDERAL-AID HIGHWAY- The term ‘Federal-aid highway’ means a highway eligible for assistance under this chapter other than a highway classified as a local road or rural minor collector.

      ‘(6) FEDERAL-AID SYSTEM- The term ‘Federal-aid system’ means any of the Federal-aid highway systems described in section 103.

      ‘(7) FEDERAL LANDS HIGHWAY- The term ‘Federal lands highway’ means a forest highway, public lands highway, park road, parkway, refuge road, and Indian reservation road that is a public road.

      ‘(8) FOREST DEVELOPMENT ROADS AND TRAILS- The term ‘forest development roads and trails’ means forest roads and trails under the jurisdiction of the Forest Service.

      ‘(9) FOREST HIGHWAY- The term ‘forest highway’ means a forest road under the jurisdiction of, and maintained by, a public authority and open to public travel.

      ‘(10) FOREST ROAD OR TRAIL- The term ‘forest road or trail’ means a road or trail wholly or partly within, or adjacent to, and serving the National Forest System that is necessary for the protection, administration, and utilization of the National Forest System and the use and development of its resources.

      ‘(11) HIGHWAY- The term ‘highway’ includes--

        ‘(A) a road, street, and parkway;

        ‘(B) a right-of-way, bridge, railroad-highway crossing, tunnel, drainage structure, sign, guardrail, and protective structure, in connection with a highway; and

        ‘(C) a portion of any interstate or international bridge or tunnel and the approaches thereto, the cost of which is assumed by a State transportation department, including such facilities as may be required by the United States Customs and Immigration Services in connection with the operation of an international bridge or tunnel.

      ‘(12) INDIAN RESERVATION ROAD- The term ‘Indian reservation road’ means a public road that is located within or provides access to an Indian reservation or Indian trust land or restricted Indian land that is not subject to fee title alienation without the approval of the Federal Government, or Indian and Alaska Native villages, groups, or communities in which Indians and Alaskan Natives reside, whom the Secretary of the Interior has determined are eligible for services generally available to Indians under Federal laws specifically applicable to Indians.

      ‘(13) INTERSTATE SYSTEM- The term ‘Interstate System’ means the Dwight D. Eisenhower National System of Interstate and Defense Highways described in section 103(c).

      ‘(14) MAINTENANCE- The term ‘maintenance’ means the preservation of the entire highway, including surface, shoulders, roadsides, structures, and such traffic-control devices as are necessary for safe and efficient utilization of the highway.

      ‘(15) MAINTENANCE AREA- The term ‘maintenance area’ means an area that was designated as a nonattainment area, but was later redesignated by the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency as an attainment area, under section 107(d) of the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7407(d)).

      ‘(16) NATIONAL HIGHWAY SYSTEM- The term ‘National Highway System’ means the Federal-aid highway system described in section 103(b).

      ‘(17) OPERATING COSTS FOR TRAFFIC MONITORING, MANAGEMENT, AND CONTROL- The term ‘operating costs for traffic monitoring, management, and control’ includes labor costs, administrative costs, costs of utilities and rent, and other costs associated with the continuous operation of traffic control, such as integrated traffic control systems, incident management programs, and traffic control centers.

      ‘(18) OPERATIONAL IMPROVEMENT- The term ‘operational improvement’--

        ‘(A) means (i) a capital improvement for installation of traffic surveillance and control equipment, computerized signal systems, motorist information systems, integrated traffic control systems, incident management programs, and transportation demand management facilities, strategies, and programs, and (ii) such other capital improvements to public roads as the Secretary may designate, by regulation; and

        ‘(B) does not include resurfacing, restoring, or rehabilitating improvements, construction of additional lanes, interchanges, and grade separations, and construction of a new facility on a new location.

      ‘(19) PARK ROAD- The term ‘park road’ means a public road, including a bridge built primarily for pedestrian use, but with capacity for use by emergency vehicles, that is located within, or provides access to, an area in the National Park System with title and maintenance responsibilities vested in the United States.

      ‘(20) PARKWAY- The term ‘parkway’, as used in chapter 2 of this title, means a parkway authorized by Act of Congress on lands to which title is vested in the United States.

      ‘(21) PROJECT- The term ‘project’ means an undertaking to construct a particular portion of a highway, or if the context so implies, the particular portion of a highway so constructed or any other undertaking eligible for assistance under this title.

      ‘(22) PROJECT AGREEMENT- The term ‘project agreement’ means the formal instrument to be executed by the State transportation department and the Secretary as required by section 106.

      ‘(23) PUBLIC AUTHORITY- The term ‘public authority’ means a Federal, State, county, town, or township, Indian tribe, municipal or other local government or instrumentality with authority to finance, build, operate, or maintain toll or toll-free facilities.

      ‘(24) PUBLIC LANDS DEVELOPMENT ROADS AND TRAILS- The term ‘public lands development roads and trails’ means those roads and trails that the Secretary of the Interior determines are of primary importance for the development, protection, administration, and utilization of public lands and resources under the control of the Secretary of the Interior.

      ‘(25) PUBLIC LANDS HIGHWAY- The term ‘public lands highway’ means a forest road under the jurisdiction of and maintained by a public authority and open to public travel or any highway through unappropriated or unreserved public lands, nontaxable Indian lands, or other Federal reservations under the jurisdiction of and maintained by a public authority and open to public travel.

      ‘(26) PUBLIC LANDS HIGHWAYS- The term ‘public lands highways’ means those main highways through unappropriated or unreserved public lands, nontaxable Indian lands, or other Federal reservations, which are on the Federal-aid systems.

      ‘(27) PUBLIC ROAD- The term ‘public road’ means any road or street under the jurisdiction of and maintained by a public authority and open to public travel.

      ‘(28) REFUGE ROAD- The term ‘refuge road’ means a public road that provides access to or within a unit of the National Wildlife Refuge System and for which title and maintenance responsibility is vested in the United States Government.

      ‘(29) RURAL AREAS- The term ‘rural areas’ means all areas of a State not included in urban areas.

      ‘(30) SAFETY IMPROVEMENT PROJECT- The term ‘safety improvement project’ means a project that corrects or improves high hazard locations, eliminates roadside obstacles, improves highway signing and pavement marking, installs priority control systems for emergency vehicles at signalized intersections, installs or replaces emergency motorist aid call boxes, or installs traffic control or warning devices at locations with high accident potential.

      ‘(31) SECRETARY- The term ‘Secretary’ means Secretary of Transportation.

      ‘(32) STATE- The term ‘State’ means any of the 50 States, the District of Columbia, or Puerto Rico.

      ‘(33) STATE FUNDS- The term ‘State funds’ includes funds raised under the authority of the State or any political or other subdivision thereof, and made available for expenditure under the direct control of the State transportation department.

      ‘(34) STATE TRANSPORTATION DEPARTMENT- The term ‘State transportation department’ means that department, commission, board, or official of any State charged by its laws with the responsibility for highway construction.

      ‘(35) TRANSPORTATION ENHANCEMENT ACTIVITIES- The term ‘transportation enhancement activities’ means, with respect to any project or the area to be served by the project, any of the following activities if such activity relates to surface transportation: provision of facilities for pedestrians and bicycles, provision of safety and educational activities for pedestrians and bicyclists, acquisition of scenic easements and scenic or historic sites, scenic or historic highway programs (including the provision of tourist and welcome center facilities), landscaping and other scenic beautification, historic preservation, rehabilitation and operation of historic transportation buildings, structures, or facilities (including historic railroad facilities and canals), preservation of abandoned railway corridors (including the conversion and use thereof for pedestrian or bicycle trails), control and removal of outdoor advertising, archaeological planning and research, environmental mitigation to address water pollution due to highway runoff or reduce vehicle-caused wildlife mortality while maintaining habitat connectivity, and establishment of transportation museums.

      ‘(36) URBAN AREA- The term ‘urban area’ means an urbanized area or, in the case of an urbanized area encompassing more than one State, that part of the urbanized area in each such State, or urban place as designated by the Bureau of the Census having a population of 5,000 or more and not within any urbanized area, within boundaries to be fixed by responsible State and local officials in cooperation with each other, subject to approval by the Secretary. Such boundaries shall encompass, at a minimum, the entire urban place designated by the Bureau of the Census, except in the case of cities in the State of Maine and in the State of New Hampshire.

      ‘(37) URBANIZED AREA- The term ‘urbanized area’ means an area with a population of 50,000 or more designated by the Bureau of the Census, within boundaries to be fixed by responsible State and local officials in cooperation with each other, subject to approval by the Secretary. Such boundaries shall encompass, at a minimum, the entire urbanized area within a State as designated by the Bureau of the Census.’.

SEC. 1202. BICYCLE TRANSPORTATION AND PEDESTRIAN WALKWAYS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Section 217 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) in subsection (b)--

        (A) by inserting ‘pedestrian walkways and’ after ‘construction of’; and

        (B) by striking ‘(other than the Interstate System)’;

      (2) in subsection (e) by striking ‘, other than a highway access to which is fully controlled,’;

      (3) by striking subsection (g) and inserting the following:

    ‘(g) PLANNING AND DESIGN-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- Bicyclists and pedestrians shall be given due consideration in the comprehensive transportation plans developed by each metropolitan planning organization and State in accordance with sections 134 and 135, respectively. Bicycle transportation facilities and pedestrian walkways shall be considered, where appropriate, in conjunction with all new construction and reconstruction of transportation facilities, except where bicycle and pedestrian use are not permitted.

      ‘(2) SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS- Transportation plans and projects shall provide due consideration for safety and contiguous routes for bicyclists and pedestrians. Safety considerations shall include the installation, where appropriate, and maintenance of audible traffic signals and audible signs at street crossings.’;

      (4) in subsection (h) by striking ‘No motorized vehicles shall’ and inserting ‘Motorized vehicles may not’;

      (5) in subsection (h)(3)--

        (A) by striking ‘when State and local regulations permit,’; and

        (B) by striking ‘and’ at the end;

      (6) in subsection (h)--

        (A) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (5); and

        (B) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following:

      ‘(4) when State or local regulations permit, electric bicycles; and’; and

      (7) by striking subsection (j) and inserting the following:

    ‘(j) DEFINITIONS- In this section, the following definitions apply:

      ‘(1) BICYCLE TRANSPORTATION FACILITY- The term ‘bicycle transportation facility’ means a new or improved lane, path, or shoulder for use by bicyclists and a traffic control device, shelter, or parking facility for bicycles.

      ‘(2) ELECTRIC BICYCLE- The term ‘electric bicycle’ means any bicycle or tricycle with a low-powered electric motor weighing under 100 pounds, with a top motor-powered speed not in excess of 20 miles per hour.

      ‘(3) PEDESTRIAN- The term ‘pedestrian’ means any person traveling by foot and any mobility-impaired person using a wheelchair.

      ‘(4) WHEELCHAIR- The term ‘wheelchair’ means a mobility aid, usable indoors, and designed for and used by individuals with mobility impairments, whether operated manually or motorized.’.

    (b) DESIGN GUIDANCE-

      (1) IN GENERAL- In implementing section 217(g) of title 23, United States Code, the Secretary, in cooperation with the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, the Institute of Transportation Engineers, and other interested organizations, shall develop guidance on the various approaches to accommodating bicycles and pedestrian travel.

      (2) ISSUES TO BE ADDRESSED- The guidance shall address issues such as the level and nature of the demand, volume, and speed of motor vehicle traffic, safety, terrain, cost, and sight distance.

      (3) RECOMMENDATIONS- The guidance shall include recommendations on amending and updating the policies of the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials relating to highway and street design standards to accommodate bicyclists and pedestrians.

      (4) TIME PERIOD FOR DEVELOPMENT- The guidance shall be developed within 18 months after the date of enactment of this Act.

    (c) PROTECTION OF NONMOTORIZED TRANSPORTATION TRAFFIC- Section 109(n) of such title is amended to read as follows:

    ‘(n) PROTECTION OF NONMOTORIZED TRANSPORTATION TRAFFIC- The Secretary shall not approve any project or take any regulatory action under this title that will result in the severance of an existing major route or have significant adverse impact on the safety for nonmotorized transportation traffic and light motorcycles, unless such project or regulatory action provides for a reasonable alternate route or such a route exists.’.

    (d) RAILWAY-HIGHWAY CROSSINGS- Section 130 of such title is amended by adding at the end the following:

    ‘(j) BICYCLE SAFETY- In carrying out projects under this section, a State shall take into account bicycle safety.’.

    (e) NATIONAL BICYCLE SAFETY EDUCATION CURRICULUM-

      (1) DEVELOPMENT- The Secretary is authorized to develop a national bicycle safety education curriculum that may include courses relating to on-road training.

      (2) REPORT- Not later than 12 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall transmit to Congress a copy of the curriculum.

      (3) FUNDING- From amounts made available under section 210, the Secretary may use not to exceed $500,000 for fiscal year 1999 to carry out this subsection.

SEC. 1203. METROPOLITAN PLANNING.

    (a) GENERAL REQUIREMENTS- Section 134(a) of title 23, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:

    ‘(a) GENERAL REQUIREMENTS-

      ‘(1) FINDINGS- It is in the national interest to encourage and promote the safe and efficient management, operation, and development of surface transportation systems that will serve the mobility needs of people and freight and foster economic growth and development within and through urbanized areas, while minimizing transportation-related fuel consumption and air pollution.

      ‘(2) DEVELOPMENT OF PLANS AND PROGRAMS- To accomplish the objective stated in paragraph (1), metropolitan planning organizations designated under subsection (b), in cooperation with the State and public transit operators, shall develop transportation plans and programs for urbanized areas of the State.

      ‘(3) CONTENTS- The plans and programs for each metropolitan area shall provide for the development and integrated management and operation of transportation systems and facilities (including pedestrian walkways and bicycle transportation facilities) that will function as an intermodal transportation system for the metropolitan area and as an integral part of an intermodal transportation system for the State and the United States.

      ‘(4) PROCESS OF DEVELOPMENT- The process for developing the plans and programs shall provide for consideration of all modes of transportation and shall be continuing, cooperative, and comprehensive to the degree appropriate, based on the complexity of the transportation problems to be addressed.’.

    (b) DESIGNATION OF METROPOLITAN PLANNING ORGANIZATIONS-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Section 134(b) of such title is amended by striking paragraphs (1) and (2) and inserting the following:

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- To carry out the transportation planning process required by this section, a metropolitan planning organization shall be designated for each urbanized area with a population of more than 50,000 individuals--

        ‘(A) by agreement between the Governor and units of general purpose local government that together represent at least 75 percent of the affected population (including the central city or cities as defined by the Bureau of the Census); or

        ‘(B) in accordance with procedures established by applicable State or local law.

      ‘(2) STRUCTURE- Each policy board of a metropolitan planning organization that serves an area designated as a transportation management area, when designated or redesignated under this subsection, shall consist of--

        ‘(A) local elected officials;

        ‘(B) officials of public agencies that administer or operate major modes of transportation in the metropolitan area (including all transportation agencies included in the metropolitan planning organization as of June 1, 1991); and

        ‘(C) appropriate State officials.’.

      (2) CONTINUING DESIGNATION- Section 134(b)(4) of such title is amended to read as follows:

      ‘(4) CONTINUING DESIGNATION- A designation of a metropolitan planning organization under this subsection or any other provision of law shall remain in effect until the metropolitan planning organization is redesignated under paragraph (5).’.

      (3) REDESIGNATION- Section 134(b)(5)(A) of such title is amended--

        (A) by striking ‘among’ and inserting ‘between’; and

        (B) by striking ‘which together’ and inserting ‘that together’.

      (4) DESIGNATION OF MORE THAN 1 METROPOLITAN PLANNING ORGANIZATION- Section 134(b)(6) of such title is amended to read as follows:

      ‘(6) DESIGNATION OF MORE THAN 1 METROPOLITAN PLANNING ORGANIZATION- More than 1 metropolitan planning organization may be designated within an existing metropolitan planning area only if the Governor and the existing metropolitan planning organization determine that the size and complexity of the existing metropolitan planning area make designation of more than 1 metropolitan planning organization for the area appropriate.’.

    (c) METROPOLITAN PLANNING AREA BOUNDARIES- Section 134(c) of such title is amended--

      (1) in the subsection heading by inserting ‘PLANNING’ before ‘AREA’;

      (2) in the first sentence--

        (A) by striking ‘For the purposes’ and inserting the following:

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- For the purposes’; and

        (B) by inserting ‘planning’ before ‘area’;

      (3) by striking the second sentence and all that follows and inserting the following:

      ‘(2) INCLUDED AREA- Each metropolitan planning area--

        ‘(A) shall encompass at least the existing urbanized area and the contiguous area expected to become urbanized within a 20-year forecast period; and

        ‘(B) may encompass the entire metropolitan statistical area or consolidated metropolitan statistical area, as defined by the Bureau of the Census.

      ‘(3) EXISTING METROPOLITAN PLANNING AREAS IN NONATTAINMENT- Notwithstanding paragraph (2), in the case of an urbanized area designated as a nonattainment area for ozone or carbon monoxide under the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.), the boundaries of the metropolitan planning area in existence as of the date of enactment of this paragraph shall be retained, except that the boundaries may be adjusted by agreement of the Governor and affected metropolitan planning organizations in the manner described in subsection (b)(5).

      ‘(4) NEW METROPOLITAN PLANNING AREAS IN NONATTAINMENT- In the case of an urbanized area designated after the date of enactment of this paragraph as a nonattainment area for ozone or carbon monoxide, the boundaries of the metropolitan planning area--

        ‘(A) shall be established in the manner described in subsection (b)(1);

        ‘(B) shall encompass the areas described in paragraph (2)(A);

        ‘(C) may encompass the areas described in paragraph (2)(B); and

        ‘(D) may address any nonattainment area identified under the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.) for ozone or carbon monoxide.’; and

      (4) by aligning paragraph (1) (as designated by paragraph (2)(A) of this subsection) with paragraphs (2) through (4) (as inserted by paragraph (3) of this subsection).

    (d) COORDINATION IN MULTISTATE AREAS- Section 134(d) of such title is amended to read as follows:

    ‘(d) COORDINATION IN MULTISTATE AREAS-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall encourage each Governor with responsibility for a portion of a multistate metropolitan area and the appropriate metropolitan planning organizations to provide coordinated transportation planning for the entire metropolitan area.

      ‘(2) INTERSTATE COMPACTS- The consent of Congress is granted to any 2 or more States--

        ‘(A) to enter into agreements or compacts, not in conflict with any law of the United States, for cooperative efforts and mutual assistance in support of activities authorized under this section as the activities pertain to interstate areas and localities within the States; and

        ‘(B) to establish such agencies, joint or otherwise, as the States may determine desirable for making the agreements and compacts effective.

      ‘(3) LAKE TAHOE REGION-

        ‘(A) DEFINITION- In this paragraph, the term ‘Lake Tahoe region’ has the meaning given the term ‘region’ in subdivision (a) of article II of the Tahoe Regional Planning Compact, as set forth in the first section of Public Law 96-551 (94 Stat. 3234).

        ‘(B) TRANSPORTATION PLANNING PROCESS- The Secretary shall--

          ‘(i) establish with the Federal land management agencies that have jurisdiction over land in the Lake Tahoe region a transportation planning process for the region; and

          ‘(ii) coordinate the transportation planning process with the planning process required of State and local governments under this section, section 135, and chapter 53 of title 49.

        ‘(C) INTERSTATE COMPACT-

          ‘(i) IN GENERAL- Subject to clause (ii), notwithstanding subsection (b), to carry out the transportation planning process required by this section, the consent of Congress is granted to the States of California and Nevada to designate a metropolitan planning organization for the Lake Tahoe region, by agreement between the Governors of the States of California and Nevada and units of general purpose local government that together represent at least 75 percent of the affected population (including the central city or cities (as defined by the Bureau of the Census)), or in accordance with procedures established by applicable State or local law.

          ‘(ii) INVOLVEMENT OF FEDERAL LAND MANAGEMENT AGENCIES-

            ‘(I) REPRESENTATION- The policy board of a metropolitan planning organization designated under clause (i) shall include a representative of each Federal land management agency that has jurisdiction over land in the Lake Tahoe region.

            ‘(II) FUNDING- In addition to funds made available to the metropolitan planning organization under other provisions of this title and under chapter 53 of title 49, not more than 1 percent of the funds allocated under section 202 may be used to carry out the transportation planning process for the Lake Tahoe region under this subparagraph.

        ‘(D) ACTIVITIES- Highway projects included in transportation plans developed under this paragraph--

          ‘(i) shall be selected for funding in a manner that facilitates the participation of the Federal land management agencies that have jurisdiction over land in the Lake Tahoe region; and

          ‘(ii) may, in accordance with chapter 2, be funded using funds allocated under section 202.

      ‘(4) RECIPIENTS OF OTHER ASSISTANCE- The Secretary shall encourage each metropolitan planning organization to coordinate, to the maximum extent practicable, the design and delivery of transportation services within the metropolitan planning area that are provided--

        ‘(A) by recipients of assistance under chapter 53 of title 49; and

        ‘(B) by governmental agencies and nonprofit organizations (including representatives of the agencies and organizations) that receive Federal assistance from a source other than the Department of Transportation to provide nonemergency transportation services.’.

    (e) COORDINATION OF MPOS- Section 134(e) of such title is amended--

      (1) in the subsection heading by striking ‘MPO’S’ and inserting ‘MPOS’;

      (2) by striking ‘If’ and inserting the following:

      ‘(1) NONATTAINMENT AREAS- If’;

      (3) by adding at the end the following:

      ‘(2) PROJECT LOCATED IN MULTIPLE MPOS- If a project is located within the boundaries of more than 1 metropolitan planning organization, the metropolitan planning organizations shall coordinate plans regarding the project.’; and

      (4) by aligning paragraph (1) (as designated by paragraph (2) of this subsection) with paragraph (2) (as added by paragraph (3) of this subsection).

    (f) SCOPE OF PLANNING PROCESS- Section 134(f) of such title is amended to read as follows:

    ‘(f) SCOPE OF PLANNING PROCESS-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The metropolitan transportation planning process for a metropolitan area under this section shall provide for consideration of projects and strategies that will--

        ‘(A) support the economic vitality of the metropolitan area, especially by enabling global competitiveness, productivity, and efficiency;

        ‘(B) increase the safety and security of the transportation system for motorized and nonmotorized users;

        ‘(C) increase the accessibility and mobility options available to people and for freight;

        ‘(D) protect and enhance the environment, promote energy conservation, and improve quality of life;

        ‘(E) enhance the integration and connectivity of the transportation system, across and between modes, for people and freight;

        ‘(F) promote efficient system management and operation; and

        ‘(G) emphasize the preservation of the existing transportation system.

      ‘(2) FAILURE TO CONSIDER FACTORS- The failure to consider any factor specified in paragraph (1) shall not be reviewable by any court under this title, subchapter II of chapter 5 of title 5, or chapter 7 of title 5 in any matter affecting a transportation plan, a transportation improvement plan, a project or strategy, or the certification of a planning process.’.

    (g) LONG-RANGE TRANSPORTATION PLAN- Section 134(g) of such title is amended--

      (1) in paragraph (2) by striking ‘, at a minimum’ and inserting ‘contain, at a minimum, the following’;

      (2) in paragraph (2)(A) by striking ‘Identify’ and inserting ‘An identification of’; and

      (3) by striking paragraph (2)(B) and inserting the following:

        ‘(B) A financial plan that demonstrates how the adopted long-range transportation plan can be implemented, indicates resources from public and private sources that are reasonably expected to be made available to carry out the plan, and recommends any additional financing strategies for needed projects and programs. The financial plan may include, for illustrative purposes, additional projects that would be included in the adopted long-range transportation plan if reasonable additional resources beyond those identified in the financial plan were available. For the purpose of developing the long-range transportation plan, the metropolitan planning organization and State shall cooperatively develop estimates of funds that will be available to support plan implementation.’;

      (4) in paragraph (4)--

        (A) by inserting after ‘employees,’ the following: ‘freight shippers, providers of freight transportation services,’; and

        (B) by inserting after ‘private providers of transportation,’ the following: ‘representatives of users of public transit,’;

      (5) by adding at the end the following:

      ‘(6) SELECTION OF PROJECTS FROM ILLUSTRATIVE LIST- Notwithstanding paragraph (2)(B), a State or metropolitan planning organization shall not be required to select any project from the illustrative list of additional projects included in the financial plan under paragraph (2)(B).’;

      (6) in the subsection heading by striking ‘LONG RANGE PLAN’ and inserting ‘LONG-RANGE TRANSPORTATION PLAN’;

      (7) in the headings for paragraphs (2) and (5) by striking ‘LONG RANGE PLAN’ and inserting ‘LONG-RANGE TRANSPORTATION PLAN’; and

      (8) by striking ‘long range plan’ each place it appears and inserting ‘long-range transportation plan’.

    (h) METROPOLITAN TRANSPORTATION IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM- Section 134(h) of such title is amended to read as follows:

    ‘(h) METROPOLITAN TRANSPORTATION IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM-

      ‘(1) DEVELOPMENT-

        ‘(A) IN GENERAL- In cooperation with the State and any affected public transit operator, the metropolitan planning organization designated for a metropolitan area shall develop a transportation improvement program for the area for which the organization is designated.

        ‘(B) OPPORTUNITY FOR COMMENT- In developing the program, the metropolitan planning organization, in cooperation with the State and any affected public transit operator, shall provide citizens, affected public agencies, representatives of transportation agency employees, freight shippers, providers of freight transportation services, private providers of transportation, representatives of users of public transit, and other interested parties with a reasonable opportunity to comment on the proposed program.

        ‘(C) FUNDING ESTIMATES- For the purpose of developing the transportation improvement program, the metropolitan planning organization, public transit agency, and State shall cooperatively develop estimates of funds that are reasonably expected to be available to support program implementation.

        ‘(D) UPDATING AND APPROVAL- The program shall be updated at least once every 2 years and shall be approved by the metropolitan planning organization and the Governor.

      ‘(2) CONTENTS- The transportation improvement program shall include--

        ‘(A) a priority list of proposed federally supported projects and strategies to be carried out within each 3-year period after the initial adoption of the transportation improvement program; and

        ‘(B) a financial plan that--

          ‘(i) demonstrates how the transportation improvement program can be implemented;

          ‘(ii) indicates resources from public and private sources that are reasonably expected to be available to carry out the program;

          ‘(iii) identifies innovative financing techniques to finance projects, programs, and strategies; and

          ‘(iv) may include, for illustrative purposes, additional projects that would be included in the approved transportation improvement program if reasonable additional resources beyond those identified in the financial plan were available.

      ‘(3) INCLUDED PROJECTS-

        ‘(A) PROJECTS UNDER THIS CHAPTER AND CHAPTER 53 OF TITLE 49- A transportation improvement program developed under this subsection for a metropolitan area shall include the projects and strategies within the area that are proposed for funding under this chapter and chapter 53 of title 49.

        ‘(B) PROJECTS UNDER CHAPTER 2-

          ‘(i) REGIONALLY SIGNIFICANT PROJECTS- Regionally significant projects proposed for funding under chapter 2 shall be identified individually in the transportation improvement program.

          ‘(ii) OTHER PROJECTS- Projects proposed for funding under chapter 2 that are not determined to be regionally significant shall be grouped in 1 line item or identified individually in the transportation improvement program.

        ‘(C) CONSISTENCY WITH LONG-RANGE TRANSPORTATION PLAN- Each project shall be consistent with the long-range transportation plan developed under subsection (g) for the area.

        ‘(D) REQUIREMENT OF ANTICIPATED FULL FUNDING- The program shall include a project, or an identified phase of a project, only if full funding can reasonably be anticipated to be available for the project within the time period contemplated for completion of the project.

      ‘(4) NOTICE AND COMMENT- Before approving a transportation improvement program, a metropolitan planning organization shall, in cooperation with the State and any affected public transit operator, provide citizens, affected public agencies, representatives of transportation agency employees, freight shippers, providers of freight transportation services, private providers of transportation, representatives of users of public transit, and other interested parties with reasonable notice of and an opportunity to comment on the proposed program.

      ‘(5) SELECTION OF PROJECTS-

        ‘(A) IN GENERAL- Except as otherwise provided in subsection (i)(4) and in addition to the transportation improvement program development required under paragraph (1), the selection of federally funded projects for implementation in metropolitan areas shall be carried out, from the approved transportation improvement program--

          ‘(i) by--

            ‘(I) in the case of projects under this chapter, the State; and

            ‘(II) in the case of projects under chapter 53 of title 49, the designated transit funding recipients; and

          ‘(ii) in cooperation with the metropolitan planning organization.

        ‘(B) MODIFICATIONS TO PROJECT PRIORITY- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, action by the Secretary shall not be required to advance a project included in the approved transportation improvement program in place of another project in the program.

      ‘(6) SELECTION OF PROJECTS FROM ILLUSTRATIVE LIST-

        ‘(A) NO REQUIRED SELECTION- Notwithstanding paragraph (2)(B)(iv), a State or metropolitan planning organization shall not be required to select any project from the illustrative list of additional projects included in the financial plan under paragraph (2)(B)(iv).

        ‘(B) REQUIRED ACTION BY THE SECRETARY- Action by the Secretary shall be required for a State or metropolitan planning organization to select any project from the illustrative list of additional projects included in the financial plan under paragraph (2)(B)(iv) for inclusion in an approved transportation improvement program.

      ‘(7) PUBLICATION-

        ‘(A) PUBLICATION OF TRANSPORTATION IMPROVEMENT PROGRAMS- A transportation improvement program involving Government participation shall be published or otherwise made readily available by the metropolitan planning organization for public review.

        ‘(B) PUBLICATION OF ANNUAL LISTINGS OF PROJECTS- An annual listing of projects for which Federal funds have been obligated in the preceding year shall be published or otherwise made available by the metropolitan planning organization for public review. The listing shall be consistent with the categories identified in the transportation improvement program.’.

    (i) TRANSPORTATION MANAGEMENT AREAS-

      (1) REQUIRED DESIGNATIONS- Section 134(i)(1) of such title is amended to read as follows:

      ‘(1) DESIGNATION-

        ‘(A) REQUIRED DESIGNATIONS- The Secretary shall designate as a transportation management area each urbanized area with a population of over 200,000 individuals.

        ‘(B) DESIGNATIONS ON REQUEST- The Secretary shall designate any additional area as a transportation management area on the request of the Governor and the metropolitan planning organization designated for the area.’.

      (2) SELECTION OF PROJECTS- Section 134(i)(4) of such title is amended to read as follows:

      ‘(4) SELECTION OF PROJECTS-

        ‘(A) IN GENERAL- All federally funded projects carried out within the boundaries of a transportation management area under this title (excluding projects carried out on the National Highway System and projects carried out under the bridge program or the Interstate maintenance program) or under chapter 53 of title 49 shall be selected for implementation from the approved transportation improvement program by the metropolitan planning organization designated for the area in consultation with the State and any affected public transit operator.

        ‘(B) NATIONAL HIGHWAY SYSTEM PROJECTS- Projects carried out within the boundaries of a transportation management area on the National Highway System and projects carried out within such boundaries under the bridge program or the Interstate maintenance program shall be selected for implementation from the approved transportation improvement program by the State in cooperation with the metropolitan planning organization designated for the area.’.

      (3) CERTIFICATION- Section 134(i)(5) of such title is amended to read as follows:

      ‘(5) CERTIFICATION-

        ‘(A) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall--

          ‘(i) ensure that the metropolitan planning process in each transportation management area is being carried out in accordance with applicable provisions of Federal law; and

          ‘(ii) subject to subparagraph (B), certify, not less often than once every 3 years, that the requirements of this paragraph are met with respect to the transportation management area.

        ‘(B) REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTIFICATION- The Secretary may make the certification under subparagraph (A) if--

          ‘(i) the transportation planning process complies with the requirements of this section and other applicable requirements of Federal law; and

          ‘(ii) there is a transportation improvement program for the area that has been approved by the metropolitan planning organization and the Governor.

        ‘(C) EFFECT OF FAILURE TO CERTIFY-

          ‘(i) WITHHOLDING OF FUNDS- If a metropolitan planning process is not certified, the Secretary may withhold up to 20 percent of the apportioned funds attributable to the transportation management area under this title and chapter 53 of title 49.

          ‘(ii) RESTORATION OF WITHHELD FUNDS- The withheld apportionments shall be restored to the metropolitan area at such time as the metropolitan planning organization is certified by the Secretary.

          ‘(iii) FEASIBILITY OF PRIVATE ENTERPRISE PARTICIPATION- The Secretary shall not withhold certification under this paragraph based on the policies and criteria established by a metropolitan planning organization or transit grant recipient for determining the feasibility of private enterprise participation in accordance with section 5306(a) of title 49.

        ‘(D) REVIEW OF CERTIFICATION- In making certification determinations under this paragraph, the Secretary shall provide for public involvement appropriate to the metropolitan area under review.’.

    (j) ABBREVIATED PLANS AND PROGRAMS FOR CERTAIN AREAS- Section 134(j) of such title is amended to read as follows:

    ‘(j) ABBREVIATED PLANS AND PROGRAMS FOR CERTAIN AREAS-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- Subject to paragraph (2), in the case of a metropolitan area not designated as a transportation management area under this section, the Secretary may provide for the development of an abbreviated long-range transportation plan and transportation improvement program for the metropolitan area that the Secretary determines is appropriate to achieve the purposes of this section, taking into account the complexity of transportation problems in the area.

      ‘(2) NONATTAINMENT AREAS- The Secretary may not permit abbreviated plans or programs for a metropolitan area that is in nonattainment for ozone or carbon monoxide under the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.).’.

    (k) ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTAIN NONATTAINMENT AREAS- Section 134(l) of such title is amended--

      (1) by striking ‘Notwithstanding’ and inserting the following:

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- Notwithstanding’; and

      (2) by adding at the end the following:

      ‘(2) APPLICABILITY- This subsection applies to a nonattainment area within the metropolitan planning area boundaries determined under subsection (c).’.

    (l) FUNDING- Section 134(n) of such title is amended to read as follows:

    ‘(n) FUNDING-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- Funds set aside under section 104(f) of this title to carry out sections 5303 through 5305 of title 49 shall be available to carry out this section.

      ‘(2) UNUSED FUNDS- Any funds that are not used to carry out this section may be made available by the metropolitan planning organization to the State to fund activities under section 135.’.

    (m) CONTINUATION OF CURRENT REVIEW PRACTICE- Section 134 of such title is amended by adding at the end the following:

    ‘(o) CONTINUATION OF CURRENT REVIEW PRACTICE- Since plans and programs described in this section are subject to a reasonable opportunity for public comment, since individual projects included in the plans and programs are subject to review under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.), and since decisions by the Secretary concerning plans and programs described in this section have not been reviewed under such Act as of January 1, 1997, any decision by the Secretary concerning a plan or program described in this section shall not be considered to be a Federal action subject to review under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.).’.

    (n) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT- The analysis for chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by striking the item relating to section 134 and inserting the following:

      ‘134. Metropolitan planning.’.

SEC. 1204. STATEWIDE PLANNING.

    (a) GENERAL REQUIREMENTS- Section 135(a) of title 23, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:

    ‘(a) GENERAL REQUIREMENTS-

      ‘(1) FINDINGS- It is in the national interest to encourage and promote the safe and efficient management, operation, and development of surface transportation systems that will serve the mobility needs of people and freight and foster economic growth and development within and through urbanized areas, while minimizing transportation-related fuel consumption and air pollution.

      ‘(2) DEVELOPMENT OF PLANS AND PROGRAMS- Subject to section 134 of this title and sections 5303 through 5305 of title 49, each State shall develop transportation plans and programs for all areas of the State.

      ‘(3) CONTENTS- The plans and programs for each State shall provide for the development and integrated management and operation of transportation systems and facilities (including pedestrian walkways and bicycle transportation facilities) that will function as an intermodal transportation system for the State and an integral part of an intermodal transportation system for the United States.

      ‘(4) PROCESS OF DEVELOPMENT- The process for developing the plans and programs shall provide for consideration of all modes of transportation and shall be continuing, cooperative, and comprehensive to the degree appropriate, based on the complexity of the transportation problems to be addressed.’.

    (b) COORDINATION WITH METROPOLITAN PLANNING; STATE IMPLEMENTATION PLAN- Section 135(b) of such title is amended by inserting after ‘of this title’ the following: ‘and sections 5303 through 5305 of title 49’.

    (c) SCOPE OF PLANNING PROCESS- Section 135(c) of such title is amended to read as follows:

    ‘(c) SCOPE OF PLANNING PROCESS-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- Each State shall carry out a transportation planning process that provides for consideration of projects and strategies that will--

        ‘(A) support the economic vitality of the United States, the States, and metropolitan areas, especially by enabling global competitiveness, productivity, and efficiency;

        ‘(B) increase the safety and security of the transportation system for motorized and nonmotorized users;

        ‘(C) increase the accessibility and mobility options available to people and for freight;

        ‘(D) protect and enhance the environment, promote energy conservation, and improve quality of life;

        ‘(E) enhance the integration and connectivity of the transportation system, across and between modes throughout the State, for people and freight;

        ‘(F) promote efficient system management and operation; and

        ‘(G) emphasize the preservation of the existing transportation system.

      ‘(2) FAILURE TO CONSIDER FACTORS- The failure to consider any factor specified in paragraph (1) shall not be reviewable by any court under this title, subchapter II of chapter 5 of title 5, or chapter 7 of title 5 in any matter affecting a transportation plan, a transportation improvement plan, a project or strategy, or the certification of a planning process.’.

    (d) ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS- Section 135(d) of such title is amended to read as follows:

    ‘(d) ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS- In carrying out planning under this section, each State shall, at a minimum, consider--

      ‘(1) with respect to nonmetropolitan areas, the concerns of local elected officials representing units of general purpose local government;

      ‘(2) the concerns of Indian tribal governments and Federal land management agencies that have jurisdiction over land within the boundaries of the State; and

      ‘(3) coordination of transportation plans, programs, and planning activities with related planning activities being carried out outside of metropolitan planning areas.’.

    (e) LONG-RANGE TRANSPORTATION PLAN- Section 135(e) of such title is amended to read as follows:

    ‘(e) LONG-RANGE TRANSPORTATION PLAN-

      ‘(1) DEVELOPMENT- Each State shall develop a long-range transportation plan, with a minimum 20-year forecast period, for all areas of the State, that provides for the development and implementation of the intermodal transportation system of the State.

      ‘(2) CONSULTATION WITH GOVERNMENTS-

        ‘(A) METROPOLITAN AREAS- With respect to each metropolitan area in the State, the long-range transportation plan shall be developed in cooperation with the metropolitan planning organization designated for the metropolitan area under section 134 of this title and section 5303 of title 49.

        ‘(B) NONMETROPOLITAN AREAS- With respect to each nonmetropolitan area, the long-range transportation plan shall be developed in consultation with affected local officials with responsibility for transportation.

        ‘(C) INDIAN TRIBAL AREAS- With respect to each area of the State under the jurisdiction of an Indian tribal government, the long-range transportation plan shall be developed in consultation with the tribal government and the Secretary of the Interior.

      ‘(3) PARTICIPATION BY INTERESTED PARTIES- In developing the long-range transportation plan, the State shall--

        ‘(A) provide citizens, affected public agencies, representatives of transportation agency employees, freight shippers, private providers of transportation, representatives of users of public transit, providers of freight transportation services, and other interested parties with a reasonable opportunity to comment on the proposed plan; and

        ‘(B) identify transportation strategies necessary to efficiently serve the mobility needs of people.

      ‘(4) FINANCIAL PLAN- The long-range transportation plan may include a financial plan that demonstrates how the adopted long-range transportation plan can be implemented, indicates resources from public and private sources that are reasonably expected to be made available to carry out the plan, and recommends any additional financing strategies for needed projects and programs. The financial plan may include, for illustrative purposes, additional projects that would be included in the adopted transportation plan if reasonable additional resources beyond those identified in the financial plan were available.

      ‘(5) SELECTION OF PROJECTS FROM ILLUSTRATIVE LIST- Notwithstanding paragraph (4), a State shall not be required to select any project from the illustrative list of additional projects included in the financial plan under paragraph (4).’.

    (f) STATE TRANSPORTATION IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM- Section 135(f) of such title is amended to read as follows:

    ‘(f) STATE TRANSPORTATION IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM-

      ‘(1) DEVELOPMENT-

        ‘(A) IN GENERAL- Each State shall develop a transportation improvement program for all areas of the State.

        ‘(B) CONSULTATION WITH GOVERNMENTS-

          ‘(i) METROPOLITAN AREAS- With respect to each metropolitan area in the State, the program shall be developed in cooperation with the metropolitan planning organization designated for the metropolitan area under section 134 of this title and section 5303 of title 49.

          ‘(ii) NONMETROPOLITAN AREAS-

            ‘(I) IN GENERAL- With respect to each nonmetropolitan area in the State, the program shall be developed in consultation with affected local officials with responsibility for transportation.

            ‘(II) REVIEW- Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this subclause, the State shall submit to the Secretary the details of the consultative planning process developed by the State for nonmetropolitan areas under subclause (I). The Secretary shall not review or approve such process.

          ‘(iii) INDIAN TRIBAL AREAS- With respect to each area of the State under the jurisdiction of an Indian tribal government, the program shall be developed in consultation with the tribal government and the Secretary of the Interior.

        ‘(C) PARTICIPATION BY INTERESTED PARTIES- In developing the program, the Governor shall provide citizens, affected public agencies, representatives of transportation agency employees, freight shippers, private providers of transportation, providers of freight transportation services, representatives of users of public transit, and other interested parties with a reasonable opportunity to comment on the proposed program.

      ‘(2) INCLUDED PROJECTS-

        ‘(A) IN GENERAL- A transportation improvement program developed under this subsection for a State shall include federally supported surface transportation expenditures within the boundaries of the State.

        ‘(B) CHAPTER 2 PROJECTS-

          ‘(i) REGIONALLY SIGNIFICANT PROJECTS- Regionally significant projects proposed for funding under chapter 2 shall be identified individually in the transportation improvement program.

          ‘(ii) OTHER PROJECTS- Projects proposed for funding under chapter 2 that are not determined to be regionally significant shall be grouped in 1 line item or identified individually in the transportation improvement program.

        ‘(C) CONSISTENCY WITH LONG-RANGE TRANSPORTATION PLAN- Each project shall be--

          ‘(i) consistent with the long-range transportation plan developed under this section for the State;

          ‘(ii) identical to the project as described in an approved metropolitan transportation improvement program; and

          ‘(iii) in conformance with the applicable State air quality implementation plan developed under the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.), if the project is carried out in an area designated as nonattainment for ozone or carbon monoxide under such Act.

        ‘(D) REQUIREMENT OF ANTICIPATED FULL FUNDING- The program shall include a project, or an identified phase of a project, only if full funding can reasonably be anticipated to be available for the project within the time period contemplated for completion of the project.

        ‘(E) FINANCIAL PLAN- The transportation improvement program may include a financial plan that demonstrates how the approved transportation improvement program can be implemented, indicates resources from public and private sources that are reasonably expected to be made available to carry out the plan, and recommends any additional financing strategies for needed projects and programs. The financial plan may include, for illustrative purposes, additional projects that would be included in the adopted transportation plan if reasonable additional resources beyond those identified in the financial plan were available.

        ‘(F) SELECTION OF PROJECTS FROM ILLUSTRATIVE LIST-

          ‘(i) NO REQUIRED SELECTION- Notwithstanding subparagraph (E), a State shall not be required to select any project from the illustrative list of additional projects included in the financial plan under subparagraph (E).

          ‘(ii) REQUIRED ACTION BY THE SECRETARY- Action by the Secretary shall be required for a State to select any project from the illustrative list of additional projects included in the financial plan under subparagraph (E) for inclusion in an approved transportation improvement program.

        ‘(G) PRIORITIES- The program shall reflect the priorities for programming and expenditures of funds, including transportation enhancement activities, required by this title.

      ‘(3) PROJECT SELECTION FOR AREAS OF LESS THAN 50,000 POPULATION-

        ‘(A) IN GENERAL- Projects carried out in areas with populations of less than 50,000 individuals (excluding projects carried out on the National Highway System and projects carried out under the bridge program or the Interstate maintenance program) shall be selected, from the approved statewide transportation improvement program, by the State in cooperation with the affected local officials.

        ‘(B) NATIONAL HIGHWAY SYSTEM PROJECTS- Projects carried out in areas described in subparagraph (A) on the National Highway System and projects carried out in such areas under the bridge program or the Interstate maintenance program shall be selected, from the approved statewide transportation improvement program, by the State in consultation with the affected local officials.

      ‘(4) BIENNIAL REVIEW AND APPROVAL- A transportation improvement program developed under this subsection shall be reviewed and, on a finding that the planning process through which the program was developed is consistent with this section, section 134, and sections 5303 through 5305 of title 49, approved not less frequently than biennially by the Secretary.

      ‘(5) MODIFICATIONS TO PROJECT PRIORITY- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, action by the Secretary shall not be required to advance a project included in the approved statewide transportation improvement program in place of another project in the program.’.

    (g) FUNDING- Section 134(g) of such title is amended by striking ‘section 307(c)(1)’ and inserting ‘section 505(a)’.

    (h) CONTINUATION OF CURRENT REVIEW PRACTICE- Section 135 of such title is amended by adding at the end the following:

    ‘(i) CONTINUATION OF CURRENT REVIEW PRACTICE- Since plans and programs described in this section are subject to a reasonable opportunity for public comment, since individual projects included in the plans and programs are subject to review under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.), and since decisions by the Secretary concerning plans and programs described in this section have not been reviewed under such Act as of January 1, 1997, any decision by the Secretary concerning a plan or program described in this section shall not be considered to be a Federal action subject to review under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.).’.

    (i) PARTICIPATION OF LOCAL ELECTED OFFICIALS-

      (1) STUDY- The Secretary shall conduct a study on the effectiveness of the participation of local elected officials in transportation planning and programming. In conducting the study, the Secretary shall consider the degree of cooperation between each State, local officials in rural areas in the State, and regional planning and development organizations in the State.

      (2) REPORT- Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall transmit to Congress a report containing the results of the study with any recommendations the Secretary determines appropriate as a result of the study.

SEC. 1205. CONTRACTING FOR ENGINEERING AND DESIGN SERVICES.

    (a) CONTRACTING PROCEDURES- Section 112(b)(2) of title 23, United States Code, is amended in clauses (i) and (ii) of subparagraph (B) by striking ‘, except to’ each place it appears and all that follows through the period at the end and inserting a period.

    (b) SELECTION PROCESS- Section 112 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

    ‘(g) SELECTION PROCESS- A State may procure, under a single contract, the services of a consultant to prepare any environmental impact assessments or analyses required for a project, including environmental impact statements, as well as subsequent engineering and design work on the project if the State conducts a review that assesses the objectivity of the environmental assessment, environmental analysis, or environmental impact statement prior to its submission to the Secretary.’.

SEC. 1206. ACCESS OF MOTORCYCLES.

    Section 102 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (c) and by inserting after subsection (a) the following:

    ‘(b) ACCESS OF MOTORCYCLES- No State or political subdivision of a State may enact or enforce a law that applies only to motorcycles and the principal purpose of which is to restrict the access of motorcycles to any highway or portion of a highway for which Federal-aid highway funds have been utilized for planning, design, construction, or maintenance. Nothing in this subsection shall affect the authority of a State or political subdivision of a State to regulate motorcycles for safety.’.

SEC. 1207. CONSTRUCTION OF FERRY BOATS AND FERRY TERMINAL FACILITIES.

    (a) FERRY OPERATING AND LEASING AMENDMENTS- Section 129(c)(3) of title 23, United States Code, is amended by striking ‘owned.’ and inserting ‘owned or operated or majority publicly owned if the Secretary determines with respect to a majority publicly owned ferry or ferry terminal facility that such ferry boat or ferry terminal facility provides substantial public benefits.’.

    (b) REAUTHORIZATION- Section 1064 of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (23 U.S.C. 129 note; 105 Stat. 2005) is amended--

      (1) in the second sentence of subsection (c) by striking ‘Such sums’ and inserting ‘Sums made available to carry out this section’;

      (2) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as subsections (e) and (f), respectively; and

      (3) by inserting after subsection (c) the following:

    ‘(d) SET-ASIDE FOR PROJECTS ON NHS-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- $20,000,000 of the amount made available to carry out this section for each of fiscal years 1999 through 2003 shall be obligated for the construction or refurbishment of ferry boats and ferry terminal facilities and approaches to such facilities within marine highway systems that are part of the National Highway System.

      ‘(2) ALASKA- $10,000,000 of the $20,000,000 for a fiscal year made available under paragraph (1) shall be made available to the State of Alaska.

      ‘(3) NEW JERSEY- $5,000,000 of the $20,000,000 for a fiscal year made available under paragraph (1) shall be made available to the State of New Jersey.

      ‘(4) WASHINGTON- $5,000,000 of the $20,000,000 for a fiscal year made available under paragraph (1) shall be made available to the State of Washington.’.

    (c) STUDY-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall conduct a study of ferry transportation in the United States and its possessions--

        (A) to identify existing ferry operations, including--

          (i) the locations and routes served; and

          (ii) the source and amount, if any, of funds derived from Federal, State, or local government sources supporting ferry construction or operations;

        (B) to identify potential domestic ferry routes in the United States and its possessions and to develop information on those routes; and

        (C) to identify the potential for use of high-speed ferry services and alternative-fueled ferry services.

      (2) REPORT- The Secretary shall submit a report on the results of the study to the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Environment and Public Works of the Senate.

SEC. 1208. TRAINING.

    (a) TRAINING POSITIONS FOR WELFARE RECIPIENTS- Section 140(a) of title 23, United States Code, is amended by inserting after the third sentence the following: ‘In implementing such programs, a State may reserve training positions for persons who receive welfare assistance from such State; except that the implementation of any such program shall not cause current employees to be displaced or current positions to be supplanted or preclude workers that are participating in an apprenticeship, skill improvement, or other upgrading program registered with the Department of Labor or the appropriate State agency from being referred to, or hired on, projects funded under this title without regard to the length of time of their participation in such program.’.

    (b) HIGHWAY TRAINING- Section 140(b) of such title is amended--

      (1) in the first sentence--

        (A) by inserting ‘and technology’ after ‘construction’; and

        (B) by inserting after ‘programs’ the following: ‘, and to develop and fund summer transportation institutes’; and

      (2) in the second sentence by striking ‘104(b)’ and inserting ‘104(b)(3)’.

    (c) SUPPORTIVE SERVICES- Section 140(c) of such title is amended by striking ‘104(a)’ and inserting ‘104(b)(3)’.

SEC. 1209. USE OF HOV LANES BY INHERENTLY LOW-EMISSION VEHICLES.

    Section 102(a) of title 23, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) by striking ‘A State’ and inserting the following:

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- A State’;

      (2) by adding at the end the following:

      ‘(2) EXCEPTION FOR INHERENTLY LOW-EMISSION VEHICLES- Notwithstanding paragraph (1), before September 30, 2003, a State may permit a vehicle with fewer than 2 occupants to operate in high occupancy vehicle lanes if the vehicle is certified as an Inherently Low-Emission Vehicle pursuant to title 40, Code of Federal Regulations, and is labeled in accordance with, section 88.312-93(c) of such title. Such permission may be revoked by the State should the State determine it necessary.’; and

      (3) by aligning the remainder of paragraph (1) (as designated by paragraph (1) of this subsection) with paragraph (2) (as added by paragraph (2) of this subsection).

SEC. 1210. ADVANCED TRAVEL FORECASTING PROCEDURES PROGRAM.

    (a) ESTABLISHMENT- The Secretary shall establish an advanced travel forecasting procedures program--

      (1) to provide for completion of the advanced transportation model developed under the Transportation Analysis Simulation System (referred to in this section as ‘TRANSIMS’); and

      (2) to provide support for early deployment of the advanced transportation modeling computer software and graphics package developed under TRANSIMS and the program established under this section to States, local governments, and metropolitan planning organizations with responsibility for travel modeling.

    (b) ELIGIBLE ACTIVITIES- The Secretary shall use funds made available under this section to--

      (1) provide funding for completion of core development of the advanced transportation model;

      (2) develop user-friendly advanced transportation modeling computer software and graphics packages;

      (3) provide training and technical assistance with respect to the implementation and application of the advanced transportation model to States, local governments, and metropolitan planning organizations with responsibility for travel modeling; and

      (4) allocate funds to not more than 12 entities described in paragraph (3), representing a diversity of populations and geographic regions, for a pilot program to enable transportation management areas designated under section 134(i) of title 23, United States Code, to convert from the use of travel forecasting procedures in use by the areas as of the date of enactment of this Act to the use of the advanced transportation model.

    (c) FUNDING-

      (1) IN GENERAL- There are authorized to be appropriated from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) to carry out this section $4,000,000 for fiscal year 1998, $3,000,000 for fiscal year 1999, $6,500,000 for fiscal year 2000, $5,000,000 for fiscal year 2001, $4,000,000 for fiscal year 2002, and $2,500,000 for fiscal year 2003.

      (2) ALLOCATION OF FUNDS-

        (A) FISCAL YEARS 1998 AND 1999- For each of fiscal years 1998 and 1999, 100 percent of the funds made available under paragraph (1) shall be allocated to activities as described in paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) of subsection (b).

        (B) FISCAL YEARS 2000 THROUGH 2003- For each of fiscal years 2000 through 2003, not more than 50 percent of the funds made available under paragraph (1) may be allocated to activities described in subsection (b)(4).

      (3) CONTRACT AUTHORITY- Funds authorized under this subsection shall be available for obligation in the same manner as if the funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, except that the Federal share of the cost of--

        (A) any activity described in paragraph (1), (2), or (3) of subsection (b) shall not exceed 100 percent; and

        (B) any activity described in subsection (b)(4) shall not exceed 80 percent.

SEC. 1211. AMENDMENTS TO PRIOR SURFACE TRANSPORTATION LAWS.

    (a) PENNSYLVANIA STATION REDEVELOPMENT CORPORATION BOARD OF DIRECTORS- Section 1069(gg) of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (109 Stat. 593 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:

      ‘(3) PENNSYLVANIA STATION REDEVELOPMENT CORPORATION BOARD OF DIRECTORS- In furtherance of the redevelopment of the James A. Farley Post Office in New York, New York, into an intermodal transportation facility and commercial center, the Secretary, the Administrator of the Federal Railroad Administration, or their designees are authorized to serve as ex officio members of the Board of Directors of the Pennsylvania Station Redevelopment Corporation.’.

    (b) UNION STATION REDEVELOPMENT CORPORATION BOARD OF DIRECTORS- Subtitle B of title I of the National Visitor Center Facilities Act of 1968 (40 U.S.C. 811 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:

‘SEC. 120. UNION STATION REDEVELOPMENT CORPORATION.

    ‘To further the rehabilitation, redevelopment and operation of the Union Station complex, the Secretary of Transportation, the Administrator of the Federal Railroad Administration, or their designees are authorized to serve as ex officio members of the Board of Directors of the Union Station Redevelopment Corporation.’.

    (c) SAFETY BELT USE LAW REQUIREMENTS- Section 355 of the National Highway System Designation Act of 1995 (109 Stat. 624) is amended--

      (1) in the section heading by striking ‘and maine’;

      (2) in subsection (a)--

        (A) by striking ‘States of New Hampshire and Maine shall each’ and inserting ‘State of New Hampshire shall’; and

        (B) in paragraph (1) by striking ‘and 1996’ and inserting ‘through 2000’; and

      (3) by striking ‘or Maine’ each place it appears.

    (d) METRIC CONVERSION AT STATE OPTION- Section 205(c)(2) of the National Highway System Designation Act of 1995 (23 U.S.C. 109 note; 109 Stat. 577) is amended by striking ‘Before September 30, 2000, the’ and inserting ‘The’.

    (e) RIGHT-OF-WAY REVOLVING FUND-

      (1) TERMINATION- Section 108 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--

        (A) by striking subsection (c); and

        (B) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (c).

      (2) TRANSITION PROVISION-

        (A) IN GENERAL- Funds advanced to a State by the Secretary from the right-of-way revolving fund established by section 108(c) of title 23, United States Code, prior to the date of enactment of this Act shall remain available to the State for use on the projects for which the funds were advanced for a period of 20 years from the date on which the funds were advanced.

        (B) CREDIT TO HIGHWAY TRUST FUND- With respect to a project for which funds have been advanced from the right-of-way revolving fund, upon the termination of the 20-year period referred to in subparagraph (A), when actual construction is commenced, or upon approval by the Secretary of the plans, specifications, and estimates for the actual construction of the project on the right-of-way, whichever occurs first--

          (i) the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) shall be credited with an amount equal to the Federal share of the funds advanced, as provided in section 120 of title 23, United States Code, out of any Federal-aid highway funds apportioned to the State in which the project is located and available for obligation for projects of the type funded; and

          (ii) the State shall reimburse the Secretary in an amount equal to the non-Federal share of the funds advanced for deposit in, and credit to, the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account).

    (g) PILOT TOLL COLLECTION PROGRAM- Section 129 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by striking subsection (d).

    (h) CONGRESSIONAL BRIDGE COMMISSIONS- Public Law 87-441 (76 Stat. 59) is repealed.

    (i) ISTEA HIGH PRIORITY CORRIDORS-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Section 1105(c) of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (105 Stat. 2032-2033) is amended--

        (A) by striking paragraph (5)(B)(iii)(I)(ff) and inserting the following:

            ‘(ff) South Carolina State line to the Myrtle Beach Conway region to Georgetown, South Carolina, including a connection to Andrews following the route 41 corridor and to Camden following the U.S. Route 521 corridor; and’;

        (B) by striking paragraph (5)(B)(iii)(II)(hh) and inserting the following:

            ‘(hh) South Carolina State line to the Myrtle Beach Conway region to Georgetown, South Carolina.’;

        (C) in paragraph (9) by inserting after ‘New York’ the following: ‘, including United States Route 322 between United States Route 220 and I-80’;

        (D) in paragraph (18)--

          (i) by striking ‘(18) Corridor from Indianapolis,’ and inserting the following:

      ‘(18) Corridor from Sarnia, Ontario, Canada, through Port Huron, Michigan, southwesterly along Interstate Route 69 through Indianapolis,’; and

          (ii) by striking ‘and to include’ and inserting the following: ‘as follows:

        ‘(A) In Michigan, the corridor shall be from Sarnia, Ontario, Canada, southwesterly along Interstate Route 94 to the Ambassador Bridge interchange in Detroit, Michigan.

        ‘(B) In Michigan and Illinois, the corridor shall be from Windsor, Ontario, Canada, through Detroit, Michigan, westerly along Interstate Route 94 to Chicago, Illinois.

        ‘(C) In Tennessee, Mississippi, Arkansas, and Louisiana, the Corridor shall--

          ‘(i) follow the alignment generally identified in the Corridor 18 Special Issues Study Final Report; and

          ‘(ii) include a connection between the Corridor in the vicinity of Monticello, Arkansas, to Pine Bluff, Arkansas.

        ‘(D) In the Lower Rio Grande Valley, the Corridor shall--

          ‘(i) include United States Route 77 from the Rio Grande River to Interstate Route 37 at Corpus Christi, Texas, and then to Victoria, Texas, via U.S. Route 77;

          ‘(ii) include United States Route 281 from the Rio Grande River to Interstate Route 37 and then to Victoria, Texas, via United States Route 59; and

          ‘(iii) include’;

        (E) in paragraph (21) by striking ‘United States Route 17 in the vicinity of Salamanca, New York’ and inserting ‘Interstate Route 80’;

        (F) by inserting ‘, including I-29 between Kansas City and the Canadian border’ before the period at the end of paragraph (23); and

        (G) by inserting after paragraph (29) the following:

      ‘(30) Interstate Route 5 in the States of California, Oregon, and Washington, including California State Route 905 between Interstate Route 5 and the Otay Mesa Port of Entry.

      ‘(31) The Mon-Fayette Expressway and Southern Beltway in Pennsylvania and West Virginia.

      ‘(32) The Wisconsin Development Corridor from the Iowa, Illinois, and Wisconsin border near Dubuque, Iowa, to the Upper Mississippi River Basin near Eau Claire, Wisconsin, as follows:

        ‘(A) United States Route 151 from the Iowa border to Fond du Lac via Madison, Wisconsin, then United States Route 41 from Fond du Lac to Marinette via Oshkosh, Appleton, and Green Bay, Wisconsin.

        ‘(B) State Route 29 from Green Bay to I-94 via Wausau, Chippewa Falls, and Eau Claire, Wisconsin.

        ‘(C) United States Route 10 from Appleton to Marshfield, Wisconsin.

      ‘(33) The Capital Gateway Corridor following United States Route 50 from the proposed intermodal transportation center connected to I-395 in Washington, D.C., to the intersection of United States Route 50 with Kenilworth Avenue and the Baltimore-Washington Parkway in Maryland.

      ‘(34) The Alameda Corridor East and Southwest Passage, California. The Alameda Corridor East is generally described as 52.8 miles from east Los Angeles (terminus of Alameda Corridor) through the San Gabriel Valley terminating at Colton Junction in San Bernardino. The Southwest Passage shall follow I-10 from San Bernardino to the Arizona State line and I-8 from San Diego to the Arizona State line.

      ‘(35) Everett-Tacoma FAST Corridor.

      ‘(36) New York and Pennsylvania State Route 17 from Harriman, New York, to its intersection with I-90 in Pennsylvania.

      ‘(37) United States Route 90 from I-49 in Lafayette, Louisiana, to I-10 in New Orleans.

      ‘(38) The Ports-to-Plains Corridor from the Mexican Border via I-27 to Denver, Colorado.

      ‘(39) United States Route 63 from Marked Tree, Arkansas, to I-55.

      ‘(40) The Greensboro Corridor from Danville, Virginia, to Greensboro, North Carolina, along United States Route 29.

      ‘(41) The Falls-to-Falls Corridor--United States Route 53 from International Falls on the Minnesota/Canada border to Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin.

      ‘(42) The portion of Corridor V of the Appalachian development highway system from Interstate Route 55 near Batesville, Mississippi, to the intersection with Corridor X of the Appalachian development highway system near Fulton, Mississippi, and the portion of Corridor X of the Appalachian development highway system from near Fulton, Mississippi, to the intersection with Interstate Route 65 near Birmingham, Alabama.

      ‘(43) The United States Route 95 Corridor from the Canadian border at Eastport, Idaho, to the Oregon State border.’.

      (2) PROVISIONS APPLICABLE TO CORRIDORS- Section 1105(e)(5)(A) of such Act is amended--

        (A) by inserting after ‘referred to’ the first place it appears the following: ‘in subsection (c)(1),’;

        (B) by striking ‘and’ the second place it appears; and

        (C) by inserting after ‘(c)(20)’ the following: ‘, in subsection (c)(36), in subsection (c)(37), in subsection (c)(40), and in subsection (c)(42)’.

      (3) ROUTES- Section 1105(e)(5) of such Act is further amended--

        (A) in subparagraph (A) by inserting ‘(except with respect to Georgetown County)’ before ‘(iii)’;

        (B) by redesignating subparagraphs (B) and (C) as subparagraphs (C) and (D), respectively;

        (C) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the following:

        ‘(B) ROUTES-

          ‘(i) DESIGNATION- The routes referred to in subsections (c)(18) and (c)(20) shall be designated as Interstate Route I-69. A State having jurisdiction over any segment of routes referred to in subsections (c)(18) and (c)(20) shall erect signs identifying such segment that is consistent with the criteria set forth in subsections (e)(5)(A)(i) and (e)(5)(A)(ii) as Interstate Route I-69, including segments of United States Route 59 in the State of Texas. The segment identified in subsection (c)(18)(B)(i) shall be designated as Interstate Route I-69 East, and the segment identified in subsection (c)(18)(B)(ii) shall be designated as Interstate Route I-69 Central. The State of Texas shall erect signs identifying such routes as segments of future Interstate Route I-69.

          ‘(ii) RULEMAKING TO DETERMINE FUTURE INTERSTATE SIGN ERECTION CRITERIA- The Secretary shall conduct a rulemaking to determine the appropriate criteria for the erection of signs for future routes on the Interstate System identified in subparagraph (A). Such rulemaking shall be undertaken in consultation with States and local officials and shall be completed not later than December 31, 1998.’;

        (D) by striking the last sentence of subparagraph (A) and inserting it as the first sentence of subparagraph (B)(i) (as inserted by subparagraph (C) of this paragraph); and

        (E) in subparagraph (D) (as redesignated by subparagraph (B) of this paragraph), by striking ‘(C)’ and inserting ‘(D)’.

    (j) WINTER HOME HEATING OIL DELIVERY- Section 346 of the National Highway System Designation Act of 1995 (109 Stat. 615-616) is amended--

      (1) in subsection (a) by striking ‘season in the 6-month period beginning on November 1, 1996’ and inserting ‘seasons in the 18-month period beginning on November 1, 1998’; and

      (2) by adding at the end the following:

    ‘(g) STUDY- Not later than 1 year after the completion of the pilot program, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on the results of the program, including an assessment of any impact on public safety.’.

    (k) FUTURE CORRIDOR SEGMENT-

      (1) STUDY- The Secretary shall conduct a study to determine the feasibility of providing an Interstate quality road for a route that runs in south/west direction generally along United States Route 61 and crosses the Mississippi River in the vicinity of Memphis, Tennessee, to Highway 79 and generally follows Highway 79 to Pine Bluff, Arkansas.

      (2) FUNDING- There is authorized to be appropriated from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) $500,000 for fiscal year 1999 to carry out the study.

      (3) APPLICABILITY OF TITLE 23, UNITED STATES CODE- Funds authorized by this subsection shall be available for obligation in the same manner as if such funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, except that such funds shall remain available until expended.

    (l) BATON ROUGE, LOUISIANA-

      (1) REDUCTION IN SCOPE OF PROJECT- Section 149(a) of the Surface Transportation and Uniform Relocation Assistance Act of 1987 (101 Stat. 181-198) is amended in paragraph (47)(B)--

        (A) by inserting ‘and’ after the semicolon at the end of clause (i);

        (B) by striking ‘; and’ at the end of clause (ii) and inserting a period; and

        (C) by striking clause (iii).

      (2) APPLICABILITY OF OBLIGATION LIMITATION- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the project described in section 149(a)(47)(B) of such Act shall be subject to any limitation on obligations for Federal-aid highway and highway safety construction programs.

    (m) AMENDMENTS TO SURFACE TRANSPORTATION ASSISTANCE ACT OF 1982- Section 146 of the Surface Transportation Assistance Act of 1982 (96 Stat. 2130), relating to lane restrictions, is repealed.

    (n) SUBSTITUTE PROJECT- Section 1045 of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (105 Stat. 1994) is amended in subsection (a)--

      (1) by striking ‘(a) APPROVAL OF PROJECT- Notwithstanding’ and inserting the following:

    ‘(a) APPROVAL OF PROJECT-

      ‘(1) Notwithstanding’; and

      (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

      ‘(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1) and subsection (c) of this section, upon the request of the Governor of the State of Wisconsin, submitted by October 1, 2000, the Secretary shall approve one or more substitute projects in lieu of the substitute project approved by the Secretary under paragraph (1) and subsection (c) of this section.’.

SEC. 1212. MISCELLANEOUS.

    (a) STATE TRANSPORTATION DEPARTMENT-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Section 302 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--

        (A) in subsection (a) by striking the second sentence; and

        (B) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:

    ‘(b) EFFECT OF COMPLIANCE- Compliance with subsection (a) shall have no effect on the eligibility of costs.’.

      (2) CHANGE IN TERM DEFINED-

        (A) IN GENERAL- Title 23, United States Code, is amended--

          (i) by striking ‘State highway department’ each place it appears and inserting ‘State transportation department’; and

          (ii) by striking ‘State highway departments’ each place it appears and inserting ‘State transportation departments’.

        (B) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS-

          (i) The analysis for chapter 3 of title 23, United States Code, is amended in the item relating to section 302 by striking ‘highway’ and inserting ‘transportation’.

          (ii) Section 302 of title 23, United States Code, is amended in the section heading by striking ‘highway’ and inserting ‘transportation’.

          (iii) Section 201(b) of the Appalachian Regional Development Act of 1965 (40 U.S.C. App.) is amended in the second sentence by striking ‘State highway department’ and inserting ‘State transportation department’.

          (iv) Section 138(c) of the Surface Transportation Assistance Act of 1978 (40 U.S.C. App. (note to section 201 of the Appalachian Regional Development Act of 1965); 92 Stat. 2710) is amended in the first sentence--

            (I) by striking ‘Federal-aid primary system’ and inserting ‘National Highway System’; and

            (II) by striking ‘State highway department’ and inserting ‘State transportation department’.

    (b) INFRASTRUCTURE AWARENESS PROGRAM-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary is authorized to fund the production, in cooperation with a not-for-profit national public television station and the National Academy of Engineering, of a documentary about infrastructure that shall demonstrate how public works and infrastructure projects stimulate job growth and the economy and contribute to the general welfare of the Nation.

      (2) FEDERAL SHARE-

        (A) IN GENERAL- The Federal share of the cost of production of the documentary shall be 60 percent. The non-Federal share shall be provided from private sources and shall include amounts expended by such sources for the production before the date of enactment of this Act.

        (B) CALCULATION- The calculation of the Federal and non-Federal shares under this paragraph shall be made over the term for which sums are authorized to be appropriated under paragraph (3).

      (3) FUNDING- There is authorized to be appropriated out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) to carry out this subsection $888,000 for fiscal year 1998, and $1,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1999 and 2000. Such funds shall remain available until expended.

      (4) APPLICABILITY OF TITLE 23- Funds authorized by this paragraph shall be available for obligation in the same manner as if such funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code; except that the Federal share of the cost of any project under this subsection and the availability of funds authorized by this subsection shall be determined in accordance with this subsection.

    (c) MASS TRANSPORTATION BUSES- Section 1023(h)(1) of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (23 U.S.C. 127 note) is amended by striking ‘the date on which’ and all that follows through ‘1995’ and inserting ‘October 1, 2003’.

    (d) VEHICLE WEIGHT LIMITATIONS.

      (1) IN GENERAL- Section 127(a) of title 23, United States Code, is amended--

        (A) by inserting before the next to the last sentence the following: ‘With respect to the State of Colorado, vehicles designed to carry 2 or more precast concrete panels shall be considered a nondivisible load.’; and

        (B) by adding at the end the following: ‘The State of Louisiana may allow, by special permit, the operation of vehicles with a gross vehicle weight of up to 100,000 pounds for the hauling of sugarcane during the harvest season, not to exceed 100 days annually. With respect to Interstate Route 95 in the State of New Hampshire, State laws (including regulations) concerning vehicle weight limitations that were in effect on January 1, 1987, and are applicable to State highways other than the Interstate System, shall be applicable in lieu of the requirements of this subsection. With respect to that portion of the Maine Turnpike designated Interstate Route 95 and 495, and that portion of Interstate Route 95 from the southern terminus of the Maine Turnpike to the New Hampshire State line, laws (including regulations) of the State of Maine concerning vehicle weight limitations that were in effect on October 1, 1995, and are applicable to State highways other than the Interstate System, shall be applicable in lieu of the requirements of this subsection.’.

      (2) STUDIES-

        (A) COLORADO-

          (i) IN GENERAL- In consultation with the Secretary, the State of Colorado shall conduct a study analyzing the economic, safety, and infrastructure impacts of the exemption provided by the amendment made by paragraph (1)(A), including the impact of not having such an exemption. In preparing the study, the State shall provide adequate opportunity for public comment.

          (ii) FUNDING- There is authorized to be appropriated from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) $200,000 for fiscal year 1999 to carry out the study.

        (B) LOUISIANA-

          (i) IN GENERAL- In consultation with the Secretary, the State of Louisiana shall conduct a study analyzing the economic, safety, and infrastructure impacts of the exemption provided by the amendment made by paragraph (1)(B), including the impact of not having such an exemption. In preparing the study, the State shall provide adequate opportunity for public comment.

          (ii) FUNDING- There is authorized to be appropriated from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) $200,000 for fiscal year 1999 to carry out the study.

        (C) MAINE-

          (i) IN GENERAL- In consultation with the Secretary, the State of Maine shall conduct a study analyzing the economic, safety, and infrastructure impacts of the exemption provided by the amendment made by paragraph (1)(B), including the impact of not having such an exemption. In preparing the study, the State shall provide adequate opportunity for public comment.

          (ii) FUNDING- There is authorized to be appropriated from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) $200,000 for fiscal year 1999 to carry out the study.

        (D) NEW HAMPSHIRE-

          (i) IN GENERAL- In consultation with the Secretary, the State of New Hampshire shall conduct a study analyzing the economic, safety, and infrastructure impacts of the exemption provided by the amendment made by paragraph (1)(B), including the impact of not having such an exemption. In preparing the study, the State shall provide adequate opportunity for public comment.

          (ii) FUNDING- There is authorized to be appropriated from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) $200,000 for fiscal year 1999 to carry out the study.

        (E) APPLICABILITY OF TITLE 23, UNITED STATES CODE- Funds authorized by this paragraph shall be available for obligation in the same manner as if such funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code; except that such funds shall remain available until expended.

    (k) DRIVER TRAINING AND SAFETY CENTER-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall make grants to establish a driver training and safety center at Connellsville, Pennsylvania.

      (2) PURPOSE- The purpose of the facility shall be to train and enhance the driving skills of motor vehicle and emergency vehicle operators.

      (3) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There is authorized to be appropriated out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) to carry out this section $2,500,000 for each of fiscal years 1999 through 2001.

      (4) APPLICABILITY OF TITLE 23- Funds authorized by this subsection shall be available for obligation in the same manner as if such funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code; except that the funds shall remain available until expended.

    (l) OHIO RIVER WELCOME CENTER-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall make grants to establish a welcome center in Point Pleasant, West Virginia.

      (2) ACCESS- The center shall be accessible by motor vehicle, bicycle, pedestrian walkway, and river transportation.

      (3) FACILITIES- The center shall include a comfort station, picnic and sitting plaza, a small amphitheater, a deep river port, a marina, and a walking trail.

      (4) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There is authorized to be appropriated out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) to carry out this section $412,900 for fiscal year 1999, $1,362,500 for fiscal year 2000, and $699,500 for fiscal year 2001.

      (5) APPLICABILITY OF TITLE 23- Funds authorized by this subsection shall be available for obligation in the same manner as if such funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, except that the Federal share of the cost of activities carried out using the funds shall be 50 percent and the funds shall remain available until expended.

    (m) PROJECT FLEXIBILITY FOR MINNESOTA- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, funds allocated for a project in the State of Minnesota under section 117 of title 23, United States Code, may be obligated for any other project in the State for which funds are so allocated; except that the total amount of funds authorized for any project for which funds are so allocated shall not be reduced.

    (n) BALTIMORE WASHINGTON PARKWAY- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Federal share of the cost of a project for which funds are allocated under section 117 of title 23, United States Code, for renovation and construction of the Baltimore Washington Parkway in Prince Georges County, Maryland, shall be 100 percent.

    (o) BICYCLE AND PEDESTRIAN SAFETY GRANTS-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall make grants to a national, not-for-profit organization engaged in promoting bicycle and pedestrian safety--

        (A) to operate a national bicycle and pedestrian clearinghouse;

        (B) to develop information and educational programs; and

        (C) to disseminate techniques and strategies for improving bicycle and pedestrian safety.

        (D) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There is authorized to be appropriated out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) to carry out this subsection $500,000 for each of fiscal years 1998 through 2003.

        (E) APPLICABILITY OF TITLE 23- Funds authorized by this subsection shall be available for obligation in the same manner as if such funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, except that the funds shall remain available until expended.

    (p) HEAVY EQUIPMENT OPERATOR TRAINING FACILITY-

      (1) ESTABLISHMENT- The Secretary shall establish a heavy equipment operator training facility in Hibbing, Minnesota. The purpose of the facility shall be to develop an appropriate curriculum for training, and to train operators and future operators of heavy equipment in the safe use of such equipment.

      (2) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There is authorized to be appropriated out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) $500,000 for each of fiscal years 1998 and 1999 to carry out this subsection.

      (3) APPLICABILITY OF TITLE 23- Funds made available to carry out this subsection shall be available for obligation in the same manner as if such funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code; except that the Federal share of the cost of establishment of the facility under this subsection shall be 80 percent and such funds shall remain available until expended.

    (q) MOTOR CARRIER OPERATOR VEHICLE AND TRAINING FACILITY-

      (1) ESTABLISHMENT- The Secretary shall make grants to the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania to establish and operate an advanced tractor trailer safety and operator training facility in Chambersburg, Pennsylvania. The purpose of the facility shall be to develop and coordinate an advance curriculum for the training of operators and future operators of tractor trailers. The facility shall conduct training on the test track at Letterkenny Army Depot and the unused segment of the Pennsylvania Turnpike located in Bedford County, Pennsylvania. The facility shall be operated by a not-for-profit entity and, when Federal assistance is no longer being provided with respect to the facility, shall be privately operated.

      (2) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There is authorized to be appropriated out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) $500,000 for each of fiscal years 1998 through 2003 to carry out this subsection.

      (3) APPLICABILITY OF TITLE 23- Funds made available to carry out this subsection shall be available for obligation in the same manner as if such funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, except that such funds shall remain available until expended and the Federal share of the cost of establishment and operation of the facility under this subsection shall be 80 percent.

    (r) HIGH PRIORITY LAS VEGAS INTERMODAL CENTER-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall provide $2,000,000 for fiscal year 1999 and $2,500,000 for fiscal year 2000 for the High Priority Las Vegas Intermodal Center in Las Vegas, Nevada.

      (2) APPLICABILITY OF TITLE 23- Funds made available to carry out this subsection shall be available for obligation in the same manner as if the funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code.

    (s) SEISMIC DESIGN-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall provide--

        (A) $8,000,000 for fiscal year 1999 for seismic design and engineering of the Mississippi/Arkansas Great River Bridge;

        (B) $8,000,000 for fiscal year 1999 to the State of Missouri for seismic design and deployment; and

        (C) $7,000,000 for fiscal year 1999 to the State of Arkansas for seismic design and deployment.

      (2) APPLICABILITY OF TITLE 23- Funds made available to carry out this subsection shall be available for obligation in the same manner as if the funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code.

    (t) BILOXI HARBOR, MISSISSIPPI- The portion of the project for navigation, Biloxi Harbor, Mississippi, authorized by the River and Harbor Act of 1960 (74 Stat. 481), for the Bernard Bayou Channel beginning near the Air Force Oil Terminal at approximately navigation mile 2.6 and extending downstream to the North-South 1/2 of Section 30, Township 7 South, Range 10 West, Harrison County, Mississippi, just west of Kremer Boat Yards, is not authorized after the date of enactment of this Act.

    (u) CLARIFICATION- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania is authorized to proceed with engineering, final design, and construction of Corridor O of the Appalachian development highway system between Bald Eagle and Interstate Route 80. All records of decision relating to Corridor O issued prior to the date of enactment of this Act shall remain in effect.

    (v) BOUNDARY WATERS CANOE AREA- Effective January 1, 1999, section 4 of the Act of October 21, 1978 (Public Law 95-495) is amended--

      (1) by striking subsection (g) and inserting the following:

    ‘(g) Nothing in this Act shall be construed to prevent the operation of motorized vehicles to transport boats across the portages between the Moose Lake Chain and Basswood Lake, Minnesota, and between Vermilion Lake and Trout Lake, Minnesota.’; and

      (2) in subsection (c)(2) by striking ‘; Alder, Cook County; Canoe, Cook County’.

    (w) MISCELLANEOUS PROJECTS-

      (1) REPLACEMENT OF ROSLYN VIADUCT-

        (A) PROJECT- The Secretary is authorized to carry out a project for replacement of a segment of the Roslyn elevated highway (NY25A) on Long Island, New York.

        (B) AUTHORIZATION- There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this paragraph $51,000,000 for fiscal years beginning after September 30, 1998. Such sums shall remain available until expended.

      (2) DESIGN AND ENGINEERING FOR MILLER HIGHWAY-

        (A) PROJECT- The Secretary is authorized to carry out a project for design and engineering of the Miller Highway on the west side of Manhattan, New York.

        (B) AUTHORIZATION- There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this paragraph $15,000,000 for fiscal years beginning after September 30, 1998. Such sums shall remain available until expended.

      (3) WILLIAMSVILLE TOLL BARRIER-

        (A) PROJECT- The Secretary is authorized to carry out a project to relocate a toll barrier complex to relieve traffic congestion in the Buffalo, New York, area.

        (B) AUTHORIZATION- There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this paragraph $20,000,000 for fiscal years beginning after September 30, 1998. Such sums shall remain available until expended.

    (x) ST. GEORGES, DELAWARE- The Secretary of the Army shall transfer all right, title, and interest of the United States in the highway bridge on United States Route 13 in the vicinity of St. Georges, Delaware, to the State of Delaware if the transfer is necessary to facilitate retransfer to a private entity for the purpose of demonstrating the effectiveness and efficiency of the use of large-scale composites technology for bridge rehabilitation. In evaluating the level of service for all Federal crossings over the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal in Delaware, the total vehicle trips per day on this transferred bridge shall be attributed to the remaining Federal crossing at St. Georges, Delaware (the SR1 Bridge). If the transfer is completed within 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall provide $10,000,000 to the State for the State to use in rehabilitating the bridge.

    (y) MOUNT PARAN INTERCHANGE PROJECT FOR INTERSTATE ROUTE 75- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, none of the funds made available under this Act or title 23, United States Code, shall be used to carry out a project to construct or improve the Mount Paran interchange on Interstate Route 75 in Georgia unless the Atlanta Regional Commission approves the project after the date of enactment of this Act.

    (z) NITTANY PARKWAY- The Secretary shall designate 31 miles of Pennsylvania State Route 26 between Huntingdon, Pennsylvania, and State College, Pennsylvania, as the Nittany Parkway.

SEC. 1213. STUDIES AND REPORTS.

    (a) HIGHWAY ECONOMIC REQUIREMENT SYSTEM-

      (1) METHODOLOGY-

        (A) EVALUATION- The Comptroller General of the United States shall conduct an evaluation of the methodology used by the Department of Transportation to determine highway needs using the highway economic requirement system (in this subsection referred to as the ‘model’).

        (B) REQUIRED ELEMENT- The evaluation shall include an assessment of the extent to which the model estimates an optimal level of highway infrastructure investment, including an assessment as to when the model may be overestimating or underestimating investment requirements.

        (C) REPORT TO CONGRESS- Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General shall submit to Congress a report on the results of the evaluation.

      (2) STATE INVESTMENT PLANS-

        (A) STUDY- In consultation with State transportation departments and other appropriate State and local officials, the Comptroller General of the United States shall conduct a study on the extent to which the model can be used to provide States with useful information for developing State transportation investment plans and State infrastructure investment projections.

        (B) REQUIRED ELEMENTS- The study shall--

          (i) identify any additional data that may need to be collected beyond the data submitted, before the date of enactment of this Act, to the Federal Highway Administration through the highway performance monitoring system; and

          (ii) identify what additional work, if any, would be required of the Federal Highway Administration and the States to make the model useful at the State level.

        (C) REPORT TO CONGRESS- Not later than 3 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General shall submit to Congress a report on the results of the study.

    (b) INTERNATIONAL ROUGHNESS INDEX-

      (1) STUDY- The Comptroller General of the United States shall conduct a study on the international roughness index that is used as an indicator of pavement quality on the Federal-aid highway system.

      (2) REQUIRED ELEMENTS- The study shall specify the extent of usage of the index and the extent to which the international roughness index measurement is reliable across different manufacturers and types of pavement.

      (3) REPORT TO CONGRESS- Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General shall submit to Congress a report on the results of the study.

    (c) USE OF UNIFORMED POLICE OFFICERS ON FEDERAL-AID HIGHWAY CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS-

      (1) STUDY- In consultation with the States, State transportation departments, and law enforcement organizations, the Secretary shall conduct a study on the extent and effectiveness of use by States of uniformed police officers on Federal-aid highway construction projects.

      (2) REPORT- Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on the results of the study, including any legislative and administrative recommendations of the Secretary.

    (d) SOUTHWEST BORDER TRANSPORTATION INFRASTRUCTURE-

      (1) ASSESSMENT- The Secretary shall conduct a comprehensive assessment of the state of the transportation infrastructure on the southwest border between the United States and Mexico (in this subsection referred to as the ‘border’).

      (2) CONSULTATION- In carrying out the assessment, the Secretary shall consult with--

        (A) the Secretary of State;

        (B) the Attorney General;

        (C) the Secretary of the Treasury;

        (D) the Commandant of the Coast Guard;

        (E) the Administrator of General Services;

        (F) the American Commissioner on the International Boundary Commission, United States and Mexico;

        (G) State agencies responsible for transportation and law enforcement in border States; and

        (H) municipal governments and transportation authorities in sister cities in the border area.

      (3) REQUIREMENTS- In carrying out the assessment, the Secretary shall--

        (A) assess the flow of commercial and private traffic through designated ports of entry on the border;

        (B) assess the adequacy of transportation infrastructure in the border area, including highways, bridges, railway lines, and border inspection facilities;

        (C) assess the adequacy of law enforcement and narcotics abatement activities in the border area, as the activities relate to commercial and private traffic and infrastructure;

        (D) assess future demands on transportation infrastructure in the border area; and

        (E) make recommendations to facilitate legitimate cross-border traffic in the border area, while maintaining the integrity of the border.

      (4) REPORT- Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on the assessment conducted under this subsection, including any related legislative and administrative recommendations.

    (e) STUDY OF PROCUREMENT PRACTICES AND PROJECT DELIVERY-

      (1) STUDY- The Comptroller General shall conduct a study to assess the impact that a utility company’s failure to relocate its facilities in a timely manner has on the delivery and cost of Federal-aid highway and bridge projects. The study shall also assess the following:

        (A) Methods States use to mitigate such delays, including the use of the courts to compel cooperation.

        (B) The prevalence and use of incentives to utility companies for early completion of utility relocations on Federal-aid transportation project sites and, conversely, penalties assessed on utility companies for utility relocation delays on such projects.

        (C) The extent to which States have used available technologies, such as subsurface utility engineering, early in the design of Federal-aid highway and bridge projects so as to eliminate or reduce the need for or delays due to utility relocations.

        (D) Whether individual States compensate transportation contractors for business costs incurred by the contractors when Federal-aid highway and bridge projects under contract to them are delayed by utility-company-caused delays in utility relocations and any methods used by States in making any such compensation.

      (2) REPORT- Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General shall transmit to Congress a report on the results of the study with any recommendations the Comptroller General determines appropriate as a result of the study.

    (f) SPECIALIZED HAULING VEHICLES-

      (1) STUDY- The Secretary shall conduct a study to examine the impact of the truck weight standards on specialized hauling vehicles. The study shall include, at a minimum, an analysis of the economic, safety, and infrastructure impacts of the standards.

      (2) REPORT- Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall transmit to Congress a report on the results of the study with any recommendations the Secretary determines appropriate as a result of the study.

    (g) STUDY OF STATE PRACTICES ON SPECIFIC SERVICE SIGNING-

      (1) STUDY- The Secretary shall conduct a study to determine the practices in the States for specific service food signs described in sections 2G-5.7 and 2G-5.8 of the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices for Streets and Highways. The study shall examine, at a minimum--

        (A) the practices of all States for determining businesses eligible for inclusion on such signs;

        (B) whether States allow businesses to be removed from such signs and the circumstances for such removal;

        (C) the practices of all States for erecting and maintaining such signs, including the time required for erecting such signs; and

        (D) whether States contract out the erection and maintenance of such signs.

      (2) REPORT- Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall transmit to Congress a report on the results of the study, including any recommendations and, if appropriate, modifications to the Manual.

    (h) VEHICLE WEIGHT ENFORCEMENT-

      (1) STUDY- The Secretary shall conduct a study of State laws (including regulations) relating to penalties for violation of State commercial motor vehicle weight laws.

      (2) PURPOSE- The purpose of the study shall be to determine the effectiveness of State penalties as a deterrent to illegally overweight trucking operations. The study shall evaluate fine structures, innovative roadside enforcement techniques, and a State’s ability to penalize shippers and carriers as well as drivers and shall examine the effectiveness of administrative and judicial procedures utilized to enforce vehicle weight laws.

      (3) REPORT- Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall transmit to Congress a report on the results of the study with any legislative recommendations of the Secretary.

    (i) COMMERCIAL MOTOR VEHICLE STUDY-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall request the Transportation Research Board of the National Academy of Sciences to conduct a study regarding the regulation of weights, lengths, and widths of commercial motor vehicles operating on Federal-aid highways to which Federal regulations apply on the date of enactment of this Act. In conducting the study, the Board shall review law, regulations, studies (including Transportation Research Board Special Report 225), and practices and develop recommendations regarding any revisions to law and regulations that the Board determines appropriate.

      (2) FACTORS TO CONSIDER AND EVALUATE- In developing recommendations under paragraph (1), the Board shall consider and evaluate the impact of the recommendations described in paragraph (1) on the economy, the environment, safety, and service to communities.

      (3) CONSULTATION- In carrying out the study, the Board shall consult with the Department of Transportation, States, the motor carrier industry, freight shippers, highway safety groups, air quality and natural resource management groups, commercial motor vehicle driver representatives, and other appropriate entities.

      (4) REPORT- Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Board shall transmit to Congress and the Secretary a report on the results of the study conducted under this subsection.

      (5) RECOMMENDATIONS- Not later than 180 days after the date of receipt of the report under paragraph (4), the Secretary may transmit to Congress a report containing comments or recommendations of the Secretary regarding the Board’s report.

      (6) FUNDING- There is authorized to be appropriated out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) $250,000 for each of fiscal years 1999 and 2000 to carry out this subsection.

      (7) APPLICABILITY OF TITLE 23- Funds made available to carry out this subsection shall be available for obligation in the same manner as if such funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code; except that the Federal share of the cost of the study under this subsection shall be 100 percent and such funds shall remain available until expended.

    (j) TRAFFIC ANALYSIS-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall enter into an agreement with the State of Oklahoma to carry out a traffic analysis to determine the feasibility of a trade processing center in McClain County, Oklahoma.

      (2) AUTHORIZATION- There is authorized to be appropriated from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) to carry out this subsection $1,000,000 for fiscal year 1999.

      (3) APPLICABILITY OF TITLE 23- Funds made available to carry out this subsection shall be available for obligation in the same manner as if the funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code.

    (k) STUDY OF INTERSTATE HIGH SPEED GROUND TRANSPORTATION-

      (1) STUDY- The Secretary shall conduct a study to assess the feasibility of providing high speed rail passenger service from Atlanta, Georgia, to Charleston, South Carolina. The study shall also assess the potential impact of rail service on the tourism industry.

      (2) REPORT- Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall transmit to the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and to the Committee on Environment and Public Works of the Senate a report on the results of the study, together with any recommendations the Secretary determines appropriate as a result of the study.

SEC. 1214. FEDERAL ACTIVITIES.

    (a) ACCESS TO JOHN F. KENNEDY CENTER FOR THE PERFORMING ARTS-

      (1) STUDY- The Secretary, in cooperation with the District of Columbia, the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, and the Department of the Interior and in consultation with other interested persons, shall conduct a study of methods to improve pedestrian and vehicular access to the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts.

      (2) REPORT- Not later than September 30, 1999, the Secretary shall transmit to the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Environment and Public Works of the Senate a report containing the results of the study with an assessment of the impacts (including environmental, aesthetic, economic, and historical impacts) associated with the implementation of each of the methods examined under the study.

      (3) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There is authorized to be appropriated out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) to carry out this subsection $500,000 for fiscal year 1998.

      (4) APPLICABILITY OF TITLE 23, UNITED STATES CODE- Funds authorized by this subsection shall be available for obligation in the same manner as if such funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code; except that the Federal share of the cost of activities conducted using such funds shall be 100 percent and such funds shall remain available until expended.

    (b) SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall allocate amounts made available by this subsection for obligation at the discretion of the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, in consultation with the Secretary, to carry out projects and activities described in paragraph (2).

      (2) ELIGIBLE USES- Amounts allocated under paragraph (1) may be obligated only--

        (A) for transportation-related exhibitions, exhibits, and educational outreach programs;

        (B) to enhance the care and protection of the Nation’s collection of transportation-related artifacts;

        (C) to acquire historically significant transportation-related artifacts; and

        (D) to support research programs within the Smithsonian Institution that document the history and evolution of transportation, in cooperation with other museums in the United States.

      (3) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There is authorized to be appropriated out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) $1,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1998 through 2003 to carry out this subsection.

      (4) APPLICABILITY OF TITLE 23- Funds authorized by this subsection shall be available for obligation in the same manner as if such funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code; except that the Federal share of the cost of any project or activity under this subsection shall be 100 percent and such funds shall remain available until expended.

    (c) NEW RIVER VISITOR CENTER-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall allocate to the Secretary of the Interior amounts made available by this subsection for the planning, design, and construction of a visitor center, and such other related facilities as may be necessary, to facilitate visitor understanding and enjoyment of the scenic, historic, cultural, and recreational resources of the New River Gorge National River in the State of West Virginia. The center and related facilities shall be located at a site for which title is held by the United States in the vicinity of the I-64 Sandstone intersection.

      (2) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) to carry out this subsection $1,300,000 for fiscal year 1998, $1,200,000 for fiscal year 1999, and $9,900,000 for fiscal year 2000.

      (3) APPLICABILITY OF TITLE 23- Funds authorized by this subsection shall be available for obligation in the same manner as if such funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code; except that such funds shall remain available until expended.

    (d) ADDITIONAL AUTHORIZATION OF CONTRACT AUTHORITY FOR STATES WITH INDIAN RESERVATIONS-

      (1) AVAILABILITY TO STATES- Not later than October 1 of each fiscal year, funds made available under paragraph (5) for the fiscal year shall be made available by the Secretary, in equal amounts, to each State that has within the boundaries of the State all or part of an Indian reservation having a land area of 10,000,000 acres or more.

      (2) AVAILABILITY TO ELIGIBLE COUNTIES-

        (A) IN GENERAL- Each fiscal year, each county that is located in a State to which funds are made available under paragraph (1), and that has in the county a public road described in subparagraph (B), shall be eligible to apply to the State for all or a portion of the funds made available to the State under this subsection to be used by the county to maintain such roads.

        (B) ROADS- A public road referred to in subparagraph (A) is a public road that--

          (i) is within, adjacent to, or provides access to an Indian reservation described in paragraph (1);

          (ii) is used by a school bus to transport children to or from a school or Headstart program carried out under the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9831 et seq.); and

          (iii) is maintained by the county in which the public road is located.

        (C) ALLOCATION AMONG ELIGIBLE COUNTIES-

          (i) IN GENERAL- Except as provided in clause (ii), each State that receives funds under paragraph (1) shall provide directly to each county that applies for funds the amount that the county requests in the application.

          (ii) ALLOCATION AMONG ELIGIBLE COUNTIES- If the total amount of funds applied for under this subsection by eligible counties in a State exceeds the amount of funds available to the State, the State shall equitably allocate the funds among the eligible counties that apply for funds.

      (3) SUPPLEMENTARY FUNDING- For each fiscal year, the Secretary shall ensure that funding made available under this subsection supplements (and does not supplant)--

        (A) any obligation of funds by the Bureau of Indian Affairs for road maintenance programs on Indian reservations; and

        (B) any funding provided by a State to a county for road maintenance programs in the county.

      (4) USE OF UNALLOCATED FUNDS- Any portion of the funds made available to a State under this subsection that is not made available to counties within 1 year after the funds are made available to the State shall be apportioned among the States in accordance with section 104(b) of title 23, United States Code.

      (5) FUNDING-

        (A) IN GENERAL- There is authorized to be appropriated from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) to carry out this subsection $1,500,000 for each of fiscal years 1998 through 2003.

        (B) CONTRACT AUTHORITY- Funds authorized by this subsection shall be available for obligation in the same manner as if the funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code.

    (e) NATIONAL DEFENSE HIGHWAYS OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES-

      (1) RECONSTRUCTION PROJECTS- If the Secretary determines, after consultation with the Secretary of Defense, that a highway, or a portion of a highway, located outside the United States is important to the national defense, the Secretary may carry out a project for reconstruction of the highway or portion of highway.

      (2) FUNDING-

        (A) IN GENERAL- For each of fiscal years 1998 through 2002, the Secretary may set aside not to exceed $18,800,000 from amounts to be apportioned under section 104(b)(4) of title 23, United States Code, to carry out this section.

        (B) AVAILABILITY- Funds made available under subparagraph (1) shall remain available until expended.

    (f) SACHUEST POINT NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall provide $200,000 for fiscal year 1999 to the United States Fish and Wildlife Service to resurface the entrance road to Sachuest Point National Wildlife Refuge.

      (2) FUNDING- There is authorized to be appropriated from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) to carry out this subsection $200,000 for fiscal year 1999.

      (3) CONTRACT AUTHORITY- Funds authorized by this subsection shall be available for obligation in the same manner as if the funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code.

    (g) RUNWAY REMOVAL AT NINIGRET NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall provide $300,000 for fiscal year 1999 to the United States Fish and Wildlife Service to remove asphalt runways at Ninigret National Wildlife Refuge and $5,000,000 shall be available to the State of Rhode Island for improvements to the T.F. Green Intermodal Facility in Rhode Island for each of fiscal years 1999 through 2003.

      (2) FUNDING- There is authorized to be appropriated from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) to carry out this subsection $5,300,000 for fiscal year 1999 and $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2000 through 2003.

      (3) CONTRACT AUTHORITY- Funds authorized by this subsection shall be available for obligation in the same manner as if the funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code.

    (h) MIDDLETOWN VISITOR CENTER-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall provide $500,000 for fiscal year 1999 to the United States Fish and Wildlife Service for the Middletown visitor center at Sachuest Point National Wildlife Refuge.

      (2) FUNDING- There is authorized to be appropriated from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) to carry out this subsection $500,000 for fiscal year 1999.

      (3) CONTRACT AUTHORITY- Funds authorized by this subsection shall be available for obligation in the same manner as if the funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code.

    (i) ENTRANCE PAVING AT NINIGRET NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall provide $750,000 for fiscal year 1999 to the United States Fish and Wildlife Service to pave the entrance road to the Ninigret National Wildlife Refuge.

      (2) FUNDING- There is authorized to be appropriated from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) to carry out this subsection $750,000 for fiscal year 1999.

      (3) CONTRACT AUTHORITY- Funds authorized by this subsection shall be available for obligation in the same manner as if the funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code.

    (j) EDUCATION CENTER-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall provide $1,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1999 through 2003 to the United States Fish and Wildlife Service for the education visitor center at the Rhode Island National Wildlife Refuge complex.

      (2) FUNDING- There is authorized to be appropriated from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) to carry out this subsection $1,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1999 through 2003.

      (3) CONTRACT AUTHORITY- Funds authorized by this subsection shall be available for obligation in the same manner as if the funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code.

    (k) RICHMOND NATIONAL BATTLEFIELD PARK-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall provide $1,000,000 for fiscal year 1999 to the National Park Service to revitalize the Tredegar Iron Works to serve as a visitor center for Richmond National Battlefield Park.

      (2) FUNDING- There is authorized to be appropriated from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) to carry out this subsection $1,000,000 for fiscal year 1999.

      (3) CONTRACT AUTHORITY- Funds authorized by this subsection shall be available for obligation in the same manner as if the funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code.

    (l) ACCESS TO CORPS OF ENGINEERS-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall provide $800,000 for each of fiscal years 1999 through 2003 to the Corps of Engineers to be made available to the State of Missouri for resurfacing and maintenance of city and county roads that provide access to Corps of Engineers reservoirs.

      (2) FUNDING- There is authorized to be appropriated from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) to carry out this subsection $800,000 for each of fiscal years 1999 through 2003.

      (3) CONTRACT AUTHORITY- Funds authorized by this subsection shall be available for obligation in the same manner as if the funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code.

    (m) CIVIL WAR BATTLEFIELD PLAN-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall provide $250,000 for each of fiscal years 1999 and 2000 to the Department of the Interior to be made available to the Shenandoah Valley Battlefield National Historic District Commission for developing a plan for the interpretation and protection of 10 Civil War battlefields in the Shenandoah Valley.

      (2) FUNDING- There is authorized to be appropriated from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) to carry out this subsection $250,000 for each of fiscal years 1999 and 2000.

      (3) CONTRACT AUTHORITY- Funds authorized by this subsection shall be available for obligation in the same manner as if the funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code.

    (n) DOT HEADQUARTERS FACILITY- Before taking any action that leads to Government ownership of the Department of Transportation headquarters facility, through construction or purchase, the Administrator of General Services shall first seek approval of the Committee on Environment and Public Works of the Senate and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives.

    (o) FORT PECK, MONTANA-

      (1) FORT PECK, MONTANA, VISITORS CENTER- The Secretary shall provide funds for the environmental review, planning, design, and construction of a historical and cultural visitors center and museum at Fort Peck, Montana.

      (2) FUNDING- There is authorized to be appropriated from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) $3,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1999 and 2000.

      (3) APPLICABILITY OF TITLE 23, UNITED STATES CODE- Funds authorized by this subsection shall be available for obligation in the same manner as if such funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code; except that such funds shall remain available until expended.

    (p) BRIDGES ON NATCHEZ TRACE PARKWAY, MISSISSIPPI-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall allocate to the State of Mississippi amounts available by this subsection to be used for replacement and widening of the box bridges on the Natchez Trace Parkway at Old Canton Road and at Rice Road in Madison County, Mississippi.

      (2) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There is authorized to be appropriated out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) to carry out this subsection $5,000,000 for fiscal year 1999.

      (3) APPLICABILITY OF TITLE 23- Funds authorized by this subsection shall be available for obligation in the same manner as if the funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, except that the funds shall remain available until expended.

    (q) LOLO PASS VISITOR CENTER-

      (1) GRANTS- The Secretary shall make grants for the Lolo Pass Visitor Center in the State of Idaho.

      (2) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There is authorized to be appropriated out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) to carry out this subsection $2,943,000 for fiscal year 1999.

      (3) APPLICABILITY OF TITLE 23- Funds authorized by this subsection shall be available for obligation in the same manner as if the funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, except that the funds shall remain available until expended.

    (r) PUERTO RICO HIGHWAY PROGRAM-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall allocate funds authorized by section 1101(a)(15) for each of fiscal years 1998 through 2003 to the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico to carry out a highway program in such Commonwealth.

      (2) APPLICABILITY OF TITLE 23- Amounts made available by section 1101(a)(15) of this Act shall be available for obligation in the same manner as if such funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code. Such amounts shall be subject to any limitation on obligations for Federal-aid highway and highway safety construction programs.

SEC. 1215. DESIGNATED TRANSPORTATION ENHANCEMENT ACTIVITIES.

    (a) GETTYSBURG, PENNSYLVANIA-

      (1) RESTORATION OF TRAIN STATION- The Secretary shall allocate amounts made available by this subsection for the restoration of the Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, train station.

      (2) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There is authorized to be appropriated out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) $400,000 for each of fiscal years 1998 and 1999 to carry out this subsection.

      (3) APPLICABILITY OF TITLE 23- Funds made available to carry out this subsection shall be available for obligation in the same manner as if such funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code; except that the Federal share of the cost of restoration of the train station under this subsection shall be 80 percent and such funds shall remain available until expended.

    (b) CENTER-

      (1) ESTABLISHMENT- The Secretary shall allocate funds made available to carry out this subsection to establish a center for national scenic byways in Duluth, Minnesota, to provide technical communications and network support for nationally designated scenic byway routes in accordance with paragraph (2).

      (2) COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS- The center for national scenic byways shall develop and implement communications systems for the support of the national scenic byways program. Such communications systems shall provide local officials and planning groups associated with designated National Scenic Byways or All-American Roads with proactive, technical, and customized assistance through the latest technology that allows scenic byway officials to develop and sustain their National Scenic Byways or All-American Roads.

      (3) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There is authorized to be appropriated out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) to carry out this subsection $1,500,000 for each of fiscal years 1998 through 2003.

      (4) APPLICABILITY OF TITLE 23- Funds authorized by this subsection shall be available for obligation in the same manner as if such funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code; except that the Federal share of the cost of any project under this subsection shall be 100 percent and such funds shall remain available until expended.

    (c) COAL HERITAGE TRAIL-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall make grants to the State of West Virginia for the Coal Heritage Scenic Byway for the purposes set forth in section 204(h) of title 23, United States Code.

      (2) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There is authorized to be appropriated out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) to carry out this section $2,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1999 through 2001.

      (3) APPLICABILITY OF TITLE 23- Funds authorized by this subsection shall be available for obligation in the same manner as if such funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, except that the funds shall remain available until expended.

    (d) TRAFFIC CALMING MEASURES-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall provide $5,000,000 for fiscal year 1999 and $2,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2000 through 2003 to implement traffic calming measures in Fauquier and Loudoun Counties, Virginia.

      (2) APPLICABILITY OF TITLE 23- Funds made available to carry out this subsection shall be available for obligation in the same manner as if the funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code.

    (e) PEDESTRIAN BRIDGE-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall provide $1,000,000 for fiscal year 1999 for a pedestrian bridge over United States Route 29 at Emmet Street in Charlottesville, Virginia.

      (2) APPLICABILITY OF TITLE 23- Funds made available to carry out this subsection shall be available for obligation in the same manner as if the funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code.

    (f) INTERPRETIVE CENTER-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall provide $600,000 for fiscal year 1999 for construction of the Virginia Blue Ridge Parkway interpretive center located on the Roanoke River Gorge in Virginia.

      (2) APPLICABILITY OF TITLE 23- Funds made available to carry out this subsection shall be available for obligation in the same manner as if the funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code.

    (g) CHAIN OF ROCKS BRIDGE-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall provide $2,000,000 for fiscal year 1999 for the renovation and preservation of the Missouri Route 66 Chain of Rocks Bridge.

      (2) APPLICABILITY OF TITLE 23- Funds made available to carry out this subsection shall be available for obligation in the same manner as if the funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code.

    (h) NOISE BARRIERS, DEKALB COUNTY, GEORGIA- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary shall approve the construction of Type II noise barriers beginning on the west side of Interstate Route 285 extending from Northlake Parkway to Henderson Mill Road in Dekalb County, Georgia, from funds apportioned under sections 104(b)(1) and 104(b)(3) of title 23, United States Code.

SEC. 1216. INNOVATIVE SURFACE TRANSPORTATION FINANCING METHODS.

    (a) VALUE PRICING PILOT PROGRAM-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Section 1012(b) of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (23 U.S.C. 149 note; 105 Stat. 1938) is amended--

        (A) in the subsection heading by striking ‘CONGESTION’ and inserting ‘VALUE’;

        (B) in paragraph (1)--

          (i) by striking ‘congestion’ each place it appears and inserting ‘value’; and

          (ii) by striking ‘projects’ each place it appears and inserting ‘programs’; and

        (C) in paragraph (5)--

          (i) by striking ‘projects’ and inserting ‘programs’; and

          (ii) by striking ‘traffic, volume’ and inserting ‘traffic volume’.

      (2) INCREASED NUMBER OF PROJECTS- Section 1012(b)(1) of such Act is amended in the second sentence by striking ‘5’ and inserting ‘15’.

      (3) ELIGIBILITY OF PREIMPLEMENTATION COSTS- Section 1012(b)(2) of such Act is amended in the second sentence--

        (A) by inserting after ‘Secretary shall fund’ the following: ‘all preimplementation costs and project design, and’; and

        (B) by inserting after ‘Secretary may not fund’ the following: ‘the preimplementation or implementation costs of’.

      (4) TOLLING- Section 1012(b)(4) of such Act is amended by striking ‘a pilot program under this section, but not on more than 3 of such programs’ and inserting ‘any value pricing pilot program under this subsection’.

      (5) HOV PASSENGER REQUIREMENTS- Section 1012(b) of such Act is amended by striking paragraph (6) and inserting the following:

      ‘(6) HOV PASSENGER REQUIREMENTS- Notwithstanding section 146(c) of title 23, United States Code, a State may permit vehicles with fewer than 2 occupants to operate in high occupancy vehicle lanes if the vehicles are part of a value pricing pilot program under this subsection.’.

      (6) FINANCIAL EFFECTS ON LOW-INCOME DRIVERS- Section 1012(b) of such Act is amended by adding at the end the following:

      ‘(7) FINANCIAL EFFECTS ON LOW-INCOME DRIVERS- Any value pricing pilot program under this subsection shall include, if appropriate, an analysis of the potential effects of the pilot program on low-income drivers and may include mitigation measures to deal with any potential adverse financial effects on low-income drivers.’.

      (7) FUNDING- Section 1012(b) of such Act (as amended by paragraph (6)) is amended by adding at the end the following:

      ‘(8) FUNDING-

        ‘(A) IN GENERAL- There is authorized to be appropriated from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) to carry out this subsection $8,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1998 through 2003.

        ‘(B) AVAILABILITY- Funds allocated by the Secretary to a State under this subsection shall remain available for obligation by the State for a period of 3 years after the last day of the fiscal year for which the funds are authorized.

        ‘(C) USE OF UNALLOCATED FUNDS- If the total amount of funds made available from the Highway Trust Fund under this subsection for fiscal year 1998 and fiscal years thereafter but not allocated exceeds $8,000,000 as of September 30 of any year, the excess amount--

          ‘(i) shall be apportioned in the following fiscal year by the Secretary to all States in accordance with section 104(b)(3) of title 23, United States Code;

          ‘(ii) shall be considered to be a sum made available for expenditure on the surface transportation program, except that the amount shall not be subject to section 133(d) of such title; and

          ‘(iii) shall be available for any purpose eligible for funding under section 133 of such title.

        ‘(D) CONTRACT AUTHORITY- Funds authorized under this paragraph shall be available for obligation in the same manner as if the funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code; except that the Federal share of the cost of any project under this subsection and the availability of funds authorized by this paragraph shall be determined in accordance with this subsection.’.

    (b) INTERSTATE SYSTEM RECONSTRUCTION AND REHABILITATION PILOT PROGRAM-

      (1) ESTABLISHMENT- The Secretary shall establish and implement an Interstate System reconstruction and rehabilitation pilot program under which the Secretary, notwithstanding sections 129 and 301 of title 23, United States Code, may permit a State to collect tolls on a highway, bridge, or tunnel on the Interstate System for the purpose of reconstructing and rehabilitating Interstate highway corridors that could not otherwise be adequately maintained or functionally improved without the collection of tolls.

      (2) LIMITATION ON NUMBER OF FACILITIES- The Secretary may permit the collection of tolls under this subsection on 3 facilities on the Interstate System. Each of such facilities shall be located in a different State.

      (3) ELIGIBILITY- To be eligible to participate in the pilot program, a State shall submit to the Secretary an application that contains, at a minimum, the following:

        (A) An identification of the facility on the Interstate System proposed to be a toll facility, including the age, condition, and intensity of use of the facility.

        (B) In the case of a facility that affects a metropolitan area, an assurance that the metropolitan planning organization established under section 134 of title 23, United States Code, for the area has been consulted concerning the placement and amount of tolls on the facility.

        (C) An analysis demonstrating that the facility could not be maintained or improved to meet current or future needs from the State’s apportionments and allocations made available by this Act (including amendments made by this Act) and from revenues for highways from any other source without toll revenues.

        (D) A facility management plan that includes--

          (i) a plan for implementing the imposition of tolls on the facility;

          (ii) a schedule and finance plan for the reconstruction or rehabilitation of the facility using toll revenues;

          (iii) a description of the public transportation agency that will be responsible for implementation and administration of the pilot program;

          (iv) a description of whether consideration will be given to privatizing the maintenance and operational aspects of the facility, while retaining legal and administrative control of the portion of the Interstate route; and

          (v) such other information as the Secretary may require.

      (4) SELECTION CRITERIA- The Secretary may approve the application of a State under paragraph (3) only if the Secretary determines that--

        (A) the State is unable to reconstruct or rehabilitate the proposed toll facility using existing apportionments;

        (B) the facility has a sufficient intensity of use, age, or condition to warrant the collection of tolls;

        (C) the State plan for implementing tolls on the facility takes into account the interests of local, regional, and interstate travelers;

        (D) the State plan for reconstruction or rehabilitation of the facility using toll revenues is reasonable; and

        (E) the State has given preference to the use of a public toll agency with demonstrated capability to build, operate, and maintain a toll expressway system meeting criteria for the Interstate System.

      (5) LIMITATIONS ON USE OF REVENUES; AUDITS- Before the Secretary may permit a State to participate in the pilot program, the State must enter into an agreement with the Secretary that provides that--

        (A) all toll revenues received from operation of the toll facility will be used only for--

          (i) debt service;

          (ii) reasonable return on investment of any private person financing the project; and

          (iii) any costs necessary for the improvement of and the proper operation and maintenance of the toll facility, including reconstruction, resurfacing, restoration, and rehabilitation of the toll facility; and

        (B) regular audits will be conducted to ensure compliance with subparagraph (A) and the results of such audits will be transmitted to the Secretary.

      (6) LIMITATION ON USE OF INTERSTATE MAINTENANCE FUNDS- During the term of the pilot program, funds apportioned for Interstate maintenance under section 104(b)(4) of title 23, United States Code, may not be used on a facility for which tolls are being collected under the program.

      (7) PROGRAM TERM- The Secretary shall conduct the pilot program under this subsection for a term to be determined by the Secretary, but not less than 10 years.

      (8) INTERSTATE SYSTEM DEFINED- In this subsection, the term ‘Interstate System’ has the meaning such term has under section 101 of title 23, United States Code.

SEC. 1217. ELIGIBILITY.

    (a) SAN MATEO COUNTY, CALIFORNIA- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a project to repair or reconstruct any portion of a Federal-aid primary route in San Mateo County, California, that--

      (1) was destroyed as a result of a combination of storms in the winter of 1982-1983 and a mountain slide; and

      (2) until its destruction, served as the only reasonable access route between 2 cities and as the designated emergency evacuation route of 1 of the cities;

    shall be eligible for assistance under section 125(a) of title 23, United States Code, if the project complies with the local coastal plan.

    (b) AMBASSADOR BRIDGE ACCESS, DETROIT, MICHIGAN-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Notwithstanding section 129 of title 23, United States Code, or any other provision of law, improvements to access roads and construction of access roads, approaches, and related facilities (such as signs, lights, and signals) necessary to connect the Ambassador Bridge in Detroit, Michigan, to the Interstate System shall be eligible for funds apportioned under paragraphs (1) and (3) of section 104(b) of such title.

      (2) USE OF FUNDS- Funds described in paragraph (1) shall not be used for any improvement to, or construction of, the bridge itself.

    (c) CUYAHOGA RIVER BRIDGE, OHIO- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a project to construct a new bridge over the Cuyahoga River in Cleveland, Ohio, shall be eligible for funds apportioned under section 104(b)(3) of such title.

    (d) CONNECTICUT- In fiscal year 1998, the State of Connecticut may transfer any funds remaining available for obligation under section 104(b)(4) of title 23, United States Code, as in effect on the day before the date of the enactment of this Act, for construction of the Interstate System to any other program eligible for assistance under chapter 1 of such title. Before making any distribution of the obligation limitation under section 1102(c)(6) of this Act, the Secretary shall make available to the State of Connecticut sufficient obligation authority under section 1102(c) of this Act to obligate funds available for transfer under this subsection.

    (e) INTERNATIONAL BRIDGE, SAULT STE. MARIE, MICHIGAN- The International Bridge Authority, or its successor organization, shall be permitted to continue collecting tolls for maintenance of, operation of, capital improvements to, and future expansions to the International Bridge, Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan, and its approaches, plaza areas, and associated structures.

    (f) INFORMATION SERVICES- A food business that would otherwise be eligible to display a mainline business logo on a specific service food sign described in section 2G-5.7(4) of part IIG of the 1988 edition of the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices for Streets and Highways under the requirements specified in that section, but for the fact that the business is open 6 days a week, cannot be prohibited from inclusion on such a food sign.

    (g) CONTINUANCE OF COMMERCIAL OPERATIONS AT CERTAIN SERVICE PLAZAS IN THE STATE OF MARYLAND-

      (1) WAIVER- Notwithstanding section 111 of title 23, United States Code, and the agreements described in paragraph (2), at the request of the Maryland Transportation Authority, the Secretary shall allow the continuance of commercial operations at the service plazas on the John F. Kennedy Memorial Highway on Interstate Route 95.

      (2) AGREEMENTS- The agreements referred to in paragraph (1) are agreements between the Department of Transportation of the State of Maryland and the Federal Highway Administration concerning the highway described in paragraph (1).

    (h) WELCOME CENTER PILOT PROJECT-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall permit the State of Georgia to conduct a pilot project to acquire, construct, operate, and maintain a demonstration safety rest area and information center along Interstate Route 75 in Cobb County, Georgia, in accordance with paragraph (2).

      (2) INFORMATION CENTER AND SYSTEM- The center may provide goods and information that is of interest to the traveling public, including commercial advertising and media displays, if such advertising and displays are--

        (A) exhibited solely within any facility constructed in the rest area; and

        (B) not legible from the main traveled way.

      (3) REPORT TO CONGRESS- Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on the results of the pilot project.

    (i) SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA- Notwithstanding section 120(l)(1) of title 23, United States Code--

      (1) private entity expenditures to construct the SR-91 toll road located in Orange County, California, from SR-55 to the Riverside County line may be credited toward the State matching share for any Federal-aid project beginning construction after the SR-91 toll road was opened to traffic; and

      (2) private expenditures for the future SR-125 toll road in San Diego County, California, from SR-905 to San Miguel Road may be credited against the State match share for Federal-aid highway projects beginning after SR-125 is opened to traffic.

    (j) TOLLS ON PENNSYLVANIA TURNPIKE- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no tolls shall be collected during the 6-year period beginning on the date of enactment of this Act on the Pennsylvania Turnpike for travel either entering Bedford and exiting Breezewood, Pennsylvania, or entering Breezewood and exiting Bedford.

    (k) VICKSBURG AND JACKSON, MISSISSIPPI- Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, funds authorized by this Act (including amendments made by this Act) for transportation projects in the State of Mississippi may be used for the purpose of constructing, reconstructing, or rehabilitating rail lines in the vicinity of Vicksburg and Jackson, Mississippi.

SEC. 1218. MAGNETIC LEVITATION TRANSPORTATION TECHNOLOGY DEPLOYMENT PROGRAM.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Chapter 3 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by inserting after section 321 the following:

‘Sec. 322. Magnetic levitation transportation technology deployment program

    ‘(a) DEFINITIONS- In this section, the following definitions apply:

      ‘(1) ELIGIBLE PROJECT COSTS- The term ‘eligible project costs’--

        ‘(A) means the capital cost of the fixed guideway infrastructure of a MAGLEV project, including land, piers, guideways, propulsion equipment and other components attached to guideways, power distribution facilities (including substations), control and communications facilities, access roads, and storage, repair, and maintenance facilities, but not including costs incurred for a new station; and

        ‘(B) includes the costs of preconstruction planning activities.

      ‘(2) FULL PROJECT COSTS- The term ‘full project costs’ means the total capital costs of a MAGLEV project, including eligible project costs and the costs of stations, vehicles, and equipment.

      ‘(3) MAGLEV- The term ‘MAGLEV’ means transportation systems employing magnetic levitation that would be capable of safe use by the public at a speed in excess of 240 miles per hour or under 50 miles per hour.

      ‘(4) PARTNERSHIP POTENTIAL- The term ‘partnership potential’ has the meaning given the term in the commercial feasibility study of high-speed ground transportation conducted under section 1036 of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (105 Stat. 1978).

    ‘(b) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall make available financial assistance to pay the Federal share of full project costs of eligible projects selected under this section. Financial assistance made available under this section and projects assisted with the assistance shall be subject to section 5333(a) of title 49, United States Code.

      ‘(2) FEDERAL SHARE- The Federal share of full project costs under paragraph (1) shall be not more than 2/3 .

      ‘(3) USE OF ASSISTANCE- Financial assistance provided under paragraph (1) shall be used only to pay eligible project costs of projects selected under this section.

    ‘(c) SOLICITATION OF APPLICATIONS FOR ASSISTANCE- Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this subsection, the Secretary shall solicit applications from States, or authorities designated by 1 or more States, for financial assistance authorized by subsection (b) for planning, design, and construction of eligible MAGLEV projects.

    ‘(d) PROJECT ELIGIBILITY- To be eligible to receive financial assistance under subsection (b), a project shall--

      ‘(1) involve a segment or segments of a high-speed or low-speed ground transportation corridor that exhibit partnership potential;

      ‘(2) require an amount of Federal funds for project financing that will not exceed the sum of--

        ‘(A) the amounts made available under subsection (h)(1)(A); and

        ‘(B) the amounts made available by States under subsection (h)(4);

      ‘(3) result in an operating transportation facility that provides a revenue producing service;

      ‘(4) be undertaken through a public and private partnership, with at least 1/3 of full project costs paid using non-Federal funds;

      ‘(5) satisfy applicable statewide and metropolitan planning requirements;

      ‘(6) be approved by the Secretary based on an application submitted to the Secretary by a State or authority designated by 1 or more States;

      ‘(7) to the extent that non-United States MAGLEV technology is used within the United States, be carried out as a technology transfer project; and

      ‘(8) be carried out using materials at least 70 percent of which are manufactured in the United States.

    ‘(e) PROJECT SELECTION CRITERIA- Prior to soliciting applications, the Secretary shall establish criteria for selecting which eligible projects under subsection (d) will receive financial assistance under subsection (b). The criteria shall include the extent to which--

      ‘(1) a project is nationally significant, including the extent to which the project will demonstrate the feasibility of deployment of MAGLEV technology throughout the United States;

      ‘(2) timely implementation of the project will reduce congestion in other modes of transportation and reduce the need for additional highway or airport construction;

      ‘(3) States, regions, and localities financially contribute to the project;

      ‘(4) implementation of the project will create new jobs in traditional and emerging industries;

      ‘(5) the project will augment MAGLEV networks identified as having partnership potential;

      ‘(6) financial assistance would foster public and private partnerships for infrastructure development and attract private debt or equity investment;

      ‘(7) financial assistance would foster the timely implementation of a project; and

      ‘(8) life-cycle costs in design and engineering are considered and enhanced.

    ‘(f) PROJECT SELECTION-

      ‘(1) PRECONSTRUCTION PLANNING ACTIVITIES- Not later than 90 days after a deadline established by the Secretary for the receipt of applications, the Secretary shall evaluate the eligible projects in accordance with the selection criteria and select 1 or more eligible projects to receive financial assistance for preconstruction planning activities, including--

        ‘(A) preparation of such feasibility studies, major investment studies, and environmental impact statements and assessments as are required under State law;

        ‘(B) pricing of the final design, engineering, and construction activities proposed to be assisted under paragraph (2); and

        ‘(C) such other activities as are necessary to provide the Secretary with sufficient information to evaluate whether a project should receive financial assistance for final design, engineering, and construction activities under paragraph (2).

      ‘(2) FINAL DESIGN, ENGINEERING, AND CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES- After completion of preconstruction planning activities for all projects assisted under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall select 1 of the projects to receive financial assistance for final design, engineering, and construction activities.

    ‘(g) JOINT VENTURES- A project undertaken by a joint venture of United States and non-United States persons (including a project involving the deployment of non-United States MAGLEV technology in the United States) shall be eligible for financial assistance under this section if the project is eligible under subsection (d) and selected under subsection (f).

    ‘(h) FUNDING-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL-

        ‘(A) CONTRACT AUTHORITY; AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS-

          ‘(i) IN GENERAL- There is authorized to be appropriated from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) to carry out this section $15,000,000 for fiscal year 1999, $20,000,000 for fiscal year 2000, and $25,000,000 for fiscal year 2001.

          ‘(ii) CONTRACT AUTHORITY- Funds authorized by this subparagraph shall be available for obligation in the same manner as if the funds were apportioned under chapter 1, except that--

            ‘(I) the Federal share of the cost of a project carried out under this section shall be determined in accordance with subsection (b); and

            ‘(II) the availability of the funds shall be determined in accordance with paragraph (2).

        ‘(B) NONCONTRACT AUTHORITY AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS-

          ‘(i) IN GENERAL- There are authorized to be appropriated from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) to carry out this section $200,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2000 and 2001, $250,000,000 for fiscal year 2002, and $300,000,000 for fiscal year 2003.

          ‘(ii) AVAILABILITY- Notwithstanding section 118(a), funds made available under clause (i) shall not be available in advance of an annual appropriation.

      ‘(2) AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS- Funds made available under paragraph (1) shall remain available until expended.

      ‘(3) OTHER FEDERAL FUNDS- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, funds made available to a State to carry out the surface transportation program under section 133 and the congestion mitigation and air quality improvement program under section 149 may be used by the State to pay a portion of the full project costs of an eligible project selected under this section, without requirement for non-Federal funds.

      ‘(4) OTHER ASSISTANCE- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, an eligible project selected under this section shall be eligible for other forms of financial assistance provided under this title and the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century, including loans, loan guarantees, and lines of credit.’.

    (b) CONFORMING AMENDMENT- The analysis for chapter 3 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 321 the following:

      ‘322. Magnetic levitation transportation technology deployment program.’.

SEC. 1219. NATIONAL SCENIC BYWAYS PROGRAM.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

‘Sec. 162. National scenic byways program

    ‘(a) DESIGNATION OF ROADS-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall carry out a national scenic byways program that recognizes roads having outstanding scenic, historic, cultural, natural, recreational, and archaeological qualities by designating the roads as National Scenic Byways or All-American Roads.

      ‘(2) CRITERIA- The Secretary shall designate roads to be recognized under the national scenic byways program in accordance with criteria developed by the Secretary.

      ‘(3) NOMINATION- To be considered for the designation, a road must be nominated by a State or a Federal land management agency and must first be designated as a State scenic byway or, in the case of a road on Federal land, as a Federal land management agency byway.

    ‘(b) GRANTS AND TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall make grants and provide technical assistance to States to--

        ‘(A) implement projects on highways designated as National Scenic Byways or All-American Roads, or as State scenic byways; and

        ‘(B) plan, design, and develop a State scenic byway program.

      ‘(2) PRIORITIES- In making grants, the Secretary shall give priority to--

        ‘(A) each eligible project that is associated with a highway that has been designated as a National Scenic Byway or All-American Road and that is consistent with the corridor management plan for the byway;

        ‘(B) each eligible project along a State-designated scenic byway that is consistent with the corridor management plan for the byway, or is intended to foster the development of such a plan, and is carried out to make the byway eligible for designation as a National Scenic Byway or All-American Road; and

        ‘(C) each eligible project that is associated with the development of a State scenic byway program.

    ‘(c) ELIGIBLE PROJECTS- The following are projects that are eligible for Federal assistance under this section:

      ‘(1) An activity related to the planning, design, or development of a State scenic byway program.

      ‘(2) Development and implementation of a corridor management plan to maintain the scenic, historical, recreational, cultural, natural, and archaeological characteristics of a byway corridor while providing for accommodation of increased tourism and development of related amenities.

      ‘(3) Safety improvements to a State scenic byway, National Scenic Byway, or All-American Road to the extent that the improvements are necessary to accommodate increased traffic and changes in the types of vehicles using the highway as a result of the designation as a State scenic byway, National Scenic Byway, or All-American Road.

      ‘(4) Construction along a scenic byway of a facility for pedestrians and bicyclists, rest area, turnout, highway shoulder improvement, passing lane, overlook, or interpretive facility.

      ‘(5) An improvement to a scenic byway that will enhance access to an area for the purpose of recreation, including water-related recreation.

      ‘(6) Protection of scenic, historical, recreational, cultural, natural, and archaeological resources in an area adjacent to a scenic byway.

      ‘(7) Development and provision of tourist information to the public, including interpretive information about a scenic byway.

      ‘(8) Development and implementation of a scenic byway marketing program.

    ‘(d) LIMITATION- The Secretary shall not make a grant under this section for any project that would not protect the scenic, historical, recreational, cultural, natural, and archaeological integrity of a highway and adjacent areas.

    ‘(e) SAVINGS CLAUSE- The Secretary shall not withhold any grant or impose any requirement on a State as a condition of providing a grant or technical assistance for any scenic byway unless the requirement is consistent with the authority provided in this chapter.

    ‘(f) FEDERAL SHARE- The Federal share of the cost of carrying out a project under this section shall be 80 percent, except that, in the case of any scenic byway project along a public road that provides access to or within Federal or Indian land, a Federal land management agency may use funds authorized for use by the agency as the non-Federal share.’.

    (b) CONFORMING AMENDMENT- The analysis for chapter 1 of such title is amended by adding at the end the following:

      ‘162. National scenic byways program.’.

SEC. 1220. ELIMINATION OF REGIONAL OFFICE RESPONSIBILITIES.

    (a) IN GENERAL-

      (1) ELIMINATION- The Secretary shall eliminate any programmatic decisionmaking responsibility of the regional offices of the Federal Highway Administration for the Federal-aid highway program as part of the Administration’s efforts to restructure its field organization.

      (2) ACTIVITIES- In carrying out paragraph (1), the Secretary shall eliminate regional offices, create technical resource centers, and, to the maximum extent practicable, delegate authority to State offices of the Federal Highway Administration.

    (b) PREFERENCE- In locating the technical resource centers, the Secretary shall give preference to cities that house, on the date of enactment of this Act, the Federal Highway Administration regional offices and are in locations that minimize the travel distance between the technical resource centers and the Federal Highway Administration division offices that will be served by the new technical resource centers.

    (c) REPORT TO CONGRESS- The Secretary shall transmit to the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Environment and Public Works of the Senate a detailed implementation plan to carry out this section not later than September 30, 1998, and thereafter provide periodic progress reports on carrying out this section to such Committees.

    (d) IMPLEMENTATION- The Secretary shall begin implementation of the plan transmitted under subsection (c) not later than December 31, 1998.

SEC. 1221. TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNITY AND SYSTEM PRESERVATION PILOT PROGRAM.

    (a) ESTABLISHMENT- In cooperation with appropriate State, regional, and local governments, the Secretary shall establish a comprehensive initiative to investigate and address the relationships between transportation and community and system preservation and identify private sector-based initiatives.

    (b) RESEARCH-

      (1) IN GENERAL- In cooperation with appropriate Federal agencies, State, regional, and local governments, and other entities eligible for assistance under subsection (d), the Secretary shall carry out a comprehensive research program to investigate the relationships between transportation, community preservation, and the environment and the role of the private sector in shaping such relationships.

      (2) REQUIRED ELEMENTS- The program shall provide for monitoring and analysis of projects carried out with funds made available to carry out subsections (c) and (d).

    (c) PLANNING-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall allocate funds made available to carry out this subsection to States, metropolitan planning organizations, and local governments to plan, develop, and implement strategies to integrate transportation and community and system preservation plans and practices.

      (2) PURPOSES- The purposes of the allocations shall be--

        (A) to improve the efficiency of the transportation system;

        (B) to reduce the impacts of transportation on the environment;

        (C) to reduce the need for costly future investments in public infrastructure;

        (D) to provide efficient access to jobs, services, and centers of trade; and

        (E) to examine development patterns and identify strategies to encourage private sector development patterns which achieve the goals identified in subparagraphs (A) through (D).

      (3) CRITERIA- In allocating funds made available to carry out this subsection, the Secretary shall give priority to applicants that--

        (A) propose projects for funding that address the purposes described in paragraph (2); and

        (B) demonstrate a commitment of non-Federal resources to the proposed projects.

      (4) ADDITIONAL CRITERIA- In addition, the Secretary shall give consideration to applicants that demonstrate a commitment to public and private involvement, including involvement of nontraditional partners in the project team.

    (d) ALLOCATION OF FUNDS FOR IMPLEMENTATION-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall allocate funds made available to carry out this subsection to States, metropolitan planning organizations, and local governments to carry out projects to address transportation efficiency and community and system preservation.

      (2) CRITERIA- In allocating funds made available to carry out this subsection, the Secretary shall give priority to applicants that--

        (A) have instituted preservation or development plans and programs that--

          (i) meet the requirements of title 23 and chapter 53 of title 49, United States Code; and

          (ii)(I) are coordinated with State and local adopted preservation or development plans;

          (II) are intended to promote cost-effective and strategic investments in transportation infrastructure that minimize adverse impacts on the environment; or

          (III) are intended to promote innovative private sector strategies.

        (B) have instituted other policies to integrate transportation and community and system preservation practices, such as--

          (i) spending policies that direct funds to high-growth areas;

          (ii) urban growth boundaries to guide metropolitan expansion;

          (iii) ‘green corridors’ programs that provide access to major highway corridors for areas targeted for efficient and compact development; or

          (iv) other similar programs or policies as determined by the Secretary;

        (C) have preservation or development policies that include a mechanism for reducing potential impacts of transportation activities on the environment;

        (D) examine ways to encourage private sector investments that address the purposes of this section; and

        (E) propose projects for funding that address the purposes described in subsection (c)(2).

      (3) EQUITABLE DISTRIBUTION- In allocating funds to carry out this subsection, the Secretary shall ensure the equitable distribution of funds to a diversity of populations and geographic regions.

      (4) USE OF ALLOCATED FUNDS-

        (A) IN GENERAL- An allocation of funds made available to carry out this subsection shall be used by the recipient to implement the projects proposed in the application to the Secretary.

        (B) TYPES OF PROJECTS- The allocation of funds shall be available for obligation for--

          (i) any project eligible for funding under title 23 or chapter 53 of title 49, United States Code; or

          (ii) any other activity relating to transportation and community and system preservation that the Secretary determines to be appropriate, including corridor preservation activities that are necessary to implement--

            (I) transit-oriented development plans;

            (II) traffic calming measures; or

            (III) other coordinated transportation and community and system preservation practices.

    (e) FUNDING-

      (1) IN GENERAL- There is authorized to be appropriated from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) to carry out this section $20,000,000 for fiscal year 1999 and $25,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2000 through 2003.

      (2) CONTRACT AUTHORITY- Funds authorized under this subsection shall be available for obligation in the same manner as if the funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code.

SEC. 1222. ADDITIONS TO APPALACHIAN REGION.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Section 403 of the Appalachian Regional Development Act of 1965 (40 U.S.C. App.) is amended--

      (1) in the undesignated paragraph relating to Alabama--

        (A) by inserting ‘Hale,’ after ‘Franklin,’; and

        (B) by inserting ‘Macon,’ after ‘Limestone,’;

      (2) in the undesignated paragraph relating to Georgia--

        (A) by inserting ‘Elbert,’ after ‘Douglas,’; and

        (B) by inserting ‘Hart,’ after ‘Haralson,’;

      (3) in the undesignated paragraph relating to Mississippi by striking ‘and Winston’ and inserting ‘Winston, and Yalobusha’; and

      (4) in the undesignated paragraph relating to Virginia--

        (A) by inserting ‘Montgomery,’ after ‘Lee,’; and

        (B) by inserting ‘Rockbridge,’ after ‘Pulaski,’.

    (b) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT- Section 405 of such Act is amended by striking ‘section 201’ and inserting ‘sections 201 and 403’. This amendment ensures that section 403 is still in effect.

SEC. 1223. TRANSPORTATION ASSISTANCE FOR OLYMPIC CITIES.

    (a) PURPOSE- The purpose of this section is to authorize the provision of assistance for, and support of, State and local efforts concerning surface transportation issues necessary to obtain the national recognition and economic benefits of participation in the International Olympic movement, the International Paralympic movement, and the Special Olympics International movement by hosting international quadrennial Olympic and Paralympic events, and Special Olympics International events, in the United States.

    (b) PRIORITY FOR TRANSPORTATION PROJECTS RELATING TO OLYMPIC, PARALYMPIC, AND SPECIAL OLYMPIC EVENTS- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, from funds available to carry out sections 118(c) and 144(g)(1) of title 23, United States Code, the Secretary may give priority to funding for a transportation project relating to an international quadrennial Olympic or Paralympic event, or a Special Olympics International event, if--

      (1) the project meets the extraordinary needs associated with an international quadrennial Olympic or Paralympic event or a Special Olympics International event; and

      (2) the project is otherwise eligible for assistance under sections 118(c) and 144(g)(1) of such title.

    (c) TRANSPORTATION PLANNING ACTIVITIES- The Secretary may participate in--

      (1) planning activities of States and metropolitan planning organizations and transportation projects relating to an international quadrennial Olympic or Paralympic event, or a Special Olympics International event, under sections 134 and 135 of title 23, United States Code; and

      (2) developing intermodal transportation plans necessary for the projects in coordination with State and local transportation agencies.

    (d) FUNDING- Notwithstanding section 5001(a), from funds made available under such section, the Secretary may provide assistance for the development of an Olympic, a Paralympic, and a Special Olympics transportation management plan in cooperation with an Olympic Organizing Committee responsible for hosting, and State and local communities affected by, an international quadrennial Olympic or Paralympic event or a Special Olympics International event.

    (e) TRANSPORTATION PROJECTS RELATING TO OLYMPIC, PARALYMPIC, AND SPECIAL OLYMPIC EVENTS-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary may provide assistance, including planning, capital, and operating assistance, to States and local governments in carrying out transportation projects relating to an international quadrennial Olympic or Paralympic event or a Special Olympics International event.

      (2) FEDERAL SHARE- The Federal share of the cost of a project assisted under this subsection shall not exceed 80 percent.

    (f) ELIGIBLE GOVERNMENTS- A State or local government shall be eligible to receive assistance under this section only if the government is hosting a venue that is part of an international quadrennial Olympics that is officially selected by the International Olympic Committee.

    (g) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) to carry out this section such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years 1998 through 2003.

Subtitle C--Program Streamlining and Flexibility

SEC. 1301. REAL PROPERTY ACQUISITION AND CORRIDOR PRESERVATION.

    (a) ADVANCE ACQUISITION OF REAL PROPERTY- Section 108 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by striking the section heading and subsection (a) and inserting the following:

‘Sec. 108. Advance acquisition of real property

    ‘(a) IN GENERAL-

      ‘(1) AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS- For the purpose of facilitating the timely and economical acquisition of real property for a transportation improvement eligible for funding under this title, the Secretary, upon the request of a State, may make available, for the acquisition of real property, such funds apportioned to the State as may be expended on the transportation improvement, under such rules and regulations as the Secretary may issue.

      ‘(2) CONSTRUCTION- The agreement between the Secretary and the State for the reimbursement of the cost of the real property shall provide for the actual construction of the transportation improvement within a period not to exceed 20 years following the fiscal year for which the request is made, unless the Secretary determines that a longer period is reasonable.’.

    (b) CREDIT FOR ACQUIRED LANDS- Section 323(b) of such title is amended--

      (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ‘DONATED’ and inserting ‘ACQUIRED’;

      (2) by striking paragraphs (1) and (2) and inserting the following:

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- Notwithstanding any other provision of this title, the State share of the cost of a project with respect to which Federal assistance is provided from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) may be credited in an amount equal to the fair market value of any land that--

        ‘(A) is lawfully obtained by the State or a unit of local government in the State;

        ‘(B) is incorporated into the project;

        ‘(C) is not land described in section 138; and

        ‘(D) the Secretary determines will not influence the environmental assessment of the project, including--

          ‘(i) the decision as to the need to construct the project;

          ‘(ii) the consideration of alternatives; and

          ‘(iii) the selection of a specific location.

      ‘(2) ESTABLISHMENT OF FAIR MARKET VALUE- The fair market value of land incorporated into a project and credited under paragraph (1) shall be established in the manner determined by the Secretary, except that--

        ‘(A) the fair market value shall not include any increase or decrease in the value of donated property caused by the project; and

        ‘(B) the fair market value of donated land shall be established as of the earlier of--

          ‘(i) the date on which the donation becomes effective; or

          ‘(ii) the date on which equitable title to the land vests in the State.’;

      (3) in paragraph (3) by striking ‘agency of a Federal, State, or local government’ and inserting ‘agency of the Federal Government’; and

      (4) in paragraph (4) by striking ‘to which the donation is applied’.

    (c) CREDITING OF CONTRIBUTIONS BY UNITS OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT TOWARD THE STATE SHARE- Section 323 of such title is amended by adding at the end the following:

    ‘(e) CREDITING OF CONTRIBUTIONS BY UNITS OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT TOWARD THE STATE SHARE- A contribution by a unit of local government of real property, funds, or material in connection with a project eligible for assistance under this title shall be credited against the State share of the project at the fair market value of the real property, funds, or material.’.

    (d) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS-

      (1) Section 323 of such title is amended by striking the section heading and inserting the following:

‘Sec. 323. Donations and credits’.

      (2) The analysis for chapter 1 of such title is amended by striking the item relating to section 108 and inserting the following:

      ‘108. Advance acquisition of real property.’.

      (3) The analysis for chapter 3 of such title is amended by striking the item relating to section 323 and inserting the following:

      ‘323. Donations and credits.’.

SEC. 1302. PAYMENTS TO STATES FOR CONSTRUCTION.

    Section 121 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) by striking subsections (a) and (b) and inserting the following:

    ‘(a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary, from time to time as the work progresses, may make payments to a State for costs of construction incurred by the State on a project. Such payments may also be made for the value of the materials--

      ‘(1) that have been stockpiled in the vicinity of the construction in conformity to plans and specifications for the projects; and

      ‘(2) that are not in the vicinity of the construction if the Secretary determines that because of required fabrication at an off-site location the material cannot be stockpiled in such vicinity.

    ‘(b) PROJECT AGREEMENT- No payment shall be made under this chapter except for a project covered by a project agreement. After completion of the project in accordance with the project agreement, a State shall be entitled to payment out of the appropriate sums apportioned or allocated to the State of the unpaid balance of the Federal share payable for such project.’;

      (2) by striking subsections (c) and (d); and

      (3) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (c).

SEC. 1303. PROCEEDS FROM THE SALE OR LEASE OF REAL PROPERTY.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Section 156 of title 23, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:

‘Sec. 156. Proceeds from the sale or lease of real property

    ‘(a) MINIMUM CHARGE- Subject to section 142(f), a State shall charge, at a minimum, fair market value for the sale, use, lease, or lease renewal (other than for utility use and occupancy or for a transportation project eligible for assistance under this title) of real property acquired with Federal assistance made available from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account).

    ‘(b) EXCEPTIONS- The Secretary may grant an exception to the requirement of subsection (a) for a social, environmental, or economic purpose.

    ‘(c) USE OF FEDERAL SHARE OF INCOME- The Federal share of net income from the revenues obtained by a State under subsection (a) shall be used by the State for projects eligible under this title.’.

    (b) CONFORMING AMENDMENT- The analysis for chapter 1 of such title is amended by striking the item relating to section 156 and inserting the following:

      ‘156. Proceeds from the sale or lease of real property.’.

SEC. 1304. ENGINEERING COST REIMBURSEMENT.

    Section 102(b) of title 23, United States Code, is amended in the first sentence by inserting after ‘10 years’ the following: ‘(or such longer period as the State requests and the Secretary determines to be reasonable)’.

SEC. 1305. PROJECT APPROVAL AND OVERSIGHT.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Section 106 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) by striking the section heading and inserting the following:

‘Sec. 106. Project approval and oversight’;

      (2) by redesignating subsections (e) and (f) as subsections (f) and (g), respectively; and

      (3) by striking subsections (a) through (d) and inserting the following:

    ‘(a) IN GENERAL-

      ‘(1) SUBMISSION OF PLANS, SPECIFICATIONS, AND ESTIMATES- Except as otherwise provided in this section, each State transportation department shall submit to the Secretary for approval such plans, specifications, and estimates for each proposed project as the Secretary may require.

      ‘(2) PROJECT AGREEMENT- The Secretary shall act on the plans, specifications, and estimates as soon as practicable after the date of their submission and shall enter into a formal project agreement with the State transportation department formalizing the conditions of the project approval.

      ‘(3) CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATION- The execution of the project agreement shall be deemed a contractual obligation of the Federal Government for the payment of the Federal share of the cost of the project.

      ‘(4) GUIDANCE- In taking action under this subsection, the Secretary shall be guided by section 109.

    ‘(b) PROJECT AGREEMENT-

      ‘(1) PROVISION OF STATE FUNDS- The project agreement shall make provision for State funds required to pay the State’s non-Federal share of the cost of construction of the project and to pay for maintenance of the project after completion of construction.

      ‘(2) REPRESENTATIONS OF STATE- If a part of the project is to be constructed at the expense of, or in cooperation with, political subdivisions of the State, the Secretary may rely on representations made by the State transportation department with respect to the arrangements or agreements made by the State transportation department and appropriate local officials for ensuring that the non-Federal contribution will be provided under paragraph (1).

    ‘(c) ASSUMPTION BY STATES OF RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE SECRETARY-

      ‘(1) NON-INTERSTATE NHS PROJECTS- For projects under this title that are on the National Highway System but not on the Interstate System, the State may assume the responsibilities of the Secretary under this title for design, plans, specifications, estimates, contract awards, and inspections of projects unless the State or the Secretary determines that such assumption is not appropriate.

      ‘(2) NON-NHS PROJECTS- For projects under this title that are not on the National Highway System, the State shall assume the responsibilities of the Secretary under this title for design, plans, specifications, estimates, contract awards, and inspection of projects, unless the State determines that such assumption is not appropriate.

      ‘(3) AGREEMENT- The Secretary and the State shall enter into an agreement relating to the extent to which the State assumes the responsibilities of the Secretary under this subsection.

      ‘(4) LIMITATION ON AUTHORITY OF SECRETARY- The Secretary may not assume any greater responsibility than the Secretary is permitted under this title on September 30, 1997, except upon agreement by the Secretary and the State.

    ‘(d) RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE SECRETARY- Nothing in this section, section 133, or section 149 shall affect or discharge any responsibility or obligation of the Secretary under--

      ‘(1) section 113 or 114; or

      ‘(2) any Federal law other than this title (including section 5333 of title 49).

    ‘(e) VALUE ENGINEERING ANALYSIS- For such projects as the Secretary determines advisable, plans, specifications, and estimates for proposed projects on any Federal-aid highway shall be accompanied by a value engineering analysis or other cost reduction analysis.’.

    (b) FINANCIAL PLAN- Section 106 of such title (as amended by subsection (a)(2)), is amended by adding at the end the following:

    ‘(h) FINANCIAL PLAN- A recipient of Federal financial assistance for a project under this title with an estimated total cost of $1,000,000,000 or more shall submit to the Secretary an annual financial plan for the project. The plan shall be based on detailed annual estimates of the cost to complete the remaining elements of the project and on reasonable assumptions, as determined by the Secretary, of future increases in the cost to complete the project.’.

    (c) LIFE CYCLE COST ANALYSIS- Section 106 of such title (as amended by subsection (a)(2)), is amended by striking subsection (f) and inserting the following:

    ‘(f) LIFE-CYCLE COST ANALYSIS-

      ‘(1) USE OF LIFE-CYCLE COST ANALYSIS- The Secretary shall develop recommendations for the States to conduct life-cycle cost analyses. The recommendations shall be based on the principles contained in section 2 of Executive Order No. 12893 and shall be developed in consultation with the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. The Secretary shall not require a State to conduct a life-cycle cost analysis for any project as a result of the recommendations required under this subsection.

      ‘(2) LIFE-CYCLE COST ANALYSIS DEFINED- In this subsection, the term ‘life-cycle cost analysis’ means a process for evaluating the total economic worth of a usable project segment by analyzing initial costs and discounted future costs, such as maintenance, user costs, reconstruction, rehabilitation, restoring, and resurfacing costs, over the life of the project segment.’.

    (d) CONFORMING AMENDMENT- The analysis for chapter 1 of such title is amended by striking the item relating to section 106 and inserting the following:

      ‘106. Project approval and oversight.’.

SEC. 1306. STANDARDS.

    (a) ELIMINATION OF GUIDELINES AND ANNUAL CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS- Section 109 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) by striking subsection (m); and

      (2) by redesignating subsections (n) through (q) as subsections (m) through (p), respectively.

    (b) SAFETY STANDARDS- Section 109 of such title (as amended by subsection (a)), is amended by adding at the end the following:

    ‘(q) PHASE CONSTRUCTION- Safety considerations for a project under this title may be met by phase construction consistent with the operative safety management system established in accordance with section 303 or in accordance with a statewide transportation improvement program approved by the Secretary.’.

SEC. 1307. DESIGN-BUILD CONTRACTING.

    (a) AUTHORITY- Section 112(b) of title 23, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) in the first sentence of paragraph (1) by striking ‘paragraph (2)’ and inserting ‘paragraphs (2) and (3)’;

      (2) in paragraph (2)(A) by striking ‘Each’ and inserting ‘Subject to paragraph (3), each’; and

      (3) by adding at the end the following:

      ‘(3) DESIGN-BUILD CONTRACTING-

        ‘(A) IN GENERAL- A State transportation department or local transportation agency may award a design-build contract for a qualified project described in subparagraph (C) using any procurement process permitted by applicable State and local law.

        ‘(B) LIMITATION ON FINAL DESIGN- Final design under a design-build contract referred to in subparagraph (A) shall not commence before compliance with section 102 of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4332).

        ‘(C) QUALIFIED PROJECTS- A qualified project referred to in subparagraph (A) is a project under this chapter for which--

          ‘(i) the Secretary has approved the use of design-build contracting described in subparagraph (A) under criteria specified in regulations issued by the Secretary; and

          ‘(ii) the total costs are estimated to exceed--

            ‘(I) in the case of a project that involves installation of an intelligent transportation system, $5,000,000; and

            ‘(II) in the case of any other project, $50,000,000.

        ‘(D) DESIGN-BUILD CONTRACT DEFINED- In this paragraph, the term ‘design-build contract’ means an agreement that provides for design and construction of a project by a contractor, regardless of whether the agreement is in the form of a design-build contract, a franchise agreement, or any other form of contract approved by the Secretary.’.

    (b) INAPPLICABILITY OF STANDARDIZED CONTRACT CLAUSE REQUIREMENT- Section 112(e)(2) of such title is amended--

      (1) by striking ‘Paragraph’ and inserting the following:

        ‘(A) STATE LAW- Paragraph’;

      (2) by adding at the end the following:

        ‘(B) DESIGN-BUILD CONTRACTS- Paragraph (1) shall not apply to any design-build contract approved under subsection (b)(3).’; and

      (3) by aligning the remainder of the text of subparagraph (A) (as designated by paragraph (1) of this subsection) with subparagraph (B) of such section (as added by paragraph (2) of this subsection).

    (c) REGULATIONS-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Not later than the effective date specified in subsection (e), after consultation with the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials and representatives from affected industries, the Secretary shall issue regulations to carry out the amendments made by this section.

      (2) CONTENTS- The regulations shall--

        (A) identify the criteria to be used by the Secretary in approving the use by a State transportation department or local transportation agency of design-build contracting; and

        (B) establish the procedures to be followed by a State transportation department or local transportation agency for obtaining the Secretary’s approval of the use of design-build contracting by the department or agency.

    (d) EFFECT ON EXPERIMENTAL PROGRAM- Nothing in this section or the amendments made by this section affects the authority to carry out, or any project carried out under, any experimental program concerning design-build contracting that is being carried out by the Secretary as of the date of enactment of this Act.

    (e) EFFECTIVE DATE FOR AMENDMENTS-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The amendments made by this section take effect 3 years after the date of enactment of this Act.

      (2) TRANSITION PROVISION-

        (A) IN GENERAL- During the period before issuance of the regulations under subsection (c), the Secretary may approve, in accordance with an experimental program described in subsection (d), design-build contracts to be awarded using any process permitted by applicable State and local law; except that final design under any such contract shall not commence before compliance with section 102 of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4332).

        (B) PREVIOUSLY AWARDED CONTRACTS- The Secretary may approve design-build contracts awarded before the date of enactment of this Act.

        (C) DESIGN-BUILD CONTRACT DEFINED- In this paragraph, the term ‘design-build contract’ means an agreement that provides for design and construction of a project by a contractor, regardless of whether the agreement is in the form of a design-build contract, a franchise agreement, or any other form of contract approved by the Secretary.

    (f) REPORT TO CONGRESS-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Not later than 5 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on the effectiveness of design-build contracting procedures.

      (2) CONTENTS- The report shall contain--

        (A) an assessment of the effect of design-build contracting on project quality, project cost, and timeliness of project delivery;

        (B) recommendations on the appropriate level of design for design-build procurements;

        (C) an assessment of the impact of design-build contracting on small businesses;

        (D) assessment of the subjectivity used in design-build contracting; and

        (E) such recommendations concerning design-build contracting procedures as the Secretary determines to be appropriate.

SEC. 1308. MAJOR INVESTMENT STUDY INTEGRATION.

    The Secretary shall eliminate the major investment study set forth in section 450.318 of title 23, Code of Federal Regulations, as a separate requirement, and promulgate regulations to integrate such requirement, as appropriate, as part of the analyses required to be undertaken pursuant to the planning provisions of title 23, United States Code, and chapter 53 of title 49, United States Code, and the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) for Federal-aid highway and transit projects. The scope of the applicability of such regulations shall be no broader than the scope of such section.

SEC. 1309. ENVIRONMENTAL STREAMLINING.

    (a) COORDINATED ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEW PROCESS-

      (1) DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION- The Secretary shall develop and implement a coordinated environmental review process for highway construction projects that require--

        (A) the preparation of an environmental impact statement or environmental assessment under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.), except that the Secretary may decide not to apply this section to the preparation of an environmental assessment under such Act; or

        (B) the conduct of any other environmental review, analysis, opinion, or issuance of an environmental permit, license, or approval by operation of Federal law.

      (2) MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING-

        (A) IN GENERAL- The coordinated environmental review process for each project shall ensure that, whenever practicable (as specified in this section), all environmental reviews, analyses, opinions, and any permits, licenses, or approvals that must be issued or made by any Federal agency for the project concerned shall be conducted concurrently and completed within a cooperatively determined time period. Such process for a project or class of project may be incorporated into a memorandum of understanding between the Department of Transportation and Federal agencies (and, where appropriate, State agencies).

        (B) ESTABLISHMENT OF TIME PERIODS- In establishing the time period referred to in subparagraph (A), and any time periods for review within such period, the Department and all such agencies shall take into account their respective resources and statutory commitments.

    (b) ELEMENTS OF COORDINATED ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEW PROCESS- For each project, the coordinated environmental review process established under this section shall provide, at a minimum, for the following elements:

      (1) FEDERAL AGENCY IDENTIFICATION- The Secretary shall, at the earliest possible time, identify all potential Federal agencies that--

        (A) have jurisdiction by law over environmental-related issues that may be affected by the project and the analysis of which would be part of any environmental document required by the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.); or

        (B) may be required by Federal law to independently--

          (i) conduct an environmental-related review or analysis; or

          (ii) determine whether to issue a permit, license, or approval or render an opinion on the environmental impact of the project.

      (2) TIME LIMITATIONS AND CONCURRENT REVIEW- The Secretary and the head of each Federal agency identified under paragraph (1)--

        (A)(i) shall jointly develop and establish time periods for review for--

          (I) all Federal agency comments with respect to any environmental review documents required by the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) for the project; and

          (II) all other independent Federal agency environmental analyses, reviews, opinions, and decisions on any permits, licenses, and approvals that must be issued or made for the project;

        whereby each such Federal agency’s review shall be undertaken and completed within such established time periods for review; or

        (ii) may enter into an agreement to establish such time periods for review with respect to a class of project; and

        (B) shall ensure, in establishing such time periods for review, that the conduct of any such analysis, review, opinion, and decision is undertaken concurrently with all other environmental reviews for the project, including the reviews required by the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.); except that such review may not be concurrent if the affected Federal agency can demonstrate that such concurrent review would result in a significant adverse impact to the environment or substantively alter the operation of Federal law or would not be possible without information developed as part of the environmental review process.

      (3) FACTORS TO BE CONSIDERED- Time periods for review established under this section shall be consistent with the time periods established by the Council on Environmental Quality under sections 1501.8 and 1506.10 of title 40, Code of Federal Regulations.

      (4) EXTENSIONS- The Secretary shall extend any time periods for review under this section if, upon good cause shown, the Secretary and any Federal agency concerned determine that additional time for analysis and review is needed as a result of new information that has been discovered that could not reasonably have been anticipated when the Federal agency’s time periods for review were established. Any memorandum of understanding shall be modified to incorporate any mutually agreed-upon extensions.

    (c) DISPUTE RESOLUTION- When the Secretary determines that a Federal agency which is subject to a time period for its environmental review or analysis under this section has failed to complete such review, analysis, opinion, or decision on issuing any permit, license, or approval within the established time period or within any agreed-upon extension to such time period, the Secretary may, after notice and consultation with such agency, close the record on the matter before the Secretary. If the Secretary finds, after timely compliance with this section, that an environmental issue related to the project that an affected Federal agency has jurisdiction over by operation of Federal law has not been resolved, the Secretary and the head of the Federal agency shall resolve the matter not later than 30 days after the date of the finding by the Secretary.

    (d) PARTICIPATION OF STATE AGENCIES- For any project eligible for assistance under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, a State, by operation of State law, may require that all State agencies that have jurisdiction by State or Federal law over environmental-related issues that may be affected by the project, or that are required to issue any environmental-related reviews, analyses, opinions, or determinations on issuing any permits, licenses, or approvals for the project, be subject to the coordinated environmental review process established under this section unless the Secretary determines that a State’s participation would not be in the public interest. For a State to require State agencies to participate in the review process, all affected agencies of the State shall be subject to the review process.

    (e) ASSISTANCE TO AFFECTED FEDERAL AGENCIES-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary may approve a request by a State to provide funds made available under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, to the State for the project subject to the coordinated environmental review process established under this section to affected Federal agencies to provide the resources necessary to meet any time limits established under this section.

      (2) AMOUNTS- Such requests under paragraph (1) shall be approved only--

        (A) for the additional amounts that the Secretary determines are necessary for the affected Federal agencies to meet the time limits for environmental review; and

        (B) if such time limits are less than the customary time necessary for such review.

    (f) JUDICIAL REVIEW AND SAVINGS CLAUSE-

      (1) JUDICIAL REVIEW- Nothing in this section shall affect the reviewability of any final Federal agency action in a district court of the United States or in the court of any State.

      (2) SAVINGS CLAUSE- Nothing in this section shall affect the applicability of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) or any other Federal environmental statute or affect the responsibility of any Federal officer to comply with or enforce any such statute.

    (g) FEDERAL AGENCY DEFINED- In this section, the term ‘Federal agency’ means any Federal agency or any State agency carrying out affected responsibilities required by operation of Federal law.

SEC. 1310. UNIFORM TRANSFERABILITY OF FEDERAL-AID HIGHWAY FUNDS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by inserting after section 109 the following:

‘Sec. 110. Uniform transferability of Federal-aid highway funds

    ‘(a) GENERAL RULE- Notwithstanding any other provision of law but subject to subsections (b) and (c), if at least 50 percent of a State’s apportionment under section 104 or 144 for a fiscal year or at least 50 percent of the funds set-aside under section 133(d) from the State’s apportionment section 104(b)(3) may not be transferred to any other apportionment of the State under section 104 or 144 for such fiscal year, then the State may transfer not to exceed 50 percent of such apportionment or set aside to any other apportionment of such State under section 104 or 144 for such fiscal year.

    ‘(b) APPLICATION TO CERTAIN SET-ASIDES- No funds may be transferred under this section that are subject to the last sentence of section 133(d)(1) or to section 104(f) or to section 133(d)(3). The maximum amount that a State may transfer under this section of the State’s set-aside under section 133(d)(1) or 133(d)(2) for a fiscal year may not exceed 25 percent of (1) the amount of such set-aside, less (2) the amount of the State’s set-aside under such section for fiscal year 1997.

    ‘(c) APPLICATION TO CERTAIN CMAQ FUNDS- The maximum amount that a State may transfer under this section of the State’s apportionment under section 104(b)(2) for a fiscal year may not exceed 50 percent of (1) the amount of such apportionment, less (2) the amount that the State’s apportionment under section 104(b)(2) for such fiscal year would have been had the program been funded at $1,350,000,000. Any such funds apportioned under section 104(b)(2) and transferred under this section may only be obligated in geographic areas eligible for the obligation of funds apportioned under section 104(b)(2).’.

    (b) CONFORMING AMENDMENT- The analysis for chapter 1 of such title is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 109 the following:

      ‘110. Uniform transferability of Federal-aid highway funds.’.

Subtitle D--Safety

SEC. 1401. HAZARD ELIMINATION PROGRAM.

    Section 152 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) in subsection (a)--

        (A) by striking ‘(a) Each’ and inserting the following:

    ‘(a) IN GENERAL-

      ‘(1) PROGRAM- Each’;

        (B) by inserting ‘, bicyclists,’ after ‘motorists’;

        (C) by adding at the end the following:

      ‘(2) HAZARDS- In carrying out paragraph (1), a State may, at its discretion--

        ‘(A) identify, through a survey, hazards to motorists, bicyclists, pedestrians, and users of highway facilities; and

        ‘(B) develop and implement projects and programs to address the hazards.’; and

        (D) by aligning the remainder of the text of paragraph (1) (as designated by subparagraph (A) of this paragraph) with paragraph (2) of such subsection (as added by subparagraph (C) of this paragraph);

      (2) in subsection (b) by striking ‘highway safety improvement project’ and inserting ‘safety improvement project, including a project described in subsection (a)’;

      (3) in subsection (c) by striking ‘on any public road (other than a highway on the Interstate System).’ and inserting the following: ‘on--

      ‘(1) any public road;

      ‘(2) any public surface transportation facility or any publicly owned bicycle or pedestrian pathway or trail; or

      ‘(3) any traffic calming measure.’;

      (4) in subsection (e)--

        (A) by striking ‘apportioned to’ in the first sentence and all that follows through ‘shall be’ in the second sentence; and

        (B) by striking ‘section 104(b)(1)’ and inserting ‘section 104(b)’; and

      (5) in subsections (f) and (g) by striking ‘highway safety improvement projects’ each place it appears and inserting ‘safety improvement projects’.

SEC. 1402. ROADSIDE SAFETY TECHNOLOGIES.

    (a) CRASH CUSHIONS-

      (1) GUIDANCE- Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall issue guidance regarding the benefits and safety performance of redirective and nonredirective crash cushions in different road applications, taking into consideration roadway conditions, operating speed limits, the location of the crash cushion in the right-of-way, and any other relevant factors. The guidance shall include recommendations on the most appropriate circumstances for utilization of redirective and nonredirective crash cushions.

      (2) USE OF GUIDANCE- States shall use the guidance issued under this subsection in evaluating the safety and cost-effectiveness of utilizing different crash cushion designs and determining whether directive or nonredirective crash cushions or other safety appurtenances should be installed at specific highway locations.

    (b) TRAFFIC FLOW AND SAFETY APPLICATIONS OF ROAD BARRIERS-

      (1) STUDY- The Secretary shall conduct a study on the technologies and methods to enhance safety, streamline construction, and improve capacity by providing positive separation at all times between traffic, equipment, and workers on highway construction projects. The study shall also address how such technologies can be used to improve capacity and safety at those specific highway, bridge, and other appropriate locations where reversible lane, contraflow, and high occupancy vehicle lane operations are implemented during peak traffic periods.

      (2) USES TO CONSIDER- In conducting the study, the Secretary shall consider, at a minimum, uses of positive separation technologies related to--

        (A) separating workers from traffic flow when work is in progress;

        (B) providing additional safe work space by utilizing adjacent and available traffic lanes during off-peak hours;

        (C) rapid deployment to allow for daily or periodic restoration of lanes for use by traffic during peak hours as needed;

        (D) mitigating congestion caused by construction by--

          (i) opening all adjacent and available lanes to traffic during peak traffic hours; or

          (ii) using reversible lanes to optimize capacity of the highway by adjusting to directional traffic flow; and

        (E) permanent use of positive separation technologies to create contraflow or reversible lanes to increase the capacity of congested highways, bridges, and tunnels.

      (3) REPORT- Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on the results of the study. The report shall include findings and recommendations for the use of the technologies referred to in paragraph (2) to provide positive separation on appropriate projects.

SEC. 1403. SAFETY INCENTIVE GRANTS FOR USE OF SEAT BELTS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by striking section 157 and inserting the following:

‘Sec. 157. Safety incentive grants for use of seat belts

    ‘(a) DEFINITIONS- In this section, the following definitions apply:

      ‘(1) MOTOR VEHICLE- The term ‘motor vehicle’ means a vehicle driven or drawn by mechanical power and manufactured primarily for use on public highways, but does not include a vehicle operated solely on a rail line.

      ‘(2) MULTIPURPOSE PASSENGER MOTOR VEHICLE- The term ‘multipurpose passenger motor vehicle’ means a motor vehicle with motive power (except a trailer), designed to carry not more than 10 individuals, that is constructed on a truck chassis or is constructed with special features for occasional off-road operation.

      ‘(3) NATIONAL AVERAGE SEAT BELT USE RATE- The term ‘national average seat belt use rate’ means, in the case of each of calendar years 1996 through 2001, the national average seat belt use rate for that year, as determined by the Secretary.

      ‘(4) PASSENGER CAR- The term ‘passenger car’ means a motor vehicle with motive power (except a multipurpose passenger motor vehicle, motorcycle, or trailer) designed to carry not more than 10 individuals.

      ‘(5) PASSENGER MOTOR VEHICLE- The term ‘passenger motor vehicle’ means a passenger car or a multipurpose passenger motor vehicle.

      ‘(6) SAVINGS TO THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT- The term ‘savings to the Federal Government’ means the amount of Federal budget savings relating to Federal medical costs (including savings under the medicare and medicaid programs under titles XVIII and XIX of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395 et seq.)), as determined by the Secretary.

      ‘(7) SEAT BELT- The term ‘seat belt’ means--

        ‘(A) with respect to an open-body passenger motor vehicle, including a convertible, an occupant restraint system consisting of a lap belt or a lap belt and a detachable shoulder belt; and

        ‘(B) with respect to any other passenger motor vehicle, an occupant restraint system consisting of integrated lap and shoulder belts.

      ‘(8) STATE SEAT BELT USE RATE- The term ‘State seat belt use rate’ means the rate of use of seat belts in passenger motor vehicles in a State, as measured and submitted to the Secretary--

        ‘(A) for each of calendar years 1996 and 1997, by the State, as weighted by the Secretary to ensure national consistency in methods of measurement (as determined by the Secretary); and

        ‘(B) for each of calendar years 1998 through 2001, by the State in a manner consistent with the criteria established by the Secretary under subsection (e).

    ‘(b) DETERMINATIONS BY THE SECRETARY- Not later than September 1, 1998, and September 1 of each calendar year thereafter through September 1, 2002, the Secretary shall determine--

      ‘(1)(A) which States had, for each of the previous calendar years (in this subsection referred to as the ‘previous calendar year’) and the year preceding the previous calendar year, a State seat belt use rate greater than the national average seat belt use rate for that year; and

      ‘(B) in the case of each State described in subparagraph (A), the amount that is equal to the savings to the Federal Government due to the amount by which the State seat belt use rate for the previous calendar year exceeds the national average seat belt use rate for that year; and

      ‘(2) in the case of each State that is not a State described in paragraph (1)(A)--

        ‘(A) the base seat belt use rate of the State, which shall be equal to the highest State seat belt use rate for the State for any calendar year during the period of 1996 through the calendar year preceding the previous calendar year; and

        ‘(B) the amount that is equal to the savings to the Federal Government due to any increase in the State seat belt use rate for the previous calendar year over the base seat belt use rate determined under subparagraph (A).

    ‘(c) ALLOCATIONS-

      ‘(1) STATES WITH GREATER THAN THE NATIONAL AVERAGE SEAT BELT USE RATE- Not later than October 1, 1998, and each October 1 thereafter through October 1, 2002, the Secretary shall allocate to each State described in subsection (b)(1)(A) an amount equal to the amount determined for the State under subsection (b)(1)(B).

      ‘(2) OTHER STATES- Not later than October 1, 1998, and each October 1 thereafter through October 1, 2002, the Secretary shall allocate to each State described in subsection (b)(2) an amount equal to the amount determined for the State under subsection (b)(2)(B).

    ‘(d) USE OF AMOUNTS- For each fiscal year, each State that is allocated an amount under this section shall use the amount for projects eligible for assistance under this title.

    ‘(e) CRITERIA- Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this section, the Secretary shall establish criteria for the measurement of State seat belt use rates by States to ensure that the measurements are accurate and representative.

    ‘(f) INNOVATIVE SEAT BELT PROJECT ALLOCATIONS-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall use amounts made available under subsection (g)(3) to make allocations to States to carry out innovative projects to promote increased seat belt use rates.

      ‘(2) DETERMINATION OF ELIGIBILITY- To be eligible to receive an allocation under this subsection for a fiscal year, a State shall--

        ‘(A) develop a plan for innovative projects described in paragraph (1); and

        ‘(B) submit the plan to the Secretary not later than March 1 of the fiscal year.

      ‘(3) PLAN SELECTION-

        ‘(A) CRITERIA- Not later than December 1, 1998, the Secretary shall establish criteria for the selection of State plans for allocations under this subsection.

        ‘(B) SELECTION- The Secretary shall select State plans for allocations under this subsection in accordance with the criteria established under subparagraph (A).

        ‘(C) STATES- In carrying out this paragraph, the Secretary shall ensure, to the maximum extent practicable, demographic and geographic diversity and a diversity of seat belt use rates among the States selected for allocations.

      ‘(4) ALLOCATION- Not later than October 1, 1999, and each October 1 thereafter through October 1, 2002, the Secretary shall allocate funds to the States whose plans were selected under paragraph (3).

      ‘(5) AMOUNT OF ALLOCATIONS- Subject to the availability of unallocated amounts under subsection (g)(3), the amount of each allocation to a State under this subsection shall be not less than $100,000 for each fiscal year that is covered by a State plan.

      ‘(6) USE OF ALLOCATIONS- An allocation to a State under this subsection shall be used to carry out the innovative seat belt projects described in the State plan for which the allocation is awarded.

      ‘(7) FEDERAL SHARE- The Federal share of the cost of an innovative seat belt project under this section shall be 100 percent.

      ‘(8) PERIOD OF AVAILABILITY- Amounts allocated to a State under this subsection shall remain available for obligation in the State for a period of 3 years after the last day of the fiscal year for which the amounts are allocated.

    ‘(g) FUNDING-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- There is authorized to be appropriated from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) to carry out this section $82,000,000 for fiscal year 1999, $92,000,000 for fiscal year 2000, $102,000,000 for fiscal year 2001, $112,000,000 for fiscal year 2002, and $112,000,000 for fiscal year 2003.

      ‘(2) PROPORTIONATE ADJUSTMENT- If the total amounts to be allocated under subsection (c) for any fiscal year would exceed the amounts authorized for the fiscal year under paragraph (1), the allocation to each State under subsection (c) shall be reduced proportionately.

      ‘(3) USE OF UNALLOCATED FUNDS-

        ‘(A) FISCAL YEAR 1999- To the extent that the amounts made available for fiscal year 1999 under paragraph (1) exceed the total amounts to be allocated under subsection (c) for fiscal year 1999, the excess amounts--

          ‘(i) shall be apportioned in accordance with section 104(b)(3);

          ‘(ii) shall be considered to be sums made available for expenditure on the surface transportation program, except that the amounts shall not be subject to section 133(d); and

          ‘(iii) shall be available for any purpose eligible for funding under section 133.

        ‘(B) FISCAL YEARS 2000 THROUGH 2003- To the extent that the amounts made available for any of fiscal years 2000 through 2003 under paragraph (1) exceed the total amounts to be allocated under subsection (c) for the fiscal year, the excess amounts shall be used to make allocations under subsection (f).’.

    (b) CONFORMING AMENDMENT- The analysis for chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by striking the item relating to section 157 and inserting the following:

      ‘157. Safety incentive grants for use of seat belts.’.

    (c) SAVINGS CLAUSE- The amendment made by subsection (a) shall not affect any funds apportioned or allocated before the date of enactment of this Act.

SEC. 1404. SAFETY INCENTIVES TO PREVENT OPERATION OF MOTOR VEHICLES BY INTOXICATED PERSONS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

‘Sec. 163. Safety incentives to prevent operation of motor vehicles by intoxicated persons

    ‘(a) GENERAL AUTHORITY- The Secretary shall make a grant, in accordance with this section, to any State that has enacted and is enforcing a law that provides that any person with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08 percent or greater while operating a motor vehicle in the State shall be deemed to have committed a per se offense of driving while intoxicated (or an equivalent per se offense).

    ‘(b) GRANTS- For each fiscal year, funds authorized to carry out this section shall be apportioned to each State that has enacted and is enforcing a law meeting the requirements of subsection (a) in an amount determined by multiplying--

      ‘(1) the amount authorized to carry out this section for the fiscal year; by

      ‘(2) the ratio that the amount of funds apportioned to each such State under section 402 for such fiscal year bears to the total amount of funds apportioned to all such States under section 402 for such fiscal year.

    ‘(c) USE OF GRANTS- A State may obligate funds apportioned under subsection (b) for any project eligible for assistance under this title.

    ‘(d) FEDERAL SHARE- The Federal share of the cost of a project funded under this section shall be 100 percent.

    ‘(e) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- There are authorized to be appropriated out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) to carry out this section $55,000,000 for fiscal year 1998, $65,000,000 for fiscal year 1999, $80,000,000 for fiscal year 2000, $90,000,000 for fiscal year 2001, $100,000,000 for fiscal year 2002, and $110,000,000 for fiscal year 2003.

      ‘(2) AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS- Notwithstanding section 118(b)(2), the funds authorized by this subsection shall remain available until expended.’.

    (b) CONFORMING AMENDMENT- The analysis for chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

      ‘Sec. 163. Safety incentives to prevent operation of motor vehicles by intoxicated persons.’.

Subtitle E--Finance

CHAPTER 1--TRANSPORTATION INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCE AND INNOVATION

SEC. 1501. SHORT TITLE.

    This chapter may be cited as the ‘Transportation Infrastructure Finance and Innovation Act of 1998’.

SEC. 1502. FINDINGS.

    Congress finds that--

      (1) a well-developed system of transportation infrastructure is critical to the economic well-being, health, and welfare of the people of the United States;

      (2) traditional public funding techniques such as grant programs are unable to keep pace with the infrastructure investment needs of the United States because of budgetary constraints at the Federal, State, and local levels of government;

      (3) major transportation infrastructure facilities that address critical national needs, such as intermodal facilities, border crossings, and multistate trade corridors, are of a scale that exceeds the capacity of Federal and State assistance programs in effect on the date of enactment of this Act;

      (4) new investment capital can be attracted to infrastructure projects that are capable of generating their own revenue streams through user charges or other dedicated funding sources; and

      (5) a Federal credit program for projects of national significance can complement existing funding resources by filling market gaps, thereby leveraging substantial private co-investment.

SEC. 1503. ESTABLISHMENT OF PROGRAM.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

‘SUBCHAPTER II--INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCE

‘Sec. 181. Definitions

    ‘In this subchapter, the following definitions apply:

      ‘(1) ELIGIBLE PROJECT COSTS- The term ‘eligible project costs’ means amounts substantially all of which are paid by, or for the account of, an obligor in connection with a project, including the cost of--

        ‘(A) development phase activities, including planning, feasibility analysis, revenue forecasting, environmental review, permitting, preliminary engineering and design work, and other preconstruction activities;

        ‘(B) construction, reconstruction, rehabilitation, replacement, and acquisition of real property (including land related to the project and improvements to land), environmental mitigation, construction contingencies, and acquisition of equipment; and

        ‘(C) capitalized interest necessary to meet market requirements, reasonably required reserve funds, capital issuance expenses, and other carrying costs during construction.

      ‘(2) FEDERAL CREDIT INSTRUMENT- The term ‘Federal credit instrument’ means a secured loan, loan guarantee, or line of credit authorized to be made available under this subchapter with respect to a project.

      ‘(3) INVESTMENT-GRADE RATING- The term ‘investment-grade rating’ means a rating category of BBB minus, Baa3, or higher assigned by a rating agency to project obligations offered into the capital markets.

      ‘(4) LENDER- The term ‘lender’ means any non-Federal qualified institutional buyer (as defined in section 230.144A(a) of title 17, Code of Federal Regulations (or any successor regulation), known as Rule 144A(a) of the Securities and Exchange Commission and issued under the Securities Act of 1933 (15 U.S.C. 77a et seq.)), including--

        ‘(A) a qualified retirement plan (as defined in section 4974(c) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986) that is a qualified institutional buyer; and

        ‘(B) a governmental plan (as defined in section 414(d) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986) that is a qualified institutional buyer.

      ‘(5) LINE OF CREDIT- The term ‘line of credit’ means an agreement entered into by the Secretary with an obligor under section 184 to provide a direct loan at a future date upon the occurrence of certain events.

      ‘(6) LOAN GUARANTEE- The term ‘loan guarantee’ means any guarantee or other pledge by the Secretary to pay all or part of the principal of and interest on a loan or other debt obligation issued by an obligor and funded by a lender.

      ‘(7) LOCAL SERVICER- The term ‘local servicer’ means--

        ‘(A) a State infrastructure bank established under this title; or

        ‘(B) a State or local government or any agency of a State or local government that is responsible for servicing a Federal credit instrument on behalf of the Secretary.

      ‘(8) OBLIGOR- The term ‘obligor’ means a party primarily liable for payment of the principal of or interest on a Federal credit instrument, which party may be a corporation, partnership, joint venture, trust, or governmental entity, agency, or instrumentality.

      ‘(9) PROJECT- The term ‘project’ means--

        ‘(A) any surface transportation project eligible for Federal assistance under this title or chapter 53 of title 49;

        ‘(B) a project for an international bridge or tunnel for which an international entity authorized under Federal or State law is responsible.

        ‘(C) a project for intercity passenger bus or rail facilities and vehicles, including facilities and vehicles owned by the National Railroad Passenger Corporation and components of magnetic levitation transportation systems; and

        ‘(D) a project for publicly owned intermodal surface freight transfer facilities, other than seaports and airports, if the facilities are located on or adjacent to National Highway System routes or connections to the National Highway System.

      ‘(10) PROJECT OBLIGATION- The term ‘project obligation’ means any note, bond, debenture, or other debt obligation issued by an obligor in connection with the financing of a project, other than a Federal credit instrument.

      ‘(11) RATING AGENCY- The term ‘rating agency’ means a bond rating agency identified by the Securities and Exchange Commission as a Nationally Recognized Statistical Rating Organization.

      ‘(12) SECURED LOAN- The term ‘secured loan’ means a direct loan or other debt obligation issued by an obligor and funded by the Secretary in connection with the financing of a project under section 183.

      ‘(13) STATE- The term ‘State’ has the meaning given the term in section 101.

      ‘(14) SUBSIDY AMOUNT- The term ‘subsidy amount’ means the amount of budget authority sufficient to cover the estimated long-term cost to the Federal Government of a Federal credit instrument, calculated on a net present value basis, excluding administrative costs and any incidental effects on governmental receipts or outlays in accordance with the provisions of the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990 (2 U.S.C. 661 et seq.).

      ‘(15) SUBSTANTIAL COMPLETION- The term ‘substantial completion’ means the opening of a project to vehicular or passenger traffic.

‘Sec. 182. Determination of eligibility and project selection

    ‘(a) ELIGIBILITY- To be eligible to receive financial assistance under this subchapter, a project shall meet the following criteria:

      ‘(1) INCLUSION IN TRANSPORTATION PLANS AND PROGRAMS- The project--

        ‘(A) shall be included in the State transportation plan required under section 135; and

        ‘(B) at such time as an agreement to make available a Federal credit instrument is entered into under this subchapter, shall be included in the approved State transportation improvement program required under section 134.

      ‘(2) APPLICATION- A State, a local servicer identified under section 185(a), or the entity undertaking the project shall submit a project application to the Secretary.

      ‘(3) ELIGIBLE PROJECT COSTS-

        ‘(A) IN GENERAL- Except as provided in subparagraph (B), to be eligible for assistance under this subchapter, a project shall have eligible project costs that are reasonably anticipated to equal or exceed the lesser of--

          ‘(i) $100,000,000; or

          ‘(ii) 50 percent of the amount of Federal highway assistance funds apportioned for the most recently completed fiscal year to the State in which the project is located.

        ‘(B) INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM PROJECTS- In the case of a project principally involving the installation of an intelligent transportation system, eligible project costs shall be reasonably anticipated to equal or exceed $30,000,000.

      ‘(4) DEDICATED REVENUE SOURCES- Project financing shall be repayable, in whole or in part, from tolls, user fees, or other dedicated revenue sources.

      ‘(5) PUBLIC SPONSORSHIP OF PRIVATE ENTITIES- In the case of a project that is undertaken by an entity that is not a State or local government or an agency or instrumentality of a State or local government, the project that the entity is undertaking shall be publicly sponsored as provided in paragraphs (1) and (2).

    ‘(b) SELECTION AMONG ELIGIBLE PROJECTS-

      ‘(1) ESTABLISHMENT- The Secretary shall establish criteria for selecting among projects that meet the eligibility criteria specified in subsection (a).

      ‘(2) SELECTION CRITERIA-

        ‘(A) IN GENERAL- The selection criteria shall include the following:

          ‘(i) The extent to which the project is nationally or regionally significant, in terms of generating economic benefits, supporting international commerce, or otherwise enhancing the national transportation system.

          ‘(ii) The creditworthiness of the project, including a determination by the Secretary that any financing for the project has appropriate security features, such as a rate covenant, to ensure repayment.

          ‘(iii) The extent to which assistance under this subchapter would foster innovative public-private partnerships and attract private debt or equity investment.

          ‘(iv) The likelihood that assistance under this subchapter would enable the project to proceed at an earlier date than the project would otherwise be able to proceed.

          ‘(v) The extent to which the project uses new technologies, including intelligent transportation systems, that enhance the efficiency of the project.

          ‘(vi) The amount of budget authority required to fund the Federal credit instrument made available under this subchapter.

          ‘(vii) The extent to which the project helps maintain or protect the environment.

          ‘(viii) The extent to which assistance under this chapter would reduce the contribution of Federal grant assistance to the project.

        ‘(B) PRELIMINARY RATING OPINION LETTER- For purposes of subparagraph (A)(ii), the Secretary shall require each project applicant to provide a preliminary rating opinion letter from at least 1 rating agency indicating that the project’s senior obligations have the potential to achieve an investment-grade rating.

    ‘(c) FEDERAL REQUIREMENTS- In addition to the requirements of this title for highway projects, chapter 53 of title 49 for transit projects, and section 5333(a) of title 49 for rail projects, the following provisions of law shall apply to funds made available under this subchapter and projects assisted with the funds:

      ‘(1) Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (42 U.S.C. 2000d et seq.).

      ‘(2) The National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.).

      ‘(3) The Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisition Policies Act of 1970 (42 U.S.C. 4601 et seq.).

‘Sec. 183. Secured loans

    ‘(a) IN GENERAL-

      ‘(1) AGREEMENTS- Subject to paragraphs (2) through (4), the Secretary may enter into agreements with 1 or more obligors to make secured loans, the proceeds of which shall be used--

        ‘(A) to finance eligible project costs; or

        ‘(B) to refinance interim construction financing of eligible project costs;

      of any project selected under section 182.

      ‘(2) LIMITATION ON REFINANCING OF INTERIM CONSTRUCTION FINANCING- A loan under paragraph (1) shall not refinance interim construction financing under paragraph (1)(B) later than 1 year after the date of substantial completion of the project.

      ‘(3) RISK ASSESSMENT- Before entering into an agreement under this subsection, the Secretary, in consultation with the Director of the Office of Management and Budget and each rating agency providing a preliminary rating opinion letter under section 182(b)(2)(B), shall determine an appropriate capital reserve subsidy amount for each secured loan, taking into account such letter.

      ‘(4) INVESTMENT-GRADE RATING REQUIREMENT- The funding of a secured loan under this section shall be contingent on the project’s senior obligations receiving an investment-grade rating, except that--

        ‘(A) the Secretary may fund an amount of the secured loan not to exceed the capital reserve subsidy amount determined under paragraph (3) prior to the obligations receiving an investment-grade rating; and

        ‘(B) the Secretary may fund the remaining portion of the secured loan only after the obligations have received an investment-grade rating by at least 1 rating agency.

    ‘(b) TERMS AND LIMITATIONS-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- A secured loan under this section with respect to a project shall be on such terms and conditions and contain such covenants, representations, warranties, and requirements (including requirements for audits) as the Secretary determines appropriate.

      ‘(2) MAXIMUM AMOUNT- The amount of the secured loan shall not exceed 33 percent of the reasonably anticipated eligible project costs.

      ‘(3) PAYMENT- The secured loan--

        ‘(A) shall--

          ‘(i) be payable, in whole or in part, from tolls, user fees, or other dedicated revenue sources; and

          ‘(ii) include a rate covenant, coverage requirement, or similar security feature supporting the project obligations; and

        ‘(B) may have a lien on revenues described in subparagraph (A) subject to any lien securing project obligations.

      ‘(4) INTEREST RATE- The interest rate on the secured loan shall be not less than the yield on marketable United States Treasury securities of a similar maturity to the maturity of the secured loan on the date of execution of the loan agreement.

      ‘(5) MATURITY DATE- The final maturity date of the secured loan shall be not later than 35 years after the date of substantial completion of the project.

      ‘(6) NONSUBORDINATION- The secured loan shall not be subordinated to the claims of any holder of project obligations in the event of bankruptcy, insolvency, or liquidation of the obligor.

      ‘(7) FEES- The Secretary may establish fees at a level sufficient to cover all or a portion of the costs to the Federal Government of making a secured loan under this section.

      ‘(8) NON-FEDERAL SHARE- The proceeds of a secured loan under this subchapter may be used for any non-Federal share of project costs required under this title or chapter 53 of title 49, if the loan is repayable from non-Federal funds.

    ‘(c) REPAYMENT-

      ‘(1) SCHEDULE- The Secretary shall establish a repayment schedule for each secured loan under this section based on the projected cash flow from project revenues and other repayment sources.

      ‘(2) COMMENCEMENT- Scheduled loan repayments of principal or interest on a secured loan under this section shall commence not later than 5 years after the date of substantial completion of the project.

      ‘(3) SOURCES OF REPAYMENT FUNDS- The sources of funds for scheduled loan repayments under this section shall include tolls, user fees, or other dedicated revenue sources.

      ‘(4) DEFERRED PAYMENTS-

        ‘(A) AUTHORIZATION- If, at any time during the 10 years after the date of substantial completion of the project, the project is unable to generate sufficient revenues to pay the scheduled loan repayments of principal and interest on the secured loan, the Secretary may, subject to subparagraph (C), allow the obligor to add unpaid principal and interest to the outstanding balance of the secured loan.

        ‘(B) INTEREST- Any payment deferred under subparagraph (A) shall--

          ‘(i) continue to accrue interest in accordance with subsection (b)(4) until fully repaid; and

          ‘(ii) be scheduled to be amortized over the remaining term of the loan beginning not later than 10 years after the date of substantial completion of the project in accordance with paragraph (1).

        ‘(C) CRITERIA-

          ‘(i) IN GENERAL- Any payment deferral under subparagraph (A) shall be contingent on the project meeting criteria established by the Secretary.

          ‘(ii) REPAYMENT STANDARDS- The criteria established under clause (i) shall include standards for reasonable assurance of repayment.

      ‘(5) PREPAYMENT-

        ‘(A) USE OF EXCESS REVENUES- Any excess revenues that remain after satisfying scheduled debt service requirements on the project obligations and secured loan and all deposit requirements under the terms of any trust agreement, bond resolution, or similar agreement securing project obligations may be applied annually to prepay the secured loan without penalty.

        ‘(B) USE OF PROCEEDS OF REFINANCING- The secured loan may be prepaid at any time without penalty from the proceeds of refinancing from non-Federal funding sources.

    ‘(d) SALE OF SECURED LOANS-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- Subject to paragraph (2), as soon as practicable after substantial completion of a project and after notifying the obligor, the Secretary may sell to another entity or reoffer into the capital markets a secured loan for the project if the Secretary determines that the sale or reoffering can be made on favorable terms.

      ‘(2) CONSENT OF OBLIGOR- In making a sale or reoffering under paragraph (1), the Secretary may not change the original terms and conditions of the secured loan without the written consent of the obligor.

    ‘(e) LOAN GUARANTEES-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary may provide a loan guarantee to a lender in lieu of making a secured loan if the Secretary determines that the budgetary cost of the loan guarantee is substantially the same as that of a secured loan.

      ‘(2) TERMS- The terms of a guaranteed loan shall be consistent with the terms set forth in this section for a secured loan, except that the rate on the guaranteed loan and any prepayment features shall be negotiated between the obligor and the lender, with the consent of the Secretary.

‘Sec. 184. Lines of credit

    ‘(a) IN GENERAL-

      ‘(1) AGREEMENTS- Subject to paragraphs (2) through (4), the Secretary may enter into agreements to make available lines of credit to 1 or more obligors in the form of direct loans to be made by the Secretary at future dates on the occurrence of certain events for any project selected under section 182.

      ‘(2) USE OF PROCEEDS- The proceeds of a line of credit made available under this section shall be available to pay debt service on project obligations issued to finance eligible project costs, extraordinary repair and replacement costs, operation and maintenance expenses, and costs associated with unexpected Federal or State environmental restrictions.

      ‘(3) RISK ASSESSMENT- Before entering into an agreement under this subsection, the Secretary, in consultation with the Director of the Office of Management and Budget and each rating agency providing a preliminary rating opinion letter under section 182(b)(2)(B), shall determine an appropriate capital reserve subsidy amount for each line of credit, taking into account such letter.

      ‘(4) INVESTMENT-GRADE RATING REQUIREMENT- The funding of a line of credit under this section shall be contingent on the project’s senior obligations receiving an investment-grade rating from at least 1 rating agency.

    ‘(b) TERMS AND LIMITATIONS-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- A line of credit under this section with respect to a project shall be on such terms and conditions and contain such covenants, representations, warranties, and requirements (including requirements for audits) as the Secretary determines appropriate.

      ‘(2) MAXIMUM AMOUNTS-

        ‘(A) TOTAL AMOUNT- The total amount of the line of credit shall not exceed 33 percent of the reasonably anticipated eligible project costs.

        ‘(B) 1-YEAR DRAWS- The amount drawn in any 1 year shall not exceed 20 percent of the total amount of the line of credit.

      ‘(3) DRAWS- Any draw on the line of credit shall represent a direct loan and shall be made only if net revenues from the project (including capitalized interest, any debt service reserve fund, and any other available reserve) are insufficient to pay the costs specified in subsection (a)(2).

      ‘(4) INTEREST RATE- The interest rate on a direct loan resulting from a draw on the line of credit shall be not less than the yield on 30-year marketable United States Treasury securities as of the date on which the line of credit is obligated.

      ‘(5) SECURITY- The line of credit--

        ‘(A) shall--

          ‘(i) be payable, in whole or in part, from tolls, user fees, or other dedicated revenue sources; and

          ‘(ii) include a rate covenant, coverage requirement, or similar security feature supporting the project obligations; and

        ‘(B) may have a lien on revenues described in subparagraph (A) subject to any lien securing project obligations.

      ‘(6) PERIOD OF AVAILABILITY- The line of credit shall be available during the period beginning on the date of substantial completion of the project and ending not later than 10 years after that date.

      ‘(7) RIGHTS OF THIRD-PARTY CREDITORS-

        ‘(A) AGAINST FEDERAL GOVERNMENT- A third-party creditor of the obligor shall not have any right against the Federal Government with respect to any draw on the line of credit.

        ‘(B) ASSIGNMENT- An obligor may assign the line of credit to 1 or more lenders or to a trustee on the lenders’ behalf.

      ‘(8) NONSUBORDINATION- A direct loan under this section shall not be subordinated to the claims of any holder of project obligations in the event of bankruptcy, insolvency, or liquidation of the obligor.

      ‘(9) FEES- The Secretary may establish fees at a level sufficient to cover all or a portion of the costs to the Federal Government of providing a line of credit under this section.

      ‘(10) RELATIONSHIP TO OTHER CREDIT INSTRUMENTS- A project that receives a line of credit under this section also shall not receive a secured loan or loan guarantee under section 183 of an amount that, combined with the amount of the line of credit, exceeds 33 percent of eligible project costs.

    ‘(c) REPAYMENT-

      ‘(1) TERMS AND CONDITIONS- The Secretary shall establish repayment terms and conditions for each direct loan under this section based on the projected cash flow from project revenues and other repayment sources.

      ‘(2) TIMING- All scheduled repayments of principal or interest on a direct loan under this section shall commence not later than 5 years after the end of the period of availability specified in subsection (b)(6) and be fully repaid, with interest, by the date that is 25 years after the end of the period of availability specified in subsection (b)(6).

      ‘(3) SOURCES OF REPAYMENT FUNDS- The sources of funds for scheduled loan repayments under this section shall include tolls, user fees, or other dedicated revenue sources.

‘Sec. 185. Project servicing

    ‘(a) REQUIREMENT- The State in which a project that receives financial assistance under this subchapter is located may identify a local servicer to assist the Secretary in servicing the Federal credit instrument made available under this subchapter.

    ‘(b) AGENCY; FEES- If a State identifies a local servicer under subsection (a), the local servicer--

      ‘(1) shall act as the agent for the Secretary; and

      ‘(2) may receive a servicing fee, subject to approval by the Secretary.

    ‘(c) LIABILITY- A local servicer identified under subsection (a) shall not be liable for the obligations of the obligor to the Secretary or any lender.

    ‘(d) ASSISTANCE FROM EXPERT FIRMS- The Secretary may retain the services of expert firms in the field of municipal and project finance to assist in the underwriting and servicing of Federal credit instruments.

‘Sec. 186. State and local permits

    ‘The provision of financial assistance under this subchapter with respect to a project shall not--

      ‘(1) relieve any recipient of the assistance of any obligation to obtain any required State or local permit or approval with respect to the project;

      ‘(2) limit the right of any unit of State or local government to approve or regulate any rate of return on private equity invested in the project; or

      ‘(3) otherwise supersede any State or local law (including any regulation) applicable to the construction or operation of the project.

‘Sec. 187. Regulations

    ‘The Secretary may issue such regulations as the Secretary determines appropriate to carry out this subchapter.

‘Sec. 188. Funding

    ‘(a) FUNDING-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- There are authorized to be appropriated from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) to carry out this subchapter--

        ‘(A) $80,000,000 for fiscal year 1999;

        ‘(B) $90,000,000 for fiscal year 2000;

        ‘(C) $110,000,000 for fiscal year 2001;

        ‘(D) $120,000,000 for fiscal year 2002; and

        ‘(E) $130,000,000 for fiscal year 2003.

      ‘(2) ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS- From funds made available under paragraph (1), the Secretary may use, for the administration of this subchapter, not more than $2,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1998 through 2003.

      ‘(3) AVAILABILITY- Amounts made available under paragraph (1) shall remain available until expended.

    ‘(b) CONTRACT AUTHORITY-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, approval by the Secretary of a Federal credit instrument that uses funds made available under this subchapter shall be deemed to be acceptance by the United States of a contractual obligation to fund the Federal credit instrument.

      ‘(2) AVAILABILITY- Amounts authorized under this section for a fiscal year shall be available for obligation on October 1 of the fiscal year.

    ‘(c) LIMITATIONS ON CREDIT AMOUNTS- For each of fiscal years 1998 through 2003, principal amounts of Federal credit instruments made available under this subchapter shall be limited to the amounts specified in the following table:

--Maximum amount

‘Fiscal year:

--of credit:

1998

--$1,200,000,000

1999

--$1,200,000,000

2000

--$1,800,000,000

2001

--$1,800,000,000

2002

--$2,300,000,000

2003

--$2,300,000,000.

‘Sec. 189. Report to Congress

    ‘Not later than 4 years after the date of enactment of this subchapter, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report summarizing the financial performance of the projects that are receiving, or have received, assistance under this subchapter, including a recommendation as to whether the objectives of this subchapter are best served--

      ‘(1) by continuing the program under the authority of the Secretary;

      ‘(2) by establishing a Government corporation or Government-sponsored enterprise to administer the program; or

      ‘(3) by phasing out the program and relying on the capital markets to fund the types of infrastructure investments assisted by this subchapter without Federal participation.’.

    (b) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS- Chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) in the analysis--

        (A) by inserting before ‘Sec.’ the following:

‘SUBCHAPTER I--GENERAL PROVISIONS’;

        and

        (B) by adding at the end the following:

‘SUBCHAPTER II--INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCE

      ‘181. Definitions.

      ‘182. Determination of eligibility and project selection.

      ‘183. Secured loans.

      ‘184. Lines of credit.

      ‘185. Project servicing.

      ‘186. State and local permits.

      ‘187. Regulations.

      ‘188. Funding.

      ‘189. Report to Congress.’;

        and

      (2) by inserting before section 101 the following:

‘SUBCHAPTER I--GENERAL PROVISIONS’.

SEC. 1504. DUTIES OF THE SECRETARY.

    Section 301 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) in paragraph (7) by striking ‘and’ at the end;

      (2) in paragraph (8) by striking the period at the end and inserting ‘; and’; and

      (3) by adding at the end the following:

      ‘(9) develop and coordinate Federal policy on financing transportation infrastructure, including the provision of direct Federal credit assistance and other techniques used to leverage Federal transportation funds.’.

CHAPTER 2--STATE INFRASTRUCTURE BANK PILOT PROGRAM

SEC. 1511. STATE INFRASTRUCTURE BANK PILOT PROGRAM.

    (a) DEFINITIONS- In this section:

      (1) OTHER ASSISTANCE- The term ‘other assistance’ includes any use of funds in an infrastructure bank--

        (A) to provide credit enhancements;

        (B) to serve as a capital reserve for bond or debt instrument financing;

        (C) to subsidize interest rates;

        (D) to ensure the issuance of letters of credit and credit instruments;

        (E) to finance purchase and lease agreements with respect to transit projects;

        (F) to provide bond or debt financing instrument security; and

        (G) to provide other forms of debt financing and methods of leveraging funds that are approved by the Secretary and that relate to the project with respect to which the assistance is being provided.

      (2) STATE- The term ‘State’ has the meaning given the term under section 401 of title 23, United States Code.

    (b) COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS-

      (1) IN GENERAL-

        (A) PURPOSE OF AGREEMENTS- Subject to this section, the Secretary may enter into cooperative agreements with the States of California, Florida, Missouri, and Rhode Island for the establishment of State infrastructure banks and multistate infrastructure banks for making loans and providing other assistance to public and private entities carrying out or proposing to carry out projects eligible for assistance under this section.

        (B) CONTENTS OF AGREEMENTS- Each cooperative agreement shall specify procedures and guidelines for establishing, operating, and providing assistance from the infrastructure bank.

      (2) INTERSTATE COMPACTS- If 2 or more States enter into a cooperative agreement under paragraph (1) with the Secretary for the establishment of a multistate infrastructure bank, Congress grants consent to those States to enter into an interstate compact establishing the bank in accordance with this section.

    (c) FUNDING-

      (1) CONTRIBUTION- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary may allow, subject to subsection (h)(1), a State that enters into a cooperative agreement under this section to contribute to the infrastructure bank established by the State not to exceed--

        (A)(i) the total amount of funds apportioned to the State under each of paragraphs (1), (3), and (4) of section 104(b) and section 144 of title 23, United States Code, excluding funds set aside under paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 133(d) of such title; and

        (ii) the total amount of funds allocated to the State under section 105 of such title;

        (B) the total amount of funds made available to the State or other Federal transit grant recipient for capital projects (as defined in section 5302 of title 49, United States Code) under sections 5307, 5309, and 5311 of such title; and

        (C) the total amount of funds made available to the State under subtitle V of title 49, United States Code.

      (2) CAPITALIZATION GRANT- For the purposes of this section, Federal funds contributed to the infrastructure bank under this subsection shall constitute a capitalization grant for the infrastructure bank.

      (3) SPECIAL RULE FOR URBANIZED AREAS OF OVER 200,000- Funds that are apportioned or allocated to a State under section 104(b)(3) of title 23, United States Code, and attributed to urbanized areas of a State with a population of over 200,000 individuals under section 133(d)(2) of such title may be used to provide assistance from an infrastructure bank under this section with respect to a project only if the metropolitan planning organization designated for the area concurs, in writing, with the provision of the assistance.

    (d) FORMS OF ASSISTANCE FROM INFRASTRUCTURE BANKS-

      (1) IN GENERAL- An infrastructure bank established under this section may make loans or provide other assistance to a public or private entity in an amount equal to all or part of the cost of carrying out a project eligible for assistance under this section.

      (2) SUBORDINATION OF LOANS- The amount of any loan or other assistance provided for the project may be subordinated to any other debt financing for the project.

      (3) INITIAL ASSISTANCE- Initial assistance provided with respect to a project from Federal funds contributed to an infrastructure bank under this section shall not be made in the form of a grant.

    (e) QUALIFYING PROJECTS-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Subject to paragraph (2), funds in an infrastructure bank established under this section may be used only to provide assistance with respect to projects eligible for assistance under title 23, United States Code, for capital projects (as defined in section 5302 of title 49, United States Code), or for any other project related to surface transportation that the Secretary determines to be appropriate.

      (2) INTERSTATE FUNDS- Funds contributed to an infrastructure bank from funds apportioned to a State under section 104(b)(4) of title 23, United States Code, may be used only to provide assistance with respect to projects eligible for assistance under such paragraph.

      (3) RAIL PROGRAM FUNDS- Funds contributed to an infrastructure bank from funds made available to a State under subtitle V of title 49, United States Code, shall be used in a manner consistent with any project description specified under the law making the funds available to the State.

    (f) INFRASTRUCTURE BANK REQUIREMENTS-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Subject to paragraph (2), in order to establish an infrastructure bank under this section, each State establishing such a bank shall--

        (A) contribute, at a minimum, to the bank from non-Federal sources an amount equal to 25 percent of the amount of each capitalization grant made to the State and contributed to the bank under subsection (c), except that if the State has a higher Federal share payable under section 120(b) of title 23, United States Code, the State shall be required to contribute only an amount commensurate with the higher Federal share;

        (B) ensure that the bank maintains on a continuing basis an investment grade rating on its debt issuances and its ability to pay claims under credit enhancement programs of the bank;

        (C) ensure that investment income generated by funds contributed to the bank will be--

          (i) credited to the bank;

          (ii) available for use in providing loans and other assistance to projects eligible for assistance from the bank; and

          (iii) invested in United States Treasury securities, bank deposits, or such other financing instruments as the Secretary may approve to earn interest to enhance the leveraging of projects assisted by the bank;

        (D) ensure that any loan from the bank will bear interest at or below market rates, as determined by the State, to make the project that is the subject of the loan feasible;

        (E) ensure that repayment of the loan from the bank will commence not later than 5 years after the project has been completed or, in the case of a highway project, the facility has opened to traffic, whichever is later;

        (F) ensure that the term for repaying any loan will not exceed the lesser of--

          (i) 35 years after the date of the first payment on the loan under subparagraph (E); or

          (ii) the useful life of the investment; and

        (G) require the bank to make a biennial report to the Secretary and to make such other reports as the Secretary may require in guidelines.

      (2) WAIVERS BY THE SECRETARY- The Secretary may waive a requirement of any of subparagraphs (C) through (G) of paragraph (1) with respect to an infrastructure bank if the Secretary determines that the waiver is consistent with the objectives of this section.

    (g) LIMITATION ON REPAYMENTS- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the repayment of a loan or other assistance provided from an infrastructure bank under this section may not be credited toward the non-Federal share of the cost of any project.

    (h) SECRETARIAL REQUIREMENTS- In administering this section, the Secretary shall--

      (1) ensure that Federal disbursements shall be at an annual rate of not more than 20 percent of the amount designated by the State for State infrastructure bank capitalization under subsection (c)(1), except that the Secretary may disburse funds to a State in an amount needed to finance a specific project; and

      (2) revise cooperative agreements entered into with States under section 350 of the National Highway System Designation Act of 1995 (Public Law 104-59) to comply with this section.

    (i) APPLICABILITY OF FEDERAL LAW-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The requirements of titles 23 and 49, United States Code, that would otherwise apply to funds made available under such title and projects assisted with those funds shall apply to--

        (A) funds made available under such title and contributed to an infrastructure bank established under this section, including the non-Federal contribution required under subsection (f); and

        (B) projects assisted by the bank through the use of the funds;

      except to the extent that the Secretary determines that any requirement of such title (other than sections 113 and 114 of title 23 and section 5333 of title 49), is not consistent with the objectives of this section.

      (2) REPAYMENTS- The requirements of titles 23 and 49, United States Code, shall apply to repayments from non-Federal sources to an infrastructure bank from projects assisted by the bank. Such a repayment shall be considered to be Federal funds.

    (j) UNITED STATES NOT OBLIGATED-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The contribution of Federal funds to an infrastructure bank established under this section shall not be construed as a commitment, guarantee, or obligation on the part of the United States to any third party. No third party shall have any right against the United States for payment solely by virtue of the contribution.

      (2) STATEMENT- Any security or debt financing instrument issued by the infrastructure bank shall expressly state that the security or instrument does not constitute a commitment, guarantee, or obligation of the United States.

    (k) MANAGEMENT OF FEDERAL FUNDS- Sections 3335 and 6503 of title 31, United States Code, shall not apply to funds contributed under this section.

    (l) PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION-

      (1) IN GENERAL- A State may expend not to exceed 2 percent of the Federal funds contributed to an infrastructure bank established by the State under this section to pay the reasonable costs of administering the bank.

      (2) NON-FEDERAL FUNDS- The limitation described in paragraph (1) shall not apply to non-Federal funds.

Subtitle F--High Priority Projects

SEC. 1601. HIGH PRIORITY PROJECTS PROGRAM.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by striking section 117 and inserting the following:

‘Sec. 117. High priority projects program

    ‘(a) AUTHORIZATION OF HIGH PRIORITY PROJECTS- The Secretary is authorized to carry out high priority projects with funds made available to carry out the high priority projects program under this section. Of amounts made available to carry out this section, the Secretary, subject to subsection (b), shall make available to carry out each project described in section 1602 of the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century the amount listed for such project in such section. Any amounts made available to carry out such program that are not allocated for projects described in such section shall be available to the Secretary, subject to subsection (b), to carry out such other high priority projects as the Secretary determines appropriate.

    ‘(b) ALLOCATION PERCENTAGES- For each project to be carried out with funds made available to carry out the high priority projects program under this section--

      ‘(1) 11 percent of such amount shall be available for obligation beginning in fiscal year 1998;

      ‘(2) 15 percent of such amount shall be available for obligation beginning in fiscal year 1999;

      ‘(3) 18 percent of such amount shall be available for obligation beginning in fiscal year 2000;

      ‘(4) 18 percent of such amount shall be available for obligation beginning in fiscal year 2001;

      ‘(5) 19 percent of such amount shall be available for obligation beginning in fiscal year 2002; and

      ‘(6) 19 percent of such amount shall be available for obligation beginning in fiscal year 2003.

    ‘(c) FEDERAL SHARE- The Federal share payable on account of any project carried out with funds made available to carry out this section shall be 80 percent of the total cost thereof.

    ‘(d) DELEGATION TO STATES- Subject to the provisions of this title, the Secretary shall delegate responsibility for carrying out a project or projects, with funds made available to carry out this section, to the State in which such project or projects are located upon request of such State.

    ‘(e) ADVANCE CONSTRUCTION- When a State which has been delegated responsibility for a project under this section--

      ‘(1) has obligated all funds allocated under this section and section 1602 of the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century for such project; and

      ‘(2) proceeds to construct such project without the aid of Federal funds in accordance with all procedures and all requirements applicable to such project, except insofar as such procedures and requirements limit the State to the construction of projects with the aid of Federal funds previously allocated to it;

    the Secretary, upon the approval of the application of a State, shall pay to the State the Federal share of the cost of construction of the project when additional funds are allocated for such project under this section and section 1602 of the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century.

    ‘(f) PERIOD OF AVAILABILITY- Funds made available to carry out this section shall remain available until expended.

    ‘(g) AVAILABILITY OF OBLIGATION LIMITATION- Obligation authority attributable to funds made available to carry out this section shall only be available for the purposes of this section and shall remain available until obligated pursuant to section 1102(g) of the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century.

    ‘(h) TREATMENT- Funds allocated to a State in accordance with this section shall be treated as amounts in addition to the amounts a State is apportioned under sections 104, 105, and 144 for programmatic purposes.’.

    (b) PURPOSE OF PROJECTS- Section 145 of such title is amended--

      (1) by inserting ‘(a) PROTECTION OF STATE SOVEREIGNTY- ’ before ‘The authorization’; and

      (2) by adding at the end the following:

    ‘(b) PURPOSE OF PROJECTS- The projects described in section 1602 of the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century, sections 1103 through 1108 of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (105 Stat. 2027 et seq.), and section 149(a) of the Surface Transportation and Uniform Relocation Assistance Act of 1987 (101 Stat. 181 et seq.) are intended to establish eligibility for Federal-aid highway funds made available for such projects by section 1101(a)(13) of the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century, 117 of title 23, United States Code, sections 1103 through 1108 of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991, and subsections (b), (c), and (d) of section 149 of the Surface Transportation and Uniform Relocation Assistance Act of 1987, respectively, and are not intended to define the scope or limits of Federal action in a manner inconsistent with subsection (a).’.

    (c) CONFORMING AMENDMENT- The analysis for chapter 1 of such title is amended by striking the item relating to section 117 and inserting the following:

      ‘117. High priority projects program.’.

SEC. 1602. PROJECT AUTHORIZATIONS.

    Subject to section 117 of title 23, United States Code, the amount listed for each high priority project in the following table shall be available (from amounts made available by section 1101(a)(13) of the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century) for fiscal years 1998 through 2003 to carry out each such project:

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
No.                  State                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Project description (Dollars in millions) 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
Georgia              I-75 advanced transportation management system in Cobb County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     1.275                       
2.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
Ohio                 Relocate Washington Street/SR 149 within Bellaire city limits in Belmont County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       2                       
3.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
Virginia             Commuter and freight rail congestion and mitigation project over Quantico Creek                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     7.5                       
4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
Michigan             Construct bike path between Mount Clemens and New Baltimore                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        3.75                       
5.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
California           Extend I-10 HOV lanes, Los Angeles                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2.205                       
6.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
Utah                 Reconstruct U.S. 89 and interchange at 200 North in Kaysville                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      5.25                       
7.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
Ohio                 Upgrade North Road between U.S. 422 and East Market Street, Trumbull County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         1.2                       
8.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
Tennessee            Alternative transportation systems, Rutherford                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      5.1                       
9.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
New York             Improve Long Ridge Road from Pound Ridge Road to Connecticut State line                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             1.4                       
10.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
New York             I-87 Noise Abatement Program                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        7.5                       
11.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
California           Upgrade access road to Mare Island                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 0.75                       
12.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Texas                Reconstruct FM 364 between Humble Road and I-10, Beaumont                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           3.6                       
13.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Washington           Construct pedestrian access and safety on Deception Pass Bridge, Deception Pass State Park, Washington                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1                       
14.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Ohio                 Conduct feasibility study for inclusion of U.S. 22 as part of the Interstate System                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 0.1                       
15.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
New York             Improve Route 9 in Dutchess County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 1.14                       
16.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
California           Reconstruct State Route 81 (Sierra Avenue) and I-10 Interchange in Fontana                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          7.5                       
17.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
New York             Reconstruct Springfield Boulevard between the Long Island Rail main line south to Rockaway Boulevard, Queens County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   3                       
18.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Tennessee            Reconstruction of U.S. 414 in Henderson County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     3.75                       
19.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
New Jersey           Upgrade Market Street/Essex Street and Rochelle Avenue/Main Street to facilitate access to Routes 17 and 80, Bergen County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         3.75                       
20.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Pennsylvania         U.S. 209 Marshall’s Creek Traffic Relief project in Monroe County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   7.5                       
21.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Louisiana            Replace ferry in Plaquemines Parish                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1.6125                       
22.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Arkansas             Construct access routes between interstate highway, industrial park and Slackwater Harbor, Little Rock                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             0.75                       
23.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Georgia              Reconstruct SR 26/U.S. 60 from Bull River to Lazaretto Creek                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     2.6625                       
24.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
California           Improve SR 91/Green River Road interchange                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        4.875                       
25.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Ohio                 Construct new bridge over Muskingum River and highway approaches, Washington County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 1.5                       
26.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Virginia             Widen Route 123 from Prince William County line to State Route 645 in Fairfax County, Virginia                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      7.5                       
27.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
California           Improve the interchange at Cabo and Nason Street in Moreno Valley                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   4.5                       
28.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Nevada               Canamex Corridor Innovative Urban Renovation project in Henderson                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  5.25                       
29.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
California           Construct bikeways, Santa Maria                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   0.384                       
30.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Louisiana            Expand Harding Road from Scenic Highway to the Mississippi River and construct an information center                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2.7                       
31.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Florida              West Palm Beach Traffic Calming Project  on U.S. 1 and Flagur Drive                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               11.25                       
32.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Oregon               Construct bike path paralleling 42nd Street to link with existing bike path, Springfield                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            0.6                       
33.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Illinois             Construct elevated walkway between Centre Station and arena                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         0.9                       
34.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Pennsylvania         Construct Ardmore Streetscape project                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              0.45                       
35.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
California           Construct San Diego and Arizona Eastern Intermodal Yard, San Ysidro                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  10                       
36.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
New Jersey           Replace Clove Road bridge over tributary of Mill Brook and Clove Brook in Sussex County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            0.75                       
37.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Oregon               Design and engineering for Newberg--Dundee Bypass                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 0.375                       
38.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Ohio                 Upgrade U.S. Route 33 between vicinity of Haydenville to Floodwood (Nelsonville Bypass)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            3.75                       
39.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Connecticut          Revise interchange ramp on to Route 72 northbound from I-84 East in Plainville, Connecticut                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2.8125                       
40.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Alaska               Construct Spruce Creek Bridge in Soldotna                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0.2625                       
41.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
New York             Undertake studies, planning, engineering, design and construction of  a tunnel alternative to reconstruction of existing elevated expressway (Gowanus tunnel project)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                18                       
42.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Virginia             Reconstruct SR 168 (Battlefield Boulevard) in Chesapeake                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              6                       
43.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Pennsylvania         Upgrade PA 228 (Crows Run Corridor)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 5.4                       
44.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
New York             Upgrade and improve Saratoga to Albany intermodal transportation corridor                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          12.2                       
45.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Pennsylvania         Widen Montgomery Alley and improve pedestrian and parking facilites in the vicinity of the Falling Spring, Chambersburg                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               2                       
46.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Nebraska             Corridor study for Plattsmouth Bridge area to U.S. 75 and Horning Road                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           0.2625                       
47.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Pennsylvania         Construct SR 3019 over Great Trough Creek in Huntingdon County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    0.375                       
48.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Pennsylvania         Improve PA 56 from I-99 to Somerset County Line in Bedford County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  0.75                       
49.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Connecticut          Replace Windham Road bridge, Windham                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1.5                       
50.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Tennessee            Upgrade Briley Parkway between I-40 and Opryland                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    4.2                       
51.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Pennsylvania         Renovate Harrisburg Transportation Center in Dauphin County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       1.875                       
52.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Oregon               Construct phase I: Highway 99 to Biddle Road of the Highway 62 corridor solutions project                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        15.625                       
53.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Washington           Construct traffic signals on U.S. 2 at Olds Owens Road and 5th Street in Sultan, Washington                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       0.257                       
54.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
New York             Upgrade Route 17 between Five Mile Point and Occanum, Broome County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                12.6                       
55.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Texas                Improve U.S. 82, East-West Freeway between Memphis Avenue and University Avenue                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    12.3                       
56.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Tennessee            Construct Stones River Greenway, Davidson                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           8.2                       
57.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Minnesota            Conduct study of potential for diversion of traffic from the I-35 corridor to commuter rail, Chicago County north of Forest Lake along I-35 corridor to Rush City                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 0.375                       
58.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Minnesota            Upgrade 10th Street South, Street Cloud                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           1.125                       
59.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Tennessee            Improve State Road 95 from Westover Drive to SR 62 in Roane and Anderson Counties                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 3.675                       
60.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
California           Construct Ontario International Airport ground access program                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      10.5                       
61.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Iowa                 Construct four-lane expressway between Des Moines and Marshalltown                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  7.5                       
62.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Texas                Upgrade FM 225, Nacogdoches                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           3                       
63.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Ohio                 Upgrade U.S. Route 35 between vicinity of Chillicothe to Village of Richmond Dale                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  3.75                       
64.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Indiana              Upgrade 93rd Avenue in Merrillville                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               4.425                       
65.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
California           Improve streets and construct bicycle path, Westlake Village                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      0.236                       
66.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Pennsylvania         Upgrade I-95 between Lehigh Avenue and Columbia Avenue and improvements to Girard Avenue/I-95 interchange, Philadelphia                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           21.45                       
67.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Michigan             Construct I-96/Beck Wixom Road interchange                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         1.95                       
68.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Pennsylvania         Construct I-95/Route 332 interchange                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1.5                       
69.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
California           Improve streets and construct bicycle path, Calabasas                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              0.75                       
70.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
New York             Construct Hutton Bridge Project                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       1                       
71.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Ohio                 Restore Main and First Streets to two-way traffic, Miamisburg                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    0.3375                       
72.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Virginia             Widen I-64 Bland Boulevard interchange                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          25.8375                       
73.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Washington           Widen Cook Road in Skagit County, Washington                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        3.1                       
74.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
New York             Construct interchange and connector road using ITS testbed capabilities at I-90 Exit 8                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            8.775                       
75.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
New York             Construct Edgewater Road Dedicated Truck Route                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        9                       
76.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Illinois             Upgrade Illinois 336 between Illinois 61 to south of Loraine                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      3.825                       
77.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Michigan             Reconstruct Bagley Street and improve Genschaw Road, Alpena                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0.45                       
78.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
California           Construct Third Street South Bay Basin Bridge, San Francisco                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      9.375                       
79.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
New Mexico           Improve I-25 at Raton Pass                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            9                       
80.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Pennsylvania         Construct Mon-Fayette Expressway between Union Town and Brownsville                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  20                       
81.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Michigan             Upgrade Hill Road corridor between I-75 to Dort Highway, Genesee County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2.25                       
82.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Georgia              Improve GA 316 in Gwinnett County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                30.675                       
83.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
North Carolina       Construct segment of new freeway, including right-of-way acquisition, between East of U.S. 401 to I-95, and bridge over Cape Fear River                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              12                       
84.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Florida              Construct U.S. 98/Thomas Drive interchange                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         8.25                       
85.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Illinois             Construct I-64/North Greenmount Road interchange, St. Clair County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  3.6                       
86.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
South Carolina       Three River Greenway Project to and from Gervals Street in Columbia                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                3.75                       
87.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
New York             Upgrade Chenango County Route 32 in Norwich                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         1.6                       
88.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Maine                Construct I-95/Stillwater Avenue interchange                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1.5                       
89.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Massachusetts        Construct I-495/Route 2 interchange east of existing interchange to provide access to commuter rail station, Littleton                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             3.15                       
90.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Connecticut          Construct Seaview Avenue Corridor project                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           2.5                       
91.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Texas                Construct transportation improvements as part of redevelopment of Kelly AFB, San Antonio                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           3.75                       
92.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Texas                Conduct pipeline express study through Texas Transportation Institute (A&M University)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1.125                       
93.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Illinois             Undertake improvements to Campus Transportation System, Chicago                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     1.5                       
94.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Pennsylvania         Improve walking and biking trails between Easton and Lehigh Gorge State Park within the Delaware and Lehigh Canal National Heritage Corridor                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2.1                       
95.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Michigan             Upgrade and make improvements to the Walton Corridor project including segments of Walton Boulevard, Baldwin and Joslyn Roads, and Telegraph Road                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  10.5                       
96.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
North Carolina       Construct Charlotte Western Outer Loop freeway, Mecklenburg County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   12                       
97.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Tennessee            Reconstruct U.S. 79 between Milan and McKenzie                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        3                       
98.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Virginia             Undertake access improvements for Freemason Harbor Development Initiative, Norfolk                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1.5                       
99.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
Pennsylvania         Upgrade U.S. Route 119 between Homer City and Blairsville                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          3.05                       
100.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Minnesota            Construct pedestrian bridge over TH 169 in Elk River                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            0.53025                       
101.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Georgia              Construct Athens to Atlanta Transportation Corridor                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   6                       
102.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Alabama              Initiate construction on controlled access highway between the Eastern edge of Madison County and Mississippi State line                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              3                       
103.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Texas                Construct improvments along U.S. 69 including frontage roads, Jefferson County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     5.76                       
104.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
New York             Rehabilitate Broadway Bridge, New York City                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         1.5                       
105.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Ohio                 Reconstruct Morgan County 37 in Morgan County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       0.4                       
106.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
California           Improve Mission Boulevard in San Bernardino, California                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             0.5                       
107.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Indiana              Widen 116th Street in Carmel                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1.125                       
108.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Illinois             Undertake traffic mitigation and circulation enhancements, 57th and Lake Shore Drive                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2                       
109.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Georgia              Construct Rome to Memphis Highway in Floyd and Bartow Counties                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    0.584                       
110.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Ohio                 Construct highway-rail grade separations on Snow Road in Brook Park                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                4.75                       
111.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Kentucky             Construct highway-rail grade separations along the City Lead in Paducah                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           0.825                       
112.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Illinois             Resurface S. Chicago Avenue from 71st to 95th Streets, Chicago                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    0.795                       
113.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Minnesota            Upgrade TH 13 between TH 77 and I-494                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               1.5                       
114.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Kentucky             Redevelop and improve ground access to Louisville Waterfront District in Louisville, Kentucky                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2.84                       
115.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
South Dakota         Construct U.S. 16 Hell Canyon Bridge and approaches in Custer County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              0.441                       
116.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Georgia              Resurface Davis Drive, Green Street, and North Houston Road in Warner Robins                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0.3                       
117.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Pennsylvania         Construct highway-transit transfer facility in Lemoyne                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1.5                       
118.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Georgia              Upgrade I-75 between the Crisp/Dooly County line to the Florida State line                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         8.25                       
119.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
New Jersey           Conduct Route 46 Corridor Improvement Project with the amount provided, $8,625,000 for the Route 46/Riverview Drive Interchange reconstruction project, $12,675,000 for the Route 46/Van Houton Avenue reconstruction project, and $3,075,000 for the Route 46/Union Boulevard interchange reconstruction project                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                24.375                       
120.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Mississippi          Construct segment 2 of the Jackson University Parkway in Jackson                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 0.6875                       
121.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
New Jersey           Improve grade separations on the Garden State Parkway in Cape May County, New Jersey                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               10.5                       
122.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Pennsylvania         Construct access to site of former Philadelphia Naval Shipyard and Base, Philadelphia                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               1.5                       
123.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Idaho                Reconstruct U.S. 95 from Bellgrove to Mica                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            9                       
124.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Illinois             Improve access to 93rd Street Station, Chicago                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     2.25                       
125.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Illinois             Rehabilitate WPA Streets in Chicago                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 4.7                       
126.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Minnesota            Construct grade crossing improvements, Morrison County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             1.35                       
127.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Kentucky             Extend Hurstbourne Parkway from Bardstown Road to Fern Valley Road                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 4.56                       
128.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Texas                Upgrade SH 130 in Caldwell and Williamson Counties                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 0.75                       
129.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Massachusetts        Construct bikeway between Blackstone and Worcester                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    6                       
130.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
New York             Rehabilitate roads, Village of Great Neck                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          0.12                       
131.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Virginia             Widen I-81 in Roanoke and Botetourt Counties and in Rockbridge, Augusta and Rockingham Counties                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       4                       
132.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Illinois             Construct an interchange at I-90 and Illinois Route 173 in Rockford                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               5.625                       
133.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Illinois             Engineering for Peoria to Chicago expressway                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          5                       
134.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Pennsylvania         Construct access improvements between exits 56 and 57 off I-81 in Lackawanna                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1.275                       
135.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
California           Reconstruct Tennessee Valley Bridge, Marin County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  0.75                       
136.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Michigan             Improvements to Card Road between 21 Mile Road and 23 Mile Road in Macomb County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  0.975                       
137.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Illinois             Construct Veterans Parkway from Eastland Drive to Commerce Parkway in Bloomington                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  7.88                       
138.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
New York             Conduct safety study and improve I-90 in Downtown Buffalo                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           0.4                       
139.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Minnesota            Upgrade CSAH 1 from CSAH 61 to 0.8 miles north                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     0.36                       
140.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Pennsylvania         Construct access road and parking facilities, Valley Forge National Historic Park, Valley Forge                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       3                       
141.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Illinois             Construct Orchard Road Bridge over the Fox River                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   5.25                       
142.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Missouri             Construct U.S. 412 corridor from Kennett to Hayti, Missouri                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           6                       
143.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Michigan             Upgrade M 84 connector between Tittabawasee Road and M 13, Bay and Saginaw Counties                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              13.135                       
144.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Louisiana            Increase capacity of Lake Pontchartrain Causeway                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1                       
145.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Tennessee            Improve the Elizabethon Connector from U.S. 312 to U.S. 19 East                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  6.3375                       
146.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Texas                Construct Austin to San Antonio Corridor                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          5.625                       
147.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Pennsylvania         Make safety improvements on PA Route 61 (Dusselfink Safety Project) between Route 183 in Cressona and SR 0215 in Mount Carbon                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         7                       
148.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Tennessee            Improve State Route 92 from I-40 to South of Jefferson City                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      3.4125                       
149.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Illinois             Planning, engineering and first phase construction of beltway connector, Decatur                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2                       
150.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Indiana              Safety improvements to McKinley and Riverside Avenues in Muncie                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   6.825                       
151.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Georgia              Widen Georgia Route 6/U.S. 278 in Polk County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     5.666                       
152.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Arkansas             Widen 28th Street and related improvements in Van Buren, Arkansas                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  0.75                       
153.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Tennessee            Reconstruct Old Walland Highway bridge over Little River in Townsend                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               1.26                       
154.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Missouri             Construct  Highway 36 Hannibal Bridge and approaches in Marion County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               2.4                       
155.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Minnesota            Construct Cass County Public Trails Corridors                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      0.18                       
156.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Alabama              Construct Eastern Black Warrior River Bridge                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         13                       
157.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Michigan             Construct Monroe Rail Consolidation Project, Monroe                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 4.5                       
158.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Illinois             Rehabilitate 95th Street between 54th Place and 50th Avenue, Oak Lawn                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               0.6                       
159.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
New York             Construct Hamilton Street interchange in Erwin, New York                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         12.375                       
160.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
New York             Improve 6th and Columbia Street project in Elmira                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 0.525                       
161.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
California           Enhance Fort Bragg and Willitis passenger stations                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0.275                       
162.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
New York             Capital improvements for the car float operations in Brooklyn, New York, for the New York City Economic Development Corp                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             14                       
163.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
New Jersey           Construct New Jersey Exit 13A Flyover (extension of Kapowski Road to Trumbull Street)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 2                       
164.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Pennsylvania         Relocate U.S. 22 around the Borough of Holidaysburg, PA, or other projects in the counties of Bedford, Blair, Centre, Franklin, Mifflin, Fulton and Clearfield, and Huntingdon as selected by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       25                       
165.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Wyoming              Construct Jackson-Teton Pathway in Teton County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     1.5                       
166.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Michigan             Construct improvements to 23 Mile Road between Mound Road and M 53, Macomb County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2.25                       
167.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Michigan             Early preliminary engineering/preliminary engineering to U.S. 131 B.R./Industrial Connector, Kalamazoo, Michigan                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1.5                       
168.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Illinois             Construct improvements to segment of Town Creek Road, Jackson County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              0.975                       
169.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Vermont              Replace Missisquoi Bay Bridge                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        12                       
170.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Massachusetts        Upgrade Sacramento Street underpass, Somerville                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  0.1875                       
171.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Oregon               Study and design I-5/Beltline Road interchange reconstruction                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         3                       
172.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Massachusetts        Construct accessibility improvments to Charles Street T Station, Boston                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               3                       
173.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
California           Widen and improve I-5/State Route 126 interchange in Valencia                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    10.425                       
174.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Arkansas             Widen Highway 65/82 from Pine Bluff to the Mississippi State line                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 5.375                       
175.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Ohio                 Rehabilitate Martin Luther King, Jr. Bridge, Toledo                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 1.5                       
176.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
California           Upgrade I-880, Alameda                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              7.5                       
177.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Illinois             Right-of-way acquisition for segment of Alton Bypass between Illinois 143 to Illinois 140 near Alton                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  3                       
178.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Georgia              Conduct study of a multimodal transportation corridor along GA 400                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                17.25                       
179.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Illinois             Reconstruct Dixie Highway, Harvey                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0.3705                       
180.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Tennessee            Construct State Route 131 from Gill Road to Bishop Road                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             1.8                       
181.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Washington           Construct Port of Kalama River Bridge                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             0.675                       
182.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Virginia             Upgrade Virginia Route 10, Surrey County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           0.75                       
183.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Iowa                 Reconstruct U.S. Highway 218 between 7th and 20th Streets inlcuding center turn lane from Hubenthal Place to Carbide Lane, Keokuk                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   2.5                       
184.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Oregon               Repair bridge over Rogue River, Gold Beach                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           10                       
185.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
New Jersey           Construct pedestrian bridge in Washington Township                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 2.25                       
186.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Ohio                 Construct Chesapeake Bypass, Lawrence County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       3.75                       
187.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
California           Rehabilitate historic train depot in San Bernadino                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2.625                       
188.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Michigan             Construct improvements to Linden Road between Maple Avenue and Pierson Road, Genessee County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0.9                       
189.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Alabama              Construct Crepe Myrtle Trail near Mobile                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1.2                       
190.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
New York             Reconstruct Route 23/Route 205 intersection in Oneonta                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             0.85                       
191.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Rhode Island         Reconstruct interchanges on Route 116 between Route 146 and Ashton Viaduct, Lincoln                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             0.33375                       
192.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Michigan             Construct route improvements along Washington Avenue between Janes Avenue to Johnson Street and East Genesee Avenue between Saginaw River and Janes Avenue, Saginaw                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 2.7                       
193.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
California           Realign and improve California Route 79 in Riverside County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         4.5                       
194.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Michigan             Construct Tawas Beach Road/U.S. 23 interchange improvements, East Tawas                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1.65                       
195.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Illinois             Rehabilitate Timber Bridge over Little Muddy River and approach roadway, Perry County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             0.105                       
196.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Texas                Construct East Loop, Brownsville                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   0.75                       
197.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Mississippi          Upgrade Cowan-Lorraine Road between I-10 and U.S. 90, Harrison County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               8.5                       
198.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
California           Construct Alameda Corridor East project                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          9.5625                       
199.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Washington           Construct I-5 interchanges in Lewis County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       4.9875                       
200.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Minnesota            Undertake improvements to Hennepin County Bikeway                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   3.9                       
201.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Illinois             Construct Alton Bypass from IL 40 to Fosterburg Road                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1.875                       
202.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Louisiana            Construct Houma-Thibodaux to I-10 connector from Gramercy to Houma                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2.325                       
203.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Illinois             Study for new bridge over Mississippi River with terminus points in Street Clair County and Street Louis, MO                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       1.05                       
204.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
New York             Rehabilitate Queens Boulevard/Sunnyside Yard Bridge, New York City                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    6                       
205.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
North Carolina       Construct segment of I-74 between Maxton Bypass and NC 710, Robeson County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1.5                       
206.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Alabama              Conduct engineering, acquire right-of-way and construct the Birmingham Northern Beltline in Jefferson County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         17                       
207.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
South Dakota         Replace Meridan Bridge                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             3.25                       
208.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Ohio                 Upgrade Route 82, Strongsville                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     5.25                       
209.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Mississippi          Construct I-20/Norrell Road interchange, Hinds County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              3.75                       
210.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Wisconsin            Reconstruct U.S. Highway 151, Waupun to Fond du Lac                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                19.5                       
211.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Michigan             Improve Kent County Airport road access in Grand Rapids, Michigan by extending 36th Street, improving 48th Street and constructing the I-96/Whitneyville interchange                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              11.28                       
212.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Pennsylvania         Replace Dellville Bridge in Wheatfield                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             0.75                       
213.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
California           Upgrade Ft. Irwin Road from I-15 to Fort Irwin                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1.125                       
214.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
New York             Reconstruct 127th Street viaduct, New York City                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     1.5                       
215.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Arkansas             Upgrade U.S. Route 67, Newport to Missouri State line                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               1.5                       
216.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Louisiana            Extend Howard Avenue to Union Passenger Terminal, New Orleans                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         6                       
217.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Colorado             Complete the Powers Boulevard north extension in Colorado Springs                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     9                       
218.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Pennsylvania         Widen U.S. 30 from U.S. 222 to PA 340 and from PA 283 to PA 741                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       9                       
219.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Pennsylvania         Upgrade Route 219 between Meyersdale and Somerset                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   2.4                       
220.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Mississippi          Widen MS 15 from Laurel to Louiseville                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              7.5                       
221.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
California           Construct bike paths, Thousand Oaks                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               0.625                       
222.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Texas                Investigate strategies to reduce congestion and facilitate access at the international border crossing in Roma                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    0.375                       
223.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Wisconsin            Upgrade Marshfield Boulevard, Marshfield                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           3.75                       
224.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Wisconsin            Construct Abbotsford Bypass                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         4.5                       
225.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
New York             Reconstruct Route 25/Route 27 intersection in Street Lawrence County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               0.75                       
226.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
California           Upgrade access to Sylmar/San Fernando Metrolink Station and Westfield Village, Los Angeles                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0.375                       
227.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Tennessee            Construct park and ride intermodal centers for Nashville/Middle Tennessee Commuter Rail                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               8                       
228.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Illinois             Upgrade Street Marie Township Road, Jasper County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 0.036                       
229.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Illinois             Resurface 95th Street between Western Avenue and Stony Island Boulevard, Chicago                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   2.34                       
230.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
New York             Construct new exit 46A on I-90 at Route 170 in North Chili                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            6                       
231.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Indiana              Upgrade 4 warning devices on north/south rail line from Terre Haute to Evansville                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   0.3                       
232.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
California           Improve SR 70 from Marysville Bypass to Oroville Freeway                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           6.25                       
233.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Dist. of Columbia    Implement Geographical Information System                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           7.5                       
234.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
California           Construct connector between I-5 and SR 113 and reconstruct I-5 interchange with Road 102, Woodland                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 11.5                       
235.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Pennsylvania         Reconstruct State Route 2001 in Pike County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        6.75                       
236.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
California           Upgrade I-680 Corridor, Alameda County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              7.5                       
237.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Louisiana            Reconstruct I-10 and Ryan Street access ramps and frontage street improvements, Lake Charles                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          6                       
238.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Arkansas             Construct access route to Northwest Arkansas Regional Airport in Highfill                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            12                       
239.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Pennsylvania         Reconstruct structures and adjacent roadway, Etna and Aspenwall (design and right-of-way acquisition phases), Allegheny County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2                       
240.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Alaska               Construct capital improvements to intermodal freight and passenger facilities servicing the Alaska Marine Highway and other related transportation modes in Seward provided that the state public authority which owns the current intermodal facilities carries out this project with the entire amount of funds provided                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          4.5                       
241.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Illinois             Construct improvements to Pleasant Hill Road, Carbondale                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1.425                       
242.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Florida              Deploy magnetic lane marking system on I-4                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0.375                       
243.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Texas                Extend Texas State Highway 154 between U.S. 80W and State Highway 43S                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             4.675                       
244.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Minnesota            Upgrade CSAH 16 between TH 53 and CSAH 4                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           4.05                       
245.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Pennsylvania         Upgrade U.S. Route 22, Chickory Mountain section                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   4.85                       
246.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Arkansas             Improve Arkansas State Highway 12 from U.S. 71 at Rainbow Curve to Northwest Arkansas Regional Airport                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            0.375                       
247.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Massachusetts        Implement Cape and Islands Rural Roads Initiative, Cape Cod                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       0.375                       
248.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Massachusetts        Reconstruct roadways, Somerville                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   2.25                       
249.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Washington           Construct Washington Pass visitor facilities on North Cascades Highway                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              0.9                       
250.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Indiana              Construct Hazel Dell Parkway from 96th Street to 146th Street in Carmel                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           4.125                       
251.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Georgia              Upgrade Lithonia Industrial Boulevard, De Kalb County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             0.375                       
252.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Wisconsin            Upgrade STH 29 between IH 94 and Chippewa Falls                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     4.5                       
253.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Kansas               Construct Diamond interchange at Antioch and I-435                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 7.56                       
254.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
California           Reconstruct I-215 and construct HOV lanes between 2nd Street and 9th Street, San Bernardino                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2.0625                       
255.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Iowa                 Relocate U.S. 61 to bypass Fort Madison                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2.25                       
256.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Illinois             Construct Richton Road, Crete                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       1.5                       
257.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Ohio                 Upgrade U.S. 30 from SR 235 in Hancock County to the Ontario bypass in Richland County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            11.25                       
258.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Florida              Construct access road to Street Johns Avenue Industrial Park                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       0.75                       
259.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Pennsylvania         Design, engineer, ROW acquisition and construct the Luzerne County Community College Road between S.R. 2002 and S.R. 3004 one-mile west of Center Street through S.R. 2008 in the vicinity of Prospect Street and the Luzerne County Community College, including a new interchange on S.R. 0029                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   10.5                       
260.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Louisiana            Construct State Highway 3241/State Highway 1088/I-12 interchange in St. Tammany Parish                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              8.5                       
261.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Illinois             Improve access to Rantoul Aviation Center in Rantoul                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1.6                       
262.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Virginia             Improve Harrisonburg East Side roadways in Harrisonburg                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             0.5                       
263.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
California           Upgrade Highway 99 between State Highway 70 and Lincoln Road, Sutter County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         7.3                       
264.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Indiana              Extend East 56th Street in Lawrence                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               4.875                       
265.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
New York             Construct the Mineola intermodal facility and Hicksville intermodal facility in Nassau County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      10.5                       
266.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Texas                Upgrade IH 30 between Dallas and Ft. Worth                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        21.75                       
267.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Massachusetts        Construct improvements to North Main Street in Worcester                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1.8                       
268.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Arkansas             Study and construct a multi-modal facility Russellville                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            0.75                       
269.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
New York             Judd Road Connector in New Hartford and Whitestown                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 30.3                       
270.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Oregon               Upgrade I-5, Salem                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    3                       
271.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
California           Upgrade call boxes throughout Santa Barbara County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1.125                       
272.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Wisconsin            Upgrade U.S. Route 10 between Waupaca to U.S. Route 41                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                6                       
273.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Iowa                 Reconstruct I-235 and improve the interchange for access to the ML King Parkway                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   5.175                       
274.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Pennsylvania         Construct Steel Heritage Trail between Glenwood Bridge to Clairton via McKeesport                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   0.3                       
275.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Idaho                Construct critical interchanges and grade-crossings on U.S. 20 between Idaho Falls and Chester                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      7.5                       
276.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Utah                 Construct Cache Valley Highway in Logan                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            5.25                       
277.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Massachusetts        Upgrade Route 3 between Route 128/I-95 to Massachusetts and New Hampshire State Line                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               6.15                       
278.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Indiana              Construct Hoosier Heartland from Lafayette to Ft. Wayne                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           18.75                       
279.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
New York             Conduct traffic calming study on National Scenic Byway Route 5 in Hamburg                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           0.3                       
280.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
California           Construct I-5 rail grade crossings between I-605 and State Route 91, Los Angeles and Orange Counties                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              15.09                       
281.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Massachusetts        Undertake improvements to South Station Intermodal Station                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         2.25                       
282.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Massachusetts        Reconstruct Bates Bridge over Merrimack River                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         3                       
283.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Illinois             Upgrade Wood Street between Little Calumet River to 171st Street, Dixmore, Harvey, Markham, Hazel Crest                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          0.7425                       
284.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Pennsylvania         Construct safety and capacity improvements to Route 309 and Old Packhouse Road including widening of Old Packhouse Road between Kids Peace National Hospital to Route 309                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          6.15                       
285.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Illinois             Reconstruct Mt. Erie Blacktop in Mt. Erie                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         3.385                       
286.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Michigan             Repair 48th Avenue, Menominee                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    0.2025                       
287.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Texas                Reconstruct intermodal connectors on Highway 78 and Highway 544 in Wylie                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            5.5                       
288.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Georgia              Conduct a study of transportation alternatives in Northwest Georgia between Atlanta and Chattanooga                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                3.75                       
289.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Louisiana            Reconstruct Jefferson Lakefront bikepath in Jefferson Parish                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1                       
290.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
New York             Construct Midtown West Intermodal Ferry Terminal, New York City                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     3.5                       
291.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Maine                Construct I-295 connector, Portland                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               3.375                       
292.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Colorado             Construct I-25 truck lane from Lincoln Avenue to Castle Pines Parkway in Douglas County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2.25                       
293.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
New Jersey           Widen Route 1 from Pierson Avenue to Inman Avenue in Middlesex County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              5.25                       
294.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
New York             Construct intermodal transportation hub in Patchogue                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1.875                       
295.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
New York             Improve Route 281 in Cortland                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      6.75                       
296.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
California           Construct State Route 76 in Northern San Diego                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      7.5                       
297.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Illinois             Congestion mitigation for Illinois Route 31 and Illinois Route 62 intersection in Algonquin                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           9                       
298.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Pennsylvania         Improve South Central Business Park in Fulton County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               0.75                       
299.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
California           Willits Bypass, Highway 101 in Mendocino County, California                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0.65                       
300.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Texas                Upgrade FM 1764 between FM 646 to State Highway 6                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2.25                       
301.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Ohio                 Construct Intermodal Industrial Park in Wellsville                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 3.04                       
302.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Texas                Construct U.S. Expressway 77/83 interchange, Harlingen                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            5.625                       
303.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Georgia              Construct Harry S. Truman Parkway                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2.6625                       
304.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Maryland             Upgrade I-95/I-495 interchange at Ritchie Marlboro Road, Prince Georges County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      3.6                       
305.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
New York             Construct CR 82 from Montauk Highway to Sunrise Highway in Suffolk County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         0.435                       
306.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Pennsylvania         PA 26 over Piney Creek 2-bridges in Bedford County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  0.6                       
307.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Illinois             Intersection improvements at 79th and Stoney Island Boulevard, Chicago                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1.305                       
308.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
New York             Construct CR-85 from Foster Avenue to CR-97 in Suffolk County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     0.675                       
309.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
New York             Construct Phase II of the City of Mount Vernon’s New Haven Railroad Redevelopment project                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             2                       
310.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Alabama              Construct improvements to 41st Street between 1st Avenue South and Airport Highway, Birmingham                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     0.75                       
311.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Alaska               Improve roads in Kotzebue                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1.7625                       
312.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Pennsylvania         Conduct preliminary engineering on the relocation of exits 4 and 5 on I-83 in York County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           1.5                       
313.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
North Carolina       Construct I-540 from east of NC Route 50 to east of U.S. Route 1 in Wake County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    9.75                       
314.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Alabama              Construct enhancements along 12th Street between State Highway 11 and Baptist Princeton Hospital, Birmingham                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0.6                       
315.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Pennsylvania         Conduct highway research, Drexel University                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           1                       
316.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Illinois             Improve IL 113 in Kankakee                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         5.55                       
317.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Texas                Upgrade JFK Causeway, Corpus Christi                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               2.25                       
318.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Pennsylvania         Construct Philadelphia Intermodal Gateway Project at 30th Street Station                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              6                       
319.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Wisconsin            Construct STH 26/U.S. 41 Interchange in Oshkosh                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2.25                       
320.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
California           Improve and widen Forest Hill Road in Placer County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 2.7                       
321.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Florida              ITS improvements on U.S. 19 in Pasco County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         1.5                       
322.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Nebraska             Conduct corridor study from Wayne to Vermillion-Newcastle bridge                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 0.4125                       
323.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Oregon               Construct right-of-way improvements to provide improved pedestrian access to MAX light rail, Gresham                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1                       
324.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Virginia             Repair historic wooden bridges along portion of Virginia Creeper Trail maintained by Town of Abingdon                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              0.75                       
325.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Oregon               Reconstruct Lovejoy ramp, Portland                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    5                       
326.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Washington           Widen SR 99 between 148th Street and King County Line in Lynnwood                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   2.7                       
327.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Minnesota            Construct Trunk Highway 169 Causeway, Itasca County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               6.075                       
328.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Louisiana            Conduct a feasibility and design study of Louisiana Highway 30 between Louisiana Highway 44 and I-10                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1.5                       
329.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Indiana              Reconstruct U.S. Route 231 between junction of State Road 66 to Dubois County line                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  0.6                       
330.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Massachusetts        Construct Greenfield-Montague Bikeways, Franklin County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           0.675                       
331.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
California           Improve highway access to Humboldt Bay and Harbor Port                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            0.275                       
332.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Virginia             Construct road improvement, trailhead development and related facilities for Haysi to Breaks Interstate Bicycle and Pedestrain Trail between Haysi and Garden Hole area of Breaks Interstate Park                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  0.25                       
333.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Pennsylvania         Replace Grant Street Bridge, New Castle                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             1.8                       
334.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
North Dakota         Upgrade U.S. Route 52 between Donnybrook and U.S. Route 2                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           1.8                       
335.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Florida              Construct Wonderwood Connector from Mayport to Arlington, Duval County, Florida                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  27.725                       
336.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
California           Construct pedestrian boardwalk between terminus of Pismo Promenade at Pismo Creek and Grande Avenue in Gover Beach                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0.375                       
337.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Pennsylvania         Construct PA 283 North Union Street ramps in Dauphin County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1.8375                       
338.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
New Jersey           Upgrade Garden State Parkway Exit 142                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              22.5                       
339.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Minnesota            Extend County State Highway 61 extension into Two Harbors                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           0.6                       
340.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Minnesota            Reconstruct and replace I-494 Wakota Bridge from South St. Paul to Newport, and approaches                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         9.75                       
341.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Texas                Reconstruct and widen I-35 between North of Georgetown at Loop 418 to U.S. Route 190                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  6                       
342.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Georgia              Undertake major arterial enhancements in De Kalb County with the amount provided as follows: $5,250,000 for Candler Road, $5,625,000 for Memorial Drive, and $675,000 for Bufford Highway                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         11.55                       
343.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Illinois             Consolidate rail tracks and eliminate grade crossings as part of Gateway Intermodal Terminal access project                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       1.125                       
344.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Ohio                 Replace I-280 bridge over Maumee River, Toledo area                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  18                       
345.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Pennsylvania         Eliminate 16 at-grade rail crossings through Erie                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     8                       
346.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Arkansas             Construct Geyer Springs RR grade separation, Little Rock                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           0.75                       
347.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Wisconsin            Construct Chippewa Falls Bypass                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     4.5                       
348.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Kentucky             Correct rock hazard on U.S. 127 in Russell County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               0.02625                       
349.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Kentucky             Widen U.S. 27 from Norwood to Eubank                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               22.5                       
350.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Virginia             Conduct Williamsburg 2007 transportation study                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    0.325                       
351.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Virginia             Construct I-95/State Route 627 interchange in Stafford County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    3.8375                       
352.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Tennessee            Construct Foothills Parkway from Walland to Weans Valley                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          8.625                       
353.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Oregon               Upgrade Murray Boulevard including overpass bridge, Millikan to Terman                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             3.75                       
354.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
California           Construct San Francisco Regional Intermodal Terminal                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              9.375                       
355.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
New Hampshire        Construct the Broad Street Parkway in Nashua                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     12.511                       
356.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
New Hampshire        Construct Conway bypass from Madison to Bartlett                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  5.325                       
357.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
California           Seismic retrofit of Golden Gate Bridge                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             0.75                       
358.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Pennsylvania         Realign Route 501 in Lebanon County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 1.2                       
359.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Maryland             Upgrade U.S. 29 interchange with Randolph Road, Montgomery County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     9                       
360.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Utah                 Construct I-15 interchange at Atkinville                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              6                       
361.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Illinois             Resurface Cicero Avenue between 127th Street and 143rd Street, Chicago                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           0.4575                       
362.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Pennsylvania         Improve Lewistown Narrows U.S. 322 in Mifflin and Juniata County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     40                       
363.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Florida              Enhance access to Gateway Marketplace through improvements to access roads, Jacksonville                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            0.9                       
364.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Indiana              Upgrade 14 warning devices on east/west rail line from Gary to Auburn                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1.05                       
365.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Tennessee            Construct I-40/SR 155 interchange, Davidson                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         4.2                       
366.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Tennessee            Construct Crosstown Greenway/Bikeway, Springfield                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   3.2                       
367.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Maine                Studies and planning for reconstruction of East-West Highway                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          3                       
368.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Florida              Construct Port of Palm Beach Road access improvements, Palm Beach County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          15.75                       
369.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
New Jersey           Reconstruct Essex Street Bridge, Bergen County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1.875                       
370.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Missouri             Relocate and reconstruct Route 21 between Schenk Road to Town of DeSoto                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              30                       
371.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
New York             Improve Route 31 from Baldwinsville to County Route 57                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           8.8125                       
372.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Virginia             Upgrade Route 600 to facilitate access between I-81 and Mount Rogers National Recreation Area                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         5                       
373.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
California           Construct I-380 connector between Sneath Lane and San Bruno Avenue, San Bruno                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       2.1                       
374.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Florida              Construct South Connector Road and Airport Road interchange in Jacksonville                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        6.75                       
375.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Pennsylvania         Resurface current 219 bypass at Bradford                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          4.875                       
376.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Kentucky             Construct Route 259-101 from Brownsville to I-65                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   0.75                       
377.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
California           Construct interchanges for I-10 in Coachella Valley, Riverside County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              2.25                       
378.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
New Mexico           Improve 84/285 between Espanola and Hernandez                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       4.5                       
379.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Pennsylvania         Upgrade 2 sections of U.S. 6 in Tioga County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1.125                       
380.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Wisconsin            Improve Janesville transportation                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     3                       
381.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Arkansas             Construct Baseline Road RR grade separation, Little Rock                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           3.75                       
382.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Virginia             Replace Shore Drive Bridge over Petty Lake, Norfolk                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   3                       
383.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Arizona              Replace U.S. 93 Hoover Dam Bridge                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    10                       
384.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Michigan             Operational improvements on M 24 from I-75 to the northern Oakland County border                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    0.5                       
385.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Illinois             Reconstruct U.S. 30, Will County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   6.75                       
386.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Minnesota            Construct Trunk Highway 610/10 from Trunk Highway 169 in Brooklyn Park to I-94 in Maple Grove                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        12                       
387.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Illinois             Extend and reconstruct roadways through industrial corridor in Alton                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             4.2675                       
388.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Pennsylvania         Rehabilitate Jefferson Heights Bridge, Penn Hills                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 1.275                       
389.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Ohio                 Construct Eastern U.S. Route 23 bypass of Portsmouth                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               3.75                       
390.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Washington           Construct State Route 7--Elbe rest area and interpretive facility in Pierce County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 0.45                       
391.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Michigan             Undertake capital improvements to facilitate traffic between Lansing and Detroit                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    7.5                       
392.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
New Mexico           Reconstruct U.S. 84/U.S. 285 from Santa Fe to Espanola                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             13.5                       
393.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Connecticut          Reconstruct Post Office/Town Farm Road in Enfield                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 1.125                       
394.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Connecticut          Improve pedestrian and bicycle connections between Union Station and downtown New London                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           3.39                       
395.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Pennsylvania         Construct access to Tioga Marine Terminal, Ports of Philadelphia and Camden                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         1.2                       
396.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Virginia             Downtown Staunton Streetscape Plan--Phase I in Staunton                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             0.5                       
397.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Illinois             Construct Marion Street multi-modal project in Village of Oak Park                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1.5                       
398.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
California           Improve and construct I-80 reliever route project; Walters Road and Walters Road Extension Segments                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2.35                       
399.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Texas                Upgrade State Highway 24 from Commerce to State Highway 19 north of Cooper                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         3.75                       
400.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Maryland             Construct pedestrian and bicycle path between Druid Hill Park and Penn Station, Baltimore                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1.35                       
401.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
California           Upgrade SR 92/El Camino interchange, San Mateo                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2.775                       
402.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Illinois             Improve Sugar Grove U.S. 30                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       1.875                       
403.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Illinois             Construct Sullivan Road Bridge over the Fox River                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   7.5                       
404.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Massachusetts        Construct Packets Landing Enhancement and Restoration Project, Town of Yarmouth                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    0.75                       
405.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Michigan             Upgrade I-94 between M 39 and I-96                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    6                       
406.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Pennsylvania         Upgrade PA Route 21, Fayette and Greene Counties                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      5                       
407.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Indiana              Construct Gary Marina access road (Buffington Harbor)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               7.5                       
408.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Massachusetts        Replace deck of Chain Bridge over Merrimack River                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 0.759                       
409.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
New Mexico           Improve U.S. 70 southwest of Portales                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 9                       
410.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
California           Construct grade separation project at Redondo Junction, located in the North end of an Intermodal corridor of economic significance, as defined by California Streets and Highways Code, Division 3, Chapter 4.7 (commencing with section 2190), Los Angeles                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       6.65                       
411.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Arkansas             Widen West Phoenix Avenue and related improvements in Fort Smith, Arkansas                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            6                       
412.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Minnesota            Upgrade Cross-Range Expressway between Coleraine to CSAH 7                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          4.5                       
413.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
California           Upgrade CA Route 2 Southern Freeway terminus and transportation efficiency improvements to Glendale Boulevard in Los Angeles                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         12                       
414.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Massachusetts        Environmental studies, preliminary engineering and design of North-South Connector in Pittsfield to improve access to I-90                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1.5                       
415.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Pennsylvania         Construct streetscape project in the Borough of Ambler, Montgomery County, PA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     0.072                       
416.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Pennsylvania         Construct improvements to the Park Road extension connecting U.S. 222 and U.S. 422, Spring Township                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   2                       
417.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
New York             FJ&G Rail/Trail Project in Fulton County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          0.525                       
418.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
New Jersey           Upgrade Baldwin Avenue intersection to facilitate access to waterfront and ferry, Weehawken                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           2                       
419.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Kansas               Widen U.S. 54 from Liberal, Kansas southwest to Oklahoma                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              6                       
420.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Washington           Improve  Hillsboro Street/Highway 395 intersection in Pasco                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2.6625                       
421.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Texas                Construct ramp connection between Hammet Street to Highway 54 ramp to provide access to I-10 in El Paso                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              11                       
422.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Ohio                 Relocate State Route 60 from Zanesville to Dresden, Muskingum County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1.5                       
423.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Alabama              Construct the Montgomery Outer Loop from U.S. 80 to I-85 via I-65                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               10.2375                       
424.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Oklahoma             Reconstruct U.S. 99/SH377 from Prague to Stroud in Lincoln County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   4.7                       
425.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Louisiana            Extend Louisiana Highway 42 between U.S. 61 and I-10 in Ascension Parish                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              6                       
426.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Louisiana            Conduct feasibility study, design and construction of connector between Louisiana Highway 16 to I-12 in Livingston Parish                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          3.75                       
427.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
California           Construct capital improvements along I-680 corridor                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2.25                       
428.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Texas                Relocation of Indiana Avenue between 19th street to North Loop 289 and Quaker Avenue intersection                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   7.2                       
429.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Massachusetts        Renovate Union Station Intermodal Transportation Center in Worcester                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                6.5                       
430.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Texas                Construct Manchester grade separations in Houston                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    12                       
431.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Texas                Construct Titus County West Loop, Mount Pleasant                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1.875                       
432.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
New York             Construct County Road 50 in the vicinity of Windsor Avenue                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         1.36                       
433.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
California           Construct parking lot, pedestrian bridge and related improvements to improve intermodal transportation in Yorba Linda                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 1                       
434.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
North Carolina       Widen North Carolina Route 24 from Swansboro to U.S. 70 in Onslow and Carteret Counties                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2.25                       
435.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Minnesota            Construct Mankato South Route in Mankato                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           5.25                       
436.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Kentucky and Indiana Ohio River Major Investment Study Project, Kentucky and Indiana                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      40                       
437.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
California           Implement traffic management improvements, Grover Beach                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           0.375                       
438.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Louisiana            Extend I-49 from I-220 to Arkansas State line                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       3.3                       
439.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Indiana              Construct East 79th from Sunnyside Road to Oaklandon Road in Lawrence                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 3                       
440.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Alabama              Construct Decatur Southern Bypass                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     2                       
441.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
California           Construct tunnel with approaches as part of Devils Slide project in San Mateo County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  6                       
442.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Ohio                 Improve State Route 800 in Monroe County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            0.5                       
443.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Kentucky             Reconstruct KY 210 from Hodgenville to Morning Star Road, Larue County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                6                       
444.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
New York             Construct Route 17--Lowman Crossover in Ashland                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     3.6                       
445.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Illinois             Improve roads in the Peoria Park District                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          0.81                       
446.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Massachusetts        Reconstruct North Street, Fitchburg                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0.75                       
447.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Massachusetts        Reconstruct Huntington Avenue in Boston                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               3                       
448.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
California           Undertake safety enhancements along Monterey County Railroad highway grade, Monterey County                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         2.1                       
449.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Michigan             Construct Bridge Street bridge project in Southfield                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               3.15                       
450.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Texas                Construct Concord Road Widening project, Beaumont                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 7.375                       
451.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Oregon               Restore the Historic Columbia River Highway including construction of a pedestrian and bicycle path under I-84 at Tanner Creek and restoration of the Tanner Creek and Moffett Creek bridges